6 Points of Posture For Sitting

Since so many of us use computers in our daily lives, often with resulting discomfort throughout the body, I want to encourage you with some posture tips to make you more comfortable at your work station.*

Start at your feet and assess the posture of your feet and. Are they curled under you? do you have more weight on one leg than the other? assess how your feet and legs feel, and find a comfortable neutral posture.

Now focus your attention on your pelvis. Think about and feel the relationship of the “sit bones” with the surface you are sitting on. Shift your weight slightly from side to side and in and out of a tilt to find the most comfortable posture. Use this comfortable neutral posture as a baseline, and change positions frequently by making minor shifts. **

**Think in terms of millimeters of motion

Move your attention up to observe the posture of your trunk and spine. Imagine that you have a string from the top of your head to the ceiling, holding you in a comfortable upright posture.

Rest your arms by your sides and bend your elbows to approximately 90 degrees, allowing your shoulders to drop and relax. An upright spine will help you avoid slouching.

Think about the relationship between your head and neck. Balance the position of your nose with the base of your skull.

The final posture point is to soften your eyes, mouth and tongue. Create around 2 mm. of space between your teeth, with your tongue resting gently on the roof of your mouth and the tip of the tongue pointing downward.

Sitting on a posture ball or disk cushion allow you to sit in a more dynamic fashion. This will provide input for improved upright posture and increased tolerance to sitting for longer periods of time.

* these tips apply to any time that you are sitting

Best Pressure Washer Know-How For Women

Sure, it’s 2011 and anything a man can do, a woman can do, too (usually better!). But let’s face facts, often women are intimidated by using power tools. Also, women can feel nervous asking some macho know-it-all male clerk basic questions about power tools so they pretend they aren’t interested in buying or using these time saving gadgets.

But you shouldn’t let that stop you. Pressure washers also known as power washers can make your cleaning jobs much faster (often reducing the task to under half the time it would normally take). And be honest ladies, pressure washers look fun to use, don’t they? Blasting dirt off just about anything can make you feel powerful and very independent. It can even be therapeutic after having a fight with your husband or kid! (But refrain from turning the pressure washer on them, please!)

This article will de-mystify some of the basic facts about pressure washers and make some suggestions that will help you choose the right pressure washer for you and your cleaning needs.

1. What is a pressure washer and why would I want one?

A pressure washer is a machine that uses an electric or gas/diesel powered pump to act as a compressor that concentrates in-going water into a high pressured out-going stream. You can then aim the pressurized water at objects to blast off dirt, grease, old paint, etc.

Often, you will use a garden hose as your water source. The power washer will increase the water pressurecoming out of your hose at least fifteen to twenty times. The main benefits of this is that you can use less water to clean something, less sweat and muscle power and less time to do the job. On top of that, the higherpressure is often enough to clean items without having to use toxic detergents.

Essentially, you’re looking at a unit with a pump that you attach your hose (or other water source to) with a hose coming out the other side that will be attached to a long handle with a trigger so you can control the amount of water coming out the end (lance or wand). A power washer can also include a variety of different attachments for a range of cleaning needs. You can also buy units that use only cold water or ones that heat water up for an increased cleaning advantage.

Power washers were mostly available to commercial users before but there are many affordable, smaller units now that are perfect for home use. They can run anywhere from two hundred dollars into the thousands, depending on how powerful a model you need.

Power washers typically are either run by electricity or gas or diesel engines. Electric power washers will be more quiet to run, be cleaner to run and tend to be smaller and lighter (you can get some that weigh in at 6kg/13lbs) – perfect for women who might struggle with the less portable gas/diesel units. The downside is that electric power washers tend to be less powerful; however, most will do the kind of tasks you need done at home. Gas and diesel powered power washers will give you more power but tend to be noisier, heavier and potentially more dangerous.

A pressure washer will make cleaning most things outdoors much easier and faster. You can use it on many things including (but not limited to) cars, tires, bikes, boats, trailers, lawn mowers, driveways, decks, fences, windows, walls, lawn furniture, garden decor, mailboxes, walkways, barbecues, awnings, swimming pools and you can use them to clean surfaces before you paint. And if you live on a farm, you can even use them to clean your cattle and hogs!

2. What are the key components to look for when buying a pressure washer?

Besides some of the things mentioned earlier, there are three numbers you need to know about before you go shopping so you can sound like you know what you’re talking about: the PSI, GPM and CPU.

PSI means pounds per square inch and this is the number that lets you know how much pressure your

unit can produce. This number will be provided with each machine. For home use, you will probably want something in the 1200 – 3000 PSI range. If you mostly want to clean your car, you don’t need anything over 1500 PSI. If you want to use the pressure washer to clean oily concrete or your driveway you might need a unit with upwards of 3000 PSI.

The GPM means the gallons per minute or the rate of the water flowing to the pressure washer. You will have to know what the GPM of your water source into the tank is and it must meet the minimum requirements for your specific pressure washer. You need to have a steady and constant source of water flow into your pressure washer so you don’t damage the pump. If your house is supplied with municipal water, you will probably have around 9 or 10 GPM coming out of your typical inch diameter garden hose.

The CPU is the way to assess the cleaning units of your pressure washer. The higher the CPU, the better the cleaning performance of your machine. (But remember, you might not need a top end pressure washer for your cleaning requirements). You can calculate your CPU by multiplying your PSI by your GPM.

3. Are pressure washers safe to use?

Women are generally more likely to be concerned about safety. Pressure washers are power tools so you have to exercise caution but if you follow these tips, you should be okay.

Learn to use your pressure washer properly. Read the manual that comes with the unit. If you have questions or concerns, ask someone who has experience using pressure washers. You can even watch demonstrations on YouTube on how to use a pressure washer.

Take care of your pressure washer. Make sure it is serviced regularly to minimize the dangers of using a damaged unit.

Never point it at someone or get too close to what you’re cleaning (you can get hit by flying debris or water bouncing back off the surface). Ideally, wear safety glasses and close toed shoes. If using a noisy gas or diesel powered model, you should wear proper hearing protection.

If you are using a gas or diesel powered pressure washer, make sure to use it only in open spaces so you don’t get carbon monoxide build up. This gas is impossible to detect by smell and can be fatal.

When first using your pressure washer on a surface of an object, do a small test patch. The pressure could strip paint or finishes off furniture, cars, etc. or even gouge wood.

If you get a pressure washer that uses detergents, use the recommended products for your model so you don’t damage the unit or the surface you’re cleaning. Also think about using products that aren’t toxic to you, your family or the environment. More and more companies offer ‘green’ detergents that are safe to use in pressure washers. But read your labels carefully. The terms ‘green’ and ‘natural’, etc. are not regulated and anyone can make those claims even if it isn’t true. Generally, you want to avoid harsh chemicals that don’t break down quickly in the environment. You should also avoid cleaning products that contain a lot of phosphates since they can create algal blooms in lakes and ponds and choke out other life. It is also best to avoid products that are colored or scented. There is more and more evidence that the chemicals used to color and scent products are bad both for the environment and for you and your family. Finally, stay away from chlorine bleach. It is very toxic to you and if it gets in waterways, it can bind with other elements and is very toxic to fish. Also, people have died from the fumes created when chlorine bleach is mixed with other cleaning chemicals. You can find oxygen based ‘bleach’ which is a safer choice.

Don’t be intimidated by learning how to use a pressure washer! It’s not rocket science! If you pick the best unit for your cleaning needs (and your abilities) and you follow the instructions in your manual, you will discover a variety of benefits from using this convenient, time saving power tool! It can even make cleaning seem fun! You go, girl!

Deciding Between New Driveways in Tarmac or Block Paving

When installing new driveways homeowners have to choose between an affordable, quick and simple tarmac driveway or a more elaborate block paving design. Both styles have their advantages and your choice will likely depend on the budget, your tastes and possibly even the contractor you choose.

Discover what the pros and cons of each type are before deciding which is best for new driveways.

Pros and Cons of Tarmac Driveways

Simple and straightforward to install, new driveways made from tarmac are above all affordable. The same as what roads are paved with; tarmac is available in abundance and easily laid down in the area that you mark out. Because a driveway contractor is often completing new driveways in this material you may find an even better deal.

Besides being cheap and quick to install, tarmac driveways are made from recycled roads and stone, making them a good choice for environmental reasons. They also don’t require the same extensive base that other types of stone do.

New driveways built with tarmac may not last very long. A few years at the most and the driveway needs to resealed and likely levelled again. Tarmac driveways settle easily and will crack, split and even bubble over the course of the first year or two of use. Tarmac does offer an affordable option, but since it will need to be replaced much quicker, over time it may make more sense to invest in block paving.

Pros and Cons of Block Paving Driveways

This style of driveway is very attractive and can be installed in countless patterns and colours to suit your style. Preformed kerbs and edging can be put in as well, to create better drainage and an overall finish that is simply not available with tarmac.

Block pavers are classy and the pattern of stone can be continued right up to the front door and down through to the back garden. An entire patio can be done in block pavers to match your drive and the pavers can even find their way into the gardens around the yard. Best of all block pavers really last. Homeowners with new driveways in this style can expect to get decades from the surface and block pavers are very nearly maintenance free. You may need to remove a few weeds here and there, or make some frost repairs after a particularly cold winter, but block pavers hold up to heavy use well.

Block pavers are understandably much more expensive. Buying the pavers themselves is a pricey endeavor and the extensive labour on top of that charge. This style of driveway also requires a deeper base and more materials to keep the product lasting for such a long time.

The Importance of Technology

Technology refers to the collection of tools that make it easier to use, create, manage and exchange information.

In the earlier times, the use of tools by human beings was for the process of discovery and evolution. Tools remained the same for a long time in the earlier part of the history of mankind but it was also the complex human behaviors and tools of this era that modern language began as believed by many archeologists.

Technology refers the knowledge and utilization of tools, techniques and systems in order to serve a bigger purpose like solving problems or making life easier and better. Its significance on humans is tremendous because technology helps them adapt to the environment. The development of high technology including computer technology’s Internet and the telephone has helped conquer communication barriers and bridge the gap between people all over the world. While there are advantages to constant evolution of technology, their evolution has also seen the increase of its destructive power as apparent in the creation of weapons of all kinds.

In a broader sense, technology affects societies in the development of advanced economies, making life more convenient to more people that have access to such technology. But while it continues to offer better means to man’s day to day living, it also has unwanted results such as pollution, depletion of natural resources to the great disadvantage of the planet. Its influence on society can also be seen in how people use technology and its ethical significance in the society. Debates on the advantages and disadvantages of technology constantly arise questioning the impact of technology on the improvement or worsening of human condition. Some movements have even risen to criticize its harmful effects on the environment and its ways of alienating people. Still, there are others that view technology as beneficial to progress and the human condition. In fact, technology has evolved to serve not just human beings but also other members of the animal species as well.

Technology is often seen as a consequence of science and engineering. Through the years, new technologies and methods have been developed through research and development. The advancements of both science and technology have resulted to incremental development and disruptive technology. An example of incremental development is the gradual replacement of compact discs with DVD. While disruptive developments are automobiles replacing horse carriages. The evolution of technologies marks the significant development of other technologies in different fields, like nano technology, biotechnology, robotics, cognitive science, artificial intelligence and information technology.

The rise of technologies is a result of present day innovations in the varied fields of technology. Some of these technologies combine power to achieve the same goals. This is referred to as converging technologies. Convergence is the process of combining separate technologies and merging resources to be more interactive and user friendly. An example of this would be high technology with telephony features as well as data productivity and video combined features. Today technical innovations representing progressive developments are emerging to make use of technology’s competitive advantage. Through convergence of technologies, different fields combine together to produce similar goals.

Principles of Citizenship


“Know your human right” (High profile campaign of the fortieth anniversary of the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human right).

“Human rights and fundamental freedoms are the birthright of all human beings; their protection and promotion is the first responsibility of Governments” (Vienna Declaration and Program of Action 1993).

“For our human livelihood, approach to citizenship is the very first instigation” (Coined by Lay Vicheka, 2005).

“Live to the best of our dignity”, I would say, is my very persuasion to such the essay titled; Principles of Citizenship. Until today, “the best way to lead humankind is through rationalism” is still valid. Everything shall have its one or more purposes, but prior to gaining such the purpose(s), we should initiate by knowing ourselves as much as possible. Everyday, on daily national television, we have been brainwashed by human rights’ issues from global perspectives, the rights of the citizens, the relationship between the rulers and the ruled, inter-state relations, and even human right. The purpose of this essay is to define the word “citizenship” from my perspective. I will draw the ideas from the very general perspectives to the very specific ( Cambodia ). How a person holds a “citizenship” values.

Recently, I have been accused of “proving to be intelligent (from mostly the uneducated)”, but no matter what will happen, how hard it will be and how mistaken I am, I believe that I am positively contribute to Cambodia’s well-being, and this is one of other contributions for Cambodia’ general good. Thanks for reading my article(s) and constructive criticisms.

Most of us holding National Identification Card, Passport and other administrative certificates; birth, marriage, and death, but we don’t know for sure what are the essences of those materials. The purpose of this paper is to endeavor to catch the “already-there opportunities” of every people as much as possible.

Its Definition

I am not trying to coin the new definition of the term “citizenship”, since it has been clearly defined by well-known professional experts. But I like to express my own view on such the abstract tactic. Citizenship, in my perspective, is people’s routine activities that directly or indirectly affect the government’s policy. For example, if a person decides to go to cast the ballot, he or she is filling one of the principles of citizenship, which will affect the government. Such the decision to cast the vote does affect the government’s policy, because people’s political rights is one of the most prominent policy of the government.

So what are the fundamental and central rights and obligation of citizen? It would be too much to list all the fundamental and central rights and obligation of the citizen, since I just want to show the path to “citizenship” and you, the readers, are obliged to steer your own boats.

The Right to Life:

“Every Khmer citizen shall have the right to life, personal freedom, and security. There shall be no capital punishment.” Article 32 of the Cambodian constitution (1993, amended in 1999).

Don’t think this “right” is awfully simple, as I was confused myself as well. The right to life has a very broad meaning and as Smith stated in his International Human Right; “other rights just add qualities to this right.” So what are those rights to life? I think to make the reader easy to understand, I take Maslow’s theory on physiological needs; food, shelter, clothes, love, care, dignity…etc as the foundations of these “rights to life.” Just think about these physiological needs and then you will understand that your right to life is arisen from these needs. The right to life is the birthright of every humankind as indirectly stipulated in the universal declaration of human right and the charter of the United Nations Organization.

We are lucky to be born human, but our human quality or tenet will be withdrawn if our right to life is inadequate or non-existent. For our essence of humankind, the right to life is extremely important and must be equal amongst all other human persons, either in the Cambodian, regional or global context. And as I quoted on the top; “the right to life the foremost responsibility of the government.” It is the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights for the second generation is – in particular, concerned with the right to life: the right to education, the right to appropriate housing, the right to social security, and the right to a safe and healthy working environment and adequate leisure and rest time (Smith, 2005, p. 46).

Cambodian constitution 1993 and amended in 1999 all clearly stipulated such the right to life: personal freedom and security, the right to choose employment, enjoy the protection of the State, etc. And we even see that the right to life must be meticulously equal amongst all the Cambodian people and the rest of the world, as article 31 stipulates “The Kingdom of Cambodia shall recognize and respect human rights as stipulated in the United Nations Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the covenants and conventions related to human rights, women’s and children’s rights.”

The Right to Political Participation:

Don’t think this “right” is awfully not important for the people in the twenties century. But why political participation from the people of all walks of life is important?

Most people (wrongly) think that politics is just for only some kinds of people; lawyers, politicians, intellectuals and other interest groups. Moreover, politics are not important to them, since it does not positively or negatively impact their lives. Such the ignorant mentality has, of course, extended until today. When just starting with political topic, most of the elders would say “it is none of our business, what we should care is to make sure our stomachs are full, politics is nothing to us, it is just for the politicians and their counterparts.”

Yes, as I said above, the right to life is the most fundamental right, preceding all others, but it is hard to make most of Cambodian people be aware of their rights or even innate rights, since political participation is largely abstained. As we can see, Cambodian people’s rights like other people around the world are guaranteed by the state and other legal instruments. For instance, Article 15 of Agreement on a Comprehensive Political Settlement on the Cambodia Conflict ” states that:

All persons in Cambodia and all Cambodian refugees and displaced persons shall enjoy the rights and freedoms embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant international human rights instruments.

To this end,

a) Cambodia undertakes:

to ensure respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cambodia ;

to support the right of all Cambodian citizens to undertake activities which would promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms;

to take effective measures to ensure that the policies and practices of the past shall never be allowed to return;

to adhere to relevant international human rights instruments;

b) the other Signatories to this Agreement undertake to promote and encourage respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms in Cambodia as embodied in the relevant international instruments and the relevant resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly, in order, in particular, to prevent the recurrence of human rights abuses .

Not only the international instruments, Cambodian constitution also guarantees the right to enjoy political participation as they are the steer of their country.

Though many criticisms have been drawn on Prime Minister Hun Sen’s government, I still claim that his government does have the mentality toward free-market economy and for-the-people policy. What I am trying to do here is just to show you the readers that all of us already have power-in particular, the political power. But our weakness is that we don’t know or may be scared to use such the innately imposed powers.

The right to political participation is already stated in many Cambodian provisions and other legal acts, and what we should do now is to make those abstract ideas into realities; “the most valuable of an idea is practice, people can be well-respected when they turn their ideas into practice.”

Citizen’s Rights Vs Human Rights:

It shows much difference between Human Rights and Citizen’s Rights, especially for such the perplexed world. So how the two rights prove differences?

As stated by ancient Greek and French philosophers, humankind is bounded by innate rights; physiological needs, unlimited use of natural resources, expression, dignity, movement, and indeed, these rights are guaranteed by the state, with legal act and other provisions as the testimonies. However, since we are the citizens of one state, we are bound by the contract with the state. This contract is the Constitution. Of course, my aforementioned rights are guaranteed by the Cambodian government as well as other governments in the world, but one statement has been added to those innate or natural rights: “as long as it does not impinge with other rights.” Such the statement has turned, I thought, the innate/natural rights into citizen’s rights.

Returning back to those ancient philosophers, human rights are unlimited, genuinely equal, but such the theory does not apply anymore to our modern civilization. To restore the public order and other public goods, we are divided between the rulers and the ruled. The ruled vote for the rulers to hold the offices. Though we are the ones that select members of parliament, we are already expected to comply with the laws adopted by whom we have selected, and of course, they must comply also with what we have expected before we vote for them. This stream, I call, is the mutual contract; we are bounded by the laws adopted by those we vote for and they must also comply with our opinions. By raising such the concrete example, I believe, we can clearly see that human rights have been turn to citizen’s rights since we are the citizens of one state. This means that our rights are limited and we are obligated to pay remedies for our wrong-doings: accountabilities.


It is too brief to view the principles of citizenship from just few pages of paper; I can assume that it is not in-depth and carry too little scopes. The rights to citizenship are too broad and I believe no one can cover them all, but somebody may carry it more effectively than another. It would take long to cover such the topic from philosophical, historical and social backgrounds, and this is beyond my knowledge and target. These few papers just seem to be the initiative on “provoking Cambodian people’s already-set rights.”

But how can one have the citizenship? Education, I believe, is the primary source to grant such the aspiration. Educated people seem to be more on tract with current state of affairs, so it is the educated ones who can see better light on citizenship.

What about the uneducated/low-educated one? Do their aspirations toward citizenship are dim? I truly believe so. I am not underestimating the uneducated/low-educated ones, but what I am saying is for the better tomorrow. For, the better light to citizenship, ones must be educated to be on par with the government’s and international affairs and other specific branches of knowledge and know-how. Let’s just take a very simple example: to have a chance to read this article, somebody needs to have some practical knowledge of English and social issues. Moreover, we need knowledge and attitude to understand government’s legal acts and international legal instrument including: treaties, conventions, protocols, etc.

This little article strives to push the government to put more attention to education; quality education. In the event such the aspiration is achieved, the government will have a lot of assistants and volunteer advisors.

For the purpose for getting more knowledge on citizenship, you are humbly requested to view more international instruments, tabulated hereunder:

“Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia, adopted by the Constitutional Assembly in Phnom Penh on September 21, 1993 at its 2 nd Plenary Session. Amendments passed 4 th March 1999 .”

Agreement on a Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict” (Paris, 23 October 1991).

“International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights”

“Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,” Adopted by the General Assembly resolution 39/46 of December 10, 1984 .”

“Convention on The Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979)”.

“Convention on the Rights of the Child, Adopted the General Assembly resolution 44/25 of November 20, 1989 “.

“International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Adopted by General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI) of December 16, 1966 “.

“The Charter of the United Nations, Done at the city of San Francisco the twenty-sixth day of June, one thousand nine hundred and forty-five”.

“The International Bill of Human Rights, adopted by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of December 10, 1948 .”

And for our aspirations for “citizenship”, you are obliged to learn about your own powers.

“Great power comes from great responsibility” (extracted from a movie titled SPIDER MAN).

The McDonnell-Douglas MD-90

Long before engines propel aircraft in the sky, they drive designs on the ground, providing the thrust for larger and longer-range models, which offer improved runway performance, reduced fuel consumption, and lower noise emissions. They certainly served as the catalyst for the McDonnell-Douglas MD-90, a development of the earlier MD-80 series of twin-jets. But its initially conceived turbofans looked nothing like the ones that had powered this predecessor.

Advancing powerplant technology, coupled with higher thrust capabilities, had already given rise to the original DC-9, whose capacity had increased from 90 in the baseline DC-9-10 to 139 in the ultimate DC-9-50 stretch. Refanned, their Pratt and Whitney JT8D engines had spawned the succeeding MD-80.

Incorporating the high pressure compressor and turbine speed, along with the combustion section, of the existing JT8D-9, it introduced a new six-stage low pressure compressor, a low pressure turbine, and a bypass duct.

Although its resultant increase in length-from 120 to 150 inches-and diameter-from 42.5 to 56.34 inches–would have created installation restrictions on wing-pylon mounted twins, such as the competing Boeing 737-300 to -500 series and the Airbus A-320 family, the aft-fuselage mounting characteristic of the DC-9 and the MD-80 proved no hindrance.

Installed on a DC-9-32, the turbofan, designated the JT8D-109, was first flight-tested on January 9, 1975 and certified as the JT8D-209 four years later, offering thrust capabilities of between 18,000 and 21,000 pounds in its several versions, the latter as the JT8D-219.

An MD-80 successor, powered by still-higher thrust engines and possibly incorporating a fuselage stretch for increased passenger capacities, would logically have hinged upon a further engine derivative. But Pratt and Whitney had developed the basic JT8D core to its ultimate capability and McDonnell-Douglas, at least initially, elected to explore the use of a radically different, hitherto untried engine that would offer a technological step-change.

Designated MD-X, and initially conceived in 1985, the aircraft, using an MD-80 fuselage, wing, and tailplane, discarded the traditional, nacelle-encased engine with one featuring exposed, unducted, highly-contoured, counter-rotating, multi-bladed fans, known both as an ultra high bypass powerplant (UHB) and an unducted fan (UDF), and jointly developed by Aeritalia, Saab-Scania, and Science Applications International Corporation of San Diego.

Fuel consumption on short- to medium-range routes was predicted to be an unprecedented 50-percent lower than that of current MD-80s and between 25- and 35-percent lower than that of emerging, but ducted turbofan designs.

Taking the form of the General Electric GE36, the unducted fan was installed on the left side of the MD-80 prototype, registered N980DC, and first flew in this guise from Edwards Air Force Base on May 18, 1987, requiring an extended pylon between the engine and the fuselage to provide sufficient clearance for blade rotations.

Several configurations were tested: with two, 12-foot-diameter, eight-bladed fans; ten forward and eight aft blades; and two six-bladed, counter-rotating fans, the latter as the Pratt and Whitney-Allison 578-DX. It first flew on April 13, 1989.

The type’s military potential was also explored. Entering the Navy’s Long-range ASW Capable Aircraft (LRAACA) competition, McDonnell-Douglas proposed a propfan-powered MD-87, although the contract was ultimately awarded to a P-3 Orion development.

Two commercial versions, promoted during early-1988 marketing campaigns, included a 114-passenger MD-91X, which was essentially an MD-87 counterpart, and a 165-passenger MD-92X, which corresponded to the full-length MD-88. A still-higher capacity version, with seating for 180, incorporated significant technological advancements, including laminar and turbulent boundary layer control, fly-by-wire and fly-by-light actuation, and a high aspect ratio supercritical wing. It was designated MD-94X.

Concurrent with these studies was another, more conventional design proposal, which offered a smaller technological leap with more traditional high bypass ratio turbofans-in this case, International Aero Engines (IAE) V2500s. Paralleling the earlier versions, McDonnell-Douglas conceived of an advanced twin-jet family, encompassing the 114-passenger MD-91V, the 165-passenger MD-92V, and the 180-passenger MD-93V.

Originally comprised of five companies, inclusive of Motoren und Turbinen (MTU) Daimler Benz, Fiat Aviazione, the Japanese Aero Engines Corporation (JAEC), Rolls Royce, and Pratt and Whitney, the International Aero Engines consortium was located in Pratt and Whitney’s own-and autonomous-East Hartford, Connecticut, headquarters.

Their design, the V2500, featured wide chord, semi-hollow fan blades consisting of metal honeycomb sandwiched between two titanium sheets. It was strong, but at the same time flexible enough to minimize damage from foreign object strikes and ingestion.

Its components were supplied by the consortium’s manufacturers themselves. JAEC, for instance, provided the fan and low pressure compressor. MTU supplied the low pressure turbine, Fiat Aviazione the gearbox, Rolls Royce the high pressure compressor, and Pratt and Whitney the high pressure turbine and combustor.

Although unducted fan technology would have offered several advantages, it would not have been available and certified until much later in the decade and had not been operationally proven, leaving questionable airline and passenger acceptance of a still-experimental concept.

Thus without choice, McDonnell-Douglas combined its proven DC-9 and MD-80 foundation with the new IAE turbofans, launching the MD-90 program on November 14, 1989 and paving the way, as its numerical nomenclature indicated, for its entry into service during the next decade.

The initial MD-90-10, a 114-passenger counterpart to the MD-87 for hot-and-high deployment, and the MD-90-20, a designation reserved for potential, full-size MD-80 retrofits, were not, in the event, built, leaving the MD-90-30 as its first production version.

Featuring a 4.6-foot forward plug to counterbalance the increased engine weight, the aircraft offered a new, 141.2-foot fuselage and 152.7-foot overall length as compared to the MD-88.

Formed by means of modular construction techniques, it was the result of subassemblies provided by Alenia, AeroSpace Technologies of Australia, Dassault Aerospatiale, CASA, Chengdu Aircraft Industrial Corporation (CAC), and Shanghai Manufacturing Factory (SAMF), and delivered to Salt Lake City before being transported to the combined, MD-80 and MD-90 production line in Long Beach, California.

The strengthened, 107.10-foot MD-80 wing, with a 1,209-square-foot area, 24 degrees of sweepback at the quarter chord, and an aspect ratio of 9.6, retained its predecessor’s tri-section leading edge slats, double-slotted training edge flaps, and spoilers, which could be used as air brakes and lift dumpers.

Utilizing the enlarged, 40.2-foot tailplane of the MD-87, the MD-90 had a 30-foot, 7 ¼-inch overall height. In order to counteract the pitch axis motion created by the elongated fuselage and heavier engines, powered elevators with dual actuators and manual reversion were introduced.

Power was provided by two 25,000-thrust-pound, cascade thrust reverser-equipped IAE V2525-D5 turbofans, which were attached by means of a new pylon and were fed by 5,840 US gallons of fuel.

The aircraft was ground-supported by a dual-wheeled, hydraulically actuated, tricycle undercarriage, equipped with carbon wheel brakes (for a 400-pound weight savings) and provisioned with a digital antiskid system.

Aircraft access was provided by four doors: a 34-by-72-inch forward, left passenger door; a 27-by-48-inch forward, right service door; a 27-by-60-inch aft, left service door; and a 27-by-72-inch tail passenger door with an integral, ventral airstair. Four 20-by-36-inch overwing emergency exists were also provided.

An updated, two-person, electronic flight instrument system (EFIS) cockpit, based upon the MD-88’s, featured a flight management system (FMS), a digital flight guidance system (DFGS), an auxiliary control system (ACS), an advanced inertial reference system, and a new air data computer.

Introducing a “new look” cabin with 12-percent larger-and lighted-overhead storage compartments equipped with full-grip handrails, the MD-90 standardly featured two forward, right, and two aft, left vacuum lavatories. Although its exit-limited capacity remained the 172 of the MD-80, its larger cabin could accommodate two additional seat rows, providing increased comfort. A typically mixed class interior entailed 153 passengers, while a tri-class one included 12 seats at a 36-inch pitch, 14 at a 32-inch pitch, and 132 at a 31-inch pitch. A 163 all-coach arrangement entailed 19 seats at a 32-inch pitch and 144 at a 31-inch pitch, all in a five-abreast, two-three configuration.

Lower-deck baggage and cargo holds, accessed by three starboard doors, collectively offered 1,300 cubic feet of space.

The MD-90 offered AlliedSignal variable-speed, constant frequency electrical generators, a new environmental control system, and a 565-shp AlliedSignal GTCP131-9D auxiliary power unit (APU), which had an 8,000-hour life.

With an 88,171-pound operating weight, 156,000-pound maximum take off weight, and 142,000-pound landing weight, the MD-90-30 could carry a 41,829-pound payload and had a 2,085-nautical mile range with 153 passengers.

Piloted by Crew Chief Test Pilot William Jones, Test Pilot G. R. “Bear” Smith, and Flight Test Engineer Barry McCarthy, the MD-90-30 prototype, registered N901DC, took to the air for the first time on February 22, 1993.

“The… MD-90,” according to McDonnell-Douglas, “is an advanced mid-size, medium-range airliner that serves the needs of travelers and airlines today and well into the 21st century. The aircraft, one of the quietest large commercial jetliners in the skies, belongs to the twin-jet family of aircraft that started with the DC-9 and includes the… 717 and MD-80… (It) was designed to be technically and economically competitive by incorporating many cost-effective technologies. It offers an advanced flight deck, including an electronic fight instrument system (EFIS), a full flight management system (FMS), a state-of-the-art inertial reference system, and LED dot-matrix displays for engine and system monitoring.”

Its second prototype, registered N902DC and used for avionics and systems tests and automatic landings, first flew on August 27, or three weeks ahead of schedule, while the first production aircraft took to the skies on September 20 of the following year, joining what would become a 1,450-flight, 1,906-hour flight test program, which culminated with FAA type approval two months later, on November 16.

Launch customer Delta, which had placed a 31-firm and 106-optioned order, took delivery of the first MD-90-30 (N902DA) on February 24 of the following year in Atlanta, the 2,094th aircraft in the DC-9/MD-80 family built.

Commenting during the hand over, Ronald W. Allen, Delta Air Lines Chairman, President, and Chief Executive Officer, said, “From the start, we participated in writing the specifications for this aircraft in anticipation of where our industry and our company are headed.”

Although it offered considerable commonality with its existing MD-88s, Delta had calculated an annual, $200,000 fuel savings due its IAE engines over that achieved by its predecessor’s JT8Ds.

It was inaugurated into revenue service on the Dallas-Newark sector on April 1, 1995.

Other major operators included Alaska Airlines (20 firm and 20 options), Japan Air System (10 and 10), International Lease Finance Corporation (15 and 15), Reno Air, China Northern, China Eastern, EVA Airways, Uni Airways, KTHY, Grand China Airlines, and Saudi Arabian Airlines, the first of which inaugurated it into European service on November 1 of the following year. By March of 1997, 46 aircraft were operated by ten carriers.

The type’s design service life, of 90,000 hours and 60,000 landings, was significantly greater than the 50,000 hours and 50,000 landings of the comparable MD-83.

Several other versions were either built or proposed.

The MD-90-30ER, for example, was intended, as its designation suggests, for extended ranges with an optional, 565-US gallon auxiliary fuel tank. Launch customer AMC Aviation of Egypt took delivery of the first of two ordered, registered SU-BMQ, on September 24, 1997.

The MD-90-30T resulted from the Trunkliner Program with China, whose agreement, signed on June 25, 1992, originally stipulated three MD-82s, 17 MD-82Ts, and 20 MD-90-30Ts, and the gradual transference of skills and components for ultimate license-building. Although fewer airframes emerged from Chinese production lines than the initial-and ambitious-contract had covered, these aircraft featured quad-wheeled main undercarriage units.

The higher-capacity, but unbuilt MD-90-40, for 180 passengers, was planned with forward, 190-inch and aft, 95-inch fuselage plugs.

And the MD-90-50 was optimized for airlines requiring increased range. Powered by two 28,000 thrust-pound IAE V2528-D5 turbofans, it introduced a 565-US gallon auxiliary fuel tank installed in the lower deck hold, reducing its volume to 822 cubic feet, but increasing its fuel capacity to 6,405 US gallons. With a 33,500-pound payload, 172,500-pound gross weight, and 150,000-pound maximum landing weight, it had a 3,022-nautical mile range.

The addition of two doors would have circumvented the aircraft’s otherwise 172-seat exit-limited capacity with the MD-90-55, a high-density derivative for up to 187 passengers.

Despite the fact that the MD-90 represented the pinnacle of McDonnell-Douglas twin-jet evolution, with the original DC-9 and the subsequent MD-80 having provided worldwide service for some three-and-a-half decades, its technological success proved counter to the manufacturer’s financial one. Having quickly lost ground to both Airbus Industrie and Boeing, it was all-too-aware that the progressive stretches of its three basic DC-8, DC-9, and DC-10 pure-jet products had failed to keep pace with the all-new airliners its competitors had intermittently offered, and to do so now would have cost it many times its worth, which was an unfeasible proposition.

Buoyed by a buyout from Boeing, its fiercest US rival during the jet age, it relegated itself to becoming the Douglas Products Division of the Boeing Commercial Airplane Company after the acquisition had been consummated on August 4, 1997, and the MD-90, for all its merits, was withdrawn from production in 2000 after only 114 aircraft had been built, now rendered superfluous by Boeing’s own-and competing-737-700 and -800 short- to medium-range twin-jet product line.

High School Track and Field

For Runners, Jumpers, and Throwers

Many students like to participate in high school track and field events, both during the outdoor summer season and the indoor winter season. Track and field is an excellent sport for those who want to increase their athleticism and agility without all the pressures of a team sport. While there are still some pressures to perform well for the team especially in meets or competitions, generally the track and field athlete is working against their personal bests and competing against others in their events.

In high school track and field, the events are divided into two categories: the races that are run on the track, and the events that take place in the field. Men and women typically don’t compete against each other, though time constraints mean that they sometimes race at the same time. While men and women do run the same distances, the hurdles are lower for women, and the weight of the throwing pieces of equipment like the shot, discus, javelin and hammer are less than for men.

Round and Round and Round he goes

The track events include sprints, middle distance, long distance, hurdles, and relays. Sprints consist of short-distance running races such as the 100 m, 200 m, 300 m, and 400 m. Middle distance events include the 800 m, 1500 m, and 3000 m as well as the mile and two mile race.

Long distance events are those where the distance is over 5000 m, such as the 5000 m and 10,000 m races. Hurdles are barriers that are spaced out to be jumped over during a race. The distance for hurdle races are 110 m (100 m for women) and 400 m. For the shorter hurdle races, the hurdles are 0.99 m for men and 0.84 m for women, and for the longer hurdle races, the hurdles are 0.91 m for men and 0.76 m for women.

Among the most exciting events in high school track and field are the relay races. The typical race lengths are 4 x 100 m, 4 x 200 m, 4 x 400 m, and 4 x 800 m. Some high schools also hold distance medley relays (DMR) and sprint medley relays (SMR). The DMR race is where one leg of the race is 1200 m, the next is 400 m, the next is 800 m, and the last is a lengthy 1600 m. The SMR consists of a 400 m leg, 2 200 m legs, followed by an 800 m leg. Some high schools shorten the distance of the SMR to a 200 m leg, 2 100 m legs, followed by a 400 m leg.

On the Inside Track

When racing outdoors, the field events usually take place on the inside of the track. They include throwing events, such as the shot put, hammer throw, javelin throw, and discus throw and the jumping events, like the high jump, long jump, triple jump, and pole vault.

Some schools even hold their own decathlon competitions, where one athlete competes in 10 different events over 2 consecutive days. The first day, the athletes perform the 100 m run, long jump, shot put, high ump, and 400 m run. The second day consists of the 110 m hurdles, discus throw, pole vault, javelin, and 1500 m race.

How to Clean Travertine Tiles With Homemade Products?

Travertine tiles belong to the family of natural stone. It has close resemblance with the limestone. Its endurance level is close to limestone tiles. Travertine is popularly used in bathroom applications. Travertine showers are a hit among the homemakers. Usually, the shower area has polished finish with glossy surface. This feature is attributed due to application of the sealant.

However, a sealant doesn’t ensure that the tiles would remain perfect as ever. You need to clean and maintain them regularly. The whole concept is to use a good quality sealant and cleaner to keep the surface free from errors. The travertine tiles are a bit different and their natural make gives them an edge over the synthetic tiles. Hence, you can’t use porcelain, ceramic or fiber glass cleaners with these tiles.

The above proposition doesn’t mean that you can’t clean the travertine tiles. Here’s an easy cleaning option for you. These instructions will help you to achieve favorable results. During the process, you’ll need a mild non-acidic soap, household bleach, sponge, rubber gloves and a bucket. Use a soft sponge for cleaning. Remember, a hard sponge leads to scratches on the tile surface.

Now, wet the sponge and pour the non-acidic soap on it. Rub the travertine tiles with the sponge. Don’t forget to focus on the Grey areas near the tile corners. This area has the maximum deposition of dirt and stain. After scrubbing, wear your gloves and prepare a solution by mixing one part of homemade bleach in ten parts of water. Mix the solution thoroughly in the bucket.

Once you prepare the mixture, spread the bleach solution on the surface. Allow it to stand for a while, so that the stubborn stains become damp and removable. Now, wipe the stains with a soft sponge. You can also repeat the whole process until the stains are completely removed. Don’t forget to rinse the floor with fresh water. This is necessary to avoid development of streaks on the surface due to chemical depositions.

So, clean the tiles with this technique and maintain their beauty forever.

Vincent Van Gogh, Death by Bullying?

Vincent Van Gogh is one of the most famous and celebrated of all artists, with paintings such as ‘The Starry Night’, ‘Café Terrace at Night’ and ‘Sunflowers’ just a small example of the paintings he is known for throughout the world. Vincent Van Gogh paintings are amongst the highest paid for paintings sought after by art lovers and art investors alike. ‘Wheatfield with Cypresses’, ‘Portrait of Dr. Gatchet’, ‘Irises’ and ‘Self-portrait without Beard’ have brought record prices in the late 20th century and his works art expected to continue skyrocketing in price in the already very busy 21st century art market. He is of course also well known for his madness, his bouts of mental illness that led him to famously cutting off his ear and suicide. But was it really suicide or was it murder?

The authors of the latest Dutch-impressionist’s biography “Van Gogh: The Life” knew they would stir controversy by disputing the widely-held belief that the artist committed suicide with a gun while painting in a French wheat field. Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith, who have previously won a Pulitzer prize for their biography of American artist Jackson Pollock spent ten years researching their book and proposed the new theory, that Van Gogh was shot not be himself, but by local bullies who were a constant bane in van Gogh’s already tormented life.

Naifeh and Smith uncovered some evidence that point inconclusively, they acknowledge in the direction of manslaughter.

Their first piece of evidence is a candid and self incriminating interview with respectable partisan banker Rene Secretan given in 1956. In the interview he recalled in great detail how he and his brother had tormented the artists during their teenage years in the Auvers. As the target of bullying for much of his life, the red-headed painter – who suffered from frontal lobe epilepsy – was to suffer it as the price for having some companionship.

Their second evidence is based on rumours heard by the late art historian John Rewald in the 1930s from townspeople in Auvers old enough to remember that Van Gogh had accidentally been shot by two young boys.

Their third piece of evidence is a drawing by Vincent where he depicts a boy in a cowboy hat that the authors suspect is Rene Secretan who attended the Paris World fair in 1890 where Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West show from America was a big hit. They theorized that the young Rene duly infatuated with cowboys and guns borrowed a pistol from local innkeeper Arthur Ravoux to shoot birds and small animals, and that this was the weapon that killed Vincent van Gogh. It should be noted that during the 1956 interview Rene Secretan mentioned nothing about any shooting.

The Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which collaborated with the authors, was quoted as regarding the author’s theory as “interesting” and “spectacular” but has not yet dismissed the long-held suicide theory.

In any case, the mystery of Vincent Van Gogh’s death has begun.

Where to Find Party Girls in Las Vegas

Las Vegas is loaded with hot beautiful party girls all looking for one night stands and a night of romance not thought possible except for in a movie. You can now look to make this are reality for them by finding the hottest and thorniest spots to capture that lovely girl for a night of lust and excitement.

The energy levels in Las Vegas are like no other you cannot help but get swept up in the excitement of enjoying a weekend with of high-powered nightlife and beautiful industry staff servicing your every need. Fortunately for the Vegas visitors you get to benefit by receiving top notch service, awesome amenities, killer nightclubs and a social vibe that wreaks of sexuality worn by almost everyone.

As Guy Groups and Las Vegas Bachelor Parties spend most of their time focused on hitting up the high-powered nightclubs for a night of fun. Although very rewarding at times it can be seriously expensive so I present alternative venues nd meeting spots to find party girls in Las Vegas.

Two hotspots you probably never gave much thought includes the Las Vegas Male reviews, Chippendales and Thunder From Down Under. What you say? Why would I as a guy head to these male reviews, well very simply they are loaded with hundreds of hot horny women.

No you do not need to enter the show or even buy a ticket here is the best part both Male Reviews have bars that are positioned at the entrance where women hang out before an after the show, mmmh, interesting right? Well, as an innocent by standard who happens to be walking by you notice a large group of women parading around thongs and garter belts seeking a male companion to entertain them, why not you! The funny thing is most guys are intimidated to enter these target rich environments mostly 100% females but what could be a better landing sport or launch pad for any bachelor party or group of guys looking to have some real fun!

limousines are basically nightclubs on wheels girls are cheap and do their best not to spend money except on themselves (massages, clothes, food, etc) or on you that is if you’re a good lover. Party Buses and Stretch Hummers are awesome openers and ways to attract a large group of girls stranded in their heels on the strip.

So how is that you ask? Well if you guys are just having fun and happen to be on a rolling party bus loaded with liquor than a group of lovely women would like nothing more than a free ride and for you guys a chance to show off your cool fun vibe possibly wooing them into a nights stay back at your hotel. Everybody in Las Vegas seeks excitement and stories to go back home and tell their friends what could make for a better memory then hopping aboard a party bus loaded with bachelors down to get wasted and enjoy the night, its serendipity!

During the day or mid-afternoon times girls are swarming Las Vegas Pool Parties and malls these are the best areas to find large quantities of women who will not suspect you are on the prowl. But do not overlook the sidebars and drinking holes found along the strip as these places present a great opportunity for guys to meet a group of girls and party during the day! Popular locations include Wet Republic, Encore Beach Club, Carnival Court and Fashion Show Mall.

If you don’t seek to venture outside of the Hotel then stay at your hotel and hit up the local drinking holes in the lobby. By far the best option for finding female friends hotel bars are usually comprised of guests staying over night or visitors seeking to enjoy the amenities you being one of them. Las Vegas Hotels have spent significant money to build a social setting comprised of restaurants, bars and clubs.

The Cosmopolitan Hotel has done the best job of offering alternative avenues for drinking and meeting people. The Chandelier Bar is a 3 level open aired lounge which sites adjancent to the Marquee Mega Club, restuarant row and more making it an ideal launching pad for meeting people. Other bars inside the trendy Comospolitan hotel include Vesper Bar, Bond and Queue Bar.

Dress up is key! Wear something loud, fun like your only interested in impressing yourself and you will attract passers-by commenting and wanting to be a part of your party experience. The more guys the better and this is guaranteed fun for anyone with or without women!

Now that you have found out a few secrets on how to where to meet Las Vegas Party Girls rest assure your next visit to Las Vegas will not be the same. I have tried and tested all the above theories all off which work and even better involve the group of guys you are with so everyone has fun in the process.

Just to recap the best places to meet women are at Pool Parties followed by Hotel Bars and finally Nightclubs!

Philip Smouha’s Lucky Beer Hits the Streets of New York

The secret to success with any product and particularly with a beer is the taste and the presentation. Australian businessman Philip Smouha has hit the jackpot with his boutique beverage Lucky Beer. The drink and bottle are created brewed in China. No surprise then to learn that the beer has a distinctive Asian flavour.

Lucky Beer comes in an unusual bottle. Unusual in more ways than one because it has the image of a laughing Buddha and the bottle is a chubby, chunky shape unlike the standard thin beer-in-a-bottle shape you see everywhere. The bottle alone grabs attention and Smouha is disappointed to see the end of the glass bottle once the beer has been consumed. Smouha believes there are many uses for the striking bottle including; cute candle holders and as a cheeky flower vase. His business headquarters has many examples of recycled Lucky Beer bottles.

The beer has hit the spot with trendy and discerning beer drinkers in Sydney where it’s become known as a city beer. Distribution to other Australian cities has begun but there’s been a surprising development in international sales. Beer drinkers in LA and the Big Apple have discovered the unique taste and appearance of Lucky Beer where it has a strong and loyal following of both male and female drinkers.

The inspiration behind Lucky Beer was Smouha wanting the ‘wow’ factor to apply to the bottle. This he has achieved in spades. The smiling Buddha and the bottle design in general is always a conversation starter long before the unique taste of the liquid amber has hit the taste buds. Many drinkers enjoy a Lucky Beer with a slice of ginger – It certainly is a unique taste. The unique taste of the beer also goes hand in hand with asian style cuisine, especially south east Asian meals where ginger is common.

Getting any new beer launched in the competitive Australian market is a tough ask. For Philip Smouha to have made such a niche hit with his Lucky Beer is no mean feat. To then have that same beer increasingly popular in the American market and in New York in particular is a spectacular success.

The worldwide markets for Lucky Beer have yet to be tapped but tapped they soon will be. One can only imagine the future this clever beverage is destined to create as Philip Smouha chalks up another carefully planned entrepreneurial success!

Itchy Penis Prevention: Getting Ready for Thanksgiving

Thanksgiving is right around the corner, a day when a man gets to spend time with loved ones, eat mountains of delicious food, watch football – and possibly run the risk of an itchy penis. It’s a wonderful holiday in America, and by taking steps toward proper penis care, most men can avoid or limit the inconvenience of an itchy penis.

A guy thing

It’s also a common occurrence. Every dude experiences some itchiness in the mid-zone, and that’s natural. What’s problematic is when that itchiness is especially insistent and/or long-lasting. Then a fellow runs the risk of being caught with his hand down his pants as he seeks some relief.


There are several factors about Thanksgiving that make it somewhat more likely that an itchy penis may occur. The following are a few of these, along with hints about what to do to prevent or reduce penile itching.

Food allergy. Yes, Thanksgiving is supposed to be all about giving thanks, but really it usually turns out to be all about the food. Tables are heaped high with all manner of delicious delights, including the main course – the big bird.

Unfortunately, a guy may have an allergy to some of the food on the table – often without even knowing it. Lots of times, it’s the sheer quantity of food that brings on the allergic reaction. For example, a guy may normally eat a simple turkey sandwich with no problem; but when he keeps on shoveling in the turkey for serving after serving on Thanksgiving, the allergy might kick in.

And often that allergy manifests as a skin reaction all over the body – including the penis.

The solution? Moderation is usually called for. If past Thanksgivings have indicated a possible allergy, take a little less this year. Or visit an allergy specialist in advance to discover if there are medications available to ward off the reactions.

Clothing. Many guys dress up for this holiday occasion, often wearing new or unfamiliar clothing. If the fabric is rougher and hasn’t been softened by frequent washing, it may cause irritation on the penis – leading to both soreness and itchiness, a double whammy. And it doesn’t help that eating all that food tends to make the pants fit tighter, bringing the penis in more direct contact with the offending material.

The best tip: Don’t wear brand new clothes or pants fabrics that may cause itchiness.

Unfamiliar bedding. Men who travel a long distance for the holiday may end up spending the night. Nothing wrong with that, but if the lady of the house uses strong or heavily-fragranced detergent, this can cause a reaction in sensitive penis skin.

One way around this: BYOB – Bring Your Own Bedding.

De-stressing. While the holidays are wonderful, for some guys they can be very stressful – and more than one man has been known to defuse his personal stress by a quick round of self-pleasuring in the guest bathroom. Unfortunately, a guy must often then make do with what is at hand for lubrication – and often that is a shampoo or soap that reacts with the skin to create excessive itching.

What to do? If a guy thinks a quick one (or two) may be necessary, covertly bring along a reliable lubricant.

One other recommendation for an itchy penis at Thanksgiving (or any time): Make daily use of a top-notch penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil). Itchiness usually occurs because of dry or damaged penis skin, and a crème that boasts both a high-end emollient (such as Shea butter) and a natural hydrator (such as vitamin E) is going to provide moisture that can address common penis skin problems. In addition, a crème with a potent antioxidant such as alpha lipoic acid is going to offer further protection from oxidative damage to penile cell metabolism. A crème like Man1 Man Oil is an excellent weapon in the fight against the itchy penis.

And1 the Professor, Or How to Increase Vertical Jump

In case you didn’t know – the skinny 5’10” guy from the And1 streetball squad called The Professor who is well known for his outstanding ball handling actually can dunk! And right, he is white!

As many outstanding ball players Grayson Boucher aka The Professor has a fix workout he sticks to.

“Everday I’m in the gym for a minimum of 2 hours. I’ve been getting up at 5am everyday lately knocking my basketball workouts out early in the morning. Then I run 2 miles and lift for about an hour. Too me, whatever you put into working on your game is what you get out of it. Its all about your time investment and dedication. When I go to the gym its not going to ever be some sweet ass workout. You can’t just go to the gym and shoot around casually and expect to improve. I get up at least 500 every time I’m in there and go hard with full court dribbling drills, then end the workout with some free throws. When I run 2 miles I try and keep one hard pace the whole time. Right now I get in 2 miles at 1330, which is tough to get done every morning, but when you start seeing results you begin to like it and go harder. I used to lift for bulk and got heavy at one point and found that quickness is more important for me then bulk weight. This year I’m concentrating on working my legs harder then I ever have before, because my goal for this upcoming season is to dunk on the regular.” – The Professor

In case you ask yourself which exercises will make your legs stronger, here are a couple:

Jump rope:

Almost every NBA player uses this “old” exercise. Jumping rope is a great way to build stamina, and work on your leg strength. In addition, it builds jumping ability (explosiveness, calf strength, etc.).

Wall sits and squats:

These exercises will help you build leg strength, which is a key component of athletic fitness, and therefore jumping ability. Remember to only use a weight that is comfortable for you, and to always have a trainer or training partner work out with you.

But remember that vertical leap is part leg strength and part explosiveness. And the explosiveness part is the more important of the two. Just like The Professor said it, it’s not about the size of your leg muscles, or how much weight you can put up in the gym. It’s about your athletic ability, coordination, and your ability to explode up and off the ground.

If you seriously want to improve your vertical and look for concrete exercises, I highly recommend The Jump Manual:

Using Voicemail to Sell Your Cleaning Services

How many times do you cold call a prospective customer, only to be connected to their voicemail? Do you leave a message? Many people will not leave messages because they never receive a call back. That’s because they usually do one of two things: 1) they simply leave their name, company name and phone number, or 2) they leave a more detailed message that sounds like a sales pitch. In both cases, they’re never going to receive a call back. That’s because there’s no WIIFM (what’s in it for me?) for the recipient of the call.

With a little planning, you can not only use voicemail to get a return phone call, but you can use it to leave a memorable impression that will eventually lead to a meeting with the prospective client.

So what’s the trick for getting them to call back? A good rule of thumb for leaving voicemail messages that get return calls is to 1) start with your 30-second elevator speech (or the first part of it), and 2) make a compelling statement that gets them thinking! Use words that describe how they feel: frustrated, disappointed, irritated, annoyed, concerned, overwhelmed, unhappy, skeptical. Here is an example:

Hi, this is John Smith with All-American Cleaning Company. We work with companies who are frustrated with their current cleaning service, or disappointed in the value they’re receiving for the money they’re spending. If this sounds familiar, please give me a call because I may have some solutions for you. My number is 555-123-1234. I look forward to talking with you.

Even if this doesn’t compel the prospect to return your call, don’t give up. Remember, it takes several “touches” before people make a purchase, so continue to follow up with them. Does that mean leaving six more voicemail messages? No, you might get blacklisted if you repeatedly do that. But after a week, try another voicemail follow up that is similar to the first message you left, but with a little more urgency:

Hi, this is John Smith with All-American Cleaning Company again. If you are frustrated with your current cleaning company or find you’re spending too much time managing tenant complaints, I can be a valuable resource for you. Please give me a call at 555-123-1234.

Challenge yourself to create a list of problems that your customers want solved. Then use this list to create variations of the voicemails listed above. Track which voicemails get the best response and start using these as your first and second voicemail messages. The goal here is to get the prospect to pick up the phone and ask, “How can you do that?”

Another way to continue the contact with this prospect is to make a follow up call after mailing a sales letter, flyer or brochure. In this case, leave a message something like this:

Hi, this is John Smith with All-American Cleaning Company. I’m calling about the information I sent about the benefits of using green cleaning methods for the health and safety of your tenants and employees. I just need about 10 minutes of your time. Are you available next Tuesday at 9 a.m. or next Wednesday at 11 a.m.? Please give me a call at 555-123-1234. I look forward to meeting with you.

By now your prospect has had four “touches” from you – the first two voice mails, the mailing, and the follow-up to the mailing. What if you had given up after the first call? The prospect would have forgotten about you a long time ago. But now they’ve heard from you four times, so with a little more persistence you should be able to connect with the prospect. They’ll remember who you are and you’ll have a much better chance of getting that meeting in person.

Make a Timber Frame Wall Panel

Lets start with a simple wall, with no door or window openings. We can get to the more difficult panels later.

The standard height for a panel is 2.453 metres. This is a standard ceiling height for most homes. It also easily accommodates plasterboard and plywood/OSB.

A wall comprises of timbers with dimensions of 38mm deep and 140mm in width and come in an assortment of lengths, ranging from 2.1 and then rising in 300mm increments up to 5.4 m long. For the sake of this example we will use lengths of 4.8m CLS C16 grade timbers.

The wall we wish to make is on the gable of the house, hence no windows or doors. The gable wall is actually 9.5m but we need to break that down into a more manageable size. We take the 9.5 m wall and divide by two to end up with two walls of 4.75 m long. This is much easier to deal with.

Divide 4.75 by 0.4 (the vertical stud centres) to get 11.87. Round the number down to 11 and then add 2 to bring the number of studs up to 13. Now you know how many vertical uprights are in the panel.

You may recall that the standard height for a wall panel is 2.453. This is made up of the vertical studs plus a double sole plate and a double-header plate.

All that means is that on the ground you place two lengths of 4.75 m long timber to which you fix the bottom of the studs and then you fit two lengths of 4.75 m long timber to the top of the wall panel. You can use two 90mm paslode nails fired from a nail gun or two 100mm galvanised wire nails using a hammer.

Now you need to work out what size to cut them.

So if we have two number timbers of dimension 38 x 140 mm to top and bottom of the wall then all we need to do is subtract 152mm from the overall height of the wall to get our vertical stud size which is 2.301 m.

Cut 13 studs at 2.301 me long ensuring that your cuts are plumb. Very important to get the length and the plumb cut right to ensure a good tight fit.

Clear a space on the ground and place two lengths of timber lengthways on the ground. These will be used to make your panel on. Keeping the ends of the panel off the ground makes it easier to fix the top and bottom plates to the vertical studs.

Now you can start nailing the panel together keeping the edge of the vertical studs flush with the top of the sole plate and header plate. Fix the top and bottom of each stud with two number nails either 90mm paslode nails fired from a nail gun or 100mm galvanised wire nails if you are using a hammer. Make sure that the studs are not twisted in the frame and are plumb from top of the wall to the bottom.

Work your way along the panel fixing the studs at 400mm centres. This just means leaving a distance of 400mm from the centre of one stud to the next.

You can also use the edge of the stud and simply go from edge to edge. Keep going until you have nailed up all the vertical studs to the top and bottom plates.

Now you can add plywood or OSB sheets to tighten up the frame. This is better done at this stage prior to standing the panel up, as the work will go quicker by fixing the sheets to the frame when it is lying on the ground.

Fix the plywood or OSB to each vertical stud at 150mm centres and around the perimeter of each sheet at 75mm centres. (An engineer will help you in this area by performing mathematical calculations to give you a precise figure that you can follow.)

Just be aware the panel can be very heavy so make sure you have some extra pairs of hands or mechanical lifting gear to help you.

But if you are short of helping hands you can leave this until the panel is fully fixed and braced.

Voila you have made your first timber frame wall panel. Congratulations.