Pros and Cons of the Baby Bottle Warmer

To some people, the use of the baby bottle warmer is the greatest appliances made for babies ever. With any type of electronic product, there are usually pros and cons associated with it. This article will examine the benefits and downside in using the baby bottle warmer to heat the baby’s food.

There are many benefits that are associated in using the baby bottle warmer. The most important is the fact that it is able to keep the liquid in the bottle at a constant temperature. If a parent was supposed to heat the bottle on the stove or in the microwave, it would be a hassle to be constantly checking to see if it was warm enough or if it was too hot. Another benefit in using this product over the microwave is the uneven way in which the microwave heats food. There can be spots in the milk or formula that could be either too hot or too cool and there is no consistency. Another benefit is the fact that in some cases you can heat the baby’s food while you are out on the road or are travelling. Simple warmers that use batteries or a car adapter are available to ensure that the baby will always have his food warm when he needs it.

The baby bottle warmer is not without some cons. It is very useful at heating the product, but sometimes inferior products heating element can get so hot that it possibly could melt the bottle. There also have been complaints from parents who feel that the formula or milk did not get heated to the proper temperature. This could be extremely annoying if you have a hungry baby and their food is not warm enough. Another concern that parents had was the fact that sometimes it would take a long time for the bottles to warm up to a respectable level. The optimum time stated by some manufacturers was in the region of 4-9 minutes. However depending on the model then the time to accomplish this could be way ahead of the stated period.

In closing the baby bottle warmer [] is a product that was created to make a parents life easier. It was a simple option to heat the food without resorting to the stove or the microwave. With all devices there are always positives and negatives in using them. It was good at keeping the temperature the same, and also gave parents the option to carry it if they were going to be mobile. On the downside some devices could take a long time to warm the food and faulty heating elements could cause the bottle to melt.

NuWave Oven – A Healthier Way To Cook

The NuWave Oven Pro does not use any oil or fat and allows you to cook poultry, meats, pork and most any other type of food. It really is an all-purpose oven that anyone can use to cook healthy, delicious meals.

The NuWave Oven will cut your family’s fat intake by up to 200% allowing you to enjoy more delicious and healthier meals in a fraction of the time it takes to normally cook a meal. Why settle for soggy or dried out leftovers? The NuWave Ovens “reheat feature” makes leftover meals like new again! You can even put take out containers from the restaurant in the NuWave Oven. In just four minutes your leftovers will come out hot, crispy and juicy!

The NuWave Oven Pro incorporates Triple Combo Cooking (TCC). TCC combines three different cooking methods:

Conduction, which is the heat that is applied directly to the food.

Convection is the circulated hot air that is produced by the quiet motor and a specially designed fan. This allows the heat to distribute evenly for faster cooking and even browning.

Infrared which is simply a form of gentle, invisible radiant heat that penetrates the inside of food while also cooking from the outside, leaving foods moist and flavorful yet browned to perfection. Hearthware’s specially patented coating over the custom made heating rod enhances the NuWave Ovens unique infrared capabilities. The concept is similar to the warmth of the sun’s rays that you feel on your skin. About 80% of the sun’s rays are infrared rays, the same principle as the NuWave Oven, just on a smaller scale. Restaurants have been using infrared ovens for years to keep their food warm.

Because of this three way cooking technology, the NuWave Oven Pro will cook up to fifty percent faster than cooking in a conventional oven. One of the reasons it cooks faster is because it does not require preheating. This saves both time and energy consumption. Another time saver and energy saver is that there is no need to defrost either. You just simply place your frozen food inside the oven and the unique Triple Combo Cooking will start cooking it immediately. You will never have to defrost or preheat again. Another bonus is that you will save up to 85% in your energy consumption in comparison to a conventional oven. And since it doesn’t heat up the air around it, it won’t heat up your kitchen like a traditional oven will.

The NuWave Oven can broil, grill, bake, barbeque, fry, roast, toast and steam. It can even dehydrate. The NuWave Oven will replace many other appliances for just a fraction of the cost. Some of the appliances it can replace are:

* A conventional oven

* Microwave

* A countertop rotisserie

* Bbq grill

* Portable grill

* A toaster oven

* A toaster

* A convection oven

* Range

* A bread maker

* A rice cooker

* A pizza oven

* A food dehydrator

In addition to the decreased fat intake, healthier cooking and using less energy, the NuWave Oven also is both PTFE and PFOA free. PTFE is better known as Teflon and PFOA is a by-product of Teflon products. Both PTFE and PFOA are not only bad for the environment, but they are also potentially bad for your health. Currently there are no environmental laws which require anyone in the US to abide by these guidelines, but the makers of the NuWave Oven decided that they wanted to make a conscious decision to provide the most convenient, healthy and environmentally friendly products that we could provide to our customers.

Curtain Fabric – Popular Materials Used For Curtains

Today many people are now choosing to make their own curtains or at least select curtain fabric and then have them tailored by a professional. The reasons behind this are complex but one of the major benefits is certainly that by selecting your own fabric you have the opportunity to create an individual window dressing that nobody else will have in their home. What follows are five popular materials used in the production of curtain fabrics.

Silk has to be one of the most luxuriant fabrics used in the manufacturing of curtains. Often woven into different patterns and styles it can be perfect for creating dressier, formal windows. It can be used either in full length panel curtains, roman shades or even balloon shades. A definite disadvantage of silk has to be the price, unless you can find a cheap dealer, it is likely that it will be expensive. Another disadvantage is that if the curtains are unlined, silk has the tendency to rot in direct sunlight.

Cotton is a much cheaper option and is an extremely versatile fabric. Cotton can also be weaved in different ways to achieve different effects, such as satin weave of plain weave. Cotton’s versatility means that it can be used for plainer, simple looks as well as classy, sophisticated styles. Cotton is easy to clean although unless the curtains are lined can hang awkwardly.

Linen has become one of the more popular types of curtain fabric in recent years. Linen can be woven into both light and heavy weaves meaning that a range of styles are available when using this material. In terms of price linen is relatively affordable in comparison to silk and wool. One downside would be the tendency of linen to wrinkle quite easily in humid environments and the fact that to clean linen curtains, dry cleaning services should be used.

Wool has the obvious benefit that it insulates excellently. When woven into heavy fabrics it also hangs effortlessly providing an elegant look. Wool is easily dyed and in terms of cost varies immensely depending upon which type of wool it is. For example some sheep’s wool is relatively cheap whereas wool from alpacas or llamas can work out rather expensive. Unfortunately wool is moisture absorbent and like linen is not the best option for humid rooms.

Synthetics such as nylon or polyester should be considered due to the fact that they are extremely stable and easily cleaned. However the cheap, plastic feel puts many homeowners off. For curtain linings however, synthetics can be considered an excellent choice.

Comparison of Finishes Available For Natural Slate


Guaged refers to a process where the thickness of a series of tiles is evened out for the installation process. If stones have varying dimensions, they may set unevenly in an architectural application. The way to resolve such a problem is to use mechanical grinder to remove excess stone from each tile.

Natural / Cleft

When slate has a natural clefted finish it means that the surface of the stone is rough, and has not been honed or polished down. The word “cleft” refers to the splitting that occurs within the stone, during its formation, and which causes the uneven features found in finished tiles.

The main draw of using clefted slate is that it has a natural and rustic look. Cleft stone looks like real stone, and it gives an application an “outdoorsy” feel.

Another major advantage of using clefted material is that it is extremely slip resistant. That is why many restaurants and commercial kitchens use this material, as it cuts down on lawsuits from customers who fall in wet puddles.

Clefted material also tends to wear down well in high traffic areas. The dimensional nature of the stone tends to soften over time, and achieves an attractive brushed patina which many people find to be quite beautiful.

The drawback to using a clefted material is that it may be uncomfortable to walk on it with bear feet, due to the tiny ridges and peaks which poke out of its surface.


Slate that has been polished has been grinded by a machine to give the material a smooth, shining, glossy appearance. Polished slate tends to resemble marble, except that the colors are more unique, and the dimensionality that was in the original stone is retained to a certain extent, as shadow lines in the polished surface of the material.

Polished slate is often considered more elegant than natural slate, and has a more “finished” look. It also tends to retain many of the colors and features found in the original stone, making it both rustic and powerful, while still retaining its sophistication and style.

The problem with polished slate is that it is never as dramatic as the natural surface of the stone, and many of the powerful colors found within it will be washed out by this process. Polished slate is also quite slippery, and doesn’t have any of the dimensional qualities that make the clefted version so popular in restaurants.

The polished version will also tend to show scratches and dirt much more easily than a natural finish will.


A honed finish is the halfway point between clefted and polished slate. A honed surface is smooth to the touch, but doesn’t have the glossy shiny appearance and texture that a polished material has.

A honed finish is generally used when you want a polished look, but you don’t want material that will cause a slipping hazard. This type of finish gives slate a little bit of texture, just enough to catch your shoes on, making it much safer than a polished alternative.

Unfortunately you do lose many of the colors and features found in a natural stone when you hone it, making the outcome considerably less vibrant.

Brushed / Flamed

The brushed or flamed finish is relatively new in natural stone. It is a process where a natural cleft is honed down slightly, just enough to get rid of the most dramatic peaks. The difference between this and honing is that the resultant materials looks like it is natural, with the vibrant colors and the dimensionality, but you can walk on it with bear feet.

Brushed material is very popular in hotel lobbies where owners are trying to achieve a look which is both dramatic and inviting, without presenting a slipping hazard, and without the natural clefting that can make people walking in socks uncomfortable.


There are many different choices you have for the finish of your natural slate. The style you choose should depend largely on taste, but also on the application you are trying to achieve. You have to balance slip resistance and color against uniformity and elegance, and figure out what is really important in your project.

Advantages Of East Facing House Plans

Are you planning of constructing a house? While there are many house plans that you can go with, not all of them are ideal for you. One of the best plans that you should consider is the east facing plan.

Benefits Of East Facing House Plan

There are a number of benefits that come with an east facing plan. Some of the benefits include:

Sunlight: since the sun rises from the east, it means that your house will be receiving a lot of sunlight during the early morning. This will reduce your energy bills as you don’t have to leave the lights on if you wake up early.

Health: researchers have shown that the morning sun is always the best. Since your house will be facing east, you will be getting the most from the beneficial morning sun.

Tips To Consider When Designing An East Facing House Plan

For you to design a perfect east facing house you need to put a number of tips into consideration:

Plenty of space on the east: as an architect you need to leave enough space in the east. This is the space that the people in the house will be using to bask during the early morning.

Short east compound wall: to allow plenty of sun into the building, you should ensure that you don’t cover the house with the compound wall. This calls for you to construct a wall that is much shorter than the house. To leave enough space on the east side you should ensure that the main gate faces northeast.

Have a verandah: when designing the house you should ensure that the house has a verandah on the eastern side where the owners of the house can sit and enjoy the healthy morning sun. You can design a sloping verandah; however, you should ensure that it doesn’t face west.

Clutter free: to avoid obstructing positive energy you should ensure that the space on the eastern side is clean and clutter free. This calls for you to remove any heaps of soil, stone or garbage that might be there. You should also ensure that the house doesn’t have any elevated land. The floor should be less elevated than the center room.

If there’s a road running in front of the house you should ensure that it’s lower than the plot.


These are the advantages of an east facing house plan. If you are interested in an east facing house, ensure that the plan is designed by a professional architect.

Choosing Outdoor Carpet

If you have a large outdoor patio or lounge area you may have considered installing outdoor carpeting; which can greatly add to it’s comfort. You’ll find that the majority of outdoor carpets are produced from fibers that are synthetic like olefin or polypropylene. Moreover, there are natural fibered outdoor carpets like jute or hessian. The types differ mainly in the way that they are manufactured or constructed. They consist of grass, needle, punch, and loop. Most people are familiar with the grass type of indoor outdoor carpet, because it’s green and is made to look like grass; however, you can get the grass carpet in other colors such as blue and many other colors. Some can get pretty wild looking but the thing to remember is you can find some other color besides green.

Some uses for outdoor carpeting is for around hot tubs, pools, screened in porch, or even your garage. As mentioned earlier, when thinking of indoor outdoor carpeting, most people think of the simple green colored grass plastic grass carpet, but there are actually some really nice carpets that are made specifically for outdoor. This is something I didn’t realize when we were thinking of putting carpet around our hot tub and pool. The options are a lot larger than I thought and you can really get some good looking (classy) carpet for certain areas that add some real pleasing aesthetics to an outdoor area.

As mentioned earlier, the most thought of outdoor carpet is what is referred to as marine outdoor carpeting. When I think of this carpet, I go back to being a kid and hanging out around the marina at the lake and all the marine carpeting all over. It always seemed to be faded and/or ripped and looked awful. Luckily it doesn’t look that bad if it’s kept in good shape and replaced when it get’s worn. Marine carpet is made to withstand being constantly wet and actually hold water as opposed to letting it run off.

Olefin or known as polypropylene, is created from synthetic resin. The best thing about olefin is it is extremely resilient to light and stains. Meaning it’s resistant to stain, fading, and mold. You’ll often see this carpet used as putting greens in a back yard, in the floor of sheds, and patios or other areas outdoor. This carpet comes in a huge variety of colors and gives you more choice for style and color than the traditional marine carpet.

Frozen Yogurt Shops Switching From Cups to Cones

For years, frozen yogurt has been served in paper cups. The convenience of this for store owners was unmatched. Now, however, the tides are changing and more shops are seeing the need to introduce waffle cones into their business.

There are several reasons for this change.


  1. Easy to consume on the go. More and more Moms are choosing yogurt as a healthy alternative to ice cream. They love the convenience of a cone which allows them to eat while they transport the kids to afternoon activities.
  2. Ice cream cones are edible. This means no garbage left over after snack time. Ice cream cones are the greener alternative.
  3. They weigh more. Quality made waffle cones, weigh just as much if not more than a paper cup. While many shops argue the cost of a cone is higher, they must understand they can recoup the cost with the weight of the cone.
  4. Kids love cones. Sure the Moms may love the convenience of eating on the go but for kids, cones are preferred over cups. Not only that. Many shops are actually dressing them up with chocolate and sprinkles to make them even more desirable and profitable.


Changing a yogurt shop over, isn’t near as difficult as some shop owners think. With just a few simple steps, making the switch can be a simple transition.

  1. Start sampling. There are many cone companies out there. Be sure to try a few different cones to find the company that offer the best quality cones.
  2. Use the internet. Go online to restaurant supply and shopping websites and find cone holders. They come in a variety of styles and materials. Plastic or metal ones work best. They do make cone holder attachments for the scale; however, just using an acrylic cone holder can be just as effective. Just be sure to tare your scale to include the weight of the cone holder.
  3. Posters/displays. Using posters and strategic placement of displays can really help to draw attention to your newly added waffle cones. Be sure to have stands available for your customers to stand their cones while they fill them with all the amazing toppings you offer.

Yogurt shops are changing with the times. If you haven’t incorporated them yet, you should think about it. Offering a variety of flavored waffle cones can also help to stimulate new business. In these changing times, shop owners need to be willing to change with the growing demand of their customers. And customers want waffle cones.

Commitment Phobic Males – Their Story

Many women have loved a man who cannot love back.

To put it simply, he’s not just doing this to you.

He’s done it to every woman he’s ever been involved with.

Steven Carter

COMMITMENT: To pledge, promise, or engage oneself in a sincere involvement.

PHOBIA: Persistent, irrational fear or dread of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to a compelling desire to avoid it.

COMMITMENTPHOBE: Person with a compelling, irrational fear of emotional intimacy.

What woman searching for love doesn’t know the story? You finally find your Mr. Right. He loves you like you’ve always dreamed. He says the right words, does all the right things, and promises you “Happily ever after.” Then, he begins to leave you.

You swallow your pride and promise him more than he ever promised you, just so he will stay. You question your sanity for what was white is black; what was true is false; what was Mr. Right is, in reality, Mr. Wrong. Once you begin your long journey back to reality, you feel the gnawing fear that you may never trust the words “I love you,” again.

Michael’s first conscious memory of his mother was playing at her knee as she sewed on her sewing machine. Michael’s unconscious mind still secretly holds his sobs, pleas and tantrums that were never enough to attract her attention away from her work and towards him. To survive his despair, he learned to be a child comfortable with distance. That child remains, hiding deep in Michael’s mind.

Today, Michael is a very handsome, charming, and successful banker who drives women nuts. He is unaware that he has a problem, much less that his childhood trauma set him up to crave what he fears most: sharing authentic emotional intimacy with a woman.

Michael appears to be a man on a quest for love. He dates often, and wines and dines women like a pro. He knows what a woman needs to feel safe. He brings flowers on a first date, cries like a baby on the second, and melts hearts with “I love you” on the third. In between are endless calls and text messages, bordering on obsessive. He is a master of seduction as he leads a woman out of her common sense reality into his faux fantasy land. Her reluctance interests him, her resistance intrigues him. GAME ON.

Michael professes he wants to marry. To prove it, he’s been engaged three times, once coming frighteningly close to his actual wedding day. He told his future bride the devastating news a whole thirty six hours before he was to promise “Til death do us part.” In Michael’s mind, this was only fair.

Despite all appearances to the contrary, Michael’s mission is not love, but conquest. He rushes into a relationship with such vigor a woman finds it hard to resist him, if for no other reason than wanting to believe her fairy tale prince has come. But, the moment she lets her heart begin to dream of forever, Michael is saddling up his white steed, ready to bolt from the confinement of the castle walls. All she knows is that he suddenly doesn’t call when he says he will. He doesn’t arrive when he says he will. He begins to find fault with her. He begins to avoid her. She is clueless as to what has happened, or why. The same man, who last week swore he could not live without her, now finds excuses to stay away.

Commitmentphobia defies all sense of logic because it was birthed in early childhood, which is not a time of logic, but of feelings. Our earliest emotions are ruled by only one thing, the instinctual desperation to survive. When a young child is soothed by consistently safe and secure bonding with his parents, bliss happens. However, the indescribable emotional trauma of being a rejected, emotionally abandoned child detours nature’s plan away from future healthy adult bonding and towards a life-long, fear-based need to avoid enduring such pain ever again. For a commitmentphobic male, early maternal rejection holds him captive to the paradox of craving what he fears most: love and connection. This includes Michael, who addictively runs towards love, but, when love runs towards him, the unconscious memory of his mother’s refusal to nurture overrides nature.

So, his commitmentphobic cycle continues unabated, and with gusto. As the hopes of each mystified woman are crushed by his irrational reversal, Michael remains clueless and detached. He does not intentionally set out to hurt women. He truly wants intimacy. His very DNA wants intimacy. But, as he watches his current frustrated lover express her disbelief and emotional pain over such betrayal, Michael’s memory bank pulls up the image of his unavailable, rejecting mother. Unknowingly, his newest ex-lover has innocently and tragically triggered his childhood pain. He responds by pulling his emotional trigger on her.

Michael cannot link the pain he causes women to the pain from his mother’s refusal to attend to his childhood needs. But, his ritual of first winning, then rejecting the current “mother” figure, ensures he wins the ultimate game of “gotcha.” Each woman, in her turn, becomes the powerless, pleading child, begging for his affection, while he, the grown up, holds the power to refuse her. As he once begged, woman now begs. GAME OVER. START A NEW GAME.

Commitmentphobic men find it difficult, dare we say, impossible to:

o Trust

o Become dependent on another

o Tolerate intimate partners who, quite naturally, want intimacy

They run the spectrum of being somewhat uncomfortable to bolting like the runaway bride when confronted with what they consider too much closeness and intimacy. But, every single one exploits the trust of the women they woo.

Tell Tale Signs You’re Being Pursued by a Commitmentphobic Man


1. You may not find him that attractive, interesting, and/or irresistible

2. The more you appear reluctant the more intense his pursuit


1. He is charming, attentive, sensitive, witty, generous, protective…… i.e. PERFECT

2. He makes you feel beautiful, special, intelligent, irresistible, safe……. .i.e. PERFECT

AFTER the 1st date:

1. You learn he has a history of failed relationships, which he may rationalize as “her fault.”

2. He sets up constant contact through emails, text messages, phone calls, flower deliveries, greeting cards, and showing up just to surprise you.

3. He is comfortable with emotions, including crying about his childhood and past relationships.

4. He may have, or profess to have, a close relationship with his mother.

3. Before you are expecting it, he hints about making an exclusive commitment to each other.

4. You test him, and he passes. Examples: He helps you move; gives up his “boys’ night out;” picks up your mom at the airport; holds you after sex….. all night; fixes you breakfast the morning after; tells you you’re beautiful when you look awful; kisses the tears from your cheeks.

5. He easily talks of a future together, including tomorrow, next week, next year and forever.

6. He says he wants children, or wishes you had been the mother of his children.

7. Every thing you’ve ever dreamed of, and been terrified to trust could come true, is coming true.

8. You have never felt so loved, unconditionally.


1. He repeats any or all of the above with you in much less time

2. Or, he repeats any or all of the above with your replacement

The phrase “If it looks too good to be true, it probably is,” was never truer than when you are being pursued by a commitmentphobic man. I know those words are hard to read. I know how desperately you want to believe his promises are true. I know how desperately you want to believe you have finally found the one you’ve searched for all of your life. I know you can, and likely will, invent all sorts of reasons why he’s turned away from you. I know because I have been where you are. Sister, if you stay, you will beg to be loved and your denial will bleed your self-worth dry.

How do you disentangle from his web of lies, deceit, false hope and fear?

1. Open your tear-filled eyes.

2. See this episode as a full frontal abuse of your trust and affection.

3. Totally disengage from any and all contact with him.

4. Run the emotional gamut from paralyzing grief to empowering rage.

5. Then, don’t waste your suffering.

You, the woman, are the only one responsible for protecting your self-worth by embracing your dignity with an unbreakable promise to your own emotional well-being, first, last and always. This promise is your golden key to staying safe, focused and on the path that leads to your true prince. Finding him requires time, testing, and tenacity, but you will recognize him. He’ll be the one patiently waiting until you are absolutely sure you have found him. He will be the man with whom you can trust your truth and your tears; the man who will keep your soul safe.

Blessings on your way,

Morgan Delaney, M.S.

The 8 Mistakes Guaranteed to Doom Your Corporate Video Production


It’s been a truly amazing journey. I’ve been in the video and multimedia production business since 1981 and in my 30+ years in the business, I’ve seen some absolutely incredible leaps in the industry. To put video in historical perspective, it was only 22 years before I took the plunge into professional video that Sony, Matsushita, Toshiba, and JVC introduced helical-scan recording, which is the method used since to record on video tape recorders. It took almost the entire subsequent 22-year span to bring these helical scan recorders into the home.

When I started in video production in 1981, consumer video recording was in its infancy. Most American homes did not have a VCR. VHS was still battling Betamax (what’s that?!) for supremacy in the home video format wars. Tape (huh?) was the staple of industrial and advertising video production and 2″ “Quad” machines (what??) were what the “real” broadcast studios used for their best quality editing and studio work. Field cameras capable of producing the best broadcast-quality pictures cost more than most houses at the time. (And now these have been surpassed in quality by today’s consumer camcorders.) The CD-Rom had not yet come on the scene, and internet use was years away. Compressed video and streaming on web sites were barely the proverbial “figment” of someone’s imagination. DVDs? HDTV? You’re kidding!

Yet despite the incredible technological advances over the decades, many things have remained constant. The need to capture and retain audience interest, tell a story, and accomplish one’s objectives were all critical to effectively communicating then, and remain so today.

And as technological advances have brought affordable high-quality video and multimedia into the hands of the neophyte, the need to use them “correctly” has remained. Just because you’ve got a paint brush, that doesn’t make you Rembrandt!

Let’s take a look at some of the mistakes still made in workplace corporate video and multimedia programs:

The 8 Mistakes Guaranteed to DOOM Your Corporate Video or Multimedia Project:


This is the first and foremost rule of creating any kind of communications program, yet it is amazing how often it gets violated. This rule is certainly not unique to video or multimedia programming. In all forms of audio and visual communication, it is imperative to develop a precise definition of the target audience – and remember it.

Market research firms and departments spend billions of dollars annually to determine who will receive a message so that proper product placement, advertising and promotions can be done. And it is money well spent.

Yet we often see companies approaching their video and/or multimedia projects with a “Ready, Fire, Aim” approach. They use a shotgun when a rifle is called for. They try to appeal to several audiences with the hope that the program will serve multiple purposes. Remember, when you try to appeal to everybody, you appeal to nobody.

While the same basic program can sometimes be used for different audiences, it is recommended that different variations or versions be developed for those different groups. It’s a simple matter to re-edit or re-narrate portions of a production. However, efficiency demands that this is planned from the beginning of the project.

So remember to plan the project with your audience in mind. Know what their level of expertise or experience is with the topic. This will avoid the problem of shooting too low (e.g. wasting their time showing or telling them something they know) or too high (losing them because you assume a level of expertise they haven’t yet attained).


This goes hand-in-hand with the first item. In addition to knowing who you are talking to, you need to know what you want them to do or feel after the program has been delivered.

Whenever possible, the objective should be quantifiable. It is certainly easier to measure results in the area of training. As any good training professional knows, pre- and post-training assessment tests can quantify the results of a training program.

Similarly, for sales and marketing or communications, detailed testing and statistics can be gathered about project awareness and attitudes before and after the presentation of the overall program package. But each of those probably aren’t the real desired results – the true goal is pumping up the sales figures.

As in training, it is desirable to measure the effectiveness the sales or communications program has in meeting the stated goals.

There is a problem, however. Measurement of the specific impact of the video or multimedia program is difficult, as the production is typically not used in isolation. Instead it is usually part of a package of other material delivered in conjunction with the video or multimedia program.

Ideally, we would like to emulate large consumer companies, where extensive market research provides detailed analysis of specific advertising and promotional techniques. They can isolate the effects of individual components of an overall brand marketing strategy, for example. But this requires an extensive historical background and a very large sample size to help isolate variables and establish causal relationships.

However, this is more problematic in the business-to-business world.

B to B companies rarely have the historical data to statistically isolate the cause and effect relationships of individual marketing components. This is compounded because a new product or service introduction is often where we see the merger of these packages of video, trade show booth, collateral and trade publication advertising. This renders historical comparisons largely irrelevant.

The opportunity to measure program effectiveness is not impossible, however. Anecdotal evidence can be gathered from clients as to what portions of the total package made the biggest impact. This can even be formally quantified through the use of surveys. Mix in a good portion of industry experience and common sense, and the sales or marketing exec can often get a pretty good feel for the impact of the video or multimedia portion of the campaign, as well as the other individual components.


Not all problems can be solved through the use of video and multimedia, so that is why it is so important to understand the answers to #1 and #2 above.

In the area of sales and marketing, video and multimedia can be an important strategic component in the mix. In other areas, such a skills training, a video presentation might be just the ticket to be able to demonstrate proper technique to newly hired or promoted people.

In general, video and multimedia projects are best used where showing the product, service or process is advised. In sales and marketing, a particularly effective use is to show products in use that are impractical to bring to the prospective client for a demonstration. Over the years, we have done programs showing hotels, large assembly line robots, clean room processes, exercise programs, and many other areas where a demonstration in an office of the product or service is just not practical.

In areas involving interpersonal skills, such as management training, video might be a part of the solution. Establishing the groundwork in an area could be an excellent use of video, especially if there will be many employees over time who require this training. But for smaller groups, or for brief periods of time, role playing and other techniques could be warranted, whereas video and multimedia would not.


Let’s face facts: your audience is comprised of sophisticated television and media viewers. According to Nielsen Research, the average American watches 4 hours and 35 minutes of TV each day.

With your viewers constantly bombarded with video images, they are quite jaded to “ordinary” video. They are sophisticated consumers of the media, so do not think that you they will excuse shoddy production values if you want to deliver an effective message.

The obvious implication is that the more important the idea you wish to communicate, the greater the reason to have your video or multimedia project professionally produced. If it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing well.

I will be the first to admit that there are projects that are exceptions to the “it’s only corporate video” rule. If you are just recording a technical seminar or other “mind dump” for future new hires or people that are out of town, then by all means set up the camcorder in the back of the room and let it run. But even if that is the case, please see rule #7, below.

Now that we’ve addressed the pre-production issues, let’s examine some major production gaffes that will doom your production:


The current level of electronic technology is truly extraordinary. Home camcorders are easy to use and affordable, and everyone fancies himself or herself a TV director. But as good as these cameras have become, a professional, high-impact look will only come when additional lighting and other equipment are applied. Even current reality shows are supplemented by lots of lighting instruments and other gear specially designed to make the shots look good.

Knowing how to light is a complete art and science unto itself. If you were to review the movie credits at the end of a major motion picture (without animation or special effects) over half the people would be involved in lighting and related areas to make the image look just right.

Of course, we’re not trying to duplicate “Gone with the Wind” here, but remember that the image that you show, is the image that represents YOU.

In addition to lighting instruments, some of the gear that might be called into play includes soft lights, gels, reflectors, bounce cards, cookies, scrims and light diffusion.

In one shoot we did featuring Steve Young of 49er fame, we used 2 big soft lights as the primary lighting source. We have also have other “harder” (e.g. not soft) lights above and to the left of this image – including fill and back lights.

A light cutter at the top center is used to keep too much light from flooding the background.

In another shoot outdoors, we sued a large reflector to the side of the subject along with a fog machine. The reflector is used to redirect sunlight for an outdoor shoot. We also used a half flag, used to block and diffuse some of the light coming from a large light (yes, you can use lights outdoors).

While such an array of lighting and grip equipment is typically not available for shooting corporate video on your own, it can enhance the image dramatically. And if your budget does not allow a complete video production crew to shoot the video, freelance lighting directors with rental equipment are available, and that could give a corporate video a look that will set it apart from other more amateurish efforts.


The pros know that a steady camera is critical to getting a good, interesting image. If the camera is bouncing around, the viewer gets distracted and often, annoyed. If the viewer’s mind is busy following the subject around the screen, it won’t be concentrating on your message.

At certain times, a moving camera becomes an art form, such as is seen in music videos. But corporate videos are not music videos. Keep the camera on the tripod and keep the camera movements smooth.

When the pros shoot, there are a wide variety of camera mounts available for image stabilization. These include various sizes of tripods, jib arms, cranes, dollies and a Steadicam.

In some shoots we might use a dolly, with the camera operator on board, and the dolly grip pushing it on tracks. The dolly tracks movement smoothly, but due to the expense of rental and the two people needed to operate it, it can be a pricey addition to the program.

We often use a jib arm to make swooping and climbing shots of a store facade, a factory floor, etc. The jib can be rented in various sizes and can create an almost 3D look. It needs a trained operator.

While the jib can move extensively around a subject, for true 3D views, a Steadicam is called for. This is a specialized harness that needs to be used by an experienced camera operator. It can give dramatic looks at the subject, including moving smoothly around them for 360 degrees or more. Unless you have a Steadicam and trained operator, don’t follow your subject around with the camera – leave it to the pros.


The rapid improvement and compactness of video is also manifested in the audio that accompanies it. Camcorders today record excellent sound. But there is a problem.

The problem is that the sound source closest to the camcorder microphone will be recorded best. And this may not be what you want recorded.

Have you ever set up a camcorder in the back of the room to record a live seminar and listened to the result? Isn’t it amazing how the comments, coughs and collisions in the back of the room sound so clear – and the speaker is unintelligible at those points?

I simply can’t count the number of times people have come to us to ask if we can enhance the audio from just such presentations, and other live events as well.

In short, the answer is unfortunately “No.” We can not bring out audio that essentially is not there.

What is the solution? It’s all just a matter of microphone placement. In such a situation, you should invest in a lavaliere microphone for the presenter to wear. The mic is then in place less than a foot from the presenter’s mouth and will record clear audio.

Another option is to use a mic on a boom pole just out of frame. We’ve done this often, such as in the Steve Young shoot I mentioned earlier. The boom mic is typically just above the head of the subject, but is cropped out of the shot by the video camera.

If possible when buying or renting a lavaliere, get a good wireless microphone. Don’t defeat the purpose by getting a cheap microphone that feeds buzzes and hisses to your recording system. A pair of decent, yet inexpensive headphones will let you listen to the audio that you are getting. If you don’t get a clean signal, take the microphone back to the store and get one that works for you.

Prices for good quality mics have come down dramatically over the years, so if you are going to do much of this type of “talking head” recording, it’s worth the small investment.

Microphones are obviously not just for amplification. You need a good mic close to the subject to get good clear audio.


Let’s face it, your co-workers are not professional actors, and they need some help to remember all the things they need to say and do on camera. I discussed this recently with another producer friend of mine, and he commented, “If I had a nickel for every time I shot an exec who said he could just talk off the top of his head… What disasters!”

I agree. Use a teleprompter. It mounts in front of the camera. Your executive or employee can look right at the camera and read the words as if he were looking into the lens. After a couple of practice runs, amateurs are almost always comfortable enough to blast right through the script. It’s money well spent as it means faster shooting, less errors, and fewer frayed nerves.

And if your executive looks stiff or really doesn’t like the feel of “reading” the words, we can put up bullet points or PowerPoint slides on the prompter so that he or she can still appear to be looking at the audience. This avoids the problem of the presenter looking away to notes or cue cards and looking “shifty eyed” as a result.


As always, the motto of “If it’s worth doing, it’s worth doing well” applies to your productions. But there are times when a large full scale production is not warranted. Fortunately, it is no longer a matter of all or nothing when it comes to bringing professional production values to your work.

You do not have to spend tens of thousands of dollars for a program.

It surprises many people that are considering the production of industrial video or multimedia that there is an efficient middle ground that can be used. This can be a tremendous cost saver. This includes hiring one or more professionals to assist. This could be:

  • a producer/director to oversee your production,
  • a lighting director with equipment,
  • a teleprompter operator with equipment,
  • a make-up artist to make your executive look “just right”
  • an editor to bring together the footage you’ve shot into a crisp, effective program,
  • a graphic artist or animator to punch up your graphics,
  • a duplication facility to make mass quantities of your videotape, DVD or CD

Through the use of experienced professionals in some or all areas of your next production, you can ensure that you create a program that meets your objectives in an efficient and effective way.

America’s Haunted Lighthouses – South Carolina & Georgia

South Carolina and Georgia have many popular tourist attractions and three haunted lighthouses.

Fair Haired Annie, the Keeper’s Daughter

Georgetown (North Island Light)-South Carolina

This story is one of the saddest in haunted lighthouse history. The lighthouse keeper and his young daughter lived at North Island Light. On their way home from the mainland, fierce winds and high waves struck their tiny craft, flooding it. The keeper, with his beloved daughter tied to his back, swam back to the lighthouse.

The trip left him so shocked and exhausted that he couldn’t remember reaching shore, and awoke from his ordeal with his drowned daughter still tied to his back. Georgetown residents reported seeing the grief stricken keeper roaming the streets calling for his lost child. Sailors reported seeing a sweet blonde child on their boats as they headed out to sea. Even on sunny days, she warned them of danger, urging them to “go back.”

While working at his station, a young hand told his captain he saw the image of a young blonde girl dressed in pink, pointing at the jetties, and insisting he “go back.” The captain thanked him and headed back to shore. A strong wind and high seas came up almost hiding the jagged lighthouse rocks. As the boy stared intently at the beacon, the captain told him about the keeper’s fair-haired daughter, Annie who warns sailors of approaching storms.

The Ghost Who Told Stories

Haig Point (Range Rear) – South Carolina

Haig Point was the sight of a British massacre of Native Americans during the Yamasee Indian War in 1759. During WWII, a Nazi submarine was spotted off Daufuskie Island. In 1865, General Sherman gave the island to freed slaves, and until 1985, blacks who developed their own dialect and remained cut off from the rest of the world populated it.

Fast forward to recent times and meet Nick Beatty, the lighthouse keeper’s son. Nick was fascinated with Daufuskie and he, his sister and brother enjoyed exploring the beach and nearby cemetery. Each time Nick’s parents visited the main land they left their friend, Sal in charge of the lighthouse and the children. Nick and Sal were alone at the light when they suddenly heard footsteps coming down the stairs. They counted the number of steps, and realized that someone was coming from the top floor into their room. They saw no one, but the rocking chair started its back and forth motion, and stopped as soon as Nick got close enough to touch it.

Weeks later, Nick told his mother tales of shipwrecks and the Indian massacre at the hands of British solders. When his mother demanded to know where he got these tall tales, Nick described a white haired, white bearded man named Arthur. Nick’s mother, having never heard of Arthur asked the islanders if he were familiar to them. Sure enough, Arthur was a former keeper whose simple gravestone was in the cemetery where the children played. Nick and Arthur enjoyed a wonderful friendship and on occasion, the rest of the family saw him in the kitchen or walking through the yard.

Nick loved that he had a great friend who told him the most thrilling stories!

Unfriendly Neighbors

St. Simons Island Lighthouse – Georgia

During the Civil War, Confederate soldiers destroyed both this light and the keeper’s house with black powder, preventing Union soldiers from using it. It took ten years to rebuild, but stagnant ponds of water caused resulting malaria to claim many lives. Foot thick walls protected the new lighthouse from the constant lashings of stormy seas, but storms can brew from within walls as well as from without.

St. Simons Light contained two apartments housing the keeper and his assistant. One would think this the ideal solution to the nerve-racking isolation, long hours and dangers of keeping the light, but not for Keeper Fred Osborne and his assistant, John Stevens.

Osborne was so meticulous in his care of the light that when word went out for an assistant, very few men applied for the position. Osborne finally hired John Stevens, and although he trained him, Stevens never completely won Osborne’s trust. Stevens befriended Osborne’s wife, sending Osborne into a jealous rage.

During a fight, each man pulled a gun, and Stevens mortally wounded Osborne. He rushed Osborne to a mainland hospital, insisted it was an accident and returned to tend the unmanned light. When Osborne died the sheriff questioned Stevens further, and allowed him to return to the light until his trial, or they found a replacement. Stevens claimed self-defense and all charges were dropped.

Suddenly keepers, locals and visitors reported hearing strange sounds. When Keeper Carl Svendsen’s wife reported hearing footsteps, he dismissed her claim as the price of loneliness and isolation, yet he too heard them. While setting the dinner table, Mrs. Svenden heard the door open, but instead of her husband, she felt an eerie cold that frightened her and her dog.

Could Osborne, still not trusting anyone, continue to perform his keeper’s duties?

Collecting Antique Axes

Edge tools are among the earliest tool forms, with surviving primitive axes dated to 8000 B.C.. Early axes were made by “wrapping” the red hot iron around a form, yielding the eye of the axe. The steel bit, introduced in the 18th century, was laid into the fold at the front and hammered into an edge. The side opposite the bit was later extended into a poll, for better balance and to provide a hammering surface.

The handles took on a variety of shapes, some indicative or origin, others relating to function. The length of the handle had more to do with the arc of the swing that was required. Felling axes took a full swing and therefore needed the longest handles. Early axes have their handles fitted through the eye from the top down and the handles remain in place by locking into the taper of the eye, so they can be removed for sharpening.

Later axes, however, have their handles fit through the eye from the bottom up, and have a wedge driven in from the top. This permanently locks the handle to the axe and was much preferred by American woodsmen. Many axes found today had been discarded because the handle was split or broken off. In most cases they can be bought at a fraction of their value and, with another handle, can be restored to their original condition. Most axe collectors have a stock of older flea-market handles that they use for this restoration. Like plane blades, axe handles might have been replaced two or three times throughout the life of the tool. As long as the handle is “proper,” meaning, the right shape and length for its function, it won’t detract that much from its value.

Pricing of antique axes runs the entire gamut from a few dollars to several hundred. Examples of well-made axes would include the Plumb, White, Kelly, Miller and numerous others. Beyond these were axes of sometimes lesser quality, but built to a price, and sold by the thousands. Exceptional examples might include handmade axes, possibly from the local blacksmith, or from a factory that specialized in the handmade article, regardless of price.

There are several types of axes out there such as:


This axe is considered the workhorse of the axe family. It is a simple design, varying from a 2 ½ lb. head used by campers to the 4 ½ to 7 lb. head used for forest work. There are heads used in lumbermen’s competition that are up to 12lbs.. With the advent of the two-man crosscut saw, and later the power chain saw, tree no longer are taken down by axes. The axe is more a utility tool for clearing branches off the downed tree, and splitting firewood.


Double bit axes always have straight handles, unlike any other modern axe. Almost all axe handles are hickory. Hickory has both strength and spring, and was found very early to be the best for axe handles. Starting in the late 1800’s a number of axe manufactures adopted intricate logos that were embossed or etched on the head of the axe. Almost 200 different styles have been identified to date and these have also become an interesting collectible.


The broad axe is not as common as the felling axe, and is a lot larger. It’s purpose was to square up logs into beams. It used a much shorter swing that the felling axe, therefore required a much shorter handle. The identifying feature of many of these axes is the chisel edge, that allowed the back side of the axe to be dead flat. Because of that, it posed a problem of clearance for the hands. To keep the hands from being scraped, the handle was canted or swayed away from the flat plane of the axe. This is the feature that should always be looked for when buying a broad axe. If the edge is chisel-sharpened, then the handle should be swayed. As with the felling axe, the broad axe heads have a variety of patterns, mostly a result of geographical preference.


The goose wing axe is one of the most artistic looking tools out there, and it takes it’s name from its resemblance to the wing of a goose in flight. It functions exactly as the chisel-edged broad axe, except that the American version has the handle socket more heavily bent or canted up from the plane of the blade. These axes are large and difficult to forge. Many show cracks and repairs and an original handle is rare. Signed pieces, particularly by American makers, mostly Pennsylvania Dutch, are considerably more valuable. Also of importance is the difference in value between American and European axes, the American ones being worth considerably more. A few well-known 19th century American makers whose names appear imprinted on axes are Stohler, Stahler, Sener, Rohrbach, Addams, and L.& I.J. White.


This axe is used for shaping ships’ masts and timbers, and is usually ground on both sides. It varies in length base on local usage. The double pointed ears or lugs are common with this axe.


This axe has a lighter handle socket, well canted and carries a very short handle. Although the general differentiation between an axe and a hatchet is that an axe is used with two hands and a hatchet with one, the cooper’s axe is one of the exceptions to the rule. It was used mostly for shaping barrel staves, and was almost always used with one hand while the other held the stave.


This is an asymmetrical axe used for shaping coach parts in almost a paring manner. The heads vary in size, some styles taking on a “bearded” effect, hence the nickname “bearded axe.” These axes are almost exclusively of European origin.


Back in the day, ice was harvested in the winter from ponds and lakes and stored in ice-housed for summer use. This was an important winter cash crop for many farmers. There was a whole family of tools developed to serve this industry, among them was the ice axe. Again, local patterns create a variety of styles.


These are sought-after collectibles, because many of the older ones have the fire company’s monogram on the head. All have rear pikes used for clearing openings or creating ventilation.


The blade on these axes are long and narrow to accommodate the size of the mortise hole it was designed to cut, most often for post and beam construction or for post and rail. Some have double bits, one bit sized for the length and the other for the width of the hole.


Trade axes were originally brought over by the French and Spanish and later by the English and were traded to the Indians who held them in very high regard. They were poll-less and small enough to be carried at the belt and used with one hand. The larger variety were known as squaw axes and were used by the women for chopping wood.


Used for cutting turf and peat, these axes are not heavy enough to cut wood.


Hatchets are small axes used with one hand.

Hymen and Virginity: A Social Humiliation

Nature discerns individuals of all the species enduring on the planet earth either as male or female who live together for a shorter time span or for a life time partaking in building up of a population by courtship and mating. Both male and female individuals are well-appointed with an exceedingly advanced reproductive system that becomes fairly intricate and condensed in females in comparison to males as females bear the child load in their wombs. Although females play a vivacious role in raising a child from birth till adulthood they face copious hardhips some are known and some unknown. In the human society life of a female undergoes incredible prompt changes since she is a little child. Life becomes radically multifaceted with every step as she grows further reaching adulthood. Her life experiences an abrupt turn right after marriage when her husband asks her “Are you a virgin?”.

Everyday millions of girls face analogous circumstances and at times conditions are so deteriorated that they are abused badly by their partners making the survival a burning hell. Nobody asks this question to a male who has slept with so many girls before marriage. Virginity is a very punitive social dishonor that has poisoned the minds of our societies throbbing the lives of girls. From where does this question of virginity crops up? The answer to this question is existence of a very elusive membranous structure “HYMEN” which is torn during sexual intercourse releasing a fluid allied to blood. Is it true that hymen makes a female a virgin? What if a female lacks hymen? Does it really breaks? There are plenty of such questions that frequently crawl in the minds of males and even some females. Inadequate knowledge, societal and cultural myths have actually hidden the truth lying between hymen and virginity.

The Hymen

The word ‘hymen’ is derived from a Greek signifying a membrane as well as the Greek god of marriage where science calls it a very gentle membrane covering the vaginal opening of a female that may or may not be shed off during the first sexual intercourse. Since times immemorial many cultures accentuate that a female experiences pain when during her first sexual intercourse as her hymen is broken. Some also believe that an examination must be carried out to detect hymen in order to ascertain whether a female is a virgin or not. However, many others believe bleeding occurs when hymen is shed off. It can be easily envisaged that new husbands are well pleased to see the bloody sheets right after having first sexual intercourse with their wives. From the scientific viewpoint hymen is not the key indicator of virginity of a female.

The anatomy of hymen exposes that it is an insubstantial tissue effusively or moderately adjoining the external vaginal opening creating a part of vulva forming altered shapes in different females but mostly crescentic in children. Sexual intercourse and parturition (child birth) contrarily affect hymen for instance, if hymen is elastic it may recuperate its original position while in other cases only fragments are accessible or it may also wane after recurrent penile penetration. A disease, an injury, medical examination, masturbation or any physical exercise may cast their undesirable shadow on this fragile membrane condemning the belief that it is pointer of virginity. Glaister Keen rod can ascertain the presence and degree of hymen rift.

Development of genital tract inaugurates from third week of gestation period to the second trimester where hymen conceals vagina of female fetus. Urorectal septum is formed separating the rectum from urogenital sinus in the seventh week. Müllerian ducts reach the urinogenital sinus forming uterovaginal canal joining the urinogenital sinus in the ninth week. During twelfth Müllerian ducts fuse together forming an aboriginal uterovaginal canal or unaleria and vaginal canal is finally formed during the fifth month where fetal hymen is poised of sinovaginal bulbs becoming holed before or shortly after birth.

Hymen of the newborn babies is pale pink, thick and redundant due to action of mother’s hormones which continues till the age of 2-4 years as infant’s body produces its own hormones making their hymenal opening annular. With further advancement of age hymen becomes thin, smooth, delicate as well as translucent becoming very sensitive to touch and liable to be ruptured. Later, diameter of hymenal opening amplifies approximately 1 mm every year which at puberty can be further inflated by tampon, pelvic examinations, physical activity or sexual intercourse. It is clear that once a girl reaches puberty the hymen becomes very elastic. A survey signpost that only 43% females underwent bleeding during first sexual intercourse signifying that hymen of majority of females is satisfactorily eclectic.

Hymenal opening procures different shapes in prepubescent girls proposing that it is austerely under hormonal control and life style where most common shape is crescentic. Estrogen and activity levels can make hymenal tissue thicker after puberty. In cases of rape or child sexual abuse, examination of hymen can be steered. Torn hymen heals hastily in younger children. After child birth vaginal opening often shows hymenal tags labeled as parousintroitus.

Hypoplasia, canalization defects, lateral fusion and failure of resorption cause various complications detrimental to the female reproductive system. Imperforate hymenal opening entails minor surgery if it fails to become perforated at puberty as it precludes escape of menstrual fluid. Cribriform or microperforate hymenal opening carries very small openings however, septate one bears countless tissue bands. Some cultures exceedingly value intact hymen at marriage as gage of virginity. Some women undertake hymenplasty to reinstate their dented hymen to verify they are virgins. Medical experts of the sixteenth century employed hymen as a tool to pinpoint hysteria. Many mammals like chimapnazees, manatees, whales and horses too hold hymen.

Universal Myths

Abundant myths exist in different cultures portraying hymen as the icon of spotlessness obligatory to be cracked at the first night of marriage but the reality discloses it as a very subtle mucosal tissue lining the vaginal opening procuring different shapes and may be thin, elastic, thicker and less stretchy. Flow of menstrual blood from the vaginal opening is actually allowed by this fragile membrane lying 1-2 cm deep inside vagina and putting a finger inside vaginal canal easily infiltrates the cervix without damaging it.

Some females contemplate that this tissue must break at the first penile penetration but this ‘first time’ belief is a myth as in many females full penile penetration ensues after several partial penetrations where hymen only expanses becoming bendable enough so as to accommodate penis. In some females a small amount of this tissue may break out but this may not necessarily happen for the very first time. Sexual intercourse must occur when a female is aroused, relaxed, lubricated where the penetration must be done slowly if it is the first time as in such cases question of bleeding can be ignored. Forceful penetration may upshot in bleeding however, some women bleed due to non-flexible nature of their hymen.

According to one myth hymenal tissue vanishes after having sexual intercourse but truth forecasts that this tissue never wanes but simply stretches becoming squeaky as time moves on. Inserting something into vagina will break hymen as a myth elucidates but in reality stretching with slight tearing occurs after introducing any entity analogous to the wideness of penis like a dilator or dildo but it never breaks. However, tampons or applicators with yeast infection are too constricted to cast their effect on hymenal tissue. Some cultures state that if hymen is spoiled before marriage the female is no longer a virgin but such belief is sternly a myth and has no correlation with virginity. Virginity is not having experienced penis in vagina (PIV). Some women believe that if their hymen is intact they can’t become pregnant but any female can conceive unless and until she is not using any birth control measure, her partner ejaculates near or inside vagina and she is free from any reproductive system malady.

Physical exercise like riding a bicycle can cause pressure of the perineum or the vaginal opening and may affect hymen but it is also not very true as the pressure needed to rupture hymen must be internal. Some females think if they will not bleed during first night they will not deliberated as virgins but no one can tell whether any female has experienced penetrative sex or not. Every woman’s hymen reacts differently as in some it remains intact event after penetrative experiences while in others first penetration is very easy without pain and bleeding. Some cultures treat females very bad if they do not bleed and such practice is inhuman. There ascends a need of shift from narrow mental level to reconnoiter the verity as females too have a right to live, express and soar high.

Myths Wrecked, Reality Exposed

Carol Roye, a nursing professor at the Hunter College and a nurse practitioner specialist in adolescent primary and reproductive health, recently published an article on hymen in the Women’s eNEws, also reprinted at Our Bodies Ourselves dooming all the myths about this tissue and sturdily commends girls to alter their thinking of bleeding at first night. Hymen is not a flat piece of tissue casing vagina as if it were the case girls would have failed to menstruate but it surrounds vagina. Some girls are even born without this tissue while some have a negligible piece therefore; bearing in mind that it is a critical body part is a myth. Roye explains that hymen can be torn during sex or any dogged physical activity but never breaks and torn areas may bleed but not necessarily. Some of Roye’s patients raise questions like whether riding a bicycle or use of tampons or if a partner inserts a finger inside the vagina can harm their hymens making them de-virginized whereas some parents ask to check whether their daughters are virgin. She simply tells them that it is not easy to tell whether a girl is virgin or not and no one can actually tell whether the girl was born with hymen or not. She believes that virginity is actually a state of mind and how an individual takes it.

Time to Break out The Cocoon

The concept of hymen still holds an emotional support demanding a change. Virginity has nothing to do with hymen but it is only a mental block that needs to be extricated. Some cultures treat females ruthlessly if they fail to bleed during first intercourse and such coldhearted violence against females must be clogged. It is therefore, entreated to males as well as females to come out from their narrow belief that hymen is the dial of virginity as some females are born without hymen and if present it never breaks but simply stretches during penile penetration with different responses in different individuals. As long as we are committed to this social stigma we will never be able to think on a broader perspective of living.

Dear males quit asking “Are you a virgin?” to your brides but love them, understand them and care for them so that you can live happily as well as make this earth a healthy and cheerful place to live because God has crafted every individual in His own image and has given the freedom of living.

How to Use a Plunger

Unfortunately, a clogged toilet is something most homeowners will have to face at some point in life. Before you call a plumber, one unclogging method you can try is plunging the toilet to clear the clog and get it to flush and drain correctly. Below are the steps on how to use a plunger:

1. Using a toilet plunger may seem easy; however, it is important that you choose the right toilet plunger. For instance, a sink plunger is not as strong and you will not create enough suction to clear the clog. You can purchase a quality plunger from a plumbing supply store or a hardware store. Make sure it is a strong plunger with thick rubber and not a cheap flimsy plunger. The toilet plunger will have a strong funnel shape or bell shape rubber head. It should have a quality rim that will create a tight seal around the toilet drain hole for effective strong plunging. The handle will be about two feet long.

2. Put the bell shaped rubber end of the plunger into the toilet. You can add a bit of petroleum jelly around the rim to allow for better suction. Let the hollow part of the plunger head fill with water.

3. Once the water has filled the hollow part of the rubbery bell end, place it over the toilet drain hole. Make sure it is completely covering the hole to effectively seal it.

4. Place your hands one above the other around the other end of the plunger handle. With a forceful motion, push in and out and up and down. By pushing up and down as hard as you can, you will hopefully loosen the clog, break it up, and push some of it through. You should do this for about 15 times in quick repetitive thrusts. The water in the toilet should be getting cloudy with pieces of the clog floating in the water.

5. After plunging, move the plunger out of the way, and look and listen to see if the water is flowing through the drain. A few good plunging should dislodge the clog. If the water is still sitting there, repeat the process.

6. Once you have cleared the clog, remove the plunger and flush the toilet. You may also want to add a bacterial enzyme which will clear out any debris in the pipes and keep them clean.

Common causes of clogs are hair, paper, and food particles. When clearing a clogged toilet, you should always try the plunger first. Never use the plunger along with a chemical drain cleaner because the chemical may splash up and burn and damage your eyes and skin. You should always use a plunger that is in good shape because any broken off pieces or cracks could ruin the seal. If after several attempts the clog has not cleared, you may have to consult a professional plumber. With the proper plunger and knowing how to plunge properly, it should not be a problem to effectively clear the clog and get your toilet running properly.

Do You Really Need a Police LED Cree DU2 Tactical Flashlight?

Most people think of police tactical flashlights as long, bulky, heavy devices which are used to subdue criminals. While some do fall into this category, advanced technology has allowed manufacturers to create compact, palm-size styles that are easy to conceal, yet deliver a powerful punch.

Purchasing a police LED Cree DU2 flashlight is a smart choice for those seeking a personal safety device. This non-lethal weapon emits exceptionally bright light and is capable of inflicting temporary blindness when shone directly into a person’s eyes.

The DU2 model is also equipped with a strike bezel located around the head lamp. The indentations can be used to strike an assailant and are capable of causing substantial pain; especially when combined with the luminous light beam.

While Cree LED flashlights are superb for personal safety, they are also a good choice for several professions, such as law enforcement, security, construction, and mechanical trades.

Due to their compact size and excellent brightness, DU2 flashlights can shed light in dark areas such as basements, attics, and crawl spaces. Electricians, plumbers, construction workers and mechanics prefer this style because it is easy to use in tight areas.

Most tactical flashlights can also be mounted to hard hats to allow use of both hands. The DU2 is compatible with Weaver and Picatinny mounts for shotguns and rifles.

The Cree DU2 is often used by police officers, firefighters, emergency responders, and military personnel. In fact, this particular flashlight was designed based on collaboration and input from several law enforcement agencies.

It can be used in multiple applications which include restraining criminals; illuminating crime scenes; and directing traffic at accident scenes. Since it produces up to 700 lumens, it’s perfect for projecting expansive light beams across fields or wooded areas and can aid in locating individuals who flee on foot.

Tactical flashlights are also well-suited for a variety of outdoor activities. Hunters prefer this style due to the ability to attach to rifle mounts. So do cyclists and hikers because the device offers additional safety while riding or walking trails.It is also a must-have for campers and boaters.

When purchasing a tactical flashlight, be certain to look for models that offer multiple light settings, including SOS and strobe features. It’s vital to have the ability to signal for help when out in wide open spaces.

The DU2 model is equipped with five soft touch mode settings which include high, medium, low, SOS, and strobe. The device is capable of illuminating areas up to a distance of 400 feet.

Weighing in just under 6 ounces and less than 6.25 -inches in length, the Cree LED DU2 flashlight is easy to transport and store. Manufactured from aircraft grade aluminum, the device is non-corrosive and impact-resistant to provide years of use.

Another feature to consider is making certain tactical flashlights include Cree bulbs and components. Cree is known for revolutionizing the LED industry by manufacturing durable and long-lasting components. The average lifespan of a Cree chip set is 100,000 hours.

It is recommended to use quality batteries with Cree components to maximize the life cycle and obtain the brightest light. LED semiconductors work differently than those that produce watts. Using inferior batteries could result in spotty lighting and shorten diode life.

Since LED flashlights are more energy efficient than other styles, it’s advisable to use rechargeable batteries. The DU2 requires three triple A batteries or one 18650 lithium ion battery with a protected integrated circuits (PIC).

Whether you’re looking for a multipurpose flashlight to use around the home or office, as a personal safety device, for outdoor activities, or for use in your work profession, the Cree LED DU2 is an affordable option that delivers great results when needed.

The Advantages of the Crystal Chandelier Over Other Light Fixtures

Modern chandelier pieces have long been considered as the best lighting fixtures. This can be credited to their ability to integrate elegance and functionality. Their aesthetics encapsulate the meaning of sophistication and style, while their lighting capabilities could brighten up even the darkest of rooms. Chandelier fixtures have developed profoundly; once considered as mere candle holders, they have now emerged into grandiose series of lights that have revolutionized the look and feel of many homes and commercial establishments.

Among the chandelier types that we are aware of, the crystal chandelier is probably the most popular and often used. Contrary to the belief that this kind of chandelier is only for the rich, many middle class homes are now also fitted with this beautiful hanging furnishing because they could definitely add value to homes. The installation of such lighting fixtures is said to be the most ideal means to dramatically enhance not only the ceiling but most importantly the general appearance of a room. Aside from this however, there are still myriads of benefits that could be gained upon using them.

The very first perk that crystal chandelier could provide is credited to its aesthetics. Regarded as the most efficient hanging light fixture in relation to design, bulb arrangement and general accents, chandelier that has crystal ornaments easily establishes a convergence point inside a room that visitors could not simply overlook. These pieces could actually complement almost all kinds of interior themes, and greatly reflects the style preference of the homeowner since they come in a whole range of designs. Likewise, they are truly flexible furnishings that could adapt well to their surroundings even in the most unconventional ones like corporate offices.

Even though antique chandelier pieces constructed from wood and metal are truly long lasting, chandelier pieces made from crystal gems are also known for their durable quality. As crystal stones develop from molten rocks, they have properties that are very sturdy, demanding meticulous cutting methods in order to arrive at intricate designs and finishes. The appeal of crystal pieces do not wither and they could maintain their pristine look even under extreme conditions. Because they are hanged from the ceiling, you don’t have to worry about your crystal pieces chipping off or breaking into pieces.

Compared to other modern chandelier pieces that require extensive cleaning needs, chandelier fixtures with crystal accents are very easy to clean and maintain. Their cleaning requirements could be attended using the most conventional cleaning agents found at your home, and you just have to periodically dust them to avoid dirt build up. Chipped off crystal stones could be easily replaced as DIY shops as well as the store where you bought your chandelier offer crystal replacements. Electricity wise, crystal light fixtures are cost and energy efficient even with lower wattage because they could reflect and scatter light effectively and they make use of few light bulbs, thereby saving you money for your energy consumption.

Crystal light fixtures are also acknowledged for their health benefits. In the realms of Feng shui, it has been known that the strategic installation and use of modern chandelier pieces that hold crystal stones could help scatter positive energy that induces overall health wellness. Depending on the color of the crystal being used, different health benefits could be achieved; for instance, white crystal stones promote cleansing and purification, yellow crystal stones are said to regulate the functions of the nervous, digestive and immune systems, while light blue crystal stones could strengthen communication. Generally, crystal light fixtures provide different benefits in many aspects including aesthetics and health.