Seeking Protection Against Arc Flash

Arc flash is a common phenomenon that needs to be safeguarded against in some working facilities. This is a kind of electrical explosion that occurs due to a low impedance connection. This connection could be with the ground or another voltage phase from an electric system.

There are various methods that can be employed to seek protection against arc flash. There are professional companies that offer solutions to working facilities that are at risk of suffering from this problem.

When such companies are contacted they send over their representatives for the purpose of site assessment and gathering electrical system data. Certain elements are absolutely essential to analyze. This includes the transformer data, the sizes of the conductors, fuse, circuit breaker data and the available capacity of electric utility. The company will then develop accurate one line diagrams based on its survey.

The second phase is known as engineering analysis. During this stage the data from the previous analysis is used. A short circuit analysis is required for coordination, arc flash and interrupting rating analysis. The total clearing time at given fault currents is determined during this phase. Parallel to this it is determined whether the protective devices have an adequate interrupting capacity for the available short circuit current. After the above mentioned aspects are determined the company will put forward its solutions to the existing problems.

A detailed report along with labeling will be prepared after the completion of phase 2. An electrically safe work practices program is initiated during this stage. Policies on developing an electrically safe work condition are also drawn up at this stage. Other aspects that must be initiated at this stage include the establishing of PPE requirements inside shock boundaries, determining the PPE clothing policy and developing an electrically energized work permit.

The most important aspect of safeguarding the workers from Arc Flash is to endow them with procure appropriate PPE. This includes flame resistant clothing that is developed based upon the hazards and risk at the facility. The workers are further endowed with voltage rated gloves and tools.

Appropriate warning labels are also put up in different places around the work place. Certain specified equipment is also labeled. This includes all incident energy, hazard categories and boundaries.

The most important phase of the entire Arc Flash product is the electrical safe work practices training. Experts suggest that the entire process should actually commence with training or at the least it should continue parallel to the other activities. A short refresher course should be conducted towards the end when the labeling has been put in place.

The training is basically designed to enable people to work on or near exposed energized equipment. Amongst the major topics discussed during the training procedure are electrical hazards, proper procedures and practices as well as PPE use and care. At the end of it all you will have a work force well versed in all the associated rules and regulations.

Bow Hunting For Birds – A Bird Hunter’s Ultimate Challenge

For those avid hunters that like to bird hunt, have you ever considered using a bow instead of a shotgun? Hunting birds with a bow may sound crazy but it can be done and here’s how you can do it.

Hunting birds with a bow will require practice shooting as well as quick reactions.

You know how difficult it is to use a shotgun, but using a bow will give you bragging rights among all bird hunters. The smaller and quicker the species, the better shot you will have to be if you plan to bag the bird.

So how can you learn?

Remember you are looking for bragging rights, so practice before you take out your friends otherwise they will only laugh.

Choose your weapon (uh… bow). Compound bows are the most commonly used. However, I prefer long bows for reaction aiming. Both of the bows can be used as neither really has the advantage over the other. Whichever you like and have confidence in will be your best choice.

#1 Practice by bow fishing. Bow fishing will give you some confidence in hitting moving objects. Plus, you can see your target for longer before having to shoot.

#2 Buy Flu-Flu Arrows. When you gain confidence in bow fishing buy some flu-flu arrows. These arrows are only designed to go 40 to fifty yards and are much easier to find.

#3 Use a Frisbee for Practice. Get someone to throw a Frisbee. It is big enough to be easy to see and easy to hit. When you can hit the Frisbee consistently, you are ready to move to smaller targets.

#4 Buy some Mini Frisbees. Using the mini Frisbees as targets will get you ready for bird hunting. When you can hit the mini Frisbees consistently, you are ready to hunt for your first bird.

#5 Start with Pheasants. Pheasants are larger than a regular Frisbee and fly slower than most other birds making them easier to hit. They also will only fly 30 to 40 yards before they go back and hide again.

#6 Bow Hunting for Birds

You are now ready to work on smaller game or hunt turkeys. The more you hunt and practice, the better you will become. When you feel real confident and gutsy, go dove hunting. That will be the ultimate challenge. Dove hunting with a bow gives you unmatched bragging rights.

If you go on the Internet search out bird hunting with a bow. You will find many people bird hunt using just a bow. Plus, you can find all the equipment you will need.

Good luck and good hunting.

Important Considerations Regarding Your Rainwater Drainage System

When you are in the process of maintaining your home or maybe buying a new home, there are some important factors you need to take into consideration, one of these is the drainage systems in place and identifying if they are working properly to protect your home and ensure that you get to enjoy a house that is free of flooding, puddles and more.

The first thing you need to know about rainwater drainage systems is that they should be separate from the other systems you have for the property. The reason for this is that in the event of a heavy downpour, you need peace of mind that the system you have in place can accommodate the volume of water being pumped through it, even if it is only for a few minutes.

In most instances your rainwater drainage system will carry the water down the side of your house in a controlled manner, reducing the risk of the water penetrating the property. It will then be released into a gutter or open gulley, which usually directs it to the storm drain, which may be placed at the bottom of your garden or even under the road. From here the water is removed through a series of channels which run under the streets in your area.

It is imperative that you understand how your rainwater drainage system works and what it entails, as what many home-owners don’t realise is that they are responsible for the drainage system up to the point where it joins the council or municipal storm drain. Always check the system to ensure it is free of blockages. A blockage in the rainwater drainage system can result in the water not being removed effectively, in turn this can be a serious concern when it comes to your property foundation and landscaping.

One of the first things you are going to have to identify about your rainwater drainage system is whether your property is fitted with a single or separate drainage system. The single system pushes all the waste water through on pipe, while the separate systems send some water down one pipe and other waste water down the other, ensuring that the system is never overtaxed at any stage.

It is important that your rainwater drainage system is checked on a regular basis. You want to look for leaves and debris which may cause blockages later on. You want to clear all the guttering to enable the water to flow freely into your chosen drainage system without the risk of flooding or leaking, which could cause considerable damage to your home in the long run.

Ideally you should have the system checked regularly by a professional. Find a professional who can provide you with a regular service. The service should clean and inspect your rainwater drainage system, ensuring it is working at its best at all times.

Ensure that you find yourself a good supplier, a company who can provide you with all the parts you will need in the event that your rainwater drainage systems requires repairs. The company you choose should supply high quality drainage solutions, all made to the highest standard from leading manufacturers.

Check, to see if the company can provide you with the convenience of to the door delivery. Even if you have a company that will come out and manage the maintenance of the system for you, if you have your own supplier, you will be able to reduce any repair costs considerably.

How To Unclog A Kitchen Sink Drain

It is always unpleasant to discover a clogged drain. Fortunately, there are several methods available you can try before needing to pick up the phone and contacting your local plumber.

The first thing to try is running very hot water down your drain for about 5-10 minutes. Sometimes, this is all you need to break up whatever is clogging your sink. Watch the sink, if it is filling up quickly and not going down at all, then turn off the water and try a different method.

If running hot water did not work and you now have a sink filled with water, you can take a plunger to your sink. If you do not have one, quickly run down to your local hardware store and purchase one. They are only around $ 3- $ 5. Be sure to pick out one that has a wooden handle and is made out of rubber, anything else will be ineffective. While your at the store, you may want to also purchase a bottle of Draino.

If the plunger did not unclog the sink, then your clogged drain may be caused by material in the sink trap. The sink trap is the curvy pipe that is underneath your sink. If your hesitant to open up the sink trap, you can try using the Draino. Be sure to follow the directions carefully. There is a good chance this will work. If it does not … then you are going to need to open up the sink trap to remove the blockage.

Okay, to clean out the sink trap:

1. Put a bucket underneath the sink trap to catch the water that is in your clogged sink. If the sink is very full, you may want to remove some of it with the bucket first.
2. Take a Phillips screwdiver and unscrew all the screws that hold the kitchen trap in place.
3. Now, take ahold of the pipe and slowly and carefully pull it down so you can remove the trap.
4. With a bottle brush, clean out the inside of the pipe and remove all debris. This will help to reduce build up in the future.
5. Next, wrap silicone tape, which is also called plumbers tape around the pipe threads.
6. When you put the trap back in place, be sure to tighten the screws up securely to keep it from popping out the next time your turn on the water.
7. Run hot water through the pipes to flush out any excess grime and dirt, then test out your sink.

If you followed the above directions, you will no longer have a clogged drain.

Bench Pillar Drill Hazards to Avoid

A bench pillar drill also known simply as a bench drill is the bench-mounted version of a pillar drill. This article outlines some of the hazards that you need to avoid when using your bench pillar drill.

Insecure base — like all pillar drill tools, the bench drill is heavy; heavier than you may think at first glance. The last thing you want is for it to come loose and topple over when the drill bit is spinning and you have your hands full. To avoid this hazard, even with a smaller bench pillar drill you need to make sure it is firmly bolted to the workbench.

Insecure workpiece — this is one of the most common causes of accidents because it is all too easy to cut corners and not bother to secure the wood or metal that you are about to drill. If the workpiece moves in the middle of drilling, the drill bit will catch the side of the hole and cause the workpiece to jolt violently, with potentially dangerous consequences. That is why pillar drill safety principles require your work to be secured in position. For regularly-shaped pieces, clamps can be used to hold everything in place, but for irregular pieces, or work that needs to be drilled at an angle off the vertical, you may need extra pillar drill accessories such as jigs or cradles to secure your work at the desired angle.

Loose drill bits — like so many power drills, loose bits are always a potential hazard with bench drills. Some would say that the consequences may be less serious with a fixed drill and a fixed workpiece, but it’s still a hazard to be avoided. Even if the workpiece is secure, a loose bit can scrape around in the hole and make a real mess.

Broken drill bits — A drill bit that breaks suddenly can be something of a shock and there is always the chance that the broken end of the bit could fly up and at you. To minimise the chance of this happening, always secure the workpiece so it cannot move, and never force the drill bit down into the work; simply lower it and let the bit gently do its job.

Overheating — When drilling long and hard, especially through metal, there is a real danger that the drill bit will overheat and smoke. This is unlikely to burn you but it will damage the workpiece and the drill bit in seconds. To avoid this hazard, when you detect the first little plume of smoke or smell burning, raise the drill bit immediately and apply plenty of coolant such as WD40. Better still, be more patient and use a lower drill speed to avoid things getting so hot.

Get Timber Windows and Doors for Your Home and Garden

Among the doors and windows made with various materials, it is good to choose timber doors and timber windows over others. Being sustainable, the doors and windows made with timber wood give a refined and advanced environment to the home.

Need of Home Decor

The way your house looks determines your own self, so everyone wants to have an attractive look for his house. People buy many accessories for the better look of the house and garden like mattress, lamps, flower vase, aquarium etc. They also decorate the walls with different types of paintings and apply costly paint for a more vibrant look. There are also things in the house, which are necessary like doors and windows and can give extra decoration to your home if bought intelligently.

Why timber doors and windows?

Timber doors and windows provide much better style status to your home than any other door and window.Here are some of the prominent advantages of having timber door and timber window for your home.

  • They maintain the style standard of your house.
  • They are long lasting.
  • They are easy to repair.
  • They just need a new coat of paint for a different look and won’t fade or discolour.
  • They are good for environment and known for high performance.
  • They provide a variety of styles to choose from.
  • They are sustainable and are more CO2 efficient than any other material window.
  • Great mechanical strength make them unbreakable and good enough to bear extensive stress
  • They also ensure proper safety from thieves.
  • They provide choice to choose from a variety of designs and textures.
  • They give a natural feel to your home and garden. Having a timber door at the entrance of your garden and a timber window at the wall behind the garden gives it a royal eco-friendly look.
  • They save your hard-earned money.

The manufacturers create windows and doors from high quality wood, and craft it to match common design tastes. Some prefer Japanese style doors and windows, some prefer double panel doors, some prefer bifold doors. Timber doors are available in all these styles. You can choose according to your need and preference. There are various types of windows and doors made with timber available, like casement window, sash windows, patio & French doors, exterior doors etc. The lifespan of the doors and windows is quite long and they can last up to an average of 60 years.

Fretwork and Scroll Sawing Experiences

Fretwork is "decoration or patterns or patterns on a surface made by cutting into or through the surface", according to Merriam-Webster's Dictionary. But to me, fretwork and scroll sawing, as it is often referred to, is a great way to relieve stress and at the same time get a sense of accomplishment when your item is finished. There is a wide variety of materials that can be used for fretwork, including thick paper, many different wood materials, soft metals and plastics. Although I have used Plexiglas, plywood and cardboard, my true love for scroll sawing is wood.

From my viewpoint, the hardest part of using wood is getting the board to a finished thickness and smoothness so that the pattern can be attached. There are a number of places that you can purchase finished lumber, starting from as thin as 1/8 "Baltic birch and up. If you have the necessary tools, the most economical way to get started is to buy rough cut lumber from a local lumber yard. Rough cut lumber is usually 1 "to 1 1/4" thick, and most lumberyards will have one edge trim so you can start out with a straight edge. There are so many beautiful grained hardwoods available, though I primarily use oak , cherry and walnut. At this point, the wood is run through a band-saw and cut into strips, anywhere from 2 "to 2 1/2" wide, depending on the original width of the board, so they are fairly uniform in width.

Once cut into strips, the strip is turned on its side and run through the band-saw again, cutting it so it's between ½ and ¾ inches thick. I like to use what they call a re-saw blade in my band-saw, one that is anywhere from ¼ "to ¾" wide. I always make sure that I have the guard down as close to the piece of wood that I can, never wear loose fitting clothes and wear protective eye goggles for safety reasons.

Once all the strips are cut, they can be glued together, making sure the grain of the wood is alternated to prevent the wood from warping. Then all that's left is putting on the finishing touches. I run both edges through the joiner to make sure I have a flat, straight edge and then through the planer to get it down to the desired thickness.

Now I am almost ready to use the scroll saw. Once the pattern is selected, spray art glue is used to lightly spray the back of the pattern and place it on the finished board. When adhered to the wood, holes are drilled for every place where scroll saw blade access is needed. The clock shown only needed 21 holes drilled, but I have done some designs where over 300 holes were needed. Depending on the scroll saw that you use, it is fairly quick to detach the top of the blade and insert it from the bottom of your workpiece so you can begin to cut. Delta has a handy quick release blade chuck that will also work on some other brands of saws.

One of the nice results of using a scroll saw, is that there is very little sanding that needs to be done, mainly on the back and sometimes in the corners, depending on how you do them. The blade that you use will also determine how much sanding is needed on your inner cuts. My preference is the Olson Double-Tooth, Skipped Tooth blade; it seems to stay a little cooler which means it lasts a little longer. One thing you do not want to use is a dull blade, as it is really hard to stay on your lines with a dull blade, and sometimes you do not have a lot of room for veering off lines. Once the piece is sanded to your satisfaction and glued together, all that is left if putting on the finish. I prefer the natural grain and color of the wood, so I usually use a semi-clear gloss coating, which really enhances the natural grain.

It is really great to start out with a piece of rough cut lumber and end up with a keepsake. I demonstrated the scroll saw for A-Line Machine and Tool at some workshops they had on woodworking, and discovered this hobby is enjoyed by all ages. Kids as young as 9 years old and up to 90 years old came in and wanted some tips on scroll sawing. There are a lot of personal preferences when it comes to scroll sawing, including the machine and blades used, cuts of wood or types of materials, or what finish is used on their art. But most people that try it once, love using the scroll saw.

How to Select the Perfect Cutting Board

A kitchen would just not be a kitchen without a cutting board. In fact, the cutting board has become a main tool of our kitchens as it provides us a safe place for food preparation and cutting. In today’s kitchens you will find all kinds of cutting boards varying in size, shape and material. It’s up to you to decide which of them would be the best choice for your kitchen.

In the beginning most all cutting boards were made from hardwoods, like the butchers block would see in your local market. But in today’s kitchens cuttings boards are made of many different materials each one having their own advantages and disadvantages.

Wood has always been the overall best choice for your cutting boards. Wooden boards are made a couple of ways, end grain boards are thicker heavy duty boards made for heavy chopping and edge grain boards are thinner and lighter for everyday use. Wooden boards also come in many different patterns and wood spices, Maple, Black Walnut, Black Cherry, Sapele and the list goes on. The different patterns and wood spices are a personal and décor choice for you to choose, what looks best in your kitchen. But if you are the professional chef that uses your board every day under heavy use an end grain maple board will be your best choice. Also any end grain board will be easier on your knifes edges. Some disadvantages of wooden boards, they do require hand cleaning and sanitizing “no dishwashers” then treating with cutting board oil. If cared for properly they will last a very long time. The bottom line is wood is safe, simple and looks great.

Plastic cutting boards are generally the most affordable and you can find them in a large variety of different designs, sizes and colors. The plastic boards also come thick or thin, hard or flexible. The flexible ones are great for transferring food into pots and containers and they are also easy to store. The downside to the flexible ones is the fact that they will not last as long as the thicker boards. This is because sharp knives will eventually cut through the thin material. The hard thicker plastic boards are very durable. Plastic boards are thought of as being the safest board to use as they are easy to sanitize and clean. But just because they are plastic doesn’t mean you don’t have to sanitize, these boards can harbor bacteria in the cuts on the board therefore needing to be sanitized.  Plastic boards do have the capabilities of being put into a dishwasher as long as they fit.

Glass boards are another popular type of board that can be found in many kitchens. These glass boards come in a variety of shapes and colors in order to suit your kitchens décor.  They are also resistant to heat, very durable, easy to clean and they are very sanitary. However glass boards will dull the edges of your knifes very quickly and can even damage them. These boards also pose a danger as they can become very slippery during use creating a cutting hazard to you. They are also very heavy and more expensive than wooden cutting boards.

Bamboo is also a well known cutting board that is actually grass. They have become popular in kitchens today because of their inexpensive cost. The best feature of these boards is that they take it easy on the edges of your knife but they do scar, but you can sand them down in order to create a smooth surface. You will find that they can easily catch bacteria growth in the cuts, so you need to make sure you sanitize them each time you use them. One big disadvantage the vast majority of these boards come from China and there has been a lot of controversy over the resin holding these boards together is it safe or not?

It is recommended to have two or more cutting boards of any type to avoid cross-contamination. This means that you will have one for your meats and the others for your fruits, vegetables and breads. This will also make you more productive; since you want have to wash the cutting board thoroughly between items. If you’re having a hard time deciding  on your cutting board choice just remember to select the largest size that will fit in your work area, but it should also fit into your sink for easy cleaning. Color, design and how will I use the board should also be part of your decision. You can never go wrong with a well made wood cutting board. 

Where Does That Word Come From?

"Instead of a handshake, I gave Toby a high-five to break the ice; and when we sat down on the front porch and started talking off the cuff, it was as if serendipity brought us together."

That sentence contains several words and actions you see and hear every day. But have you ever wondered where some of our most common communication-related terms come from?


We do it every day – sometimes 20 times a day. But how many of us actually know where the handshake originated? According to author / speaker Melvin Murphy, "The handshake has origins more anthropological than historical. Men used to carry knives, spears and rocks. And when land was scarce, males would extend their hand to show that they were not attempting to kill their neighbor . "

"Furthermore, the classical Greeks were under the impression that the right hands were mysteriously connected to the heart. And they may not have been very far off point. The handshake is a symbol equivalent of a promise. It becomes a virtue of the word and value of the person extending it. it is an agreement sealed with honor before the lawyers get involved. The handshake is a very valuable tool and, since in business often the communication is one-to-one, it's flexible and indicates that an agreement has been reached on current dealings. It says that all information and intentions have been disclosed so that the value of the handshake is not diminished. The lesson here is that the handshake historically has carried symbolic importance. It is good to know what your handshake is worth . it's your word and it says you can deliver on your promises. "

High Five

It was late in the 1977 season. Dusty Baker of the Dodgers was rounding third, heading for home, having just hit his 30th home run. The Dodgers were heading for a National League pennant! The on-deck hitter was Glenn Burke, enjoying his second season in the big leagues. As Baker crossed the plate Burke raised his hand. Baker responded by raising his. The two hands slapped together and a bit of history was made: the very first high-five.

Popularized in the 80's, the high-five not only served as a cultural symbol, but was added to the dictionary as well! According to Merriam Webster, a high-five (noun or verb) is "a slapping of upraised right hands by two people, as in celebration."

Break the Ice

The origination of the term break the ice dates back to old trade practices that involve, well, breaking the ice. When cargo ships became icebound for weeks at a time due to bitter, frozen winters, smaller ships were sent out to break the ice in order to make a path that would enable future trade. In other words, if you (as a boatman) wanted to get down to business – you had to break the ice.

Front Porch

In the book Preserving Porches, Rene Kahn explains that front porches were first made ​​popular by the Greeks. They used them as gathering spots for public discussions, originally called porticos. As history unfolded and the Middle Ages arrived, the porch came to represent a cathedral's vestibule where worshippers could gather to socialize before and after the service. Then, by Victorian times, the word "porch" became interchangeably used with the words "veranda," "piazza," "loggia," and "portico," each of which could connote individual meanings. From this period until the second half of the nineteenth century, the word "porch" itself most often described a small, enclosed vestibule or covered rear entrance.

At this time, at the end of the nineteenth century, the word "porch" began to represent its present meaning. This meaning, in its American sense, generally refers to a "roofed, but incompletely walled living area." Honestly, I like what Bill Cosby says about front porches, "The front porch was an invention of the housewife who wanted to keep her husband far enough away to be quiet; but close enough in case she could not lift something heavy."

Off the Cuff

To According Http:// , Although this phrase was traditionally thought to be a spontaneous statement or response (is not amazing how he comes up with Those ideas off the cuff like That …?), It actually has origins in one of two places, depending on who you listen to. One example comes from the English Pub keepers' accounting system. Bartenders of the era kept track of patron's tabs by markings made on the starched cuffs of their shirts, so that with a mere glance at their shirt cuffs the bartender could quote a price seemingly 'off the cuff.' It may also come from the alleged practice, in the 1930's, of public speakers making last-minute notes on their shirt cuffs, for use during their speeches.


To According Http:// , the connection you ' ve Heard of Between "serendipity" and Sri Lanka is true, and it's a very interesting story A . Back in 1754, Horace Walpole, fourth Earl of Orford, wrote a letter to his friend, Horace Mann. In this letter, Horace W. undertook to explain to Horace M. the derivation of a new word he had invented, "serendipity":

I once read a silly fairy tale, called 'The Three Princes of Serendip'; as their highnesses traveled, they were always making discoveries, by accidents and sagacity, of things which they were not in quest of.

By 'serendipity,' Walpole meant 'the gift of making lucky discoveries, of finding valuable things one is not looking for,' and the word entered English in that sense. Curiously, however, 'serendipity' was rarely used in literature until the 20th century, and today is more often employed to mean the lucky find or happenstance itself, as in 'A parking meter with time left on it when one is broke is serendipity. ' "

So, next time someone mentions one of these words; shakes your hand or gives you a high five; tell him the history behind it! It's a great conversation starter and surefire way to spice up the encounter.

Finding A General Contractor

If you have decided to build your dream home or remodel your existing home you will become quite familiar with the words, general contractor. This is the person you will hire to run your project, coordinate the efforts of all of the materials needed for the job hire the sub-contractors and take care of payroll for everyone involved. In other words your general contractor will assume all of the responsibility towards making your remodel or new construction, go as smoothly as possible.

You as the homeowner can of course be the general contractor of your own project if you choose to do so. But if you take on this role you would have to assume the duties of hiring all of your own subcontractors and handling payroll as well as ordering supplies and materials. Most homeowners simply don’t have the time to commit to being a general contractor or have the needed knowledge to make the endeavor anything but stressful.

If you have made the decision to hire a general contractor you should plan on interviewing at least three or four contractors before you select one. In fact if you are getting a bank loan for the home or improvement project you will probably be required to get at least three written bids. Who you hire will ultimately be your choice since you will be on the hook to repay the bank for the advance but the bank likely want you to hire the bid that falls in the middle. Of course your ultimate decision on which general contractor to hire will be based on more than just a bid price. You need to hire someone you are comfortable working with and someone that is professional.

You can judge how professional the person will be before you even hire them by how much effort they put into trying to get the job. Do they show up on time to meet with you and write up a bid? Do they turn the bid back into you within a reasonable amount of time? It is not too unreasonable to expect a remodel bid to take a week or more and a bigger project such as new construction to take even longer. After all, before your general contractor can give you the bottom line they have to get to the bottom line which means they have to check prices on materials and estimate the time and number of employees they will need to complete the job.

Finally of course you should take some basic precautions and check with the state contractor’s board to make sure your contractor has a current license in good standing and does not have any open claims on his record.

And of course, with a general contractor to take control of the project all you have to worry about is paying for it.

Sheet Music and Song Book Styles

Rock and pop sheet music will range from simple guitar and vocals to full instrumental scores, and from popular single songs to complete albums. You might also see artist compilations, complete works and volumes focusing on specific time periods of artists, or compilations of a genre or era. If you're looking for a certain piece to play along to, there's a good chance it will be in one of the many books available.

Difficulty is an important factor when choosing sheet music. Although individual songs on sheet music tend to be pretty good interpretations of the original version, books can vary according to the audience they are aimed at. Beginners books make up a large proportion and are designed to be used as a learning tool, teaching your chosen instrument by playing songs you love rather than some of the songs that have been used for many years by music teachers but fail to inspire today. Some care does need to be taken though. Sometimes the songs are not meant to be played along with the recorded versions, but are to play solo or sing along to. Take the guitar, for example, songs in certain keys are generally much easier to play than the keys in which they were originally recorded, so songs written in these harder keys could be transposed to make learning simpler. Similarly, songs whose sheet music is in the same key as the recordings might use easier versions of some tricky or difficult chords, so the song can be played along with the recording, but might sound slightly different.

Also traditional music notation is not always used. For example guitar music typically has its own notation, using one of several variations. They are explained next.

Very common is the chord diagram style, which use a small picture representing the six strings of the guitar (vertical) and several frets (horizontal), with black dots showing how to place the fingers. With this notation you can just follow the diagrams without needing to know about notes or chords or even keys.

Second is tablature, usually called tab. This uses six continuous lines (four for bass guitar) just like typical sheet music, but instead of notes there are numbers to show the fret onto which the string should be pressed. The tab method lets you play both tunes and chords without the need to to be able to read music. The downside with tab and chord diagrams is that the music can only be played on the instrument it is written for.

With the third method, individual chords are named and written above the normal music whenever the chord changes. This has the advantage of allowing the chords to be played on any instrument, but it does create the requirement for the player to understand what each chord means. This chord method does not have the scope of describing intricate sections in full detail though.

Picking up music for popular songs is a great way to learn an instrument, and as you become more proficient on your instrument you can learn songs just as they were originally recorded. Understanding songs using sheet music can be a much faster way of learnig than trying to pick things up by ear.

Symptoms of Facebook Addiction

If you've been wondering if you are addicted to Facebook, you'll want to ask yourself the following questions:

Do you play more than one game? The games on Facebook are designed to do one thing: keep you on Facebook. If you're addicted to Facebook you're most likely playing a game. Games like Farmville are fun and meant to be addictive. They reward you the longer you play, and make it so you feel obligated to log back on and tend to your crops. If you are playing a game like Mob Wars you are tempted to log back in and do another hit. These games are giant time gobblers and you will not realize how much time you've accumulated playing them until the day is over and you have not gone outside!

Do you check your News Feed more than twice a day? It's good to keep up with your friends and what they're doing, but a few times a day should be more than enough. Check it once at the beginning of the day so you can see what you missed while you were sleeping, and check it once more towards the end of the day to see what people have done that day. If you are parked in front of the News Feed like it's a CNN News ticker you need to get out and live your own life instead of watching other people live theirs.

Do you post more than one update a day? Chances are they're not post-worthy. Life is full of minutia and if you're constantly posting what you ate for lunch, chances are you're not very popular on other people's News Feeds. Try to get in the habit of doing something fun everyday, and posting about that. This way you can be sure that you're not addicted to Facebook and that you're having a good time. People will enjoy your updates, and they will know you have a healthy lifestyle.

Do you still interact with your friends in the real world? Facebook is great for keeping in touch with friends when you can not be around them in person. But if you've started replacing human interaction with Facebook contact then it's time to schedule some face time with your friends. Real face time. See if they want to catch a movie, or grab a cup of coffee. If they're too far away to meet up with, give them a call. Facebook posts are OK, but nothing beats hearing a good friend's voice once in a while.

Do you visit more than a few profiles per day? You should not have the need to check out more than a few people's profiles a day. If you find yourself mindlessly wandering through people's profiles, it's time to cut the cord and get on with your life.

Best Ways to Cleaning Linoleum Floors

If you have linoleum flooring, you will want to keep it as clean as possible. Many people confuse cleaning linoleum floor with cleaning vinyl floor. Vinyl flooring is usually found in older establishments.

Needed Materials

When you are cleaning anything, you need to make sure that you have all of the needed materials. Once you make up your mind to clean something, the last thing you want to do is get discouraged and delay the project. In order to clean linoleum flooring, you will need to get a bucket, cloth, and vinegar.

Mixing the Solution

When you are ready to make the solution, you can mix a little water into the vinegar. A lot of people that can not stand the smell of vinegar dilute the vinegar with water. If you are doing a quick run-over, you will not need a lot of vinegar. If you are doing a deep-down clean, you will need to use a generous amount of vinegar. Linoleum flooring is not difficult to clean because the material is not porous.

Getting Ready

Once you have finished making the cleaning mixture, take a dry cloth and place it in the mixture. Let the rag soak for at least one to two minutes before you begin cleaning the floor. Once you let it soak, wring out the rag so that it is damn and not completely dry. A damn rag is best to use due to the fact that most floors of this type are not sealed. For this primary reason, you need a damp rage. This is to ensure that the cleaning mixture does not soak into the carpets.


When it comes to cleansing this type of flooring, mop over the entire floor once. This quick mop through will help loosen the dirt and will not require too much scrubbing. Once you have completed this cleaning process, you should have gone over the area at least three times. If your floor is not sparkling, you may need to clean with a little more force.


Linoleum flooring does not take long to dry, but while you are waiting, you can clean up other parts of your home, wash dishes and open all of the windows so that the process completes quicker. This is a great method to use in order to keep your linoleum flooring sparkling clean. You can repeat this method as many times as you need to. If you clean on a regular basis, keep in mind that you will not need to use as much vinegar as you did the first time.

Sturdy and Reliable Cosco Ladder

Cosco ladder is one of the most popular ladder systems nowadays. The growing popularity of a Cosco ladder is due to its versatile nature, ease of use and is very affordable. Contrary to trade ladders, Cosco ladders became a popular household name.

Each Cosco ladder is designed to provide security. With a number of brands providing trade or household ladders, this can be confusing to most consumers. Intensive research on the features of ladder systems is advised in order to make a wise and informed decision.

Here are some Cosco ladders that are worth looking into:

Cosco 20-502ABL Signature Series Premium 5-Foot Aluminum Step Ladder

This Cosco ladder was designed to have a larger platform step providing ample space to the user. It is made of a light weight aluminum which makes it more portable. If you are going to fix lights, ceilings, or simply hang a decoration, this will be best because it has a deep top cap for nails and fasteners.

Cosco Six-Foot Lightweight Aluminum Folding Step Ladder with Leg Lock & Handle

This can be used for construction activities such as building and roofing. Despite its material this ladder can support up to 300 lbs of weight. Just like other Cosco ladders, this is easy to store because of its folding feature. The leg lock and handle is an added safety feature that makes sure the ladder will not be wobbly when in use.

Cosco 3-Step Ladder

This is one of the Cosco ladders that includes a work platform. The ladder’s height makes it best for home use. It comes with an extended handle with grip making the user more secure. This model will be beneficial if you are painting because it has a molded utility tray where you can put your tools and even paint cans. It is also very convenient to store because of its 1-hand fold and lock release. The materials made to manufacture this ladder are aluminum and plastic making it more durable. This can support up to 225 lbs of weight.

Cosco 17′ Worlds Greatest Ladder

This ladder can reach up to 17 feet. With its height, this ladder can be used for multiple purposes. It is made of aluminum that offers maximum strength and durability. This is one of the most popular Cosco ladders because you do not need any tools to convert it to a step, extension and stairway ladder. It has a set up system that can convert it from one type of ladder to another in just a few seconds. You can be assured of safety because of its slip resistant feet and flared legs. Despite its height, this is so light that you can easily move it from one position to another.

If you are looking for a ladder that can provide stability and is easy to use, then a Cosco ladder will be best for you. Whatever your purpose is, Cosco ladders will surely provide you the best ladder that you can use.

High Quality Wood Spiral Stairs

When looking for a staircase to put in your lovely home, make sure you choose high quality wood spiral stairs. You will want to do your research and make sure that all wood is used when manufacturing your wooden spiral stairs. If you choose high quality products, you will be much more satisfied in the end. You do not want to choose spiral staircases that are made out of veneer or even partially made out of veneer. Over time, it can deteriorate and it will lose its value with the home.

Be sure that the high quality wood you choose matches all of the woodwork in your home. This will make the spiral stairs look as if they were originally there when the house was built because it will blend better.

Measure the area and give the information to one of the specialists who can help you with the size of wooden spiral staircase you will need to order. You do not want a spiral staircase in your home if it does not fit right.

You will want to choose a high quality wooden spiral stairway that fits well together. You do not want a piece of the spiral stair or stairs that will not fit properly in your home. If you do find an error while putting together your new stairway, you will have to contact the company and mutually decide what to do. Make sure you ask them if you have to pay for the return shipping as well. It is wise to choose a company that will manufacture the stairway, assemble it and then disassemble it. This gives excellent quality control showing that the entire product will easily fit together when reassembled. You can save yourself a lot of headaches when ordering from a company that does this. There is nothing more frustrating than putting the product together, then running into problems or missing pieces to complete the project.

If you do not want indoor spiral stairs, you have the option of wood spiral stairs outdoors. Add one of these stairways to make your home look and feel even more elegant than it already is. The outdoor spiral stairs are made with top quality wood that will easily handle all of the weather implications.

When choosing a company to work with, you may want to choose an American based company. When you do business with an American company, it gives you a sense of pride knowing your money is helping a fellow American and keeping the work right here in the United States of America. If you have any questions or concerns make sure you deal with a company that has professional knowledgeable staff and offers excellent customer service.

If you are curious about how much a high quality wooden spiral staircase may cost, you can easily request a quote. Make your decision after you receive a quote, if you would like to add beauty, elegance and value to your home.