How to Reduce Your Electric Bill Every Month

Saving electricity at home is not hard, but it takes discipline. The first thing to do is to change all the old style light bulbs and use energy saving bulbs. It is true that the light they give is different, but they have the same intensity as the old ones and save the energy we need. Energy saving light bulbs come in all sizes and they fit the majority of lamps in your home so there is no excuse not to use them. The light they produce is white and not yellowish like the old ones, it reaches farther and the bulbs last longer too even if you have to pay a bit more for them. In the long run you will save energy and money and you will be contributing to world preservation.

Keep all the appliances at home unplugged during the time there is no one at home. Believe it or not appliances keep using electricity even when they are not on. Microwave ovens have timers, television sets have timers, and most other appliances have something that requires energy even when they are not in use. It is new using them. It is not hard to get used to unplugging them before leaving the house in the morning. There are also areas in the house which you do not use every day like the living room, leave the lamps unplugged until you will be using them. You do not need patio lights on if you are not there either.

Change your water heater for the new models, the old ones use energy all day and night keeping the water in the tank hot, the new models only start when the hot water faucet is turned on. Establish a shower schedule in the morning so that your family showers one after the other within minutes. This will keep the heater hot and will save energy by not having to heat up for each person’s shower. The same thing goes for the stove, when you are going to prepare a meal, have everything that has to be cooked ready, cook one thing after the other without allowing the stove to get cold.

Assign laundry days for the whole family, one or two washes per week should be enough for a normal family. Stop with the small washes in the middle of the week because I want to wear this or that and it is dirty. Doing this constantly you are wasting energy, water and money. The drier works much like the stove keep the wet clothes coming and it will remain warm while you load it saving energy by eliminating the warming process.

The refrigerator should be open the least possible times especially during the summer. It works with a thermostat which turns it on or off depending on the temperature inside. If you open it frequently or leave the door open for long periods of time, the inside will warm up and turn on the coolers. The same goes for air conditioning units and heaters, it is not necessary to set them at a freezing temperature during the summer and at a very hot temperature during the winter. By setting them at a comfortable level you will save energy huge amounts of energy. Do not forget to keep the doors and windows shut to keep hot and cold air inside. It is time we think about the future, about our grandchildren and their children. By following these few tips you will be saving money on your electric bill and you will be helping to save our planet for those to come.

How to Cook Goat in a Crockpot

Goat might not be as common as beef or chicken but it is equally great for making crockpot recipes. Goats have been used for their meat, milk, skins, and hair all over the world for centuries and there are more than three hundred goat breeds.

This animal is closely related to the sheep. The meat tastes like spring lamb meat and the word “mutton” is used to describe both sheep and goat meat in India, Pakistan and on some Caribbean islands. The flavor can also be reminiscent of venison or veal, depending on the condition and age of the goat.

The meat can be barbecued, stewed, curried, grilled, baked, canned, minced, or made into sausages. The New Zealand Kiko, which originated in Tennessee, is a popular breed of goat for eating, as is the South African Boer, which was introduced to North America in the early 1990s.

Goat is wonderful for making casseroles and stews and if you fancy a change from the kinds of meat you normally use in your crockpot recipes why not try some goat? You can buy the meat fresh or frozen in larger grocery stores or Caribbean grocery stores.

Slow Cooked Goat Leg with Garlic and Vegetables

This is a very simple recipe, combining the goat meat with potatoes, carrots, garlic, wine, shallots, and tomato paste. Most of the flavor comes from the goat; if you like hearty dishes you will love this one because it is simple yet very satisfying and flavorful.

What you will need:

  • 1 goat leg, de-boned or folded
  • 3 red potatoes
  • 3 cloves garlic
  • 3 carrots
  • 1 cup water
  • 1 cup white wine or chicken stock
  • 8 oz tomato paste
  • 8 shallots
  • Salt and black pepper

How to make it:

Put the water, wine, goat and tomato paste in your crockpot and stir the mixture. Cook it for four hours on low. Peel and chop the carrots, potatoes, garlic, and shallots and add these to the pot as well as the salt and black pepper. Cook for another three hours or until the meat is falling off the bone. Serve with couscous or rice.

Recipe for Goat in Red Wine

You can adapt this recipe if you have other vegetables to use up. Carrots, mushrooms, zucchini, eggplant, and squash are all good. The goat will come out very tender and moist and you can serve this taste recipe with mashed potatoes or rice. If you want the gravy to be thicker, you can stir a teaspoon of cornstarch into the beef stock before you add it to the crockpot.

What you will need:

  • 1 lb goat stew meat
  • 1/2 bottle red wine
  • 3 bay leaves
  • 6 oz tomato paste
  • 6 peeled, chopped carrots
  • 1 chopped onion
  • 1 teaspoon chopped fresh thyme
  • 14 oz beef stock
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon black pepper

How to make it:

Put the vegetables and herbs in the bottom of the crockpot, then pour in the liquids and tomato paste and stir the mixture well. Add the goat and make sure it is covered in liquid.

Add the salt and pepper, cover the crockpot and cook the stew on high for three hours, then low for two hours. Alternatively, you can cook it on low for eight hours or nine if you are using frozen meat.

Types of Scrap Metals

Scrap metal consists of a wide variety of recyclable materials. Although a lot most people might associate the reference to ‘scrap metal’ as pieces of superfluous or worn metal parts which has no particular value, the scrap industry is very buoyant in a number of countries across the world.

Metal is perfect material for recycling and offers a wide-range of advantages and benefits. Benefits to recycling the different types of metals include a much lower need to carry out mining, reduces the production cost for the manufacturers of metal, and also helps with supplying high-quality metal items across the world. Unlike some of the other popular recyclable materials, such as plastic and paper, metal is one material source that will not degrade even after going through the recycling process several times.

A typical scrap yard might well be willing to accept all the types of metals which are then proceeded and passed on to manufacture a new range of materials and products. Some metal yards might accept only a particular type of metal, while other yards may be more willing to take both the non-ferrous and ferrous types of metals.

Recyclable materials of this nature are often split into two categorizes, namely the non-ferrous and ferrous metals –

Non-ferrous – the scrap metals featured in non-ferrous are all metals other than iron and steel. Included in this category is lead, zinc, brass, chromium, nickel, copper, titanium, aluminum (including cans and foil), and copper. Tons of non-ferrous scrap is recovered each year and recycled by the processors, which is then passed on to fabricators, smelters, foundries, ingot makers, and similar industries.

Ferrous – steel and iron based scrap metals are categorized as the ferrous metals, and might include scrap from ships, household appliances, railroad tracks, steel beams, food packaging, and similar other containers.

Out of the two types of metals, non-ferrous scrap is often seen as more financially worthy. Non-ferrous scrap metal is often rated in dollars per pounds, whereas the ferrous scrap (steel and iron) is typically seen as dollars per ton.

If you have metals to scrap the best thing to do is to contact a local scrap yard, either by phone or searching on a company’s website, and finding out what types of materials are accepted, which can of course avoid a potentially wasted trip. It is especially important to call ahead if you have a large load of metal that you wish to dispose of.

The Evolution of Transportation

People and things have always had the need to move or be moved from one place to another. People have always looked for more comfortable or quicker ways to travel. Transportation is a way people and things move from one place to another. Different environments require different methods of transportation.

People have invented machines, called vehicles or crafts, to travel. Some vehicles travel on the ground, like a train. Some vehicles travel on top of the water, like a jet ski. Some even help people to travel under the water, like a submarine. People use other types of crafts to travel in the air. A hot air balloon is an interesting way to travel through the sky.

Crafts such as rockets can help people to travel into space. Over the centuries, inventors designed machines or improved ways of traveling to move people faster and faster.

Ships and Boats

One of the earliest ways to transport people and things was by traveling in the water. Boats are small crafts generally used for a special purpose like fishing. Ships are larger crafts that might use sails or an engine to propel them through the water. They may travel on rivers, lakes, or oceans.

Boats With Paddles

People use flat wooden boards called paddles to row small boats. An oar is another name for a paddle. A raft is a simple boat with a flat bottom. We can make a raft using tree trunks or logs. Sometimes, flat pieces of wood called planks are bound together to make a raft. Some rafts are made of rubber or a plastic called vinyl. These rafts are often inflatable.

Early Native Americans made canoes out of tree trunks. They hollowed out the trunk and used a paddle to move from place to place. Today, an artificial substance, made by man, called fiberglass is a popular material for building a canoe.

A kayak is a sleeker version of a canoe with one or two small holes. The holes are where people sit. A rider may attach a watertight skin or enclosure to prevent water from getting in the boat. The boat can turn all the way over without sinking. Some people compete in kayak races. The Olympics have had a kayak event since 1936.

Boats With Sails or Motors

Other boats and ships use different types of power. A sailboat uses pieces of canvas or other fabrics called sails, which are filled by the wind fills and pushes the boat forward.

Ancient Egyptians used sailboats to move the stones for the Great Pyramids from Aswan to Giza. Pilgrims traveled from England on a large sailboat called the Mayflower to reach America in 1620.

A motorboat uses an electric motor and propellers. Propellers are turning metal blades that help the vessel to move through the water. A speedboat is a small, but very fast motorboat. Speedboats pull water skiers, help the Coast Guard or marine patrol on rescue missions, or might even compete in a race.

Larger Boats and Ships

Most large ships are made of metals like iron or steel. They use giant propellers powered by engines to move through the water. A steamboat is a large boat with paddles. A steam-powered engine turns the paddles to move the boat.

The biggest ships are tankers and aircraft carriers. Oil tankers can carry millions of barrels of oil inside huge cargo areas. Designers built tankers to travel long distances and other than oil, they may transport water, chemicals, or liquefied natural gas.

Aircraft carriers are long, flat warships designed to act as a floating airbase. Planes take off and land on the runways on the top of the ship.

A submarine is a metal ship that can travel underwater. A submarine can be small enough to carry one or two people and remain underwater for a few hours. They can also be very large, have a crew of over eighty people and remain underwater for a few months.


A train is a vehicle that runs on tracks, or rails. Passenger trains may have many compartments for people to travel from one place to another. Freight trains carry cargo, or things. Different cars transport different types of items.

Refrigerator cars transport food. Container cars need a crane to lift cargo in or out of the car. Tanker cars transport different types of liquids.

Light Rail

People sometimes use the term light rail to talk about trains that run on city streets. A trolley, also called a streetcar, is one type of light rail transportation. The first streetcars were pulled by horses or even people. Modern streetcars usually get their power from electricity. Electricity makes things run.

A subway is a light rail system of cars. A subway runs on the street and in underground tunnels. Many large cities have a network of subway tunnels.

Big Trains

Big trains have wheels that run on railroad tracks. They travel long distances between cities and towns. The first car on a train is the locomotive. The locomotive powers the train. The first trains used steams engines. Today, most trains get power from using gasoline or electricity. High-speed rail trains are electric trains that run faster than a regular train, sometimes called a bullet train. These high speed rail systems also transport people in Germany, Korea, and Spain. The first countries to build and use the bullet train are the countries of France and Japan.

The monorail is another type of train. Most monorail systems run on a single rail. Some monorails are suspended. The train cars actually hang from the track.

Motor Vehicles

People drive and are passengers in motor vehicles in most places of the world. Motor vehicles have wheels and a motor. They can be driven on many different land surfaces. Cars, buses, and trucks allow people and things to travel to certain places. They can travel where boats and trains cannot go.


Cars are vehicles used by people to get from one place to another. Combustion engines are often the power source for cars. This type of engine burns gasoline or diesel fuel to run. Some people are concerned that combustion engines are contributing to pollution in the air.

Inventors are developing other types of power systems to make cars run. Electric cars have electric motors that run on batteries. Some cars use hydrogen to provide power. A hybrid car uses a combustion engine and battery power to make the car work.

Cars vary in their size. A limousine is a long car, which has space for many passengers and has a chauffeur to drive the vehicle. A micro-car, also called a bubble car, is very popular in countries outside of the United States. Auto makers designed the microcar to use less gas. It is also economical because a small amount of material is necessary to build the car.

Some people like to drive a sports car. The fastest cars are race cars. Some cars have special features, like convertible, which have a fabric or hard top that folds back.


Buses are bigger than cars. A bus has a long body with several rows of seats or benches for passengers. Buses usually operate on a schedule. A passenger bus can carry people long distances. They travel between different cities and towns. A tour bus carries tourists or people on vacation. Some people charter, or rent, a bus for special purposes.


Vehicle engineers designed trucks to carry materials of all kinds. Pickup trucks are a bit bigger than cars. They have a flat bed behind the passenger compartment. They can carry many things in the flat bed. Large trucks transport different kinds of heavier materials or equipment. They carry things to places where trains and boats cannot travel. An 18-wheeler is a very big truck. It has 18 separate wheels.


Hot Air Balloons, Blimps and Dirigibles

Aircraft are vehicles or machines that let people travel through the air. The first type of air transportation was the hot air balloon. It is the oldest successful human carrying technology for flight. It floats using a large bag of silk or nylon filled with heated air. People travel in a wicker basket called a gondola, that hangs underneath.

A blimp or dirigible is like a balloon. The gas helium fills up the balloon to help it float. It has a motor to push it forward. This type of craft was very popular before 1940.

As technology for airplanes improved, people stopped using blimps to travel. Today, advertisers use blimps to market their products. Some companies offer sightseeing tours in a blimp.

Airplanes, Gliders, Helicopters

An airplane is an aircraft that flies using wings and an engine. The Wright brothers receive credit for the invention of the first airplane in 1903. Airplanes can be small and carry only one or two people. Commercial airplanes can be large and carry many passengers a long distance in a short amount of time. A motor makes the propellers turn. Most larger airplanes have jet engines. This type of engine has many turning blades inside. They move air much faster than ordinary propellers.

Jet airplanes use turbines to make them move faster. The military uses supersonic aircraft, such as fighters or bombers, to move quickly with a great amount of power. A fighter jet is a small military airplane that can go very fast. The Concorde is one of the only supersonic planes used as a commercial airplane. It carried passengers from Europe to America in less than half the time it took for a regular airplane to fly the same distance. The Concorde was very expensive to fly. Due to rising costs, the Concorde was retired from use. The last Concorde flight was on October 24, 2003.

A helicopter is an aircraft with a large propeller on top. It can rise into the air, or take off, straight up. A helicopter can take off without using a runway.

A glider has a similar shape to an airplane. It uses only the wind for power. The military may use gliders to deliver troops. Gliders are very quiet because they don’t have an engine. Some people participate in glider competitions.


A rocket is a vehicle that travels into the air at a very high speed. It burns fuel to make thrust. Thrust pushes, or propels, the rocket upward. A rocket engine ejects the thrust out of the bottom of the rocket. A lot of energy is required to propel a rocket into space. Energy is necessary to make things happen. Astronauts and cosmonauts are people who travel into space using rockets. Rockets also transport the satellites into their destination orbit. Satellites study the Earth and other objects in the universe.

Rocket Design and Travel

Multiple sections or stages make up the design of most rockets. Each stage contains its own fuel supply and rocket engine.

When its fuel is used up, a rocket is released. This lightens the weight of the rocket. It allows it to travel faster. A rocket needs to travel at least 17,700 miles per hour, (28,500 kilometers) to make it out of the atmosphere into space, which is the so-called “escape velocity”. The part of the rocket that actually reaches space is often called a spacecraft.

Booster rockets

Some rockets get extra thrust from booster rockets. The scientists usually attach the boosters to the side of the main rocket. The space shuttle is both a rocket and an airplane. It releases two booster rockets. As the rocket uses up its fuel, it will also release an external fuel tank. The space shuttle lands like an airplane when it returns to Earth.

Some key dates in the Transportation development timeline:

  • 1662 – Blaise Pascal invented a horse drawn public bus.
  • 1783 – Joseph Montgolfier and √Čtienne Montgolfier launched the first hot air balloons.
  • 1814 – George Stephenson built the first practical steam powered railroad locomotive.
  • 1900 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin built the first successful airship.

How to Choose the Ideal Square Stern Canoe Plan

It’s always good to have a project or two every year to complete. This provides you with an interesting subject to focus on, a means to pass the time or cool off your temper and a time-proven method to increase your patience and perseverance.

Making use of square stern canoe plans may be more than the challenge you’re looking for but they’ll also provide you with greater rewards. The end product is something that not only you, but your friends and family as well, can surely enjoy. And is there a more pleasant feeling than knowing you’re sailing on a river on a boat you built with your own two hands?

What’s a Square Stern Canoe?

Is a canoe of asymmetrical proportions. It also comes with a squared-off stern that provides mounting space for an outboard motor. It is generally used for lake travel or fishing.

Square Stern Canoe Plans: Determine the Best Plan for You

There are many kinds of square stern canoe plans on sale right now. Neglecting to properly consider your purchase may cause you to end up with one you don’t like or one you can’t use.

Occupancy – How many people do you think will be using the square stern canoe simultaneously? They are capable of holding a maximum of three persons. 14″ square stern canoes are generally two-seaters only. Knowing how many people you take with you on boating trips will help you narrow down your choices for the best plan.

Methods Used in Square Stern Canoe Plans – There are various methods used in plans. Some are especially designed to help beginners build their own plans while others are only meant for users with more years of experience in building their own canoes.

Wood Strip Build Method – This kind of method can be used by beginners. Square stern canoe plans that make use of this method are also less expensive because of lower material costs. Plywood, after all, is always cheaper than old cedar.

Strip and Glue Method – This method makes use of planks of old cedar. Because it costs more to produce planks or strips of wood, plans that make use of this method are, as mentioned, more expensive. They also produce more dust since the process includes sandpapering the strips of woods.

Free Form Method – Only advanced and rule-allergic users should make use of the plans that employ this method. In free form, people need not make use of the common tools provided to help them get by from step to step. With this method, however, users may have a hard time controlling the shape of their square stern canoes and the outcome may not be that good as compared to other ones.

Full Size Drawings – Sometimes, surf canoe kits may come with full size drawings to ensure that you have everything down to pat. There’s one problem however when it comes to using full size drawings. Full scale drawings on high quality drafting velum can change in size if they are left exposed in the shop for several days. If a customer makes use of it, not knowing that it’s already inaccurate, he’ll end up with a square stern canoe with less accurate and ill-fitting proportions.

Now that you know the different types of square stern canoe plans, you should be able to reasonably figure out the best plan for your level of proficiency and temperament. Good luck on building that canoe!

Replacing Pushmatic Circuit Breakers

Many people have found many problems with Pushmatic circuit breakers. It is recommended to replace pushmatic circuit breakers with another brand or type when you can. These breakers have been known to be dangerous, problematic, and difficult to work with.

The pushmatic breakers and panels have been difficult for some people to turn the main power from the on and off position. When breakers seem to trip they seem impossible to turn back to the on position as well. If you need to test a breaker and turn it off it can seem difficult to move the switch either way. When situations like this occur with a bulldog breaker panel it is best to bite the bullet and replace the entire panel.

Replacing an entire electric panel can seem rather expensive to do. If this is the case, you can slowly replace the pushmatic electric breakers as they fail or one at a time. It is best to replace the sticky breakers first and be extremely careful when you do so. These are dangerous panels to work on and many people don’t understand the danger.

When you are working on pushmatic circuit breakers it is important to be as careful as possible. Always shut down all of the power to the panel prior to touching the breakers. If you are removing or just testing, it is important to ensure the main power is off. Electricity is dangerous to work with because it doesn’t take much to seriously injure yourself. Also remember, just because the power is off doesn’t mean you shouldn’t still ground yourself. Be sure to be grounded when you are working on these breakers.

Not all pushmatic electric breakers cause problems. People notice issues with breaker panels all of the time and it could be due to a bad set of breakers or a bad panel. Problems with electricity in a property are dangerous and should be repaired quickly. If you find your panel is bad then it should be replaced with a new one. This doesn’t mean you shouldn’t use the pushmatic breakers but means you need a new panel. To replace panels is sometimes the only option. However, if you need more electricity in your home it doesn’t mean you need to replace the panel but it means you need an upgrade. An upgrade can be done without entirely replacing a panel. An upgrade can be performed by adding another subpanel to the current electrical system.

Pushmatic circuit breakers have been known to cause major problems in electrical panels in some homes. Some of the issues they have experienced include difficulty turning the main power switches on and off, difficulty moving the breaker switches to on and off positions, and more. These types of problems can be resolved by replacing the sticky breakers or even to replace the entire electrical panel. When you have problems with an electrical panel in your home, it is important to repair it rather than to let it go on. To replace one breaker at a time will help improve the system.

How to Clean a Suit Jacket

If you are a man there is pretty much no way you can get through life without owing a suit coat. The suit jacket is an extremely important part of your wardrobe even if you do not wear a suit to work, you will need to have quick access to one throughout your life. Weddings, interviews, funerals, special events; let’s face it a suit is essential. Ideally, the best way to keep your jacket clean is by using a professional dry cleaner, sometimes expensive professional cleaning is not a option due to price and/or time constraints. This article covers how to clean your suit jacket at home without having to take it to the dry cleaners. Some of the key items you will need to get the job done yourself are;

* A clothes brush

* A stain removal stick, pen or spray

* A clothing steamer or iron with a steam feature

* A soft clean cloth (can be purchased at clothing stores or dry cleaners)

* A suit hanger

The first thing to do is take out your clothing brush and brush away any loose dust, dirt and lint from your jacket. After brushing, hang the coat on a hanger (wooden is better than plastic) now re-brush the coat focusing on the side panels and sleeves.

Next, use your stain removal pen or stick to take out any small stains that are on the jacket. You can get a stain stick at most grocery stores or drug stores in the same isle as laundry detergent. Be careful when using the stain removal pen if you use too much solution you can damage your jacket or cause a different type of stain.

Next, Steam your jacket using a clothing steamer or a iron with steam feature. Hang the coat on your hanger and hold the steam about 10 inches from your suit. If you are using an iron, you may need to hold it closer. Make sure you steam the entire suit on all sides.

Next, use your clean cloth to lightly dust off the jacket and buff up the surface of it. Try and rub the cloth in line with the nap of the fabric.

Finally leave the garment to hang in a room with very good air flow this will help dry the jacket from steaming and air it out, leaving it smelling clean.

SSL Strengths and Weaknesses Revealed!

SSL, otherwise known as Secure Sockets Layer or Transport Layer Security (TLS), is a protocol that provides a secure channel of communication for two programs. This creates endpoints for communication called the “sockets” to affect connections. A bit of the process can be compared with TCP, but the encryption capabilities present in SSL are greater than TCP. Created by Netscape, the privacy of communication and data is ensured because the encryption technology is capable of verifying the identity of the parties involved in the communication. SSL is important in dealing with a complete server, which requires transmitting sensitive information on a web site. The encrypted connection is created between the web server and web browser, which forestall possible point of data tampering, identity theft, fraud, and eavesdropping.

To identify the security and privacy of communication, the SSL encryption is identified through the presence of padlock icon in web browsers or green-colored address bar. To enable SSL on websites, SSL certificates must be obtained by purchasing the same from certificate authority. Purchase of ssl certificates must be made only from trusted and reputable authority. Once the requirements are complied with, private and public keys may be used in decrypting message depending on the nature of keys used to encrypt a message. In any case, a public key encrypted message can only be decrypted using a public key or vice versa. The SSL certificate is issued with a public key.

The SSL Handshake will verify the genuineness of server’s certificate. If the certificate is authentic, encrypted application data can be sent. Basically, the foregoing discussion displays the advantages of SSL.

However, one of the disadvantages of SSL Certificate is that the flow of communication is slower than without SSL. The process of SSL handshake gives each communicator added works. The site performs slowly because nothing is cached. Reloading all images, style sheets, and scripts, will be done for each new page. This may be disadvantageous to both the server and client. However, the process is needed to allow visitors to come in and go. To lessen the effect, simpler web design will help a lot.

Another thing to consider is the study made by Ethical Hackers. They have already spoken and discovered that the use of SSL does not give a 100% privacy and security assurance. Based on their research, 30 per cent of SSL sites are unsecure.

Nevertheless, the use of SSL will build confidence among clients. It should be noted that clients, especially those availing of online payment method feel more secure to push through with their payment if they are guaranteed of nondisclosure of their personal and bank details.

Hemorrhoids Or Piles – Why, What & How to Stop

Haemorrhoid or commonly known as piles in simple words are the swollen blood vessels which develop inside or outside the anus (The opening at the lower end of the alimentary canal through which solid waste is eliminated from the body). These swollen vessels can cause pain & irritation & it can bleed or become infected, causing discomfort. As they are situated in such a sensitive position, that is the reason why they are painful. The veins in this area swell causing irritation when bowel movements pass from them. Hemorrhoids vary in size and can occur internally (inside) or externally (outside) the anus.

Hemorrhoids are very common. Piles do not pop up overnight, they develop slowly over time. Hemorrhoids are a chronic condition – but they are treatable. They are said to be more common in countries where the diet has traditionally been more processed and low in fiber. They are usually caused by years of straining on the toilet because of chronic constipation.

Hemorrhoids can be either internal or external, and patients also can have both types. Hemorrhoids that occur in your rectum are called internal hemorrhoids. It develops in the back passage, 2-4cm above the rim (opening) of the anus and those that occur around your anus are called external hemorrhoids. They look like one or more firm grape-like swellings.

Symptoms may include blood in the stool or on the toilet paper, incomplete bowel movements, rectal itching, persistent feeling of moistness in the anal area and a soft lump at the anal opening. Hemorrhoids are an extremely common problem, especially in western countries, where surveys suggest that as much as half of the population over 40 years of age may suffer some form of mild to severe discomfort from them. The most common symptom is fresh bleeding while passing stool. But bleeding can be a symptom of other digestive diseases too, like colorectal cancer. The doctor will examine the anus and rectum to look for swollen blood vessels that indicate hemorrhoids and will also perform a digital rectal exam with a gloved, lubricated finger to feel for any abnormalities. Hemorrhoids which have become very enlarged and painful may require surgical removal.

Hemorrhoids may be caused by more than one factor. Despite being examined in several studies, the development remains unclear. Some of the common causes of hemorrhoids are straining due to constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, prolonged sitting, being overweight, cirrhosis, being overweight, or lifting things that are too heavy. Hemorrhoids may cause a feeling of ‘fullness’ in the rectum and it is tempting to strain at the end to try and empty the rectum further. So do not spend too long on the toilet which may encourage you to strain.

Hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy due to increased blood volume, increased pressure in the rectum/anus due to the weight of pregnancy and constipation.

Treatment for hemorrhoids includes herbal medication, anal cream and diet. Minor hemorrhoids, pain, itching, burning and inflammation can be brought under control with anti-itch creams and high-quality extracts specifically formulated for relief of symptoms. Eat only fresh fruits and vegetables like prunes, pineapple, bananas, and papayas.

Make this a regular practice. Eating the right amount of fiber and drinking 8-10 glasses of fluid result in softer, bulkier stools. Hemorrhoid sufferers should strictly limit time straining during bowel movement. A little bend sitting position is recommended to avoid the strain. Sitting in a shallow bath of hot water for 15 minutes several times a day, will reduce the pain. On the other hand sitting on hard surfaces for long stretches of time can also contribute to the development of hemorrhoids. Applying ice pack can also help relieve pain and swelling in severe case. Fiber helps to soften stools making their passage easier. Eat whole wheat bread that has high fibre content. Wearing tight clothing and underwear will also contribute to irritation and poor muscle tone in the region and promote hemorrhoid development. Avoiding red meat is something you may need to consider if you get hemorrhoids. Red meat is one food that is very tough to digest and can lead to difficult bowel movements. Avoid chocolates and spicy foods. You are the best judge about the effect of certain foods on your body and you need to take a call on the foods that may cause your body harm. Avoid prolonged sitting and/or standing at work or during leisure time. Take frequent short walks.

Finally, you will find that in some cases if the cause is removed the piles may disappear.

Concrete Lawn Ornament and Statue Repair

My husband and I owned a concrete lawn ornament business for 7 years. We bought a lot of concrete in North Carolina, packed it on a 30′ trailer, and drove up I 81 through Pennsylvania to get home in central New York. If anyone’s ever driven I 81, you know how bad the road surfaces are. Several pieces broke each trip no matter how well we packed them.

We found it quite necessary to learn to repair concrete while we were selling lawn ornaments. Each trip to the hardware store would bring home a new trial of another form of repair for the pieces. Different products would work best for different repairs.

Small holes – Quickrete Vinyl Concrete Patcher is available in powder and readymix patch repair. You can mix a small amount of the powder with water and stuff it into the hole. Whether you use the powder mix or the readymix, wipe any extra off the surface and let it dry thoroughly. You can sand the rough spots with sand paper.

Small cracks – Quickrete works well on the small cracks also. You can mix the powder a little thin. Squeeze the wet mix into the cracks and wipe off the excess.

Small piece broken off – Superglue works well to glue a small piece of concrete back onto concrete. Just make sure both surfaces are clean and fit together tightly. Hold in place until the superglue dries. Try to keep superglue off outside surfaces other than the break.

Large piece broken off – Bondo Body Filler – regular car Bondo – works the best. Bondo is available in red, blue, and grey. The grey is best if you can find it. The Bondo contains two containers and you mix the ingredients. The tube contains the color. The darker you make the color, the quicker the piece dries and sets up. Keep this in mind when you are mixing. You can file or sand off the excess. You will likely have to paint a piece after it has been repaired with Bondo to cover the repair.

Several pieces – When a concrete lawn ornament has broken into several pieces it is best repaired with Bondo.

When doing lawn ornament and statue repair, you will find that some products did not match up color as well as others, so this must be taken into consideration if you are not painting the piece after you repair it. You may want to paint a piece after the repair just to completely hide the repair.

Once a concrete piece is repaired properly, it is as strong as new. It’s great to be able to repair a damaged piece that you care a lot about.

Copyright 2006 Alice Scott

The Concept of Individuality

The concept of individuality states: “Every individual is born and endowed with a unique mind quality and content capable of producing independently from whatever humanity has seen”.

No two individuals are the same in their mind quality and content. Every individual is designed to develop his or her independent mind to the level of individualistic expressions. At the level of individuality, an individual becomes an independent thinker and producer. One who can express ideas, inventions, innovations, creations and discoveries no individual has ever exhibited.

Individuality in terms of independent creativity and productivity is the true identity of an individual. Each individual was to be known and identified by the expression of his/her individuality. Thus, despite the 6.2 billion people in the world, every one has his placement based on individuality.

Competition and strife between individuals exist as evidence of the ignorance of the concept of individuality. There is no competition at the level of individuality. Competition exists when men try to be like others, instead of developing their individuality and creating their own worlds.

By the expression of one’s mind quality and content, an individual can express ideas which can speak for him throughout successive generations. Names like Henry Ford, Isaac Newton, Galileo Galileo, John Gutenberg, Albert Einstein etc are remembered today because of the expression of their individualities in their different domains and times.

Individuality is a security against competition and inferiority. It is one’s trade mark. It is equally one’s leadership identity. The concept of individuality stems from the understanding that “Every individual is created unique to contribute independently from what ever humanity has seen”. 20 million people in a society are 20 million independent minds for unique and quality expressions.

If this concept is understood and pursued, there will be no society lagging behind in development. It is unfortunate that many living today are unable to express their individuality because of ignorance and the underdevelopment of their minds, thus, contributing nothing to the enhancement of their societies and humanity.

NB: Individuality is the ultimate measure of one’s mental development. At this level, one’s uniqueness is fully expressed.

Products of individuality

Individuality is the point of one’s independence. When one’s individuality is fully developed such an individual becomes an independent thinker and producer.

Independent Thinkers

Independent thinkers are individuals who think ahead of their societies and see ahead of their times. They are custodians of new ideas, insights, revelations, creations, inventions, innovations and discoveries needed both in their time and in the future.

The ideas of independent thinkers live longer than them.

Independent thinkers think independently from both societal and religious positions. In fact, they are providers of new directions for their generation. They are pioneers, pathfinders, road makers, trailblazers, and pacesetters.

With independent thinkers, a nation or society is constantly being invaded with new ideas and revelations which will take such a society or nation beyond her present breakthroughs.

Independent thinkers are needed when a nation or generation is plagued with stagnation and misdirection. They come to move their societies forward. Independent thinkers operate as reformers and revolutionaries. Their reformatory and revolutionary ideas provide knowledge for the next phase of things in their generation.

Independent thinkers are pioneers of new eras of civilizations within their nation and generation. They can alter the political, economic, social, religious and educational climate of a nation for the best.

For an individual to be a positive independent thinker, such must experience mind empowerment through illumination and regeneration.

Independent Producers

Independent producers are individuals whose creative works are incomparable with none other. They are providers of new inventions, discoveries and creations.

Throughout the history of human civilization, societies have developed through the immense contribution of independent producers. The industrial revolution in history owed its existence to the contribution of independent producers. The American and European societies have all evolved and emerged as world powers thanks to independent producers.

Independent producers are needed in every century to provide new amenities needed for the time. Their products replace old inventions.

The 21st century with its numerous challenges, demands for ‘hyper resourceful technocrats’, independent producers who will turn the tides of history and change the course of human civilization by their inventions. This can only be possible by the progress in mental development.

Important Roles of Feeder Pillars

Electrical connectivity at any property or premise must be well installed to ensure a complete safety for all types of traffic in and around the vicinity. Such electrical connections need to be established as the best of stringent supervisions to reduce dangerous and risks to safety.

Electrical appliances and wires must be properly stored and managed to avoid undesirable incidents. Hence, feeder pillars or power boxes are instrumental in any lighting environment, whether on the indoor or outdoor of any premise.


Feeder offers a distinct value of their presence at any environment to ensure that the installed electrical fuse are safely secured from the property to avoid any electrical mishap.

Although the feeder may seem simple with a metal box storing up some circuitry wires, they form an important protection platform for any property. These feeder pillars also function to hold more circuitry safely if there was a need to upgrade the circuit box for an increase power supply at the designated premises which usually happens with an increase in electrical appliances.

An experienced and well trained electrician would always recommend an appropriate feeder pillar box to house all the circuitry properly for greater lighting efficiency. The right feeder can assist in managing a huge power supply that comes through the wires safely with the proper fuses fixed and correctly labeled for easy identification.

Feeder pillars are also known as power breakers as they function to avoid any undesirable fire outbreaks or electric shocks. Their designs are professional in high quality to ensure a full functionality.


Feeder pillars need to be installed by the professional electricians who are trained, qualified and experienced with the functionality and local municipality’s requirements on safety and health in lighting conditions at any premise.

Hence, only approved pillars from appointed manufacturers should be installed to ensure a total compliance with the local authorities on lighting and electrical safety. There should be the label of approval by the right authorities on every feeder pillar who is to be installed in any premise, whether it is on the inside or outside of the property.

The best of positions should be identified in the installation of pillars who would avoid serious dangers to consumers around that area. The selected space should be clutter free to allow the electricians to work on repairs and maintenance easily and safely without incurring any potential danger or risk on other consumers.

Glucosamine: A Supplement for Healthy, Younger Looking Skin

Many people are familiar with the benefits of taking glucosamine for joint health. But did you know that applying this supplement to your skin could result in younger, healthier looking skin? Glucosamine is an amino sugar derived from glucose. If we break down the word “glucosomine” we see “glucose” the above mentioned sugar, a vital nutrient since our cells use it for energy and “Amine” indicates the presence of nitrogen. As we get older our body produces less and less of it. There are several complex forms of glucosamine. There is Glucosamine Sulfate and Glucosamine Hydrochloride, both helpful in joint health. There is also N-Acetyl Glucosamine (NAG). All of these forms are commercially produced from the outer shells of crustaceans.

Recent studies have found that the topical application of this supplement has demonstrable positive effects on the skin. N-acetyl glucosamine in combination with niacinamide, a water-soluble part of the vitamin B group, in particular, was found to be effective in reducing the appearance of dark spots (also known as “age spots”) on the face caused by sun damage and aid in preventing the formation of new age spots. This complex of NAG and niacinamide were more successful than when either supplement was used alone. Along with the improvement in pigment overproduction, skin tone and barrier function were seen to improve. Barrier function is the skin’s ability to construct a barrier to prevent environmental damage. Glucosamine HCL has been proven to help retain moisture and plump the skin.

One of the key components to healthy and vibrant skin cells is hyaluronic acid. It is the cement substance of the tissues which is a crucial ingredient in keeping the skin hydrated. Hyaluronic acid also contributes to maintaining the skin’s elasticity. As we age the amount of hyaluronic acid in our skin lessens causing wrinkles to form. These glucosamine complexes have also been clinically proven to stimulate the production of hyaluronic acid. Both the complex NAG and niacinamide and Glucosamine HCL have exhibited an increase in the secretion of collagen, the main supportive protein of skin. The physical consequence of this improved hydration is a reduction of the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles in the face, especially in the delicate skin around the eye. Glucosamine HCL has also aided in the treatment of psoriasis.

So if you are looking for a product to smooth your skin and help you look younger look for skin care lines that have a glucosamine complex as one of their ingredients.

Five Outstanding East Coast Resort Hotels You Should Visit Before You Die

Travel is frequently listed as one of the “must do” things on peoples’ lists, and resort hotels that not only pamper but also include natural beauty, history, great food, and lots of recreational opportunities are very attractive. Here’s the lowdown, in no particular order, on five of these resort destinations I’ve visited recently; they are located in the eastern part of the country, and some are offering enticing incentives during these tougher economic times (golf, tennis, pools, and spas are part of each location unless indicated):

1. The Greenbrier Resort, White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. Of the five hotels, I’d say this one has the prettiest lobbies and other public areas – colors such as peach and pink combine in magical ways to produce drop-dead gorgeous palettes. The resort became popular in 1778 because it was thought that the mineral waters had healing properties, and people flocked to “take the waters.” Located in the Allegheny Mountains on 6,500 acres, there are more than 700 rooms and 50 different activities you can attempt, including falconry, kayaking, and geocaching. Eight restaurants, ranging from jacket and tie to casual attire will address your culinary needs. Don’t miss: The Bunker Tour ($30/person), a hidden government enclave under the Greenbrier built to shelter Congress in case of a nuclear war. Rates begin at $99/person. Pet friendly? Yes, for an extra fee. (The resort is undergoing some changes – West Virginia businessman Jim Justice of Justice Family Group LLP recently has acquired The Greenbrier from CSX Corp.)

2. Nemacolin Woodlands Resort, Farmington, Pennsylvania. The ambience here is woodsier – after all, you are in 2,000 acres of the Laurel Highlands of Southwest Pennsylvania. The resort offers 335 rooms within its six different options – from lodge guest rooms to luxury homes. The property began as a private game preserve, was later used as a conference center, and took on its present character with its purchase in 1987 by the founder of 84 Lumber Company, Joseph Hardy III. The name of the resort honors Chief Nemacolin, a Lanai Lanape Indian. A few less-common activities include a shooting academy, dog sledding, and a bowling alley; you can also land your plane at the resort’s 3,900-foot airstrip. Dining ranges from elegant (jackets suggested) to casual with more than a half-dozen choices. Don’t miss: The Great Escapes E-Newsletter notifies you of upcoming activities, special promotions, and reduced rates. Rates begin at $319/person. Pet friendly? Yes, for an extra fee.

3. The Homestead, Hot Springs, Virginia. This National Historic Landmark was founded in 1766 (pre-Revolution), but according to the site’s timeline, archaeologists found evidence that the “hot springs” were used in 7000 BC! With 483 rooms on 3,000 acres in the Allegheny Mountains, miles of hiking trails, a 270-seat movie theater inside the resort, carriage rides, ice-skating and skiing, there is something for everyone year-round. Only 40 miles from the Greenbrier, you could try out both places over a long weekend. A number of restaurants, from formal to casual, will tickle your taste buds. Don’t miss: We’re beginner golfers, and played 9 holes on the Old Course, so named because it was completed in 1892 (we did schedule the last tee time so we wouldn’t delay anyone’s game). The Number 1 tee is the oldest tee in continuous use in the United States. Rates begin at $99. Pet friendly? Yes, for an extra fee.

4. Wentworth by the Sea, New Castle, New Hampshire. My parents are from the North Shore area of Massachusetts, and I love going to New England any chance I can. So, our July visit to this Marriott Hotel & Spa was eagerly anticipated, and I wasn’t disappointed. An hour north of Boston, this is the most easily accessible resort hotel among the five, with 161 rooms and views of the Atlantic. Wentworth by the Sea is close to Portsmouth, an historic, pedestrian-friendly city. The hotel itself was built in 1874, was closed in 1982, and, after many changes in ownership and its almost-demolition (two different times), it ultimately re-opened in 2003. Historically, the Wentworth is noteworthy as the venue for hammering out the 1905 Treaty of Portsmouth, which ended the Japanese-Russo War. Although the grounds are small compared to the first three hotels, golf is available at the adjacent Wentworth by the Sea Country Club, and a 170 slip marina is available for boaters. Dining includes the seasonal Latitudes restaurant by the marina, and the Wentworth Dining Room with a local emphasis (i.e. lots of offerings from the sea). Don’t miss: Portsmouth Harbor Cruise departing at Ceres Street (I’d recommend making reservations in the summer – a few walk-ups were turned away). About an hour and a half long, the Harbor Cruise offers lovely scenery, historical sites, and is fully narrated ($16/person). Rates at Wentworth by the Sea begin at $229. Pet friendly? Yes, for an extra fee.

5. The Wauwinet, Nantucket, Massachusetts. The Greenbrier had the prettiest public places, but the Wauwinet had the most charming rooms (all 35 of them) – each one unique yet elegant – ours had blue and white flowered wallpaper, a high antique pine bed, and a small but modern bathroom. The little extras were nice – especially nice turn-down service with yummy chocolates, personalized stationery, full breakfast included with room, the services of an excellent concierge (she knew us by name), and 4 p.m. port, sherry and cheese. The location of the Wauwinet, on the secluded end of the island between the bay and the ocean, lets you escape from it all, but with jitney service provided to town nine miles away you enjoy the best of both worlds. No pool at the Wauwinet and no golf on the premises, but it’s nearby. Now a member of Relais & Chateaux, the inn was built by two sea captains in 1876, and is only open from May until October. TOPPERS restaurant provides fine dining, and has won many culinary awards. We ate there twice -once for the formal dining, and once on the deck enjoying a spectacular sunset. Don’t miss: Use the Wauwinet’s bikes and pedal (about five miles) to ‘Sconset, a quaint oceanside fishing village dotted with historic cottages covered in roses. Rates can vary – a lot. We were originally going to go over Labor Day Weekend, but found that the price of a room was hundred of dollars less per night on the Tuesday/Wed/Thursday preceding the holiday weekend, so ASK (we were able to book a room for $250/night. Pet friendly? No, and guests (human) need to be over the age of 12.

Acrylic Floor Coating Vs Epoxy In The Garage

There are several choices if you want to apply a garage floor treatment so you can seal and protect your floor. Even though applying an acrylic garage floor coating can provide a great shine for a short time, it is really not durable enough to endure vehicular traffic. Acrylic floor coatings are made to cover different kinds of flooring like fired tiles, vinyl and even concrete but they are only designed for protection against light to medium foot traffic.

If you want to have full protection for the floor of your garage and additional anti-slip attributes, your best option would be to put on an epoxy coating which comes in two parts. Epoxy is an extremely strong and durable material which is made up of a resin and hardener. If you want to have an idea how hard the floor coating of epoxy is, imagine fiberglass products like leisure boats. They are epoxy— resin and hardener— applied over a woven mesh which is actually the structural support. The real hardness of the shell is shaped because of the chemical bond between the epoxy and catalyst triggered when the hardener is poured in.

It is so easy to apply an epoxy garage floor coating and you just have to schedule it on a weekend as a do-it-yourself project because it only requires two half days of real work. The first day is dedicated to cleaning and to degreasing the current surface of the floor. Begin these tasks by using a high quality degreaser product so that all or most of the remnants of petroleum are scrubbed off from the surface. Then, you have to use a detergent and stiff floor broom to clean off all the stains which are not taken off by degreaser. At this time, you spray water on the surface and see if water beads up. If there are beads, you have to degrease again and scrub this area more or else the epoxy will fail to bond. Then, you have to let it dry out over night, if possible using a space heater.

The next day, start the project by mixing a large enough amount of epoxy so you can cover at most a 6′ by 6′ area and spread it starting in the outermost corner from the door. Otherwise you will be painted literally into a corner. Spread out the mixture using a nap roller and, after this batch is applied, you should cast the non-slip material over the surface like the way you feed chickens. Continue repeating this step for every area until you cover the whole floor.