Wooden Covered Wagon Plans – How to Build Your Own Wagon

Covered wagon makes a good transportation for crops. Small wonder why it is a nifty structure to have around in the farm. And it can be easily done too. If you have the time and inclination, you’ll just need wooden covered wagon plans and you’ll be set to start this project.

I have preference for the use of wood for this project for the simple reason that I find it easier to handle wood compared to other type of materials. Furthermore, wood offers a level of durability while remaining light weight.

If you’ve decided in building your own wagon using wood, here are a couple of things you need to consider and plan for:

Dimension of the Wagon

Way before you’re going to buy the materials you will be using for this project, yo need to determine the exact size of your wagon. The amount of materials needed depends on this one factor.

To get to a preferable size for your wagon, you need to consider its main purpose. You need to consider aspects like the type of items frequently loaded in the wagon as well as its quantity.

A typical wagon of this kind would measure 4 feet wide and 12 feet in length. It is entirely up to you to decide if this dimension suits your purposes as well.


There are several materials you will need to prepare for this project. Now, the plan you will be using may have indicated its own list of materials, but usually, the most common materials used for this project are: wooden beams and planks, wheels, wooden pole, iron braces, nails, bolts, canvas, 2 axles and wooden lathes.

For the wheel, you have the option of buying or making your own. Since in my own experience, the wheel seems to be the most complex part of wagon building, I strongly suggest that you buy a ready made one. Also, be sure that the wheel is secured safely into the body of the wagon.

Wooden Covered Wagon Plans

True enough, you may have to invest time and effort in this project. However, if you have very good wooden covered plans to guide you for this project, you won’t have to go through unnecessary glitches. And thus, construction wouldn’t take overly long time.

To ensure that you use top notch blueprints, you have to opt for plans with excellent and easy to understand instruction. Add to that a complementary detailed working diagram and you can be sure to finish the whole thing in the least time possible.

8 Reasons To Focus On Leadership PLANNING

Those who have either previously read any of my articles, etc, or attended one of my leadership – related seminars, realizes how strongly I believe, effectively leading begins with, and depends upon, quality, meaningful, professional, wise PLANNING. This involves far more than simply proclaiming, I have a plan, or, in the case of many seeking office, some sort of secret plan! Rather, it includes, a thorough examination of history, heritage, successes, losses, strengths, weaknesses, etc, with an emphasis on, and primary focus, on needs, concerns, and priorities. One must begin with a strategic plan, which provides an essential strategy, in the short, intermediate, and longer – term, with ways to measure, adapt, and determine alternatives and contingencies. Leadership planning is the mechanism, for looking at needs, and developing viable solutions!

1. Priorities; phases; plans: In leadership, one’s focus and emphasis must be on priorities. However, how can one accurately determine these, unless he takes the time and makes the effort, to do this, thoroughly and strategically? Understand the lesson from the adage, How do you eat the elephant? One bite at a time. This teaches us, progress must be made, in phases, and each phase is a component, in the overall plan. Are your plans relevant, meaningful, and why do you believe they are both necessary, and will make a significant difference, for the better?

2. Listen; learn: How can one make the best decisions, and choose the true priorities, unless he begins to carefully, thoroughly, listen, to those he serves? However, don’t simply listen, for photo ops, or to appease, but rather, use listening, as an essential part of learning what is needed, etc!

3. Attitude; attention: Do you possess a positive, can – do attitude? Will you thoroughly, properly and intelligently, pay attention to details, and to those you serve?

4. Needs: You’ll never be able to lead others effectively, until/ unless, you focus on the needs, priorities and concerns, of those you serve. Develop quality plans, which address these needs!

5. Niche: Realize, leading is not a one – size – fits – all, activity! Rather, learn about your specific group, including its history, heritage, mission, and experiences, and become a great, niche leader!

6. Imagination; ideas; integrity: Step outside of your comfort zone, and open up your mind, and use your imagination, so you may focus on what you would like the group, to look like, into the future! Base your ideas on the bigger picture, and be certain, your planning is based on absolute integrity!

7. New; novel: Know what has worked and what has not, and consider how best to proceed, to address today’s, and tomorrow’s needs! Never fear using new ideas, plans and programs, if they will bring you closer to your objective. It may appear to be a novel idea, to some, but if it makes sense, based on your overall, leadership planning, proceed forward!

8. Goals; generate goodwill; growth: What do you want to accomplish? Is your planning based on achieving goals and objectives? Always attempt to generate goodwill, so you can motivate, and include as many actual, as well as potential participants! Quality leadership planning seeks to create growth and sustainability, by doing so, based on needs, priorities and relevance!

Don’t merely say you will plan, but become a quality, leadership planner! PLANNING is often the difference between achievement and disappointment!

How to Troubleshoot Single Phase and Three Phase Contactors

In the world of manufacturing, whether it be heavy industrial or light production, wherever you find an electric motor there’s always a contactor to drive and operate that motor. A contactor is simply an electrically controlled switch, also called a relay, used for switching a power circuit. It is designed so that when sufficient current flows through a coil built into the contactor, the magnetic field which is generated causes the contacts to be pulled in. The contacts, in turn operate as the switch. The contacts are appropriately sized by the designer of the particular circuit to handle current flow without overheating. Contactors are sold in a variety of sizes for specific applications. The design of the contacts themselves permit the contactor to be opened and closed repeatedly with minimal damage. This, of course can and will vary depending on the load current and failure can come rather quickly to an improperly sized contactor.

Contactors are designed and built in two popular configurations, single phase (or single pole) and three phase (three pole). This designation merely signifies the number of circuits that can be operated simultaneously. The coil is the means of operating the contacts. When it is energized with an appropriate voltage, it generates enough magnetic force to pull the contacts into a closed position, or close the power circuit. When the coil circuit is opened, spring pressure returns the contacts into the open position threrefore opening the power circuit.

The most common issue with a contactor, single or three phase would be a failed coil. This would cause the contactor to fail to energize when voltage is being applied to the coil. It can be tested in two ways, first in a power on situation, a check of the voltage at the coil terminals should give a definite answer as to whether the coil is energizing. On contactors with overload resets you’ll need to check the overload circuit of the contactor for failure or an open circuit if you do not read the appropriate voltage directly from the coil terminals. Of course you will need to verify the voltage with the label or nameplate on the coil also. Any doubt as to your finding, you can check for coil continuity also. An open circuit (or high resistance) would signify an open coil whereas any moderate resistance would usually indicate that the coil is conducting electricity. A reading of 0 ohms would indicate a short circuit within the coil but this is rare because energizing a shorted coil usually amounts to excess heat, excess current, and an eventual opening of the coil internally.

The next most common failure is in the contacts themselves. They can fail in an open position, literally burned or melted open as a result of the contactor being improperly sized or the aftermath of a shorted load such as an overloaded motor. This can be tested by powering down the contactor circuit, both control and power circuit, and removing the power leads from the load side of the contactor. Energize the coil control circuit and check for the appropriate voltage on the load terminals. Proper voltage going into the contactor and lack of voltage going out of the contactor while it is energized or closed is a classic case of a failed contact. Another failure to the contacts would be a welded, or stuck contact which remains closed even when the contactor is de-energized. This situation can lead to further problems or damage downstream in the circuit possibly by energizing one or two legs of a three phase motor. With the control and power circuit de-energized this can be checked with an ohmmeter set on any range. A low ohm or 0 ohm reading would indicate a closed contact when in fact it should be open.

Additional contactor problems include mechanical failure such as in the return springs or the frame of the contactor and most of the time a visual inspection is enough to find a problem such as this. These failures typically occur after excessive heating or after the operating or service life of the contactor has been exceeded. Overall, the contactor troubleshooting is not complex, yet an overlooked failure within one of these critical components can sometimes confuse even a seasoned electrician or maintenance technician.

What is Xandrox and How Does It Help Treat Hair Loss?

Xandrox products are produced by Dr. Richard Lee, the founder and owner of Regrowth, a company based in Los Angeles and dedicated to the treatment of hair loss since 1986. Dr. Lee’s primary innovation with his Xandrox products has been to combine Minoxidil with the potent natural anti-androgen and DHT inhibitor Azelaic acid. In this dual approach, Minoxidil stimulates growth while at the same time, Azelaic acid blocks the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme, causing a reduction of DHT formation in the scalp by up to 98%. Azelaic acid has been proven effective against acne and other skin conditions, but its effects against hair loss are not proven. Xandrox is available by prescription only and while its ingredients are FDA approved (Azelaic acid is approved for skin treatments, not hair loss), Xandrox itself is not. It is generally used by men to treat male pattern baldness but has also produced excellent results for some women, so can be considered useful for both sexes.

Combining the two key ingredients of Xandrox was a good idea for many reasons, but the most pragmatic has to be the fact that if you’re going to go to the trouble of applying a topical solution of Minoxidil (Rogaine) to your scalp anyway, why not benefit from the added effects of a product like Xandrox at the same time? Also attractive in this approach is the fact that the inhibition of DHT by Azelaic acid occurs in the scalp itself, not systemically throughout the rest of the body. The precise mechanism by which Azelaic acid prevents the 5-alpha-reductase enzyme from producing DHT is not known at this stage. Azelaic acid is also an important component of both Revivogen and Crinagen, so its DHT inhibiting efficacy in combating hair loss, while not completely understood yet, is not in question.

The first Xandrox product was released in 1998 and contained 5% Minoxidil and 5% Azelaic acid. The following year, Regrowth released a 12.5% Minoxidil lotion, also containing 5% Azelaic acid, to supplement the use of Xandrox 5% solutions in areas such as the temples or frontal hair line that were not responding well to the weaker solution. Now, after much work with a biochemist to produce a chemically stable version of the product with more potency, Xandrox15 containing 15% Minoxidil and 5% Azelaic acid has arrived. Xandrox is available as a Day Formula and a Night Formula, and for convenience, users often create a regime consisting of a number of differing products at different times of the day. Being stickier and resulting in hair that can look a little messy, Xandrox15 is often used at night and washed out in the morning. During the day, a lower strength and less noticeable product can be used instead. Whichever combination of products are at work, 1 ml of Xandrox is usually applied to the scalp twice daily.

In addition to various combinations of Minoxidil and Azelaic acid, Xandrox products can contain ingredients such as Betamethasone valerate (a potent anti-inflammatory), Benzyl niccotinate (an absorption enhancer), or Retinoic acid (which gives the scalp a light “chemical peel”). Products containing additional components can be made to order. The reverse is also true, with specific ingredients able to be omitted from the formula on request if you do not react well to them. The most recent range of Xandrox products generally do not contain Retinoic acid as they are strong enough to have made it redundant and the potential for unwelcome side effects including an itchy, flaky or tingling scalp is too great.

Few side effects have been observed with Xandrox and many prefer it to Rogaine because it is odorless, cleaner and less greasy.

A 65 ml bottle of Xandrox 5% costs $33.95, a 125 ml bottle of Xandrox 12.5% Lotion costs $89.95, and 125 ml of Xandrox15 costs $88.00.

The Narcissist’s Ego Bruises Easily

We all have egos. The ego is the psychological “I” within us, an integral part of our identity. Strong egos are important. They tell us that we are valuable, competent, and solid inside. The ego is formed from early childhood. It develops as a result of positive, consistent, loving interactions with the parent(s). If a child feels wanted and is treated with love and respect, he feels positive and secure about himself. He values his uniqueness as a reflection of his parents’ communication of this to him through their consistent words and behaviors.

Some children have damaged egos. They feel diminished, insecure, and ashamed. They have great difficulty asserting themselves. They stay in the background, unable to speak up for themselves or defend themselves when they have been wronged. Inside they feel fragile, small and insignificant.

The narcissist has a highly inflated ego. He experiences himself as vastly superior, more intelligent, talented, creative, and attractive than others. The narcissist’s sense of self importance has no limits. He is unaware and unconcerned about the feelings of others. All that matters is that he gets what he wants.

His sense of self is grandiose to the point of being delusional. He engages in endless self talk: a running torrent of his brilliant ideas and accomplishments.

“The narcissist expects others to mirror him perfectly…he expects you, in your words, gestures, and actions, to feed back to him his flawless vision of himself.” If the narcissist thinks that you have failed to acknowledge his perfection and superiority, he feels emotionally bruised and injured. Even the smallest oversight on the part of a business partner, family member, spouse or friend is felt by the narcissist as a wound. The narcissist has been slighted. Inside he feels diminished. As a result, he is enraged. Although the narcissistic ego is grandiose, it is brittle. It lacks elasticity and flexibility.

Those who have a healthy pliable ego can tolerate the slings and arrows that strike us all the time. Humor is the soothing balm, the respite, the exquisite poke that allows us to laugh at ourselves. The narcissist may appear to make fun of himself but this is disingenuous. He is not capable of experiencing the joy of a fully developed sense of humor. From childhood the narcissist developed a false self as a result of parental expectations that he/she was perfect and superior to everyone else. Beneath the false facade the narcissist unconsciously feels worthless and fraudulent. The narcissist’s perception that others are not treating him with the ultimate respect and obedience that he deserves, activates the tripwire of his narcissistic wounds and slights.

Replacement Of Lost Earrings

The news I have gotten is that earrings purchased or received within a few years may likely be replaced if the manufacturer is identified; however, if the earrings are several years old, that style may no longer be available for direct replacement. A first step which you have likely considered is to go to the business selling the earrings in the first place. That business would be most able to quickly identify the vendor and perhaps replace the missing one. Keep in mind, the earrings may only be available in a pair, not a single unit.

To identify the maker can often be difficult and I stopped trying to do that for questioners here at allexperts. Many makers are out there and much jewelry is imported with various makers’ marks. Identification becomes almost the job for a detective armed with books and books of makers marks! To read the markings which are generally small on earrings, you will need to get a good 10x lens or go to a jewelry store with a microscope and ask if they can read the mark or let you have a look. Still, the mark if recognized by the jeweler will help but if unknown you are back to a difficult task.


If the earrings are precious metal, meaning gold generally and are not costume jewelry, there is a reasonable possibility of having one made. Costume jewelry simply cannot be duplicated by jewelers both because of the metals and finishes used and because cost to duplicate are high. If the earrings are precious metal, you do have a chance.


Since the jewelers you have visited did not seem interested in making or matching your earring, you should try a local business which sells quality jewelry but also has a bench jeweler working in-house. The business should also do custom work. The bench jeweler is the one who does repairs and makes custom jewelry.

Then, ask the clerks about replacing the missing earring and if they can order a “mounting” or similar earring from their vendors. If so, you are in luck! If not, the jeweler can look at the earring and see if that is an item they can make for you. Keep in mind; cost will likely be more than the original price since this may turn out to be one-of-a-kind work.

Often, a similar design may be purchased and the jeweler can modify to make the purchased earring match the original. This last approach is less costly than having the earring made from scratch. As last resort, try a jewelry business specializing only in custom work to have the item made. I would try that business last since many full service jewelers who do custom work have large vendor bases to check for an earring which may be purchased, avoiding the need of custom work. The jeweler who does strictly custom work will likely not have that vendor base to call upon.

When the earring is a post, with the omega back going over that when worn, adjustment is not very difficult. Generally this means taking a nice jeweler’s smooth nosed pliers and bending the base of the omegas downward. This makes more room between the ear and the back, with the post still there to hold the earring on the ear.

Now, with no post and only the omega back, each must be adjusted the same way but only a tiny bit at a time. The earring must be firm enough to hold the earlobe but not so tight as to be uncomfortable.


Omega backs are great. The problems come when these are on hollow and lightweight earrings. Another problem arises if the backs are not very well soldered (brazed) to the earring body. Bending will sometimes cause the base part of the omega to break off; with hollow and thin earrings, the earring can actually tear out a piece of gold, leaving a very difficult repair job.

I would try this only if familiar with doing it! There is a tactile “education” or “touch” needed to feel how the metal is working when bent.


Let a jeweler do it! They can bend a little; let you try the earrings for fit, bend again if needed till the comfortable fit is achieved.

If you break the earrings…well, then you will pay to have repairs made. If the jeweler does it, they should let you know up front who is responsible if there is breakage. A competent jeweler should be able to tell you up front if there is an obvious risk in loosening the earring backs.

Repairing Your Gooseneck Lamp

While it is generally not really that worthwhile to repair your gooseneck lamp, particularly if it is the cheaper type of gooseneck desk lamp, there may be times when you would prefer to do so. Some repairs are all together too difficult to attempt, but there are some that you can safely try.

The first repair, or maintenance, that you will probably need to do with your gooseneck lamp is replace the light bulb. If your light will not turn on yet it is plugged into the switch and the power button is pressed on, the first thing you should check is your light bulb. Usually these screw out. With some lamps you can easily see if the filament is broken by holding it up to the light. It may not be as easy to tell with other bulbs, however. You should try to keep one or two replacement bulbs on hand so that you can instantly switch to a new bulb should you suspect yours is broken. If replacing the bulb with a brand new one does not resolve the problem you may have to look further.

If you have the type of gooseneck lamp that clamps onto something you may have problems if the spring on the clamp breaks. With a little ingenuity and some basic handyman skills, it is often possible to fashion your own base. You can attach the broken clamp to a piece of 2 x 4. You may need to weight the bottom down, especially if the shade section of the lamp is heavy. If so, look for some heavier metal that you can attach to the base of the wood. That should give you enough weight on your base to keep the lamp positioned properly. Be sure to sand the wood and paint or stain it afterward.

Sometimes the wiring is broken. This often happens close to the plug, especially if you are in the habit of grabbing the cord to pull the plug out of the socket, rather than grasping the plug itself. It is actually fairly simple to replace a plug. All you have to do is cut the old plug off, strip the wires, find a new plug and attach it to the wires, carefully entwining the wires around themselves so that a connection will be formed. Wrap up the individual twisted wires with electrical tape and then finally wrap some black electrical tape around the cord where it was cut.

Of course, these simple tips may only help on a temporary basis. As gooseneck lamps are actually fairly inexpensive, you may find it is easier and perhaps more safe to simply pop out at the next earliest convenience and buy a new one.

Tips for Starting a Taxidermy Business

A taxidermy business can be quite profitable as long as you have the right know-how. Many individuals will want their pets preserved, and hunters and fishermen will also seek out taxidermists to preserve their catches. Museums are also frequent customers if you’re really good at the craft.

Before starting a business, it is imperative that you have experience. Not many people will be willing to put their precious animals in your hands if you aren’t, even if you offer them a significant discount. If you don’t have experience, then take the necessary time to learn before you try to establish your business.

Whenever you start up any type of business, you will need to have a plan. You may be the best taxidermist in the world, but that won’t mean much without a solid business plan in place. It’s also a requirement to have good management skills and work ethics if you want to run a successful business. Also, you will have a very difficult time securing any financial resources without a plan.

Your taxidermy business will need to be setup in a good location. You will need to check the laws in your area, especially if you’re planning to run it out of your home. There may be issues with the local zoning laws to make this impossible. If there are issues, then you will need to find another suitable location.

Licensing and the associated fees will also be necessary. There will be laws regarding how you can run your business too. Depending on the state you’re in, you may be required to collect sales tax and send it to the state. Make sure that you find out all of this information before opening your business.

You will need to have competitive prices whenever you open your doors. The best way to find out what to set your prices as is to call around other taxidermy businesses in your area and ask them what their prices are. When you’re first starting out, you may want to charge slightly lower prices until you get more customers.

Networking will certainly help in this regard. As mentioned previously, hunters and fishermen commonly need taxidermy services. Therefore, consider reaching out to people in your area and see if they need your services. To get them on board, you may need to offer them a discount, especially if they refer some of their friends to your business.

With any type of business, you will need to get the word out to your potential customers. You will need to market your business aggressively instead of waiting for prospects to find you. Get yourself a listing in the phone book, and consider placing advertisements in your local paper.

It’s also a good idea to have a lot of business cards created and hand them out whenever you get the chance. Setting up your own website is a good idea too. You can use the website to showcase your skills so potential customers can see what you’re capable of doing.

A Practical Guide to Using Horseshoe Studs

Horseshoe Studs, Caulks or Calks are metal devices that are screwed or driven into the bottom of your horse’s shoes. By protruding from the bottom of the shoe, they can help to provide traction over muddy or deep footing, such as sand, and help your horse jump more confidently.

Before using studs, holes are “tapped,” or drilled, into both heels, and sometimes the toes, of the horse’s shoe. Obviously the size of the hole must accommodate the stud and generally in the US, farriers will tap a hole that supports a 3/8″ diameter stud. Therefore, unless you have a special requirement for a smaller hole, such as a pony with very small feet, you should try to stick with 3/8′ studs.

The first time you ride your horse with studs you should fit him with some small road studs and let him walk around unmounted for a while to get used to the new feeling (this does not mean turn him out in a field with studs in – horses should never be turned out in studs!)

Here are some simple rules for using studs. These relate to “screw-in” studs rather than “drive-in” studs because screw-in studs are by far the most commonly used types.

Do’s: o ALWAYS use studs in pairs, with one on each side of the hoof.

o ALWAYS use small, blunt studs on the inside of your horse’s shoes. A large, pointed stud can injure him.

o ALWAYS put protective leg boots on your horse when riding in studs.

o ALWAYS put studs in just before you will be riding and remove them as soon as possible afterwards.

o ALWAYS use the smallest stud you can, considering the conditions. While slipping is dangerous for your horse, a little slipping is much better than jarring your horse’s legs with huge studs. Try to find a stud that allows a little slipping, but not so much that your horse’s balance will suffer. Studs should be selected that will sink fully into the ground, otherwise they will unbalance the foot.

o ALWAYS try to have someone help you by holding your horse when you are putting studs in, especially if you will be using a Tee Tap (see below).

o ALWAYS be very careful if you have a horse that is likely to kick out at other horses or people. If you have such a horse, try to limit the amount of time you use studs.

Dont’s: o NEVER turn your horse out with studs.

o NEVER leave your horse unattended in a stall with studs.

o NEVER trailer your horse with studs.

o NEVER use studs if your horse is lame.

o NEVER put yourself in a position where a horse with studs in can step on you. It is very easy to break a toe this way, even in riding boots.

Your Stud “Toolkit” Ahead of time, you should assemble the following items:

o A selection of studs. Remember that depending on the footing, you might not use the same studs on the inside and outside of your horse’s shoes, or you could use different studs on the front than the back shoes. o A horseshoe nail or some type of flat but pointed “pick” to remove stud plugs. Screwdrivers are generally not suitable as they tend to be too “fat” to fit between the plug and the shoe.

o A stud hole cleaner. This is used to remove any debris from the stud hole. Some people use the horseshoe nail for this, but there are many specially-designed tools that will work faster.

o A tap of some type. This is used to clean and sharpen the edges of the threads your farrier drilled into the stud holes. There are many types on the market. The traditional type is a Tee Tap or T-Tap, so named because it is the shape of the letter “T”. Recently round “Safety” Taps have become available on the market. These are safer because if your horse steps down on a Tee Tap it can cause an injury whereas a Safety Tap is less likely to cause a problem because it is flat and shaped like a hoof. There are some self-tapping studs starting to come onto the market that should remove the need for a separate Tap, however it is still a good idea to keep a Tap on hand.

o A wrench. This is used to tighten and then remove the studs. You can use a regular adjustable wrench found in most toolkits, although over time the wrench may wear the edges of your studs, making them difficult to use. There are also a number of special wrenches made specifically for horse studs. Even if you use a purpose-made wrench, it is probably not a bad idea to have an adjustable one too.

o A box to keep everything in one place! Studs have a notorious “homing” instinct and will disappear at the smallest opportunity. If you don’t capture them in a box, you will never find them again next time you need them.

o Rags or a small sponge. For removing oil or grease from your studs (assuming you oiled and stored them correctly the last time you used them) Studs are definitely slippery when greasy and will jump on this opportunity as part of their escape plan!

The following items are also nice to have:

o A magnet for your arm or a magnetic dish. This is useful for keeping steel studs in one place while you work and will reduce the possibility of your studs escaping! o Rubber or cotton plugs or blanks. Most people put plugs in their stud holes when they are not using studs. This keeps the holes clean. There are rubber and cotton plugs and also metal stud blanks. If you use cotton plugs, soak them in oil to prevent the holes rusting. Stud blanks are metal screw-in plugs. If you use these, you will also need a….

o Blank Wrench or Flat-Head Screwdriver. A Blank Wrench is an Allen Key and is inserted into the stud blank to screw the blank in and out of the stud hole. Some stud blanks are designed to be inserted and removed using a Flat Head Screwdriver instead of a Blank Wrench.

o Stud cleaner and lubricant. Your studs will last much longer if you clean and grease them after use. Many people wrap them in an oily rag for storage, or you can use a product such as WD-40. Pretty much anything that repels water will work. There are also specially made stud cleaners available on the market.

Putting Studs in Ideally you should take a lesson from your farrier or trainer before attempting to put studs in yourself. Make sure you and your horse practice at home, until you can put them in and take them out easily, before using them at a competition. If your horse has plugs in his stud holes you will need to remove these first with your horseshoe nail or other implement.

HINT: It is a good idea to take the plugs out, clean the holes and replace the plugs before you leave for a competition. There is nothing more frustrating than not being able to remove a plug when you only have 10 minutes until you should be warming up your horse!

Next you will need to clean out the stud hole with whatever tool you have chosen. Make sure that you remove all traces of dirt and debris. Putting studs into dirty stud holes can ruin the threads on your horse’s shoes. Then (unless you are using self-tapping studs) you will need to tap the stud hole with a Safety Tap or Tee Tap. Unless you have a very quiet, experienced horse and are experienced with studs, we recommend using a Safety Tap. Basically, you will place the end of the Tap into the stud hole and screw it into the hole. Another benefit of a Safety Tap is that you can’t screw the Tap in too far and potentially bruise your horse’s hoof, which is possible with a Tee Tap.

HINT: Self-tapping studs are a new option where the stud has a special thread that will clean the threads on your horse’s shoes as you insert it. Because they are new, these studs are more expensive than traditional studs, but as long as you don’t lose them, they could be a great timesaving investment. Now you can insert the studs. Begin by screwing them in by hand and finally make them nice and tight with your wrench. Be sure that you don’t over-tighten them so that you can’t undo them after you finish riding!

When you are finished riding, remove the studs, plug the holes and store the studs in some form of oily rag or plastic bag with a water repellent – any kind of oil, grease or WD-40 will work. Make sure you keep some rags or a sponge on hand to wipe up the grease! Put your studs back in their box – if you don’t they WILL escape!!! And don’t forget to have a great ride!

For more information on types of studs and when to use them, please visit www.StudsAndStuff.com

Are Psychics Always Right? WARNING! The #1 Myth About Psychic Readings You Must Not Miss

Are psychics always right? Do good psychics make mistakes? Are there ANY readers out there with 100% accuracy rates….or do they all have some margin of error? In this article we are going to take a quick and insightful look at one of the most common myths about authentic psychic readings, and how it can ruin YOUR reading unless you learn the truth. Curious what we’re referring to? Read on below as we take a closer look!

Okay….but aren’t good psychics always right? I mean…..do they make mistakes often?

Honestly? In my two decades of psychic research, writing and readings….both personally and professionally alike, I’ve NEVER come across a single psychic who was right 100% of the time. As a matter of fact, even the best psychics make lots of mistakes, and more often than many of you are led to believe!

How can a psychic be GOOD…and still make mistakes?

Good question. The best psychics, in my experience, come up with A LOT of information. A lot of insight and a lot of illuminating moments. Often what they see is filtered through the prism of their perspective, and personality. This means that they are using ALL of their senses….and not just the psychic ones per se. This includes their own unique “viewpoints” on things, which can color a reading, or even a piece of information, in a direction that’s NOT 100% true or accurate, and it’s up to you to interpret that information in a way that makes sense, and you can apply to your own life best.

An interesting analogy would be…

Michael Jordan is probably the best basketball player of all time, right? He missed almost HALF of his shots….and will still go down in history as one of the most unbelievable and enjoyable athletes to watch in my lifetime. His “hits” were so amazingly good, and difficult to duplicate EVEN for his fellow players, that to focus on the “misses” would be missing the point and incredibly short sighted. It’s truly the same thing with a GOOD psychic reading. You are going to get LOTS of great insight, information and illumination, and you’re ALSO going to get some stuff that doesn’t quite apply. The key is, you’ve got to be smart and savvy enough to recognize that the really GOOD stuff is where you need to focus…and let the skeptics and “haters” focus on the “misses”. (because that is their job and what they love to do best..:-)

In the end… even the best psychics are human.

Even though some seem SUPER human… they are made of flesh and bone just like you and I. They make mistakes. They get some stuff wrong. But all in all… once you’ve had an AMAZING psychic reading like some of mine, you’ll NEVER doubt the authenticity and life changing power of the stuff that’s right!

Light Up Shoes And How Things To Consider When Buying

LED shoes have become very popular. They are not only stylish and chic but also end up catching the eye of everyone you come across. If you love attention and like standing out from the crowd, then the light up shoes are what you should be thinking about. Unlike kids light up shoes that only come on with every step, the LED shoes remain lit. More and more brands are coming up with the light up shoe collection and this means you need to pay attention to a few things before buying.

Shoe weight and comfort

The added lighting feature should not in any way interfere with the way the shoe feels when you are wearing it. A good shoe is one that you can wear comfortably like your regular shoe and it should not have any additional weight that drag you down. Make sure the lighting technology used in the shoe does little in terms of affecting comfort and weight.

Color modes

If you are adventurous, then you will be looking for a shoe that can light up in different colors. Most of the LED shoes come with different color modes that you only need to switch using a carefully hidden switch to match your preferences. Consider the number of color modes you can enjoy and how that works for what you wish to achieve when wearing the shoes. Using your favorite colors you can match up the light with your outfit.

Lighting modes

When buying the shoes, consider the lighting modes provided so that you can select a pair that will deliver the kind of results that you are hoping for. Most of the shoes will have different lighting modes to choose from. Depending on what you select, you may be able to enjoy steady lights or glowing lights or even dancing lights.

Ease of use

How easy is it for you to control the lighting system, is the question you should ask here. Remember that the light up shoes need to be charged same way you charge your phone. Most come with USB cables to make this possible. Apart from easy charging options, ensure also that it will be just as easy to control color modes and type of lighting. You should be able to switch off the light system too when you do not want to have them on. Find out everything there is to your pair of shoes before you go ahead with your purchase.


These shoes rely on batteries to light up. Long lasting batteries will serve you longer. It also helps to find out how long you will need to charge the batteries and how long that charge will last. Some very good shoes can last up to 8 hours. Choose a shoe that has batteries bound to serve your light up needs for as long as you find appropriate. It is also important to ensure that your shoe has been tested for safety and is waterproof.

Barriers To Settlement in Workers’ Compensation Cases

1. High future medical costs and no insurance to cover them.

A primary consideration in deciding whether or not to accept the settlement of your Workers’ Compensation claim involves your projected future medical costs. If it is likely that you will need surgery, expensive medications, or other medical care following the date of your settlement it may not make sense to finalize your case. This is because almost all Workers’ Compensation settlements involve a complete buy-out for both lost wages and future medical expenses. Once your case is settled, the insurance carrier is no longer liable for future medical expenses.

No insurance company that will offer “full value” on future medical expenses. This means that the settlement offer is usually, if not always, a compromise figure. The bottom line is that if there are extensive medical needs, the settlement amount will likely not cover them.

It is possible, although extremely rare, for a Workers’ Compensation carrier to offer settlements with “open medical.” This means that they buy-out the indemnity or lost wage portion of the claim but keep the medical open. This is the best-case scenario for many claimants but extremely rare for the insurance company to agree to such a settlement.

When considering settlement, serious thought must be given to how future medical costs will be covered.

2. Unresolved Reimbursement Issues

One of common delays and/or barriers to settling your Workers’ Compensation claim involves Section 15-8 (d) of the New York State Workers’ Compensation Law. In short, this section allows the insurance carrier to seek reimbursement from a State agency for payments that they make on your claim. Their entitlement to reimbursement depends on whether they can prove that a significant pre-existing condition existed, among other things.

Whether or not the insurance carrier has met its burden under this section of the Workers’ Compensation Law and is entitled to reimbursement is a source of much litigation in Workers’ Compensation cases. Insurance carriers generally will not settle a compensation claim until a final ruling has been made on whether they qualify for this reimbursement. If they do qualify then the State agency, known as the Special Funds Conservation Committee, must also give authority and approval to the settlement amount. While Section 15-8(d) no longer applies to new accidents, the provisions of this law still affect many of the cases being settled today. The claimant and his attorney can do very little to speed up the process. Instead, they must wait until the issue is resolved before serious settlement negotiations can go forward. This process can take months into years and is most frustrating for the injured worker trying to finalize his claim.

3. The Need For Ongoing Medical Care

When a case is settled under Section 32 almost all insurance companies want to close the entire out including both lost wages and future medical expenses. This means that they want you to give up your right for future medical treatment as a result of your injury.

If you have concluded treatment and don’t expect significant medical costs in the future; it may make sense to enter into a Section 32 settlement. However, if you are concerned that you may need surgery, expensive medications or other costly medical care a Section 32 settlement may not be best for you.

The amount of the settlement offer dictates whether or not it makes sense to go forward with the settlement. Regardless, all claimants should be aware that once a case is settled there are no circumstances where the insurance carrier will change their mind and start paying for future medical costs.

In rare instances, insurance companies will settle only the indemnity portion of the claim and keep the medical file open. Unfortunately, most insurance carriers will not agree to a Section 32 settlement with open medical.

Do not confuse a Section 32 settlement with a schedule loss of use award. A schedule loss of use award always included open medical even if a one-time payment is being made.

Five Characteristics to Look for in a Locksmith

Have you ever found yourself unable to enter your car or home because of a lost key and panicked? It has happened to the best of us. If you’ve experienced anything like this before, you are likely now aware of the importance of knowing a professional locksmith. These experts can save the day and get the job done with their professional training and tools. Here are some important things to look for when you need to call someone to help with your locks.

Arrival Time

An experienced specialist should get to the scene in a timely manner, no more than half an hour from the time you call. This is especially true if it is an emergency. You should be able to trust that your lock technician will be able to get to you quickly and work efficiently.

Professional Standing

A professional locksmith is one who carries out his or her responsibility without causing damage to your existing structures. Furthermore, these handymen have access to your locks, so you should be able to trust that he or she will not use that access in a harmful way. Read online reviews about the locksmith before allowing him or her into your home.

Attention to Your Needs

These days, many expert specialists from different industries do their work using technology and new innovations for faster and efficient services. The security industry is no different. Complex locks warrant more training, and when a locksmith can invest in staying abreast of technology, this is to be commended. Why? This shows that he or she wants to meet your specific needs and provide the ideal solutions.

Free Estimates

Find out if the services provided include a free estimate. You don’t want to leave yourself susceptible to being scammed or receiving a “padded” bill. A professional will usually give you an estimated price before beginning his or her work, even if it is an emergency.

Great Reputation

It is probably best to get a good referral before soliciting the services of anyone who professes to be an expert at opening a locked door. Do your own research once you are given a referral. Is the company licensed? Is he certified? How long has he worked in this capacity, and how long has the company been in business? Search for any online reviews that could help you. Once you establish that the locksmith has a good reputation, you can use their services. Use these characteristics as a starting point to finding the right person or company.

The Best Workstation Keyboards And Synthesizers For Hip Hop

Are you a producer who needs more sounds? Are you a musician that feels limited with the VST’s or keyboards you currently have? We all have been there and most musicians still are, as being a musician, I am never satisfied with what I have. I always look for what’s new, or what’s better than my current setup!

Let’s say you producer hip hop beats/rnb tracks and you want to step outside of the box and get some new sounds and experiment a bit, and honestly a lot of hip hop producers produce the same sounds and everything is starting to sound more and more alike. The reason to this is, most producers use VST’s! VST stands for “Virtual Instruments” and are sounds that are made from your computer rather than from an external sound board.

The problem with using VST’s is that everyone has the same instruments and not a lot can afford a $3k keyboard workstation like the Roland Fantom, but those who own those keyboards usually tend to produce a much better composition than those who use preset sounds in Fruity Loops.

If you are ready to take your production to the next level then here are some great keyboards for you! Lets start at the top, with the Roland Fantom X6, this is a full workstation keyboard with drum pads for sampling and 61 semi-weighted keys. This is the ideal keyboard for a serious and well established producer! If you have a one on one session with an artist, they will walk in and know exactly what keyboard you have in front of them and immediately will be impressed!

Let’s go to something a little less expensive, the Yamah MO6 or MO8, the only difference between the two are one is 61 semi weighted keys and the other is fully weighted 88 keys. Now, this wonderful keyboard is very popular in the hip hop world, producers like timbaland, scott storch and eminem have produced hit records using the sounds of the Motif! This keyboard is a little bit older, but you can find one for under $800 online almost anywhere now and this still produces some unbelievable sounds! Hook this up to your DAW and lay down tracks or put together the records on the keyboard workstation without a computer!

Now, staying around the $1k price range, lets move over to Korg’s line of keyboards. Starting with the Korg M50. This keyboard has some fantastic sounds that would work great for R&B and even hip hop! One thing about this keyboard is that it is more on the experimental side, more of the sounds are leaned towards techno etc. and will require a creative mind to put together some hip hop beats but in the end, you will have some sounds that almost no hip hop producers have. If you go with the Motif Keyboards from Yamaha, you will find some of the most recognized sounds from early 90’s records and even records from today which is a great thing but for someone who wants to be very original, going with a Korg M50 almost is a guarantee that you will have unheard sounds, and the drum kits on this thing are amazing! Thick, clean and real sounding kits will also make you that much more original, considering most hip hop producers use the same kicks, claps and hats this keyboard will allow you to step outside of that “comfort zone” we all fall into.

OK so we went over some pricey keyboards, maybe you aren’t ready for that but you want some great sounds! One keyboard that you need to check into is the Yamaha MM6, this keyboard has a lot of sounds from the higher priced Motif keyboards we discussed earlier so you know there is some quality in this! It also has built in arpeggios and on board effects so you can tweak parameters to make an original sound! You can find this keyboard brand new for under $600 on websites including ebay and zzounds.

Well we went over a few keyboards that will absolutely give you a new sound and a real bang for your buck, and when it comes to investing into your business as a producer or your hobby as an artist/musician these keyboards are all very worth the money you spend on them.

Stay motivated, stay blessed and keep pursuing your dreams as a producer and be sure to visit my website below and sign up for new tips and beats as well as new articles to our blog about how to sell more beats online as a producer!




The Pros and Cons of Pergo Flooring

It is not hard to get off track when discussing the pros and cons of Pergo flooring. For many years, Pergo flooring was synonymous with laminate flooring; the reason being that it was Pergo that first came up with the idea of laminate flooring. Pergo is still the largest producer of this flooring type, even though the company is now owned by Mohawk, another fine producer of laminate flooring. In any event, any discussion of what is good or bad about Pergo flooring usually degenerates into an argument as to the pros and cons of laminate flooring in general.

Good Things about Pergo

Pergo has been in the laminate flooring business for longer than anyone else. There are many highly competitive brands today, but Pergo remains the top selling brand by a significant margin, which tells you something about the quality of their product line. Another positive indication that Pergo is a brand that can be trusted lies in their warranties, of up to 30 years, and more than reasonable for most types of flooring. Warranties have exceptions however. If you routinely spill liquids on your Pergo floor and don’t wipe up afterward, the floor will eventually begin to deteriorate, and the warranty will cease to be valid.

Pergo laminate flooring is almost ridiculously easy to install. The individual planks simply snap together. Most laminate flooring, including Pergo flooring, require an underlying material between the laminate and the subflooring. The Pergo Allocade product line is an exception, as an underlay material has already been added. Hardwood floors are difficult for non-professionals to install. If you can snap two boards together, you can install Pergo flooring yourself.

Finally, you can purchase Pergo flooring for half of what you might spend for hardwood flooring, and from a distance Pergo is indistinguishable from genuine hardwood. In addition you can install Pergo in rooms where it would be inadvisable to install genuine hardwood floors, such as kitchens, bathrooms, and rooms located below grade.

Not-So-Good Features

There is little to say about Pergo flooring that is really bad, although there are some really bad examples of laminate flooring on the market. If you want to find out what some of those bad examples are, purchase laminate flooring that is selling at clearance prices. Quality flooring products seldom sell for prices that “will never be repeated.”

Do not expect Pergo flooring to last nearly as long as oak, maple, or other hardwood floors. Thirty years is about the maximum, and brand names like Pergo, Mohawk, or Armstrong should give you at least 20 years of good service.

One of the main disadvantages of Pergo flooring is it cannot be refinished. The “wood” is thin veneer; very thin veneer. Scuff it, and the inner core might reveal itself. The inner core is not attractive, and a damaged plank or panel will probably need to be replaced.

No matter how much laminate flooring looks like the real thing, it rarely adds to the resale value of a house. A prospective buyer looking for a house with hardwood floors will usually bypass any house on the market featuring laminate flooring, even if that flooring is top-of-the-line Pergo flooring.

Which Types to Purchase

Color and texture is definitely your choice, and your choice alone. Current best sellers are Oak, Hawaiian Koa, and several styles of Hickory. Wider planks have become more popular in recent years. Pergo comes in widths ranging from 5 inches to 12 inches, and in thicknesses ranging from 8 mm to 12 mm.

Should You Purchase Pergo Flooring?

If you are set on laminate flooring, the answer is definitely yes if you can find a style that suits your taste, which should not be difficult. A good piece of advice would be to “go thick” and opt for 12mm planks as opposed to 8 mm or 10 mm planks. Thicker planks should still be affordable, plus they will have more of a solid feel, absorb warmth better, and be a bit quieter to walk on.