Chandelier – Lighting Fixture That Can Create a Different Mood

Chandeliers are lighting fixture that has been around for centuries. During the early days, these fixtures were only simple cross of woods with spikes that can hold candle.

It is usually attached to a pulley by a rope so that it can be easily raised and lowered for lighting the candles. The lighting fixture in public building sometimes has the same feature, so they can be lowered for cleaning and replacing burnt out bulbs. As time passes by, metalwork fixture became affordable. It is usually made of brass and bronze. But the multi armed fixtures with candles are still being used, but they use electric lights. Here are some of the fixtures that you can choose from:

Crystal chandelier became popular when the 17th century. People discover how to make cut glass crystals. And because of the cheaper crystal glass, the crystal chandeliers have become so popular. It can fill the room with glittering colors of the rainbow and the effect that it brings to a certain room in a home.

Most of these fixtures are made from iron; this is why they are heavy. But this could not be a problem for most homes because there are central beams that can support its weight. The fixture that is made from iron can be contemporary looking, although it has the roots from being antique. Another good option is the black glass crystals. It will not refract the light like a typical fixture but it can add sleek modern look to any room.

Most of the contemporary fixtures do not have branch or arms. They only have central support holding up a central illuminated area. This is usually an art deco or a craftsman style. This modern chandelier that has central support is usually called pendant fixture. It comes from different sizes, shapes and colors.

If you are looking for a certain different kind of lighting fixture that you can have for your home, then a crystal chandelier could be the best option for you. You have different options from antique looking to modern looking fixtures. There are also different options that you can choose from in order to change the shades of your existing chandelier. Many people prefer this type as the light is not harsh as the typical lighting fixture that has exposed bulbs. If you have an existing fixture, then you can replace it with a new one that has different shade. this can create a different look and ambiance for your home. If you can not do it on your won, then let the expert to do it.

Vehicle Gun Racks

Transporting an expensive hunting rifle or shotgun in a vehicle poses a number of challenges: Safety – In the event of a sudden stop or collision, loose articles flying around the truck cab or inside an SUV could cause injury to the occupants. Damage – It is almost certain that your expensive firearm will incur damage to the stock, exposed metal components or hunting scope if it is not secured in an appropriate location. Access – Ease of access of your hunting weapon will minimize the exposure to damage to the weapon or vehicle and it will enable hunters to ready themselves more quickly forays into the field.

The types of vehicle gun racks are straightforward. Since most hunters will be carrying more than one firearm, a multiple weapon rack is more appropriate. A rear window mount works well in a pick-up truck where there is usually only one or two hunters. A multiple passenger SUV may incorporate two side window gun racks that will carry up to four long-guns. Weapons stored in window-mounted vehicle gun racks are easily accessed.

Critical to the choice of vehicle gun racks are the design of the mounting methods. Many of the racks readily available on the market must be attached to the body with mechanical fasteners; metal screws or bolts. This necessitates making holes in the perimeter of the window. If this is the type of gun rack chosen, the installer should be sure to seal the holes with a professional adhesive or sealant or risk water penetration and extremely rust or corrosion. Cadmium plated or galvanized fasteners should be used to further protect the sheet metal where they pass through the vehicle body.

A much better choice is a gun rack with a "spade" type of attachment device. The spade attachment is a broad, flat, beveled mount that is part of the main body of the vehicle gun rack. It is designed to slide behind the rubber gasket that is used to install the truck or SUV window. The spade mount provides a solid, easily installed and removed, secure rack for those expensive rifles and shotguns. Some late model pick-ups and SUVs use a sealant rather than a gasket, so necessitating the use of glass mounted adapters to quickly install the gun rack.

Vehicle gun racks are not just for guns. When not hunting, the owner can keep other items save, secure and easily accessible, items like umbrellas, hats, canes, fishing poles and anything else you can hang on the rack.

How to Start Your Own Trenching Service Business

You can be in business for yourself, and be your own boss, if you start your own trenching business service, and work for yourself. Trenching, is basically like digging a long thing hole, maybe 10 inches wide, and 2 feet deep, for 100 yards. That would be a big job, to complete with a shovel.

A trenching machine, is like a big chain saw, a trenching machine digs up the ground to a certain depth, and certain width. Most notable, trenching would be needed for construction of footings, irrigation lines, cable lines, pipes, underground utilities, water lines, gas lines, pool lines, and more.

Some do it yourself home owners, like to put in their own sprinkler systems. But, when they learn they have to put the lines all underground, it would take forever to use a shovel, and do it by hand. It would be an almost impossible task, so it needs to be trenched. That's where you come in, and make money with your trenching service. You can offer trenching by the foot, or by the job. You can network with other landscapers, stump grinders, tree cutters, gardeners, tractor service operators, bobcat operators, dump truck drivers, nursery outlets, and more.

You should have a sign on your vehicle, saying the name of your business, and how they can get a hold of you for work. Some trenching machines can be put in the back of a pickup truck or dropped on a trailer. You can also rent a trenching machine from a local equipment rental dealer, until you can get your own.

CoolSculpting: Eliminating Fat Bulges Without Surgery

In the past, if diet and exercise could not get rid of stubborn fat bulges, many patients opted for liposuction, an invasive surgical procedure. Or, they turned to radio frequency devices or infrared technology, but these devices provided limited improvement. With advances in technology, patients can now reduce unwanted fat bulges and enjoy permanent reduction in fat cells during a non-invasive, non-surgical method called CoolSculpting that provides dramatic results.

Developed by ZELTIQ Aesthetics, Inc., CoolSculpting can reduce areas that are difficult to reach with diet and exercise: love handles, lower belly fat rolls, large belly fat, muffin top, under bra fat and back fat. It's an incredibly effective technique that improves the contour of the body.

How is this possible? The FDA-cleared CoolSculpting works through a revolutionary technology called cryolipolysis. During cryolipolysis, literally meaning "cold induced fat destruction," fat cells are cooled to a temperature that causes them to be eliminated. The procedure is very safe: the temperature required to destroy fat cells is higher than what would cause damage to skin, muscle and nerves. With CoolSculpting, there is no damage to the surrounding structures.

During the procedure, the physician applies a skin protecting gel pad to the skin, and a CoolSculpting applicator is positioned over the desired treatment area. The device draws the fat bulge in, and cools down the fat to induce cryolipolysis, continuously monitoring the temperature and adjusting it as needed.

Unlike liposuction, in which the fat cells are suctioned out of the body, the CoolSculpting treatment causes the body to naturally eliminate the fat cells through the lymphatic drainage system. The cells are then slowly excreted by the body over a period of the next several months.

With CoolSculpting, treatment of each fat bulge typically takes one hour to perform. Love handles may take two to four hours of treatment; the lower abdomen usually takes about one hour using a special larger applicator. However, each case is different the patient / physician should discuss this prior to the procedure.

As opposed to liposuction, no anesthesia is necessary for CoolSculpting. During the procedure, patients can even use their telephone or laptop, read a book or watch a movie. The only discomfort patients may feel while under CoolSculpting is a sensation of someone pinching or squeezing the fat when the device is first applied to the skin. This usually goes away in the first five minutes of the procedure.

CoolSculpting can be performed in the comfort of a physician's office. Patients go home immediately after the procedure and can resume regular activities; Many have been known to work out or do yoga the same day. There may be some mild discomfort in the area of ​​treatment; numbness is usually present after and can take several weeks to resolve. Extra Strength Tylenol® can be taken but it's advised to avoid taking anti-inflammatory agents for the first two months after the procedure.

Many patients start noticing results as soon as three weeks after the CoolSculpting procedure. The majority of the results will be seen at about two months after CoolSculpting is performed; improvement may continue after three months.

In most cases, the skin is elastic enough to contract after the treatment. However, it's important to know that if loose skin is the cause of the bulge, then CoolSculpting alone will not treat the condition – a surgical procedure such as a tummy tuck may be needed.

Many patients ask if there is a need to start a new diet or exercise program after CoolSculpting. There is not. It's recommended that patients maintain the same program that they did prior to the procedure to maintain their weight.

Most patients need only one CoolSculpting treatment; however, repeat treatments can be performed after three months if additional reduction of the fat bulges is desired. Coolsculpting Before and After Photos show that the results of coolsculpting are impressive and undeniable.

While most people are qualified for CoolSculpting, it's important to consult with a highly qualified physician.

Turn to an Elevator Service Company for an Upgrade

You may want to turn to an elevator service company if your elevators often break or need service. Although elevators only have a few main features, these systems can become outdated. You may be maintaining the functionality of the system, but you also need to upgrade the way the interior looks. Nobody wants to ride in a dirty or rickety elevator. The good news is that there are professional services that can help you to do this with ease.

Designing Your Ideal Situation

What should you expect from a qualified elevator service company? The right technicians will need to ensure that the system is working at its very best. They should handle any scheduled maintenance. The machine may also need to pass an inspection to see that it meets building codes and safety standards. From there, you need to take care of any problems with the mechanics of the system before you think of moving forward with any remodeling process.

Next, the building manager can work with the company to design a comfortable conveyance. This aspect of your building can make a major impression on people who visit the location. The contractor may want to add new paneling and mirrors. This person may also want to think about installing new handrails and lighting fixtures. The space must be accommodating for people and items that need to transported through the building. Other aspects to consider include vents, ceilings, and fans. All of these must meet the requirements and specifications of the building. Once you have plans in place, you need an elevator service company that can get the work done correctly and in a timely manner.

Expect these professionals to remodel the space as quickly as possible, so avoiding any major inconveniences. It's a good idea to make sure that all work permits have been properly accepted and are in place. If you are working with a general contractor, be sure that they are licensed and insured to work in this situation. That way, there's less risk involved in getting to work on this project. Once the work is done, another inspection may be necessary.

Turn to an elevator service company when you have any questions or problems with the way the elevators work in your building. These companies can provide exceptional workmanship, helping you bring your system up to the proper standards. Then, your guests will feel more comfortable going for a ride in it. It will also give a better impression of the building as a whole.

How to Measure Bolt Patterns in 2 Simple Steps

So you’ve decided to update the rim’s on your car? All you need to know is the bolt pattern of your car so you can find a set of wheels that will fit properly.

The phrase ‘Bolt Pattern’ (or lug pattern, bolt circle, lug spacing, etc.) refers to the diameter of an imaginary circle formed by the centers of the lugs on your automobile’s wheel and consists of two numbers and looks like this: 5×4.50. The first number in this example (5) indicates how many lugs are on the vehicle, the other number (4.50) describes the diameter of the circle formed by those 5 lugs.

Lug patterns can be described in either inch or millimeter units (4.50 is inches). Bolt pattern diameters are most commonly in the range of 4-6 inches (100-150 millimeters).

The 2 Steps to Measuring Your Bolt Pattern

One) Count the number of lugs on your wheel. Most vehicles have 4, 5 or 6 lugs.

Two) Measure the Diameter.

If you have 4, 6 or 8 lugs, measure the center-to-center distance between two lugs that are directly across the hub from each other. That measurement is your diameter.

If you have 5 or 7 lugs, you will have to take one more step, and you’ll need a calculator.

For 5 lugs, measure the center-to-center distance between two studs that are not side-by-side. Now multiply your measurement by 1.05 to get the diameter.

If there are 7 lugs, measure the center-to-center distance between two studs that are approximately across the hub from each other. Multiply your measurement by 1.03.

Because of the multiplication involved, it’s easier to measure 5 or 7 lug patterns in millimeters.

Wood Stove Parts

If you are planning to purchase a wood burning stove, you want to ensure that wood stove parts are available for the make and model you are considering. While wood stoves are by no means fragile, being quite sturdy and long-lasting, over time and repeated use, you may find that a part wears out or needs to be replaced. You may also find you wish to add a stove accessory which you did not opt ​​to buy at the time of your initial purchase. Availability of wood stove parts becomes very important in these situations.

Most stove manufacturers provide any wood burning stove parts you might possibly need to repair or upgrade your stove. Be careful, however, because parts for stoves are made for and sized for a very specific model of stove. They are not often interchangeable. You need to know that you will be able to obtain parts well into the future before you purchase any wood stove.

Wood burning stove parts which may requirement replacement after long use include: handles, hinges, knobs, cooking grates, door glass, legs, ash bin, automatic fire starter (if applicable), stove pipes, chimney cap, brackets and even doors.

Today, there are multifuel stoves in service which have been operating for decades – and in some cases for more than a century. There is no reason that your purchase can not be incredibly long lasting. Should a part wear lightly, it is a good idea to replace that part right away rather than waiting because one part could rub against another, resulting in the need to replace more parts than if the single part were replaced promptly.

Inquire about replacement stove parts before you purchase your wood burning stove or wood stove insert. There should be a catalog, online resource, toll free phone number or other means of contacting the manufacturer or an authorized aftermarket manufacturer that can help you ensure you stove enjoys a long, useful life.

Summertime Crockpot Recipes

Summertime crock pot recipes, you may ask? But the crock pot is only used for "cold-weather meals" such as stews, roasts, and other hearty stick-to-your-ribs type meals. Wrong! This fabulous kitchen appliance has certainly received a seasonal stereotype and sits in many kitchen cupboards all summer long. Bring it back to your kitchen counter during the summer; there are so many benefits and fabulous light summertime meals that can be prepared in the slow cooker!

Most people already know how wonderful crockpot cooking is; throw a few ingredients in a pot, turn it on, and come back eight hours later to a wonderful home cooked meal. We also know that cheaper cuts of meat turn out tender and juicy because they're cooked with moist heat over long periods of time. It is perfect for the busy homemaker, the office mom, the busy dad, the work-at-home mom, anyone who has anything to do during the day and is tired by dinnertime, not wanting to spend countless hours preparing dinner for their family . But crock pot cooking is also perfect for the summertime.

Where I live, we have humid, hot, sticky summers where the last thing I want to do is turn on my oven or fire up my gas stove, much less spend time standing around them preparing meals! During the summer I do not crave meals like chicken and dumplings, lasagna, beef stew, or pork roast. I want light meals with little or no preparation so I'm not standing in a hot kitchen getting even warmer and stickier. So, I use my crock pot! Out of any of the cooking devices in your kitchen, it sets off very little heat and can allow you to put everything into the slow cooker in the morning (when your kitchen is cool) and spoon it up at dinnertime (when your kitchen is not ).

Sandwiches are among our favorite summertime meals, especially paired with corn on the cob and a salad. Put a 3 pound beef or pork roast in your crock pot with 1 cup of water. Cover and cook on low for 8 hours. Remove roast and shred meat, replace to crock pot and add a bottle of your favorite barbeque sauce. Stir, cover and cook on high an additional 15-20 minutes. Serve on sandwich buns – a great summertime meal.

Brats are also a huge summertime meal where I live, and many techniques have been created to prepare them properly. Many simmer their brats over a low flame on their stove in beer for hours, heating up their kitchen as they do so. I use my crockpot! Place 12 brats in your crock pot, cover with 3-4 cans of beer (the cheaper the better), add one chopped onion and 4 cloves of minced garlic. Cover and cook on high 7-8 hours. Remove brats and grill over a low flame until browned. Serve in hot dog or brat buns with ketchup, mustard, minced onion, and other desired toppings.

The crock pot is a wonderful kitchen appliance that should not be ignored during the summer. Here are more great summertime crockpot recipes !

How to Correct Your Plastic Model Car Painting Mistakes

"Oh no, now I've done it." You have just applied to much paint and created huge sagging paint globs to your once perfect model. That perfect contest winning finish you were expecting for is now a disaster.

All is not lost however. You can fix just about any paint mistake that you have made on your contest model with just a bit of work. With a careful paint sanding technique, you can create a perfect finish.

Using four techniques; paint standing, re-spray, paint polish and wax, you can fix just about any mistake you make. I will show you how to use these techniques to fix your model and bring it back to contest level.

Paint standing is the first technique we will use to correct and over spray or orange peel situation you have created on your model. Orange peel is just extra paint that is applied to thickly and ends up making the surface of your model looked like the outside of an orange. The easiest technique I've found to correct this kind of situation is just to use sandpaper to grind off the extra paint. The hardest part of doing this is not to stand into the details sticking out of the surface of your model.

There are many different grades or grits of sandpaper. I basically classify sandpaper into two types, rough and fine. Rough sandpaper comes in grit numbers from 100 to 1000. The lower the number the more course it is. For heavy paint removal I typically use number 320 grit. Fine sandwich runs from 2000 through 12000 grit. This fine grit is one secret to getting to a perfect finish.

Sandpaper comes with different kinds of backing. I prefer cloth backing over the cheaper paper backing because generally I use only a wet sanding technique. Wet sanding is where you use water to help lubricate the surface of the model and generally works better for my model paints.

Your first task is to let your paint mistake dry completely. Then start the uneven paint removal with a rough grit sanding being very careful not to sand into any plastic detail of your model. I will cut the wallpaper into very small pieces and hold them or glue them to wooden "tools" to get into small places. I will also use paint thinner to soften paint buildup around detailed areas keeping in mind that you do not want to ruin the plastic.

Once this is done, re-spray paint the damaged area.

Continue this process of sanding and re-spraying until you are satisfied with the finish. At this stage you are now ready to fine sand the paint.

Fine sanding is really the true secret to a perfect paint finish. I work the paint finish by sanding the paint using these graits in order.







The wallpaper I like to use is sandwiched among foam so that it conforms to the surface of the model more easily. Each step uses the wet sanding technique with water. Change your sanding strokes in different directions and try not to use a lot of pressure. At the end of this paint sanding sequence the surface of your model should be very even and smooth. This will bring us to the next step which is polishing the paint.

Paint polish is the next secret to that near perfect paint finish for your contest winning model. I prefer Novus plastic paint polish. I work the paint to a fine mirror finish by using No. 3, No.2, and then No.1 in sequence. This sets you up for the final step which is wax protection.

Wax protection is the final step in and creating your contest winning the model finish.
I use Meguiar's mirror glaze # 26 professional high tech yellow wax. You can find this at any automotive parts store. I apply it with a soft cloth and buff the paint to a showroom finish.

Well there you have it. It is a lot of work but it is well worth the effort. In the end you have fixed your pain problem and come out with a model that has a complete showroom and contest winning finish.

Walking the Plank: Strange Fictions and Stranger Truths in Pirates of the Caribbean

"Last time you left me with a pistol and one shot," says Jack Sparrow (Johnny Depp), about to be stranded on a small island in the Caribbean by the villainous Captain Barbossa (Geoffrey Rush). This scene demonstrates exactly the sort of punishment that was treated to wayward members of a pirate crew. Unfortunately, Sparrow is then made to walk a comically long plank and dive into the crystal waters below. In the long history of piracy, not a single pirate or pirate victim has taken the plunge from a wooden plank into a watery grave. This entertainment ritual, featured in countless pirate movies and generally accepted as a pirate tradition, is nothing more than an invention of Hollywood. It never happened. Many a pirate was tossed overboard unceremoniously, but never with aid of a plank. Perhaps the idea never occurred to them. Or maybe it would simply take "Too long!" as Barbossa's quartermaster suggests when Elizabeth Swann (Keira Knightley) is forced across the very same plank. Pirates were an impatient lot. They had no tolerance for long winded rituals. They lived fast, short lives, and were too concerned with their destination to linger on the dispatching of a victim.

Surprisingly, this is one of the few major details that Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl gets wrong. And judging by how much it gets right, writers Ted Elliot and Terry Rossio were probably well aware of this discrepancy, but wanted to pay homage to the pirate movies of old.

Apart from the supernatural elements, the Pirates of the Caribbean movies are drenched in a surprising amount of authenticity. The general disarray of the pirates' hygiene is specifically accurate, with yellow eyes starved of fruit and grungy teeth that appear to be rotting right out of their skulls. Their clothes are not quite as colorful as Captain Hook and Smee, as they've probably been wearing the same garments for months on end.

Of course, our hero Jack, since his bizarre personality, must remain an object of the audience's affections … so he sports a few strategically placed gold teeth instead of several rotten ones. His skin is in fairer condition, and the whites of his eyes suggest he keeps a hidden stash of fruit on his person at all times. When he attempts to romance Elizabeth in Dead Man's Chest, it's not too hard to believe that she would be attracted to him, in spite of herself.

The amount of rum consumed by the Jack is no exaggeration. When the water went bad, pirates turned to rum, and they generally stocked as much as possible. While rum is not an ideal quencher of thirst, it probably aided their bravado when assaulting merchant ships.

In "The Curse of the Black Pearl," we are introduced to Anamaria, played by Zoe Saldana. While some audience members may scoff at the credulity of a woman pirate, Anamaria's name is in fact paying homage to two female pirates who actually exist; Anne Bonny and Mary Read. These two served alongside the likes of "Calico Jack" Rackham, and they proved as formidable if not more so than their male counterparts. In Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, we're finally introduced to the infamous Blackbeard (Ian McShane), "the pirate all pirate's fear." That phrase is not far off from the truth. Blackbeard was allegedly spoken in hushed tones, the subject of many wild, exaggerated tales. In Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides, Blackbeard is referred to by his true name, Edward Teach. When Teach first appears in the film, his beard is kindled and smoking, creating a downright alarming, ghostly effect. As theatrical as it sees, Teach did in fact set his beard ablaze before boarding enemy ships. He also wore several pistols, as McShane does in the film (using them later to test Jack's resolve). Physically, McShane is a bit short for Blackbeard, who was described by Henry Bostock, one of his many victims, as "a tall spare man."

By this point in pirate lore, Teach would have already been decapitated by Robert Maynard or one of his crew, and this is alluded to in the film. It is also suggested in the film that, after being deposited over the side of the ship, Blackbeard's body climbed back aboard and reclaimed its head. In a franchise with ghost pirates, mermaids, and squid-men, that's not too hard to swallow.

The writers pepper the many pirates with an appropriately piratey dialect that is not quite as exaggerated as pirate movies of old, but is more in line with actual pirate speech. Most of these men started as honest sailors, and this shows in the dialogue of Barbossa, Gibbs, Anamaria, and many others. "Run out the sweeps," Barbossa says, meaning the oars that sprout from the side of the ship to build momentum.

While strict adherence to authenticity was certainly not a requirement for films dealing in the supernatural, the attention to detail helps subconsciously validate the world of Pirates of the Caribbean. When something out of the ordinary does occur, it looks all the extra extraordinary.

How To Simplify Your Strategic Planning

For every entrepreneur who aspires to expand their business or improve their operations then strategic planning is needed. Through this, it will help plan the business' path in making their services even better. But, strategic planning is not always an easy task to do and may take some time before it will be fully implemented. So if you want to create a great strategic plan in simple terms then here are some guidelines for you:

1. Identify the mission and objectives – The mission of the company should be its foundation and would remain that way as long as the company exists. Outlining the company's objectives is also necessary because they will define its career path and future. So, if you are able to closely identify these two, then surely your company will be heading in the right direction.

2. Scan the environment – Every company should identify the nature of the business that they're about to enter. Take a better knowledge of the industry you are in and do some evaluation on your competitors. Through this, you will know how to market your company's products and services as well as be able to identify which area you should focus on.

3. Create a strategy – If you know the market place your company is about to get into then you will be able to create a strategy more perfectly. By knowing all the elements that will be involved in your company, you can easily identify your plans for it.

4. Implement the strategy – Once you have carefully laid out the strategies, then it's time that you take action for it. This should be done in a timely manner to ensure that everything falls into the right place. So, if you incorporate things where they should be then it's a guarantee that your company's future will move in the right direction.

5. Evaluate your progress – Track everything so that you'll know where you are at any given point in time. Quantify every data that you have finished so that the process will flow smoothly. Also, compare the data that was created to the ones you were expecting so that you can determine whether or not you are meeting your target goal.

So there you go and hopefully, this simple strategic planning guide will help you with your business. If you follow the tips mentioned above then surely you will find strategic planning to be a simple task.

Glass Handrails – The Perfect Solution

The handrail has one main function, which is to provide support to people who are using a staircase; one other function of a handrail is to protect people from falls from aspects such as balconies. The beauty of these handrails is the choice that you get with them.

Handrails can be made out of a variety of different materials; in fact they can be made out of almost any building material such as wood, steel, iron, brass and of course glass. Whichever of these materials you use there are certain things that you should be aware of, which is they will need to meet certain standards, which includes how much weight must be supported by the handrail and if the handrail can withstand weather elements.

In most modern buildings you will most likely find glass handrails. These glass inserted handrails look stylish and bring out the best in whatever location they are placed; this is because these glass handrails can be customized to suit any design and they can satisfy any personalized taste, no matter how simple or complex the artistic design is and this is not everything! Glass handrails are also structurally sound even though they are made of glass. This is due to the fact the glass is toughened so that it is highly durable while keeping its light and airy feeling. These glass handrails have been the most popular choice for some time now when it comes to commercial applications.

In more recent years these glass handrails have now become incorporated into many architect's residential designs. Most design savvy home owners have also started using glass hand railings in their homes. The most popular applications include areas around stair cases, cat walks, and around the patio or deck, meaning you can now sit back on your deck and enjoy the views of your back yard.

Handrails are present pretty much everywhere and most of us probably use more than one handrail in our everyday lives without even realizing that we are doing it. Handrails are essential to our safety and I guarantee you would notice a difference if they were not present! They are diverse in their forms and every style of architecture can be accented by the type of railing used on a facade; sometimes they serve no purpose other than decoration. In most cases they serve the important function of preventing serious injury or death from falling.

Due to the fact that these glass inserted handrails are so present in our everyday lives we may as well make the most out of them and the best way that this can be done is through the use of glass handrails. This is because we are still getting the safety aspect of the handrail but we are getting it in a way that is stylish, modern and the envy of all other handrails! There really is not a better design aspect for a handrail than a glass handrail. To see what all the fuss is about for yourself why not take a look around and you will soon see how popular and impressive these glass handrails really are.

Adding A Cable Railing To Your Deck

Replacing your old wood railing with a cable railing can really open up your view. Wood balusters are visually obstructive and can make enjoying the view from your deck more like trying to see a movie when the guy separated in front of you is 6 foot 7. Cable railings are becoming popular since the cables provide a safety barrier but with the least visual mass, in many cases almost disappearing from your view.

The main things to consider are:

1. Building code requirements.

2. Understanding the importance of structural rigidity in the post system.

3. What type of posts / frames to use and where to purchase them?

4. Which cable / fittings to use and where to purchase them?

5. Installation, do you hire a contractor to install the railing or DIY?

Building Codes:

Cable railings are allowed by building codes in most areas of the US. In many areas, if the rail is over
30 "off the ground, it must be at least 36 inch tall.
must be spaced and tensioned to prevent a 4 inch ball from passing through any opening. You should contact your local building code enforcement office (before buying the materials). to make sure any local code revisions are understood.

Structural rigidity:

A cable railing differs from a standard wood spindle railing in that the cables need to be tensioned quite a bit to meet the 4 inch ball code requirement. This places a lot of force on the end posts. For wood spindles it may be OK to have a 3-7 / 8 inch space between spindles but for cable, cable deflection must be
considered. It is not practical to tension the cables so that they would be impossible to deflect so most
cable railing manufacturers recommend a 3 to 3 1/4 inch space between the cables.

In a cable railing system, the end and corner posts have to be able to handle an amount of force. The combined tension of all the cables can equal the weight of a small car. It is very common that an amateur cable railing designer / builder fails to understand the forces involved and how to safely counter
act them. Seek help from someone with proven experience here or your railing can end up failing your
building inspection and be very costly to rectify.


There are basically three types of material suitable for cable railing posts: metal, wood and concrete.
Note: Composite lumber is not strong enough to be used for cable railroads.
Here are the main types of posts and some things to consider:


Wood posts can be a good option for rustic style homes. Wood is more visibly bulky than metal however so it may not be the best choice where maintaining the view is the primary concern. Wood is a good option for the budget minded as it is fairly inexpensive and can be cut and drilled with inexpensive tools. A
drill press is advisable for drilling holes straight through the post. This is pretty important since you
will be drilling hundreds of holes and if you get one crooked, it will change the "visual line of the cables" and make the whole job look sloppy. Some cable fitting manufacturers offer a drill guide to aid in
this. Wood siding is not suitable for an end post unless there is significant wood blocking behind it and
long lag screw fittings are used.

Many people elect to use one of the exotic (outdoor hardy) hardwoods like IPE (ie Brazilian Walnut,
Pronounced e-pay). These species hold up great outdoors but are really hard to cut, drill, rout etc. You
may need to upgrade to professional grade tools to get through this job.

– Metal:

Metal posts come in a wide array of styles to match your homes architectural style. Metal posts, due to
there is high strength, have the least visual mass of the post types are usually the choice where the view is
of primary importance. Metal posts can be purchased directly from manufacturers over the web or you can hire a custom fabricator to build the railing on site (most expensive option). One concern with site built metal railroads is that it is difficult to properly finish a railing outside of a controlled factory
environment. Prefab posts are often powder covered and sometimes galvanized and powder coated (for ocean front locations). Metal post systems are usually designed to easily be installed by a contractor or handy DIY type.

– Concrete:

Concrete can be used as an end post where there is a column or wall that is made of it. Usually the
intermediate posts are made of another material, metal or wood. Do not attempt to mount to stucco over wood as the cables will pull it right off. Understanding the construction of the post is essential.

Cables and Fittings:

Cables and fittings come in a dense array or types and styles. Seek some advise from one of the
cable / fitting suppliers you can easily find on the web. For ease of installation, look for quick lock
fittings (swage less fittings) otherwise you will be crimping on site which adds a lot of work and
requires special tools. Some companies supply both the posts and the cable / fittings in kit form which
takes the guess work out of process.


Installation is fairly simple if your handy. A typical deck rail can be installed by a couple of people in
a weekend. When your done, you can sit back enjoy your beautiful view.

Loft Ladders Review: The Titan Exclusive 3 Part Folding Timber Loft Ladder

If you have a loft space in your home, chances are it's under utilized. For a loft to be more accessible and functional, a sturdy and safe loft ladder is essential. A loft ladder can be made from a variety of materials, including timber, aluminum and fiberglass. Timber, however, remains the most popular choice for many homeowners. Timber is warm to the touch, attractive and durable. It can be painted or stained to match your décor, and only gets better with age. In addition, it requires virtually no maintenance. The best types of timber loft ladders are those that are made with traditional woodworking techniques, such as dovetailed joints. Here's some information about a quality loft ladder from Titan: the Exclusive 3 part folding model.

Loft Ladders: About the Titan Exclusive Folding Timber Loft Ladder

Ladders like the Titan 3 part folding loft ladder provide safe access to lofts. This model requires no headroom or storage space in the loft itself. It's supplied with plastic architraves that give the ladder a finished look. There's a draft excluder in the casing and trapdoor that has 70mm insulation to prevent drafts and conserve heat. A sturdy spring counterbalancing feature allows for effortless and smooth operation by way of the included wooden push / pull rod. The ladder is finished with a white faced trapdoor. The hinges on the trapdoor are hidden, which makes it quite easy to paint, varnish or clad the trapdoor. Both the casing and trapdoor are designed for extra tight closure. The treads are non-slip, and the sturdy plastic feet ensure stable placement.

Loft Ladders: A Few Details of the Titan 3 Part Folding Timber Loft Ladder

The treads of the ladder are made from beech, and the stiles are pine. The treads are 400mm wide and there's a 250mm distance between the treads. Each tread is 400mm wide, 18mm thick, and 83mm deep. The stiles are 21mm thick and 83mm deep. The casing is made from block board, and is 18mm thick. The trapdoor has a 50mm frame made from spruce, with 50mm insulation and white Masonite plates on both sides. The trapdoor is 56mm thick, and insulated with 50mm polystyrene.

Loft Ladders: Some Specifications of the Titan Exclusive Loft Ladder

This ladder is designed for spaces with ceiling heights up to 2870mm, and requires an opening that measures 700mm x 1200mm. This ladder is certified to conform to the BS EN14975 standard, and will support a maximum load of 150kg. Do remember that the maximum load is the combined weight of the user and of any objects being transported up or down the ladder. Available optional extras are a metal or timber handrail, and a timber balustrade. The casing size is 680mm x 1175mm, and requires an open size of 700 x 1200mm. The floor to ceiling height is 2870mm, and the casing height is 200mm. The ladder has 12 treads.

Titan Exclusive 3 part folding timber loft ladders will enhance the utility of any loft space.

3 Tips to Follow Before Putting Up Christmas Lights

Life is hectic enough as it is. Add in the stress of the holidays and the crowds at the stores and it becomes very easy to lose the holiday spirit and simply become aggravated and grumpy trying to check things off your list. That's not the way you should head into the holidays, and there's really no reason to. All it takes is a little bit of thinking things out ahead of time to save yourself tons of time and frustration.

# 1 Make sure you have enough lights.

For example, when it comes to putting up Christmas lights, you do not want to find yourself coming up just short of what you need to complete your project. It may be stringing lights around the Christmas tree or doing a full on Griswald outdoor Christmas light show; Either way, if you have less lights than you need, you'll end up bummed out. Take the time to think through your project and measure out how many yards of lights you'll need to get the job done.

Holiday light sets are pretty cheap anymore, so I would recommend getting just a little bit more that what your calculations tell you. Plus, you never know if one of the strands might end up being a dud. Of course you can return it, but it should not get in your way of finishing your lighting project, because once you get started … you really should try to get it all done in one shot so it does not linger. Your family and your neighbors will be just as happy as you when you turn them ALL at at once and everyone sees the magic you created.

# 2 Make sure you can reach an outlet

There's nothing more frustrating than setting up the perfect holiday light display and then realizing you did not leave enough at the end to reach an outlet, or that there are not any available available where you need one. Once again, this comes down to planning ahead. Look at where you're setting things up. Visualize it in your head. Imagine the entire process, such as turning on the lights every night. Is the outlet accessible? Maybe you do not need to reach it because you can plug the lights into an outlet that is controlled by a light switch. That's great, but if you did not think about it in advance, you might have a heck of a time retro-fitting your lights to be able to take advantage of just such a situation.

The good thing is that most of the time, even in the worst case scenario, all you need to do is to get an extension cord or perhaps a power-strip that will allow you to add one more plug to an outlet. Make sure you get a good quality one though, so that in the even you overload the system, it will have a built in breaker to prevent any inconvenient accidents from happening.

# 3 Make sure you have lights designed for outdoors, if that's where you're putting them.

If you are setting lights up outside, make sure the lights you are using were designed for outdoor use. Not all Christmas lights are made the same. A super cheap, discounted Christmas light set that you get for a couple of bucks might do just fine inside your tree or banister, but put it in the harsh winter weather and you may very well end up with a short that could cause someone a shock, potentially start a fire, or less dramatically, simply cease to work making all your Christmas lighting decoration efforts go to waste.