Lupus Rash as a Common Sign of Autoimmune Disease

Lupus generates a wide range of symptoms and people with the disease experience them at different intensities. Lupus involves abnormal activity of the immune system. The dysfunctional immune system produces antibodies that turn against healthy body cells and tissues (antinuclear antibodies). Some antibodies produced by the dysfunctional immune system can even alter the body's genetic material (anti-DNA antibodies). The abnormal activity of the immune system can lead to the occurrence of various internal disorders (heart disease, pulmonary disease, kidney disease), disorders of the musculoskeletal system (arthritis, osteoporosis), disorders of the nervous system (brain disease) and skin diseases (lupus rash, erythematous lesions).

In spite of the fact that patients with the autoimmune disease generally have different symptoms, rash is a common sign of lupus. Lupus rash is characteristic to both systemic and discoid forms of the disease and it is usually the first symptom to appear. Lupus is a chronic disease and its generated symptoms reoccur on a regular time basis. Although other symptoms may come and go, lupus rash is very persistent and difficult to overcome.

Lupus rash commonly occurs on the body regions that are exposed to sunlight: scalp, face, neck and shoulders. However, the rash can also occur in other areas of the body (chest, back, palms and feet), in many cases accompanied by skin lesions. When it occurs on the face, lupus rash has a reddish, burn-like aspect. Sometimes the rash can even affect the moist tissues around the mouth and the nose. In the systemic form of the disease, lupus rash does not generally involve skin scarring and it can ameliorate with medical treatment. Lupus rash tends to aggravate if the affected skin is exposed to the sun for long periods of time.

In the discoid form of lupus, the rash occurs in different regions of the body and it affects larger patches of skin. Discoid lupus rash involves hyperpigmentation of the skin, exfoliation and the formation of crust. The skin lesions characteristic to discoid lupus erythematosus can affect deeper layers of skin and they usually heal with scarring. When it occurs on the scalp, discoid lupus rash can involve temporary or permanent hair loss (alopecia). If the rash is accompanied by intense scaling, papules and crust, the skin may heal with pronounced scarring.

Subacute cutaneous lupus rash generally occurs in the body areas that are exposed to the sun. The rash increases in size and it forms circular, scaly patches. This type of lupus rash does not involve scarring, but it usually heals with hypo-pigmentation of the skin. Subacute cutaneous lupus rash can occur in both systemic and discoid forms of the disease and it generally fades in the periods of remission. Although it can not be completely overcome, this symptom can also be controlled through the means of medical treatments. When you have lupus rash, it is very important to avoid exposing the affected skin to sunlight. Also, you should avoid exposing the skin to irritants and chemicals, as they can seriously aggravate the rash.

Chicken Kiev – The History of This Dish and How to Make It

Chicken Kiev is a classic dish and this combination of pan-fried, breaded, thinly pounded boneless chicken and herbed butter is wonderful with mashed potatoes and green beans. Perhaps you have wondered about this history of this famous boneless chicken recipe.

Russian aristocracy became very interested in French cuisine in the 1700s and they would send their Russian chefs to France to train or bring French chefs into Russia. A French chef called Nicolas Francois Appert invented Chicken Kiev in the early 1800s. He also invented canning and the method of sealing food in airtight bottles.

Kiev is the capital of Ukraine but Chicken Kiev did not get its name from there. Appert’s invention became famous and Russian chefs tried to imitate Chicken Kiev, calling the dish “cotelettes de volaille” instead of Chicken Kiev. Early restaurants in New York City changed the name back to Chicken Kiev, in an attempt to attract the new Russian immigrants and this name stuck.

Chicken Kiev was a classic dish by the 1900s and it was served in Russian restaurants both in Europe and the United States, as well as in Russia. It is served with fried julienne potatoes and fresh peas in Ukraine.

Types of Herbed Butter

There are lots of variations of herb butter and you can use any herbs you like. Thyme and rosemary make a nice herbed butter for pork or chicken, basil butter is good with a Mediterranean recipe and tarragon butter is beautiful with salmon. Herbed butter is normally refrigerated after you make it, to let it set.

If you want to roll it into a log for easy cutting, like chefs do, put it in plastic wrap and roll it like a cigar. Twist the ends of the plastic wrap and refrigerate it. When it is chilled, you can slice off rounds to make Chicken Kiev or to serve with another dish.

An Easy Recipe for Chicken Kiev

This delicious recipe serves four people. Try to pound the chicken as thin as possible, using the smooth side of a mallet. If you pound it too thin or use the pointed side of the mallet, the herbed butter will leak out, so be careful.

You will need:

  • 4 boneless chicken breasts
  • 2 beaten eggs
  • 1 package fine breadcrumbs
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste
  • Oil, to pan fry
  • Flour

For the Herbed Butter:

  • 1 stick softened butter
  • 2 teaspoons chopped chervil or tarragon
  • 2 teaspoons chopped parsley
  • 1/4 cup minced chives
  • Juice of half a lemon
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste

How to Make it:

Combine the herbed butter ingredients using a fork, and then chill it for a couple of hours. Put the chicken breasts between layers of plastic wrap, one at a time, pounding them until they are thin. Season them with salt and pepper. Divide the chilled herbed butter between the chicken breasts, and then fold the left and right sides of each chicken breast up, like you were rolling a burrito. Roll them from end to end, so the butter is sealed inside. Secure them with string or toothpicks if necessary.

Roll the Chicken Kievs in the flour, and then shake off the excess. Dip each one in beaten egg and finally in the breadcrumbs. Half-fill a skillet with oil and heat it to 375 degrees F. Cook the Chicken Kievs in the oil until it is browned on one side, then flip them over and cook the other side. Serve hot with potatoes and vegetables.

How to Clean Brick Walls

There is a fundamental problem with cleaning brick walls and it is brought on by the course and rough texture that is common with bricks. Because of their textured surface, you will often see it build up a lot of stuff like dust.

Naturally, the bricks that are on the outside of your home are going to take more of a beating than the bricks that are on the inside of your home. So it shouldn’t be much of a surprise to hear that the outside bricks are going to require routine cleaning much more often than those that are on the inside of your home. This is because of all the elements the outside bricks have to fight off.

Even though the bricks on the outside of your home get much dirtier much faster, the cleaning process is much easier as well. Typically all you need to do is hose it down with some water to get the dirt and grime off. Sometimes you might want to use Tri-sodium phosphate to get the harder to reach things as it is an extremely effective cleaning agent that is used on course materials just like brick; but be sure to be careful when you are using it.

Another one of the more effective brick cleaning methods is using ammonia. Here, all you really need to do is mix a little bit of ammonia with some water and apply to the bricks to clean it off. This is a very effective method, but like using TSP, be sure you are extra careful when handling it.

Although on the surface it may seem like the brick that is found in the interior of the house may be free of maintenance, this simply is not the case as the porous nature of the brick actually makes it just as susceptible to dirt and dust on the indoors as it is on the outdoors. Here it would be a mistake to use a power-washer, so instead opt for a hand cleaning which will maintain the red color of the brick.

One of the lesser-known methods to cleaning brick is actually by using a chemical by the name of boric acid. Here you dip a towel in a little bit of this acid and firmly press it against the wall, which is sure to help get rid of any unwanted additions to your brick wall.

Just as the name implies, boric acid can be rather dangerous to work with. Because of this, it is always a good idea to take the proper precautions before using it to make sure that you don’t get hurt. These precautions will include wearing protective eyewear and gloves which will prevent you from getting hurt form the boric acid.

Remember that it is ultimately up to you to decide what the best course of action for your wall. If you aren’t dealing with a big amount of grime and dirt, you will probably want to avoid some of the more “extreme” solutions like using boric acid or a power washer.

What Should You Look For When Renting an Apartment

If you are just leaving home for the first time, or moving to a new location for work and looking for a place to live, you want to make sure that you make an informed decision about where you will be living. When choosing an apartment, you want to make sure all of your needs are met before you make your choice. There are a variety of different types of apartments rentals on the market with different amenities offered and different terms and conditions. Before you make your decision, there are many factors that you should take into consideration.

1. Apartment Location: When considering an apartment, it is important to factor in its proximity to such places as school, work, and other essential places such as hospitals, recreational centers, outdoor recreational activities, religious institutions, supermarkets, and shopping centers. For example, you may be looking for Toronto apartment rentals. If you do not have a vehicle, having an apartment that is within walking distance to the essential places is a good choice. If not, you should consider a place near a bus or subway stop. Often, the more expensive apartments will be in close proximity to the essential amenities and services. You can always consider a roommate. You should also look at the neighborhood. Is it friendly and well-maintained? Are the houses and other buildings in good shape?

2. Type of Apartment: Before you start shopping for apartments, consider what type of apartment you require. Consider the number of rooms and the size of each room. Make sure the kitchen and bathroom will be large enough to meet your needs. As well, consider such features as whether you need a shower, bath, or both. Also, some apartments will come fully furnished, but they will cost more. The size of the apartment will also depend on your budget. The bigger the apartment, the higher the rent will be. Also consider the noise level of the apartment. Are the walls paper-thin? Can you hear televisions, music, and people talking? You should also inquire about other costs such as water, lights, heat, cable, garbage collection…etc.

3. Leases and Rental Agreements: A lease is a contract that you sign when you rent an apartment. It details the landlord’s terms and conditions. Before signing a lease you should carefully read it over and make sure you know your rights. The lease will tell you how much you have to pay, the amount of the damage deposit, how much notice you have to give when you plan to move out, how long you are locked into the agreement, and what happens if you break the lease. A rental agreement is generally a month-to-month contract. This is a good choice if you do not know how long you will be living in the apartment. Leases will lock a person into a contract to pay for a certain amount of time such as a year. It will then be renewed at the end of the year, or the renter will move out. A rental agreement gives more flexibility. Sometimes if you have found an apartment you like, you can negotiate the rent. It all depends on how firm the landlord is with the amount they are charging for rent.

There are many apartments that offer different types of amenities and services. When searching for an apartment, it is important to take your needs into consideration. You should thoroughly research a number of apartments before making your decision. You want to make sure that you are happy and comfortable with your choice.

What is the Best Flat Iron

With so many variations of flat irons to choose from, figuring out the best one to purchase can be a challenge. For those who desire to get that salon straightened perfectly sleek hair, the decision to get the 'right' flat iron can not be decided with out research put into the purchasing process. Otherwise, the wrong choice could be disastrous to your hair and wallet.

The choice for a good flat iron can be one of several, as there is more than one that is top rated for quality. There are several brand variations with the high quality cutting edge technological advancements close in comparisons. It is only the various functional options and individual popularity of each brand name and price variations that show any distinctiveness.

There are those with the highest popularity like FHI Heat, Farouk CHI, Infrashine, Corliss flat irons, T3, HAI and even Paul Mitchell Flat Irons.But others which are not well marketed like the Conair Flat Irons, Remington, Hot Tools Flat Irons or GHD Flat Irons are also available. This is where knowing your own unique hair needs and a little extra research comes in on your part.

There are several ways to research for your investment. The reason that a good high quality flat iron is called an investment, is not only because of the higher price ranges than your average lower quality drug store brand, but for the daily true salon performance with the 'Wow' effect that the personally fitting flat iron will give you.

The best way for getting an honest opinion of the best flat iron brands available is to read customer reviews about them. Your friends and hair stylists, who have worked with several different lines of flat irons out on the market can also guide you. While choosing the best flat iron, consider these points:

Does it suit your hair type?

Does it have pure ceramic plates or is it tourmaline enhanced to give you softer, shinier hair and negates the positive ions?

Does it have safety features?

Check the quality, weight and handle ability of the iron

Does it have a guarantee or warranty for a specific period?

Does it have Far Infra red heating to seal in hair moisture and prevent dry and damaged hair?

With all of the facts and knowledge you now have gathered, start narrowing down your search by the special features offered in brands of flat irons. Think about the safety features offered by the ones you are considering and if price is of importance, make sure to be considering only the best brands of flat irons within your budget. Warranty is also important to know before purchasing any flat iron product.

Just remember, to take your time in the research so to find the best quality flat iron for you.

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Motorcycle Helmet Safety is Essential to Safe Riding

Trying to find motorcycle helmet safety information can be frustrating at the best of times. There are so many different sources of information that it can be difficult to keep track of them all at once. What you should look for in a helmet, and what type to get, are two of the most important questions to answer before you ride. This article will help you figure out the answers to these questions, and find the motorcycle helmet safety tips that are the most important to you.

One of the first pieces of motorcycle helmet safety you'll need to decide on is what style of helmet suits you best. For some, a three quarter helmet works well. This is the speed racer type of helmet that covers your head and the sides of your face, but does not cover the face itself. If you would also like protection from the wind, and the elements, you should invest in a full face helmet. This style of helmet includes a shield that can be dropped down to cover your face, or raised when you've stopped for a break.

Another very important piece of motorcycle helmet safety is fit. As a rider, you will want to remain comfortable during your ride. You also want a helmet with the best fit possible for many reasons. First, if your helmet does not fit well, you may decide not to wear it, leaving you serious vulnerable to injury. Another reason that fit is essential is to ensure that the helmet will be able to properly protect you in a crash. You want a snug fit, so that the helmet does not fly off or shift upon an impact.

How does a helmet protect you? The key is the foam on the inside of the hard shell. When you are involved in a crash, this foam contracts rapidly. This helps to absorb the shock from the crash and keep it from affecting your brain. Yes, a helmet does prevent serious damage to your head and face, but the real reason to wear one is to protect your brain. A large shock to it can lead to serious long term damage, and to death, all without leaving a scratch.

So how can you make sure that your motorcycle helmet safety is completely ready to protect you. One of the best ways is by always buying new. Yes, a helmet can be expensive, but it's an essential tool in keeping you safe as you ride. With a used helmet, it's impossible to know if the foam inside is intact. If the helmet has ever been dropped, or hit the ground, the foam can crush, leaving you unprotected should you ever be involved in an accident involving a fall from your bike.

Motorcycle helmet safety is one of the most important things that a rider must think about. Always make sure that your helmet is a safe style that fits well. And always buy new. Make sure if you drop your helmet, even from your bike's handlebars, that you get a new one. Your safety is important.

How To Prevent Or Survive A Basement Flood

After living through two basements floods and two partial basement floods, I have gained some experience and knowledge on this subject. We hope never to have to deal with this again.

Then, in the last two weeks here in the Peace Country there were torrential rains, road closures, bridge washouts and many basements floods. Gratefully, the measures we took prevented our home from flooding this go round. Whew!

When you think about the topic of basements floods, there are two areas for consideration:

  • Preventing a Flood
  • Dealing With A Flood

Preferably, you want to prevent one in the first place. For some reason, they always occur at the most inconvenient time. When we had our two major floods, I had a house full of company the first time, and the second time, I had a house full of company arriving. They also seem to happen in the middle of the night when you are so tired you just want to throw up, and there you are up all night wading through mucky water. So if this information will prevent a flood for you, trust me, it is worth your read.

1. Upgrading The Grade

Key to preventing a flood is moving the water away from your house. The grade of your property should always slope away from your home. If you have to change the grade, use a clay type fill, as this will not allow the water to seep through. It will run away following the grade. If you have basements windows, I have seen contractors build a casement around them, and then build up the lawn. It is not pretty, but does the trick. This can also be expensive. If you have an older home and are prepared to upgrade your area with this type of project, you should have your weeping tile checked at the same time. This will require digging down to the bottom of the basement on the exterior walls, and ensuring that provision is made to collect water and run it to the drain. Likely a $ 15,000 cost.

2. Move The Water Away From Your House

If you have a grading problem, but can not hire a contractor to build up the slope, then you need to be prepared to move the water away during a rainy period. Normally the weather is very dry here, but this year we had record rainfall. And since our home is lower then the neighbour's house, we had a situation that needed attention. So we had to divert the water away from the house with a sump pump. In order for it to drain, drilled holes into a bucket for the sump pump. We dug a hole in the ground for the bucket which would instantly fill up with water. This worked great.

3. Check Eaves-troughs and Downspouts

Make sure your eaves-troughs are clean from all leaves and debris, and in good repair. Once you have successfully collected the water that falls onto your roof, you have to have provision to get that water away from your house. Your eaves-troughs are of no benefit if you just let them pour out on the ground beside your home.

4. Have Your Waste Water And Sewer Lines Cleared

Have your lines routed once a year or every two years to clear out tree routes and any buildup. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

5. Sump Pump

Many homes may have a sump pump in their basement. Make sure your sump pump is working properly. In particular, check the float switch. If this gets jammed in the hoses or wires, it will not be triggered when the water rises.

6. Consider relocating Valuable Real Estate

Think about what you have stored in the basement. If you were to have a flood, would it be damaged, and is it replaceable? If you have boxes of photos sitting on the floor, then these would surely be damaged. Store them up onto shelves. Do you have expensive furniture that could be relocated to another area of ​​your house, such as a piano?

7. Purge

Do you know what is worse then boxes and boxes of stuff cluttering up your basement? Boxes and boxes of soggy wet murky stuff! Do not wait until you have a basement full of water … begin purging now.

8. Have a Wet / Dry Vacuum

Sometimes the plumbing in a home might spring a leak. So you would be smart to be prepared for minor water damage, such as investing in a wet / dry shop vacuum.

9. Take Pictures

If you experience a flood, grab your camera and take pictures of everything. This is vital if it will be compensated by your insurance. When the workers come in, they start removing things, and your pictures provide proof of the contents you owned that need replacing.

10. Keep track of the hours you spend in cleanup

Again, if your flood damage will be covered by insurance, the time you spent in cleaning up may be compensated at the going rate.

Breathe. Sometimes these things happen and you will feel overwhelmed and maybe a target. But, as best you can, let it run off your back like a duck. Remember after all, these are just "things," you still have your life and hopefully your health. Although it is a major inconvenience and it always costs you more time and money, the end results can be better. I ended up making improvements to our basement I would not have done if not for the flood.

How to Use the Google Keyword Tool

I will go into the details of how to use this tool to start generating titles that make your topics profitable and optimized for maximum exposure.

Set It Up For The Proper Language

One of the first things you should do is to set up the tool for whatever country and language your major audience happens to be. You can find out what your biggest audience is regionally by checking the administrative panel of your website for the makeup of countries visiting your site. This is important, even for all English language sites because even English is spoken differently around the world. People in the UK will visit a site and see different spellings and instead of realizing that you are an American company, they might think you are just not a very good speller, and thus unprofessional. So, try to suit the tool to the language you want to highlight most.

At the very top of the tool you will see a sentence that says: “Results are tailored to English, United States.” There is a link next to that that simply says, “Edit.” Choose the link and change the main language and country, if necessary.

Search Descriptive Words Or Phrases

The tool can search three different ways, based on a keyword or phrase, based on a URL, or based on some content. For this section, we’ll concentrate on choosing to search by descriptive words or phrases by making sure that radio button is selected. Next, you want to enter the word or phrase that you’ve brainstormed to start the process of finding other ideas or words that might work for you. You will need to type in the letters in the capcha facility that keeps spammers off the site, but it doesn’t do anything to your search results.

After you get the results back, you can search through the list and look at the competition for the keyword or phrase, the approximate search volume for the month, and the average search volume. In general, what you want to find is a word that has a low level of competition with a high search volume. Of course, that’s nearly impossible to find these days as advertisers are very savvy. But, you can at least get a good idea of which ones are worth trying to use. If you use something with a high advertiser’s competition value and a high search volume, the odds of being in the top search results are practically non-existent because major players are hogging the traffic on those.

There are other search metrics that you can add to your list after it is generated. You have to use the drop-down box that says,”Choose columns to display” to add other columns. One other column that is great to see in the results list is Estimated Avg. CPC, which gives you an idea of the payout associated with the keyword or phrase in the Google AdWords system. Using low competition words with high CPC values is one way to generate more Google AdWords dollars on your own sites, as SEO articles will cue the Google server to serve up ads related to what’s on your page. If it sees high-paying words, the ads served that people can have the opportunity to click are often also high-paying ads.

If you find some additional keywords in the results that lead you to new keywords, don’t be afraid to pull them out of the list and run them alone in the Keyword Tool to see what comes up. You will find this helps you to brainstorm different ways to find words for your topic title that are going to bring in traffic and money to your sites.

Search Web Page URL

Another way to use the Keyword Tool to analyze the keywords being use on another web page. This is a great way to generate keywords off competitor’s sites without too much effort. If you know of sites similar to your own that are already doing a great job attracting traffic, then you should use this tool to find out what keywords they are using.

The way you do that is to switch the radio button from descriptive words or phrases to “website content.” It will then return a results list that will be sorted in groups by whatever the major keyword or phrase used happens to be. This is a very easy way to get a list of usable keywords, but do realize that keywords campaign change frequently as new trends are identified.

Generate Keywords For Already Written Articles

Maybe you’ve written articles already, but they’re not generating much attention. You can still use the tool to help you optimize the articles and change the titles. All you do is choose the “website content” radio button and use the link under the box for the URL to add your text into a box instead. Then, the tool will go through the topic and suggest keywords to use in it. All you have to do is change some words here and there and add a different title to get these stale articles to become stars in your writing lineup.

Just remember that you can’t put duplicate content on your website, or Google will penalize you. It doesn’t understand that you wrote the same articles, only that they appear plagiarized because more than one copy shows up. So, be sure to make the new articles sufficiently different so that you aren’t penalized by Google, or remove the old copies and replace them with new ones.

Electrical Engineering Jobs

While many people may have a preconceived notion about electrical engineering jobs and what they entail, most do not realize that electrical engineering jobs encompass more than jobs dealing with electricity. Electrical engineering is a wide field that involves many different disciplines, and there are a variety of electrical engineering jobs in a variety of different fields. Electrical engineers usually deal with electricity as energy, and they have electrical engineering jobs in fields that harness the energy and develop ways to adequately use electricity for various needs.

The variety of electrical engineering jobs include working with cellular phones, the development of electrical systems in vehicles, wiring the electrical systems in buildings, and working to keep large scale power systems working effectively. Some electrical engineering jobs may even include working on intricate control systems for fighter jets, commercial airplanes, and even space shuttles.

Usually, electrical engineering jobs require that engineers work with electrical systems on quite a large scale, but one branch, electronic engineering, deals with the electrical systems on a very small scale. Usually, these types of electrical engineering jobs require dealing with small integrated circuits and computer systems. Whether an electrical engineer deals with small electrical systems or large electrical systems, there are a variety of electrical engineering jobs available.

Although there are already many electrical engineers around the world, there are a variety of electrical engineering jobs that are open and need to be filled. Becoming an electrical engineer takes a great deal of education, dedication, and hard work. So there are not enough electrical engineers to fill all the electrical engineering jobs that are available. If you are looking for a great career opportunity, you may want to think about becoming an electrical engineer. The pay for electrical engineering jobs is excellent, with most electrical engineers earning more than $ 50,000 each year, and some making much more than that.

If you want to become an electrical engineer so you can help to fill the open electrical engineering jobs that are available, you will need to attend college and get a degree in engineering. Both science and mathematics will be very important to becoming an engineer, so it is important that your grades are excellent in both disciplines. While there are many electrical engineering jobs available, the field is also highly competitive, so you will need to make sure you have excellent grades while you are studying to become an electrical engineer. Employers want engineers that are dedicated, smart, and innovative so they can take their knowledge and apply it to their job.

Whether you are interested in electrical engineering jobs working with battleships or fighter jets, or you are interested in jobs that deal with cellular phones and computer systems, there are many jobs that are available. Getting an electrical engineering degree can open up a host of electrical engineering jobs that you can choose from, if you work hard and excel as a student. Getting your degree as an electrical engineer is only the beginning of where you can go in the field of electrical engineering.

Geology Of Mount Everest

The three formations, or units, which make up the geology of Mount Everest are divided into sections. Geologists have named these, from the bottom to the summit respectively, the Rongbuk Formation, the North Col Formation and the Qomolangma Formation. These sections, or units, are divided by a low-angle fault, or a ‘detachment’, each one being forced over the next to form a, sort of, zigzag pattern.

The Qomolangma Formation, otherwise known as the ‘Jolmo Lungama Formation’, consists of layers of Ordovician limestone and recrystallized dolomite, along with siltstone and laminae, together forming colours ranging from white to dark gray. Starting at 8,600 meters above sea level (above Yellow Band), the Qomolangma Formation ends at the summit. Tests of the limestone found here have been conducted to reveal small remains of ostracods, trilobites and crinoids. Gansser was one of the first people to report such findings. Lots of samples were taken, but some had been recrystallized, thus no conclusive results were found in regards to the contents. The bottom of the summit pyramid and the ‘Third Step’ is made up of a bed, 60 meters in depth, which sticks out from about 70 meters beneath the top of Mount Everest. This bed contains trapped sediments, which are sealed in by the production of biofilms from micro-organisms, such as cyanobacteria, usually in marine waters that are quite shallow. This section is scattered with a number of high angle faults, which finish at the Qomolangma Detachment. This causes a separation from the ‘Yellow band’.

The middle part of Mount Everest is known as the North Col Formation, 7,000 to 8,600 meters. This section, itself, can be divided into different parts, the top 400 meters, named the ‘Yellow Band’, is formed from linked beds of a brown, Middle Cambridge, marble (diopside-epidote-bearing), muscovite-biotite phyllite (which contain silicate minerals) and semischist (a partly metamorphosed, layered sedimentary rock). By analysing some of the marble taken from around 8,300 meters, it has been discovered to contain up to 5% crinoid ossicles (marine organisms which have a skeleton, formed from calcareous plates), which have been recrystallized. The top five meters, just before the Qomolangma Detachment, is a badly deformed area and is separated from the Qomolangma Formation by a fault breccia, which is between 5 and 40 centimeters thick.

The rest of the North Col Formation is formed from layers of minor marble, schist and phyllite. From 7,600 to 8,200 meters, schist (biotite-sericite-quartz) can be found in small amounts, along with chlorite-biotite phyllite and biotite-quartz phyllite. The bottom, consisting of the last 600 meters, is formed by the combination of, biotite-quartz schist, biotite-calcite-quartz schist and epidote-quartz schist, occasionally separated by a thin quartzose marble layer. The formation of these rocks is thought to have occurred due to the metamorphism of deep sea flysch (Middle Cambrian) and made up of sandy limestone, calcareous sandstone and mudstone, among others. The ‘Lhotse detachment’ (a regional thrust fault) lies at the bottom of the North Col Formation, dividing it from the Rongbuk Formation.

The lower section of Mount Everest is known as the ‘Rongbuk Formation’ and makes up the first 7,000 meters. This region of Everest is formed from sillminite-K-feldspar grade schist and a banded metamorphic rock called gneiss, which has a similar composition to granite. Also a number of dikes of leucogranite and sills, which are horizontal sheets of igneous rock stuck between older rock beds.

It is thought that the summit of Mount Everest started at the bottom of the ancient Tethys Sea, the motion of the Indian subcontinental plate and the urasian continental plate colliding, about 30 – 50 million years ago, caused the mountain to rise up and become the highest mountain on the Earth.

How Good Insulation Can Save You Money

As energy costs rise and you find yourself struggling to provide heating and cooling for your home, you should consider upgrading or replacing insulation in order to save money. While the cost of performing these home improvements can be a bit pricey initially, the long-term savings which can result are well worth the initial expense and effort involved. Not only will adding good insulation to your home decrease your ongoing energy expenses but it will result in some significant tax credits for you as well.

If you live in an older home, you may need to upgrade all your insulation at some time in the near future in order to truly reap the full benefits. The insulation used in previous decades simply doesn’t have the same energy rating of newer materials, and many of the homes built after the 1970s don’t have insulation that is up-to-date with the most recent U.S. Department of Energy’s recommended standards.

Many custom home builders in the past and at present have saved themselves money by scrimping on the less obvious construction efforts. As insulation is not visible to a new homeowner, many companies save some cash in the construction process and increase their profit margin by using less than adequate insulation in the building of homes.

You may also find that the climate of the region in which your home resides actually requires different insulation from that which was once used. You may find it quite beneficial to add insulation or replace the existing insulation in various parts of the home. You can potentially improve the internal climate of the home in addition to decreasing the costs of your heating and cooling.

There are several ways you can decrease your energy costs and improve the overall quality of your home. The first and foremost method of accomplishing these tasks is to use a good insulation with a high energy-efficiency rating. Interior walls, external walls, attics, basements and crawl spaces are all important areas to consider for the addition or replacement of insulation.

If your attic has fiberglass, vermiculate or cellulose insulation, you should consider using spray foam instead. These other insulations have a tendency to decrease in efficiency over time as the material becomes more compact and less capable of preventing heat from escaping your home. As heat rises, much of the warm air in your home in the winter can escape through the ceilings and into the attic if there is an inadequate air barrier or insulation in the area.

The use of high efficiency spray foam, which fills in cracks to create a seamless air barrier, can greatly increase the ability of your home heating system to provide a comfortable internal temperature for the lowest possible, ongoing monetary expense. Insulating your interior walls will also help keep the interior of your home the temperature you desire. It will allow your air conditioner or heater to more effectively produce the indoor environment you want without having to work so hard. Poor insulation causes your heating or cooling system to work up to 10 times as hard as it might otherwise and can result in extremely high energy costs for you. Not to mention that overworking the system will cause it to need servicing more frequently.

With spray foam insulation, you can fill in all the small spaces and tiny gaps in various places throughout your home where heat can leak out in the cooler months and warm air can leach in during the hotter months. Don’t forget the areas in your basement and crawl spaces that should be insulated. Most homes have numerous locations, especially in unfinished basements or crawl spaces, where heat escapes or enters the home. Insulating these spaces will increase the overall efficiency of your home heating and cooling systems and save you money in the long run.

You should also pay close attention to the areas around all your windows and external doors. Insulating the inside of walls around window and door frames will reduce the likelihood of heat transfer. The windows themselves should also be addressed in order to maximize home energy efficiency. Consider replacing old windows, installing weather stripping, and using thicker curtains that can block the heat of the sun in summer and cold wind in the winter.

Tiki Bar Plan Made Simple

So you're looking for a Tiki Bar Plan? Well then you're in luck, im about to show you a few basic steps that will take you from knowing nothing about this subject to being able to build a tiki bar quickly and effectively. If you're looking for the full plan you can head over to my free blog, the link is in my bio box. Right now I will go over some of the basics and we can get to the rest later.

Here are some things to considering when constructing a tiki bar:

-I Have seen plastic tiki bar shells that sale for $ 850 at local hardware stores; this is a crazy price for something that can be constructed so simply and cheaply.

-You Need to realize that a tiki bar is merely a decorated table with a fancy roof. Yes that's right, there's not much to it. If you really think about it you can see that a tiki bar is very simple in design, yet many people look over this fact.

-You Can use any standard counter top from stores like Home Depot for the bar; all you need to do is mount the bar on a table. Home Depot will cut the counter top for you and they have many different designs.

-Home Depot and other hardware stores usually will mount the counter top for you; it does not get any simpler than this.

-Building A tiki bar is so simple, get an old table, get a counter top and find some material for your roof. I actually found a great Tiki roof at a local store in my area, if you look around you could probably do the same. You can check some local nurseries.

Now when considering the size of your tiki bar you should think moderate size for cost purposes. The counter top alone can be a lot more expensive if you go over 12 feet because they have to be custom ordered at most places. You could also go the cheaper route and decide to use some bare plywood which in reality would be just as effective. Either way is effective, now if you want to get into the nittty gritty and the full details and a tiki bar plan you can head over to my blog for a step by step guide. I hope this information has helped you. Good luck with your tiki bar building adventures, and I promise you it can be fun and highly awarding!

How to Stock Your Wood Shop

So woodworking crafts have brought you to the point of creating your own wood shop? Great! A wood shop is a safe haven for many, offering a peaceful space for creating many things. There's nothing like working with your hands. However, there is something to be said for working with power tools, too! When you're ready to stock your wood shop with tools of the trade, take a look at this list to make sure that you've got everything that you may need.

You'll want to start by buying or building a workbench. Most people prefer a workbench or table that is up high enough to work at while standing or sitting on a stool. This will give you storage room underneath, too. You can install a shop vacuum above your workbench if you'd like. It may come in handy for cleaning up sawdust. You'll also need some shelves and cabinets for storing your tools. Covers for saws and drills are great to have so that your equipment can stay clean while you work on other projects.

There are many cutting tools to choose from. Most can be classified as hand saws or power saws. The ones that you need depend on what you plan on doing. For instance, you will need a chain saw if you plan to fall your own trees. Backsaws are hand saws that have a stiff ridge opposite the cutting side (eg dovetail saw, tenon saw, sash saw, and the gent's saw. These are used for hand cutting precise lines. Power saws are good for cutting large pieces and rough cuts. there are circular saws, radial arm saws, table saws, band saws, and miter saws.

You will need tools to hold your work. Most woodworkers use horses, a vice, and a bench hook regularly. You can mount your vice to your workbench so that it's always easy to access and is securely fastened. A bench hook can be easily built. It's basically a place where you can press boards up against a straight edge while using hand saws. It has a lip underneath to "hook" it to the workbench so that you can put pressure on the wood that you're working on.

There are many other tools that help to shape or hold wood. There are many clamps that work well with different types of saws. Hammers, mallets, drills and screwdrivers are commonly used. Chisels, planers, a lathe, and many types of sanders are used in shaping and finishing.

Once you have your work surfaces, support items, and tools, you can begin stocking your woodshop with wood. A cedar wood cabinet is useful for storing wood that is easily affected by the humidity. Remember that you can store large pieces overhead on ceiling racks to save space in your woodshop. Stock up on other wood parts and hardware that you may need. You may need long nails down to finishing nails, screws, bolts, nuts, and washers. Cabinet handles and drawer pulls are also nice to have. Different species of wood in varying sizes and shapes can be useful in many projects. Keep a "scrap" pile of pieces that you may be able to use again. Wood Dowel A, Especially a hardwood Dowel , can be of used to fashion joint pegs and : many : other useful items. Keep some around for future projects.

Operation Stack, Part 2

When the details of Operation Stack were being confirmed only a few years ago, proposal statistics stated that the M20 motorway was a national and trans-national route of importance for the national economy. There is a direct, and physical impact on the county of Kent coming from the Dover Ports as well as Folkestone and that 65% of lorries and ford transits driving in and out of the UK have resting areas within the surrounding Kent ports- due to safety and driver requirements.

Operation Stack is of huge, vital importance to the County of Kent no matter how inconvenient the procedures may be. Since 2004, Operation Stack has been implemented over 32 times and this year is no different with Winter weather conditions disrupting imports, exports on both land, sea and air.

There are many phases to Operation Stack which include closing differing motorways so that the lorries and Ford transits can in actual fact be 'lined up', ready and waiting to proceed with the journey as and when the go-ahead is given. Sometimes the wait can be for several days further disruptions for other road users.

The lorries including Ford transit vans are left parked and waiting within coastal carriageways causing controversy as the motorway is closed completely to the public.

There are 3 phases that (depending on how severe the situation is) unfold starting with the road closing between junctions 11 (Hythe) and 12 (Cheriton) with the A20 providing the only other route. Phase 2 sees the closure of the M20, between Maidstone and Ashford (from Junction 8-9), again with the only other alternative route being the A20. Lastly Phase 3 closes the M20 London bound route from Ashford to Maidstone- junctions 9 and 8.

Weather warnings have been issued advising that people stay in their homes and only drive their ford transit to London if and when necessary. Otherwise, motorways are to be avoided and people are to find alternative methods of transport.

The Geotrax Train Set Encourages Creative Play

Children love to play with toy trains and for those between the ages of two and seven, a Geotrax Train set by Fisher-Price is the ideal toy to stretch the imagination. The Remote Control Timbertown Railway has everything your little conductor needs to become a lumber tycoon.

Steamer is a three car train and comes with its own conductor with arms and legs that move. The bright red caboose and log hauler are attached to the back of the steam engine. The smokestack travels up and down as the engine moves along the track.

Start the Timbertown adventure with all aboard from Easy Rail Station. The wheels will automatically click into place on the piece of track to hold Steamer firmly upright. The engine starts its journey with a climb up Elevation Mountain. The working crane is waiting at the summit to drop its load of lumber onto the log carrier. The trip continues down the mountain side and doubles back through a tunnel before returning to the depot.

The set contains fifteen pieces of track made out of durable plastic. They snap easily and firmly into place to construct this interactive mountain railway. It is compatible with other GeoTrax sets and can be incorporated into an entire railroad network. Sets sold separately include an airport, a zoo, a ranch and more.

This train may be guided by remote control or just by pushing the engine along the track. The remote can be easily operated by young children and the big buttons were created specifically for small hands. The controller and engine require three size AAA batteries each for operation.

Children who belong to the recommended age group will love watching the feature DVD that comes with this set. Steamer and Samuel star in the story that delivers a message and encourages more interactive play. Any child will love to receive the Geotrax Train set as a gift for the holidays.