Bosch Drill Brush Replacement

Replacing the brushes in our power drills is simply a fact of life. Just as sure as the sun rises, craftsmen will be changing the brushes in their power drills. Luckily though, a Bosch drill brush replacement is far easier than you might think. Following just a few simple steps will get you to the end of you brush replacement in a snap.

The first of these steps may seem a bit self-explanatory, but, as we all know, a simple mistake can take hold of anyone at anytime; I figure it’s much better to be safe than sorry. So, begin with reading your drill’s manual. This is more important than you might think; you’ll find valuable information pertaining to your brush repair and to other repairs in the future. You need also ensure that your replacement brushes are the exact type built for your specific drill; any random drill brush will not perform in your model. Lastly, triple check that your drill is totally disengaged.

From this point you need to locate the brushes on your drill; they should be at the back of the tool. To expose them you will have either an end cap or brush covers. Each are a part of the housing (usually a different color) that can be removed without opening-up the entire drill housing. The end cap will be a dome-shaped piece at the very back of the drill, and the brush covers will be located (also at the back) on either side of the tool. If the drill does not have either, you will need to entirely open-up the housing, which is, essentially, no more difficult, but the brushes may be a bit more hidden. They will, however, be at the back of the motor at the very back of the tool.

After gaining access to the brushes you can simply pull them from their guide sleeves and insert the new brushes in their place. Be sure to replace the new brushes in the exact orientation the old ones were removed. Also be sure that the brushes are making complete contact with armature. And, as if that weren’t simple enough, you’re done. Well, almost, I suppose.

Reassemble the tool carefully and precisely to ensure everything goes back together correctly and give the tool a quick whirl testing the drill’s functions to make sure all is well. If by some terrible chance all has not gone well, make sure that simple mistake hasn’t grabbed hold of you and retrace your steps. If no mistake becomes apparent, take the the drill to a Bosch factory authorized service center for a more complete inspection.

And that’s it; remember your manual and to always be focused and you should champion that Bosch drill brush replacement in no time.

How To Build A Shed Foundation

Before starting your shed foundation, check your local building code to make sure you will have no regulation issues. Check with your local zoning to make sure if there are any distance requirements from the property line, your house, etc ..

Now that you are aware of any regulations, you can determine the location.

When choosing a location pay careful attention to the drainage. Try choosing a location where water will not pool. Sloping the ground will direct water so it will not pool near your shed foundation.

If you will be using a skid foundation, adding crushed gravel about three to four inches thick, and about a foot wider than the shed will also help protect your shed foundation from water and moister.

Unlike a skid foundation, a concrete slab foundation will be permanent, once it is poured it can not be moved.Building a concrete slab foundation starts with leveling the site. Then you will build your forms and position a layer of welded wire mesh to provide reinforcement and help prevent cracking. Next the concrete is cast over it.

If you do not feel comfortable making your own concrete slab foundation, consider hiring a professional.

Although you can build a shed on a concrete slab, the majority of storage sheds are built on skid foundations.

When choosing lumber to build your skid foundation, choose pressure treated lumber to prevent decay. Prepare the area by removing four to six inches of soil about twelve inches wider than the shed, and fill with gravel.

Building the foundation for your shed is not that difficult, but you should take into consideration weather or not you have the skills. Will you have the time, and the tools.

One of the great advantages of doing it yourself is the money you will be saving. By making a shopping list of all the material, you can get a good estimate for the price of this project. You can then compare your estimate to having it done. About half the cost of any project is the labor, by doing it yourself you can even go for a larger shed with the same budget.

Custom Wood Doors

What distinguishes custom wood doors from mass manufactured wood doors? The mere creation of wood doors to match a given size is no guarantee of the quality expected of custom wood doors. Manufacturing technologies have been developed so that it is simple to manufacture a door to many different sizes, by the thousands, with little quality built in. Traditional techniques of building a true custom door yield a quality that is not replicated by today's' mass manufacturers.

The highest and best door joinery techniques were largely developed by the time of the Egyptian pharoahs, and have evolved little since then. The custom wood door is distinguished by mortise and tenon construction, where the horizontal rails of a door are the same width as the door (or just an inch or so less), and the rails have tongues, or "tenons" which project beyond the vertical members ', or stiles' edges into a mortise, or rectangular hole. These tenons are then pinned in the mortises by dowels, which anchor the mortises and the tenons together even if the glue in the
joinery fails as it eventually will.

Up until the advent of the industrial age, the quickest way to assemble a door was to use mortise and tenon construction. Since the advent of water or electric powered factories, drilling has become more expedient, and it is cheaper to attach rails and stiles with round wooden pegs, glued into both the stiles and the rails. The rub with this technology dear to mass door manufacturers, is that the dowels are only glued to each side, with comparatively little surface area. When the wood shrinks and the glue fails as always happens, the joint loosens up and the door falls apart. Later improvements in manufacturing technology have allowed the substitution of solid wood with composite materials, fabricated of saw dust or wood chips and glue. The only reason the saw dust or chips are in the composite, is that the saw dust or chips are cheaper than the glue.

Custom wood doors have other distinguishing features that manufactured doors do not, beside mortise and tenon joinery. Such doors are often embellished with moldings to match a particular profile, or hand carvings, or custom cast or machined hardware. Various landmark preservation organizations often require that doors for historic buildings match the original doors, in profile, section, joinery and elevation. The hardware of the doors may be replicated using the lost wax or sand casting and chasing processes to replicate an original design, that is not otherwise available today.

Another distinguishing factor of a custom door (mortise and tenon joinery) is that it has a lifetime measured in centuries, not decades. With proper maintenance as hinges wear or finishes deteriorate, a custom made door made of a naturally durable wood commonly including walnut, cherry, Honduran mahogany, teak, white oak, and Spanish cedar, should last centuries, even in active service. Pine used to be a durable wood, but grows too fast in the latter half of the twentieth century due to global warming, to have developed the resins necessary to impart natural decay or rot resistance to stand up to long-term service.

Most importantly, the beauty of a fine custom made doors will be appreciated for lifetimes, and improves with age. Those fortunate enough to have appreciated fine centuries' old doors cherish their memories of them, as the flotsam and jetsam of manufactured doors recedes quickly.

Crafting Wind Chimes Using Dowels

With the onset of spring, many are ready to tackle their spring cleaning projects. Most have grand ambitions for the insides of their homes. However, spring cleaning doesn’t have to include only the inside of a home. There are improvements that can be made to the outside as well. Spring is a time when many begin preparing to plant their gardens, planting shrubs and flowers, and cleaning up landscapes from the listlessness and harsh effects of winter. Outside improvements can also include additions to one’s lawn, such as bird baths, statues, and rock or water gardens.

Another frequently underrated outdoor improvement to consider is the addition of wind chimes. Gentle spring winds make this a most pleasant and soothing sound. And it doesn’t have to cost greatly to have them! In fact, by using some basic materials, wind chimes can be crafted rather easily. By creating them oneself, wind chimes can be made according to the designer’s personal preferences, including the materials, colors, and textures used. Follow the steps below to craft your very own wind chimes quickly and inexpensively.

Start with a small terra cotta plant holder. Depending on any color preferences, paint or stencil the plant holder, and depending on any materials or texture preferences, add other materials, such as buttons, faux jewels, or ribbons to the plant holder.

Using a three-quarter inch thick wood dowel, cut a piece that will fit horizontally one-half inch from the outer rim of the plant holder. The lengths of the dowel may vary if a larger plant holder is used. Then, cut several pieces of dowel of varying lengths. Generally, dowel lengths should be between three and six inches. These cuts of dowel will be used as the chimes.

With twine or another hefty string, determine the lengths necessary to make the chimes functional, as well as the number of lengths needed as determined by the number of dowel chimes that will be used, and then cut them accordingly. Tie the twine to one end of each chime, and secure the twine by hot gluing it to the chime at the knot. Tie the other end of each chime to the smaller cut of dowel, which will fit horizontally inside the terra cotta plant holder. Also secure these knots to the dowel cut with hot glue.

Determine the length of twine that will be needed to support the completed wind chime project based upon its overall weight and the length appropriate to the site from which it will be hung. Generally, 24 inches is a good starting point, and adjustments can be made accordingly. Once the appropriate length is determined, tie either end of the twine to either end of the horizontal dowel cut. As with the other tied twine pieces, reinforce its security by hot gluing it at the knots. Then, pull this piece of twine through the hole on the bottom of the terra cotta plant holder. The completed project inverts the plant holder, making the bottom side with the hole the top of the wind chime. The twine may be knotted just above the hole or not depending upon personal preference.

Once pulled through the hole, the horizontal piece of hardwood dowel becomes fitted within the plant holder and provides the lift that secures the chimes into place. For additional security and stability, however, hot glue either end of the horizontally-fitted piece to its respective spot against the inner rim of the plant holder.

Allow ample time for all applied hot glue to dry, and when it has done so, hang the wind chimes in the desired spot.

PAGG Stack Supplement or ‘Four Hour Body’ Stack

In the Four Hour Body, Tim Ferriss mentions a whole range of supplements in addition to the PAGG stack – Policosanol, Alpha-lipoic acid, aged Garlic extract and Green tea flavanols, as designed to work directly on ingested food metabolism. Certainly when following any weight loss diet – even one as well-rounded as the slow carb diet – it is possible to wind up deficient in specific minerals, if you do not plan extremely carefully.

For example, the slow carb diet omits nearly all dairy produce, which for many people is a main source of calcium – if you are eating lots of pulses and spinach you’ll be fine, but if you are not you might need a top-up.

So, Ferriss advises that you should consider mineral supplementation in addition to your regular balanced slow-carb meals, to redress any potential deficiencies. This is entirely separate from, and for completely different purposes to, the metabolic pagg stack supplement – though it is easy to see why it’s tempting to bundle them up together from both a compliance and a manufacturing point of view, to create a single ‘Four Hour Body’ supplement. Indeed a company called Kirkland Science appears to have done just that (it is not clear whether this is anything to do with the Costco Kirkland brand)

So, let’s take a look at the science going on here – does it work, to combine mineral food supplements with the pagg stack?

One of the first things that leapt out as bizzare, the separation of calcium and magnesium, into separate doses. The reasoning behind this is very unclear, because the two need to be taken simultaneously, the body needs to ingest and metabolise the two in balance. In fact taking magnesium on its own, without the offsetting calcium, can actually trigger excretion of and overall net LOSS in magnesium in the body! Perhaps the Kirkland supplement just wanted to mirror the separation of policosanol in the PAGG stack, by having a different formulation for the night-time tablet. But all the scientific evidence points to the counter-productivity of this regime – calcium and magnesium must be taken at the same time to ensure both are correctly absorbed. There is certainly no benefit to taking magnesium at bed-time, in the way that there is specific evidence for policosanol acting on cholesterol production.

In fact 400mg of magnesium is the recommended daily intake – a very high dose to be taken in a single supplement: the rda is about total intake over the day, and reflects absorption levels in relation to simultaneous calcium intake. It’s not meant to be taken in one go, and because the body will reject what it cannot absorb, some people will actually suffer diarrhoea as a result – not your ideal restful bedtime scenario. Potassium too is included in the supplement in amounts that will approach the RDA for many users, before dietary intake is considered (and many of the slow carb diet constituents such as leafy greens and beans are very high in potassium already). Excess potassium has significant risks including arrythmia and metabolic acidosis.

So, on balance we think that taking a specifically-designed multimineral and vitamin supplement once a day not directly before meals could support and enhance your four hour body program. This will probably also include a dose of vitamin D, without which few of these minerals are going to be correctly absorbed anyway – reputable manufacturers know this and include the necessary components for a balanced supplement.

Anyway if the minerals aren’t likely to be sufficiently well-absorbed to harm you, does the Kirkland ‘Four Hour Body’ supplement still contain a good PAGG stack? In our opinion, the answer is no. Why? Some reasons include…

  • It contains the racemic mix of ALA, which is less bioavailable and absorbed than the R-ALA contained in better-engineered pagg stacks such as that by Pareto Nutrition
  • It appears to be using garlic root, not aged garlic
  • It doesn’t list the concentration of ECGC in the green tea flavanols – this can be as low as 30% and is obviously a good way to cut costs
  • Worst of all, it’s a tablet, and a tablet with a heck of a lot of ingredients combined and compressed. The ALA will be a reacted to a gluey lump, in addition to the impact on the minerals discussed above.

So, we will be sticking to a higher-quality and better-designed pagg stack to enhance food metabolism, along with a once-a-day multi vitamin and mineral capsule supplement to redress any potential dietary imbalances – recognising that these two important aspects of the four hour body program do not combine effectively in a single bottle.

Incidentally the over-absorption of calcium is perhaps less of a risk, given that the Kirkland supplement comes in a highly compressed tablet form. Repeated studies have demonstrated that this makes for very poor overall absorption – you typically just end up with a high concentration of calcium ions in the urine instead, in fact you might as well throw it straight down the pan to start with. Also, calcium absorption is significantly affected by dietary fiber, so taking it right before a slow carb meal is even more of a waste.

Cake Decorating Ideas For All Occasions

You really do not need a special occasion to decorate a cake, but some events that can be made unforgettable and extra special with a decorated treat are holidays, birthdays, graduations, religious occasions, showers, weddings, and other personal special events.

Here are some cake decorating ideas that will help you make any occasion special:

New Year's Champagne Toast

Bake one 9-in. round and one 9×12-in. rectangle cake.

Cut the round in half. Use one half for the top of the champagne glass.

Cut a 2 or 3-inch long strip for the stem of the glass and a 2 x 4-inch section for the base of the glass. Piece them together to form the champagne glass. To be sure all the pieces stay together, lightly frost each piece separately before you piece them together.

Place the pieces on a cake board. Ice the top part (straight edge) of the half-round cake and the stem and base sections in white icing. Ice the bottom part (rounded edge) of the half-round cake in light yellow or light pink icing to resemble champagne.

Easter Egg Hunt (So easy kids can do it!)

Bake 6 large muffins. Cool and frost them with green icing. Generously sprinkle green shredded coconut * on top of the frosting to resemble grass. Place colored jelly beans within the coconut so they are half-hidden. Place small bunny toppers on the top of the muffins so they look as if they are finding the jelly beans.

* To tint shredded coconut, place coconut in a plastic bag. Add a few drops of food color. Knead color into coconut. Dry on waxed paper.

Spooky Halloween Brownies (Let the kids help!)

Bake your favorite brownies. When cooled, cut into 3-inch circles, using a cookie cutter or a pattern and sharp knife. Place a Halloween stencil (available in most stores) in the center of each brownie. Sprinkle the stencil with confectioner's (powdered) sugar. Remove the stencil. Edge the top and the bottom of brownie with tip 14 white icing stars.

Shiny Christmas Ornament

Bake a one or two-layer round cake. Ice the cake smooth with white icing. Pipe tip 5 white icing lines across the top at 1-inch intervals. Vary the shapes of the lines, making one straight, one zigzag, one curvy, etc. to resemble decorations on an ornament. Randomly pipe tip 5 icing balls and tip 16 stars between the lines also to resemble decorations.

ADULT BIRTHDAY / SPECIAL OCCASION

Let Me Call You Sweetheart

Bake a heart-shaped cake and a heart-shaped mini-cake. Ice the larger cake smooth with pink icing. Place the mini-cake in the center of the larger cake. Cover the mini cake in tip 16 red icing stars. Add a tip 14 red icing shell border at the bottom of the mini cake and a tip 16 red icing shell border at the top and the bottom of the large cake. Write your message in pink with tip 3 on the mini-cake.

KIDS BIRTHDAY

Rainbow Train

Bake four mini-loaf cakes. (About 3-1 / 2 x 4-1 / 2 inches each.)

Ice each one smooth – one with red icing, one with blue icing, one with green icing, and one with yellow icing. Use the cake iced in red as the engine: Make a smokestack for the engine with 2 large marshmallows. Frost them together with green icing. Attach the marshmallows to the top of engine with a toothpick. Using green icing, attach a piece of white curly ribbon or candy on the top of the smokestack for smoke and attach two white or yellow gum drops to the front of the engine for headlights. With a spatula, place a small mound of yellow icing on top of the yellow car; add small chocolate chips to resemble coal. Place two or three small plastic cars on top of the blue car. Stick small stick candies, such as licorice pieces on top of the green car to resemble metal parts. Decorate the sides of the cars with various small hard candies for decorations. For wheels: With icing the same color as the car, attach 4 large candy discs, such as peppermint swirls, to the bottom of each car. Connect the cars with one-inch licorice whips or pretzel sticks.

Up! Up! And Away

Bake two each: tulip, flower, butterfly and dragonfly cookies (eight total) and a 9×12-in. rectangle cake. Ice the cookies smooth in various pastel colors with thinned royal icing. ** Decorate the iced butterfly cookie with tip 3 colored icing dots.

Ice the bottom half of the 9×12-in. cake smooth with green icing and the top half smooth with light blue icing to resemble grass and the sky. Place two small mounds of white icing on the blue half for clouds. Pat down "the clouds" with your fingers dipped in cornstarch. Place the tulip and flower cookies in the "grass" and pipe tip 3 green stems and leaves, if necessary. Place the one butterfly cookie near the flower cookie and the other butterfly cookie and the dragonfly cookies in the "sky." Write your message on the cake with tip 3 white icing.

** Royal Icing Recipe

2 cups sifted confectioner's sugar

2 scant tablespoons meringue powder

3 tablespoons water

Beat all the ingredients a low speed until the icing forms peaks.

(Makes about 1-1 / 2 cups)

Choosing the Right Arc Welder For You

When purchasing a welder, it is actually important to initially select the kind of welder that may end up being a great deal and suitable for your needs. Gas-Metal Arc Welders and also Flux-Core Arc Welders are typically the primary kinds of welding machines that folks buy today. The actual distinction between a Gas Metal Arc Welder and a Flux Core Arc Welder lies in precise they protect the filler metal that is utilized in welding from interacting with the oxygen, nitrogen, as well as the hydrogen in the atmosphere. Determining which of the two that will suit your own personal needs will end up determining what the actual unit may end up costing because it will show you which of the two types of welding machines that you will need.

Gas-Metal Arc Welders

The drawback to a Gas-Metal Arc Machine will be the actual carbon dioxide as well as argon protective shield, which can be blown away by the outside wind. Unless a suitable windbreak will be used to prevent this, a Gas-Metal Arc Welder is not really meant to be used in the outdoors.

The benefits to using a Gas Metal Arc Machine lies in the high quality work produced. The weld will end up being clean, having no slag as well as nearly no spatter. Gas-Metal Arc Welding Machines tend to be ordinarily much better with jobs that might necessitate painting after the welding is carried out. This can end up being due to the smoother job of welding that can be carried out by the machine. As with this, a number of people prefer Gas-Metal Arc Machines anytime working on the body of an automobile.

Flux-Core Arc Welders

Flux-Core Arc Welders use a wire that, in its core, contains materials that release the shielding gases necessary to be able to protect the molten metal from the environment. There is no need concerning any external shielding agent, and also the shielding gases released by the wire can even withstand powerful breezes.

The drawback to the Flux-Core Arc Welders is that they use a fairly forceful arc, creating a large amount of spatter. Additionally, there can end up being slag on the final welding job, as well as it's going to end up being removed for a neat, clean finish. Extra disadvantages can appear as a result of mechanical troubles, like irregularity in the wire feeding. The filler material will be also a lot more costly than that compared to a Gas-Metal Welders.

Some welding machines provide both gas and also gas-less welding in the exact same unit. Usually, these types are generally Flux-Core Arc Welders that use an optional external shielding gas. The external shielding gas may be preferred for welding thicker metals, nevertheless not necessarily in jobs that tend to end up being in odd positions. The slag produced by the actual flux in a job that uses an external shielding gas may end up being simpler to remove.

Anytime buying a wire-feed Flux-Core Arc Machine, a 115-V input unit is actually ideal for great portability. Nevertheless, in the event that the buyer plans to end up being able to be able to work frequently with thicker metals, a 230-V input welder is probably much more desired.

The So, in closing, it is important 's That you have at least some sort of idea A of what you will be planning on using the machine for so That when you go The looking for Certain by arc welders for sale , you know exactly what you are On going after and have all the answers to the questions that you would have had.

Deer Hunting Gears – Bow Hunting Gear For Women

Bow hunting has become one of the most popular ways in which to hunt especially for those who are uneasy using a gun for hunting purposes. The bow hunting gear for women has been made to fit a more moderate stature and strength level and even includes camouflage clothing made in womens' sizes.

Modern compound bows represent an excellent choice for women when you consider that it will not be necessary for them to carry a large amount of additional weight with them on their hunting trip. Compound bows operate using a trigger so there is much less force expended when you are ready to release the arrow. You can purchase the more traditional drawstring bows as well as compound bows in a wide variety of sizes and test strengths. You will probably want to test your bow while you are still in the store in order to find the proper strength that you are comfortable with.

If you happen to be interested in bow hunting you will want some practice gear to get you started. A target is a good idea if you are new to bow hunting as well as some standard safety gear. Most of the time hunting with a bow includes wearing some orange clothing and an arm guard to protect your arm from the string of the bow when the arrow is released.

Aside from your bow you will also need some additional hunting gear. An orange vest as mentioned above or perhaps a hat is typically worn by anyone while hunting particularly in heavily hunted areas of the woods. Orange will let other hunters know that you are not an animal in the woods, and protect you from someone mistaking you for game.

You will also want some standard camouflage gear to help you blend in with your surroundings. Hunting clothing can be stylish and affordable and is helpful when you are hunting in an open area. The type of camouflage you choose should match the area you are hunting in although light grey and light brown camouflage can be worn in a wide variety of locations. When you are hunting there are a few essential tools that you will want to carry with you. You may want to use a backpack to carry your gear with you especially if you are taking supplies for a long trip. Some of the things you will want to have on hand include deer scent, a good hunting knife and a ground cover.

Bow hunting is a sport that requires a little patience but can be fun and exiting when you are properly prepared. When you get ready for your hunting trip you should carefully examine your equipment including your arrows for any sort of damage.

A Quick Guide to Installing Underground Drainage

Installing and replacing underground drainage pipe systems can be a big job to take on without the help of a professional, but it is, nevertheless, entirely doable. The key to making good work of the job is by taking the time beforehand to learn about the different types of underground drainage pipe available, safety requirements, installation techniques and applicable laws and regulations.

First of all, it is important to note that if you are installing new runs of underground drainage pipe or changing existing ones, you are legally obliged to inform your local Building Control Department and provide them with drawings of your proposed project. If you are simply replacing damaged pipes, however, this is not necessary.

Your choices of underground drainage pipe are vast and varied, although all are brown in colour. Clay and Plastic uPVC are the most common materials now used for underground drainage pipe products, with uPVC being the most affordable and therefore more popular, although clay is still more appropriate for regions with significant soil movement.

If you are using the most common option, plastic uPVC pipes, you will be able to find lengths of both 3m and 6m very easily from all good plastic building supplies stockists. The advantage of these long lengths is that fewer connectors are required when installing the runs of underground drainage pipe.

The uPVC pipes can be easily cut to size using a standard, fine-toothed saw. After cutting, be sure to make sure the end is chamfered and cleaned of any dirt. Joining pipes will depend on whether your pipes are straight connection or socket format. For the former, a collar connector is used to connect sections of underground drainage pipe.

Before laying your underground drainage pipes you will need to dig a trench for them. All pipes should be laid in a trench that is 300mm wider than the pipes themselves. In addition to this, all plastic pipe runs need to be laid on a 10mm layer of pea shingle or fine gravel. This will provide a base for larger grade material and backfill to be placed on top later.

Be sure to follow safety requirements when digging your trenches, including: making sure the site is fenced off from children and pets, never working in trenches alone, keeping trench widths as small as possible to stop the sides from collapsing, not working in bad weather and not having the trenches open for too long to avoid collapse.

In addition to this, if your trench is more than 4 foot deep, legal requirements state that it must be shored up. Once you have installed your underground drainage pipe system, it is important to check for leaks. After this has been done, you can finally backfill your trenches.

You will need to place 100mm worth of granular material over the underground drainage pipe systems you have installed before filling in the rest of the trench with selected backfill material. In the chosen backfill material, no stones over 40mm in size should be present, nor any frozen material or clumps of clay over 100mm in size.

If there is any danger that your newly-laid underground drainage pipe system can be damaged by contact – for example through the use of garden tools – it should be covered by a layer of protective paving stones.

There is, of course, a lot more involved in planning, installing and testing underground drainage systems than what is mentioned here, although this is this basic process that you will need to follow when undertaking the job.

For expert guidance, consult a trustworthy local tradesman for assistance or check in with a reputable local or national plastic building supplies stockist to make sure that you are purchasing all the correct materials that the project requires. In addition to this, make sure you are adhering to all local and national regulations before getting started.

Sewer and Drain Cleaning Tips

If you are a homeowner the chances are that you will need a plumber or a drain cleaning company at some point in time. Whether you have drain clog or your water heater is broken, hire a plumber with the proper skill set to complete the job professionally. During the bad economic times we’ve seen many people try to fix complicated plumbing problems themselves, usually this ends up costing you more money at the end of the day. When calling a plumber, however, you should do some basic research on the problem you are having and the potential plumbing companies or drain cleaning companies you might hire. In situations involving broken pipes, water leaks, clogged drains, and discolored water, you may have some basic investigating to do before any plumber is called.

Sometimes basic drain clogs and blockages of drains and sinks may be cleared out fairly easily without calling a plumber, it’s a good policy to never attempt to correct an issue unless you feel 100% confident in your ability to fix the problem. First things first, try using your plunger. If the plunger doesn’t unclog the blockage, you may find it in your interest to try using an over the counter liquid drain clog product such as Drano or Liquid Plumber. If they don’t unclog your drain, the pipes under your sink will need to be taken apart. At this point we would suggest calling a professional plumber or a drain cleaning company, as the skill level requires unscrewing, sealing and caulking the pipe joints.

Most household leaks, if not tended to promptly, can be do serious damage inside a home. Leaking water can cause unhealthy mold growth and significantly damage the surrounding structure among many other things. Depending on the location of the leak, you may need to tear down walls or ceiling. Experienced plumbers and a drain cleaning services are best suited to handle any pipe leakage, most times the water will need to be shut off immediately and new plumbing will also need to be installed. Another good reason to call a plumber is the likely hood of encountering dangerous electrical wiring.

Hiring an experienced, licensed and bonded plumber will increase your chances significantly that the job is finished correctly the first time. A good plumbing company or sewer and drain cleaning service will respond immediately, especially in case of an emergency, the last thing you want is to incur thousands of dollars in unnecessary damages.

Choosing the Best Cordless Drill

Frankly, if you are shopping for the best cordless drill for your biggest and best household projects and it will be the first power drill in your home tool kit, you should not start with a cordless drill. You will get a lot more power from a much smaller, lighter-weight corded model than you ever will get from a cordless. If you survey the pros' tool boxes, looking at what they have and which tools show greatest signs of wear, you will see their 5/8's inch corded power drills show all the signs of tough love and everyday use. If you ask, the pros will say, "It is all about the power-to-weight ratio"; when you hold a corded drill in your left hand and a cordless in your right, you will understand how to calculate the ratio.

The pros bring out the cordless drills only for specialized work where they do not enjoy easy access to power.

If you already own a satisfactory corded drill and still seek a cordless drill for specialized work or a job where not even a generator can assure you have the power and reach you need, invest in the very best drill you can afford. You must understand, especially with cordless tools, you get what you pay for; words like "economy" and "bargain" translate to cheap and unreliable. The big name brands still deliver the greatest value and reliability, and you ought to plan and invest as though this is the one and only cordless model you ever will own. Three well-respected brands perform equally well, so that your needs and today's market conditions probably will determine your choice. Look long and hard at Milwaukee, Bosch, and Porter Cable 18 volt lithium ion drills.

Match your tool to your toughest project.

No indoor project ever really warrants a drill with no cord; but several of your biggest and best outdoor projects easily will give you an excuse-or more properly an "occasion" -to buy the cordless drill of your dreams. If you plan to build a redwood deck, anchoring your 2×6 planks to your supports with Teflon-coated deck screws, a good cordless drill will make the work considerably easier and the results considerably more professional. The same rules of thumb apply to your dog's new two-story house, and your custom gazebo, and eventually to the guest house or studio you know you need and want.

As you search for the name-brand drill that delivers maximum power and durability, carefully consider the drill's weight. You will carry that tool around all day for several days, and the combined challenge of holding it steady and supporting its weight will take its toll. For several hours after you roll-up your gear and quit for the night, you will feel "the phantom drill" in your hand and forearm. Read the product specifications with a fine eye for details, because several manufacturers wisely list their drills' weight without the batteries. Naturally, you want to find the best cordless drill that has the most power with the fewest pounds.

Protect Your Future Your Legacy by Investing on Timber

Forestry investment has opened up a new area for the small and retail investors. This new investing option has laid back all the traditional investing alternatives like stocks, bank and hard asset. The best part of making timber investment is, once you invest on timber plantations you indirectly contribute to the growth and development of forestry. After investing your money, when you wait for your monthly income, you in a way add greenery to your planet.

What is the significance of timber investment to environment?

Investment management companies offer their helping hand to the investors not only to protect their invested amount but also to monitor and take care of the timber plantations. The more you invest, the greater you save natural rainforests all over the world. Further, it protects wildlife and reduces greenhouse gases. Hence, forestry investment has dual impact – financially and ecologically.

When you put your money on timber plantation with any company, you actually take a significant move towards making of a better world to live in, not only for you but also for your future generation. These forests and plantations make a new ecosystem apart from offering you substantial return. Therefore, timber investment makes your future as well as the future of the planet secure. Now, the question is -how is this made possible? The answer to this is given in the section below.

How can timber trees save the ecology?

With greater demand for hardwood and increase in the number of ecology-friendly investors, greater number of trees is planted. Planting new trees means harvesting new forests. Timber plantations as an alternative source helps in relieving the strain of the other existing forests. Now, the forest you create anew and also the rainforest you protect both can absorb huge amounts of carbon dioxide by photosynthesis. Thus, you will have fresh breathable air with a reduced level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Therefore, your investment creates new forest, and this, in turn, saves the life of the planet. Now, once the investment matures and the trees are harvested, the land is again replanted with another forest. So, the land is never wasted and the ecological balance is also maintained always. Moreover, when the plants are harvested, they earn a good income for investors and also are used for manufacturing beautiful furniture and other like products.

The primary focus of the companies dealing with timber plantation invest is –

  • Creating carbon sinks with new forest plantations that are capable of absorbing carbon dioxide
  • Protecting the plantations and its adjacent forestry together with the biodiversity that they house
  • Helping the sustainability of wildlife by growing forest areas
  • Creating alternate source of energy by developing energy-rich crops and producing biomass. This, in a way, reduces the pressure on the conventional sources of energy like oil

Therefore, you see, timber investment has not only helped the investors in numerous ways but also boosted the environment's life. Timber investment is a secure source for investing money and for having a favorable atmospheric condition.

Are You Planning A Raised Bed Garden?

Planning to put together a raised bed garden, or have you been thinking about it? It is truly a garden project that will pay you back many times over. The idea of ​​raised bed gardens seems to be more appealing now a days. I think that a brief description of the benefits are in order before we proceed.

A raised bed garden is truly a garden for any area it can be built on your lawn, on your deck, on your patio, heck you can even build it on your driveway.The reason that it is so versatile is basically it is just a box that s filled with soil. It can be made out of wood, blocks, stone, or any material that you can stack and that will hold the soil in.

There are many reasons why a person would want to garden in a raised bed garden I believe the number one reason would be that you can choose the type of soil and amended it just the way you want it. But there are other reasons as well. Perhaps you live in an area where the soil is all clay, or stone, or to wet the raised bed will eliminate all these problems. Another reason to build a raised bed is to give back the ability to garden to someone who has physical disabilities that do not allow them to work a regular garden. This is the perfect solution.

When planning your raised bed garden the first thing to decide is the type of material that is available to build it out of. I have seen beds that have been built out of old rail road ties and pressure treated lumber these I would not use because of the contamination by the chemicals that are used to preserve them that can leach out into the soil. I have also seen them built out of wood that is resistant to rot such as cedar, and cypress. These are nice but the lumber can be pretty expensive. You can build out of cement blocks but it is time consuming and requires a bit of work.

My choice for a raised bed is now going to be composite lumber. After halving seen composite lumber being used in several different gardens I have decided that is going to be my number one choice from now on. Not only does it look good it is 100% recycled. That makes it more environmentally friendly. I would suggest using a 2 "x 10" board for the sides and using side supports made out of 2 "x4" composite lumber. This type of raised bed can be two boards high giving it planting depth for a good root zone for most vegetables. You can even make it higher for those that maybe unable to bed or need to use a wheel chair the design is up to you.

I would recommend that the bed be no more than 4 feet wide so you can reach the other side with out having to walk around. A very important suggestion is that after you have added your soil mixture you have it tested before you begin planting this way you are assured of starting out right with your new garden.

Well Defined Board Committee Objectives Can Help Revitalize Your Disinterested Board

A well-run board has a crisp, efficient feel. Board meetings have a purpose and everyone is involved in discussions. Differing opinions are exchanged calmly and without emotion so that all recommendations are thoroughly reviewed prior to a final decision. All board members are working between meetings on something related to the organization. Enthusiasm levels are high and a sense of achievement and progress is in the air.

If this does not sound like your board, do not despair. You are in good company because many boards go through periods when they seem to tread water and their members lack enthusiasm. Perhaps your board suffers from one or more of these symptoms:

1. The same discussions are repeated each meeting without resolution.
2. The same, few people do all the work and the others are going along for the ride.
3. Long board meetings focus on details that most board members do not understand or care about.
4. Several board members are missing from each meeting.

We know that large, repetitive board meetings can dampen the spirits of most board members. In some cases a few board members conduct all of the business and the other members are unsure of how they can make a contribution. And we know that absentee board members create a negative cycle – absent members are not engaged so other board members are wondering why they bother.

Sometimes it only takes a small change to enliven a board. Often when a board establishes board committees (or re-invigorates the board committees that have stalled) this makes all the difference in the world. Board members that may have been disengaged perk up and start to contribute because they feel a sense of place that they may have lacked previously.

Any nonprofit board should have these four committees: Board Development, Fundraising, Finance, Personnel. Other committees that you might consider forming are: Marketing, Operations, Membership, Volunteer Management, Strategy, Partnerships.

Once each of your board members has been assigned to one committee, make sure that each committee meets to decide on 2 or 3 objectives that they will accomplish in the next 6 month or year. For well-defined objectives, make sure that each objective is:

1. Time-Bound – By when is the action going to take place?
2. Measurable – How will you know when it's finished?
3. Assigned – Who is responsible for the completion of this action?

Ask each Committee Chairperson to stand up in front of the rest of the board and commit to the 2 or 3 objectives that their committee will achieve in the coming months. Put each committee's objectives in writing and make sure that everyone on the board has a copy of all objectives for all committees. Make sure that each committee knows what decisions it can make on its own and which decisions need the approval of the entire board.

If your board lacks clarity or energy, do not be afraid to revisit your board committees and see if you can revive them. Giving each board member a place of contribution can encourage everyone to participate in the business of the board and raise the overall level of enthusiasm for your organization.

Advantages Of Vinyl Porch Railings

The vinyl railing manufacturers have started giving lifetime warranties of the product. The confidence of the manufacturers comes from the fact that the product maintains its look for a long time and a life expectancy of up to 20 years is a norm. The life of redwood and cedar is about 10 to 12 years.

A Better Substitute For Wooden Railings – Vinyl Railings

There are many advantages of vinyl railings over wood railings. The advantages can be summarized as below,

1. As stated above, the life of vinyl railings is more than that of wood railing or decking.

2. The maintenance requirement of vinyl railings is minimal. As compared to the wooden railings, they need no waxing or polishing regularly. The only care that you will need is washing with mild detergent to remove dirt dust and mildew that is accumulated over the year.

3. The degradation due to atmospheric conditions is absent. The wood railings deteriorate over years and lose the original look.

4. The degradation due sunlight can be catered by selecting UV protected railing material so that the effects of UV rays from sun and damage due to this is avoided. There is also no damage due to rain. The wood on the other hand, can get severely damaged during rains and once the damage starts in wood, it spreads.

5. Minor scratches do not show on surface of vinyl railings. If wood is scratched, it shows and need to be waxed or polished once again to that the scratches are covered.

6. It comes in easy to use forms and unlike wood; it does not have to be worked on heavily. This is advantage for the DIY enthusiast.

Economical solution over a time frame Vinyl Railing

The initial cost of vinyl railings may be comparable to the cost of wooden railings. When you consider that the vinyl does not need and sanding, painting, scraping, calking, and replacement, you can see that the vinyl railings can become cost effective solution. If you add the warranties that manufacturers offer for vinyl railings, you get not only a product of lasting vale but also the peace of mind, and that I think is the biggest advantage.