Acne Scars – Getting Rid of Them

Getting rid of acne is one thing, but one of the problems you might have once your spots have all cleared up is that you might be left with scarring and pockmarks. Of course you will want to avoid these scars staying with you for life, so is there anything you can do to remove them?

A visit to the doctor?

First of all, you need to ask yourself honestly how bad the pockmarking actually is. If things are pretty bad, then the best advice would be to visit your doctor, who will be able to provide you with a more detailed diagnosis and make a judgement about whether you should be referred for laser treatment. Laser treatment can be very effective in the removal of acne scars, but it's not for everyone, so see what your physician has to say about your condition.

Natural and home remedies

There are various home remedies that are considered quite effective in the removal of acne scars.

First and foremost, make a point of drinking lots of water !. It can not be stressed enough how important water is for regenerating and revitalising the skin. There is no more effective way to naturally hydrate the skin than by drinking plenty of water.

Your diet in fact plays a much more important part in rejuvenating your skin than you might realise. Eating plenty of fruit, vegetable and green salad can really help those scars to heal. Especially citrus fruit such as oranges, grapefruit and the juice of lemons and limes.

Other natural remedies

There are various natural healing oils that you can try (as long as you do not suffer from particularly greasy or oily skin), including olive oil, rosehip seed oil and lavender oil. These are natural moisturizers that can help the scars to eventually become less prominent. Collagen cream is also effective.

Other things you can try are combinations of honey, aloe vera, sandalwood and rose water. And this might sound very unappealing, but if you make a face mask of yoghurt, sour cream and oatmeal and apply it regularly, you might be pleasantly surprised with the results.

Ice packs

One tip worth trying is to wrap a few ice cubes in a cloth and rub them against your scars for up to fifteen minutes on a regular basis (daily, ideally). Ice packs can really work magic with scarring.

As mentioned earlier, if the scarring is really bad, then the best thing to do is to visit your doctor. But if not, then one or more of the above remedies should really help.

Top 7 Tricks To Boost Female Metabolism And Lose Weight Fast

When women enter the middle ages, they observe it’s harder to keep a tab on their weight. Although you eat the same number of calories, more pounds continue to creep in. This happens because the metabolic rate drops with age. The hormonal imbalance occurring during the peri-menopause and menopause stage is the primary reason for a sluggish metabolism. Therefore, its ability to breakdown calories decreases gradually. Such weight gain is more pronounced in women suffering thyroid problems.

As the pounds pile on, switching to larger size clothing seems the only option. However, before you pick up your shopping bags and head to the mall, we request you to spare a few minutes to read this write-up. Given below are 7 expert tricks to boost female metabolism and lose weight fast.

1. Drink cold water:

Dehydration also puts the breaks on metabolism because it affects body temperature. When the body gets dehydrated, its temperature drops. Although the drop in body temperature is very small, it prompts the body to store more fat in order to increase the temperature. One should consume 64 ounces or 8 glasses of water every day. Some suggest that you drink cold water. The reason is the body first brings it to its core temperature before using it for hydration. In doing so, it revs up metabolism and spends more calories.

2. Drink Green Tea:

Green tea is a proven solution whether you are trying to lose 50 pounds or 80. Green tea contains Epigallocatechin Gallate (ECGC). This compound accelerates metabolism and helps lose weight fast. One should drink approximately 2 cups of green tea regularly if you want to 50 pounds in 6 months. Green tea has other health benefits. It improves digestion, builds immune strength and regulates blood sugar.

3. Add a dose of calcium:

Calcium enhances metabolism as it increases the body temperature slightly. You can add calcium to your diet by eating green leafy vegetables such as spinach. Milk, cheese and yoghurt are also rich food sources of calcium, but they also feature in the list of “foods to avoid” in many “how to lose weight fast” guides. You can choose low-fat dairy varieties.

4. Eat breakfast like a king:

Whoever said it, said it right. Breakfast being the first meal of the day should be heavy. Eggs, bacon or a bowl of oatmeal and skimmed milks are healthy breakfast options if you want to lose weight fast and easy. A heavy breakfast suppresses appetite and prevents binge eating throughout the day.

5. Build muscle:

Muscle building is necessary as it increases basal metabolism. Muscles burn a larger amount of calories than fat cells. 5 pounds of lean muscle can burn up to 150 calories every day. Resistance and weight bearing exercise is a good way to build muscle. It includes the use of free weights and resistance bands.

6. Aerobic Exercises:

Aerobic exercises elevate the heart rate and thus boost metabolism. You should perform aerobic exercises at least 4 times a week.

7. Treat underlying diseases:

Hypothyroidism and Polycystic ovarian syndrome are the two common outcomes of hormonal imbalances caused during menopause. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is rare, but hypothyroidism is very common. Both the conditions cause weight gain. An improper diagnosis and treatment render all efforts useless. If you want to promote fat loss for women, you should first treat these conditions. You should use the right medications in the prescribed dosages.

Natural Acid Reflux Relief And Prevention

About one-third of Americans experience acid reflux at least once a month. Acid reflux is a common condition in which stomach acid flows backward up the esophagus (tube that connects the mouth to the stomach). It occurs when a ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) doesn’t function properly. Normally, the LES remains closed except during swallowing. But in people with acid reflux, the LES becomes weak and relaxes, allowing acid and stomach contents to flow back up the esophagus.

Symptoms of acid reflux usually last for a few hours after a meal and then go away. They include heartburn, trouble swallowing, feeling that food is stuck in the throat, and a bitter or sour taste in the mouth.

If you experience acid reflux more than twice a week, it is a more serious condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. If left untreated, GERD can lead to problems such as inflammation of the esophagus and a precancerous condition called Barrett’s esophagus.

Mechanism Behind Acid Reflux

Normally, when you eat, the presence of food in the stomach triggers a hormone called gastrin, which controls the amount of gastric juices that are secreted. Hydrochloric acid (HCL) is one of the main components of gastric juices. For proper digestion, enough acid will be produced to lower the stomach pH to around 1.5-2.5, a very acidic condition. This kills harmful microbes, triggers the release of the protein-digesting enzyme, and allows for proper nutrient absorption.

Typically, acid reflux is believed to be caused by excessive stomach acid production. However, in 95% of the cases, the opposite is true.

Acid reflux is related to low stomach acid. When you are stressed, the body’s natural response is to suppress the digestive system which results in a decline in stomach acid production. Your body also makes less stomach acid as you get older. That’s why acid reflux is more common in the elderly than the young. When there is not enough acid, the undigested food tends to remain in the stomach longer. The longer it stays, the greater the chance of the LES relaxing and the occurrence of acid reflux.

Conventional Treatments

Since conventional doctors generally blame excessive stomach acid for acid reflux, medications for acid reflux aim to either raise the pH (reduce acidity) of the stomach, inhibit, or completely block stomach acid production.


These over-the-counter (OTC) drugs (Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Mylanta, Rolaids, Tums) use different combinations of either magnesium, calcium, or aluminum and hydroxide or bicarbonate ions to help neutralize stomach acid (reduce acidity) and temporarily relieve symptoms.

H2 blockers

Available both OTC and by prescription, these drugs (Tagamet, Pepcid, Zantac, Axid) provide short-term relief by suppressing production of stomach acid.

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI)

Available by prescription, these drugs (Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, Protonix,) completely shut off the proton pumps in the stomach that produce stomach acid.

Why Acid Reflux Drugs Do More Harm Than Good

Without doubt, these drugs can provide short-term relief. When you neutralize or inhibit the stomach acid, you take care of the acid reflux temporarily as there is no more acid to cause problem. However, these drugs merely mask the symptoms and do not address the underlying cause of your problem. Why do you have acid reflux in the first place?

  • When you block all your stomach acid, how can you digest your foods properly and absorb the nutrients your body needs? Long-term use of acid reflux drugs can lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies, such as vitamin B12, calcium, and magnesium. A deficiency in B12 can lead to depression, anemia, fatigue, nerve damage, and even dementia in the elderly. A deficiency in calcium and magnesium can raise the risk of osteoporosis and hip fractures.
  • When your stomach is not as acidic as it should be, you are creating an environment for bacteria and viruses to grow. Chronically low levels of stomach acid expose you to increased risks of food poisoning, ulcers (caused by a common bacteria called Helicobacter pylori), pneumonia, as well as a dangerous bacterial infection called Clostridium difficile. It may lead to a low-grade overgrowth of harmful small intestinal bacteria that causes irritable bowel syndrome and symptoms like bloating, gas, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
  • PPI can lead to acid rebound with symptoms returning with a vengeance when drug use is abruptly discontinued.

Therefore, if you suffer from acid reflux, you need to be aware of the deficiency of the conventional treatment prescribed by many doctors. While it is relatively benign to use these drugs to relieve an episode of acid reflux, it would be foolish to assume that your problem has been resolved. If you do not address the root cause and merely use the drugs to mask your symptoms, you may end up facing additional and potentially more serious health complications.

Factors Influencing Acid Reflux

  • Stress
  • Being overweight, extra pounds put pressure on the LES
  • Pregnancy
  • Hiatal hernia, a condition in which the top of your stomach protrudes above the diaphragm muscle in your chest. Diagnosed by chest x-ray.
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol and caffeine consumption
  • Dehydration
  • Eating too large a meal
  • Eating too fast, inadequate chewing
  • Eating too close to bedtime
  • Certain OTC and prescription drugs
  • Fatty, fried, and spicy foods
  • Dairy products, soda, tomato-based foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, mint, garlic, and onions.

How To Permanently Overcome Acid Reflux

  • First and foremost, eliminate the bugs if you have them. Check for Helicobacter pylori, yeast, or other bacterial overgrowth. Please contact a healthcare professional or me if you need to have these tests done.
  • Eliminate food triggers. Check for food sensitivities, celiac disease, or gluten intolerance.
  • Re-inoculate the gut with healthy bacteria by using a high quality probiotic supplement.
  • Take digestive enzymes with each meal.
  • Take a hydrochloric acid (HCL) supplement with each meal. You want to take as many as you need to get the slightest burning sensation and then decrease by one capsule. If you have Helicobacter pylori, you need to get rid of it before supplementing with HCL.
  • Stay standing up or sitting up for three hours after a meal. Acid reflux is very unlikely to occur in the standing or sitting position. After three hours, it should be safe to go to bed. Make sure your head and shoulders are elevated.
  • Eliminate sugar, processed, and junk foods from your diet. Instead, focus on high quality, organic meats and vegetables.
  • Optimize your vitamin D levels to boost immunity. Ideally, it should be between 50-80 ng/dl.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Last but not least, engage in daily stress reduction and relaxation practices. Remember, stress reduces stomach acid production. Undigested food stays in the stomach longer, increasing the chance of the LES relaxing and the occurrence of acid reflux.

A Colorful, Fruity Summer Menu

The last thing I want to do in the summer is heat up my house with the oven and stove. That's why my favorite method of cooking in the summer is grilling. I love to have company over and spend the whole day outside eating and drinking fruity margaritas. The men grill and the women chat while the kids run around free at last from a long winter inside.

So what will I be grilling and cooking this summer? I like appetizers, side dishes and desserts that also spare me from having to heat up my kitchen or make a big mess. My favorite part of summer is the fresh produce. It's much less expensive to cook with fresh ingredients and they taste much better. Here is what a typical summer menu looks like at my house.

Mango Guacamole
Mandarin Orange Salad
Lime Cilantro Chicken Fajitas
Lime Pie
Strawberry Margaritas on the Rocks

My husband claims this is "chic" food. I think winter is for "man" meals such as chili and stew, so it's only fair that we ladies get a food season too.

Mango Guacamole
Serving Size: 6 adults
4 avocados – mashed
2 mangos – diced small
1 lime – juiced
1 tsp. of salt
1/2 cup of fresh cilantro

Mix well and serve with tortilla chips.

Mandarin Orange Salad
Serving Size: 6 adults
1/4 cup of sugar
1/4 cup of apple cider vinegar
1/2 cup of vegetable oil
1 tsp. of salt
2 tsp. of dried parsley
1 pinch of pepper

1/4 cup of sugar
1/2 cup of sliced ​​almonds
1 bag of Spring Mix lettuce
1 can of Mandarin Oranges – drained
1 pint of Fresh Strawberries – sliced

1) Mix dressing and whisk until smooth. Refrigerate.
2) Cook almonds and sugar together on low heat until sugar melts and coats almonds.
3) Toss lettuce, almonds, oranges, and strawberries with dressing.

Lime Cilantro Chicken Fajitas
Serving Size: 8 adults

Combine these ingredients.
2 limes – juiced
1 tsp. of ground cumin
1/2 cup of fresh cilantro
1/2 tsp. of salt
1/4 tsp. of black pepper
2 cloves of garlic – minced
2 Tablespoons of Olive Oil

Pepper Mix:
1 Purple Onion
1 lime – juiced
1 Red Bell Pepper
1 Tablespoon of Olive oil
1 Green Bell Pepper

Fajita Fixins:
Shredded Cheddar
Sour Cream
4 boneless, skinless chicken breasts
2 packages of 8 flour tortillas
1) Place chicken in marinade for 2 hours. Grill chicken for 10 – 15 minutes, flipping once. Slice thinly for serving.
2) Slice onion and peppers into long strips. Place on a sheet of aluminum foil. Squeeze lime and pour olive oil over onion and peppers. Seal foil into a packet. Place on grill for 10 – 15 minutes along side of chicken.
3) Wrap tortillas in foil and heat on grill for 3-4 minutes just prior to serving.
4) Serve chicken on tortillas with peppers and fixins.

* Grilling Alternatives *
1) Broil chicken on high on the highest oven rack for 7 minutes on each side.
2) Place foil pack in the oven along side of chicken.
3) Place tortillas between 2 layers of wet paper towels and microwave for 2 minutes – flipping once.

Lime Pie:
Serving Size: 8 adults

1 Graham Cracker Pie Crust
1 can of sweetened condensed milk
5 limes
1 container of whipped topping
1 (8 oz.) Cream cheese
3-4 each drops of yellow and green food coloring

1) Zest 3 limes and juice all 5.
2) Combine zest, juice, cream cheese and condensed milk. Mix well.
3) Add food coloring. Mix well. Fold in whipped topping.
4) Pour into pie crust. Refrigerate 3 – 4 hours to set.
* Reserve any remaining pie filling for the kids to use as dip with graham cracker sticks.

Strawberry Margaritas on the Rocks
Per glass:
2 Strawberries – halved
1/2 ounce Grand Marnier
1 1/2 ounces of Silver Tequila
2 ounces of fresh lime juice
1 ounce of simple syrup

1) To make simple syrup: Boil 1 cup of water and 1 cup of sugar until sugar is completely dissolved.
2) Place strawberry halves in the bottom of glass. Muddle (mash) with Grand Marnier.
3) Shake tequila, lime juice and simple syrup – add to glass. Top with ice.

This menu is perfect for your family or for entertaining company. One thing for certain, you will not have to worry about left-overs.

Sports Bar Supplies

Running a sports bar is a very profitable business when walking in with the proper knowledge and equipment. Knowing where to start and what items to purchase beforehand will enable you to grow your business quickly and efficiently. So, what are the items that are needed? Listed below are sports bar supplies that are an ultimate must have. Be sure to add them to your list to maximize your opening business potential, or increase your current business.

Top supplies for any sports bar:

Bar stools: bar stools should be attractive and comfortable. The perfect bar stool would remain within the sports bar theme and not appear to fancy. Remember, the idea is to be inviting and to provoke a longer period of daily use.

4-Top tables: 4-top tables are space efficient and invite a more relaxed crowd. The basic design allows for easy maneuverability by customers and easier re-organizing for bar owners.

Beer: beer is the one top selling beverage at any sports bar and a must have on any sports bar supplies list. A wide variety will cover the preference of a larger crowd. Be sure to keep domestics and add a few specialty beers to put you on the map.

Beer taps: allows for disbursement of draft beer. Stainless steel is easy to clean and reduces build up within the tap when properly maintained.

CO2 lines: CO2 will keep beer kegs properly pressurized and allow for the distribution of over 90% of the beer from the keg.

Liquor: a variety of liquor, mixers and flavorings allow for the mixing of various shots, mixed drinks, and non-alcoholic drinks.

Bar supplies: there are a wide number of sports bar supplies that are needed to enable a bar to perform properly.

Mandatory items for daily use will be:

* Bar rags needed to keep bars properly cleaned

* Pourers enables proper poring and reduces contamination

* Shot glasses allows for individual sales of liquor

* Rocks glasses good for liquor on the rocks, double shots, and soda mixes

* Flutes allows for more liquid to be added to liquor beverages

* Soda cups for distribution of non-alcoholic beverages

* Jiggers enables proper measurement of liquor

* Bar napkins reduces rings and condensation on table/bar tops

* Stirrers keeps drinks sanitary by reducing cross contamination

* Fruit trays needed to hold condiments for drinks

* Cleaning products allows for cleanliness and sterilization

* Bottle openers stationary item to open beer bottles

The proper list of sports bar supplies will ensure that the bar is functional, easily maintained, delivers proper disbursement of beverages and remains professional. These basic supplies also help the bar to remain within the guidelines of liquor laws pertaining to its state.

Toys for the Boys

When we think about adult toys, a lot of the time we think of vibrators and female pleasure aides, but the fact is that now more than ever there is a huge range of toys to increase men’s pleasure in the sack! Men are usually a little more reluctant to engage the help of a toy, but boys, give a few of these little beauties a try and you’ll wonder where they’ve been all your life! Forget computer games and remote control cars, the hottest new boys toys are strictly for the bedroom!

Vibrating Cock Ring

This innocuous looking device is very cheap to purchase and can even be found in the aisles of your local supermarket as part of a packet of condoms! Made of silicone, the cock ring is worn at the base of the penis and not only helps you last longer, but emits surprisingly powerful vibrations for both you and your partner to enjoy! There’s also a clit-stimulator connected to the ring which will send her wild without too much effort on your part-which means more time to sit back, relax, and enjoy the good vibrations!

Prostate Stimulators

Men, if you don’t already know about the male g-spot, let me tell you. A lot of men have a ‘thing’ about up-the-bum action, but if you want a more intense orgasm than you’ve ever had in your life, it’s time to…er, shelve those concerns. The prostate is, as you know, located inside the male anus, and stimulation of the prostate makes orgasms incredible intense. A prostate stimulator can be used during sex or masturbation, and massages the perineum (the area between the balls and the anus) while stimulating that all-important male g-spot, the prostate. You won’t be disappointed.

Anal Beads

What? I hear you ask-beads for my bum? That’s right boys, these can be pleasurable for men and women alike and are a string of small balls (almost like a necklace) that can be inserted into the anus and then pulled out when you’re nearing orgasm. The sensation of your sphincter clenching and releasing as the beads are removed heightens the pleasure of orgasm, and if you’ve tried other forms of anal stimulation you’ll definitely want to give these babies a try.

Vibrators and Dildos

A vibrator or dildo doesn’t have to be the domain of women alone-and they don’t have to be the large, veiny, penis replicas that send many men into a cold sweat. There are slimline dildos created especially for anal use, as well as smooth, thin and curved vibrators which are perfect for increasing stimulation of the prostate and balls. Shop around for a male vibrator-they are surprisingly strong for their size!

Manifold Filter

Manifold is essentially a device that provides vacuum support for filtration of multiple test samples simultaneously. Ideally used to facilitate one, three or six test samples at the same time, the most advanced types of manifolds are capable of handling as many as 20 samples simultaneously. What makes the use of a manifold apparatus really handy is that all this can be achieved using only a single vacuum source. Vacuum manifold is the aluminum manifold that has been designed for the vacuum filtration of the acropprep and acroawell lines of multi-well filter plates.

In this manifold. we can top of the filter plate prior to removing it to release any hanging drops that may be on attached to the outlet tips. This is sturdy & chemical resistant capable of processing 20 samples simultaneously and each vac-man manifold is supplied with 20 individually luer-lok stopcocks so each port is controlled individually.

The use of manifold makes filtration simple as well as faster than the filtration done through traditional means. In other words, the use of manifold for filtration helps overcome several handicaps including low speed, low efficiency, and high labor exertion. All this makes it more convenient especially for those who need to filter several samples at a given point of time. The uses of chemicals The purification systems or with manifold may create a safety scanner : hazard. For protection we can use a lab coat and safety glasses when using the pure yield or wizard purification systems. Before beginning a purification procedure inspect the components of the vacuum manifold. We do not use if cracks or other damage are visible and ensure that the one way Luer -Lok stopcocks are attached firmly to the neoprene stopper.

Only a single vacuum pump can be used to facilitate the operation of a multi-branch manifold filter as each filter holder has a separate control valve of its own. PVC vacuum filtration manifolds are lightweight and resistant to acids. Manifolds made of stainless steel are autoclavable, versatile and can hold temperatures of up to 180F while the use of high-quality extra hardened glass can make it fit to operate at temperatures as high as 200F.

Manifolds are used widely in the field of chemical analysis, water quality analysis, biochemical and pharmaceutical applications, food and beverage industries, scientific research as well as environmental testing. A typical manifold setup consists of a stainless steel manifold, three or six filter holders, a joint flask, and a vacuum source.

The manifold units are designed in a manner that they have low center of gravity so that they do not tip when full loaded. The fact that each station uses separate control valve makes independent operation possible. The apparatus comes equipped with anodized aluminum handles on both the ends to enable positioning on bench top.

Tips on Getting Discount Plumbing Products

A plumbing problem such as a clogged drain or toilet is always an irritating problem for a homeowner. Fortunately, there are a number of plumbing problems that a homeowner can fix without having to hire a plumber. For instance, clogged drains and toilets and mild leaks that are not a symptom of a bigger problem, can often be easily repaired. For this reason, every homeowner should have a basic plumbing tool kit in the event they encounter a minor plumbing problem.

There are low cost basic plumbing products that homeowners should include in their toolkit. These products can be purchased at a plumbing supply store and hardware store. You may also find these tools at a department store where you can often get a really good price. For instance, for clogged drains, there are inexpensive drain plungers that can be used to clear drain clogs. There are also toilet plungers that are used for clearing clogged toilets.

Plumbers putty is another product that should be included in a tool kit. It is useful for sealing small cracks and holes in pipes, toilets, faucets … etc. A plumber snake is another tool that is useful if the toilet plunger is not clearing the clog. There is a special sink auger that is used specifically for sink drains, and not the sewer line. Both the plumber snake (toilet auger) and sink auger contain a long flexible cable and is fed through the pipe. As well, pliers and a pipe wrench are essential for dealing with a plumbing problem. They are important for holding pipe fittings when soldering, and unscrewing and tightening nuts, screws, and washers. It is important to remember that different pliers and wrenches are used for different plumbing repairs. You want to make sure that you do not use the wrong tool and damage the plumbing mechanisms.

Plumbers tape is another important item that should be included in a home plumbing repair kit. This tape can be used to wrap the threaded plumbing joint connections. It is effective at stopping and preventing minor links in the pipe connections. It is also used to prevent sewer gas from escaping from the threaded joint connections. It is a very inexpensive product. Another important item that a homeowner should have is a flashlight. A flashlight will allow the homeowner to see in dark and small places.

There are many plumbing issues that require mild repair that often can be performed by a homeowner. These items can be purchased at affordable places in a wide variety of stores that carry home renovation and repair supplies at greatly discounted prices. If there is a serious plumbing problem which requires repair by a person who has experience with plumbing systems, it is important to call in a professional plumber. If you try to fix a problem and create more damage, you will likely end up with a much higher repair than if you had just called the plumber. They have the education, certification, and experience to handle all plumbing issues and will be able to make the repair in a professional and skilled manner.

Famous Killers – Prominent Murderers of the 1800s

Throughout history, murderers have always seemed to rivet the attention of the public. Hapless victims, their calculated killers, and all the gruesome details of the crime seem to fascinate most people, and the trials are oftentimes sensational events that attract the masses. Killers committing their heinous crimes during the 19th century were no different than the ones of today, but a few of these criminals stand out in history.

Champ Ferguson – The story of Champ Ferguson is set in the mountains of Tennessee during the height of the American Civil War. For reasons not completely clear, Ferguson became a staunch supporter of the Rebel cause; some say Union soldiers raped his wife and daughter, while others say that the Confederacy promised him clemency on an existing murder charge if he promised his support. Whatever his reasons were, Ferguson became one of the most notorious and feared guerrillas in Tennessee, and also one of the most prolific killers of Union soldiers and supporters in the area. Noted for his sadistic tendencies when he found a new victim, Ferguson is estimated to have killed over 100 people, though he was only tried for the murders of 53. Ferguson was arrested and tried for murder in May of 1865, creating something of a spectacle for a public eager to see him sentenced to death. Though Ferguson freely admitted to committing the many murders, he maintained that his acts were part of military activities and he only killed those who would have killed him. Ferguson was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to hang on October 20, 1865. His death closed the chapter of one of the South’s most notorious guerrilla fighters, feared by some and revered by others.

H. H. Holmes – Known by many as America’s first documented serial killer, H. H. Holmes is responsible for the deaths of as many as 100 people, though he confessed to only 27 of those murders. Born in New Hampshire in 1860 under the name Herman Webster Mudgett, Holmes is best known for the time he spent in Chicago during the World’s Fair in 1893. After graduating from medical school in Michigan, Holmes moved to Chicago to practice pharmacy. Dispensing medicine, however, was not high on his priority list, and instead he became involved in a number of shady business deals swindling people out of their money. In 1893, construction began on The Castle, which would serve as his home/office, a hotel for visitors to the fair, and ultimately, his killing grounds. The building was three stories high, covered an entire city block, and had a floorplan that would confound even the most experienced architect. The third floor was a sort of labyrinth, with windowless rooms, doors opening to nowhere, stairs leading to nowhere, and many more oddities. This was where Holmes committed his murders, torturing his victims and sending their bodies down secret passageways to the basement where they were either burned or dissected and sold to medical schools. When the World’s Fair concluded, Holmes left Chicago looking for more opportunities to increase his wealth and his victim count. When he was caught in an insurance fraud scheme with his associate Benjamin Pitezel, who he had killed along with three of Pitezel’s children, Holmes was tracked and finally arrested in Boston. After his arrest, The Castle was searched and authorities began uncovering evidence of some of the most gruesome crimes ever committed. After a trial lasting only five days, Holmes was convicted of murder and sentenced to the gallows on May 7, 1896. The story of H. H. Holmes is perhaps one of the most disturbing, yet fascinating, ventures into the mind of a killer.

Octavius Barron – While Octavius Barron didn’t earn quite as much notoriety as the two killers above, he is notable because at the young age of 18, he was responsible for the first murder in the city of Rochester, New York. William Lyman was a respected man in the city, with a successful job and growing family. On the night of October 20, 1837, he left his office to return home to his wife and four children. He never made it. As Lyman walked toward his house, he was shot in the back of the head at point blank range, robbed of several hundred dollars, and left dead in an alley. Hearing the shot, a young boy living in a house nearby alerted his father, who then called police. While authorities were busy collecting evidence at the crime scene, Barron was at the local tavern waving Lyman’s money around and boasting of the murder to his friends. It didn’t take long for this cavalier attitude to come to an end, however, as Barron was arrested just hours after pulling the trigger. The case against him was strong, and as he was already known around town as being a habitual gambler and drinker, the young man was easily convicted of the murder. Octavius Barron hung for his crime on June 7, 1838, and with his death justice was served. But the tale doesn’t stop here; though William Lyman’s life had ended, his story continued.

You can learn more about Octavius Barron, William Lyman, and the surprising details of these men’s fates in the documentary “Visions: True Stories of the Supernatural” by Ad-Hoc Productions. Go to for more information.

Facts About China’s Sports


Yao Ming is an Chinese professional basketball player who plays for the Houston Rockets of the NBA (National Basketball Association). Like Dikembe Mutombo (Democratic Republic of Congo), Tracy Mc Grady (United States) and Luis Scola (Argentina), he is one of the best players in the world.

Liu Xiang won the gold medal in the men´s 110 meter hurdles at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games. He was the first Asian man to win an Olympic gold medal in track, and his victory in Greece was hailed in his country as a cultural leap forward because it ran counter to the stereotypes of what makes a great hurdler.At the medalist´s press conference following the men´s 110-meter hurdlers, Liu said: “My victory has proved that athletes with yellow skin can run as fast as those with black and white skin”. He was born on July 13, 1983 in Shangai, China.

The Chinese delegation participated in the 2000 Olympic Games held in Sydney (Australia), and won 28 gold medals in such events as athletics, badminton, diving, gymnastics, judo, shooting, taekwondo, table tennis and weightlifting.

Kuoshu is the national sport in the People`s Republic of China.

Lang Ping played volleyball at the 1984 Summer Olympics for China. In the 1980s, she was the best volleyball player in the world. In 2004, she became the head coach of the USA women`s national volleyball team. “Lang Ping is an individual who has been uncommonly successful in every phase of her career as a player and a coach, and her accomplishments are unequaled,” USA chief executive officer Doug Beal said. “She won every major event as a player for China during her career and was clearly the dominant player in the world in the 1980s.” And she transitioned more seamlessly than almost anyone in volleyball history to her role as a coach, leading China to a silver medal at the Atlanta Olympics in 1996 and successfully coaching professionally in Italy for many years.”

China sent 246 athletes to the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona (Spain). It participated in gymnastics, athletics, boxing, cycling, fencing, diving, judo, shooting, swimming, table tennis, archery, badminton, sailing, weightlifting, wrestling, modern pentathlon, basketball and volleyball. The People´s Republic of China finished 4th in the medal count, with 54 (16 gold), trailing the Unified Team (112), United States (108) and Germany (82).

The Chinese metropolis has hosted the 11th Asian Games in 1990. Over 6,122 athletes from more than 35 countries participated, along with 1,000 coaches. It was the largest multi-sport event in the Third World in 1990.

Beijing has hosted the 1990 FIVB Volleyball Women´s World Championship. It is the capital city of China.

The Asian country has had many famous sportswomen in the past century: Kuo-tuang Jung (table tennis), Lu Li (gymnastics), Chen Yueling (track and field), Fu Mingxia (diving), Zheng Meizhu (volleyball), Gao Min (diving), Haixia Zheng (basketball), Yang Xilan (volleyball), Zhuang Xiaoyan (judo), Hong Qian (swimming), Gu Jun (badminton), Chuang Tse-tung (table tennis), Wang Huifeng (fencing), Hsie-ting (table tennis), Wei Qiang (softball), Yong Zhuang (swimming), He Ying (archery), Ge Fei (badminton), Le Jingyi (swimming), Wang Junxia (track and field), Xu Yanmei (diving), Sun Fuming (judo), Li Duihong (shooting), Mo Huilan (gymnastics) and Qu Yunxia (athletics).

Zhu Jianhua was one of the most famous athletes in China and in Asia. He was an Olympic bronze medalist and former world record holder in the high jump.

The Chinese team won the women`s volleyball World Cup by defeating Cuba (3-1) in 1985. It was the 2d World Cup victory for the People`s Republic of China.

China did not participate at the 1980 Olympic Games in Moscow, URSS (currently Russia).Many Chinese athletes -notably hurdler Tsu Lin, high jumper Ni Chih-chin, long jumper Hsia Chieh-ping, runner Sung Mei-hua, and volleyball players Liang Yan, Zhang Rongfang, Zhou Xiaolan and Zhu Ling- lost their Olympic opportunities.

Li Ning won three gymnastics gold medals at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, California (USA). Like Nadia Comaneci (Romania) and Vitaly Scherbo (Belarus), he was one of the best gymnasts of the 20th century. Li Ning was born on September 8, 1963 in Liuzhou, Guangxi, China.

From 1993 to 1996, Wang Junxia was one of the greatest runners in China and Asia. She set three world records in 1993 (3,000- metre and 10,000-metre events). This year she won a gold medal in the 10,000 m at the World Championships in Stuggart (Germany). At the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta (Georgia,USA), she notified the world of her championships capabilities by winning the gold medal in the 5,000-meter race.

The Asian country won the silver medal in softball at the 1996 Olympic Games in the United States.

Diver Fu Mingxia won 5 gold medal at three successive Olympic Games: Barcelona (1992), Atlanta (1996) and Sydney (2000). She is an idol in her natal city of Wuhan, China.

Chuang Tse-tung was one of the best-known players in the history of table tennis (also known as ping pong). In the 1960s, she was an idol in the People´s Republic of China.

China has competed in the Winter Olympics 8 times and has won a total of 33 medals. It has more Olympic medals that Iceland, Hungary, Australia and Poland combined.

Michael Chang, who had won a Grand Slam, plans to open an academy for young players in China. He once said, “I have a wish, which is to contribute my experience accumulated from playing in world tournaments to the development of tennis in China”.

China sent 219 athletes to the 1984 Olympic Games, which were held in Los Angeles, California, USA. The Chinese delegation had athletes competing in 16 sports: archery (6), athletics (22), basketball (22), canoeing (4), cycling (7), fencing (17), gymnastics(14), handball (15), wrestling (10), rowing (9), shooting (17), swimming (35), tennis (1), volleyball (22),weightlifting (10) and sailing (4).

Fencing Drills – Command Drills

Although drills occupy an important place in the training of fencers, both recreationally and as competitive athletes, the choice of the correct type of drill for a specific need is important .Not all drills are appropriate or effective at all stages of training .One example of this is the command drill.

As the name suggests, a command drill is one in which the actions of the fencers are controlled by commands by the coach .A typical command drill is used to teach a new skill during a group lesson .The process requires that the coach plan a logical progression of assembling a skill as the basis of the drill:

(1) The coach breaks down the skill to be taught into each part that requires a different action by the fencer.

(2) The coach demonstrates the skill, pointing out each of the parts.

(3) The coach then gives commands to have each fencer execute the parts in sequential order .This may be by numbers (“one,” “two,” “three,” etc.) or by the name of the action (“partly extend,” lower the point,” raise the point on the other side of the blade,” complete the extension,” etc.).

(4) As the fencers develop acceptable proficiency in the most detailed sequence, the coach assembles several parts of the skill together, increasingly reducing the number of commands . Eventually the progression is fully assembled into a minimum number of commands.

For example, the progression of commands in teaching a feint of straight thrust-disengage might be:

First sequence:

… partly extend in a feint

… lower the point

… raise the point on the other side of the blade

… complete the extension

… lunge

… recover

Second sequence:

… feint

… disengage

… lunge

… recover

Third sequence:

… attack

… recover

Fourth sequence:

… attack

Although this example is one-sided, with only the initiator having specific commands, both the initiating fencer and responding fencer can be given tasks .At each stage in the process, as the sequences shrink in length, the coach must provide an explanation of the commands, and watch carefully for students who are not executing the correct sequence .All of this makes for a drill that is supervision intensive.

There are advantages to the command drill .It mirrors exactly the components the fencers have been shown when the skill is demonstrated, and helps eliminate confusion in executing the skill .Especially for students who are beginners, it builds the skill in small chunks that the fencer can easily understand .For the coach it provides a very structured lesson with an increased probability that students will be able to mechanically execute the skill.

However, there are disadvantages . Complicated actions with both fencers engaged simply end up with too many commands to be easily used .Although rotation at the end of each sequence works, if both fencers are expected to play active roles, rotation should be restricted to within the same side of the drill .Asking a fencer to shift to a new set of commands or meanings for commands invites confusion .Finally, because this is a very structured drill it does not build student autonomy, mobility, timing, or tactical judgment . This means that the command drill is probably most effective in teaching good technical execution of a skill for beginners or new intermediates.

The command drill was a staple of instruction for classical fencers, and for those who teach in a classical context or primarily teach beginners, it remains a useful tool .For those who coach modern competitive fencers, its use is more restricted, probably only to the introduction or correction of skills, and then only briefly.

Grand Mayan Resort – Riviera Maya

The Grand Mayan Resort lies along a stretch of beautiful white sand beach between Cancun and the picturesque fishing village of Playa del Carmen. Located in the heart of the Riviera Maya this exclusive resort provides a window into ancient Mayan history amidst tropical beauty and modern amenities.

The Grand Mayan Resort itself is built around a manmade lagoon situated behind a low dune beyond which the crystal blue Caribbean Sea beckons. You can spend the day relaxing on the beach or exploring the waters offshore on a Jet Ski, water skiing, or take in the pristine underwater views through a snorkel mask. If a day trip is in order then one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Mayan ruins at Chichen Itza, is the perfect way to spend the day.

If you want to do more than just relax on the beach then the Grand Mayan has plenty to offer. Cancun and its active nightlife and club scene are short ride away. Or spend the day shopping along Playa del Carmen's two mile long walking mall known as the Avenida Quinta (Fifth Avenue). This nearby tourist destination offers a seemingly endless street of bars, restaurants, shops and hotels.

Grand Mayan Resort – Accommodations, Dining, Golf and Spa

The Grand Mayan Resort boasts three classes of rooms; the Grand Master Room, the Grand Suite and the Grand Master Suite. Let's take a quick look at what each one offers.

The Grand Master Room encompasses six hundred and three square feet and features an LCD television, a bathroom with two sinks, a marble shower and separate bath tub. Each room has a balcony with tropical views and enough room to hold 2 adults and 2 children comfortably.

The Grand Suite is one thousand two hundred and ninety five square feet of luxurious living space. It has a separate bedroom and a living room with small attached kitchen and dining table. Each suite has balcony with a private plunge pool to cool off in after a day of fun in the sun. Both rooms feature an LCD TV with enough room for 6 people.

The Grand Master Suite is a true tropical palace. It boasts one thousand eight hundred and ninety eight square feet to truly relax in. This two bedroom palace features two separate bathrooms, a balcony with a plunge pool and all the features of the two smaller rooms. It will easily accommodate 2 adults and 6 children.

All three classes of rooms feature traditional Mexican décor and native woods. Art work from local artisans is featured throughout each room. The friendly staff will keep your room clean and stocked with all the necessities and at the end of the day their turn down service will see you sleeping luxurious comfort.

The restaurants at the Grand Mayan Resort offer a wide variety of choices depending on what guests are hungry for. If formal sit down dinners are your thing then Gong or Tramonto are the place for you. Gong features Asian cuisine made from the finest of ingredients while Tramonto offers the best of American and Italian cuisine.

For more casual meals Café Del Lago is the place to be. It offers an outdoor buffet style dining experience surrounded by a tropical lake and gardens. Frida's grill is another buffet style dining experience offering authentic Mexican food and beverages. Both offer nightly entertainment as well.

For quick meals, snacks and beverages on the go there is the Balche Pool Bar, Brio Health Bar and Deli Jade.

After eating your fill and relaxing in your comfortable room it may be time to play a round or two of golf. The Grand Mayan Resort features the El Manglar golf course designed by Jack Nicklaus's design company. This 18 hole course blends beautifully into the tropical jungle that surrounds it making for a truly unique golfing experience.

A day at the Grand Mayan Resorts Brio Spa & Fitness Center can be the perfect way to unwind and relax. Release all your tension with a relaxing massage, body treatment or facial. Get in an invigorating workout in the gym, take in a spinning or Pilate's class, or stretch tired muscles in the yoga room. When your workout is over take a steam in the sauna or relax in the Jacuzzi. The Brio Spa & Fitness center has everything you need to make your time at the Grand Mayan Resort truly special.

Grand Mayan Resort – A Vacation in Paradise

This Riviera Maya Resort is the perfect vacation spot for families looking for beach side fun or couples looking for a romantic rendezvous. It offers something for everyone looking for a vacation along a beautiful stretch of white sand beach.

2013 Tourist Information for San Francisco

Positioned along a bay on the Pacific Ocean, San Francisco is the 14th largest city in the United States with over 8.3 million residents. This booming metropolis has plenty to offer, including thriving business, distinctive culture and ample recreational opportunities. All this makes San Francisco one of the most alluring skylines on the entire West Coast.

While people from all walks of life call San Francisco home, the city also welcomes countless tourists each year. Fortunately, San Francisco is well developed for tourism, giving guests a full range of choices for everything they need for a perfect getaway.

Historic Neighborhoods

As one of the largest cities on the West Coast, San Francisco has a colorful history. Although much of the city was destroyed by an earthquake in 1906, there are still many areas that are recognized by tourists. San Francisco is broken down into distinct neighborhoods. In total, there are more than 40 such sections throughout the city. Each neighborhood has its own ambiance, often reflecting a different piece of San Francisco’s eclectic history. For example, many people enjoy visiting the Mission District. This neighborhood is the oldest in the city with a history that can be traced back to 1776. Because of this, the Mission District has strong Mexican ties, and many guests enjoy visiting Mission Dolores, where the earliest Mexican residents of the city are buried.

Another unique neighborhood is Japantown, which is also known as Fillmore. This area was established in 1906 and is home to nearly 12,000 people with Japanese ancestry, making Japantown one of the most vibrant Japanese communities in the United States. Interestingly, Japantown also has a soulful connection, and every summer guests visit the neighborhood to attend the Fillmore Jazz Festival, which is an open-air celebration of jazz music.

One of the most recognized neighborhoods is Haight-Ashbury. Haight-Ashbury is perhaps best known for its iconic Painted Lady Victorian homes. These historic homes are still well maintained, attracting visitors looking for a quintessential San Francisco experience. This neighborhood was one of the few to survive the earthquake in 1906 with relatively little damage. However, Haight-Ashbury has not been without its share of drama. In the 1960s, this neighborhood was the center of the Summer of Love, attracting hippies from around the country. Since that time, the area has been significantly renovated and now Haight-Ashbury is thriving with independent music shops and art galleries.

Recreational Activities

San Francisco is not just popular for its history. To the contrary, people love visiting San Francisco for all the things to do. To start, San Francisco has some of the best parks in the world. In particular, Golden Gate Park is a must to visit. With over 1000 acres, this sprawling park was established in the late 1800s. The vast grounds have something for everyone, including a Japanese tea garden, museums, lakes, wooded areas and more. Of particular interest is the Conservatory of Flowers, which houses over 1,700 plant species. There are also iconic windmills, sports complexes and even a bison paddock.

In addition to other parks throughout the city, San Francisco is also well developed for biking. There are over 200 miles of bike paths in San Francisco, including several that offer impressive views of the bay. In fact, the city is planning to start a bike sharing program downtown to promote the use of bikes throughout the area. San Francisco also offers plenty of options for water sports, including boating, sailing and windsurfing.

For those who enjoy watching more than doing, San Francisco also has several professional sports teams. In the fall, the San Francisco 49ers are a popular draw, and during the summer months, many guests like to catch a game with the San Francisco Giants.

Cultural Attractions

SF is often noted for its vibrant culture. There are countless options for museums throughout the city, ensuring that everyone can find a cultural attraction that suits their interests. One of the most visited attractions is the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. This museum features 20th century art, including an impressive selection of works by artists like Andy Warhol, Ansel Adams, Henri Matisse and Jackson Pollack.

The California Academy of Sciences is another popular option. Located in Golden Gate Park, this museum provides an impressive look at natural history. The museum was rebuilt in 2008, and now features numerous exhibits. The grounds are divided into three major sections, including a planetarium, an indoor rainforest and an aquarium. While visiting, guests can see unusual habitats and rare animals, making the California Academy of Sciences a great choice for the whole family.

Other museums in the city include The Palace of the Legion of Honor, the Asian Art Museum and the Cable Car Museum. There are also two historical ships that now serve as museums in the bay, the SS Jeremiah O’Brien and the USS Pampanito.


It is not just culture that draws people to San Francisco. The city also offers diverse shopping options for those in need of a little retail therapy. Many tourists like to start in areas like Pier 39 or Fisherman’s Wharf. Both of these areas are designed for tourists with numerous shops featuring trinkets and other novelty items. However, for a bit more refinement, many people try Union Square. Located in the Financial District, Union Square is home to a number of high end stores and boutiques. There are six major department stores there, and numerous upscale brands have boutiques in Union Square. Some of the stores include Macy’s, Prada, Apple and more.

Other Attractions

No trip to SF is complete without taking in a few of the classic sights. In particular, the Golden Gate Bridge is simply a must during any trip to San Francisco. While crossing the bridge by car may be time consuming, some people opt to walk or bike its length for a more distinctive experience. If crossing is unnecessary, there are still several iconic lookout points to take in the spectacle, including South Vista Point and Fort Point.

Another must-visit is Alcatraz Island. This famous island has an unusual history. Located just off the coast in the bay, Alcatraz was developed as a prison and once housed some of the most notorious criminals in American history. When operating costs became too much, it was closed and eventually turned into national park. Now, guests can take a ferry to visit Alcatraz and go on a tour of the facility.

Other famous sights include Coit Tower, Chinatown, the Embarcadero and Fisherman’s Wharf. Many people also try to take at least one cable car ride during their stay in San Francisco.


With so much going on, it is no wonder that San Francisco has a wide range of dining options. The city has over 200 restaurants with menus featuring every style of food imaginable. This range includes casual eateries and upscale dining rooms with everything in between. Many local restaurants are proud to feature fresh food and local ingredients, often with seafood plucked right from the bay.

For pizza, guests can consider Tony’s Pizza Napoletana. For Italian, the landmark John’s Grill is a good choice. Hearty burgers are available at Super Duper Burgers, and sushi fans will love Ichi. La Taqueria is good for Mexican, and for classic seafood, be sure to try the Swan Oyster Depot.

If all this eating makes guests thirsty, there are fortunately many options for wine and spirits in San Francisco. With Napa Valley nearby, there are numerous wineries and microbreweries open to the public. One option is Anchor Brewing, which has been making beer since 1896. Although tours must be booked in advance, many guests find it well worth the effort. For the refinement of wine, Treasure Island Wines is a good choice. This winery is open for public and private tastings, and it is among the best urban wineries in California.

Hotels and Lodging

In a city like San Francisco, the idea of sleep may seem like a secondary concern. However, San Francisco does have numerous choices for hotels and lodging. This includes a wide selection of high end hotels. For travelers on a budget, there are affordable options as well. San Francisco also has an ample selection of bed and breakfasts. Lodging facilities include new developments and historical buildings. This ensures that guests can find accommodations in any part of the city and at any price point.

SF = San Francisco

Section 8 Apartments

If you are wondering, "How do I qualify for section 8 apartments?" you can read this short article and find out a few tips. To qualify, you will have to fulfill a few obligations. If you are in a low income bracket this will probably be no problem. Read on to find out the answer on how to qualify for section 8 apartments.

To qualify for low income housing, you will need to study the requirements for your area. Many places require that the applicant have a social security number. If a person is just single and does not have a family, they may be denied access to section 8 apartments. The income level for a person who does qualify will have to be low. Your question; "How do I qualify for section 8 apartments?" may end up with an answer you will not like if you have a bad rental history.

One sure way to find out if you qualify for low income apartments is to contact your local public housing authority. If you live in an apartment that already has low rent, HUD may offer to help you pay it. You will need to fill out the paperwork and go through a waiting period to qualify for section 8 apartments this way. One particular qualification that is common for those seeking to qualify for these apartments is that they must make an income less than fifty percent of area median income. As the economy gets a little worse each day, this may be an easy task for many.

Section 8 apartment qualification is taken care of at the local level. Those who are successfully entered into these types of apartments will be paying rent based on their income. For example, if you make two thousand dollars a month you could end up paying around six hundred dollars a month for rent on an apartment that originally rents for nine hundred per month. The difference is automatically taken care of for you. Be advised that the waiting period even before the current economic crisis for section 8 apartments is probably into the years. You should start now if you seek the benefits of the section 8 apartment program.

You can get to work on your attempt at successfully renting such cheap housing. You will not be alone in your search, so examining your options in other areas of rent will no doubt help you and your family.

Influence of Internet on the Education System

The Information highway or the Internet has changed the way the world goes about doing things. It is one more point in a long continuum of inventions that is set to revolutionize lifestyles. One is inclined to ask, how does the ability of computers to talk to each other improve the learning process in the classroom? How does it make a difference in study of epics like the Odyssey and the Iliad? These questions and more will be answered in the following passages. The Internet has a more pervasive effect than other electronic media and is the modern engine of progress; it is the new form of thinking that will show a fresh approach to online education.

Personal computers and the Information Superhighway are rapidly transforming America. Already, the Internet is making large amounts of information available at unprecedented speeds. When this revolution makes itself fully felt in schools, teachers and students will have virtually instantaneous access to vast amounts of information and a wide range of learning tools. If we guide the information revolution wisely, these resources will be available not only to affluent suburban schools but also to rural school districts and inner-city schools. Broad access can reduce differences in the quality of online education and give children in all areas new opportunities to learn. Used well, this transforming technology can play a major role in school reform.

The new technology will enable students to acquire the skills that are essential to succeed in modern society. Exposure to computer technology in school will permit students to become familiar with the necessary tools at an early age. By using the technology well, they will also acquire better thinking skills to help them become informed citizens and active community members.

The drive to integrate technology into our nation's schools goes far beyond the Internet. If the Internet did not exist, advanced technology would still have so many valuable educational uses distance learning applications, collaborative learning, and so forth that far larger investments than are being contemplated would be justified.

Web resources are excellent tools for researches. Let's not kid ourselves, however. Even if policymakers, practitioners, and parents did decide what their goals were and even if the research findings supported one of several configurations of hardware and software, deciding when, how, or if to use technology (or any other reform) in the classroom is not likely to be determined solely on these bases. Many other factors – ranging from parental pressure to superintendents wanting to leave their fingerprints on the district to technology corporations promoting their products – shape decisions to buy and allocate technologies to schools.

The Internet is an incredible information resource and a powerful communication tool. The ability to use new technologies is becoming a more important factor in career options, and the future success of today's students will be more affected by their understanding of and ability to access and use electronic information. The increased use of on-line services in the home by children adds to the impetus for schools to take a more active role in family education regarding their use.

Schools have the potential to be access points and online educational centers for exploring Internet resources. Increased involvement of parents in school education programs can help address community concerns and can improve their children's overall academic performance. If educators assume responsibility for helping students master the use of technology and educating them about potential risks, students will become more empowered to make intelligent choices.

Multicultural education relates to education and instruction designed for the cultures of several different races in an educational system. This approach to teaching and learning is based upon consensus building, respect, and fostering cultural pluralism within racial societies. Multicultural education acknowledges and incorporates positive racial idiosyncrasies into classroom atmospheres.

The concept of learning styles is rooted in the classification of psychological types. The different ways of doing so are generally classified as: Concrete and abstract perceivers and Active and reflective processors.

There are many academic and psychological issues do minority students encounter such as: low single head of household, low socioeconomic status, low minority group status, limited English proficiency, low-educational attainment of parents, mobility, and psychosocial factors.

Not only do school programs and practices have a direct impact upon student success, but the school and community contexts in which these programs and practices occur also affect success rates. "Context" is comprised of numerous factors. Some contextual variables can have a positive impact upon students, while others work against student success.

The call for total school reform strongly suggests that existing conceptions of education are inadequate for promoting multicultural equity. Unfortunately, these same conceptions have shaped the schooling of prospective teachers. Their education likely has been characterized by tracking (the process of assigning students to different groups, classes, or programs based on measures of intelligence, achievement, or aptitude), traditional instruction that appeals to a narrow range of learning styles, and curricula that exclude the contributions of women and people of diverse cultures. Competition drives this factory model of schooling, in which students tend to be viewed as products coming off an assembly line.

Education is a fundamental human process; it is a matter of values ​​and action. The cluster of technologies called the Internet has the ability to complement, to reinforce, and to enhance the educational process. It will take the focus of education from the institution to the student. The Internet has come to befriend, dwell with, and live beyond, both, the teacher and the student. African wisdom says, "It takes an entire village to raise a child".

My personal conclusion is that all students, regardless of race, ethnic group, gender, socioeconomic status, geographic location, age, language, or disability, deserve equitable access to challenging and meaningful learning and achievement. This concept has profound implications for teaching and learning throughout the school community. It suggests that ensuring equity and excellence must be at the core of systemic reform efforts in education as a whole.