Buying The Appropriate Room Heater

Winters are crackling and room heaters for this season becomes an absolute necessity. This device has not only made it easier for us to live comfortably during the biting cold, but also serves as a means of style and elegance in the room. Of course you have to be smart enough to choose the right kind of room heater for yourself. Choosing the appropriate heater or your room can be quite a task. This is because everyone has a desire to get the right deal, however not all know the skill of recognizing just the right model for themselves.

• Radiant heaters are cost effective to purchase, however they burn a lot of oxygen in the room, which they are placed.

• Convection heaters have air flowing around the heating coils constantly that prevents over heating of coils. Also, the oxygen of the room is not burnt as much as in radiant heaters. They are however, costlier than the former.

• Oil filled radiator heater are the costliest type of room heaters. However their services are equally good. They usually maintain the comfort of the environment, while heating the rooms efficiently.

Before you seal the deal, ask yourself the following questions:

How much power does it consume?

Check how much power your room heater would consume while running. Also, know how big or your small your room size is. Make the purchase on the basis of the requirement of your room. The cost of running a room heater which every sensible person would like to know beforehand.

Are there detectors for Carbon Monoxide?

Room heaters that monitor carbon monoxide levels and shut off automatically if the level gets too high to prevent health risks is highly recommended.

How safe is it?

Certain features in it ensure that they are safe to use in a house where there are children, pets and the arrival of guests. You can compromise on anything but safety, especially when it comes to electronic appliances, else the repercussion could be devastating. Check for features like heat guards, anti-tipping devices, automatic shut offs and others which prevent the risk of danger.

Is the device automatic?

Ii is always have automatic switch on as well as automatic shut off option. If the timing of your appliance is set in an advanced form, go ahead and buy it.

What is the resale value?

It is always great if your old appliance fetches you some money, in case you wish to buy a new one. However, Usually you get a decent resale of value only for oil filled radiator room heaters , are On Provided they 're maintained. So in case you are going for the other two types, do not expect to earn any of your money back through resale.

Does my room heater come with a warrantee?

Warrantee of 1 year is offered in a convection room heater while an oil filled radiator room heater, comes with a warrantee of 5 years. So before you buy the device, check for the warrantee period. It always helps in the long run when maintenance or repair is required.

Every High School Player Thinks They Can Play Div. I

“I’m every bit as good as he is… If he can play Division I then I know I can!”

Many parents and players make this statement quite often, and in doing so leaves them not looking good to the rest of the world! Division I baseball is the apex for many amateur baseball players. Division I baseball is the focus of many players when they consider playing at the college level. Parents and players see these cathedrals that many of the elite colleges are now building. Case in point, Carolina Stadium, the incredible new facility recently built by defending National Champion University of South Carolina was a 38 million dollar project. The attitudes that drive things like the building these mega-stadiums is a reflection of the “super conference” school win-loss philosophy and has changed the approach to recruiting. The harsh reality is that Division I college baseball is big business and not everyone is good enough.

Lets play with some simple numbers.

In Georgia there are 7 Division I colleges with baseball programs. With the new NCAA recruiting rules including the minimum allowable scholarship offer of 25%, colleges are now only (or should be) recruiting for need. Meaning if they over sign and those players drop out after entering school, it can and will affect the number of overall scholarships. In an average recruiting year, if one even exists, most programs would need in the neighborhood of 7 players to complete a team roster. That’s 7 players for 7 Division I schools in Georgia which equals 49 total players. (Assuming the impossible, of course, that they all sign high school seniors and no JUCO transfers).

On the other side of the coin there are roughly 600 schools in the state of Georgia that have a high school baseball team. Each team carries approximately 20 players with ¼, or 5 of those players being seniors. That’s 5 players per high school and 600 high schools which equals 3000 potential college baseball players

Even if all Gerogia college coaches are recruiting players only from Georgia high schools, that means 3000 high school playrs are competing for 49 spots. This means the chances of a Georgia senior landing a baseball scholarship in a Gerogia Divisiion I program is roughly 1.63% The numbers speak for themselves. It is extremely difficult to be ones of these few. However there are 1500+ collegiate baseball programs in the United States. Do you know how to find these other schools? You better have a plan.

How Police Find Latent Fingerprints – Chemical Development – Part 3

Part 2 of this series discussed the use of latent print development powders. This article will cover some of the most popular chemical development methods.

Latent print powders are of little use on porous surfaces such as paper, cardboard and raw wood unless prints are known to be fresh; the reason being that a latent print is over 90% water, which is absorbed and dispersed in the surface. However, if prints are known to be fresh, regular black powder and magnetic powders may produce good results, and use of powders will not interfere with chemical processing. Crime scene investigators (CSIs) are able to recover latent prints from porous surfaces without a great deal of difficulty using chemical methods.

In Part 1 of this series you learned that a latent print is a combination of substances that make up human perspiration (sweat). The sweat pores exude substances like water, amino acid, carbohydrates, choline, proteins and uric acid. The fingertips also deposit oils from contact with areas of the body that harbor sebaceous glands-like on the face, arms and chest.

When examining porous objects like those listed above, the CSI or laboratory technician will follow a specific regimen of tests. Usually the first test is iodine fuming, which we will discuss in a subsequent lesson. Iodine fumes are used first as they are non-destructive to the testing that will follow. But iodine fumes are highly toxic and special care must be exercised when using iodine fuming techniques.

Special Note! All items that are transportable should be taken to the crime lab for processing.

Several chemical reagents are used in many crime labs as they are very sensitive and often produce spectacular results. Let’s take a look at the processing sequence recommended by the FBI and the British Home office. The best order of processing is: Iodine Fuming, DFO, Ninhydrin, and then either Silver Nitrate or Physical Developer. If Ninhydrin is used prior to DFO, the DFO prints will not fluoresce.

Note that DFO and Ninhydrin are a biological stains, and when they react with an amino acid, they exhibit a visible color. Amino acids are a component of sweat and oddly enough they do not disperse into the surface. In fact amino acids form a permanent bond with the cellulose structure of paper, cardboard and raw wood. And this bond conforms to the friction ridge structure of the finger depositing the print.

Special Note: Iodine Fuming will be covered in another article covering fuming methods like iodine and superglue.

DFO Treatment

DFO (1,8-Diazafluoren-9-One) is a Ninhydrin analog that reacts to amino acids, but it also has fluorescent properties. Here are the steps to treating a document with DFO: (Author’s Note! It is preferable to run these treatments in the crime lab since it is more efficient and much, much safer when a chemical fume hood [exhaust fan] is available!).

1. Place the object to be treated in a fume hood. In the case of a document, suspend it using evidence clips. Cardboard objects and pieces of wood may be placed on the floor of the fume hood. Be certain to treat all surfaces of each object, since you probably will not know just where latent prints may be found.

2. Spray a heavy coating of the reagent of both sides of the document. Be certain to be wearing latex or nitrile gloves to keep your fingerprints off of the document and to prevent your fingertips from turning color.

3. The document or object should be allowed to air-dry.

4. If tray development is preferred, allow the document to soak for about 5 seconds, just dip and then hang it up to dry.

5. If no other methods are used to accelerate development, it could take several hours or more for latents to develop.

6. Acceleration may be used if available. Expose the document to heat at about 200-degrees. Prints will then pop out in a matter of minutes. Visible DFO prints are often a light pink color, but they usually produce bright fluorescence when exposed to an alternate light source.

7. Once the prints are visible, they must be photographed (with a scale).

After treatment and drying, the document is placed in a heat chamber (at about 200-degrees). The document should remain in the chamber for 5-10 minutes.

After removal from the heat chamber, examine the document under subdued room light using an alternate light source that operates in the range of 455, 470, 505 and 520nm. These light frequencies are available from Sirchie’s BLUEMAXX and megaMAXX alternate light sources. DFO is said to produce 2.5 times the number of latent prints than Ninhydrin.

Ninhydrin Treatment

Ninhydrin is mixed with several different solvents like Xylene or Acetone. Less hazardous formulas are also available since these two are highly flammable. This mixture may be supplied in an aerosol can or a manual pump spray bottle. It is also mixed and used in an open developing tray in the crime lab.

Ninhydrin processing should follow this order:

1. Place the object to be treated in a fume hood. In the case of a document, suspend it using evidence clips. Cardboard objects and pieces of wood may be placed on the floor of the fume hood.

2. Spray a heavy coating of the reagent of both sides of the document object. In the case of objects-be certain to coat all surfaces since you may not know just where latent prints were placed. Be certain to be wearing latex or nitrile gloves to keep your fingerprints off of the document and to prevent your fingertips from turning a purple color.

3. The document should be allowed to air-dry.

4. If tray development is preferred, allow the document to soak for 5 seconds, just dip and then hang it up to dry.

5. If no other methods are used to accelerate development, it could take 24 hours or more for latents to develop.

6. Acceleration may be used if available. Expose the document to moist heat at about 200-degrees. Prints will then pop out in a matter of minutes. Visible Ninhydrin prints are purple in color. An effective method of acceleration is to apply moist heat from a steam iron. Cover the document with a towel before applying the steam iron to prevent scorching of the document or object.

Even if prints are enhanced using the above methods, re-evaluate the results after waiting about 24 hours.

Ninhydrin prints may fade over a period of time so it may be advisable to use a Ninhydrin fixative (available from most Ninhydrin suppliers).

Alternative Methods

Should both of the above steps fail to produce useable latent prints, two alternative methods are available: Silver Nitrate and Physical Developer. Both of these reagents contain a silver salt, but they perform in a different manner. Silver Nitrate reacts to salt deposits in sweat while Physical Developer reacts to the presence of sebaceous secretions (oil).

  • Silver Nitrate is a light sensitive material so it is usually sprayed onto a document from an amber, light-tight bottle. If tray development is desired, available light must be shut off. Development under red darkroom lighting is the best method.
  • Allow the document to air-dry and then expose it to room light. Prints may become visible in several minutes, but development may be accelerated by briefly exposing the document to a shortwave ultra violet light source.

Physical Developer, while still using a silver compound, is not as light sensitive as Silver Nitrate. It produces a gray latent print, which is also somewhat fluorescent, so a normal longwave UV light may be used. The best method for Physical Developer processing is tray development.

When processing certain kinds of paper it is a good practice to neutralize them first with a short bath in Maleic Acid. This is especially important for bleached (typically any white) paper as these will turn completely brown-gray without the neutralizing step.

  • Physical Developer is packaged in two containers: the small bottle contains the dry reagents, which are emptied into the large bottle of liquid. Once mixed the shelf life is limited to a few days.
  • Tray-development is the most practical method of development. Latent prints, if present, will appear in a matter of minutes.
  • Either Silver Nitrate or Physical Developer is the final step since either process is destructive to subsequent testing with other reagents. Be certain to obtain the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) covering the use of the reagents discussed in this article.

Architecture Books – A Source For Learning Apart From Schools and Colleges

Architectural books serves as a best guide in helping designer find a better way to create a plan. Through planning, research and direction a Architecture student can find valuable self-discovery through the use of these sorts of books.

A source for learning
There are many ways to gain knowledge about a field. The source can be from a school or a college or it can be gained from a book too. An architectural designer is the one who creates the design and plan for the structure that is to be building upon. The design and the structural involve commercial buildings, bridges and residence too. This process of designing and constructing a building is done by a person or a computer. The building is laid upon the surrounding space around it. Architectural designers should have a good creative skills, imagination and artistic talent.

Knowledge center
Books are considered as the knowledge source. A book would contain the information that is needed at any point of time. An architectural book should provide a complete guide for preparing, compiling and presenting the information. To become architecture the person should be well versed in calculus, physics, geometry and science, where architectural school would train you to be the expert. For example consider if you are constructing a building, to know how to construct first you have to decide on the layout of the building. To raised a building calculate the surrounding area and plan the structure of the building. The structure can be designed by a person who knows mathematics and the principles of design. Engage yourself in knowing all this if you want to become architecture.

An architectural book must start from the basics like design, drawing, the creative process, and presentation. The reading should start from basics such as how to draw a line. The question might look simple but for an architect this question gives a great value. How to draw a line means it should educate a student about a good line and bad line. From there on it should finally leads to the color theory. The architectural book should behave as a best companion to offer step by step instruction to the students about how to prepare and present. It should also be a guide to the experts too. Architectural book should contain a fully illustrated example that should advice a student how best it can be worked out. Some books are also available online with the same illustration. For example consider the architecture book 101 Things I Learned in Architecture School by Matthew Frederick provides a complete difference between the traditional buildings and modern buildings. It gives a complete detail to a student what he wants.

As a good designer would not stop in a particular field, they tend to know all the fields related to them. In such cases each designer would always to book to gain more and more knowledge. When considering the job opportunities the architectural designers can work as a consultant in both private and government sectors apart from structural layout. Architectural designers, beginners or experts would always turn to the book for guide in solving from basics to complex problem. Architectural books serves as a best source in guiding a designer in a better way.

The Intricacies of Scaffolding – Here's the Lowdown

Scaffolding is one of the most significant domains for the construction and real estate industry in general. Any construction that has to be done, needs proper work before the activities can start. There are ways in which this can be achieved, and scaffolding is the most prominent of components for the same. Whether you are an individual or represent a construction firm, there are a few factors that have to be noted down and a decision on the scaffolds should be taken only after weighing all the conditions. Just for a heads-up, here you will be acquainted with a few of the most telling features of a scaffold. Have a look and approach your own initiative with a pruning eye afterwards.

The Platform is a Significant Component

For the safety of the scaffolds, the most important aspect is the platform. The plane on which the scaffold has to be erected, needs to be stable and firm. If it is a soil platform, the experts need to make sure first and foremost, that it is reliable enough to not subside when holding up the weight. In a way, the platform is as important for the scaffolding structure as is the foundation for a building. As they say, the first steps should be taken extremely carefully.

The Ladders and the Guard Rails

Another important aspect that has to be taken into account, is the construction of the guard rails and ladders. These are relevant for worker safety and hence need to be considered before work is initiated. The guard rails have to be of appropriate measurement, while the ladders have to be inspected for perfect fitting. The height of the guard rails of the scaffolds, for example, need to be around 45 inches in height. Whereas, the ladder for scaffold towers needs to take care of the fact that the gap from the top most point of the scaffold tower is around 10 inches and not considerably more than that.

Once these things are factored in, the next thing you need to make sure of, is the strength of the scaffolding structure. This brings us to the next point.

Aluminium Scaffolds – Used in the Most Reliable Scaffolding Techniques

For ensuring that a scaffolding construction is robust enough to support the weight of the workers that will work on it, different materials can be opted for. We all know about the robustness of Aluminium, and it is for this reason that Aluminium scaffolds are fast becoming popular these days. The aluminium scaffolds can withstand weights which might be impossible for other types of materials to sustain.

The above concludes a brief explanation of a few of the details whose prevalence should be prioritised. A little research before any constructional endeavour helps in the long run for a hiccup-free functioning till the completion of the project.

Barrel Racing With Tex Tan Saddles

A barrel racing saddle should have closely cropped skirts, and should be crisp and sharp looking and should be lightweight and properly fitted as well. When deciding on the perfect racing saddle, there is room for personal taste in the selection of a barrel racing saddles.

Tex Tan Saddles come in a variety of price categories, colors, styles, sizes, and levels of fanciness. Barrel racing stirrups can be made in lightweight aluminum, and the seats can be plain, or made to resemble exotic animal skins.

The Tex Tan Fortune Maker II, for example, has hand tooled leather, aluminum stirrups, a suede seat with stainless steel hardware, a cantle that is wrapped in silver laced suede and stainless steel spots. It comes in either a 14 or 15 inch seat size with an Equi-Tex tree. With a natural antique color and hand engraved sterling silver plated trim. It is one of Tex Tan’s higher end barrel racing saddles and retails for around $1,600, with matching tack available.

The Tex Tan Rapid Rider Tex-Flex Tree saddle is available in a 15 inch seat size. It has stainless steel hardware, a suede seat, and is built around the Tex-Flex tree design. The cantle measures 5 inches, and the swell is 13 inches wide. It, too features a hand-engraved sterling silver plated trim, and is quite light, at 20 lbs. This barrel racing saddle sell for over $1,200, with matching tack available.

For those whose budget doesn’t run to four digits, the Tex Tan Light Speed saddle. It has stainless steel hardware and a suede seat, with a rawhide braided horn. It comes in a 15 inch seat size and is built around a Ralide tree with a 5 inch cantle and a 13 inch swell width. In a gorgeous pecan color it retails for just over $800, with matching tack available.

Contemporary Patio Table

The open yards on the roofs prove as a boon for spending some quality time with family and friends. In order to enjoy the sessions in a more productive way, there is a need of having patio table furniture in the open areas.

People may find it difficult to cope up with the intensity of heat that they experience in summer. It is the time, when they find it most difficult to bear the heat. They would desire to feel cozy and cool in summer seasons. The best choice for the people is to purchase the best modern furniture tables for their patio. People must therefore, search for some of the attractive patios that can add style to their lawns or backyards. A patio table is the first step towards entertaining friends, who drop in for a party or a get-together at your place. People can arrange dinners, snacks and games provided they have an adequate sized patio that can adapt to their requirements and purposes.

There are varied forms of patios such as aluminum, wooden and iron tables. These tables not only look stylish, but also are comfortable. Tabletops are available in a variety of attractive colors made from marble, glass, slate, copper and tiles. You need to choose the table that can match the style and luxury of your home. With a good online research, people may find the best patio table to suit all their needs of comfort and style. An individual must purchase the patios, which are high quality products and can be used for years together. With eye-catching patios, people can win the hearts of their friends and relatives, while make them feel the comfort of their own homes. The best of the home furnishing industries have created a niche for living outdoor life with exclusive patios. Thus, you have many options when it comes to choosing these tables, as you just have go with your preferences and instincts.

Flat Flannel Sheet Sets

Decorating your bed with some flat flannel sheet sets is the quickest way to add some oomph to your bedroom. But before you buy, you need to get the facts straightened out first.

Properties and Contents

The contents of these sets will vary depending on the manufacturer. Usually however, it will have the fitted sheet, flat sheet and two pillowcases. The sizes of the sheets and pillowcases will always match.

A queen size set will have regular size pillowcases and sheets. The king size sheets will have king size sheets and pillowcases. King and queen sizes are the most common. But there are also twin, X-twin and double sets available.

Ounces and Thread Counts

The quality of flannel materials are often determined by the ounce of flannel. The heavier the weight, the higher the quality. Good quality flannels have weights of at least five ounces. In some cases, thread counts are used.

The lowest acceptable is about 80, although some will find this thread count to be intolerable. 190 to 280 thread counts have long been considered to be average, but many now prefer 300 or 400 sheets. For the softest quality, there are 500 and 600+ thread count sheets.

Other Features

The fitted sheets need to have elasticized corners so they are easy to fit. This is standard in most sheets so it should not be a problem. You should also look for sheets with deep pockets so it can fit the mattress.

Both flat sheets and fitted are available in different colors. Aside from red, blue and ivory, other favorite colors are sage, chocolate, sand, terracotta, plum and gray.

Flat Flannel Sheet Sets: Care and Maintenance

Can the material be washed? Check also if the material is free from any chemicals that could cause the environment harm. If there are specific cleaning instructions, follow it.

Tips and Warnings

If you are buying online, examine the pictures closely. One of the difficulties involved in buying online is that color reproduction may vary due to computer monitor differences. In terms of cost, this will vary a great deal. The thread count will certainly have an effect. The material blended with the flannel will also influence the price.

Buying flat flannel sheet sets has become the norm rather than selling individual pieces. The reason is it is more practical. Rather than purchase individual items, you can get everything you need in one package.

The Perfect Breast to Butt Ratio

Is there a perfect breast to butt ratio? Is 36-24-36 the ideal measurements for a woman? Mainstream media would have us believe that there is an ideal body frame out there that every woman should strive for. However, practical application of what men actually want makes for a discussion that blurs the lines of what is sexy and what isn’t.

There are all types of men in the world with varying degrees of what they find attractive or not. To say that there is a perfect ratio that will attract every man, every time, would be plain crazy. Is the bodies found in Victoria’s Secret ads or in Playboy the ideal form? Is there a specific measurement that turns on every, every time? Of course there isn’t, but many women still pursue their chase for that elusive perfect figure, and will go to great lengths, getting breast and butt implants in an attempt at perfection.

Many men prefer a woman with an hourglass shape, which would make them lean towards a ratio of 50/50. They would want the breasts to be as large as the butt, with everything in proportion. It wouldn’t matter to these men if the breasts and butt are smaller or bigger just that they match in size.

Some men are butt men and they would prefer a woman to have more “junk in the trunk” than large breasts. They would like to see a woman whose butt is bigger than her bosom. If you take Sir Mix-a-Lot’s tastes into consideration the answer to the question what is the perfect ratio of breasts to butt, he would side with the buttocks being much more important

Then there are the breast men. They don’t really mind what size the butt is as long as the woman has a large chest. These men get so mesmerized by large breasts so much so that other parts of the woman become inconsequential.

A woman with a natural figure, that is in shape and healthy will vary from body type to body type. Some women’s naturally-sized breasts coincide with the size of her backside, while others have disproportionate measurements. Other women, such as the waif runway models are very skinny and have a small chest and small butt, but are still deemed attractive by society.

In the end, beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and thinking that there’s just one idea of perfection is ludicrous. Women should strive not to reach for some unreasonably vague ideal, but should try to be healthy, fit, and active. They should love their body and the way it looks and not worry about conforming into some perfect ratio. It’s the cheapest and easiest way to get the perfect body.

Park Tool Advanced Tool Kit Product Review

Can you see yourself doing the repair work on your own bike? With the Park Tool Advanced Tool Kit you will be able to repair and make adjustments on not only your own bike, but also the you can work on your friends bikes too. (With their approval!) The Park Tool Advanced Tool Kit is a 37 piece kit that includes a tool box along with all the tools inside the box. You will also receive a brief booklet on how to use your tools.

With these top of the line professional grade tools, I strongly believe that you will be able to perform all the needed repairs, adjustments and upgrades for that bike of yours. You will be able to effortlessly do repair work on the drive train of the bike such as adjust both derailleurs, remove the chain rings, replace the crank arms, and replace the pedals. The kit also comes with a tube of PolyLube1000 Grease to put on the parts as you reassemble you bike. You will also be provided with the Chain Checker Chain Wear Indicator that indicates the wear of your chain so when it is time to replace it, you can use the Professional Screw Type Chain Tool in order to remove your old chain from your bike and put on a new chain. When the cassette is time to be replaced, just use the Chain Whip and the Cassette Lockring Tool along with a crescent wrench to remove the old cassette and install a brand new cassette. These are just a few of the things that you will become fluent with when using your Park Tool Advanced Tool Kit. The tool kit also comes with 7 Cone Wrenches, 3 Spoke Wrenches, and Synthetic Blend Chain Lube are some of the more basic items in this Advanced Tool Kit.

When performing work on not only your own bike, but also the bikes that your friends want you to work on, remember that you are using professional grade bike tools. The same that bike shops use themselves. These are the tools that are used by many teams in the pro circuit and numerous amounts of individuals who prefer to work with only the best professional grade tools on the market. I strongly believe that with the purchase of the Park Tool Advanced Tool Kit you will be pleased with not only the durability and quality of these tools, but also the many different types of adjustments that can be done and how simple it is to use this professional grade tool kit.

Concrete Acid Stain – Cheer Up Your Concrete

If you have lots of concrete around your home, then perhaps you’ve considered the idea of doing something to make it a little more attractive. Many people have heard of paints or coating agents, but the idea of concrete acid staining is unfamiliar to most. Basically, it involves coloring the concrete by causing a chemical reaction on the concrete’s surface.

Concrete acid stain causes a chemical reaction by mixing acid, water and inorganic salts. There are already minerals present in the concrete, and once they are mixed with the three added ingredients, the concrete changes color. It doesn’t matter whether your concrete is new or old; it works beautifully either way. If you take the time after acid staining to protect the concrete, then the effect will last for a very long time.

Some people who’ve come across the idea of acid staining concrete have the mistaken idea that it can only be done outdoors. This isn’t true. You can stain both interior and exterior walls, entrances, walkways, patios, driveways, retaining walls, or any other area of concrete that could do with a bit of cheering up and color.

The acid stain doesn’t just change the concrete’s color; it also gives it a marbled, mottled look, which is very attractive. The colors produced are beautiful, no matter what type of concrete is acid stained. Generally, the end color is an interesting mix of earthy brown and elements of red and green. You can choose your own color by mixing and matching the available colors from a hardware store. However never make the mistake of thinking your acid stain will be uniform in color – every slab of concrete will have its own individual shade.

If you think that you’d like to cheer up your concrete, then investigate the option of acid staining. It can really make a difference to the appearance of your concrete.

A Generator Maintenance Checklist for Diesel Generators

An industrial generator (a.k.a. genset) can last for decades, but only if it is properly maintained. Although a generator has few moving parts, it contains sensitive components that need regular attention. Complete genset maintenance requires different measures to be performed on different schedules. If you need a schedule for performing these measures, below is a basic checklist for diesel generator maintenance on a daily, monthly, semiannual, and annual basis.

Daily Measures

Diesel generators should receive the following measures on a daily basis:

  • General inspection – Check the genset for loose parts, signs of corrosion on parts, traces of carbon, and dust build up.
  • Coolant heater check – Make sure the coolant heater is securely in place and inspect it for signs of wear.
  • Oil check – check the oil level and add oil as necessary.
  • Fuel check – check the fuel level and add fuel as necessary.
  • Charge-air piping check – be sure the charge-air piping is connected securely to the radiator and inspect it for signs of wear.

Maintenance personnel commonly perform the measures above. Generator technicians can also perform them as part of a scheduled service agreement.

Weekly Measures

Diesel generators should receive the following measures on a weekly basis:

  • Air cleaner check – Check the air cleaner for debris and clean it as necessary.
  • Battery charger check – Check the float voltage reading on the battery charger and adjust the voltage as necessary.
  • Fuel Filter Drain – Drain the water from the bottom of the fuel filter housing.
  • Fuel Tank Drain – Drain the water from the bottom of the fuel tank until the diesel fuel appears.

Many facilities have generator technicians perform the weekly measures on a generator maintenance checklist. If building maintenance personnel perform them, they should have training in generator maintenance.

Monthly Measures

Diesel generators should have the following measures performed on a monthly basis:

  • Coolant concentration check – Take a sample of the coolant with a hydrometer and check its concentration by referring to the service manual from the manufacturer.
  • Drive belt tension check – Check the belt for proper tension and inspect it for signs of wear.
  • Exhaust condensate drain – Drain the condensate from the condensate trap.
  • Battery check – Check the charge on the starting battery and examine the connections for looseness and corrosion.

Because the correct concentration of coolant in an outdoor generator may be influenced by climate, a generator technician that specializes in emergency power equipment in the Carolinas should perform the coolant concentration check.

Semiannual Measures

Diesel generators should have the following measures performed on a semiannual basis:

  • Oil and filter change – Replace the oil and oil filter, regardless of whether the genset has been used in a non-simulated power outage.
  • Coolant filter change – Replace the coolant filter, regardless of whether the genset has been used in a non-simulated power outage.
  • Crankcase breather cleaning – Clean the crankcase breather according to the service manual from the manufacturer.
  • Air cleaner element change – Replace the air cleaner element, regardless of the level of debris accumulation.
  • Radiator hose check – Check the connection of the radiator hoses and inspect them for signs of wear.
  • Fuel filter change – Change the fuel filter, regardless of the level of sediment accumulation.

Generator technicians should perform the measures above.

Annual Measures

The genset should have a thorough annual cleaning of its cooling system.


The measures above are required for a diesel generator to stay in excellent condition. By incorporating them into a generator maintenance checklist, you can prepare the generator in your facility for the next power outage.

Although building maintenance personnel can perform some maintenance measures, many of them deal with components and types of inspection that are specific to diesel generators. Unless maintenance personnel are trained in these measures, they should be performed by a power service that maintains emergency power equipment in the Carolinas.

Compulsory Gymnastics Level 1-3: Everything You Need to Know

USAG has established 10 Junior Olympic levels in gymnastics. After the 10th level there is elite gymnastics. Gymnastics level 1-6 are known as the compulsory levels. In the compulsory levels every gymnast performs the same gymnastic routines on each event (floor, balance beam, vault and uneven bars).

Levels 1-3 are usually non competitive gymnastics levels. There is no official or sanctioned meets for theses level. Although some gyms may have small competitions so the gymnasts can have fun and gain experience. USAG has set forth mandatory ages for each level of competition. To compete as a gymnastics level 1 or 2 the gymnast has to have reached her 4th birthday. To compete as a level 3 the gymnast has to have reached her 5th birthday.

Gymnastics level 1-3 teach basic gymnastics skills, body positions and techniques. At these levels the gymnasts should be learning skills on floor, balance beam, vault and uneven bars. All of the gymnastics skills learned in these levels are the foundation and building blocks needed to start making a great gymnast.

Here are the main basic skills you will learn in level 1, 2 and 3!!


  • Level 1 Vault- arm circle, punching the spring board, straight jump on an 8 inch mat
  • Level 2 Vault- Handstand on spring board, blocking off, landing in a flat back position on a 16 inch mat
  • Level 3 Vault- run, hurdle, punch board, dive forward roll to a stand on a resi mat (waist height)


  • Level 1 Bars- 2 foot pullover, casting, back hip circle, push away dismount
  • Level 2 Bars- 2 foot pullover, casting, back hip circle, straddle on, sole circle dismount
  • Level 3 Bars- 2 foot pullover, casting, back hip circle, cut over, mill (stride) circle, cut back, squat on, pike sole circle dismount


  • Level 1 Balance beam- front support, candle stick, arabesque, coupe walks, releve (tiptoe) walks, straight (stretch) jump on beam, straight (stretch) jump dismount.
  • Level 2 Balance beam- front support, v-sit, forward roll, arabesque, leg swings, releve balance, tuck jump, tuck jump dismount.
  • Level 3 Balance beam- front support, swing push-up, arabesque, partial handstand, running steps, pivot turns, split jump, cartwheel to side handstand dismount


  • Level 1 Gymnastics floor- forward roll, backward roll, cartwheel, candlestick, bridge up, side roll, leg swings, coupe walks, tuck jump
  • Level 2 Gymnastics floor- straddle roll to straddle stand, headstand, back bend from knees, cartwheel, backward roll to pike, handstand, leg balance, split jump, pivot turn, chasse
  • Level 3 Gymnastics floor- handstand forward roll, round-off, backward roll with straight arms to pike, backbend kick-over, leg balance, chasse, leap, heel-snap turn, straight jump, tuck jump

Best Way to Clean Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring was first invented by a Swedish company called Pergo AB in the year 1977. Pergo AB is part of a larger company named Perstop AB which is responsible for the invention of laminate tabletops. Even though the laminate flooring was invented in 1977, it didn’t become available in the United States until the year 1994. In just a little less than a decade and a half since it’s entrance to the United States, laminate flooring has become one of the most popular forms of flooring in the country, and as one of the most popular forms of flooring many people are concerned with how easy cleaning laminate flooring is. This is an article about the best way to clean laminate flooring.

The best part about laminate floors is that the best way to clean laminate flooring does not have to be very hard at all. In fact, cleaning laminate flooring is down right easy as the floors are resistant to most moisture, scratches and stains. Typically all you need for cleaning laminate flooring is a damp towel, a dry mop and a vacuum cleaner.

The best way to clean laminate flooring is to use a basic ammonia based or vinegar solution of cleaning liquid. You can simply put a fourth of a cup of vinegar into a thirty or thirty two ounce spray bottle and then fill the rest of the bottle with water and you have a perfect solution for cleaning laminate flooring. Then simply spray the solution on the floor and wipe it up. You can move across the floor quickly with this method and before you know it, your floor will be perfectly clean!

If you want to use a wet mop, make sure you do not leave any standing liquid or you might saturate and damage the floor.

Windex is another fantastic cleaner for cleaning laminate flooring. Other cleaning solutions that can be used as the best way to clean laminate flooring include the swiffer wetjet wood floor cleaner or either of the following solutions:

1. Equal parts of water, rubbing alcohol and vinegar

2. one third of a cup of white vinegar, one third of a cup of rubbing alcohol, one third of a cup of water and three drops of dishwashing liquid (this should give you one quart of cleaning solution).

If you want to do some spot cleaning, for tough spots you can use either a nail polish remover that contains acetone or alcohol. Warm water can be used for stains and for things like gum or wax you should first use ice to harden them and then scrape them away very gently.

Cleaning laminate flooring is not hard at all. In fact the best way to clean laminate flooring is the same way you would clean your counter or table top. You will not need any abrasive materials or strong chemicals. Usually just water and a clean cloth will do the trick. Its easy to clean nature is partly what makes laminate flooring so popular.

Copyright (c) 2008 Steven Magill

Architectural Animation Rendering and 3D Animation Textures

Architectural animation rendering is the latest trend that is most widely used in building construction industry today. It can be defined as an architectural presentation computer generated building designs. It is quite different from architectural rendering.

In architectural rendering, one particular image of any particular angle is available to users. While in architectural animation rendering, a sequence of images of any building structure are available at different angles. Thus it allows builders and contractors with better idea, better visualization of their respective buildings.

When these sequences of images are played as an architectural presentation, builders/designers will get a sensible and practical view of their completed building project. This is because all the images are computerized and animated, but still they will give 99.995% real view of buildings and its surroundings.

Architectural animation renderings services are therefore one of the most useful option for builders and designers these days. These services include the following:

o 3D Rendering Animation

o 3D Animation Architecture

o 3D interior design animation

o 3D Animation Rendering

o 3D modeling rendering

o 3D Animation Textures

Now talking about 3D animations textures, first know what are they? 3D animations textures are animated structure of some building part or it can also be defined as physical representation of the same. These textures will give exact information regarding shape, size and how to arrange building parts to get better results. They are highly beneficial in following areas such as:

o Residential Building Designs

o Industrial Building Designs

o Institutional Building Designs

o Commercial Building Designs and many more!!

As a conclusion, architectural animation rendering and 3D animation textures are advisable to use in building construction. Outsource to us and significant savings on your project costs is confirmed. Our architectural animation rendering services will help you in achieving your desired benefits in your building construction industry. For more information, please visit: