Loss on Drying Testing in Pharmaceuticals

Loss on drying is described as the loss of weight as percentage of w/w resulting from volatile substances and water of any kind that can be driven off under specified conditions. This test is done on a mixture of substances. If substance to be tested is in the form of large particles then the sizes must be reduced by rapid crushing to a powder. The test is to determine the water content and volatile substance in a sample is exposed to heat. Loss on drying is a technique that has been used by many pharmaceuticals. There are different methods of carrying out this test an d the technician chooses the most appropriate one depending on the substance being tested.

To carry out the test, do the following:

· Weigh a shallow weighing bottle that has been dried under the same conditions that will be employed in the determination.

· Transfer to the dry bottle the quantity of the sample specified in the individual monograph.

· Cover the bottle and accurately weigh it and the contents.

· Distribute the sample evenly by gentle side wise shaking to a depth not exceeding 10 mm.

· Dry the substance by placing the bottle in the drying chamber

· Remove the stopper and leave it in the chamber.

· Dry the sample to constant weight.

· Open the drying chamber and close the bottle promptly and let it to cool to room temperature.

· Weigh the bottle and its contents.

The temperature at which you should expose the substance to be tested is always specified and must not be exceeded lest you get the wrong results. Every substance has its specific heat level.

Loss on drying testing in pharmaceuticals is a technique of removing water and other volatile impurities from a sample of well-mixed substance. the amount of heat applied on the substance is dependent on time and temperature.

Total moisture content of pharmaceutical products can contain both bound and free water.

Where there are impurities present then loss on drying level will be higher as compared to water content.

Sometimes loss on drying level may be far lower compared to the content of water since some water molecules may not be removed heating as in other methods of determining loss on drying does. To calculate the percentage loss on drying, below is the method.

Percentage LOD = Percentage Water content – Percentage molecules of water in the API

One must know the type of substance being used prescription must be exactly known so as to determine how the experiment is carried out. For hydrate substance, anhydrous content equivalent weight should be calculated before being exposed to heating. In case any moisture is specified on the certificate the pharmacy before the substance is used in loss on drying experiment.

Conclusion

Loss on drying has been used in many pharmaceutical companies to determine the concentration of drugs. These experiments are used for testing to determine moisture present substances also. This experiment requires a lot of care and keenness for true results to be found. Weight must be measured with non-faulty devices to ensure the wait is exact. During heating, it must be done to completion to make sure to water is left.

How To Install Car Seat Covers

Seat covers should snug fit the seat with no sagging ends. Although it requires a very few instruction to follow, the process of installation is very important. There are a few important instructions to follow when attempting to install car seat covers, although the installation method will vary depending on the type and style of seat covers you have.

In the case of universal bucket seats, firstly take off headrest and place seat cover over the top of seat and pull it down over the seat. Then place bottom of seat cover nicely over seat bottom. After that, fit base of cover snugly over seat. Later, fasten elastic under seat with supplied "S" hooks. At last, tie the supplied cord in position to ensure that the seat cover is held in correct shape. Check the seat cover is perfectly fitting the seat. After all the processes are over, re-install the headrest.

Installation of custom fit seat covers requires more steps than any other car seat covers. Firstly, remove any guards or shields covering original material that may obstruct seat cover installation. Install bottom of seat cover first. Tie three strings provided to bottom seat cover flap and attach to loops on the flap and fasten them under the seat to springs or to another opposing loop on the seat cover. Next place the seat cover backrest on the seat backrest Tie strings or straps to loops on the seat cover backrest. Then feed the strings or straps between the bottom and backrest of the seat and fasten them to corresponding loops on the top or sides of the seat cover. Make sure that seat covers are fitted correctly. Then, make small holes in the seat cover fabric to accommodate headrests and hardware. After all the processes are over, re-insert headrests and hardware.

10 Tips for Hosting an Elegant Denim and Diamonds Party With Pizzazz

Staying at home in lieu of going on an exciting vacation doesn’t need to be boring. Gather your friends and family and get creative for various ways to entertain in your home. The latest hot party idea is an elegant Denim and Diamonds party. What exactly is a Denim and Diamonds Party? Use your imagination to get as elegant or country as you’d like, but a Denim and Diamonds party is an upscale event with great food, drink and entertainment. Guests are asked to wear casual attire such as denim jeans, but are encouraged to ‘dress it up’ by accessorizing with diamond-like sparkle (aka rhinestones!). Venues can include your home, backyard or rented elegant country estates for grand affairs or fundraisers.

Tip 1: Use What You Already Have on Hand

When you host an at-home Denim and Diamonds party, you need to get creative. There’s no sense in going out and buying a lot of items that you will never use again. Look around your home, basement and garage to see what you can reinvent or repurpose for your party needs. Outdoor tables can become indoor furniture with an inexpensive floor length fabric covering to meet your theme. Spend wisely on a few key items you need to pack a lot of punch for your dollar. Check out discount stores and clearance sections at more upscale stores to secure particular finds. Vases for table settings can be mix and match as can table and drink ware.

Tip 2: Choose Your Theme Colors

With a Denim and Diamonds Party – blue, white and anything that sparkles is a must-have! Integrate your colors into your table coverings and decorations. Check out craft super-stores to add sparkle to your table or buffet. Choose inexpensive glass stones, rhinestones or crystals and toss amongst your table settings to catch and reflect light from your table top candles. Colors for a denim and diamonds party can extend to your decorations, invitations, centerpieces and party favors as well.

Tip 3: Plan Ahead

Manage you time carefully and don’t put off shopping or decorating until the day before your party. Decide on your décor and estimate food and seating requirements at least a week or more ahead of time. If you need to engage a party rental service for tables, chairs or other food service items, plan this at least 2 weeks ahead and make your reservations with the rental company. Prepare as many food items as possible in advance – this will reduce your stress level and help you enjoy your own Denim and Diamonds party! Planning on grilling outdoors? Grill items ahead of time and keep in your oven on ‘warm’ so items can be ready when your hungry guests arrive.

Tip 4: No Time for Sit Down Dinner? Think Buffet!

Let’s face it, sit down dinners are nice when you are inviting only 3-4 close friends over for an intimate gathering. Hosting a party for 20+ requires fast, easy service of a buffet style setup. Presentation can be fun for a buffet. Create elevated levels by placing pots upside down beneath your table covering to create a staggered look for your culinary offerings. This is practical too and allows your guests to more easily reach for items around a crowded buffet table. Use baskets lined with denim-like towels for your biscuits/breads. Disperse country-themed sparkling items such as inexpensive crystals among your serving platters for extra pizzazz!

Tip 5: Candlelight and Fresh Flowers Are a Must

Whether you are hosting your party indoors or outdoors, candles add a special flair and ambiance. If outdoors, add floating candles to your pool. Cluster candles of varying height, colors and widths on your tables and walkways to create ambient lighting for your guests to enjoy. Citronella candles are available in a host of colors and styles to provide functional and beautiful purpose for keeping bugs at bay and guest comfortable.

Fresh flowers are a treat no matter what the occasion. But there is no need to splurge as fresh arrangements can get costly. Roll up your sleeves and check out your garden… Black Eyed Susans, Daylillies, Sweet Peas, and Butterfly Bushes and evergreen branches, offer inexpensive but fragrant bouquets. Place a glass in a cowboy boot and arrange your cut flowers for a true Denim and Diamonds centerpiece! Supplement smaller arrangements in smaller conversation areas with a few store-bought white roses.

Tip 6: Bring the Indoors – Outside or the Outdoors – Inside

You’ll want to pamper your guests even while outdoors. Add comfortable throw pillows to your patio chairs and pair you indoor dining room chairs with your outdoor country furniture. Crystal pitchers, silver platters and other metal (pewter) bowls make for an elegant presentation for beverages and appetizers. Need a little outdoors… inside? Add various evergreen branches to your arrangements or consider using outdoor decorative lighting such as string lights indoors to complement your Denim and Diamonds Party theme.

Tip 7: Make It Personal

It’s your party so add your own personal flair! Email is a convenient communication tool but a Denim and Diamonds Party calls for a more elegant strategy. Handwritten, themed invitations fit the bill for what to send to your guests. Your guests will be excited when they receive your Denim and Diamonds inspired invitation (invites shaped like denim Levi’s pocket complete with red tag and all?). Add some ‘bling’ to get the ‘diamonds’ theme going by using crystals and add-ons available in scrapbooking supply stores and craft super stores.

Tip 8: Keep It Cool

Backyard Denim and Diamond parties can get hot in the summer and cold in the spring or fall. Secure small fans with misters and camoflauge behind shrubbery and plants in your backyard. Use portable propane powered table top heaters and provide piles of blankets (western printed please!) to keep your guests comfortable for hours.

Tip 9: Always Have a Plan B

Always have a contingency plan because Mother Nature can be unpredictable despite your best plans for your Denim and Diamonds event. Keep your supplies well stocked for you last minute needs and plan ahead for what you will do if you need to move the party indoors due to inclement weather. Outdoor seating may be moved indoors and accented with throw pillows. Remember – these are your friends and they’ll have fun despite the weather!

Tip 10: Ask for Help if You Need It

Don’t be afraid to hire a party planner to consult with you on your plans prior to your party. If you can’t afford the planning – hire them to advise you on ideas, tips and decorating to help you organize and make it happen on your own. Keep it Simple! Hearty appetizers, classy cocktails and knock out decorations will make for a fun, stress free time for your elegant Denim and Diamonds party event!

Haidong Gumdo – Korean Sword Martial Art – An Introduction and Comparison

It's time to set the record straight about Haidong Gumdo. For those unfamiliar with this, Haidong Gumdo is a Korean martial art focused on the use of swords. The visual aesthetic is familiar to most Americans, and will remind one of the Japanese samurai due to the shape of the sword and the dress which is worn. Haidong Gumdo is about grace. It is about precision, and power. It is about mastering one's own mind and body in the development of physical skill. It is not, however, about cultural imitations or derivations.

The Sword
The sword used in Haidong Gumdo practice is known by multiple names, including hwando and jingum , which is the equivalent of the Japanese word shinken , or "real sword". It is important for those more familiar with Japanese sword arts to realize that the jingum is not a katana, despite certain surface similarities. This is largely related to differences in cutting technique. While historical Korean swords come in many shapes and sizes, the modern jingum is easy to distinguish from a Japanese katana by the shape of the tip and the method in which the blade is mounted to the handle. Quality jingum typically has a wider tip, and are mounted with a pin and bolt in the handle.

The Uniform
The Haidong Gumdo uniform used by the World Haidong Gumdo Federation is something else that causes confusion to those more familiar with Japanese sword arts. This is because of the pants that are worn, which flare outwards similar to the Japanese hakama . As with the sword, however, there are differences between the Japanese and Korean styles. The Japanese hakama are worn outside of the gi (or jacket), while in Haidong Gumdo, the jacket is worn over the pants. Since the top of the pants is therefore not visible, they have an elastic waist, rather than the elbow ties of the hakama.

In addition, Haidong Gumdo makes use of a short sleeved dobak , or uniform. This allows more freedom of movement, without worrying about catching the sword in the sleeve. Finally, Haidong Gumdo makes use of colored belts to denote rank, similar to more familiar arts such as the Korean Taekwondo, or the Japanese Judo.

Relations with "other" sword arts
Unfortunately, the aesthetic similarities between the Korean and Japanese sword arts, coupled with a history of tension between these two peoples, has given rise to a significant amount of misunderstanding and strife in the martial arts community.

This is not to say anything at all negative about Japanese sword martial arts! I feel no need, for example, to dispute the history or legitimacy of Iaido, which is a modern Japanese sword art as practiced by the All Japan Kendo Federation. It is beautiful and graceful, and, I may add, new. The same is true of Haidong Gumdo.

Yet the martial arts community remains plagued by the tension which has exhausted between these peoples for quite some time. As American practitioners of these arts in particular, we should respect each others' chosen disciples. That's not even to begin the mention the negativity which arises from meaningless debts about historical origins, uniform styles, or effectiveness. This kind of slander only serves to weak us in our pursuit of mastery.

So let's move the discussion in a more positive direction. Do you practice a martial art? What do we even mean when we use that term?

The Meaning of "the Way"
I would argue that sports such as MMA ("mixed martial arts") do not fit the definition of martial arts in the traditional sense. The word Gumdo translates as "the way of the sword". "Way" is used here the same as it is used in Taoism. In fact, "Tao" and "Do" are the same character, pronounced differently in different languages. To quote Wikipedia:

"The martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a variety of reasons: self-defense, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental, physical, and spiritual development."

That second phrase is important. A significant part of martial arts practice is mental, physical, and spiritual development. So this would include the various styles of Chinese Kung Fu, Japanese Karate, and Korean Taekwondo, among others. It includes the various ryu of Japanese Samurai Swordsmanship, and yes, it includes Haidong Gumdo, an indigenous Korean sword art. Sure, nothing develops in a vacuum, and Korea necessarily shows influences related to its geographical location and its interaction with other cultures. But that does not diminish the art or its practitioners.

Conclusion
Haidong Gumdo focuses on multiple aspects of swordsmanship, from drawing and sheathing, to forms work and stance training, to test cutting with a live blade. There is no trick to being able to perform these cuts, whether on bamboo or other targets – no stage magic, just years of training and practice. Personal betterment and a constant driving to improve technique are what makes it work.

Martial artists of all disciplines should be interested to see a positive sharing of ideas. Show me some of your own martial arts practice, and let's compare. Anyone in the area is also welcome to visit my studio, Blue Mountain Martial Arts, to see my sword work first hand. Check out http://www.BlueMountainMA.com for more information.

How To Get Financing For Aftermarket Car Parts

Many people think of financing in terms of vehicle purchasing. In a typical financing plan, buyers can spread out payments over a period spanning 24 to 36 months. Fortunately these days, buyers who wish to upgrade their vehicles can also get financing on aftermarket parts. Aftermarket parts are designed to add more practicality and utility to trucks, cars, and SUVs. These parts range from performance parts, work parts such as tow hooks and shackles, off road gear, or general protection of truck bumpers, radiators, and grille. With financing, you will not have to shell out all money at once, and the protection can help drivers save on the costs of repairs in the long run.

Bill Me Later

Bill Me Later is one of the most effective ways to get financing for aftermarket parts. Bill Me Later is a secured financing company in partnership with PayPal. When looking for financing for aftermarket parts, simply ask if the store will let you check out online with Bill Me Later. This payment program offers low financing and reliably easy credit approval. Purchasing with Bill Me Later can be completed in one of two ways.

If you do not have a PayPal account, you will need to sign up for PayPal first. Choose to checkout with PayPal when you are making your purchase. Create a PayPal account and select Bill Me Later as an option. You will be asked to fill out a short form and then wait for approval. This type of approval is usually instant and your purchase process is complete. If for whatever reason your application is not approved, you will simply be re-directed to your site and can choose other payment options.

If you already have a PayPal account, you can simply sign in to PayPal from a store checkout page and pick Bill Me Later as your checkout option. You will be asked to fill out the short form and wait for their approval. If the application is approved, then your purchase is complete. If not, then you will have to pay through PayPal the standard way.

Bill Me Later is currently a very popular option for financing due to customer choice such as offering interest free payments if the customer pays off balance in six months. Alternately, the customer can chose to make no payments for 90 days, and then follow up with a low interest rate.

Other Financing Options

Other financing options also exist for getting the right aftermarket parts for vehicles. Many companies offer coupon codes for purchasing bulk orders. It is advisable to call companies ahead to arrange discount for bulk orders. Other financing options that are available include student discounts, military discounts, and layaway plans. These typically vary by company and shoppers can typically obtain these rates by contacting a representative.

Conclusion

While most people use financing plans to pay off their vehicles, few people realize that they can get financing on aftermarket parts to improve their vehicles over time. Whether a car owner needs performance parts, work parts, or protection from damage, getting financing for these parts can be simple with today's fast and efficient options.

Jeanneau NC11 Review – Boat Buyer's Guide to Second-Hand Jeanneau NC11

The Jeanneau NC11 is a sport cruiser that offers massive living space with plenty of headroom through the two-cabin layout. For flexibility, the transom lounge slides fore and aft on rails to increase the size of the cockpit or the swim platform. Visibility is excellent, and three people can sit together facing the unbroken front windscreen pane. Its genuinely innovative design earned this powerful yacht the accolade of European Boat of the Year in 2011, and that makes it a top consideration for anyone considering a second-hand model.

Who and what was this boat designed for?

The Jeanneau NC11 is a sports cruiser which offers a panoramic view and a fully equipped helm station, which has a joystick making docking straight, and ensures that coastal cruising is easy and extremely enjoyable.

What commentators say about this boat

An eye-catching sports cruiser which hardtop also suggests utility.

Spending time on board comes with very few compromises. If you're looking for the good life on board, this model could very well be for you.

An apartment with terrace and sea views.

No other boat has offered such convertibility, in my experience.

An elegant outline and contemporary design presenting a new vision of the family boat.

Great circulation around and through the boat, with light and airy living spaces.

The latest innovations in terms of organization of space and approach to life on board.

Model variations

This model was launched in 2010, and is still in production.

• Single and twin diesel sterndrive versions are available.

Specifications

• Length overall: 36ft 6in (11.15m)

• Beam: 12ft 3in (3.74m)

• Draft: 3ft 3in (1.0m)

• Weight (twin engine): 6.5 tons (5925kg)

• Fuel capacity: 158 gallons / US gallons (720 liters)

• Water capacity: 82 gallons / US gallons (375 liters)

• Engines: Volvo D6 330DP or 2 x D3 200DP

What's great about the Jeanneau NC11

• Genuine innovation.

• Class-leading amount of glass.

• Walkaround decks and decent cockpit.

• Generous accommodation plan with great headroom.

• Very good performance and ease of docking with joystick or thruster.

• Light and airy space within saloon.

• Large toilet and shower compartment.

• Good owner's and second cabins.

• Sliding cockpit seating unit gives larger cockpit area when bathing platform not in use.

What to look out for on a pre-owned Jeanneau NC11

If you're buying a used Jeanneau NC11, our engineers and owners have reported some things to watch out for and potential faults that may occur on this boat from time to time.

• Very tight access to the bilge pump in the event of failure, replacement, or servicing.

• Float switches stick after time.

Keeping your Jeanneau NC11 in shape

When buying a used Jeanneau NC11, regular scheduled servicing and attention to some minor points will keep your craft in top condition.

Regular servicing

Carry out regular engine and drive serving in line with the manufacturer's recommended intervals.

Maintenance

• Electric roof option needs regular cleaning / maintenance.

• The side / rear access needs regular cleaning / maintenance.

Laying up

Follow manufacturer's recommendations when laying up for winter.

Model-specific repairs

The Jeanneau NC11 is not known for needing specific repairs more frequently than other boats.

Why buy a pre-owned Jeanneau NC11?

The Jeanneau NC11 makes a great family cruiser, combining economy with sporting performance. This stylish boat should be a serious consideration for anyone looking for a second-hand cruiser in this price range.

Questions You Should Ask Your Web Host Before Signing Up!

So, you're looking to build a web-site or so fed up with your current web host that you are eager to transfer your site somewhere? You may not even be aware of your current hosts vulnerabilities in an industry where each week there is news about a host going down for one reason or another.

Your first problem is narrowing the thousands of choices down to a few that you can research further. Seek friends or associates that have a web-site and ask for their advice. Visit one of the lots of forums about hosting, ask the members for advice or search threads from those that have asked before you.

Once you have located a few hosts to research, the ten questions below will take you a long way towards making an informed decision. You may be capable of finding lots of the answers to these questions on the hosts websites, but always feel free to call the host and quiz them about their operations. The quality of the answers and degree of professionalism you get from a possible host often transfers to the type of support you will get once you become a customer. Without further ado, the ten query to ask your web host:

1. How long has the net host been in business?

3. How lots of upstream web providers does the net host have?

2. Does the net host own its information middle?

5. Does the net host provide 24/7/365 phone and electronic mail support?

4. Does the net host monitor its customers sites twenty-four hours per day? How?

6. What levels of redundancy does the net hosts architecture provide?

7. Does the net host automatically backup customer websites in case of information loss? How often?

9. Does the net host provide the features that you require for your web-site?

8. What is the net hosts billing policy?

10. Does the net host have the products and services to handle your growth?

1. How long has the net host been in business?

The length of time that a host has been in business can be related to their ability to provide a quality, reliable product. If your host can satisfy its customers, then those customers are likely to stick with the hosts service. Therefore, stay in business. there's, coursework, situations where this is not applicable or becomes a bit hazy. Be positive to also inquire about whether a host has recently been involved in a merger, acquired what was once a widely known brand name, or launched a used brand. If any of these apply, then delve deer in to the story behind what has happened and determine whether quality resources are still with the company.

Complete a domain name whois lookup of the host: Type in the net hosts domain name and determine what year the domain was registered. If only registered in the recent past, ask the host about it. If the domain name was recently registered this is not necessarily a red flag. basically inquire with the host about it. they may have recently launched an affinity-based brand to cater to your market.

Type the hosts name in to a search-engine and check out the results that you get, other than those from the host itself. You may run across reviews, interviews, or industry articles about the host.

2. Does the net host own its information middle?

A information middle is the foundation from which all products and services are built on. If your host owns its own information middle, then they are likely entrenched in the hosting business. they also have an experienced staff and knowledge base from which to draw from when supporting your web-site and building new products. In other words, if a host owns its own facility, then it controls more of the variables that can make or break your web presence.

3. How lots of upstream web providers does the net host have?

Your web-site performance is not a measure of your web server's speed. The ability of your web host to route traffic through the cleanest web connections is also of great importance. It is critical that your provider has multiple connections to the net. Accidental fiber cuts in construction or telecom work and information middle equipment failure may cause your site to go offline for an extended amount of time.

This can be avoided if your web host has other connections to the net that will reroute traffic that would have normally been carried on the failed circuit. Yes, this means your host must also have additional capacity on hand to handle normal traffic levels when one connection is lost; which is another area where a host can try to cut cost. This is much like when driving your automobile, there's several streets that you can take to get to your desired location. sometimes you will encounter construction or an accident that will require you to take an alternative street. Well, the net works the same way. there's several routes that traffic can take to a location. Your hostought to be able to select the cleanest, or most efficient, route to your web-site visitor. In fact, your hostought to be able to continuously tune these routes to find the best path to your visitors.

Another way to accomplish this is by minimizing the number of different networks traffic will pass through before reaching its location. It is important for your host to have direct connections to networks that have lots of eyeballs. In other words, your web-site will be served better if your web host is using connections with networks that facilitate web access to large volumes of subscribers.

4. Does the net host monitor its customers' sites twenty-four hours per day? How?

There's a couple of factors that can influence the answer to this query. Does the host own its own information middle? If not, then they are physically removed from their servers and supposedly paying a co-location company to provide monitoring for them. When another company controls the environmental systems that provide the home for the host, one can appeal that you have created another potential point of failure; that being the communication of an issue from the information middle to the net host. That point of failure can increase the latency between an issue and its resolution, leading to increased downtime for your web-site. Second, if your web host has an issue with its own infrastructure, then there may be travel time associated with their engineers getting to the information middle to resolve it or, once again, increased latency by trying to remotely resolve an issue.

You might be surprised at how lots of web hosts do not provide 24/7/365 support. The industry's hosts run the gamut from only electronic mail support to providing phone and electronic mail support 24 hours per day and 365 days per year. The best way to eliminate not having support when you require it, is to select a host that can assist you whenever you require it. When an idea wakes you from a slumber at 3 AM, it is good to have your host on the other end of the phone to speak about it. When your site malfunctions due to a programming glitch the night before your store is to open, it is amazing to have your web host on the phone to decipher the issue with you. When your cat accidentally deletes some important files, know that your host is there to help recover them. Also make positive that your host is providing support over the major holidays. lots of web hosts will close their support middle, decrease their support to only electronic mail, or send their support team home with a pager to be called in case of emergency. All of these decreases can generate latency if your web-site goes offline. And, holidays are often days which persons will spend time on the net after they have done all of their social designs. Matter of fact, word-of-mouth business is one of the most effective means to customer acquisition. When people get together, they exchange ideas.

5. Does the net host provide 24/7/365 toll free phone and electronic mail support?

6. What levels of redundancy does the net host provide?

A web server is the hardware and application combination that serves requested web pages, files, or other information. Servers answer requests from web browsers to provide information from websites, electronic mail, and databases. they then send that information to the requesting browser. Load balancing divides the amount of work that a server has to do between multiple servers, which also adds redundancy, so that more work gets done in the same amount of time and, in general, all websites requests within the network get served quicker. The load balances stay in constant contact with the servers to determine how busy they are and / or if one of them has failed. It may sound like a no-brainer, but having your site connected to the net is the whole reason for having a web-site as well as a load-balanced, redundant network is vital to that endeavor.

Failures that cause your site to lose connection can happen. Therefore, it's crucial to discover a provider whose hosting architecture provides the least-risk of failure. Redundancy is necessary. Single points of failure are very bad, but lots of hosts try to cut costs by risking single points of failure. Ask your web host about their redundancy in server architecture (web, electronic mail, and DNS servers), load-balancing, and file storage.

Has your electronic mail server ever been down? Redundancy is also vital for electronic mail and DNS servers. A Domain Name System (DNS) server translates requests to locate a web-site. As you can imagine, keeping electronic mail and DNS servers online is a mission-critical task for a web host. For file storage, seek a host that makes use of a reliable storage solution with multiple auto-fail over and hot-swappable drives to make positive continuous delivery of your web-site.

7. Does the net host automatically backup customer websites in case of information loss? How often?

Backing up websites bought to be a scheme part of your web host's operation. Backup is the activity of copying files or databases so that they are going to be preserved in case of equipment failure or any other catastrophe.

Look for a web host that provides a money-back guarantee. This will let you try out the hosts service. You bought to find that the service is sub-par in site performance, reliability, or missing the features that you seek, the ability to request your cash back, within the parameters of the guarantee, is priceless and liable to save you from later trouble. It is always a good to idea to inquire about the net hosts cancellation procedures. there's lots of hosts out there who require you to send them an electronic mail or make a phone call to cancel, which can extend the timeframe to cancellation. A host who is confident in their service will have a cancellation form or online avenue within their control panel. Now, they will also also have a retention program, so dont be surprised when they call or electronic mail you to ask why you are leaving. After all, your feedback helps them to evaluate their service.

8. What is the net hosts billing policy?

9. Does the net host provide the features that you require for your web-site?

A domain name, but be positive to look for hidden registration fees or renewal fees sometimes people select a host because it has the exact feature set that they require, but later find that feature set means nothing when access to those features is unreliable. Make positive that a host has your desired features and is also reliable. To make positive that the host you are evaluating is everything you require, use the following list: An example amount of viral electronic mail accounts including web-based, POP3, and IMAP electronic mail spam filtering and virus protection are a must these days, unless you are providing this by yourself disk space to meet your sites needs every month bandwidth allotments that will cover your traffic and the ability to increase that allotment based on your sites success site building tools such as extensions for FrontPage or other online / downloadable site building programs Ease of upload to your site by FTP or other means Access to a sturdy traffic analysis program or the raw logs for you to scheme yourself Programming languages, including CGI, PHP, MIVA (if needed) Database capability, dependent on your application preference ecommerce shopping cart options.

10. Does the net host have the products and services to handle your growth?

You might be surprised how lots of sites that once started for fun or as a hobby have grown in to a number of the most popular sites on the net. Here, you never know when you will outgrow your current product or service and require to move up the ladder to the next rung. Make positive that your web host can meet your anticipated growth, not only within the product range of shared hosting, but bought to you ever require a dedicated server or co-location solution, your host is there to speak about and provide the best solution.

Do your home-work by using the above questions as a template and you will likely save yourself some major chairs down the road. If you have gathered information about multiple hosts, you can now compare apples to apples and select the best host for your needs. Hopefully, the work that you have done will avoid forcing you to make use of your gut, but make an informed decision based on the facts. sometimes, the best piece advice that you will find in any article or forum about choosing a host is, if something seems good to be true, then it probably is.

6 Fun Facts About the History of the Alabama Crimson Tide

At the University of Alabama, football is king. The school’s gridiron squad has won numerous national titles, has had renowned coaches and players, and was even featured in the motion picture “Forest Gump.” While most fans of “Alabama,” “Bama,” or “UA” know these details, you might be unaware of some others. Here are some facts about Alabama football, which fewer football fans know:

1. The “Crimson Tide” nickname originated from a muddy game

Prior to becoming the Alabama Crimson Tide, people commonly referred to Alabama’s football squad, as the “Crimson White” (named after the school colors) or “Thin Red Line.” Then in 1907, Alabama played its arch rival, Auburn. Alabama was a huge underdog, and the teams played in a “sea” of red mud. However, Alabama battled Auburn to a 6-6 tie. Later, a sports editor named Zipp Newman popularized the nickname “Crimson Tide.”

2. No Alabama player has won the Heisman Trophy

Ironically, despite all the success of the Alabama Crimson Tide’s football team, no player has won the Heisman Trophy award-given to the most outstanding NCAA football player in a single season. In 1993, David Palmer became the closest Alabama player to winning the award. David “The Deuce” Palmer, played wide receiver for the Crimson Tide, and would later play seven seasons with the NFL’s Minnesota Vikings.

3. Alabama has won 21 SEC titles

The Crimson Tide’s football record is simply outstanding. Here are some of its accomplishments, throughout the years:

o 12 National Titles

o 25 Conference Titles (21 SEC)

o 51 Bowl Games

o 92 All-American Players

4. Paul “Bear” Bryant had a .834 winning percentage as Alabama’s coach

Coach “Bear” Bryant is a legend at Alabama. He led the Crimson Tide to six national championships, which is half of the team’s all-time 12 national titles. Bryant also coached at Texas A&M University, the University of Kentucky and the University of Maryland. However, Alabama was where Bryant had his most success. Bryant earned the nickname “bear” when, at 13-years-old, he wrestled a bear as part of a theater’s promotion.

5. Alabama’s elephant mascot dates back to 1930

The origin of the school’s elephant mascot was the 1930 season. At that time, Coach Wallace Wade was the team’s general. During a game versus Mississippi, an Alabama fan shouted, “…the elephants are coming!” referring to Alabama’s huge, aggressive players. Everett Strupper, a sportswriter, reported the incident.

6. Three former Alabama coaches are in the College Football Hall of Fame

Since the Hall of Fame first opened its doors in South Bend, Indiana (1951), it has inducted 16 Alabama players, and three coaches. The coaches inducted were Wallace Wade (1923-1930), Frank Thomas (1931-1946), and Paul “Bear” Bryant (1958-1982). The Hall of Fame inducted Bryant as both a player and a coach.

The football history at Alabama is simply amazing. It includes 12 national championships, Coach “Bear” Bryant, and some aforementioned less famous facts. Use Alabama Crimson Tide merchandise to cheer on the team to its next historical moment-another national championship!

How to Build a Chicken Coop – 6 Crucial Elements on Building a Chicken House

When building a chicken coop, it is suggested that you follow the guidelines below for a successful endeavor.

Element # 1. – Appearance and Design:

Sketch out your design on a sheet of paper before you do anything else. Think of the colors you will paint the roof and chicken coop walls. Always keep in mind that if your chicken coop is clearly visible to your neighbors, (unless you live in a farm it will most likely be visible to your entire neighborhood,) it should not ever serve as a distraction or defacement of its utmost surroundings . So make sure to design an aesthetically looking chicken coop so that your neighbors do not complain of its detracting appearance. Once finished, always remember to remove and dispose of any types of garbage or weeds from around your chicken coop. Try to maintain an appealing landscape around it to enhance its overall appearance.

Element # 2. – Using Sound Judgment:

When designing your chicken coop structure, you must use sound judgment in almost every aspect of the way.

For instance, you want to use building materials in which the cleaning and disinfecting procedures will be quick and easy. The doors you install should open inwards, not outwards. You do not want your chickens rooting on your windows, so it is best to install sliding windows.

A question many people ask is how to build a chicken coop who's floors are easy to hose and spray down without much puddling? Well the secret to that is to slightly slope the floor toward the door. This way, when you spray out the chicken coop, the water will flow out, it's solving your puddling problem.

Element # 3. – Protection from Hazardous Elements:

So you want to learn how to build a chicken coop with maximum protection?
Then listen up.

As you may know, a well built chicken coop will protect your chickens from hazardous elements such as bad weather (heavy rain, wind, hale, snow, cold climates, etc), but they will also protect them from hungry predators, theft and injury .

So how do we accomplish that?

Easy. You want to build a draft free chicken house with windows and doors that can be opened and closed as needed. Make sure the windows and doors both have proper screening systems installed in them such as a heavy gage mesh wire. Building the chicken coop on a high yet well drained area with ensuring the least amount of dampness of the coop. Be sure to build your chicken coop in an area that faces the sun which will help warm and dry the soil and coop itself after it rains.

To protect your chickens from predators, the best thing to do is to bury your outside runs with chicken wire all around the coop about 1 foot deep. This will prevent some very hungry predators such as raccoons, cats and even dogs from digging underneath it.

Strategy # 4. – Coop Ventilation:

You may be wondering how to build a chicken coop that will not only keep your chickens locked up and protected from bad weather and predators yet receive the proper ventilation it requires. If so, then you already understand the importance of draft free air movement from within the coop. Chickens, much like humans, need fresh air and oxygen. The same goes for the removal of unwanted excess moisture and carbon dioxide. A chicken coop with ample air movement and proper ventilation will help remove the ammonia build up and dampness that may grow inside its walls.

Speaking of walls, the chicken coop walls should have proper insulation installed which will help keep the chickens dry. As long as chickens are dry, they can handle cold climates very well, but humidity plus cold weather will cause health issues for your poultry. Therefore, insulated walls are a must!

Strategy # 5 – Light Source:

If you want a good source of light and warmth for your chickens during the cold months of the year and a solid source of ventilation during the hot months, then be sure to install the chicken coop windows facing the southside where they will receive direct sunlight through the day.

On another note, if your goal is to raise chickens that will produce great eggs all year round, then you should look into an electrical source of light. You should be able to easily install an electrical light at the height of the chicken coop's ceiling which will help keep your chickens warm and help them lay better chicken eggs through the year. One ceiling light should be sufficient for a small scale chicken coop, for larger chicken coops though, try to install one electrical ceiling light per every 30 – 40 feet.

Strategy # 6. – Conveniently placed Wateres and Chicken Feeders:

Chicken feeders and waters should be placed where your flock will have easy access to them. However, you have to becareful where you place them because chickens like to make a mess of everything they eat due to their chicken scratching instincts. I'm sure you do not want to see your chicken feed mix all over the coop floors so, to avoid this, place the chicken feeders at the height of the chicken's back. This way they will have to stretch their necks up to eat but will not reach the feeders with their feet. Same goes for the waterers. Just make sure to keep the waters full of fresh clean water throughout the day.

There you have it folks. 6 quick and easy strategies that will show you how to build a chicken coop fast and efficiently. Whether you're building a large scale chicken coop or a small one, these tips should get you moving in the right direction.

Folks, did you know that the average american spends about $ 300 to build a chicken coop? Some even invest over 2 months of working trying to assemble the darn structure and in the end are not even fully refused with their product. Not very enticing is it? A great chicken coop plan can cut your time and efforts in half while saving you a vast amount money on building materials. To learn how to build a chicken coop with maximum benefits for your flock without investing a magnitude of your time and money, click here:
how to build a chicken coop .

Laminate Flooring Cleaning Tips

Laminate flooring may be made to look like other kinds of floors, but that does not mean it is not unique in other ways. When it comes to cleaning laminate floors, for example, there are some definite do's and don'ts. True, when it comes to cleaning laminate is not as demanding as, say, carpet or certain types of tile flooring. But it still needs thorough, periodic cleaning.

To begin with, the most important thing is to give your laminate floor a regular light sweeping. This prevails any dirt or grit from building up, detracting from your floor's appearance. It also brings the dust that goes into the room's air.

If sweeping is not going to get the job done you can try damp mopping. Use water with a little vinegar in it and make sure to wring the mop out thoroughly before applying it to the floor. You do not want to use excess water. In fact, any time you find standing water on your laminate floor, it should be soaked up immediately.

Sometimes a little extra elbow grease might be needed, in which case cleaning by hand with a cloth moistened with a cleaning solution should do the trick. Just make sure that the solution is one that the manufacturer of your laminate flooring has approved. Using the right cleaner will make the job easier and help remove sticky and stubborn substances. Once again, when the job is done, soak up any excess water.

Water and humidity are laminate flooring's enemies. For this reason you should not even consider steam cleaning. Steam cleaning is fine for certain other floor types – like carpet and tile – but is highly likely to damage a laminate floor. If you're faced with cleaning challenges that the above methods just can not handle, you might try applying a little acetone or alcohol to the problem area and using a soft bristled brush to scrub it. This method can often be used to successfully remove asphalt, paint, crayon and even cigarette burns.

And never let your laminate floor fool you: Even though it can be made to look just like real wood, it is not – which means no sanding, refinishing or waxing. Also, avoid using cleaning products of an abrasive nature. And keep those harsh scouring pads and that steel wool away too. These will only cause scratching, and over time, more serious wear.

Wall to Wall Carpet – More Options Than Ever

Wall to wall carpet has come a long way since the early beginnings of the chenille industry in Dalton, Ga. Carpeting is a floor choice that is still very popular today. Even with the surging market for hard surface products such as hardwood, ceramic, and luxury vinyl, carpeting remains a product that almost everyone still has in several rooms in the home. The decorating warmth that carpet gives is unbeatable when compared to other flooring options. The carpet industry has embroidered the desires of flooring consumers and continues to develop newer, innovative styles, types and constructions of wall to wall carpet that offer more options than ever.

Newer styles of wall to wall carpet have entered the market in recent years. Frieze carpeting is a relative newcomer to the carpet segment. Frieze carpet has tight twists in the yarn. These tight twists give the yarn strands an irregular look almost creating a trackless dimension. The twists also enable frieze wall to wall carpet to hold up extremely well over time against traffic and wear. The distant cousin of Frieze is Shag carpet. Sure, Shag carpeting was popular in the 1970's but today's Shag is slightly different. With yarn not so bulky in the newer styles of Shag carpet, the floor still has a deep, rich touch, but not overdone. Newer Shag and Frieze carpets also offer multi-tone color schemes which give added flexibility when decorating a room around certain colors.

Wall to wall carpet also has newer types to choose from than in recent years. Patterned carpeting, carpeting that looks similar to woven rugs, is a carpet type that is gaining popularity around home owners. With more and more homes being built with formal seating and entertaining areas, the look of patterned carpet has found a niche. Another new type of carpet is called high low. High low carpeting is a solid color design. The carpet has patterns that have been sculpted into the carpet by tufting yarns at different heights. Many types of designs from formal, traditional to contemporary are available.

Wall to wall carpeting also has new constructions that have been introduced in recent years. New yarns, called PET yarns, made from recycled coke and ketchup bottles, perform very well. Another new construction is Mohawk's Smartstrand carpet. Smartstrand's yarn is partly made from corn oils. Not only is Smartstarnd eco friendly, it is incredibly soft, stain resistant and super performing. Shaw has also introduced a new yarn called Cleartouch. Cleartouch is a continuous filament PET carpet that is stain resistant, has very little fuzzing, and is much more soft than many other PET yarns.

Bricktown, Oklahoma City

Bricktown, Oklahoma City is an entertainment district in downtown Oklahoma that offers plenty of attractions and activities to make the casual visitor stay on. Key points of reference in the district are the AT & T Bricktown Ballpark and the Bricktown Canal. Once a warehouse district, the renovated Bricktown is known for its restaurants, bars, dance clubs, retail shops, sporting facilities, condos, and entertainment options. A Bricktown escapade would provide great entertainment for the entire family.

The canal is one of the refreshing and natural parts of Bricktown. It's a mile-long pedestrian canal, great for taking a stroll and watching the entire district of Bricktown, Oklahoma City in action. Traveling in any of the water taxies that operate on the canal provides an unparallel experience.

The AT & T Bricktown Ballpark is one of the chief areas of attraction. Located to the immediate east of downtown Oklahoma City, it has been the venue for many intense baseball games. The Cross Bar Gallery in West Reno is a one-stop shop for everything required for the ranch and western home. The Gallery features the most exhaustive collection of western art in the region. The Bass Pro Shops offer any equipment needed for an outdoor adventure.

Dining in Bricktown is a great experience with many casual and fine dining restaurants. Bricktown Brewery is known for its quality beers and great food. It's also where visitors can enjoy the entertainment offered. The Brewery features 13 billiard tables, electronic darts, big screen TVs and shuffle board. Business meetings, wedding receptions, parties and specialized meetings such as get-togheters can be arranged at the Bricktown Brewery. Blackjack, craps and roulette tables are also offered.

Walking by the canal, taking a water taxi, watching a great game, shopping, dining and gaming are just a few among the many entertainment options. Head to Bricktown, Oklahoma City for the weekend, and feel the heartbeat of this growing entertainment district. The premium hotels located in this region provide comfortable accommodation and arrange tours to all interesting locations.

The Easiest Way to Measure for a Fireplace Grate

Making sure you have the correct measurements is a vital process when purchasing a brand-new fireplace grate. We will walk through the process to obtain the right measurements for a new fireplace grate.

You will need a few things to help you:

Measuring Tape for correct measurements, paper to write those measurements on and a pen or pencil to write with, and depending on the light levels in your room, a flashlight might help. We also recommend that you wear some clothing that you don’t mind getting dirty, because there is a good chance you will get dirty and sometimes that soot is hard to get out of your clothing.

Step 1 – Measuring the Width:

Measure the width of your fireplace opening in the very back of your fireplace and write this measurement down. Make sure to get as far back as possible for the most precise dimensions, this is where the flashlight might be helpful.

Measure the width of your fireplace opening at the front of your fireplace and write this measurement down.

Now that you have both the back width and front width, deduct 6 inches from each dimension. If, for example, your front width is 42 inches, then you would subtract 6 inches, which would offer you a final width of 36 inches. If the rear width is of 38 3/4, you would round to the next whole number then subtract 6 inches for the final 32 inches.

You will need the rear width to make sure you are purchasing the right grate size, as they can be found in numerous various back widths. Some fireplaces have a radical taper and some fireplaces have no taper at all.

NOTE: The most common mistake when ordering a fireplace grate is to only look at the front width and ignore the rear width in a tapered fireplace. This typically ends up in a costly return after paying shipping. Be sure to confirm that all measurements before ordering.

Keep in mind that fireplace grates are categorized by their front width, you may need to look at several sizes before you find one that will fit your fireplace.

Step 2 – Measuring the Depth:

Measure the depth of your fireplace from the fireplace door, or from the beginning of the fireplace opening and write this measurement down.

Now that you have your depth dimension, deduct 6 inches from this measurement.

Ideally, you want to have about 3″ on all sides of the grate to ensure appropriate feature & air flow.

Step 3 – Find your Grate:

With these dimensions, you now have a guide to start searching for a new fireplace grate! We hope this short article was valuable to you.

How to Soundproof a Bathroom

Bathrooms can be very noisy places due to exposed pipes, family members taking showers, blow-drying their hair and so on and so forth. Just because the walls in your home have insulation, including the ceiling does not mean that there is insulation in the interior walls to reduce the noisy sounds. In most cases, interior walls have no insulation at all.

There are many different ways you can soundproof your bathrooms including adding insulation or by doing a few simple maintenance things that are very simple. Insulating the interior walls is the best answer. If you would like to do to it yourself, there is a simple method even though you will need another person to help. You can choose to go through the bathroom wall or the other wall. In most cases, as long as the pipes are not in the wall that needs the insulation you can go through the bathroom wall. It also depends on how many walls you need to soundproof. In some cases, the guest bathroom may be beside not only the dining room, but also a bedroom to one side or the other. You may wish to insulate more than one wall to give the person in the bathroom a bit more privacy. No matter, what the case you will should be able to add insulation through the bathroom wall.

The best insulation to use is called cellulose insulation. Cellulose insulation is nothing more than shredded newspaper treated with fire retardants. This insulation can and will fill and pack the stud cavities. What you will need is a stud finder, bags of cellulose insulation, a drill, and an insulation machine. You can find all of these products at a home repair center or a retail store such as Home Depot. You may even be able to rent the insulation machine.

Now, find the studs. Next, drill a hole in between the studs on the wall you wish to insulate. Measure the nozzle on the insulation machine in order to know what size to make the hole. Drill a hole about 4 to 6 inches down from the ceiling. The insulation machine needs to be outdoors with the hose running in through the window or a door. One person will need to be outside with the insulation machine to operate the machine and fill the hopper with insulation and the other person holding the nozzle in the wall to fill the cavity with insulation. When the insulation is at the top of the hole, you will be done. Be careful not to overfill. Once you see the insulation coming out of the hole, stop the machine. You can now repair the hole and paint the wall.

If you are searching for easier ways in which to soundproof your bathroom, you will be glad to know there are a few ways that are very simple and are not that expensive.

Applying rough materials to the walls and ceilings can be a great way in which to soundproof your bathroom. Adding such things as paint with resins, wall coverings such as rough wallpaper, carpeting to floors, and even speckled paint on the ceilings can aid in soundproofing. Smooth surfaces allow noise to bounce around the room whereas rough surfaces to do not. If you do not wish to carpet the bathroom, you can use mats or rugs. These items will also reduce sound, but will not soundproof as well as insulating the interior walls. Another option is the use of a sound conditioners. A sound conditioner or white noise machine will help mask all types of bathroom sounds. The sound machine should be placed outside of the bathroom door for maximum effectiveness. White noise machines produce sounds similar to those of a box fan or air conditioning unit and will help mask most sounds coming from inside the bathroom.

How Much Does a Timber Frame Home Cost?

One of the most common questions people have when researching timber frame homes is how much do they cost? Does this style home cost more than conventionally "stick built" homes? What is the price per square foot?

This is a difficult question to answer because it depends on the house design and what finish materials are chosen for the new home. The cost per square foot for a new timber frame home can be anywhere from an average of $ 200- $ 250 or as high as $ 400 + per square foot. The price per square foot estimate typically includes the exterior shell and finishing touches (does not include land or site work).

The timber frame exterior shell package usually costs more than the average stick built home package due to the high quality and energy efficient materials that go hand in hand with the building method. Most timber frame companies work with Structural Insulated Panels (SIPS) or a high r-value insulation system to create a thermal envelope. SIPS do cost more upfront the standard insurance used on a conventional home; although the energy efficient benefits outweigh the costs with the SIPS high r-values. Using a high r-value insulation for the thermal envelope will absolutely save you money on your heating and cooling costs and will exceedperfect a stick built home over time. The combination of timber framing, SIPS and energy efficient doors and windows make this style home one of the most energy efficient homes today.

While this type of home will typically cost more to build, it is not unheard of for conventional homes to surpass the cost of a timber frame home. Here is an example, there are two people building a custom 2,000 square foot home; both homes offer the same square footage but have different designs and use different finish materials. Let's say client 1 is building a conventional home. Client 1 has a more complicated design with more dormers and is choosing to add high-end finishing touches (custom kitchen cabinetry, expensive lighting, etc.). Client 2 is building a timber home and has a simple design with straight lines, no dormers and is choosing to use moderately priced finish materials. The example timber frame home's outer shell package may cost more, but the design and finishing touches of the example conventional home will most likely put the conventional home at a higher cost per square foot.

Overall, the cost to build any style home depends on the design of the home, shape, size, site work, building and interior finish materials used. It does not matter what method of construction you use to build your new home, if you choose high-end materials through your home and / or an elaborate home design, your price per square foot will be greater.