Itchy Chinese Crested Dog – Itching, Scratching Series

The hairless nature of this breed can predispose to solar radiation exposure and sunburn. Repeated sunburn can cause skin cancers such as squamous cell carcinoma which is like nasty ulcerated sores that never heal and slowly get bigger. The squamous cell carcinomas get infected, and can bleed and cause discomfort. Actinic dermatitis can also develop from chronic ultraviolet radiation and changes in the skin that block hair follicles. Large discharging sinuses can develop which exude material that accumulates deep in the skin.

The Chinese Crested dog breed also suffers from atopic dermatitis. many of these dogs are affected. Atopic dermatitis tends to show up on hairless parts of the body. In a normal hair covered breed, atopic dermatitis shows on the feet, the groin, the axilla or arm pit, the abdomen and the concave or inner surface of the ears. Until recently, the understanding of canine atopic dermatitis was that the allergens were inhaled. This key fact remains true but is only a part of the story. A recent breakthrough was the discovery that dogs with canine atopic dermatitis have a faulty skin barrier. The skin barrier is deficient in a protein called sphingosine. The absence of sphingosine makes the skin leaky. Moisture escapes from the skin causing it to dry out. Allergens cross the skin triggering an immune reaction that manifests as an itchy rash.

The hairless Chinese Crested dog therefore has large parts of the body that are not protected with hair. In Chinese Crested dogs with canine atopic dermatitis the maddening itchy rash can envelop almost the entire body.

There are many natural treatments that can really help.

Halon Fire Extinguishers – The Best Fire Suppressant Device There Will Ever Be

Extinguishers are one of the best inventions for all times. Because of these devices, people are given the ability to stop a small fire from getting worse. In cases where the event of fire is surrounded by factors that could worsen it then it could be prevented. At times when fire outbreak is imminent, this device can facilitate escape as you can use it to clear your way.

As much as it has many uses, this device has many classes as well. For every classification of extinguisher means that its can be used to a particular kind of fire. It is very important to know the use of a particular extinguisher so that you can be very effective in putting out fire. These devices have different components or agent used. This particular agent might be good for fire caused by woods but may not be good for a fire cause by kerosene. You cannot just use a particular device without knowing what it is for because one, it is a total waste of the device as well as your time and effort. Second, you might put it out but still the risk of re-igniting it is high, thus you can still endanger yourself. Third, because of the ineffectivity of the device, fire can worsen and it might make things a little too late for you. Therefore, if you want to have a device that can be an all around active fire protection, you can use halon fire extinguisher.

This device can put out fire of Class A, B, C and K categories. The compounds used in here have extreme cooling effect on fire. Its chemical reaction is prevented from happening. The radicals contributing to it are altered by removing the element of oxygen, lowering the concentration of fuel and lowering down the temperature. Halon 1301 and 1211 are famous for its variety.

1301 was introduced in 1954. It is a gaseous flooding agent. This means that they are used to dump on an area filled with fire. Before the process of dumping, people are warned to evacuate the area and it can be triggered automatically or manually. People need to be warned to evacuate the area because the compounds used can cause temporary alteration in perception. On the other hand, 1211 is known to be a liquid streaming agent. They are commonly used for portables or hand-held devices. The good thing about these products is that they leave no harmful residue after usage because they simple diffuse in the atmosphere.

Even though halon fire extinguisher has gained popularity in fire suppression, they also have gained popularity in the destruction of ozone. Despite of it all, it is considered the best as it has wide coverage and it is non-toxic for human use. Nowadays, they are limited for military use. In some countries, they are now considered illegal. It was not banned in the USA until the US EPA strongly encourages the use of devices that would not result into harming the environment.

How to Get Rid of Sour House Smell

You should start with the basics first; chances are, if you’ve reached the point of looking for help in terms of getting rid of sour house smells on the Internet, then you need to do some serious cleaning. Set aside a day, or a weekend, specifically for cleaning.

If you don’t want to or you can’t do it alone, enlist the help of those you live with. Perhaps you can also ask for your friends’ help. Bribe them with pizza and beer or brochettes and wine if you have to. Afterwards, use the following suggestions to get rid of your house smell, and maintain a fresh, aromatic or at least breathable living space.

Sour House Smell Removal

* Dry out the living quarters first, and then clean out your basement so it is empty of anything that can hold moisture and run it down there as well. Remove cardboard boxes.

* If you have a forced air heating and cooling system with ducts on your home, get the ducts checked. Decades-old houses can have mold, lots of built-up of dirt and other nasty stuff that can cause a foul odor. Your ducts can also be rusting now, so you may need to have them changed.

The newer ducts available on the market today are much more energy efficient. You’ll save air conditioning costs this summer by getting new ducts. You can also hire a company that cleans ducts to inspect the ducts you have right now. Some have a camera that can show you what is in your ducts. Be careful who you get! Use a reputable company and check with the Better Business Bureau. Ask them for references. Some only clean a short way and spray a deodorizer. The estimate to get your ducts cleaned can be hundreds of dollars less than getting new ones.

* Check your carpets. Sometimes carpets are steam cleaned unprofessionally and a lot of water remains. This causes mildewing and a related musty odor.

Remove your carpets and put in hardwood or similar type flooring, with area rugs that can be cleaned outside of the home and dried before returning to the area. If your carpets are ten years old, it doesn’t hurt to remove them.

* You may have a mold of some sort growing in your carpet or behind your wallpaper. Create a bleach solution (1:10 to start, then up to 1:4 if it does not work) and gently wash down all of your walls and mop boards. Rent a hot water carpet cleaner and put a bleach solution into the reservoir rather than the soap they try to sell you. Add a drop or two of dish soap, but add no more. It is the water that cleans, not the soap. Adding too much soap will actually make your carpet dirty because it does not rinse out of the carpet and soap bonds with dirt.

* Though chlorinated bleach is very notorious in discoloring a lot of things, you may risk using that for really heavy-smelling jobs, even on dark carpets. If you’re still wary, there’s always oxygen bleach. It kills “everything” that may be causing an odor and the hot water cleaning really helps allergies as well.

Keep babies off the rugs as breathing chemicals of any sort is especially bad for them. If the smell comes back more quickly than you think it should, get a dehumidifier.

* Never run a dehumidifier where you have an open window or you will dry out the immediate atmosphere of your home. An air conditioner actually works even better because of the filtering system in it, but if it is too cold where you live to still be using one, then stick with the dehumidifier.

* To rid your linoleum or hardwood floors of that not-so-fresh-smell, simply mix a 3:1 solution of warm water and white vinegar in your mop bucket and get to work. Remember to crack a window or two. Vinegar has a good clean smell, but it’s a strong one.

Sour House Smell Removing Products

* Buy a large pump of Febreze since it works on everything. Smelly hampers, sticky cars, sleeping bags that reek of camp fire… you name the smell, Febreze can quell. You can get it at most supermarkets.

Another idea is to use a citrus odor neutralizing spray; it’s so effective that beauticians actually use this at salons to get rid of perm smell.

* An Ozone Generator or Air-born Hydrogen Peroxide Device can also work, but they tend to be expensive and may not get to the root of the problem. Covering or filtering odors is always more costly than eliminating their source.

* If you want something a little cheaper, you can try Ozium Air Freshener-it’s the best way to keep the air in your home or work space clean and smelling fresh. Ozium does not cover up the odors associated with sour smelling houses – it eliminates them!

Ozium, the original air purifier, is a chemical agent that actually eliminates unpleasant odors and reduces airborne bacteria. Ozium actually cleanses the air through glycolized action. The Ozium glycolized formula acts directly on odor causing particles in the air.

* Electrostatic Air Filters are good for getting rid of dust buildup, but can be bad if they don’t operate properly. Electrostatic air filters work by ionizing the air that passes through the filter, collecting dust from the air by creating an electrostatic field, like a comb collects particles after being run through dry hair quickly enough.

Why are electrostatic dust collectors be bad for you? If they don’t operate properly, they can produce ozone, which is a respiratory irritant. So make sure you do your research before investing in one of these air filters.

* Try Renuzit, in any scent. If you can, try to find the Super Odor Killer scent. The fragrance in SOK (introduced in 1972) is not readily identifiable, because SOK uses a blend of perfumes left over when fragrance manufacturers produced a little too much for another company’s orders.

This blend is not only good at masking a variety of odors, it can slightly be used at higher fragrance levels without overwhelming the user. The popular and more readily available Country Kitchen scent will also suffice.

* Fresh Wave has an array of all natural, non-toxic and earth friendly products for laundry, upholstery, floors and ventilation that are designed to attract, capture and neutralize sour house odors.

Sour House Smell Prevention

* The best way to stop sour house smell from building up is to clean as you go. Put things away as soon as you’re done using them. Throw things away as soon you know you won’t use them. Everyday maintenance is the key to a breathable, livable home.

Have a presence of mind when it comes to cleanliness. Create a small space for things to be donated and recycled and clear it out as soon as it gets full. Limit your storage space and “junk” drawers so you don’t have the opportunity to just toss clutter in a closet and forget about it.

* People will tell you that the best way to get rid of mold – one of the main contributors of bad house odor – is to use an ionizing air purifier to help pull the pollutants and mold spores out of the air. Well, they’re half right.

An air purifier isn’t a bad idea for preventing mold growth, but those ionized air filters can cause health problems if they’re not constructed properly. Sometimes if an ionizing air filter isn’t built right, it will spit out ozone which, as scientists will tell you, is good for the atmosphere and bad for your lungs.

Serious complications can arise if you’re using the wrong air purifier. Choose wisely and make sure you buy from a reputable company.

Manufacturing and Retailing of Laminate Flooring

Where to find laminate flooring at a discounted rate

The latest in flooring solutions is the laminated. It is made from a process of sealing layers of paper or other materials, with a plastic like substance, which gives it the desired strength and hence is known to be very durable. Mostly laminate floor is available in a wide variety of patterns, mostly printed on the topside. One can easily find patterns ranging from single colors to natural, wood and stone and many other to suit one’s style and decor.

Shop hopping for a good bargain has become a thing of the past. With the introduction Internet, and online trading, the options available for customers have become much wider and one can shop from any where in the world and that too from the comforts of their homes.

Many flooring manufacturing companies have set up their online shopping stores displaying their wide range of products with discounted rates for their customers.

There are many online trading that stands above the rest. Facilitates offered by these companies like discounted rates and free home delivery make them the best in the business. They offer a good bargain on their products. Their websites as well as the staff employed offers valuable advice and service to the customers to make the right selection for their homes.

Fast Floors is an online company, which offers great laminate floors at discounted rates. They even have regular sales and special offers from time to time. There website is very user friendly and has a beautifully categorized brochures which proves to be a great help in making the right selection and help to complete the flooring job quickly.

More Flooring Companies

There are further flooring companies which are very well known names in flooring solutions. Their reputation is backed with an experience of more than 50 years in the field of installing floors. They not only offers discounted laminate but also guarantees quality services that stand up to its reputation.

Hardwood Brokers follow a unique business strategy. At Hardwood Brokers, one can get all kind of floors, including laminated as well other flooring products at a very discounted rate. Their business strategy is based on accepting bids from potential customers. The customer has to place a bid amount for their flooring needs, if the offer is found reasonable the company guarantees the bidder to meet all their flooring needs at discounted rates.

Floor One Company

Floor one is very well known for the branded products they offer at discounted rates. Along with flooring products, they also offer other valuable services like giving advice on different aspects like prices, shipping, tax, etc.

One can log on to their website to get quick and accurate solutions, for all the flooring problems from the live customer support team. The wide variety, discounted rates and branded products that Floor One offers make them the best in the laminate flooring industry.

How To Deal With Water Logging Issues in Your Home

You have bought a beautiful house and everything’s working perfectly. But lo, it rains and your house is flooded with water! Yes, waterlogging issues can be an unforeseen problem that can arise after you have moved into your new apartment. Most common during seasonal rains, waterlogging can leave you stranded when you get out of your house. It’s true that most of us are still in the dark when it comes to dealing with this issue. Keep reading to find out some of the most effective techniques that you can use!

Understanding The Issue

Waterlogging in your house can be caused due to many reasons such as storm runoff, sullage, or damaged drain sewers. Apart from the short-term effects like hampering your daily routine, it also causes other serious damages like weakening the foundation of the entire house. When water mixes with other garbage and wastes, this can pose a great threat to your health. So, it is always important to understand these risks and deal strategically with water logging issues.

Effective Precautions And Strategic Troubleshooting

Once you know what the problem is, it becomes easier to take steps to troubleshoot. Some effective solutions to prevent water logging in your home are given below. Depending on the reach of the issue, you can employ any or all of the following solutions.

Solution 1: Rainwater Harvesting To Cope With Flood

It may be impossible to prevent the huge amount of water entering the premises during heavy monsoon rain or flood. But, it is possible to direct the flow of the water and treat the problem of waterlogging judiciously. Rainwater harvesting is the most effective way to cope with the issue of rainwater flooding your house.

Solution 2: Downspout Extensions For Basement Flooding

Installing downspout extensions is an effective solution to keep your basement dry. This helps in redirecting the water flow from the rooftops as well as basements to a safer location, such as a dry well or any other rainwater harvesting system.

Solution 3: Dry Well For Cheap Water Logging Solution

If you are looking for an economical way for solving water logging issues, nothing works better than a dry well. Standing water can be directed to the dry well using downspout extensions. The dry well is usually filled with stones, gravels, and pebbles so that water does not seep back into your lawn.

Solution 4: Installing A Sump Pump

Foreseeing the issue of waterlogging, you can install a sump pump that can pump out the standing water from your basement. This is a simple solution that can help you tackle waterlogging issues effectively.

Solution 5: Rain Gardens For Rain Runoff

Rain gardens are an ideal solution for apartments, schools, and other residential premises where run-off rainwater poses a major issue. Creating rain gardens in well-drained/sandy soils can be perfect for capturing storm water.

Solution 6: French Drains For Plain Surfaces

When you cannot judge the slope of your lawn to construct a dry well, a French drain, also known as the weeping tile is an effective alternative. A French drain is nothing but a trench filled with sand and gravel. It has pipes that drain the stagnant water and direct it away from the area.

How to Get Six Pack Abs While You Sleep?

Yes, I have had my coffee today, and no, I am not on drugs! It’s true! You can build six pack abs while you sleep! Read on and let me show you how.

In order to get six pack abs, what is it that you are first going to have to do? That’s right, you are going to have to lose belly fat and of course, total body fat in order to have your six pack abs revealed. This is one of the greatest misconceptions when it comes to getting six pack abs….people thinking that all they have to do is crunches and voila, you got yourself a six pack! Wrong!

You have to lose belly fat first. Want to now how you can lose belly fat…even while you sleep, so that you can start having your six pack abs revealed? Drum roll please…..focus on building lean muscle and increase the intensity of your workouts.

When you build lean muscle and intensify your workouts, you will burn off a crap load of calories…and will continue to do so….even while you sleep!

The quickest way to build lean muscle and intensify a workout is by super setting your workouts. This would be you switching between two different workouts simultaneously until 3-4 sets are done. For example, if you are working out your arms, you would do one set of dumbbell curls, then without resting switch over and do triceps pull downs, and repeat this cycle until 3-4 sets are done for each workout.

By doing this, you are basically combining both cardio and weight training in one. Trust me, your heart rate will be running on full speed and you will be sweating your butt off! With doing this type of workout, you will increase your metabolism, burn off fat faster, and burn calories even while you sleep. The end result, a low body fat percentage, and your six pack abs will begin to show!

Qigong For Energetic Protection

Qigong is, according to Merriam-Webster online, “an ancient Chinese healing art involving meditation, controlled breathing, and movement exercises.” Later in this post I am going to give you a Qigong standing meditation that will allow you to boost your energetic protection from unwanted external influences (whether they be physical, emotional, mental or spiritual pathogenic factors).

Qi is a term that has no equivalent term in English. The Chinese character for Qi looks like a grain of rice in a pot that is boiling while steam is lifting the pot’s lid. This gives us some idea as to the qualities of Qi. Qi provides sustenance, like rice. It is also active and upward-moving like steam. It is also hard to grasp like steam. So, although Qi is often thought of as “energy” this is a poor translation, for Qi is mote truly a highly rarefied form of matter. The word Gong (as in Gong Fu) means “accomplishment,” “skill” or “work.” So Qigong is simply “working with the Qi.”

If you are feeling under attack from energy outside of yourself, Qigong practice should help. It could be that you work in an environment where you are at increased risk of catching an airborne infections such a s the common cold or flu. Perhaps you have a boss or co-worker that invades your sense of space and personal boundaries. Perhaps you work with the public and are subjected to the whims and verbal (or other) attacks from your customers. In all of these situations, the unwanted energy of the person “attacking” can get to you because you have not erected an energetic barrier. The Qigong exercise outlined below will, with daily practice, construct a barrier of Qi around you that will enable you to keep from taking on this unwanted energy from others.

So, without further ado, I present to you the Ren Wu Zang Meditation, below:

1. Stand with your feet slightly more than shoulder-width apart, feet facing forward and parallel to each other.

2. Bend your knees slightly so that you can achieve a firm yet comfortable stance. You should still be able to look down as see your feet past your knees if you are doing this correctly.

3. Tilt the pelvis forward to lengthen and flatten the spine.

4. Allow the arms to hang loosely at your sides, palms facing inward. There should be a small space (chicken egg-sized) in your armpits.

5. Relax the shoulders and let them sink downward.

6. Make the chest concave in shape and relaxed (opposite of “military stance” with the chest pushed out).

7. Imagine that you head is suspended from on high by a thread. Tilt the chin toward the chest to further lengthen the spine.

8. Close the mouth and lightly place the tip of the tongue at the upper palate where it meets the teeth.

9. Breathe through the nose. Use abdominal breathing, allowing the lower abdomen to expand with inhalation and contract with exhalation. Breath deeply at a rate that feels comfortable (the slower, the better).

10. Close your eyes or keep them only slightly open with a gaze not fixed on anything specific.

11. Visualize a golden egg surrounding you.

12. Imagine a red mist coming from your Heart and spraying out in front of you. This red mist transforms into a Phoenix. Visualize this Phoenix as a lively, active, playful animal that is connected to your Heart. Allow this animal to remain in front of you.

13. Next, imagine that a dark blue or black mist is projecting from your Kidney and forming the shape of a large Tortoise towering over you and covering your back. Visualize this Tortoise as a lively, active, playful animal that is connected to your Kidney. Allow this animal to remain in behind of you.

14. Next, visualize a white mist emanating from your Lungs and moving out to your right side which becomes a White Tiger. Visualize this White Tiger as a lively, active, playful animal that is connected to your Lungs. Allow this animal to remain to your right.

15. Next, imagine a blue-green mist emanating from your Liver and forming a Dragon on your left side. Visualize this Dragon as a lively, active, playful animal that is connected to your Liver. Allow this animal to remain to your left.

16. Hold the visualization of these 4 animals around you for a few seconds.

17. Allow the animals to move now, shifting position in a counter-clockwise direction.

18. This motion gets faster and faster, until all that you see is a blur of colors whirling around you.

19. Raise your arms with an inhalation and “gather up” all this whirling color. Allow the energy of all 5 colors to enter the top of your head. Let the animals and colors go back to their respective organs (Gold = Spleen, Red = Heart, Black = Kidneys, White = Lungs, Blue-Green = Liver) inside you.

20. Take a few deep breaths, slowly open your eyes and allow yourself to return to the waking world.

That all there is to it! Given some practice it should not take longer than 2-5 minutes total to achieve this meditation. Having practiced it so much, I can accomplish it nearly instantaneously. This is one of the tools I use to keep myself well in my very busy clinical practice. I don’t want to take on the energy or illness of my patients. I feel very strongly that this Qigong exercise helps me to stay well and I hope it helps you too!

Copyright © 2011 Scott Alan Whitfield

Importance of Using Rubber Mats at Industrial Floors

Safety and security are two important factors in the workplace. Most of the business owners always try to keep their employees safe. Everyone can witness liquid, grease and chemicals on industrial floors. Accidents are quite common due to the slippery nature of cement floors. Falling or tripping can cause huge problems. They can indirectly affect production in the business, spending money due to medical issues and loss of reputation. Slippery surfaces can also lead to machine destruction as well. To keep all the situations under control, business sectors are using rubber mats.

What Make Rubber Flooring Surface Popular-

There are various reasons behind using rubber matting solutions. In the earlier times, people use rubber flooring only at home. However, nowadays, they are getting a better place at the workplaces. Here are some of the advantages of using these underfoot surfaces-

1. Available in Various Colors-

One of the greatest advantages of using mats made with rubber is that they are available in various color and texture. The commercial clients can choose any variety depending upon their requirements. They are custom-made depending on utilities. The dark-colored mats are in great demand among the commercial clients.

2. Anti-slip in Nature-

The rubber flooring accessories are anti-slip in nature. They offer better grip to the feet. They reduce accidents. Employees can work safely on the cement floor without worrying about falling down and breaking legs.

3. Easy to Install and Clean-

Rubber flooring items are easy to install and maintain. Grease, chemicals, and acids cannot affect rubber underfoot surfaces. They take very less time for installation. Business owners install them at walking pavements, working areas, store rooms and even over the stairs.

4. Low in Price-

This is one of the biggest advantages of using rubber mats on the floors. These products are affordable. Even you can also get them at discounts from reliable sources.

These above points show some of the features that generally motivate customers to use rubber matting products. Individuals use them for multiple uses. The electrical mats are very popular in these days as they are shock resistant and long-lasting. Hospitality and catering mats are also gaining importance in the market since, they are resistant to chemicals and oil. When you are buying these products, make sure that they are from the reputed companies. You can search online to find the most reliable company that manufacture and supply these underfoot accessories.

How to Structure a Song

When thinking about how to structure your song, know that there are no absolutes. There are no wrong ways and right ways. In the popular music culture, there is definitely a predominant structure that is commonly used. But what determines which song structure to use? One important thing to consider when thinking about song structure is the purpose of your song. This will shoot you towards getting a clear idea of how you want to structure your song.

Purpose of your song

What is the purpose of your song? Is it to make money? Is it to get played on the radio? Or maybe you don’t care about the money and the radio play, but you want to make a song that evokes emotion out of its listeners. Maybe your song’s purpose is to stand the test of time and have listeners 40 years from now.

Here’s how the purpose of your song affects your song structure.

If you want to make money with your song by getting it plugged in with pop artists and into the popular radio stations, you want to follow the general song structure that is used. This isn’t true for all cases (example:Bohemian Rhapsody by Queen), but true for most. And what is this general song structure formula? It is along the lines of A-B-A-B-C-B or in other words, verse-chorus-verse-chorus-bridge-chorus.

The point of this structure is to have a musical theme set and have it repeat to bring about a sense of familiarity to listeners, then introduce a new section (section C) which gives the listener a sense of freshness. After the new section is introduced, a theme that was introduced before is brought in again which makes the section feel both fresh and familiar. This gives the listener more of a chance to feel hooked in without feeling like the song is boring and repetitive.

This idea of creating a sense of familiarity and variety isn’t constricted to the structure A-B-A-B-C-B. The structure can be expanded to A-B-C-A-B-C-D-B aka verse-prechorus-chorus-verse-prechorus-chorus-bridge-chorus. Another example of an extension is A-B-A-B-A-B-C-B, but be weary of getting the song to sound overly repetitious. You can do this by thinking about varying the instrumentation in each section or even use variations where you might do something a little different in the third verse. Personally, repeating a verse and chorus 3 times before the bridge is too much. I give myself a ‘no more than two’ rule for sections other than the chorus. The chorus is given the ‘no more than three’ rule. You can be creative and add subtle changes to expand A-B-A-B-C-B. Another example is A-B-A-B-C-A-B where you have another verse after the bridge.

If you can’t decide what song structure to use, then start with A-B-A-B-C-B. If this structure doesn’t provide the space you need for all your lyrics, expand it. Maybe you can add a prechorus, or add an extra verse in the beginning where the structure would become A-A-B-A-B-C-B.

A lot of times, people feel a need to add to the song when they actually need to leave the song as it is or even remove some of the content. Don’t add lyrics just because you feel a need to fill in the space of the song structure. Cut your structure down to fit your lyrics. For example, if you decided to write a song with the structure A-B-C-A-B-C-D-A-B-C, and your lyrics are too short for the structure. Don’t add more lyrics for the sake of fulfilling the space. If you feel like your lyrics are done and anything else would be filler, then cut down the structure.

If you are the songwriter that doesn’t write songs in order to get them played on the top 40 list, then you have more freedom than the pop song writers. You can even write a song that’s 30 minutes long if you wanted. Would that mean people will listen to it? My guess is only if you make a song that contains high value.

You can have a song structure that is A – A – A – A. If you use that structure, I advise that you have really really good lyrics, or have an interesting instrumentation or chord progression that gives listeners a sense of variety. You can have a structure of A – B – C – D with no recurring themes.

One cool thing you can do is have a section play a theme that sounds similar to another theme that occurred earlier in the song. You can make it a variation of a theme, or a theme that gives a hint of another theme. There are no limits. This way of songwriting gives you a chance to think outside the box.

You can turn it into an exercise. Here’s an example exercise. Write 3 songs. The first song has to have the structure A – B – C – D – E, the second song has to be A – A – A – A, and the third song has to be A – B – A – B – B'(a variation of B). Doing fun exercises turn songwriting into a fun game. Have fun with it. Go wild.

The Top 10 Reasons for Hydraulic Cylinder Failures – And What To Do About Them

Hydraulic cylinders fail for a wide range of reasons from bad specification and misuse to just plain old age. Here are the top 10 reason failure and how to go about the hydraulic cylinder repair.

1 – Regular seal leakage

This can be caused for a number of reasons the most common of which on new cylinders is incorrect fitting of the seals, however incorrect metalwork clearances may also cause early stage failure. Another physical reason for this failure once the device is in use is corroding, or marking of the seal grooves. The oil itself may also be the cause either because it is contaminated, or else because air has been trapped.

Corrective measures unsurprisingly include checking and if necessary replacement of the seals. Metalwork clearances should be checked in any event and if the oil is found to be contaminated then it should be replaced. There needs to be a clear reason established for oil contamination as it may be a sign of less obvious wear – checking clearances is part of this process.

2 – Piston rod scored

Scoring of the piston rod is often caused by oil contamination, but this may also be contamination of the gland bearing. If not caught in time then the gland bearing may have failed completely.

The gland bearing needs to be checked and replaced if necessary. The entire hydraulic system will need to be flushed and all filters change before re-assembly and re-pressurising.

3 – Cylinder bore scored

Scoring of the cylinder bore can also be caused by contamination of the oil, which may in turn be a sign of piston head bearing failure.

The piston head bearing will need to be checked and replaced if necessary. For either failure reason, the entire hydraulic system will need to be flushed and all filters change before re-assembly and re-pressurising.

4 – Barrel internally corroded

The most likely cause of a barrel being internally corroded is water in the oil.

Correction may require disassembly and re-coating, but as a minimum the oil will need be changed. The cylinder will need to be protected from future water ingress and this may also be a sign that it is either wrongly specified or perhaps being used in an environment for which it was not designed.

5 – Piston rod pitting

Pretty much the only cause for piston rod pitting is corrosion. This may also be a sign that the cylinder is either wrongly specified or perhaps being used in an environment for which it was not designed.

To begin with the rod and even the whole cylinder should be protected from the weather or any other reason for contact with water. Ideally the rod should also be upgraded to marine specification.

6 – Leaking from around the gland outer diameter

Leaking from around the gland outer diameter can be caused by o-ring failure, or by having a cracked gland, either which in turn could have been caused by poor clearances.

Clearances will need to be checked and the gland tested for cracks. If the o-ring is faulty then a backup can often be fitted, or the o-ring can be replaced.

7 – Bent piston rod

A bent piston rod may be a sign that the hydraulic cylinder is a being overloaded. This may be because the cylinder and associated piston are working outside of their specification – overloaded in other words. It can also be caused by an outside (sideways) impact of some kind – for example a collision.

The first thing to check is the load and whether the cylinder is working within specification, or not, as without this information any repair will not last long. The piston rod can be replaced, but this is also an opportunity to review the specification and upgrade the rod if necessary.

8 – Split weld on base and ports

A split weld on the base and ports may be caused at the original manufacture (or recent repair) by a poor weld failing. It may also be caused by shock loading – or a sudden impact to full pressure (or beyond).

An examination of the use of the cylinder is required to make sure it is not being misused, or employed out of its specification. This will ensure the problem does not recur after repair.

Repairing will involve machining off the weld and re-welding correctly.

9 – Eye bearing broken

A broken eye bearing is usually caused by the cylinder working on a load above its specification, or else by a shock loading – or a sudden impact to full pressure (or beyond).

As with other issues above, before a repair is made the operational use of the cylinder should be checked to ensure it is not working out of specification. This investigation can lead to a change of use, or else an upgrading of specification on repair. For example, the specification of the replacement eye bearing may be upgraded and the clevis pin size may also be increased.

10 – Rod worn on one side

A rod worn on one side is a sign of a sideways movement of some kind either from a lack of bearing support (perhaps from bearing failure), or else too much side load which can be a result of misalignment or misuse. The rod itself may actually be under specified for the load and so the use of the cylinder should be checked to make sure it is being used within specification.

A repair will provide an opportunity to not just fix the problem, but raise the specification of the assembly by increasing the rod size, increasing the bearing area or incorporating external guides. A combination of all three is also possible.

The above list is not exhaustive of course, but these are the most common failures. Often a hydraulic cylinder repair is an opportunity to review working practices, or raise the specification of the cylinder. This means that not only is the problem fixed but preventive measure applied to reduce the possibility of future recurrence.

WoW Level 40 Gold Guide – How to Afford Your First Mount

Reaching level 40 in World of Warcraft is an exciting but often frustrating time. You are finally able to purchase your first mount only to discover that you’re not even close to being able to actually afford one. Since you’ll have to cough up 100 gold for a mount, you’ll need to earn some money fast. How can you earn that much needed gold in a reasonably fast amount of time? This WoW Level 40 Gold Guide will give you some tips towards achieving your goal.

Although this is not what you would probably want to see in a WoW Level 40 Gold Guide, you can always grind for extra money. This method provides a steady route to earning that gold. However, it can be a tedious and repetitive way to make money. One location that can help you earn gold more quickly by grinding is found in the Badlands. If you head to the southern region, you will find an Elementals camp where you can grind away until you have some Elemental Earth. This item is used by several different professions and can be sold at the auction house for a considerable price. If you are a gatherer, you can also pick up some extra money by gathering along with grinding.

This WoW Level 40 Gold Guide also suggests that you pick up that fishing pole and get to work! If you’ve been focusing on your fishing skill, you should at this point have a higher quality pole that gives you a bonus. Head over to Stranglethorn Vale to try your luck with the floating wreckage. You might reel in such goodies as chests and lockboxes that contain valuable items. If you don’t have the lockpicking skill, bring a lockpicker friend with you in order to crack open these treasures. You can then sell these items for extra gold.

Another fishing-related tip provided by this WoW Level 40 Gold Guide, especially for those who have the cooking skill, is to visit the Barrens where you can find Deviate Fish as well as the recipe for Savory Deviate Delight. If your cooking skill is high enough, you can make this dish yourself. Since Savory Deviate Delight is in high demand, you can make plenty of gold selling it at the auction house.

Since you’ll be visiting the auction house, take some time to learn the ins and outs of how the auction process works. If you understand how the market works and when the best times are to buy and sell, you can increase your profits considerably. Pay attention to which items are selling the most and how much these items are selling for so that you can determine what items you should sell, when you should sell them, and how much you should sell them for.

By following the tips in this WoW Level 40 Gold Guide, you will soon find yourself on the way to the mount vendor to make your first purchase. Before you know it, you’ll be riding through Azeroth instead of walking!

The Truth About That Stradivarius Violin You Just Found At A Yard Sale

Antonio Stradivari (1644(?) – 18 December 1737) was an Italian maker of stringed instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps. He is generally considered the most important artisan in this field.

Stradivari is thought to have been responsible for the production of about 1,100 different instruments. It is believed that about 650 of these have survived and out of these 500+ are violins.

It is the dream of every yard sales prowler and thrift shop buyer to find that long lost Stradivarius violin and reap the millions of dollars that would be the results of such a find. Unfortunately many unsuspecting buyers make the mistake of finding one of the thousand and thousand of reproductions that were produced and, thinking that they found the real deal, pay way too much for a knockoff.

Most of these reproductions were built in Czechoslovakia or Germany from the early 1800s to about 1920 and number in the tens of thousands. The vast majority of these have the label “Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis Faciebat Anno” with a hand written or printed date below this. These labels are glued to the inside of the violin and clearly visible through the “f hole”.

These are “Stradivarius” Style Violins or reproductions. When they were produced they were not really meant to deceive the buyer. It was more of a marketing strategy to indicate the violin was designed after originals made by Antonio Stradivari.

Because of this fact the date on the “f-hole” labels are usually correct as to the year that the instrument was produced. A label dated 1865 should be a clue that this is a reproduction as Stradivari died in 1737.

When the original buyer was purchasing this violin he knew that he was getting an instrument that was a cheap copy of a priceless Stradivarius and not the real thing. Over the years the facts surrounding these knockoffs were forgotten and thus a rash of “found” Strads began turning up in antique stores, pawn shops and garage sales.

A lot of these have labels printed in English to conform with U.S. import regulations at the time. If your Strad has a English label it was not made by a 18th century Italian stringed instrument maker.

On most of his violins Stradivari used a printed label with the last 2 numbers of the year it was made in handwritten in ink or pencil.

If you are looking at a labeled Stradivarius Violin you can be 99.99% sure that it is one of these bogus instruments. Out of the 500 or so violins known to made by Antonio Stradivari only a hand full are not accounted for. These are thought to be lost or stolen and never recovered.

Starting in March 1891, after enactment of the McKinley Tariff Act, all goods imported to the U.S. were required to be marked in English with the country of origin. In 1914 the Tariff Act has amended to make the words “Made In” in addition to the country of origin mandatory. This was not rigorously enforced until around 1921 so some pre 1921 pieces can still be found without “Made In” added on. If your violin has a label with a country of origin then is was more than likely made after 1891 and most assuredly is a Stradivarius “Style” Violin or fake.

As the American market was the largest one at the time, most musical instrument manufacturers were very quick to comply with the Tariff Act, producing thousands of these Stradivarius copies with the “Made In” label during the closing years of the 19th and early 20th century.

The quality of these reproductions varies a lot from quite good to really bad. The current market values for these late 19th to early 20th-century Strads vary greatly. Their worth depends on the quality of construction, condition and sound. This is something that would have to be determined by a specialist who deals with stringed instruments.

That said I often see these German or Czechoslovakian copies selling for less than $75.00 at auction. However, if you have one of these knock offs all may not be lost. Do a little research on the bow as I have seen $2,500.00 bows with $75.00 violins.

Today, a genuine Stradivarius can sell for enormous amount of money. One of his most famous pieces is a violin he completed in 1721 and is known as the “Lady Blunt.” It was named for Lord Byron’s granddaughter, Lady Anne Blunt, who owned it for 30 years. The “Lady Blunt” sold on July 21, 2011 for a sum of $15,932,115.00 at the Tarisio Auction. It was sold by the Nippon Music Foundation in aid of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami appeal.

Things Found in a Living Room

A home would comprise of a number of rooms. You find a kitchen for storing and cooking food, the bathroom for bathing, the bedroom for sleeping and finally the living room.

A living room is often referred to as the lounge, lounge room or sitting room. It is the place where many spend the majority of their time. It serves as the function to relax and to entertain guests.

In a lounge, the common things found include furniture. You will often find furniture in the form of a sofa. Often referred to as the couch or settee, it is designed to seat a number of people. As well as to allow for seating, facilitates to rest our bodies.

In most living rooms around the world, there would be a television set. It is a means of keeping us entertained through shows based on drama, comedy and sports. The television set also provides news coverage to keep abreast of the current affairs in the locality and the world in general.

Some people like to ensure the sitting room is not only neat and tidy but decorated to present a homely environment. It is so we can relax and feel comfortable. Most of us do not want to be in a room that is bare and minimal, we like to be in room that is full and pleasant.

To meet such ends often people decorate the lounge room. As humans we all have different preferences and tastes. Some people like the idea of placing framed pictures, vases and other ornaments. Its very common to find photos of friends and family in many a living room. There will also be ornaments of things people may have collected on their travels or purchased at stores to decorate the room.

Most people use such a room as an area for dining. They may have their various meal such as breakfast, lunch or dinner in the living room.

While some people have their meal while seated at the couch, others like to eat at the dining table. A dining table would be surrounded by chairs to allow the occupants to be seated while enjoying the meal.

The items found in a lounge vary from home to home. It is also dependent on the country where the home is located. Different cultures have preferences for distinct things. But the items listed are the essential things of a living room.

Oil Painting Art – The Advantages and Disadvantages

Oil painting has been around for hundreds of years. In fact, the thirteenth century has brought us some oil painting art from England. This is where they used oil paintings for decoration. However, during those early years, many of the artists liked using paints that are known as tempera, instead of using oil paints. This is because tempera would dry faster than the oil paint. During the fifteenth century, certain artists came up with the idea of taking tempera and mixing it in with the oil paint. It was not until the seventeenth century that the pure oil paint became more popular. Below, we are going to discuss this topic even more.

If you are in touch with your artistic side, then we are sure you are in this type of art. Oil painting has a tendency to slowly dry. In fact, it dries slower than any other paint out there. This is because it is made from small particles of pigments.

Some of the artists out there may find it troublesome to wait for the painting to dry, but when taking a class, you will find that the artists believe this type of art should be taught to every student. This has a lot to do with the fact that there are many oil paint reproductions developed using these type of paints.

When it comes to this type of painting, there are more advantages than there are disadvantages. You see, if you forget about your paints and you leave them open, then they are not going to dry out as fast as the other paints.

Since it takes longer for them to dry out, the paint in the tube is not going to dry out if you leave it open. In fact, it could take up to a couple of weeks for it to dry.

This also makes it easy for an artist to leave their picture and come back at different sessions without fearing the painting is going to dry up too early. Of course, for many, this may be viewed as a disadvantage because the slow drying could make it difficult for them to go to the next stage of their project.

These type of paints are great when it comes to blending with the paint that is surrounding it. When you blend it on canvas, you will be creating unique strokes that are not possible with any other type of paint. Of course, to some, this advantage could also be viewed as a disadvantage. It is possible to blend colors that one did not intend to blend.

Have you taken a look at all of the oil painting art that is out there today? We’re not just talking about the pictures that are hanging in the museum. We are talking about the type is for sale. There are many websites on the Internet that have a large variety of pictures for sale. Some of them are from private artists, while others are from famous artists. Oil paintings would look great hanging on your wall.

The History of Scented Candles

Candles have been an important part of human society for thousands of years. Originally, the only way to possibly see once the sun went down, was from either torches, fires, or candlelight. Torches were not safe indoors, and walking from room to room carrying a portable fireplace with you was not practical or possible. Therefore, candles lit the way. Everything was done by candlelight once the sun set, from carrying out one’s chores, reading, sewing, or even signing the Constitution of the United States.

Candles also had a useful purpose in early China. There, they actually invented a type of calibrated candle called a “candle clock” that was used for keeping time. Weights were inserted into the candle at precise locations, and when the wax melted to a certain level, the weights dropped into a container below and made a noise. Imagine what it would be like to have a candle alarm clock to wake up by (don’t try to hit the snooze button), or to try to time your bread in the stove based on a candle clock?

Originally, candles were not made using the high quality of wax that we have today. Instead, they were made from whale fat in China. Later, Japan learned how to extract wax from squirrels (don’t ask me how). In the Middle Ages, candles were frequently made from the fat of various animals, such as cows and sheep. The smell from manufacturing these types of candles, however, was so horrendous that several cities banned the manufacturing process. Instead, candles were soon made from beeswax, which had a less unpleasant odor. In 1850 paraffin became available commercially, and soon all candles were made from a type of paraffin.

Those who made candles and experimented with various types of materials were called chandlers (from which we get the word today “chandelier”). From the earliest of times, candle makers added scents and fragrances to produce the best scented candles. It started in China with the ‘time clocks”. Incense sticks were often inserted into the wax to add a wonderful aroma. In fact, sometimes the incense was added at particular intervals so that the change in fragrance, rather than the dropping of weights, indicated the change in time. Later, India also discovered the aromatic benefits of using a wax made from boiled cinnamon for their candles. Unlike the use of animal fat, which smelled horrendously during the manufacturing process, the use of cinnamon provided a relaxing and fragrant aroma.

In addition to experimenting with scented candles, some ingenious candle makers also attempted to create a smokeless candle. They understood what such an invention would mean….no more wick means no more flame! No doubt fires starting from candles were a fairly common. Thomas Payne was one such individual. In the late 1700’s he attempted to invent a smokeless candle, but was not able to do so. Benjamin Franklin also started off as a candle maker before he began his political career, and experimented with various types of materials and methods for candle making. However, it would be centuries later before such technology would be pioneered and wickless candles would be available wide spread.

One reason for the delay of scented and wickless candles is because candles were put on the back burner once kerosene lamps were invented. Then, candles almost became completely extinct upon the invention of the light bulb later at the end of the nineteenth century.

However, in the 1980’s and especially in the 1990’s, the rebirth of the popularity of candles became an international phenomenon. This was due partly to their decorative value, but also to their ability to allow the stressed out, modern, over-worked homeowner an opportunity to create a relaxing environment using the aromatherapy of scented candles. At the same time, awareness over air quality and health conditions such as asthma and allergies led to the exploration for a more safe and healthy, environmentally friendly scented candle. Once again, the search for a flameless candle began, and once again, scent, or fragrance, became very important.

Armed with the modern electrical age, the invention of a flameless scented candle became possible. Scentsy is generally credited as the company that invented wickless scented candles in the year 2004 and satisfied the need in the market for a healthy, safe, environmentally clean and fragrant candle that burns a high quality wax without a flame. Instead, a low voltage light bulb uses a decorative selection of ceramic warmers to heat a scented wax bar with a very long life. Scented wax bars can be mixed and matched to create custom scents. This allows each customer to be their own “chandler”, or “candle maker” as they personalize their own candle and candle warmer to suit their individual taste.

Yes, candles have come a long way over the last thousands of years of human history. From burning whale blubber and holding your breath just so you avoid the offensive smell of the candle, to today when people actually buy a scented candle for the main purpose of the wonderful smell it emits, we can all be thankful for the age of enlightenment!