Golf Course Management – Developing a Strategic Approach to Golf

Course Management Techniques.

The better you get at golf, the more important the strategic aspects of the game become. But during your development and while you are working to improve, you should start exercising your golfers eye to look for opportunities to improve your play and ultimately your score. An often overlooked aspect of golf is course management. Course management is simply working your way around the golf course in a manner that avoids risks and focuses on playing high percentage golf. Much like the pool or billiards player, the ideal strategy is to execute a game plan in such a manner that you never leave yourself a difficult shot. A difficult shot in this context is a shot that provides high risk for a low reward or forces you to hit a shot that you are not comfortable hitting. Or more to the point, the goal is to never leave yourself a shot that you haven’t practiced before and are therefore not confident that you can pull it off. I acknowledge that this is easier said than done for most if not all of us. All the more reason to have a plan you are attempting to follow.

What Is The Relative Importance Of This With All The Other Golf “Stuff”?

You don’t hear much about golf course management, though, so how important is it to scoring? Ben Hogan was quoted as saying that an average swing and a disciplined approach to course management are enough to play pro golf. When combined with a good swing, it was possible to play winning golf! Hogan assessed at one point in his career that hitting the ball accounted for 20% and course management or the planning part of the equation an astounding 80%! In fact, reading between the lines of Hogan’s recommendations and beliefs reveals that he considered a bad shot not one which is mishit, because that is bound to happen during the course of a round. A bad shot to him was a shot that even if hit perfectly, would be no good because of the leave or the difficulty of executing the next shot. Hogan should know, as among the changes he credits with contributing to his success on the pro tour after nearly going broke for a third time was a disciplined course management approach. This approach transformed him from a struggling pro through early 1938 to its leading money winner for several years and a record of some 117 straight finishes in the money before being interrupted by World War II. Hogan rode course management hard until he achieved the breakthrough with his secret in 1946. Tom Watson considered it so important that he wrote a book dedicated to it. Finally, I should add that not every golfer believes in strict adherence to strategic play or adopting a relatively “dogmatic” approach to this element of the game. Ray Floyd obviously played strategically, but he did not like developing a set game plan ahead of time to attack a course, preferring to pick his spots based on his execution and to derive a strategy on the spur of the moment. His reluctance to do so was a temperament or personal issue. He knew his game very well and it “scrambled” his brain if he failed to execute according to his plan, having and adverse affect on his confidence. There are not many Ray Floyd’s out there, however, so if you reach this point in your development, congratulations. The rest of us should read on!

What Is Golf Course Management?

Have you ever played a golf course and taken note of where the bunkers or other hazards are in relation to the green? Of course you have, and you’ve probably also looked back from the green and noted that there was an easier way to play the hole from the perspective of the green. Maybe that view was not discernable from the tee. Or similarly, looked back from your tee shot and realized there was a lot more room than the architect disclosed from the tee. In simple terms, that is golf course management, e.g., the deliberate planning or approach and placement of your golf shots in consideration of the best way to play each hole. Note that there is almost always a best or easiest way to play most good golf holes. This is an element of the golf course design and often comes into play given the risk reward of a particular shot. Note well that this must be mitigated somewhat in consideration of the strengths and weaknesses of your golf game. For instance the Stonewall Golf Course in Gainesville is an excellent course with a great strategic design. The 18th hole, a par 5 of some 517 yards is best played from the tips by playing down the middle or short of the left side bunker, providing a good angle to the green and the option of playing safe over the water with a hybrid or long iron to the left side of the green and playing a little pitch or chip to the green. But there is a bunker on the right side of the fairway that keeps slices out of the water and if you can carry it about 265 yards or so you can blow it over the bunker and have no more than a 7 or 8 iron to the green. The par 5 5th hole is similar in design, but at 558 yards you have a bit of a challenge with a hybrid or long iron to a shallow green with water fronting the green. The risk reward calculus of the 18th hole is markedly different than the choice at the 5th hole, where the character of the round is likely still in question. Most players go for the 18th hole from just about anywhere, as the course has already eaten their lunch by this point in the round!

How Come I Haven’t Heard Much About Golf Course Management And What Are The Elements I Should Consider?

There are scores and scores of books about the golf swing and the elements of the swing, like putting, the short game, etc., but very few books on golf course management. Making golf course management a part of your golf “kit bag” can be as simple as making note of where the bunkers and other hazards are and simply avoiding them. But there is a reason the golf course architect put those bunkers there in the first place. In some cases the bunkers protect an errant shot from going out of bounds or getting into worse trouble. The most obvious bunkers protect the green by collecting errant shots left, right, short and long. The less obvious or more subtle bunkers protect the best approaches to the green. The best position to approach from is often referred to as the “A” position, or the “green” position, with the context of it being a green or go flag to shoot at as opposed to a yellow or caution flag or a red flag. Meaning a flag you would not shoot at without regard to your position in the fairway. On better courses you will likely find the so called “A” or green positions protected by a strategically placed bunker or protected by out of bounds (OB) or some other lateral hazard intended to catch wayward or aggressive shots played to open up the green . Some examples of the former type of bunkers include the stretch along the seawall on the 18th hole at Pebble Beach, where the bunker helps prevent balls from heading into the water. The 12th green at Augusta National has a bunker that protects the middle green approach, which narrows the green considerably because of the back greenside bunker and the speed of the green (as well as the wind and the pressure). Much like on holes 11 and 13, water and Rae’s creek provide natural protection that dramatically limits the options for approach shots. With the architectural changes done to Augusta in recent years, the best approaches to most greens are guarded by myriad bunkers positioned to catch the ideal tee shot. Laying up short of these bunkers forces the player to hit a longer iron that is difficult to hold on the fast greens and also difficult to hit to the best green positions. Flirting with the bunker risks a second shot that can’t reach the green because of the severe lip of the bunker. The 13th hole favors a draw off the tee, but overcook the tee shot and you face overhanging trees, pine cones, Rae’s Creek and an uneven lie with a narrow angle of attack to the green, which is compensated for somewhat by the shortened length along that angle of approach. The 6th at Carnoustie is a famous risk reward hole at 578 yards, with the “A” or green position a flat space on the left side of the fairway dangerously close to OB. Although he only played Carnoustie in the 1953 Open (British), the 6th is still known as Hogan’s Alley for the way he famously threaded the needle and hit the same area every day of the tournament and went for the green in two.

How Do I Make This Work for My Game?

There is nothing inherently difficult about implementing golf course management or strategic play in your own game. The key is to think differently about how you play holes that you may have played so often that you now hit shots without even thinking about strategy. Or maybe you don’t have sufficient control of the golf ball, so you feel it is not an element that would work for you. All the more reason to think strategically, as the judicious use of your limited strengths and the deliberate avoidance of your weaknesses could by itself improve your scores and make you a better golfer. A caution up front here is that nothing I am advocating should slow down the pace of your play: you should do most of the thinking prior to getting behind the ball and triggering your pre-shot routine. Do you have trouble hitting the ball different directions on demand, or do you favor a draw or fade as your predominate shot? You should have a default shot you can hit on demand with a preference or comfort level with one or the other type shot. Strategic play would be planning your shots in consideration of your predominate ball flight. So let’s say you are on the tee facing a 420 yard hole with bunkers left and right, out about 235 to 260 yards or so and the pin is in the back right narrow part of the green, protected by a deep bunker. All things being equal (e.g., wind, conditions, etc.), if you have assessed the hole properly, you likely took note of the “A” or green position just beyond and protected by the bunker on the left side. A good player would likely blow a wood over the left bunker to get the angle to the pin from the far left side, where a fade will then open up the green. A decent player might try to sling a driver or wood in from the right side, past the bunker, to leave a short iron or wedge with a good angle to the green. An alternative would be hitting a hybrid or 3 iron up the left side short of the bunker and then hitting a short iron (7 or 8 iron) to the middle of the green, playing a fade but taking the bunker out of play. What would you do? I can’t tell you the number of times over the years I have played with a golfer who in this situation hit a driver up the right side without even a second thought (because we were on the tee). Thus ensuring the worst approach to the green and bringing the bunker and the narrow part of the green into play. Even with the best tee shot given the circumstances, this play has managed to hit to the red position, e.g., a position from which you should not go for the pin. Tom Watson noted in his excellent book Tom Watson’s Strategic Golf that the golf course architect should require or dictate no more than about 5 heroic or challenging shots over 18 holes of golf. Watson was talking about challenges for the expert player and he was referring to the design of the course, not the position that players hit to voluntarily. In our above example, the non-thinking golfer who is not applying strategic play has managed to inflict a heroic or challenging shot on a golf hole that the architect likely believed was free from such challenges! Put a different way, the golfer has managed to play the hole in the most difficult manner possible! It is easy to see how such callous play can lead to frustration, bad shots and high scores. The player in our example likely bemoans the bad luck of hitting a great shot but ending up in a position from which it is impossible to attack the pin. Bad luck has nothing to do with it, as the play meets the criteria Hogan described over 60 years ago, namely, a shot that no matter the outcome was doomed from inception to be bad. How many times in a round do you take a club other than the driver off the tee to lay up to your favorite yardage? When is the last time you have considered the best approach to the pin before hitting your tee shot and adjusted accordingly? Finally, do you assess pins to determine whether you should be shooting for them or do you just aim at any old pin from any old place because that is how golf is played?


This article is a bit lengthy but touches on some important points about course management and strategic play. Look over the golf course the next time you play and see if you can discern how the course architect intended the hole to be played in consideration of the green, yellow and red approaches and corresponding pin positions. Prior to your next round, assess your play on a course you know well or the course you are about to play and think through your plan of attack to see if it is congruent with the challenges presented by the hole. Find the easiest path to the pin, or better yet, play with better golfers and watch them or ask them how they play certain holes. Take a playing lesson from your pro and pick his brain on this same subject. If you find that you are making holes harder than they need to be like our friend in the above example, map a strategy to change the way you play the hole. Finally, no article can help you with variations for every instance of play. I highly recommend the book above by Tom Watson as a primer to help think through approaching golf as a strategic game. There are a number of other good books that touch on the topic by Johnny Miller and Ray Floyd, among others.

Good Golfing! Mark Choiniere

Desk Lamps

This combination of functionality and looks is what makes desk lamps so popular.

To buy the best desk lamp for your room, there are several things to consider. The first thing is to take into account the style and décor of the room. Pay close attention to the accessories that flank the desk lamp. Then, select a lamp that blends in with all of these. Coordinate the style of the lamp with the rest of the articles in the room. Coordinate the color of the desk lamp with the primary colors you have used in the room. For instance, a brightly colored desk lamp would blend in beautifully with the pep and cheer of a colorful children’s room, but may look weird when placed in a room that is predominantly Victorian in style.

Choose desk lamps that best suit your requirements. Since it is used to provide illumination for activities like studying, reading or hobby work, make sure that the light capacity of the lamp you choose matches the intended purpose. Because desk lamps are accommodated on table tops, you need to keep the size of your table and space constraints in mind before selecting your desk lamp. If you are selecting table lamps for your children’s room, choose something that is sturdy and durable. Delicate lamps that look beautiful may simply be broken or damaged when the kids are in the mood for a pillow fight or a game of catch and run! On the other hand, a delicate desk lamp can greatly augment the look of a library or computer desk.

The highly sophisticated desk lamps available in the market today provide illumination minus the glare. To ensure this, choose lamps that cover the bulb properly. Depending on the purpose, you can choose a swivel headed desk lamp or go for the fixed type. Swivel headed types are more convenient if you need to change the direction and focus of the lights. Desk lamps come with various adjustments in the arms so you can elongate or reduce the length of the lamp as desired.

Before you buy the lamp, check on the power rating of the lamp. Simply changing the bulb to one with a higher power rating will only damage your lamp in the long run.

The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Installing Traffic Lights

When people think about a traffic light, there is usually the immediate association with a 3-lamp light with red at the top, yellow in the middle, and green at the bottom. However, public transport often uses a different kind of traffic light. This is in order to make sure that private traffic and public transport will not meet with a collision in terms of safety and priority. The shapes of public transport lights can vary in terms of letters and arrows, and contain different colored bars.

Traffic lights have a long history and the authorities experimented with various types of things until something was found to be of a superior focus. Nowadays, it is impossible to find a traffic light that does not have an arrangement of LED light bulbs. Halogen or incandescent bulbs were the most common ones found earlier, but the recent trend shows that the number of LED is steadily increasing everywhere each year. Halogen or incandescent lights are known to work for a shorter period of time and the intensity of the light is not as powerful as the LED. However, when LED was first introduced, there appeared one significant problem. In the midst of a heavy snowstorm, people in traffic might have problems to see which color is shining, since LED does not produce enough heat to melt the snow, unlike halogen or incandescent lights. Nevertheless, the advantages of LED are too great to go back to the predecessors. This is why a special heating element was created to ensure the safety of drivers and pedestrians.

There exists a huge difference between each region regarding how they mount or position traffic lights for the visibility of drivers and pedestrians. Some prefer to have traffic lights that are wire-mounted or have them installed in long gantries. The most common way is probably the traffic light which is mounted vertically or horizontally.

Some people are of the opinion that these lights do as much harm as good. It’s understandable as to why someone would be saying that. Quite a few engineers expressed their opinion and said that the safety of bicyclists and pedestrians is influenced by traffic lights but they can often be a reason for traffic delays. Moreover, some stoplights have detectors and these often do not function when a motorcycle, scooter, or a bicycle passes by. Since these types of vehicles do not have the same mass as a car, the sensors fail to detect them. This problem might cause a very serious traffic accident.

It is rather common among drivers to speed through red lights. Often, the penalty for this illegal action is quite harsh. It varies, depending on the country or state, but those who do not have the patience to wait will be fined or put in jail.

These lights have been developed to match the needs of the modern world, and it seems that the system we have now prevents accidents, and ensures the safety of people. However, some people still claim that there is room for improvement, and plan to push their ideas to improve the traffic system in the future.

The Advantages of Using Concrete and Jersey Barriers

It is often necessary to use barricades and barriers in different situations. They can be used to prevent access to restricted areas or to ensure that vehicular and pedestrian traffic moves in specific directions.

Often we see barricades being used to cordon off construction sites. In such cases crowd concrete barriers are used to promote safety and to ensure that visitors do not inadvertently move into risky areas. Also, when a special event takes place – say for a public meeting or sports meet – it becomes necessary to use barriers to ensure that the traffic moves in the right direction. In the absence of such barricades, an ugly traffic jam could result very quickly.

We have seen some examples of barriers being used as temporary measures. Similarly, on highways, there is often construction work going on, and it becomes necessary to cordon off a part of the highway to direct or restrict traffic. In such cases, highway concrete barriers are used for great effect. These measures can be temporary and the barricades can be removed as soon as the event is over, or the construction work is complete. Even on a regular or ongoing basis, people often use barriers to block access to certain areas. Barricades are also used to great effect as road dividers, and this can be for a long term.

There are several other uses to which concrete barriers have been put. For example, they can be used to block or stop out of control vehicles, or vehicles which are being chased. A barrier strategically placed in the path of the vehicle can bring the vehicle to a stop. These barriers can also be used to shore up sand piles or piles of debris.

Jersey barriers, as they are commonly called have also been used to great effect as noise control agents, particularly in construction sites. In a construction site, noise is a part of the scheme of things. If these barriers are placed strategically around the noise pollution area, they tend to absorb much of the noise and thus act as sound control agents.

These barriers have their origin in the construction industry and are produced in many different designs to suit specific requirements. However, their use has spread out much wider than just the construction industry, into many different areas of life. Construction barriers are indeed a great boon to many industries and businesses.

Job Satisfaction Of Employees In Spinning Mills


A job is a part of one’s life and such work not only physical needs are fulfilled through monetary gain but also giving psychological satisfaction. It is the work and through it the individual finals opportunities for the satisfaction of many of his social personal needs.

The term job satisfaction refers to an individuals general attitude toward his or her job. A person with high level of job satisfaction holds positive attitude toward his job while a person who dissatisfaction with his job holds negative attitude towards his job.

Most manufacture believes that satisfied employees are more productive than dissatisfied employees. A sound human ensures management based on norms of social welfare contribute sub statically to better employee relations, high productivities and consequently better predictabilities it an organization.

The term job satisfaction not only covers the satisfaction derived from the job by labourers but their surroundings. Supervisor and managers, his way of approaching and handling the labourers to a accomplish the particular job, nature of the communication, workplace, work particulars etc.

It one company wants to sustain permanently in the market that concern should work with ‘satisfied employees’. Satisfied employee not only increases the company’s corporate status in around the society but also increase the social value. All actions and creation if the company normally nit the merle goes down, it automatically tells us that the company is working with satisfied employees should be placed in high politics and promulgation of the top management, because job satisfaction the employee is not in the hand of the employee. So top management must take serious steps for satisfaction and development of employee.

The concept of satisfaction came into light after the famous ‘Hawthorne studies’ these studies were concluded to fadeout the nature of relationship between improvement in productivity. Prior to these studies researcher believe that these was a direct relationship between working environment and workers efficiency. The; Hawthorne studies’ indicated that there is no such direct relationship between the two but that the relationship is indirect mediated by the workers attitude towards work, work situation.

The industrial revolution has been the revolution not only in technology but also in human relation as technology grew, more and more complex people become more dependent on one another and the problem of working together becomes. Trouble some the workers started to recognize their needs and these workers organized themselves to light with the management to satisfy some of their needs like working conditions, working hours etc.

At this stage the government also realized the problem of the industrial workers and the way the exploited by the employers. So that the government passed some social basis lotions for the protection of workers from the clutches of employers.

In the middle of the 19th century, Indian capitalists started participating in Industrial Development. Cotton Textile Industry, Iron and Steel Industry, Sugar etc were set up and developed. Till 1923, the Government did not show any positive interest in the development of industries. But in 1924, it introduced the system of protection to encourage deserving industries. Under this system, the Government selected a few industries and protected them against foreign competition. The protected industries naturally developed very fast.

The shyness of Indian capital, lack of enterprise, absence of technical skill and comparative inefficiency of labour were important factors responsible for slow industrial growth in India during the past. Besides, there was no proper planning for balanced growth of industries in the country

After Independence

After Independence, India has made remarkable progress in the industrial field. Industrialization has been sped up since 1951, when the first five-year plan was introduced. Capital goods industries have been given great importance and strong foundations have been laid for the development of these industries. Many of the major industries like cotton and jute, textiles, coal etc., have made considerable progress since Independence. With the setting up of several new industries like fertilizers, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, rubber, oils etc many of the gaps in industrial production have also been filled up.

History of Spinning Industry

For thousands of years the distaff and spindle was the only tool used for spinning. Up to the 1500’s the spinning wheel, was the only tool in Europe. This spinning wheel did not make yarn strong enough for thread.

As the textile industry developed in England and Western Europe, manufacturers employed women to spin and weave at home, an arrangement known as cottage system. Even after spinning became mechanized (a development that marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution), family clothing and household textiles were often woven from home spun yarn.

The first of several machines that revolutionized the spinning industry was the Spinning Jenny of James Hargreaves, invented about 1764. The next invention was Richard Arkwright’s Spinning Frame, the first power driven textile machine, patented in 1769. In 1779 Samuel Cromption introduced his hand-operated Spinning Mule, which combined the best features of Jenny and Frame and produced yarn both fine and strong.

In 1793, Hannah Slater, founder of the first cotton spinning mill in the United States-developed a plied thread (several yarn twisted together) that was strong and could be made by machine.

Steam power in the spinning industries was applied first to the Spinning Frame (1785) and later to the Spinning Mule (1800). Mechanisation in the 19th century increased production efficiently.

Definition of Job Satisfaction

Various authors have given Different of job satisfaction. Hoppock ‘ describes job satisfaction as “any combination of psychological and environment circumstances that cause any person truthfully to say that I am satisfied with my job”.

Lock (1976) defined job satisfaction as “a pleasurable of positive emotional state, resulting from the appraisal of one’s job experience.”

B. Hallen Gellmor defines job satisfaction in the following words “it is the result of various attitude the persons hold to wards related factors and towards like in general.”

Role of Industrialization in developing Economies

India is a mixed economy where State Government and private enterprises exist. Industrialization has a major role to play in the economic development of developing economies. Modern industry could directly or indirectly raise the productivity of the labour force and increase output and income. Raising incomes are expected to increase the volume of savings which could create more investment in industry. This progressive spiral could lead the economy from ‘take off’ into ‘self-sustaining’ growth.

Industrialization could also boost up the demand for agricultural produce, since it could lend to more employment and more purchasing power with the people resulting in greater demand for agricultural produce. Myrdal call these effects as “spread effects” through the changing in demand and in supply. As a result of domestic investment which lead to improve demand side in the supply side, there could be ‘spread effect’ due to reduction in the cost structure of industries as industrial growth gathers momentum.

Private enterprise may be praised for this development. Through planning of economic resource, provision of finance, granting of protection, expectation of internal and external markets, and through securing foreign aid, the Government of India has laid the foundation for solid industrial progress in the country.

Cotton Textile Industry

In India Textile Industry is the most important industry providing employment to large number of people next to agriculture. The textile industry has pioneered the growth of modern industrial consciousness in the country. A large number of established entrepreneurs like Tatas Birlas and Mab atlas started their entrepreneur’s career with cotton textile industry. After gaining sufficient experience in these industries, they branched out into a large number of other industries.

The real foundation of the cotton textile industry was laid in 1818 when a cotton mill was set up in Calcutta. After 1954 many more mills were started in Bombay, Ahmedabed, Sholapur and Nagpur. There were over 800 textile mills in the country which produced over 1260 million kg of yarn and over 4140 million meters of cloth in 1982.

A cotton mill in Madras could necessarily serve the Tamil Nadu region much more effectively than a mill from Mumbai or Ahmedabad. This was the reason for Tamil Nadu to become an important centre (of cotton textile) in textile industry.

The primary division of the cotton textile industry in this country can be classified as spinning mills, composite mills, power looms and handlooms.

Spinning Mills

50 years ago there were only 107 spinning mills in India. Rapid development of spinning mills lead to the increase in production of cotton yarn. At present, there are 1565 spinning mills in India. India is the biggest yarn exporter with a share of 28% of the world market and is known for the quality of its fine count cotton yarns.

Download Free Game For PSP Instantly

PSP has been so popular today, it is probably the most popular game console in the world right now. You can download free game for PSP online. With the technology of internet, free PSP games download is easy to find, but it does not necessarily mean good.

If you are about to download free PSP games, you will come across several options:

Download Free Game for PSP – option 1

You can use the incredible search engine and type in “download free game for PSP” to find the game you are looking for.

It should show you a lot of relevant results. You will see a lot of websites appear before you that are offering you to get free games for your portable Sony console.

However, this is not the best choice that Portable Play-station fanatics will risk, not only because the download speed is slow but as well as viruses and spyware threat that can potentially damage your computer and console.

Download Free Game for PSP – option 2

You can get the free games download on certain website that requires you to pay $5 or less for lifetime access. These kind of website is a website of software or content exchange, which is illegal.

They do not guarantee that their files are safe and undamaged and you will also download at a very low speed.

Many people have tried and they only found very less games that are available for your console. This is again not an option for us or you in particular.

Download Free Game for PSP – option 3

You do not need to lose hope because the best is coming at last.

PSP download website is the best solution for Portable Play-station owners, why?

Because it serves only us, the Portable Play-station owners, all contents like games, movies, music, wallpapers, emulators and software are only for Portable Play-station.

The interesting thing is that we can get a live support to help us when we are having trouble downgrading, upgrading, or anything that involved our console.

And the price is a one time fee of $40 for life time access, this is the reason why a lot of Portable Play-station owners claim this is where they can download free games for their Portable Play-station console.

If you would like to save money, download fast, save time searching for the games, legal, and safe, visit Download Free Game For PSP to read about the most popular PSP download website.

Carpet Squares – What You Absolutely Need to Know Before Shopping

Are Carpet Squares a good option for floor covering? With so many different options, what do you need to know about Carpet tiles and Squares to make a great purchase? Carpet Tiles or Squares have been around a long time. I remember my parents using carpet squares in our basement 35 years ago as a cheap way to cover the concrete floor for a play area. However, squares and tiles have come a long way in the flooring market since then.

Carpet Squares and Tiles, manufactured from carpet goods, are used most commonly in the Do-It-Yourself market segment. A very typical use is in a playroom. Other areas that you will see Carpet Tiles installed are bonus rooms, basements, and spare rooms. Almost anyone can install these themselves with a level, clean floor and a sharp carpet knife!

Many tiles and squares now have an integral padding with an underside that has a tacky finish to keep the tile in place. To install, you simply start with a level layout and work your way throughout the room. Not only are they easy to put down, but if one ever gets soiled enough that needs changing, you simply pull it up and replace it with a spare (hint, buy extra when you purchase to have extras later on down the road, you will thank me later!).

The most predominant and popular carpet squares come in 18″x18″ tiles and have a residential look and feel of a cut pile or trackless design carpet. You will see a variety of different yarns used in manufacturing ranging from Nylon to Polypropylene. Another type of square available is a commercial loop design. This commercial style will usually come in 3’x3′ squares and have a little heavier rubbery backing than the residential styles. You can use either one depending on the look and style you like.

If you are using a solid tile, consider doing a checkerboard design! A checkerboard design looks great when down and can give a room a little more flair than just a solid square. If you don’t like the uniform look of the checkerboard layout, try mixing two colors in the squares to create a contemporary design. You can do this by using a primary color square for about 60-70 percent of the room and then randomly use another contrasting colored square every thirf or fourth tile you install.

When shopping for Carpet squares and tiles keep in mind this hint, convert the price per square foot to price per square yard (take the price per square foot and multiply by 9). The price per square foot may be a little deceiving. For example, if the tiles are $3.00 a foot, that’s $27.00 a yard! For $27.00 a yard you can get much better carpet and padding including installation for less money. Just keep a watchful eye out for the discounted deals under $.99 cents or so per foot if you are looking for an inexpensive solution. The concept of using carpet squares centers around being able to do it yourself, not necessarily saving a lot of money on the materials. Don’t get me wrong, you can find great deals out there, just be sure you make an informed decision when looking at options.

Exclusive Pumping for a Nine Month Old Baby

There are many reasons that you might be exclusively pumping for a nine month old baby. Your baby may never have latched on, and you don’t want to give formula. Or maybe your baby has gotten teeth and nursing has become uncomfortable. Whatever the reason, there are several things to consider when exclusively pumping for a nine month old baby.

You may be concerned about your supply and whether you are pumping enough milk for your baby. One good thing about exclusively pumping for an older baby is that they are eating solid food, which takes a bit of the pressure off of you as their sole food source. However, if supply is still a concern, you need to assess how often you are pumping and for how long.

The general guideline that should be followed is a total of two hours of pumping every day. This can be spread out from anywhere from one pump per day to ten pumps per day. However, with a nine month old baby, most women see the best results with somewhere between three and six pumps per day.

Ideally, these pumps would happen at times that would allow you to get a full night’s sleep without interruptions. However, if you are struggling with low milk supply, you may see better results if you pump between 1 and 5am, as prolactin levels are highest during this time.

As mentioned above, when you are exclusively pumping, you should be pumping for two hours per day. So, the amount of time that you spend pumping depends on how many pumps per day you do. If you pump three times per day, each session should be about 40 minutes. If you pump six times per day, each session should be about 20 minutes, and so on.

One difficult thing about exclusively pumping with a nine month old baby is that they are mobile! When you are alone with your baby, and you need to pump, there are a couple of tricks that you can use. The first is to use a hands-free bra to hold the pump in place so that your hands are free to tend to your baby. However, some babies want to grab and play with the equipment, which makes things difficult. One solution to this is to put your baby in his highchair and sit next to him while you pump and read him a book or play with small toys.

5 Fast Lose Weight Tips For People With Endomorph Dominant Body Types

By the way endomorphs are people that were born with a slow metabolism, and since their bodies are very efficient and need very few calories to maintain their current body weight it is very easy for them to gain weight when they consume more calories than they can burn during the day.

Before I give you these 5 fast lose weight tips I would like to mention that all my strategies are focused on helping you to burn unwanted body fat while simultaneously helping you to maintain your lean muscle mass. This is a very important distinction because this is the type of approach that eventually leads to permanent fat loss.

Since most folks are focused on losing scale weight they might not even be aware that they are losing 80% muscle and water from their bodies and only 20% actual body fat. This is why if you are serious about reaching your ideal weight and you have a burning desire to create a body you can be proud of, then it is a good idea for you to start measuring your body fat percentage on a weekly basis.

This can be done using a skin-fold caliper, or you can have a specialist test you, but whatever approach that you choose to use, make sure that this becomes something that you actually take advantage of if you want to produce irreversible, long term weight loss success.

With that said, let me give you the 5 fast lose weight tips:

1) Stay focused on consuming the amount of calories that your body can realistically burn during the day. This number should be calculated using your lean body mass.

2) Make sure that you consume mostly (90%) natural, unprocessed, and unrefined complex carbohydrates, lean protein and good dietary fat in every meal during the day. Use a macronutrient ratio that produces the best results based on split testing.

3) Drink plenty of water during the day, and consume alcohol moderately. It is also a good idea not to eat food before, during, or after consuming alcohol. This is one of the major fast lose weight tips because while your liver is metabolizing alcohol, the digestion and utilization of carbohydrates, proteins and dietary fats, is put on hold.

…and if you have a slow metabolism, obviously this will lead to fast weight gain.

4) Make it a habit to use aerobic exercise on a daily basis. The best approach is to use something that is easy to sustain like walking outside or inside on a treadmill. The fact is that to create permanent fat loss, all you have to do is burn the most total calories while doing a physical activity that you can do on a regular basis.

5) To maintain your lean muscle mass it is very important to use some type of resistance exercise at least three times per week. In this area simple and easy exercises done at home or in the gym produce the best long term results.

These 5 fast lose weight tips can help you to produce impressive results as long as you have a burning desire to actually create the body of your dreams. Because, if you do not have a single-minded focus on reaching your ideal weight without quitting or giving up, it will be very difficult for you to do what you have to do on a daily basis to bring this end-result into reality.

Good Vibrations For Thyroid Problems – The Link Between Your Thyroid and Your Voice

What you are about to read is a new theory about the cause, and prevention, of thyroid disease. We believe a simple lifestyle issue that characterizes modern life is leading to thyroid dysfunction. It’s something you can test for yourself, on yourself. And the concept itself will change the way science thinks about thyroid function.

If correct, this theory has the potential of significantly reducing the need for thyroid medication, and may help prevent thyroid disease, potentially causing significant loss of revenue for the multi-billion dollar thyroid treatment industry. This information is therefore being shared directly with the public without peer review, since the peer reviewers are part of that treatment industry.

The issue has to do with a commonly known feature of the thyroid, something which everyone knows about the thyroid, but has failed to recognize as a significant feature. It has to do with the location of the organ.

The thyroid is located directly beneath and partly around the thyroid cartilage, or the Adam’s apple, in the throat. Tilt your head back and feel for the most prominent cartilage sticking out. That’s the Adam’s apple. Underneath it is your thyroid gland, shaped like a butterfly.

While the thyroid is on the outside of the Adam’s apple, on the inside is the larynx, or voice box. You can tell this by placing your hand on your thyroid and humming. Try this. Hum by saying, “MMMMMMMMM”. Then say it louder and louder, until you are yelling. You will feel your thyroid vibrating. The louder you hum, the more it vibrates.

What happens to the thyroid when it vibrates? The thyroid is filled with a gel-like material that is the storage form of thyroid hormone. The gel releases hormone when the thyroid is massaged, which is why massage therapists avoid throat massages for hyperthyroid patients. There have also been medical studies that show certain types of occupational vibrations cause injury to the thyroid. The thyroid is clearly affected by vibration.

It is logical, then, to conclude that the vibration of the thyroid by using your voice also stimulates the release of thyroid hormone. This is a natural mechanism the body has for thyroid stimulation. This would also explain why Nature has designed the thyroid to be surrounding the voice box. In its wisdom, Nature developed a way that our activity level can influence our thyroid function.

That makes sense when you consider the function of thyroid hormone. This hormone is responsible for overall metabolic rate. Too much thyroid hormone, and you essentially burn up. Too low, and you can’t get your fire started. So when your life is full of excitement and stimulation, and you talk, sing, or yell a great deal, your thyroid gets stimulated to release more hormone, stoking your fires and keeping your energy up. When you have times of being restful and quiet, your voice gets a rest and your fire gets turned down.

The throat is essentially functioning as an activity indicator, since activity is usually associated with using one’s voice. We are social animals, and our activities usually involve other people with whom we communicate by using our voice. And this is true for other social animals, as well. Groups of social animals keep in constant vocal contact with one another, whether it is geese honking, chickens clucking, dogs barking, or humans chatting. In all mammals and most vertibrates, the thyroid gland is associated with vocal structures.

Which raises a question regarding mute humans. If the thyroid is stimulated by vocalizing, and if the person is mute, then you would expect that person to have an understimulated thyroid. Indeed, that is the case. One of the common problems mute children face as they grow up is their thyroid gland does not function properly, and they soon are put on lifetime thyroid medication.

But what if these mute children had their throats vibrated for them, perhaps by some voice simulator? Or what if they had their thyroids massaged? Surely, something could be done to replace the lost stimulation caused by mutism. Unfortunately, the link between vocalization and thyroid function is not considered, so these therapeutic alternatives to drugs are not tried.

Of course, mutism is the extreme case of underutilization of the voice. What about the millions of speaking people, mostly women, who are being told they have low thyroid and need lifetime medication and doctor visits? Could some of these people be underutilizing their voices, too? Are people these days not speaking as much as they used to?

When you think about the reality of modern life, that could certainly be the case. For example, people used to talk to each other in person or over the telephone. Now, they email instead of using the phone. We can communicate with people all over the world, but that communication is electronic, not vocal. Then there were the evenings, not long ago, when people used to sit together and read books aloud, tell stories, and sing songs. People made their own entertainment, and this usually involved using their voices. Now, people silently listen to iPods, watch videos, or surf the Internet. We now consume entertainment, instead of making our own.

We also have less exposure to other people in our daily lives. Many jobs today involve little contact with other people, except over the computer. And more people are working at home, further reducing interpersonal contact. More people are living alone, too, due to record divorce rates and a general trend towards single living. For many people, there’s just nobody to talk to.

These people may be suffering from their silence by having an understiomulated thyroid. They may benefit from singing, huming, massaging their throats, or even letting a purring cat caress their throats. They need throat stimulation to keep their fires burning.

On the other hand, there are those who overuse their voices, and overstimulate their thyroids. Hyperthyroidism is associated with stress, and many people who have stress in their lives yell. Yelling really vibrates the thyroid, and could cause vibrational injury. This could cause too much hormone to be released, resulting in temporary hyperthyroidism until the vibrational injury can heal. In fact, most cases of high thyroid get better by themselves, assuming the doctor hasn’t already destroyed the thyroid with radioactive iodine or surgery. We have already recorded several case histories of people who developed hyperthyroidism after experiencing months of stress that included intense fits of yelling.

So that’s the great discovery. The thyroid vibrates when you use your voice, and this stimulates the thyroid to secrete hormone. It is another axis for thyroid hormone control, along with the well recognized feedback mechanism from the brain’s hypothalmus and pituitary. It is something that is obvious, and yet has gone unrecognized by medicine. Perhaps telling a patient to talk or sing more is not something that fits well into the medical pharmacopeia.

Of course, this theory still needs more research. Despite its sensibility and the supporting evidence briefly mentioned above, there need to be biochemical studies. But these studies will have to be funded, and drug companies, and the government agencies they influence, will probably not be interested in funding them (and if they are, beware of the results!) Fortunately, you do not have to wait for the medical industry to considers these comments, (and the potential impact of this information on drug revenues and professional fees.) You can start singing right now, unless, of course, you have high thyroid, in which case you may want to whisper for a while.

And tell your friends, especially those who are depressed, quiet, and told they have low thyroid. This is something they can shout about.

Building a Custom Boat Seat

Boat seats are often very expensive and it is not so easy to find them cheap. I spent a lot of time surfing the internet to find seats for my last boat building project. I am a big DIY fan and there is quite a lot of things that I already built for my boats.

I started looking for an online tutorial on building a custom boat seat but had no luck finding it so I decide that I will try to build seats for my boat on my own. I had drawn a few sketches of how I wanted my seats to look like and started to calculate the amounts of materials needed for the job.

I planned everything very well so at the and I came up with this great tutorial with all the answers provided for those of you who would like to build you custom boat seats. Not only you can save a lot of money by doing this yourself but you will find out that the same skills are used to make yourself new kitchen or bar chairs.

I used some marine graded plywood to build a frame for my seat and additionally protected it with some marine paint and this presented a basic construction for my seat. I bolted an aluminum rod to the bottom side of the seat that is later used as the seat’s leg. I then bought some artificial leather and cut out a shape of my frame and an additional 8 cm wide tape.

I then used a normal sewing machine and some polyester thread to sewn the top seat cover. Between the plywood frame and the seat cover I put a 5cm green seating foam. I then used a stapler to attach the foam to the seat frame with stainless steel staples an also to attach the final top seat cover to the frame.

To give my product a final touch I stapled black artificial leather cover to the back of the seat frame to hide the painted plywood.

I took my about two days to make two custom boat seats for my new boat I was rebuilding at the time and they came out very nice.

Benefits Of Using Mobile Apps In Early Education For Children

The real advantage of using mobile apps is that they help in connecting people without much hassle. You might wonder about how something so advanced as a mobile app can help in early education for children. It’s true that kids of this generation are nowhere like us when we were of that age. However, a Smartphone itself is just too much for someone of such a tender age – leave aside using an advanced mobile app. So how can these two completely bipolar things come together to create something effective and fruitful?

Before we go ahead with the discussion, let me ask you: what do you think mobile apps do? Are they beneficial only for reserving a seat in a restaurant and catching the trending celebrity gossips, or do they actually have something seriously constructive to offer? Not all apps get designed for providing entertainment; there are also some which (if used effectively) can do a great deal of good. Let’s take a weather forecast app, for instance. Once you use the app to check the weather forecast in the morning, you can plan and schedule your work for the later hours. Similarly, there are many educational apps which are getting regularly used in schools and colleges.

Let’s come to the apps that get specially designed for kids who haven’t yet started going to schools. The use of these apps in sync with the traditional mediums of early education might turn out as an important paving stones for pre-schoolers. This is the time of mental growth for kids aged between 3 to 6, and these apps can come in handy to a great extent. Let’s have a look at how apps are beneficial in early education:

#1. Learning Is Fun

These apps successfully testify the concept: “learning is fun“. These are specially designed for kids, and therefore, put extra emphasis on maximizing engagement. In this way, kids will keep on learning without even realizing it. These apps are full of entertainment, and they also strengthen the knowledge base.

#2. Portability

Apps are portable because mobile devices are portable. And this is one of the major reasons why there is a huge surge in its popularity. Are you waiting in the airport lounge for a flight with your kid? Hand him over your Smartphone and let him enjoy. He can sit down and practice a little math or science. In short, an educational app is no less than a portable classroom.

#3. Apps Are Interactive

We all love to learn new things once there is a proper interaction. Have you ever wondered why online games are so popular? It is because of the achievements that get unlocked with each level passed. This makes gamers want to know what’s more they can get in the next level, and thus, they get addicted. Similarly, most of the educational apps offer virtual rewards once a level gets completed. And kids love to get rewards, don’t they?

#4. Tracking The Progress

There are some educational apps which allow the user get updates and feedbacks about the progress of his kid. These are like assessment reports we used to get in school. And with the report, you can easily check how the app is helping your kid to improve his skills.


There are many educational apps out there in the market. Make a search in Google to know which are the most popular and high-rated apps. Once you’ve found what you are looking for, download them on your Smartphone via the app stores.

Enhanced ESP, Telepathy, and Mysticism in People With Autism

Evolving Opinion

I would like to reiterate that I do not claim to understand the process that I have been involved in. It needs further study. My autistic Students have been my teachers. The more I experience, the more I realize how little I know. When I am involved in joining, I sense we are writing in tandem. The same is true when I transcribe what I receive. It feels like a meditative dance where we serve as intermediaries for each other.

I sense, that many of the kids I have worked with are intellectual and spiritual savants. But because of their significant language, movement, and sensory issues, the untrained eye does not recognize them. Due to these difficulties, many of my students appeared physically uncomfortable. This discomfort may have encouraged them not to fully integrate in their bodies, which in turn allowed for a stronger connection with the subconscious or spirit. Coming from this higher vibration, where all information is instantaneous and not dependent on sensory channels, appears to be their reality.

My students appear to align with my energy field in a way that allows them to feel comfort- a form of entrainment that enables them to subdue their own chaotic flow and lower their vibrations to a level that balances their knowing – to a point where they can express a stream of consciousness. I speculate that I serve as a bridge to help them understand our communication system and they serve as my bridge for increased understanding of mystical states. Thus far, I have not become proficient in their world, nor have they in mine. But, I believe, we both have benefited from the entanglement. I speculate that it it is possible that our two energies formed together could be forming a third distinct vibration that is a combination of the two, similar to binaural beats or a chemical change.

When I am “sending” mental prompts; many of my students transcribe information without being able to demonstrate typical concrete awareness. Since, I am able to anticipate what they are going to type, I am fully aware that information being transcribed can be influenced by my personal bias. I still have difficulty discerning the emanating source of the dialogue. Although I believe much is initiated by the conscious and subconscious mind of the typist. and some I believe is a channelled experience of higher spiritual thought forms, I continue to share authorship.

I hope that remaining open to ever-evolving changes in perspective will eventually lead us to something profound and valid to explore. I speculate that our understanding of telepathy and vibration connections, with the help of these remarkable people is about to evolve. It is mind-boggling stuff that demands further explanation.

Amateur Surfboard Choices – 5 Crucial Guidelines

Surfing is one of the most enjoyable sporting activity and it has acquired immense popularity these days. When people first start out one of the most important things they are going to need is a surfboard. Surfboards for beginners is quite different from the surfboards that are designed for professionals. Read on to find out more about what makes a good surfboard for beginners.

1. Fiberglass or Foam

All surfboards are not equal or shaped the same or made out of the same material. Learners need a surfboard that offers good buoyancy. Surfboards that are made out of foam material floats well on water and thus are best suited for newbies. Foam surfboards or foamies are usually carved out of a single long piece of foam. These boards are thick and have great flotation so they are perfect for beginners. They are also soft so falling on them isn’t quite so painful. Poor performance is the only disadvantage of such type of surfboards. Pop out surfboards are manufactured in a factory assembly line. Such type of surfboards have a core structure made out of foam on top of which there is a thick fiber glass coating. This makes them quite heavy however they provide good stability over the water and can be used for a very long time. Getting hit with one hurts! Pop outs can be used both by beginners as well as skilled surfers. They are not very expensive. Custom boards are pricy and made to order so they’re best suited only for those professional surfers.

2. Length and Shape

The length and thickness of the surfboard matters a lot. Surfboard that is long and thick will offer better flotation. These type of surfboards are not suited for experienced surfers but they are a good choice for newbies. As per the recommendations of surfing experts, beginners need to use pop outs which are three feet longer than their height. Foam boards are constructed in a manner which makes their length less important but generally adults are recommended to use a foamy which is eight feet long and for children it needs to be at least six feet long.

3. Rent a Board

You can actually rent a surfboard from just about all surf shops and surfing schools all have rentals as well. Instead of spending money purchasing a new surf board, you can actually rent a low performance beginner surf board from these sources and make use of them until you gain some experience in surfing. Once you have gained experienced and you are sure that you want to continue with the sport, you should purchase a brand new one for yourself.

4. New or Used

You can buy a used surfboard for a much lower price than brand new ones. You can easily find a good beginner surfboard from a secondhand surfboard market. Shop around at local surf spots or on the web.

5. Surfing Accessories

Surfboards for beginners are the main piece of equipment which people learning the sport will require but there are accessories which can help make the sport safer and more enjoyable. Before getting a good balance on the surfboard, learners tend to fall a lot and therefore it is an excellent idea to have a leash to keep them connected with the board so that they don’t have to chase them after each fall. It should be about the same length as their board. To provide good traction for the feet on the slippery surface, all kinds of surfboards are coated with a layer of surf wax on the top deck but foamies are an exception. Surfers may need a wetsuit to keep themselves warm and comfortable while they are surfing in cool waters.

How Shoko Tendo’s Tattoos Transformed Her Life And Inspired Mine

Simply Magical. It is not everyday that a book inspires you with so much courage and strength to face the difficulties in your life.

The book which I am referring to is Yakuza Moon, which was written to reflect the life story of the author Shoko Tendo. Born in 1968 into a family headed by a yakuza or Japanese gangster Dad, she underwent an arduous upbringing after falling into bad company at a tender age. Descended from medieval gamblers and outlaws, the yakuza were long portrayed as latter-day samurai, bound by traditions of honor and duty while living extravagant lives. Dad was the gang leader linked to the Yamaguchi-gumi, the largest yakuza group, led a “classic” yakuza life replete with Italian suits and imported fast cars.

To be fair, Dad never really spoke about his yakuza business while at home and brought Tendo up to have impeccable manners.

But surrounded by bad influences, Tendo flunked her early school education, morphed into a yanki or teenage gangster and lost her virginity to her first boyfriend when she was barely in junior high school. And as if life wasn’t tough enough, she became addicted to thinner-sniffing and “speed” or marijuana, and ended up in a reformative centre after getting caught in a gang fight.

Eight months later, she was released only to learn that Dad fell seriously ill with tuberculosis. Her family was in total shambles cowering from daily visits by rowdy debtors amid mounting debts. In a state of numbness and denial, she continued her regular fix of drugs, mixing with bad company, suffered from multiple rape incidents and engaged in casual sordid sex in “love hotels”.

In short, she had become a total rebel drifting aimlessly from day to day, and – get this – she was barely eighteen then. It was the kind of growing pains that would move any reader to tears.

Life for Tendo then took on a different perspective at age twenty-one when she was bundled into a tattoo shop by an old acquaintance. Though she was exposed to irezumi or full-body tattoos throughout her life, it was the first time she had felt so deeply about skin art. Transfixed and true to her character, she impulsively decided to get herself tattooed from the base of her neck down to the tips of her toes, with a design centered on a geisha with a dagger in her mouth. And on each of her arms was a tattoo of dragons.

Strangely, since getting the tattoos, her attitude took on a complete change and a whole new meaning. Such was the emotional power and influence of tattoos that they can turn a person ravaged by a rough upbringing around overnight. Literally, empowerment came when she had herself tattooed.

Then on her twenty-second birthday got married to a yakuza member who had to chop off his left pinky in order to prepare for his marriage by leave his gang. However, the joyous occasion had a bitter-sweet aftertaste for her as she had been raped by her possessive and mentally unstable ex-boyfriend the day before.

Shortly later, she was forced to abort her first child as she and her husband was simply too poor to afford raising one. Reality was extremely harsh on the both of them.

But the cruelties of life did not quite end there. Two days after she received her first paycheck as a married woman, her mother suffered a massive stroke and died shortly thereafter, without recovering. Depressed by blow after blow in life, she caved in and attempted suicide using sleeping pills. Luckily, she was rescued by hospital staff only to receive news that her Dad was dying from stomach cancer. God help her!

The loss of both parents finally brought Tendo to her senses. Determined to leave behind her seedy past, she plunged her life into work, marked by the opening of her first saving account ever at thirty years old. In fact, she eventually managed to save enough to buy her parents proper dignified burial plots.

Now in her late thirties, Tendo is completely free from her turbulent past and leading a blissful life with her young daughter, something which Tendo had resigned to not having for the longest time. Her life story has taught us to cherish and treasured fully our loved ones. Compared to what she went through, most of the problems we faced are simply too insignificant. Remember: No conflict is too much to be resolved – swiftly. Unfortunately, the tattoos on her will remain – a stark and vivid reminder of her days of being wild. I wish her the best.