9 Common Causes of Construction Accidents

There are many causes of accidents on a construction site. Many are often attributed to some form of negligence and may involve unsafe work areas, misuse of tools and equipment, and failure to use protective equipment. The following discusses the nine most common examples of construction site accidents.

  1. Unsafe Working Areas – Injuries due to slip and falls are among the most common on a construction site. Unsafe conditions include uncovered holes or trenches and exposed stakes and rebars (which implement hazards to those working or walking above them).
  2. Falling Hazards – A common injury that occurs when a worker near an open-sided floor focusing on his work, steps backwards or to the side without looking. Another falling hazard occurs on stairwells with no guardrails. In this kind of accident, workers frequently land on their heads or shoulders.
  3. Misuse of Stepladders – This is one of the leading causes of injury and long-term disability in Washington. An injury can occur when a worker falls from a tipped-over stepladder. Another accident that can occur with stepladders is when tools are left on the top platform. When someone moves the ladder, the tools fall on someone’s head. Using household ladders on a construction site can also lead to accidents, as these types of ladders cannot take the weight and stress of a construction worker with tools.
  4. Roof Construction Falls – The number one cause of death in construction occurs where no fall protection is provided. Falls can occur when anchors (designed to provide fall arrest with an attached lifeline) are not properly attached or more than one lifeline is on a single anchor.
  5. Scaffolding Problems Washington State regulations mandate that a “competent person” must supervise erecting scaffolds. This is someone capable of identifying hazards and who has the authority to take prompt corrective measures. Despite these regulations, scaffolding accidents still occur through unsafe access to scaffolds and tools and other materials falling off scaffolding and injuring workers.
  6. Collapsed Excavation Walls and Trenches – In the state of Washington, collapsed excavation walls or trenches kill an average of two workers each year. The weight of soil (2000-3000 pounds per yard) prevents a trapped worker from breathing, leading to death within minutes.
  7. Power Tool Accidents – These accidents are frequently caused by not using appropriate eye and ear protection. Nail gun injuries have increased each year making eye injuries quite common. It’s not surprising given that a nail comes out of the gun with the equivalent force of a .22 caliber bullet. Also, not having proper guards in place on the power tools can lead to cuts and amputations.
  8. Lifting/Body Straining – The number one cause of injuries, disability claims and medical costs in construction are soft tissue injuries-strains, sprains and chronic injuries. These are a result of lifting with the back instead of using the legs and not using panel lifters when carrying sheets of drywall, plywood, or siding.
  9. Vehicle Accidents – Forklift accidents are responsible for workers’ deaths each year in Washington. A common accident occurs when turning or maneuvering the forklift with the load raised. Another dangerous construction site vehicle is the dump truck. A frequent accident involves the dump truck backing up and hitting a pedestrian.

As you can see, a construction site can be quite dangerous. However, many of these accidents can be avoided through common sense and protective measures. Prevention begins with adequate awareness and a properly maintained working environment that is safe and secure.

Choosing a Camping Table

Camping tables are not one of the first things that people put on their camping pack list, but if you are going to be feeding more than just a couple of people, they can come in very handy. It’s great sitting around your campfire watching the stars, but it gets a bit complicated when you start trying to balance your drink and plate with nothing to put them on but your lap.

When you’re choosing a camping table, there are a couple of things you’ll want to keep in mind. The biggest consideration is the size and weight of the table and how that will impact the type of camping you’re going to be doing. If you’re planning on car camping – i.e., you’re going to be able to drive directly to your campsite – then the weight of your camp table won’t matter too greatly. Just pick a size that can be transported easily in your car and will be large enough to handle everything you’re going to want to put on it.

On the other hand, if you’re planning on hiking in to your campsite, then size and weight will definitely be an issue. You don’t want to try and lug a huge table through the woods. In this situation, you’ll want to find a smaller and lighter camp table that will fold small enough to fit in your pack.

The next time you go camping, consider taking along a camping table. They can make the difference at meal time between enjoying your dinner and trying to pick your supper up off of the ground.

Eco-Friendly Concrete

Concrete is gray, not green, right? Well, there are many ways that concrete is becoming much more environmentally friendly. The green movement is a great way to better our current products and spawn innovation for new creations. As these new, more efficient products gain speed and drop to a reasonable price, people will be much more motivated to upgrade to sustainable materials and replace the old, less efficient products. This can be seen when comparing the cost to light a room, or heat your water. However, there is a great misunderstanding about the use of concrete and how it affects our communities and natural resources. The progress of concrete mix designs is not a hot topic at the dinner table or on the evening news, so it often gets ignored or overlooked by the masses.

Let’s begin with the basics: Water, Rock, Sand and Cement.

Water is used for the hydration process – how everything binds together. The water needs to be good clean water, but does not need to be potable (drinkable) according to the Portland Cement Association. Thus, this ingredient requires no additional purification or processing to be used. After the hydration process is complete, the majority of the water will evaporate or return to the groundwater system, making it a completely renewable source.

Rock found in concrete can come from anywhere. That means that it can come from down the road and be locally provided. It is true that some rock has a greater compression strength than others, but many states require local materials be used for government jobs. The local use reduces excess transportation costs and saves other resources, making it a favorite material for LEED certified buildings. Recycled materials such as blast furnace slag and reused glass are making a steady appearance in both the construction industry and the art world.

Sand is even easier to come by and is not only dirt cheap and plentiful, but also is often a local mineral and highly favored for all projects. Rock and sand make up about 70% of concrete mix and can be a very good choice for earth friendly construction because they are naturally occurring materials and require little to no processing. The main energy consumption comes into play when they need to be transported great distances, which was already discussed.

Cement does require a fair amount of energy to process. That is one reason other sources of cementitious material is becoming more popular. Fly ash, for example has similar properties as portland cement, but is a by-product of power plants and is therefore a reused material. There are many other materials that are making their way into concrete that are less energy intensive to refine into a usable bonding agent. Some of these materials include naturally occurring pozzolans, microsilica, fly ash, and other proprietary ‘crete products.

I foresee a continual change in the actual mineral recipe of the cementitious materials used in concrete in the future. Along those lines, I don’t see any lack of demand for this diverse and beneficial construction material in the next decade or century. Concrete will be used in the future just as we currently use the dirt, timber and steel of the past. As we continue to make improvements in our products, we will be able to save money and reduce our impact on the world’s resources.

Auto Repair for Beginners

As a new owner of a vehicle, you must know about auto repair. This way, when your car breaks down, you what you have to do. Many automobile manufacturers and auto parts dealers provide their customers with tips on how to do basic auto repairs.

It is important that you familiarize yourself first with the parts and systems that make up your automobile. Knowledge about how these parts and systems work, and what their optimal performance levels help you master simple auto repair techniques. If you are aware of how your car functions, you will not have a hard time identifying where a strange sound is coming from and what part of your vehicle is affected.

By knowing the basics, you can perform simple troubleshooting procedures when your car breaks down, instead of sending it to a mechanic right away. You will not have to spend massive amounts of money just to hire a professional for a simple job you can do yourself, such as adjusting a few loose screws or cooling an overheating radiator.

As a beginner in auto repair, you must realize the importance of owning a basic service tool kit. This usually contains wrenches, screws and a jack. If your car stalls on the road, you will most likely need such tools to start it up again. Tools make auto repairs easier because they allow you to troubleshoot hard-to-reach areas.

If you want to learn more about auto repairs for beginners, you can try asking your favorite mechanic for some pointers. You can also try searching the World Wide Web for tips on auto repair. Through a search engine, you can access a wealth of information. Aside from research, you also have the option of signing up for short courses on auto repair.

Obsessive Focus

The key to achieving anything in life is focus. The key to success is focus. Whatever you focus on, you will obtain. Obsessive focus is the ability to focus on what you want until you obtain it. When you become obsessive about what you want, and you focus all your energy on that one thing, you will create a powerful force that will push you forward.

Obsessive focus is not a state in which you need to constantly exist. Just the act of focusing on your goals and desires will create results. There are times, however, when you will need obsessive focus. Extreme change calls for extreme measures. When you want something major to happen that will revolutionize your life – that is the time to utilize obsessive focus. When I started my business, I used this concept for the first five years. I did nothing but focus on building my business and making it a success. Other coaches – many of them no longer in the business – often told me that I should relax and not work so hard. However, that hard work and obsessive focus helped me to achieve amazing results. Because of the obsessive focus I placed on my business in the beginning, I now have a strong foundation from which to work.

Obsessive focus is the secret weapon that you need to call upon only on certain occasions. You will use obsessive focus only for a while because, frankly, the energy that it takes can not be sustained indefinitely, but it can last long enough to get what you want. If you are looking to create major change in your life, you need to be obsessive and focus all of your energy on that change. Be single minded and make it happen!

Obsessive focus is the equivalent of creating a laser beam effect. If you hold a laser beam directly on an area, the laser beam will burn a hole through even the toughest steel. You could take the same laser beam and continually move it around, but you will not get the same result. If you want to burn through to reach your dreams and goals, you need obsessive focus.

You might be thinking that obsessive focus sounds, well, obsessive. Yes! Obsessive focus is obsessive, but if you want to create big changes, there are times when you will need to be obsessive, single minded and totally focused. You will not have to do it forever, but you will have to do it for some time. How long? Well, until you reach your goal.

Bikini Hands and Feet

Bikini wear involves more than just getting a sun tan, toning up and fitting your body into a tiny piece of fabric. It also includes taking care of your hands and feet which, believe it or not, are even more noticeable than your skimpy swimwear. Just imagine yourself sitting on the beach and someone walks by you in a micro bikini. She stops to ask you for directions and while admiring her swimsuit, you look at her hands and feet and see dry, scaly and chaffed skin. Is that person still as appealing? Do not think so. So here are some tips on keeping your hands and feet looking nice and healthy.

Trimming
Claws are not in this year. Keep your fingernails and toenails trimmed. For your hands, as long as your nails are trimmed neatly, you'll be just fine. For feet, keep your toenails trimmed back past the top meaty portion of your toes. Do not let your toenails hang out over your toes. We do not want you to be confused with the wolfman.

Cleaning
Dirty nails on your hands or feet is an instant eye sore. Keep them clean by soaking them in a solution of soap and water. If you want to add some extra moisture, apply a few drops of baby oil into the water. Take a scrub brush and thoroughly go back and forth over them to make sure all of the dirt gets removed.

Dead Skin
Many people are stricken with dead skin on the heels of their feet. It's hard and extremely dry. A way to get rid of some of that dead skin is to soak your feet in a pan of hot water with soap and baby oil. Soak them for about 30 minutes until the dead skin is softened or loosened up. Then take a foot scrapper and scrape the dead skin off. You will notice a difference right way. To keep the skin soft and smooth, immediately apply a deep moisturizing lotion and wear socks whenever you can, along with lotion, to keep your feet moisturized.

Polishing
To reward your hands and feet for keeping them in such great condition. Pick out your favorite fingernail polish and paint your finger and toe nails. Use designs if you want. Make them very pretty. To keep your nails moisturized after polishing them and they have dried, moisturize your hands and feet with lotion. Do it often and when it's time to remove the polish, use a non-acetone polish remover so your nails will not dry out.

Protection
Gloves and socks are great protection for your hands and feet. They keep moisture in and protect your skin from the ultra-violet rays of the sun. Even in the warmest weather, some people wear gloves and socks to constantly keep their skin conditioned because dry skin can happen in any kind of weather.

Best Ways to Prevent Accidents at Work

Most of the common accidents at work can be prevented provided both employees and employers consider it as their duty to prevent accidents at their work place. Employers are required to perform risk assessment for probable accidents that could happen and adapt necessary methods to prevent accidents in the health and safety procedures practiced by them. Employees must strictly follow the health and safety measures adapted by their employers and help to avoid accidents at work.

Slips, trips and falls are one of the most common accidents at work which can cause minor injuries to serious injuries. The preventive methods suggested to reduce this type of accident includes providing safe flooring design, hiding irregular cables, providing warning signs if some place is temporarily slippery or wet, cleaning the floor regularly and providing sufficient lighting and hand rails wherever applicable.

Manual handling of heavy things by lifting, pushing, pulling, carrying or moving can cause accidents where injuries can be sustained is common in work place. The best ways and preventive methods required to reduce this type of accident is as follows.

o Worker should not be made to handle heavy things to a long distance.

o Should train the worker with adequate lifting practice.

o The work should not involve massive reaching upwards, twisting or stooping.

o Should allow taking sufficient rest periodically.

o Wherever possible should use goods lift equipments.

Electrical shocks are common accidents at work which can cause electrical burns to electricians and employees who need to operate electrical equipments. Following are the best ways and methods required to prevent electrical shocks.

o Should ensure that the electrical equipment is well maintained, designed and appropriate for working.

o Provide safety cutouts in the equipment.

o Train the staff properly to operate the equipment.

o Provide warning if there is any electrical danger is involved.

o Persuade safe working practices.

Scaffolding accidents are common building work place accidents which can cause injuries to building workers. To avoid scaffolding accidents the following precautions must be considered.

o Scaffolding should be constructed properly.

o Should ensure that the base plates are in place.

o Slippery planks must be replaced.

o Should provide sufficient guard railings.

o Check for missing planks and replace wherever needed.

o Ensure that the foundation is strong enough.

Apart from the above common accidents there can be some common specific work place accidents which can cause injuries in the respective manner. Some such areas of working are working with dangerous chemicals, with heavy machinery and where fire is involved. These accidents can be prevented provided the respective health and safety measures assigned to their specific work place are followed carefully.

Generally most of the common accidents at work can be prevented if you as an employee consider health and safety as your own accountability. The employers by making their work place safe for working by adapting the prescribed safety measures can prevent accidents at work. Employers must also provide supervision for health and safety where it is needed.

Why an Art Deco Coffee Table?

When you are looking to see what kind of designs that you can get when it comes to your living space, why not start by looking at an Art Deco coffee table? There was a reason that so many people were crazy for Art Deco styles back in its heyday in the 1920s, and there is a reason that so many people today still love it. Whether you are after designs that are cool, crisp and clean or you are thinking about making sure that you have plenty of room to maneuver, looking for coffee tables in this mode of design is a great idea.

When you are start looking for a great Art Deco coffee table, you will find that there are plenty of different options that are available to you when you are thinking about what Art Deco is. While you may be interested in the fact that it has in its ancestry such respectable art movements as Cubism, Art Nouveau, Futurism and NeoClassical, you will find that it is also very easy to look at the design itself. Thee is a broad reliance in the Art Deco movement for things to be at once elegant, functional and modern and you will find that if this suits your aesthetic that there is plenty for you to look forward to.

Take a look at your own decorating style and think about what Art Deco could do for it. This may be a style that is not for you if you favor a cluttered, messy look, but if you love clean lines and strong colors, this may be perfect for you. Consider what your needs are when you are looking at your decorating and see if Art Deco can meet them. There are many people who get some great results when they incorporate this design into their décor.

If you are looking for a terrific way to make a statement when it comes to your living space, make a conscious decorating decision. There are plenty of different options that you can get with an Art Deco coffee table, so make sure that you explore them all!

Decorative Concrete Overlay – The Future of Concrete Is Here Today!

Situation

So one day you notice some imperfections in the concrete of your driveway and you ask yourself what to do now. In the old days, the thought of concrete removal and replacement was pretty much the only thing going through your head. No need to worry, Decorative Concrete Overlay is now here. As long as your concrete meets a few requirements, all should be good using this fantastic product. We will get to these requirements in a bit.

What is it?

So, in a nutshell, what is decorative concrete overlay? Simply put, it is a cement-based product with a blend of polymer resins with cement, sand, and other additives. These overlays can use acrylic due to the fact that these resins administer a great potency of bond strength and UV protection. Because there are different combinations of these resins, you will have recognizable physical characteristics; thus making unique systems that achieve the same goal of beautification. These overlays can be applied a few inches thick to as thin as paperclip. This gives flexibility considering on where the product will be used.

Benefits

This type of concrete provides the residential or commercial customer the ability to give their old, worn out concrete a “face-lift” without the bill that would have come from total replacement work. There is an endless supply of colors and designs. Believe it or not, that can be the biggest challenge for some when it comes to this work. So what do you get from using this besides a great looking piece of property? Decorative concrete overlay provides the following benefits:

1. Reduced costs

2. Great durability

3. Low maintenance

4. UV protection

5. Slip resistant (which is great for swimming pool areas)

6. Protection from salt and other chemicals

7. Protection from scratches and scuff marks

8. Protection from the dreaded freeze-thaw cycle.

Contraindications

Now to the big question of who can use this product? A very important note to all of this is that not all current concrete has the ability to be resurfaced due to certain factors. Here is a list of contraindications for the use of this product:

1. What absolutely must be present is a stable underlying base of the area of interest or it can’t be used.

2. If fragmentation of the existing material is present from previous freeze-thaw cycles, then it can’t be used.

3. If there are serious cracks that have occurred from the instability of the area, then it can’t be used.

4. If the existing material is raised, then it can’t be used.

In these above situations, the concrete will have to be removed and replaced the old fashion way. For all other situations, the sky is the limit.

Summary

So as you can see, decorative concrete overlay is a great product that provides a plethora of options for both the residential and commercial customer.

How to Calculate Space Heating Requirements

To enable you to understand the heat requirements of a space you need to understand how heat is lost from a space and how quickly this happens. This is to enable you to calculate the heat output you require and how quickly you need to heat a space to maintain the desired or design temperature.

Quick Rule of Thumb Route

Step One

Calculate the area of the space to be heated in m2

Measure and record the external or internal length in metres.

Measure and record the external or internal width in metres.

Example: Length 10m x Width 5m = 50m2

Step Two

Calculate the heat requirement of the space by using rules of thumb for different spaces.

Below are guides to heat requirements:

Living Room 60W/m2 21 Deg C

Bathroom 70W/m2 21 Deg C

Kitchen 60W/m2 16 Deg C

Bedroom 60W/m2 18 Deg C

Hall and Landing 60W/m2 16 Deg C

This is based on solid brick or block dwellings with cavity thermal insulation and double glazed windows.

Example:

Length 10m x Width 5m

= 50m2 x 60W/m2

= 3,000W

= 3 kW

This example can also be used to calculate the output required for a new boiler installation

Specific Heat Loss Calculation Route

To calculate the specific heat loss in a space you have to consider the temperatures of the outside space and the desired inside space. There is an accepted temperature criteria, which is – 4 Deg C minimum outside temperature and the desired temperatures as shown above in the Rule of Thumb step two.

To carry out the specific heat loss calculation you measure the space dimensions internally i.e. height, width and length in metres. Calculate the area of the windows in m2 and subtract this from the wall area and measure and calculate in m2 the ceiling and floor areas.

With the above carried out we can start to calculate the loss of heat through the material of the space e.g. Walls, floor, windows and roof or ceiling. In addition, calculate the heat requirements of the infiltration ventilation, from areas of the space that allow air into the space from outside from under doors or through windows with no draft proofing, etc…

This we use for air change rates within the space.

The way heat loss is calculated is by measuring the area and multiplying it by the known U value for the material. This is the thermal resistance of the material multiplied by the thickness of the material. There are tables available giving U values of materials e.g. an unfilled cavity wall has a U value of 1.6.

These values are calculated from the K value of the material multiplied by the thickness of the material.

Calculation example:

Space Temp 21/Outside -4/Air Changes 3/Differential Temp 25

Room: Living Dimensions x U Values = specific heat loss

Air 10 x 5 = 50 x 3 = 150m3 x 0.33 = 50

Glass 1 x 2 = 2m2 x 3.0 = 9.5

Walls (external) 10 + 5 x 3 = 45-2=43m2 x 0.45 = 19

Floor 10 x 5 = 50m2 x 0.10 = 5

Roof/Ceiling 10 x 5 = 50m2 x 0.54 = 27

Specific heat loss total = 110 x 25

Total Heat Loss = 2,750W HLoss Total

If we round up the result to 3,000w or 3kW you can see that we have lost 250W from our original rule of thumb calculation. This will not always be the case and if we had more window area, more outside walls or more air changes we would have more heat loss. In addition, it should be remembered that the rule of thumb is an approximation.

This can now be applied to each space and to radiator sizing calculations and schedules.

Historically a margin was always added to the calculation when radiator sizing of 11%. So, if we take our 3kW and add 11% it becomes 3.33kW say 3.5kW.

Docking a Boat Secrets – How to Approach With an On-The-Dock Wind

If you are anything like me, docking a boat can get a bit dicey with a howling, 15-20 knot wind blowing onto a dock, pier, seawall, or into your boat slip. So how do you best control your boat? One little-known method gives you a lot more control that the old method. Here are five steps that put you in command.

When you learned to dock your boat with a wind that blows onto the dock, your might have been told to approach parallel to the pier, stop one to two boat-lengths away, and allow the wind to push on your beam and set the boat onto the pier.

But there’s one thing about this method that you should know. This puts the wind–not you–in the command and control seat. Why is that?

Think of your boat as a four-sided structure. It has a bow, starboard beam, stern, and port beam. Those are your “docking control” points.

At any time, in any situation, in any force of wind or current–you have the ability to use two of the four “docking-control” points to take command of your small boat. These are the bow and stern. As long as you point one of those two points into the wind or current you have complete control.

When you start to move the bow or stern away from that position, you give up control. The maximum angle at which you surrender complete control–ninety degrees–occurs at the starboard or port beam. Learn this and plant it into your mind to develop a “master” mindset used by pro skippers worldwide.

Now, take a look at how you will use this secret to put YOU in complete control when docking a boat with a heavy wind or current that sets your boat onto a pier, seawall, or slip.

1. Prepare Your Boat for the Approach

Line both sides of your hull with boat fenders. Assign one crew the job of “roving” fender. This person will “rove” the boat to cushion any contact with the pier. Make a long spring line the same length as the boat. Attach one end to a cleat near the beam. Coil the bitter end and assign a crew to have it ready to put onto a dock piling or dock cleat.

2. Approach at a Perpendicular Angle

Position the boat so that the bow points about 1/3 back from where you want it to end up after docking. Keep your stern as close into the wind as possible. Use reverse propulsion to keep your stern into the wind. Approach at the slowest speed possible.

3. Drape the Line

After you arrive within a foot or two of the pier, loop the line around a piling or cleat forward of the boat cleat. Bring the line back to the boat. Keep slack in the line. Fend the boat with the roving fender at the bow.

4. Back Down on the Spring

Use the forward spring line to hold the boat in position and back the boat bodily into the pier. As soon as you back on the spring, the boat will angle toward the pier. At this point, the wind will take over to set the boat down onto the pier. Note that the bow will rest alongside the pier to act as a pivot for the rest of the boat.

5. Rove to the Stern

Shift the crew with the roving fender aft as the wind pushes the aft part of the boat to the pier. Fend off at any contact points to cushion the boat. Pass a stern line around a piling or cleat on the dock, aft of the stern cleat on your boat. This line, along with the forward bow spring, will hold the boat in position without fore or aft movement.

Learn how to sail like a pro with these simple “docking a boat” secrets from a master mariner. Keep control over your small sailboat to become her true master and commander–wherever you choose to cruise!

The Many Uses of Silver Nitrate

Silver nitrate is a silver compound that offers a world of uses in a variety of areas. While silver by itself has been considered precious since antiquity, modern man is continually finding new ways to use its versatile compound, silver nitrate. Silver nitrate can be simply created by dissolving silver in a solution of nitric acid and letting the solution evaporate. This is the raw material for basic silver salt synthesis, and it is the least expensive silver salt.

Silver nitrate is so versatile partly because it is soluble in water, alcohol, and acetones. It is used in the manufacture of an eclectic range of products such as mirrors, hair dye, explosives, and a number of pharmaceuticals. Photography labs use silver nitrate in the developing process.

In histology, silver nitrate is used for silver staining, for demonstrating proteins and nucleic acids. Silver nitrate is also used as a stain in scanning electron microscopy.

Once used as a disinfectant, silver nitrate now has many medical, biological, and laboratory uses. Since 1881, for instance, silver nitrate has been used as an eye drop to prevent blindness or disease in the newborn infants of mothers with certain infectious diseases. It has also done service as a cauterizing agent, and dentists sometimes employ it to heal mouth ulcers. Among its biological uses in histology, silver nitrate demonstrates the presence of proteins and nucleic acids. In the chemistry lab, it tests for the presence of chloride, bromide, and iodide ions. Silver nitrate is also used as a stain in scanning electron microscopy. Silver nitrate is a most versatile compound!

List of the Most Famous Soccer Stadiums in the World

Unquestionably and undoubtedly the most popular sport in the world is soccer. Soccer is a sport that is viewed by literally billions of people every year and those people continue to tune in every year to see more and more of the world’s greatest sport. Fans usually participate in watching soccer from inside the stadiums, some of which are truly incredible works of architecture, some of which many have even been built using Texas coatings and Texas scaffolding. Amongst the thousands of stadiums in the world there are a few that specifically stick out as being amazing places of history and tradition where fans have gathered for years upon years.

One of the most famous stadiums in the world right now is Wembley Stadium in London, England. Wembley is famous because it is the official home of the England national team, known by their nickname the Three Lions. The current Wembley, however, is not the original and most famous one. The original Wembley Stadium was incredibly iconic, known around the world as the home of football, with its beautiful twin white towers on both sides of the entrance. But, the old one had to be torn down in the year 2000 due to the fact that it was very old, having been built in 1923 and it was decided that it would cost less to build a new one than to upkeep the old one. Although the fans have not necessarily warmed up to the new version yet, certainly as memories are made by the team in the stadium it will be received better.

Another of the most famous stadiums in the world is the Nou Camp in Barcelona. To fully understand the importance of this stadium, people must realize the history and importance of Barcelona football club. Some people in the Catalan region in which Barcelona sits are known to support Barcelona because they support Catalan independence and a new country away from Spain. Needless to say, when Barcelona FC plays at home there is a crazy and frenzied atmosphere. The other part of the importance of the stadium is that it is currently the largest stadium on the European continent, seating a maximum of 98,787 people. The stadium has also hosted a few different European Cup finals, further cementing its legacy as one of the world’s greatest stadiums.

Lastly, there is a stadium in South America that is one of the most famous in the world. The stadium is called the Maracana and is located in Brazil, and is the official home of the Brazilian national team. Having won five World Cups, more than any other country in the world, the stadium has certainly seen its fair share of excitement of the years. It seats 90,000 and is the biggest stadium on the South American continent. Furthermore, when the World Cup is hosted in Brazil in 2014 the arena will serve as the host for the final, typically meaning that it is the most important stadium in its country.

Architecture is important to the structural integrity of buildings and there are numerous methods that can be used to make sure that buildings stay intact for many years.

Distinctive Table Names For Wedding Receptions

Table 1, table 2, and table 3 are so boring! Why not have some fun when deciding what to call the tables for your reception? Theses are ideas for some of the most distinctive table names for wedding receptions.

Your table names can be much more than just a way to indicate to each guest where they should sit during dinner. They can also be a chance to reinforce your wedding theme, express one of your passions, or even just amuse your guests. Why let this opportunity go to waste by using boring old table numbers when you can do so much more?

Theme weddings will always lend themselves to interesting names for the dinner tables. Let's say that you are having a tropical theme wedding. A great idea for marking the tables would be to label each one with the name of a famous tropical paradise. Your guests can dine at Bora Bora, Tahiti, Fiji, and Hawaii. Or you can use a variation of this concept while also introducing a more personal element. A couple who is throwing a tropical theme wedding and also loves to surf, for instance, could name each table after their favorite place to catch a wave. Bonus points if you have pictures of the bride and groom at each location to post under the names.

Some brides will plan their wedding around their favorite color. A purple wedding could be graced with tables named lavender, aubergine, lilac, plum, and so forth. Or have a pink wedding with tables named after your favorite pink flowers, such as roses, tulips, peonies, and hydrangeas. This would be a nice tie in with the wedding centerpieces if they should happen to include those blossoms. The idea of ​​naming reception tables after flowers would also be lovely for a garden wedding.

Tables can be named after famous people, too. How better to evoke the cool elegance of the Rat Pack than by calling your reception tables Frank Sinatra, Sammy Davis Jr., and so on? When using the name of a person, definitely have their picture on the table number display to make it even more interesting. This would be a very hip idea for a wedding theme, and you could bring it to full fruition by including elements in your wedding like Sinatra music, a martini bar, and small silver flasks for the favors (they also make great groomsmen gifts, by the way). Another idea for the groomsmen gifts for a Rat Pack inspired wedding would be to give them cool ties that they can wear for the wedding, along with another gift that they will be able to use everyday like a silver pocketknife.

Nature can always provide sweet wedding ideas. If you are the earthy type, how about using table names such as river, rock, branch, and moss? Or get more specific; a bird loving bride and groom could call their tables warbler, finch, cardinal, bluebird, etc. Another great source of inspiration is literature. Not only would it be a nice personal touch to name your reception tables after your favorite books, but it will be a great conversation starter for your guests at dinner.

So many aspects of planning a wedding are limited by custom or convention; the table numbers are happily not one of those. Allow yourself to be creative, have fun, and even get a little silly while choosing your favorite names for the reception tables. It is a small detail that will pay big dividends in added character for your wedding reception.

Concrete Driveway Repair: Filling Small Cracks

It does not take much weathering to result in some small cracks. Fortunately, with a little bit of work, most homeowners can do simple concrete driveway repair on their own. And what a difference is can make! Acting as the gateway to your home and the surface your cars park on, it is the ribbon that wraps the gift that is your house. It makes no sense to have a perfectly manicured lawn, a freshly painted house, and a beautiful backyard if all of that aesthetic beauty is ruined by a few cracks. Here's what you have to do to get things fixed up right.

The first step in any concrete driveway repair is to do the proper prep work. This means cleaning out the crack as thoroughly as possible. Without this step, no patch is going to be able to bond properly and you'll find yourself left with a mess that may be worse than when you started. This is as good a time as any to mention that if you do not feel comfortable moving ahead you should contact a professional to come do the work for you. If you take the time to find someone good through word of mouth you will have a nice, clean job done and it probably will not cost as much as you think.

Moving on. Once you've cleaned out the crack, you have to decide what kind of patching system to use. You may use a premixed sealant, mortar mix, or premixed concrete, depending on your preference and the size of the crack itself. If you are not sure which one to go with, stop by your local building supply store and see what they have to say. More than likely, they've answered these questions in the past and will be able to help you make the right choice. Make sure you take exact measurements of the crack so you know what you're dealing with.

Taking care of your driveway and performing concrete driveway repair can be a satisfying, if laborious job. If at any time you feel in over your head, find someone who knows what they're doing and get some assistance. If that means contacting a professional contractor, then do so. There is no greater investment than your home. At every turn, you have the choice to do a repair yourself or call someone out to do it. And unless you have the expertise, every DIY job you do is going to slightly devalue your investment. When there are no other options, that's what you're stuck with. But when you can call a professional, you should.