Fantasy Anion Humidifier – A Unique Alternative

Many different types of humidifiers are available from a number of brands. There are basically three types; cool mist, warm mist and ultrasonic. The ultrasonic units are considered the most technologically advanced options and give noise so low that it cannot be detected by the human ear. These units use high frequency sound waves and use the process of ultrasonic atomization to convert water into a mist. Some of the most attractive ultrasonic units available are the Fantasy Anion humidifiers.

These units operate like other ultrasonic humidifiers and the mist generated is collected into a bowl that is placed on top of the unit. Once the bowl is completely filled up the mist starts slowly spreading all over the room thereby increasing the level of humidity.

The customers are protected from dry air and its harmful effects and so are their possessions. The end result is a healthy and comfortable indoor environment. The unwanted particles like dust, dirt, bacteria, fungi, spores and pollen are completely removed from the air and the result is completely clean humidification.

Another benefit of these units is that they can be operated by plugging into a 12 Volt power source and hence can be operated even in the open by plugging in into a vehicle’s cigarette lighter socket. These units are hence used not just to provide the required humidity but also as a decorative piece. They are extremely attractive and the swirling mist promises to take you into another world altogether.

We are all aware that the most important gas in the atmosphere for us is oxygen. These units are designed so as to activate the oxygen molecule is such a way so as to increase its intake by individuals by up to 20%. This helps people remain healthy and adds to their life in the long run.

The units are also popular as gift items as they can be assembled and reassembled to fit into a small box. These are so attractive when they are operating that a number of people use them more as decorative pieces than as humidifiers to create an atmosphere full of fantasy and romance.

Another benefit of using Fantasy Anion humidifiers is that these are ideal to disperse essential oils or fragrances into the area concerned. These are also extensively used to convert normal home environment into that of spas. This is done by adding aromatic oils to the water that slowly evaporate and are converted into a fine mist. As this mist spreads into the room, so do the aromas. These are therefore the preferred choice of a number of style and décor conscious people not just in our country but all over the world.

Wall Fan Or Ceiling Fan – Which Option Should You Prefer?

Have you ever wondered why people recommend the installation of the fan on the ceiling and not on the walls? Well, if you visit any auditorium or any big hall, you will discover fans being fitted to the walls as well. However, this is done only when the ceiling is too high or is designed in such a manner that installation of ceiling fan is not feasible.

If the roof is curved or if it is slanted, installing the right ceiling fan in the right manner without any difficulty can be a very difficult task. To avoid this complication, fans are mounted on the wall and are used to circulate air in the room. This simple and efficient solution is cost effective without any compromise in performance.

Well, why don’t you adopt the same approach for your house? It is important to have a clearance of at least two to three feet to ensure that you do not come in contact with the fan even by mistake. In such a scenario, you will need a wall that is at least 10 feet tall.

Further, you should have additional space over and above the spot where the wall fan is mounted. This means that you are talking of at least 15-20 feet of space before the ceiling begins. Do you know anybody who lives in such a big house? Further, do you know anybody who makes such inefficient use of the space?

Is it not advisable to create a false ceiling and use the space above for different purposes? In fact, it is possible to carry out masonry work and permanently install a wall that will help the individual increase the overall floor space.

Considering all these options, there is no doubt that the fan is a very convenient option. Safety apart, it also improves the aesthetics of your room. If you have a relatively big room, a normal sized ceiling fan will be more than sufficient to circulate air all over the room.

If you go in for a wall fan option, you will have to spend a lot of money by purchasing numerous fans. In such a scenario, the only available alternative is to go in for multiple table fans or a single powerful ceiling fan.

Hence, do not conclude that the fan is a boring accessory. There are numerous options but it is the best one around and that is the reason why it is very popular.

Build Biceps Fast – Get Huge Arms With This Simple Trick

Do you want a simple trick to build biceps fast? Biceps brachii, or simply biceps, is a muscle located on the front of the upper arm. It works across three joints – namely, proximal radioulnar joint, humeroulnar joint (elbow), and the glenohumeral joint (shoulder). Anatomically speaking, it has several functions which make it significant to the human body. Biceps can flex the elbow and rotate the forearm. It is also the muscle which can be easily seen when walking down the street. Men tired of skinny arms want to develop big biceps. But can men build biceps fast? How is it possible? Want to know how to get arm muscles fast?

The biceps can be strengthened by using resistance training. It is a form of strength training that makes use of resistance to compel contraction of muscles. However, building biceps fast should be done carefully. Just like any other programs in building muscles fast, the body needs enough nutritional intakes to fuel its growth. It is also necessary to define the frequency of exercises first. Make use of the progressive overload concept to challenge it beyond the status quo. For beginners aiming to build biceps fast, doing two exercises of two sets is fine with six to ten repetitions. Sets and repetitions can be increased as the stamina increases. If you want to build muscles fast, use heavier resistance with less reps. This will help you build bigger biceps fast.

You can build biceps fast by doing standing bar curls, one-armed bicep curls, incline bicep curls, and hammer curls. The standing bar curls, for example, work out the flexing parts of the elbow muscle. To do so, hold the bar with the grip at shoulder width and then lock the elbow. Extend the arms straight by pointing it at the floor and slowly lift the bar to the chest with a curl. Tightening all the muscles especially at the core will help. Slowly lower the bar to the original position and repeat. You can also do variations of these exercises by changing the grips and hand positions.

To build biceps faster, allow it to rely more on strength by slowly lifting the weights. Squeeze the biceps for one to two seconds while it is on its peak during exercises. Concentrate on hitting the muscle fibers by always using a full range of motion. Some exercises also indirectly work the biceps. Challenge the biceps but do not overdo it. Bear in mind that bicep muscles do not build during workouts but rather during rest. Rest is essential to build biceps fast.

Leather – Vinyl Combination on Furniture — Good or Bad Idea

When buying leather furniture, ask this question, “Is it all leather?”

Many consumers are surprised to find out that the “leather” furniture they purchased is in fact a leather and vinyl combination. They make this discovery when they notice splitting or cracking in the material. This most often occurs in the side panel of a seat cushion, or at a stress-bearing seam (outside arm, outside top of backrest, etc.).

The typical construction of a leather/vinyl combination is to use leather on those areas that come in contact with your body – the seat cushion top, the inside backrest and the tops of the armrests. All other panels are vinyl.

Here’s the problem. Vinyl is a synthetic material (and has nowhere near the tensile strength of leather). Leather is an organic material. The two materials are fundamentally incompatible when joined together along a seam. This is particularly apparent on a seat cushion where the vinyl side panel (boxing panel) is sewn to the leather top panel. Leather is porous and loses its moisture through evaporation (which is why leather should be conditioned regularly). To replace this lost moisture, the leather literally wicks (draws by absorption) oils from the vinyl where the two materials are in direct contact along a seam, reducing the vinyl’s oil content. As the vinyl loses its moisture, two things happen: 1. the vinyl loses its ability to flex. 2. it loses some of its mass (shrinks). The result is that the vinyl subsequently cracks. This is most commonly seen as fissures that start at stitch-holes and run perpendicular to the seam line. Over time, these cracks will only worsen. Once this starts, it is not repairable.

Leather/vinyl combination manufacturing strategies (sometimes referred to as leather-mate, leather-match, or other marketing terms) are a ploy by the manufacturer to reduce cost. The price is that the life expectancy of the furniture is greatly diminished — by as much as 80%, depending on usage patterns. Consumers have told us that the furniture was less than 18 months old when the problem started. Of course, as is typical in the furniture industry, the manufacturer’s warranty is for only one year. So the burden of the problem rests solely with the consumer.

Recliners, or motion furniture are commonly leather and vinyl match. One prominent San Francisco bay area retailer said that 70% of all supposed leather recliners are actually leather/vinyl.

If you expect a long, useful life from your leather furniture – be careful at the point of purchase. Ask the question, “Is the piece all leather?” If the answer is yes, then make sure that appears on your sales receipt. You can check by examining the back side of the material that you suspect may be vinyl. If it appears to be a fuzzy material or a woven fabric (usually white, but can also be gray, black, or brown), it’s vinyl. If it looks like suede, it’s probably leather.

If you already own a leather/vinyl match, pay careful attention to your conditioning regimen. If the leather is regularly moisturized, it will have less of a tendency to draw the oil from the adjacent vinyl panel. Also, when sitting on or exiting the seating area, try not to put undue stress on the seams where the arm or back pillow attached to the frame.

His Most Famous Painting (Midnight Black Wolf) – Robert Bateman

Canadian naturalist and painter Robert Bateman was born in Toronto, Canada, on May 24, 1930. Since childhood, he has been interested in wildlife and art. He was initially inspired by the famous “Group of Seven,” a club of Canadian ‘Realistic’ painters. Bateman perfected the art of beautifully portraying nature & wildlife on canvas. While he started his artistic stint with creating ‘Abstract’ paintings of nature, he transitioned to ‘Realism’ in the 1960s. His focus was mostly on depicting beauty in its original form, for which he travelled extensively and used his keen observation power to accurately depict the various facets of nature. One of the methods Bateman has applied while painting his works is clicking photographs and using them as models for his creations. Robert Bateman achieved iconic feat with his work “Midnight Black Wolf.”

While Bateman has also sketched and painted people & activities, in one of his interviews, he has indicated that sketching people was as easy as sitting and eating popcorn for him. He has also said that sketching wildlife offered more challenges on the account of it being an extremely diverse area of exploration. One of Robert’s most famous paintings, as mentioned above, is “Midnight Black Wolf” that depicts a black wolf on a black backdrop. Some of Bateman’s other most famous works include “Lawrence of Arabia,” “Lost-Wildebeest,” “White Encounter-Polar Bear,” “Cardinal in Sumac,” “Beech Grass & Tree Frog,” “Clan of the Raven,” “Tadpole Time,” “Awesome Land-American Elk,” “Cries of Courtship,” and “Vantage Point – Bald Eagle.”

Talking about “Midnight Black Wolf,” Bateman himself says that he wanted to “show the ominous presence of a mature, lone wolf,” creating an overall atmosphere of respect and seriousness around the animal, though not the one of threat. From the viewpoint of an artist, Bateman said that he found it extremely challenging to portray a “black animal on an almost black background.” Looking back, although Bateman became a high school art/geography teacher, he never stopped painting throughout his career. However, it was only in 1970s and 1980s that his paintings and talent began getting recognition. His work started gaining popularity with time. Bateman has around ten books, based solely on his paintings. He has been criticized over his decision to allow the reproductions of his work, by people who believe that this act devalues the genuine art market. However, these reproductions have been extremely popular and are sold across print galleries in Canada and internationally. Even today, Robert Bateman continues to paint beautiful scenes from the forests. He has carved a niche for himself in the art world through his wonderful paintings, depicting nature and wildlife such as in “Midnight Black Wolf.”

The Various Uses of Electric Generators

Almost all people are dependent on electricity. They use it for their fridges, lights, computers, heating… everything. Therefore when the power goes out, you are literally left in the dark. With an electric generator at standby, you know you can always move to your backup power and you wouldn’t have lost anything.

During a power cut your fridge as well as freezers would stop working, and all your frozen and refrigerated food will go off and probably start to mold pretty soon. If your business is with food and refrigerated goods, then a power cut can end up costing you hundreds to thousands of pounds/dollars.

If you are living in the country side then you will probably need electricity for your water supply as well. An electric generator can help you when anything goes wrong with the power as it can sustain everything electric that you have for as long as you need to get it all fixed again.

You can get generators in a wide range of sizes, the largest being for massive power plants that can be used for ages and generate huge amounts of electricity, to small domesticated ones that can generate enough power to home or business. Backup generators are extremely common for houses and businesses alike that would need a source of power in case the main power cuts out. And if its going to save you money then its an absolute must to have one.

Electric generators have advanced uses to petrol ones, they generate much more power, use very little or no fuel, and can be used over and over again for a long while. If you have a home or business to protect, and you need a source of backup power, then electric generators are key for you.

Profit From Animals – Why Rare Breeds Are Worth Considering

Modern factory farm production requires assembly line breeds, animals that are almost “man-made.” Too many small farmers raise the same animals because they have become “normal.” White chickens and white turkeys, Yorkshire pigs and Holstein cows, only these breeds are so hybridized they probably share little in common with their ancestry.

The purpose of these “normal” breeds is to stack lots of cheap meat on supermarket shelves. But if you studied out what was in that cheap meat, you might not call it food, or at least, stuff you’d never threaten your body with. The interesting thing is this whole factory farm system is supposedly set up to increase “profit.”

I thought I might involve my children with raising animals for showing in the local fair. Here in Texas, some children graduate from school with a very large sum of money in their bank accounts obtained by showing animals at the county fair.

Then I saw some chickens raised by friends who did have those large bank accounts. The judge handled the chickens carefully and talked about what qualities of body shape and size he was looking for. When he set the birds down, they fell over. They could not walk! If you set them on their backs, they would probably just stay there. They were pathetic. When we heard how continual force-feeding had made them winners, I did not want my children to think this was a way to “profit” from animals.

Many rare and unusual breeds of farm animals possess qualities of great value other than shoveling the fattest, cheapest chunk of meat onto someone’s plate. The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy is a great place to learn more. For instance, check out the Buckeye chickens. These are large, meaty birds that are “very cold-weather hardy.” I know from personal experience that white chickens die like flies in the cold. Buckeyes could be well worth trying if you live in colder climates and love to watch your chickens roam as much as possible.

There are many valuable qualities heritage breeds have retained that the modern factory breeds have lost. Ease of reproduction, healthier meat, better flavor, all these are “profitable” elements. Not needing a vet, or even yourself, every time your cows give birth is a valuable characteristic, for instance.

There are a number of farmers who do keep these rare breeds from an altruistic view, some work as non-profits. I applaud their efforts. But I am convinced that a simple and good life is a life of profit and increase. The more that a farmer profits from the valuable characteristics of rare and unusual breeds – on a small, simple-life scale, the greater the chance that many of these wonderful breeds of farm animals can be preserved.

Keystone Resort Vacation Rentals: Mountain House Vs River Run Base Areas

Keystone Resort, Colorado is home to world class skiing terrain, incredible dining, affordable cat skiing, three mountain peaks and it is one of the few resorts in Colorado to offer night skiing, making for one of the longest ski days around, offering visitors a huge bang for their buck. It is also home to Kidtopia- a festival where kids can have a blast, participating in fun activities geared just for them, including visiting and playing in a huge snow fort at the top of the Mountain! Not to mention the countless other winter activities to enjoy such as snow tubing, ice skating, fine dining, sleigh rides, live music, festivals, and more!

So you’ve made the decision to visit Keystone this winter, now comes the hard part, where to stay? Keystone is a small town, about 3 miles in length sitting in a valley at the bottom of the mountain. The mountain itself is made up of three separate peaks that line up from North to South; Dercum, North Peak, and the Outback, each offering it’s own unique terrain and features. Dercum Mountain is the furthest peak North and it’s front side offers the only two access points to the entire mountain, River Run and Mountain House.

Of the two base areas, River Run is the newer of the two and is known as the main Village, where both the gondola and the Summit Express chair lift pickup and take you to the top of Dercum Mountain. This village features a pedestrian-only walking area, with plenty of cute boutiques, ski rental shops, coffee shops and restaurants. There is an outside overnight ski check near the gondola and bathrooms and lockers inside the season pass and ticketing office. The only thing this base area is really missing is a central ‘ski lodge’, but making up for it are plenty of restaurants within walking distance of the slopes. The Kickapoo Tavern is a fun place to have lunch or an apres ski beer, with a big outdoor patio that overlooks the slopes. Some fun features of River Run Village are the Dercum Square Outdoor Ice Rink, the various statues throughout the village, the many unique shops and an outdoor gas fire pit, which is perfect for warming up at on a cold day. There are a cluster of River Run accommodation options that are all within yards of the gondola, including the Springs, Jackpine, Arapahoe, Black Bear, Silver Mill, Dakota, Buffalo, Expedition Station and Red Hawk Lodge. The two true ski-in, ski-out properties at Keystone are Lone Eagle and the Timbers, which are actually across the Snake River Bridge just past the gondola and then up the slopes a few yards from the Village.

Both bases are home to ski schools, skier services and rental shops. Mountain House has a great beginner’s area with a magic carpet and easy chair lift. You can find similar beginner terrain at the mid-mountain gondola stop and at the top near Schoolmarm. Although you won’t find the pedestrian ‘mall’ area here with the same extensive shopping and dining options as River Run, you will find that Mountain House is a true ski resort base area complete with a lodge with indoor lockers, a cafeteria, a bar, ski supply shop and bathrooms; suiting any skier’s needs. You will also find a lift ticket office here at the base near the two chair lifts, the Peru and Argentine. The Peru Lift takes you to the top of Area-51, along with some green and blue runs and you can be back to the River Run Base area in just one run or hop on the quick mid-mountain Montezuma lift to head up to the top.

Lodging prices at Mountain House tend to be a little lower than River Run, while offering most of the same conveniences. Chateaux DuMont Properties are very popular and unique, most feature a private hot tub with a slopeside view! Slopeside Condos are another great option at Mountain House, and are just steps from the lifts. There are quite a few properties here that are within walking distance to the mountain at a fraction of the cost. If you feel the need to stop by the main village, just ski down or take a shuttle!

There are also plenty of lodging options outside of the two main villages. Settler’s Creek in East Keystone is one of the newest and most popular housing developments to the resort and feature beautiful multi-story town homes with garages and gorgeous views of the surrounding mountains. In the center of the neighborhood is ‘Minnie’s Cabin’, a central recreational gathering spot, complete with a heated outdoor pool, hot tub, pool table, grill, and hangout area to host gatherings and barbeques.

Keystone Resort hosts a free resort shuttle that will take you just about anywhere you need to go within Keystone and most lodging complexes are serviced by the shuttle. Most rides to the slopes from anywhere in Keystone are 10 minutes or less! There is also a free county-wide transit system known as the Summit Stage which makes it very easy to get around in the high country without a car. The Denver International Airport is just a mere 90 minutes away and there are numerous shuttle companies that will take you to and from the airport.

If you are willing to stay outside of the main villages at Keystone, you will often be able to find better deals and prices on your accommodations. Be sure you choose a property management company that lets you pick the exact property you are staying at so you will know what to expect and can plan your trip ahead of time. If you have a large group, ask your property manager about renting a private home! Wherever you stay in Keystone, you will find it is very easy to find everything you are looking for and more!

Mobsters – Frank Costello – The Prime Minister of the Underworld

In 1891, Frank Costello was born Francesco Castiglia in Lauropoli, a mountain village in Calabria, Italy. In 1893, Costello’s father moved alone to New York City, where he opened a small grocery in East Harlem. In 1900, the elder Castiglia had saved up enough money to send for his wife, Frank, and Frank’s older brother Edward. It was his older brother Edward, 10 years Frank’s senior, who got Frank first involved in petty crimes.

At the age of 14, Costello, wearing a black handkerchief over his face, robbed the landlady of the tenement house in which he and his parents lived. The landlady recognized Costello, but Costello concocted an alibi, which satisfied the police, and he was never arrested. In 1908, and again in 1912, Costello was arrested for assault and robbery, and again he somehow beat both raps.

In 1915, Costello then 24 years old, was sentenced to a year in prison for carrying an illegal firearm. Despite the fact that in the decades to come he was actively involved in scores of criminal activities, Costello would not see the inside of a jail cell again for 37 years. Costello swore at that time, that when he got out of jail, he would never carry a gun again. And he ever did.

Upon his release from jail, Costello met and married a Jewish woman named Loretta Geigerman. It was unusual at the time for an Italian to marry outside their Catholic faith. However, Costello saw things differently, and he eventually forged relationships with many Jewish gangsters, including Meyer Lansky, Louie “Lepke” Buchalter, and Bugsy Siegel.

Soon after he was married, Costello began working for the murderous Joe “The Clutch Hand” Morello, who along with his sidekick, Ignazio “Lupo the Wolf” Saietta, were responsible for the treacherous Black Hand extortion racket.

While he was working for Morello, Costello met Charles “Lucky” Luciano, a Sicilian who ran the rackets in Little Italy, on the Lower East side of Manhattan. Through Luciano, Costello became tight which such mobsters as Vito Genovese, Tommy “Three-Finger Brown” Lucchese, as well as with Lansky and Siegel. Together, these men became heavily involved in armed robbery, burglaries, extortion, gambling, and dealing drugs. When The Volstead Act became law in 1920, starting the era of prohibition, Costello and his pals cashed in big, bringing in illegal alcohol from Canada, and as far away as England. Their partner was Arnold “The Brain” Rothstein, who initially financed the entire operation.

Costello, Luciano, Lansky, and Siegel were raking in so much dough, they were able to pay off crooked politicians and police officials an estimated $100,000 a week for protection. These payments went all the way up to the office of the New York City Police Commissioner – Grover Whalen. In 1929, right after the stock market crashed, Costello told Luciano that he had to advance Whalen $30,000 so that Whalen could cover the margin calls from his stockbroker.

“What could I do?” Costello told Luciano. “I had to give it to him. We own him.”

Even after all the hefty graft payments they had to dole out, there was still about $4 million in yearly profits from all their rackets, to be split equally amongst Costello, Luciano, Lansky, and Siegel.

It was during this period that Luciano convinced Costello (a name of Irish decent) that he should change his name from Castiglia. Luciano later said, “When we got up into our ears in New York politics, it didn’t hurt us at all that we had an Italian guy with a name like Costello.”

In the late 1920’s, both Luciano and Costello joined the Mafia gang headed by Joe “The Boss” Masseria. At the same time, Costello saw that it was advantageous to form alliances with other ethnic groups. Besides the Jews – Lansky, Siegel, and Rothstein, Costello became tight with Irish gangsters on the West Side of Manhattan, specifically Owney “The Killer” Madden and William “Big Bill” Dwyer. With the Irish, Costello became a big part of a rum-running operation called “The Combine. Of course, Costello shared all his profits with Luciano, Lansky, and Siegel.

However, Masseria frowned on members of his gang dealing with anyone other than Sicilians. The fact that Costello was Calabrese didn’t please Masseria too much either.

Seeing the handwriting on the wall, Luciano and Costello, along with Tommy Lucchese, and Vito Genovese, switched sides in the “Castellamarese War,” in which Masseria was actively engaged in, with bitter rival Salvatore Maranzano.

On Sunday, April 15, 1931, Luciano took Masseria out to lunch to the Nuova Villa Tammaro in Coney Island. After Massaria finished a sumptuous lunch, the two men engaged in a game of cards. During the card game, Luciano excused himself and went to the men’s room. While Luciano was in the men’s room, four gunmen, led by Bugsy Siegel, burst through the front door and filled Masseria with enough lead to render him quite dead. When the police arrived minutes later, Luciano claimed no knowledge of what had transpired, because he had been indisposed at the time of the shooting. The police scoffed at Luciano’s story, but they had no proof of Luciano’s involvement (or maybe they were bribed), so they let him go.

In just a few months, Costello and Luciano became disenchanted with Maranzano’s old world ways. Considering himself an aristocrat, and of a higher calling then his men, Maranzano appointed himself “Capo de Tuti Capo (Boss of All Bosses).” To make matters worse, Maranzano extracted a bigger share of his underling’s profits than even the greedy Masseria had demanded.

The final straw, was when, through moles planted close to Maranzano, Costello and Luciano discovered that Maranzano was plotting to kill Luciano, because he feared Luciano’s ambitions. Not liking the idea of soon being a dead man, Luciano quickly sent four Jewish killers, led by the very capable Red Levine, to Maranzano’s midtown office. Disguised as police detectives, the four men quickly disarmed Maranzano’s bodyguards, then shot and stabbed Maranzano to death.

With their two former bosses now six feet under, Costello along with Luciano, Siegel, and Lansky formed a National Crime Commission. Whereas Luciano’s job, as boss of the family, was running the day-to-day operations of whatever swindles they were involved in, Costello, his consiglieri, was the man behind the scenes, greasing the wheels for their protection, by getting chummy with the top politicians and police officials in New York City. Of course, this meant Costello had to pay and pay plenty, but he knew when he needed a political favor, that favor would always be performed. Costello bragged he owned all of the top Tammany Hall politicians, including Mike Kennedy, Christie Sullivan, Frank Rossetti, Carmine DeSapio, and Hugo Rogers.

Costello used his “in” with Tammany Hall to basically make any political appointment he wanted. Rogers even admitted, “If Costello wants me, he sends for me.”

In the mid 1930’s, Costello, now one of the Luciano families biggest earners, went into the slot machine business with Phil “Dandy Phil” Kastel. Costello placed over 25,000 slot machines in New York City restaurants, bars, drugstores, bus stops, and gas stations. This went well for a while until reformist New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia went on a rampage against the illegal slot machine business. La Guardia made a big show of confiscating thousands of Costello’s slot machines. Laguardia, aided by local law enforcement, loaded the slot machines on barges, and then La Guardia personally pushed the slot machines into the water. Photos of La Guardia’s antics appeared in all the local newspapers, as well as in the movie house news reels.

His New York City slot machine business in ruins, Costello, along with Kastel, moved their operations to New Orleans, Louisiana. There, with the aid of New Orleans mob boss Carlos Marcello, they were able to place their machines were ever they deemed necessary. Their whole operation was under the protection of Senator Hughie Long, himself a bastion of corruption.

In 1936, Luciano began being hounded by Special Prosecutor Thomas E. Dewey. Despite flimsy evidence, and the perjured testimony of prostitutes and pimps, Dewey prosecuted and convicted Luciano on a trumped-up prostitution charge. Luciano later claimed that it was Dewey himself who had framed Luciano.

With Luciano locked away in prison, Luciano appointed his underboss Vito Genovese as head of the Luciano Crime Family. However in 1937, Genovese was indicted for murder, and to avoid prosecution, he fled to Italy. At this point, Luciano appointed Costello as the head of the Luciano Crime Family.

Costello did very well as the new boss. Working with men of various nationalities, Costello increase the family’s profitability across the board. Costello controlled the gambling, horse race fixing, policy rackets, and the illegal race wires throughout the country. Of course, to keep his illegal enterprises running smoothly, Costello contributed millions of dollars to the retirement funds of hundreds of crooked politicians and law enforcement officials. By doing this, Costello assured that when he needed a favor, he indeed got that favor.

In 1943, Costello called in one of his political chits, when he demanded that Thomas Aurelio be appointed a judge. The only problem was, Manhattan Dist. Atty. Frank Hogan, one of the few politicians not on Costello’s payroll, obtained a wiretap on Aurelio’s phone. The date was August 23, 1943, and the man Aurelio was speaking to was none other than Frank Costello, confirming that Aurelio would soon be a judge.

The conversation went like this: “How are you, and thanks for everything,” Aurelio said.

“Congratulations,” Costello said. “It went all the perfect. When I tell you something is in the bag, you can rest assured.”

“It was perfect,”Aurelio said. “It was fine.”

“Well, we will all have to get together and have dinner some night real soon,” Costello said.

“That would be fine,” Aurelio said. “But right now I want to assure you of my loyalty for all you have done. It is unwavering.”

Amazingly, Costello had his clutches so deep into New York City politicians and law enforcement officials, despite the conversation between him and Aurelio being made public, Aurelio still got the judgeship, right after he beat a disbarment proceeding. That shows how crooked New York City politics was in those days.

However, the most important person Costello was able to get close to was the FBI director J. Edgar Hoover. Hoover was a degenerate gambler, who frequented the racetracks often. While Hoover was ostensibly placing two-dollar bets at the two-dollar window, his underlings would be at the hundred dollar window placing bets for Hoover.

Hoover’s addiction to the horses fell right in with Costello’s plans. Costello, through his intermediary – bookmaker Frank Erickson -would find out when certain horse races were being fixed. Costello then would pass this information to nationally syndicated columnist Walter Winchell, who was a mutual friend of both Costello and Hoover. Winchell told Hoover which horse to bet, which made Hoover very happy and very rich to boot.

The Costello – Hoover relationship was hidden for many years. However, it was later discovered that whatever Hoover was in New York City he would meet secretly with Costello for breakfast, and sometimes even on a park bench.

The question that should be asked, is if Costello was providing Hoover with information on fixed horse races, what did Hoover do for Costello?

The answer is simple. During this period of time, although Hoover went rabidly after such Number One Public Enemies like John Dillinger and Baby Face Nelson, Hoover absolutely refused to recognize that the Mafia, or the “Cosa Nostra” even existed.

However, not even Hoover’s influence and protection could keep Costello out of the limelight forever. In 1951, Senator Estes Kefauver from Tennessee, and his five-man special committee to investigate organized crime, took dead aim at Costello. On March 13, 1951, Costello was summoned to testify before the Kefauver Committee. However, Costello did not want his face seen on national television, so through his lawyer, George Wolf, it was agreed upon that only Costello’s hands would be shown on television.

With a nationally televised audience anxiously watching, Costello, in his gravely voice, reluctantly answered the committee’s questions. He tried sparring verbally with Kefauver and his men, but it was obvious to all that Kefauver had exposed Costello for exactly what he was – a big-time Mob boss.

Unfortunately for Costello, who was now called by the press the “Prime Minister of the Underworld,” the hearings did not do well for his image with his cohorts. By the time Costello got off the witness stand, Costello’s standing in the Cosa Nostra had taken a big hit. And Costello was now ripe for an even bigger hit. A hit on himself.

With Luciano in exile in Italy, Vito Genovese had returned to the United States, with the ambition of taking over Luciano’s crime family. To parry this, Costello became very close with Mafia killer Albert Anastasia. Anastasia’s hatred for Genovese went back a long time, and thus stared an internal fight for control of the mob rackets in New York City.

On May 2nd, 1957, Frank Costello entered the lobby of his apartment building near Central Park. Waiting for him in the shadows by the elevator was a hulking, ex-professional prizefighter named Vincent “The Chin” Gigante, a close associate of Genovese. Gigante was sent there by Genovese to eliminate Frank Costello from the local crime scene, thus giving Genovese a clear path to the throne.

Suddenly, Gigante stepped out into the light and yelled at Costello, “Hey Frank, this is for you!”

Gigante fired one shot, which creased the side of Costello’s head. However, because Gigante wasn’t the best shot in the world, and also because Gigante broke the first rule of Mafia rubbouts: “Don’t tell your victim you’re about to shoot him. Keep your mouth shut and just shoot him,” the wound was little more then a flesh wound. Costello was rushed to the hospital, where his wound cleaned and bandaged. Costello was safely back home later that night.

When Gigante fled the scene of the shooting, he thought he had killed Costello. Finding out his mission had been a failure, the 6’2″, 300 pound Gigante went into hiding. Eventually, Gigante was caught and brought to trial. However, since Costello, true to the mafia code of “omerta,” refused to testify against him (Costello said he didn’t even recognize Gigante), Gigante walked out of court a free man.

(Editor’s note: Usually when a Mafia killer botches a hit, he is then usually killed himself. For some reason, Gigante was never harmed, and he became the boss of the Genovese Crime Family in the mid-1980s. Go figure.)

For all practical purposes, this ended Costello’s influence in the Cosa Nostra. However, Costello was still able to pull off a huge Machiavellian move in order to get even with Genovese. In concert with Luciano, who was still in exile in Italy, and Carlo Gambino, who was looking to ascend the ladder to mob boss himself, they were able to entice Genovese into a big drug deal. With Genovese knee deep in dope, they tipped off the police, and Genovese was arrested on a narcotics charge. A very bad rap.

Genovese was tried and convicted, and sentenced to 15 years in prison. With Genovese safely behind bars, Carlo Gambino was made the boss of his own family: The Gambino Crime Family.

After serving 10 years of his 15-year sentence, Genovese died in prison, thus making Costello and Gambino quite happy indeed.

His revenge-mission accomplish, and tired of the day to day operations of mob business, Costello greatly toned down his involvement in the organized crime scene. Costello moved to Long Island and only rarely came into New York City for sit downs with his former cronies, who sometimes came to him for advice, at an apartment he still kept in the Waldorf-Astoria. These pals included Carlo Gambino, Tommy Lucchese, and Meyer Lansky.

In 1973, Frank Costello died of a heart attack in a Manhattan hospital. He was buried in St. Michael’s Cemetery in Queens. His wife Bobbi insisted that none of Costello’s Mafia friends attend his funeral, or sent flower displays to the funeral parlor.

In a display of utter disrespect, mobster Carmine Galante, after he was released from prison in 1974, ordered the bombing of Costello’s burial site. When the dust cleared, both doors of Costello’s cemetery mausoleum were blown completely off their hinges.

This was Galante’s way of saying he was coming back and taking control of the Cosa Nostra in New York City. Which he certainly attempted to do, with much cunning and killing of his own.

Understanding How Soundproof Window Treatments Work

Having soundproof window treatments installed is popular for both residential and commercial spaces. The benefits of soundproofing home and office windows and doors range from noise level reduction to safety and security. This is why more and more people choose to have soundproofing done instead of having their original windows replaced. But how exactly does soundproofing window treatments work?

What is it made of?

To better understand how these type of windows work, let us take a quick look at their composition. Soundproof window treatments are composed of PVC track systems, aluminum frames, and a tough and hardened acoustic laminated plate glass. The last component is actually three layers where a plastic sheet is sandwiched between the two sheets of hardened, toughened plate glass.

Why use sandwiched plastic with glass?

Glass, on its own, cannot be completely soundproof. Making it thicker will not stop sound waves from going through the glass. Standing alone, glass used in houses magnify and project vibrations (or noise) and are not invincible against cracking or breaking. To make soundproof glass, plastic acts as a seal that keep two layers of glass together. The PVC plastic is the material that laminates the glass so that it becomes stronger in nature. Think of an ordinary wine glass. Hitting it will produce a ringing sound, but see what happens when you put your hand around it. It no longer makes a sound. The plastic in between the glass layers in windows that are soundproof acts like your hand.

Where are soundproof window treatments used?

They are installed in front of the interior side of your original windows. An original window’s designs will not be changed or altered by the soundproof window. These windows are often used in homes and offices that are located in areas with high levels of noise caused by automobile and people traffic, airport sound waves, and industrial sounds.

Why are soundproof window treatments considered barriers?

Because of the strength of soundproof glass treatments and the way they are installed with a dead air cavity right in front of your existing window, the total structure of both home fixtures forms a protective layer for your house. It is a barrier because when sound waves enter the original glass window, the laminated glass traps the noise in the air cavity, so the sound waves are stopped before they can enter your house. But soundproof window treatments do not just stop sound waves, they also minimize heat transfer and air flow so your house will reduce its heat loss and its heat gain. Eliminate 99% of UV rays and hot and cold drafts.

Soundproof windows will not only give you peace and quiet, but they also make great energy-saving fixtures for any home and office space.

Traditional Kobe Beef Recipes – Japanese Style

Everyone loves the Kobe beef. Not only because of its tenderness, it’s marbled richness, or it’s strong tangy flavour but also because of its versatility when it comes to cooking. Whether raw, sautéed, grilled, fried or what have you, the Kobe beef brings about some of the most delectable meals anyone could ever have. Even though food enthusiasts love the Kobe beef steak, popular traditional Japanese way of cooking still dominate because the special beef after all hailed from Kobe in Hyogo Prefecture Japan. The beef comes from what is called Wagyu or Japanese cattle hence it is also referred to as the Wagyu beef. The most popular Wagyu beef recipes from Japan include teppanyaki, sukiyaki, and shabu-shabu. Here’s how to prepare the softest and most succulent beef in such manner:

When making Wagyu shabu-shabu you must first slice 1 pound of Wagyu beef tenderloin or sirloin into paper thin slices. Cut one pound of Chinese cabbage, half a pound of watercress, half a pound of shirataki noodles, half a pound of enokitake mushrooms, half a pound of mushrooms, 6-8 shitake mushrooms, 1 pound of tofu, and 3 slices of kombu or seaweed into bite-sized pieces. Then you create a dip by combining 2 parts of soy sauce and only a part of lemon juice. The next step is to place all ingredients on a large platter. The Kombu slices should then be submerged in cold water then place over a stove. It should be removed right before the water boils. Once the slices are removed, keep the water boiling very gently. Now each person can cook their own meal by submerging one item into the pot at a time. The vegetables should be cooked first as the Kobe beef strips are so thin that they cook really fast.

For the Kobe teppanyaki recipe you’ll need a pound of cubed Kobe beef steak (sirloin of tenderloin), 12-18 pieces of shrimp, 2 large carrots, 2 large green peppers, 1 onion, 1 Chinese cabbage, 12 Shitake mushrooms, and Yakiniku sauce. First you must cut all ingredients into bite-sized pieces, then oil an electric pan and place the items in different sections of the pan. After cooking get a food item and dip it in the yakiniku sauce.

When making the Kobe beef sukiyaki recipe you’ll need the same amount and type of beef as the recipes above, half a pound of thinly sliced Shitake mushrooms, 2 large onions sliced thinly, 3 diagonally sliced celery stalks, cut bushel green onions, 3 cups of fresh spinach, 2 tablespoons of salad oil, and a 5-ounce can of bamboo shoots drained. For the sauce you’ll need half a cup of beef broth, 2 tablespoons of sugar, 2 tablespoons of sake, and 1/3 cup of soy sauce. Now the Wagyu beef must be cut into thin strips, about ¼ inch thick. Then heat oil in a skillet, and move meat to one side of the skillet mixing it with beef broth, soy sauce and sake sugar. Place onions, mushrooms, celery and the bamboo in separate areas or sections of the skillet then cover. Let the mixture simmer for ten minutes then add spinach and let it simmer for another 5 minutes. You may serve it over rice if desired.

Manhattan Clam Chowder – Give it the Praise it Deserves!

I went to college in Boston, Massachusetts so I am familiar with New England clam chowder. When I went out for dinner, which wasn’t often, I always ordered it. In fact, I looked forward to clam chowder. No doubt about it, this buttery, creamy, stick-to-your ribs soup is delicious, especially on a winter night.

My love of New England chowder did not change my love of Manhattan chowder. I am originally from Long Island, New York, and our family used to go to Jones Beach, on the South shore of the island, to swim. We stayed for the evening water show and clam chowder. An elementary school student at the time, I loved the chowder and the little packets of round crackers that came with it.

Sometimes my mother made Manhattan clam chowder from scratch and it was delicious. Dad opened the clam shells and removed the meat with a small, stubby knife. I remember being a bit scared as I watched him. But chef and writer James Beard hated Manhattan chowder, according to He described it as vegetable soup with clams dumped in it. With all due respect to James Beard, I love Manhattan chowder because of the vegetables and clams.

The Wet site says some food historians think Manhattan chowder was also known as Coney Island chowder and Fulton Market chowder, after the famous Fulton Fish market in New York City. Manhattan clam chowder was also called Connecticut chowder. I found many recipes for the tomato-based chowder in my cook books.

A recipe in “The Healthy Cook,” published by “Prevention Magazine,” contains clam juice, reduced sodium canned tomatoes, garlic, and hot pepper sauce. The original “Joy of Cooking” book recipe contains bacon, canned tomatoes, ketchup, and butter. Other Manhattan chowder recipes have green pepper in them. I didn’t want green pepper, ketchup, hot sauce, or garlic in my chowder.

What did I want? I wanted lots of clam flavor and lots of vegetables. Read my recipe and you will see it has more vegetables than clams. There is hardly any fat because the bacon fat has been cooked off. Canned clams and juice contain salt so I have omitted it from the recipe. Stir up a batch of Manhattan clam chowder today and give it the praise it deserves!


2 14.5-ounce cans of whole, no salt tomatoes and juice

4 6.5-ounce cans chopped clams and juice

1 8-ounce bottle clam juice

2 1/2 cups water

1 cup chopped celery

1 cup chopped yellow onions

1 cup sweet baby carrots (from a package)

1 medium potato, peeled and cut into small pieces

1/2 cup chopped Italian parsley

3 tablespoons pre-cooked real bacon pieces

1 teaspoon thyme leaves

1/4 teaspoon seasoned pepper


Pour canned tomatoes into soup kettle. Cut tomatoes into bite-size pieces with kitchen shears. Chop the celery and onions and add to soup kettle. Add remaining ingredients, cover and simmer for one hour. Or simmer in a slow cooker, on low, for four hours. This Manhattan clam chowder tastes even better the next day. Makes 12 one-cup servings.

Copyright 2007 by Harriet Hodgson

Cleaning the Walls – How to Clean Retaining Wall Blocks

Retaining walls are often meant to be decorative as well as practical, and when they look good, they can add a lot of appeal to your garden or yard. The only problem is that any retaining wall will eventually accumulate dirt, mildew, plant material, and various kinds of gunk that can leave the blocks looking stained and ugly. Luckily, getting the blocks clean again is relatively simple, and with the right tools and some attention to detail, any stained or dirty retaining wall can be returned to its former glory.

Part of what you need to consider, before you try to clean a wall or a few blocks, is that the method that you should use depends on what the wall is made of. If it’s an old stone wall that has stood for decades or longer, or if it is made of prized antique bricks, it’s a very bad idea to go in guns blazing, and ruin the wall by using harsh chemicals or the wrong cleaner. Also, if you go about things in the wrong way, you can drive dirt deeper into the blocks and make the entire job harder. Think carefully before you pull out the pressure washer!

The best place to start, no matter what your retaining wall blocks are made of, is with an ordinary garden hose with a sprayer attachment. (You’ll need the kind that has a reservoir that allows you to add a cleaner to the spray.) Start off by gently spraying down the whole wall, or the blocks that you need to clean. The entire area needs to be soaked, so that when you go to clean out the dirt, there is no wicking action drawing moisture (and dirt) into the blocks or into the wall.

Consider whether or not the wall is in an area where you need to protect the greenery. If you are concerned about runoff from the cleaning process, especially if you are going to use some kind of harsh product to remove stains, then you should consider putting down tarps or plastic drop cloths in order to shield the plants from the worst of the runoff.

Then, these are the basic cleaning options:

* If you are cleaning a stone retaining wall, invest in some professional-grade degreaser, and put it directly into the reservoir in your garden hose sprayer. Soak the entire area to be cleaned, and wait ten to fifteen minutes for the degreaser to work. (The wall will very likely look dirtier than before, as a result.) After waiting, take a power sprayer, and spray down the wall, working from top to bottom and from one side to the other. Keep it up until the wall stops foaming. Then, let it dry.

* If you are cleaning a retaining wall made of bricks or concrete blocks, start off by using some ordinary dish soap in your garden sprayer. Using a dish soap solution and a toothbrush, carefully scrub at stained areas. Spray off the soap with a power sprayer, and let the wall dry.

* If you are cleaning concrete blocks and soap does not remove the stains or dirt, fill your garden sprayer attachment with bleach. (Remember to take appropriate safety precautions, by wearing goggles or safety glasses, and appropriate clothing.) Spray down the wall with bleach, as above; then allow to dry.

* If none of these options work, there is hydrochloric acid. It can be effective in removing stains on some kinds of blocks, but it is too harsh for use on all materials. If you must resort to using hydrochloric acid, make sure that you follow the manufacturer’s directions exactly — or, consider bringing in a professional who can safely work with this kind of hazardous substance.

Ultimately, most dirt and stains on retaining wall blocks are not that difficult to remove, and the average homeowner should be able to do the job. Just remember that you should never start by using a power washer, and that powerful chemicals and cleaners need to be used with an appropriate level of caution.

3 Sided Horse Barn Designs – The Easy and Economical Horse Shelter

Even if you live in a mild climate, your horses require shelter from the weather. A horse shelter also has to withstand the kicks and abuse it takes from horses, so it has to be safe and sturdy. Taking all these factors into consideration, a 3 sided horse barn is the best design which is easy to build and economical. By following good designs, you can make one yourself.

Why go in for it

A 3 sided shelter is especially the way to go if you have limited space. It can shelter your animals even in severe weather conditions. If you have two horses, the ideal size of the barn would be 12 X 24 feet. A panel can be put in the middle to convert the barn into two stalls. You can get designs which help you in making these barns easily.

Enquire about permits

The first thing to be done while building a 3 sided barn with the help of designs is to check with the local authorities if you are allowed to keep horses in your property. Then you would have to find out if a permit is required to build a shelter for them. You would also have to inform your neighbors about your plans.


The location selected should be flat and on high ground. This is so that it will not be prone to flooding or standing water. Water should run away from the shed and not towards it.

You should determine the direction in which the open part of the 3 sided horse shelter would face. In most areas, the north and the west winds are the strongest and hence the back of the building should face this direction.

The type of soil, drainage facilities, access to electricity, water and other utilities and accessibility are other considerations which determine the choice of the location. You would also have to take into consideration any possible future developments.


You would also have to decide on the height of the structure. The height should be such that even a very tall horse should be able to walk in, and not hit the roof even if it throws its head up.

Type of barn

In choosing the most appropriate type from several 3 sided shelter designs, you would consider several things. You would have to consider the kind of horse you would be creating a shelter for. You would also have to consider the kind of riding you normally do. The choice is also determined by whether the horse would spend most of its time in the pasture or in the barn. You would also have to see if you intend to buy more horses in the future.


The above criteria will determine the size of the 3 sided horse shelter. It will also determine the number of stalls you require and the type of utilities.


As for the floor of the 3 sided barn, concrete is best. This is covered with dirt. This is done because dirt is soft for the horses’ to walk on. Rubber mats may also be put on the concrete before putting the dirt for added protection.

Building a 3 sided horse barn with the help of designs can be a great learning experience and a very satisfying one too. You would be also saving a good deal of money by building it yourself than having it built by experts. However the best part is that you are making a study shelter for your horses, which will go a long way in promoting their health and welfare.

MLM Compensation Unilevel Plans Reviewed

Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan Review

Before you make a decision about any company or make an investment in any business opportunity you should always do yourself a favor and take the time to do some necessary research first. Before you decide that any specific opportunity is right for you, seek out third party information, facts, and resources that will show you exactly what it is required of you to become a success in this industry.

Once you have decided that you are going to invest your time, energy, and resources into building a business realize that if you better understand the dynamics of the plan you are looking first you will then be better prepared to choose the right opportunity to invest your lives in.

Consequently it should be clear to you that MLM Compensation Plans should be subjected to the same evaluation process that any MLM opportunity, its leadership, products, and marketing system go through before you decide a specific opportunity is right for you.

Pay plans are clearly an important part of each opportunity but is still only one facet of a complete opportunity. It becomes your responsibility to look at the whole package, including but not limited to: Compensation Plan, Product Line, Automated Tools and Strategy, Market Share, Leadership, Start-Up Costs, Mentoring, and your personal level of Skill and Preparation.

Are Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans proven and sound?

The Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan has been around for many years and has a solid proven track record in the industry. Governmental regulators in North America generally prefer the Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan to other plans.

Considered to be a true grandfather among MLM Plans over 70 percent of the companies started in the past decade are using Unilevel plans, and that percentage appears to be growing. The popularity and longevity of the Unilevel model may be undisputed, however, like all compensation plans there are both benefits and also drawbacks to be considered before choosing any Unilevel opportunity.

Are Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans a Pyramid Scheme?

The Unilevel Plan is not a Pyramid Scheme.

Pyramids are illegal recruiting games where people get money for enrolling people into the pyramid. There is rarely a legitimate product or service for sale. Participants also do not receive payment unless they successfully recruit a number of recruits into the pyramid.

MLM Compensation Plans are not set up to be a recruiting scam where people are only joining for the opportunity to make money off of signing up new members.

In MLM Plans there must be a legitimate product or service for distributors to market. The recruitment of new enrollees does not qualify as a product or service. Commissions are earned from the personal sales and team sales of products or services and there is a minimum amount of personal sales required to earn that commission. This and other safeguards protect both consumer and company from legality issues pertaining to legitimacy of MLM pay plans.

The basic concepts of Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans include:

  • Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans are not a one level only plan as the name might suggest. The plan usually allows 3 to 9 levels of depth as well as allowing for unlimited first level sponsored width.
  • Unilevel plans usually have varying payment rates for differing depth levels (common plans that we have reviewed pay commissions between 5 and 7 levels deep). and also include one or a number of special bonuses as compensation.
  • Special Compensation features of the plan usually include: roll-ups, compression, and/or infinity bonuses (all of these terms refer to the process of product volume rolling to the next qualified distributor in the line when one distributor in the chain may not qualify to earn it.)
  • Unilevel, as the name suggests, only allows you to sponsor one front line of distributors, therefore everyone you sponsor is on your frontline.
  • Therefore, the common goal of this plan is to recruit a large number of frontline distributors and then encourage them to do the same.

Advantages of Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans

  • Unilevel plans are relatively easy for companies to administer, and for distributors to explain to potential recruits.
  • This compensation structure is more attractive to full-timers, and experienced network markers with the ability to recruit large numbers of distributors, and develop management and training systems for their growing downline.
  • There is normally only a minimal amount of personal volume that is required to qualify for commission payments. Lower personal volume requirements than say for some other type plans makes it easier for most distributors to stay active.
  • The Unilevel plan allows unlimited sponsoring on the first level. You can go as wide as you desire creating unlimited potential income.
  • The Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan doesn’t create as much incentive for “inventory loading” or the stockpiling of product that other plans may.

Disadvantages of Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans

  • The depth of levels they pay commissions on limits Unilevel plans. This restriction inhibits the creation of deep sales organizations.
  • If you have a very strong builder/producer far down in your organization you may not see all the benefits and commission from them.
  • As front line width grows and a sponsor’s attention is spent on recruiting, it may cause them to be “thin” in their support of newly enrolled distributors.
  • When distributors are taught to go wide, it is easy to forget about the needs of their downline distributors, who are several generations removed. This can become a team management and organizational obstacle for many aspiring marketers.
  • One of the main disadvantages of the plan is that every distributor you sponsor becomes crossline to all of your other frontline distributors and therefore must work in competition with the other members of your organization.
  • An ever-increasing frontline requires continual training of new distributors and having to manage new distributor needs.
  • Track records show that most companies that start with Unilevel plans eventually adapt them to look more like Stairstep Breakaway plans overtime. Be aware of the potential for this plan to evolve over time.
  • Although it tends to be easier to earn commissions with a Unilevel Plan, you do not tend to earn as much as you would with other type plans. This trade off may or may not be suitable depending on the needs of the distributor.
  • Full-time experienced “heavy-hitters” can become discouraged by how long it takes to reach the big money when using a Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan.

What you need to know about Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans to make them work?

When checking out a Uni-Level Program, be aware of the total amount paid out and where those payments are going in the compensation plan. There are different amounts being paid on different levels in different kinds of plans. If only small amounts are paid out on the first levels of a plan, and the real income is in the lower levels, are you the kind of marketer that this will work for? Do you stand a chance to recoup your monthly output if you are not yet capable of building depth?

Consequently if you find a plan that pays a lot up front in the first several levels but not at the deeper levels, does this suit your abilities, time, and style. Are you a part-timer looking for a few extra bucks or a full-timer looking to replace an income? Maybe you’re more ambitious still. What is your real chance of achieving your personal goals based on the kind of marketer you are, and the plan you are considering. Only you can decide if the plan you are considering will be a match for your personal needs.

Most plans pay between 35 and 45 percent of the company’s wholesale purchase volume, and about 30 percent of suggested retail volume. Look for a plan that divides the profits in your favor without going overboard. A plan that is overly “generous” to its distributors especially at the early levels in the pay plan can run itself into financial ruin. A balance that is healthy for both the company and the distributor is a necessary feature of any good plan that is going to last and provide a steady dependable long-term residual income.

The Unilevel Compensation Plan is in general best suited for those who have network marketing experience. It tends to favor those who are very confident in their ability to recruit a large number of frontline distributors. It also requires training systems and good management skills to assist and train your ever-widening front line of new distributors and create duplication in your teams.

Like most compensation structures this model does offer the potential to earn a very high income for those willing to acquire the knowledge, skills, tools, training, and systems necessary to succeed with a Unilevel Compensation Plan.

Aspects of Unilevel MLM pay plans that you may not be aware of:

Most modern network marketing companies using this model have made slight changes to the basic Unilevel Plan to increase its attractiveness to new distributors and to encourage and allow some partial teamwork. Most Modern Unilevel Plans also include a number of bonuses to sweeten the pot and make this older compensation plan more appealing to today’s modern MLM Industry.

In the past “Big Gun” recruiters couldn’t make money as fast as they could with other compensation plans, nor could they earn as much. This tended to give the Unilevel Plan a bad reputation that hurt their popularity. However, recent revisions, improved rules, and enhancements to the basic Unilevel structure, have eliminated these weaknesses and the popularity of the Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan has risen once again.

Unilevel plans now offer lucrative infinity bonuses and other forms of compression to bring the big money back into the plan. These bonuses have allowed top producers to draw income from deeper in the compensation plan than previously possible. Large payouts are being generated with Unilevel plans today, and it is considered by many to be among the most stable and lucrative pay plans in the industry.

How do Unilevel MLM Compensation Plans pay you?

Unilevel Pay Plans pay out a moderate amount, or a percentage of the total sales volume of the first several levels in a person’s organization. The first one or couple layers of the plan, pay anywhere from one to, ten percent on these levels. The rest of the remaining percentage (out of 100 percent) is spread out and paid in any number of ways throughout a number of levels. Usually seven to nine levels deep.

The Newest companies use what is called Unilevel Compressed Plans. If a company decides to pay $0.50 of every dollar earned to distributors, it will not stop at a fixed depth level. This means that if distributors, who are too deep in the plan for you to get payment on normally, do not qualify for a commission payment, then the remaining commission will flow up levels in the plan to the next qualified person and the complete $0.50 will be paid out. This is called “dynamic compression.” Commissions not earned by downline members roll up to distributor leaders instead of becoming profits by default to the company.

The Unilevel in recent years has offered several powerful incentives. Where dynamic compression is not present, you may find some kind of infinity bonus. This also helps distributors temporarily dip down to deeper levels in the plan to capture profits. Also, nearly every Unilevel plan now offers a front-end fast-start bonus that pays a special one-time bonus amount on the first orders of new customers and new distributors.

These bonuses and new plan features all help overcome many of the compensation plan complaints that one time discouraged distributors. It makes the plan fairer for those who work the hardest, and produce the most.

Will a Unilevel MLM Compensation Plan work for you?

Ultimately only you can decide that. Plans are like personalities not all are the perfect fit for everyone. The top percent of the distributors in any network marketing opportunity are able to produce incredible results. They are able to create stable teams, recruit like crazy, create duplication in their teams. They will shout from the mountain tops that network marketing is the greatest business opportunity they were ever introduced to!

Of the majority of less than successful folks, reviews will include a plethora of excuses usually blaming everyone but themselves and ranging from ‘I made a little money,” “it wasn’t for me,” to “it’s an outright scam and a pyramid scheme”. This seems to be true of the entire industry not just Unilevel Plan opportunities.

The real difference between those who win big and those who are less than inspired is in the tools and training they receive, and in the person they are willing to become to succeed. If you are not, willing to become trained and informed to succeed in this industry and are not ready to apply the knowledge and skills you learn on a daily basis… You probably aren’t ready for MLM Success yet. MLM probably shouldn’t be your first choice. Go get a job and work for someone else some more until you are ready.

Are you really ready to take your life, business, and income to the next level? Are you ready to become one of the 5% that are going to the top in this industry? These are questions you should have answers to before joining an opportunity or considering MLM, not after.