Running For Weight Loss – Is It A Good Way To Burn Fat?

Who else has wondered about running for weight loss…

wants to know if running to lose weight is the best way to burn fat…

flatten your stomach…

and lose inches from those stubborn areas.

Running as a form of exercise is popular means used in weight control, lots of people do it. There are those that don’t get any results, only aches and pains. Then of course there are those who have seen results, lost weight, improved their health, and got in better shape. But is this the best method to use if you want to lose weight and burn fat. You are about to discover the good and bad of running and ultimately if you would be best served using this method to control your weight and lose the belly.

Running and walking to lose weight has been done for a long time. Bodybuilders almost always use walking as a way to burn fat. There isn’t any denying that pounding the pavement can be used to help you burn extra calories and lose weight. After all, you’ve seen how skinny marathon runners are.

Since it is a fact that running does burn calories the debate becomes a question of how effective is it, and are there better ways to lose weight….

Just because it can be done, doesn’t mean it should.

How Running Helps You Lose Weight

If you want to lose weight you have to burn more calories than you take in. Long slow steady runs and long walks burn calories. In fact it takes the same amount of calories to cover a mile no matter if you walk or run. The benefit to running is that it is done much faster allowing you to cover more ground and burn more calories in the same amount of time.

A 105 pound person can expect to burn about 100 calories after traveling a mile. If you walk it will take somewhere around 15 minutes, if you chose to run an average time will be in the area of 9 minutes. The heavier you are the more you have to work and with that comes a slight increase in calorie consumption. Of course the same applies for the smaller people, but just the opposite. A Smaller lighter person burns less calories per mile.

Benefits of Running

Quite possibility the biggest benefit to steady state running is that most anyone can do it. And you can do it anywhere at anytime. Add to that the fact that you don’t need any fancy equipment…

there are some who don’t even wear shoes. So really it’s easy to get into.

  • You can do it easily while you travel.
  • Running is a cheep viable source of exercise.
  • You can do it with friends or play some music and go it alone.
  • You can also make it a great social event.

I have run a few road races and they are great fun…

  • nice people
  • lots of prizes
  • races support good causes…

it is an enjoyable way to get a run in.

What is Wrong With Running

True, long slow runs do have their benefits, but there are some drawbacks too.

The biggest two problems with long slow runs as a means to control weight is,

  1. boredom
  2. time and effort doesn’t reflect results

Those may be the two biggest reasons to forgo joining your local running club and find a different means of losing weight.

Not convinced, well maybe this may get you thinking differently.

Most fitness professionals and nutritionists agree that a pound of body fat stores about 3600 calories. Now, to burn just one pound of your belly fat you will have to cover 36 miles, approximately 5.5 hours. And that is if you run at a good pace. Not something a beginner could do. Did I mention that was only 1 pound worth of belly fat!

In case you were wondering, here is the math. On average a person burns 100 calories for every mile they cover. We also know a pound of fat contains 3600 calories. An average runner will cover a mile in 8 to 10 minutes.

So you can see it is going to take a lot of miles to burn off that stubborn fat. Think getting in better shape helps…

sorry, it makes it worse. The better in shape you are the more efficient of a runner you are the less calories you burn. You may be able to run faster but you will have to run further.

If that doesn’t sound like a lot of work for little results and not to mention dull then maybe consider this…

Frail and week

Most people who run to lose weight do so to look good naked. If that is the case, take a look at a distance runner. They are frail and week looking. Not what most would consider sexy. You want too look good, have a flat stomach and some muscle. You want to look more like a Hollywood star or fitness model. Long runs will eat away at your muscle making look frail and week, because of that I prefer other methods to burn fat.

Decreased muscle mass has two drawbacks

Long slow runs will decrease muscle mass. This reduction in lean muscle slows down you metabolism and because of that you are burning less calories throughout your day. I purpose of the run was to burn calories, not slow down your metabolism and make it harder to burn fat and easier to gain weight.

Muscle tone adds shape, you will look healthier and sexier. Don’t you want to look better naked.

Better Way to Burn Fat For Weight Loss

Listed below are the 3 best methods for shedding unwanted body fat. For the best results do a combination of all 3. But if for some reason you can’t they are listed in order of importance from most important to least.

  1. Nutrition
  2. Interval training
  3. Weight training

Nutrition is by far the best way to lose weight. There is no need to binge diet, just learn to make better food choices and know the calories of what you eat.

Lets look at a small snack you may have at the office or a while visiting a friend. There are cookies, cakes, and pastries all over. The cookies are small and you want to lose weight so you gram 2. These 2 tiny Oreo cookies equal 140 calories. Depending on your size you would have to run about 1.25 miles to burn that off.

Now you need a little something to wash that down with and reach for a bottle of Coke add another 1.25 miles to your trek. In a matter of 5 minutes you just consumed enough calories to fuel you for about a 20 minute run. Because calories add up so fast you do not want to rely on long slow runs to burn them off.

A Better Way To A Better Body

Chances are that you’re not running for the fun of it, or the health benefits. You want to lose weight and look your best. As mentioned before, long runs burn more than just fat. That 5 or 10 mile run will also eat into your muscle. Because these long runs eat away at your muscle you would be better served doing some kind of interval training. Something that will preserve your muscle and metabolism.

Interval Training for Fat Loss

Intervals can take on many different forms, you can

  • Bike
  • Sprint
  • Weight train
  • Jump rope
  • this list is as long as a child’s Christmas list

Intervals are good for 3 reasons.

  1. you burn more calories after the workout stops because of the afterburn
  2. you are more likely to do it because it is shorter, different, and keeps you more engaged
  3. preserves your muscle so you look good

As you see long slow runs for weight loss is a tough way to burn body fat…

…because improved running ability decreases calorie consumption

… because it is nearly impossible to out run poor nutrition

… because long slow runs decrease lean muscle

The best way to get rid of stubborn belly fat is to eat a balanced portion controlled meals. To further enhance your fat burning ability include some strength training and interval training because these two forms of exercise boost your metabolism to keep you burning fat constantly.

Director As An Agent – Liabilities Under Contracts Act – 1872

Sec 182.of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 says that “An ‘agent’ is a person employed to do an act for another or to represent another in dealings with third person. The person for whom such act is done, or who is so represented, is called the principal”

Where one employs another to do an act for him or to represent him in dealings with third parties, the person so employed is called an agent. In the theory of the English law, the agent is a connecting line between the principal & third parties. He is an intermediary who has the power to create legal relationships between the principal and the third parties.

Sec. 2(13) of the Companies Act, 1956 defines that “‘director’ includes any person occupying the position of a director by whatever name called”

Thus, director is an individual lawfully appointed to the Board of Directors of a company which is duly constituted to direct, control and supervise the activities and affairs of a company. Directors of a company are in the eye of law agents of the company for which they act and the general principles of the law of principal and agent regulate in most respects the relationship of the company and its directors. (Somayazula vs. Hope Prodhome & Co. (1963) 2 An W.R. 112.)

The test of agency is whether the person is purporting to enter into transaction on behalf of the principal or not. In order to constitute an agency, it is not necessary to have a formal agreement.

A director of a company is not necessarily the agent of the company or of its shareholder, but the true position of the directors of a company may that be of agents for the company with powers and duties of carrying on the whole of its business, subject to the restrictions imposed by the Articles of Association. A Director or a managing director may not be a servant of the company; he may be an agent of the company for carrying on its business. What he is in fact will depend on the facts and circumstances of each case. Generally speaking, neither the board of directors nor an individual director is, as such, an agent of the company, or the corporation, or its members. Under modern legislation, all powers of management, except those expressly reserved to the shareholders in general meeting, are vested in the board of directors, who have powers to appoint officers who are subject to the supervision and control of the board. Members of the board resemble agents in that they act on behalf of others, and are fiduciaries owing to the duties of loyalty and care. However, these duties are owed to the corporate body itself rather than to the shareholders. An individual director, as such, has still less resemblance to an agent than has the board as a body. Even when he acts as member of the board, he does not act as an agent, but as one of the group which supervises the activities of the corporation. However, he may be appointed an agent of the incorporated body.

Director as an agent: The Madras High Court observed that normally a director is not an agent of the Company but where he acts as a director- in- charge and corresponds with another party to bring about a contract he will act as an agent. As such the liability is of the company and not the agent personally. (Puddokottah Textiles Ltd. vs. B.R. Adityan (1975) 88 Mad. L. W. 688, 790)

The court has power under its equitable jurisdiction to award interest whenever a person in a fiduciary position, such as Director of Company, misuses money that he controls in his fiduciary capacity. Whenever the transaction in which the money used was of a commercial nature the court will presume that it was profitable and the court will give adequate compensation for the profits assumed to have been made. (Wallersteiner vs. Moir (1975) 1 All E.R. 849, 865)

The Supreme Court has described the office of a Director thus,

“The Director of a Company is not a servant but an agent inasmuch as a company cannot act in its own person but only through its directors, who qua the Company have a relationship of an agent to the principal.” (Ramprasad Vs. Commissioner of Income Tax (1973) A. Sc. 637, 640; Commissioner of Income Tax Vs. Man Mohandas (1966) A. Sc. 743; 59, I.T.R. – 699)

A managing Director may have a dual capacity. He may both be a director and an employee. He has not only the persona of a director but also the persona of an employee or an agent depending on terms of his employment and the Company’s Articles Association. The term ’employee’ is facile enough to cover both these relationships.

An agent though bound to exercise his authority in accordance with lawful instructions given to him is not subject to the direct control and supervision of the principal. A Managing Director of a Company if he is to act under the directions of a board of Directors is a servant.

A Managing Director has two functions and two capacities. As a Managing director he is under a contract with the company and this contract is contract of employment. More specifically it is a contract of service and not for service.

A Director of a Company is not necessarily an agent of the company or its shareholders. If he acts as an agent he must specifically say so. So where in his written statement a director did not raise such a plea, he is deemed to have acted on his personal capacity. So a suit against him alone is not barred by Sections 230 and 235 of the Contract Act. (Raja Ram Jaiswal vs. Ganesh Parshad, AIR 1959 All 29)

Managing Director benefiting himself: A Managing Director appointed for ten years resigned his post which the company refused to accept and therefore he was still in service. While being ostensibly in service his placing orders with the company’s suppliers and dealings with customers, was breach of his duty and fidelity and good faith as Director not to benefit personally by contracts ostensibly entered into on behalf of the company. (Thomas Marshall Exports Ltd. v. Guinde (1978)) A Master is liable for the torts of his servant committed during the course of his employment irrespective of the master deriving any benefit. An agent’s function is to enter into relations on behalf of his principal with third persons. He acts at his discretion and judgment but within the limits of his authority.

As a company is an artificial person and can only contract through its agents, the normal mode of signing is to use the words “on behalf of” so and so company before the signature of the agent signing, and if an agent so signs, no personal liability will attach to him. Directors are agents of the company to the extent of the authority delegated to them. Hence, where directors make a contract in the name of, or purporting to bind the company, it is the company- the principal- which is liable on it and not the directors. The directors are not personally liable unless it appears that they took personal liability.

Directors are not personally liable under a contract which is lawful and which they have made in the proper exercise of their authority. Directors purchased goods for their company and agreed with the supplier to allot him debentures for the price. Before the debentures could be issued, the company went into liquidation. The supplier was held not liable to make the directors personally liable under the contract (Elkington & Co. vs. Hurter, (1982) 2 Ch 452) .

In another case, where its directors cum majority shareholder appointed an accountant for the company and he subsequently acting as a director removed the accountant, he was held not liable to compensate the accountant because he had acted only as an officer of the company but he was liable for the accountant’s costs and expenses of litigation. This is because the litigation was solely due to his conduct in acting in a highhanded manner (Schouls vs. Canadian Meat Processing Corporation, [1980- 1984] LRC (Comm) 778) .

Section 226 of the Indian Contract Act assumes that the contracts or act of the agent is one, which, as between the principal and third person, is binding on the principal. If the contracts is entered into, or act done professedly on behalf of the principal and is within the scope of the actual authority of agent, there is no difficulty. With regard to contracts and acts which are not actually authorized, the principal may be bound by them on the principal of estoppel, if they are within the scope of the agent’s ostensible authority; but in no case is he bound by any unauthorized act or transaction with respect to persons having notice that the actual authority is being exceeded. Therefore no act done by an agent in excess of his actual authority is binding on the principal with respect to persons having notice that the act is unauthorized. An agent who was appointed by a power of attorney, borrowed money on the faith of a representation made by him that the power gave him full authority to borrow and misapplied it. The agent produced the power, which did not authorize the loan, but the lender did not read it, and made the advance in reliance on the agent’s representation. It was held that the lender must be taken to have had notice of the terms of the power and that the principal was not bound by the loan. (Jacobs v. Morris (1902) 1 Ch 816) In regard to Sec. 238 of the same Act, which deals with effect on agreement of misrepresentation or fraud by agent, makes the principal bound by such acts of the agent having same effect as though the principals had committed the fraud or misrepresentation. But misrepresentations made or frauds committed by agents in matters that do not fall within their authority do not affect their principals.

While negotiating a contract for his company, a director should make it clear to the other party that the contract will be entered into by the company and not by the director personally. If he does not do this and the other party believes that he is contracting with the director or agent and not the company, the contract they conclude will be a personal one and he will be personally liable for the fulfillment of the promises made. (Bridges & Salmon Ltd. vs. The Swan (Owners), (1968) 1 Lloyds Rep 5)

Written and submitted by: –


IVth year, B.B.A.LL.B

Symbiosis Law School,


Flow And Kitchen Design

Let’s take a look at some common flow plans for food preparation that you’ll discover inside the kitchen. The most basic, and most desirable, flow plan is the straight line, also known as the assembly-line flow. Materials move steadily from 1 procedure to another in a straight line. This type of style minimizes backtracking; it saves preparation time and confusion about what’s going out of the kitchen area and what’s coming back in.

The straight-line arrangement functions nicely for little installations because it can be placed against a wall and adapted to the cooks’ duties. Wherever there isn’t enough room to arrange food preparation in a straight line, a well-liked and efficient option is the parallel flow. There are four variations of the parallel style:

1. Back to back. Gear is arranged inside a long, central counter or island in two straight lines that run parallel to every other. Sometimes a four- or five-foot room divider or low wall is positioned between the two lines. It’s primarily a safety precaution, which keeps noise and clutter to a minimum and prevents liquids spilled on 1 side from spreading onto the other. Nevertheless, placement of a wall here also makes cleaning and sanitation a lot more hard. The back-to-back arrangement centralizes plumbing and utilities;

you may not need to install as many drains, sinks, or outlets, as both sides from the counter can share the same ones. A back-to-back arrangement in which the pass window is parallel to (and behind one of) the production places is sometimes recognized as a California-style kitchen. When the pass window is located perpendicular towards the production line, it might be referred to as a European-style kitchen area style. The benefit from the European style is that each cook on the line can see the progression of multiple dishes that make up 1 table’s order.

2. Face to face. In this kitchen area configuration, a central aisle separates two straight lines of gear on either side from the room. Sometimes the aisle is wide sufficient to add a straight line of worktables among the two rows of gear. This setup works well for high volume feeding facilities like schools and hospitals, but it doesn’t take benefit of single source utilities. Even though it’s a great layout for supervision of workers, it forces individuals to perform with their backs to one another, in effect, separating the cooking from the food from the rest from the distribution procedure. Therefore, it’s most likely not the best style for a restaurant.

3. L-shape. Wherever room isn’t sufficient for a straight-line or parallel arrangement, the L-shape kitchen design is nicely suited to access several groups of gear, and is adaptable for table service restaurants. It gives you the ability to place more equipment inside a smaller room. You’ll often find an L-shape design in dish washing areas, using the dish machine positioned at the center corner from the L.

4. U-shape. This arrangement is seldom used, but it’s ideal for a little room with one or two employees, such as a salad preparation or pantry area. An island bar, for example the ones in T.G.I. Friday’s restaurants, is an additional example of the U-shape at perform. There are also circular and square kitchen area designs, but their limited flow patterns make them impractical. Avoid wasted room if you can, by making your kitchen area rectangular, with its entrance on one of the longest walls to save steps.

The a lot more foodservice establishments you visit, the more you’ll realize that the back from the house is really a separate and distinct entity from the rest of the business, with its own peculiar difficulties and unique solutions.

Correct flow planning occasionally means breaking each kitchen area function down into a department, of sorts, after which deciding how those departments ought to interact with every other. They must also interact using the other, external departments from the facility: your dining room, bar, cashier, and so on. A great way to begin the design process-both for the overall company and for the kitchen-is to create a bubble diagram. Each region (or workstation) is represented being a circle, or “bubble,” drawn in pencil within the location you’ve decided may be the most logical for that function. If two different workstations will be sharing some equipment, you might let the sides of their circles intersect slightly, to indicate where the shared equipment might greatest be located.

The finished diagram will seem abstract, but the exercise permits you to visualize every perform center and think about its needs in relation to the other centers. You are able to also lay a kitchen out utilizing a diamond configuration, situating the cooking area at one point of the diamond form, and other crucial areas in relation to it at other points. Notice that this layout minimizes confusion (and accidents) with a separate kitchen entrance and exit. This allows the people who bus the tables to deliver soiled dishes towards the dishwashing area without having to walk via the entire kitchen to do so.

An alternative to drawing diagrams is to list every perform center and then list any other work middle that should be placed adjacent to it. Conversely, list any perform center that ought to not be next to it. For instance, it is most likely not a great idea to have the ice maker and ice storage bin adjacent to the frying and broiling center.

Truck-Mounted Snow Blowers

Truck-mounted snow blowers affix to the front of a pickup or sport utility vehicle. Drawing power from the vehicle engine, a truck-mounted snow blower can eat a path 7 feet wide and 3 feet tall, throwing the snow 40 feet in any non-backwards direction. With its 2-cylinder, 4-cycle, 27-horsepower gas engine, a truck-mounted snow blower carries the same amount of power and force of six full-size push units. It’s no wonder people have been using them religiously in mountainous and rural areas since 1980.

The snow blower manufacturer Hanson is credited for first introducing pickup truck-mounted snow blowers; Hanson continues to be the only manufacturer actively marketing them. Based on a long tradition of tractor-mounted snow blowers, Hanson truck-mounted snow blowers are powerful, solid, and efficient.

If you’re thinking about buying a truck-mounted snow blower, there are some things you should consider first.

A truck-mounted snow blower weighs 800 pounds. Your truck or SUV must weigh at least half a ton, preferably ¾ or a full ton, to support its weight.

Your vehicle must be a 4-wheel drive and have automatic transmission because at low speeds, operating a manual transmission and the snow blower simultaneously can be very difficult.

Truck-mounted snow blowers are compatible with most plow mounts, including Meyers, Western, Fisher, and other common brands. Before buying a truck-mounted snow blower, contact Hanson and tell them what kind of a plow mount you’re working with, just to be safe.

Truck-mounted snow blowers take their power from the vehicle engine. All the controls are wired into the truck cab, including the electric key start, choke, throttle, discharge chute rotation and deflection, and hydraulic snow blower lift. Imagine the power of having all these controls in the cab with you as you heroically clear all the snow from your neighborhood roads. They are also great for small road contracting businesses.

Three alternatives to truck mounted snow blowers are:

Truck mounted snowplows: If you live in a more densely populated area, you don’t want to be launching tons of road snow onto your neighbors’ walkways, driveways, vehicles, and pets. It’s usually better to get a plow, which merely pushes the snow off the road.

Tractor-mounted snow blowers: If you live in a rural area, a tractor-mounted unit is best. Chances are you have a lot of area to clear, so you’ll need the snow moving power of a tractor.

ATV-mounted snow blowers: The Snow Hogg (not to be confused with Snow Hog, a maker of snow tires) is a big snow blower that attaches to your all-terrain vehicle, making for one hungry-looking snow chomper. Smaller than a truck-mounted unit, but still more powerful than most push units, the Snow Hogg can clear a path 42″ wide and almost two feet deep, with a chute rotation range of 210. The Snow Hogg weighs almost 400 pounds, but thanks to a built-in suspension and traction system, the machine only puts about 10 to 15 pounds of stress on your ATV frame.

What’s the Proper Golf Swing, and How Do You Do it?

What’s the proper golf swing? Is there only one? How long does it take to master it? Can you master the proper golf swing?

All of these are questions that golfers consistently think about. You see, “the golf swing” has become like some unattainable holy grail. No one but Tiger Woods and a select few others can do it. Definitely not mere mortals like you and me. Yet there we are slugging around the golf course weekend after weekend with our improper swings trying to look good in front of our golf buddies.

Guess what? It doesn’t have to be this way. The proper golf swing is within reach of everyone on the planet. As a matter of fact, the proper golf swing is really not that hard. You may not know this, but you already know how to do the proper golf swing.

Here’s the deal. The golf swing is a completely natural motion. As a matter of fact, it’s a motion you already know how to do. You really don’t need to be taught the swing at all. The reason is this.

If you know how to drive a nail with a hammer or especially how to chop wood with an axe, you already know the proper golf swing. To see what the proper swing actually should feel like grab your golf club. (Try one of the shorter irons.)

Now, with the club in both hands (as if you were actually golfing), just use your wrists and chop the club up and down out in front of you. This chopping motion is actually what the wrists do in the right swing. As far as the wrists are concerned, the only real difference between chopping out in front of your body and a real swing is you do the swing to the side and not out in front.

If you’ll take this very natural chopping motion and just add a swing of your arms up and to the side, you now have a very creditable backswing. (The swing back in preparation for the swing forward.) Just swing back from this position and you’ve got your forward swing.

There are a few other things to be aware of with the proper swing, but believe it or not, it really is this simple. The proper swing is nothing more than a sort of smoother chopping motion done from the side. You’re not chopping wood. You’re just striking the Earth where the golf ball is.

Certainly, there are different type of swings, but they’re all part of “the right swing”. There’s chipping, pitching, and the full-swing. These are just variations of the proper golf swing, however.

Add a Breakfast Bar to Your RTA Cabinet Kitchen Design

Wouldn’t it be nice to create a small eating bar while installing your new RTA kitchen cabinets? A breakfast bar makes a great place for the family to gather each morning before heading off to work or school, it’s simple to keep clean, and if your kitchen opens into your dining or living area, it may be easier to build than you think.

Easy Steps for Building a Breakfast Bar

1. Situate your base cabinets in the open space between the kitchen and living area. The backs of the cabinets will face the living area and provide the foundation for the breakfast bar. Two 36 inch base cabinets work well or you might want to add in a 24 inch cabinet to create an eight foot bar

2. Build a knee wall out of wood framing lumber that backs up to the base cabinets. A knee wall is a short wall that doesn’t go up to the ceiling. The knee wall will be the width of the breakfast bar and should extend a little past the base cabinet with the exposed side. The height can vary depending on the bar stools you plan to use, but in most cases the height that works best is 42 inches before the countertop is installed.

3. The knee wall may be considered wall space by many building inspectors so it may need electrical wiring for outlets installed and inspected.

4. Cover the exposed knee wall surfaces with a wall covering of your choice such as sheetrock, paneling, or RTA cabinet end panels.

5. The countertop material used is usually the same as the rest of the kitchen countertops. Opinions vary as to how much overhang your countertop should have on the eating side, but you want enough room so that you can eat comfortably without your knees hitting the wall. In most cases an overhang of 12 to 16 inches works well.

6. The overhang should be supported with brackets that are available at most home improvement stores. Improper support can create a safety hazard with heavy materials such as granite.

7. The countertop backsplash should cover the exposed knee wall on the kitchen side.

These are general guidelines and may vary based on your specific application. If you have any questions or concerns, call in a construction professional.

Do’s and Don’ts of Painting a Wooden Playhouse Like an Expert

What better way is there to make an immediate change to your child’s wooden playhouse than with a new paint job? When you are ready to paint your kids playhouse and you want to keep it looking exceptional for years to come, there are several things that you definitely need to do and other things you want to avoid.

The following is a list of Do’s and Don’ts on how to expertly paint your wooden playhouse so it will last for years into the future:

  1. Do prepare ahead of time your playhouse for painting. Prepare your playhouse by gently scraping any loose, dried or flaking old paint using a putty knife or sander while being careful not to damage the wood underneath.
  2. Do seal any cracks around windows or doors. If there are cracks where two wooden surfaces join together use caulk to seal the cracks. This will keep the moisture outside of the playhouse.
  3. Do use a high quality primer to paint all of the wooden playhouse surfaces. Using a primer helps to increase the adhesion of the paint to wooden surfaces as well as increasing the waterproof properties of the exposed wooden surfaces.
  4. Do use an exterior grade paint. Exterior grade paint is formulated to withstand the weathering that a wooden playhouse will experience in its lifetime. Interior grade paint will not stand up against rain and snow. If an interior grade paint is used on surfaces exposed to the outdoors, in a few months after painting the paint will begin to flake and come loose.
  5. Do paint over using the same type of paint used previously. If a water based paint (latex) was used last, then use a water paint this time to paint the playhouse. Use an oil-based paint to paint over a previously oil-based painted surface. If in doubt, use a water-based paint because it is easier to apply, fast-drying, helps prevent moisture problems, and the clean up is easier.
  6. Do paint from the top down. Start with the fascia board and gables first. Then move to painting the sides of the playhouse, followed by the windows and trim. The playhouse door is the last thing to be painted.
  7. Do plan your painting around the sun and weather. Try to work your painting around where the sun is not. In the morning, paint the west and south sides and in the afternoon, paint the east and north side in the afternoon.
  8. Don’t prime or paint over caulk that has not dried fully. Upon drying, the wet caulking will crack and peel along with the primer or paint that was just applied.
  9. Don’t paint over chipped or flaking old paint. Painting over dried or flaking paint with new paint will guarantee that the new paint will chip off faster in the near future.
  10. Don’t wait to paint new wood. New wood should be painted as soon as possible to prevent deterioration of the surface.

A good exterior painting job will extend the life of your wooden playhouse. With these tips, you will be ready to paint like a pro. Your kids will be extremely happy that their newly painted playhouse will last for many years into the future.

Understanding Square D Circuit Breaker Part Numbers

Square D breakers are some of the most popular breakers on the market today, and have been popular for many years. Commercial Square D breakers use a complicated numbering scheme that can be very beneficial to understand. These methods apply to both new and used breakers.

First, we’ll look at a common Square D part number that is available as a new or used breaker, the Square D KA36200.

Frame type: K

Interrupt: A

Termination: –

Number of Poles: 3

Volts: 6 (600)

Amps: 200


As you can see in this example, the part number KA36200 means it is a type K frame, standard interrupt, 3 poles, 600 volts, and 200 amps. These types of breakers usually come in several different varieties, most commonly with different amperages. A 300 amp breaker would be numbered as KA36300.

Square D offers many frame types. The frame type determines the size, shape, and style of the breaker. The interrupt has several options. A=Standard, C=Extra High, I=Current Limited, Y=Standard(F-Frame only). Terminal options are None=I-Line, F=No Lugs, L=Lugs on both ends, P=Lugs off end.

The suffix offers many options:

F=Frame Only

G=Ground Fault


M=Molded Case Switch

MT=Top Feed Lugs

V=View Window

By understanding this numbering scheme, you can decipher the part on any Square D breaker. If you have a KA36070, but need to install a 100 amp, you would know to order a KA36100.

For residential breakers, the Square D QO frame type is the most popular. Square D breakers are available at home improvement stores and at stores online. Many online stores also sell used Square D breakers. These used breakers are viable options when an electrician cannot purchase a replacement breaker through traditional electrical stores. When a homeowner is faced with replacing a residential circuit breaker, they most often can locate a replacement from a local hardware or electrical supplier.

If you are replacing a Square D breaker and you require a breaker with a suffix on it, the only option may be to buy one directly through Square D. Many of these breakers fall into the class of custom order breakers and are only available from Square D, and often are custom built if they are not readily available in stock at a warehouse.

Square D has long been a pioneer in new and used breakers. In 1951 they released the first plug-in style of breaker- a style that is still in use today. In 1991, Square D was bought by a French company, Schneider Electric. Schneider Electric continues to use the Square D name for all US market breakers. Even though Square D is owned by a different company now, their quality and product availability is second to none.

Square D breakers are available at nearly all home improvement stores, hardware stores, and online from breaker suppliers. Many breaker suppliers offer both new and used Square D breakers. Some stores specialize in obsolete and used Square D breakers.

Should You Rent or Buy

There are many factors that determine if renting or buying a home is the best option for you. Your age, job stability, family status, financial abilities, as well as many other variables come into play when deciding to rent or purchase a house. Some of the questions you may want to ask yourself include: how long do you plan to stay in your next home, are you handy and capable of making minor repairs, and do you have the financial wherewithal to purchase a property. The following list of advantages and disadvantages may help you decide which option is the best for you.

Advantages of Buying

1. Appreciation – Hopefully, over time your house will become more valuable. Eventually when you sell the property you should make a profit.

2. Building Equity- As you make your mortgage payments you will be paying down your principal balance of your mortgage overtime, which will likely result in great equity in the property.

3. Tax Benefits- Homeowners qualify for many tax benefits, such as: deducting mortgage interest, and home deductions for self-employed individuals.

4. Freedom- Homeownership will allow you to decide how to improve your house and when to improve your house. You could choose the color of the paint, type of carpet, or any home improvement. You do not have to get permission from the landlord. You can update bathrooms, kitchen, basement, or build it deck as long as it meets city codes and ordinances.

5. Permanence – Homeownership will give you a sense of pride in your community, which often leads to new friends and groups that you may align yourself with.

Advantages of Renting

1. Initial Costs- When purchasing a property there are initial costs, such as: down payment, closing costs, prepaid expenses, and other fees that are associated with homeownership. With renting, usually one month’s rent is accepted for the security deposit.

2. Opportunity Costs- What could you do with the money you used for your down payment and closing costs if you rent instead.

3. Ease of Relocation – Once your lease agreement expires, you can move at any time with no fear of repercussions.

To determine which is the best option for your situation, you may want to create a list of advantages and disadvantages and decide for yourself which choice is best for you. Does it make sense for you to purchase? How much would it cost to rent the property as compared to purchase the property? Do you plan to stay in the community long-term or do you plan to move to different area in the future? Could your employer transfer your job to another city or country? Are you financially ready to purchase a property, do you have a down payment saved? Are you emotionally ready purchasing a home? Are you comfortable with the neighborhood; do you see yourself being able to stay there long-term? Are you able to complete small home maintenance items yourself? Are you committed to maintaining your house, such as: cutting the grass, cleaning gutters, shoveling snow, and sealing the deck?

Is purchasing a house or renting a better option for you. Everyone’s situation is different depending on many factors, hopefully the above information will help you evaluate what is the best decision for your situation.

Bounce (Floor) Juggling for Beginners

The ideal surface for bouncing is smooth, level and very hard (e.g. a paving slab or wooden floor are ideal).

Two Methods of Bouncing

Non-Forcing (Lift): Throw the ball slightly in the air in a small arc (so that it is likely to land in front of your opposite foot). The ball should land in the upraised palm of your other hand. Lift bouncing is a lot slower and easier to learn than Forced bouncing.

Forcing: Force the ball towards the ground by keeping your palms facing downwards. With the forced bouncing, you throw (force) the ball downward and it goes at least as high as the release point. This method is more likely to be used when learning 4 & 5 ball bouncing and it looks more impressive and faster than the lift method!

First Trick – Reverse Cascade (lift bounce)

One Ball: Throw from one hand so that it rises a few inches and hits the ground in front of your opposite foot and bounces up into the upraised palm of your other hand. Try lift bouncing one ball in both directions for a while to get used to bounce juggling before moving on to trying two balls.

Two Balls: Start with a ball in each hand. Throw the first ball so that it lands in front of the opposite foot. When it hits the ground, throw the ball from the other hand in exactly the same fashion. Catch the first ball, catch the second ball (Throw, throw, catch, catch)!

Three Balls: Every ball is thrown over the previous ball and they all hit the ground in front of the opposite foot.To do this, take two balls in your favoured hand and one ball in the weaker hand. Start from the favoured hand and throw the first ball, letting it bounce in front of the opposite foot, when this bounce happens, throw the ball which is in the weaker hand, and when it bounces, throw the third ball (the remaining ball in your favoured hand), then just keep going.

Once you have mastered 3 Ball Floor Juggling,try force bouncing using the above method, then you are ready for the following tricks!

Kick Back: You can retrieve a dropped ball by stepping on it as it bounces away from you, pulling your foot in toward you at the same time.

Bounce Columns: Drop one ball in the centre of your pattern, then drop one from each hand on either side. Then catch and drop the one in the centre, then catch and drop the two on the outside! Simple, easy and this trick looks great!

Bounce Two in One Hand: One of my favourite tricks, is to walk around while bouncing two balls in one hand, and letting the balls bounce a little less each time until you are having to bounce very quickly and near to the ground! You can then work your way back up to a taller pattern again.

Under Leg: Put your leg through the bouncing pattern so that one ball goes under your leg. Throw down, raise your knee, the ball bounces under your knee, and you straighten your leg again. Learn this on both sides, then try to perform an under the leg throw with every ball you are bouncing!

High Drop to Cascade: While juggling a cascade, throw the bounce ball extra high, let it bounce and when it comes back up past your hands, treat it as the first throw in your cascade pattern.


For a special bouncing effort, you can put either forward or back spin on the ball to make it behave in a different way when it bounces off any surface.

  • Backspin -Toss the bounce ball with backspin to make the ball bounce back to you. To use backspin, you pull down with your thumb over the top of the ball as you release it.
  • Forward Spin -To add forward spin, pull your hand out from underneath the ball as you throw. Toss over your shoulder with forward spin and the ball might just bounce behind your back and return over your shoulder into your pattern!

Depreciating Leasehold Improvements – You Need a Masters Degree in Taxation to Figure It Out

You would think a simple thing like how to depreciate leasehold improvements would an easy thing to answer. Unfortunately, Congress has made it a very complex matter. There is no one, single method for depreciating leasehold improvements. And there is no one single number of years in which the life of leasehold improvements (L/I) may be depreciated.

For example, depending on the facts and circumstances, L/I may be required to be depreciated under the straight line method, or eligible for 50% bonus depreciation, or eligible for 100% bonus depreciation or eligible to be expenses (called section 179 Depreciation Method). Further, a L/I may be required to be depreciated over 39 years, or 15 years or 1 year.

Why? Why has such a simple matter as depreciating L/I become so complex? 2010 tax legislation is interfering with other tax pre-2010 tax legislation and made a mess of things. in 2010 alone there were six major pieces of tax legislation, the last one being the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization and Job Creation Act of 2010 (2010 Tax Relief Act) (P.L. 111-312), which was passed on December 17, 2010.

Tom Corley to the rescue. I will, as usual, turn the incredibly complex into the incredibly simple. So simple that even Forest Gump would be able to understand. So here we go….

How to depreciate leasehold improvements:

1. Expense 100% of your L/I in one year – You may qualify for what they call section 179 expensing on qualified leasehold improvements. In order to qualify you cannot simultaneously be the landlord and the tenant (called the “related party rule”), you must have a profit, your deduction is limited to your profit, your deduction cannot exceed $500,000 and the L/I must be any improvement to an interior part of a building that is nonresidential real property in the United States, if all the following requirements are met:

The improvement is made under or according to a lease;

* That part of the building is to be occupied exclusively by the lessee;

* The improvement is placed in service more than 3 years after the date the building was first placed

in service by any person;

* The improvement is section 1250 property (think “real estate property” as opposed to computers,

furniture etc);

A qualified leasehold improvement does not include any improvement for which the expenditure is attributable to any of the following:

* The enlargement of the building;

* Any elevator or escalator;

* Any structural component benefiting a common area;

* The internal structural framework of the building.

2. Expense 100% of your L/H in one year – You may qualify for what they call 100% Bonus Depreciation. In order to qualify you cannot simultaneously be the landlord and the tenant (called the “related party rule”), the improvements were made after September 8, 2010 and before January 1, 2012 and the improvements were “qualified leasehold improvement property” (see definition above);

3. Expense 50% of your L/H in one year – You may qualify for what they call 50% Bonus Depreciation. In order to qualify you cannot simultaneously be the landlord and the tenant (called the “related party rule”), the improvements were made in 2010 and the improvements were “qualified leasehold improvement property” (see definition above);

4. Straight line depreciation over a 15 year period for “qualified leasehold improvement property” (see definition above). In order to qualify you cannot simultaneously be the landlord and the tenant (called the “related party rule”), the improvements were made in 2009 or 2010 and the improvements were “qualified leasehold improvement property” (see definition above);

5. Straight line depreciation over a 39 year period for normal L/I property that does not qualify under items 1 through 4 above. This default rule is required in instances where you are both the landlord and the tenant of the leased property. In these cases L/Is can never be treated as qualified L/I property. To make things even simpler for you, always assume your leasehold improvement must be depreciated under the straight line method over 39 years unless it meets the definition of “qualified leasehold improvement property” in which case this 39 year general rule would not be required to apply.

The Benefits of Disposable Tableware

When catering for a large event, be it a birthday, anniversary, wedding, business conference or anything else, the use of disposable tableware often makes great sense. There are many benefits of this, from the convenience they offer to the affordability of the products.

Traditionally, disposable tableware was quite limited in its range but today, there is a great and varied range of styles and materials to choose from. Due to this, catering disposables are a basic essential for professionals operating in the hotel and catering profession.

The most obvious benefit to having catering disposables is that it makes the tidy down much easier. There are no plates, dishes, cups and glasses to be washed. Simply sweeping everything into the rubbish is all that is needed, allowing the rest of the cleaning operation to take place quickly and effectively.

The cost of disposable tableware is also ideal for large scale events, when numerous platters, plates and so forth are needed. With sensible pricing, the UK’s leading catering suppliers understand that companies need to save costs wherever they can. With no risk of damages or breakages to have to worry about and pay for too, there is also much to be said for the stress saved.

There are many materials that disposables come in today, each of which has its own particular use and benefits. Commonly, aluminium, foam and paper are used, but this range has been significantly extended over the years to now include environmentally friendly packaging and PET formed products, which are ideal for when a little more style and presentation is required.

Aluminium is the perfect material for platters to display food cleanly, professionally and with a touch of class. Foam is a commonly used material for plates and bowls, providing a product which has a great resilience to heat, a sturdy feel and is available in both laminated and non-laminated designs.

Paper disposable tableware is used across all areas for event catering, from the simple plates and cups, to napkins and table covers. The plates and dishes are perfect when catering for a younger crowd or when budgets are very tight, while the table covers and napkins can be scaled up to present a touch of luxury and be found to match most colours used in other areas of the event.

For a real touch of distinction, PET materials are arguably the perfect choice. These products are able to incorporate designs which replicate the look of china and marble. Ideal for use as central serving platters or as individual guest plates and dishes, they make perfect sense at trade conferences, workshops and for meetings with internal or external clients.

Another choice for disposable tableware which many companies make these days are those products which offer a greener, more environmentally friendly approach. Using disposable cups, plates and bowls, made from biodegradable and compostable moulded fibres and paper products, are the perfect choice.

With such an extensive choice of disposables, from tableware and containers, to cutlery and containers, there is something to suit any need. Working with the best catering equipment suppliers allows professionals to concentrate on what they do best – the food.

New Orleans Recipe – Red Beans and Rice

My paternal grandmother Mata used to make Red Beans and Rice at least once a week. I would always go to her house for lunch because they were always ready to eat early. My grandmother believed in getting her beans on the stove early and in a couple of hours they are ready to eat. Now my grandmother always used pickled pork. Pickled pork is always available in New Orleans but sometimes you can’t find it outside of the state. If you have trouble finding pickled pork then you will have to substitute with something like Ham or Ham Hocks.

Salt pork is not the same as pickled pork. Some people put smoked sausage in their beans also. My grandmother wouldn’t be caught dead with anything but pickled pork in her red beans, but you will have to do what you have to do to substitute. The beans will still taste good. Also, you notice she used Crisco lard which is also probably not available every where. I guess you would substitute a tablespoon of vegetable oil but my grandmother just turned over in her grave and I felt her slap me on the back of my head.

Anyway, get you a good heavy pot and she always used Magnalite pots. Also her 2 fingers of water is about 2 cups of water to 1 cup of rice. Cooking red beans is like boiling water and just add the ingredients. One last thing that my grandmother used to do is to wash the beans in running water and let them soak in the pot for at least 30 minutes before adding ingredients putting them on the stove. You don’t need to add salt until after especially if you use pickle pork.

Bon Apetit’


1 lb. red beans

1 Tbsp. Crisco lard

2 slices pickled pork

7 or 8 toes garlic

1 large onion

Black pepper

2 c. rice

Cook red beans until tender, then add 1 tablespoon Crisco. Scald pickled pork to get some of the salt off, then add pork to beans. Chop onions and garlic and add to beans. Add pepper to taste. Will not need salt because of pickled pork. Serve over rice. To cook rice, cover with water two fingers over rice and set to boil. When water is out of rice, turn fire low and let steam with the pot covered.

The Importance of Maintaining a Bar

Whether it is a hotel bar, pub, restaurant or night club. Ensuring the bar is kept clean and is well maintained is essential in the running of any successful business. Maintaining standards behind the bar is not just about ensuring everything looks spick-and-span, although a dirty or shabby looking bar is the fastest way to lose customers; but there are other reasons too:

Setting up a bar is never a cheap enterprise and no matter how good and inexpensive your bar equipment supplier is, it is pointless to keep replacing items due to neglect. Bar equipment and bar accessories can add up to a sizeable investment so it is important all equipment is looked after.

Hygiene is also increasingly important in the modern bar business. If you fail to maintain cleanliness you can run into all sorts of trouble – especially if you are also serving food. Everything from the fridge, cooker and dishwasher to be regularly cleaned.

Looking after the bar

The key to cleaning and maintaining a bar is to remember it is a continuous task. All bar staff should know that cleaning the bar should be something they are doing when they are not serving. The bar itself should regularly be wiped down and mats, tray and other bar accessories cleaned and replaced at frequent intervals. Alcohol can stain a bar surface so it is important to not let spills remain, least of all it it will infuriate customers if they get their sleeves wet on someone else’s spillage.

Also regularly service and clean equipment. Strip down and clean pumps and pipes whilst also remembering to wash and clean all bar equipment regularly. All machines should be regularly serviced and it is often a good idea to have a good maintenance contractor for the important equipment.

The floors shouldn’t be neglected too as mess and spills can often lead to accidents so ensure it is regularly swept and mopped. And avoid leaving superfluous bar equipment around – if it is not needed store it away to keep the bar as clean and functional as possible.

How To Start A Personalized Gift Business

Personalized gifts make very good options for creative people with a need to express love and gratitude in the most unique and special way. A personalized gift goes to show true care and people love receiving thoughtful creative gifts. If you would like to venture into the personalized gift business, you will need to work with a plan to make it all work for you. Here are a few simple guidelines that can help you start on a high note with your gift business.

1. Find your Niche – There are dozens of online stores selling varieties of personalized gifts. This makes it important to make sure that yours come with a personal touch to make them stand out. To find your niche, decide who your potential clientele will be, their occupation, interests and hobbies and then choose practical gifts that will be fun to spruce up to make them as unique as possible. You can decide to do bags, calendars, photo frames, toys or even playing cards among many others.

2. Lay out a plan – A business plan is important to guide you all through. Start by getting familiar with the latest industry trends and knowing your competitors. When you know what your competitors are offering, you find it easier to choose a slightly different path to make your business special in a way. You also will need to check pricing, marketing concepts and sales strategies. This is also the stage at which you will need to come up with a business name and logo and register the same for the business.

3. Set the business – This is choosing where your business will be located. It should be a location that serves current needs as well as the future goals you have for it. A home office can work for paint, embroidery and calligraphy, but you might need larger commercial space for machinery used for etching and engravings. You should also consider taking the business online to give it visibility.

4. Purchase equipment and supplies – The kind of personalized gift business, you are putting up will determine the supplies and equipment you need. Embroidery machines and engraving machines are necessary for your designs. You will also need embroidery threads, fabrics, brushes and paints among other supplies. Embroidery machines come with built-in designs while laser engraver can import designs onto coated metals, acrylic, wood, glass and plastic among many other materials. Consider buying your supplies at wholesale to get what you need affordably. Graphic software to create custom designs can also be very helpful. A simple research will lead you to the best suppliers of everything you need for the business.

5. Market the business – When you have everything you need, including target market, it should be time to make your services known to the public. You can start with local professionals that might find the services interesting. Event planners, promotional teams and wedding planners can be great targets. You can create brochures or catalogues to make the business known.