Baby Nursery Area Rugs – Some Great Design Ideas

One of many joys you have, when having a baby, is designing the baby's room. Often, people looks at the furniture, the baby's crib models as well as the wall coverings once they consider decorating, however the flooring and carpeting choice is just as important and also fun. For those who have laminated flooring or hard wood flooring, an area rug is an excellent solution to soften up the room. Although many people have regular carpets in the baby room, many also prefer to add in a rug brighten up the look or pull the complete look together. To assist you to plan the look of your baby nursery, I have listed 5 baby nursery area rugs or carpet design ideas.

Train Style

Here, you are able to kill 2 birds with a single stone. It is possible to go with a train style that features a train rug otherwise you may choose to go with a Thomas The Tank motif using a matching area rug. The blues are simple to complement from the rug and alllow for easy as well as fun decorating.

Airplane Style

This really is fascinating inside a boy's room, from company logos like Delta and United Airlines to jet fighters along with a more military look. The carpets could be the standard rectangular shape or cut in the shape of an aircraft. They will add depth to the room and tend to be a talking point.

Sports Style

Every dad, almost, hopes for his boy growing up to play ball together with him. Why not get him started with an area rug that shows the sport of your selecting. From massive baseball formed rugs that fit nicely in any dimension of the room to a carpet that is detailed with every kind of ball you can possibly imagine. Sporting activities rule greatest when it pertains to decorating your kid's room.

Jungle Style

There are 2 distinct ways you'll be able to go with this look. You may choose a cartoonish throw area rug which has a monkey or jungle style on it to complement the jungle design you might have planning in the room. This is particularly adorable for baby boys in their youth. A jungle style blended with Curious George things or assorted other designs will be a good baby theme.

Fire Engine Style

This style is always preferred by small boys, the vivid initial colours make it easy to decorate around. Carpets and rugs are both offered with huge engines on them or even fire hydrants. Mix with this dalmatians and you will make a uncomplicated and amazing look for your little one's room for many years.

Ceiling by Space

Not all ceilings were created equal. Depending on the look, size and feel of the room, you'll probably want a different ceiling. Of course, unless you're doing a complete renovation, you will not necessarily have the choice of what your ceiling looks like. What you can choose is how you decorate your ceiling, and the space that you build around it.

The kitchen of a Tuscan boutique hotel:

If you live in Tuscany and are running a little hotel or B & B there are a number of ways you can set up your kitchen and eating rooms. With the summers getting as hot as they do, you might choose to keep the room cool with terracotta tiled floors, stucco walls, an arched ceiling and large, open French doors to let in a nice breeze. With so much white, it might be nice to hang bunches of dried grapes or berries from the ceiling, the addition of bright oranges, greens or reds will do wonders for the room.

A yoga studio in central London:

People go to yoga to stretch and relax. They want to escape their busy, stressful lives for an hour or two and realign their charkas. They want to remind themselves to be calm through practice, to be peaceful through focus, and to be patient by accepting their bodies for what they can do that day. Yoga studios should be big, open and clean. Cathedral ceilings, exposed piping and big windows that give out onto the hectic street attendants just left, offer the perfect space in which an urban dweller can open up and breath out their aches.

The converted barn:

Those investing in a home in the countryside, should not overlook the fabulous and unused barns in the region. Barns can be converted into some of the most gorgeous homes you've ever seen. They have the height, the big doorways, the slanted rooftops and the beamed ceilings. When extensions are put on they can send the monstrous barn off into a series of hidden nooks and crannies. The levels in barns are sensational, with the main component being extremely tall and having a short shelf on the top, where an attic style den or work area could be built. It would be worth continuing with that theme and playing with highs and lows in other areas of the house.

If you happen to find yourself in a space with ceilings you do not love, but you do not have the means to do much about it at the moment, you might opt ​​for a stretch ceiling. Stretch ceilings can be set up as temporary or permanent structures and are the perfect solution for covering up any bits and pieces of a room you do not like. They come in a wide variety of shapes, sizes and colours. They are also good for weddings and other major events.

Learn How to Build Kitchen Cabinets

Kitchen cabinets add worth to a home along with providing a lot of helpful storage space but they can be very costly. However, if you have prior experience with woodworking you can make cabinets on your own and remove the price of hiring a professional; here’s how.

Required Tools

Table Saw/circular saw

A doweling jig or a horizontal boring tool




Clamps for gluing


Required Materials

Cabinet grade plywood for carcass (frame)

Plywood for door, false front insert and kick plate face

1″ x 6″ oak for face frame





Finishing nails (6d)

Self drilling screws

Drawer materials and slides (if needed)

Counter top materials


The base for the cabinets should be 3¼ inches high and the size should be the same as the floor of the cabinets minus the sides, front and back of the cabinets. Use the table saw or a circular saw to cut the plywood to the desired length and nail it all together.

Use the cabinet grade plywood to create the floor of the cabinet and use a little glue and some finishing nails to hold it to the base. Next glue and nail the sides of the cabinet to the base, using the clamps to secure them in place while you drive the nails. Ensure that the carcass is correctly squared. You can now put in whatever shelving you plan to include.

When the carcass is finished move on to the face frame; cut the oak wood to the required length and then decide where the dowel holes will go and set out the face frame and the stiles (vertical pieces) to make sure that everything fits correctly. Use the doweling jig or horizontal boring tool to drill the required holes for the dowels you are using. Put wood glue on the stiles, dowels and in the dowel holes and then place the dowels into their chosen holes using the mallet to set them properly. Use the clamps to hold the assembly together until the glue dries and everything is dried in position.

Drill holes along the top, middle, bottom and sides of the face frame to keep it to the carcass. Apply glue to the edges of the plywood (the carcass) and the face frame and use clamps to keep the face frame in position. Ensure that the face frame is properly lined up before tightening the clamps. Next nail 6d finishing nails into the pre-drilled holes to secure the face frame in place.

You can choose to order ready-made doors or you can make them too. As with the face frame use dowels, clamps and glue to put the doors together, however, for the doors you need to use the router to create a slot for the door insert. Glue, clamp and nail the drawers together too and install the slides for the drawers and doors.

Install the door inserts and sand down all the segments of the cabinet and then put in the doors and drawers. Fill in all nail holes with wood putty and put on whatever finishing touch you desire like stain, varnish and polyurethane.

Put in the drawers, doors, knobs, handles, hinges and set the cabinet in place. Use a drill and the self drilling screws to secure the cabinets to the wall and lastly, put in the top of the cabinet and you are finished.

Tips and Warnings

Use a clamp to hold a ruler or other straight item onto the plywood when cutting to function as a guide.

Any height or width the counters are to be, build the frame about ¾ of an inch lower and narrower so that the cabinets are the designated size when the doors and counter tops are attached.

Brick Paving Problems – What To Look For

Nothing is so earthy, natural and so beautiful as a well executed mortared in place brick terrace, walkway or patio. However, in recent years the quality of installation has been dropping and major problems are arising that you should be aware of if you plan to have brick paving installed.

Why is brick paving so problematic? – This is an excellent question and this article will provide the answers to that question. It should be read carefully if you are thinking of hiring a mason to build you a mortared in place walkway, patio, porch, etc.

As with most problems in masonry it usually comes down to two things; design and installation. Brick paving construction is probably the most susceptible to errors made by impatient or in-experienced installers and here's why.

Since most brick paving is in close contact with the earth it is subject to the deteriorating power of the elements. The freeze-thaw cycle can have the most devastating effects especially if there is a substantial amount of moisture present in the region and temperatures fluctuations are frequent above and below freezing.

So the choice of the paving materials, the mortar and the installer is extremely important if you wish to get the most out of your paving dollars.

What brick do I use? – This really does not pose much of a problem since your local brick supply companies will only carry products that are recommended for the weather conditions of your geographic area. What you are looking for is a solid, dense brick designed for paving and preferably full thickness. Do not use any bricks meant for vertical applications. Check with your supplier and they will show you what they have available.

What type of mortar? – The setting bed mortar should be a cement-sand mix at a ratio of between 2 to 3 parts sand per 1 part cement. This will be a very rich mix which will give the bricks and the setting bed a good bite into the concrete substrate.

Type S mortar is recommended for the joints between the bricks as it is more elastic and better able to resist cracking but the cement mix could be used but may create other problems for the installer. (Ask your contractor) You may also use Type N mortar which would be more suitable to areas of warmer climates where no fear of freezing is expected or rare.

The installer … – This is the most crucial part of the whole brick paving process and here's why. You see, all damage that occurs in any mortared in place masonry can almost always be traced back to water and freezing. So it is very important to keep water from entering into the brick paving substrate and freezing there.

How is this done? The only way to achieve this goal is by the use of full and complete head and bed joints in the paving. In other words there should be absolutely no voids, none, in any area of ​​mortar including the bedding mortar that the bricks are set in.

How is this achieved?

Most 'average' masons will attempt to give you a good job however they will not have the knowledge or the attention to detail that is necessary to achieve the desired result. Their workmanship may be excellent for vertical work, where water runs down the face of the material but sorely inadequate for paving where the chances of excessive water infiltration is most likely.

How do I find the right installer? – The only way to hire a competent brick paving contractor is by references. Check your supply companies first and ask their opinions. Next if you have an engineer or architect involved in the project, consult with them. Remember though that their opinions are just that.

After you have a few names that sound promising, call them. Tell them what you are doing, that they are prospective contractors and ask them for a couple of installations they have done that are over 10 – 15 years old and tell them why.

Then go inspect those jobs. If the installation was exceptional you will find that the paving is still in excellent condition. If it was not, you will see the tell tail signs of deterioration.

Here's what to look for when inspecting their work …. – Any grass or weeds growing between the joints is not good. This suggests that an excessive amount of water is below the bricks. Settlement or shrinkage cracks may be apparent due to slab movement which may not the responsibility of the brick mason and may be beyond his control.

Pay close attention to the condition of the mortar joints. If they are recessed, dark or moldy then they may be ending their useful life. You want to see joints flush with the surface or 'tooled' concave and still showing cement content in the surface of the joint. Missing joints and 'popped' bricks are reason for concern as well.

This is the most powerful tool you can use to assure the highest chance of success for your paving project. Yeah it is time consuming but the results will be well worth your investment of time.

Apartment Living 101 – Your Security Deposit

"When you rent an apartment, you will most likely be asked to pay a security deposit. In many cases, the security deposit is equivalent to one month's worth of rent, though it might be more. Your landlord is within his or her rights to request that you pay a security deposit, but there are several things you should know about the security deposit before you sign a lease agreement and move into your apartment.

What is the Security Deposit For?

When you rent an apartment, you will likely be asked to pay a security deposit in order to protect the landlord. If you fail to make your monthly payment or if you break your lease, the landlord may be able to keep your security deposit in order to recoup the loses he or she experiences. Similarly, if you cause damage to the apartment before moving out, your landlord can keep the money or a portion of the money in order to make repairs to the apartment.

If the landlord does keep all or a portion of your security deposit when you move out, he or she must provide you with a detailed account of why the money was retained. For example, if you caused damage to the apartment, the landlord must detail that expense and demonstrate why the money was retained.

What is a Security Deposit NOT For?

Some unscrupulous landlords will attempt to keep a security deposit when a person moves out of the apartment, and some get away with it because their former tenants simply do not know their rights.

One thing that a security deposit is not for is wear and tear. If the dishwasher in the apartment needs to be replaced because it has worn out or the walls need to be repainted because the paint is getting dull or discolored, you are not expected to pay for these expenses.

In most states, landlords are required to return a security deposit within 30 days after the tenant moves out of the apartment. It is a good idea to check with your state if you are uncertain about the timeframe your landlord has.

Preparing for Disputes

If your 30 days has come and gone since you moved out of the apartment and your landlord still has not returned your security deposit, it may be time to file a claim in small claims court. In order to prepare for this possibility, you should always document the condition of the apartment before you move in as well as at the time you move out. Taking photographs is also a good idea as this will give the judge a visual idea of ​​the condition of the apartment both before you moved in and after you moved out.

Although no one anticipates having difficult with getting their security deposit back when moving out of an apartment, it is always a good idea to plan for the worse situation. That way, you will be protected regardless of the situation. "

Flat Stomach Workout – Exercises For Ripped Abs

Two of the biggest mistakes people make when trying to get a flat stomach involve poor nutrition and misguided workout structure. While nutrition is a huge part of getting a flat stomach, that's a topic for a another day (and article). In this article, I am going to focus on 4 of the best exercises that you absolutely must incorporate into your flat stomach workout.

One of the biggest mistakes that I see everyday while I am training clients at the gym is people doing 100's of crunches and situps. This drives me nuts for two reasons. One, this is NOT the way to build a flat stomach with ripped abs. Two, most of the people do not even do a simple crunch or sit-up properly. You would not do 50 bicep curls to develop your arms would you? So, why in the world would you do 50 sit-ups for your abs?

The key to building and developing any muscle is to train them using some kind of resistance. These exercises should be a part of every flat stomach workout!

Flat Stomach Exercise # 1: Hanging Leg Raises (or Captains Chair)

All you need here is something to hang from or what I call a Captain's Chair (the one where your back is supported by a pad and your elbows are propped up on pads). The key to this exercise is not just raising your legs out in front of you … you must "curl" your pelvis upwards towards your shoulders. This activates your abs to a great degree. If you do not curl your pelvis all you're doing is giving your hip flexors a good workout.

The weight of your legs and gravity provides plenty of resistance for this exercise. If you're hanging, try to prevent yourself from swinging too much. This will work your abs even more! Start off with as many reps as you can do and work your way to 20 reps. Nice and slow is important … do not just swing your legs up and down!

Flat Stomach Exercise # 2: Cable Crunch

Here, you need some kind of cable machine that are available at most gyms. Grab a rope or some kind of handle to hold onto and drop to your knees holding the rope / handle over your head. The key here is to curl your ribcage and shoulders towards your pelvis and you elbows to your knees. You need to consciously contract your abs to get the most out of this exercise.

Choose a weight that you can do 10-15 times.

Flat Stomach Exercise # 3: Russian Twists

All you need here is a medicine ball. Grab some floor and start by sitting on your butt. Keeping your feet on the floor, bring your knees towards your chest until they form a 90 degree angle. Now, lean your upper body back about 45 degrees from the floor (so you're not sitting straight up). While maintaining this angle and an upright torso, twist the medicine ball from side to side working your oblique abs.

Do 10-12 twists to each side and increase the weight of the ball as needed.

Flat Stomach Exercise # 4: Ab wheel

This one is a killer and will destroy your entire core. Plus, it's simple to do. Grab an ab wheel and start on your knees with the ab wheel directly in front of you on the ground. Start by slowly moving the ab wheel further away from your knees as far as you can go without crumbling to the ground. Be sure to keep you abs tight so your lower back does not do all of the work. Your goal should be to get the ab wheel as far out as possible!

To start, incorporate 1 or 2 of these exercises into your flat stomach workout by doing 2-3 sets. As your abs get stronger, add in more of these exercises. Eventually, you should be able to do all 4 exercises in one workout! Do this stomach workout 3-4 days a week and you'll be on your way to a flat stomach!

Getting a Motorcycle Helmet

Most cities in the world have a law requiring people to wear a helmet if you are riding a motorcycle or any other 2 wheelers. And this is great, because a helmet is one of the most important safety items. Think about this as an accessory too.

There are so many helmets today on the market on any taste and cost. What style helmet you decide to buy and how much money you decide to spend is a personal choice. All depends on how much you value your neck or even life. You should spend as much as you can afford. Just think about hospital’s bills or your family. And remember: you’ll get what you’ll pay for!

First of all, don’t buy a used motorcycle helmet. Even if this is your friend’s helmet! You don’t know for sure how it was stored. You don’t know for sure what temperatures and for how long it was used in the trips. High and very low temperatures melt composites inside of helmets. Fallen helmet on the concrete gradually damages it. It may look like a new, but important changes inside of it are not visible. As you wear your properly fitting helmet it gradually fits to the shape of your head. Used helmet will be fitted to someone else’s head. If lining is not removable, means you can’t wash it, then you might get someone “problems”. If you want to safe money on your helmet and want to buy it online, make sure the helmet is brand new and hasn’t been used. Buying a helmet takes a time and research. Even if you tried helmet for 5 minutes and liked it, doesn’t mean this is right helmet for you. You need to wear helmet for 1 or 2 hours, before you will know for sure. That is why most riders have 2 to 10 helmets. That is why always good to buy helmets online- you will safe lots of money! Today market offers different types of helmets, like:

o “Open Face” or the “motorcycle half helmets”; these are most popular among scooter owners. They have less protection for your face than other types of helmets but many manufacturers make more designs. The helmet market is growing quickly as more people buying motorcycles. Open face helmets are very popular among riders of cruiser style bikes, like Harleys, as well as classic bike riders. German helmets bring some variety to the market There are many “retro helmets” around today too. Most “open face” helmets do not provide any eye protection (some do come with a handy flip down shield-visor so you should think of buying a good pair of motorcycle sunglasses to protect your eyes.

o “Full Face” helmet is a type of helmet that offers the best protection for you head and face,they are available in a big variety of styles and colors. Helmets from Shoi, Caberg, Bell, Arai, BMX, Icon, kbc, Harley-Davidson helmets are probably most popular brands on the market today.

o “Flip Front” type: these helmets are great for long trips. It is two in one helmet. They give a choice to wear them as an open face helmet or full face. Used widely. Some of them have removable Visor-shield. That gives an ability to replace it easy once it has been scratched.

o “Off Road” helmets are widely used by motocross and “enduro” riders. More and more of these helmets are coming on to the market with the rising popularity of motorbikes. Most “off road” helmets don’t provide eye protection, so make sure you have a good pair of goggles. When choosing a motorcycle helmet look for approval rating labels.

They called approved helmets. Most of them are DOT helmets. You don’t want to be penalized by police officer for wearing helmet without this label. Another important thing is a proper fit. When you shake your head side to side, helmet must not move around or up and down. It has to sit slightly tight on your checks. With time it will get loose. When it sits properly on your head, it will provide good sound proof. Noise from the wind can make you tired, especially for long rides. And with time it may cause damage to your ears. Earplugs are always welcome too. The other advantage in a good helmet you might want to seek is ventilation. Especially if you gonna ride in hot temperatures. Stay tuned with more news on motorcycle helmets.

Paying Back Payday Loans: Timing Is Everything

When it comes to money lending, payday loans are becoming one of the most popular alternative solutions to high-street bank loans. However, like all loans, they do have to be paid back at some point and in the case of payday loans, paying them back on time is imperative. In order to help with the repayment process, it is always prudent to understand just how payday loans are made and more importantly what you, as a consumer needs to know about the whole process.

The first thing that a consumer will need to understand is that a payday loan is designed to be paid back in one lump sum and over a period of no longer than one month. This means that there are no installments for the borrower to worry about, thus allowing them to better focus on paying off their loan right away and staying on top of their finances. Additionally, one swift payment means that the loan won’t incur any more interest.

Let’s review some of the main elements to consider when taking out a payday loan.

When is taking out a payday loan right for me?

It cannot be stressed enough that taking out a payday loan is not for everybody in need of some last minute funds. Why? Well, in short, a payday loan is a temporary solution to a short-term problem. If you are considering taking out one of these loans, but constantly find yourself unable to make ends meet at the end of the month, then a payday loan is probably not the answer for you.

If you usually have a pretty good grip on your finances and just happened to overspend this month or found yourself in an unexpected emergency with a temporary cash flow problem, then a payday loan could be an excellent tool in easing your financial stresses.

How is the repayment made?

In essence, the pay back process is made as simple and as easy as possible – all thanks to the internet. When an applicant applies for a loan, he (or she) must pass through a series of filters to make sure that they qualify. One of the criteria for a payday loan is that they have a current bank account, which they must provide to their lender. These details are then used by the lender to automatically take the one and only payment on the specified date that was agreed upon by both parties. In doing so, things are made a whole lot more convenient for the borrower especially because the only thing that needs done is to make sure that the amount is in their account on that day.

The amount paid is the loan amount plus the agreed interest.

What happens if the applicant cannot make a single repayment in full?

If you inform the payday loan provider that you cannot meet the agreed payment in full, then the majority of lenders will allow you the option of ‘rolling over’ the payment. Now, this is where things can get sticky because however tempting it may be to have more time to pay back your loan, it is important to note that this will incur larger interest charges. However, you will have had to agree to these costs in the very beginning when you took out your payday loan.

*Ask your payday lender about the costs of rolling over, should you be unable to meet the agreed upon repayment date*

Generally speaking, the interest charges on rolled over loan are split into two categories; additional fees and extra interest. The extra interest will typically be the loan plus the extra month’s interest charges at the specified rate.

The additional fees will typically be that of an application or processing charge. This is usually a small administration fee which is charged out once every time a client ‘rolls over’ a payment.

If you, the borrower, should decide that rolling over the payment will give you more time to get you finances in order, it is imperative that you speak to the lender before your first payment comes out. Failure to notify your lender in advance will most likely result in hefty late payment charges and may hurt your chances of borrowing any future money.

Tool Time

This isn’t a conventional article regarding the home and garden industry. “Tool Time” was a show within a show. That’s right; a show within a show. “Tool Time” was the brainchild of Tim Taylor, played by Tim Allen, on the hit sitcom “Home Improvement.” “Home Improvement” was a show that featured a family of five, an assistant, a tool girl and an incredibly weird neighbor whose face the audience at home never saw. It was always covered by different objects, most notably the fence that separated Wilson’s yard from the Taylors’ yard.

The main character of “Home Improvement” was Tim Taylor, a father or three who was the host of the hit show “Tool Time.” His assistant was played by Richard Karn, whose character name was Al Borland. The two would fix, build, paint and show their audience and viewers at home how to do things in the construction industry. The running gag on the show was that Tim Taylor was a klutz. Tim would set fires, break expensive objects and physically harm himself with his tools.

Whenever there was work that needed to be done around the house Tim’s wife, Jill, would rather him hire another contractor or have Al do the work because she knew what Tim’s track record was.

“Tool Time,” although a fictional show within another show, did actually offer some interesting home improvement and renovation tips. The tips ranged from fixing a broken sink to building a garage for a classic car. The show also included a tool girl with the most popular one being named Heidi. She lasted the longest as a member of the cast. Heidi was played by Debbi Dunning. One of the other tool girls was played by Pamela Anderson in the early days of the sitcom.

Another recurring segment on the show “Tool Time” was the appearance of the gang from K and B Construction. The crew would come on the show to explain to the audience how they would use their tools to groom themselves and even cook their food with their construction tools.

The show “Tool Time” was created within the series “Home Improvement” to be somewhat of a spinoff of “This Old House” which was hosted by Bob Vila. Tim Taylor’s character was basically based off of Vila except that Vila isn’t a real life klutz. Repeatedly throughout the show Bob Vila would make appearances on “Tool Time” to have renovation competitions with Taylor, whom disliked Vila because of his enormous success. The two would have competitions that involved sawing wood, trimming trees, racing lawnmowers and even building entire houses. A couple of times Taylor would knock out Vila, not on purpose, or so the audience was made to believe it was by accident.

“Home Improvement” still airs today, only re-runs though, on the TBS Superstation weekdays from Noon until 2pm. It also runs nightly on Nick at Nite from Midnight to 1am. “Home Improvement” is also out on DVD for purchase. The show within the show was what made “Home Improvement” so popular.

Engineering Jobs – Bulk Power Engineer

If you are interested in taking an active role in ensuring reliability of the country’s power grid, you will be surely keen at embracing a career as a bulk power engineer. Indeed bulk power engineer are the people in charge of the research, development, design, manufacturing and testing of bulk power generation machinery and plants. For instance, these specialized engineers will decide which type of nuclear plant will be used, design electrical plants and power generation systems. Therefore, power bulk engineer are at the very source of power generation and distribution in the country.

A particular focus for power bulk engineers consists in ensuring the reliability and compliance of electrical systems. Power bulk engineers working for electrical companies and manufacturing industries will be in charge of developing reliability standards, complying with the national reliability standards, analyzing policies for development of the infrastructure necessary for a reliable interconnected power system and conducting power system analyses. Whether power bulk engineers work in a power generation plant or a manufacturing company, its duty include an internal auditing focus to ensure power generation and distribution systems.

How to become a bulk power engineer? Most entry-level power bulk engineers are required to possess at least a bachelor degree from an electrical or engineering field of study. But most companies will prefer candidates who had already a prior experience of 5 to 7 years with either a regulatory agency or an electric transmission industry including data and records analysis and management. Most recruiters also expect the successful candidates to be creative, logical, and team-leader. Eventually, you will need to be familiar with NERC reliability standards, bulk power system planning and operations, compliance enforcement, regulatory proceedings, and public speaking.

For those who want to embrace a career as a power bulk engineer, you have to know that it is very high-paying and competitive job market. Most recruiters will favor experienced engineers over new graduate. However the job prospects remains good since the overall employment for power bulk engineers is expected to grow at an average are trough 2014. The increase of security and reliability requirements for power generation and distribution systems may create a large number of opportunities for these specialized engineers.

© 2007 ElectricJob

Retinal Detachment – Understanding This Surgical Emergency

The retina is an important layer in the back of the eye, whose function is to absorb and process light that enters the eye, very much like the film which captures images in a camera.

The retina contains millions of photoreceptors called rods and cones. The rods are found mainly in the outer parts of the retina, and are important for night vision and seeing movement. The cones are found mainly in the central part of the retina (around a region called the macula), and they are responsible mainly for colour vision and fine vision.

What is Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment occurs when there is a hole or tear in the retina. When this happens, the aqueous humor, which is the fluid within the eyeball, can pass through this tear, and underneath the retinal layer. This causes the retina to get detached from the underlying wall of the eye. Vision in the detached part of the retina is severely affect, and is typically seen as a “veil” or “dark curtain” that comes across the visual field.

What are the Symptoms?

Retinal detachment is considered a medical emergency, and if you should experience any of the following symptoms, you should immediately consult your doctor:

• Sudden dramatic increase in the number of floaters

• Flashes of light

• Sudden decrease in vision

• A “veil” or “dark curtain” that obscures part or all of your vision

• Slight feeling of heaviness or pressure in the eye

What are the Risk Factors?

• Having severe short sightedness. Myopia is associated with over 60% of cases of retinal detachment.

• Having retinal detachment in one eye, increases the risk of retinal detachment in the other eye.

• Retinal detachment occurs slightly more frequently after cataract surgery.

• Having proliferative diabetic retinopathy or proliferative retinopathy of sickle cell disease.

• Injury to the eyeball can potentially increase the risk of retinal detachment.

How is it Diagnosed?

Your eye doctor/ophthalmologist will make the diagnosis of retinal detachment based on your symptoms and physical examination. Some of the following tests are done as part of the eye examination:

• Visual acuity

• Visual field testing

• Examination of the retina to look for tears in the retina, or detached areas. This is done using a magnifying instrument with a powerful light source.

How is it Treated?

A retinal detachment is considered a surgical emergency, and should be dealt with by an ophthalmologist immediately to repair it, or stop it from getting worse.

The most common methods of repairing a detached retina include:

1. Scleral buckling surgery

In this form of surgery, a band of plastic, known as a scleral buckle, is placed around the eyeball to indent it. This relieves traction on the retina, thus preventing retinal tears from getting worse. This is often combined with pneumatic retinopexy, in which a gas bubble is injected into the eye, to help press gently against the retinal tear, and help keep the formerly detached retina in place. The ophthalmologist then uses a laser or freezing probe to seal off the tear in the retina.

2. Vitrectomy

In this procedure, tiny instruments are inserted into the vitreous cavity (back part of the eye), to remove the vitreous gel and reposition the detached retina from the inside of the eyeball. Vitrectomy gives ophthalmologists better access to the retina to repair large tears, and it is often also combined with laser treatments and gas injections to help repair the damaged retina.

Let's Take a Look at Insulation

Are you looking to save money this summer and maybe the winter? If you are noticing uneven temperatures throughout your home and if your HVAC system is overheating, it may be time to check out your insulation. Air leaking in and out of your house is not desirable especially if you are looking to save money and energy. Insulation is a great way to seal up your home so that it stays comfortable and lowers your utility bills.

Insulation is one of those repairs that can benefit your home all throughout the year. Whether you're insulating your garage, walls, roofs, basement, or attic-insulation is worth the investment! When improperly insulated, a home loses much of its conditioned air, thus overworking your HVAC system and providing a less than comfortable home environment.

Why Insulation?

Do you feel cold drafts in the winter when your heat is running or hot areas in your home when your AC is running on high in the summer? No one wants to spend more money on heating or cooling than they have to so that's where insulation comes into play. Understanding that insulation and sealing up all those places in your home where air can get in is invaluable as you look to make your home more energy efficient.

The US Department of Energy (DOE) determined that about 44% of a homeowner's utility bill is spent of heating and cooling. Would not it be great if this could be reduced with something as simple as insulation? Well it can! Whether it's with spray foam insulation or fiberglass insulation, with proper installation insulation is an easy way to reduce your energy bills over the years.

Insulation Installation

Installing insulation is a fairly easy job that many homeowners do themselves. Although this is true, it takes time and patience to make sure every area is being covered effectively so that the insulation can do its job. Getting a qualified individual or company to install your insulation is a great idea if you are at all unsure of the project.

Spray Foam Insulation

Spray foam insulation is a great solution for any homeowner looking to insulate their roof, exterior walls, or the underside of roof sheathing. It's made of liquid polyurethane foam and is sprayed on. Spray foam insulation is great for filling cracks or openings, and for keeping out the hot air in the summer and cold air in the winter.

Advantages of Spray Foam Insulation

  • Can get into small cracks and gaps in the area it covers
  • Sustainable over time
  • Can eliminate mold and mildew
  • Has a high R-value compared to other types of insulation
  • It is light weight

Fiberglass Insulation

Fiberglass insulation is made of extremely fine glass fibers and is usually installed in one of two forms- blanket or loose-fill. This type of insulation is less expensive than spray foam insulation, but may cause a skin allergy if you have sensitive skin which is a disadvantage. Overall fiberglass insulation is easier to work with and safer than spray foam.

How To Get Rid Of Angry Acne Overnight

Are there any actions you can do to get rid of acne overnight?

In this article you will discover some quick and easy steps on how to get rid of acne overnight!

We all know that acne can lead to depression and it is one of the most common skin problems so it is vital we find out how to cure it effectively. So here are some simple tips to help.

Depending on how severe a case is, acne can be cured overnight and sometimes easily within few days. There are already medications proven to be effective in removing acne within a day. However, some medications that are said to be effective are so strong, that they can lead to skin irritation, making your acne worse. So if you are new to curing acne, try some simple natural treatments to start with.

One of the simple steps you can use to get rid of acne overnight, is by washing your face regularly. Some people choose to use hand soap but a specialist facial wash is recommended. Remember not to touch the infected area with your hands before proper application of hand sanitizer. This will prevent the growth of acne. Cleanliness is very important. If we do not effectively wash our skin and get rid of all the built up dirt and grease, it will just clog pores and will result in acne. So keep clean!

To calm down an angry and painful infection, you can wrap some ice in a clean towel and apply to the sore area, to sooth irritation. Any acne redness should calm down within just a minutes.

Toothpaste can also help get rid of acne overnight because its menthol helps to reduce oils that block the pores on your skin. Interestingly white toothpaste is more effective than red toothpaste in curing acne. If you have big cystic spots that is driving you mad, just dab a little bit of toothpaste on it before bed and let it get to work whilst you sleep. By morning, the spot should have significantly reduced in size.

Avoid eating too much junk food and other oily foods because these produce oils that block the pores of the skin. Always make an effort to munch on healthy vegetables and fruit and they are packed full of acne busting vitamins.

Be sure that your face is free from oils because oily faces are prone to acne or pimples. You can prevent this by applying powder onto your face whenever you feel uncomfortable and shiny.

Remove toxic substance by drinking enough water regularly. Ski and health experts recommend we all drink at least “8 glasses of water a day.” Water is a great way to hydrate your skin and flush out bad toxins, eventually leading to healthy spot free skin. Also, don’t allow your skin to get dry because it can cause more irritation that can produce more acne. If, like me, you find this task a little too daunting, then just drink as much water as you can comfortably manage.

If the idea of spending your days drinking buckets of water is too boring, why not jazz the drink up with a few drops of freshly squeezed lemon or lime juice. Not only will this tip add excitement to the drink, it also adds plenty of acne busting goodness too.

Citrus fruit juice such as lemon and limes are fantastic for treating acne. Alongside the fresh water flushing out your system and getting rid of nasty toxins polluting your body and skin, the citrus juice will help speed up the healing process.

You don’t just have to consume citrus juice for it to be effective on your skin either. You can use it as a topical acne treatment as well. Lemon and lime juice are said to not only be excellent at preventing the signs of spots, but they are great for calming down facial redness and healing unsightly scars left behind from painful cystic spots.

Candida Cleanse Diet Detox – 12 Tips for Success

Here are 12 diet tips to help you eat well, cleanse successfully, and keep your meals tasting great.

1) Remember to always check the list of ingredients of anything you buy at the grocery store… MANY foods, meats included, contain added sugars, yeast, and soy products that you wouldn’t expect! When cleansing Candida, keep in mind that fresh and organic ingredients will give you the most nutritional benefit.

2) Organic Vanilla extract contains no sugar. Regular Vanilla extract does. Check the label before buying.

Vanilla extract is something most of us keep around the house and use constantly without even thinking. There should be no reason not to continue using it while on the candida diet as long as you buy the organic vanilla extract that contains no sugar. Studies have shown that vanilla can help to relieve anxiety and stress. Not a bad thing!

3) Garlic ( real cloves, not powder) helps to combat yeast and is an anti-inflammatory. To get the most benefit from garlic, chop or crush several cloves and let them sit for 15 minutes before using. Doing this triggers an enzyme reaction that boosts the healthy compounds in the garlic. Use at least 2 cloves per day.

Chop it into your salads, or cook it with your vegetables, meats, and fish. It can also be good with eggs and tomatoes in the morning!

4) Cinnamon helps to combat yeast and inflammation. It also inhibits bacterial growth, and is a source of manganese, fiber, iron, and calcium. Just smelling cinnamon can help your concentration and memory, and can help to stabilize your blood sugar, as well. It is a delicious addition to your vegetables, chicken, or roasts.

5) Nutmeg can help to relieve bloating and gas and is also an antibacterial, killing bad bacteria in your mouth and throat, as well as helping to cleanse and detox your liver and kidneys, helping to get rid of candida yeast. It also contains many B-complex vitamins including vitamin C, folic acid, niacin, and vitamin A, as well as many antioxidants. Use in your recipes along with cinnamon.

6) Fresh ginger will increase your circulation and assist detoxification. It is also a very potent anti-inflammatory.

Steep 1-2 slices of fresh ginger in hot water to make a stomach-settling tea. Chop some into your main meals and soups for maximum candida-fighting relief.

7) The sweetener xylitol from Birch (or Birch Sugar) is OK to use as it is a proven anti-fungal and inhibits candida yeast. Don’t use the corn-based version if possible. Whole-leaf Stevia is OK, as well, but do not use extracts because of the chemical separation factor. They both reduce bad bacteria and inhibit tooth decay.

8) Plain, unflavored yoghurt will help the growth of healthy bacteria in your colon and is a rich source of calcium. Calcium discourages excess growth of the cells lining the colon, and studies have shown that people who have diets high in calcium have lower rates of colorectal cancer. The bacterial cultures in yoghurt have also been shown to produce infection-fighting white blood cells.

9) Drinking plenty of water will help in flushing the toxins and dead yeast cells out of your body, and help keep detox symptoms to a minimum. Squeezing the juice of a lemon or lime into all the water you drink will help to increase hydration and body flushing. Put it in your tea, too!

10) Drink plenty of Detox tea, Peppermint tea, and Ginger tea to help cleanse your body of the dead yeast.

11)Breads from Pacific Bakery are all yeast and sugar-free, and are made with ancient grains. They can usually be found in the freezer section of your local health food store.

12) Eat as large a variety of vegetables as possible, preferably organic and raw, to get as much nutrition and fiber as possible and to cleanse the yeast out of your body. Make them into soups and stews, as well as salads and chopped for snacks. Vegetables are great in smoothies, as well. Just use water instead of juice to get your blender moving, and you’ve got breakfast or lunch on the go!

Finding foods that you can eat and enjoy eating while you are cleansing Candida is not always easy, but worth it for the ultimate payback of feeling great and enjoying excellent health!

Recycled Concrete Aggregate and the Need for Sustainability

The interest of including sustainable development in construction is on the rise due to the changing systems of the world based on its economy, its environment and society. The most immediate and obvious way to achieve more sustainable construction today is by conserving new raw materials such as natural aggregates, and reusing construction and industrial wastes. For those who may not know, recycled concrete aggregate, better known as RCA, is an example of a common construction waste that is produced after demolishing concrete structures. Supplementary cementing materials (SCM) such as fly ash and slag are industrial by-products, which have a long history of use with Portland cement (PC) in concrete. Although Portland cement is the primary source used for construction, it has been found that it is no longer feasible and the continuation of its usage will no longer supply benefits in cost management and will further deteriorate the environment, consequentially impacting global society. The study of recycled concrete aggregate is interesting because it is a new mechanism used that could potentially impact society as a whole, economically, environmentally and socially. The aim of this article is to examine and provide an analysis of the technology used when recycling concrete aggregate, instead of using virgin aggregate, as is the current procedure in Canada.

Due to the high urbanization of many cities in Canada, concrete is one of the most popular construction materials used in the country. Environment Canada has identified that two thirds of the concrete’s production is used in basement’s foundations for commercial and residential constructions. The basic components that produce concrete are aggregates, cement, water and some chemical admixtures. Concrete consists of 75% of the weight of all construction materials. Interestingly, construction and demolition waste in Canada amounts to 15-20% of all landfill materials. Due to the increase in waste in general, there needs to be a mechanism in places where waste can be reduced and one place is within the process of recycled concrete aggregate. By finding new applications for concrete waste, and creating a market for its use, we can bypass the need to consume virgin natural aggregate and simultaneously conserve landfill space.

So far, RCA has been used based on a granular base, mixed with natural aggregate in concrete applications used for roads. Research has shown that the use of 30% RCA and 70% natural aggregate in high strength concrete produces concrete of similar strength as that containing only natural aggregate. Although the strength of RCA is similar, the concern is the shrinkage that occurs during the drying of RCA in concrete. New concrete made with RCA experiences creep and drying shrinkage that is 10- 30% greater than that of concrete made from natural aggregate. It has been found that the porosity level in RCA increases the levels of shrinkage when it is in the drying process. Furthermore, RCA is also known to have lower elastic modulus than natural aggregate, which also contributes to drying shrinkage and creep. Although these negative impacts occur, this does not mean that RCA cannot be used entirely.

Previous to the notion of use recycled concrete aggregate, blended Portland cement (type I (SM) ASTM or CEM II-M), river siliceous sand, and granitic crushed stone (nominal size 6-20 mm) were used to make the concretes. Now, as a result of virgin concrete shortage, there is a use of not only RCA but recycled fine aggregate (RFA). For recycled concretes, recycled fine aggregate (RFA) is taken from crushed waste concretes of varying qualities, and made with granitic stone, and is used by replacing its contents (0%, 20%, and 30% by volume) of natural sand. In all concretes, an admixture acting as a water-reducer is used. The physical properties consist of either coarse and fine aggregates, they are determined by their fineness, gravity (saturated and surface dry – SGssd), water absorption, and material finer than 75 lm.

Many countries have begun discovering the use of RCA but RFA has been found to be just as workable and each RCA and RFA have their benefits in varying industries. Several countries have recommendations for the use of recycled coarse aggregates in structural concretes, but the recycled fine aggregates (RFA) are discarded because they may produce modifications on the fresh and hardened concrete properties. It is not only the use of RCA that can reduce waste and help benefit the environment and the economy, but RFA is a precious material and has become more important in concrete production because of economic implications related to the shortage of natural sands suitable for that, and the need for a comprehensive utilization of such wastes, since the fine fraction remains when the recycled coarse aggregates are used, which storage and control is complex. Dr. Khatib, an environmentalist, illustrates that concrete made of 25% and 100% of RFA reduce compressive strength by 15% and 30%. However, another research at hand demonstrate that the compressive strength is not affected by the utilization of RFA, but the most significant changes within concrete with RFA is the higher drying shrinkage and less durability. Previous studies have been made on the use of RFA in concrete which show that the use of RFA over 50% produce significant decreases on the slump of the mixes at the fresh state, similar to those produced in concretes made with natural crushed sand.

With every new process that arises, there are impacts to the economy, the environment and society. It is first interesting to understand the economic impact of RCA. The cost of aggregates typically is between 20 and 30% of the cost of materials and supplies, or 10 to 15% of the total construction cost of a roadway section. Due to the high quality of virgin aggregate and its known shortage, the price is increasing. Since there is a shortage in virgin aggregate and the price is increasing, access to this very important construction material is decreasing and an economical option is crucial. The good news is that concrete pavements are 100% recyclable. Concrete recycling has been used predominantly in Europe since the 1940s and in the U.S. since the 1970s. Concrete recycling for paving applications is now performed in at least 41 states and has the support of the Federal Highway Administration. The FHWA has found that reusing the material used to build the original highway system makes sound economic, environmental, and engineering sense. The cost of aggregate is one of the major costs of highway construction. As the sources of virgin aggregate becomes scarce, haul distances increase, which then cause additional supply costs. As the source becomes scarcer, the more the costs of using virgin aggregate will increase. The cost of producing RCA can be considered to be limited to the costs of crushing the demolished concrete and screening and backhauling the RCA. The cost of removal and demolition of concrete will stay the same, regardless of whether it is natural aggregate or recycled concrete (RC). However, the usage of RCA can produce savings in the hauling and disposal costs, especially if the RCA is produced on site. Moreover, the waste issue comes back when the economical benefits of RCA are discussed. Disposing of demolished concrete slabs in landfills is becoming expensive because the space available in landfills are also becoming limited. The recycling of concrete pavement annihilates the need to dispose the concrete, which results in cost savings and allows more room for our landfills to be filled with waste that cannot be recyclable.

Other than impacts stemming from cement production, transport has a large influence on the environmental load which is then dependent on transportation distances and the transportation vehicle used. Regardless of the transport scenario, the impacts of cement and aggregate production life-cycle phases for RAC are slightly larger than for NAC. In consequence, the results present the fact that the impacts of cement and aggregate production phases are slightly larger for RAC than for NAC. There are varying studies that show that sometimes NAC has higher impacts on the environment and other studies show that it is RAC that could be costing more impact economically, environmentally and ending up affecting the social aspect as well. Total environmental impacts in terms of energy use, global warming, eutrophication, acidification and photochemical oxidant creation depend on transport distances and types. By observing a study done by Dr. Marinkovic on the matter, I understand that transport scenario 1 (transport distances of recycled aggregate are smaller than those of natural river aggregate) the environmental impact of RAC and NAC production in terms of studied impact categories is approximately the same and the benefit from recycling in terms of waste and natural mineral resources depletion minimizing is clearly gained. Whereas scenario 2 indicates (transport distances of natural and recycled aggregates are equal), the total impacts of RAC are larger, increase ranging from 11.3% to 36.6% depending on the impact category.

This then trickles down to having the process of RCA also reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses (GHGs). Every activity that requires fuel and/or electrical

power when producing virgin aggregate is inevitably responsible for the creation of GHGs and other pollutants. Concrete recycling helps to reduce the environmental impact of pavement reconstruction activities while helping to ensure the maintenance of our transportation infrastructure. Another environmental benefit that RCA produces is that it lowers the carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the air. Research at the University of New Hampshire has shown that RCA has significant value as a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2), a primary greenhouse gas, through the mechanism of spontaneous carbonation, in which atmospheric CO2 reacts with calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2), a by-product of the cement hydration, in the concrete mortar to produce calcium carbonate.

In order to continue the wave of recycling, many participants of the Global North have been increasingly adding to their lifestyle. The recycling of concrete aggregate also needs to begin and be woven as a process in Canada and needs to be regulated under its government. One interesting factor about recycled aggregate is its use for an abundant resource at the moment, which is water. However, this precious resource is endangered for beginning to be scarce. Although there is a lot of water on earth, less than 3% is fresh and most of that is either locked up in fast-melting glaciers and ice caps, or is too deep in the earth to retrieve. The status of water being an endangered natural resource is in part due to the rise of global warming and the growth of agricultural, urban, and industrial needs, where water is increasingly used to keep up with the demand of various industries. Therefore, our resources need to be used more efficiently so if we do not cut back on the water usage and concrete in construction, then this industry could be adding to the woes humans will have to face when there is a shortage of water. Concrete companies and constructions sites, being the largest industrial consumers of fresh water, it is crucial that the concrete industry use water more efficiently. Approximately 100 L/m3 (20 gal./yd3) wash-water used by the ready mixed concrete trucks, we’re using too much water for concrete mixing and the yearly global mixing water requirement of 1 trillion L can be cut in half by better aggregate grading and by greatly expanding the use of mineral admixtures and superplasticizers. Drinking water has been identified as being acceptable for making concrete so there is no harm in not using fresh water all of the time for recycled aggregate.

As it stands today, there are no virgin aggregate resources available in Canada. If there are no virgin aggregates available for usage due to the shortage, then there will no longer be any concrete developed for construction. If there are no construction materials being produced, then as a result, there will be a shortage in jobs available not only in the construction industry, but in contracting, renovating and real estate. The effect of this crisis will also cause architects, civil engineers, construction workers, miners, and geologists to suffer cuts in their industries. This negative impact does not only effect society but most importantly, the economy. By replacing virgin aggregate with RCA and RFA, this will not only conserve our resources for future generations, but it would also aid the environment in beginning a cycle of recycling in a new sector where concrete is used. Tapping into a system that introduces a product that is a hundred percent recyclable like recycled concrete aggregate is a large movement forward in saving the environment because as shown, using virgin aggregate is not feasible due to its shortage but the methods used with this product is not helping the environment either. RCA can open up new spaces in landfills, it can conserve our water and disables toxins to disperse in our atmosphere. It is crucial that Canada jump on the bandwagon of recycling concrete aggregate as part of their goal for a “greener” society.