Do not Be Foiled by Foil Insulation

You're familiar with traditional fiberglass insulation – it's itchy, looks like cotton candy, and keeps hot or cold air from entering or exiting your home by absorbing and retaining it – rather than by reflecting the air back in the direction it originated from.

The only characteristic that this traditional insulation has in common with the newer foil insulation is it's insulating quality.

You've been using the same basic concept behind foil insulation in your kitchen for several years. When you cook a dish and want to keep it warm until it is served, you often cover it with aluminum foil, which prevents the heat from escaping by reflecting it back down onto the dish.

Foil insulation is made up of layers of aluminum foil, air bubbles, and wadding. And like the aluminum foil in your kitchen, it works by reflecting radiant heat. It is most often used in attics, where it can reflect the heat back out of your attic – either back outside or back down into your home. According to estimates by manufacturers, it reflects up to 97 percent of radiant heat, which can cut your heating and cooling bills by up to 25 percent – if it is installed correctly.

If you choose to install foil insulation in your home, there are a few things to take into consideration.

1. Location. It will provide the most benefit when it's placed close to the heat source. As most heat will enter your house through the roof, foil insulation will be most effective if it's installed on the inside of the roof tresses or rafters. It can also be installed on top of the previous insulation on your attic floor.

2. Moisture. Traditional fiberglass insulation absorbs moisture. Foil insulation is impenetrable and therefore can allow moisture to build up underneath it. To prevent this, ensure that you get perforated foil insulation so that moisture can not build up. In addition, leaving a gap at both the bottom and top of the trusses allows air to easily circulate on both sides of the reflective foil, which further any water vapor to escape the house via roof ridge vents or wind-powered turbine vents.

3. Seal. When you install foil insulation as a house wrap, you should ensure that you can get a tight seal. When you properly install the foil and make sure it has a tight seal, this ensures that the foil can act as a barrier against air transfer and drastically reduce drafting in your house.

Insulation Foil may not be the traditional method of insulating. However, it provides many benefits that traditional fiberglass insulation does not – including recyclability and providing a greater savings in heating and cooling costs.

Cold Soup – Gazpacho Recipe

For those warm lazy days of summer you often do not want to eat anything hot. Or maybe it is just your turn to cook and you do not want to stand over a hot stove, Chilled, Heart Healthy Gazpacho might just be the answer you are looking for. Served with a nice crusty bread and perhaps a light salad, this could easily become a household favorite.There are many different recipes for Gazpacho, and you can create your own recipe by just adding vegetables that you and your guests enjoy.


1/2 tsp ground cumin

4 garlic cloves, chopped

4 Tbsp lime juice 3 or 4 dashes of your favorite hot sauce

1/4 cup olive or canola oil

2 tsp sea salt (more or less to taste)

5 or 6 large vine-ripe tomatoes diced 3/4 cup diced celery 1 seedless cucumber, peeled and diced

1 red onion, peeled and finely diced

1 cup frozen or fresh corn kernels

2 ripe avocados, peeled and diced

1/2 cup fresh cilantro, chopped 1 Green Bell Pepper, diced

In your food processor, put the cumin, garlic, lime juice, oil, hot sauce and salt and pulse to blend briefly.

Add the tomatoes and puree until smooth.

Pour this mixture into a large bowl. You can add tomato or V-8 juice if the soup seems too thick for your taste.

Add the cucumber, celery, onion, corn, bell pepper and avocados to the bowl and stir.

Cover and refrigerate overnight.

Taste the next morning and if needed add more salt, and lime juice.

Keep chilled and stir in cilantro just before serving.

Serve ice cold in chilled cocktail glasses or soup mugs. You can top with a dollop of sour cream or plain yogurt if desired.

Will fill 4 good size soup mugs.

Cold Gazpacho soup can be made with other items that you might have available. You could add some cooked and peeled shrimp or maybe some lump crab meat. It can be the main dish or served in smaller bowls it could be the appetizer for a great meal. Be creative and surprise your guests.

Another Idea that you can do with Gazpacho is to use it in place of salsa. To do this you want to add a couple of finely diced Jalapeno peppers. Be sure to wear plastic, kitchen gloves when you are removing the seeds from the Jalapeno peppers. Served with tortilla chips, and a little soup cream on the side, this is a great appetizer for a Mexican meal. Just remember, this will be your secret recipe so doctor it up any way that pleases you and that you know your guests will enjoy.

Tiki Bar and Tiki Hut Building Supplies – Also Complete Information on Thatch Roofing & Bamboo Poles

The Story Of The Tiki Bar

The image of the care-free tropical island has been with us since long before the 1930's. During most of the early 20th century, American kids actually read books, and grew up on 18th and 19th century adventure stories by the likes of Jules Verne, many of which featured tropical islands as their settings. Even Robinson Crusoe used to be considered a children's book, not fodder for college courses.

So, when those kids grew up, the sight of a drinking establishment with actual props such as you would theoretically find in a real-life "tropical paradise" ( "tiki masks" and wall-mounted tropical fish) sparked their imaginations. It was the perfect blend of "reality" and fancy. Presumably, the Tiki bars were related to actual Polynesian culture and named after the Maori mythological figure of Tiki, although the connection was pretty tenuous. Add alcohol to the mix, especially fruity "tropical" rum-based drinks with very high alcohol content, such as the Zombie Cocktail, and you have an unbeatable recipe for the ultimate leisure destination.

Post-Modern Tiki Bars

After the 1970's, tiki bars fell out of fashion. They were inauthentic, no longer "cool" or "cosmopolitan." What was once alluring because it was new and faintly exotic became hopelessly domestic and outdated. It became gauche to build a tiki hut or build a tiki bar.

However, gradually, as the 20th century merged into the 21st, the common opprobrium heaped upon the tiki bar lifted. Post-modernity looks with skepticism at any attempt to create an "objective" point of view. It revels in images and ideas that once were fashionable but that now appear "cheesy" and "outdated," in part because these conform its thesis that the meaning of all images is subjective and relative to its time period.

Thus, delightful tiki bar, with its thatch roofs, woven mats, fanciful "tiki god" mugs and fake palm trees, has had something of a renaissance. Now, everyone wants a tiki bar – not just to go to on vacation, but to have in his or her own rec room, basement, or backyard. People who like tiki bars are aware that they might be seen by some as "cheesy," but love them anyway, in part because of the liberation that they represent from always having to be "cool." Build a tiki bar, and you will convey to all of your friends the message of how free-spirited and fun-loving you are.

A tiki bar just is not a tiki bar without that characteristic palm tree-looking tiki thatch covering every conceivable roof-like surface. Without tiki bar thatch, your "tiki bar" is just some bar that serves tropical drinks. If your home bar has is decorated with tiki masks and boasts a supply of tiki mugs in which to serve tropical drinks, but does not have thatch covering at least one surface, it looks jarring.

Browse our Tiki Thatch

For an outdoor tiki hut, thatch is even more necessary. With an indoor tiki-themed bar, you at least have the excuse that thatch roofs "are not really necessary" indoors (although everyone will know you are just making excuses – tiki bars are about looks, not utility). With an outdoor tiki hut, you do not even have that sad excuse.

Covering The Subject Of Thatch

What is thatch? It is only the world's first building material. Straw, heather, and in the Polynesian islands, dried palm leaves, have been layered together and waterproofed to create warm, water-resistant, low-cost, sustainable roofs for thousands of years. People have been making thatched roofs since before they could write.

In the context of a tropical tiki bar, it's practical to use thatch to cover a sun umbrella or palapa (a type of roofed structure held up by four or more poles but without any walls, intended for giving shade). Thatch's great thermal insulation means that, not only will thatched-roof houses stay warm in winter, but people sitting under thatched palapas will stay cool in summer.

The Aesthetics of Thatch

Aside from its cost-effectiveness and its effectiveness at protection from the sun (possibly not as much of an issue, if you're trying to build a tiki bar at home), thatch has great aesthetic properties that make it indispensable to a tropical- themed place of leisure. A thatched roof looks casual and natural. People like the fact that a thatched roof is made out of the same material as things that actually grow in the earth. Post why?

Is it because everyone actually cares so much about the environment all of a sudden? Maybe, but the real reason probably has more to do with the basic aesthetic principle of "things must match." People often express an urge to "get away from civilization" because of its perceived artificiality. Civilization clashes with what everyone really perceives to be the true nature of reality – which is, "nature," in the sense of forests and palm trees and plants.

We love nature, but we need civilization. Modern people feel that they are simply incapable of living in nature, without any of the "artificial" incursions of civilization – and they probably are right. Even farming is, to some extent, "artificial." However, when people see that boundary between nature and civilization blur just a little bit – as in the thatched roof of a tiki bar – they begin to relax just a little bit. It is the kind of good, relaxed feeling that makes one want to sit back with a tropical cocktail.

Commerically Available Tiki Thatch

For these reasons, thatched roofs have been an indispensable part of the tiki bar look since tiki bars first appeared. These days, if you want to build a tiki bar, you do not even have to thatch it yourself – you can buy rolls of tiki thatch buy the foot

If you see a Polynesian-inspired grass hut, with its characteristic roof made of layered palm leaves, you will automatically assume think "tropical vacation." If you see a real palm hut, complete with leaves, supported by a handsome cypress or cedar frame, in somebody's patio, yard, or poolside, you will probably be somewhat impressed. Only "real" bars and themed outdoor restaurants get to have a tropical hut, right? Or the very rich?

Browse our catalogue of supplies for your Grass Hut

Wrong. A grass hut, such as you would find at a commercial tiki-themed bar, is actually relatively inexpensive to build. "Real" grass huts are relatively inexpensive to build. Think about it: their low cost and ease of construction was the very reason that grass huts were traditionally used in the tropics, where the idea of ​​the tiki bar takes its inspiration in the first place. There's something inexpressibly charming about being able to put together such a low-cost, comfortable, distinctive-looking shelter out of inexpensive, readily available materials.

Frame First

The easiest way to build a Polynesian-style grass hut for your next tiki party (or if you want to have a permanent tiki bar by your poolside) is to build the frame first, and to build it out of wood. You can get common materials such as pine and directly from your local hardware store. For the parts that require sturdier woods are, such as cypress or cedar, contact a lumber company. Alternatively, you can buy tiki "kits" from online suppliers, which come pre-made with all of the parts you need. Whether you choose to build from a kit, or build by yourself, you can create almost any kind of structure you could dream of – a table shaded by a huge tiki umbrella, a palapa, a hut, a tent, an actual full- service bar covered by a snazzy tiki roof, or even thatch-covered a DJ's booth.

A Thatch Roof Gives Tiki Structures Their Distinctive Look

Once you have a frame in place, it's time to add that which will give your tropical hut its characteristic appearance: a thatched roof. The thatched roof may be "primitive," but it's actually a surprisingly useful building material. It will ensure all who sit beneath it cool under the hot sun, and shelter from rain when it is cold. People do not realize that thatched palm leaves actually offer a lot of water resistance. A well-made thatched roof can last up to 7 rainy winters. For this, you have the option of either purchasing palm leaves and learning to weave them yourself – or buying ready-made rolls of thatched palm leaves. The one advantage that modern thatch has over its ancient predecessor? For your modern tiki grass hut, you can buy rolls of palm thatch that have been treated with fire-retardant chemicals.

If you've already decided to build or obtain a bar from which to serve drinks at home, why stop there? Why not go all-out and put together a bamboo tiki bar in your own home.

Browse our catalogue for everything you need for your Bamboo Tiki Bar

Resurgence Of Tiki Culture

Tiki bars – that is, drinking establishments with a Polynesian motif that involved palm trees and bamboo and thatch furniture – used to be extremely popular in the United States. They went out of fashion during the 1970's, but these days, like all things "retro," they are experiencing a resurgence in popularity.

However, the way in which tiki bars are popular today is somewhat different from the way in which they were popular during the years 1947-1970. In the past, the tiki style was primarily confined to commercial drinking establishments and restaurants, especially in popular resort destinations such as Hawaii. These days, although tiki bars and restaurants still enjoy some of their former popularity, tiki has become an even more popular home decoration scheme. Tiki mugs are collectible items, tiki masks are considered ironically "hip" home decorations, and, in general, tiki party accessories a way to show off your individual good taste – your ability to know that something is "uncool" but to enjoy it nonetheless.

The Home Tiki Bar

Given all of these facts, what is the ultimate home tiki accessory? The ultimate way to show your guests your sense of taste, and a good time, all at once? It is the bamboo tiki bar – not in the sense of a commercial drinking establishment, but in the sense of a little stand with shelves made out of bamboo, with possible space for a mini-refrigerator, from which you can serve exotic, alcoholic , rum-based drinks with names like "Sex on the Beach" or "Death on the Islands" (that last one does not exist – yet!).

The bamboo tiki bar is an extremely versatile entertainment accessory. You can either build or buy these semi-portable structures, ranging in length from 3 feet and 4 feet, to 8 feet, and even to as long as 14 feet. If you properly season the bamboo to protect it from wind and water, you can have an outdoor tiki bar to use in your backyard. This is especially exciting if you also own a pool (warning: be responsible and avoid going swimming after you've imbibed). If you do not have a big enough yard, or simply want to be a little paradoxical, you can build your home tiki bar indoors. It can still have the thatched roof – an homage to the absurdity and delight of tiki culture.

The main two things to keep in mind when buying or building a bamboo tiki hut bar is to, first, make sure that you are using real bamboo and, second, make sure the bamboo has been treated with appropriate chemicals if you plan to keep the bar outside. A tiki bar made of plastic just does not have that exciting authentic, festive look of a bamboo tiki bar.

Bamboo wall covering is essential if you really want to ramp up the authenticity of your tiki-themed basement or rec room, or if you just want an attractive, "natural" look for the walls in your house (or outside your house, for that matter). That is because bamboo is perhaps the quintessential construction material of the Pacific islands.

Browse our Bamboo Wall Covering

Why Bamboo?

As a construction material, Bamboo has been renowned in East and South Asia, and the Pacific Islands, for millennia. It is relatively light, durable, and – most importantly of all – it grows at a super-fast rate of as much as 3-4 feet per day. That kind of growth is is almost visible to the naked eye. Bamboo is also extremely hardy. It can also grow virtually anywhere, whether high in the freezing Himalayan mountains, or in the heat of sub-Saharan Africa. It can grow as far north as Sakhalin (latitude 50 degrees N) or as far south as Chile (latitude 47 degrees S). What that means in practice is that residents of the warm Pacific Islands could (and still can) afford to make basically every building out of bamboo.

Outside of the Pacific Islands covering your walls with bamboo will give your interior that subtle but unmistakable look that is associated with the South Pacific. Visitors entering an interior with bamboo-covered walls may find themselves calmed and thinking of the tropics without quite knowing why.

Bamboo Wall Covering Options

Bamboo is an extremely versatile building material, and bamboo wall coverings come in several forms. First, you can purchase flat slats or bricks that are made of bamboo. These can be up to 9 feet in length, and are usually supposed to adhere to your wall with glue. You can also attach them to the wall with molding going along the wall's top and bottom. Covering your wall with bamboo slats is similar to having a brick facade, except, of course, the facade is made out of bamboo.

Second, you can buy actual half-sections of bamboo trunk. The insides of these half-sections is filled with foam. These pieces of bamboo trunk are then nailed, glued, or screwed to the wall.

However, all the above options take a long time to install, and may look too "formal" for a fun, tiki bar setting. For a tiki bar, the best wall covering option is to buy woven bamboo mats by the foot. , Mats? Yes. Bamboo can be cut into flexible strips that are then woven to make a sturdy, flexible, yet basically impenetrable barrier. After the mat is woven, the bamboo strips are treated with a variety of chemicals to make them water and fire-resistant. Bamboo mats are economic and versatile. They can be ordered in any size, and be made to cover your wall in a matter of hours. They also look truly casual, yet authentic – perfect for a tiki bar. Thus, for tiki bars, woven bamboo mats are the best kind of bamboo wall covering.

The atmosphere of infinite leisure and pleasure that you would find a tiki bar can actually be created easily, with the purchase and proper arrangement of the right tiki accessories. The delight you and your guests will feel at finding yourselves in a tiki bar may intangible. However, it is brought about through the proper combination of very tangible, physical props. Building a tiki bar is all about applying Gestalt principles: the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.

Browse our catalogue for Tiki Accessories

The Basics: Thatch, Weaves, and Bamboo

The basic components of a convincing tiki bar that will surround your guests in the proper atmosphere are palm-thatched roofs (such as you would see on traditional Polynesian roofs), woven bamboo mats, and bamboo poles. These are the "brick and mortar" of putting together a tiki bar. Any surface that goes on top of where people are sitting or standing, such as the roof of a the bar area (if you're building a little "tiki shack") or a sun umbrella, should be covered in palm thatch. Fortunately, that does not mean you have to pay contractors to thatch the roof of your bar. Thatch is available in easy-to-install rolls that you can just unroll and use to cover a basic skeleton structure made of wood. Woven mats go great on floors, as a kind of tropical rug, or on walls. They are comfortable to touch and let in a little bit of warm, tropical breeze while keeping out the wind. If you do not live in a tropical climate, do not worry. You can buy woven mats by the foot and use them to line an ordinary wall. The woven mats that you can buy commercially are made with thick-woven strips of bamboo – much like the traditional ones you would see on a Polynesian island, except treated with various substances to make them stronger and more durable.

Bamboo is an excellent construction material because it can come in another form. What could be an aesthetically superior complement to a woven bamboo mat than a sign held up by a bamboo pole? The sign could be simple-looking, perhaps wooden, and hand-painted to fit in with the tiki aesthetic. "[Insert your name] 's Tiki Bar," it could say. But do not stop there! Bamboo poles, in combination with woven bamboo, could also be used to make delightful tiki furniture for your bar. This, too, can be purchased commercially. Is there anything more playful than the combination of rustic and modern found in a bamboo CD holder, containing, perhaps, your collection of marimba music?

Get Fancier: Tiki Masks And More

Once you have established your tiki bar's underlying structure of bamboo and thatch, you can really start the best part of decorating: choosing individual tiki accessories. You must, of course, start with the classics that have existed in tiki bars since the 1930's: tiki masks. According to Maori legend, Tiki is actually the first human being on earth – similar to the Judeo-Christian Adam. Tiki masks are originally inspired by traditional Polynesian woodcarvings. To "western" eyes, they tend to look imposing and exotic, and they are an indispensable part of tiki bar decor. Many "tiki masks" today are not really masks – just giant woodcarvings. You can use tiki masks creatively: buy a couple, put a board over them (preferably made from the same type of wood), and you've got a tiki bench.

Other tiki accessories and tiki bar supplies you can buy include tiki mugs (in which to serve colorful, rum-based drinks), artificial palm trees, and fiberglass tropical fish to mount on your walls.

Wooden Toy Craze

Classic toys have always been the favorites of parents. We love the nostalgia of seeing our children play with the same things that we did. Simple toys, like the hula hoop, balls, and yo-yos have been consistently popular through many decades. These classics go through waves of popularity and always hold a special place in many people's hearts.

Lately, parents have been shying away from electronic toys. They feel like it's time to get back to the basics. Wooden toys are great for passing down to the next generation, or reselling when a child has outgrown them. Wooden trains, blocks and puzzles are among the most popular wooden toys. Wooden doll houses and doll furniture are also the favorites of many children.

If you would like to take it a step further, you can actually build and paint your own wooden toys. These keepsakes are sure to be treasured by you and your children. Woodworking is a hobby that many people would like to get into but do not know where to start. Building simple toys is a good way to get your feet wet and learn how to use some of the equipment used in woodworking.

Most people start with blocks because they are usually a quick and easy project. You can cut any size wood to make blocks. Just be sure that you do not use pressure treated wood or lead paint when you make your blocks. You can make blocks of all sizes and then make blocks with special shapes. Arches, columns and triangles are popular pieces. Use a thick dowel to make columns or cylindrical pieces. Dowels come in a variety of diameters, so you can pick which ones go best with the rest of your blocks.

You can use a lathe to turn pieces of dowel into intricate doll house porch columns or to make interesting blocks that can not be found anywhere else. You can paint them with interesting colors and patterns, or even personalize them with a child's name to turn them into a treasured heirloom.

When you're done with your blocks, trains, or whatever you make, consider making a container for them. A tool box style carrying case for blocks and trains is convenient for storage, travel, and is also great for protecting toys that you want to keep in good condition. A Dowel rod for makes a great handle. Paint and personalize the box that goes with the toys so that everything matches. Handmade wooden toys always make treasured gifts and are enjoyed by everyone!

Forex Trading – Stack the Odds in Your Favour

Many inexperienced traders will tell you that their equity curve consists of a steady up curve followed by a sudden drop or a continued down curve. There are very simple reasons for this fact, some of which are easier to control than others, but the basic reason for the lack of steady growth is because they are not stacking the odds in their favour when trading Forex.

Odds are normally associated with gamblers and not investors in the markets, however in all aspects of investment there is a gamble and probabilities of success. In a casino the odds are always stacked in the favour of the casino that is why the house always wins. Of course they will pay out on occasions but the odds dictate that they will win in the long run.

As a trader you can and should be staking the odds in your favour so that you to only need to win a small percentage of times to win in the long term. The simple way to do this is to make sure when you win it returns a higher percentage than when you lose. This process is down to trade management, risk management and of course the right mental attitude.

Gamblers will risk money for fun, the fun is elevated when they win or in fact during the process of waiting for the outcome to reveal itself. Now professional gamblers or successful traders will have no such feeling of elation or disappointment on the outcome of a bet or trade. The reason for this is they are mentally tuned to the probabilities and the fact that the odds are stacked in their favour so the long term outcome is all that matters; losing and winning are just part of the process.

If you are new to trading Forex and experience the equity curve problems that many do then we are going to give you some advice to change that starting right now. Whatever strategy you are using to enter, exit and manage your trade’s part of that strategy should include your risk management. Risk management is what will stack the odds in your favour. Every time you take a trade you should always aim to take a profit that is 3 times larger than where your stop loss is placed. If you follow this simple rule you will only need to win 50% of your trades to make a profit.

Urban Farming Gets Fresh Foods to Your Table

Go to any of the Farmers Markets (not just Detroit’s Eastern Market) and you will find a “movement.” People want to know where their food comes from now but more importantly they want to know who is growing it. They want know the “Farmer!”

I think Detroit and Michigan are positioned to be the fruit and vegetable capital of the upper-Midwest. With abundant land, clear water supply, proximity to transportation and large pool of non-tech labor we could supply the region with fresh foods!

With our experience in automation we could take this new “green house” technology to great heights growing year round and delivering food in days, maybe hours, to local tables and eateries. Even in the dead of Winter.

Solar and wind power, geodesic heating and composting can provide for a near energy neutral agricultural industry.

However there are problems to overcome: Being a building contractor here in Michigan (specializing in rain gutters) I was also certified by the State for Lead Hazards (I have since let my cert lapse as I’m getting out of the business) I can tell you that many, many residential properties are contaminated with lead. I believe lead poisoning is wide-spread in the older cities and is a cause of many permanent, early development learning problems for children.

Old industrial sites are a bigger problem. Growing up in this area and working in the welding and tool & die trades, I have personally witnessed dumping of extremely toxic waste into creeks, storm water drains or just out on the ground. Mercury and heavy metals from the old smoke-stack industries will be a problem. The city has also been used to illegally dump waste (of who-knows-what and who-knows-where).

The wonderful thing about Greenhouses (my Grandfather had two and my Brother-in-law owns and operates Big Red in Romeo which has acres under greenhouse) is that the ground below can be capped with concrete and raised beds are used for better control of the soil and its ambient conditions. Fresh soil and compost can be brought in with a high degree of control.

The fruit and vegetables grown locally would be fresher and more nutritious. The cost of transportation, handling and storage would be greatly reduced. And the sense of Community you find at a local farmer’s market will make any town or city a little nicer place to live.

Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) Overview

One of the most common welding techniques is the Submerged Arc Welding (SAW). It is important to note that this was one of the first types of welding to get a patent. To do this type of welding there needs to be an electrode that is either tubular or solid (consumable). This will need a continuous feed as well.

In order to protect the weld and the arc zone they are "submerged" to protect them from contamination from the atmosphere. Fusible flux that includes lime, silica, manganese oxide or calcium fluoride is used under a blanket. Other compounds can be used as well.

As it melts the flux acts as a conductor and creates a path for the current that moves between the electrode and the work that is being done. This creates a thicker layer of the flux and it covers the metal as it melts. By doing this process there is no spatter or sparks because the flux is covering everything. This process will also suppress any ultraviolet radiation or fumes that will from this Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) process.

Most welders will do this process in either an automatic or mechanized mode of operation but some of the other types of guns like the semi-automatic ones (that are hand held) can be used since they have a pressurized or a gravity type of flux feed . Usually you will have to use this in either the flat or horizontal fillet positions.

The SAW technique of welding uses a standard wire and it can also use some of the specialty forms. A good wire for this filler material will be between 1/16 and ¼ inches thick. Sometimes welders have used a wire that is twisted so the arc will begin to oscillate. Sometimes this will be helpful to fuse the bottom of the weld and the base metal together.

There are several advantages to using SAW which include:

-It Has a high deposition rate and it can penetrate the weld deeply.

-When You have designed a good process and you have control over what you are doing you can be sure that you get a strong weld.

-You Can actually do this with thin sheets of steel and they can be done at a higher speed.

-There Are very minimal fumes or arc lights which makes this a safer process.

-You Can do this indoors or outdoors.

-You Do not have a lot of distortion.

-You Do not get any spatter on the weld because the arc is always under the blanket of flux.

-As With any technique there are a few limitations with the SAW method that include:

-You Are limited to only a few positions that you can use this within.

-You Can only use steel, stainless steel or a few nickel based metals.

-The Flux handling systems can be more complex and difficult to use.

-Slag Is a problem in a couple of ways: you can get residue from it that may cause some issues with your health or with safety and it will require a complicated slag removal system.

How To Select The Best Crossbow For Hunting Whitetail

The world of hunting, more specifically whitetail hunting, is experiencing a trend in the decline of numbers of people heading out into the fields all across the United States. This is one of the main reasons why it is important to introduce the younger generation to this sport.

There is a group within the whitetail hunting ranks however which are experiencing a growth spurt in every corner of the country. The incorporation of crossbows into the archery season is allowing for older hunters to remain in the fields longer. Despite this fact, crossbow hunters are growing in all age groups and genders.

If you are considering the purchase of a new crossbow for hunting whitetails and joining these ever growing numbers, your first order of business is purchasing the best crossbow for your style of hunting. The optimum way to do this is to head out to a large sporting goods store. Examine and touch every single crossbow which you lay eyes on. Take your time and narrow your choices down to your top three or four picks.

Find a salesperson who can answer all of your questions about the different characteristics that you consider to be paramount in making your decision. If the store you are at offers the option of a shooting range; take advantage of it. Put several bolts through the crossbow; get a true feel for how each and everyone one of your final choices handles.

Your next order of business is to take some time and do research on the internet. Visit various crossbow forums. You will find that there are avid crossbow hunters who are more than willing to share their opinions and experiences with you about crossbows in general as well as the specific one you may be considering. Ask the questions which are most important to you; get the honest answers; make the best decision. However, no matter how much information you obtain before your purchase; once you settle on the right one for you, read the owner's manual completely.

Another consideration when deciding to purchase and use a crossbow is the fact that crossbows have a significantly higher draw weight than vertical bows. For a hunter who has a disability, cocking a crossbow could be impossible. If this is the case there are tools available to help. You could use a cocking rope which can reduce the draw weight by up to 50 percent. You could also use a crank- cocking device. This attaches to your crossbow and operates much like a winch. The need for a high draw weight is essential because a crossbow has a shorter power stroke than a compound bow. The power stroke is the distance that the bowstring travels to push the arrow toward the target. Because of this shorter power stroke, the kinetic energy built up in the limbs is much less versus the buildup in vertical bows. Due to this fact, even with the higher draw weight, the arrow leaving the crossbow will always drop off faster than an arrow leaving a vertical compound bow.

Another difference is the fact that the arrow used with a crossbow needs to be much heavier. Most crossbow arrows are 400+ grains. This is necessary for the arrow to withstand the initial energy transfer. Be sure that you follow the manufacturers instructions to the letter. If you do not, you risk injury to yourself and damage to your crossbow. Also, most manufacturers do not recommend taking a shot at a target which is over 40 yards away. This is due to the rapid loss of arrow speed and the fact that the higher draw weight makes the crossbow considerably louder than its vertical compound bow counterparts. Keeping your shots within 40 yards also helps to prevent a buck from "jumping your string."

Finally, it should be noted that most crossbows are heavier overall than vertical bows. Though manufacturers are continually working to lighten the overall weight, currently this is not the case. So, there are a number of items on the market which are constructed specifically to help the hunter steady the crossbow when preparing for a shot. There is the "KneePod." It is lightweight and easy to use. Another item is "Steddy Eddy." This helps the crossbow hunter just like shooting sticks help the rifle hunter.

Maintenance and safety concerns are mostly the same as you have with vertical compound bows. The only additional safety concern with crossbows is making sure that your fingers remain below the barrel. Failing to do so will mean the loss of your fingertips. For more safety information you can check out the National Bowhunter Education Foundation website.

Crossbow hunting whitetail deer can be a challenging experience. Choosing the right crossbow for you will also make this experience a fun one.

Blocked Drain Cleaning: Why Hire A Professional?

Blocked drains are caused by accumulation of foreign materials and objects in the pipe that transports waste water. These objects and materials include food, fat, pieces of soap and hair. Hence, drains need to be cleaned regularly to avoid such occurrences. Blocked drains cause a lot of stress to any household because they create inconveniences and an unpleasant smell.

Blocked drain cleaning should only be done by professionals. Here are the main reasons why you need to hire the services of a professional to deal with your blocked drain:

1. Quality Services

When the professional plumber is hired, he first evaluates the main problem and then gives the drain cleaning services in relation to the issues at hand. He checks the drain to see whether there are any hard materials forming inside the drain to cause the blockage. He then removes these substances to make the drain cleaning procedure easier. The plumber uses high tech tools to clean the drain.

2. Use Of Chemicals And Equipment

The professionals you hire will use high quality chemicals to clean your drain thus ensuring that all the materials are completely removed. These chemicals should only be handled by professionals as they may be harmful. The professionals also use equipments like CCTV to see the inside of the sewer lines and jetting equipment to clean the drains. You can be sure that these methods will be very effective in cleaning your blocked drain.

3. Saves Your Money

Hiring a plumber for drain cleaning saves you money because you may decide to use the little cash you have to fix the problem yourself and end up failing. If you fail several times, it becomes a disaster because you will have used more money than you would have used to hire a plumber at the very first point.

There are companies that offer affordable drain cleaning services and great services at the same time thus saving you your money. For this reason, it is important to go through a plumber’s reviews before hiring them. Look for different plumbers and ask them for a fixed price that they charge for cleaning a blocked drain. Compare the charges and choose the one that you will be able to afford.

4. Saves Your Time

Hiring a plumber will save you time, especially if you have a busy schedule. Most people take a lot of time to fix a problem but a plumber will use a very short time to fix the same problem because of their experience.

5. Protection From Toxins

The waste water in the sewer lines contains harmful toxins that cause diseases. Professional plumbers know how to protect themselves from these toxins while working. Hiring a professional protect you from these harmful toxins.

Hiring a professional plumber is the way to go for cleaning your blocked drain. On top of all the above, they give clients tips on how to maintain the drain and avoid future blocked drain problems. Remember to do a background check before hiring one to ensure that you get to hire a person who will give you value for your money. The best plumber should be skilled, experienced and licensed.

How To Build A Shed Foundation

Before starting your shed foundation, check your local building code to make sure you will have no regulation issues. Check with your local zoning to make sure if there are any distance requirements from the property line, your house, etc ..

Now that you are aware of any regulations, you can determine the location.

When choosing a location pay careful attention to the drainage. Try choosing a location where water will not pool. Sloping the ground will direct water so it will not pool near your shed foundation.

If you will be using a skid foundation, adding crushed gravel about three to four inches thick, and about a foot wider than the shed will also help protect your shed foundation from water and moister.

Unlike a skid foundation, a concrete slab foundation will be permanent, once it is poured it can not be moved.Building a concrete slab foundation starts with leveling the site. Then you will build your forms and position a layer of welded wire mesh to provide reinforcement and help prevent cracking. Next the concrete is cast over it.

If you do not feel comfortable making your own concrete slab foundation, consider hiring a professional.

Although you can build a shed on a concrete slab, the majority of storage sheds are built on skid foundations.

When choosing lumber to build your skid foundation, choose pressure treated lumber to prevent decay. Prepare the area by removing four to six inches of soil about twelve inches wider than the shed, and fill with gravel.

Building the foundation for your shed is not that difficult, but you should take into consideration weather or not you have the skills. Will you have the time, and the tools.

One of the great advantages of doing it yourself is the money you will be saving. By making a shopping list of all the material, you can get a good estimate for the price of this project. You can then compare your estimate to having it done. About half the cost of any project is the labor, by doing it yourself you can even go for a larger shed with the same budget.

The "Green" Life of Polished Concrete

Nowadays more and more architects, interior designers, building contractors and of the general public get involved with environmentally friendly projects, which are supported by: the Canadian government, Ontario rebate programs, non-for profit organizations and media coverage. Polished concrete floors are one of such projects.

The latest diamond technology that gets the concrete surface naturally polished is appealing to people looking for an aesthetically pleasing, minimum maintenance and ecologically sound flooring solution.

Polished concrete systems are designed to grind, cure and polish concrete floors to eliminate the need for environment-damaging chemicals and constant resurfacing with paint or resin. It creates floors with a high gloss, contemporary looking finish.

How ecologically friendly is the POLISHED concrete? Is it really so “Green”?

“Green” approval is interlaced with Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, (LEED) certification. LEED addresses the major concerns of green building including: the use of resource-friendly materials, energy saving design, and providing healthy indoor environmental quality (IEQ).

Lets evaluate how polished concrete responds to LEED requirements.

Nature of Concrete

Concrete consists of crushed stone, sand, cement and water. All ingredients are perfectly natural, therefore have a very low carbon footprint. No plastic, no glue, no by-product. 5* ECO rating!

Material Production

Concrete is always produced within the short distance to the job site therefore utilizes regional materials, resources and local labor supply. There is no need to ship concrete over long distances, which can result in wasted energy. Transportation costs and carbon emissions are reasonably low. Locally produced – locally consumed. No China made – Go Canadian!

Installation of Polished Concrete

Specifically designed refinishing machines use thermo-resistant diamond bits to progressively smooth the concrete floor. As a result, the surface gets polished, highly reflecting sheen by pressurized heated mechanical abrasion, which obviously does not produce harmful Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), chemical fumes or like. A concrete floor will not require the use of adhesives or sealers, in contrast with carpet, wood, stone, tile, and especially VCT. The densifier-hardener does not produce any fumes. The lithium silicate creates a hardening reaction with the calcium hydroxide occurring naturally in concrete. Therefore, the installation of polished concrete is indeed, a pollution-free “Green” process.

Grinded concrete dust is a valuable material and can be safely reuses or recycled.

Use this dust for your next housing project!

Energy Factor

Finished concrete dramatically saves energy. During summer, the concrete slab draws the ground’s natural cooling abilities into the building. In the winter, if a building has been designed to expose the slab to natural sunlight, it will soak up this radiant heat. Then at night, the slab will slowly release the heat into the building to provide thermal comfort and a warmer interior. Some smart folks install radiant heated polished concrete and really enjoy the “King” life.

As a result, the energy bill for heating and cooling goes down considerably. Good for you, good for our Earth!

Indoor Air Quality

Our everyday life is mostly indoors; therefore, good air quality is a crucial factor for the health. Mold, dust, allergens from animals, fungal contaminants and unpleasant smell affect our life daily. Vinyl tiles absorb fumes and tobacco odor, dust mites like to reside in carpets and mold blooms in the grouts.

On the contrary, a polished and sealed concrete surface can greatly reduce the penetration of moisture and hence, the growth of bacteria. Polished concrete is the best covering option where an allergy free, VOC free and fumes free environment is required. Remember, 40% of North Americans have various allergies, and this number is growing!

Lifespan of Concrete Floor

Polished concrete is a long-lasting solution due to its unique durability. This long-lasting floor will not need to be refinished, disposed or replaced. It is a lifetime solution; therefore it eliminates waste, without using a vast amount of resources that it takes to install new flooring, like VCT, laminate or epoxy.

A concrete floor destined to outlast its owner. And is it “Green” feature? Probably.

How “Eco-Friendly” is the Maintenance?

Unlike painted or resinous floors, polished concrete also requires no further treatment or coating. No waxing / stripping cycles, no steam cleaning and no solvent sealers, like other coverings, needed. In the long term, this will GREATLY save costs since no labor, resurfacing or expensive cleaning materials are required, nor is there a loss of productivity while the floor is repainted or re-coated. Cleaning the polished surface requires only stone soap and water; kind to both the environment and the floor.

Therefore, from a maintenance prospective, the polished concrete has one of the highest ratings in the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, (LEED) program. In result, your hired maintenance company, building superintendent or even your homeland “Boss-Lady” will love to clean the polished concrete floor!

So, the answer is obvious; we save the Planet. – In XXI century we vote “Green” with polished concrete floors, where ecological and economical solutions meet durability and aesthetics!

Bathroom Towel Radiators – Hot Towels and Warm Bathrooms at the Same Time

Whenever one thinks of a bathroom, he can picture only a cold, dingy and a wet place. That's the way a bathroom is; with slick wet surface. During the early mornings, a bathroom can be particularly cold as it has not been in use for a long duration. Bathroom Towel radiators are a welcome relief to such cold bathrooms providing you hot towels and comfortable warmth in a bathroom at the same time.

Bathroom Towel radiators were first made famous by European hotels where it was used both as a towel dryer and as a towel rack. Then it caught the fancy of the Americans and became even more popular. A towel radiator is known to radiate heat unto its surroundings and at the same time dry the towels slowly. It reduced the pain of drying a towel separately and hunting for a fresh dry towel. Once hung on the radiator, the towels got dried and were dry for its next use when needed.

You can easily find Bathroom Towel radiators at a plumbing store or at stores selling bathroom fittings. A Bathroom Towel radiator will cost you anything around $ 1,000 to $ 5,000 and this solely depends on the design and the model you are choosing. You have to carefully check the BTU consumption and also the EPA ratings of the unit you are planning to buy, before the purchase. As these units are designed to be used in wet conditions like in a bathroom, most of them are safe. Still it is better to check the safety conditions and follow the tips provided by the manufacturer in the manual.

You have to be careful about the care and maintenance of the Bathroom Towel radiators. You will have to discuss with your plumber for expert care and also read through the manual provided along with the unit. This being a radiator, you will need to bleed the unit for excess water and air at regular intervals. When you feel that the radiator rings are not as hot as usual, get the radiator key and bleed the unit for some time. Just make sure that you disconnect the unit entirely from the heating system, before you attend to the job at hand.

Bathroom Towel radiators are great additions to your bathroom. You can feel the result of all your labor when you step out of a shower and see a hot fresh towel waiting for you.

Whenever one thinks of a bathroom, he can picture only a cold, dingy and a wet place. That's the way a bathroom is; with slick wet surface. During the early mornings, a bathroom can be particularly cold as it has not been in use for a long duration. Bathroom Towel radiators are a welcome relief to such cold bathrooms providing you hot towels and comfortable warmth in a bathroom at the same time.

Bathroom Towel radiators were first made famous by European hotels where it was used both as a towel dryer and as a towel rack. Then it caught the fancy of the Americans and became even more popular. A towel radiator is known to radiate heat unto its surroundings and at the same time dry the towels slowly. It reduced the pain of drying a towel separately and hunting for a fresh dry towel. Once hung on the radiator, the towels got dried and were dry for its next use when needed.

You can easily find Bathroom Towel radiators at a plumbing store or at stores selling bathroom fittings. A Bathroom Towel radiator will cost you anything around $ 1,000 to $ 5,000 and this solely depends on the design and the model you are choosing. You have to carefully check the BTU consumption and also the EPA ratings of the unit you are planning to buy, before the purchase. As these units are designed to be used in wet conditions like in a bathroom, most of them are safe. Still it is better to check the safety conditions and follow the tips provided by the manufacturer in the manual.

You have to be careful about the care and maintenance of the Bathroom Towel radiators. You will have to discuss with your plumber for expert care and also read through the manual provided along with the unit. This being a radiator, you will need to bleed the unit for excess water and air at regular intervals. When you feel that the radiator rings are not as hot as usual, get the radiator key and bleed the unit for some time. Just make sure that you disconnect the unit entirely from the heating system, before you attend to the job at hand.

Bathroom Towel radiators are great additions to your bathroom. You can feel the result of all your labor when you step out of a shower and see a hot fresh towel waiting for you.

The Hanriot Monoplane

Echoing the Wright Brothers’ technology-transfer of the bicycle to the heavier-than-air aeroplane, Rene Hanriot, hitherto a Darracq racing car driver, climbed the engineering ladder from the ground-based motor car to the airborne flying machine by designing his first, albeit frail, single-seat monoplane in 1907 after a one-year delivery delay of his originally ordered Antoinette, and subsequently displayed it at the Salon de l’Aeronautique in 1909.

The aircraft, powered by a single, 50-hp Buchet engine, featured an open framework fuselage mated to two rectangular wings whose span stretched to 31.2 feet, thus mimicking the monoplane configuration of his intended purchase and the later, world-renowned Bleriot XI, both of his native France.

Hanriot’s inadequate experience and capability, remedially eliciting the aid of Eugene Ruchonnet, Leon Levasasseur’s engineer, resulted in a secondary technology-transfer, from boat-building to aerial design, the result of which required its “hull” to substitute aerodynamics for fluid dynamics. Something new, indeed, often relied on the foundation of something old, particularly during the nascent period of aviation.

Subsequent designs, developments of the first constructed at his Rheims workshop, had included the 20-hp, Darracq-engined Libellule and a larger derivative powered by a 40-hp Gype, both of which had enabled him to establish a flying school in Betheney in 1910. Instrumental in these aircraft had been Louis Wagner who, like Hanriot himself, had risen from the ground up as a racing car driver, and Marcel Hanriot, Hanriot’s son, who, at the age of 15, had become the world’s youngest pilot.

Although Hanriot’s first airframe had sustained damage during landing, it had nevertheless provided the foundation for a smaller, but similar monoplane which had sported a simple, elegant, aerodynamically-clean configuration when it had appeared in July of 1910 and it had embodied features of the transportation modes from which it had been developed.

Constructed of ash, spruce, and steel tubes, the aircraft had a mahogany ply-covered, inverted, A-frame, racing skiff-like fuselage which appeared as if it could equally slice through waves as well as air. The light, but strong structure eliminated the need for the number and complexity of bracing wires traditionally required by box frame or girder build-up assembly.

Cambered, rounded-tip wings, formed by two laminated spars and multiple ribs and covered with unbleached cotton fabric, were steel tape lashed to the fuselage and hinged, like those of the Wright Flyer and the Bleriot XI, to induce in-flight banking by means of wing-warping. The 30.5-foot span and seven-foot chord resulted in a 183 square foot area.

The large, triangular-shaped, fixed horizontal tail, measuring 9.3 feet long by eight feet wide and equally covered with unbleached cotton, extended to two separate, longitudinal-controlling elevators, which sandwiched the rudder, while the fixed surface had been tightly stretched with the aid of two transverse spars and sported both unmovable, dorsal and ventral, triangular-shaped projections to increase stability.

The laced fabric, scalloped, vertical tail, hinged to provide control about the yaw axis, appeared like a boat’s sail.

Power was provided by a 35-hp, eight-cylinder, water-cooled, V-type, E.N.V. engine, mounted on, and partially supported by, the A-frame struts, its two rows of cylinders set at 45-degree angles to the vertical and sharing a common crankshaft, and it drove a single-bladed, mahogany propeller. The type also flew with a Clerget engine.

The Hanriot Monoplane rested on twin wheels and a tailskid.

With a 27-foot, 3/4-inch airframe and a seven-foot, 5/8-inch height, the pioneer aircraft had a 500-pound gross weight.

The shallow cockpit, almost resembling a canoe-like dugout which virtually placed the pilot on the “deck” of the racing skiff airframe, featured little more than engine and axis-control levers. The right side stick, for instance, moved forward and aft to actuate the hinged, fabric-covered elevators for pitch control, while the left side stick, movable in a sideways direction, activated the wing-warping mechanism for in-flight banking, or lateral axis control. The coupe atop it, informally known as a “blip switch,” provided engine control, usually replacing the left-located throttle, since a hand was seldom free to operate it.

Fuel, stored in the cylindrical, metal tank, directly behind, and on the same level as, the engine, often required pressure to ensure continued flow, initiated by the squeezable rubber ball mounted on top of the right, pitch-control stick.

The scalloped rudder, ensuring yaw-axis stability, was moved by means of a foot-depressed bar.

Several, ground-attendant facilitated propeller turns, coupled with right stick-topped, rubber bulb initiated fuel pressure build-up and an opened throttle, resulted in ignition, its proper functioning verified by blip switch testing.

Initial taxi and direction were usually aided by the ground crew, who lifted the tail from the grass, but a significant power application, bathing the vertical and horizontal tail surfaces in propeller-generated slipstream, often enabled them to become effective.

Final aerodynamic surface testing and take off acceleration required hand and foot control, the left stick actuating the wing-warping, the right the elevator-pitch deflection, and the feet the rudder-yaw axis. Infused with life with a full, forward throttle, the monoplane required an equally forward stick depression to allow the increasing airspeed to act on the horizontal tail and aerodynamically leverage it off the ground in a forward rotation maneuver, the aircraft’s aft-half now “flying,” as if it were a mini-airplane unto itself, with wind-direction caused yaw deviations corrected with rudder deflections.

With the left hand gripping the wing-warping actuator, the pilot was ready for the transition to air-surrendering flight the moment the still-spinning wheels were disconnected from the cradling blades of grass-or that instant that the lift-generating wings triumphed over gravity and separated them from the earthly plane.

The pilot, now a quad-limb extension of a tri-axis aerial body, applied positive control during initial climb-out.

Although there were no incremental throttle settings and the aircraft therefore flew at full, continuous power, its original, 35-hp engine had been inadequate to exert other than a sluggish, wing-warping created banking response.

Descent, induced by a combination of blip switch power interruptions and backward-stick, downward pitch, enabled the Hanriot to return to the ground, a maneuver requiring a balance between power and gravity. Resettling on to the grass with a final engine cut, it was both cushioned and resisted by it, decelerating as diminished airflow over the horizontal tail returned the tailskid earthward.

The Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome example, a reproduction constructed by Cole Palen, Mike Lockhart, and Andy Keefe with the aid of drawings published in Flight during the winter of 1974 in Florida, had originally been powered by a 1910, two-cycle, water-cooled Elbridge Featherweight engine, but it had later been retrofitted with a more capable, water-cooled, 50-hp Franklin after it had sustained connecting rod damage. Because of its lower weight, it often resulted in a nose-high pitch which had to be elevator-counteracted during flight, although its increased horsepower produced more sprightly performance than the original engined-version had offered.

The aircraft, initially demonstrating stability problems, was subsequently modified and first performed in the 1976 Hammondsport Air Show. Demonstrating its handling characteristics much further afield, it partook, along with the Curtiss Model D and the Sopwith Camel, of the 2003 Australian International Air Show in Geelong, flying circuits round Avalon Airport’s 11,000-foot runway. Like the other Old Rhinebeck pioneer designs, including the Curtiss Model D itself and the Bleriot XI, it is relegated to short hops from the grass field during Saturday, “History of Flight” air shows.

Exposure of Charged Particle Beam on the Brain of the Humans Leads to a Painless Death


Some kind of untreatable illnesses may cause severe pain until the death of the patient when we consider the death as a relieving point of pain. By the progress of technology, following to advancements on directed energy systems and magnetic resonance, over an introductory research on potentials of application of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans which can lead to a painless consecutive death, we shall investigate for the possibility of prevention of the extreme pain that a volunteer patient may highly suffer of, before the death as a state for relieving the pain itself.

Details (Introduction):

Since modern fMRI shows us the basal ganglia, pretectal area,[1][2] the thalamus, the human primary somatosensory cortex (S1, BA3), and secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), anterior part of the frontal lobe, BA46, BA10, BA9, and the superior part of the parietal lobe, BA5, and the hippocampus (and the other parts of the limbic system) are to be considered as the vital parts of understanding, attention, emotion, our self-personality, and integrating and processing sensory information,[3][4][5] targeting them destroys the home of our personality and the control/attention center of the brain, over NDE (near-death experience) it leads to finishing the life process. The thalamus (of the interbrain) plays an important role towards our environmental understandings (i.e. relaying sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex, and the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness), but the thalamus and the fornix and the cerebellum are not well-understood for the public sectors of our nation yet, scientists need to do more fundamental researches to get realized if there are some parts highly responsible to our understandings of our environment, attentions, and contemplations, but meanwhile thalamic strokes (leads damage to the thalamus) causing severe and chronic pain that is not proportional to an environmental stimulus, called dysaesthesia or allodynia, it’s not impossible that targeting the thalamic structure, and also the fornix itself and/or the cerebrum’s fornix inferior neural fiber networks, probably makes pain (or a bad sense) on the patient. NDE subjects have increased activity in the left temporal lobe. Stimulation of the temporal lobe is known to induce hallucinations, out-of-body experiences and memory flashbacks.[6][7] Following to the technological developments in the last century that the future generation would recall as scientific achievements of 1964 to 1975, towards controlling the psyche,[8] advancements about directed energy, and also due to ELF communication advancements (wire forms of scientific experiences began from early 20th century), now some researches for a better understanding of reactions of specific systems of the brain during NDE can get started. Both laser beam and electromagnetic radiations are useful during the process. Experts will make very small slices on the proper locations, cutting a big area of the brain is not endorsed. Long-term usage of specific forms of radio waves can kill some specific tissues slowly. The patient would be kept under monitoring and supervision. After the process, if there was any heart pulse observable, an Induced Cardiac Arrest is necessary. The circulation of the blood inside the brain itself, transfers a great amount of oxygen and glucose into the brain, and keeps feeding its cells. It causes a higher amount of activities inside the brain. In fact increment in brain activities causes an increased attention of the human to the environment. When the blood circulation stops, slowly the vegetarian state of the life of the nervous system and the spinal cord will get interrupted. During the process of the necrosis yet the spinal cord transmits several signals to the brainstem, and the thalamocortical (TC) fibers (thalamocortical radiations, the fibers of the inferior colliculus), nevertheless targeting the brainstem, and even the inferior colliculus, themselves, may cause extreme pain on the patient. So, more research must come in application for in-depth understanding of these neural networks, but helping volunteer peoples to never suffer of pain, during the whole life cycle, would be possible.


Currently most methods may only come in application in governmental labs. After clinical experiment on mammalians who are suffering extreme pain (because an untreatable illness), as a wireless deep-brain narrator (computer), continuously, is deciphering us the internal feelings of the animal, then as the second stage the experiment can get done on human volunteers. The process would begin on a (optionally: generally anaesthetized) volunteer patient, but meanwhile over a high-tech deciphering process we continuously would keep observing the internal imaginations/dreams of the patient. Targeting (destruction/divesting/cutting) the desirable part (of the brain) must get done over a small fraction of a second that a laser beam, etc., would get used over the process. About the entire parts of the body, except of the brain itself, for natural properties of neurotransmitters in the human’s nervous system, there would be a very small latency observable from the instantaneous moment of trauma until the pain gets deliver to the diencephalon to become sensible/understandable for a human. For example when someone accidentally drops down from a height and the one breaks his own bones, following to a shock, instantaneously, just when the accident/trauma is happened this latency in a fraction of time is observable. Inside the skull, the meninges have pain receptors, and it’s responding to noxious stimuli. However, the nervous structure of the brain is different, there are no pain receptors in cerebral cortex, and also the white matter, inside our brain; but meanwhile some reactions may be observable between two interactive parts of the brain for interpretation of bad feelings/pain signals. The destruction process of the interactive areas, subsequently, would get done over a small fraction of time.


Exposure of charged particle beam on the brain of the humans, potentially, leads to a painless death. Since it’s a new foundation, more researches for the extremely short term effects of microwaves/particle beams on the brain must get done. The basal ganglia, primary somatosensory cortex (S1, BA3), and secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), the pretectal area, anterior part of the frontal lobe, BA46, BA10, BA9, and the superior part of the parietal lobe, BA5, the hippocampus (and the other parts of the limbic system), and the thalamus are the most important locations in the human’s brain, and targeting them destroys the home of our personality and the control/attention center of the brain, over NDE (near-death experience) it leads to finishing the life process of a patient who is suffering intolerable pain.


Distinct parts of the cerebrum and the thalamus are active locations of self-personality and attention. In elder patients of extreme pain who suffer of untreatable illnesses, it may get considered voluntary as a final decision by the victim and the victim’s relatives. Thus, this experiment has several potentials for application; more research must be conducted with regard to in-depth understanding of these neural networks.

Bio Sculpture Gel

Bio Sculpture has created a gel that is applied in the same manner as nail polish but lasts for weeks without fading or chipping. By applying Bio Sculpture Varnish you can also easily change the colour of your nails. When the varnish is later removed with a specially formulated non acetone solution, the permanent nail colour is restored to its previous state. The permanent colour is not effected by the non acetone cleanser in the same way as the varnish layer.

Bio Sculpture practitioners have all passed a strict examination, to ensure that you achieve a first class finish. Your local practitioner will help you discover the Bio Sculpture difference of a healthy nail treatment that is a true pleasure to use. Bio Sculpture Gel is a superior product that makes nails beautiful, strong and flexible that will not damage the natural nail.

Here are some key features of Bio-Sculpture Gel for nails.

Huge range of over 90 fashionable colours, clear and french, matching varnish is also available for easy home care. There are also a number of gels with different finishes such as glitter.

Promotes strong, flexible and natural looking nails.

Difficult to chip or smudge.

Can be applied to toenails as well.

You can add length to your nails naturally with Gel Extensions.

Removal of the product is quick and easy and causes no damage to the nail.

Bio-Sculpture Gel is a one component treatment that promotes and strengthens the natural growth of nails. Leaving the nail flexible and strong our product is cured under a UVA light.