Energy Use Per Square Foot – How Does Your Building Compare?

As environmental awareness and the need to cut costs increases, a growing number companies are turning to energy efficiency design as a way to improve their bottom line and benefit the environment. Energy efficient design can be implemented in new construction or in existing construction through retrofitting. In either case, companies that are dedicated to implementing the best technology can realize dramatic energy savings, with some companies experiencing as much as a seven-figure savings annually. In an ideal scenario, an existing building would have all of its energy systems retrofitted for efficiency simultaneously. But given the considerable cost of such a project, most companies prefer to identify the most inefficient aspect of their building (s) and address it first; creating a sizable amount of savings that can be used toward additional projects.

When a company decides to implement energy efficiency design, it begins by hiring an energy efficiency consultant to perform a six-step energy audit that entails calculating energy use per square foot; a building's total energy use divided by its conditioned square feet. After calculating use per square foot, the consultant can commence the benchmarking process; a key performance indicator where a building's use per square foot is compared to the use per square foot of similar buildings on a regional and / or national basis. By establishing a standard for comparing energy use per square foot, benchmarking also creates a standard for identifying efficiency problems and measuring their progress after the implementation of energy efficient design.

According to research, the least efficient commercial buildings use roughly seven times more energy than the most efficient buildings, which explains how large companies can experience a seven-figure utility cost reduction after implementing efficient design. As aforementioned, such savings are typically the result of addressing efficiency problems on a priority basis as determined by an energy audit. For example, while a large company that has inefficient lighting systems in all of its would benefit from a complete lighting system retrofit, an audit may reveal that a certain building is responsible for an inordinate percentage of the company's annual electric bill, thus placing it at the top of the list for retrofitting.

As the emphasis on energy efficiency grows, companies are finding it increasingly easy to implement cost saving retrofits. In addition to offering specialized consulting to a broad variety of companies, many energy efficiency companies now offer affordable financing to companies whose current budget can not accommodate needed retrofits. If you've always dreamed of what your bottom line would be like if your utility costs were not so exorbitant, contact an energy efficiency consultant today and start planning for a brighter financial future.

Yellow Toenails

Yellow toenails are usually a sign of trouble to come. Although harmless bacterial colonization can cause a color change in nails (usually green), and there is a rare condition called yellow nail syndrome, by far the most common cause of yellowish or brownish discoloration in the toenails is fungus infection. Many fungi produce colored pigments when they are growing well – Penicillium, for instance, the fungus that produces penicillin, commonly produces a deep green pigment. The fungi that like to grow in nails commonly produce yellowish or brownish colors.

To determine whether, in your case, a fungal infection is the reason for yellow toenails, you should visit your doctor and get a professional diagnosis. Since fungal nail infections are relatively common, your doctor will have seen yellow toenails before, and will be able to judge whether your nails are infected with fungus or whether you have some other problem that requires different treatment. If there is still doubt, a sample of your yellowish toenail can be taken and sent to the laboratory for testing.

Yellow toenails are not necessarily uniformly colored. Only some toenails may be affected – sometimes only one – and the fungus may only be growing in part of the nail, producing a yellow toenail streak. Untreated, infections that involve only part of the nail will usually spread to cover the whole nail, and generally advance towards the nail root over time. Once you know for sure that fungus is the reason for yellow toenails in your case, do not delay treatment. Infections are more easily treated if they do not involve the lunula (the whitish crescent shaped area near the cuticle).

You will have to decide between various types of treatment for yellow toenails. Your doctor can prescribe an oral medication that is taken daily for a few months to a year to get rid of the infection. Many people avoid the oral prescription drugs because they are expensive, and because of the potential for unpleasant side effects. There is also a topical prescription nail lacquer that is painted on, but this can only be used for yellow toenails, or a yellow toenail streak that does not involve the lunula (the whitish crescent-shaped region near the cuticle).

Besides the prescription drugs, natural remedies probably work better than over the counter antifungals for yellow toenails and any yellow toenail streak. This is because topical ointments and lotions do not get through the nail to kill the fungus. Natural and home remedies attempt to soften the nail for better penetration, and often contain natural ingredients that have been found to be effective against fungus. Some are even backed up by scientific study.

How To Choose The Best golf clubs For Your Game

Wilson, Callaway, Titleist, Adams, King Cobra, Yonex, Ping, Taylor Made, Mizuno, and Spaulding are all excellent name brand golf clubs. As a beginning or even a professional golfer, trying to decide which set of golf clubs to purchase, however, may often feel like taking a shot in the dark. In a society that is increasing name brand conscious, many of us are tempted to simply buy what everyone else seems to be buying. Selecting the proper golf clubs, however, is something that you should not do without having a good idea of ​​what types are available and what the specific use of each club is. Using the proper golf club can and will greatly improve your game. Other important things to consider are choosing the right lie and the right shaft flex. The flexibility of the shaft of the club is known as the bend or flex. If you're a powerful swinger, you'll have more control with less bend. Beginners and less powerful swingers are better off with more flexibility.
If you're new to the game of golf, the first thing you need is a basic set of golf clubs. A basic set will include irons, putters, wedges and drivers, and even though most nongolfers do not believe it, each type of club is designed to improve the speed of your swing and will help you correct faults in your game. Using the right type of golf club is essential and will make the learning process quicker and easier. The first thing to consider when choosing a set of golf clubs is your basic ability level. There are basically three ability levels including: low handicaps, mid handicaps and high handicaps.

If you're a low-handicap golfer, you generally score less than ten strokes over par. Low-handicap golfers should carry at least one fairway wood and a driver as well as lower irons, and at least 3 wedges, a pitching wedge, sand wedge and either a lob wedge or approach wedge. A mid-handicap golfer in the 11-20 handicap range should add a 7-wood or even a 9-wood to their bag. The fairway woods will provide much better control and consistency than the long irons. Mid-handicap golfers should stick to the 3 and 9-irons and the same wedges recommended above. High-handicap golfers are either new to the game or just have not mastered the basics and usually shoots over 100. It's highly suggested that high-handicap golfers use the 3-wood for the tee off and add in the 7 and 9-woods . The same wedges would apply that are suggested for the low and mid-handicap golfers.
Today, common consensus is that the most important club you can have in your golf bag is a hybrid. Many golfers have used this club to replace the three-iron. Tour players are even switching to this club. Hybrids to check out include the Taylormade Rescue Mid (which continues to dominate the market and is found in more bags on the tour than any other hybrid), the Nike CPR, and the Ben Hogan CFT. The hybrid is a club that favors the golfer who is generating good clubhead speed, but needs to add to long-iron trajectory. The lower center of gravity in this club produces higher shots while a short shaft will improve control and accuracy.
Drivers and woods are probably the most important clubs in the bag and everybody loves them. Mainly used for longer shots, drivers are usually the first club out of the bag on the tee. Some advanced golfers, however, may decide to use a driver off the fairway is they need a little extra distance. A fairway or metal wood is also used off the tee if you need a more accurate shot or you do not need as much distance as you would get with a driver. This club is a utility club that can also be used in fairway bunkers and tight lies in the rough. The most popular drivers on the market today are the Taylormade r7quad, the Taylormade r5 dual and the Ping G2.
Fairway woods are usually considered the most reliable golf club and seem to be a favorite because they tend to make you look better than you really are. This is a club that is evolving slowly but should definitely have a place in your bag. A fairway wood usually improves a golfer's accuracy and allows him to loft the ball higher. A few favorites include the Cobra SZ and the Calloway Big Bertha.
The iron is a club that is definitely riding on the edge of technology and surprisingly enough is getting less expensive. While this club is not perfect yet, it's getting there, and most players should be using game improvement irons. These irons stress perimeter weighting, forgiveness and higher trajectory. The three irons that are getting the most attention today are the Ping G2, the Calloway Big Bertha and the Calloway Big Bertha Fusion. Often the most overlooked club in the bag is the wedge. This club, however, is a necessity in every golfer's bag and definitely a trusted friend to every player who's ever been on the tour. The Cleveland CG10, the Titleist Vokey, and the Cleveland 588 are three of the best. The popularity of the wedge is evident in that Cleveland and Titleist have over 112 combined wedge options.

Finally, the putter is a club that has certainly gone high tech and some of the newer Super Mallets look like they belong in Science Fiction movies. Thankfully, though the traditional putters are still performing well and remain favorites. The Super Mallet putters getting the most attention are the Odyssey 2-ball (White Steel), the Ping G2i Craz-E and the TaylorMade Rossa Monza / Mezza Monza. The old standbys of the traditional putters include the Ping G2i, the PING JAS, and the Yes! Golf C-Groove.
Once you have a general understanding of when and why you need to use a certain type of club, there are still many decisions to make before actually making a purchase. Many driving ranges have golf clubs for rent and it may be a good idea to try out a few different clubs before actually making your purchase. Golf clubs, especially the name brands like Titleist, Cleveland and Nike can be very expensive. If you're new to the sport, consider starting out with second hand clubs. If you find a set that fits, you can usually get them for a steal.

When Is a Brick Wall Not a Brick Wall?

Answer: when it's a veneer brick wall.

So what does a veneer brick wall mean?

That is an easy one to answer. Veneer is a terminology used to describe a layer of material that does not go the full depth of a product. It explains the surface cover which is placed on top of another material. And so with a brick veneer wall you get the benefit of a veneer that looks like a brick wall without the high material or installation costs that comes with a brick wall.

Sounds great right? And it is.

This means that if you have existing plasterboard walls or most interior wall types you can easily turn these walls into "solid looking" brick walls with the use of brick wall cladding.

In most cases the walls our custom made brick veneer product is used for is turning interior walls into brick look-a-like walls.

The benefit of applying brick cladding wall sheets into your home can be any one of the following.

Your choice for changing the wall cladding to some or all of your walls is to modernize and update the interior design of your home. Are your walls old and tired and do they show signs of wear and tear from daily knocks and abuse? Then covering them with brick veneer might be the easy and effective way to overcome this.

Brick veneer wall cladding can also bring a traditional homely feel into your house. The wall cladding you select can be custom colour made to suit your taste. Think of a brick colour you would be happy to install and this can be made for you. Thus achieving that traditional brick masonry look in your home.

If your taste is more for the rustic brick appearance and colour we can custom make a veneer that has the shape and texture of an older brick with a rustic colour to match. This would be the perfect accompaniment to a home suited to this grand old look.

Even modern apartments are moving towards brick cladding for the finish to some internal walls. The "old refurbished apartment" look can be achieved with a specific designed brick wall cladding material.

This is an effective way of blending a retro interior design element into a modern living space … without having to source all bricks from a demolition yard. You do not want to be carting old bricks (which as we know have no quality control or guarantee to be fit for purpose) onto your project and install them.

Brick work is a messy trade at the best of times when you have to mix sand, cement and lime in large wet quantities to make mortar before you even start to build walls. No thanks.

Choose custom made brick tiles and finish the project in half the time of traditional brick work.

Brick tiles can be installed just like ceramic tiles. If you have seen ceramic tiles being installed to a wall – then you already know how brick sheets can be installed.

If you can apply tile adhesive glue to a wall then you are well on your way to installing brick wall cladding. The brick veneer is stuck to the wall with adhesive, spaced with traditional plastic tile spacers, then grouted in the joins after the glue has dried. Simple as that. Therefore if you choose to install yourself you can save serious money on installation.

Renting Your First Apartment

You are setting out on your own and you are renting your first apartment. You need to think about what you want and need in the apartment. Do you need a furnished apartment or can you furnish the apartment yourself. Do you need an apartment with utilities included or can you have utilities in your name. You will also need to think about appliances, such as a dishwasher, stove and refrigerator. Do you have these items or will you be renting your first apartment with these items included. Once you know the answers to these questions, you can begin looking for an apartment.

Renting your first apartment is always exciting, you are setting out by yourself, you will have your own home to care for, and you will have more freedom. With this freedom come responsibilities. If you have a job, you need to set aside enough money to cover all the expenses of having an apartment. You are going to need to make sure you can have people over without disturbing other renters and you have a responsibility to keep the premises clean and damage free.

Most of this information comes straight from the renting pros. Careful reading to the end virtually guarantees that you'll know what they know.

Renting your first apartment also means that you might have other duties to do besides paying the bills and keeping the apartment clean. If you rent a lower flat, you might have responsibilities for lawn care and maybe some weather related chores as well. If you do not want these types of responsibilities, you might only consider upper flats for rent. You do not want to over burden yourself when renting your first apartment. You need to have time to do everything that is required when renting your first apartment or house.

When it is time to find your first apartment, you can jot down a few questions to ask the property manager, which should help eliminate apartments that are not suited to your needs. When you call for information about the apartment, it is wise to ask these questions before scheduling an appointment. If it is not what you are looking for, then you do not want to waste time looking at the apartment. You should always ask questions until you are satisfied that the apartment will be right for you.

When you are renting your first apartment, you may tend to think that you can have something just as nice as you had it at home. This may not always be true. You can take even the most moderate apartment and make it a showcase inside even if the outside has a bit to be desired. You do not want to over extend yourself on rent payments.

You will also have to consider utilities, food, clothing, car expenses or transportation costs and any other necessaries such as insurances. You will find that your first apartment is like everything else. It is never something that you would settle for, but it is the first one in a line of many you will have before you marry or buy a home of your own.

You can not predict when knowing something extra about renting will come in handy. If you learned anything new about & keyword% in this article, you should file the article where you can find it again.

The Basics of the Flat Stomach Fast Diet

We all want to have flat stomachs but it requires focus and determination. Your flat stomach fast diet has to combine a proper diet and an ab blasting workout.

Start with cutting down on soft drinks, diet or otherwise. It's a proven fact that diet drinks actually cause weight gain. Cutting out soft drinks can have a big effect on your waistline in only a week's time. Replace those soft drinks with water or fruit juice for added health benefits.

Continue your flat stomach fast diet by including more healthy foods in your diet. Cut down on junk food and increase the fruits and vegetables in your daily routine. You'll feel a difference in your stomach, and everywhere else in your body.

Water can make a major impact on your quest for flat abs. If you are not getting the recommended 8 glasses of water per day, start immediately. Water flushes out toxins from your system, helps your cells work better and fills you up.

It is really important to eat regular small meals. Do not starve yourself in order to get the perfect stomach. The flat stomach fast diet means taking 5 to 7 small meals per day.

Why do you need to eat so often? It has to do with boosting your metabolism. All of the flat abs exercises in the world will not make a difference if you have a high percentage of body fat. The more body fat you lose, the more you will be able to see your tight ab muscles.

Boosting your metabolism is essential to the flat stomach fast diet. Eating small, frequent meals throughout the day will fire up your metabolism and make you a fat burning machine.

Too many people try to eliminate calories when they diet and end up slowing down their metabolism. Spreading the same amount of calories throughout the day is the best way to supercharge your metabolism.

The final component of the flat stomach fast diet is setting up a good ab workout routine for yourself. Alternate fat burning cardio workouts with strength training that will target your abs.

Try different types of crunches on different days to work out all of your ab muscles. Use standard crunches to work your upper abs and leg lifts for your lower abs. Side bends will target your obliques, or love handles.

Make sure to track your progress so you can see how many inches you lose, and stick to it! The flat stomach fast diet will work but you have to give it time to transform your body.

How to Choose the Perfect Motorcycle Helmet

Here's how to go about it.

Choose a full face helmet and not a "decorative" helmet. A "brain bucket" (looks like a soup bowl) or open face helmet will NOT provide the protection you need to keep everything where it should be.

The first step is to measure your head. Even if you think you know what size helmet you need, it's worthwhile to take the time to double-check. Get someone to help and a small measuring tape. Measure the circumference of your head from about one inch above your eyebrows in front to the point at the back of your head that gives you the largest measurement. Measure several times just to make sure you've got it. Now match the measurement with the helmet sizes on the chart provided by producers (check on wb-sites), rounding up to the next largest number if your measurement falls between sizes.

Next, it's time to try on a few helmets. Do not worry about colors and graphics yet, our first concern is finding the right fit. Grasp the helmet by the chin straps with the top of the helmet down and the front of the helmet facing you. Balance the helmet with your fingers, and slide your thumbs to the inside surface of the chin straps. Now spread the helmet apart and slip it over your head. You may need to tip it backward or forward a bit to help slip it on.

The helmet should go on with some resistance if it's in the proper size range. Unfortunately, most people tend to choose helmets that are too large, so if the helmet feels snug at first, you're probably close to the proper size. Do not reach for a larger size unless you can not get the helmet on at all. Now that you have the helmet on, go find a mirror for a quick visual check. The helmet should sit squarely on your head, neither tipped forward nor backward.

With a full-face helmet, your eyes should be centered in the opening with the padding of the liner fitting just above your eyebrows. While you're looking in the mirror, check for gaps between the padding and your head. The cheek and brow pads should be in firm contact with your face, without causing excessive pressure. Now put one hand on each side of the helmet and hold your head still while trying to rotate the helmet from side to side and front to back.

The helmet should not slide around on your head without a lot of resistance. In fact, your skin and scalp should move with the helmet. Remember that helmets will "break in" just like hats, so the helmet that's just right for you may feel overly-snug at first.

Note any pressure points or "hot spots." If the helmet fits properly, the pressure should be evenly distributed around your head. Make sure the chin strap is snugly fastened and try the "roll-off" test. Reach over the top of the helmet and grasp the bottom rear edge. Try to roll the helmet forward off your head while you hold your head as still as possible. Pull as hard as you can without causing yourself pain. If the helmet moves significantly or rolls off your head, it's too large.

Before you take the helmet off, think about pressure points again. Do there seem to be spots where the pressure is excessive? Remember pressure that may be only mildly irritating at first, can cause a raging headache after an hour in the saddle. Stay close to the mirror while you take the helmet off, then look for any areas of reddened skin that signal pressure points. If you find any, put the helmet back on and see if you feel extra pressure in the reddened area. When you think you've found the perfect fit, try on the same make and model of helmet in the next larger and smaller sizes, going through all the same tests.

Before you make the final decision, put the helmet back on and wear it for at least ten minutes just to make sure you have not missed any pressure points. Helmet manufacturers have different ideas about the general size and shape of the human head. If you have trouble finding the proper fit, try a different brand of helmet, or even a different model by the same manufacturer. Be patient, work through all the steps for getting the right fit and you'll end up with the helmet that's right for you.

5 House Styles for Homes Lover

Colonialary House

The characteristics of colonial house follow to Georgian architecture is a square area house, that may have one or two story rectangular shape, roof dormers and eaves-front of symmetrical building with the central door. Straight lines of multi-paned windows with double-hung sash are on the first and second floor. The entry of the house is frequently decorated with classic style such as columns, pediments, pilasters, fanlights, etc. A colonial style house usually has a formally-defined living room, dining room and family room. The bedrooms are typically on the second floor and may have staircase at the center or to either side.

Modern House

The characteristics of Modern House Designs is the house that composed of geometric shapes suit for new technology and young adults, flat roofs and smooth wall surfaces. The windows are set flush with the walls with no decorative trim. The entrance to the house is asymmetrical. Decorate the front of the house with modern style architectures.

Country House

The country houses are usually built in rural areas outside of cities, suitable for people who love natural environment and beautiful view. The characteristic of country house styles are combine several traditional architectural details on their well-proportioned. The house always has gabled roofs higher in pitch than other home styles. Large wrap around porches, cozy facades, gables, lap siding, shuttered windows, and dormer windows. Inside the house, use tall ceilings for ventilate the air.

Thai House

The characteristics of Thai house are different from another style. Thai House use high floor level allowing an average height man to walk under the floor. The reasons of high floor level are safety from wild beasts during night time and used for producing handmade products. The other characteristic of Thai house is a high gabled roof and ample slanting eaves. Forty percent of the total floor area is a large platform area for receive to sunshine and good clean air. The major material of Thai house style is teakwood and decorates with Thai traditional potteries.

Cape Cod House

The Cape Cod house is the most common building type. The characteristic of the house is symmetrical design which front bay central entry, one and a half stories eaves. The roofs are usually low to moderately pitch and the dominant rooflines extend down the front and the back of the home to the first floor. The Cape Cod houses have side gables and a small overhang, a central door, multi-paned, double-hung windows and low ceilings. The floor of the house often uses hardwood.

Rolling Tool Chest – Save Time and Be More Productive

Almost all industrial and mechanical jobs require the use of various tools, devices, and equipment. If you've ever worked within jobs which often require specialized tools then you know how beneficial a rolling tool chest can be.

This is the reason why different items are being developed in order to make life easier for people who engage in industrial and mechanical activities. One of the things developed to bring efficient and practical use are rolling tool chests. Basically, a tool chest is a storage container that shelters various tools, depending on the craft or industry of the user. The function and use of a tool chest is practically undeniable. Moreover, as you can imagine you can gain considerably more benefit from the tool chest if it rolls. As the name implies a rolling tool chest can store all your tools and is mobile. One can see how that would surely provide you with better convenience and efficiency.

A rolling tool chest can be considered as one of the most important things you can add to your work shop if you want to save time while working and be more productive. Aside from using it for work, you can also use it at home as storage for household stuff. You can judge by the name that it is a tool box with wheels which may come with handle bars for easier maneuvering around the work place. If your job or craft requires the use of several tools that you can not just hold all in your hands or just tuck in your belt, then the rolling tool chest is something that you should absolutely consider using.

Of course, you can go for the basic tool box which is undeniably good for storing tools and devices. You can also purchase utility tool belts that are specifically manufactured to hold important tools and materials. However, if you have a lot of gadgets and that you are often transferring from one place to the other while fixing and working on things, then a rolling tool chest should help you make your job, and practically, your life easier.

If you still can not believe and comprehend how a rolling chest of tools can actually save you a lot of time and help make your work easier, here's a scenario for you. For example, you are working to build up an additional overhead cabinet in your work shop. You would normally need nails, hammer, mallet, and other necessary tools such as meter tapes, a saw, and the likes. Just imagine how many items you would need. You can not put everything in your tool belt much less hold everything in your other arm. More so, you can not also afford to waste time by going back and forth from where you are working to the stationary box where the tools and materials are. Although you can just put the tools and materials in a nearby table prior to getting to work, this might pose some safety risks. Thus, a rolling tool chest would ensure that the things that you need are at a hands reach yet assuring that there is no imminent danger. Take your tools with you where ever you go.

The portability of a rolling tool chest is something that you should realize and deeply appreciate if you are really looking to make your job easier and work on your projects faster. Click the links below to find the best deals on one and start organizing your tools today.

6 Cool Reasons to Become an Engineer

Engineering is one of the hottest jobs around the world today. Many youths, and even adults, these days are already taking up their degree to become a professional and highly qualified engineer. Here are 6 major reasons why it is cool to become an engineer.

1. High Salary – one of the major reasons why most people these days tend to take up engineering is because of the fact that it is a well-paying job. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the starting salary for an engineer averages is an eye-popping 5-digit dollar. This is a great rate already to start living on your own.

2. Help Change the Future – one of the roles of engineer in the community is to help develop or enhance and protect the environment. Engineers these days are becoming aware and are being thought certain ways to help them improve the environment. Some of them make their designs in a manner that it is eco-friendly and may even help the "healing" of our polluted environment.

3. Travel the Globe – if you are working or planning to work in a company, then chances are you are going to be able to travel in different places. Most companies are not just based on a single location. Some of their projects will require you to travel to different places. If you are fond of travelling, then you will surely love this job.

4. Challenging – engineers are known to be good at solving problems. Engineering is not just about drawing and labeling. It is more than that. When designing a plan, you should have proper calculation, scaling, design, and layout. All of these are just some of the things you should consider when making a plan.

5. Unlimited Opportunities – an engineer is an in-demand professional today. Many companies and even government sectors are looking for qualified engineers to help them in their project. Engineers are not only needed to develop buildings, roads, and highways, they are also needed to help develop military jets, tanks, space shuttles, and planes. Some even say that the unemployment level of engineers is virtually zero! With this, you can be sure that you are able to find the right task or project for you.

6. Interact with other Professionals – your work will also give you the chance to work or collaborate with other professionals like doctors, lawyers, geologists, architects, government officials, scientists, and many more. Interacting with these kind of people will also help you understand and give you knowledge on their job as you get to know each other.

Those six reasons why it is cool to become an engineer are just some of the many more. Becoming an engineer will not ensure you of a bright future for you and your family, it will also give you the opportunity to help serve your fellowmen, the environment, and make the world a better place to live. With these things being said, you now have the choice in your hand whether you become an engineer or not.

Risk Factors For Cataract Surgery

Like any surgery, cataract surgery creates risks, like bleeding and infection. Before cataract removal, the physician may advise the patient to stop temporarily taking medications which increase the danger of bleeding at the time of surgical operation. After surgery, he / she must keep his / her eyes clean, do not touch the eye without cleaning the hands and use recommended medications to aid in minimizing the dangers of infection. Serious infection may cause vision loss.

Cataract surgery increases slightly, the danger of retinal detachment. Some eye disorder, like high myopia (nearsightedness), may further add to the risk of retinal detachment after removal of cataract. The most common sign of retinal detachment is abrupt increase in floaters or flashes. Floaters are small "cobwebs" or spots that appear to hang in the field of vision. Retinal detachment has to be given attention right away because of its medical urgency. If you observe rapid increase in flashes or floaters, see an eye specialist right away. Your eye should be examined by an eye surgeon as needed. Retinal detachment does not cause any pain. Early medication of this eye illness can prevent eternal loss of vision. The sooner the treatment is, the better is the chance to regain good eye sight.

Cataract removal is the most ordinary operations done in the US It is the most effective and safest type of surgery. Almost 90% of people who had cataract surgery had better visions afterward.
Preparations done before surgery.

Two weeks prior to surgery, some tests will be done to the patient. These tests will include the measurement of the curvature of the cornea, the size and shape of the eye. These facts will help the doctor to choose the exact type of IOL. The patient is advised not to drink or eat anything twelve hours prior to surgery.

You may be asked not to eat or drink anything 12 hours before your surgery.

During surgery, drops will be placed into the eye so that the pupil will dilate. The areas around the eye will be cleansed and washed. The operation normally lasts less than 1 hour and almost painless. Plenty of people prefer to remain awake at the time of surgery. Others are put to a sleep for a short duration of time. When awake, the patient will be given anesthetic to numb nerves in and around the eye.

After operation, a patch can be placed over the eye. The patient is allowed to relax for a short period of time for observation of any problem, like bleeding. Plenty of people who were operated on cataract were discharged on the same day

Usually mild discomfort and itching are common after cataract operation. Some fluid discharges are also regular. The eye can be sensitive to touch and light. Discomfort may occur, but after a day or two, moderate discomfort would disappear. Few days after surgery, the doctor will suggest the patient to make use of eye drops to help in healing and reduce the risks of infection. It is necessary to wear eyeglasses or eye shield to protect the eye. Refrain from pressing or rubbing the eye.

When at home, avoid bending from waist to pick up some objects. Do not raise heavy objects. You may walk, climb the stairs and do some light household tasks. Healing is completed within 8 weeks.
Problems can develop after surgery. These problems include bleeding, infection, inflammation, vision loss, double vision and low or high eye pressure. These problems can be resolved with prompt medical attention and may be successfully treated, so when problems appear try to consult your doctor.

How to Remove Old or Damaged Insulation

Insulation needs to be removed and replace from time to time to ensure that it is working to its full potential. Hiring a contractor for insulation removal is the best way to have this done; however, if you do not have the budget for that, you can learn to do it yourself. There are many reasons why you may need to replace your insulation including roofing system leaks, rodent infestations and other types of contamination. The act of removing the insulation is not too difficult, but the attention to detail that it requires is taxing. If you educate yourself about the type of insulation you have and how to remove it, you should be able to complete this project in about one day.

Always remember to take precautions before starting this project. You’ll want to protect your skin from the fiberglass insulation with long-sleeved shirts, pants and gloves. If you have long hair make sure it is pulled back, or you can cover it with a hat.

The first thing you need to do before diving into this project is to test for asbestos. Asbestos is very dangerous to handle and this step should be taken very seriously, as your health depends on it. You can purchase a at-home asbestos test kit at most hardware stores. Follow the directions provided with the kit carefully. If your insulation tests positive for asbestos, you’ll need to call a qualified professional right away. Exposure to asbestos can cause serious lung problems. If your test comes up negative for asbestos you can move forward with your insulation removal project.

Prepare your work area by laying a tarp or drop cloth down. The cloth will protect your home from insulation residue and debris. If you have a rodent problem you may find carcasses or droppings in the insulation and the drop cloth will help keep any of that nasty, unwanted material from entering your home.

Next you’ll need to identify the type of insulation you have in your home. This is fairly simple to do. The first step is to identify it as blown-in insulation or blanket insulation. If you find blown-in insulation, you’ll need to rent or borrow a high efficiency particulate air vacuum, more commonly known by its acronym, HEPA vacuum. The vacuum will be inserted into the wall to suck the insulation straight out. Blanket insulation can be removed be bagged and removed by hand.

When you are finished make sure to clean up any remaining debris using a high powered vacuum. You want to be sure to remove any bits of insulation and animal refuse before installing any new insulation.

How They Grade Bar Exam Essays

You will spend close to two months, take dozens of practice essays, and spend a good two or three days in the bar exam. That's a lot of time to put into the exam, and how much time do you think the graders will invest into reading your essays? About three to five minutes per essay, at most.

At least once before the exam, it's a good idea to try the exercise of putting yourself in the shoes of the person who will be holding your fate:

1) Set the timer to five minutes

2) Click here to go to a sample essay answer on the calbar website

3) Read an actual essay exam answer

4) Come back when you're done

See, it does not actually take that long to read an answer. Keep in mind, the exam answer you just read is a 'model passing' answer, and believe me when I say this, it is an amazingly well-written answer! You do not need to be even close to writing like this to pass. But, hopefully you will see how CRUCIALLY IMPORTANT it is your essays are structured, organized, readable, and use headings (that topic is for a different post, coming soon). For a grader to get through your essay in this short amount of time, it will need to be very readable.

Now, if you really want to feel like a bar exam grader, repeat the exercise dozens of times at 10:00 pm. You will be in a very similar situation to what the grader has to do, after spending a full day at work, coming home to his family, and is now trying to meet his deadline of reading 100 bar exam essays this week. He does not have a lot of time and needs to be very efficient and methodical in his reading. The easier you make it on him, the better.

Process of Bar Exam Grading

Here is a rough review of the process the graders go through when grading your exam.

Bar exam graders are attorneys who have passed the bar and sign-up to be a grader. They get paid a stipend (which is likely far less than what they make at their jobs).

After the bar exam is taken, a group of graders get together and take the same essay you just took. They write out a full essay, including all the rules and analysis. Then the graders meet together, look at what each of them wrote down, and create a 'model' answer.

Next, the graders get together with the student answers, and they'll each grade the same student answer, giving their opinion of what the answer should receive. They will then compare their opinions, discuss reasons why, and after several run-throughs, give a breakdown of how many points each issue is worth and a score of what they think that exam answer would deserve.

Then, they grade a second essay, running it through the same process and grading model they had created for the first essay, recalibrating any necessary point adjustments. Eventually they find a model answer and grading system that all the graders can use. Although, grading may seem subjective for each grader, believe it or not, if fifteen graders grade the same exam using this calibrated point system, each grader will typically fall within five points of each other. This is to ensure fairness, equality, and eliminate personal subjectivity amongst anyone grading the exams. Any grader who's scores are consistently more than five points off from all the other graders is typically removed.

In California, if your total score for the performance test, essays, and MBE is greater than 1440 you pass! If your score is below a 1390, you do not pass. If it falls between these two numbers, your exam is regraded by a different set of graders. Hopefully, it is given more points as you still will need to hit the 1440 mark to pass. For more information on the calibration process and regrading system, click here.

I hope this comforts you a little and gives you an idea of ​​what your exam will go through after you finish uploading or turning it in on test day.

Good luck in passing your bar exam!

"This name appears on the pass list"

Woodworking Your Home Furnishings

Although most people furnish their homes with store-bought furnishings for the sake of time or convenience, woodworking is a great way make furnishings for your home. Not only is it typically less costly than buying furnishings, but there are also the added elements of customizing the items to specific preferences, having a handmade heirloom to pass on, and the overall joy and creativity so many cherish that comes from woodworking. There are many possibilities for incorporating woodworking into home furnishings.

For the beginning woodworker, a small bookshelf for a home office or study is a great way to gain experience. Because a small bookshelf allows the woodworker to use and work with standard planes of wood, this project keeps it simple for the woodworker in the making. For experienced woodworkers, a bookshelf can be a more intricate project by building a larger scale bookshelf or by adding creative touches. These may include the addition of crown molding, hinged doors, or designs carved into the wood. Once the bookshelf is complete and new woodworking skills attained, a roll top desk would be an excellent compliment.

A nice wall-hanging coat rack for an entryway is another simple home furnishing project a less experienced woodworker can start with. A sturdy piece of wood, a good wood dowel, and some staining supplies are all that’s needed to complete this project. Again, however, a more experienced woodworker may consider intricacies, such as wood carvings, to make the project more fulfilling, challenging, or to get the design he or she had envisioned.

A lovely jewelry box or a sturdy quilt stand for a bedroom is another simple furnishing to consider.

Chairs for a dining table are another handmade furniture possibility. Simple chairs can be made using small planes of wood for the seating and hardwood dowel for the backing. A rocking chair for a nursery or reading nook is another consideration.

You can also use woodworking skills to upgrade already existing furnishings, such as kitchen cabinetry. Wooden dowels and caps can be added to kitchen cabinet backs to hang items such as coffee mugs or measuring cups, making use of all available cabinet space by implementing hanging space and freeing up cabinet bottoms. Or consider using dowels for making shoe racks to free up space in the bottom of bedroom closets.

Woodworking furnishings for the home can also include outdoor space. Small projects may include a birdhouse, mailbox, or planter, and larger projects may include a picnic table, porch swing, or Adirondack chairs.

Whatever your skill level, there are many woodworking projects you can complete for your home, both inside and out, with the furnishings and styles of your choosing.

ZCA Stack Review

"Here we have the world shaking development in weight loss industry", haha, nice tag line there. "The best pill of the decade!" OK guys, calm down. ZCA is supposed to replace ECA Stack, and it has ingredients that will determine the validity of such claims.

The ingredients include:

Serving Size: 1
Servings per container: 60
Amount per 1 capsule% DV
Advantra Z (standardized for 25mg synephrine) 250mg *
Caffeine 250mg *
White Willow 250mg *
* Daily value not established
Other Ingredients: Magnesium Stearate

Advantra Z is one the best ingredients here that will help you lose weight. Synephrine is a stimulant that does not not cause you to have jitters that is caused by caffeine. Some people say Synephrine is th enew ephedra, but no it's not. There is zero research that has proven this, back it up.

Caffeine increases metabolism which causes weight loss.

White willow bark is an anti-inflammatory pain reliever that is similar to aspirin. It may enhance the thermogenic effect and help the body's ability to use fatty acids and preserve muscle tissue, but once again the research is rare.

They want you to take 1 capsule 30 minutes before breakfast and lunch, but there is a warning that states "If you start to lose weight too quickly, skip a day or two or reduce dosage to 1 micro-cap daily". Um, what is this, next they say to visit a physicia before starting the program, but they do not explain what causes this weight loss.

ZCA Stack Costs

These babies go for $ 60 for 60 capsules, one dollar per capsule, a bit much. The bottle will last a month, more than the usual bottles you buy at the store.

What are the side effects of ZCA Stack ?

It causes jitteriness, nausea, and insomnia

Is there a guarantee in ZCA Stack?

The website states "All orders are backed by our No-Nonsense 30-Day Money Back Guarantee. Simply return all unused, unopened, and sealed bottles back for an instant refund less s & h. Because of the extreme discounts we do not refund opened and / or he used bottles. " There really is not a guarantee is there? If you do not like the pills too late, you already opened the bottle!

ZCA Stack reviews find that the product helps weight loss, but their claims say that ZCA is equivalent to ECA, and still no evience. 🙁