How to Decorate With Orange

Orange is a wonderfully funky zesty colour for interiors, full of energy, life and bounce. Some people tend to be nervous about decorating with orange, however, if you follow our tips, you'll be well on the way for a successful orange home decor, whether you are decorating a living room, bedroom or kitchen. Orange is a wonderfully bright and sunny colour and will brighten up any interior, the trick is knowing just how to use it to the correct extent.

  1. If your living room room is mostly cream with dark wooden furniture, you can afford to add plenty of orange accents such as orange cushions on your sofa, orange within the rug, orange within pictures and perhaps even an orange footstool.
  2. Remember that orange on the feature wall is not enough, the decorating scheme will not work if the orange is in isolation in the room, add orange accents to the room such as orange patterned cushions and pictures in a living room, orange files in a study, and cushions, lamps and vases in a bedroom, so that the orange colour is highlighted around the whole room.
  3. Orange will make a room seem larger so is a great colour to use in north-facing rooms.
  4. Mugs and teatowels with an orange pattern are great if you want to add a little touch of a funky orange to a kitchen. Blue is a popular colour in kitchens and is often coupled with yellow but why not use orange for a zestier effect. Orange works great with many shades of blue in interior decorating. Why not frame an especially nice teatowel in a kitchen – this looks great.
  5. If you would like to create orange walls but do not want to paint a solid block of colour, creating a feature wall with wallpaper that has orange within its design can create a happy medium.
  6. Orange is a great accent to use with creams and beiges, particularly if you have dark wooden furniture. If you are nervous about it, by introducing the colour orange through accessories such as cushions, vases, lamps, rugs and footstools, you can add a little at a time as you become accustomed to the splashes of brighter colours.

And remember, orange is right on trend this year, tangerine orange has been very popular on the catwalk this year and the colour is now hitting the home accessories and interiors market. It is also a wonderfully summery colour so go on, what are you waiting for? Add a little orange to your home decor and some sunshine to your day every day.

How to Make A Must-Have Clutch Purse

The process is simple and quite easy for learning how to make a clutch purse. I will list the steps in great detail for those of you who may be a complete newbie when it comes to making a purse. Follow along with me and you’ll be a master at this is no time creating your own glorious fashionable clutch purses.

Determine What You Want

  • Get style ideas from magazines.
  • Determine the size you would like to have.
  • Choose whether it will be for casual or formal wear.
  • Decide what fabric you would you like to feature on your purse.
  • Choose the type closure or hardware that best suits you and your purse.
  • Select your lining fabric.

There are so many details that can be added to your purse which will raise a number of questions for you to consider but for the moment I think we have covered much of the basics.

Required Materials

  • 12″x15″ Chipboard (a cardboard that’s somewhat like poster board)
  • 12″x15″ Fabric (try painted- you will love the results)
  • 12″x15″ Lining (light cotton drapery weight in coordinating colors to the outer fabric)
  • 1# Twist lock closure (other styles are available too)
  • Approx. 54″ of 1″ webbing (binding) in coordinating or contrasting color
  • Thread (that blends well with your fabric)

Required Tools

  • Sewing machine
  • Needle (for hand sewing)
  • Scissors
  • Hole puncher set with mallet (not required for magnetic snaps or toggles)
  • Ruler
  • Pencil

Let’s Begin with The Chipboard.

  1. Measure where the folds or creases will be in your purse. There are 3 horizontal lines in all. You will be measuring across the 12″ width of the chipboard.
  2. Start at the bottom- The total height of the chipboard is 15″. Measure from the bottom up and mark each side of your chipboard at the 5″ point.
  3. Draw a horizontal line across to connect the two lines; from left to right. This will be the bottom crease of your clutch.
  4. From the 5″ mark, measure 5 1/2″ up on both sides of the chipboard. Once again, draw a horizontal line to connect the two measurements.
  5. The extra 1/2″ space is crucial to have in order to make it easy to close the purse properly when the binding is attached.
  6. Mark a 1/2″ above the last 5 1/2″ point on both sides if the chipboard. Again, draw a horizontal line to connect the two measurements.
  7. With the sharp edge of your scissors, score the chipboard along the drawn lines to allow an easy fold.
  8. Fold the chipboard at each crease. The first crease will be your base. The second crease will allow your purse flap to turn towards the top. The third crease allows the bag to close while still creating a little room to store your personal items.
  9. With the chipboard folded you can now determine where you want the closure to go. Measure 3″ up from the base fold to the center horizontal mark at 6″.
  10. The twist lock comes in 4 parts. The first part you are interested in is the twist section with the washer. This washer has two holes. Place the top of the washer on your 3″ mark. Ensure that it is properly centered. With your pencil mark out your holes from the washer. This should be done on the inside of the clutch.

Adding The Fabric

  1. Cut the fabric and the lining at the same size. They will be identical in size to the chipboard. If you wish to add a pocket; sew it on the lining before attaching it to the chipboard.
  2. Attach the outside fabric to the chipboard. This can be done with an adhesive or by sewing it in place around the perimeter. Stitch as close to the edge as possible; an 1/8″ to 1/4″ is ideal.
  3. Now that the exterior fabric is in place, pierce the cardboard and insert the prongs of your twist closure. Place the washer on the inside and fold in place to secure.
  4. Attach the fabric lining in the same way. Trim off any excess fabric.

Applying The Binding

  1. Fold the tip of your binding over about 3/8″ and stitch in place. This will eliminate it getting frazzled and shifting.
  2. Fold the binding in half leaving a 1/2″ on either side of the crease. At the bottom of the bag, in the center, place the binding on the covered chipboard and begin sewing it in place. When the bag is folded as the finished product this joining will only be visible when the purse is opened. Continue around the entire purse until you meet up to your starting point. Cut off excess binding leaving enough to fold over and stitch down the final piece.
  3. Take your needle with the matching thread to your binding and stitch the two sides in place. Ensure that your stitching is small, discreet and secure.

Installing The Closure

  1. Hold the flap in place over the twist closure and mark at least 3 sides on the underside of the flap, where the twist lock touches.
  2. Take your die/hole puncher, and place it over the marked area ensuring that your positioning is accurate.
  3. With your rubber mallet, hit the die until it cuts through both pieces of fabric and the chipboard neatly. (This should be done a piece of wood or cutting board.)
  4. Take the second two pieces of your twist lock and install them on the flap.
  5. Fold the top flap over the twist lock and secure.

Voila! You now know how to make a clutch purse. Get creative with your fabrics by accessorizing prints or customs painting your very own designs. If art is not your strength, consider purchasing painted fabrics from another source. Either way your clutch purse is a sure winner.

Brick Walls

It is great to watch a video clip or movie more than once. Even reading a book more than once is very beneficial sometimes. As I sit here in the morning, with my coffee, the sun coming up and an open doorwall to let the fresh air in; I got to thinking.

Brick Walls.

After watch the video "The Last Lecture" with my Leadership classes and reading some comments from my students, it got me thinking about a big comment that Randy Pausch made in the video. He says that Brick Walls are placed in our lives not to stop us from going after our goals (which they seem to do for many people, including me).

They are meant to see how bad we want something.

He also mentioned that sometime those brick walls are made of flesh … people. Others can hold us back from going after our goals and dreams too. Other people's negative opinions can do us damage, it can contribute to stopping us in our tracks. Our association plays an important part in our success in life.

The other part of that thought is that it's not just other people. It can be ourselves too.

Remember, we can do far more damage to ourselves with our negative thinking and the way we beat ourselves up. We can not get away from ourselves. We are around us, 24-7. We also need to get around the Brick Walls in our lives that are built there by ourselves.

Here's one thing to try and do as April comes into view here.

We need to silence the negative opinions of others and from ourselves too, and we need to move forward and take those action steps necessary to get closer to accomplishing something great. I was reminded about something last night in a webinar that I was plugged into. I'm holding myself back by my negative thinking about myself and what I worry about what others negative opinions are about me too.

No more.

Another point from Randy Pausch, actually it came from his wife in trying to deal with all the negative things going on with his cancer and all. She said two very powerful words.

Not helpful.

There are too many things that we all allow into our minds, from a variety of sources that are not helpful for what we have to do to make great things happen. What is that 1% forward step that you can take right now to begin to remove those negative brick walls and replace them with positive thoughts?

I'm always looking for feedback as hearing from you helps me, not only to help others, but also to help myself.

As I get another cup of coffee and feel the sun's rays coming into my kitchen, I look forward to hearing all the great things you are making changes to get over, around, under and through your brick walls.

Take care and keep in touch.

Apartment Renters – Factors to Consider Before Renting an Apartment

For most people, the monthly rent is their top consideration when they are deciding on whether or not to rent an apartment. While the monthly rent is definitely a very important factor, it is not the only one renters should consider. There are dozens of other issues that can affect your decision when you are looking for an apartment: the size of the place, the number of rooms, the neighborhood where the apartment is located, and sharing the apartment with a roommate.

All too often, renters find themselves in a pickle when they realize there is something about the apartment they are renting that does not quite match their preferences. To avoid this problem, find out as much about a potential apartment before making your decision. Start by going online and searching for places that fit your desired description. Narrow down your list to those apartments you think you like to live in. Of course, you have to make sure that the apartments in your list also fall within your budget range.

The next step would be to visit each apartment one by one. This visit will give you an opportunity to see each potential apartment up close and get a feel of whether or not it is right for you. It will also give you a chance to ask the landlord about the amenities (if it is an apartment complex), the type of neighbors who live in the area, the accessibility to schools and hospitals, and anything else you want to know.

If you are a single person looking for an apartment, something you might want to consider is sharing the apartment with a roommate. This option has its share of advantages and disadvantages so you really have to put a lot of thought into it before making your decision. For one thing, having a roommate means you get to share the rent with another person. The more roommates you have, the cheaper your share on the rent will be. Also, even if you and the others have small budgets individually, you might be able to afford a larger and better apartment when you pool your finances.

Sharing an apartment with somebody you know and trust can work very well. In fact, it can even be a lot of fun. However, rooming with someone you do not know very well is like drawing a wild card. There is always a chance your personalities may clash, creating tension and disparity in an otherwise peaceful living environment. The worst case scenario would be finding yourself in a "Single White Female" type of situation, wherein your roommate turns out to be a not-so-stable and dangerous person. This is why if you do choose to share an apartment with a stranger, do your best to screen her before deciding to live with her in the same apartment.

Finally, once you have selected the apartment you want to rent and everything is in place, read the contract fully before affixing your signature. Keep in mind the rental agreement is a legally binding agreement that may work for or against you in case a dispute arises. You have to realize that as a renter, you have certain rights, as well as responsibilities. There is nothing to lose by understanding these details before finalizing your rental contract.

Wigo Flat Iron Reviews

There's a wide choice of Wigo flat iron; everything from ceramic or tourmaline plates, to damp or dry models. What follows are reviews of the current models and what each has to offer and, more importantly, what it does not.

Wigo flat irons are made by Helen of Troy and are often marketed under the latter name – the models are exactly the same no matter which brand name you buy. They are low- to mid-price hair straighteners and there are a variety of models to choose from.

The Wigo Ceramic flat iron comes in three sizes; 1 ", 1 3/4", and 2 1/4 ". Apart from plate size and price, all three have the same features. These include ceramic plates, a separate heating system for each plate, 170 watts of power, 12 heat settings and 9 foot power cord. They all come with a 3 year limited warranty. Prices start at around $ 60 – $ 70.

The ceramic irons compare favorably to the Solia ceramic flat iron. They cost about the same, look the same, and offer, more or less, the same functionality. The Wigo is perhaps a little superior; it comes with 170 watts of power compared to Solia's 70 watts. However, it is inferior to the Sedu range of ceramic irons, but they are nearly twice the price of the Wigo.

Tourmaline flat irons are superior to ceramic models. Tourmaline is a semi precious stone that naturally emits something called negative irons – 6 times more than ceramic. Negative irons close the cuticle layer which seals in moisture. This keeps hair shinier, with less static and frizz, and keeps hair straighter for longer. Wigo have one tourmaline flat iron that comes with 1 "plates.

The arms of the iron are constructed from titanium making them both lightweight and smooth. Ceramic plates are secured on the arms. Ceramic is very smooth, long lasting and distributes heat evenly. The ceramic plates have been infused with Tourmaline crystals to produces heaps of negative irons.

The use of titanium is quite rare in hair straighteners but is to be welcomed as it makes them very light and less tiring to use. The Wigo Tourmaline flat iron weighs only 0.5lbs – the Solia tourmaline flat iron weighs 1lb with the Sedu weighing 1.1lbs.

Wigo also make a wet-to-dry – or as they call it damp or dry – flat iron. It's not as good as either the Corioliss or T3 versions but it's as good as the Remington and is better than the Maxiglide. With the first of the other two irons, it's to be expected as they cost more and are better built and come with tourmaline plates, which the Wigo does not. It's around the same price as the Remington, which does not have tourmaline either. But, it's far better than the Maxiglide which is far heavier, costs more and is just plain difficult to use. Again, in terms of value for money, it's a good buy.

Finally, we have the Wigo 2-in-1 flat iron. With this model you can change the ceramic plates for either 1 1/2 "or 5/8". Quite frankly, I do not see this as a useful option. I can not imagine anyone changing the plates whilst using it; you would first have to turn off the iron, wait for the plates to cool down before you could take them off and change them for the other set, and then have to wait 50 seconds for the new plates to warm up.

Of all the Wigo flat iron models the one that stands out is the tourmaline version. It's lighter than most other brands and is very cheap; not costing much more than the ceramic versions. I just wish they made it with more plate widths. However, it's the model I would buy.

Full Face Helmet

Among the most important pieces of safety equipment a motorcyclist should purchase is a helmet. When shopping for head protection for motorcycling, there are a number of different options available. There are a range of types, from smaller half helmets, or “brain buckets”, that protect only the top of the skull, to the full face helmet, which includes a protective chin bar and a shield which covers the face. The back of the full face style protects the occipital region of the skull as well, providing protection over more area than more abbreviated helmets in the event of an accident. Some riders dislike the effect of “helmet hair” caused by the the more enclosed helmet, but others think that such effects are off-set by the avoidance of major reconstructive surgery, or death, in the event of a crash.

The main benefit of the full face helmet is the additional facial protection the chin bar will provide in an accident, which it has been shown is the main area of impact in 35 percent of all motorcycle accidents. It also provides protection of the face and eyes from debris while riding. The full face helmet will reduce wind noise while riding, though some people dislike the general noise reduction and feeling of isolation that comes along with that. Higher end options can include intercoms for communication with passengers on longer rides. Many models will include air vents, though a full face helmet will still usually be a little hot inside. Again, the full face helmet will provide the best protection in an accident, which motivates many people to choose the full face type in spite of the minor discomforts associated with the extra coverage.

It’s important to try on the helmet to be sure of a good fit, not too tight, but with minimal slippage. It should fit snugly with the chin strap in place, and the chip strap must be used at all times for the helmet to be effective. It’s also important to check that the helmet has an acceptable DOT or Snell rating for impact absorption. DOT and Snell have different standards, but either is trustworthy in a crash. It is advisable not to bother to purchase a helmet does not conform at least one of these safety standards, unless the primary use of the helmet will be cosmetic. Different standards are used in European countries, but all will have a safety standard for motorcycle helmets.

Important Tips on How to Install Roll Roofing!

For financial reasons, most homeowners decide to purchase the most affordable material they can find for their roof covering. Roll roofing material has become popular with homeowners because it is easy to install and comes in sheets from the manufacturer. It is expected to last from five to ten years. Installing this material on the exterior of a roof is easily accomplished if the homeowner knows some of the important aspects of its components as well as the process and preparation for installation.


There are four different types of materials currently available: eaves flashing, smooth surface, mineral surface, and saturated felt.

  • Eaves Flashing – Eaves flashing is a polymer -modified bituminous material with self-adhesive features designed for areas where ice develops or water pools.
  • Smooth Surface – The smooth surface variety consists of mica or talc and is designed for extrusion flashing and overlapping seals. It is used specifically for the valley and overhang of the roof and works with every type of house covering as an extra sealant.
  • Mineral Surface – The mineral surface type consists of small rocks and mineral granules. It is commonly used on smaller structures such as small barns, large sheds, and storage buildings.
  • Saturated Felt – The saturated felt variety has an organic asphalt base and is usually laid between the deck and one of the other types of roll materials listed above.


Before installation, the surface of the roof should be thoroughly cleaned of any small stones and twigs. These unwanted objects may damage the covering, causing it to tear and possibly result in its failure. Apply the primer to the entire surface using a sprayer or paint roller. It is important to remember that this product should be installed only when the temperature is over 45 degrees Fahrenheit to avoid cracking and other damage.


Usually, these rolls can be applied on either flat or steep structures. For a flat covering, a double layer is required to minimize moisture penetration. The following is a summary of the process used to install this material on these two types of structures:

  • Flat Structures – A drip edge should be placed along the rake and eaves, applying cement at the bottom about two inches up and cover that with a 9-inch-wide starter strip. At the top of that strip, place 1-1 / 4 inch galvanized nails every 3 inches. Place the first roll on top of the strip and fasten with 3-inch nails followed by the securing the sides and bottom with cement. Overlap each row 17 inches and repeat the process all the way across the roof. Overlap any horizontal seams by 2 inches and cut material as necessary with a utility knife. By staggering the material every 18 inches between each row, potential leaks can be minimized on the horizontal seams.
  • Steep Structures – On a steeper roof with a lower chance of leakage and water pooling, only a single layer of the roll covering is needed. Using the same type of nailing technique as above or using exposed nailing will allow the job to be completed more quickly. Normally, the remaining rows must overlap by two inches, and the drip edges and starter strips required should be positioned just as they are on a flat covering. The vertical method is helpful if the house-top is very steep and could pose a safety risk during installation. Hang the roll material lengthwise from the ridge line to the eaves and apply cement, nailing all the strips along the ridge line at once.

Homeowners should follow the tips listed above to install roll roofing or better yet, enlist the help of professionals to perform this task. Although these steps may sound easy, there are many risks involved if the homeowner decides to do this procedure themselves. Therefore, to avoid possible accidents and ensure quality roof installation, homeowners should seek the services of a professional contractor. These tips will hopefully provide enough knowledge to know if the job is being properly handled!

How To Choose A Tool Box

You have got to get your car fixed and be able to get to work tomorrow, you start fumbling around for your 12 millimeter wrench and your 13 millimeter socket. Well not on the floor, perhaps you have them in that pile of sockets on the workbench, hmmm, nope. It's getting late now and the job is far from finished! You sure wish that you had your tools well organized. You keep promising yourself and it still has not happened, your garage still is a disaster. Sound like your house?

Perhaps it may be time for you to invest in a new tool chest. Since there are such a huge variety, and such a huge difference in price range you really need and then you can start shopping around.

Using Your Tool Box

To start how often do you feel you are going to use your tool box? If you are only apart time fix it person you could be pretty happy with a small plastic tool box, it will keep all of your tools clean and well organized. On the other hand if you spend a bit more time playing mechanic or perhaps plumber, then you might want something a little more substantial for your tools. If this describes you perhaps you should consider a large steel or a rolling tool chest.

Number of Tools

Do you have a lot of tools that you plan on storing in your tool box? If you have a small few items for working on small items around your home, then a fairly small tool box will work for you. If you are like me and need to house air tools, power tools, socket sets in metric and standard, multiple styles of hammers, and perhaps some timing lights and other items, then you will need a tool chest with several drawers to hold all of your tools.

When you start using a good sized tool box like a rolling tool chest with several drawers that roll out on ball bearings, you will find it easy to organize your tools, simple to find them when you need them, and find you have lots more free time available to work on the project you have in mind.

Key Locking Tool Box

Where are you keeping your tool box? Do you have any tools stored that may be dangerous to those around the house, do you have young children, are your tools super expensive? If your household or tools fall into any of these categories, you should consider a locking tool box to protect your investment and your family. Most new tool boxes that are a little nicer will come with a locking mechanism built in. if you have an older tool box on the other hand, you may need to purchase a pad lock to protect you equipment.

Tool Box Storage

Where do you plan to keep your tool chest? Is it going to stay down in your basement our out in your garage? Do you plan to push it around your yard, carry in the back of your truck or trailer? It will make a difference in the type of material you choose to have your unit made from. Steel is a good choice for many applications; it is strong and can be pretty lightweight. If you will be exposing the unit to lots of cold, heat or humidity, you might consider polypropylene as it is not going to rust and will not be as prone to problems in the cold. If you plan to move your tool box around your home often, you might consider getting a Rolling Tool Chest.

Now that you have decided on your basic needs and the prime uses that you will have for your tool chest, it's time to decide what tool box is going to be best for your actual need! You may base your decision on things like what color you like or maybe what colors fit your d├ęcor, if in a truck or trailer, maybe what color or material will work with your truck. Do you like a stackable chest, or just a flat box with a few drawers? What are your favorite materials, do you like plastics, an enamel finish, perhaps diamond plate

Engineer Term – Civil and Environmental Engineer

The most interesting part is that, before engineering like the way it is now, it was once only divided into only two fields: civil and military engineering. So, in other words, civil engineering is regarded as the oldest engineering field. Civil engineering was used to distinguish it from military engineering.

Basically, the field under both military and civil are very similar. They are dealing with almost the same activities such as building bridges, canals, constructions, include but not limited to, wider area, hydraulics, transportation, geotechnical. Basic disparity among those two is located on the purpose. While one serves for public concern, in some cases, acts on public behalf, the another serves to fulfill military needs.

That what John Smeaton feel when he built structures, constructions, roads in England. He realized that these facilities were made for public, not designated for military, thus that was why he claimed himself as civil engineer. He is well known as a “father of civil engineering”. More details about him can be found on another source.

Since that, the development civil engineering itself has brought to the differentiation between civil engineer and environmental engineer. Environmental engineers involve on all environmental related problems. They work on planning, exercise on designing and in process of decision making as well. Several areas that environmental engineers must get involved with, air pollution, land remediation, water and water treatment, hazardous waste management, environmental toxicology, risk management and risk assessment, to a certain extent public health. They may also be implicated by such case related to environmental management, regional planning, river management, on a wider topic, environmental policy and management. The latest even been made as one of major course in graduate institute of environmental engineering.

Topics that environmental engineers get involved can not just be limited on what above mentions. Because, there are extensive and huge bulb that we, environmental engineer, may enter. For example, we may also actively preserve wildlife, concerns with worldwide issue such as acid rain, global warming. Global warming is even still under great dispute between environmentalists and global warming skeptics. This is also an opportunity for environmental engineer to get the truth.

The Art Of Detachment

Principle – "Learn to free your heart and mind from unnecessary stress and strain by incorporating the art of Detachment. Your blood pressure and arteries will thank you for it."

Detachment, what does it mean? What does it mean to you? In the natural order of things, detachment occurs all the time. One important aspect of this article that you must know, is that people create stress in their life by thinking stressful thoughts which makes life seem stressful. Life is not stressful. Life is free-flowing and detached.

Detachment is defined as: (taken from The act or process of disconnecting or detaching; separation. Indifference to or remoteness from the concerns of others. Absence of prejudice or bias.

Now, what does this mean to you and how can you use this to apply in your life so that you can create success and excellence on your journey? It could make all the difference in the world between having success and experiencing failure. Now, one of the keys to success is not to get attached to your results. It does not matter whether they are good or not.

In other words, learn to detach from results that you receive. Do not get too caught up in the emotions of your results especially if you are not receiving what you think you should. Detach and make the necessary changes, effortlessly. Do not bitch, moan, groan, and complain how things did not go right because then, you are Attached instead of Detached. When you are moaning, groaning, and complaining, it does not change the result, it only increases blood pressure and stress. Let it go, so that you can change the variable in the formula and move forward. This is how you grow and become better and improve.

When it comes to success, celebrate, but do not get caught up into the success to where you do not improve to take things to a new level. Also, this can create stagnation which eventually will lead to failure. Remember the expression – A rolling stone gathers no moss. The same holds true for you. Keep moving forward.

The lesson from this article is to learn how to detach from the results that you receive from your efforts. Attaching too much can create a lot of stress, heartache, and pain. Look at your results, and if you need to change the formula, then change it. Do not sit around moaning how things did not go right. Learn to detach and things will become much more effortless.

I wish you well on your journey and hope that this principle can create more success and excellence in your life when you implement it.

Peace. Dana Easter El – The Doctor Of Excellence.

More keys For, tips, principles to use for your success, visit: Http://

Different Types of Insulation

Insulation helps in energy conservation, which keeps your house warm during winters and cool during summers. This helps in saving money on energy bill as there the place is airtight and needs less power to keep it cool or warm. Apart from offering heat insulation, these also offer sound insulation which helps in reducing the sound transmission from one room to another or from outside to inside and vice versa. There are different types of insulation available in the market, such as fiber glass, cellulose and foam insulation, which have different R-value. Moreover, these insulation material also differ in thickness and density. The most commonly used insulation, found in residential and commercial buildings, are blanket insulation, loose-fill insulation, rigid board insulation and spray foam insulation.

The loose fill insulation is made up of loose fibers and fiber pellets, which fill in the cavities or attics using special machines. Although these are expensive, it is also efficient as it completely insulates the thing and makes it airtight. There are two types of loose-fill insulation, namely cellulose as well as fiberglass and rockwool mixture. Green insulation, cellulose is composed of recycled newspaper which can be chemically treated to make it fire resistant. In contrast, the fiberglass and rockwool mixture uses the blow-in blanket system which offers full coverage and better insulation.

On the other hand, the blanket insulation is made from mineral fibers and are available in blanket rolls of varying widths. These are generally used to insulate floor, ceilings as well as walls, and are installed between wooden frames and rafters. These are most affordable type of insulation, however it requires utmost precision and care, while installing, for it to be effective.

In contrast, the high quality rigid board insulation is made from fiber glass, polystyrene or polyurethane and is available in varying thickness. It is generally used in cathedral ceilings, concrete slab edges and for reproofing of the basement walls and flat roofs. The only precaution that needs to be considered while installing it internally, is that should be covered in accordance with the building codes and fire safety measures. In case you install it externally, then it must be covered with weatherproof facing.

The spray foam is composed of two liquids, namely a polymer agent and a foaming agent, which are sprayed into cavities to make things airtight. On application, the liquid form expands and turn into solid plastic, comprising countless air-filled cells. These are expensive than other forms of insulation, but it is also easy to install and can be done without professional help.

Hence, depending upon your home’s requirement you may use Foam Insulation, fiberglass insulation or any other type of insulation, which not only conserves energy but also offers Sound Insulation. As a responsible citizen, it is advisable that you use Green Insulation, such as cellulose which is environment friendly.

Acne Natural Cure – Natural is ALWAYS the Perfect Antidote

Looking for the right cure for your outbreak of pimples is not really that difficult. The key here is finding one that works for YOUR type of acne outbreak and is a natural method. Do not get overly frustrated or worked up about it. You can have clear and healthy skin, it will just take a little trial and error, and patience. Know about some treatments that have been beneficial as an acne natural cure for stubborn skin problems that you can use at home.

There are various types of treatments for blemishes and using them isn’t all that hard. One treatment for blackheads is a wash of lime and milk. All you have to do is bring the milk to a gentle boil, and then add the juice from one lime, and you can wash your face. Let it cool a little, and if it feels too hot don’t use it. Another kind of acne natural cure is to use an astringent for a deep cleaning of your pores. Go buy a leafy mango, boil it in some water, and then rub it after it cools, on your face. If your case of acne isn’t too severe you can also leave the mango to soak overnight. It’s an acne natural cure that will clean out your pores pretty thoroughly.

Something that you probably eat everyday is good for your skin as well. A raw potato is an ideal acne natural cure – especially for whiteheads and blackheads. The vitamin C gives your skin a healthy glow, and its alkaline gets rid of bacteria on your face. The potato has an acid in it too that scrubs away dead or dying skin cells on your face, which works as an acne natural cure. Don’t forget that you can use the papaya fruit on your face, but it needs to be raw. An acne natural cure with these types of applications will help your skin stay healthy by stopping infection from spreading.

Take note that any acne remedy might leave your skin a little parched for moisture at times during treatment. A good way to re-hydrate your skin after using an acne natural cure is to use almond oil. Get yourself a bag of almonds, and then grind them up with water, using approximately 4-5 good sized almond nuts. Spread the paste on your face, and don’t scrub. It will smoothen the face and add some moisture too. Buttermilk is another way to treat skin for dryness, and so are curds. If you’ve tried every over the counter medication for it and it’s just not working, than you might want to use an acne natural cure. You can find a treatment solution in an acne natural cure, but take your time, and find out what works for you.

Delicious Alternative Snacks – The Top Ten

Three square meals a day is all well and good, but we all sometimes need a little something in between – particularly when we live an active lifestyle.

However, snacking can easily become a diet downfall rather than an energy boost – so with that in mind, here are the top ten healthy snacking options, which you can use to fill a gap without piling on the calories!

Almonds ‘n’ apricots

Almonds are high in protein and fibre, as well as being low-GI, a good source of magnesium, and rich in vitamin E (an antioxidant). Dried apricots, on the other hand, are rich in carotenes – which may lower the risk of cancers of the throat and lungs – and provide you with potassium, iron, calcium, silicon, phosphorus, and vitamin C. Interestingly, dried apricots have a far greater nutritional value than fresh ones because the nutrient content is so concentrated. Gram for gram, dried apricots have 12 times the iron, seven times the fibre and five times the vitamin A of fresh ones. The best way to eat this snack is to impale the almonds in the apricots!

Yogurt ‘n’ honey

Yogurt is low in fat, high in calcium and good for your gut. A recent study also found that people who got their calcium from yogurt rather than other dairy sources lost more weight around the tummy area. Opt for low-fat, unflavored varieties that contain pro-biotic bacteria, and add a touch of sweetness with honey. Honey has been shown to increase the blood’s level of protective antioxidants, and may also be a useful diet addition for people with high cholesterol. According to research, using honey instead of sugar or an artificial sweetener can reduce total cholesterol and triglyceride levels and increase HDL (or ‘good’) cholesterol.

Apples ‘n’ pears

By eating these you can put two ticks against your five-a-day fruit ‘n’ veg target! Apples are high in pectin, a soluble fibre; contain Guercetin – an antioxidant that can reduce damage caused by cholesterol; and have a high water content, which will help to keep your thirst satiated. Apples are also a good source of vitamin C. Pears are high in potassium and are also a good source of fibre and vitamin C. A study in 2003 found that women who consumed three apples or pears a day for three months lost more weight than women who had a similar calorie-controlled diet but did not have the fruit.

A homemade smoothie or similar (i.e. no added sugar, sweetener or additives)

While a fruit juice counts towards your all-important fruit and veg target, it doesn’t offer any fibre at all. A smoothie, on the other hand, contains the pulp of the fruit and not just the juice, and provides you with fibre plus a good array of vitamins and minerals. It also boosts hydration, of course – and research from Penn State University in the US found that liquid foods help you to feel full for longer, making you less likely to overeat later on. For maximum health benefits, choose a berry-rich flavour smoothie.

Dark chocolate

Chocolate has an unnecessarily bad press in health terms. Yes, a nougat or sugar-filled milk chocolate bar the size of a brick isn’t the best choice, but you can eat chocolate as part of a healthy, balanced diet. Dark chocolate containing at least 70% cocoa solids is a good source of antioxidants – particularly flavonoids, which are the type that are found in green tea and red wine. And while chocolate is high in fat, it consists of saturated types – including stearic and palmitic acid – and oleic acid, a mono-unsaturated fat that is also found in olive oil. A number of studies have found that chocolate’s main fat, stearic acid, has a neutral effect on the LDL (or ‘bad’) cholesterol. Dark chocolate has also been shown to reduce high blood pressure, and has twice the magnesium of and more iron than milk chocolate. Plus chocolate makes us feel good!

Peanut butter on crispbreads

This is the perfect combination of protein, fat, carbohydrate, and lots of fibre. While peanut butter is high in fat, it’s the unsaturated (or ‘good’) kind – and peanuts are a great source of the antioxidant vitamin E. Peanut butter is also rich in protein – so is an especially good option for vegetarians! – and a good source of magnesium. Opt to spread the peanut butter on rye crispbreads – which are low in salt, high in fibre and have a low GI – so you won’t get an energy high followed by a crash.

Hummus and crudités

A tasty, crunchy snack that’s perfect if you’ve got cold storage nearby. Hummus is best when you make it yourself using chickpeas – but if you don’t have time to do this, opt for the reduced fat variety, which will supply you with vitamin E, manganese, and disease-fighting garlic. Use raw veg – such as beta-carotene-rich carrot sticks and potassium-rich celery – to dip into the hummus, in order to boost your fibre intake.

Seeds and raisins mix

While seeds are high in fat, it is mostly unsaturated ‘healthy’ fat – and since they weigh so little, they are easy to eat on the move. Seeds are also high in protein and a good source of phytosterols – plant compounds which are believed to reduce cholesterol and enhance immune function. In a US Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry report, sunflower seeds proved to be the best source of phytosterols – as well as being a good source of magnesium, iron, copper, manganese, and vitamin E. Pumpkin seeds contain cucurbitacins – a substance that appears to help prevent prostate enlargement – and are also a good source of zinc, magnesium, and manganese. Research also suggests pumpkin seeds might have anti-inflammatory properties that are useful in curbing the symptoms of arthritis. Add a handful of raisins to this mix and you’ll be upping your iron intake and potassium intake.

Grapes and cheese

If you’re a cheese lover, you are probably only too aware of its high saturated fat content – which is particularly the case for the harder varieties. But it’s not all bad: hard cheese such as cheddar is a great source of calcium and phosphorus, and is one of the few good sources of vitamins B2 and B12 for non-meat eaters. Plus, if you buy stronger-tasting cheeses, you will only want to eat a little at a time. Eat with red grapes to up your fibre and fruit intake. Grapes contain polyphenols – antioxidants which are helpful to the heart – and ellagic acid, which is a cancer-fighting phytochemical.

Avocado on toast

Avocado is something of a ‘superfood’, as it’s rich in vitamin E, high in monounsaturated fats and a good source of potassium – as well as vitamin B6, which aids the process of serotonin synethesis (a process that promotes good mood). Spread half a ‘medium ripe’ avocado on a slice of wholemeal toast to get a tasty, wholesome, low-GI snack containing a healthy dose of fibre. And if you like a spicy touch, sprinkle it with a dash of Tabasco sauce!

How to Remove Unwanted Hair

Everyone, it seems, wants a smooth, silky, hairless body. But, in reality, the human body is literally covered with tiny hair from head to toe. Some people are blessed with body hair that is the same color as their skin. This means the hair is not very visible, at least from a distance. But for many others, especially on those with fair skin, visible body hair can look quite repulsive. No wonder they are always on the lookout for a treatment that can help them get rid of it easily and permanently. The good news is that a number of hair removal options are available for getting rid of unwanted body hair.

Hair Removal Options

Hair removal is one of the most ancient beauty treatments known to mankind, or rather, womankind. Over the years, hair removal has developed from a do-it-yourself shaving session to an advanced, laser based treatment administered by professionals in well-equipped clinics. The hair removal options currently available are:

  • Shaving
  • Waxing
  • Using Depilatories
  • Electrolysis
  • Laser hair removal

Shaving, waxing, and using depilatories are methods for removing hair temporarily. If these methods, hair regrows within one to three weeks. Electrolysis and laser are means for removing hair permanently, or at least for a very long time.


Shaving is one of the most popular methods of removing unwanted hair. The reason for its popularity is easy to understand. It is easy, inexpensive, painless, and can be done at home. It is ideal for those who are shy about having another person treat certain areas of their body. But shaving has its fair share of disadvantages. One it is very time-consuming if you want to treat your entire body. In addition, the effect of shaving does not last long so that you need to re-shave after a few days.


In waxing, hot wax is poured over the area that needs to be treated. The area is then covered with waxing strips. When the strips are pulled off, the unwanted hair is also pulled off from the root. Re-growth is slow as the hair is completely removed. This method is inexpensive and lasts longer than shaving. It can be done at home or can be administered professionally in a salon. However the downside is that waxing is often painful. There is also some risk of receiving burns from the hot wax.

Using Depilatories

A depilatory is a chemical mixture, containing Thioglycolate along with sodium hydroxide or calcium hydroxide. This mixture is typically sold in the form of a cream that literally melts the hair from the roots. You can apply the depilatory cream to the area that you want to treat in the privacy of your own home. You need to leave on the depilatory from three to fifteen minutes, depending on the size of the area that you are treating and the amount of hair being removed.

After the chemicals have had time to kill the hair, you can wipe off the cream along with the unwanted hair to leave the area of skin completely smooth. After using a depilatory, you can also follow up with a hair growth inhibitor, which prevents hair from growing back after any method of hair removal. Hair removal with depilatories is completely painless. In addition, most depilatories keep areas smooth and free of unwanted hair longer than shaving. However, this method is not suitable for people with sensitive skin. The strong chemicals in the depilatories often cause skin irritation in people with sensitive skin.


Electrolysis is a growing trend in hair removal. In electrolysis, a technician uses a needle to project an electric current or radio wave energy into each hair follicle, one at a time. This destroys the follicle at the root and prevents hair from growing back. Electrolysis typically takes longer than laser hair removal but permanently removes hair from the treated area. It is ideal for permanent eyebrow shaping and hairline corrections. If you opt for electrolysis, you must ensure that you are treated by a licensed electrologist. The price of the treatment depends on the length of the session, ranging from $30 for a 15 minute session to $70 for a 60 minute session. In some cases, electrolysis can be painful. However, it is a good choice for those who have very light skin and gray hair and for whom laser treatment is not suitable.

Laser hair removal

In laser hair removal, bursts of laser light-energy or pulses are used to destroy the hair from its root. Facial hair and bikini area can be treated in less than 10 minutes whereas larger regions, such as legs or back can be treated in less than an hour. An advantage of laser treatment is that your skin looks and feels smoother and silkier after the treatment. It is a quick and effective method for removing unwanted body hair. This treatment is also quite safe as it does not damage the pores and structures of the skin in any way. However, it may take four to six treatments to see final results. Also, the cost of laser hair treatments is relatively higher than that for other treatments.

Additionally, laser treatment is not suitable for everyone. It works best for those people whose skin and hair color contrast is high. The basic principle of the laser treatment is that dark colors absorb light energy whereas light colors reflect light energy. Now imagine someone with very fair skin but dark body hair. When the laser beam is directed at the hair follicles of this person, the dark pigments in the follicle absorb the laser light energy whereas the skin reflects it. This causes the follicles to die. The outcome of the treatment can thus vary depending on the skin and hair color of the person undergoing the treatment. People with dark skin and dark body would not get good results with a laser treatment.

Identifying a Suitable Option

When selecting you ideal hair removal option to go for, decide what is most important for you – convenience, cost, or effectiveness – and then choose your option accordingly. If you decide to go for a profession treatment, make sure that the treatment selected is ideal for your hair and skin type.

Black Choker Necklaces – Sexy, Discreet and Sub-lime

Black choker necklaces have created an allure for decades. They are worn tightly around the neck and are one type of many styles that can be found in the choker field. They are a perfect accent for clothes and are an ideal way to frame a woman’s face — an excellent fashion accessory that is becoming increasingly popular. In fact, many in the field predict that black chokers, especially those made of ribbon or cloth, will be riding a wave of new popularity in the fashion world and that more and more celebrities will be wearing them to both social and formal events.

Part of the appeal of black chokers is their simplicity. They are both elegant and comfortable and can be used for almost any occasion. Moreover, they are considered an erotic and exotic symbol — an element of mystery — surrounding the wearer. One photographer recently commented, “If a woman wants to exude her sexuality — if she wants to be noticed — there is nothing that will mark her as an object of desire more than a black choker.”

Choices abound in the marketplace, but consumers should be aware of several factors:

1) Quality of materials. The materials used for a black ribbon choker should be of high quality or they will indeed look cheap. Using fine lace, leather, velvet or satin can produce a beautiful choker that can be worn with formal attire as well as casual.

2) Comfort. A ribbon choker should ride high on a woman’s neck, but should not feel constricting. Adjustable chokers can accommodate all sizes of necks. Some materials are soft and others are a little scratchy, so choosing the right comfort level for you is very important.

3) Proper fit. Ribbon chokers should not choke the woman wearing them. They should fit near the middle of her neck and be adjustable in case she’d like to wear it slightly lower or higher. Thinner ribbons will need to be shorter than wider ones in order to move with the woman as she bends her neck.

4) Color. The only limit to color is what the woman chooses to wear. Black is very popular but ribbon chokers come in all colors, some printed or embroidered with patterns or plain and simple. Sometimes, just the ribbon used can create a different color effect based on its shimmer or light reflection.

5) Style. The basic style of ribbon chokers is quite simple: a length of ribbon across a woman’s neck. Clips, brooches, charms and other adornments can also be added, but a basic, simple choker is the most dramatic. It can add a little color or a whole lot of fun to any outfit.

6) Pricing. Ribbon chokers range widely in price. Some are quite elaborate with very fancy details. The simple ones tend to be more economical especially depending on the ribbons used. Leather, lace, or beaded chokers tend to be mid-to-high in price range.

7) Type of materials used. Satin and velvet are some of the most common as well as leather and lace. Certain trims and fringe can also make stunning chokers. Different finishes and embroidery can also add intrigue to the choker, but the real magic is in the woman wearing it.

In certain sub-cultures, the idea of wearing a choker or collar can bring a closeness or a sense of belonging to the wearer. This engenders a heightened sense of security and is part of the attraction and subliminal appeal that attracts so many wearers. It is one of the main reasons why so many women have extensive collections of chokers. While there are many types, such as black leather chokers as one example, the ribbon, or cloth chokers are the lightest in weight, the least expensive, and take up the least amount of room allowing for convenient storage.

If you are intent on adding a discreet accessory to your fashion collection that will add elements of sexuality, intrigue, mystery and attraction, then you’ll want to start acquiring a variety of black choker necklaces for your private selection — choosing the right one for the right time, with the right person. Don’t be surprised if he makes a specific request for you to wear a certain one to highlight a special occasion.