Types of Video Camera Surveillance Systems

Owning a video camera surveillance system has become quite popular. People are now arming themselves with cameras to protect their homes and loved ones from potential thieves or perpetrators. These devices were once extremely expensive and hard to obtain. Now, you can install a video camera surveillance system with the proper software and a twenty dollar webcam.

A video surveillance system is not just used to protect the home. There are also many different benefits to owning one of these devices.

Benefits of Owning a Video Camera Surveillance System

– You can aid the police if you are robbed. In many robbery situations, it is hard to prove that someone is guilty. But, with the help of surveillance footage, you are more likely to catch the guilty culprit.

– Your camera may catch other happenings. There have been many instances where a small business or home camera has caught a crime by accident. For example, if your business has outdoor security cameras, you will have a wide field of view. If a kidnapping or murder occurs near the area, your camera may be able to help solve the case.

– You can deter thieves or criminals. Just having the camera in plain sight can keep someone from going through with a crime. People know that being caught on camera increases the likelihood of them getting caught. This is often enough to keep someone from going through with a crime.

Types of Surveillance Systems

– Indoor

– Outdoor

– Night Time or Dark Areas


Indoor security systems can largely vary. They are commonly used to monitor the activity within the home. They have been used to monitor nannies, babies, pets, and burglary attempts. These can range from highly complex (multiple cameras all over the home) to simple and self installed (one camera hooked to a PC). If you wish to access the system remotely, a CCTV system will not work for you. These are only accessible through the monitor that is synchronized with the system.


Outdoor security systems are generally used to monitor parking lots or entrances to homes. These generally deter criminals before they enter the home (due to obvious visibility). These are also used to monitor driveway traffic so homeowners are aware of who is presently on their property. Businesses use these outdoor systems to monitor parking lot activity. If the store is robbed or vandalized, they are able to better identify individuals and the make and model of their getaway vehicle.

Night Time or Dark Areas

If you are planning on monitoring areas where little or no lighting is available, you will need a specialized camera. Infrared cameras are commonly used for night vision or non lighted areas. For example, scientists use these cameras on the bottom of the ocean where lighting is unavailable.

When deciding what video camera surveillance system to purchase, keep price and need in mind. If you are monitoring a small simple area, choose something that is easier to install and less complex. Likewise, if you plan on monitoring a large, high traffic area, you may want to consult a professional company to install a complete system with multiple cameras.

Mobiles – Blessing Or Curse?

This electronic device has multiple uses and functions. It has become an important part and parcel of our life. Without cell phones we usually feel incomplete. Trendy and stylish cell phones have become a part of fashion now days. It has now become a multi-utility device, and not just remain a communication device.

Uses of cell phones:

  • Mobile phones are the most convenient and fastest means of communication. You can call anyone from anywhere and anytime.
  • It is a great source of entertainment also. You can play games, listen to music, talk to your friends, send messages, and so on when you get bored.
  • It can be used for capturing and storing important information.
  • It can function as a radio. You can listen music while driving and traveling.
  • Mobiles can replace watches to check the time and alarm clocks that wakes you up.
  • Your voice can also be recorded in your mobiles.
  • It can be used as a torch when the light goes.
  • Mobiles with cameras are used to take photos and making videos. You can also freeze your memorable moments.
  • Mobiles also have calendars to check days and dates.
  • You can download your favorite songs, wallpapers, ring tones, and movies in your mobiles.
  • If you lost the way, you can use your mobile and call for help.
  • Use mobile phones in place of paper and pen. This saves paper, which in turn saves trees.
  • Mobile phones having the facility of calculator help to do mental calculations.
  • This wireless device makes you to inform the parents when you get late, informs your boss that you will be late as you stuck in the traffic jam, and so on.
  • Mobiles having Internet facility reduces the workload of the business and office work as it makes you to work anywhere and anytime.
  • It is portable device and you can carry it with you where you will go, so you attend all your important calls.
  • Business deals can be done on a single call.

Abuses of cell phones:

  • Avoid to use mobile phone whenever possible.
  • Your conversation over mobile phones should be concise and to the point. Longer the conversation is, the more its impact on a human’s health.
  • Keep your mobiles away from your body.
  • Don’t use mobile while driving, as it increases the risk of getting into car accidents. If it is an urgent, stop your car and then attend your call.
  • Use a hands- free set in order to reduce the amount of radiation. It reduces the electronic field effect to 92%.
  • Use of mobile phones by criminals to carry out their criminal activities increases the crime rate.
  • Try to switch off your mobiles when you are in public places, religious places, attending a conferences or meetings.
  • Improper use of mobile phones sometimes creates disturbance.
  • Keep your phones on switch off mode while studying as it distracts your attention.
  • Buy phones of modern digital standards (GSM-1800 and 3-G) as it produces less impact on a person.
  • The emission of radiations from mobiles may prove detrimental to your health as it may cause headache, earache and blurring vision. These harmful radiations destroy the cells located in head and ear region that causes damages to the brain and nephrons in the head region.
  • This electronic gadget will prove a great helping hand in times of emergency.
  • Mobile phones users also experience blackout, drowsiness, poor concentration and increased fatigability.
  • Don’t keep your mobile in the front pocket when it is on vibrant mode. It may cause severe damage to heart.
  • Ring tones should not be loud as it causes damage to your eardrums.
  • German researchers found that conversation that lasted for more than 30 minutes lead to the increase of blood pressure of 5-10 mm on mercury column.
  • Use of cell phones is quite disturbing in silent and calm places like libraries, museums, movie halls, hospitals, etc.
  • Excessive heating up of its battery results in cell phones blast. Though it occurs quite rare, but very fatal if it happens.
  • Use of cell phones during examinations as a means of cheating by the students creates a problems for them and it does spoil their future.
  • Prolonged use of mobiles can cause hearing defects in the individual.
  • Cameras mobiles can be misused to take illegal pictures and then displayed on the Internet. It can also be used for blackmailing, which in turn, can also ruin the personal life of that person.

Creation of mobile phones is a great achievement of man. Man creates this electronic device for making our life more convenient and comfortable. It makes our lives easier. But unfortunately many people are using it for wrong purposes. It proves a boon for us if it is used with great care and efficiency.

Cork Flooring Vs Carpet – Which Is Better?

When it comes to choosing the right flooring solution for your household it can be a daunting task. There are some many different types of flooring it can make your head spin. Generally, most people end up going with carpet in rooms such as the living room and bedrooms. However, we’d like to compare another flooring solution to carpet, and it’s called cork flooring. This short article is going to compare these two flooring solutions and help you the consumers decide which will be better.

First, you’d assume that carpet with padding would be the most comfortable solution. Actually, cork is quite comfortable; this is due to its cellular structure. Cork material actually has hundreds of millions of honey comb like structures. These structures contain up to 90% gas and provide comfort to anyone standing or laying on them. These also help insulate; meaning temperatures will be easier to maintain and also allow some sound reduction.

Second, carpet isn’t anywhere near as durable as cork. Carpet can easily be damaged and stained and will show wear and tear after a few short years. However, the same cellular structure of cork that we talked about earlier actually makes it very durable. Cork can survive daily and high traffic use. In fact, cork can actually be compressed over 40% and return to its normal shape without damage; just think of a cork stopper in a wine bottle, it’s the same effect.

Third, carpet is terrible if you have pets. It can trap pet hair and dander and make it hell for someone who has allergies to pets. However, cork flooring does the exact opposite. Cork is proven to be anti-allergenic and makes it quite simple to clean up pet hair and dander with a simple broom and vacuum. Trust me, you’re friends with pet allergies will be grateful that you got a flooring solution that doesn’t drive their allergies nuts when they come over.

However, cork floors due tend to cost more than carpeting, this is due to the fact that carpet is widely available and cheap to manufacture. But, unknown to most consumers cork flooring is actually an eco-friendly product and sustainable natural renewable resource. This sadly is the reason cork costs more than carpeting; it can only be obtain from the cork oak tree that is located only in parts of Africa and the Mediterranean area. Plus, vendors always tend to charge more for so called green products, since certain customers will only buy green products.

Either way you look at it both carpet and cork floors have their own pros and cons. Hopefully this article gave you a basic idea on which solution might be best for you. If you’d like to learn more about cork flooring then visit the links below. They will help educate you more on this amazing flooring product and further consolidate your choice on what’s best for your household. So, if you’re ready to learn more then click on the links below.

Incredible Penis Enlargement Secrets Revealed! Learn (Right Now) How to Add 2-4" in Weeks!

It’s not very helpful to try and tell yourself that you don’t want a big penis when that’s clearly untrue, practically every man would love a few extra inches! I certainly did – and I didn’t mind admitting it too. I longed to stand out from the crowd and be attractive to women and I knew that the best way to do that way to get myself a MASSIVE manhood. And so that’s what I did – and I used a completely natural approach too. You could grow in just the same way if you want to, all you have to do is follow some good advice…

Will natural enhancement work for me?

Let me let you in on a secret: the natural approach works for absolutely everyone, so you don’t need to worry about a thing. It’s been scientifically proven to add between 2 and 4 inches to your penis – and that means growing to a huge 8 inches is actually pretty easy to achieve. There’s no guesswork involved this way because it’s based on 100% scientific fact. If you follow this approach correctly then you WILL grow – it’s as simple as that.

What is science behind natural enhancement?

Basically, the same principles that caused growth during puberty are used here once again. If you think back to what happened when you were a teenager, I’m sure you will remember how quickly your body grew – and all of it was natural growth. There was no need for any complicated devices and you certainly didn’t need to take any pills. The same will be true again.

How do you actually use the principles of puberty once again?

The first thing you should so is start following a good natural enhancement scheme as this will put back into your body all of the same nutrients that were around during puberty. Once your body has these nutrients, it believes you are a teenager once again – and so natural growth resumes.

You can add up to 4 inches in less than 4 weeks this way, so getting a MASSIVE 8 inch penis shouldn’t be a problem – you might even grow bigger!

10 Advisory Tips To Gain Solid Muscle Mass

1. Take more proteins:

Most bodybuilding experts recommend taking a minimum amount of 2 gram (0.06 oz) protein on 1 kilo (2, 2 pounds) of your body weight. To make body grow faster its better to use 3 to 4 gram for each kilo of your body. Increased protein intake will strengthen protein synthesis and will protect muscle lysis. The final result will be anabolic reaction (qualitative muscle mass gain) instead of catabolic (muscle mass reduce)

Food: lean meat, boiled chicken chest, egg’s proteins, lean curd or curd cheese. Also drink lots of protein having cocktails.

2. Increase carbohydrate intake:

Taking 6 gram of carbohydrate for each kilo of your body you will supply enough amounts of calories which is energy. That’s how you will avoid proteins being scattered for energy use and instead that you’ll be sure that all carbohydrates will be used for muscles recovery and mass grow.

Food: pasta, rice, buckwheat, cornflakes, oat flakes. Also drink full of carbohydrates having cocktails.

3. Take necessary fats:

Not every kinds of fat are the same. Omega-3 fat acids could be found in salmon. It will improve glycogen formation and improves protein synthesis. Eat salmon three times a week or take 5-7 gr. of fish oil daily.

Eat more nuts. Nut fats are good fats. This way you will provide your body with essential fats and higher volume of calories which are needed for body grow.

4. Make longer breaks between series:

Break between series helps muscles to recover. You’ll be able to train with heavier weights if take longer brakes between series. It’s simple: heavier weights (plus good technique) = more muscle weight. It is recommended to rest no less than two minutes but no more than three minutes within series

5. Eat six times a day:

Such frequent eating might be troubled but eating only four times a day helps only genetically awarded monsters. Plan your meal each 2-3 hours. Such eating type will help to absorbed food better and gain weight faster.

Eat qualitative food 3-5 times a day (boiled chicken chest, egg’s proteins, pasta, rice, buckwheat, cornflakes, oat flakes). In between, use compounds which are high in proteins and carbohydrates. Accordingly those 6 meals per day could be formed. If eating 4 times than 2 cocktails needed, if 5 times than 1 cocktail.

6. Do not ignore sugar:

Quick assimilated carbohydrates, such as sugar, can be very beneficial. Take simply absorbed carbohydrates immediately after exercising to avoid cortisol production (muscle destruction hormone) and increase insulin production. Take 80-130 gr. of carbohydrates immediately after training. At least half of them should be quick assimilated carbohydrates.

7. Increase anabolic body reactions:

Every human body secrets anabolic hormones ( growth men hormone – testosterone) In order to secret these hormones more drink natural hormone secretion stimulating drinks.

8. Try few repeats and heavy weights combination:

Basic exercises (squats, barbell push from chest while lying, dead lifts) try to do little repeats (2-4) with maximum weight. These hard complex exercises are essential for maximum muscle growth.

9. Drink insulin emission stimulating drinks:

400 mg of alpha lipoic acids will improve carbohydrate access to muscles even without insulin emission, 200 mcg of chrome will increase muscle sensitivity for insulin and 6 grams of BCAA will improve insulin emission. This cocktail can be used with simple absorbed carbohydrates (read 6th point)

10. Limit training time:

Volume of exercising could be characterized as number of series which is done for one separate muscle. When doing a lot of series for the same muscle you are stimulating catabolic (muscle destructing) hormone emission what is negatively influential for muscle recovery and growth. Ideal volume of exercising for muscle growth is 6-8 repeats which are dueled from two exercises for little muscle groups and 10-12 repeats compounded from three exercises for big muscle groups.

Making Money Using Gambling Systems to Supplement Your Income – The Truth

To many people, the life of the professional gambler seems glamorous and inviting. But as in most cases in life, gambling, like any profession that offers the possibility of high rewards, is difficult and demanding. The truth is that most people who manage to make any profit from gambling over the long haul, work very hard, and have to sacrifice to earn the money.

When I say earn, I mean just that. I don’t mean to discourage you if you have your heart set on being a professional gambler, but knowing what you are getting into before you begin is one of the best ways to make sure you will succeed. You can make money from gambling systems if you have enough money to fund your bets and support you while you learn the game and adapt the system to suit your own talents and style, but being under funded is the number one reason that many gamblers fail. Gambling, even if you are very skilled, still involves risk and therefore losing streaks. It takes money and discipline to survive the lean times.

Surviving the losing streaks financially and emotionally is the mark of a true professional. One thing that professionals use to keep their sanity and not go on tilt permanently is statistics. I know you think that statistics are used by many gambling systems to beat the games, but they are also used to reassure the players that the tide will eventually turn in their favor. That is the strength of a system, whether it is a poker, blackjack, roulette, horse racing, dog racing, craps or any other system.

That is the good news about using a systematic method to beat any game. The not so good news is that no one is going to sell you a way to make a killing at any game right out of the box. You will have to take the information they give you, adapt it to your own talents and style, and then work very hard and endure the ups and downs of the gambler’s life.

When I say adapt the system, I mean that a good gambling system will teach you certain statistics, or situations to look for in any game. For instance, a poker system might teach you how to figure pot odds and play position, while a horse racing system might teach you how to spot an overlay or a false favorite. The most important lesson you can learn from any gambling system is how to spot a good bet. But any of these lessons will do you no good unless you have the personality to take advantage of them.

For instance, if you are a person with a limited attention span who needs fast action and stimulation to remain focused, grinding out a living sitting for hours counting cards at a blackjack table won’t work for you. On the other hand, a system that teaches you to scan the toteboard at the race track and to spot an overlay and then to bet and see the result of the bet in two minutes, may be better suited to your personality type.

Finding the right system to match your personality is the most important part of gambling success after understanding what you are up against, of course. The next most important step is taking the time to learn how to gamble successfully while making small bets. To learn any other trade, you have to go to school or learn on the job. The same is true of gambling. So research the games and systems to find what is best suited to you and then prepare by practicing and slowly increasing bets as you learn the game. That is the best approach to success in any endeavor.

Piranha – Deadly and Delicious

They had it even before we knew what was happening. My rod bowed in prayer to something below the tea-colored water’s surface. The six-pound test line danced like a cat on a hot pavement. All hell had broken loose. Beads of sweat rolled down Doris’ back. Her clothes were now a second skin, clinging to her every move. We panted for breath. We had fish on. The silvery oval-shaped body and red belly of a Piranha broke the surface. I reached for it. “Don’t let a finger get near their mouths or you’ll lose it”, our native guide barked.

Minutes earlier, I shuddered from a breeze escaping from somewhere up ahead despite 85 degree-plus heat. The double-digit humidity didn’t help either. A maddening buzz filled my ears, but thanks my coating of Vick’s Vapor Rub, the blood-suckers wouldn’t feast on me. My eyes burned. My nose dripped. A coffee-table-sized leaf or hanging branch slapped into me every few steps. Curses burst from my lips even with my best efforts to become as one with the rainforest, as the indian had.

Our fishing rods extended from 18″ to five and a half feet. I’d hoped the light mono would suffice, although I’d squirreled away spools of twelve and twenty pound test as an afterthought. If we tagged into a 50-plus pound Tambaqui even that wouldn’t be enough. Vines as thick as my wrist dipped into light coffee-colored waters making little ripples as it slid past roots and fallen branches. Tangled growth matted the gentle slope of the bank into tea-with-milk colored wetness. I’d flicked a thumbnail-sized chunk of bloody chicken liver on a barb-less hook with a split shot into a dinner plate-sized swirl just beside a snarl of mangrove roots jutting upwards through the surface.

Minutes later, his tanned skin gleaming with moisture, our guide demonstrated the efficiency of the scissor-like teeth. A green leaf held near the gaping mouth instantly sported a neat, crescent-shaped bite. Three heavy blows to the head prepared the killer for cleaning. After cleaning, the Embera made a series of diagonal cuts along each side of the fish. Into these he carefully rubbed a mixture of salt, garlic, and ground roots from a small gourd he carried. A simple shaved branch frame held the fish over a smoky fire of glowing coals. The firm toasted flesh tasted smooth and a bit earthy, like a seasoned and mellowed catfish. With a wink and a sly nod towards Doris he said. “Make these heads into soup and you will need many wives”. She glanced at me with a puzzled look. I smiled.

The Perfect Killing Machine

The Amazon is filled with danger. Soldier ants march by the millions devouring all life in their path. Submerged up to the eyes, Crocodiles lie in wait for the unwary – whatever or whoever that may be. Undulating its 20-foot length beneath the surface, the Anaconda, one of the world’s largest snakes, uses heat-seeking guidance to find its next meal. The barbed stinger in the tail of platter-sized stingrays can inflict a wound that takes months to heal. But none of these carry the fearsome mystique of the voracious Piranha. Ranging through South America from Brazil to the lowlands of Peru, they also inhabit waters in Venezuela, Guyana, Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia. In the Amazon and Rio Negro rivers of Brazil and the Orinoco River in Venezuela, no creature is safe from the Piranha’s razor-sharp teeth and powerful jaws. The serrated teeth fit together like scissors, enabling Piranha to cut the flesh from their prey. Like a shark, a Piranha’s teeth are replaceable, when one breaks off a new one grows in its place.

The Yagua Indians of Peru often use the sharp edges between the teeth of a Piranha jawbone to sharpen the point of their blowgun darts. A fish that is dying or swimming erratically will be quickly attacked by a large school. Piranha will also attack without warning to defend their eggs and territory. A wounded animal that strays into the water will be stripped to the bone so quickly it seems almost to “dance” on the surface as it’s ravaged from beneath. A bird that falls into the water will be gone, feathers and all, in three minutes or less. A trapped fish struggling in a net will be chewed clean to the head in a matter of seconds. Attacks on large animals and humans are often dramatically portrayed, but are rare. In some regions Piranha are known as “donkey castrators”.

“They will rend and devour alive any wounded man or beast.” U.S. President Teddy Roosevelt said, adding, “Piranha are the most ferocious fish in the world.” Piranha, also called Caribe or Piraya only furthered their fearsome mystique when Roosevelt encountered them during his exploits in 1914. There are about 35 known species of Piranha but only five species represent a danger to man. Species range from the Red-Belly Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) with its characteristic red belly to the largest of the carnivorous species, the Black Piranha with its demon-red eyes and a 17 and a half inch long dark body weighing up to ten pounds. It could remove a man’s hand in two or three bites.

Most species dine on fruit or seeds that fall into the water from overhanging trees. The fish are not always aggressive. Women wash clothes in knee-deep water where men spearfish while children bathe or swim in these same Piranha-infested waters without harm. Further adding to the Piranha’s mystique, Indian men with half a dozen wives and up to a score of children attribute their potency to Piranha-head soup, although no scientific justification for the soup’s potency yet exists.

Fishing for Piranha

Piranhas are usually part of indigenous peoples diet in the areas where the fish are found. All you need to go Piranha fishing are lines with a metal leader next to the hook so the fish doesn’t bite through the line, a supply of red, raw meat (worms or cut-up fish will do too) and a bit of luck. Piranha swim in large schools and are attracted by movement and blood. In May of 1999, hundreds of anglers armed with rods, reels, and raw steak flocked to the Brazilian town of Aracatuba near Sao Paolo for a one-Sunday piranha fishing tournament. The townspeople had declared open season on the flesh-eating fish, which had decimated other species in the local river. The prize for the tournament was an outboard motor. But “most fishermen were content to go home with plenty of the reputedly aphrodisiac piranha”, claimed then town spokesman Nelson Custidio.

Piranha, earning their notorious reputation by reportedly killing 1,200 head of cattle every year in Brazil, is some of the best eating in South America. Whatever name you call them and no matter where you try them, when cooked in a variety of ways, their firm light flesh with its smooth, slightly nutty flavor, is a taste you’re sure to enjoy.

The Symbolism in a Zen Garden

The primary structure of a Japanese garden is determined by the architecture that contain it; that is, the framework of enduring elements such as buildings, verandas and terraces, paths, tsukiyama (artificial hills), and stone compositions. It is ideal to set in small areas or places without enough light or ventilation required for a traditional garden.

There is a wide range of Zen thought in the Japanese garden. Here are some key elements as examples:

Gates (torii), fences, straw ropes, and cloth banners acted as signs to demarcate paces.

Bridges(hashi), passing over the bridge was analogous to passing from one world to the next. As Zen influence came into the forefront, bridges took on the more Taoist meaning of passing from the world of man into the world of nature, a move from this plane to a higher one

Water (Mizu) Buddhism always considered water the most apt metaphor for human existence, springing up, gathering strength in its downhill race to disappear calmly into the sea (reborn again as rain). In ponds in the garden, it creates “negative” space in the garden where nothing else resides.

Plantings. Although Zen actually decreased the plant palette when it arrived, still there are a few Zen ideas in the plantings. Large bamboo are often found in temple gardens as the canes are a perfect example of the principle of mushin or “empty heart” (the empty heart provides strength through flexibility). Plums are a recurrent Zen theme, flowering without leaf, often while snow is still on the ground (symbolizing resilience and rebirth). Pine is known as mutsu, a sound-alike for the word for ‘waiting’, so it is set in the garden as a symbol of strength and patience

Shrines were more of a mental construct than physical emplacements, a place that existed in the mind instead of a place that could be seen. The shrine is a setting of spirit. It is also a place where humans and spirit meet.

Sand or gravel represents water. Raked or not raked, that symbolizes sea, ocean, rivers or lakes.

The act of raking the gravel into a pattern recalling waves or rippling water has an aesthetic function. Zen priests practice this raking also to help their concentration. Achieving perfection of lines is not easy. Rakes are according to the patterns of ridges as desired and limited to some of the stone objects situated within the gravel area. Nonetheless often the patterns are not static. Developing variations in patterns is a creative and inspiring challenge.

Stones are the major elements of design in Japanese garden. They are considered more important than trees to the Japanese, perhaps due to the strong desire for eternity and stones represent the eternal elements in nature. In Japanese garden design, stones are used in combination with other stones, or sand to imply a natural scene or to create an abstract design. The shapes of natural stones have been divided into five categories called five natural stones. The Japanese used the characters of wood, fire, earth, metal and water to represent stone elements, and are applied to five classes of stone shapes:

  1. Taido: wood. Tall vertical. Implies high trees. Also called body stones, placed in the back of a grouping.
  2. Reisho: metal. Low vertical. Implies the steady and firmness of metal. Often grouped with tall verticals. It is sometimes called soul stones.
  3. Shigyo: fire. Arching. Branches that shape like fire. These types of branches called stone atmosphere and peeing stones. Often placed in the front and to one side of other shapes.
  4. Shintai: water. Flat or horizontal. Called level base stones or mind and body stone. Usually used for harmonization in rock groupings.
  5. Kikyaku: earth. Reclining. Often known as root or prostrate stones. Usually placed in the foreground to create a harmony appearance.

The message in Zen Garden is that every divided area remains representative of the whole of nature; the fence helps us to recognize the division and the garden should remind us of the whole. The gates in fences are very much like the bridge in deep meaning; the phrase “to go through the gate” is a metaphor for becoming a monk.

Transition between one state of existence and the next.

Motorcycle Trailers – The Advantages of Independent Rubber Torsion Suspension

If you are looking to purchase a motorcycle trailer to tow behind your motorcycle, then you really should be looking to purchase a trailer that has independent rubber torsion suspension.

The advantages of rubber torsion suspension are many and include a longer life with smoother ride, durability, dampening effect, easy installation, and maintenance free and easy replacement.

Customers who have purchased trailers with independent rubber torsion suspension often refer to the smooth ride of their trailers. This is achieved in part to each axle being independent that therefore allowing each wheel to be independent of the other when travelling. Also due to the vibration absorbing qualities of rubber the suspensions has an internal damping control. Further as you increase the payload of your trailer the torsion rubber suspension gets stiffer which provide great ride qualities. There is also minimal road shock that is ultimately transferred to the trailer chassis and therefore less movement and jarring of trailer cargo.

The whole axle assembly is ready for fitting to your trailer and requires only four bolts. This makes installation and assembly of your trailer quick and easy. Maintenance is minimal because there is no contact of metal to metal. As such lubrication is not needed (bearings still need to be greased) and no parts to wear over time.

The suspension consists of a torsion arm with the axle encased in rubber in a steel bar. Attached to the other end of the torsion arm is hub spindle to which the wheel is attached. As such this cushioning removes any metal to metal contact.

Maintenance is low on rubber torsion suspension. However like all trailers, periodic inspection is highly recommended to ensure maximum safety and longevity.

In summary, independent torsion rubber suspension has clear advantages over single axle leaf spring suspension. The main benefits being ease of installation, damping control and reduction of jarring through minimisation of road shock transfer, low maintenance and ease of replacement.

Next time you are looking to purchase a new motorcycle trailer, give due consideration to the above benefits of independent rubber torsion suspension and only consider motorcycle trailers that have this form of suspension installed. The benefits are clear and you will be pleased with the ride you get from your trailer.

Should You Install Running Boards on Your Truck?

Adding running boards to your ride is an excellent way to increase the style of your vehicle, as well as providing a bit of assistance when getting into and out of the cab. Running boards are available for trucks, as well as SUVs, of all varieties. How do you know if you are making the right choice? You will find quite a few considerations that need to be made prior to purchasing a set of running boards for your ride.

Pick Your Poison!

Your first decision comes early on in the buying process. You will find two basic types of running boards – plastic boards with metal mounting brackets and plastic boards mounted to an aluminum chassis, or frame. Therefore, your first decision is which type you want for your truck. Here are a few pros and cons to each.

Molded Plastic – Molded plastic running boards are the most affordable solution out there. However, you will find that their maximum weight load is quite low; in fact, some of these are little more than decoration. Of course, if your truck is low enough to the ground that you don’t need that extra step, then these can be viable solutions to your need.

Metal Chassis – Molded plastic boards mounted on a metal chassis offer much more strength and durability than do their plastic only counterparts. However, you will find that these are often quite a bit more expensive.

Find Your Fit

Not all boards fit all vehicles. Therefore, if you have a Ford F-250, you will need to find a set of running boards custom made to fit the vehicle. This ensures that the running boards mount correctly and that they conform to the dimensions of the vehicle. You will find a wide range of manufacturers that create custom running boards to fit Dodge, Chevy, Ford, GMC, Toyota and other truck brands.

Mounting Hardware

As with most other types of truck accessories, the type of mounting hardware used is of great concern. You will find some brands out there that utilize galvanized steel mounting hardware. However, you should consider purchasing a brand that uses stainless steel hardware. Galvanized steel hardware is durable, but after a couple of years out in the weather, it will begin to show signs of corrosion. Stainless steel lasts much longer and is therefore a better investment.

Can You Install Them?

The final question that you must ask yourself concerning any set of boards is whether or not you can install them on your own. Some will require that you remove the mudguards in order to install the boards, while other types stop short of the mudguards. Some brands can be successfully installed with the vehicle resting on the ground, while others will require that you put it on a vehicle lift. Professional installation is a great option, but it will certainly increase the cost of your boards and should be taken into consideration.

A Note Concerning UV Resistance

Running boards are made of high quality plastic. However, while the plastic is certainly durable, UV light can cause damage quite easily. You should ensure that the set you purchase is UV resistant, sometimes denoted as UV stable. This will help make sure that your running boards look great and hold up under real use for a longer period.

Slip Resistant Pads

One final concern should be the presence of slip resistant pads mounted to the running boards. These should be located directly below the doors and provide a bit of assurance against slipping on the plastic surface when it is wet.

The Various Binding Methods for Book Productions

There are several ways of binding books. However, there are two major types of binding, namely the mechanical or loose-leaf binding method and the conventional or permanent binding method. Graphic artists who would want to specialize in book publishing must know these traditional methods of book production.

1. Mechanical or loose-leaf binding method

In this binding method, loose sheets of papers together with the covers are held together by the use of plastic grip spine, plastic comb, post or ring binder etc. Holes are punched at the spine of the collated sheets together with the covers and the plastic or metallic rings are inserted through the created holes to hold the sheets and covers together. The binding processes in this category allow sheets to be removed or added without affecting the remaining sheets. Another characteristic of this binding type is that it opens flat. Examples of binding techniques under this type include Spiral wire, Ring, Comb, Post etc. The process is the same in all the techniques mentioned under it. However, the type of coil that is inserted at the spine edge points out the differences. The general process has been explained below:

Tools and materials: loose sheets of paper, hardboard (covers), trimming knife, bodkin, hammer, universal pliers.


1. Collate or arrange the loose sheets and covers together.

2. Trim all the four edges of the collated sheets for them to have equal width and height.

3. Punch or create holes of even spacing at the spine edge of the collated sheets.

4. Insert the spiral wire, plastic ring, comb or post binder through the holes and clip it at the back.

5. The book is ready for use.

2. Conventional or Permanent binding method

In this binding method, the loose sheets and the covers are held together by the use of adhesives, staples or thread. Unlike the mechanical type of binding, sheets cannot be removed or added after the binding has been done. Removal of a sheet after the binding would affect the remaining sheets. Examples of binding techniques under this category include Saddle or Single-section stitching, Side stitching, perfect binding and the edition or multi-section binding.

i. Saddle or Single-section stitching

This binding technique employs stitching to hold the loose sheets together with the cover which are folded into folios. The stitching is done in the middle section of the book after holes have been created. It is the simplest and inexpensive technique of binding. It is used for the production of exercise books, catalogues, bulletins, booklets, pamphlets, jotters etc. It ensures easy reading since the sheets open flat but the disadvantage is that when one sheet is torn, it affects the remaining sheets. Saddle or single-section binding requires the use of a number of stitches. For instance, a two stitch saddle stitching involves the holding of the collated sheets and cover using two stitches. Other types include three stitch saddle stitching, four stitch saddle stitching etc.

Tools and materials: Papers folded into folios, bone folder, trimming knife, metal ruler, thread, bodkin, needle, pencil, paper board (cover).


1. Fold the loose sheets into folios and insert it into each other to form a section.

2. The section is placed or inserted into the paperboard to be used as cover.

3. At the middle part of the section, create a number of equally spaced marks where the holes will be created. (It must be noted that three holes are marked and created for a two stitch, four holes for three stitch, five holes for four stitches etc.)

4. Pierce or create holes through the marked points with the help of a bodkin.

5. For a two stitch saddle stitching, insert the threaded needle in the middle hole from the inside of the section. Pull it outside and then through the first hole from the inside. Pass the threaded needle then at the third hole and bring it back to the middle hole where the stitching was started. Pull the two ends together and tie them together tightly to secure the ends.

6. The fore edge, head, and tail of the sewn book are marked and trimmed with a trimming knife.

7. The saddle-stitched book is ready for use.

ii. Side stitching

This binding technique involves the use of single sheets of papers and two paper covers. It is called a side stitching because the stitching or holding of the sheets of paper is done at the side of the book. An advantage of this binding technique is that when one sheet is torn, it does not affect the remaining pages. However, its disadvantage is that a side-stitched book does not open flat.

Tools and materials: Single sheets, bodkin, pencil, needle, paper clips, stapler, paper boards (covers), trimming knife.


1. Collate the single sheets of paper together with the covers.

2. Hold the collated sheets in position at the head and tail with paper clips.

3. Create a parallel line to the spine one centimeter away from the spine.

4. `Create equally spaced holes with a bodkin at the side.

5. Use a threaded needle to stitch the side of the book to hold the leaves together. Staple pins can also be used to hold the sheets at the side of the book.

6. The fore-edge, head, and tail of the book is trimmed nicely with a trimming knife.

7. The side stitched book is ready for use.

It should be noted that sometimes, a strip of brown paper and glue are used to cover the sewn areas or staple pins at the side of the book.

iii. Perfect binding

This method does not employ stitching. It uses adhesive or glue to hold the sheets and covers together. When one sheet is torn, it does not affect the remaining sheets. They are used for producing writing pads, memo pads, sketch pads, telephone directory etc.

Tools and materials: Sheets of paper, adhesive, strawboards (covers), brush.


1. Collate the sheets of paper and jog to align them together.

2. Apply the adhesive or glue to the spine together with the backing board.

3. Glue the front cover to the backing board and allow it to dry.

4. Trim the fore-edge, head, and tail with a trimming knife or guillotine.

5. The perfect bound book is ready for use.

iv. Edition/Case-bound or multi-section binding

This binding method employs both sewing and gluing techniques. Owing to this, it is the binding technique that ensures the most durability and protection of books. Though it opens flat, when one sheet is torn it affects the remaining sheets. It is used for the production of notebooks, dictionaries, diaries, albums, project reports, thesis etc.

1. Body- This is the main sheets that contain the contents of the book.

2. Gummed tape- This is a strong reinforcement tape that is glued at the edges of the endpapers to hold them together with the body of the book.

3. Headband- It is a colourful band of thread placed at the top and sometimes the bottom of the backbone of a book as a form of decoration and as a reference aid in books.

4. Lining- This is a heavy paper or synthetic leather material glued to the backbone to give it a smooth and even surface.

5. Backing paper- This is a stiff but flexible paper strip placed between two binder’s boards. It gives the book cloth stability.

6. Case- This refers to the covers of a hardbound book.

7. Binder’s board- This is a thick, grey, rigid paperboard used to make the case.

8. Book cloth- This is a material made from either natural or man-made fibres used to cover the binder’s boards that form the case.

9. Backbone- This is the spine or the back of a bound book.

10. Super- This is a gauze-like fabric glued to the backbone and the case of a book. It provides a firm link between them.

11. End sheets- These are the blank sheets of paper placed at first and last sections of the book thus, before the first sheet and after the last page of the body of the book.

a. Producing a multi-section bound book

Tools and materials: Paper, strawboard, needle, thread, metal ruler, trimming knife, cutting plate, bone folder, brush, glue, press boards, hammer, binding cloth, binding tape.


1. Collate the required number of sections or signatures for the book. It must be noted that eight folios constitute one section or signature.

2. Create six to eight marks at the spine of the book depending on the height of the book. Use the bodkin to pierce holes at the marked areas.

3. The threaded needle is used to sewn the various sections together beginning from the first section to the last section. At equally spaced sections, the binding tape is inserted and the sewing is done over it.

4. Two folios of the same size as that of the book are pasted at the spines at the first and last sections of the book to serve as end papers.

5. Round the spine of the book with a backing hammer into a convex shape.

6. Glue the spine and paste the muslin over the glued area.

7. Place the book under a weight to dry thoroughly.

8. Mark the fore-edge, tail and head of the book and trim.

b. Production of the case

1. Cut two backing boards which are a bit larger in size than the size of the book.

2. Measure and cut the spine with a relatively lighter paper when compared to the backing boards for the covers.

3. Cut a piece of binding cloth larger and longer than the spine of the case.

4. Apply an adhesive and paste the two backing boards with the spine at the middle of the binding cloth at the middle of the case.

5. The excess binding cloth is turned over and pasted in the inner parts of the backing boards.

6. Apply an adhesive at the middle section of the case as well as the backbone of the book.

7. Fix the book into the prepared case. This process is termed as Casing-in.

8. Place a weight on the book and allow it to dry. The case-bound book is ready for use.

The Tree of Life Tapestry Art Captures Our Hearts

Deep thoughts and the beauty of interpretation comes with the many meanings of The Tree of Life. To look upon the many artists masterpieces in their artwork that symbolizes the Tree of Life it is fascinating and fun. Thus we shall look at the Tree of Life Tapestry Art and how it captures our hearts.

Best known is perhaps William Morris’s version of the Tree of Life with it’s medieval style. It was William Morris that let his imagination design the work of art that was originally woven into a tapestry instead of a painting.

Most tapestries are woven from a design that is taken from a painting by another artist. William Morris created his design and woven them and is a legendary man who pushed the fine woven goods into the world as we know them today.

The Tree of Life is symbolic in many cultures and is studied in science, religion, philosophy, mythology, and other schools of thought. The basic belief for most is the Tree of Life is symbolic of growth, immortality, resurrection and the promise of continuous life. The tree is the link to heaven and earth and the underworld. It’s quite magical when you think about all it represents.

The branches and leaves reach to the heavens where the truck stands strongly on the earth and it’s roots dive deep into the underworld. The Tree of Life Tapestry Art seems to capture the life and beauty surrounding our thoughts.

From Klimt’s Art Deco styles to William Morris’s medieval stylish designs to modern and fanciful versions by Natasha Wescoat we find that beauty is in the eye of the beholder. It’s fun to have a variety of choices and styles in the artistic interpretation for this culturally rich symbolic tree.

The Tree of Knowledge, The Cosmic Tree, The Acacia Tree of Saosis (Egyptian), Celtic Tree of Life, and other names from different cultures all tie to the Tree of Life. They are variations or taking a slightly different slant on the meaning and symbolism of this tree. This is shown in the Tree of Life Tapestry woven from the variety of artists paintings.

Color, composition, style and design all take a part in the look that seems please the owner of these inspiring and beautiful Tree of Life Tapestry wall hangings. It’s nice to have so many choices when it comes to such a thought provoking work-of-art.

His Most Famous Painting (Regatta at Cowes) – Raoul Dufy

Raoul Dufy (1877-1953) was a French painter, whose paintings on open-air recreational events, such as boat or horse races, concerts, and parades, stunned art admirers and critics, alike. With ‘Fauvism’ as his signature style, Raoul’s paintings were supreme riots of his experimentation with bold colors, which would transform eventually into majestic and ingenious styles. He would dramatically render his subjects in a background of bold colors, to depict his optimism and enthusiasm that left his critics shocked and mesmerized. In short, Dufy’s paintings exhibited enthusiasm and vibrancy, rather than ‘Realism,’ as evident in his most famous painting “Regatta at Cowes.”

Raoul Dufy’s ‘Decorative Style’ is still famous and is adopted to paint many ceramics, textiles, and public buildings. Among his many masterpieces, is his most famous painting “Regatta at Cowes,” (1934), exceptionally known for its colorful representation of the boat race along the French Riviera. Dufy painted this masterpiece when he stayed at a famous resort on the Isle of Wight. At this time, he witnessed many small yachts gearing up for the race. This spectacle inspired Dufy to use his brilliant brushstrokes and create the masterpiece.

In “Regatta at Cowes,” Raoul Dufy painted the randomly organized yachts, possibly fluttering in the light breeze, in a bold blue backdrop, capturing the energy and the ‘Romanticism’ of the sea environment. For his use of colors here, Dufy is referred as the ‘Painter of Light,’ as his skies and seas are bluer than normal. This immensely colorful painting depicts Dufy’s pursuit of unbridled joy, enthusiasm, and emotional rendition, without making a social statement. This masterpiece truly portrays the artist’s love for depicting everyday scenes as ‘Still Life.’

Paul Dufy’s “Regatta at Cowes” is currently exhibited at the National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., USA. After displaying the boat race at Cowes, Dufy went on to explore more riversides, such as Deauville, Trouville, where he portrayed his chic boats with much élan amongst a more ‘Romantic’ backdrop than his earlier works. “Regatta at Cowes” continues to enthrall art lovers for its fervor, luminosity, and enthusiasm. The brilliant manifestation of the boat race at Cowes makes this masterpiece unforgettable and endearing to all its art lovers, while being a timeless and an important milestone for ‘Fauvism.’

French Interiors Old World Chic

Unlike the extravagant interiors of a Malibu Hollywood styled mansion, a French home is very elegantly under-styled. You will always see an element of carelessness, be it a wrinkled pashmina blanket or a mirror with distressed paint.

Although in contrast to those classic undone moments, the chic French homes also have a touch of extravagance, like dramatic embellished drapes that puddle onto the floor. An over-sized mirror made from doorways and arches with distressed carved textures from the old castles is seen embracing these interiors.

French closets are the old styled armoire, a freestanding storage piece that has drawers, shelves, and the classic porcelain knobs. Old doors styled into cabinets in deep dark wood tones splayed against an ivory wall, so classic French chic! Add one to your bedroom to hold your clothing or to your study for your books.

French interiors are rarely bold but they often have a vintage French chandelier giving the ceiling an old world elegance.

Many French homes have stunning historic architecture taking from their historic beautiful cathedrals and palaces. Celebrate the old traditions with vintage scalloped arches and doorways with finials and brass accents. Beautiful ornate carved-wood detailing against the backdrop of white walls gives the antique sculpture a statement character.

Soaking and unwinding in a deep elegant porcelain tub with old wall sculptures or a huge arched mirror as the backdrop; stay in the realm of extravagant chalky and subdued grays. Antique white, pale mint, sunkissed sand, washed linen, or gray are the pallets found abundantly in French homes. Add color in art or decorative accents, subtle and quiet beautiful jamavar woven pashmina blankets steal your heart.

Antique white provides a lived-in feel to a room with traditional French decor. In dining areas, delicious vanilla softens the hues of the dark palace door dining table. Inspiration goes beyond tradition with salvaged antique barn doors, used as a room divider. The vintage antique washed turquoise chests and consoles made from renewable sources are the splash of subtle color in an otherwise quiet room.

Handloom cotton throws in paisley prints remind you of the summer, yellows and green, a pleasing array of color. Sheer curtains give the room an airy romantic feel, interlace with solid panels and the room has a beautiful aura.

Easy uncomplicated colors work beautifully with vintage washed palace doors and archways, intricately detailed by hand, unique and one of a kind. Old world elegance balanced with contemporary pieces stimulates the five senses, bringing beautiful vibrant energy to your home.

Proper Care and Handling of Your Garden Tools is Important – Consider a Garden Tool Storage Shed

Money is tight all around. Now it is time for you to buy some garden tools. Even though you have to spend the money, you would also like to look after your expensive garden implements and store them correctly. You should protect your investment the best way that you can. You do not want to take your expensive garden tools and just toss them in the garage. Worse than that would be to leave them outside for extended periods of time. You need a place to put your equipment and help it to last for many years to come. How? You need to purchase a garden tools storage shed and organize it for your needs.

I bet you have seen those sheds at the big home improvements stores. They are normally set up in the parking lot so that you cannot miss them. They are made for you to store your equipment, no matter if that means pool supplies or you need the building for garden implements storage.

Check out one of those building at the home center, or look through some magazines. You will find the perfect size garden paraphernalia storage for your needs. Look after your expensive tools and store them correctly. You can buy a storage building a little larger than you think you currently need. It is always good to plan on expansion and have room for all the garden tools you plan to buy in the future. Although you might be starting out with a few shovels, a rake or two and a post hole digger, you need to keep them clean and protected.

When you get a new garden tool you might want to also put your name on your implements. That way, in case a neighbor borrows something from you, you might be able to get it back faster! That works both ways, don’t forget to return things you borrow from your neighbors.

There are many sizes, colors, styles and prices of garden storage sheds. You can get metal buildings in various sizes and colors. If you live in the hot part of the country, you may prefer a wooden storage shed for your garden tools. They usually have some vents near the ceiling so that the air can circulate and it won’t be so warm inside the garden storage building you pick.

There are products on the market that hold your shovels and rakes, but why spend the money. Just nail a long board onto the wall, put a few nails in that will act as rests for your shoves and rakes. That way they are up and out of the way and will stay clean and dry. You can add some wooden shelves to your garden tool storage. Use the shelves for flower pots, seeds, small hand garden tools and nippers and clippers for trimming your plants. That is also a good place to store your unused hoses and sprinklers.

A garden tool storage building will serve you well and it will help you to look after your expensive garden tools and store them correctly.