Darwin Travel

A Darwin holiday would undoubtedly be memorable to any traveler who would step foot in this place. It is actually the sole key city in Australia's Northern Territory. There is plenty of Darwin accommodation options such as inexpensive hotels, bed and breakfasts, motels, guesthouses, apartments and others. Majority of hotels in this city could be found in the vicinity of central Darwin. Because the city has fantastic attractions, boredom is not an option here.

Places to See in Darwin

Darwin offers topnotch sites that would truly enchant their visitors. Listed here are a few places that you should remember to visit while you are on your Darwin travel:

1. The Museum and Art Gallery of Darwin. Situated in a lush tropical garden, this museum cum art gallery is actually home to a lot of wonderful and unique displays. One of these exhibits is the frightening reenactment of the intense Cyclone Tracey, which really devastated the city back in 1974. The other equally-good displays or exhibits found in this place include some artworks that are related to the ocean as well as several art pieces from the Aborigines.

2. Aviation Heritage Center. You would be able to find plenty of aviation related memorabilia as well as several artifacts at this heritage center. Be sure to get a good look at a B-52 bomber. There are only two of them that are currently exhibited or found outside the United States. Added things on display here are some military aircraft.

3. Indo-Pacific Marine. You could see exhibits of genuine living coral reefs as well as a vast array of unique marine species such as fish and sharks here at Indo-Pacific Marine. The spot wherein the display is placed is currently in a dilapidating situation, but it is presently being redeveloped to attract more tourists.

4. Mindil Beach. Even before the sun begins to set during the week, especially on Thursdays and Sundays and during summer season, both the locals and tourists of Darwin start to gather together on this particular beach, bringing along their chairs, tables, as well as blankets to simply enjoy the relaxing evening. Several dishes such as Indian, Thai, Chinese, Sri Lankan, Greek, Malaysian, and Portuguese are available for the crowd to partake, and at times, you may be able to actually see some live entertainment to cap off a perfect evening.

5. Darwin Crocodile Farm. This crocodile farm is where you can find more than 8,000 freshwater as well as saltwater crocodiles. If you want to see the crocodiles be fed, you should drop by during the early part of the afternoon. There are also plenty of day tours available that travellers can participate in.

6. Howard Springs. This swimming area is bordered by thriving forests and it is also a brilliant place to have a refreshing swim or just to unwind. Take note, however, that this place can be a little bit crowded during the weekends, but it is still worth your while. All members of your family would be mesmerized by the various species of turtles, fish, and docile wallabies that skim near the springs.

What is the Difference Between Travel Insurance and Trip Insurance?

Many times I have had clients ask me, when should I purchase Trip or Travel Medical Insurance. What's the difference?

There are, of course, major differences that is why they are normally purchased for different reasons. Understand that the Benefit descriptions here are really short so be sure and read the full Benefit information of any plan before you decide that it's the one for you.

Trip Cancellation: When your trip is cancelled due to reasons out of your control.

  • Trip Insurance: Payment is based on the cost of your trip, typically up to $ 20,000
  • Travel Insurance: No Benefit

Trip Interruption: When your trip is cancelled due to reasons out of your control.

  • Trip Insurance: Payment is based on the cost of your trip – usually the amount of your trip
  • Travel Insurance: Pays to return you to your area of ​​principle residence up to some amount, typically $ 5,000

Travel Delay: Lost or stolen passport travel documents, or money medical quarantine natural disaster your injury or illness or that of your travel companion

  • Trip Insurance: Up to $ 500 per insured person
  • Travel Insurance: No Benefit

Baggage and Personal Possessions: Damage to, loss of, or theft of your checked or stored baggage by a common carrier

  • Trip Insurance: Also while stored with your hotel. Typically will pay up to $ 1,000 per person
  • Travel Insurance: Usually pays much less per person maximum

Baggage Delay

  • Trip Insurance: Will pay some amount typically up to $ 100
  • Travel Insurance: No Benefit

Emergency Medical / Dental Expenses

  • Trip Insurance: Up to some specified amount usually something $ 10,000 like
  • Travel Insurance: Up to policy maximum

Emergency Medical Evacuation / Repatriation: Reasonable expenses for evacuation to the nearest adequate medical facility

  • Trip Insurance: Typically up to $ 20,000
  • Travel Insurance: Up to a much higher amount than trip insurance, something $ 500,000 like

Emergency Reunion or Return of Mortal Remains: Will pay for return of dependent child or grandchildren, transportation and lodging for a family member to be at your bedside

  • Trip Ins .: Typically will pay up to $ 3,000
  • Travel Ins .: Will pay typically up to $ 50,000, much higher than trip insurance

Common Carrier AD & D

  • Trip Insurance: Up to some specified amount typically $ 100,000 per person
  • Travel Insurance: Up to some specified amount typically $ 50,000 per person with a maximum of $ 250,000 per family

What does all of this really mean? Well, it looks like the Insurance specifically designed to protect your Trip investment (airline tickets, cruise tickets, hotel costs, etc) is better than Travel Medical Insurance which does not cover any of this.

If you are concerned about your $ 5,000 investment in your vacation this summer you can purchase Trip protection for approx 4% (based on age of 0-49) of the cost. That's $ 200 to protect our investment, not a bad deal.

At the same time if your trip is delayed you have some protection against that too. Really handy for things like Iceland volcanos, earthquakes, airline worker strikes or sudden outbreaks of terror activities in the country you had planned on visiting. For these 3 possibilities, trip cancellation and trip delay protection is well worth the money.

However, remember that Trip Insurance, like all insurance, must be purchased prior to something happening, so it's best to get it quickly after paying for you trip.

Electric Cars Crash the Grid

Is a wave of electric cars going to suddenly crash the grid and cause blackouts?

First of all, the "wave" of new EVs is likely to be more of a ripple, maybe a big ripple.

Secondly, there is no one "grid". There are a number of smaller independent grids, but there is no one comprehensive power grid. So, not to worry, an electric car drawing lots of current from a garage in Toledo will not affect your computer in Boise or Sacramento.

You might have read one of the many recent articles about electric cars overloading and crashing the grid. While this may be true in certain cases, it is interesting that there is no mention of new housing crashing the grid.

The economic downturn is largely linked to a slowdown in new home construction. In fact, there is an almost daily outcry about the slowdown in new housing starts. In fact, housing starts are off by 2/3 or so of housing boom times a few years ago.

However, there was no stream of articles during the housing boom about new houses causing power shortages. In fact, the more houses the better seemed to be the mantra then and now.

New electric cars do not use any more power than a new house. Since there are so many less houses, why can electric cars not just take up the power that all the new houses would have anyway?

There is not too much discussion on this point, probably since the housing market dwarfs the electric vehicle market.

Numbers for the article above are provided in the link below.


Characteristics of Middle School Learners

Middle school learners are qualitatively different than younger learners. Teachers and parents can significantly enhance the learning of students this age by understanding the cognitive and social characteristics of middle school learners. Using the right instructional strategies to maximize the learning advantages and address the learning challenges of middle school learners can make all the difference in their success.

Middle School Cognitive Development

By ages 12, 13, and 14, most students have begun developing the ability to understand symbolic ideas and abstract concepts. According to Piaget's classifications, students will range in development from the concrete operational stage of development to the ability to the formal operational stage. In fact, studies show that brain growth slows down during these years, so cognitive skills of learners may expand at a slower rate; however, refinement of these skills can certainly be reinforced. Generally speaking, most students share the following characteristics:

1. Curious and willing to learn things they consider useful
2. Enjoy solving "real-life" problems
3. Focused on themselves and how they are perceived by their peers
4. Resists adult authority and asserts independence
5. Beginning to think critically

Middle School Social Development

Most middle schoolers experience conflicting values ​​due to their changing roles within their family structure and the increasing influence of peers. Generally speaking, most students share the following characteristics:

1. Need to feel part of a peer group, consisting of boys and girls, and are influenced by peer pressure and conformity to their group
2. Prefer active over passive learning activities that involve working with their peers
3. Need frequent physical activity and movement
4. Need adult support, guidance, and calm direction

Middle School Instructional Strategies

Middle school students are very concerned about the labeling that takes place, when one is identified as a remedial reader. Labels and stereotypes are both externally imposed (by other students and, sometimes their parents) and internally imposed (by the students themselves). Lack of reading ability causes more self-defeating damage to students' self-esteem as students grow older and the academic gap between themselves and good readers widens. Middle school teachers need to be extremely mindful of student self-perceptions and those of their peers. A few talking points may be helpful:

"All students need help in some areas."
"This class is not for dumb students; it's for students who just missed out on some reading skills."
"Unfortunately, some of your past reading instruction was poor; it's not your fault that you have some skills to work on." aka "blame someone else"
"You will learn in this class. If you come to class willing to try everyday, you will significantly improve your reading, I promise."
"You will be able to chart your own progress and see what you are learning in this class."
"You are not in this class forever. As soon as you master your missing skills, you are out."

Woodworking Tips – Furniture Fittings

The usefulness of veneered and melamine-faced chipboard has been revolutionised by the wide range of fittings available for joining it together and for making furniture, such as fitted cupboards and wardrobes.

All the fittings described on this article are sold separately in do-it-yourself shops and by mail order, but the fittings supplied with bought furniture (particularly kitchen units) are identical. Many of the fittings are known as KD (knockdown) because they have the characteristic (unlike conventional woodworking joints) that the furniture can be taken apart once it has been assembled.

Chipboard screws and plugs

Ordinary woodscrews do not take well in chipboard, and special chipboard screws have been developed. Looking more like self-tapping screws than woodscrews. chipboard screws are usually threaded all the way to the head and often have a double thread, which means the screw goes in faster. The screw bites into the chipboard as it is put in to give a good grip. Some larger chipboard screws come with a special drilling jig to make sure the holes to receive them are drilled in the correct place. To cover the normal chipboard screws, special plastic covering plugs are available in white, magnolia or brown, depending on the type of chipboard being used. These cither push into the Pozidriv head of the screw or into a counterbored hole in which the screw is recessed.

To get a stronger connection, a chipboard plug can be used. Some of these work on the same principle as solid-wall fixing (expanding as the screw is driven in) while others are glued into the chipboard; both allow ordinary woodscrews to be used. A hole (typically 8mm in diameter) is drilled in the edge of the chipboard which will receive the screw and the screw is driven into the plug to give a secure fixing. Again, a dowelling or other jig will keep the hole square.

Where the countersunk head of a screw could damage a thin surface, surface or recessed screw cups can be used.

Block joints

These plastic blocks are used for joining two pieces of chipboard at right-angles.

The simplest type the mini-block – has a dowel to locate in one piece and a single screw to secure to the other. This makes for an unobtrusive joint, but not a very strong one.

A better connection is given by the one-piece block joint which is fitted into an internal corner and is simply screwed to the two pieces of chipboard. A neater result is given by a rigid triangular corner joint.

Better still is the two-part (or ‘knockdown’) block joint where one part is screwed to each piece of chipboard and the two joined together by a slotted-head machine screw. This joint has the advantage that it can easily be taken apart but, like the one-piece joint, takes up room inside the cupboard. Block joints generally come in a choice of white or brown colours.

Cam joints

A cam joint is more complicated than a block joint, but is completely unobtrusive once fitted. A nylon dowel is inserted in the edge of one board and is locked by driving a steel pin into it. A large plug is fitted in the other board in a hole drilled by an end mill. The dowel fits into the plug and a cam screw is then turned to lock it in place. Although neat, this type of joint is more difficult to make than other types and is not always very rigid.

Panel connectors

There are two special connectors you can use for joining panels end to end or back to back.

For joining panels end to end (two adjacent lengths of worktop, for example), a panel butt joint connector is used. This fits into a pair of holes drilled in the surface of the two boards to be joined (again using an end mill) and a slot is cut to join the two holes. The connector is positioned and tightened with a spanner, drawing the two boards together.

For joining panels back to back (connecting together two adjacent kitchen cupboards, for example), a cabinet connecting screw is used. This simply fits into a hole drilled through the walls of both cupboards and tightening it will bring them together.


There is a wide selection of other types of hinge available for making your own furniture.

For kitchen cupboards, the most useful type of hinge is probably the adjustable concealed hinge which is fitted into two large holes drilled in the back face of the door and the side of the cupboard. This hole (typically 35mm) has to be made with a special drill bit called an end mill, which drills a flat-bottomed hole. For control on the depth to which it is drilled (which is crucial), the end mill is best used in an electric drill fitted to a vertical drill stand equipped with a depth stop.

Cupboard fixings

When it comes to fitting cupboards in place, there are several different types of fittings which can help.

First there is a variety of catches, including magnetic catches, magnetic touch catches (push to open; push again to close), roller catches and ball catches. If certain types of hinge have been used (and the door is hung properly), no catch is needed at all the hinge will hold il closed.

Hanging wall cupboards can often be a problem if the securing holes (for wall plugs) in the wall have not been made in exactly the correct place. Cabinet suspension fittings and cabinet hanging brackets both allow a degree of adjustment once lilted; the hanging bracket provides the more secure fixing.

An angle plate can also be used for holding cupboards to the wall, but is more commonly used for securing worktops to the sides of base unit kitchen cupboards.

For lightweight cupboards (or wall shelving units), glass plates can be used: these are simply screwed to the back of the cupboard and the surface of the wall, which means the cupboard stands out from the surface of the wall by the thickness of the plate.

At the bottom of kitchen base unit cup¬boards, some kind of foot is necessary to keep the chipboard sides off the floor -particularly important if the chipboard is left unsealed when any water on the floor could damage it. Feet may also be needed to deal with uneven floors, though many kitchen fitters will simply pack the cup¬boards out with slips of hardboard. The simplest type is the metal foot, which is banged into the bottom of the cupboard sides. More sophisticated are the cabinet leveller, the base levelling screw and the adjustable foot, all of which allow for adjustments to be made to allow for discrepancies in the floor surface. As well as feet, there is a range of castors which can be used if the cupboard is to be movable.


Making drawers in the traditional way can be very satisfying, but is hard work and, for a kitchen cupboard, may not be the best solution as all-timber drawers can be difficult to keep clean.

There are various drawer-making kits on the market, which use plastic slotted sections for the two sides and back of the drawer: you add your own front (sometimes attached to a fourth plastic section) and base (typically melamine-faced hard-board, positioned melamine face up).

Making your own drawer like this is fairly simple and involves only cutting the profiles to length, screwing pieces on to the back of the drawer front and slotting the whole thing together. You must double-check that everything is correct before you assemble the drawers (for example, the base is the right way up), because, once assembled, these drawers cannot readily be taken apart.

The drawer slides on simple rectangular plastic runners which are fitted to the sides of the kitchen or other cupboard.

How to Assemble a Tiered Cake

Learning proper tiered cake construction is essential for every cake decorator. If you follow these simple instructions you will be making perfectly stacked cakes in no time. If you are making a fondant covered cake, make sure to cover your tiers prior to stacking them.

To construct a tiered cake you will need to following materials:

* Dowels (wooden or plastic)
* 1 Cake drum (leave 2 "extra on each side of your cake) ie For an 8" cake, get a 12 "cake drum
* Cake boards covered in fanci foil
* Buttercream or Royal Icing
* Spatula

The first thing you want to do is measure your dowels. To do this you will need to insert one dowel into your bottom cake tier and mark where the cake top ends. Pull the dowel out and use it to measure the remainder of your dowels. You generally want five or six dowels per tier. Cut all of your dowels with a sharp knife or scissors. If using wood, make sure to get a clean cut to avoid getting wood splinters in your cake. I prefer the plastic dowels. They are much easier to cut and you do not have to worry about the wood splinters. Plastic dowels can even be reused for the most part. Wilton makes excellent plastic dowels and you can find them at your local craft store in the baking aisle.

Now that you have your dowels measured, take your bottom tier and place it on the cake drum using buttercream frosting or royal icing. Take your dowels that you cut and insert them into the cake in a circular pattern. Make sure to space them evenly to disperse the weight of the next tier. Also remember to place the dowels far enough away from the edges of the cake or you will see them.

To stack your top tier, place a dollop of buttercream frosting or royal icing in the center of the bottom tier. Using a spatula on one side and your hand on the other, lift your top tier and place it on top of the bottom tier starting with the side you are lifting with your hand. Slowly lower the top tier with your spatula and then remove the spatula when you lower your cake.

You now have a stacked cake!

Bodybuilding With Trifecta Stack

I've been curious about what exactly the captivation with muscle development may very well be in accordance with nutritional supplements designed to assist in muscle building. I've ultimately discovered a solution which I believe perhaps someone that is not really into the actual six-pack appearance can easily recognize the value of. The merchandise I investigated at which drove this aspect home in my opinion was in fact Trifecta Stack.

Trifecta Stack includes an enormous range of warnings attached to it.You will find the traditional caution to protect against women that are pregnant using this, in addition the elderly as well as any individual under eighteen are encouraged to refrain from it.

What really tells you that this is serious stuff would be the notice to never take Trifecta Stack in the event you have any kind of health-related ailment or are on prescription medication. The Food and drug administration may possibly not have analyzed this supplement, but nonetheless the manufacturer absolutely does not want anyone to abuse their product.

The producer of the Trifecta Stack stresses that the item has to be consumed in combination together with a specific diet program and a rigorous workout routine. In the event that you choose to gain the benefits of the Trifecta Stack in order to achieve your potential, you will need to devote yourself to this undertaking.

Let us say you shattered your lower leg and you are just now allowed to exercise your leg again. Depending on the exercise related injury you might have been laying around for several weeks. This is the ideal opportunity to speed up the conditioning with this magnificent supplement.

Considering your physician has placed you on an training program anyway and a healthy and balanced diet plan can not hurt, if you are off any other additional medicines, the Trifecta Stack can certainly enable you restore your strength, attain muscle size and get rid of some of that excess fat that amassed while you were stuck lying around in bed. I am a strong believer in trying products and solutions when it is safe and sound to do so and the conceivable advantages undoubtedly outweigh the potential problems.

Article Written By J. Foley

2010 Trends in Economic Development

One of the biggest challenges of economic development is getting jobs into the area, and since we are in a jobless recovery, and the stimulus package whereas, it might have helped a little bit, it certainly is not providing very many jobs. Some economic development associations in some areas are trying to provide jobs in the alternative energy sector, or in green technologies, but none of that is moving very fast right now. Many believe things will not accelerate in that area until after 2015.

Most regions want to have clean industries. They do not want to have dirty manufacturing smokestack or polluting type industries. Most all of those major industries have moved to China anyway, where labor is cheaper and environmental controls are lax. All these trends right now in economic development should be expected to continue.

Before the big economic collapse in late 2008, many economic teams were trying to bring people back into the city and do downtown revitalization projects. However, with fewer people working, and the retail sector getting hammered, many of the restaurants, movie theaters, and downtown retail spaces now have “for lease” signs inside rather than any businesses that are providing jobs, or a significant tax base revenue for the local cities to continue.

Many enterprise zones or areas where the money taken in tax revenue was going back to the same area to promote economic development have failed. One of the biggest ones was on the North-side of the Las Vegas Strip, where things were going along good, and there was construction of new casinos, hotels, restaurants, entertainment facilities, and businesses. The entire project collapsed, and all the buildings stopped dead in its tracks; everyone was laid off.

One of the biggest problems now is local community banks are worried about their liquidity issues, and they don’t dare loan too much money for fear they might be closed or taken over. Until the commercial credit markets loosen up, and until we deal with the commercial real estate issues in our nation, economic development will be difficult, but not entirely impossible.

In 2010 you will see more attempt to unite the community and get the community involved, encouraging local citizens to participate and come out and support local businesses. You will also see more by local programs trying to make the situation better.

You will also see a lot more marketing and branding going on than usual. Because right now until commercial credit markets unfreeze, the only thing they can do that would be positive is to get the community involved supporting the local businesses and projects. I hope you will please consider this.

Joan of Arc – French Patriot and Martyr

St Joan of Arc (c. 1412-1431), also known as the Maid of Orleans, was a French patriot and martyr who challenged the English military ascendancy in France during the Hundred Years’ War.

Born into a peasant family in Domremy, France, Joan at the age of 13 or 14 began to hear the voices of St Michael, St Catherine and St Margaret, telling her to rescue France from English domination in the Hundred Years’ War that was then raging and to free the French city of Orleans from the English who then besieging it.

She was taken to see the Dauphin (the eldest son of the King of France and the direct heir to the throne) Charles, who was to be the future King Charles VII of France, in the castle of Chinon in the Loire Valley. Charles was initially sceptical and had Joan examined by a group of theologians and clergy in Poitiers, who became convinced of Joan’s sincerity and orthodoxy.

Charles then sent Joan with a small force to Orleans, where she joined the French army that was opposing the English forces. Wearing a suit of white armor and flying her own standard, Joan led a number of successful assaults against the English. By May 8, 1429, she forced the English to raise their siege and depart.

Joan now called for Charles the Dauphin to be crowned in Reims Cathedral, a move that she believed would give Charles more authority and would return a sense of national unity to the downtrodden, war weary French people.

Joan accompanied Charles and an army of 12,000 through English-held territory, with the French army clearing the territory of the English to make way for Charles and his party. Charles was then crowned in Reims Cathedral on July 17, 1429 as King Charles VII of France.

In April 1430 Joan and a small group of soldiers went to Compiegne, which was then under siege by the Burgundians, but on May 25 was captured and sold to the English by John of Luxemburg for 10,000 crowns. The English were very pleased to have Joan in their hands as she was becoming an impediment to their military advances in France.

Unfortunately for Joan, after her capture Charles VII made no attempt to negotiate with her captors or to offer a ransom payment.

In January 1431 she was put on trial in an English-constituted court in Rouen. She was originally charged with witchcraft and heresy; however, the trial itself was just for heresy and, moreover, was conducted with various irregularities.

Joan was found guilty and was burnt at the stake in Rouen’s Old Market on May 30, 1431.

Twenty five years after her trial and execution, Pope Callistus III set a formal retrial (known as a Trial of Rehabilitation). The result was that Joan’s 1431 trial was declared irregular – that is, Joan was exonerated by the Church. (Some commentators have suggested that this development was simply to strength the validity of Charles VII’s coronation in the face of any challenges.)

Joan was canonized in 1920. She is now known as Saint Joan of Arc.

St Joan of Arc remains a French national heroine. Certainly, her actions did block the English advance south of the Loire in her time and her military victories and the coronation she promoted gave the French new strength in the Hundred Years’ War while demoralizing their English foes.

But the meaning of Joan’s life and death goes beyond this and are have been explored by many historians and writers of literature over the years, including by the dramatists Schiller, Shaw, Peguy and Brecht.

Bowtech Invasion CPX Review

One of the benefits of being in the hunting industry is testing out new equipment ever year and one of my new favorites is Bowtech’s New Invasion CPX. After shooting Bowtech’s Destroyer 350 last year and loving the overall balance and speed of the bow I wasn’t exactly sure that I wanted to switch bows for the season, but that was before I was able to shoot the Invasion for the first time.

Every manufacture clams that there bow is the fastest, smoothest and most accurate and what I have always found is that there are trade offs that you must inherently except. For Speed you must except more hand shock and a bow that is more “touchy” to shoot. For overall shoot ability you must sacrifice speed and so on. For most of us it is finding the bow that meets are needs and shooting preferences the best and I still believe that a person should bow that feels the best to them overall.

But I believe that the Invasion may be the best balance between speed and shootablity of any bow I have ever held. With an IBO of 343fps the invasion is blazing fast, but the real shock when you shoot the Invasion for the first time. There is a total absence of almost any hand shock. With almost no hand shock The invasion is a joy to shoot but the real fun starts as soon as you realize how accurate this bow is. Within minutes of sighting in my Spot Hogg I was breaking tees at 20 yards and my down range groups even out to 70 yards were unreal.

Now after spending an entire season behind the Invasion and my Colorado deer season is behind me I can only continue to say great things about this bow. When fully set up with Easton Flatline 400’s and 100 broadheads is was still cranking out arrows at 322 fps (29in draw”) turning my 20 yard pin into an anything under 35 yard pin. You may not believe that speed is that important in a hunting bow but out west where shots happen fast and you may not always be able to use your range finder the super flat trajectory of the Invasion gives you a lot of forgiveness in judging yardages. Turning missed or marginal shots into successful hunts.

I don’t know what Bowtech will be able to come out with next year but it is going to be hard to switch from my CPX.

For more information on the CPX or other great hunting products visit us at Gannett Ridge Hunting Equipment

How to Effectively Install Your New Rainwater Drainage System

The good news is that installing a rainwater drainage system is a relatively easy project, especially if you have some DIY knowledge around the home. Ideally you will get someone to give you a hand, this will speed up the installation process and help you get the correct lines to ensure the water flows properly and eliminate the risk of leaks or overflowing in the future.

One of the biggest problems for homeowners these days is issues with their rainwater drainage systems. Once installed it is imperative that you get up on a ladder on a semi-regular basis, removing leaves and debris to allow the water to flow freely at all times.

Installation is a detailed process and the steps need to be followed to ensure the rainwater drainage system is installed correctly and effectively to provide years of use and eliminate the need of replacement in a short period of time.

The first step to the installation process is the positioning of the drain. This is probably the most complex part of the process, but once you have identified this, the rest is quick and easy and you can complete the project in one day with ease.

You will want to run the plumb line for the gutter outlet, this can be one once you have identified the positioning of the drain. Ensure the fascia is level before you continue, this will save you energy and time as you continue through the process. Carrying on at this point without confirming the fascia is level may result in you having to undo all your hard work and start from scratch, the last thing anyone wants to go through in any DIY project.

The next step is to start at the furthermost end and fit the support bracket for your rainwater drainage system. With the bracket secured in place, place the pipe in the bracket to ensure you have it at the correct level. From here you will need to remove the pipe and then fit the next bracket approximately one metre away. You will want to continue with this process until you reach the final bracket, where you need to fit a stop end.

You are half way to installation your new rainwater drainage system. Slip the pipe into the brackets. This is where two people come in handy to make this process a little easier. The good news is that rainwater drainage systems are often made of plastic, which is very lightweight and easy to lift and manoeuvre as needed.

Now you will want to fit a pipe clip to the bottom and then work two metres apart, working your way up to the drainage system. Once this is completed, you can insert the pipe and ensure it is held tightly and securely in place, reducing the risk of it coming loose or falling out when the first heavy rain of the season hits.

The final step of the installation process is that once all your adhesives have dried you will want to perform a test. The best way to achieve this is to stand at one end and open up the host pipe, allowing a strong volume of water to flow down the rainwater drainage system. You want to check for leaks and ensure a good water flow. If all is in order, then you have completed the project successfully. Leaks can be fixed with some silicone to seal the area and ensure that the leak is eliminated.

Draining an RV Water System

When you return from a trip and you’re not going to use the RV for a while you need to drain the entire water system to prevent it from getting stale and musty. You can start by draining the water heater. Go to the outside compartment where the water heater is located. The drain plug, or petcock is located in the bottom left hand corner. Remove the plug and open the pressure relief valve on top of the water heater to assist in draining.

Caution: Never drain the water heater when it’s hot or under pressure.

Next you need to locate the low point water line drains. It may take a while to find them, but I assure you they are there. There will be one for the hot and one for the cold water lines. This is the lowest point in the water system. Open these and let the water drain out. There’s one more thing left to do, find the drain for the fresh water holding tank and drain all of the water from it.

At this point you can turn the water pump on for a moment to force any remaining water out. Do not let the pump continue to run once the water stops draining. Close all the drains. Now, do not make the mistake that this is how you winterize the RV water system. If you do, it can be a very costly mistake next spring. All we have accomplished so far was to evacuate the majority of water from the system. If by accident you forget to drain the water system and you get that notorious stale odor all is not lost. You just need to sanitize the water system.

Start by draining all of the old water out, and then close all of the drains. Take a quarter cup of house hold bleach for every fifteen gallons of water that your fresh water tank holds. Mix the bleach, with water, into a one-gallon container and pour it into the fresh water holding tank. Fill the fresh water tank completely full of water. Turn the water pump on, open all of the hot and cold faucets and run the water until you smell the bleach at each faucet. Close the faucets and let it sit for about twelve hours. Drain the entire system and re-fill the fresh water tank with potable water. Open all of the faucets and run the water until you no longer smell any bleach. It may be necessary to repeat this process again to eliminate all signs of bleach from the water system.

Once this is done it is safe to use your water system. It’s also a good idea to use a water filter at campgrounds and to keep bottled water on hand for drinking.

Happy Camping,


Copyright 2006 by Mark J. Polk owner of RV Education 101

What Makes the Best Cordless Drill?

There are several different vectors on which to evaluate cordless drills. This is one of the reasons why it is difficult to decide which drill is the best cordless drill. Let's start with the most basic thing:

Build Quality

By "build quality" I mean whether the components of the drill hold up well over time and use. If the drill does not have a quality electric motor it may "burn up" when you use it for an extended period. Likewise the clutch, which allows the drill to provide varying levels of torque, may start to slip or just break completely. There are also some switches on a drill and you do not want these to wear out.

You may be able to determine the build quality of a drill (to some degree) by holding it in your hands. Things that "look cheap" usually are. But I believe the best way to determine the build quality is to read through several reviews online. Build quality is something that reveals itself over time and because of the Internet you can leverage other people's experience. The second factor in finding the best cordless drill is the:


Generally the battery accounts for a significant amount of the weight of a cordless drill. The newest battery technology is the lithium-ion battery. They store the most charge in the least amount of weight and so can contribute to a lighter drill or a drill that runs longer. The other technologies are NiMH (nickel metal hydride) or NiCd (nickel cadmium).

One thing you need to know about NiMH batteries are that they lose their charge over time when not in use. You can expect them to lose about 30% in a month. Neither NiCd nor lithium-ion batteries have this problem. But if you do not plan on leaving your drill on the shelf for weeks and then using it without charging it, this should not be a problem. Other than self-discharge, NiMH batteries are ideal for cordless drills due to their low internal resistance. Lithium-ion is better in the weight to power category, which is important, but they are also more expensive, so you'll have to decide whether the extra power or missing weight is worth the cost. The last aspect I will address is:


The best cordless drill will have to have at least the features we've come to expect, but not all of the "bells and whistles," especially if you do not need them. We've all come to expect a keyless chuck, which allows you to change bits with only your hands, without an extra tool. The best cordless drill needs to have a keyless chuck and one that works well, not allowing the bit to slip.

One nice feature is a clutch. A clutch allows you to set a maximum torque for your drill so you do not over-tighten screws and strip them. We expect most drills to have a clutch. Another nice feature is having more than one speed. This allows you to use the drill with either high speed and low torque or less speed and higher torque, which makes the drill more versatile.

Another nice thing we've started seeing in some newer drills is a built-in LED light. This comes in quite handy when you're working in low light. But it's not a must have. You'll also see a lot of cordless drill kits with two batteries. If you use the drill for more than just casual use, you'll want two batteries so you can keep working while the other battery is charging.

Useful Information on Advantages of Wood Fences

Wood fencing has gained prominence in most parts of the world due to its durability and usefulness. This enclosure guarantees the solitude you want depending on the tallness and style of installation. Some communities prescribe maximum heights so you have to comply with this requirement. The main upside of wood fencing is suitability with almost all forms of house designs. Furthermore, said barrier can adapt easily to multiple weather conditions. It can also be built in level grounds as well as graded landscapes. You can make use of creativity in terms of design.

Popularity of this fencing style continues to increase. One possible material is hardwood which is said to be the original material for traditional enclosures. You should be aware that hardwood suppliers frequently run out of stocks because of limited timber supplies. The source is inadequate so prices fluctuate most of the time. One downside of wood fencing is vulnerability to pests. The positive side is the material's solidity due to less water absorption. Wooden posts can be erected several meters apart.

Then again, pine is also a natural resource but inventory is more sufficient compared to other varieties. Pine is also treated with certain arsenic chemicals to deal with pest issues effectively. There is a specific category which is ideal for ground contact. The only problem is that pine timber has the propensity to dry out after installation. This leads to possible warping or shrinking. You can also expect a certain amount of yellowing after less than one year.

There are three basic designs for these barriers. One is the ordinary pattern. Another is the segmented panels which can reach out up to 15 millimeters to hide the gaps which usually come out after shrinking occurs. The lap and cap is similar to the lapped version although the capping runs along the fence top. It serves as protection against the end particles of paling. One of the newest trends today is to install timber fencing with parallel boards. The wood can be made from pine or hardwood. The modern fence style can be left as natural, painted or stained.

Keep in mind that the treatment option involving copper chrome arsenic is said to be harmful. Nevertheless, the effects have not been proven so there is no truth that it has been banned for fencing purposes. You can consult with reputable contractors for more useful tips about wood fences.

3 Great Winter Woodworking Ideas

With the weather turning cold and outside activities cut to a minimum now is a perfect time to start working on a home project that you can do in your garage or basement. If you have been wanting to start a home project and just need a few good woodworking ideas for inspiration here are three you might want to try. These are woodworking projects that you can build at home in an afternoon or a weekend that are relatively simple and low-cost.

Chests and storage boxes can be a simple and fun project to try. Depending on the design, you can build a chest or box fairly easily. It's basically four sides a bottom and a top. The sides and bottom can be put together with the various types of woodworking joints such as the butt joint, miter joint or lap joint then fastened together with glue, screws or nails. The type of wood you want to use can range from softwoods like pine or hardwoods like oak to cabinet grade plywood. Plywood is a good choice, it is relatively inexpensive and does not warp or cup like lumber. A toy box for your kid's room or a blanket chest are just a few you may want to consider.

Adirondack Chairs are another easy project that you may want to try. The Adirondack chair is a fairly simple design and relatively easy to build. With Just a few basic tools and a good set of plans you can build a set of these chairs in an afternoon. This outdoor chair should be built with lumber that is resistant to rot and insects. cedar, cypress or pine are some of the more popular lumber used for the Adirondack Chair. Pressure treated pine is an economical lumber choice for this outdoor chair. It can be sanded smooth to be splinter free and holds up well for many years in harsh outdoor weather conditions.

Building a desk is a great woodworking idea that can add functionality to any space in your home. A simple desk design can usually be completed in a weekend from start to finish. One of the easier desks to build is a computer desk. The simple computer desk does not use drawers and has an elevated top shelf above the main desk top for the monitor and additional storage. This desk can be built from cabinet grade plywood and 2×4 lumber some designs even have the main top slightly angled for a more ergonomic design. It can either be painted or stained to suit your taste or room decor. To ensure that you get the best possible result be sure to get a good set of computer desk plans before you start. There are many computer desk plans available online, you might even find some free plans that suit your needs.