Entertaining Students – Tips For First Time Teachers

Some teachers think that they aren’t paid to entertain their students. They think that just educating them is enough. The only problem with this mentality is that if you don’t engage your students first or at least get their attention, you have no shot at teaching them anything. Keep this in mind the next time you are knee-deep in a lesson and it seems your students are mentally walking out of the theater early. The kids you teach will come into class expecting to be entertained. After all, they’re a captive audience. They paid no admission to be there. They want to see a show if they have to sit in a chair for an hour.

The good news is that if you learn how to entertain your students at the same time you are delivering knowledge to them, you will find it a much more satisfying and rewarding experience. This is no instant gratification sort of reward. Besides the smiles on your student’s faces and a few chuckles here and there you probably won’t be thanked on the spot for how much effort you are putting into your delivery. But on a personal level you can feel that you didn’t leave anything on the table. At the end of the day you gave it all you had and you did the best to try to leave your students with more information than they had when they came through the door.

It’s as if you are a Vegas performer and depending on how many class you have, it’s like you’re putting on six to eight shows a night. It’s definitely exhausting. Especially considering that you likely only have a few minutes between performances. Don’t be mistaken, you don’t need to enter all of your classes juggling balls of fire and hopping on one foot. But you should make it your responsibility to keep their eyes and thoughts on you. In today’s society of video games, viral videos, social networking websites, cell phones, and the like it’s no easy feat.

You’ll soon find that when you start making entertainment a priority, your exhaustion level will go through the roof. It’s not easy work putting a little bit of yourself into your lessons. If you are doing a lesson plan and trying to incorporate a fun or engaging activity for class, you’re spending extra brain power and thought on that class. Then once you try to execute your plan during class time, you will be trying extra hard to make sure the activity goes as planned.

All of this results in more stress, more time spent planning, and more gusto during the class. You’ll feel drained at the end of the day, but your kids will have a better teacher, and you’ll see them reach new heights.

How to Remove Linoleum Underlayment

There are a lot of tasks that are difficult to accomplish, and will require patience and care to complete. Removing linoleum flooring is one of these tasks but quite easy if you prepare the flooring area appropriately.

Before you Begin the Removal Process

Prior to doing anything else, you must make sure that you know just what type of flooring you have underneath the linoleum. For the most part, a concrete floor will make the task of removing the linoleum a lot easier, whereas, a wooden floor needs to be treated with a lot more care and attention. In order to check which type of flooring you have, you should remove the baseboard and lift up a corner of the flooring.

Removing Linoleum from a Concrete Floor

In order to remove linoleum underlayment from a concrete floor, all you will need is a utility knife and a heat gun. To start with, you should cut the linoleum in to strips of no more than 6 inches in width then you apply the heat gun to soften the fixing glue underneath. When the glue becomes hot it will be easier for you to pull up. Once you have lifted the last strip, you can remove the more stubborn excess glue with the heat gun and a scraper.

Removing Linoleum from a Wooden Floor

The very fact that wood is a much more porous material makes the removal of linoleum much more difficult, due to the fact that the glue will have created a stronger bond. If you discover that the subfloor is made from plywood, it is worth thinking about removing the subfloor as well and replacing it with a new one.

In order to remove the linoleum without removing the subfloor, you can use the same steps as we explained above with regards to removing the linoleum from a concrete floor. However, there will be one or two slight differences between the two techniques. The first thing that you need to do is to make sure that when you cut the linoleum in to strips, that you cut them in the same direction as the grain in the wood, as this will help to reduce damage. You still use the heat gun to soften the glue, however, in order to prevent damage to the floor underneath, instead of using a scraper to remove excess glue, it is advisable to remove it by making use of a floor sander.

Select the Best Fire Escape Ladder

A fire escape ladder is an alternative way to safely exit your home or business offices during cases of emergencies. This type of escape ladder serves best for people who are trapped in the second floor or higher level of a building. The importance of a fire escape ladder may often be overlooked especially by homeowners. They usually do not recognize its added safety contribution not until they get a close encounter with death due to house fire or criminal invasions.

Fire escape ladders are often associated with commercial buildings. Many people think that installing fire exit ladders are mere compliance to building codes. What they greatly miss is the fact that uneventful emergencies may happen and that they are not well equipped to save their own lives as well as the lives of their family members.

Failure to have a fire escape ladder and merely relying on indoor stairs for exit can be deadly. What if the fire started on your stairs? Where do you go next? Jumping out of the window is a high risk escape. It is a do or die escape strategy. So be smart and always be a step ahead when it comes to home or business office safety. Get those ladders installed now! Selecting the best escape ladder is as important as deciding to have one installed. So make sure to consider the following considerations before you purchase ladders for the fire exit:


Factor in the height of the escape ladder. Make sure that it is long enough to help you get to the ground in case of an emergency. To make sure you have the right length, measure the height from the window to the ground where you want your escape ladder installed. If you have multiple windows, it is best to do this on each window since the height may vary depending on the window's location.


Determining the width of the ladder for fire escape is very important. Ensure that you base your measurement from the window where you will be attaching the ladder. To do this, you have to get the window's inner width. Always remember that the wider the ladder, the safer and easier it is for you to escape. Do not over estimate the measurement of the ladder's width.

ASTM F2175 Fire Code Compliance

American Society for Testing and Materials always rates whether an emergency escape is reliable or not. Always check for an ASTM approved label before purchasing any ladder for fire exits.

Ease of Use

Panic can sometimes get to you during cases of emergency. An escape ladder that is complicated to operate may lead you to being trapped inside the house or a building. To avoid this, always check how the escape ladder works before buying one. Always go for ladders that are easy to deploy.


To have an idea on the reliability and durability of ladders, it is advisable to read consumer reviews especially if you are planning to purchase online.

If you have carefully considered the following factors, you are now ready to purchase a fire escape ladder. It may not be for your daily use, but fire exit ladders equip you to be fully prepared to face any major emergencies.

Stair Lift Installation – Quick Guide

A stair lift is a device used by elderly individuals or those with disabilities to go up and down flights of stairs. Stair lift installation usually needs the supervision and ability of trained professionals but it is great to have a basic knowledge of what goes on during one.

This mechanism is reliant on rails or a track on which it runs on. Chains are used to bring the seat up or down the installed tracks. There are two tracks usually installed on one side of the staircase, usually the one closest to the wall. Other points to consider for stair lift installation are the length of the staircase, which should correspond with the length of the track, and the type of seat or platform ordered by the user.

What to Look Out For
The length of the rail is one of the important things that the installers should take note of. Manufacturers and those in charge of stair lift installation processes should be aware of the stairway's length before they even install the device. Do-it-yourself mobility products should be measured properly to ensure that the user will not have any problems afterwards. There may be some difficulty returning rails or tracks of the wrong length especially if they are shorter than expected. Longer ones can be shortened.

The stair lift installation should start with the laying of the tracks. The lower track is the first to be laid. Brackets are used to hold these rails in place, usually at the top, middle and lower end of the stairs. Depending on how long the staircase is, the rackets should be able to support the rail length. This means that the longer the rail, the more brackets in the middle.

The placing of the call box wiring comes next. This gadget helps the device go up and down the length of the tracks as well as summons it to come up or down when there is a need for it. The wire of the box should be kept out of the way of the track to ensure that it does not get caught as the haul up moves. When the call box wiring is finished, the upper track can then be attached to the lower track. The chain is then attached to the entire track and should move effortlessly with a pulley concept. The power cable for the seat should follow next and then the seat itself.

Make sure to test the mechanism thoroughly before letting the installers go. If anything seems awry or bothersome, it is best to ask about it while the installers are still there.

Subliminal Messages in Music

Have you ever listened to Stairway to Heaven?

"If there's a bustle in your hedro do not be alarmed now"

… Now what does this mean?

Subliminal messages in music are in many songs and in Stairway to Heaven should you play the previously mentioned line backwards, it is claimed you will hear someone saying "I've been a bad boy, 666 satan". These messages in music are often put there for strictly entertainment purposes.

Rumor has it that Led Zeppelin – the band that wrote and performed Stairway to Heaven – put these subliminal messages in the music they wrote because at the time, when someone played their record backwards enough, they had a strong likelihood of destroying their record and thus having to purchase another one would result in more sales.

More sales resulted in Led Zeppelin holding the number 2 spot in record sales. Subliminal messages in music were mastered by the Beatles. The Beatles have many subliminals in the music they wrote and most famously in "Come Together". Come together is cleverly named, and is said to talk about sex with John Lennon.

Other notable artists with notable subliminal messages in music that were written include Britney Spears. Britney Spears, at a young age stated that she was a virgin and would stay that way until she got married. However in her song "I'm not that innocent" there is a section which when played backwards produces "Sleep with me I'm not too young".

Subliminal messages in music can be used to allow someone to look a certain way to those that know the music and tell their real message to their fans. Take for instance Queen's "Another One Bites the Dust". When played normally, it tells the story of warriors getting killed in battle, but when played backwards it talks about how fun it is to use drugs.

Subliminal messages in music will increase as long as rules and regulations are in place on what musicians can write about. After all, they would not be good at their job if they did not rebel!

Organising a Rave

OK, so what follows is a practical guide to organising your own rave! But before we start there are a few issues which I need to address. I'm not sure how it works in the US but in the UK we have something called the Criminal Justice Act of 1988. This was introduced as a direct response to the booming rave culture of the late 80s. What this act did was give the Police power to shut down any gathering that they believed to be dangerous or anti-social.

You need to be aware that any organised gathering on public land or on land that you do not have permission to use can be shut down by the plod and all the equipment can be confiscated. I've been to several raves that have ended in this way and quite often the involvement of Police turns to chaos, fighting, riots and arrests. I remember one rave a friend organised under the M6. The police blocked about 200 of us under this bridge and proceeded to arrest people left right and centre. In the chaos I saw a young lad get bottled and several other people get a right good kicking! So watch yourselves out there!


The Venue

You've got various options for the venue and some very important decisions to make which could make or break your rave:

1. Do you want to rave outside?

The first problem you have is permission. Do you have permission to use the land you've got your eye on? Do you care !? Most outdoor rave worthy land is owned by a farmer. Farmers are notoriously odd when it comes to these sort of events; some of them will be accommodating and some will shoot at you if you step foot on anything they own so play it cool! The majority of farmers understand one language – money! Get your hand in your pocket and pay the man for the privilege. Or come to an arrangement where you charge per car (but charging for entry is another area where you want to be careful and you'll need to find trust worthy people who do not mind missing the party to take responsibility of this).

Some of the best raves I've been to have been in the Lake District under a clear sky and when you hit that sunrise at 3 or 4 in the morning it can be a great place to be. But there are obvious caveats – the main one being rain! If it's going to be wet (and it usually is when you do not want it to be) then you need to protect your gear. So that means covers, tarpaulins and some sort of scaffold type rig to hold those covers in place.

Wind as well can be an issue so if you're going to be raving outside think about using the natural relief of the land to shelter your set-up from the worst of it.

You should also check out the entrance and exits; especially if you are going to have lots of cars involved. What looks like a sound piece of ground can quickly turn into a quagmire after a bit of rain and a few cars are thrown into the mix.

2. Do you want to rave inside?

If you've got an indoor venue sorted then you've already removed at lot of the issues which are associated with the bloody awful British weather. But you have opened another box of issues!

If you have a proper venue available for hire then all licensing, entry control, security and staging is made a lot simpler but you may have rules laid down by the cops and the venue owners. Because of this I would not recommend using a proper venue for anything other than a proper club night. But were talking about proper raves here so …

3. What are the other options?

The best option is a privately owned building … Not a house! I'm thinking more of a barn or disused storage space like a warehouse. If you can get permission to use something like this then you're onto a winner! As long as it's weather proof you can protect your ravers and your sound system from the elements; but you do not have the usual red tape associated with using a proper venue.

The best rave I organised was in an old church! It was completely empty except for a few hymn books. It still had the huge stained glass windows in place and it gave the whole night a gothic feel.

Whatever venue you choose you face a brush with the law if you do not have permission to be there, and even if you do have permission to be there, then you still have to be concerned with several other issues. If there are neighbours near by then they have rights and they can be the biggest issue you'll face as most people will pick up the phone and call the old bill straight away. Do not forget that the Police have the right to break up the party whatever the circumstances. Thank Margaret Thatcher for that one!

The Music and the Lighting

Once you've got the venue sorted you need to fill it full of stuff that makes people rave! It's completely up to you how far you go with this but there is no limit. Some raves I've been to have had huge marquees full of dangling fluorescent decorations and crazy characters walking round on stilts! The only limits are budget and imagination. However there are essentials which you will not be able to rave without.

1. The Sound System

The most important bit of kit is the sound system. Without that there is no party! If you do not have one then you're going to have to hire it. The best way to go about hiring a sound system is through word of mouth. There will be people who have organised raves before you – the same as there will be people who organise raves after you've gone! So ask around, where do you get your sound systems from? What size do you go for? Are they reliable?

You'll have to dip into the piggy bank but there are often sound system owners out there who are sympathetic to your cause and will rent you a sound system at a decent rate. If you're lucky you can hire a guy who'll sort all that out for you. If not then you're going to have to hire the system yourself, set it up and get it running. If you do not know what you're doing then do not bother! Pay someone else!

2. The Music

You need DJs! This is the easiest AND the hardest part of the night to organise! You need to decide what music is going to make people rave their tits off and you need to plan a night of perfect musical balance, flow and style for the night to be a rip roaring success. You also need to make sure you have enough DJs to cover the whole night, but not too many DJs or you'll have a conflict on your hands!

When people hear you're organising a rave the word soon gets about and before you know it you'll have people you've never heard of asking for sets. It really is up to you who and what gets played but you may have to tread on some toes in the process.

Once the DJs all turn up you have the added pain in the arse of organising their set times and what order they play. Someone will not be happy playing first, someone will try and play for longer, someone will get too pissed to play and someone will turn up with a box of records claiming that his uncle's milk man told him he could play for half an hour. My advice … treat DJs like animals! Be strict but not aggressive. Tell them all what the script is and if they do not like it they're not playing. Try not to change set times and keep everything running as planned; but remember … this is your night! Do not let the DJ dictate to you!

You might need to hire decks and a mixer if the sound system dude has not supplied them. Try and borrow them primarily (it may require giving a DJ the prime set but that's the way it goes!). If a DJ wants any specific gear other than two high quality turntables and a decent mixer, then they'll have to bring their own!

3. The Lights

The lights are also very important and some people go to town in this department. As with the sound system you need to know what you're doing or it could turn messy! If you've got the budget then go crazy! Get lasers, traffic lights, strobes, beams – the whole nine yards! It all helps create the rave experience.

If you're holding the rave in a venue which has no street or natural lighting then you will need flood lights for certain areas, such as the main entrance and socialising areas. These are not essential but they do improve the experience for all.

If you feel that you do not have enough knowledge of the above area and you would like to know more then check out: avforums.com [no affiliation].

The Other Bits

1. The Generator

The generator is one of the easiest things to sort out. Most people know someone with a generator of some description; however make sure it has the power to do the job! If you do not know of anyone who'll lend you a generator then every town, city or village has somewhere nearby that will rent you a generator. If you can not find anywhere then try hss.com [no affiliation]. They allow you to order and pick up at a fairly reasonable rate.

The size of generator needed will depend on the size of the sound system, the lighting rig and anything else you are planning that needs power. You should be able to get a good indication of the size needed from the parties involved in these various areas. It may make more sense to hire several generators for different needs. That way if one goes wrong not everything is affected!

Another generator tip: go for diesel, its cheaper! And get plenty of it on standby.

1. Air Conditioning and Heating

Depending on the venue, you may need to hire heater or air conditioners to improve the experience for your ravers. If then venue is small and cramped then air conditioning hire is essential and will prevent anyone passing out from too much hardcore raving!

Likewise, if you're planning a rave in winter then the venue may need extra heat and heater hire might be another necessity.


As well as the lights and the sound system if you've got the budget then why not get all the extras which improve the rave experience? You can go for smoke machines, fireworks, jugglers, magicians, MCs etc … The sky is the limit really!


Hhhm. Now this can be an area where things go wrong! Too much marketing and you may get overrun. If the venue can not cope then you're in a whole world of trouble. Decide what you're trying to achieve and then decide your level of marketing from there. If you want a low key event with friends only then just put the word about and let everyone else do the rest. If you want your even to be huge then print some fliers and do some internet marketing on sites such as Facebook and MySpace.

But never under estimate the power of the grapevine! Do not over do it or you may end up in a whole world of trouble!

Enjoy The Beauty Of Hardwood With The Endurance Of Laminate Flooring

Everyone likes the beautiful, timeless look of hardwood floors. Elegant, yet simple, hardwood is stunning. But take a closer look. Is that hardwood scratched and dented? Are those stains and fade marks that you see there? Maybe that hardwood floor is not as nice as you originally thought.

If you like the look and the timeless appearance of hardwood floors but not want the scratches, dents and fade marks that will come with it than laminate flooring is a good option for you. Besides the fact that laminate is much more durable than traditional hardwood flooring, it is much cheaper as well.

What Is Laminate Flooring?

Laminate flooring is a composite product that looks like a wood product; however, you can care for it as if you would your laminate countertop. Laminate flooring is made of a high-density core with an image placed on the top layer and sealed with a laminate covering. Laminate flooring has a water repellent placed on it and good quality floors are infused with water repellent throughout the core.

What Kind Of Laminate Floor Should I Get?

When you are choosing your laminate floor you will need to take a few things into consideration. The first thing that you need to look at is where you are going to put the floor. Are you looking at a high traffic area that will see a lot of use? Alternatively, is the area that you are covering a smaller, low traffic area? If you are looking at covering a low traffic area, you will probably be able to get away with a laminate flooring that has a smaller core.

The core sizes of laminate flooring vary from around 6mm to 12 mm. The thicker the core in the flooring, the better the stability is. In addition, if you have a thicker core it will stand up better to wear and tear is likely to last you longer than a thinner core.

If you are thinking of moving to a different home in the next few years, you may want to go with a lesser quality of laminate flooring as well. Usually when people purchase a home, the flooring is the first thing that they change so there is no point spending a lot of money on a floor when you are going to move homes.

Most laminate floor come with warranties starting around ten years long. Generally, the more expensive floor types will come with longer warranties. Be sure to read your warranties very carefully however, as some warranties may not cover floor placement in the kitchen or bathroom.

Can I do It Myself?

One of the biggest appeals of laminate flooring is that most people can install them by themselves. You can install most laminate coverings over sheet vinyl, concrete slabs, plywood underlay, existing hardwood or any other flat and level surface.

The glue less Pergo flooring is a very popular choice because it does not require any glue to install properly or any other special tools of any kind. Therefore, anyone can do it himself or herself without any special training. Even if you have never installed a floor before, or do not have a lot of home renovation experience, laminate flooring is easily installed.

One of the biggest benefits to installing the floor yourself is that you can save thousands of dollars on installation fees. Unlike hardwood floors that are already very pricy, and need to be installed professionally, laminate is quick and easy, even for the beginner.

What About In The Kitchen?

Laminate flooring is a good choice for the kitchen and bathroom because it is water repellent. The core of laminate floors have been infused with water repellent to protect from everyday spills that happen. However if you are looking at installing your floor in the kitchen or bathroom you may want to look at purchasing a floor that has been infused with a paraffin wax in the joints in order to further repel water and avoid swelling.

Unlike hardwood floors, laminate is a much better choice for kitchens or bathrooms. Because we all know that spills happen. Water and food spills can stain traditional hardwood floors, and with laminate, you simply wipe them up and it is all taken care of.

Choose The Right Floor

Laminate flooring is available in many different styles, colors and patterns. There is something to suit everyone no matter what your style preference may be. When you go shopping for laminate flooring, you will encounter many different brands such as Pergo, Armstrong and Bruce. Since laminate was introduced in 1982, its market share has been growing in leaps and bounds. You will be able to find laminate in many price ranges, so there is something to suit everyone and everyone's budget.

2005 © Http://www.laminate-flooring-now.com

China Glaze White Nail Polish – Review

At China Glaze they excel in this area making them the go to brand for professional nail technicians and consumers. China Glaze is known world wide for being the number one manufacturing company that create the most beautiful nail polishes. Along with selling a wide variety of nail colors China Glaze also has a full line of nail treatments.

White Nail Polish by China Glaze a must have color because it is so versatile, you can use it as a background color, trace the tips of your nails for a beautiful French manicure or wear it as the main color to make your nails pop. These nail lacquers are made from the highest quality ingredients that allow for long lasting, durable and chip resistant polishes. In each and every bottle of China Glaze is a special ingredient called, “China Clay” the clay is used as a hardening agent that promotes extreme shine. By using this state of the art technology it sets China Glaze far above the rest.

White Nail Lacquers are showing up everywhere, you will notice that many celebrities, runway models and Fashionistas are sporting this trend, and it sure looks great! There are countless ways to wear and compliment this color, here are a few ideas;

1. Apply as a base coat, let dry and use other colors to decorate

2. Use as a base coat and apply nail jewels

3. Apply as a French manicure

C.G. Nail Polishes are a gorgeous nail lacquer that is known for it’s 440 strand brush that allows for a flawless application, dries in 60 seconds, is resistant to chipping and color fading and promotes nail growth and strength. All there lacquers are Toluene and DBP Free, have a Non Thickening Formula and are oil based.

Good Luck! Below are the suggested White Nail Polishes

* C.G. – White On White: Is a Bright White Crème Nail Polish that comes in a 0.5 oz Bottle.

* C.G. Core Colours – White Ice: Is a Sheer White High Gloss Nail Polish that comes in a 0.5 oz Shimmer.

* C.G. Patent Leather Collection – White Out: Is a White Polish that comes in a 0.5 oz bottle with Hi-Gloss Creme Nail Polish.

* C.G. Guilty Pleasures Collection – Strip Tease: Is a Off White with a touch of Pink Crème Polish that comes in a 0.5 oz bottle.

The TVR Griffith 200 Sports Car

A review of The TVR Griffith 200 Sports Car, covering development, important features, and technical data of this the fourth model in the TVR range.

In this Article, I offer a nostalgic look at the TVR Griffith 200, one of an elite group of classic cars, which was manufactured during the period 1963 to 1964.

In 1963, the idea of replacing the TVR Grntura’s 1.8 litre engine with a Ford V8 unit centered on Jack Griffiths, who ran a car repair workshop in New York, for discriminating clients.

He was a Ford dealer, and was involved with Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) racing.

His plan was to install the Ford 289 engine and four speed gearbox into the TVR Grantura, and then sell the finished car through a network of dealers.

After some discussion, TVR agreed to supply him with a modified Grantura Mark 3 multi tubular chassis, with independent suspension, but without an engine or gearbox.

Following work with a sledgehammer, the chassis was refined sufficiently to accommodate the huge Ford V8 engine and associated drivetrain.

The finished car, with the Grantura fibreglass body, was designated the Griffith Series 200 sports car in the US, and the TVR 200 sports car in the UK.

The name difference was due to the fact that the car was exported to the US in kit form, and assembled by Jack Griffith.

It was then marketed independently of the Granturas sold by Dick Monnich who, in 1961, had been appointed, by Jack Griffith, as his company’s agent in the US.

The car was launched in the US at the 1964 Boston Motor Show.

It was to be powered by either a standard 4.74 litre (289 cubic inches), Ford V8 engine, developing 195 bhp, or the 4.74 litre special equipment version, with three carburettors, that developed 271 bhp.

The 271 bhp version produced a top speed of over 150 mph, with a 0-60 mph time of 4.6 secs.

Regarded as a serious rival to the AC Cobra, TVR was swamped with orders from the US, such that the majority of production was shifted in favour of the Griffith 200.

Until 1965, all Griffith production in the UK was exported to the US.

However, they were then launched into the UK market when shown at the Olympia Racing Car Show in London, in both the 195 bhp and 271 bhp versions.

Not surprisingly, it has been suggested that, with its massive power, short wheelbase, and light fibreglass body, the Griffith 200 was not the easiest car to handle.

A total of 192 units were built in the US before its successor, the Griffith 400, was introduced.

In fact, this line continued through to the Griffith 600, in the hands of another company, at which point production ceased.

By reputation, the Griffith 200 sports car was a scary car to drive, and was known to suffer from:

  • An overheating engine, since the air intakes were the same as those used in the Grantura
  • An electrical system which did not charge sufficiently, which meant that if all electrically operated components were switched on at the same time, the electrical system would be unable to cope
  • Failing back axes, due to the fact that it used the same BMC axle as that used in the Grantura
  • Leaking petrol tank

The Griffith 200 chassis differed slightly from that used in the Grantura so that the Ford 289 engine and Top Loader four seed gearbox could be accommodated. This involved:

  • Moving the front cross tubes to clear the sump
  • The passenger side tubing was hammered sufficiently to clear the starter motor
  • The front suspension mountings were strengthened

These refinements were performed by TVR prior to the chassis being shipped to the US.

Although the car was notorious for the engine overheating, such excessive cabin heat was regarded as a Griffith trademark.

Additional changes needed to the Grantura included:

  • The tension of the springs and dampers was increased
  • A power bulge was added to the bonnet

Interestingly, the GRP bodies of the Griffith were originally fitted to the chassis by means of strips of fibreglass.

The Griffith 200, built between 1963 and 1964, retained the rounded tail section from the early Granturas, while the Griffith 400, produced between 1964 and 1966, displayed the Manx-style rear section from the later Grantura model.

Unfortunately, the cars were renowned for being unreliable, and gained a reputation for poor build quality as well, which played a major part in Grantura Engineering’s ultimate collapse.

Around 250 of the Griffith 200 and 400 cars were built before being replaced by the Tuscan V8 in 1967.

In early 1965, the East coast of the US was in the grips of a prolonged dock strike, which meant that exports of Grantura bodies and chassis from the UK suffered.

Furthermore, this had a knock-on effect on the Griffith’s assembly business.

As a result, in 1965, TVR was again in financial difficulties, which resulted in Trevor Wilkinson leaving the company he founded in disgust. Subsequently, the company collapsed.

Consequently, production of the Griffith ceased.

What was left of the TVR business was acquired by the Lilley Family and, in April 1966, another 10 Griffith 400’s were built, before production ended later that year.

This marked the end of the TVR Griffith 200.

Perhaps this stroll down memory lane might have answered, or at least shed light on, a possible question:

Which TVR Sports Car is Your Favourite?

However, should this question still remain unanswered, I will be reviewing, in some detail, in future articles within this website, the entire range of TVR sports cars which were featured in the memorable era spanning 1946 to 1967.

I hope you join me in my nostalgic travels “down sports car memory lane”.

Selecting a New Roof

There may be times when your roofing maintenance may not be able to save your roof. In those cases, a new roof might be the only solution. As you begin to explore all the options you have, you are going to find that there are more than just a few options out there. These can vary in price, type of material and overall value that is added to your home. Take a few moments to consider all the options that you have.

After you have scheduled your roofing maintenance and determined that the new roof will be vital, ask the professional assisting you what types of roofing materials are the best choices in your area. In some cases, they might recommend simple asphalt shingles, while stone, brick or even metal roofs might be more along the lines of what they determine you need. Just make sure that the choice you go with makes sense and the finished product does not create an eye sore. For example, a stucco home would look great with a clay roof, but a metallic silver roof may seem a little more out of place. Of course, the cost of both a metal and stucco roofing option is not going to be cheap, so you do need to next look at price.

This of course means quotes are going to be important for your new roof. You will want to be sure that you ask the individual assisting you with your roofing maintenance what different materials would cost installed. Their fees are going to typically include the installation cost and they will ensure that they include everything from roofing nails to felt caps and even flashing that you might not think of if you were going through this process on your own. It will be the small details after all that help to determine how successful the installation of your new roof will be.

While you are discussing the roofing options you have, also be sure to look into the color options of each material. What you are going to find is that the coloring of the roof can have an impact when the summer months rolls around and it can often be a good idea to go with as light of a roof as possible. In many cases, the various colors of the roof will not add a significant cost to the installation.

Of course, regular roofing maintenance will always cheaper than installing a new roof on your home. What you will need to do is to keep up with ensuring that you follow the recommendations of a trained professional and do what you can to ensure that you are protecting your home. After all, the entire structure can be compromised if you allow your roof to go.

Considering Country Home Decor

Country home décor is said to reflect a friendly, relaxed lifestyle. With an emphasis on simplistic color patters, the use of natural woods and materials and inviting room designs, country style home decorating is a beautiful way to reflect your welcoming personality to all of those who spend time with you in your living space.

Country decor includes a multitude of design ideas based on the individual premise of providing a hospitable, comfortable space for your family, friends and visitors to enjoy each and every time they cross the threshold. French county home design and primitive (rustic) décor are just two types of country home décor. Each of these designs places an importance on the use of natural colors, textures and materials, which most accurately reflect simple country living.

The most aesthetically pleasing interior design will incorporate a central theme throughout the living space. According to decorating experts, synchronicity in color patterns, materials and textures will ensure that a home's beauty is maximized. If country home décor appeals to you, it is wise that you continue that theme throughout your entire home.

It is recommended that after carefully considering each room in your home, that your choose wall paint or papering that easily flows from one space to the next. Neutral tones that compliment each other are advised, while avoiding any stark contrasts and unpleasing, conflicting shades. To avoid unwanted clutter, start by selecting only three pieces of necessary furniture per room and place them in the most inviting way possible. Should you have excess room left over, you would then be able to additional pieces of furniture while ensuring an accessible living space is maintained. Clean lines are a must. If you are wondering what kind of furniture to select when incorporating country home décor in your living space, choose comfortable chairs and sofas that exude warmth and restfulness, natural finishes on wood pieces and simple structure.

Make sure that your picture frames, artwork and lighting fixtures are all indicative of country style, paying special attention to the use of color, material and texture. Selecting the wrong accompaniments would be an unwanted punctuation mark on your otherwise interconnected design.

What type of country décor is chosen is simply a matter of taste. Some individuals may choose a more rustic or primitive approach, selecting such accent pieces as toy tractors, rag dolls and Americana brick-a-brack from years gone past. Others may wish to feature their homes in a French country theme highlighted with wrought iron furnishings, rooster motifs and butter yellow paint. Country home decorating is as diverse as it's many patrons, allowing easily for personal selection and expression.

There are several country home décor catalogs and websites available to assist those interested in pursuing this particular decorating style. Such resources are filled with informative tips, ideas and photographs as well as attractive merchandise that will help even the most novice decorator to create an inviting, comfortable living space that is highlighted beautifully by country home decor.

Advanced Oil Painting Techniques

Alla prima: The words alla prima mean “at first try”. So alla prima painting is completing a painting at one go or at the first try. Alla prima works are almost invariably small canvases as it is difficult to complete a large canvas at one try.

Many alla prima paintings are painted in the open air and the reason why the painter uses this technique is because of the light. The light changes from one part of the day to another and if the light is an important component of the painting, the artist has to complete the painting before the light changes. For instance, if the artist is painting a sunset scene, he or she gets only a little time to complete the work as the light will change soon.

Not only must the artist paint quickly, he or she also has to mix the colours quickly. So alla prima is for experienced painters. But even advanced painters may find themselves caught out when they attempt an alla prima. They then have no option but to go back to the same location and wait till they get the light exactly as it had been the first time. This means that the weather must be the same too.

Frottage: Frottage means “rub” in French. To use this technique, take a sheet of paper (first try with a small sheet) and crumple it hard. Then open it up and smoothen it flat. After doing this, lay a coat of paint thinned with medium on your canvas. Take the smoothened sheet of paper and place it on the wet paint. Press lightly and remove. A textured pattern will be left on the paint. This is frottage. You can try the technique with materials other than crumpled paper and also experiment with how and where in your painting you want to use frottage.

Palette knife: This technique of using a palette knife instead of a brush is an exciting one with which you can try to get new effects in your painting. It is a technique particularly suitable for oil paints because they are thick, soft and creamy and will not trickle or run. You can spread paint where you want it on the canvas with a palette knife. The effect will be very different from what you would get if you spread paint with a brush. Take paint on your knife and use the edge to make a straight line of paint. Then pull the paint away. You will get what seems like a smooth sheet of paint which reflects quite a bit of colour.

Another thing you can do is to spread paint around on the canvas. This is particularly suitable for abstract painting or when texture plays an important part in your work. Using the knife to mix your paint is also interesting. When you use a brush to mix paints, the mixing is complete, but when you use a palette knife you will be piling different colours together rather than mixing them. The effect of this cut paint on the canvas will be unique.

Fat-on-lean: First paint with thin (lean) colours and then paint on top of them with thick (fat) paint. The effect will be a stunning mixture of colours. But you must be careful to let the first coat dry before you cover it with the second layer. Since it can take up to six months for this to happen, you have to be very patient and keep your interest alive and your ideas for your painting, fresh in your mind. Artists often work on several canvases at the same time to allow for drying time. Keep in mind that “lean-on-fat” will not work. The thick paint underneath will crack under the thin paint as it will take longer to dry.

After using the thick paint on the thin paint allow the thick paint to dry and then apply a coat of varnish to bring out the colours and to protect them. This technique is also called wet-on-dry.

Pipe Layer Job Description

Pipe Layers are responsible for installing underground pipes needed by infrastructure projects, from dams, highways to drainage in subdivisions and airports. They may be made of steel, clay, cast iron, plastic or reinforced concrete. They lay pipes used for water supply, gas, sewerage, and storm water. Length of laid pipes may range from a few feet to hundreds of kilometers. They use modern laser instruments, transit levels or grade rods to check slopes to make sure that they conform to project requirements. They use earth or other suitable materials to cover the pipes they have laid. Depending on the material of the pipes, they use cement, glue or welding equipment to join pipes and seal their joints. They cut pipes using appropriate cutting equipment for the materials used to the required lengths.

They use hand tools or tamping machines to level trench bases. They lay out routes to be followed by the pipes, based on blue prints or written instructions. They coordinate with supervisors as well about the routes to be followed. Since they have to be buried in the ground, they dig trenches to the levels required by the project using trenching tools or by hand if needed. They are responsible for aligning and positioning the pipes in preparation for sealing or welding.

Pipe layers can be found working with road crews, in companies involved in civil contracting, local government and development firms. With further training, layers can become supervisors for plumbing and mechanical contractors. They can also go into the business, starting as home-based self-employed layer. They can eventually move on to become managers of their own business, employing several workers.

How to Find a Boyfriend – Ways to Snag a Guy

Are you sometimes worried and wonder what’s wrong with you because you’re not in a relationship? Are you one looking for a boyfriend but can’t find one? Do you want to know how to find a boyfriend without the hassle? Finding a guy to have a relationship is hard. For one reason, they have that desire to remain a bachelor, a single man who can go out with women with no strings attached. Second, the man you are searching for is taken, married or worse, gay. Lastly, men are complicated human beings.

Guess what, you can easily snag a guy and make him your boyfriend. Here are some ways on how to find a boyfriend. Next thing you know, you already have someone to snuggle with.

1. Don’t go boyfriend-hunting.

That is the most desperate approach that one can ever do. You have to take in consideration that the more desperate you become, the lesser chance you get to find a guy. You have the tendency to focus on just some certain points and along the way; you miss out all the other things that the world has to offer. You go for a certain guy and flirt with him and in the long run, he doesn’t meet your expectations. You just wasted your time on some guy.

2. Do a rain check.

Now is the perfect time for you to assess yourself. Ask yourself as to why there isn’t any single man who wants you as their girlfriend. Is there something wrong with your attitude? Do you approach men differently? Do you think men take you seriously? Ask yourself if you are socially approachable or just plain shy?

3. Be approachable and friendly.

Did you know your smile can go a long way? Smiling can attract men. If you’re not used to smiling then you have to practice. You can start by smiling to some random female you see. Give it a week of practice. After that, smile randomly to guys. There’s magic in the smile of a woman. If you are already feeling comfortable, you can smile at the people you see when you go to the gym, mall or in your workplace. Be friendly and ask them how they are doing.

4. Give yourself time to date.

Love doesn’t’ just happen right away. You don’t get an instant boyfriend nor do you get some guy knocking on your door and asking you to be his girlfriend. You have to do your part too. Instead of making Friday night as DVD marathon night, slip into some sexy little black dress and paint the town red with your girlfriends. Make it a priority to date other people.

5. Ditch the Ex talk.

When you’re out on a blind date or a first date with someone, don’t talk about your ex. He may think that you’re still hung up on your ex. He may think that he won’t be able to surpass the qualities your ex has. How would you feel if he also talks about his ex?

Lawn Care and Landscape Maintenance Contract

Most lawn care and maintenance companies use a contract of some sort for their services. The purpose of the contract is to summarize for both parties what is expected. It outlines what your services include, how often you will work for them and for how long. It reassures the customer that they will be taken care of and reminds them how much and when they are expected to pay. This way everyone is clear on the terms of your relationship and no confusion will arise in the future. Everyone creates this type of agreement differently, but I would like to share with you my favorite, the proposal for landscape maintenance, which has all the elements of a contract presented neatly and professionally.

The proposal for landscape maintenance contains the following information:

* Both parties involved (your company and the name / address of the customer)

* Terms for service- the aspects of maintenance you will provide

* The period of service- start date and finish date

* The price for your service

* Both parties sign to accept

* Date of the agreement

Although this form could be construed as a legal document and might very well be legally binding, I am not a lawyer and encourage you to seek out a lawyer in contract matters.

At the acceptance of this agreement I let my customers know that neither they nor I am bound to it and that they may cancel service at any time. Likewise I am free to cancel service as well for any reason. This puts them at ease and makes them feel less obligated, and if you do a good job odds are they will not fire you. And although the contract has a start date and an end date specified, I have never had to recreate a new one for the following year. I simply continue service on a month to month basis.

Contract sample A, or Proposal for landscape maintenance, can be viewed here in your browser window. Also available is it for download in the .pdf format at our website Www.maintenance-business.com