How To Get Storage Shed Plans

There are people who want to be able to build their own shed, and there many different storage shed plans out there for people to use for themselves. It depends on the style that one is looking for, and this will go through some examples of some great sheds to build.

There are many great reasons for someone to build their own storage shed. First of all, it provides a great place for people to place things. No one want to leave their items like lawn mowers or bicycles out where they can become rusted. Also, some people really have a knack for building. The plans that are available allow someone to use their own hands and partake in an activity that they might enjoy doing.

The first type of shed actually looks like a little home. It is called a gable roof shed. Depending on the size, it can serve as a workshop or one-car garage. It can have a garage door installed on the front. A side door can be place into it with windows. Instead of the garage door, it could have two double doors on the front.

The next type of shed is the salt box shed. The roof tends to be shorter on one side and longer on the other. There is usually a double door or single door to allow the entrance of a lawn mower or whatever will be stored in there.

The barn shed is the next type, and it has the appearance of a little barn. One can put a garage door in front, but having regular doors works, too. It can also fit a workshop or a boat inside. It depends on what one person would use it for.

Some people like to build the porch shed which has a porch in front of the shed. This allows for someone to place things under without complete protection, but there is a porch roof. It lets someone sit out of the shade, too.

Most of these plans are made of wood, or they can have shingling. All of the materials needed will be explained in the plan, and the directions on how to build it will be spelled out step by step. The directions should be easy to follow, and if one has any questions, the company should be available to speak to.

Buying a shed or renting storage space might be more expensive than just building one yourself. There are many great plans found online that will spell in detail how to build one. One just needs to decide on which shed to build. It depends a lot on how much space is in ones yard. There are designs like the barn, salt box, gable roof, and porch shed which are all great, attractive designs. These little buildings are great for storing large items like lawn mowers, boats, and to set up work shops. Some people do not have enough garage space, and these function as great additions to the home overall.

Selecting The Right Commercial Roofing Contractor

If you own a commercial building repairs can be very expensive. If you want to cut costs it is very important that you take good care of your roof. If you are searching for a commercial roofing contractor that can redo your roof without costing you a lot of money, here are a few tips to help you out.

When you begin searching for a roofing contractor, you want to look for them before they know that you need help. You never want to sound desperate because some may take advantage of that. Be sure to get a new roof placed on your commercial building before things do start going bad because if you allow water to get in, your products can be ruined. You may even damage the wiring in the building and decrease the value. If you have to shut down your business you could lose a lot of money. Ask friends and other business owners who they choose for roofing replacement. Getting a good recommendation is vital to saving money and establishing trust.

Have a list of questions you want to ask commercial roofing contractors when you call them. You want to know how long they have been in business, where are they located, can they provide references, do they have specials, and can they give a free quote. Most of the commercial roofing contractors will offer free quotes for a chance to win a roofing job. Don’t accept the first fair offer you receive. Think about it, weigh your options and make your decision based on the offers of at least five roof contractors.

When you narrow your commercial roofing contractor selection down to five contractors, you will want to do a background check on all of them including their license verification to make sure that they are legitimate. Find out if there have been any changes in their status, are they new in the business, and have there been any accidents reported due to their work.

Accept two or three bids from commercial roofing contractors. These bids will not be the same so you must decide what may be the most important factor in getting the job done for your business. It could be expense, reputation, or a combination of things. As you look over the roof contractors bids, you will want to make sure they are very detailed in their bid description. This should cover a start date, end date, amount of time, amount of hours per day, will they work weekends, how much are materials costing, what materials will be used, and what type of warranty or guarantee do you get once the job is complete.

Remember you usually get what you paid for so if you are working within a strict budget, make sure that your standards are not raised so high that nothing is going to please you. Instead work with what commercial roof contractors are offering and complete the project as soon as possible. It will be beneficial to you and the contractor as well.

Hallelujah Sheet Music

Hallelujah is a song published by the popular Canadian singer-composer Leonard Cohen. Also known as a novelist and poet, Cohen wrote the main version of the lyrics of Hallelujah, containing quite a few biblical texts. His main inspiration while writing the song originated from the tales of Samson and Delilah from the Book of Judges and also the adulterous relationship of King David and Bathsheba in the Book of Samuel, differentiating Cohen’s Hallelujah from George Frideric Handel’s Hallelujah Chorus from his popular oratorio The Messiah, HWV 56. Handel wrote the libretto in the Book of Revelations.

Leonard Cohen’s Hallelujah was released in 1984 from his 7th album Various Position, which obtained little success until a cover version appeared by John Cale. His version was featured in the 2001 computer animated film Shrek that also place the song into well known audience. With this version by John Cale, another cover made by Jeff Buckley solidified the song as the best songs ever written. It garnered a lot of success globally making Jeff Buckley a superstar. His version hailed as one the perfect version ever made and became one of the quickest selling download single in history. Due to the success with the song, quite a few versions were made including a version by Rufus Wainwright, K.D. Lang, Allison Crowe and Alexandra Burke to mention a few.

Hallelujah is actually a Hebrew word, which means, “Praise Yah.”

Cohen has said of the song’s meaning: “It describes that many kinds of Hallelujahs do exist, and all the perfect and damaged Hallelujahs have equal value.” Lyrics to Cohen’s Hallelujah calls forth both waltz and gospel music. The sheet music of Hallelujah, in its original version, is really a song in “12/8 feel.” As written in the sheet music the key is at C major plus the chord progression comes after the lyric “it goes like that, the 4th, the fifth, the minor fall, as well as major lift”: C, F, G, A minor, F. Originally Cohen’s Hallelujah sheet music available have unique arrangements as a result of different versions with the song. Hallelujah’s sheet music transcribed by Alaric Duban was for singing, guitar and keyboard. (4) The written music of Hallelujah initially written in C major, seemed to be transpose in several keys. You will discover available Hallelujah written music in A major (3 sharps), B flat major (2 sharps), E flat major (3 flats), F major (1 flat), G major (1 sharp), A flat major (4 flats). Usually used by voice and piano. A different Hallelujah sheet music available was transposed into choral settings. The first is for Tenor and Bass (all male chorus) plus the other was for Soprano and Alto pieces (all woman chorus).

Sheet music of Hallelujah showed changes also in lyrics. Rufus Wainwright sheet music of Hallelujah showed that he modified some words and phrases like from “Holy Dove” to “Holy Dark.” Allison Crowe, additionally a Canadian singer-musician had written her own written music of Hallelujah. She felt the requirement to replace in the sheet music the lyrics from “Holy Dove to “Holy Ghost.” Her version was named Record each week by Record through the day (UK) in July2004 and once again in October 2005.

As Leonard Cohen’s Hallelujah became probably the greatest selling music before today, this made song extremely popular for arrangers to write out them create sheet music independently. A lot of variations of Hallelujah sheet music are actually written because of the success of song therefore far artists who made their particular Hallelujah written music received achievement within their field. Countless versions are actually recorded also it showed the good expertise of Leonard Cohen not just being a composer but additionally an author. The February 2009 problem of Blender, Hallelujah was highlighted since the month’s “Greatest Song Ever.”

More Valuable Than Money – Important Things in Life

Money is not everything. Or so they say. Here is a list of things that you can invest your time in that will always pay big dividends:

Family first. Putting your career before your family is rarely a good idea. You may feel like you need to do it in order to stay competitive in your field, but in the end you will lose. You will lose out on the kind of legacy you could have as a proper father and husband, or wife and mother. Your family will recognize that you need to spend a good amount of time at the office, but always choose your family over your job if there is ever a conflict.

Friends next. After your family you will want to value your friends. Many people stop taking the time to make or nurture friendships in pursuit of their own financial goals. If you choose money over friends do not be surprised when you have money, but no friends to share the good times with.

Health always. If you are leading a life of high stress, lousy diet, and no exercise, you will eventually experience the consequences of poor health. Getting so caught up in your career and the desire to make money might be causing you to neglect your number one asset: you! Be sure to do your research on the proper healthy lifestyle to give yourself the most time to enjoy your success.

Children are the future. If you care at all about the quality of our society or the economy, you should care a bit about children, even if you do not have any. Children will be required to take over things at some point so it's best if you can invest some time and energy into making their world a little brighter.

Be neighborly. You do not have to be like Ned Flanders, but you can at least take the time to get to know the people you live around. It does not matter if they are a different age than you or are in a different industry. Society in general is made up of all sort of people and your neighbors will probably represent a small sampling. They can be a good source of friendship and comfort in a time of need.

Always be learning. As long as you have your brain you can always use it to learn new things, or to expand your knowledge of things you already know. Going to a good college is not the end game for learning. You should always push yourself to know more and learn more, in any field you find an interest in.

Have fun! If you work so hard to make money and invest it and always get good return, you may seem like a horse with blinders on. Be sure to have your share of fun along the way and keep things in perspective.

Installing Bathroom Flooring

Are you ready for a new bathroom floor? Perhaps your taste is willing to accept a new pattern or design to match recently painted or papered walls, but your wallet may be telling you to wait until the economy takes a turn for the better. If you have been successful in managing a few fixer-upper projects around your home in the past, you may be able to install new bathroom flooring for a fraction of the cost that you would have to pay professionals. All you need are a few simple guidelines and quality floor tile or linoleum.

First, decide what type of flooring you want for your bathroom. Tile works especially well, because any of the pieces that become rotted, mildewed, or damaged are easy to replace without taking up the entire floor. Just be sure to buy extra tiles when purchasing the initial batch so the replacement pieces will match their original counterparts. Linoleum may be cheaper, and some people find it a smoother application and fit than tile. But linoleum can be a little trickier to replace if one part becomes damaged, because you will have to cut away the broken part and cut the precise shape and size of replacement tile, which is no small feat.

Next, buy your supplies at the hardware or flooring supply store. Ask the sales associate for suggestions or help when you go shopping for bathroom flooring needs. Read the directions on the adhesive container as well as guidelines that come with the tile or linoleum. In addition, you can check with the sales associate at the store or visit the manufacturer's website to get help in planning the installation. If you have not already, check out tips for removing the old flooring, and repair or replace the sub-floor.

At home, lay out your materials, choosing a time when other family members will be away or occupied in another part of the house. Open the windows or run the whole-house fan to provide adequate air circulation to offset fumes from the adhesive and flooring product. Start in the corner furthest from the doorway that you will exit after completing the job, and this is where to begin laying the new flooring.

Remove any debris from the exposed sub-floor. Remove or cover wall coving to keep it from getting stained by the adhesive. Then apply the adhesive according to the package directions. After this, lay the linoleum or tile, taking care to put it neatly in place. Make sure it is secure and will hold steady until the adhesive dries. Take a clean towel or rag and use it to wipe away excess glue from between the tiles or around the linoleum. Keep everyone off the new flooring until the adhesive has set.

After installation, follow manufacturers' guidelines for cleaning and maintaining your new bathroom floor. Never use cleaning chemicals, especially bleach or ammonia (which should not be mixed, by the way, due to harmful vapors that can result). You may be able to dust mop your new floor daily or weekly, and scrub it every week or two to keep the new floor looking great.

Ladder Safety – Top 9 Tips

There are times when I’ve needed to get something done in a hurry where a ladder was needed to be used. And of course I found out the scary way that that’s not the way to go about working up on a ladder. Consequently, this article post will be of benefit not only to you but to me also.

After some research on the subject here are my Top 9 Tips for Ladder Safety. May we take them to heart…

1) Make sure the Ladder is locked into place before climbing

2) Be sure the ground is at least fairly level and solid

3) Never climb to the top of the Ladder

4) Make sure there are no obstacles to obstruct your climbing

5) Get help to hold the Ladder if needed

6) Pick the right Ladder – Choosing the right ladder for the job or project is important

7) If needed, tie off the Ladder

8) Always use proper climbing techniques

9) Make sure the Ladder is not to steep or shallow

With stepladders and extension ladders make sure the locking arms are locked fully into place. This will help to insure that the Ladder doesn’t fold up on you when your climbing. The locking arms on a stepladder are on both sides and ensure that each leg is locked into place.

On an extension ladder it has two spring loaded locks on either side to make sure it doesn’t slide down while your up on it. For maximum safety make sure these are locked in place before you begin to climb.

The ground should be fairly level before beginning. If it isn’t, you must for safety sake find a place to get it level as possible. The ground should be dry and hard. Not soft so it can sink to either side.

Never climb to the top of the Ladder as your weight will surely make the ladder top heavy. Always climb only to the 3rd step down from the top. Any higher and it will become unstable.

When climbing up make sure there is nothing to obstruct your climb such as tree limbs, electrical wires, etc..

If you can’t meet any of the first 4 tips just mentioned then get help. Ask a friend or family member for help to hold the ladder for you. In fact, 2 people are better than one to make sure of maximum safety.

There are different types of ladders for different types of jobs or projects. Such as Aluminum, Wood, and Fiberglass ladders. Which one is right for you for what your doing? The best practice is to think about what you are doing before choosing.

If your climbing up on a wall or roof, for extra stability tie the ladder off on both sides. For example, on a roof you can drive a nail into the shingles on each side and use rope to tie off the ladder so it won’t slide either way on you while up working on it. Creating greater stability and safety.

Never climb up the ladder backwards. Don’t climb up on the back of a stepladder. Always face the ladder and climb with both feet one step at a time. As stated before never climb beyond the 3rd step from the top. And never step out on the shelf of a paint ladder.

When you put up the ladder make sure it is not to steep or shallow as that will cause it to slide when your on it. Remember you can tie it off for greater safety.

Most of these are just common sense steps folks. For greater benefit, print yourself off a hard copy of this article and use it as a checklist each time you go to get up on a ladder. Since your safety is always number 1.

Stair Lifts – Straight and Curved Rails

There are two types of stairlifts. Straight and curved. The first is designed for straight stairs. The footrest of the lift will normally stop level with the top stair. It may be possible to use a straight stairlift on some configurations of curved stairs.

The second, and generally far more expensive type, is a 'made to measure' or 'curved track stairlift' which can travel around bends on the stairs and can be made to run on to the landing. Prices vary according to the length of the stairs, the number of bends and the complexity of the bends.

It is worth noting that although far more expensive, the resale value is negligible, as the rail is made to measure and can only be re-installed on an identical staircase.

Curved track stairlifts can be fitted on either side of the stairs, the layout of your staircase will determine which is most suitable. If you need a curved track stairlift you will need to pay a deposit to the company that you are dealing with. This will normally be about 30% of the cost of the lift. The deposit is required because the company are committing themselves to building a stairlift rail that will only fit into your house. You should not have to pay a large deposit if you order a standard straight lift as these can usually be adapted to suit another staircase.

In certain circumstances it is possible to fit a straight stairlift on stairs that have a turn at the top. For example if you have a straight run of stairs with three steps winding onto the landing. Or a straight flight and a quarter landing with two more steps, a folding platform stairlift could be the solution. A straight stairlift is installed with extended legs, so the footrest stops in line with the landing. A solid wooden platform is then built around the footrest of the lift. This platform can then be used to walk safely onto the landing. The platform is hinged so that it can be folded back against the wall to enable other people in the house to use the stairs.

It is also possible to have a powered platform so the user does not have to bend to raise it. Please note that the folding platform option is not suitable for everyone. If you are prone to dizzy spells or feinting or if you have very poor mobility this is not a viable option. Seek independent advice.

Orisha Elegua

Elegua is also known as Esu in the Yoruba Pantheon of Orisha. Orisha are the deities of the Yoruba tradition. He was brought to the Diaspora via slavery to the Caribbean in places like Cuba where the Lucumi/Santeria tradition continued the Yoruba worship of orisha in the New World. He is the messenger who takes one’s prayers and sacrifices to the foot of God in heaven.

Elegua opens and closes the road or way for us in life. He stands in the crossroads and 4 corners. No ceremony is started without paying tribute to him first. He takes many forms and has many names. He is considered a trickster and can be a difficult teacher when there is a lesson needed to be learned.

There are said to be 256 roads or paths of Esu/Elegua. These paths correspond to the 256 Odu in Ifa. Many have not made it to the New World with the slaves. They remained in Nigeria. No priest or priestess in the Yoruba/Lucumi faith is without an Esu/Elegua. Each person who receives an Elegua receives one specific to their path and needs. Divination is done to determine what path of Elegua is to be given to the person. Elegua is one of the few orishas that you don’t have to be fully initiated to receive. One can be an aleyo, outsider (literal translation) or not initiated and receive and Esu/Elegua if they have issues he can help with. This is one of the aspects that what makes Elegua so unique.

He is a very complicated deity. He is known as one that can create confusion very easily. So he always has to be pampered and treated with reverence to avoid hassles created on his behalf. Anytime there is a sacrifice or ceremony he has to be given something first. He is the appropriator of ceremonies. Without Elegua being acknowledged first chances are the outcome desired in a ceremony will not come to fruition. He is considered one of the primary Warriors given in the Ibora or set of Warriors given by a Babalawo. A Babalawo is an Ifa priest initiated in the secrets of Ifa. He gives the set of Warriors to those who need it. The warriors in the Diaspora consist of Elegua, Ogun, Ochosi and Osun. In Nigeria Osun is not given with the warriors. Priests and Priestesses of Orisha may give Elegua to their godchildren but not the whole set of warriors. It is with this Elegua the godchild is initiated to Orisha with when they decide to get initiated.

Contrary to what most people believe not all roads of Elegua like children or want to play. Some can be very serious and dangerous if annoyed or played with. One has to know the road of their Elegua and his particular characteristics. They are not all the same.

How Does Play Help Children’s Development?

In this article I will introduce my personal definition of play, but acknowledge that play is basically indefinable because it is so vast and variable. I examine free flow play and the obstacles to play, and the purpose and value of play. I examine one small group of students working definition of play as a developmental tool that helps children develop holistically and other aspects of our definition, ie a developmental journey, play being accessible to all, and the aspect of fun and enjoyment in play. Alongside this, this article examines structured and unstructured play, including theorists views and I include some of my own observations and examine the play content in them.

Before I extend on group’s definition of play, I would like to state my own theory about play, and explain what I mean stressing again, that play is basically indefinable because of its flexible and vast nature.

My theory is that play is fluid. It can take many forms, have many meanings, express itself in many ways, but it cannot be contained in a box or shape and labelled as ‘play’. If play is taken out of one context and into another it changes its shape and purpose, and the way it moves and performs. All of it is play in its many facets, and all of it is of equal value, because it meets the differing needs of the child at the time it is being played.

Play is fluid so therefore cannot be defined purely as one aspect or another, and as water is fluid, so is play – it changes its shape to its environment, circumstances and players, taking on different forms, expressions and meanings to the players concerned. It has intrinsic meaning to the children and may change direction at any moment, according to the children’s needs and personality etc. Bruce verifies that play is like fluid and free-flowing,

She stated: “the whole point about play is that it cannot be pinned down. It flows. It is on the move.” (Bruce 2004:154)

Free-flowing play can be limited by obstacles such as time, adults, relationships, routines, outcomes, interferences, circumstances, environment, or disability, and may not flow in the natural direction a child may wish to take it if limited by any of the above obstacles. However, because play is fluid, it can continue where it was left, or be restarted and flow in entirely different direction if obstacles do not restrict play.

Props may be used during free flow play which then takes on a symbolic characteristic, and children may engage in role play or socio-dramatic, plus rough and tumble, all rolled up into one, making it difficult to untangle and define! Children do not need adults to direct free-flow or fluid play, only to keep them safe from harming themselves or harming others. This may be viewed as an obstacle by children (and so it is) but as long as adults are not being ‘over-protective’ or ‘over-restrictive’ and children understand the need for safety rules (they tend to like rules in play anyway!) then the

obstacle or interruption is only a temporary obstacle, that children can overcome and move one, because their play is flexible and fluid.

The purpose or value of play, as mentioned is intrinsic to the child and players and appears to be part of children’s developmental journey. Bruce (2004:149) describes play as a process with no productive end. Play helps children develop in a holistic way, developing their social interactions, language skills, co-operation, understanding of how the world works, and personal, social and emotional development. Play is a tool that brings knowledge and experiences together. Vygotsky viewed play as a vehicle (or tool) for social interaction. Bruner believed roleplay was a vehicle (or tool) for learning about society’s rules and conventions. Piaget believed play unifies children’s experiences, knowledge and experience. Frobel, Steiner, and Issacs were the biggest advocates of holistic development. Frobel believed learning and development is holistic, involving the child, other adults and the environment, and that childhood is a stage in it’s own right. Steiner based his principles on Frobels and developed a programme involving

play. Issacs believed play was central to the overall development of the child.

Play is as an important of children’s developmental journey – it becomes a tool by which children learn to develop in a holistic manner, it enables them to understand themselves, other people, their community and the world around them. Play also enables children to act out experiences, past and present, and enter into fantasy worlds. Bruner believed that play is process-led rather than task orientated, but also believed it prepares children for adulthood. (Fisher 1996:97) We are all on a lifelong journey and the journey, and the journey for me may be different to your journey. We may start at the same place, but go in different directions, and we may meet again but be different people, because life (and play, as part of that process) shapes the people and character we become. The journey of developing and learning is a long, slow, and ongoing process throughout life – a developmental journey which starts at birth and finishes at death, and play in its many fluid forms, becomes part of the process.

If play is structured, directed or initiated by adults, play takes on a different role. If play has a goal, target or outcome for a child to achieve, often children do not view this type of play as play, but as work…. they view

work as teacher-directed and play as choice, sitting down as working, and being active as playing (Wood & Attfield, 2005:17). However, a divide between play and work cannot easily be made. Children learn in and through play, whether it is teacher initiated or child initiated. Frobel, Steiner, Issacs, Piaget believed play should not be directed. Miss Boyce believed in a mixed approach, including free flow play and a more structured timetable for teacher-directed sessions. Montessori, demonstrated skills to children and did not believe in freeplay. Brunner saw play as a process but also believed adults need to scaffold children’s experiences in order to help them progress to the next stage, as did Vygotsky, who advocated adults working alongside children to build on / scaffold their understanding to move them onto the next stage. McMillian also believed in a structured environment that was planned to support children’s needs, and which integrated subjects such as maths, science and literacy.

Whether play is adult led or child led, children will learn many skills through play such as; co-operation, negotiation, other people’s views, social skills, language skills, fine and gross motor skills may improve and other skills may

be mastered, thinking and cognitive skills are used and improved, so therefore children will learn through play whether there is an intended outcome or not! My own observations of children’s play confirmed this. Children learned through many different types of play, structured and unstructured. Structured play helped children develop more in the cognitive realm whereas unstructured play helped children develop more in the creative, language, physical and personal/social realm.

If they do meet the outcomes (which they should do if the resources, processes and intensions are aimed at the right level…) then this is an added bonus! If planned and resourced correctly by practitioners, play can help children meet targets within the Foundation Stage or Key stage 1, covering all aspects of the curriculum from Personal, social and emotional development through to creative development.

Adults can improve the quality of children’s play by providing a rich variety of resources, and well planned structured play, indoors and out, needs sensitive scaffolding for children to progress or learn new skills and knowledge. Adults also need to provide plenty of free flow play, and time

to complete tasks. If adults aim to intervene as little as possible in free play, this will provide a better outcome for children.

In structured play the teacher/adult has used play as a ‘tool’ (others call it a vehicle or medium) but may not be viewed as play in its purest form. Play cannot be categorized into ‘play’ or ‘not play’ (because play is fluid and takes many forms) but may be better defined as ‘more pure play’ or ‘less pure play” (Wood & Attfield 2005:4-5) Wood and Attfield further define pure play as unstructured, active, fun, a process, pretend, child invented and child-chosen. Linden states, “Circumstances can prevent or restrict play. Constraints may be placed by adults or the environment limits children’s experiences. Alternatively, developmental problems, disability or illness can shape the possibilities for children.” Play may be hampered (children may have obstacles to play) if they have any form of disability or cultural, language, social or economic differences. Children (like adults) tend to be exclusive, uncertain about things or people they don’t understand or are not like them, unless they are informed/educated that all children have an equal right to play and should be granted access and opportunities to play.

Children need adults to be good role models demonstrating equality by provision and adaptability to children’s needs. Children need adults to provide different types of play or different ways of playing, so that children can access it. Some children may need more adult support to access play, especially if there is some form of disability or complex needs. These children may access play differently, but all children have the same right to develop in a holistic way that all children do. All children need the ‘tool’ of play for their own development; because play is fluid, the way the tool is used may be different.

I observed a young boy (of about 8 years old) and other children aged between 6-10 years in a social club setting. All the children, except the little boy of 8, were engaged in locomotive play. They were chasing, tickling, rolling, dancing etc throughout the night, mainly in small groups of children. The play looked chaotic but was not out of place in the setting. The adults observed this play and did not intervene. The children appeared

to have no purpose or intension but to enjoy themselves, and the value to them was in participating in the fun, making up games and dances, enjoying social activities together and passing time in an enjoyable way.

The other little boy of 8 however, did not join in any of the play, he merely acknowledged the other children. Instead of playing with the other children, this little boy stood in front of the band that was performing, and appeared to be conducting them (using a toy), virtually all night. He was engrossed in his play/work. Later on when the band had a break, he circled around the

hall floor, (walking on his toes) making ‘car-like’ movements. At this point the boy may have been involved in role play. However, his first play was very difficult to understand (possibly role play or practice play?) This little boy appeared to have special needs along the line of Asperger’s syndrome (noted from previous study and personal experience) I suspected Asperger’s syndrome because he did not communicate with the other children, contact them, play alongside them, or join in their play. When they came near him once during locomotive play, he visible repelled / moved himself clearly out of their way. He couldn’t or didn’t access any type of social, co-operative or

parallel play, but preferred his own solitary activity and the type of play he engaged in was repetitive. Although his play didn’t make sense to me, it was meaningful to him. He appeared to believe he was truly directing the band (though they ignored him and continued their performance) however he was engrossed in roleplay or practice play and appeared to enjoy what he was doing. His play was intrinsically valuable to him and he had as much right to play in this way as the other children had to play in their way. Linden Stated “Play stems from children’s own perception of the world and how it works… play is a very personal, creative activity… within children’s understanding, their play is meaningful in it connection to non-play reality. (2000:43).

I also observed other types of play in other settings with younger children. The type of play I observed included socio-dramatic (2-3 year olds involved in playing with dolls, prams and accessories, going shopping etc); exploratory play (2-3 year olds exploring playdough and cutters, moulding, shaping, cutting etc); creative play – free painting, mixing paints, making patterns and pictures and epistemic play (2-6 year olds involved in table top games,

including sounds game, snakes & ladders and alphabet jigsaw). The learning processes during these observations was vast, from social skills, co-operation and concentration to language skills, physical skills, fine motor skills, mathematic skills, creative skills to cognitive skills, being used, extended and enhanced in play to the benefit of the child/ren concerned.

Play however, is not just a tool that enables development, play in itself is fun and has value in itself. Play is as valuable to the child as work is to adults. Fisher (96:103) stated “Play has its own intrinsic rewards, it is done spontaneously and voluntary and it is thoroughly enjoyable.” If play is self-chosen, self-motivated and directed, then it can only be enjoyable. Theorists such as Lazarus and Garvey hold this view; indeed children would not engage in play so readily if it were not so! Linden (2001:44) stated, “children play for play’s sake. The activity is an end in itself and is not undertaken for an end product.”


In this article I have stated my theory of play as being fluid, and other aspects or definitions of play and its value in children’s development. Included in this are some theorist’s views of play, and observations of children’s play and what they are gaining from it, noting however, that defining play in all its elements, is very difficult! Play has many facets and functions it is impossible for one or two statements to adequately state what play is or does and many theorists hold differing views, reflecting this difficulty.

Play has become a tool in the Early Years sector and education and it is key to understanding how children think and feel. It has become clearer to me that play is crucial to children’s social and emotional development, and other aspects such as language skills, cognitive skills and understanding the world in which they live. It has also become clearer to me that the least amount of time adults intervene in children’s play, the better! (Though of course there is a time when structured play is appropriate). Play is enjoyable and motivating and a tool that develops children holistically and plays is fluid in that it fulfils many different roles that aids children in their developmental journey.

Stylish Laminate Floors for Your Home

Stylish laminate flooring for your home features many benefits. It will improve the look of your home, as well as make it easier to clean. For ease of maintenance, nothing beats the clean, attractive shine of a high quality laminate. This type of flooring is also more affordable than many other choices, even while proving to be more durable than carpet or linoleum, and as durable as traditional wood flooring, due to its unique construction. The layered construction results in a wood plank that is actually less likely to scratch or warp, even while using less of natural wood resource. You will be left with the same fantastic look of wood, the great quality and features; without having to spend a fortune. Laminates can also be installed in a wide range of colors that are sure to flatter any décor, and please any decorating taste.

Choosing the right flooring for your home is a big decision. It’s not like paint or draperies, where a poor choice can be easily corrected. The flooring is a big investment, and it will be a major part of your home for many years to come. You want to be sure that what you choose will look great, match your furniture style, and continue to please you for as long as it’s in your home. With our amazing selection of laminate flooring, you are sure to find the perfect shade and style.

When shopping for your laminate floor, you can choose planks that are wide or narrow, depending on your own personal taste. You can choose different species of trees, depending on what type of statement you would like to make. Whether you prefer traditional oak or exotic Brazilian cherry or the classic, rich look of teak; you can find the perfect shade at your local home improvement store. Colors range from a light, bright and room opening blond to a deep, rich chocolate. The grains in laminate are created by the wood itself, so they are sure to be completely natural. You can choose between grains that are very flat or smooth, or you can opt for a wood grain that is slightly heavier and raised with more definition. Regardless of which laminate floor you choose for your home, you are sure to be pleased with the finished product.

Laminate floors offer the additional benefit of being appropriate for most of the floors in your home. They are excellent choices for dining areas, living rooms and bedrooms. They are not recommended for kitchens or bathrooms, as water spills or puddles could damage this type of flooring. However, these floors have successfully been used in many kitchens by people who are diligent about cleaning up spilled water immediately. They look as natural and real as any other wood floor, and most people cannot tell the difference between laminates and the real wood floors. One very attractive feature of laminate floors is that they are relatively simple to install. The most attractive feature of these floors for many people is how simple they are to clean. Spills and simply wiped up, dust and dirt are swept up and any remaining prints can be easily polished away.

When you are shopping for the perfect laminate, there are many factors you will want to take into account. The room the flooring is going in, what kind of lighting it will have, and what kind of look you are trying to achieve. Whether you are aiming for bright and airy, or subdued and calming; you will be sure to find the perfect flooring for your home at your local home improvement store. The clean look of laminate floors can go with any décor from traditional, to contemporary or country; depending on the style and color you choose. When you opt for laminates, you are choosing flooring that is cost-effective, durable, attractive, and easy to maintain. You are choosing flooring that you are sure to be pleased with for many years to come.

China Glaze Blue Nail Polish – Review

Even though it is still cold outside you should venture out away from the typical brighter shades and opt for the icy blue, blue or darker blue colors. China Glaze is one of the leading manufactures of nail lacquers in the industry. They are known for the famous “China Clay” that is formulated into each bottle. The addition of China Clay works as a hardening agent and gives their nail polishes the incredibly shiny, durable finish, their known for. It’s no wonder that they are continually purchased and used by the salon professional and their clients.

China Glaze offers the latest technology in formulas and a vast selection of current, innovative colors that follow all of the newest trends; so if you want it they got it! Not only is it a professional, durable, high quality nail lacquer that is resistant to chipping and color fading, but it quickly dries in 60 seconds and promotes a healthy nails.

Other Unique Features:

  • Long Wearing & Oil Based
  • Flexible & Will Not Chip
  • 220 Strand Brush Provides Easy Application
  • Greatest Coverage & Fashion Shades
  • Non-Thickening Formula
  • Toluene & DBP Free

Blue is a beautiful and versatile color that compliments almost any skin complexion. Dark blue nail lacquers look great on longer length nails while shorter length nails look great with a lighter matte blue. They offer such a large selection, regardless of the occasion or event; you will be able to find the appropriate purple for your nails.

Below are some of my favorite blue shades available from China Glaze:

  • C.G. Bahama Blues Collection – Blue Island Iced Tea (#80873)
  • C.G. Kicks Collection – Sky-High-Top (#80903)
  • C.G. Bahama Blues Collection – Bahamian Escape (#80875)
  • C.G. Fiji Fling Collection – Beauty And The Beach (#70622)
  • C.G. Bahama Blues Collection – Blue Paradise (#80872)
  • C.G. Patent Leather Collection – Up All Night (#72037)
  • C.G. Ski Collection – Frost Bite (#77034)
  • C.G. Ink Collection – Blue Sparrow (#80840)

Tip – I Just Set the Alarm on My Timex Ironman Watch and I Can’t Turn the Darn Thing Off!

Hope you didn’t set it too early.

Haven’t we all had moments like this!

You had nothing but the best intentions of course, when you set yourTimex IRONMAN Watch for 6:30am. You were determined to do that morning run if it killed you!

Of course best intentions are all good, but when 6:30am rolled around, your first reaction was predictable wasn’t it… at that moment in time, you wanted nothing better than to DESTROY your Timex IRONMAN watch, or at least turn that darn beeping off so as to squeeze another hour of sleep in before work!

Ok, so you probably (somehow) managed to turn the thing off. Or maybe you took the easier route and just pulled your pillow tightly over your ears until the damn thing stopped, and it worked.. Briefly, but now the #@”! thing goes off EVERY morning at 6:30am like, er… clockwork! Arrrrgggg! why do those IRONMAN watches have to be so efficient??

While I’ve heard a sledgehammer is a common solution to this common problem, please don’t despair, for I show you a way to unset your alarm that does not involve the mutilation of your timepiece.

The standard Timex IRONMAN watch looks something like the layout below:

(I cannot show a picture here, so please refer to the link in my signature)

Please note: I am attempting to keep this information as general as possible, however there are many Timex IRONMAN watch models on the market and this information might not apply precicely to every single model out there. I do believe the ALARM function works in a similar way in many IRONMAN watches and what I say here will apply in most cases.

Ok, so when the alarm is going off, simply pressStart/Split orStop/Reset to disarm the alarm. To know when your alarm is armed, a clock icon will appear on the face of your Timex watch, when disarmed, the clock will disappear. If the alarm goes off and you make the mistake of waiting it out in the hope it will go away, a back-up alarm will fire up five minutes later for further tormentation.

So now the quick fix is out of the way, here is how to turn the alarm off permanently:

  • press the MODE button until you are in ALARM mode
  • press SET/RECALL to configure the alarm
  • PressSTOP/RESET (-) orSTART/SPLIT (+) to cycle through alarms
  • When you have selected the alarm you wish to erase, hold down STOP/RESET (-) to clear the selected alarm.

Ahh peace of mind at last!

Oh, and if you were actually wondering how to SET the alarm, be sure to look out for this topic on my blog soon.


Dealing With Roof Decks – Roof Deck Basics

Acceptable Roof Decks according to GAF-Elk is defined as using a smooth surface decking, flat even decks are required. If you use decking that is buckled or pitted it can telegraph through a roof system. Sufficient nail holding capacity is needed and is a very important aspect of a deck in its ability to securely hold the roofing nails in place. Roof decks should be dimensionally stable; these approved decks can withstand weather expansion and contraction. Roof decks must be dry. Wood and plywood stored outdoors prior to installing will no doubt absorb and hold in moisture. Decks that are subjected to rains and/or dews just before roofing may be filled with excess moisture and need to be dried out before using. This moisture if not dried out can cause deck movement and shingle blistering.

Wood board roof decking is acceptable when it is at a maximum at 6″ wide for wood boards. Wood boards that are wider than 6″ are subject to movement and splitting. Movement can damage the shingles. Splitting reduces the nail holding capacity of deck boards. 1″ thick, thinner boards are not dimensionally strong enough to hold roofing loads. 1/8″ separation at rafter seams to allow the roof decks for expansion and contraction. Deck boards 1/8″ maximum spacing between consecutive boards up the roof to allow for expansion and contraction.

Plywood and oriented strand roof board decking details are to use plywood or OSB recommended by the APA. APA is The Engineered Wood Association, which sets standards for acceptable plywood and OSB (oriented strand board). APA is printed on accepted decking for roofs. Minimum of 3/8″ thick to meet the fire rating requirements (UL). The thicker decks make for stronger and higher load bearing decks. Keeping 1/8″ separation at rafters, plywood or OSB jammed together at rafter seams will make the plywood buckle. Concerning OSB and local building codes, there are local and state building codes that do not allow the use of OSB as roof decking. You should always adhere and abide by the local codes. Treated or fireproofed plywood and lumber: Wood treated with formaldehyde and other chemicals have the potential to damage roofing materials and metal components.

Insulated roof decks are not generally considered for shingles. Shingles must not be secured directly to any insulation or insulated deck systems unless authorized by GAF-Elf Contractor Services. These decks are prone to expansion and contraction which is too much movement. It can also be difficult to achieve proper ventilation with some of these decks.

Roof Deck systems with a GAF-Elk approval, as long as they meet your local code requirements are as follows: Loadmaster Shingle Decks, Tech Shield or equivalent Radiant Barrier Decking Systems with vapor permeable, perforated foil backing, Homasote Co. Deck, 2″ minimum only, Thermasote from the Homasote Company, Span Rock Gypsum Plank from USG 2″ minimum, Hunter Vented Nail Base, Vent-Top Thermacal from the Cornell Corp., Atlas.

Types of Roofing Material – Know Before You Choose!

Choosing the right roofing material is usually the most critical step for any homeowner having a roof installed. One of the biggest mistakes that a homeowner can make in this process is choosing poor quality or cheaply priced goods that can result in a roof that requires a lot of maintenance or, worst of all, necessitates the replacement of the entire system within a short time span. Learning about the different types of coverings available and their composition and benefits can greatly aid anyone who desires a new roof.


Homeowners should realize that spending a large sum of money on their roof does not necessarily mean they bought the highest quality available; instead, they should select the product based on what would best meet their needs. Homeowners can reap the benefits of a quality home covering by carefully selecting the best materials, finding a reliable construction company to properly install it, and performing occasional maintenance.

Types of Material

The following is a break down of the most popular materials available today.

  • Shingles – Shingles are an affordable, clean-looking and durable option. They are generally composed of fiberglass and asphalt and may contain some recycled components. There is a large selection of brands, colors and types that can be easily adapted for different applications. Contractors may find that shingles are easy to install; in some cases, they can be nailed directly over the existing housetop. They require low maintenance and the surface is sturdy enough for a person to walk on without worrying about causing any damage.
  • Wood Shakes – This type of material is designed for those who want a roof with a more natural appearance. It comes in a variety of cuts, widths, colors and thicknesses, so each shake will differ from another. One of the major benefits of wood shakes is the insulation it provides to the attic. One downfall of them is the need for frequent maintenance and repairs. They do not last as long as some other materials because of problems caused by nature such as mold, rot, and wood parasites. Installation can be more difficult than that of shingles. The quality of the finished job depends on the experience of the contractor.
  • Clay Tiles – Clay tiles are suitable for those who are looking for a modern and clean look. Because they will not burn, rot or be harmed by parasites, their lifespan is much longer. Though clay tiles do require little maintenance, if any is required, it may be difficult due to the fragility of the tiles.
  • Slate – Slate is an expensive type of roof covering yet offers a very natural look. Just like clay tiles, slate has a superior lifespan, requires little maintenance, and is not vulnerable to rot or fire. Slate comes in numerous sizes but has a limited color palette. It is heavy and may require extra support from the roofing system, which makes it an expensive choice.
  • Metal – Zinc, copper and lead are materials that have become more popular for use on roofs. Metal can be made to resemble other types of coverings, such as wood shakes, shingles, and clay or metal tiles. Metal is fire-retardant, durable and has almost no need for maintenance. Installation is best when it is done by professionals and costs more when compared to other choices.

Homeowners may be overwhelmed by the wide variety of roofing materials that are available for selection. In addition to the traditional coverings that are available, there are some modern products available that are made from plastic, concrete and fiberglass. There are also new types of components that are being developed that surpass the older ones in meeting the high demands of modern roofing techniques. Whether a homeowner is replacing an existing structure or installing a brand new version on a newly constructed home, learning about the different choices available can help them in choosing the most suitable one for individual home requirements. Knowing about the different types of material allows the best selection for each individual roofing need!

Fine Points Of Applying Paint

In my younger days I once worked as a painters helper, I learned a lot about paint, paint brushes and paint rollers so I got a few tips to share. I had to get a little help from my old boss first to make sure I got this right.

How good is your child's bedroom if you put in new bedding sets, curtains, pillows, decor, and accessories if the paint job is not just right? The basic rule for easy, efficient painting is simple, use a roller whenever you can and wherever you can. A roller covers these areas more than twice as fast as a paint brush and requires less skill and effort.

A roller alone, however, will probably not get the whole job done. Most interior painting calls for both the roller and the brush; as a matter of fact a single brush may not be enough for the best work. You need a brush for surfaces that a roller is not designed to cover, a delicate, ridged molding for example, or the narrow divider between windowpanes. You also need a brush, not necessarily the same brush, to use in corners that a roller can not reach. And you may want to use a brush to paint certain flat areas, such as the wall above a shelf where working with a roller is awkward.

Choose a brush of the right size and shape for the kind of work you are doing. Use as wide a brush as possible, to make the painting go faster, but not wider than the surface you are covering. A 1 or 1 1/2 inch trim brush is good for window dividers, a 2 or 2 1/2 inch sash brush for baseboards and window frames and sills. For large flat areas use a 3 inch or at most a 4 inch brush. (Professional painters regularly use 4 inch or even 5 inch brushes, but it takes long practice and a powerful wrist and forearm to handle them with ease.)

Choose a brush shape that is tailored to the job, the familiar flat brush with squared off ends is a general purpose brush, for precise edges and lines, pick a flat trim brush with a beveled, chisel-shape working end. An angular sash brush, especially designed for certain hard to reach surfaces, can not normally be used on flat surfaces but is ideal for inside the window and door frames. Round or oval brushes have the largest paint carrying capacity and splay out when applied to a surface, they work best on thin, curved surfaces.

Finally, match your painting tools to the type of paint you are using. Latex paint, which is likely to be used for at least part of every job, calls for a brush or roller with synthetic bristles or nap. Natural bristles and fibers absorb water from latex paint and loose their resiliency. For oil or alkyd paints, which give a smooth gloss to trim a good synthetic bristle brush will do the job and can also double as a cutting in brush if you are using latex on the rest of the room.

I hope this little bit of information can help some one in making the perfect bedroom for a child.