Fear of Bridges – How Hypnosis Can Cure Gephyrophobia

The irrational fear or phobia of driving over bridges is not as uncommon as you may believe.

Individuals who have this particular fear experience enormous anxiety when confronted with the prospect of having to cross a bridge. High bridges with steep drops are especially frightening, as are bridges over water or gorges.

Quite often this fear can also be combined with other fears such as the fear of heights, agoraphobia or claustrophobia.

The individual suffering from gephyrophobia may be fearful that they will lose control or faint.

Fear breeds fear and this can easily lead to feelings of abject panic.

Many people who suffer from this particular phobia go to great lengths so that they can avoid crossing bridges. Often, they find themselves planning journeys that involve lengthy detours and considerable inconvenience so that they do not have to drive over a bridge.

What has happened is that at a deep, subconscious level, the bridge phobic has learned to associate anxiety with the thought of crossing bridges. At some time in the past, he or she will probably have undergone an experience that in some way frightened them and they linked this scared feeling with bridges.

It’s as though the person has stopped trusting themselves when it comes to moving over a bridge. And the subconscious is triggering feelings of fear so that he or she will not put themselves in danger.

For the conscious mind, of course, it may be only too clear that such fears are groundless. They may even seem silly. But fear is a feeling and the conscious mind runs on logic, not emotion.

Try as they might, the phobic individual most often is powerless to analyze away their fear.

Fear, like all feelings, is generated in the subconscious mind and it is here that the solution lies.

Through the skillful use of modern advanced transformational hypnosis, we can delve into the subconscious mind and re-educate it. We can re-align it with reality so the bridge phobic person can let go of the fear and return to their natural state.

Even though the thought of driving over or crossing a bridge may seem too difficult for you to contemplate at the moment, the fact is that you can be helped to conquer your fear of bridges and cross them with ease and in the complete absence of anxiety.

Working with a properly trained and qualified advanced transformational hypnotherapist, you can once more return to the freedom that is your birthright.

Understanding The Working of Switchgears

Electricity is widely used in various domestic as well as commercial applications. Among all the electrical appliances and accessories, switchgears are widely used. This electrical device is a combination of circuit breaker assembly, switches, etc. This device is very useful in protecting the circuit from breaking down in the case of short-circuit condition.

Let me discuss the application area of this device. The main application of this device is that it helps in isolating the appliance. The electricity is transmitted over a long distance at very high voltage. At times, the fluctuation in the voltage takes place. The appliances, whether domestic or commercial, work on specific power ratings. If the voltage fluctuation takes place, it will result in the breakdown of the circuit. In order to protect the appliances in such situations, this device is widely used.

The switchgear is employed along with the step up and step down transformers. Their main function is to protect the circuit from getting breaking down. In the case of abrupt voltage change, this device works as a breaker circuit and cuts off the voltage supply to the circuits.

The switchgear manufacturers are offering their range in different power ratings in order to meet the diversified requirements of the industry. Their prime objective is to provide the market with world-class range. To attain this objective, they use premium grade material along with the advanced technology. The latest technology helps in maintaining a perfect threshold value of the voltage. This reduces the chances of the circuit failure. Moreover, the efforts are also made in order to reduce the losses of power at these junctions.

This device consists of two different types of components. It is equipped with power conducting components like the switch, circuit breakers, fuses, etc which prevent the flow of electricity. Another assembly consists of transformers and relays which provide protection to the power conducting components.

The main function of power conducting components is to provide protection to the circuits. In case, there is a sudden change in the voltage or we can say that if the voltage increases suddenly or it decreases below the threshold value, then these components cut off the electrical supply to the circuit. This helps in protecting the appliances which are provided with power through this line.

But these power conducting components also operate with the help of the electrical supply. These components also need protection from the abrupt change in the electrical supply. So the transformers and fuses are connected in line with these components. Whenever there is a fluctuation in the voltage, these components cut off the power supply to the circuit.

Which Is Better – Top Mount Freezer Or Bottom Mount Freezer?

Before, most households have refrigerators that have freezers on top – the top mount freezer. It is also called the top freezer refrigerator. There are many types, around fix or six types of refrigerator that once can choose from in the market. Among these types though, the top mount is the most traditional and remains the most popular.

Second to the top mount fridge is another type, its opposite in fact, the bottom mount freezer or bottom freezer refrigerator. It is relatively newer and younger than its top mount cousin but is steadily gaining more popularity especially among modern families.

So which type of refrigerator is better – top mount or bottom mount? Actually it’s a question of which of these models would work the best for you! In this article, the two major types of refrigerators will be described and their pros and cons explained. I hope that at the end of the article, your mind will clear up and you will be able to choose which of the two would suit your lifestyle best.

Top Mount Freezer

This may be the the mother of modern refrigerators but that would be an exaggeration. Anyway, as said previously in this article, the top mount refrigerator is the more traditional of all the types available today in the market. As its name suggests, it is a kind of fridge where the top part opens to the freezer while a bigger bottom part houses the main refrigerator.

Top freezer refrigerators are said to be suitable for people who frequently use or choose or even look at the food stored inside the freezer. In short, this type of refrigerator will suit best a person who has an affinity for meat, fish and chicken and for frozen goods such as ice cream. However, it is not recommended for people, for example vegetable- lovers, who has to use the body of the refrigerator more frequently.

This kind of refrigerator, in comparison to the other types, generally give the most space for food storage. Top freezer refrigerators, because they have been in the market long enough, have already come up with innovations and even a wider range of styles and colors. Top mount fridges are also the least expensive among all the other refrigerator types.

At a glance:


1. The top mount refrigerator offers the most storage space compared to the other types.

2. The top mount fridge generally comes with wider refrigerator shelves.

3. Among all fridge types, the top mount freezer is least expensive.

4. Buyers can choose from a wider range of selection of top mount freezers.


1. The top mount fridge is not recommended for people who frequently use the main body of the refrigerator.

Bottom Mount Freezer

Younger and generally newer than the first type, the bottom mount fridge refrigerators have been steadily gaining popularity over the other refrigerator types and are preferred by new families and modern households. While there are still more top freezer mount units offered in the market as compared to bottom freezer mount units, more and more manufacturers have jumped up the fridge wagon and offer this type of fridge.

This type of refrigerator will serve best people who do not do frequent freezer trips. Instead, it is recommended for people who use the contents of the main body of the refrigerator more often. As its name suggests, the freezer is placed below the body of the fridge and so it gives us a better view of the foods in the main storage.

However, the bottom mount freezer or the bottom refrigerator offers less storage space than the top freezer refrigerator. This is also not recommended for people who have to have frequent access to the goods stored in the freezer. Also, as of now, there are still no bottom mount fridge models that come with features such as water and ice dispensers.

At a glance:


1. The bottom mount fridge is much more convenient for people who don’t use the freezer often.

2. If you choose a good looking bottom mount freezer, it can give your kitchen a modern look.


1. The bottom mount refrigerator freezer is not recommended for people who have to use the freezer often.

2. The bottom mount refrigerator freezer costs much more than top mount freezers.

3. Most bottom mount freezers offer less storage space compared to the first type.

4. Buyers can choose from a small selection of bottom mount freezer models.

5. As of now, less features are available on most bottom mount freezers.

The $27,000 Toilet Seat – Funny DIY Story

This story was told to me by a plumber I know and it brings home the reason why there are times to call a professional.

I received a call from a homeowner asking for someone to come estimate some repairs. When I asked the sort of repairs, he said it would be too many to enumerate, but much easier if I just came out to the house and looked. I went. It began like this…

Old Joe wanted to change his toilet seat, but couldn’t get the old one off. So he tried wrenches until he rounded off the nuts (he was turning them the wrong way because they were upside down) and then decided to get his trusty cold chisel and hammer out. Well, he tapped a bit on it with no success, so he drew back the hammer to smite a mighty blow against the stubborn bolt. In so doing he broke the toilet tank and flooded the area with cold water. This cold water gave him a shock and he drew back in a hurry dropping the hammer into the bathtub causing a big chunk of the porcelain to pop off the tub floor.

Regrouping his thoughts, he ran down to the basement two floors below to shut off the water to the house, the house had no other valves installed when it was built in the 1890’s. Meanwhile water was flooding through the floors and had saturated the plaster of the ceiling below to the point it collapsed into the living room. Old Joe then removed what was left of the toilet tank, and tried to remove the bowl from the floor flange. It wouldn’t budge either, so out comes the trusty chisel and hammer again, and “WHACK” no more toilet bowl. In the process however, he managed to tear the closet flange from the floor as well,and since it was attached to a lead closet bend, it torn and now needed replaced too. He determined that it would be necessary to cut out the tee in the stack where the closet bent was attached. Since he had no idea how to repair old lead piping, he thought using that nifty PVC from Home Depot would do the trick.

He tried to cut the cast iron stack with a hacksaw to no avail, then tried a sawzall, also fruitless, so…. yep, out comes the good old chisel and hammer, but a bigger hammer this time. He whacks on the stack a few mighty blows and Viola’ it splits into several pieces with one tiny segment still holding it all together. He pried the last vestige of solid pipe out of the wall with a crowbar and suddenly the remaining section of pipe (the vent going through the roof) lets go and with a mighty crash comes down and out of the wall through the sub floor into the now plaster less ceiling of the living room, continues its downward decent until it hits the TV set, ricocheting off that and through the floor of the living room until it hit the electrical panel plunging the house into total darkness and finally comes to rest after shearing off the main water shut off valve flooding the basement.

This was a $27,000 toilet seat replacement.

Tips from Robert Ludlum on Writing a Compelling Thriller

Based on a two-hour interview with the late Robert Ludlum, author of some of the world’s best selling novels of international intrigue.

Q. How did your career in writing begin?

Ludlum: When I got out of college in 1952, I wanted to be an actor. I worked pretty consistently in plays and doing voice-over TV commercials until about 1958. Then somebody said to me, did you ever think of becoming a producer?

So I learned that field and produced original theater on Broadway for ten years. But I got bored with the pressures and labor problems. I had worked with a lot of playwrights, and I thought – I can write. So I wrote a humorous book about the funny things that happens when actors meet the general public – people who may not know anything about actors. I sold it to a publisher who told me, “Actually this is just what we want.” I named it “Broadway goes Suburbia.” Then the publisher said to me, “Of course, we have to make it much more serious. No humor. We’ll call it “Blueprint for Culture.” I ran out of the room laughing.

That Broadway book was my first attempt at writing. I thought I wanted a writing career. But I had responsibilities – my children, my wife. You can’t chuck everything aside to become a writer. But I kept thinking about it and got to the point where I really wanted to try it. My wife Marian, bless her heart, said, “You’re forty years old. If you don’t try it now, you’re going to regret as long as we live.” And so we got together and blocked out eighteen months to see if I could succeed..

Q. And you’re too good a writer to use that old cliché, “And the rest was history.” “The Osterman Weekend.” “The Bourne Identity.” “The Parsifal Mosaic.” And many other best sellers and movies later. How would you describe your writing techniques?

Ludlum: I love to observe people. I have always been interested in people who have decided to leave one lifestyle for another. On St. Thomas I met a man named John who used to be a very successful ad man in New York. He threw it all away to follow a new dream – running a charter boat in the Caribbean. He went to a patrol school run by the Coast Guard in St. Thomas. He supported himself by becoming a disk jockey on a local radio station for a $100 a week. Now he has his own charter boat business and is considered one of the more effective people on the island. A complete life change. Later I used that fact in “The Bourne Identify.” When one of my characters wanted to get away, he joined the boat people in the Caribbean.

Q. What other writing techniques work for you?

Ludlum:. My wife and I love to travel all over the world. And whenever possible, we take our kids and their wives with us. On a trip to Greece, they helped me gather restaurant menus, theater programs, ticket stubs, tour brochures. And I take a lot of really bad pictures. But I put all this in a big scrapbook. The scrapbook brings memories back to life and help make my writing more credible.

Q, What the biggest mistake you think many beginning writers make?

Ludlum: I get annoyed when a self-indulgent writer just shows off what he knows but doesn’t really tell a story. To me storytelling is first a craft. Then if you’re lucky, it becomes an art form. But first, it’s got to be a craft.. You’ve got to have a beginning, middle and end. And I have sort of applied the theatrical principles to writing. Throw the story in the air and see what’s going to happen.

Painting Business – 13 Point Checklist of Essential Tools Most Needed to Start a Painting Business

If you are considering starting a commercial or residential painting business you will only need some basic low-cost tools to start with. You can buy other tools as more jobs come along and with your down payments. Here is a list of the most essential painting business tools needed to get you started.

1.) Quality Cage Frame – Also known as a paint roller. Wooster and Purdy both have strong, commercial-use cage frames sold at most professional paint stores.

2.) Extension Pole – Get yourself a good medium-size fiberglass extension pole for rolling out walls and ceilings.

3.) Wall-Sander – I always sand walls and ceilings before I roll them out. It cleans up cobwebs and anything else that needs to be knocked down to make the walls and ceilings smooth.

4.) Roller Bucket – I use Wooster’s roller bucket. It is tall, square and has a lid. It is made out of durable plastic and balances a lot better than a paint tray and washes out easy. It’s a must have.

5.) Cut-in Bucket – I like to put some paint in a small plastic bucket for cutting in. There are small 1-gallon buckets of drywall compound that when empty make a great cut-bucket plus they have a lid. They will last for years.

6.) Step Ladder – A regular wooden 5-foot step ladder works perfect for most homes. If I need a 6-foot ladder I have an aluminum one for that. Most of the time all I need is my 5-footer and I am only 5’6″ so there you go.

7.) 16′ Extension Ladder – Great for stairwells or ranch-style exterior jobs. I use my 16-foot extension ladder more than any other size. I also have 20′ and a 24′ extension ladders, but i couldn’t get by without my little 16-footer.8.) Drop Cloths – I like using the runner type the most. They are inexpensive, light to carry and can be moved around the room easily. I also have 9 x 12’s on hand.

9.) Fluorescent Light – Interior painting without a fluorescent light is nearly impossible, especially on a cloudy day. Fluorescent light is a nice white light that is great for painting and shows up the colors in their true form.

10.) Tool Bucket – An empty 5-gallon bucket makes a great tool bucket. I keep my pliers, a hammer, razor-blade knives, a caulk gun, etc., in my tool bucket.

11.) Small Fan – I bought a $30 blower type fan made by Stanley Tools from Walmart. It dries out walls and ceilings quickly so you can get back to work cutting in and moving around the room without it being wet.

12.) Drywall compound – I hate Spackle. It flashes under paint jobs. I use the Sheetrock brand of 90-minute quick-dry drywall compound found at Lowes or other hardware stores for around $11 a bag. It will last me all year long. It is the powder formula and is easy to mix up right on the job with water and a small cut bucket. This way you don’t have to carry a heavy 5-gallon pale around with you that can also freeze during the wintertime and can get lots of chunks in it over time.

13.) Caulk Gun – I use painters caulk all the time to fill small gaps between woodwork, trim and walls. Most paint stores have it on hand. I use the 35-year interior/exterior type.

So there you have it. If you are considering starting your own painting business and want to know how much it will cost to get started this list will help you. I would guess off hand that everything on the list totals around $300. If you already have a step ladder and even a small extension ladder, this will cut the start up cost down considerably.

11 Simple House Hacks You Could Do For Your Home

Here are a few ways to do cheap fixes for your home in the most affordable way.

1. Insulation

Fixing your insulation could save you at least 50% of your energy bills. All you need to do is use rubber tubing, fiberglass and cellulose on the spaces between doors, windows and other openings. Using double-glazed windows is also useful for repelling outside temperature. You could lower the value on your thermostat now.

2. Energy Saving Appliances

These expensive appliances could save you more in terms of energy expenses. A great bonus with energy saving appliances is added features. For air conditioners, for example, you could set the time it would activate and it would turn itself off. For washing machines, it would optimize the energy it uses for cleaning clothes as well as the water needed for washing.

3. Fixing Holes in the Basement

Your home’s foundation could give in due to moist and the natural wear-and-tear of materials. If the foundation-form rod holes are becoming exposed, you might need some cement to patch the holes. Bricklayer mortar or cement and sand should do the trick for such holes. However, you will need to find some personal cement laying equipment.

4. Tile Laying

Laying tiles isn’t easy. Builders make sure the floor is even, the tiles are cut and evenly spaced, and they are laid down carefully or else they could be broken. Tile mastic serve as the strongest adhesive for tile laying projects. They are affordable in most hardware stores too.

5. The Magic That is WD-40

Squeaky windows and doors? A solution spray called WD-40 could work wonders by lubricating the hinges of these annoying home pests. Any household should have a can of this at the ready for any lubricating needs.

6. Talcum Powder

Too-shiny floors are great to look at but annoying to hear. Squeaky floors, a negative side-effect of ultra-house cleaning, are no match to talcum powder. It makes the floor cleaner and less slippery too.

7. Wallpaper Unfurling

Awesome wallpapers having their adhesive grip loose? Don’t fret. Using a knife, spread wallpaper paste on a clean sheet of paper. Attach the paper against the loose area of the wallpaper. Press the wallpaper and writing paper sandwich against the wall and voila! You have a fixed wallpaper!

8. Cleaning an Old Chandelier

Majestic chandeliers could return to their glorious years with good dusting. Unplug your chandelier, wear white cotton gloves damp with glass cleaner. Wipe the chandelier clean and then use another pair of dry gloves to rub the chandelier clean of dust.

9. Sliding Window Problems

WD40 won’t do well for sliding window problems, but a bit of silicone spray lubricant would do great for the skids. Spray the lubricant on a rag then wipe it along the sliding tracks of the windows. Silicone lubricants work well with wood, metal or plastic, so you won’t have to worry about anything.

10. Stubborn Bathroom Decals

Sometimes, debris leave a mark on your house. The WD40 lubricant could help here. By spraying the areas with WD40, you could then use a credit card to scrape the debris away from your bathroom tiles and even your bathtub. Rinse the entire thing with dishwashing soap and you’re done.

11. Clever Light Bulb Removal Trick

Using duct tape, you could instantly remove any hard-to-reach and hard-to-unscrew light bulb. Procure a one foot length of electric tape into the middle of the light bulb. Then, by folding the tape in half, stick it onto itself. Then grip each end between your thumb and index finger then you could instantly loosen up the light bulb.

3 Fantastic WordPress Magazine Themes: Get the Right Magazine Theme for Your Website

The right premium WordPress magazine theme can create a fantastic website very quickly.

The point of using a WordPress theme is it saves you a bundle of time and/or money to create a great-looking website with a ton of content.

Sure, you might do some customization with graphics and layout, but at the end of the day… you can actually have a website up and running. I love building great websites fast.

The question is, which WordPress magazine themes are the best?

Many people look for a free magazine theme. This article explains the hazards of saving a few dollars with a free theme.

In my view, the best WordPress Magazine themes are:

  1. Magazine child theme by StudioPress.
  2. Lifestyle child theme by StudioPress.
  3. News child theme by StudioPress.

What’s the deal with StudioPress?

I build most of my websites with the Genesis Framework by StudioPress. The Genesis Framework makes building websites easy and fast. Better yet, you get incredible functionality and flexibility – two features I want and need with pretty much every website I build.

Magazine style websites require a particular function which all 3 above-mentioned StudioPress themes have in spades. This functionality is called “Featured Posts.”

What are Featured Posts?

Featured Posts enable you to create listings of article titles with or without excerpts on your home page and/or your sidebar. With Magazine theme, Lifestyle theme, and News theme by StudioPress, you can create as many groupings of featured posts on your home pages you like.

What you get is a variety of groupings of articles on your home page. In fact, you can create as many groupings as you like. You can organize them by Category and/or create custom menus.

It’s the Featured Posts functionality that enable you to create a magazine-style website.

Tabber section

Both Magazine child theme and News child theme have a tabber section. This is a “featured post” box where you have tabs to different articles located above-the-fold on the home page. This is where you feature your best or latest articles. It creates a dynamic and attractive home page.

Don’t forget the images

With all three magazine themes mentioned above, you can choose to have thumbnails of the first image in your post pull to display with your excerpts. This is an extremely convenient way to create a very attractive website. Each listing is accompanied with an image. Of course, you can easily dictate which listing display an image.

You want readers, don’t you?

Without readers, what’s the point of publishing a Magazine website (let alone any website). That’s where the power of Genesis really comes into play. The Genesis Framework which powers all their child themes, is SEO ready. But this isn’t just any “SEO-ready” platform. The SEO panel gives you many options for configuring your on-site SEO including the option to noindex, nofollow, and noarchive individual inner pages.


All three Magazine-style WordPress themes mentioned above are Ad-ready. You can place banner ads strategically in your header, within your posts, and/or your sidebar.

Navigation is the key

Many magazine websites have many categories. Many WordPress themes make it difficult to configure your menus so your visitors can easily and quickly find your many categories. Not these three magazine themes. The Genesis Framework integrates perfectly with the WordPress 3.0 platform and in facts works with it so you can create custom menus in all navigation bars as well as your sidebars. You can create many different menus and therefore customize your navigation options within different sections of your website.

A great magazine website is all about subscribers

If you want to earn revenue from advertisers, it sure helps you to say you have a lot of subscribers to your website. StudioPress magazine WordPress themes come with a built-in subscriber widget which makes setting up a subscriber feed very easy.

Build an online empire

Building a successful magazine website is exciting. Building a fleet of successful magazine websites can also be exciting. When you buy a theme from StudioPress, you can use the theme on as many websites as you like. You aren’t restricted to a set number of installations (this is one of many reasons I use StudioPress and recommend this theme vendor).

Need help?

Your purchase of a StudioPress theme gives you access to that theme’s dedicated forum. I’m on the forum almost every week getting help and ideas. It’s a very live forum and the moderators respond to questions usually within 24 hours. The bank of threads on existing themes is a gold-mine of information.

You also get access to theme tutorials showing you the basics of getting your theme live on the Web.

How to Start Your Own Pond Building Business

You can start your own business, and be your own boss, and work your own hours, when you are building and maintaining water ponds and garden ponds for yourself. You can start out building small ponds, and work your way up to bigger, more fancier ponds. You can buy small water ponds at some home improvement stores, and you should be able to find enough accessories, to start your own pond business.

You can also go all out, later on, buy having your own tractor to use to dig out the ponds. You can rent tractors and bobcats to dig out large ponds. For extra large ponds, you might even need a crane. But most average size ponds, can be done by hand, with a shovel, or several people digging at once. You can buy pond liners, and materials, from local suppliers, you can find in the telephone book, or on the internet. You can pick various rock designs, to form your pond. As with any pond, your imagination is the only thing stopping you from building a beautiful pond.

The pond business can be a form of art, as no two artists, will view the building of a pond the same way, you don’t really want to build your customer a square no frills pond. You want to think about it, and create a piece of art, for your customer, and that is how you should think of it. People love ponds with Lilly pads, goldfish, water fountains, etc. You can make good money putting in nice ponds.

You should take a picture of each pond job you complete, so that you have a nice portfolio to show potential new customers. You should make up fliers, and pass them out to landscape suppliers, home & garden stores, hardware stores, nurseries, feed supplies, and more. You can offer them a commission, or lump sum payment, for any pond jobs that they send your way, and you do. You should have nice signs on the side of your vehicle made up, saying you build ponds. You could take some digital pictures of some of your completed jobs later and print them out in color, and turn them into magnetic signs, to also put on your vehicle as a sales pitch, and a picture is worth a thousand words, they always say.

The Difference Between Lifting Straps And Lifting Slings

If you can’t tell a lifting strap from a lifting sling, this is the article for you. Both are used in moving items around but they have widely varied applications.

Some people use the term lifting strap and lifting sling interchangeably. However, they are actually two different tools with two different applications.

A lifting strap is also referred to as a moving strap. This type of moving aid can be used to help people – usually a team of two people – lift heavy objects. These straps can be a lifesaver in moving in and out of a residential home especially if you are moving yourself. Professional movers also use them instead of a traditional wheeled dolly because there are certain places you don’t want to wheel a dolly around a home. For example, you may not want to wheel a dolly over white carpet or fragile tile floors. There also may be pieces of furniture or appliances which don’t lend themselves to being moved with a dolly. A moving strap is usually secured around both persons shoulders and/or waists in order to provide stability and help you handle the heavy object. You may be surprised at the many items which can be lifted this way including washers, dryers, cabinets, refrigerators, couches and much more.

A lifting sling is generally used in an industrial or marine setting to lift or hoist very heavy equipment such as boats, trucks and construction equipment. They are made out of a variety of materials which are designed for specific applications including nylon, polyester, wire rope and chain. Nylon type are the most common choice. Chain type are the strongest option. All types are graded by the manufacturer for a variety of load factors and you need to be careful to purchase the correct hoist for your load. The slings are usually connected to the crane or whatever is being used for the pull with a shackle or other type of industrial strength connector.

Whether you call it lifting straps or slings, most sales professionals can figure out what you are really after. The important thing is to ask questions so you get the right tool for the job you need to do.

Tafar’s Story – "The Boy Who Would Be King"

Tafar was born to an Africanized Canadian mother, Carol, who seemed to don the Rastafarian culture and prefer men of Afrique design. Carol initially had two children Tafar and Kwame. When Tafar was 2 years old his 6 month old brother died and it was judged that his mother, Carol was at fault for neglecting him.

A few weeks after I had started working at the treatment center, Tafar invited me to sit with him in the time out room. He asked me if I was married? If I had children? Where I was born? Did I have siblings?

With my responses he felt at ease. He told me of Albert the social worker who came to take him away from his mother. He told me of his memory of pausing at the elevator looking back at his grief stricken mother standing crying in the apartment doorway. He told me of the horrendous sexual abuse he suffered within 6 months of being placed in a state run child care agencies foster home. Of the many other instances of abuse that followed at the hands of others who should have been caring for him.

He told me when the voices started. The first voice was James and then later the others started. As he told his story, he would look as if from behind himself toward me to assess the impact of his words. I like to believe that he saw my care for him and my admiration of him for surviving with such a good nature. Tafar bonded with me in that padded room in a way that was more intense than any other experience I had ever had in the last 25 years of working with children.

He tested me and to my fortune, he felt me worthy of his trust. During the weeks, months and years that followed, I was a part of the compliment of skilled youth workers who cared for him and I learned so much about this awesome young man’s view of the world that I believe he has left his imprint on me that will last forever.

I met Carol and her 3 children born since Kwame’s death. Ojuku (who was then 12). Asai, a beautiful little girl who was 11 and the youngest Sipo, a boy who was her only child who was not bi-racial. Tafar was 15.

Carol spoke with an almost authentic Jamaican accent and she and all her children but for Tafar wore Rastafarian styled locks. She told stories that she was Jamaican born but a social worker confided in us that she was Canadian born and second generation raised in the state’s child care agency. When Kwame died, she was charged and sent to prison for 3 months. Shortly after her release Carol gave birth to Ojuku and the other children followed.

Carol and her children lived in community housing. They were poor. Living below subsistence level. When they would come to visit Tafar they hoarded food from the group home. They resented Tafar as they felt that he was doing so much better than they could. I felt for Carol and her children each was so special and even though I found Carol manipulating and sometimes unscrupulous, I felt as if somehow she was a victim of circumstances herself.

Kwame died in part because the system who raised Carol had not been able to prepare her for effective parenting. Her own sense of self was so thwarted that she could not find a place for herself within the mainstream Canadian community so she created a fictitious history and sought a place in a culture which both highlighted her differences and contributed to her and her family’s isolation.

While Tafar performed remarkably within the treatment setting, the child care system was at a loss as to what they could do for him when he turned 18. He was demitted from the treatment setting and placed in a community setting where there were far less supports and supervision. Tafar lost his temper one evening and when a staff member at the group home stood between him and the door he ran right through her injuring her and was charged and sent to a prison psychiatric unit where I believe he resides until today.

His Brother Ojuku became a hit man for a street level gang and he was sentenced to life in prison for assassinating an opponent at a gas station. I often wonder as to the fate of Asai and Sipo. They were all such beautiful children. Sipo was such a little gentleman. I shudder to think how they could have evolved since the last time I saw them.

On many levels Tafar’s story is a sad one but we need to see through the sadness to appreciate the real responsibility – Parenting. Through the gift of inspired and supported parenting, so many lives could have been evolved and enhanced to serve a community with integrity. This story is truthful in respects except for the names of the persons. Truly this story speaks to our understandings of the need for families to find the appropriate supports when they need them and the assurances to pursue enlightened parenting.

We remain so very grateful for this forum’s offer of an opportunity to share these sentiments with those who may find interest in these truths.

Helping good parents become better parents at http://www.coachingparents911.com

Lithography Printing – Basic Principles

In lithography the printing and non-printing elements are on the very same level. The sophistication of the printing zones is the fact that they are ink-accepting, where the non-printing plate areas are ink-repellent. This effect is created by physical, inter-facial surface phenomena.

Lithographic printing can easily be subdivided to:

– Stone lithography (direct printing technique utilizing a stone printing plate),

– collotype (direct printing method),

– offset printing (indirect printing process), and

– di-litho (direct printing process with offset printing plate).

Lithography was created by Alois Senefelder in 1796. The image to be printed was gripped on the stone with the use of a special ink. The stone was moistened just before it was up, after which the non-image fields of the stone surface didn’t take on ink.

Collotype is actually another lithography technology. A light-sensitive level of gelatin is exposed on a glass base over the negative and then developed. Places having diverse swelling properties relative to water are produced. After the printing plate has been moistened, differentiated color shade absorption characteristics are generated. Just like stone lithography, collotype is only utilized for artistic goods (and having very short print runs).

Offset printing is the leading lithographic technology. It is an indirect lithographic technology, a situation where the ink is first transferred from the printing plate into a adaptable midpoint carrier – the blanket – and after that onto the substrate.

To obtain an ink-repellent effect on the plate (distinctive interaction of printing plate surface and ink), there are two widely used techniques:

– Conventional offset printing technology: Dampening of the printing plate by using dampening solution (water along with additives). The dampening solution is put on the plate in a very fine film by dampening rollers. The non-image fields of the plate are hydrophobic, that’s, water-receptive and also the ink accepting surfaces are oleophilic, and are just about 100 % unreceptive to water. The film of dampening solution inhibits the transfer of ink. Because this technology is by far essentially the most widespread, the repellent outcome among the ink and dampening solution is regularly always associated with “offset printing.” For that reason, inking and dampening units are required for “offset printing.”

-Waterless offset printing technology: The plate surface is mainly ink-repellent, for instance, due to an appropriate layer of silicone. The ink-receptive base zone is exposed by the deliberate interruption of the layer of silicone (just about 2 microns thick). This treatment is known as “waterless offset” (very frequently as “dry offset”). Suitable printing plates and special inks needs to be used for both of those techniques.

The di-litho technology, a lithographic technology in which the printing plate prints directly onto the substrate, was uniquely formed for newspaper printing. The benefit from this technology was that conventional letterpress rotary printing presses could be used. The printing units of these presses have been modified by the installing of a dampening unit. Printing was done with conventional printing plates, nevertheless a special coating needed to be applied to them due to the very high stress because of the direct contact with the paper and the high stability during the total print run essential in newspaper printing. This technology only played short-time role. When new investment was made in newspaper printing firms, this kind of technology was exchanged by web offset presses, which print onto the substrate via a blanket cylinder.

Advantages of offset lithography

– constantly high-image quality.

– much quicker and much easier production of plates.

– extended life of plates because they only come in touch with the printing blanket, which happens to be softer and less abrasive than paper

– most inexpensive production on excellent quality images in large quantities.


– high cost for small quantities

– the image quality is excellent for commercial purpose however not as good as rotogravure or photogravure printing.

History and Features of the Cast Iron Mailbox

The very first cast iron mailboxes were used in Russia in the 19th century. Russia was the first country to provide public post boxes and they started with letter boxes made of wood. However these were lightweight and frequently stolen. In response, Russia introduced the considerably heavier cast iron boxes that could weigh up to 45 kilograms.

The United States postal service began employing mailboxes during the late 1800s. They purchased these mailboxes from the Danville Stove and Manufacturing Company, which was also known as Beaver Stoves. During the turn of the century and the early 1900s one could see post boxes with the Beaver logo around the country.

One of these antique mailboxes is still in use at Disney World in Orlando, Florida. Wall mounted letterboxes made of cast iron were also popular for home use during the first half of the twentieth century. Today mailboxes are seeing a resurgence in popularity, both for their sturdiness and their aesthetic qualities. Many neighborhoods have encountered repeated attacks on mailboxes from people driving by wielding baseball.

One response has been to purchase letterboxes that can withstand a hit, such as those made out of cast iron. Besides standing up to brute force, cast iron wall mounted mailboxes can hinder theft. Many have letter slots and hinged lids that lock. As long as the lock is as sturdy as the rest of the mailbox, personal correspondence and the information within is safe from mail theft. Others prefer it for its non-utilitarian features. They are usually black and generally more ornate than a typical mailbox, embossed with designs. In addition, it lasts for years.

So, those looking for antique mail boxes as authentic finishing touches to their period homes should have no trouble finding the right wall mounted letterbox. However, if they have not been properly cared for, these antique boxes will likely be rusty. To restore the mailbox first rub down all surfaces with steel wool to remove the rust. Then wipe down the mailbox to remove any dirt or dust. Finally, dip a cloth in oil or unsalted fat and rub it into the mailbox. This last step prevents rust and adds shine and will need to be repeated periodically.

Benefits of a Pressure Cooker

Pressure cooker is a cooking ware or vessel that has a concept of not allowing steam, gas, or liquid to get away to the atmosphere at a certain pressure in order to cook food. It provides much pressure to the food until it is cooked with the desired tenderness is acquired for chewing pleasure. Mostly the use of a pressure cooker is just to make an ingredient tender, beef and other meats are commonly pressurized to be tender enough to eat easily. When the meat has already reached the desired tenderness, it would then be cooked again with the rest of the ingredients according to the complete procedure in cooking the delicacy by the use of another cooking ware.

A pressure cooker is generally designed in a way. It is often made of stainless steel, although it is heavy, this kind of metal surely can withstand the pressure that can possibly build up inside the vessel. Commonly found on the cover is the regulator that releases steam from the stainless ware. The steam released is produced by excessive pressure which is beyond the limit the particular cooker can endure. Although the regulator allows a little amount of steam and pressure breaks through, enough pressure inside is still at work to complete the process. There are many different designs and innovations of the certain pot we are particular of. There are models of the kind that are distinct. For innovations, the sizes normally differ.

There are various sizes of pressure cookers displayed on the shelves of department stores. According to the accounts of the customers, lots of modifications are involved regarding the matter. Such as the handles that are easy to grip. Considering the weight of the content inside, together with the mass of the steel pot, the handles have an important factor. The handles attached to the different models of this product are made of various materials that have their own distinct properties.

The handles must have the capacity and strength to support the whole item and the food inside of it. Aside from the capacity of the handle to support, it must provide the safety for the vessel and most of all, to the person that is cooking. Since this kind of cooking vessel is quite complicated, its design and the material used in it must be safe enough with the pressure it deals with. It must be designed not to break during the process of making the food or meat tender. If ever a single part of the pressure cooker does not function as supposed to be, it would break with excessive pressure. The broken pieces of metal and the boiling water is so harmful to the persons nearby.

Instructions manual in using pressure cookers must be followed strictly for safety reasons and to acquire the best for the food.

The Different Uses For Nylon Fasteners

What are nylon plastic fasteners and how are they used? Nylon fasteners are used in everyday living for everything imaginable. They include cable ties, wire management clips, hose clamps, circuit board hardware, panel fasteners, bushings, spacers, washers, screws, bolts and nuts. Fasteners are generally constructed using tough molded nylon that is corrosion resistant but they can be made out of other material as well.

The most common of all plastic fasteners is the nylon cable tie, more commonly known as zip ties or locking ties. They are most often used to organize several cables together or to secure a tag to an item. Not only do they come in various widths and lengths, but they also are available in several colors to tie up nearly anything. The length of the cable tie determines what the bundling diameter will be and the width determines the tensile strength. Many people are surprised to find out that the overall strength can exceed a couple hundred pounds for a single tie and they can be several feet long.

Nylon circuit board hardware was created to aid in spacing, locking, guidance and supporting electronics. As more and more devices utilize intelligence lodged on a circuit board, the need for fastening the boards in place has grown. The advantage of nylon hardware is that the material properties provide excellent electrical isolation while metal does not. Most styles simply snap into place through the holes in the circuit board panel. If they need to be removed from the piece once it has been snapped in, you just simply squeeze the locking device from the other side of the panel. The other types are mounted by either using threaded hardware or pre-attached adhesives to secure everything in place.

The use of plastic screws, washers, nuts and rivets can vary from the type of material that they fasten together. Most, if not all, of these items can be used with nearly any materials such as particle board, metal, rubber, plastic and wood. These items secure the material to itself or to another object, such as a wall or a sheet metal panel. The key advantages of nylon over metal are the resistances it has to corrosion, rust, chemicals, abrasion and vibration. Others advantages include: lightweight, electrical properties and limited torque. However, when securing large items, the proper size of the fastener is necessary because nylon is not as strong as metal. Each fastener has its own purpose and there are other types available to help complete nearly every job imaginable.

The purpose of hose clamps is to help seal a hose onto what is called a nib or barb. The clamp serves as a seal with items such as automotive parts and household appliances. It is important for household appliances, such as a washing machine, to have the proper fitting hose clamp because the repercussions of having the incorrect size could lead to a leak. The hose clamps come in many sizes to accommodate almost every type of hose that is on the market. To use the clamp properly it would need to fit over the two hoses that need to be joined together. Once this step is completed, the clamp can be tightened in place with the attached screw.