Types Of Loaders Used In Construction

Loaders are the popular heavy machines, especially used in construction sites for carrying dirt, debris, mud, rocks, sand etc. and dumping these waste materials in to another vehicle or other machines so as to clean the area. This is a popular construction machinery and there are different types of loaders used in construction. The most common types are discussed here in.

Wheel Loader

A wheel loader is basically a front end heavy loading machine. This machine digs the materials from the ground and drag them to the dumping area. The bucket size and operating weights vary in different machines. There are two basic varieties: tyre mounted or track mounted. The more popular ones being the tyre mounted loader. They are easily movable and fast. The tracked mounted wheel loader is harder on paved roads and other surfaces and hence not very effective to be used in all cases. However they are helpful in loading of sharp edged materials which would otherwise destroy a tyre mount machine. The basic advantage of tracked one over the other is the increased traction.

Skid Loader

A skid loader is another variant of construction machine and often referred as skid steer loader. This type is a heavy engine driven machine and has lift arms, in which a number of attachments can be fixed for varied construction applications. There are two basic features that make this loader different from other varieties. A skid loader is very compact. It can turn around in an area irrespective of its length and hence can be used in small space as well. And secondly, the lift arms are attached to the sides of the loader and hence the lifting can be done evenly on both sides. There are two varieties of these machines: with rubber track or with 4 wheels.

Backhoe Loader

Backhoe loader is another popular engineering vehicle used in the construction industry. This is a loader in the body of a tractor, having a bucket or shovel in the front and small backhoe in the back. This is basically small in size and hence preferred to be used in small construction projects.

How to Swap an H22 Into a CRX Chassis Using a Hasport Mount Kit

This can be a rather difficult swap if attempting it without any instructions or guidance. However, these step-by-step directions can make it a breeze. An H22 engine in an 88-91 civic or CRX chassis exaggerates the old power to weight ratio theory for unbelievable acceleration.

Let’s begin with assuming you have already removed the stock engine. We will start this engine swap by prepping the engine bay. The first step is to remove the passenger side transmission mount bracket that is welded to the frame. It will require the use of a drill with a large drill bit or spot weld drill bit to drill through the factory welds and remove this bracket from the framerail. After removal, use a grinder or similar tool to smooth the framerail of any debris or sharp spots left from the drill.

Next, bolt the passenger side transmission bracket that is included in the Hasport mount kit to the passenger side framerail using the 12mm battery tray bolts and factory threaded holes. You will need to use a sharpie or other marker to trace the outline of this bracket on the framerail. Remove the bracket and grind or sand the paint from the area you traced to prep it for welding.

Bolt the bracket back into place and stitch weld the bracket onto the frame rail. Be careful to fully penetrate the weld, but not burn through the factory frame rail. After the area has cooled, spray primer over the exposed welds and apply your color choice paint over the primed area to prevent corrosion.

Next comes the tricky part. The factory F/H series transmissions are very large and will require some modification to the lower portion of the rail below your newly installed bracket. It is easiest if you lift the engine partially into place to see what area needs to be cut. After cutting enough clearance, you will need to fabricate a brace out of sheet metal or similar material to properly reinforce the frame rail. This can be skipped, but be advised!

Now, some fun stuff. You will have by this time already gotten over the fright of cutting into your car, so this will be a breeze. Use a medium sized sledge hammer and put a large dent in the upper portion of the firewall to make room for the huge H22 intake manifold. It may help to partially lift the engine into place to get an idea where to “put” this dent.

Bolt the rear Hasport Mount onto the lower crossmember using the supplied hardware included with the Hasport Mount Kit. On the timing belt side of your new H22 engine, remove the timing belt covers and unbolt the factory engine mount bracket. Bolt the new Hasport motor mount bracket into place and reinstall the factory timing covers. The covers may need slight trimming to clear the billet hasport mount bracket.

Remove the H22 transmission vehicle speed sensor and replace with your factory 88-91 civic / crx cable driven speed sensor. This should be a direct fit into place. Bolt the Hasport cable to hydro conversion lever assembly onto your H22 transmission. Due to the large size of the H22 engine, you will need to either shave the outer power steering pulley, or install an under-drive style crankshaft pulley that does not have a power steering groove.

Bolt the included Hasport alternator bracket onto your h22 engine using the hardware supplied with the Hasport H22 mount kit. Then bolt your factory D series alternator bracket to the Hasport alternator bracket. You may need to slightly bend your dipstick tube for clearance. Using the remaining factory hardware, bolt your stock D series alternator “upside down” onto your H22 engine. For easier installation into the engine bay, you can wait until the engine is installed to bolt on the alternator.

Now comes the fun part. The easiest way to install an H22 engine using a Hasport Mount Kit is from the bottom. You will need to lift the car up on a hoist and “lower” it down onto the engine. When the engine is nearly in place, bolt the rear engine “L” bracket into place using just the two upper bolts. Leave the two lower bolts for the rear bracket out until the other mounts are bolted in. You can now bolt the timing belt side mount into place, followed by the transmission mount. Only hand tighten these for now. Go back to the rear bracket that bolts the engine to the rear mount and install the two lower bolts. Now tighten all of the engine mount bolts to factory specs.

For wiring, you will need to modify your stock engine harness to fit the Prelude engine. For simplicity, a new custom wiring harness can be also purchased. The axles you will need to use are custom made by Hasport and are to be installed using the H22 intermediate shaft.

Tantric Lovemaking and the Art of Kissing

Kissing is one of the most important aspects of love making and can often make or break a relationship.

A kiss is often the first intimate physical contact that you have with a possible new lover or partner. From a kiss a person can often tell what kind of a lover you are or at least some say they can. Some people can reach orgasm by kissing alone. Not wanting to be kissed by your partner can be a signal of trouble in the relationship. If a kiss feels wrong, many women will just say good-bye to the guy.

Unfair you say. Well maybe not. You see from a Tantric perspective kissing is a powerful way to awaken, arouse and titillate your lover. To become a great kisser is really to become an artist with ones tongue and mouth.

Now I know this may sound fairly easy. I mean after all most of you have been kissing in one way or another for years and there are many variations of this theme. But what I am addressing here is the art of kissing to release the nectar that resides within the tantric subtle body as well as the electrical current that runs from the mouth to other erogenous zones.

Making kissing a daily ritual will juice up your relationship and re-ignite your passion. There are many different kinds of kisses: slow, wet, quick, deep, hard, soft, breathy, and then there is Tantric kissing. Kiss your lover at least twice a day and experiment with these different kinds of kisses. (Dr. Ava Cadell)

1. The Tantric Kiss – In this kiss you are actually breathing in your partner’s breath. You are not using tongues or any movement of any kind, but rather you share breath together. This kiss is very intimate. What could be more intimate that sharing the breath of your lover? This kiss can bring you into a state of harmony and flow with your partner. You forget time and space and are just breathing in and out with each other. To begin with, sit in Yab Yum or lie prone facing each other. Legs can be wrapped around each other or whatever way is most comfortable. Then, just touching lips, exhale into your lover’s mouth as they inhale your breath. Then your lover exhales while you inhale. It may take some practice to get the flow moving easily, but once achieved it is truly a kiss from heaven. Keep in contact with your lover by maintaining eye contact at least every now and then. I have found that I generally will close my eyes and just lose myself in the rhythm of our breathing.

2.Butterfly Kissing – Begin by very lightly and gently kissing your partner’s face, exploring their chin, cheeks, nose, eyelids and forehead with your lips. Take your time and build the energy. Like the wings of a butterfly your lips move over your lover’s face. Lightly kiss your partner’s lips. Take your tongue and brush gently over them. Then just gently kiss your partner’s lips from one corner to the other, sweet and flickering.

3. Libation Kiss – To release the nectar from your partner’s subtle body, take your tongue and rub it gently along the inside of their upper lip. The nectar is not saliva, but is warm and watery and stimulates the release of a ‘sexual dew’ that spills down through the body from the crown or uppermost chakra. In tantra remember you are not only working in the physical body but also the energetic and subtle bodies.

4. The Slow Deep Kiss – Now put your heart and body into a slow kiss alternating the pressure from gentle to deep with mouth slightly open.

5. The Nibble Kiss – Kiss your partner and gently nibble on their lower lip. This will send a jolt of electricity directly to the nipples or yoni of a woman, and to the lingam of a man.

6. Sucking Kiss – Wrap your lips around your lover’s tongue and suck passionately alternating your speed from slow to quick.

7. Exploratory Kiss – Explore the inside of your lover’s mouth with your tongue by running it in small and large circles.

8. Quick Silver Kiss – Dart your tongue in and out of your lover’s mouth rapidly and then slowly as if you were having intercourse. Remember to use your entire body and make all those wonderful sounds of love.

9. Melting Kiss – Begin by kissing gently. Then relax your lips, open your mouth just a bit and go deeper. Allow your mouth to melt into your partner’s and your tongue to relax. This type of kiss is truly my favorite. No one is directing it, and you and your partner can just flow with each other.

Remember to be creative and find if you like try chocolate, liquors or fruit when kissing, it can be a bit messy but oh so delicious..

The art of kissing takes lots and lots of practice. So create time with your lover or partner to kiss often. Kiss when you are walking down the street together. Kiss when you are waiting in the elevator. Kiss when you are walking the dog, cooking, doing the wash, when you first wake up and when you go to sleep. Practice, practice, practice. Try all of the above and invent a few of your own kissing techniques. And remember to have fun.

If you would like to study the art of kissing even more, why not try a kissing class at the Loveolog University.

Super Easy Science Experiments – Tying Knots in Bones!

It is proven repeatedly that with super easy science experiments, you do not need to re-invent the wheel to have fun! In any way, tying knots in bones are far more fun and impressive than trying to re-invent the wheel!

In order to tie knots in bones, we need to understand the basics first by doing a simple experiment with an egg. You can use a raw egg, but it is less risky with regard to cleaning if you use a boiled egg.

Use a clear glass or jar and fill it up with enough vinegar to cover the egg completely and place the egg into the glass or jar filled with the vinegar. You will see the principal of the experiment starting to happen. Do you see the bubbles rising from the egg? Good, now leave the egg in the vinegar for at least 24 hours.

After the 24 hours have expired, take the egg out of the vinegar. What happened? The eggshell has become completely soft! Now repeat the same experiment, using the same vinegar, and put some chicken bones in the vinegar and wait 24 hours again.

Once you take out the egg of the vinegar, place it on a plate or in a bowl and leave it on the table for another 24 hours. At the end of the 24 hours, take the bone out of the vinegar and make a knot in it! Place it on a plate as well. What happened to the egg that you left on the table after the 24 hours? It became hard again!

Here is how it all works. The eggshell, just like the bone, contains calcium carbonate and that is the substance that makes the eggshell and the bone hard. Vinegar is an acid substance and once you combine or bring these two substances into contact carbon dioxide is released. That was the bubbles you were seeing. This chemical reaction will continue until all the carbon in the shell of the egg or in the bone is completely used up. This process takes about 24 hours to complete.

So how do the egg and the bone becomes hard again? The calcium that remained in the bone and eggshell absorbed the carbon dioxide in the air and this caused the bone and the shell to become hard again!

With the chicken bones hard again, show them off and see if people can clarify the mystery of the knotted bones!

Maintenance and Cleaning Tips for Copper Kitchen Hood Vents

Buying a copper kitchen hood vent can add such an amazing visual appeal in your kitchen area. Many people are under the impression that buying copper items in a hot and steamy kitchen area is a recipe for disaster, but the truth is that this is a strong, durable and beautiful material that will provide you with years of use and enjoyment.

Another myth about copper kitchen hood vents is that they are difficult to clean and maintain. In fact, they are probably easier than many of the other materials on the market today and with a long life span, you can keep them looking beautiful with just a few minutes of work.

To clean your copper kitchen hood vents you will need a few items, you will want to have two cloths and a bottle of copper cleaner, if your hood isn’t lacquered. Speak to your supplier to identify what copper cleaner they recommend, this way you are assured that you are taking the best care of the hood, ensuring it will last for many years to come.

Remember over time your copper kitchen hood vents are going to start to change color, this is part of their charm and what makes them unique. With a little bit of elbow grease, you can have them gleaming and ready to show off to family and friends.

Wet one of the cloths and wring it out, you want it damp, not dripping with water. Wipe over the hood to remove any dust and dirt. Removing the dust and dirt only makes it easier when it comes to really cleaning and polishing it up to look as good as new.

The next step is to take the copper cleaner and follow the instructions to the letter. The instructions will be determined by the type of cleaner you have purchased. In most instances you will be able to wipe this over the hood. Some of them turn into a paste, others will change color as they dry.

Rub the copper cleaner all around the copper kitchen hood vents and then allow them to sit for a while. Ideally you want to leave the cleaner a good few minutes, giving it time to get to work. The bottle you have purchased will give you some estimated times, which can be anything from five minutes.

From here you will want to take a clean lint free cloth and gently wipe away all the cleaner. Ensure you cover the entire area, removing all the dust, dirt and grease from the copper kitchen hood vents. With the vents cleaned, you can now polish the hood to leave it gleaming and looking spectacular, making that great impression in your kitchen.

Ensure you clean the copper kitchen hood vents on a regular basis. Cleaning them regularly doesn’t only making cleaning a quick and effective process, but it also ensures the life span of the item. You have probably bought these hood vents because of their visual appeal; not looking after them effectively can result in them becoming damaged and needing to be replaced sooner than anticipated.

Finally, ensure you have the copper kitchen hood vents serviced and maintained on a regular basis. It’s a good idea to speak to your supplier and identify who they recommend to service your hood to ensure it works perfectly at all times.

Maintaining the hood at regular intervals can reduce the risk of the item breaking down when you least expect it. Maintenance will ensure the item is working properly and that there are no immediate problems that need to be dealt with.

Microwave Ovens – Advantages and Disadvantages

Microwaves are one of the greatest inventions for the kitchen in your home. These cookers absorb the energy from the food inside the microwave. The water in the food is what causes the food to cook. This is accomplished by the food particles vibrating against each other which generates heat for cooking. The more power the microwave has the faster the food will cook. If you find that your microwave doesn’t have a lot of power then you can accomplish the same by adding more minutes to your cooking time.

I think you would agree that a microwave has a lot more advantages than disadvantages. Just the savings in time is one of the greatest advantage. You don’t have to defrost your food before cooking as in most cases. Your microwave can defrost your food in seconds and then cook it in minutes. This not only saves you time but money also.

No more heating up the whole house to cook your meat on a hot day. Just pop your meat into the microwave and cook it without getting your kitchen hot. During the summer this is great. Cooler working place in the kitchen while cooking and a savings on the air to keep it cool.

My wife really likes the clean up when using the microwave. You don’t have the mess that you can have by using the stove. If you make a mess in the microwave just wipe it out with a damp cloth and you are ready again. Using the stove will require more work during the clean up.

Some of the disadvantages of using the microwave is the utensils that can be used for cooking. Don’t put any metal objects into the microwave. You will kill your microwave. Also there are certain dishes that can’t be put into a microwave. Most items that you use for cooking will tell you if it can be used in a microwave. Just be sure and check before using.

Another disadvantage is that some foods will require more cooking time because they didn’t cook all the way through the first time. It’s just a matter of adding a few more minutes to the cooking time which is no big deal. Sometimes just by stirring the food during the cooking time will help to eliminate the food from being under cooked. Either way is better than using the stove.

There’s more advantages than disadvantages in using a microwave for cooking. If you really like to cook then maybe the microwave wouldn’t be your first choice for cooking. But for those that don’t like cooking and are pressed for time the microwave is the one for you.

Water – How Can Everyone Have Sufficient Clean Water Without Conflict?

Did you know, climate change or global warming has taken a toll on water resources too? In another ten years, water scarcity would reach alarming heights. It’s estimated that, about 30% of world’s population, would be living in areas where there is no water resource and another 20% in areas with water scarcity! Isn’t it startling? Did you ever know that, currently about 20% or more of world’s population do not have access to clean water?

Due to increased temperatures as a result of global warming, there’s water scarcity everywhere. The ice from polar regions are melting faster and recline in the oceans. This has raised the sea level by 30% as on date, however sea water is not palatable.

In most developing countries, sewage system is not proper. As a result of this, raw or unprocessed sewage is drained into the water bodies. This has made most water bodies unfit for usage. Out of the unfit water resources, more than 70% are declared not fit even for industrial use! The mixing of sewage and industrial wastes, in water bodies has been attributed as major causes.

The next most important cause is the rising carbon levels, that renders the water resources acidic and thus they’re announced as death zones. Lack of sufficient rainfall has further taken a toll, since depleting water can’t be replenished without rain.

There are many countries that suffer from water scarcity, including China. Do you know, China has resorted to forced migrations to tackle water problem? Though there are many water bodies in China, due to industrialization and mixing of wastes therein, most of their waters are unfit for use. As a result of this, they are forced to manage and cater 22% of world’s population with less than 5% of water resource available globally.

Many African countries and even few villages in India and other developing countries, lack proper drainage systems and in many places even ground water is contaminated with sewage. It’s determined, that over 70% of the deaths due to diseases are due to water-borne diseases. Contaminated water is a breeding place for disease causing organisms and also, they’re disease causing in itself. There are many instances where people, mostly kids die due to dehydration.

There are many countries that feud over water sharing. There are few countries, that have internal conflicts for this reason. Water scarcity is increasing over the last few years and expected to raise steadily until 2020 or 2030. After this period, it’s estimated that most water resources would be depleted.

The only possible solution to water crisis are the following:

• Using reverse osmosis or other economical options to process sea water and make it usable.

• Educating people and implementing policies to ensure rain harvesting is done.

These two steps are considered vital to avert water crisis. Since sea water accounts for more than a third of world’s composition, it’s possible to avert scarcity to some extent, by making this water usable. So it’s important to ensure everyone gets clean and safe water for drinking.

Want To Burn Body Fat? Do These 6 Exercises

If you want to burn body fat fast, you need to be doing strength training exercises. The more muscle you have, the more fat you can burn though regular activities. This type of exercise is often avoided by women because they worry that it will make them look bulky.

But strength training, sometimes called resistance training, doesn’t have to bulk up your body. It tones your body and helps to build and firm up your muscles. You’ll appear thinner and reduce body fat at the same time. Here are 6 types of training exercises that burn fat fast and won’t bulk you up.

1. Circuit Training

This is a popular exercise class at gyms and fitness centers. It involves doing a set of exercises for a specific period of time, then moving onto another one without resting. It’s a good way to burn fat using both cardio exercise and strength training.

2. Isometric Weight Training

This is where you use weights by holding them at specific angles for a short period. This kind of training can be done without weights. For example, doing planks.

3. High Volume Exercising

This kind of exercise routine results in long, lean muscles. It involves exercising one muscle group per week. This gives the muscle groups sufficient time to recover allowing for the best and most efficient building of strength without bulking you up.

4. Body Weight Training

Using your own body to provide resistance during exercise will build your strength and muscles which will also burn fat off your body. The great thing about body weight training is that you can mix it with cardio for increased results.

5. Cardio Plus Strength Training Combined

You can generally exercise for half the time by combining strength and cardio exercise in creative ways and burn more calories. This can seriously blast fat away. Also, you can burn fat by doing the exercises separately. The strength training builds muscle, which burns more fat, and the cardio burns fat.

6. Core Exercises

Doing core training exercises will help your body become a fat burning furnace. The better shape your core is in, the better your fitness level will be and the more fat you’ll burn.

Burning fat through strength training exercises is a two-pronged tactic. You’ll need to combine strength training with some sort of cardiovascular exercise for it to be the most effective and to avoid having bulky muscles.

A Business Without A Plan Is Like A Ship Without A Rudder

Do you have an idea for a product or service? Would you like to start a business? If so you will want to read this article. Here’s the good news: Every product or service ever invented by mankind started as an idea. An intangible thought impulse that was turned into reality through the efforts of one or more people working together in an intelligent and harmonious manner. Behind those successful ideas were organized written plans–business plans that laid the foundation and illustrated the path to success for the business owner and investors who funded the project. Then, those plans coupled with the burning desire of the entrepreneur to see the project through to completion is what helps to make a business succeed. The key words in this paragraph are idea, plans, burning desire.

Launching a business without a written business plan is like having a rowboat that has no oars, no map no sextant or compass for direction. The goal of any business is to succeed right? The ultimate destination is success. But what if you were given the rowboat mentioned a moment ago and told your destination was a specific dock in France? How would you get there? You have no oars, no maps, no compass and no sextant to guide you–would you jump into the rowboat, push away from shore and let the current guide you this way and that with no direction? And if you did, what do you think the probability of the trade winds and currents carrying you across the ocean safely so that you arrived at that specific dock…that specific destination? It won’t happen will it…

It is critical to have a well-written business plan to succeed in business. First, it allows you to think through the details of your business and see the obstacles ahead and minimizes costly mistakes. Most entrepreneurs are big on ideas and small on written plans. Every new business has a level of chaos associated with start up; launch and roll out and having a business plan helps minimize this chaos. Writing a business plan is hard work. And most often you will get out of it what you put into it. Plans are both logical and emotional. First, a plan should be based on logical analysis taking a rational, realistic and hard look at the FACTS associated with the business project. There is no room for guesswork, you want hard cold data, statistics, market trends, buyer behavior, and demographics, and there’s a lot you need to think through. But once you have the facts that support your idea, then you can emotionalize your plans in a manner that will sell your idea to others for their participation or financial investment.

Speaking of financial investment, your ability to find and recruit investors for your business is virtually zero without a well written business plan meeting the minimum guidelines generally anticipated by investors regarding plan structure and content.

Another interesting phenomenon about writing a business plan–it takes that intangible thought impulse you have–the idea–out of your head and turns the intangible” thought impulse into a “tangible” form that can be understood by others. Writing a business plan moves your idea or project one step closer to reality.

80% of new businesses fail within a year or two. Why? For many reasons but primarily because entrepreneurs fail to plan and over estimate sales and underestimate costs. The greatest thing you can do to start your project in the right direction is to write a business plan BEFORE you leap into any business endeavor. There is power in planning and you will find it when you do it.

We have a free business planning EBook called HOW TO WRITE A BUSINESS PLAN THAT WORKS located at our site in the freebie section, which you can download at your convenience. It is the most powerful business planning tool I have ever seen and I have over 20 years helping and consulting small businesses. I STRONGLY suggest you take advantage of this opportunity and get your copy today. Another Ezine Article Exclusive!

Copyright © 2006

James W. Hart, IV

All Rights reserved

Here’s How to Charge a Makita Cordless Drill

It’s too easy!

If you have a Makita cordless drill, your life gets much easier. Especially due to the lithium-ion batteries they come with. Makita drills are becoming popular with each passing day.

That said, a Makita battery charger is an important aspect of maintaining a cordless drill.

The first thing you must remember while operating a cordless tool is to never use it when the battery level is low. Always keep the battery charged and fresh.

Always use the charger supplied with your Makita cordless drill. Using any other charger will only damage your drill battery.

Another question, which must be bugging you would be, ‘how long do I charge the battery for?’ Well, remember that you simply have to follow the indicators on your makita battery charger.

If it is red, lt’s charged and if it’s green, it’s time to unplug it-Your ready to go!

Some of them have continuous light and flashing light indicators.

That said; remember the following tips while charging your cordless drill:

* Be sure that the Makita battery charger is plugged in and switched on.

* Fix the Makita battery into the charging station.

* Switch on the power supply and completely charge the battery.

* When it is first switched on check the battery charger indicator lights to ensure there are no errors. It should show either charging or already fully charged.

If you are charging the battery for the first time, charge it at least for 7-8 hours. If it has been previously charged, simply follow the charging indicators. A completely empty battery should be charged for around four to six hours. -Always go off the indicator lights though. Once charged, unplug the charging cord from the Makita cordless drill.

The device is now ready to be used.

Now, here are a few tips about maximizing the performance of your Makita battery.

A. You can prolong the battery life by completely charging and then fully discharging it, at least once a month. Exceptions to this rule are the Li-Ion batteries, which do not experience the memory effect.

B. Ensure that the contacts of your Makita cordless Drill Battery are as clean as possible as this would ensure a good charge.

C. Do not let the battery stay in a discharged state for long. Use the battery at least once a month.

D. If you don’t plan on using your tool for a month or so, take out the battery and store it in a cool and dry place. Also when not in use click the rotation direction switch by the trigger to neutral. This aids in battery storage.

So, do you still feel hassled about charging your cordless Makita cordless drill? We think not.

They Don’t Listen

You’ve probably said it. You may have lost sleep over it. You’ve read a zillion advice articles and tried all kinds of approaches. You might be at your wit’s end. How do I get my kids to do what I ask them to do, when I ask them to do it, without losing my temper, mind, or sanity?

You are not alone in that thinking and there is no magic bullet or surefire solution. Give yourself a break and stop comparing yourself to neighbors or relatives. Every parent has been in your shoes, but few of us like to admit how inadequate we feel at times.

If you could go back to day one of your child’s life and start all over again you’d probably make different mistakes, but you would still make mistakes. The first step is to reassess your expectations against your child’s age and developmental stage. The problems seem to start between the ages of two and three. At this age children are testing everything. At first, the testing is innocent enough: What happens if I drop my spoon from the high chair? Or open the kitchen cabinet? A parent might not like this stage but we seem to grin and bear it with mild consternation and repeated admonitions.

By two and a half, the testing becomes a bit naughty. The word “no” comes out many times a day. In fact, there was a study from Harvard in 1971 that found mothers (more than fathers) were correcting or redirecting their toddlers every three minutes and the toddlers only listened 60 percent of the time. Another study, in 2009, found conflicts arising every two and a half minutes!

No one wants to be a nag. No parent wants to be “the mean” parent. The stress for the parent, engaged in this constant struggle is enormous. It easily explains why a parent, who only has a few hours a day to spend with their child, gives in, chooses his or her battles, and relaxes the limits just to have some peace and happy time with the child. Sadly though, that just exacerbates the problem. The child learns to “tune out” and comes to believe that everything is negotiable.

When the normal testing of a young child turns to outright disobedience, most parents take a month or two to really notice. At first, you might scold your child, but you can barely hide the smile on your face because whatever he or she just did, while not acceptable, is still just too cute.

Another common error is to think in terms of punishment. Especially at this young age, punishment is meaningless and only builds resentment and more confrontation.

Young children thrive with consistency and routine. You set the tone. There is nothing to negotiate. Life itself provides any number of limits. For example, yes, there is a bedtime. You may not run into the street. You may not walk around the house with a sippy cup (or worse). Coats must be worn in cold weather. Crayons do not belong on the wall. Many parents are amazed that their child behaves better in school than at home but the reason is simply because a tone has been set in school and children accept and modify their behavior accordingly.

Mantras help. If your child hears you say, “food belongs at the table,” every time he or she has a cookie or a meal, your child will internalize that limit and probably comply. Use inanimate objects to set limits. “The clock says it’s time for bed… ” is better than Mommy or Daddy saying it. It’s hard to argue with a clock. After weeks of plotting, pleading, and trying to rationalize the difference between a “big girl” and a “baby,” I got my daughter off the bottle purely by accident. She dropped it, the top flew off and milk spilled across the floor. I lost it momentarily, picked up the bottle, threw it in the garbage can and said, “That’s it. No more bottle.” She never asked for it again! Two and three year olds are NOT rational beings!

This early work at setting reasonable limits, and enforcing them with any gimmick that works, sets the stage for discipline at a later age.

As a society we highly value individualization and independence. Sometimes when our children act out or rebel there is a voice inside our head saying, “I like that streak of independence,” even while another voice is saying, “You can’t let him/her walk all over you.”

A common mistake is the great effort we exert to make our children stand out and “shine.” Children are natural conformists. They don’t want to stick out as different. They want something because another child has it. They play what other children want to play, they dress like other children, they read the same books and watch the same shows as their friends. They want to fit into a social group and be “just like everyone else.” The time for individuality will come later. Fortunately, their desire to conform will work in your favor when it comes to behavior. Children want to conform to easily recognized limits and standards, especially if the consequence is being ostracized from the group. Time out works best if the child’s protests are ignored. The child wants to be reaccepted into the family or play group so he or she will modify behavior.

Finally, understand that your child’s brain is very different from yours. The frontal cortex, which is responsible for inhibiting behavior, making rational decisions, and analyzing circumstances, has not yet developed! It’s not fully functional until almost age 21. That impulsiveness and inability to stop oneself from acting in a certain way is developmentally appropriate because the brain center that controls those tasks isn’t there yet! Trying to rationalize and explain “why” to a four or five year old is about as productive as justifying your decision to the living room wall.

So, in conclusion, let’s return to the idea of reassessing your expectations. Young children have very little impulse control. It’s a biological fact. They live entirely in the present and have no understanding of future consequences or rewards. They don’t understand that “being late for work” is a bad thing. They can’t tell time. They don’t want to be “different.” They just want to be loved and accepted. Of course you love them unconditionally, but letting them learn that their behavior does impact how other children, or adults, think of them is an act of kindness in the long run.

How to Get Your Ex Boyfriend Back – What to Do When He Asks For Space

You keep reading online advices on how to get your boyfriend back, yet you’re not really confident that it will be that easy. Your boyfriend has asked for space, and you don’t really understand what it means. Does it mean he doesn’t want to share his “space” with you for the rest of his life?

What exactly does a man mean when he tells his partner “he needs space”? A man who feels suffocated by a relationship that is becoming too serious for him may ask for space. Someone who is not sure where you fit into his life may tell you he needs that space. A boyfriend who feels like you’re being too much like his mother may tell you to back off because he needs that space.

There are instances however that a man would ask for space because he wants to spend more time on knowing himself better. He probably needs to do some soul searching so that he’ll come out of the experience a wiser person, someone who knows what he really wants in life. He may also need the time to determine if you are the person he would want to share his life with for good.

Whatever his reason may be, respect his request, even though how painful and confusing it may be for you. Look at it this way – giving him space may be the best thing you can do for him and your relationship. A time off from each other may just be what you both need to look at your relationship more objectively and see if it is destined to last or doomed from the start.

Giving him space means ignoring your constant desire to call him or send him text and email messages. It also means not showing up at his place at odd hours of the night like you used to. It is only normal to think of ways on how to get your ex boyfriend back when you’re missing him a lot and feeling miserable without him. But the worst thing you can do is to make yourself too available for him, even when he already told you to stay away.

If you appear desperate, he may not even want to keep his friendship with you and totally ban you from his life. Either that or he may just take advantage of your being there and not really feel any commitment towards you. He may just use you while you’re there and throw you away again like a used rag when he feels you’re getting into his space again.

You don’t really want any of those from happening. You need to know how to get your ex boyfriend back in a way that you would still retain some self-respect in the process.

So go ahead and accept the breakup. Let him have his space, in other words, stay away and let him miss you. In the meantime, plan your strategy on how to get your boyfriend back, that is, if you think you stand a good chance of reviving the relationship after the breakup.

Let your common friends know that you’re OK and that you are moving on with your life. Once he hears about you from your friends, he will wonder if he was really that easy to forget or if he was mistaken into thinking that you will be miserable without him.

It may just be a facade but it may be the best way on how to get your ex boyfriend back. Keep acting like everything’s OK and before you know it, things will turn out OK in the end. Remember, when you project a happy image, you are in turn inviting happiness back into your life.

The Importance of Ice Box and Why You Should Own One

Keeping food fresh or your drinks cool can be a daunting task especially in hot weather conditions. This is however not a problem if you are in possession of an ice box. Depending on which part of the globe you are in its known by different names. It is most commonly known as a cooler in the US while down under in Australia it is known as an ice box and in New Zealand they go by the name Chilly Bin.

The world over, ice chests have become a common household item. They have a variety of uses from family trips, solo trips to keeping food and drink items cool while in the house or indoors. The users of ice cooler boxes are as many as is their uses. They range from campers to hunters, families to travelers and they can be used by event organizers to keep items like drinks cool during a large social event. A cooler box also keeps food healthy to eat because they help keep it from going bad. A cooler box is a valuable item to own and it has a lot of utility.

There are several features of an ice box that make it dependable and easy to use. These components include hard foam for insulation that is between hard inner and outer plastic. The foam works by keeping cool air from escaping and heat from coming in. The plastic sides create a vacuum. The lid which is usually at the top has a hard rubber seal that prevents the cool air from escaping.

The designs of coolers available in the market differ but they serve the same purpose. There are those which have straps to enable easy mobility while others have handle bars. They also come in a variety of sizes from the small ice cooler boxes that are great for solo use to large ones that can store food and drinks for a whole family. As a buyer you choose a cooler box according to your needs and this is made possible due to their wide range. Some like Xtracool Ice Boxes are designed with hinges instead of straps to support the lid while it is open. They are also made of quality plastic and fiber glass that is UV ray resistant making them great for outdoor use.

There are also the new age ice boxes known as thermoelectric cool boxes. They can be plugged into a cars lighter socket. They have a fan which draws heat away from the items placed in the ice box. They can also work in reverse whereby they keep items in the ice box hot. Some of the thermoelectric cooler boxes have a thermostat which you use to regulate the temperature to your liking.

Ice boxes are useful items to own and they come in handy even indoors. You can use them to keep your drinks cool close to you while watching a movie or game and when travelling to a place without a refrigerator they can help keep your food fresh and edible.

How Does Glass Thickness Effect the Quality of a Shower Enclosure?

Shower enclosures these days are available in a variety of glass thickness. Does the thickness of glass necessarily effect the overall quality or safety of a glass shower enclosure?

In the last few years we have seen shower glass thickness increase from around 3mm up to 10mm in some products. All glass used in the construction of shower enclosures for sale in the UK must have Toughened Safety Glass fitted as standard. This is regardless of the country of manufacture and is intended to reduce the risk of injury should the glass be broken or shattered in any way. Toughened safety glass (also known as tempered glass) is a form of glass treatment which will ensure the broken glass in a smashed glass shower pane will not break into sharpe fragments. Instead it will literally shatter into thousands of very small pieces without the cutting ability of non treated glass. This is not to say that a shattered glass unit cannot cause injury, only that it is much more unlikely to do so.

Many people think that the actual thickness of the glass is a direct indicator of its safety. This is not the case in the UK as all showers will have toughened safety glass which shatters in the same way regardless of thickness.

However, is the thickness an indicator of quality?

Well, in terms of actual ‘feel’ and movement, the thicker glass showers do have a more weighted feel. Sliding doors for example may wobble a little with use when constructed using 3 or 4mm glass. Whilst a 6 or 8mm glass sliding shower door might be more solid and move less when opened or closed. This is not to say that the glass is of any better quality itself, only that the movement of opening shower doors may benefit by using a thicker glass. Another factor that will increase the solid feel of a moving shower door is its hinges or sliding mechanism. As thicker glass means an increase in weight, it stands to reason that the mechanisms used to move the shower doors need to be more heavy duty in construction than those needed for thinner glass. This will also help to give a thicker glass shower door better ‘feel’ in its opening and closing action.

Frameless Shower Enclosures. Another area of showering that benefits from thicker glass is the construction of ‘frameless’ and ‘semi frameless’ shower enclosures. Frameless or minimalist looking showers are very popular and more stylish to look at. However, by removing much of the framework the overall rigidity and quality feel of the enclosure decreases. This is countered by using thicker 6 or 8mm glass which is inherently stronger and can accept more heavy-duty corner clamps and hinges.

So, the actual thickness of shower glass is not a direct indicator of overall quality. However, it is true that shower enclosures using 6mm, 8mm or even 10mm glass will probably be of better overall construction and offer better opening and closure feel than those using thinner glass units.

Horseshoes – Building Your Own Pits

So you have played a few games of horseshoes and want a more authentic feeling? Tired of horseshoes bouncing all over the grass? Time to make some horseshoes pits!

You can always construct a professional horseshoe pit, but for the purpose of this article I am going to explain how to create a “backyard” pit. First thing you should do is drive the stakes into the ground. Each stake should be 40 feet apart from eachother. You also want to pick out relatively level playing ground for both sides. When you drive the stakes in the ground they should go in at an angle. You do not want to have stakes standing straight up in the air because ringers can bounce off of them easily. Also, from constant contact with the horseshoes, the stakes will begin to slant backwards which makes it extremely difficult to get a ringer. The angle of the stakes should be roughly 12 degrees (about three inches) pointing towards eachother. From a pitcher’s view, the stake should be slanted towards you when throwing.

The stakes are about 36 inches, and you want to drive them into the ground until about 14 inches remains above the earth. One thing that cannot be avoided during play is the slanting of the stakes. After enough horseshoes hit them then will begin to move around. The dirt surrounding the stakes will loosen up a bit and make the stake a little unstable. While other pit material (explained later) helps, the stakes will still become loose after enough play.

To combat the stakes moving around you can dig a hole where the pit is. Dig down about 8 inches. The hole does not have to be huge, but should be large enough to put a piece of 4×4 lumber in there. The piece of lumber should be about 8 to 10 inches long. Once you have the lumber placed in the hole, take a drill and drill a hole in the lumber at a 12 degree angle. The idea is to place the stake through this hole in the wood. Once the stake is through the hole, fill it up with dirt again until it is level with the ground. Now continue to drive the stake in the ground until 14 inches remain. When horseshoes hit the stake, the lumber in the ground will help the stability and prevent some movement.

Another great idea (if you are skilled enough to do so) is to weld a metal plate to the horseshoe at the 14 inch mark. Make sure to weld the plate to the stake at an angle as well. With the metal plate and the lumber in the ground, the stake will be able to take most backyard beatings. Just remember to keep the stakes aligned and pointed towards eachother when doing this. There is nothing worse than making these horseshoe pits and then realizing that the stakes are not aligned correctly.

Now that the stakes are firmly in the ground it is time to create the border that defines the horseshoe pits. Take 3 pieces of 4×4 lumber as this will be the border for one side. The backside of the pit should measure about 36 inches. Then cut the other two pieces of lumber to be about 48 to 60 inches. Drill holes in these pieces of lumber large enough to fit a piece of rebar through it (or some other tough metal spike). Drill 2 holes in the 36 inch piece and at least 3 holes in the 48 to 60 inch pieces. The stake should be roughly 1 foot away from the back of the pit and in the center of the sides. Now lay the lumber down in the correct positions (the open end should face the opposite stake) and drive the rebar through the lumber into the ground. The rebar should be at least 1 to 2 feet long. Now repeat these steps for the other stake.

You are doing great! You now have the stakes placed properly and securely in the ground with sturdy borders surrounding it on three sides. The next step is to dig up the first 2 to 4 inches of dirt. You now have to make a decision as to what type of pit materials you want to use. Popular choices are dirt, sand, and clay. If using dirt, make sure the soil is loose in the entire pit. If you are going to use sand or clay, then pour it in the pit. If you dig up 4 inches of dirt, pour about 2 to 3 inches of sand or clay in the pit.

Time for the finishing touches! Place two markers in front of each of the stakes. One marker should be 3 feet in front of the stake, the second should be 13 feet in front of the stake. Be sure to have the marker be about 3 feet wider than the pits on each side. If you have followed the measurements so far your pit should be 36 inches wide. The markers should be about 9 feet long. Or, you can just have 2 markers each three feet long and place then next to the horseshoe pits on both sides. These are the foul lines. Any child under the age of 18, women, and senior citizens can use the second foul line (13 feet in front of the stake). All other men must use the foul line that is 2 feet in front of the horseshoes stakes.

Now take a step back and look at your brand new horseshoe pits. Grab a few of your friends, your horseshoes, a few cold ones, and game on!