Board Games For Kids

Board games for kids are very much popular among kids of all ages. In fact these games can be played by people of all ages. Every member of the family can participate in these competitions. These competitions require a slight bit of mental alertness and quickness which determines the outcome of the game. People of all ages participate in these Board games for kids with their children for fun. Board games for kids have been present for ages and are liked by people from all sects of the society. A perfect example for a board game is Chess. This game has gained international society status because of the intensive strategy's present in the game. Chess has gained international status and is perfect board games for kids.

There are some more games such as chess, shogi, oware, xiangqi, go, etc which have been regarded as classics for centuries and are widely played among the masses. These games have intense strategic value and are widely played and adored world over. Some more board games for kids are Monopoly, risk, life, clue, etc. These games have been popular as board games for kids because of the real life stimulation. For example Monopoly is popular because it stimulates the Real Estate market such as buying and selling. Clue stimulates a murder mystery so your kid can temporarily become a cop eliminating the bad from the society. Risk board game stimulates warfare which involves strategy and thinking to the core. Life stimulates major life decisions and milestones, this board game is particular important if you want to make your kid adaptable to the changes and thinking of the society right from an early age. This game imparts the qualities which gives him a long term edge among his generation of kids.

The classical works of eminent people such as Adriaan de Groot, William Chase, and Herbert Simon have said that knowledge is important in winning a board game such as Chess etc than the ability to anticipate moves. Board games for kids make them socialize because these games become interesting if played by more than two players. These games generally require more than one player. Chess, etc require only two players and these rules change according to the game you select.

Board games are far better than video games. These games impart knowledge and stimulation which makes it closer to reality than those countless video games. There are competitions for some of the board games.

Catio Designs – Build Cat Enclosure Access With This in Mind

Once you have joined the many pet owners opting to build outdoor cat enclosures also coined catios for their pets; you will want to consider the different access points to your cat run. Here are a few ideas about entrance points for your catio cat enclosure plans before you go out and start buying materials.

You will want to have comfortable access to your catio to be able to add accessories, spend time with your pets as well as keep it clean. Your cats however would like nothing more than to have their own access panels if your structure is attached to your house side or window. If your porch has two doors to the back yard you can place the enclosure adjacent to my back porch. The porch has two doors to the back yard. In effect, the enclosure encompassed one of those doors so I could walk directly form the porch into the enclosure

For your own access you will probably use a screen door kit made of either wood or aluminium. Keep in mind that you will need to install galvanized chicken wire over any screen on the door, as the cats will claw through regular bug screens. Alternately if you live in an urban area regular netting will suffice.

Depending on the materials and budget available to you, your porch door can be made or wood or metal (aluminum). Wood is easier to attach the netting over the bug screen with staples. Aluminum can be more difficult to handle and is harder to attach chicken wire over your bug netting. would require some creative thinking as you MUST cover the bug screen with chicken wire.

You will need to get the door before you build your outdoor cat enclosure frame. They are usually 32 to 36 inches wide and approximately 80 inches tall and can be purchased as a kit at most hardware stores.

If your catio is designed to hang outside the house adjacent to a window you may consider including an entrance flap for your feline that will still be large enough to allow you cleaning access. Cats love to go through small doors and are naturally curious so you will need to ensure the flap attaches safely from your indoor structure to their new cat condo. For this purpose you can use a clear flexible door that attaches to a window door frame.

In short you may want to consider your catio design elements before you start to build outdoor cat enclosures to ensure your cat run is the the feline plaza they deserve.

Where to Find a Cheap Roofing Contractor

Some of us may find a foggy, rainy night romantic, but when the rain starts to drip into your living room it's a great way to darken any mood. Of course, there are other signs that a new roof is needed for your room that you may spot before it completely caves in – you may sense your home is working harder to heat or cool the space, or perhaps you've had your home for close to fifteen years without a replacement or inspection. Roofs only last so long, so if too much time has passed you should look into getting a new one.

If you are concerned about the budget for a new roof, you will definitely want to shop for an affordable contractor. One that specializes solely in roofing and replacement may offer you a better deal on a new roof as opposed to a general contractor that offers a variety of services. There is also the advantage, too, that a roofer with this one concentration may have better skills in giving you what you need. Finding a roofer could prove a chore, but there are ways to research the best of the best so your home is protected.

1) Angie's List. This online home improvement hub offers quality consumer opinions of local services. If you have questions about a specific roofing contractor, you can search Angie's List and see what previous customers have to say about his / her work. One advantage Angie's List claims is that all reviews are thoroughly vetted, and offered by actual homeowners rather than people stumping for the respective companies. You may be able to find somebody through this resource.

2) Personal referrals. If you happen to know of a homeowner who recently had his roof replaced, get a recommendation. If possible, ask to see the handiwork to get a feel for the replacement, and learn about the roofer's work habits. How long does it take to replace a roof, and will their work interrupt your daily routine? Learn everything you can before you make a decision.

3) Social referrals. If you're savvy with social media, put out a call for roofing contact via Facebook or Twitter and see what locals have to say about specific contractors. It's possible you may have a roofer contact you directly and offer you a deal.

Once you do find a good roofer to replace your roof, be mindful of the schedule and cost and make sure he / she does a good job. A roof is something you may replace every fifteen years or so, and you want it done right the first time.

One Sheet Covers it ALL

How would a consultant use a one-sheet?

A one-sheet can serve many purposes whether you are consulting, or promoting an item. This document contains a quick synopsis of the organization and what the company can do for the client.

The one-sheet is also called a sell sheet because it is a summary of the services and benefits of buying your services. The words used must be precise and to the point without all the fluff of other types of documents.

Here are the steps in preparing a good one sheet:

Step one – place your photo or a photo that represents your organization. People relate to photos so make sure yours is on this document. Remember companies do not buy, individuals buy. Also create a unique title for the one-sheet.

Step two – introduce your consulting firm but be brief and keep it to one or two sentences. This should only take up 10 – 15% of the page.

Step three – create a short paragraph describing the services you offer, this is where you tell the reader how your services will benefit them. This will take up 10 – 15% of the page as well.

Step four – add some endorsements, let others sell for you but do not overdo the number of endorsements, keep it to two or three. Try and keep this to 20 – 30% of the page – third party endorsements actually say more about you that giving your bio.

Step five – talk about some standard or common services you provide. Keep this to one or two sentences. You want to make your audience aware of their need and most importantly about why they WANT them. Buying, after all, is an emotional decision and is usually a want that gets the sale. Add another 20 – 30% of the document here.

Step six – include a reason to contact you such as a free white paper plus make sure you have all your contact information including your email and website address. This should be the last 10 – 20% of the document.

When you put all of this information together, you will have a well balanced document you can hand out to prospective clients, send to the media if you are issuing a press release, or use it for working with people who can refer you to others. The one-sheet should be used in place of a brochure when attending leads exchange groups as it is more precise and gives all the information needed to recommend your services.

Surviving a Divorce Financially

In most marriages that are headed towards divorce, there are usually warnings that both people recognise. These serve as early warnings and can help prepare them for what’s to come. At other times one spouse may come out of the blue with their announcement of divorce wishes. Whether it is a process that is planned ahead of time by both parties, or it is an unexpected event, here are some key points to think about when going through a divorce:

Really think it over. In today’s society when more than half of all marriages end in divorce it’s easy to think of it as a quick fix. But it’s a painful process to go through and not to be considered lightly. See if you can work things out through counseling or talking it over.

Don’t get emotional about finances. Some couples try to get one over on the other during a divorce, either through getting money from the other person or keeping more property. All this does is rack up more legal fees that take away from retirement plans and scholarship funds.

Make a list of assets and liabilities. Get really detailed about how has what and who owes what. It will make things easier during the proceedings when you don’t have to squabble about a detail that was overlooked.

Learn about legal and financial issues. There are many different legal matters that come with a divorce, as well as financial ones that will effect you directly. Be sure to know where you stand at all times.

Get advice. Seek out help carefully. Many people will try to offer their advice from a seemingly similar situation, but no two divorces are exactly alike. You should seek out professional advice in the separate areas of the legal, tax, and financial aspects of getting divorced. Don’t rely on your divorce attorney for tax or financial advice, as they might not know any more than you. Also remember that it is not mandatory to get a lawyer when you get divorced.

Check your spending. With your new life you may find that you have more or less income left over after meeting basic expenses. Either way you’ll want to put a hiatus on any big spending during the divorce until you can get a handle on your new cash flow situation.

Check your insurance. Make any necessary changes and if you were covered under your spouses insurance you’ll want to get your own coverage. You’ll also want to update your will.

Step up your retirement plan. It is likely that your long term plans have changed, along with your income and expenses. It’s time to come up with a new retirement plan that reflects these changes. Perhaps you’ll find that you need less money to retire now that you’ll be single again. This might be balanced by a lower disposable income though, so be sure to run all the numbers.

Area Rugs and Flooring – Two Newly Green Giants

Over the years, a debate has taken place in the flooring
industry over the impact its products have on the
environment. In 2003, a group of industry researches and
technical specialists met at the University of North Carolina
to examine the science with regard to the positive or
negative attributes of materials found in products like
carpeting, area rugs and linoleum.

The panel looked at hundreds of studies in relation to how
carpet and non-carpet materials contribute to environmental
quality and whether there's a significant concern with toxic
substances and allergens alleged to have commonly been

The intention of the researchers was to try and settle years
of anecdotal evidence and set an industry standard to help
buyers and sellers of flooring products. A good portion of the
information reviewed came from the Environmental
Protection Agency, the National Health Science Libraries,
and other previously published industry experts.

A review of all of the literature led to one major conclusion:
materials found in flooring "play a significant role to the
quality of life indoors. "It contributes to healthy design
factors, safety, aesthetics, climate control, ergonomics and
physical comfort. When maintained properly, carpeting and
area rugs are not at all risks to public health.

While the group's conclusion was great news for the
industry and the public, it's still necessary to examine
flooring's impact on the whole environment, including the
part played by rugs and flooring made from natural

Decorating Like Darwin: By Natural Selection

With so many types of area rugs available today, it's hard
enough to make a style selection, let alone having to take
health and environmental concerns into account. Keeping
rugs clean and in good condition will go a long way in
alleviating any concerns. Area rugs do have material
differences, though. Here's a quick look at natural fiber rugs
and other natural flooring:


Water, water everywhere, so keep it away from wool. Water
is one of the biggest enemies of wool rugs. Wool, popular in
Rugs Oriental , has a high moisture regain and is
susceptible to microorganism attack. That may sound like
the bad plot to a Hollywood horror film or an episode of Fear
Factor. Nevertheless, keep something that requires water,
like potted plants, off of wool rugs.

Water aside, wool's long, coarse fibers have the ability to
maintain indoor air quality and, unlike synthetic fibers, can
absorb indoor contaminants. Since discarded carpet
accounts for a tremendous amount of waste – 4.7 billion
pounds in 2002 according to the EPA – any rug that lasts
longer, like a hand-knotted wool rug, is going to get the seal
of approval from the Green Party.


Once used primarily as carpet backing, Jute has made it to
the big time. As a full-fledged member of the area rug and
carpet family, Jute, which ranges from light tans to browns,
is one of the finest and softest of natural floor covering

Composed mainly of plant materials, Jute is a rainy season
crop that grows best in warm, humid climates like parts of
China and India. While it may grow in rainy weather, the Jute
rug will not stand up to areas with high moisture levels. Unlike
wool, jute is resistant to microorganisms, but the material
will in fact deteriorate rapidly when exposed to moisture.


Gilligan's Island no longer corners the market on bamboo
flooring. You do not need to live in a hut to use this material.

Bamboo, which is also a trend in cutting boards and
hardwood floors, has become a popular option for area
rugs. And its environmental friendliness is obvious. No
trees to cut down, no waste. Bamboo is technically a grass,
and moreover a highly renewable resource. Maturing in less
than six years, bamboo is harvested over and over from the
same plants. Its strength combined with a natural beauty
can add a contemporary touch to any living space.


Seagrass is not something you may have thought was
illegal. You can not grow it in your backyard, but it does look
great in the house. Created from tropical grass mainly
imported from China, Seagrass, which only comes in a
natural organic green color, is smooth to the touch and
extremely durable and stain resistant.


Sisal is another natural fiber that has recently gained
popularity among designers. The material is derived from a
cactus plant, grown in semi-arid regions liked Brazil and

Sisal is stronger and more durable than other natural fibers,
making its staying power ultra-environment friendly. Water is
not Sisal's friend, either. The rug should never be used in
the bathroom or other moist areas of the house.


Now you may be thinking how a rug is made from cork?
Well, it's not. Cork has been slipped in to this discussion
simply because it can be considered a cousin in the natural
fiber family. Used as durable hardwood-type flooring, the
cork tree is the only one whose bark can regenerate itself
after harvest without damaging the tree or the environment.
The tree is never killed or cut down and can produce bark for
centuries. Furthermore, almost all of its harvested materials
are put to use.

Cork is known for its sound environmental policy, and when
feet hit the floor, it's known for its durability. Cork may seem
elastic when compared to wood, but its "natural memory
ability "and resistance to liquid penetration can make it an
attractive alternative.


This is no joke. Linoleum is back. So break out the disco
ball and platform shoes. Vinyl nearly sent linoleum to the
flooring scrap yard, but just like bell-bottoms, linoleum is
making a comeback. It's contemporary and gets the green
seal. While vinyl is synthetic and petroleum-based, linoleum
is made entirely of natural materials, linseed oil being the
main ingredient.

The resurgence of natural and retro products is behind
linoleum's rebirth. As a natural product, linoleum can be
recycled and is hypoallergenic, which benefits those who
suffer from allergies or asthma. Linoleum also contains
antibacterial properties that help stop the growth of

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Ladders: PROCAT 18ft (5.5m) Sectional Roof Ladder Review

For many homeowners, their list of DIY projects is quite extensive. From mending a fence to interior or exterior painting, the tools and equipment needed for various home repairs can accumulate rather quickly. It sometimes seems that if a piece of DIY equipment, such as a standard ladder, for example, can be pressed into service as a roof ladder, the homeowner might be able to save some money. Using ladders for a purpose for which they were not designed is a risky and dangerous thing to do. If you have extensive roof work to do, both DIY and safety experts recommend that you invest in a quality, special-purpose roofladder rather than engage in a chancy improvisation. Here’s some information about a great roof ladder: the 18ft (5.5m) PROCAT sectional roof ladder.

About the PROCAT 18ft (5.5m) Sectional Roof Ladder

When you’re trying to deploy a roof ladder safely, it’s much easier to do if the ladder is made from lightweight yet strong aluminium, including the heavy duty ridge hook and ridge hook braces. Another important feature of a safe roof ladder is the shape of the stiles. On this PROCAT ladder, the stiles are oval shaped for maximum comfort and gripping ease. The ladder borrows many features from professional ladders, such as its rubber covered bearer bars, which are the parts of the ladder that hold it off the roof. Rubberised bearer bars ensure that the ladder makes good contact with the roof.

Features of the PROCAT 18ft (5.5m) Sectional Roof Ladder

The unique design of this ladder features four sections: the top, 8′ long section contains the hook. The other sections consist of a 4′ extension and two 3′ extensions. Taken together, the separate sections allow you to configure the ladder to your exact needs, while avoiding any problems with the ladder overhanging the roof of your car or van when transporting it. The ladder can be assembled in the following lengths: 8, 11, 12, 15 and 18 feet. The sectional design also makes it quite easy to store the disassembled ladder in a corner of your garage or shed, yet have it ready quickly when needed. To assemble the ladder, simply slot the desired sections together in the desired length. Unlike single section roof ladders, this ladder’s customised configuration makes it much easier and safer to use. Another feature homeowners are bound to appreciate is that they can buy additional sections for the PROCAT ladder to make it even more versatile. The ladder assembles quickly and easily by way of spigot joints that are secured with bolts and wing nuts. Finally, PROCAT ladders are designed and built in the UK for professional roofing contractors, so homeowners can be certain of high performance and superior safety. Expect to pay about £159.00 for this model, but do look for pricing that includes both VAT and free delivery.

Roof ladders are important pieces of DIY gear for homeowners with extensive roofing work to do.

Basic Stair Building Vocabulary

Here are a couple of useful terms that stair builders use in the construction industry. Keep something in mind here, carpenters who work on the East Coast of the United States, often refer to certain types of stair building materials or operations with other words.

What is a stairwell? The stairwell is the opening in the floor where the stairs will pass through from one level to the next one.

What is a staircase landing? The staircase landing is any area that is larger than the treads and is located at different levels of the stairway. Most stairway landings are usually not smaller than 36″ x 36″.

What is a tread? A tread he has the horizontal section of the stairway that most people step on to walk up and down the staircase. Otherwise known as the stair step.

What is a riser? This is the vertical section of the stairway that separates each stair treads.

What is a stringer? The stringer is the structural supporting member that the stair treads and risers attach to. Some carpenters also refer to stair stringers in a stair horses.

What is the minimum stairway width? It depends on the use, but 36 inches is usually the minimum stairway with for most building departments. Always check with them before building.

I hope that this improves your stair building vocabulary and gives you a better idea of the words that carpenters and construction workers use while building stairways or making repairs to them.

I remember back when I thought it was difficult to build certain parts of a home, including the staircase, but with a little help from a few books, websites and of course some of these amazing articles, I have faith that you can learn everything I have and more.

Easy Backlink Building With RSS

Are you building contextual one way back links with your RSS Feed? If you are webmaster and you are already using RSS Feeds to help promote your website, you still may be missing out on one of the most powerful RSS Tips out there. Many people are glad to see the title to their post show up as a link on different sites that display and aggregate various RSS Feeds and this is a nice bonus of RSS and atom site feeds alike. However, there is another way you can be getting a lot more out of every new post you make to you site and get more link juice for absolutely free.

The information I am going to share with you here is usually hidden away in some $100.00 program or is something that you may find a application for sale that will do for you. Instead of trying to separate you and your money, I plan on showing you how easy it is to automatically build back links using your existing RSS Feed. This simple, yet effective RSS tip has changed the way many people think about link building and how they market each and every website they own.

If you decide to implement this powerful RSS trick on your own websites, you will be sure to see the benefit very fast if you are syndicating your feed to many sites. To maximize your efforts, you need to be getting your feed out to as many RSS feed aggregators as possible. The more places you get your RSS feed seen and distributed to, the more free back links your site or blog will receive.

Each site will most likely see different results depending on the infomration you are sharing on your site. If you are sharing about topics that are very popular and are getting many searches, you will see lot more results than if you are sharing about something that does not get a lot of play. Many times it is best to do your keyword research before you choose a topic or title for your content. By choosing good keywords in your title, you willl be sure to get a lot more exposure, the title tags are automatically passed on in your RSS feed as well!

5 Steps To Automate Link Building Using RSS

  1. Make sure your RSS feed is valid, by using an RSS feed validator.
  2. Choose keyword phrases that are valid to your website.
  3. Link directly to deep pages, this is more helpful as far as seo goes, than simply linking to your home page, but you can link it up as well.
  4. Place these links in the very first line of your blog posts.
  5. Syndicate your RSS feed far and wide!

O.K. It sounds pretty simple right?

Of course it does, it is simple. There is nothing magical about this RSS technique, besides the fact that most people do not do this. In effect what you are doing is assuring that your extra (free back link) is in a section of your post that will be guaranteed to be syndicated no matter what site or service picks up your feed.

There are some RSS websites and services that will syndicate your complete post and content, if you feed is setup to distribute the full post. However, most of the RSS distribution services will only show the first few lines or so many characters of your post. If you add the link of your choosing right off the bat, you will assure that it get posted on any site that is using or displaying your feed. Since many of the most popular RSS sites have a high page rank, Google will be sure to love these links.

If you need help finding out how to get your feed out to many RSS feed sites, you can always visit us at RSS 3.0 to get some free advice and RSS tips to do just that.

Hardcore Fury: Top 10 Hardcore Professional Wrestlers

Professional Wrestling has long since been seen as a combination of traditional mat skills with entertainment added. Hardcore wrestling is the exact opposite of this image for its use of brawling, weapons, and even blood. Hardcore wrestling has been seen in many promotions such as ECW, WCW, and CZW. Many wrestlers have adapted to this style and have thrived in it making a career out of these brutal matches.

This article will take a look at the top 10 hardcore wrestlers that have ever stepped into the squared circle and taken a shot from everything from a chair to literally the kitchen sink.

Number 10: Atsushi Onita

Japanese wrestler Atsushi Onita is credited with bringing the hardcore wrestling style to Japan. Once being the world record holder for having the most stitches ever, Onita is not one to shy away from taking part in a brutal bout. As the founder of the now defunct Frontier Martial-Arts Wrestling, Onita has the scars from his many matches in the company. Most of these matches employed the use of barbed wire in place of the ring ropes, which is something not seen any more in the wrestling industry.

Number 9: Raven

Raven is one of the most mysterious characters to have ever stepped into the ring. Raven has seen many hardcore matches over his time in various companies like TNA, and ECW. Raven has shown that he is not afraid to put his body at risk as shown in his Monster’s Ball matches in TNA where he has been slammed into various things like thumbtacks and broken glass. Also, Raven is one of the few hardcore wrestler to be hit with everything, including the kitchen sink as Tommy Dreamer did this while the two feuded in ECW.

Number 8: New Jack

New Jack showed during his career what it meant to be a hardcore wrestler. He was known for never shying away from taking a bump and some of the time getting seriously hurt because of this. Most known for his time ECW, he was involved in some of the most extreme matches to ever happen. The worst injury that came of these matches was when he fell off the scaffold during a match and instead of crashing through the tables that were set up, he instead hit his head into the concert floor blinding him in his right eye and giving him brain damage. Now retired from the ring, New Jack is now a manager on the independent wrestling scene.

Number 7: The Sandman

The Sandman with his signature Singapore cane is one of the wrestlers that embraced the hardcore style and as a result became a five-time ECW World Heavyweight Champion during his tenure in ECW. During his matches in ECW, Sandman was known for repeatedly caning his opponents with his Singapore cane and smashing beer cans against his head. Sandman feuded with many of the big names in ECW like, Tommy Dreamer, Cactus Jack, and Raven and many of these match involved barbed wire, chairs, ladders, and tables as weapons. The Sandman still makes occasional appearances on the independent scene today with still swinging his cane.

Number 6: Sabu `

His nickname says it all “The Homicidal, Suicidal, Genocidal Death-Defying Man” Sabu has made a career of putting his body on the line in hardcore matches. Sabu is the nephew of The Original Sheik, who is seen as one of the wrestlers that created the hardcore style of wrestling. One of his most brutal and bloody matches was with Terry Funk at ECW’s Born to Be Wired event in which the two competed in a barbed wire rope match. This match would see both of them cut severely. Sabu is also known for putting himself and is opponents threw tables on dives from the ropes. Sabu continues to wrestle on the independent scene for various promotions still using his hardcore style.

Number 5: Tommy Dreamer

Know by his nickname “The Innovator of Violence” Tommy Dreamer has shown what the hardcore wrestling style is all about. His most notable matches occurred during his time in ECW. Tommy Dreamer has had some brutal matches with the like of Raven and The Sandman and through the course of his career even broke his back. Even with ECW no longer in existence, Tommy Dreamer still to this day is not afraid to show what made him “The Heart and Soul of ECW’ in the ring.

Number 4: Abdullah the Butcher

Abdullah the Butcher with his trust fork was always willing to be in a bloody all out brawl. Abdullah has the scars to prove how bloody is battles were as his forehead is full of marks where he bladed himself to cause bleeding. Abdullah is known for being one to break rules when not in hardcore matches, he would get shots against any opponent with this fork that he was infamously associated with. Abdullah has since become a semi-retired wrestler and has hinted that he will retire soon.

Number 3: The Original Sheik

The Sheik is considered by many in the industry as one of the originators of the hardcore wrestling style. Like Abdullah the Butcher, The Sheik had a signature illegal weapon that he would use which was a pencil. He would use this to scrape at his opponents forehead and on occasion had his weapon used on him which left scarring on his forehead. His most notable hardcore and deathmatches occurred in Japan’s FMW where one match was a termed a “fire deathmatch” which had flaming barbed wire in place of the ropes. The Sheik has since passed away due to a heart attack, but the hardcore style he used continues to live on through many wrestlers like his nephew Sabu.

Number 2: Terry Funk

Terry Funk is one of the few wrestlers that made a name for himself as a traditional wrestler that made the switch to hardcore wrestling late into his in-ring career. Funk started wrestling in the hardcore style when he came to ECW where many of his matches involved the use of ladders, thumbtacks, and barbed wire. Funk would have a few brutal deathmatches for various Japanese promotions during his time in ECW. Funk has since become a semi-retired wrestler and due to age rarely competes in hardcore matches.

Number 1: Mick Foley

Mick Foley is known under his ring names Cactus Jack, Dude Love, and Mankind has made a career out of putting his body on the line. His most notable injury is having his ear almost completely ripped off during one match. Foley didn’t fit the traditional look of a wrestler during his in-ring career, but his willingness to put his body on the line gained him the respect of his fellow wrestler and the fans. Whether it is him swinging around his barbed wire baseball bat or being thrown off the top of Hell in a Cell, Foley has shown what it means to be a hardcore wrestler.

How is Laminate Floor Made?

If you are researching laminate flooring because you are considering installing one in your own home then you may be wondering how is laminate floor made? The first thing that you should know about the production of laminate flooring is that it is made from 4 basic layers, the wear layer, the patter layer, the core and the balancing layer.

The first layer in a laminate floor plank is the balancing layer. This layer is also sometimes referred to as the bottom layer or the stabilizing layer. Its job is to resist moisture and to stabilize the floor plank.
? The second layer in a laminate floor plank is the core layer. This layer is made up of a high density fiberboard that has been saturated in resin to make the core tough and water resistant.

The third layer in a laminate floor plank is the pattern layer. The pattern layer is a thin paper that has been printed with a specific wood grain and finish. This is what makes the plank look like a hardwood flooring plank.

To protect the pattern paper a clear wear layer is added to the floor plank. The wear layer is made from a melamine resin which is extremely durable. This is the layer that protects that plank from gouges, stains and moisture penetration.

Now that you know the answer to the questions, "how is laminate floor made?" you can now focus your research on other areas. Some of the topics that you may want to research about laminate floors are what to look for in a laminate floor product, how much does it cost, where you can install a laminate floor and who makes laminate flooring.

10 Steps to Floor Sanding

Floor sanding is not really a DIY job. It is in fact a job for the professionals. Anyway just in case you want to know how to sand a wooden floor I will give you a a little guide to sanding and restoring wooden flooring.

First of all you will need to use a belt floor sanding machine with a very coarse 36 grit on to remove all of the old seal and to level the floor. Always sand the floor going with the wood grain or at a 45 degrees angle to the grain.

Next you will need to start the smoothing process by using a 50 grit sanding belt. This will remove the scratches left by the previous 36 grit belt.

Next use a 80 grit sanding belt to remove the scratches left by the 50 grit sanding belt.

Next you will need a rotary sander or a buffer with a 100 grit or 120 grit disk to remove the fine scratches left by the 80 grit sanding belt. The buffer will leave the floor very smooth and prepare the floor for priming.

You will then need to apply a wood flooring base prime to prepare the wood floor for lacquering.

After you have primed the wooden floor you will then need to run the buffer machine over it with a 150 grit disk to remove any raised grain, leaving the floor very smooth.

Hoover the floor to remove all traces of dust and begin to roller on the lacquer of your choice e.g Bona or Junkers.

Next apply the second coat of lacquer after the first coat is dry.

You can then apply a third coat of lacquer if it is a high traffic area to protect the floor more.

You should then try your best to keep the floor free from any grit and dirt to keep the floor looking at its best for a longer period of time.

Floor sanding and restoring wooden flooring can transform a whole room from looking dull and dirty to looking new, fresh and very trendy. Wooden flooring is a very expensive material for flooring when you include the product and the installation cost, so it is therefore very beneficial to sand the floor and restore it as the cost is kept very low. Floor sanding again is a professional job so if you can help it do not try and start a floor on your own as it may end up ruining your beautiful wooden floor.

For more floor sanding info there are many YouTube videos on this subject.

The Lonely Road

The aroma of a truck stop restaurant is curiously comforting. The smell of greasy breakfast food and stale cigarettes blends perfectly with the lively conversation of truckers. An overweight woman sits at a counter stool exchanging "son-of-a-blank" -riddled diatribe with a man in a flannel shirt and a CAT ball cap. A balding man with flush cheeks listens intently as he lights up a third or fourth Marlboro light, awaiting the next opportunity to heave a mighty guffaw. Teasing insults flow as easily as genuine kindness among truckers, and most are grateful for a few moments of story swapping and interaction among peers.

Loneliness is usually the immediate response to what makes life as a trucker difficult. While a scenario similar to the previous one can still be found in truck stops, they are becoming increasingly rare.

Truck stops were once the hub of a trucker's business and social network. In the days before cell phones and Qual-Comms, truckers contacted dispatch on a pay phone in the driver's lounge, or simply hung out until it was time to go down the road again. In this environment, business contacts were made, stories were shared, and friendships were developed.

Today, truckers are losing the time to interact with other drivers in the social atmosphere that used to be a staple of the industry. With cell phones, text messaging, refrigerators and microwaves in the trucks, and the gradual disappearance of "Mom & Pop" truck stops, drivers often have limited time to socialize. With the ever-changing Hours of Service rules and expectations of faster deliveries, time management usually wins out over social activity.

Over the road trucking is unlike any other lifestyle. On any given day, it can be the greatest job on earth, and the next day, cracking yourself in the head with a sledgehammer seems a viable alternative. It is often an emotional roller-coaster ride that spawns the desire for simple human interaction. Few other jobs entail as much private thought as trucking. Each day holds between eight and eleven hours of solitary confinement.

The solitary life of a trucker is hard enough for a single man or woman, but it becomes an even greater challenge for someone with a family. Not surprisingly, the divorce rate among truckers is much higher than the national average. In an article by Kevin Bates in the Topeka Capital-Journal, truck driver Dale Hutchens states:

"You gotta be some sort of a nomad, a loner, to do this job. We all want to be around our families, especially during the holidays, but that's the life I chose."

While many people were at home with family, opening gifts beneath the Christmas tree, Hutchens ate lunch at Roost Family Restaurant, a Topeka truck stop, and prepared for a northward trip.
"It's a way of life," says Hutchens, "you either accept it or you do not."

Hutchens still visits his Grandmother when he travels to the east. This make holidays on the road more bearable, but he still has a lot of time to think about his nine year-old daughter, Megan.

"I saw her a little bit yesterday, but I'm not going to be able to see her today. I gave her some Lego sets. I think about her constantly."

For Hutchens, and most other long-haul truckers, driving is a lifelong marriage to the road.

For me, the solitude of the road provides a mixed blessing. Observing a quiet and peaceful West Virginia sunrise while Kitty sleeps in the passenger's seat has a way of making me feel at one with the universe. At other times, I sorely miss the interaction and gossip among co-workers in a "normal" job. The road is a mixture of excitement, serenity, loneliness, and stress. As long-haul truckers, the best we can do is to try and make a home for ourselves on the road.

Most truckers use cell phones to stay in contact with family and friends. Internet broadband services are also available for Internet access. A driver can join mailing lists, chat groups, and develop cyber-friendships. It also helps to bring things from home to make the rig feel closer to home. Familiar music and photos, and a refrigerator stocked with some favorite foods from home offer a consoling diversion. It is also fun to snap pictures on a digital camera and send them to family and friends, allowing them to share in some of your adventures. Web cam and A a <br> free video chat service like Http:// EVEN Allows a driver more personal interaction with family. Some drivers even take online classes on the road. While the rigors of road life would make it extremely difficult to devote proper time and study to a college-level course, I firmly believe that if a person wants something badly enough, they will find a way to make it happen. If all else fails, a driver might consider teaming. Teaming has many pros and cons, but it might be an option worth considering for drivers whom loneliness proves too heavy a cross to bear.

Finally, a pet can be an indispensable companion on the road. For me, Kitty is my Rock of Gibraltar against loneliness. Unfortunately, more companies are eliminating (or already have eliminated) pet policies for company drivers. However, many companies still allow drivers to bring along a furry friend.

I often talk to Kitty almost as if she were human. Sometimes she responds vocally and, at others, my words are met with a blank stare. Most often, I am simply ignored but, on special occasions, Kitty makes her opinion known by licking her butt. Whatever her response, I can not imagine being on the road without my loyal cat.

Kitty came into my life almost thirteen years ago. As an abandoned and dying stray kitten, I paid the vet to nurse her back to health and then claimed her as my own. Kitty has remained with me through job loss, the death of a loved one, relocation, breakups, career change, and many other trying times. Through it all, she has never expected anything but food and love. Her rotund paunch proves that she gets plenty of the former, and my commitment to my loyal pet gives her plenty of the latter. As long as Kitty is with me, I'll never work for a trucking company with a "No Pets" policy.

Kitty has even offered subtle life lessons on dealing with loneliness on the road. On a beautiful Saturday morning in Tulsa, I watched as Kitty hung her head out the window and sniffed the morning air. The worries and stresses of daily mundane existence shortly evaporated as I watched the twitching nose of a small animal soak in the aroma of life. Loneliness was the farthest thing from my mind as I digested the simple and profound lesson that Kitty taught.

What Will A New Roof Cost?

Cost is one of the major concerns for homeowners who need a new roof. In roofing set prices do not exist because every roof is different. In fact a new roof is a custom made, one of a kind product. To make the matter more difficult there are different types of contractors involved. There are the fly by night low ball contractors to the quality roofing contractor. With a quality contractor, the cost might be more, but you can rest easy knowing you are getting a superior product. Although I can not answer the question specifically, I can give some general price ranges. I can also describe the factors that influence the cost of a new roof. Hopefully this can help you to better understand the cost when you receive a proposal.

First, here are some general price ranges for a new roof. Most new Flat Roofs generally cost anywhere from $ 1,500 to $ 5,000. Most new Asphalt Shingle Roofs generally can cost anywhere from $ 3,000 to $ 15,000. There is quite a disparity there. Let's describe some of the factors that go into the cost of a new roof.


Size is the number one factor in determining the cost. The bigger the roof the longer the installation will take and the more materials that are needed. But a small roof does not necessarily mean the low end of the cost scale due to our next factor: complexity.


The next factor that can influence the new roof cost is complexity. On a flat roof this is usually not a huge factor. It can be if there are pitch and water run off problems that need to be corrected. Also on a flat roof the old roofing material may need to be removed due to the weight factor. To much weight on a roof is not a good thing and often against building codes. When a tear off of multiple layers is involved it increases man hours, therefore increasing the cost.

When we talk about Asphalt Shingle Roofs, complexity can be a major factor in the cost. Also known as sloped roofs, they have an angle or pitch to them. Sometimes this angle can be too steep for roofers too walk on. When this is the case it takes a great deal of set up and man hours to install the shingles, therefore adding to the cost. A simple sloped roof is a traditional gable or A-frame. But not all roofs are this simple and often include features such as hips, valleys, skylights, walls, and dormers that can add to the complexity of a project. Skilled craftsmen are truly needed here to ensure that everything is installed properly. Needless to say the more features the longer the project will take.

The Materials

The third factor is roofing materials. Roofing products are generally petroleum based products. They are expensive, on average 30% to 40% of the cost of a new roof is the roofing material itself. This is not a huge factor in the cost of a Flat Roof. It is more of a factor in Asphalt Shingle Roofs, where the cost can increase based on the shingle used. Some homeowners want that extra touch of beauty and design that a luxury shingle gives. These do cost more.

In conclusion remember that a new roof is a long term investment. A Flat Roof can last 10-15 years, while an Asphalt Shingle Roof can last around 30 or more. Ensure that you use a quality roofing contractor that will provide value in products and craftsmanship for the money you are paying. The cost of a new roof is well worth the investment when you receive a custom made, quality product.

How Experts Choose Their Bowling Shirts

There is one thing that really stands out when you are at the Bowling Center. The bowling shirts. They are unique and particular in their design and color. For any casual bowler, it would not matter much what shirt he wears. However, if you are a serious bowler, you know how to pick your bowling accessories well. Here, I share with you important points experts consider before getting their bowling shirts.

Just as professionals in all fields plan their steps carefully and meticulously, expert bowlers always carefully check the cloth material before purchasing. Retro shirts are usually made from polyester or polyester cotton. In choosing the right kind of cloth material for the jerseys, there are factors like the climate, and whether to consider. If you are in a hot place, it will always help to choose cotton. Even if you are in a moderate climatic region, you are likely to sweat while playing. Therefore, choosing cotton is the safest bet as cotton shirts are perfect sweat absorber. They are comfortable, making your game looking better.

As more and more young people continue to frequent the bowling centers, you will find varied styles worn by people. As bowling was a popular sport in the 1950s, Retro shirts and trousers are popular. However, we have heard that some teen bowlers find the Retros unattractive. Experts know why they select a particular style. Their first priority is to feel comfortable as they play. Because they not only play for fun, they play to win. It all depends on the general attitude of the crowd, and the overall style of team members. Professional bowlers usually custom design their team's bowling shirts. They print their team name and logo on their shirts.

Color And Theme
Professional bowling teams select or build their color scheme carefully. Some of the things they would consider are the color of the walls and other interior items in the bowling center. They will not go for a color theme that will camouflage, or make you lose your visibility. They also will take into account the color choices of other competing teams. The best color will be something that will blend with other color schemes in the surrounding, yet stand out in the crowd.

Custom designed bowling shirts are awesome but expensive. Many customers go for cheap bargains. Remember, cheap does not necessarily mean poor quality. In fact, there are several companies offering amazing cheap bowling shirts. Whatever level of price you will settle for, keep in mind you should be able to sustain it year after year.

As you can see experts will settle only for the best. There are several aspects that they consider before buying their bowling shirts. Serious and professional bowling teams will plan the type of material, style, color, and price before they select or design their bowling shirts.