Evaluating PVC For Porch Stairs Railings

Learn the best way of selecting the colors, shapes, materials and varieties for your porch railings, material varies in cost and quality. However you must check the kind of front porch stair you need and you can create and when you start to feel fascinated by the number of deals in materials, shapes and colors. Take the decision of knowing which of these things are those that best suit their lifestyle and the potential for his home.

Your skills and time available for doing the work also play an important roll in planning the front porch stair making.

Let's talk about PVC:

1. An excellent choice is going for the PVC or vinyl porch railing. Advantages of PVC and vinyl porch railings:

2. Security is guaranteed by these facts

3. Protection against slipping.

4. This kind of material does not splinter there is not risk of cut by sharp points if is properly fastened

5. PVC offers ultraviolet light resistance, long lasting live and high resistance to climate. Color will be bright for more time, avoiding fading of the material, also PVC keeps cool for more time than other material and you can certainly handle the material without being burnt, so you can see PVC is very good for houses when sun strike very hard during long hour at summer and can facilitate the gardening works.

All In Wood

Another possibility is wood. Wood exceeds any other offer in the market, its classic appearance, its elegance and make it one of the favorite of consumers, designers and architects, among the types of wood, we can speak of cedar, noble, and scented with many advantages. It has a high resistance to insects that act as a natural pest control, still exposed to humidity it keeps its good look and long life.

More Ideas For Your Porch Stairs Railing Design

Composite woods also offer options for front porch stair railings, add the beauty of wood rest the maintenance problems and composite wood products are decay, insect, light, and water resistant and hardly splinter.

Iron is another possibility for creating your front porch railing. Traditional and elegant, iron is pursued as a railing material because of its durability, look and variety of styles, Iron offers some of the nicest decorative effects in the porch railing industry thanks to the advances in the manufacturing industry, malleable and strong, it will remain standing through the toughest weather and abuse.

Aluminum offers high impact resistance, lasting color, and weather-resistance, it can be customized to your preferences or purchased on standard aluminum designs, nowadays aluminum is used to create a touch of modernity and can be combined with glass to reinforce the effect

At last a word for glass, you can use it combined with wood, aluminum and iron. Pieces made of stainless steel, brass, bronze or even stone can match glass and highlight its beauty, glass is an ideal choice for ideal choice for clean lines styles home and to enjoy natural light.

Your house, your life style, your budget and many other details have to be in mind when creating your deck ideas and planning your deck, porch, railing and other important elements for embellishing as well as giving your house extra elements of comfort, security adding in this value to the property: a porch, small or large, can make your house stand out of the others, suggesting an special place according to the main style design.

Choosing a Roofing Contractor: 2 Steps to Picking the Right One

Money spent on roof repairs is not an expense, but rather an investment. A good roof job can last a home between 20 an 30 years. With this is in mind it is important to approach the process diligently and effectively. Ultimately,

The decision to repair a roof can be boiled down into two steps. First, becoming an informed consumer. Second, using the acquired information to select the best contractor for the job.

Step 1: Becoming Informed

Becoming an informed consumer requires understanding that there are a great number of decisions to be made in the roof repair process. To make the choice that best suits the households needs and constraints, it is critical to know what options are out there.

First, it is important to learn about the types of materials available for the project. Used on about 90% of houses asphalt shingles are, by far, the most commonly used roofing for residential properties. These provide a durable, long lasting and economical option. Commercial properties, on the other hand, generally favor decorative stone or mopped tar. This is also very durable material, though slightly more expensive. The one stipulation to the durability of each of these options is that they good care and periodic maintenance.

Although these are by far the most popular options, other choices include metal, terracotta and slate stone. Metal, is a relatively new material that offers a great durability at a significantly higher cost. This cost must be calculated with the consideration that metal roofs typically last as long as the house to which it is connected. They also require little to no maintenance. Terracotta, or clay tiles, can offer a very attractive appearance. If purchased with concrete fiber they can offer a reasonable durability. Slate stone is known for its longevity and aesthetics. Though they require very little maintenance they are the most expensive option.

Step 2: Choosing the Contractor

After having some understanding of the options out there, homeowners are ready to begin the search for a contractor. Along with selecting the right material, this is the most important decision to be made in the entire process. It can even be argued that this is of greater importance, as a good contractor will steer his or her client towards the best material option.

When choosing among contractors it is prudent to follow several guidelines. First, always perform a background check. Determining the number of jobs a contractor has previously performed and questioning former clients about their satisfaction is one of the best proxies for experience. Second, understanding the contractor’s insurance coverage can have great implications in the event of an accident. Choosing contractors with the most coverage translates into less risk for the homeowner. Third, making sure the contractor offers at least a ten year warranty is essential. As part of that warranty periodic maintenance and inspection should be included. Ideally each house should be inspected twice a year. Finally, obtaining at least three quotes from three different contractors is crucial. This step not only allows the homeowner to price shop, but also pits contractors against each other, ensuring the best deal possible.

Solar Mole Repellers – Do They Work?

Anyone, who has moles, gophers, voles, or various other burrowing animals will not likely plan to waste their time or cash on repellers that aren’t efficient, even when these unwanted animals are often very troublesome, the majority of people choose to have a humane method to rid their yard of them. A cost-effective and humane selection is a solar mole repeller, so people ask, “Do these solar mole repellers work?” The answer then is “Absolutely!” There is nothing that is going to be 100% effective, but this style of repeller works well under most conditions.

How Do They Work?

The solar mole repeller functions by switching vibrations in your yard and sound waves, which the moles don’t especially like and often will move away from the repellers. The batteries that power the repellers are charged from the solar energy panels. The batteries can hold enough power to repel moles for a couple days, in case there isn’t any sunlight, the solar repellers still work and may carry on doing their job.

What Types Work?

The solar mole repellers have stakes which go directly into the ground with the solar panel above the soil. Lots of people find the kind of stake that has worked the most effective is aluminum stakes. Green stakes may very well be most desired type since they blend in with the grass. Other buyers take advantage of the stakes to enhance the decor of the yard, so they may select a type that comes in a wide range of colors or has a LED light to increase the lighting of the area.

How Many Are Needed?

For optimum effectiveness, solar mole repellers really need to be spaced so there exists a slight overlapping of the forty-eight-ft. radius which the repellers work within. Start with enough to cover the sq. footage of the area that there’s a problem with burrowing animals. Some feel that aluminum stakes may work efficiently inside of a larger radius versus the plastic stakes. It may need 2 or 3 days and occasionally 7 days roughly until the moles vacate the area. It could be necessary to reposition the stakes to improve efficiency. The moles will continue to burrow outside of the radius so there needs to be enough stakes to prevent the moles far enough away to no longer be a complication.

When They Don’t Work?

Areas which can be heavily shaded will not be able to get adequate sunlight to charge the battery, therefore the solar mole repellers won’t work. Caliche (sedimentary rock), high concentration of large stones, and large rocks will prevent the sound waves and vibrations from traveling in the soil, so the repeller won’t be as effective since it will be in soil that the vibrations and sounds can go through easily.

Protect Yourself From the Sun, Not Your Sunscreen

Check your sunscreen label. If the active ingredients include one or more of the chemicals listed in this article, you need to look into a mineral based alternative.

In 1927, 12,745 physicians endorsed smoking Lucky Strike® cigarettes as a healthful activity; by 1999 smoking-related illness had become the number one cause of death in United States. Similarly, the rate of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, has been on the rise since the first sunscreen arrived on the market in the late 1960’s. Worldwide, the greatest rise in melanoma has been experienced in countries where chemical based sunscreens have been heavily promoted.

While it is important to protect your skin from the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation, it may be just as important to protect yourself from the chemicals used in most sunscreens. Chemical-based sunscreens include ingredients that absorb UV radiation from the sun. These chemicals get into the skin and absorb UV radiation which leads to free radical release. Free radicals can damage cells and are believed to accelerate the progression of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and aging.

Health-related U.S. government agencies including the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Centers for Disease Control and prevention (CDC), and Food and Drug Administration (FDA) all have important information about potential dangers of these chemicals.

The good news is avoiding chemical-based sunscreens may be easier than you think. Below is a list of some potentially dangerous sunscreen chemicals.

Oxybenzone Oxybenzone is a chemical that can be absorbed by the body and mimic or block hormones thereby disrupting their normal functions. Oxybenzone was found in 96.8% of human urine samples analyzed as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2008. The same study found a lower birth weight in baby girls whose mothers were exposed to Oxybenzone during pregnancy.

Oxybenzone is a photo-carcinogen, a chemical that can potentially cause cancer when exposed to light. Known as a powerful free radical generator, oxybenzone is used to destabilize chemicals in a number of industrial processes. In addition Oxybenzone has been known to trigger photo-allergic reactions. These allergic reactions are caused by exposure to UV radiation.

The Environmental Working Group (EWG), an organization that specializes in environmental research and advocacy, identified nearly 600 sunscreens sold in the U.S. that contain Oxybenzone, including leading brand names like Hawaiian Tropic, Coppertone, and Banana Boat, and many facial moisturizers as well.

Avobenzone Similar to Oxybenzone, Avobenzone is a chemical that absorbs UV radiation and is easily absorbed through the skin, potentially releasing free radicals. Avobenzone has been shown to degrade significantly in light, resulting in less UV protection over time.

Octocrylene According to recent studies, Octocrylene, causes bleaching in the algae that lives on coral, often killing the entire structure. The UN World Trade Organization estimates 78 million tourists visit coral reefs each year, releasing between 4,000 to 6,000 tons of sunscreen into the water. Several marine reserves in Mexico have banned sunscreens that use oils and chemical ingredients.


The little amount of data on Octinoxate noted estrogenic effects as well as disruption of the thyroid hormone and brain signaling. Estrogenic effects can potentially increase cancers, cause birth defects in children, and cause fertility and other developmental problems.


Homosalate is a penetration enhancer that may promote the absorption of other harmful chemicals. Very little data exist on the effects of homosalate exposure, but preliminary data has found it to be a possible carcinogen.


Alone, octisalate may not be harmful. However, similar to homosalate, octisalate is a penetration enhancer and may promote the penetration of other harmful chemicals.


Although these reports are alarming, safer sunscreens do exist. Most physicians continue to support the use of sunscreen, but now advocate using physical barrier sunscreens instead of chemical based sunscreens. Rather than absorbing into the skin, a physical barrier sunscreen reflects or scatters UV radiation. It’s like wearing millions of tiny mirrors. Most physical barrier sunscreens contain either zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. Click on any of the sunscreen ads located in this blog to purchase a safe and healthy sunscreen.

Ambulatory Spinal Unloading – A New Treatment For Low Back Pain

“Ambulatory spinal unloading” is the “new kid on the block” when it comes to treatment of acute and chronic low back pain. It is so new that many care givers are not yet fully aware of it.

Anecdotally we know that relieving pressure on the discs via traction, non-surgical spinal decompression or inversion tables etc relieves the pain, we also know that continued activity opposed to inactivity is beneficial and everyone knows that stabilizing the spine and allowing strained muscles to relax and heal are critical to the healing process.

But until ambulatory spinal unloading came along there was no way to offer a low back pain suffer the full treatment. This new treatment modality for low back pain allows sufferers the ability to regain mobility, flexibility and activity in a pain free or pain reduced environment, allowing discs to rehabilitate, muscles to realign and mend and damaged nerves to heal.

Ambulatory spinal unloading dramatically reduces the degenerative cycle and dramatically increases the rejuvenative cycle of the spine and is without a doubt one of the most beneficial and cost effective, non-invasive treatment modalities for acute and chronic low back pain available today.

Ambulatory spinal unloading can be used to extend the benefits offered by stationary treatments as well as chiropractic and physiotherapy treatments or can be used as a pre surgery bridge or a post surgery protection/prevention tool.

Typical indications for this new treatment modality are most forms of low back pain that have been caused by; degenerative disc decease, herniated or bulging disc, nerve impingement, stenosis, facet syndrome, spondylolisthesis, lumbar vertebrae compression fracture, sciatica, lordosis etc and for many “undiagnosable” causes of low back pain.

Are You Suffering From Confinement Phobia? – Tips to Reduce Your Anxiety!

Answer true or false:

o I get anxious in most situations where I have to stop and wait, for example, stoplights, standing in line at the grocery store.

o I avoid or am afraid of traveling on public transportation, trains, buses, commercial jets.

o It´s uncomfortable for me to be in a closed-in place or in a crowd of people.

o I often feel trapped by something in my life situation, such as my job, marriage, family responsibilities, health, or debt.

o It´s difficult for me to make a long-term commitment to someone or something.

The fear of confinement runs through a number of different phobias including: fear of flying, fear of elevators, fear of crowded public places, fear of small enclosed places (claustrophobia), and fear of being “stuck” anywhere in traffic, bridges, tunnels, or riding on public transportation. Of all of the types of fear, I believe that fear of confinement most frequently disguises an underlying fear of something else, what some psychologists would call a “displaced” fear.

Growing up in a dysfunctional family situation; for example, if your parents were physically or sexually abusive, or perhaps alcoholic, can instill a fear of being “unable to escape or get away.” A child has no choice but to endure such mistreatment: it´s easy to understand how a fear of being trapped might develop under such circumstances.

If the fear of confinement has its origin in childhood trauma, including birth trauma, where you literally were confined or trapped, you may benefit from seeking the assistance of a therapist skilled in treating post-traumatic stress difficulties.

It may be necessary to recall the incident, fully express the feelings you had at the time, and then make a new decision, a reinterpretation, of the meaning of the incident so that you can let it go and be free to go on with your life. Techniques such as hypnotherapy and eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing, EMDR, may help in this process.

Fears of confinement are more frequently related to present circumstances than past. The fear may serve as a metaphor for some way in which you feel confined or trapped in your present life, whether in your job, your relationship with your partner, your economic constraints, your health limitations, or even your daily schedule.

By addressing and freeing up the problem in your life, you suddenly find you can drive at rush hour or stand in line at the grocery store more easily. This is not to deny the importance of exposure therapy in overcoming situational phobias. Yet it may be necessary both to do exposure and address issues of interpersonal or existential confinement in your current life to ensure long-term recovery.

If you happen to be dealing with a phobia where you have a problem with feeling trapped, you might ask yourself whether there is any broader sense in which you feel trapped by the circumstances of your current life.

Finally, the fear of confinement may arise simply from feeling trapped in your own body without the ability to easily move. When you are anxious, your muscles tighten up and your body naturally prepares for “fight or flight.” However, if you´re in a situation where it really is difficult to move, for example; the window seat on an airplane or next in line at a checkout counter, you may suddenly feel very stuck.

There you are, in a sense “locked” within the tightening muscles of your abdomen, chest, shoulders, and neck with no way to actively channel the sympathetic nervous system arousal or adrenaline surging through your bloodstream. If the sensation grows strong enough, you may perceive it as entrapment, not just being stuck, especially if you tell yourself you´re “trapped.”

At this point you may escalate to a full-blown panic reaction with a strong urgency to run. Had you been able to move more easily in the first place, perhaps the perception and fear of entrapment would have never occurred.

In my experience, the most effective way to handle this situation is to go with your body´s need to move, wherever possible. If you´re standing in line at the checkout counter, put your bag down and leave the store for a minute, walk around, and then return. If you´re stuck in traffic on the expressway, pull over to the shoulder if possible, get out and move about. If you´re seated on an airplane, get up and walk to the bathroom and come back, repeating this several times if necessary.

If you have to keep your seat belt fastened and can´t leave your seat, shake your leg, wring a towel, write in your journal, but do something to channel the excess activation in your body. Keep telling yourself, “This restriction will be over in a while and I can get up and move again,” or “There’s nothing dangerous I’ll be able to move about soon,” or “I may be restricted”, but ‘trapped’ is a false perception.” The better you become at perceiving the situation for what it is, restriction and not entrapment, the less anxiety you are likely to experience.

If fear of confinement is a problem, you need to address the underlying issue. Is your fear left over from a previous trauma? Is it a metaphor for some current restrictive situation in your life? Or is it simply your way of perceiving situations where your mobility is limited? Perhaps two or three of these possibilities are simultaneously true for you. When you understand the source of your fear, you can overcome it.

Free Violin Sheet Music on the Internet

Is it possible to find free violin sheet music on the Internet? Why are people publishing their violin music sheets for free printout? Read on and you will find tips on finding violin scores and even publishing your own music notes!

How can violin sheet music be free on the Internet? We can assume that people at least do not want to loose money by producing and publishing music scores online. Here are some reasons for the presence of free violin sheets and what you can do to earn money online if you produce violin music scores!

Public domain sheet music

Publishers who supply free sheet music for violin on their websites usually make use of melodies belonging to the public domain. When someone compose a piece of music it is normally copyright protected for a limited period of time. Actually this time period can be quite long but when this time period has passed the copyright expires and the work becomes public domain.

The copyright laws vary a lot in different countries but in the United States the law stipulates a specified number of years following the creation or publication of a musical work. Many misunderstandings flourish on the Internet due to the sometimes very complicated laws in this area. In some countries a number of years are specified following the death of a composer before the work becomes public domain. Often this is 50 or 70 years. Sometimes the music is specified as traditional meaning that it has no specified composer and belongs to the public domain.

Violin sheets by the publisher

Sometimes the free violin sheet music on a website has been created and composed by the website owner himself. Of course he doesn’t need permission to use his own violin scores. But even if the music is free to download and print out it is however automatically copyright protected. A composer may showcase his violin sheet music this way trying to sell some of his compositions. If you want to use the free violin sheets in a commercial way you will have to ask for permission.

Violin scores used by permission

Another source for violin sheets on a website are compositions by other composers that want to showcase their musical creations. The website owner might also have asked for permission to use other peoples works and might also have invested money to be permitted to use music this way.

Why are publishers offering free violin sheet music?

Many website owners are not dependent on getting money from the work with their website. They only want to compensate for the invested money in paying for a domain name and a hosting company. This boils down to the fact that there often are some sort of economic motive for offering violin music for free.

The website owner might earn money from Google ads or commissions from advertisers. It is very popular to be involved in some sort of affiliate programs. By using logos and and the website address on their violin sheets they may hope that this free advertising will make for more regular visitors. By asking for your email address in return for the sheets he will also have a better chance to increase the number of regular visitors by email marketing.

Can anyone publish violin scores?

If the violin sheets are not copyright protected and you have the right to use the music notes you can upload these files on your website. Some publishers produce their own violin scores by the help of music notation software or by scanning notes to produce digital music. You can write sheet music by hand and scanning the music this way too!

You need to convert the violin notes to a format that makes them easily accessible to the visitors. As mentioned before you can convert them to PDF sheets with the help of free PDF creation software that you can search for online of course. Even if you offer free violin sheet music you can earn money by using methods described in this article!

Controlling Clothing Costs

In this economy every penny counts and a big cost for most people and most families is clothing. It is hard to resist getting the latest clothes to show off to your friends how great you look. You do not want to look like you got your wardrobe from the thrift shop, but you do not need to look like you shop on Fifth Avenue either. The key is to finding a happy medium that still allows you to look good and show off your individuality. When clothes shopping for the family, these tips will come in extra handy:

Trends come and go. What's hot today is laughable tomorrow, so do not get caught up in the latest thing to come out of Milan, Paris, or Tokyo. All too often you'll look back at your purchases and wonder what you were thinking. Develop your own style that's not influenced by the trends, but still fashionable. When buying kid's clothes, do not buy anything with a character on it. Spongebob might be cool today, but in 6 months when all the kids have grown up, he will not be cool anymore and you'll be back in the store for the latest character of the month.

Dry cleaning will ruin you. Do not buy clothes that need a lot of special care. If you are constantly having to run to the dry cleaner, you will end up paying lots more over time for the clothes that you wear. Buy clothes that you can wash at home, and that do not require a lot of special settings or care. Most clothing today can be washed many times and still looks good. If you need to, you can get the fancy detergents that resist fading your clothes so that you can wear them longer.

Accessories only add to costs. Even though many fashionistas will tell you that it's all about accessorizing, you'll want to keep your collection to a minimum. These costs will only nickel and dime you and add to your overall wardrobe expenditure. If you are smart with your accessories you can mix and match them with different outfits, and you do not need a separate accessory for every outfit you own.

You can not eat clothes. When you open your closet and see all of the clothes you have that you do not wear, this represents money that could have been spent on other things. Imagine being able to go to a nice restaurant every month because of the money you save on buying quality clothes you actually wear. It would be much better to have that life experience than having some dress you not consider ugly hogging up space in your closet. If food is not your think, you can invest the extra money you're saving and watch your money make more money, instead of turning it to more useless clothes.

Installing Floor Tile Over Old Linoleum

Ceramic floor tile is a great choice for many rooms throughout the home, and installing tile flooring is a commonly tackled project for the do-it-yourself homeowner. Many people have no trouble installing a full room of ceramic tile without calling in a professional, which can be a big money saver. If your existing floor is covered with linoleum, you can lay your new tile floor directly over the linoleum flooring to save money and time – and to add an extra layer of insulation beneath your tile. However, if you have a wooden subfloor beneath the linoleum, it is best practice to completely get rid of the old linoleum and underlayment beneath the linoleum before tile installation to prevent cracking and buckling of your tile due to the flexibility of the subflooring. If, on the other hand, the linoleum is only installed on top of a concrete slab, you can go ahead and lay your tile over top of it.

Preparing Your Floor

Before you begin installing your floor tile, you will want to remove any existing trim from around the edges of the flooring, including edge stripping and baseboards. Move any bathroom fixtures from the room, like the toilet. Clean the floor thoroughly, but do not rough up or sand the existing linoleum as many of the older types of linoleum may contains particles of asbestos that can lead to lung damage if inhaled. Use high quality sealant to block moisture from any spot where moisture tends to occur in the room. Lay out your tiles on bathroom floor to be certain that you have purchased enough tile flooring to complete the job.

Safety First

Before you begin to install your tile flooring over linoleum, be sure to open a window or provide other ventilation for the room in which you will be working. The adhesive that you will be using will let off fumes that can be toxic. You should also be aware that these fumes are also flammable, so don’t smoke or allow anyone else to smoke in the room while you are installing your tile.

Tile Installation

You will find it most convenient and a big time saver to go ahead and cut any of the pieces of edging tile that you will need to place around areas of obstruction in the bathroom, like water inlets for toilets, or pipe fixtures. A wet saw can be used to make cuts for these tiles. You will also need a tile nipper, which is useful in clipping small notches from tiles to make them fit into corners or around pipes. Wet saws are quite expensive, but luckily you can rent one at many home improvement stores in lieu of buying one outright. Starting in the center of the area where your tiles are laid out, apply adhesive to the back of the tiles using a trowel that is “notched”. This type of trowel provides a grooved surface for the tile’s back that will help it to adhere better to the floor. Use tile spacers to leave the appropriate amount of space between each tile to allow for grouting. As you work, immediately clean up any excessive adhesive that may seep from beneath the tile as it is installed. Next, you will need to use good quality grout to fill in between the tiles, and you will need to work the grout between the tiles using a grout float. And last of all, the application of a bead of silicone caulking to any spaces around pipes and fixtures within the room will help to finish up the look of your bathroom tile. You’re now finished with the tile and can begin to reseat the fixtures that you have removed, and then reinstall the edging, baseboards and other trim that were removed initially.

Ladders Review: Little Giant Sky Scraper A-Frame Ladder

Ladders come in all shapes and sizes nowadays and choosing the one that’s right for you starts by answering the question why? Why do you need to purchase a ladder? What will you use it for? Finding out the purpose of the ladder of the ladder may save you some money in the long run. Another consideration would be the height. What is the floor to ceiling height of your home, office or building? If extra height is what you’re looking for, then nothing beats the Little Giant Sky Scraper A-frame ladder. This is the perfect choice for churches, auditoriums, convention centers, other industrial buildings. Read on to get more information on the world’s tallest A-frame ladder.

About the Little Giant Sky Scraper A-Frame Ladder

The Little Giant Sky Scraper A-frame Ladder is not for everyone. It is a ladder for people who are accustomed to working with heights. Nevertheless, it is designed to not only be the tallest but also the safest ladder in existence. Unlike other ladders, it could be adjusted in 1 ft increments for added versatility. This means that you can use it on staircases, curbs, docks or other uneven surfaces. You can even adjust it to form 90° thereby making the working near vertical surfaces possible.

Product Features

The Little Giant Sky Scraper A-frame Ladder features a heavy 6005-T5 aircraft-grade aluminum material which means that it will remain strong and last a very long time. It is rated to hold for up to about 300 pounds. What’s amazing with the Sky Scraper is not just its height but also the fact that it could be folded down and stored or moved easily. This makes it good to use even in those tight and narrow spaces such as hallways and doors as compared to a scaffolding tower system or other large and bulky ladders, this could be setup faster allowing you to save time.

Product Specification

The Little Giant Sky Scraper A-frame Ladder is available in 3 models. The Model 15 has a weight capacity of 300 pounds, a ladder weight of 60 pounds, and a height of 8 to 15ft with a storage height of 8ft 7″. The slightly bigger Model 17 has a weight capacity of 300 pounds, a ladder weight of 79 pounds, and a height of 9 to 17ft with a storage height of 9ft 7″. The largest one, the Model 21 has a weight capacity of 300 pounds, a ladder weight of 103 pounds, and a height of 11 to 21ft with a storage height of 11ft 7″. It includes free shipping and a five year warranty.

While most heavy and taller ladders are expensive, the Sky Scraper is amazingly safe and unbelievably cheap. So if you’re tight on your budget on scaffolding towers and would want to purchase ladders instead, we advise you to get the Little Giant’s Sky Scraper A-frame Ladder.

Understanding Stairlifts

Stairlifts have been around for centuries. In fact they were first introduced in the sixteenth century. This is when King Henry VIII had an accident, injuring himself. This resulted in slaves having to pull him up and down the stairs using a pulley system.

The stairlift was then introduced to the public in the 1930's and today they are used in millions of homes on a global scale, providing freedom of movement and independence to millions people who without the help of one of these motorized lifts, would not be able to access all the floors in their home.

Before you can really understand the stairlifts, you have to understand the different staircases. Straight stairlifts are used on staircases that have a straight rail without any bends at all, while curved stairlifts will be used on staircases with a gradual or sharp bend, spiral staircases and any stairs which are not dead straight in design.

There are some benefits to having a straight staircase if you are looking for a lift to give you the freedom to move within your own home, enjoying the independence these items provide. The first thing you will find is that there are specialist companies who can provide next day installation on straight stairlifts, unfortunately if you have curved, you must expect a team to arrive and inspect and measure the stairs to custom made a lift that will work perfectly and move you up and down the stairs safely.

As you can imagine straight stairlifts are lightly cheaper than the curved options. You will find this whether you buy new or reconditioned or you choose to rent a lift for a set period of time.

The good news is that whether you need a curved or straight stairlift, they do not take up too much space. For narrow staircases there are options where the chair can be folded away to ensure there is easy room to move for those that do not require the lift. For wider staircases, the lift only goes up one side, which leaves more than enough room for everyone else to get up and down the stairs comfortable without the lift getting in the way.

It is important to note that not all stairlift specialists cater for curved rentals. While the majority of specialists will be more than happy to provide you with straight stairlift rentals, they will not offer curved, because they have to be custom made to measure your particular staircase.

When buying any stairlift, it is important to factor some important considerations into your decision to ensure you receive the best quality that is going to last and provide you with the mobility freedom you expect and deserve.

When choosing a stair lift specialist you want to choose a company with a good reputation and years of knowledge and experience in the industry. The company should have outstanding online reviews, giving you complete peace of mind when placing your order. Do not only rely on the reviews you find on their website, take the time to go online and search for the company name, going through independent online review sites and forums to read honest customer experiences from past and present customers.

Ensure any company you choose provides a host of straight stairlift solutions from rentals to sales and reconditioned to maintenance, servicing, repairs, installations and more. This way you have one phone number to call when your stairlift is not operating property or you need it serviced.

The final and probably one of the most important decisions you need to make is whether to choose battery operated or mains powered lifts. This is a decision you can make with the specialist company to ensure that you always can get up and down your stairs without any hassle or fuss.

Savaria Concord B.07 Straight Stair Chair

B.07 Straight Stair Chair is a straight stairway lift manufactured by Savaria Concord. This stair lift is designed for both residential and commercial use. The Savaria Concord B.07 Straight Stair Chair can be employed for indoor and outdoor purposes. This lift is of high utility value for physically disabled people because it facilitates easier mobility for them in homes and offices. This stairlift can be installed on either side of the staircase and can be made to run on electric current or on battery power. The option of battery operation is ideal because the lift can be operated even during power failures. Let us have a look at the various features incorporated in the B.07 Straight Stair Chair.

The rated load capacity of Savaria Concord B.07 Straight Stair chair is 300lbs, which can be upgraded up to 400 lbs. This stairlift can travel a maximum distance of 32 ft with an approximate speed of 18 fpm. This equipment has a motor with 1/2 hp and 110 VDC specifications. The angle of inclination of this lift is 25º to 45º. Aluminium extrusion is used in the rail of these stairlifts.

Safety features provided in Savaria Concord B.07 straight stair chair include:

o Obstruction sensors

o Safety brake on carriage

o Safety switches

o Seat belt

Obstruction sensors are used to detect obstructions on the path of the lift and thereby help to avoid injury to the user and damage to the equipment. The safety brake on the carriage prevents the carriage from going down in the case of chain rupture. Safety switches can stop the carriage when it reaches the top or bottom end of the stairways. The seat belt is another safety feature which holds the user in place when the lift is on the move.

Folding facility with regard to the seat, arms and footrest ensures enough space on the stairway. This enables others to use the stairways conveniently. Vinyl seat upholstery is an optional feature of this stair lift. The B.07 Straight Stair Chair can be installed quickly and easily.

Savaria Concord provides 30 months limited warranty for its B.07 Straight Stair lift. Customers who plan to purchase B.07 Straight Stair lifts can contact the local dealer of Savaria Concord in their region. These dealers can help you with installation, repairs and warranty claims.

How to Find an Offshore Oil Rig Job

There are a large number of offshore oil rig jobs available on the market. The various positions available include the following:

  • Crane Operator
  • Derrickman
  • Drilling Engineer
  • Floor Hand
  • Geologist
  • Medic
  • Motorman
  • Mud Engineer
  • Oil Driller
  • Oiler
  • Painter
  • Pipeline Engineer
  • Radio Operator
  • Rig Electrician
  • Rig Mechanic
  • Rig Operator
  • Roughneck
  • Roustabout
  • ROV Operator
  • Subsea Engineer
  • Toolpusher
  • Welder
  • Well Site Engineer
  • Winch Operator

Many offshore jobs require physical work. Candidates should be physically fit and often must show mechanical aptitude and ability to use tools. However there are many advantages for a rig job. For example, your employer will provide housing during days you work. Additionally the company usually takes care of all living expenses including food, recreation and even laundry expenses. In good companies the accommodation, services etc. will be equivalent to a reasonably good luxury hotel.

How is the life and work in an offshore platform?

Your work will be based on shifts. There are various combinations of work. For example you may be 20 days on (working) and 10 days off (not working), or 30 days on and 30 days off. The shifts depend on the type of the job and the company you are working for. While you are working, the employer will provide almost all your expenses. Often there will be a crew change location which is located onshore, from where you will be flown in a helicopter, often hundreds of miles into the deep sea to the offshore platform when your shift begins. You will be dropped back at the crew change location after completing the 20 or 30 day shift.

You will have a living quarter with bed and bath as well as a gallery which serves food several times a day. Depending on the size of the offshore platform and number of workers living in, you can expect to find a gym, sauna as well as a lounge with TVs receiving programming through satellites.

Training and skill requirements

There are some very skilled jobs and several moderately low skilled jobs among the various offshore jobs. For example ROV (Remote Operated Vehicle) operators are some of very skilled people. The highly skilled jobs require significant training and experience. But jobs such as scaffold builder, painters etc require only limited skills and experience. For example, scaffold builder positions require, less than high school education; and up to a month of related experience or training. It can even be an equivalent combination of education and experience.

If you have an associate degree and training and experience in a related onshore job then it will be easier for you to apply and get an offshore oil rig job. The related experience can be welding, crane operation, painting, scaffolding, radio operation etc. If you have an engineering degree in fields such as electrical, mechanical etc. then you will get significantly lucrative opportunities.

Preparation for offshore job – Training and Certifications

Training and Certifications such as Basic Offshore Safety Induction and Emergency Training (BOSIET) or Helicopter Underwater Egress Training (HUET) will provide you and edge over other applicants. For U.S. workers, the Transportation Worker Identification Credential (TWIC) card is needed to work in offshore platforms. The TWIC card is a biometric identification card issued by TSA (Transportation Security Administration).Before issuing a TWIC card, the TSA will conduct a security assessment on you to make sure that you are not a security threat to access sensitive maritime locations and facilities.

Finding offshore job positions

Friends and acquaintances: If you know anyone currently working in the offshore oil industry, it will provide you with the best opportunity for getting an offshore job. Ask around, it can be even a distant relative or a friend of a friend. They will be able to provide you with firsthand information about the job opportunities and the qualifications needed to get one. Additionally they can also provide you with very valuable contact information.

Facebook: Many people waste their valuable time on Facebook idling and playing games. However Facebook is a goldmine for people looking for offshore jobs. There are many offshore workers on Facebook. Additionally there are several offshore job groups which routinely post offshore job opportunities. You can search for keywords such as “Offshore Job Group” to find such groups and join them so that you will get a frequent update on offshore jobs.

Job Boards: Monster, Career Builder, Indeed etc. have thousands of offshore oil rig job openings. Review those job opportunities carefully and see the frequently required qualifications for the positions you are seeking. Make sure to acquire the qualifications the employers are looking for the positions you want to apply.

Offshore Job Portals: There are several offshore job portals on the internet which are dedicated to provide up to date listing of offshore oil jobs. Make sure they send you directly to the job opening by a legitimate company before you apply for the job on a Job Portal.

Applying for offshore jobs

Put a good deal of effort and care when preparing your resume. Make sure to list all relevant onshore jobs and experience you already have. Indicate all the relevant safety training and certifications.

Make sure to follow all the instructions for submitting your job application. Sometime you will be filling an online application, other times you may be emailing your application.

First Time Installing a Laminate Floor

Different rooms of a home bring different challenges when laying laminate flooring.

In the bathroom the toilet will be an obstacle to lay your flooring under. If you're new to toilets, I recommend going to your local hardware store, and buying a plumber's book that covers the toilet. With that said, when reinstalling the toilet back onto the soil stack flange you will need a new wax ring. If your flange of your soil stack is rusted out, what I mean is, the bolts do not hold the toilet snug to the bathroom floor, you can simply buy a new flange. Drill and screw the new flange onto the soil stack. Your local hardware store will carry the wax ring and new soil stack flange. This might also be a good time for a new toilet, depending on age and beauty.

In the kitchen there are several obstacles to go under with your new laminate flooring. First obstacle is the refrigerator. Move the refrigerator out enough to lay your flooring behind. Check your floor behind the refrigerator to make sure the floor is level before laying new laminate flooring. Second obstacle is the dishwasher. Do not lay your flooring in front of the dishwasher. Why, you will not have enough space to pull out the dishwasher when it is time to repair or replace the dishwasher. It is easy to unscrew the dishwasher from underneath the counter top, pull it out, disconnect the hot water line, and electric. After removing the dishwasher check to see if leveling of the floor is needed. Third obstacle is the stove. Gas stoves are not an issue because you can simply pull them out, and work around them. Your flexible gas line behind the stove should be long enough to be pulled out. If you're not sure have a certified repairman pull out your stove for you, the first time. Remember that you are saving a lot of money on the labor by installing the laminate flooring yourself, safety is always a first priority. After the stove is pulled out, check behind, and make sure the floor is level before laying laminate flooring. When installing laminate flooring this way it looks mint. Take your time, and do it the professional way the first time.

Door jam bottoms will need to be trimmed, so new laminate flooring will fit underneath the door jam. A specific non-electric door jam saw is sold for around fifteen dollars at your local hardware store. There is nice electric door jam trimming tools if preferred. Electric door jam tools start around one hundred dollars and go up from there.

You will need two special laminate fitting tools. They sell for around twenty dollars at your local hardware store. These two tools are critical to make each piece of laminate fit together tightly. Which helps to hide the seams of each laminate piece, cool!

Sawing is time consuming if you do not have the proper saw. I did a little research after struggling the first day installing my laminate flooring. I found a mint table saw with legs for only one hundred and twenty-nine dollars at Sears. What a difference that made. It was like night and day. Also a good electric small hand jig saw for cutting small rounded pieces worked mint. If installing new trim, I would recommend an electric miter saw. I bought an inexpensive miter saw at Sears for only eighty nine dollars.

When installing the floor, follow the instructions that came with your laminate flooring brand. Do not listen to others on how the laminate floor should be installed. The manufacture did an awesome job in the instructions on how to lay your flooring down. If you follow these to the guide lines, then you can fall back on your manufacturer warranty. Many times laminate flooring is installed incorrectly which voids your manufacturer's warranty. Do not be one of these cases.

When sliding the heavy appliances back onto the kitchen floor, I recommend using round plastic skid floor protectors. This makes moving them so much easier and protects your new laminate flooring. You can find skid protectors in the laminate flooring isle of your local hardware store.

Leveling the floor is a preparation before starting. If your floor is bumpy, you can mix leveling compound and troll your floor. You only need to do this in the spots where it is not level. I have used plywood the right thickness to level some spots under appliances were old flooring was never installed. Use either method to level your floor. The method that you use depends on your old floor.

A four foot level is a good tool to use to level your old floor, before laying your new laminate flooring. If you have access to a six or eight foot piece of two by four or six, that works to. If you do use a piece of wood for a leveling tool, check the levelness with a level prior to using the piece of wood.

Now get your list ready, round up your square feet, and head to the local hardware store.

Have fun! Take your time, and be safe around the tools.

How to Properly Repair Chips and Deep Scratches on Your Car

We all have received them on our cars – rock chips, door dings, bumper scrapes, etc … They can come from a rock thrown up from a truck on the highway, or its as easy as a parking lot ding from someone in a hurry or even an errant grocery cart. Most of these are unavoidable. They can happen even if you park far away from stores and regardless of the measures you take to protect your car. Not only do they detract from your cars beauty, but they can also make your car susceptible to rust and the environment. Here's how to fix these paint chips, nicks and deep scratches and protect your car from rust.

Its not worth going to a auto paint and body store for chips and scratches. They will charge 10 times more for repairs you can easily do yourself. The first step is to locate the chips and scratches and see how deep they are. If they do not go all the way through the paint you can buff them out. Using a cloth terry towel apply a small amount of scratch remover or cleaner wax. Rub in a circular motion over the chip or scratch and buff when dry. If this removes the chip or scratch after a couple of applications, great, then just follow with a good wax or polish. If you see white primer or metal in the nick or scratch scratch remover or cleaner wax will not work well.

Some cars have paint that is lacquer based and others have paint that is enamel based. The following tip works wonders on cars with lacquer based paint only. Get a clean rag and apply a small amount of lacquer thinner to it. Take this and rub lightly on and around the scratch, nick or chip. The lacquer thinner will actually start to move the paint around and cover the affected spot. This even works on larger scrapes. This treatment is not recommended on cars with custom paint jobs and may not work on all cars with lacquer based paints.

For those with enamel paint or scratches and chips where the above treatment did not work, then you have to touch up the blemish in your paint. First, you need to get the paint code so you can correctly match the paint for your car. This is located inside your door jam or on some Hondas inside the glove box. Take this paint code to your dealer and get a small bottle of touch up paint. The touch up paint will come in a small bottle with a brush applicator. Instead of using the brush, as it will apply too broadly and make your touch up of the chip or scratch really stand out, we recommend using a toothpick for better paint placement.

First clean the area of ​​the chip or scratch. Then follow the directions on the touch up paint bottle. Usually it is mix thoroughly for 5 minutes (metallic paints may require more agitation). Then using the toothpick place the paint directly in the chip or scratch. When done allow to dry for several days before waxing or polishing (some cars have a clear cote which you would then apply in the same fashion to the affected area). By touching up the paint you have sealed the area from the environment and greatly reduced the chances of rust setting in and affecting your sheet metal. Rust is like cancer for your car and very difficult to stop once it starts, so it is better to be proactive and prevent it with proper car care and treatment and quickly identifying and repairing paint chips, nicks and scratches. For more great free info on automotive repair, treatments and headlight cleaning and restoration, please visit the link below.