Team Building Activity – Bright, Blurry, Blind – Enhance Organizational Transparency


Creating a sense of community; intra and inter departmental communication; Breakdown of “Silos” within organizations; allows participants to openly speak about current issues within the team and organization.

Group Size:

5 – 500; participants are asked to work in their existing work teams i.e. Accounting is together in one team, Human Resources is together another team, Sales etc..

– Additional ideas for School Groups – split by grade level taught, split by curriculum taught, split by who reports to who – be creative!

– The important thing is that the teams are made of people that they work with and they all share similar tasks, supervisors, roles, responsibilities, and culture.

Time Frame:

60-120 minutes depending on group size and momentum of discussions.


By giving the teams and participants an opportunity to think and speak about concerns and give accolades to each other a powerful bond is created. Additionally by illuminating topics within departments and the organization, teams can then brain storm and strengthen the team. Facilitating a “one team” atmosphere then empowering the participants to share information and techniques that are successful that may have never had the opportunity to be shared in an open forum.


– Flip chart paper – enough for two sheets per functional work group

– A variety of magic markers

– Metaphor Cards; cards with images on them with no definitive meaning. These cards are a way for participants to discuss and determine the teams BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND areas.

* You can make your own cards using index cards and cutting out of images or they can be purchased – by most team building supply companies..


“We all know that within our small teams and within the organization there are several ideas and issues that seem obvious to us and not to anyone else. As a team it is important to create a culture of transparent and open communication of needs and requirements for our teams and individuals to be their most effective.

I ask that one representative from each team come and gather a small stack of the metaphor cards, two pieces of flip chart paper, and some markers then return to their team.

These metaphor cards are just images that will be used to aid your team in clarifying the areas that will be discussed. Metaphor cards have no right or wrong, good or bad, positive or negative meaning. The only meaning they have is what you and your team attach to them.

In a moment I am going to ask each small team to choose three metaphor cards with various meaning attached to them. The team must be in agreement of which three cards to use and what each card will symbolize for each small team.

– One Card is going to represent BRIGHT – Bright is an issue or topic that is out in the open, clearly evident to the team about the organization. Bright is common knowledge everyone knows that this is an area of concern for the team and the organization.

– The second card that represents BLURRY – Blurry is known and not spoken about enough, a subject that should become Brighter. Blurry is the undercurrent water cooler talk the area that the team feels in-secure about in reference to the organization and it’s status within the organization. Blurry is a topic or issue that if it was made brighter much of the “Gossip” would cease to exist and questions would be answered.

– The third card that represents what they feel is BLIND – Blind is not known, lacking from the system or that the team feels is kept from them. Blind issues or topics are ones that the team feels only they struggle with and no other team are aware of. If the Blind issues and topics became Brighter the organization would become transparent and create a paradigm shift towards excellence.”

The teams are asked to choose the three metaphor cards (one for BRIGHT, one for BLURRY, and one for BLIND) write these on flip chart paper and then present the BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND to the entire organizational and teams that are present for the activity.


BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND is an initiative that can stir up some powerful emotions and discussions. Be prepared to be open to the team criticizing and touching on topics that create conflict. The way this initiative is ended can create some real growth and increase trust within the organization.

After each team has had the chance to present their BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND charts ask them to hang them on the walls. Give participants approximately 15-30 minutes (more time if necessary) to walk around and view the other team flip chart papers, allow for some unstructured speaking and question and answers sessions.

Following the unstructured viewing time call the participants back into their functional teams and ask them to gather by their flip chart papers. Some possible processing questions;

  • How were the metaphor cards chosen for the BRIGHT the BLURRY and the BLIND?
  • How effective was the group’s communication process?
  • In what ways were disagreements settled?
  • What was the easy part? What made it easy?
  • What was the challenging part? What challenges were faced?
  • Are there any common themes that we noticed amongst all the departments?
  • What BLURRY topics can we discuss right now to make BRIGHT?
  • Any surprises that were found amongst teams with the BLIND areas?
  • Are the areas that were BRIGHT to one team BRIGHT to all or other teams?
  • What are the causes of BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND topics within organizations?
  • How can we as a team minimize the BLIND areas?
  • What are going to do with this information?

* Possibly ending the day by creating a team of individuals who are responsible for addressing and developing a system to enhance transparency and communication within the organization. The team can use the information gathered for a starting point.

*** DO NOT LET THIS INFORMATION GO UNUSED! If you lead this team building activity and do nothing you will create an environment that is more hostile and subversive than before you began.


– Try the activity without the metaphor cards, use plastic animals (sharks, camels, pigs, donkeys) Fruit (real or plastic) or no props just ask the questions.

– Have the participants paint the BRIGHT BLURRY BLIND on canvases using acrylic or latex paints. Then hang the artwork in a lobby, classroom, or office space.

Doing Business in Vietnam: Understanding the Cultural Differences


In today’s global business environment with your business it is important to have some understanding of the people and the culture that you have intentions of doing business.

The better prepared you are, the more successful your business negotiations are likely to be, “to be forewarned, is to be forearmed”, it’s your choice.

I have included some basic strategies and options that if properly used will enhance and improve your level of success. These suggestions are based on a number of years of personal business experience, in the real world with real people. Taking this approach works and I can assure you, it works well.


1. Family Culture

2. Reputation – “Saving face”

3. Name Structure

4. Greetings

5. Bribery and Corruption

6. Gift Giving

7. Standard Working Practices

8. Business Meetings – preparation

9. Business Meetings – what to expect

10. Business Culture – communication

11. Asking Questions

12. Festivals/Holidays

13. Compliments

14. Social Gatherings

15. Superstitions

16. Other – Traditional Vietnamese customs

17. Summary

Although with today’s technology we can conduct much of our business online, in this type of scenario, it can only take you so far. There is no substitute for actually being there, in person and immersing yourself in the local environment.

I believe we often lose sight of the fact that technology is just a tool that can help us to do our job, the true nature of business, is all about people.

1. Family Culture

The first step in getting a handle on how to do business in Vietnam is to understand what the prevailing dynamics are that defines the parameters of their social structure. By having some familiarity with these basic cultural aspects of Vietnamese society and by using a little empathy, we can start to understand the key elements that are the mainstay of their society and in turn how it defines and influences their business culture.

– Chinese Confucianism plays a very big role in their philosophical beliefs and in their daily life

– Elder’s are generally revered and their life experiences are held in high esteem within the family

– It becomes self evident why you see a number of generations of a family living under one roof

– The male makes the final decision for most, if not all matters, the traditional ideal of male superiority is still in place today

– The eldest son of a family is seen as the head of household, and in this case, the elder is usually seen as a role model

– Worshipping of ancestors is common place, as they are seen as the source of life, fortunes, and a key tenant that upholds their family culture

– Their ancestors are honoured and on the day of their death they often perform special ceremonies and rituals, to the Vietnamese their deceased elders are considered the wellspring of their very existence

– Birthdays are not generally celebrated by traditional Vietnamese families

– Vietnam is basically a collectivist society in which the needs of the group are often placed over that of the individual, this holds particularly true in the family values context

– Family and community concerns will almost always come before business or individual needs

– The family ethos plays a very important, central role in Vietnamese society

– Families, extended families and communities can have a major influence on an individual family members behaviour whether they be children or adults

The essence of “family” is one of the most important characteristics of Vietnamese culture, “family” is everything. And it’s worth keeping in mind that Vietnam is also a patriarchal type of society in regard to the family ethos. A similar sort of hierarchy is in place in most Vietnamese companies to varying degrees.

Vietnamese society is rapidly changing, as the country opens up, as the society becomes more affluent, the Vietnamese are over time becoming more “western-like” in nature. Some of the long held family traditions are starting to slip away.

As the younger generations are exposed to more and more western culture, some of those long-held traditional family values are being eroded and the western mind-set and culture is fast becoming more prevalent.

2. Reputation – “Saving Face”

The concept of saving “face”, occurs all over Asia, in some cases it is the overriding factor in everything they do. Today in some of the more developed Asian countries this mind-set is not as strictly adhered to as it once was.

– The concept of saving face is still extremely important

– Reputation confers dignity and the prestige of a person and by virtue that persons family

– Particularly with the Vietnamese it is ingrained into their very psyche, “reputation” is seen as the only thing that can be left behind for one’s family after death

As the younger, more educated generations, start to make their presence felt in their own cultures, these changes will become more pronounced. Some of these types of traditional beliefs are starting to take a small step back, however do not underestimate how much impact; “reputation” will have on your business negotiations in Vietnam.

3. Name Structure

– Names are written in the following order: 1. Family name. 2. Middle name and 3. Given name (Christian name)

– The family name is placed first because it emphasises the person’s heritage, the family, as mentioned previously, “family” is everything

– The middle name “Thi” indicates that the person is female, “Van” indicates that the person is male

4. Greetings

– For more important occasions, use the family name, middle name and finally the given name

– Using the word “Thua” which means “please” being polite rates you more highly in their eyes

– Addressing a person older or higher ranking than you just by name is considered disrespectful; even within the family or in relative relationships, always include their title with their first name

– Generally women do not shake hands with each other or with men; they bow slightly to each other

– If it comes to age versus rank, higher ranking people are usually greeted first

5. Bribery and Corruption

Be aware that various forms of it exist at all levels within Vietnamese society; it is an integral part of their culture and has been for a long time. One of the main reasons this occurs, is that the “standard” wages in a lot of business sectors in Vietnam is very low, this also includes government departments. At the lower end of the scale, monthly salaries can be as low as $100 (US) per month.

– Recommended resource: Transparency International

Corruptions Perceptions index for 2012, which covers 174 countries, the higher the number, the more corrupt a country is perceived to be:

o Vietnam – 123

o Cambodia – 157

o Laos – 160

o Myanmar – 172

– Recommended resource: Tuoitre News (English language news site for Vietnam)

This is generally acknowledged to be a sensitive area, from an ethics point of view, you will need to make your own decisions. Some sectors of business are different to others, it pays to be informed. All I can suggest is to do a decent amount of research, from that you can draw your own conclusions and make informed decisions.

I suggest that your research be focussed on understanding the “how” and “where” of commissions. Somewhere along the line, you will be paying commissions, whether you know it, or not. You need to know where this is going to happen, how it is going to happen, and most importantly, what it is going to cost, be prepared.

Ensure that when you do business in Vietnam you get as close to the source as possible, if you are sourcing products, only deal with the manufacturers.

The further away you are from the people that can actually do the job, the more it will cost, as everybody involved has to get their commission, which you will be paying.

6. Gift Giving

Gift giving is a common practice in Vietnam and is not seen as any sort of bribery; these thank-you gifts do not need to be expensive and should be seen as a small token of your appreciation.

It can be surprising how genuinely thankful the Vietnamese can be when you present them with small gifts, it puts you in good stead for further negotiations, there are a few options available.

– Flowers

– Chocolates/candy

– Fruit

One of the most effective gifts that you can give them, are small souvenirs that represent your home country. For example if you are from Australia buy a dozen or so, small key-rings, with kangaroo’s, koalas, boomerang’s etc, they only cost a few dollars each.

Go to the lengths of wrapping them up in a box with bright wrapping paper. This sort of approach will earn you loads of “brownie-points”, far more than what it cost you to purchase these types of gifts, it is a terrific investment for the future

7. Standard Working Practices

Standard business hours apply, 8am-5pm, Monday to Friday in the larger cities. Some corporate offices and Government departments are open for a half-day on Saturday. In regional areas, hours may differ and shops may close over the lunchtime period for an hour or more.

– When conducting your business in major cities in Vietnam, English is quite widely spoken by Vietnamese business people. Do not automatically make the assumption that their English is going to be good enough to give you the all information you require

– The further out you go into the regional areas and provinces, the more difficult it is to find these small family run businesses and the less English is spoken. Therefore plan your trip well to cover any eventuality

If in any doubt, hire a translator and save yourself a lot of headaches. Finding the right translator for you is very important and it is not an easy process. I would suggest here, that you get your translator to sign one of your company confidentiality agreements.

One copy in English and one in Vietnamese, get them to sign both copies and make sure you give them a copy of both and keep the originals for your records. You need to be absolutely certain that the translator you have hired is on your side, not theirs (commission).

8. Business Meetings (preparation)

Vietnamese business people prefer to schedule business meetings well in advance, several weeks ahead is not uncommon, this holds especially true when they know you are visiting from another country. They will do a lot of preparing for these types of meetings; you should be doing the same.

– The 1st meeting in many ways, is the most important, you can use your agenda, as a starting point for your key discussion items. Minutes, take notes, document all decisions, actions, timeframes etc

– Prior to the meeting I would recommend that you also supply a written agenda in point form (a list), outlining very specifically your objectives, the how, what, where, when, who etc

– Within 24 hours of the meeting taking place, send your official business minutes to all the individuals that attended the meeting

– Keep in mind you have the option of arranging your initial meeting(s), at the hotel you will be staying. This can save a lot of hassle if you don’t know your way around. You also have the advantage of being on “neutral” territory and you may not have to deal with as many people in your first round of discussions

– Later on, when you’ve narrowed down your selection, you can then arrange meetings at their premises. This is absolutely mandatory, before you make the decision who to do business (How will you know that the business they are showing you is actually theirs?)

– Find out beforehand exactly who will be at the meeting, find out their names and titles and try to send your agenda to them directly from you. Rather than relying on one person in their organisation to distribute your agenda to the right people internally

– If you really want to impress them you could; a) get the agenda translated into Vietnamese, and/or b) bring a translator to the meeting. If you do this, do not tell them beforehand you are bringing one

– Always assume that the other parties’ command of the English language (conversation) will not be as good as their ability to read English

As they say, “the-devil-is-in-the-detail”, by taking the time and effort to go to this level of detail you will achieve a lot more, in a shorter time frame.

1. It will give you some control over the events taking place

2. You will impress them and as a result gain much respect (“face”)

3. You will be able to move your negotiations along a lot faster

4. You have made a framework that both parties understand and can work within

Most importantly, you have provided a “non-confrontational” way to tackle any ensuing issues or delicate problems, its now about the issue, not the person.

9. Business Meetings (what to expect)

Punctuality is extremely important; it pays to be on time to meetings, do not take any chances. Some places can be very difficult to find, plan to be at the location of the meeting 15-20 minutes beforehand. It gives you time to focus and allows you to take in your surrounding environment.

– When first at the meeting watch carefully the seating arrangement, this will give you some indication of the internal pecking order

– Do not be surprised if the most senior person at the meeting does not chair the meeting. If you have taken the approach I suggest, at this point you have a subtle level of control, make the most of it, and handle it very delicately

– The person most likely to conduct the meeting is the person that speaks and understands English the best, but it is highly unlikely that this person will be the actual decision maker

– When at the meeting, never a say a flat “no” to anything, the best response is something like; “yes, I’ll have to go away, and think about that one” or “yes, but I will need to confer with my work colleagues back home” or “I don’t have the authority to make that decision”

– When they ask, “How long are you here for”, do not divulge this information. Answer the question with something like, “When I have concluded all my business, I will then return home”, or “When I have completed my assignment, I can return home”

Always smile, even when you’re saying no, or if you’re confused or not sure. If anything “out of the blue” suddenly appears, something completely unsuspected, take careful note of what it is. Make sure you ascertain the ramifications of this new information, before moving on to the other items in your agenda.

10. Business Culture (communication)

Vietnamese companies tend to be very hierarchical in nature; the most senior person in the business usually carries the most influence in the decision-making process. Titles are very important in the Vietnamese business culture as status is gained by education and age.

There is great deference and respect paid to fellow work colleagues, supervisors and managers, some key points to keep in mind.

– Business relationships in Vietnam are relatively formal and tend to take time to develop as Vietnamese like to get to know their foreign counterparts before conducting business

– Vietnamese may be suspicious of those who they do not know very well at first, so be sure to spend the time during the first few meetings to get better acquainted

– It is important to use titles whenever possible, you are showing respect and you are gaining “face” while doing it

– When referring to one another, Vietnamese people use a person’s title followed by their first name, not their surname (e.g.; Mr John)

– It may be advisable to have all written documents translated into Vietnamese as your business counterparts in Vietnam will not necessarily indicate that they do not fully understand you. If you are not sure what their true English language capability is, hiring a translator may prove a very worthwhile option

– Like most Asian countries business cards are a commonly used in Vietnam; it is considered good business etiquette to have your business cards printed in both English and Vietnamese

– When offering your business card for the first time, present it using both hands with the Vietnamese language side facing up and towards the person you are offering

– Negotiations can be quite lengthy and time-consuming as the Vietnamese will want to examine everything as well as consulting their own group before reaching any agreement

– Doing business in Vietnam can also be quite slow as there is often a lot of bureaucracy to go through before a deal can be finalised. Make sure all official (government) documentation is correctly filled-in, it is stamped and certified by all the relevant government agencies

– Most Vietnamese tend to hide their feelings, avoid conflict and confrontation, in order to avoid hurting or embarrassing anyone. For example, a ‘Yes’ may not actually be an affirmative answer, but it could be a polite reply used to avoid hurting the feelings of the person in question (You really need to be able to tell the difference)

– The Vietnamese usually smile when they do not want to answer an embarrassing question or when they do not want to offend the person involved

– The Vietnamese will smile when being scolded by a person senior in age or status to show them that they still respect the persons scolding and do not hold any grudge. (This pattern of behaviour can be interpreted as challenging or insulting to a westerner, but the reality is, it is part of their nature and it is a cultural norm)

A word about non-verbal communication be careful when interpreting Vietnamese body language, hand gestures, tone-of-voice, and facial expressions. The assumptions and deductions you may make as a westerner based on your prior experience, are in all likelihood somewhat off the mark.

They may use the same sort of gestures, but some of these gestures you are familiar with, may mean something altogether different to the Vietnamese.

Finally, when wrapping-up a meeting, always end on a positive note, a little bit of well placed flattery goes a long, and always remember, smile, smile, smile… ï��

11. Asking Questions

When a Vietnamese person asks you questions, for them it is not considered offensive or rude in their culture to ask personal questions regarding age, marital status, salary, religion, etc.

Make the opportunity to find out whatever you can about the people you are dealing with, have some informal, casual conversations and ask the following types of questions.

– Single or married, do you have children, ages, sex etc?

– What qualifications do you have, degrees, where did you go to Uni etc?

– Have you been overseas, where, what did you do etc?

– How long have you been working for this company?

Keep the discussion light and breezy, this sort of inquiry serves a number of useful purposes; you are establishing some rapport and comfort with the other players, you get some idea of their capability, and you can subtly find out who speaks the best English.

12. Festivals/Holidays

Tet, around this time of year the country practically “shuts-down” and although it’s officially a four day holiday, these holidays can start earlier and they can go on longer. I would suggest that a week prior to “Tet” and a week after, there is little point in attempting to schedule meetings and conduct business.

For Many Vietnamese, this holiday is extremely important; they all try to get together under one roof as a family unit to celebrate the “Chinese” New Year.

– Lunar New Year, is the most important yearly festival

– This is the first day of the lunar calendar year

Tet Trung Thu

– Tet Trung Thu is held on the fifteenth day of the 8th month, the mid-Autumn festival

13. Compliments

The Vietnamese do not say “thank you” very often, because it is considered insincere. When they do, they really mean it, and this form of gratitude can last a lifetime. They will not be happy until they can somehow find a way to repay the kindness you have shown them.

14. Social Gatherings

In the social context, when referring to one another, the term “brother” or “sister” is often used.

This term is a sign of respect; it is the younger members in the group that are subtly acknowledging the people older than them, by referring to them as their “brother” or “sister”.

If a Vietnamese person refers to a westerner as a “brother” or “sister”, in casual conversations at social gatherings, you have by your very actions earned their respect. That in itself is a huge win; you need to congratulate yourself, because you’re doing exceptionally well.

In social situations and informal gatherings, whoever is the oldest present, is the person that is automatically considered the leader.

15. Superstitions

The Vietnamese are very superstitious people; a good example of this is the “owl”, in western society it is usually perceived as a symbol of wisdom or being wise. To the Vietnamese the owl is a bad omen, a harbinger of death.

Whatever happens do not become a “bad” omen to them; if the Vietnamese business people you are dealing with see you as being “lucky”, they will go to great lengths to secure not only your business, but your friendship as well.

16. Other Traditional Vietnamese Customs (useful to know)

Friendships are highly valued, especially between close friends, they are often regarded as blood relatives; overall most Vietnamese are warm, friendly and hospitable.

– When a child is born, it is considered to be one year old

– When women marry, they don’t change their name

– It is the eldest sons filial duty to perform ancestor worship at home

– If a parent dies, the children customarily wait three years before marrying

– If a spouse dies, one should wait one year before remarrying

– If a sibling dies, the other siblings should wait one year before marrying

17. Summary

If you have serious intentions of doing business in Vietnam, there is no substitute for actually being there “in-situ”, viscerally in touch with the local environment. Take a little time to get acclimatised, get the “feel” of the place, the sights, the sounds, the smells.

It pays to explore and move around on foot, stopping here and there and watching the Vietnamese people going about their daily lives. It’s not just what they do, but far more telling, is the actual way that they do it.

Finally, don’t forget the networking, get out on the streets, and find westerners that live or work in Vietnam. Strike up a conversation with them, you will be amazed the wealth of knowledge and experience these sort of people have accumulated. In the right circumstances you may be able to tap into their network, now that’s time and effort well spent over a beer.

Wishing you, dear reader the best of luck with your business negotiations and I hope that this article has provided you with some useful insights that will make your business negotiations in Vietnam easier and more effective.

Many thanks for reading this article.

Black Ops Hypnosis – How To Use Personal "Trance" Words To Manipulate People

In this article, I’m going to talk about a lesser known type of hypnosis tool, called trance words. These can be very powerful if used properly.

To contrast personal trance words with hypnotic words, a hypnotic word has a universal meaning. In other words, most people who speak the English language will respond to it in the same way.

A personal trance word, on the other hand, is something that is unique to the individual and has special significance to that person.

A very famous example of this is in the film Citizen Kane. In that film, we have the rich business tycoon that dies and the dying words on his lips are the words “Rosebud”. For the entire film no one knows what that means and why he said that.

It turns out in the end that Rosebud was the name of a sleigh he (the business tycoon) had when he was a child – and to him it implied all the youthful innocence, happiness, and lack of responsibility that he had back then.

This was such a powerful thing. This powerful, wealthy, old man could only think about Rosebud, his sleigh, on his deathbed.

Now, all of us have personal trance words which have equally deep significance for us. Some of these significances will be negative and some will be positive.

Be careful that you only use the positive ones when you interact with people. Here are a couple of tips to get you started in the right direction.

Key Insight 1: How To Spot Personal Trance Words

How do you spot a trance word, a personal trance word?

These are the words that people will lean on unconsciously. They will tend to use these words over and over again and lean on them in the way that they express them both physiologically and in an emotional undercurrent and the tonality itself.

For example, someone might come back from a holiday and tell you how amazing the holiday was. The food was amazing and the people were amazing. All the things that they were doing were just amazing. Notice how that word (“amazing”) has become an emotional trigger for that person.

Key Insight 2: Use The Same Tonality

It’s not just the word itself. It’s also the tonality, the way that it’s expressed.

The closer that you can get to mimicking the tonal pattern and getting the same tonality, the rhythm, and all those other things, the more accurately you will trigger the part of their neurology where all those experiences are stored and revivify it and bring it back to life.

This is, in essence, a type of emotional trigger which instead of doing it by touch or by a particular gesture, you do it purely tonally. It’s the word and the way the word is pronounced and enunciated, and the tonalities, etc. that really make this powerful.

So go out and begin to notice how other people really rely on certain words, really lean on them to make them more meaningful.

Sagging Breasts – What Are Your Option When it Comes to Bras?

Sagging breast are an unfortunate call of nature, a natural occurrence to the body as time marches on. There are four main causes for sagging breasts most notably time, as you age your cleavage, like the rest of your body looses its natural tightness and firmness and as a result, sagging occurs. The other 3 main reasons for a sagging cleavage is Loss of Weight, this is can be quite noticeable as people are more aware of getting fit and eating healthy these days, Pregnancy and Breast Feeding both of which encourage enlargement of the breast, through the engorging of the milk glands which stretch the breasts and when the milk glands return to normal, the breast skin and tissue is stretched and does not return to its original size resulting in a dropped bust line.

There are many options available on the market right now, to help counteract this and make your cleavage look and feel the way you desire. They range in cost from Cosmetic or Plastic Surgery to the wonders of the Bra, with herbs, supplements, pumps and exercises sitting in the middle.

The range of bras available today that will help you instantly change the look of your bust is immense. Here we will look at the most popular choices available.

Firstly, has to be the push up bra and all the other bras that work in the same manner, padded push up, water push up, gel push up and silicon push up. These bras give instant lift and add volume to the breasts, make them fuller firmer and bigger looking, the lift takes out the sagging and restores your cleavage to where it needs to be.

Secondly is no doubt, the underwire bra. These bras offer tremendous support and hold each breast individually up and in a very natural position, removing any signs of sagging or drooping.

Thirdly, has to be the shelf bras, like the underwire bra the amount of support offered by a good shelf bra in amazing and the lift from the underneath to the bust stops the breasts sagging. Finding a good fitting shelf bra can take time, so if this is the one to compliment your outfit, make sure you take our time in your choice of purchasing one.

And the other main type is the sports bra; this bra is designed for use mainly during workouts and exercises and comes in 4 different levels of control (light, moderate, full and maximum). But a good quality sports bra in Light control can offer amazing support and holds your breasts in the position you so desire, making them look naturally more firmer and perkier, the only drawback to these bras is that due to the tight rigid control of the breast they can have a minimizing effect on the size of your cleavage.

5 Ways to Start a Conversation With a Guy You Like Without Being Boring

Starting a conversation with a guy that you like may be a challenging feat. In fact, some women have this fear of being rejected even before they approach the guy that they like. But this shouldn’t happen because even dull or awkward situations can turn into an interesting scene with you and the hot guy as the center of it all.

However, when timidity strikes it is hard to tell whether you can or cannot make a good approach at conversing with the hot guy. It may depend on the situation, location and crowd. But think about this, there’s no specific location if you happen to be there at the right time. The only question is, if you can talk to him or not without boring him.

1.  Don’t talk about the weather. Please, this is a used and battered technique that doesn’t seem to work anymore. If you happen to like a guy at work- the one who is just a cubicle away from you- strategize first on how you can walk with him along the hallway going to the cafeteria or to the water cooler.

The idea is to get him to notice that you’re his co-worker so saying “hi” won’t be awkward. Once this is established, the next time you bump into each other, saying more than a “hi” is possible. At that point, you can ask him about his position in the company, how long he’s been in the company and how his stay is so far. Ask him interesting questions about his work since your location is at work.

2. If you happen to see your long-time crush at the mall, don’t stalk him! Be casual, look for ways to get to him without being obvious. If he’s at the men’s section, try to go there with a purpose aside from trying to talk to him.

Think of your dad or your brother who might need something and you’re there to get it for him. If the guy knows you, say “hi” and ask his suggestion for a birthday present for your brother or dad, or what hair product is better for your teenage brother. It’s a good thing that you ask his opinion or suggestion about something so he’ll know that you’re interested in him even though it’s an indirect approach.

3. If the guy that you like is a bit sheepish, you can approach him and make him feel that you’re harmless and you just want to be friends with him. Some guys are like that, and it’s not their fault if they’re too shy and quiet. Do approach him in a friendly and casual way. If possible don’t start the conversation yet because he might not respond favorably. Body language is important with this type of guy, so just show him some friendly gesture like a smile.

If he’ll approach you, then, that’s the time to start the conversation. Ask him how he’s doing and if he’s okay with the crowd. Then you can ask him if he’s with somebody and if he’s not, you can ask him to sit down with you coz your feet hurt. Something like that for starters won’t hurt, just be sincere no matter what the conversation is.

4. No matter how bad you want to talk to the guy that you like, it’s still a good idea to be a bit reserved at the moment. A smile can do wonders especially if he’s familiar with you or he’s just 2 floors away from your apartment. In case the two of you bumped into each other on the elevator, on the way to the lobby of your apartment building, you can use the smile technique first and wait if he’ll smile back. If he says something first, just go with the flow. Be casual and friendly so he won’t be taken aback.

5. Now, if the guy that you like happens to be a senior executive in your company, there’s a different approach to that. Remember that this guy has executive powers, so it’s going to be a difficult feat. If he’s a bachelor, chances are he’s looking for women to date. So be available and visible in the places that they usually hang out. Make sure that you don’t look desperate though, because these guys can sense that a woman is interested in them and they may have a different idea about that. Being in the executive lair has its pros and cons particularly when it comes to dating other executives or staff. To be safe, it’s advisable to try and talk to him outside the company so you’ll both be on neutral ground.

Some women are not good at conversations especially when it’s the guy they like that we’re talking about. The key is to be friendly at all times. Don’t flirt yet, it’s not the right time or the right situation. A guy can feel that a woman is interested in him, and there will be a chance to open up to him once he’s comfortable with you.

How to Win a Food Fight Battle With an Autistic Child

How to Win a Food Fight Battle in Ten Steps

For the first time in the history, overweight and obesity are increasingly prevalent in the general pediatric population. According to the American Association of Pediatrics, evidence suggests that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) may be at even higher elevated risk for unhealthy weight gain, with differences present as early as ages 2 to 5 years. To make matters worse, these results clearly indicated that the prevalence of unhealthy weight is significantly greater among children with ASD compared with the general population.

A study published in 2008, by The U.S Library of Medicine’s National Institution on Health, listed childhood obesity as a culprit – affecting nearly one-third of the U.S. children, and the prevalence of these conditions has increased at least four-fold since the 1970s.

Obesity in ASD may be particularly problematic for a variety of reasons. First, core symptoms of ASD may be naturally related to weight problems: for instance, children with ASD may lack social motivation to participate in family meals or in structured physical activities with other children and those parents may be more likely to use food as a reward in children with ASD due to lack of social motivation. The severity or type of a child’s symptoms may also affect his or her ability to participate in physical activities that might mitigate weight gain. Still, little is known about the prevalence that correlates to overweight youth and among children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Today, it is still unclear whether risk factors for obesity in ASD are the same or different from risk factors for children generally.

Living in a world of processed and high caloric food choices – today, more than ever, it is important that we all start to pay closer attention to what our children are eating and when. Easier said than done. Right?

Good nutrition and children with autism rarely go hand in hand easily. Often, parents who are responsible for mealtimes within a ASD family – concentrate what the neuro-normality world does not. ASD Parents live with higher demonstrations of restricted eating, and repetitive behavior patterns with food. ASD parents are also faced with a higher intake of low-nutrition, energy-dense foods. Parents usually give in, and pick their battles elsewhere. Can’t say that I blame them. I’ve done it myself.

But to make things more stressful, we all knowit all stops here, with us – the parents.

As if our jobs are not hard enough, we add a picky or selective eater to our daunting-ever-growing line-up of duties. Somedays it seems as though we will never win the food fight battle, let alone score a few points in our favor.

For many parents, loading healthy nutrition into your picky or selective eaters diet will always be source of a meal time battle. Because Autism affects each child uniquely, we all need to run our own battery of food testing on our own child. For some children it’s all about sensory issues – which can make introducing new and nutritious foods extremely hard for parents. If that isn’t complicated enough, dealing with children who like repetition and routines each day, provides another interesting challenge. Oral sensitivity issues can also make this difficult situation worse.

If you are a new parent of an ASD child, or a seasoned ASD parent, but need to make a nutritional change – please ask your doctor before starting any new food regiments. Most ASD families find going gluten and casein free really helps. Lose fast-food as quickly as you can. Try to stay dye-free and offer organic, minimally processed food replacements. Make this part of the whole families repertoire. Read labels. Cook at home any chance you have. Avoid highly proceeded foods at all costs.

Identifying food allergies. If children are reacting certain foods, pay close attention to this. Usually, if a child reject a certain food – it’s because the body is speaking. Your child’s body will naturally reject certain foods for a myriad of reasons. Pay close attention to those cues. Maybe your child is pressing his belly against the dinner table. This might signal a belly-ache. Whatever is causing these reactions, – these food should stay off the menu forever. Your child’s body will naturally attacks a food it identifies as harmful, causing symptoms such as nausea, stomach pain, intestinal integrity, shortness of breath, hives. With food intolerance, the digestive system alone rejects the food, finding it difficult to digest properly. Follow the food cues.

Think back on what your child repetitively eats. Maybe it’s a fast food item. Something before you realized it’s time for a change. Identify that item. Begin to build other foods to look like it. The shape, as well as the color. Example: Making homemade organic baked chicken tenderloins shorter and breaded in GF breadcrumbs to look like the fast food chicken nuggets you are trying to wean him off. Take all the time you need. Make sure this process is moving at the speed your child is absorbing the solution. Take each step a day at a time or once a week – on the same day each week.

Always prepare your child and NEVER lie or be deceitful and sneaky about food – this approach can create more challenges for you down the road and not only about food, but trust issues. If you are hiding food within the recipe – tell them, just select the right time – and that certainly is not before they eat it.

How to Introduce a New Food to a Selective Eater.

  1. Start a food journal. Inside the food journal, build a list containing two columns. In the first column list the foods that your child enjoys eating. Use the other column, to list a healthier alternative for each food listed in the first column. Keep another list on the dates the foods where offered.
  2. Remember, children are always watching and listening, even if you think they are not. Your families words and actions can make or break just about anything. Spread the message among the family members regarding your new food-fight strategy.
  3. Eat the desired new food while sitting next to your child and comment, how delicious the food tastes while you have your child’s attention, and the child is observing you eating and enjoying the new food. Remember – if you are not eating it, don’t expect your child to.
  4. Inflict Peer Pressure. Have a friend of the child, or a highly reinforcing person eat the food next to the child and make positive comments. Again, make sure your child is actually paying close attention.
  5. During therapy, downtime or homework hour. Place a photo of the desired food into the mix of whatever the child is working on. Make the food photo like a visual, tactile flashcard. Not a photo from your phone. One photo flashcard for each new food. Use one at a time or a few depending on your child. You know your child’s tolerance levels best. Play a flashcard game. Look at the food picture, and talk about the new food. The foods name, what it tastes like, and how delicious it is. Where it comes from, and who else eats it.
  6. When you have cycled through a few flashcard activities, add the actual real food to the flashcard line up. Just touch it, look at it, feel it and discuss how delicious it tastes. Include discussing ways of how people cook and eating the new food. Describe and identify textures.
  7. Once you have cycled through the flashcard game enough times, and the child has actually seen the new food, now is the time to place a small amount of the new food on a plate close by to the child’s plate during family meal times. Point to the new food and discuss it. Talk about how delicious it is, and allow the child to see you eat it, and enjoy it. Do not make the child touch or eat the food.
  8. Place a small amount of the new food on the child’s plate with his regular meal. Make sure this is a not a surprise and create a no pressure zone. Tell the child ahead you are putting the new food on the plate – using the name of the food, and telling the child they do not have to eat the new food, but they need to tolerate the food sitting on his plate during the course of the mealtime.
  9. Place the same food item on the child’s plate and during mealtimes, tell the child he needs to touch the food. Tell the child they do not have to eat the food, it just needs to be touched with a finger once during the mealtime.
  10. Continue the process until the food is tasted. Remain patience.The process of adding a new repertoire of foods won’t happen over night, but it will happen.

By the end of a four, to eight month period, depending on your child – you might have them eating many foods from the new, healthy food list column you originally designed – including organic a grass fed, nitrate free hamburger meats, new, healthier variations of chicken or fresh fish nuggets, and lots of real fruits and vegetables in their natural form.

Each child is different. Be patient – in the long run, you and your family will find peace of mind that you will eventually be free from all the additional health issues associated the negative aspects of eating highly processed foods.

Peaceful Parenting,

Chef Gigi

Advantages of Food Steamers

Healthy eating is the basic for leading a healthy life. Healthy eating not only means eating nutritious food that is good for health, it is much more than that. The food we eat should be cooked in a healthy way. Steaming food in steamer is the most nutritious method of cooking. When food is cooked in the food steamer, the food particles never come in contact with water. So the nutrients in the food are retained. Similarly the aromatic composition and cellular structure of food tissue are retained when cooked in food steamer. In food steamer the cooking takes place in convection process. The food is wrapped in watery steam, so it allows any type of item to stay tender.

Coming to the next point, what type of food can be cooked using steamer? It can be used to cook vegetables, fish, dumplings, chicken and many more. When vegetables are steamed using food steamer, the vitamin content and flavounoids are not lost. Similarly, while cooking fish, the essential Omega 3 fatty acids, flavours and nutrient content are retained. When fish is fried or grilled in high temperature, it may lose its nutrient value. Taking these into consideration, it is sure that using food steamer is the best choice.

To promote healthy lifestyle, you need to make basic changes in your food habits. Eating steamed vegetables and other steamed item is certainly good for health when compared to other type of cooked food. The vitamins and minerals are retained in the food when it is cooked in food steamer. For instance when you cook brown rice in an ordinary vessel, the valuable vitamins in the brown rice, particularly vitamin B1 is lost. But when the same is cooked in Kitchen steamer the vitamins are retained, thus helping you in eating healthy food.

If you are a health conscious person, then investing in steamer is a good choice. Because the food is neither overcooked nor undercooked in steamer as it generally happens with other kitchen appliance. Instead of deep frying food using fatty oil, it is good to steam it and eat, as fried food adds lot of calorie and it is not good for health. There are different models of Vegetable, Rice steamer available in the market, it is better to go for the one that suits your requirements. They are available in different price range based on the features. Choose your Steamer by reading product reviews from reliable and authority web sources.

Importance of Machine Enclosures and Custom Enclosures

Machine enclosures and custom enclosures are the best solutions to protect your machines and expensive equipments from dust, rust and even moisture . The machine enclosures are available in various sizes as per the requirement. Machine enclosures provide environmental control from noise, temperature, humidity and particulates. These enclosures are available in various finishes including steel, aluminum, reinforced plastic to avoid and protect from scratches.

Machine enclosures and custom enclosures are designed in such unique way that it protects the operators from any harm. They provide easy access to the machine or manufacturing cell for repair or maintenance. When the machine is inside the enclosure it provides a consistent environment for your machinery reducing the overall maintenance costs inherent in a dirty machine shop. By providing an enclosure or room around your machinery your can be assured of better results and performance by the machinery.

The custom enclosures are designed and engineered to meet customers’ exact needs. It enables to create a complete line of enclosures, designed to be flexible, while allowing employees’ comfort and safety. These enclosures are customized and can be manufactured to maximize performance by protecting sensitive equipment from harsh plant environments. The enclosures may be configured to be manual or fully automatic and can be operated by wireless remote control, wall switch or timer. When it comes to setting up an enclosure, no two set-ups will be exactly the same. While you order an enclosure, be sure to check out options of configuration and color choices. If you want to match the existing enclosures, color can be important, and not all suppliers offer more than one or two colors.

Unique enclosures are offered by certain manufacturers that meet the needs of a specific need. When you order a custom enclosure, insist design and manufacturing from the supplier who conduct it themselves. Some companies rely on outsourcing for these services, but for successful customization, in-house design and manufacturing is a must. Be it machine enclosures or custom enclosures always select the manufacturers who have established themselves in the industry. BUWW coverings is one such company that offers world class machine enclosures and custom enclosures. Always research about the company before making final agreement and payment.

Tips on How To Get a Good Reception on Your Summer Baby Monitor

Devices that function wirelessly have a tendency to portray interference problems, some of these gadgets can be household devices and baby monitors of which the Summer Baby Monitor could fall under this category. Most times they can interfere with your cellphone or other wireless gadgets.

About Wireless Interference

Interference can show up in the form of static, humming or buzzing sounds. Also, if your monitor has a video monitoring capability, then you could have interference in the form of a fuzzy reception. Another known issue with interference is that you could also pick up your neighbors monitor unit, their baby could wake you up in the middle of the night, this could turn out to be a detrimental problem as it makes it difficult for you to detect or hear any sound coming from your baby’s nursery.

Wireless Interference – How to fix it

The good news about the issue of interference is that there is a solution, and the following provides tips on how to avoid or reduce the problem of interference in your home.

Always consider your other wireless gadgets in the home

When choosing your monitor, make sure you pick one that works on a different frequency band from your existing household gadgets. Nowadays, most cordless phones operate on the 2.4GHz frequency band. Therefore, if you use the same channel for your monitoring unit, some of the summer baby monitor devices use this channel, you will encounter problems with the signal.

Adjust the channel

The majority of modern wireless devices allow the changing of channels in an attempt to fix interference issues. It may be as easy as sliding a switch or pushing a button. So, if you’re using a wireless router, for example, you’ll have to use your computer in order to resolve the problem. You must remember not to set your router to the lowest or uppermost frequency bands if you’re using an analog phone that’s set in 2.4GHz.

Opt for wireless gadgets that use the 1.9GHz or 5.8GHz band

Most baby monitors operates on the 900MHz and 2.4GHz frequency bands, so it would be a good idea to choose gadgets with frequencies 1.9GHz or 5.8GHz channel as these channels are not as commonly utilized as the 2.4GHz frequency band and are less prone to interference.

Power up the baby monitor first

In order for you to get the best possible reception and transmission from a 900MHz or 2.4GHz baby monitor with video capability, switch off all 900MHz or 2.4GHz devices in your house. Follow on by switching on your baby monitor and then your wireless router, if you have one. Once you’ve carried this out you can switch on any other wireless gadget in the house. By following this step-by-step method, the monitor gets to capture the initial accessible signal that will give out the best reception and not impinge on the other wireless gadgets in the process.

Consider purchasing a digital baby monitor

In order to prevent your next-door neighbors transmitted sounds being picked up by your monitor, it would be better if you purchase a digital monitor as the 900MHz or 2.4GHz digital technology ensures sound clarity and prevents interference from occurring.

Stay at a safe distance

Once you’ve carried out the frequency band adjustments and you’re still experiencing interference, keep the differing wireless appliances as distant from each other as possible. If this doesn’t work, then go get a replacement of the product.


The summer baby monitor operates in the 900MHz or 2.4GHz digital technology, has at least two channel selection and is an example of a type of baby monitor that you can always do something about, i.e. switch to another channel, if for some reason it suffers from interference with other wireless devices in your home or other monitors in your neighborhood.

Stand Up Tanning Beds – Pros and Cons

What picture comes to mind when you think of a tanning bed? Probably a traditional shell style structure where a person lies down while getting tan. However, there is another type of tanning beds – stand up tanning beds. As the name implies, you stand rather than lie when getting your tan. Are there any advantages to using stand up beds? Many people who tan regularly will tell you that yes, stand up tanning bed is far superior to a traditional style. Let’s find out what are their reasons.

Advantages of Stand Up Tanning Beds

In a standing bed you can move more freely, for example you can raise your arms. This gives you a more even tan all over. The lamps are also different; they have a special reflector that helps to spread all rays more evenly. So the claim that stand up beds produce better quality tan is definitely true.

Another benefit of stand up tanning beds that comes down to getting even tan is that there is no pressure points. This is different from person to person, but many people get less intense tan on the arias that touch the bed (in traditional style beds). Since in a vertical bed there is no pressure point the problem is illuminated all together.

Stand up beds use stronger bulbs. A bulb in a traditional tanning bed is about 100 watt, while standing up tanning beds use bulbs in the range of 160 watt. This gives you stronger tan for the same length session. As a result sessions in a stand up bed are shorter, which saves you time.

For many people hygiene is the main reason. In a stand up bed you don’t have to touch the same surface that other tanners were touching. So people feel that this type of tanning beds is more sanitary. Actually, touching the surface of tanning bed doesn’t matter. Salon tanning beds use very strong bulbs and UV light from them kills most bacteria. Also the law requires that salon tanning beds should be cleaned and disinfected after each use. However, if it makes you feel better, that you don’t have to lie on the same surface as everybody else, than vertical tanning beds have one more plus side.

Stand up beds cons

The only real disadvantage of this type of tanning bed is that you can get tired easily. It might be quite boring to stand up while tanning. But it is really a matter of personal preference.

Some tanners might tell you that since vertical tanning beds use stronger lamps, they are more dangerous. This claim is not true. Yes, you get exposed to more harmful UVB and UVA rays than in a traditional tanning bed, but you tan a shorter time. So at the ends the health risks are exactly the same for both types of tanning beds.

Tanning safely

Speaking of tanning safety rules, you should be careful no matter what type of tanning bed you use. Tanning lotion is an absolute must have for safe tanning. You should never go for indoor tanning without applying a lotion first. Another way to avoid health risks associated with artificial tan is to take only short sessions. If you protect your skin with a quality tanning lotion and don’t tan for longer than necessary, you don’t have to worry about tanning bed dangers.

Stand up tanning beds definitely give you more even tan more quickly. Other than that it is a matter of personal preference. You can’t say that one style is safer than the other. So if you are thinking about trying a stand up bed go for it, and then you can see which style you like more.

Establishing the Value of Your Business

Some owners have a figure in mind of what their business is worth; often it’s inflated because of their emotional attachment. On the other hand, many owners undervalue their business because they do not understand the technicalities of the various valuation methodologies and which of these is most appropriate for their specific business type.

Experience has shown that there is also a large percentage of business owners who do not know what their business is worth, nor how to go about establishing its true market value. Link uses many of the established valuation methodologies, often using a range of different options in combination to establish the most accurate figure. This figure is then further scrutinised by comparing the theoretical value with current and historical sales information from the Link database. This ensures that the valuation appraisal accurately represents what a purchaser will pay in the current market.

Profitability and Risk

Most businesses are valued based on a combination of assets and the cash surpluses generated. The risk factor of the specific business is also taken into account. This is the degree of threat from existing or potential competitors, changes in technology or consumer trends and many other factors that may affect earnings or costs.

“Barriers to Entry” is another issue that is taken into account and involves evaluating the degree of difficulty or barriers a competitor may face should they decide to establish a similar business. For example, businesses which require minimal capital investment or technical knowledge are said to have a very low barrier to entry and consequently, may have a lower value.

Most businesses are valued on a “going concern basis” rather than the value of company shares. Purchasers are reluctant to buy company shares for a variety of reasons including the unknown possible future tax, credit or legal liabilities, or the danger of inheriting contingent liabilities based on historical trading. The price of the business is usually made up of three components:

1. Intangible assets.

The future earning potential of the business reflective of historical earnings potentially including intellectual property (IP), right to products or services, benefits of a lease, contracts, techniques and procedures as well as goodwill.

2. Tangible assets.

The fixtures, fittings, plant and equipment used by the business to generate its income. This component is normally calculated according to its depreciated book value.

3. Stock.

Stock purchased by the business for resale or manufacturing purposes. It is valued at the historical cost price. An allowance may be made for old or obsolete stock.

Valuation Methodologies

Generally, two or more of the following methods are used to appraise the value of a business:

1) Industry Ratios

2) Asset Based

3) Earnings Based

4) Market Based

The appraised value is then subjected to the “sanity test”. Some businesses are in a growth industry where their track record is well established and their projections solid. Other businesses may be in what is known as a sunset industry where projections are less optimistic. Many factors affect the true market value of a business, including business sector, economic conditions, business cycles, interest rates, labour availability and a whole host of other influences. Similarly, the value of trademarks, brands, intellectual property and goodwill is not always easy to quantify. Balancing all these factors with the book valuation of businesses establishes the true market value.

1. Industry Ratios

The value of the business is based on its sales record compared with industry averages. This method is often used for small businesses and franchises where there is an established track record within a specific industry. It may also use a formula of multiples of weekly sales or an average derived from sales of similar businesses.

2. Asset Based

In businesses where there is history of low earnings or perhaps even losses, the Asset Based approach is generally used. Using this method, the value of the collective assets (both tangible and intangible) will determine the value of the business. In many cases there will be an element of goodwill payable, even where a business is not trading profitably. Although the assets alone may be purchased on the open market, there is often value in purchasing assets as a going concern, which may include customer lists, relationships with suppliers, an assembled workforce, brand awareness and reputation, among others. Calculating intangible assets, including goodwill requires some subjective judgement coupled with experience and the use of market comparisons.

3. Earnings Based

Generally the earnings based approach is used for larger businesses and places emphasis on earnings rather than assets. There are various methods used when employing the Earnings Based approach to appraisals. Return on Investment (ROI) or capitalisation of earnings is common, as is the application of earnings multiples.

Earnings Based value is determined by considering:

A. The level of return that could be expected by investing in the business in question, taking particular account of the perceived level of risk and realistic costs of management.

B. The “industry average” multiplier on true earnings. This multiplier is market driven and varies according to perceived industry risk factors, perceived earnings sustainability and historical comparisons. The multiplier used most often in this approach is EBIT (Earnings before interest and tax) but others are frequently used and it is critical that you are comparing “apples with apples” when discussing multipliers.

C. The fair market value of the unencumbered tangible assets of the business e.g. plant, fixtures, fittings, equipment, stock and the tangible and intangible assets which may include intellectual property.


A dry-cleaning business has been breaking even and the owners would like to sell and move on. The business has tangible assets with a total book value of $135,000, $5,000 of stock (all saleable), no bad debts and will pay all creditors. The fair market value of the tangible assets has been assessed as $110,000 and intangible assets and goodwill at $15,000. Therefore the fair market value of this business is calculated as follows: $110,000 (tangible assets) %2B $15,000 (intangible assets and goodwill) %2B $5,000 (stock) = $130,000.


Tom’s manufacturing company produced an adjusted net profit of $160,000 (EBPITD). The net assets (Valuation of plant and stock) for the business were $240,000 and a fair salary for Tom (owner) is $70,000. If someone was looking to invest in this business they could expect a 25% ROI, as this business offers a low to medium-risk investment opportunity.

To calculate the ROI value for Tom’s business:

Business profits (EBPITD) ………………………$160,000

Minus owner’s salary ………………………………$70,000

Profit ……………………………………………………$90,000

Return on Investment

Profit of …………………………………………………$90,000

Divided by desired return ………………………………..25%

Valuation appraisal ……………………………….. $360,000

4. Market Based

There will be certain instances where no amount of sound theory or application of complicated methodologies alone will suffice. It is not uncommon that a willing buyer and a willing seller will agree on a value that defies all traditional appraisal methodologies. In other cases the use of traditional appraisal approaches produce unrealistic values that have no bearing on market realities. It is important in any appraisal to overlay relevant market data and multiples achieved in similar businesses “in the real world”. Unfortunately the level of information available in Australasia is not as sophisticated as that available in other parts of the world.

How will taxes affect your pay out?

There are tax issues you may need to consider when selling your business. For instance, if you sell the plant and equipment (or company car) for more than the depreciated book value, you may have to pay back some of the tax you claimed when the items were depreciated (depreciation claw-back). Other tax liabilities may be incurred on the profit of land and buildings if they are included in the sale. It is vital that you fully understand your tax position when selling your business, and professional advice should be sought.

“Any desktop valuation involves a substantial amount of subjective judgment. The real test of the value of a business enterprise, like any asset, is what a buyer is prepared to pay.”

Gaining Weight For Skinny Guys

It is obvious there are genetic factors at play that decide if one individual will gain muscle faster than another. It will be harder for some to gain lean muscle but it is not impossible. Trouble is that the skinny guys are the exact ones that overtrain for 3 weeks while following a diluted bodybuilding programme, consisting of curls and extensions and resign to accept the ‘hardgainer’ or ‘ectomorph’ label that is thrown around so flippantly these days.

Hard luck! You may not put on muscle as easily as the 300lb wrecking ball in the gym, but you can still make serious progress. . it will just take time and dedication and careful planning. Not unlimited numbers of bicep curls and protein shakes.

In order to gain muscle you need to eat big and lift big! Some secret isn’t it? You need to eat sufficient calories that you have enough raw materials to adapt and grow. You need to eat enough protein! This one is obvious and if you didn’t know that you need to get back to the drawing board! Protein is the building block of muscle. . you would not believe that some people thing a glass of milk and some slices of ham in their sandwich is enough! I hate to burst your bubble but it’s not, you need to eat lots of whole protein from natural sources. Eating bread and chocolate and trying to compensate by guzzling protein shakes will not cut it! You need chicken, fish, beef, nuts, seeds eggs and cottage cheese along with adequate amounts of healthy fats to provide enough calories to build muscle!

You need to lift heavy! There are the small percentage of people that actually have their nutrition in order! Great! But instead of growing they get fat. The silly isolation isolation exercises they perform when they start out and neglect the heavy lifts that are going to make them stronger and bigger!

it is currently accepted that if you are an ectomorph you have little or no potential. It couldn’t be further from the truth, it’s a blessing! You see, genetically gifted individuals only have to ‘half do it’ and they will make significant gains. The will be big and maybe have a little definition yea, they will look ‘good’. The person who has to work HARD and make no mistakes for even the most minuscule gains in muscle and loss of bodyfat is the person who, in time, will have a GREAT physique. And you know what? They will always possess that knowledge that got them there. The behaviour and lifestyle that got them there makes them the expert, they will be the ‘go-to-guy’ when it comes to muscle gain and fat loss, no the big antelope who is still grunting doing his concentration curls in the corner. The skinny guy has made a transformation, knows his stuff and more often than no takes up a career in health and fitness and becomes an expert.

Copyright (c) 2009 Athleticbodysystem

What Exercises Will Help Me Get a Bigger Butt?

Having a bigger butt is just one part of the feminine trifecta — a flat stomach, a full figure, and a big booty. Here are four ways for getting a bigger butt.

The best way is through exercise. That’s right, exercise. In people who are fit, the shape of the buttocks is determined by the gluteal muscles or glutes, primarily the gluteus maximus and to a lessor extent, the gluteus medius and gluteus minimus. The gluteus maximus is one of the strongest muscles in the body and is used to extend and rotate the hip and leg. Weight lifters go to a gym and do squats, leg presses, and dead lifts to blast these muscles into shape. But here are four ways to build these muscles that don’t take nearly as much time or money.

Of course, if you have reason to believe you may be at risk, be sure to check with your doctor first.


Squat down, keeping your feet flat on the floor, pause, and stand up without using your hands or arms to help. Some people have difficulty squatting all the way down without falling backwards. In that case, don’t go all the way down. Just squat down as far as you can without falling over. If you need to, you can steady yourself with a chair or wall. If it’s still difficult, try just sitting and rising, preferably from a low chair or ottoman just high enough to keep you from falling. Start with as many as you can do comfortably and work up to twenty or thirty repetitions

Mule Kicks

Get down on your hands and knees, lift your left leg so that your thigh is straight out behind you, bend your knee at a 90 degree angle, then repeatedly press upward and hold. Again, start with ten if you can and work up to twenty or thirty. Then repeat with the right leg. If you have ankle weights you can use them to increase resistance for faster results.

Rear Hip Extensions.

In this exercise you stand facing a wall, a doorway, or counter top that you grasp to stabilize yourself. Then you lift one leg behind you as far as you can, keeping it straight. Start with ten and work up to twenty or thirty, then repeat with the other leg. Again, ankle weights will increase the resistance and the efficiency of the exercise.

Stair Climbing

And finally, my favorite exercise for getting a bigger butt is stair climbing. Climbing a flight of stairs requires you to work your glutes to the max. It works especially well if you take the stairs two at a time. Climbing a flight of stairs several times a day will take you a long way toward building a healthy body and getting a bigger butt.

If you don’t have a stairway where you live, you can always buy a stair stepper or stair climber machine. Either one does a good job of simulating climbing stairs, but they can be a little hard on the budget. An inexpensive alternative is one of several brands of mini-stair steppers. Most of them can be purchased for less than a hundred dollars. These units are small, compact and portable — and they do a great job of exercising your calves, thighs, and butt. When you use one, you’re not only getting a bigger butt, but a great aerobic workout as well.

Pregnancy – Fitness and Exercise For Women – What Should I Know?

Fitness during pregnancy is essential. Gentle exercise during pregnancy can assist you in many ways, in particular getting your body ready for the birth of your baby. There are many benefits to exercising during your pregnancy and this includes:

– Exercise helps to give you energy

– It helps to improve circulation

– Helps to keep your body subtle

– Prevents excess weight gain

– Helps to prevent pregnancy related diseases

In regards to health, exercise helps to improve heart and lung health, which is most important in increasing stamina. Stamina is needed to help cope with the demands that pregnancy places on the body, as well as during the many hours of labor.

Exercise is a major factor that helps women during their recovery after giving birth. Women that have included some form of exercise during their pregnancy, have a better recovery after giving birth, as their bodies are more prepared for the strain and demands that are required.

Most women do not know what they can and can’t do during pregnancy. They want to do some sort of exercise but often ask how safe is it, what can they do and most importantly what they need to avoid.

Women are advised to avoid hot and humid environments while they exercise, drink water before during and after any activities, and one important piece of advice is that they do not do any activity while laying on their back instead complete the exercises on their side. They must also avoid any exercise that will strain their back.

Exercise physiologists recommend that the FITT principle is used when exercise activities are being completed. This FITT principle involves:


Pregnant women should exercise no more than 3 times per week (once they have been too see a health care provider to clear them for any type of exercise program)


The way to ensure that the intensity (ie how hard you are working) of the aerobic activity is at a correct level is to use the ‘Talk Test’. This involves seeing if you can carry on a conversation while you are exercising. If you can, then you are at an appropriate level of intensity. If you have difficulty then reduce the intensity of your activity.

Time of activity

the time that women should be exercising is approximately 15 minutes. Women can then increase the length of their activity by 2 minutes until they reach half an hour of exercises. This length can be maintained up until the end of their pregnancy. 10-15 minute warm up and cool down is recommended before and after any activity is attempted.

Types of activity

The best type of exercise for aerobic benefits is walking, swimming or special water aerobic classes. Exercises that focus on muscle strengthening and conditioning include body sculpting classes or pilates. Avoid activities where balance is an issue or there is a chance of falling over. Listen to what your body is telling you – if it hurts don’t do it!

Most people notice a lot of different changes in their body. By the four month period, women notice that their pelvis’ have ‘loosened’ and that they can not sit in one position for long periods of time; that their posture has changed due to the added weight of carrying a developing baby. These changes and many more can be assisted with gentle exercise that targets and prepares the body for these changes. Stretches (similar to yoga) can be advantageous for reducing pelvic, back and neck pain. Dizzy spells/nausea do afflict pregnant women, however regular exercise can assist in reducing the severity of these episodes in some women.

Women find it harder to perform exercises as they progress through their pregnancy, as they are obviously going to get a larger ‘baby bump’ as the 9 months progress. Exercise classes that are tailored for different stages of pregnancy, in regards to the amount and intensity are often offered by local fitness groups. Looking into these exercise options may be of benefit, both for health and for networking with other soon-to-be mums.

Because your center of gravity shifts, you need to change the types of activities that you do , as well as how you do them. Women can find it hard to exercise during pregnancy – simple things such as taking the dog for a walk around the neighborhood, walking on the beach or in a park can be enough to get started. Adding simple things such as taking the stairs instead of the elevator, parking further away from the entry to the shopping center or mall can add extra exercise to your day without feeling like it!

During pregnancy it is common to feel cautious about the activities that you participate in. So how hard can you push yourself? And how cautious should you be? Knowing what you should keep in mind while you exercise is an important step in looking after both yourself and your baby.

But most importantly, women must always consult a medical practitioner (their own health care provider or midwife) regarding their intended exercise program, whether it be a program that they are just starting or are continuing.

The Search For Waffle House Nutrition Information

Although it isn’t my favorite restaurant, I’ve spent a great deal of time looking for Waffle House nutrition information, because it is one of my husband’s favorites. Sources say that the restaurant has not made their nutritional information available.

So, sometimes, the best thing that you can do is estimate. My husband’s favorite plate is a t-bone steak, 2 eggs over easy, two slices of toast and a double order of hash browns.

Luckily, he’s got some kind of phenomenal natural metabolism. He never gains weight, no matter what he eats. He works out five days a week. So, he’s relatively healthy, but I keep harping at him about what those white potatoes, white bread and red meat could be doing to his long-term health.

The latest research indicates that the eggs are not that bad. People that regularly eat them actually have lower serum cholesterol than people that never eat them. Of course, I prefer boiled eggs. They are full of nutrients and lower in fat. But, then I’m not a marathon runner.

1978 Boston marathon winner Gayle Barron apparently enjoys Waffle House nutrition enough to make it a thrice weekly stop. She recently became the company’s spokeswoman. Her favorite plate is grilled chicken, hash browns and scrambled eggs.

My biggest concern, these days, is avoiding trans-fat. Researchers say that trans-fats are the worst for heart and circulatory health. The state of California says that they cause cancer. From what I have been able to determine, Waffle House does not use trans-fats. But, I haven’t made a tour of their kitchen.

The donuts and pastries that they keep on the counter typically contain large amounts of trans-fats. So, if you like to eat at the restaurant, order the stuff off of the grill and skip the baked goods. That’s my suggestion.

Other fast food restaurants that we have visited post nutritional information on the restaurant walls. I have yet to see any Waffle House nutrition information in any location, even the newest ones.

When we do visit the restaurant, I usually go with the grilled chicken salad. It’s not bad, although the lettuce and tomatoes are not the freshest.

For people trying to lose weight, the restaurant might be your best choice for the middle of the night. At least the food is hot off the grill and coffee refills are free.

In order to get exact Waffle House nutrition information for your favorite plate, you might want to contact the company. Otherwise a guesstimate will have to do.