What Is The Narcopath In Your Life REALLY Thinking?

What is a narcopath (narcissist, sociopath, psychopath, narcissistic sociopath) really thinking? Have you ever wondered what’s going behind that blank stare? I have. If I could read your abuser or bully’s mind, I suppose I would find one of these 4 one-sided conversations going on in that morally-disordered mind of theirs:

  1. You don’t know me. You may think you do but you don’t. You don’t know me because I mirrored the traits I saw in you – traits the real me lacks. You think you are the same person you were when we first met, but you aren’t. You are a pathetic excuse for a man who worships at my feet. I created you and made you what you are today. The man you were before you met me would never put up with my abuse, but this new man does. You are what I have manipulated you into becoming, and yet you can’t even see I have taken control of your life, your mind, your very soul. My control over you is total and complete. You don’t even question anything I do anymore. I will use you, lie to you, cheat on you, but no matter what I do, you will never leave me, because you can’t live without me. I am your addiction now. And when I kick you out and move another man in, you will beg me to take you back, and after I’ve had my little fun, I’ll let you come back, and you will always come back. I love puppets.
  2. You may think you know me but you don’t. You don’t know the real me. I have spent years fabricating my false exterior and fabricated many masks, masks I change depending on who I’m with and what I want at the moment. My lies are now the truth; they are my truth… but you can never see through my fa├žade, because I play my part so perfectly, so flawlessly and with such charisma. Of course, I would never admit it – not to you, not to anyone. The world calls me a narcopath, but you can’t see it, you won’t see it.
  3. You may think you know me but you don’t. You are a fool. You are a fool for allowing me to control you the way I do and yet you don’t even realize that I’m doing it. That makes you less of a person than me and deserving of being controlled in such a way. That makes me omnipotent; I never feel guilty about anything I do or anyone I hurt. I actually have no regrets about anything I have ever done to you. I have no morals or sense of loyalty to anyone, but I keep this as my little secret. If you really paid attention to what I say and do, you would certainly see my moral code is fake, and this is why I have to keep you so confused. The world calls this a lack of conscience, I call it a special gift that I have and you don’t.
  4. The world calls me a narcopath, but you don’t. You believe my lies, and no matter what you see or hear that clearly shows me to be a liar, you will continue to believe my lies. Isn’t life grand!… But, should you ever see what I really am (a narcopath) and attempt to expose my secret power then you will feel my wrath; you will pay the price.

Whatever it is they are thinking, you can be sure it has nothing to do with feeling bad about hurting you.

Homemade Solar Panels, 10 Useful Tips For Building High Efficiency Panels – The Power is in the Cell

Homemade solar panels can be made in any size with relative ease and little expense by following some simple directions. There are several steps, but the actual work is quite simple.  A solar panel is nothing more than a shallow box that holds individual solar cells linked together into an array, You can save a ton of money by building your own solar panels, but the energy is  collected by the individual cells, so using the right cells is all important.

Solar cells can be purchased either new or used.  Follow these tips and your homemade solar panels should provide years of reliable service.

1) The number and type of solar cells you use determines the amount of power that each panel is capable of producing. Each cell is rated to produce a certain maximum wattage. The combined total of these ratings will provide a reasonable estimate of the finished panels capacity.

2) Be aware of the type and size of the cells you are considering. Type and size indicate voltage and current, respectively. As a rule, higher current is achieved with a larger cell. Total power output is determined by amps X voltage.

3) Efficiency rating describes the amount of power that can be produced per square inch. Newer, more efficient cells can collect more energy than older, less efficient cells. Efficiency is important because it establishes the size of the completed panel, and available roof space could come into place (i.e. producing more power with smaller panels will require less roof space).

4) A panel’s maximum current capacity is limited by the smallest cell it contains, so use matching cells within each panel. Otherwise the larger cells won’t perform up to their rated capacity.

5) New retail solar cells are more expensive. You can get slightly defective new cells and even used ones. Don’t be scared off by terms like “defective” or “irregular”. These are often cosmetic flaws that haven’t passed the manufacturers standards and usually function just as well as any other new cells provided the defect is not too severe. Investigate and test before writing them off.

6) Handle with care! Solar cells are somewhat brittle and thin. Keep them in a safe place until you are ready to use them.

7) As a related item, if you buy on-line or through the mail, find out how the seller intends to ship them.

8) Make sure the cells you buy have tabs on them already. You’ll be glad you did when you realize you’ve cut your soldering time in half.

9) Each cell must be clean and free of film or wax before being installed. Cells are sometimes shipped with a wax coating and this has to be removed carefully.

10) Get a good instruction guide that will show you step-by-step what to look for and where to find the best sources for all your parts. This will save you thousands of dollars in mistakes, bad purchases and lost time. You’ll refer back to the guide again and again as you grow your system and will easily the small amount paid for the guide on your very first panel.

The Emotion Code – How to Release Your Trapped Emotions

Energy healing is one of the oldest practices known in the world today. Since 4000 B.C., healers have understood that our health greatly depends on the quality of energy that flows through and makes up our bodies. In Chinese medicine, that energy is called “Qi” or “Chi.” In Ancient Indian or Ayurvedic medicine, this energy is called “Prana.” Imbalances of this part of our existence may deeply affect our physical and mental health.

We can compare this energy to electricity. We can’t see electricity, but we can feel it. Electricity is colorless and odorless. It’s invisible, yet it certainly is real. If you’ve ever stuck your finger in a light socket or been shocked getting the toast out of a toaster, then you’ll know what I mean. You may not be able to see it, but it’s definitely there!

As human beings, we are used to perceiving things in a way that conforms to our belief systems. We form our beliefs about the physical world at an early age. We learn that if we fall off the monkey bars at school, we will meet the ground with a painful thud, yet we could never imagine that both the ground and the monkey bars, as solid as they seem to us, are actually made of vibrating energies. We may like to think that the world around us is exactly as we are used to seeing it, but Einstein, Tesla and others have shown us that the universe is really much more complex and wonderful than we ever could possibly have imagined.

The Quantum World

You must remember that old saying, “I know it like the back of my hand…” But how well do you really know the back of your hand?

Take a look at it. Your eyes see the surface of your skin with its wrinkles, fingernails and little hairs. You know exactly how the back of your hand looks from that perspective. But if you magnify your hand under a microscope, you won’t see the same skin and creases you’ve become so familiar with. Instead, you might think you are looking at the surface of a strange planet, covered with hills and valleys. Turn up the power on your microscope, magnifying your skin 20,000 times, and you’ll see a field of swarming cells. Magnify it a lot more and you’ll see molecules. Magnify those molecules and you’ll see the atoms that make up those molecules.

Magnify those atoms and you’ll see the subatomic energy clouds that make up those atoms- the electrons, the protons, the neutrons and other subatomic particles. It’s still the back of your hand, but it looks nothing like the hand you know.

If you glance at it now, your hand looks solid. Slap it down on the table and it makes a nice, substantial thud. Your hand may seem solid, but there’s actually a lot of empty space there. At the subatomic level, there are vast distances between each spinning electron.

Atoms are 99.99999999% empty space. Your hand is 99.99999999% empty space! If you could remove all the empty space from the atoms in your hand, it would become so small you would need a microscope to see it! It would virtually disappear, although it would still weigh the same and contain the same number of atoms.

It might take a moment to comprehend this idea. Your hand seems solid, but it is made of dynamic energy, in constant vibration. In fact, physicists now understand that the so-called “subatomic particles” which make up the atom are not really particles at all. They measure the contents of the atom in “energy units” instead, because it’s so much more accurate.

Like everything else in the universe, the thoughts that you create are made of energy. Thought-energy has no boundary. Your thoughts are not confined to a certain volume and location like your physical body.

While we like to think that all of our unspoken thoughts are private and that they are confined to our own heads, it’s not true. Each of us is like a radio station, constantly broadcasting the energy of our thoughts, which emanate from us and fill the immensity of space, touching all those around us for good or ill.

This doesn’t mean that we can read other people’s minds, but the energy of other people’s thoughts are detected to some degree on a subconscious level. Try staring intently at the back of someone’s head in a crowd, and inevitably they will turn and look right at you before long. Lots of us have had this experience, and if you haven’t, try it. It works every time!

We are all Connected

The reality is, the entire human family is connected energetically. When people are suffering and dying on the other side of the earth, we feel their distant cries and anguish on a subconscious level and we are darkened by it. When something tragic happens in the world, the whole world feels it subconsciously, and is affected by it. On the other hand, when wonderful things happen in the world, we all are brightened together. The connectedness that we all have will often manifest as subtle thoughts that float up from the subconscious level to our conscious minds.

This energy connection seems strongest between a mother and her children. Mothers often seem to be able to sense when one of their children is in trouble. We call this mother’s intuition, and my own mother was an expert at it. Our connection to our own mothers is perhaps strongest because of the spiritual umbilical that binds us to them.

The most powerful example of this energetic connection occurred to one of my patients a number of years ago. She was sitting at home one night, watching television with her husband. Suddenly, she began experiencing severe, hammering pains throughout her body which inexplicably moved from one area to another. The violence of this sudden attack was terrifying, and when it was over she was greatly relieved, but exhausted and frightened. She had never experienced anything like this before, and had no idea what had suddenly gone wrong in her body. Her attempts to explain this bizarre and excruciating attack baffled everyone, including her doctors.

Three days later, she got a phone call from her son, who was working in the Philippines. He called her from his hospital bed and told her that he had been severely beaten by the local police a few days before. When they compared the time of his beating to the time of her experience, they were one and the same. Somehow, she was connected enough to her son to literally “feel his pain.” Talk about mother’s intuition!

Thought s are Powerful

Your thoughts are immensely powerful. Whenever you say what you’re thinking or write something down, you’re using the energy of your thoughts to affect the world around you. It is through thought, belief and intention that all things happen. Reputable laboratory experiments have repeatedly shown that thoughts can directly influence the rate of growth in plants, fungi, and bacteria. William Tiller, a physicist at Stanford University, has shown that thoughts can affect electronic instruments.

Studies have proven that when the energy of thought is directed intentionally, it can impact someone else, regardless of whether they are nearby or all the way around the world.

Depending on whether the person focusing the thought uses calming or activating imagery, for instance, they can create a greater sense of relaxation or anxiety in the targeted person. The effect is so distinctive that it can be measured in a laboratory by galvanic skin response, a highly sensitive method of measuring electrical changes in the skin.

Imagine how your own thoughts affect you. Everyone has some kind of internal conversation at times. What do you say to yourself? Many people criticize themselves far more often than they praise themselves. Negative self-talk may be hurting you more than you realize.

What about other people around you? Do you ever wonder if others can sense how you feel about them? ther people’s subconscious minds are continually detecting the vibrations of your thoughts. Have you ever had a moment with a friend, where he or she blurted out just what you were thinking? Have you ever instinctively known who was about to call you, before the phone even rang? These are not coincidences, they are evidences of the power of thought energy.

Finding trapped emotions using the Emotion Code is along the same lines as detecting the vibration of another person’s thoughts or feelings. The difference is that you can ask the body, and actually get definitive answers, instead of guessing. Then you can release the trapped emotions for good, and know with certainty that they are permanently gone.

Serendipity vs Precision

Any alternative health care practitioner can tell you that almost every one carries around old emotional energies from their past. Our physical bodies hold onto trapped emotions, and doctors and body workers are aware of this because often a simple touch can bring out a flood of emotions and memories in a patient. At one time or another, nearly every practitioner I know – from chiropractors to energy workers to massage therapists – has had the experience of provoking an unexpected emotional release in a patient, as the body let go of the energy it had been holding on to. Releasing those trapped emotions can result in profound and immediate healing. While any emotional release that occurs in this serendipitous way is welcome, this is usually not the intention of the therapist, and any emotional release that occurs is only accidental.

The Emotion Code approach, however, is much more deliberate. I sometimes think of it as “emotional surgery” because we are searching out the trapped emotions with a clear intention of removing them. Nothing is left to chance. Trapped emotions are potentially so destructive that you need to find them and get them out of your body, and then confirm that they have been released. The Emotion Code helps you do exactly that in a precise and simple way.

Handy Advice On Buying, Measuring, And Trimming Your New Entrance Door To Exsisting Door Frame

Buying a new door

When selecting a new door, you will need to make a careful note of the overall size of the opening into which it is to fit. As you will no doubt find, door openings are rarely square or perfectly upright. The new door will need to be trimmed to suit.

Doors come in standard sizes, so you will need to choose one which suits, making allowance for trimming. Most doors can be trimmed to fit.

Be sure to check the thickness of the door as this will also need to suit your frame. Some frames allow the door stoppers to be removed allowing a door of any thickness to be hung into the fame, then simply place new stoppers into the correct position when the new door is in the closed position.

Preparing the new door

You may find that some new doors come with the stiles untrimmed. These ‘horns’ as they are called should be cut off square. Lay the door on your workbench and use a carpenters square to mark the cut line. Hold the handle section against the edge of the door and line the blade up with the bottom/top of the door. Mark the line and trim with a reasonably fine-toothed saw. You should hold the saw so that it cuts cleanly along the line, but also pay attention to the angle of the blade in relation to the face of the door so that the bottom/top edge is also square.


Measure the width of the opening at the top and bottom but deduct 4mm, to allow 2mm clearance at both sides. . Transfer these measurements to the door. If the door is only a little wider than the opening, measure from one edge and mark the cut line. If, however it is a good deal larger, measure and mark the cutting lines so that an equal amount will be trimmed from both sides. This is essential when fitting paneled or framed doors to ensure they appear symmetrical.

Now, measure the height and transfer the measurements in a similar fashion, allowing 2mm for clearance at the top and 6mm clearance for the floor. The latter may well need to be more if the floor is carpeted or uneven. If in doubt, take off the minimum. It’s always possible to take off more, but a little difficult to add more on!

Most engineered veneer doors have an allowance of 10mm to be trimmed off both sides if needed, check your doors tech drawings and be sure that the lipping on the edge of your door is a minimum of 15mm before trimming to size.


Use a vice on your workbench to steady the door. Pack both sides with cardboard to prevent damage to the door. Trim to the marked lines using a sharp plane. The trick is to hold the plane firmly in contact with the surface, square with the edge, and run it along smoothly. Work your way gradually down to the trim line over the entire length. Avoid trimming a short section at a time as this will lead to an undulating surface.

When trimming the top and bottom, you must only work from the outer edge, in. If you plane towards the outer edge, the end of the stiles will split.

Where more than 6mm or so needs to be trimmed from the door, it makes sense to use a saw to cut the majority of the excess before finally planing down to the trim line.

Often a guide can be placed onto the saw for a straight cut, place the blade of the saw onto your marked line then be sure the base of the saw is sitting inline with the edge of your door, place the guide up to the edge of the door and tighten guide.You do not want the guide moving halfway through your cut so be sure the guide is secure on the saw.

Place the door up to the opening and check the fit. If necessary, mark any additional trimming and plane as before. To help with this process, use a couple of small cheese shaped wooden wedges to hold the door off the floor by the appropriate amount. At this stage, any minor adjustments can be made from one edge rather than both without noticeably upsetting the symmetry.

Be sure to allow for different surfaces under your door, for example you may hang your door to a new bathroom jamb which may need underlay fitted and then tiles laid so be sure to calculate the thickness of the underlay and tiles then add clearance and trim. same application for carpeted areas also. Always remember that you can trim it off but you can’t PUT IT BACK ON!!!

Freestanding Baths – Considerations When Choosing and Fitting a Waste Kit

Plug and Chain, Click Clack or Pop Up Waste

There are three basic types of waste kit. The traditional plug and chain waste is well known to everyone. A retainer plug and chain waste is one where the plug fits into the overflow grill when not in use to keep it out of the way. Plug and chain wastes usually come with either a ball chain or a link chain. Most plug and chain wastes will fit most freestanding baths. A click clack waste is one with a sprung plug which operates like many contemporary basin wastes, you push the plug in and it clicks shut, push it again to click it open, with click clack wastes a chrome cover fits over the overflow hole but stands slightly proud of it so as to not block it. A pop up waste is one that is controlled by a chrome dial that fits over the overflow, a cable runs on the outside of the bath from the dial to the plug and turning the dial causes the cable to move and operate the plug. Most click clack and pop up waste sold in major chains will not fit most traditional freestanding roll top baths.

Concealed or Exposed Waste Kit

A concealed waste kit is one which is assumed to be fitted in circumstances where only those parts that are fitted inside the bath will be seen, so that all the pipe work on the outside of the bath – the overflow pipe, trap and outlet pipe can be plastic. An exposed waste kit is all metal/chrome with no plastic parts and is all designed to be seen. A traditional double ended freestanding bath if placed more or less against a wall can be fitted with a concealed waste kit because the pipework will be hidden between the bath and the wall. A single ended traditional freestanding bath will usually have all the pipework visible when viewed in profile wherever you install it so for these and for double ended baths that are away from the wall you would most likely fit an exposed waste kit with a chrome trap and outlet pipe.

Thickness of Freestanding Baths

Most traditional freestanding baths are much thicker than standard panel baths and this can cause a problem with many waste kits. All waste kits have a parts that sit on either side of the plug and overflow holes and connect together to form a sandwich structure with the wall of the bath being the sandwich filling and parts of the waste kit on either side. For plug and chain wastes the parts of the waste kits generally connect with a threaded bolt so as long as the bolts are long enough (which they usually are) then these kits will fit on any thickness of overflow or plug hole. However most click clack and pop up wastes use instead of a bolt a wide bore plastic threaded tube that may be only 7 to 12 mm thick, this is not hick enough for most traditional roll top baths.

Fitting a Trap to a Freestanding Bath

Freestanding baths either with or without feet often have reduced clearance under the bath and a standard size bath trap may not fit between the bath and the floor. If you are able to go into the floor under the bath then a hole can be made in the floor for the trap to fit into, if however your floor is concrete or of for aesthetic reasons you can’t go into the floor then you will need a shallow or ultra shallow bath trap which you may need to get from a specialist.

Waste Pipe and Overflow Pipe Conflicts

When fitting an ultra shallow bath trap you will find that the outlet pipe will run out at the same height as the overflow pipe comes in (or at least at overlapping heights). This means that you can point the outlet pipe in any direction (by spinning the trap) but you can’t point it back out directly the way that the overflow pipe is coming in because it will not fit underneath it. If you do need to take the waste out towards the end or side of the bath where the overflow is then you can use an outlet pipe with a right angle to run the outlet pipe out to left or right of the overflow pipe.

Extended Overflow

If the bath has a plug hole that is centered in the bath both length-ways and width-ways then you will need an extended overflow pipe. In addition if you are fitting a pop-up waste you will need one with an extended cable and if fitting a plug and chain waste you will need one with an extended chain. In the case of fitting an exposed waste kit with a metal overflow pipe you will need to fit a chrome overflow extension pipe, these are rather specialist items and only available from a small number of freestanding bath specialists. If the plug hole is in the middle length-ways but over to one side, the side where the overflow is, width-ways then you do not need the extended waste kits just described.

Freestanding Baths Without Feet

Many contemporary freestanding baths do not have feet but have in integral ‘skirt’ which goes right down to the floor. In these cases the waste kit usually fits up inside between the two ‘skins’ of the bath, so the overflow pipe is never seen. Also these style of bath are usually reinforced with board like a standard bath and so are thin (>10mm) and will fit most standard pop-up and click clack wastes. Some traditional baths, especially boat baths are similarly constructed, however most boat baths rest on a plinth and may have a tub more like a bath with feet having a visible overflow pipe and thick wall and base.

Best Advice When Buying a Waste Kit for Freestanding Baths

The best single piece of advice is to buy the waste kit at the same time and from the same people who you buy the bath from then you very clearly know that it’s the retailers’ responsibility to supply the right waste kit with the bath, but if you can’t do that then contact a specialist in freestanding baths.

Peter Berger’s Sociology: An Unvarnished Introduction

Prose and Presentation

Berger’s prose style is neither elegant not convoluted. For the most part it is a model of plain-spoken clarity, though one must remember that he is an intellectual and a professional sociologist, typically writing for those who fit in the same or similar categories. Moreover, from time to time and source to source he may resort to the use of gratuitous neologisms, something that, in my experience, often leaves an author and his readers poorly served.

Nevertheless, neologisms are consistent with Berger’s judgment that sociologists have an obligation to create concepts to serve the research purpose at and. Berger is unconvinced by claims that the established conceptual apparatus known to most sociologists is sufficiently flexible and exhaustive in coverage to be of universal value.

In The Homeless Mind, for example, Berger invoked concepts of his own making, or that he had borrowed from relatively obscure sources, in an effort to more effectively capture the complexities and difficult substantive concerns of modernization and modernity. His use of adventitious concepts such as mechanisticity and compenentiality was prompted by his judgment that understanding the institutions and styles of consciousness in a modernized world is sufficiently difficult to require application of new and different ideas. Unfortunately, however, the result was a collection of unnecessary, awkward, and not particularly attractive or illuminating terms that occur much less frequently than one might expect throughout the rest of the book.

On the oddly infrequent occasions in which I encountered one or more of these clumsily mystifying locutions, I paused, translated it into everyday language or established social scientific concepts, and wondered why Berger had made this sort of translation necessary. This kind of misguided linguistic inventiveness represents the repository of terminological pretentiousness and confusion that makes outsiders suspicious of sociology as an intellectually constructive discipline. This is exactly the sort of ill-conceived conceptual apparatus that Berger himself has referred to as “the technical dialect for which sociologists have earned a dubious notoriety.”

Perhaps this is an unduly harsh judgment, and certainly, in principle, development of new concepts tailored to specific tasks may be a good idea. It does seem, however, to diminish the value of sociological concepts already in wide use. It also makes one wonder if Berger fails to appreciate his estimable facility in dealing with complex and difficult social phenomena using everyday language devoid of extraneous, quasi-technical terminology. After all, Berger himself has held that most sociology can be effectively presented in ordinary English.

In addition, in other contexts Berger has shown that he is perfectly capable of parsimoniously producing suggestively useful and linguistically new concepts well suited to a particular project. For example, when working in South Africa as part of a group charged with anticipating what the post-apartheid nation might look like, he was asked to provide a conceptual framework that would guide the efforts of the disparate collection of bright and accomplished policy analysts with whom he was working.

Wisely, Berger used “The Social Construction of Reality” as his point of departure. In addition, he invoked the term “cognitive maps” to refer to the interests of the various politically active groups with a stake in developments in their nation.

“Cognitive maps” strikes me as just the right concept to capture the conflicting, over-lapping, and independent interests involved. There’s nothing awkward or mystifying about it, and it serves Berger’s purpose quite well. It seems that Berger’s talent for inventing new concepts and suitably readable neologisms varies enormously from one project to another, with the fewer the better being a very good guideline.

As a contemporary sociologist of knowledge, Berger is primarily interested in what ordinary people know — commonsense or recipe knowledge — rather than arcane philosophical accounts of the ideas of highly specialized scholars. Finding truth according to some presumably infallible absolute and fundamental standard is not part of Berger’s project. Instead, his first concern is the reality of everyday life, or commonsense knowledge. Since we live in an inter-subjective world, commonsense knowledge is the knowledge we share with others in our everyday activities and mundane interactions.

Berger insightfully grasps the fact that this is the kind of knowledge without which society could not exist. The shared, all-purpose, commonsense nature of commonsense knowledge provides an answer to a question of first importance to Durkheim and numerous other sociologists, namely “how is society possible.” The answer for Berger is that commonsense knowledge provides the building blocks that make it so.

I think that an important implication of Berger’s perspective is that it is a waste of time for the sociologist, rather than the philosophical anthropologist, to struggle with a definition of human nature. If sociologists are interested in human nature as a foundation for their theorizing and substantive work, I think it’s best to construe it as contingent and context specific. We are products of the circumstances in which we live, and our nature is contextually mutable and historically distinctive. In effect, we produce ourselves and are produced as part of the dialectical process of living with others in sets of circumstances that assure that our natures will be variable. Berger puts this exceptionally well in The Sacred Canopy, where he holds that “society is a dialectical phenomenon in that it is a human product and nothing but a human product, that yet continuously acts back on its producer.”

Berger’s emphasis on the sociology of everyday life as people actually live it is an important reason why his work, with occasional exceptions, has been consistently accessible. It also attunes us to the pervasively available meanings without which no society could exist. It focuses on the character of the social context in which we live and what we take to be factual and real.

Those who would take the foregoing, in sum, to mean that sociological knowledge is transitory and contingent have a point. Berger, however, offers a determined effort to make the case that sociology is in an advantageous position with regard to producing objective knowledge that cannot be dismissed a just relativistic speculation dressed up in methodologically and theoretically elaborate social scientific garb. When he trumpets his discovery of the unparalleled virtues of capitalism, however, he steps away from this position, making a fatal error of his own. For the most part, however, Berger’s position with regard to objectivity is perfectly tenable and devoid of special pleading for sociology.

Eventually, a book titled “Peter Berger’s Sociology: An Unvarnished Overview,” may appear in print, a thorough and critical discussion of the material we have just introduced. For now, those who would like to read an account of much of the material that provides the basis for Berger’s work can turn to “Classical Social Theory in Use: Interpretation and Application for Educators and other Non-Specialists,” published by Information Age.

4 Things to Consider When Choosing LED Bulbs

General-purpose LED bulbs are available in a variety of shapes, sizes, and strengths to illuminate the home or office to match the specific needs. While the LED bulbs are more energy-efficient, they are still able to provide a light source that is virtually identical in quality to the previous incandescent lights. There is an array of benefits that come from investing in the LED bulbs such as giving off a great light source, long usable lifespan (25,000 to 50,000 hours), and being environmentally friendly. Also, the components used to make these lights have slowly reduced in price over the years, which make them much more attractive to purchase.

Here are four things to consider when choosing the right LED bulbs:


LED Bulbs are available in a variety of different shapes which give different looks and characteristics. Some of the common bulb shapes include traditional, spiral, candle, spot, stick, and globe. The different bulb shapes provide a source of light that slightly varies in relation to the angle and spread. A globe bulb is a perfect choice for those preferring a 360 degree spread, while a spotlight is more practical to emit a narrow beam that lights up a specific area. The classic globe is the most popular choice in the market and a preferred choice for floor, wall, and table lamps. Also, most of the bulbs come with choice of a clear or opaque (frosted) finishes.


The choice of a dimmable or non-dimmable light is down to personal preference, but it is still important to have the proper light circuit in place. Dimmable lamps should only be used with a compatible circuit. Avoid using a dimmable set-up with a non-dimmable circuit because this can lead to significant damage even if there is no intention to make use of the dimmable feature.

Light color

The preferred light color is one aspect that mostly relates to personal preference and use. The color of the light is rated using the Kelvin (K) scale. The most common rating for the LED bulbs is 2,700-3,000 K which is similar to the light quality emitted by the incandescent bulbs. This type of light gives a warm, yellow output. But for those that prefer the modern and clean lighting used in contemporary, retail, and commercial areas, it is necessary to use the bulbs with a 4,000-5,000 K rating.

Base Configuration

Similar to the old incandescent bulbs, the base configuration on the LED bulbs can vary and include a choice of pin bases. The most common fixture for household lighting is the screw-in or Edison bases. It usually benefits to take the old bulb to the store to make it easier to buy a replacement with the correct base type and size.

Soundproofing Yards and Dealing With Outdoor Noise

It Seems to Be Coming From Everywhere

Outdoor noises can come from all sorts of directions at the same time and may have many sources. They can also be reflected all over the place. People tend to look at what they think is the source and imagine that the sound is traveling along a straight line from the source to their yard. In reality it is likely that sounds have detoured, bouncing off buildings and other objects, arriving at your yard amplified and from a different direction to the source. The amplification which occurs is no different to sound amplification which happens when a murmur is channeled through a wind instrument and emerges at the other end as a trumpet blast. So your first step is to identify the source of the problem and the path that it is taking to get to your yard.

Words & Regulations Are Great Soundproofers

It might be possible that a nearby business or industry is exceeding acceptable noise levels or duration or operating at inappropriate times of the day. Sometimes you can solve the problem by simply raising the issue with the proprietor in a friendly manner. It may even pay to check with your municipal council and make sure that your noisy neighbors are not breaking local laws. People are often surprised to learn that there are a lot of laws protecting residential amenity (provided the noise is not from aviation which seems to be a law unto itself in many countries). I have seen laws which restrict the use of air conditioners after a certain time, prohibit leaf blowers and even outlaw pets like roosters and barking dogs.

Having exhausted logical commonsense approaches to reducing the noise you have two options for solving the problem. The first option is to create some sort of acoustic barrier in the yard. The second option is to return indoors and work on your internal soundproofing.

An Air Tight Yard!

It is impossible to make a yard airtight. You will always have to deal with flanking sound. Flanking sound is noise which wraps over, under or around your soundproofing structures. All of the principles of internal sound barriers and sound absorption still apply outdoors.

Lower frequency noise has a longer wavelength than high frequency and will require a higher and denser barrier. If for example if you are dealing with truck noise you would probably need a barrier as high as 12-15 feet (3.5 – 4.5 meters) or more. In most cases this is impractical or even against municipal building regulations, so it might be advisable to return indoors and work on your soundproofing there and be content with a quiet internal environment.

Is it a Baritone or Soprano Annoyance?

It is correct that higher frequency noises can be blocked by lower fences but there are some complications. Take level crossing train bells noise for example. This is fairly high frequency. You might expect that a lower fence would block the noise. Unfortunately the train companies have installed their bells at the top of ten foot poles which means you still have to install a 15 foot fence to have an acceptable impact on the noise. In an ideal situation you want to construct the fence at least eight feet higher than the source of the noise. This is less of a challenge when it is ground hugging car tail pipes but challenging when you are dealing with truck horns, and their roof top exhaust systems or even their loud engines which are quite high off the ground.

The Way of The Lotus Blossom

All is not lost when structural soundproofing seems out of the question. There are still a couple of innovative options. You can soundproof by creating more sound, particularly sound which is pleasing to the ear. For example one way to quickly deal with level crossing train bells is to install a splashing water feature in your garden; not to be confused with the quiet trickling Zen style installation. The sound of falling water will not only create a pleasant environment but it will interfere with the sound of train crossing bells and make them less noticeable. You can achieve a similar effect with wind chimes. Chimes are not quite as effective because they only work when the wind is blowing and the sound tends to be less random. The motivated soundproofing enthusiast might consider both chimes and a water feature and also external audio speakers for piping pleasant music into the yard. The application of these three strategies will sufficiently interfere with most annoying noise pollution and allow you to return to your yard for recreation, relaxation and entertainment. Another advantage of these noise masking options is that they are usually far less expensive and much more DIY than a massive fence.

Acoustic By Name Only

If you are going to construct a sensible acoustic barrier in your yard do make sure it is at a proper height and that it does not have any openings or gaps anywhere. The right height and absence of gaps are the two most important variables and the things that most people get wrong. Some do it yourself articles seem to promote the construction of acoustic fences at any height which frankly is a waste of time and effort. A fence won’t work just because it has word “acoustic” in its name! There are some proprietary acoustic fencing systems on the market and even with these systems it is important that you check the required height for your specific problem. Most respectable products come with data sheets.

Data Sheet is King

Data sheets should talk about an amount that the fencing system reduces noise. The amount is measured in decibels or dB. You should look for a system which will reduce the noise by at least 20dB. As a rule of thumb each 10dB is a halving of the perceived noise. Some products come with an STC rating. Again don’t consider a product with a rating below about STC 20. STC is a more useful summary of how a product responds over a series of sound frequencies. See if you can get the frequency chart for the product. Two products can work quite differently depending on the noise source and frequency response of the product. If you noise problem is lower frequency like trucks and “doof doof” music then you need a product which blocks more noise at lower frequencies e.g. between 50Hz and about 500Hz. So you would look for higher values against these frequencies on the STC chart. If your noise problem is at a higher frequency, like human voice, or small barking dogs, or train level crossing bells, then you would need better blocking at frequencies around 1000Hz to around 2500Hz. You would look for better performance at these higher frequencies.

Those Fences Are Big

An effective and relatively light weight material for acoustic fencing is steel sheeting, like the material used on deck roofs. Timber fencing performs well but it’s harder to create an airtight structure and the timber will be heavier and more difficult to work with. Whatever you use, remember that the structure is higher than usual and it will catch the wind. Make sure that your uprights are closer together and or thicker than usual and also bury them deeper into the ground.

If you already have a tall fence it probably has holes or gaps in and around it might not be made of the right material to block or absorb the offending sound. In situations like this you can consider retrofitting a product like mass loaded vinyl (MLV). This is a heavy plastic like membrane which is basically weatherproof. You can fix it to your existing fence and it will considerably increase the density of the fence and help block noise. MLV does not change the fact that you still need the right fence height.

If you live on a large property and you are able to build a mound of earth facing the problem this can be an effective and inexpensive way of creating a soundproofing barrier. Again the height has to be right and it can take a bit of effort to build an earth mound. Another option for large properties is a hay (straw) bale fence. There is endless Internet information these days on building with hay bales and they are cheap effective and quick, but they must be gap free and the right height.

Take Care Who You Listen To

Like all soundproofing issues there are endless myths about outdoor soundproofing. The most common one is the use of trees and shrubs. Trees and shrubs are pretty much ineffective except as visual screens. To some extent the sounds of the birds and wind through the leaves creates a masking sound like the water feature and chimes we talked about above.

Remember prevention is better than cure. If you haven’t bought your home and you are thinking of buying a nice bargain property which is a bit close to the trains, airport or freeway – think again. If you are even slightly sensitive to noise don’t put yourself through the nightmare of trying to solve noise problems for the rest of your days. Quality of life is more important than bargain real estate. Save a few more pennies and buy quiet. Don’t get lulled into a false sense sense of security about what constitutes acceptable quiet. Set your own standards and stick to them. Many property developments are noisy torture chambers and yet the brochures feature images of blissfully happy people living the life of their dreams. Not everyone cares about noise but if you’re someone who does, you need to look past the hype and ask if there is a 3am freight train passing nearby, or common plumbing running through the thin walls, or plans to construct a shopping mall behind your courtyard and so forth.

KU Basketball Retired Jersey Numbers

KU basketball has so many retired jerseys that the numbers are not actually retired, instead only the particular jerseys are enshrined while current players recycle the famous numbers. If it were not for this process of reusing numbers after the corresponding jerseys have been retired a program steeped in as much tradition as the University of Kansas would run the risk of actually running out of numbers to outfit their current roster.

The program which played its first season in the nineteenth century (1898) under head coach Doctor James Naismith (the inventor of the game of basketball) has experienced such tremendous success over the years that as of February, 2010 twenty-six (26) jerseys have been retired. While individually going through and scrutinizing every single retired jersey is beyond the scope of this article it is accurate to say that the gambit of enshrined jerseys spans from the curious number 0 (Doc Gooden) to number 60 (Max Falkenstein – a radio announcer). Max Falkstein holds the honor of being the only non-player on the list of retired jersey numbers. Mr. Falkstein, a 1948 graduate of KU, is credited with founding the KU Sports Network and serving an illustrious sixty year career (hence the retired number 60) behind a microphone where he covered over 1,750 basketball games and 650 football games – all for Kansas. Each of the retired jerseys hangs proudly in the Lawrence, Kansas basketball arena known as Allen Field House (named after famed former head coach “Phog” Allen).

The two names that are generally considered to be the best known amongst the list of retired KU basketball jersey numbers are those of Wilt Chamberlain (13) and Paul Pierce (34). Pierce is currently a star player and NBA Champion for the historic Boston Celtics NBA franchise. Wilt Chamberlain is widely considered to be the best basketball player in the history of the game. Even fans that argue that Chamberlain did not win the championships that Bill Russell did or have the athleticism of Michael Jordan or Kobe Bryant can agree that Wilt Chamberlain personally dominated an era unlike anyone else has ever done.

While the parameters for having jerseys retired vary from team to team and from sport to sport the guidelines at KU are actually pretty straightforward. The test generally involves accomplishing at least one of the following achievements:

  • Being named National Players of the Year by either the National Association of Basketball Coaches, the Associated Press (AP), or the Sporting News
  • Being the winning recipient of either the John R. Wooden Award, Naismith College Player of Year, or the Oscar Robertson Trophy
  • Being named as a consensus All-American, the NCAA Tournament Most Outstanding Player, Big 12 Conference Player of the Year, Academic All-American of the Year,or a two-time first team All-American.

These guidelines are just that -guidelines. While these metrics serve as the general prerequisites they are by no means carved in stone and are subject to the discretion of the University of Kansas administration.

Given the pace of KU basketball retired jersey numbers and the rule that current players can wear retired jersey numbers there is a decent chance that sometime in the coming years the University of Kansas will have to deal with having the same jersey number retired by two different players.

Top Tips for Taking Care of a Cowhide or Other Animal Skin Rug

Caring for a cow hide or other animal skin rug and accessories

Cow hide and other animal skins rugs such as zebra or reindeer have made a dramatic comeback in interior decoration in recent years and so has the need to keep them clean and in perfect condition. Taking care of a cow hide or other animal skin rug requires careful cleaning and periodic spot cleaning. Using tools and products that you can easily find to hand at home and a simple cleaning process you can keep a cow rug looking fresh and perfect for a very long time.

What You Will Need

  • A vacuum cleaner with a suitable brush attachment
  • Hard-bristled brush (an old fashioned scrubbing brush is ideal)
  • A soft cleaning soap
  • A normal household sponge
  • Scotch Guard or a similar fabric protector
  • A steam cleaner (such as a Vaporetto) will help to get deep inside the fur and clean the rug to the maximum effect.

Step One

Having bought your rug and installed it in your home you must ensure you vacuum it regularly to prevent your cowhide rug becoming heavily soiled and so avoid unnecessary deep cleaning. Make use of your vacuum’s brush attachment to clean the fur in the direction of its natural ‘grain’.You need to do this while gently drawing out dust and other grime contaminants. By doing this every week you will ensure that gritty pieces of dirt will not start to cut the fur from the hide. A good old-fashioned beating of the rug outdoors will also shake out embedded contaminants.

Step Two

Don’t soak the rug when cleaning, however, you can gently steam clean it with no negative after effects. The fur within the hide is of course made up of tanned (to preserve the protein of the skin) animal material. Fur hides repel water and damp and so keep the animal relatively dry. If when cleaning the hide it gets too moist, then go outdoors and naturally dry the hide under the sun. This also has the effect of killing any bacteria or germs that may be in the hair.

Step Three

Remove dirt spots with a non-alkaline cleansing soap. Leather soaps will work with stains on a smooth fur-free hide, but when fur is involved then baby shampoo or mild detergent gently scrubbed into foam when cleaning is much better for hides with hair. Apply the soapy froth to a sponge and then gently wipe the hide in direction of the grain. Finally thoroughly rinse with a moist sponge to get rid of any shampoo residue left in the fur.

Step Four

Use Scotch Guard or a similar fabric protector well before your rug becomes stained and after you have just cleaned it as this will help the fur to repel further stains and so keep your valuable and beautiful cow hide rug in a pristine condition.

Can Exercises Get Rid of Cellulite? – Natural Cellulite Reduction

Can good exercise reduce cellulite?

So how do you get start to reduce or get rid of cellulite?

If you are reading this article then chances are you are looking for a solution to help reduce cellulite or get rid of it completely and the answers above questions are important to you.


Well there is a lot of information about cellulite reduction and may people believe different things as different solutions are more suited to certain lifestyles and situations. Some people opt for surgical procedures which in our opinion this is extreme and only people with serious cellulite problems should consider this.

Other people prefer to use new cellulite creams and special scientific ointment solutions that are available nowadays, some of these new ointments are very effective in helping to reduce fat cells and firm and tone the skin as well as being are natural and risk free, unlike some surgical procedures.

And some believe that natural methods are effective which include good exercise programs. In this article we would like to highlight the importance of good exercise. Exercise can burn away excess fat that has contributed to a cellulite problem as well as helping to tone and firm the problem areas of the body helping your skin regain its elasticity.

Exercise programs designed to help get rid of cellulite

You can do simple exercises such as walking, jogging, swimming, and/or aerobics, lifting weights or doing other harder exercises such as push ups or running. Cardiovascular exercise routines are the most effective at reducing fat where as anaerobic exercises are great to target and tone the cellulite problem areas.

List of exercises to help reduce cellulite

1.) Walking or slow Jog – A simple exercise to start with to get your body warmed up and used to a continuous movement. This helps to start the burning of excess calories and then fat once you are warmed up. This exercise will benefit the legs and thigh and is a good start for people not used to regular exercise and with cellulite in those areas. If you can increase the pace and try to build up a sweat and each time you have a sessions try to push yourself a little harder.

Walking, slow jogging & using the stepper or cross trainer in the gym are good for targeting cellulite on the legs, thighs, and bum.

2.) Swimming – is excellent as swimming helps to tone almost all of the muscles in your body which in turn will help to loosen and reduce cellulite. Also you can perform different strokes and styles to suit your level of experience and fitness levels. Swimming is also fun for many people and as such not thought of as a hard exercise but you will be surprised at how effective it really is.

Swimming is good for targeting cellulite on the stomach and upper part of the body.

3.) Jogging & Running with interval exercises – similar to walking but more intense and designed for those of you which are fitter. Jogging and running can help you burn fat and strengthen muscles not only in your legs and thighs but also your core muscles and combined with other exercise to target specific areas of your body like crunches and sit ups for your stomach and lunges for your legs for example is an effective ways to target specific cellulite problems areas.

I.e. go for a Jog around a park say 2 – 5 Kilometres (depending on your fitness levels) and at every corner stop and do some push ups, crunches, lunges or other exercise designed to target the areas of the body to want to tone.

4.) Specific toning exercises. Sports, & activities – depending on where your cellulite is will depend on the type of exercise you should perform and to make your exercise more fun rather then dull boring repetitive routines then we recommend you try sports. To reduce cellulite on the upper part of your body may be try boxing (boxercise) body pump (gym work out routines) & rowing for example.

Of course a lot of sports involve running around which is great for the legs and thighs as well as the stomach and central core muscles so why not try tennis, badminton, volleyball, ice skating, Rolla skating, or any martial arts or self defence to name a few…

Long story short, pick an exercise that you enjoy and can perform with your own personal fitness level and which will target the cellulite problem area, then get active…

A helping hand – proven and guaranteed solution

Exercise is a great and natural way to help reduce cellulite and keep fit but for many people exercise alone will not be sufficient, results will be slower than desired and to be honest cellulite has caused your skin to be damaged, the cell tissue and cell structure needs repairing. Regular exercise with the help of additional nutrients and other healing properties found in today’s anti cellulite creams will make the reduction of your cellulite much easier.

Many people are taking a helping hand and using the benefits of scientific knowledge including new break through solutions which are proven and guaranteed to reduce cellulite.

Medifast Vs Wonderslim Diet – Which Is Best and How Do They Compare?

Trying to decide between Medifast vs Wonderslim? These two diets are very similar – both meal replacement programs with very fast weight loss results.

While Medifast is more well-known vs Wonderslim, both diets have their own unique benefits.

So how do they compare? Here are the main differences between them (please note that diets program terms are always subject to change).

#1 The Diet

Both diets are based on low glycemic meal replacements and put your body into a mild fat-burning state. You eat special diet meals of oatmeals, shakes, bars, lite entrees and desserts every 2 – 3 hours throughout the day.

Both diets let you customize your order package so that you can include your favorite meals.

With both diets, you include your own meal of lean protein and veggies. However Medifast does offer frozen lean and green meals that you can buy separately if you don’t have the time to prepare meals yourself. Wonderslim does not have this option.

#2 Online Support

While you do get an introductory kit and diet instructions with Wonderslim, you don’t get online support.

In contrast, Medifast offers a lot of online support including message boards, forums, recipes, emails and more. You can also call and talk to a Medifast coach if you have questions.

And if you need in-person support, you can visit a Medifast center and speak with a coach. So that’s a nice option to have if you’re nervous about doing the diet on your own.

#3 Cost

Depending on the plan you choose, Wonderslim can be cheaper (Note: this also depends on any current specials.)

For example, the Basic Wonderslim option starts around $7 a day – but you only get 4 meals a day (vs 5 with Medifast). And these meals only includes shakes, bars and snacks (no dessert or entrees as with Medifast).

The next plan up is around $8 a day and you get 5 meals a day (but again, the dinner entrees and desserts are not included as they are with Medifast.)

The premium Wonderslim plan gives you lite entrees and desserts as well – similar to Medifast. But that plan starts around $11 a day – which is pretty much the same as Medifast.

So the cost is very similar when you look at what you’re actually getting – it boils down to what kind of plan and meals do you want.

#4 Weight Loss Results

Both plans promise very similar weight loss results. Wonderslim dieters usually lose up to 4 pounds a week.

According to Medifast, dieters can expect to lose up to 5 pounds a week for their first 2 weeks, with weight loss levelling off slightly after that.

So What’s The Bottom Line?

The Medifast and Wonderslim diets are very similar – both offer vitamin-enriched meal replacements and very fast weight loss. They are both doctor recommended and approved as well.

The real difference is that you get a lot of online support with Medifast that you don’t get with Wonderslim. Wonderslim is more of a do-it-yourself plan. But it is a little more flexible (with 3 different plan options) than Medifast.

So it boils down to what kind of diet you want to do. Regardless of what you decide be sure to check with your doctor before starting any diet or weight loss plan. Good luck!

The Signs of a Weak Mind

‘The mind is like an elastic band; once stretched by a new idea, it never regains its original dimension.’ Oliver Wendell Holmes

It’s hardly surprising with the great demands on us in modern society sometimes we feel like we are running full tilt just to stand still. Add working long hours, bills and children in to the mix and it’s any wonder we can manage to make it through the day.

So when we consider these chinks in our armour and signs that things aren’t maybe as good as they could be we should look out for the signs, the alarm bells, the intuition saying ‘you in there – I’m talking to you’ and stop what we are doing and pause to regain some calm and clarity.

One positive about our mind giving us these strong signals is this, you can do something about it. Right now, today. The main issue to remember when it comes to your mind, body and spirit is that it is your responsibility to nourish it and look after it, no-one will do it for you and after all you are spending your entire life with yourself, may as well make the very best of it, haven’t you!

Here are some mind strengthening and stretching tips you can do right away.

1. By pausing and taking a deep breath and centering yourself. Your mind will be able to level out and it usually with moments of calmness, happiness and meditative states that your brains best creative work comes out. Do this daily and you will keep in touch with the real you.

2. Ensure you are getting at least 20 minutes of fresh air every day. Not only is it great to be outdoors surveying all of natures beauty but it gives your brain vital oxygen and air that helps it function optimally. It’s good for the whole of your wellbeing as well as your mind.

3. Living your life with passion and purpose. Spend some time with yourself in pondering one of your most important questions in life, what are you here for? Get to grips with that and your mind will pay you dividends for it will happily churn out all the information, ideas, creativity, people and contacts, reminders and so on to keep you on track with living life as you truly deserve.

4. Practice mental strength by saying no when you really want to. You don’t have to do everything everyone asks of you, especially if you don’t want to. So don’t. Also when you make your mind up to do something do it. Don’t procrastinate or let anything else get in the way. Plan to do it, keep your appointments with yourself and be strong. Your mind will thank-you for it and grow stronger every time.

5. Learn something new, do something different. Read books, attend courses or anything that you fancy a go at or trying. Every single time your mind is stretched, that’s it, it can’t go back. So the more you do and learn the bigger and stronger it gets. Don’t worry though there haven’t been any reports on people’s brains getting too big for their heads, our clever brain is too smart for that hiccup.

6. Invest in yourself and do personal development Aim for daily or weekly efforts. At the end of the day you are your greatest asset everything that you could ever need will come from you. So think of yourself as a living breathing walking library of knowledge and the greater the depths of your understanding of yourself, the more adept you will be at handling challenges, overcoming obstacles and keeping yourself at optimal levels of happiness.

Your mind is truly the most amazing tool ever but it needs your nurturing, attention, care and effort to be at it’s best.

I hope you will spend a little time each day in cultivating your own mind and seeing where it can take you. I look forward to hearing your results and new found passion for your little grey matter.

The Wonderful Advantages of an Offset Patio Umbrella

Maybe you are ready to escape the cabin fever or maybe you have just finished upgrading your patio and you are now ready to purchase a patio umbrella. You may be struggling with the decision as to whether you save money and go with a standard large patio market umbrella or whether you splurge for the casual elegance and upgrade to an offset patio umbrella, it is a tough choice to make. I have great news in that your decision may become a lot easier, the price of offset patio umbrellas are no longer out of reach. Due to the increasing popularity of offset umbrellas the price has steadily declined.

Now you can benefit from the added usable real estate underneath an offset umbrella compared to the same size market umbrella. The difference has everything to do with pole placement. In the standard market model the support pole arises from the base and rises to connect with the center of the umbrella. The offset umbrellas are often times referred to as a cantilever umbrella and has a pole that extends up from the base off to the side of the umbrella and then angles out over the area to be shaded making all of the space under the umbrella usable space.

Most of the offset poles are constructed of aluminum providing strong support without the added weight. This comes in handy if you need to maneuver the umbrella around the patio area. Hopefully, you will not need to move the unit around since most come with tilting mechanisms that allow you to change the angle of shade without moving the entire umbrella and stand.

A word of caution with regard to cantilever or offset models is that they are more apt to tip over in high winds than their market umbrella counterparts. This can be compensated by making sure the base of the stand is weighted down. The majority of bases come prefilled with sand or hollow allowing you the opportunity to fill them with sand.

If you are going to spend the additional money on an offset patio umbrella you should really consider upgrading the fabric choice to a Sunbrella fabric. Sunbrella is known throughout the industry as the premier outdoor fabric in umbrellas, awnings, and outdoor furniture cushions. It resists sun bleaching and fading from general use and will extend the life of your patio umbrella. It is definitely worth the additional expense to help protect your investment.

If you have a little money left over you can consider a couple upgrades. By opting for a stand with wheels you are saving your back from the twice a year storing and retrieving of the offset umbrella. Another great option is fiberoptic or LED lighting. Many offset patio umbrella manufacturers have add-on lighting kits to give your patio space the extra casual elegance.

I hope you have enjoyed this article outlining the wonderful benefits of an offset or cantilever umbrella. Stay tuned for more upcoming articles expounding on additional features and benefits.

Damage Resistant Pavements With Material Testing

Roads, streets and airport runaways, etc., are not the only pavements that are needed to be constructed with the most sturdy and durable raw materials. The pavements of commercial to residential constructions also need to be sculpted with it. Playgrounds to the parking lot that these constructed built-ups are incorporated with, not only demands to be appealing but brawny too. For which, the age old and naturally obtained asphalt, is considered as one of the premier materials to make the surfacing of the pavement tremendously dependable. Updated technologies have eventually enriched the empowering capability of asphalt premixes. Cements, sands and various other mixtures that are combined with asphalt, undoubtedly, make the pavements appealing and robust. Here lays the importance of the usage of first-rated kind of asphalt. No wonder, it gets best obtained with impartial modes of testing and accreditation.

Business bodies those who are engaged with the unbiased modes of examination are of supreme guidance here. They ensure that the mixtures are being done in appropriate mannerisms. Moreover, with the help of good and appreciable certification process allocated by them, a business head gets to gain loyal customers and goodwill. As for the buyers, dependability features of the entire construction get aptly assured. No wonder, each of these facts and facets are the responsible factors behind the uplifting demand for asphalt premix and pavement test. The HMA (Hot Mix Asphalt), mixture which is divided into three different categories like that of, dense-graded, open-graded and gap-graded, are used for producing such kind of pavements. Added with the contemporary testing procedure, the endeavoring attributes of the surface gets even more dignified.

Traditional warm mix asphalt (WMA) got effectually replaced with HMA of the day today. Remarkable and also the unavoidable benefits that one gets to enjoy with it is the reduced amount of fuels for producing the mixture. Again, complete resistance of the surface made with this mixture avoids the pavements from any sorts of deformation. Summer, spring, autumn, winter and no matter what the season is; such pavements are impressively durable to all. With the testing process of such mixtures, proper gradation of the pavements and also the proper gradation of the asphalt mixtures get authentically approved. Every way or the other, evaluative examination facts and facets turns out to be a must for every construction trade. Reflective cracking of the surface of the pavement is yet another negative aspect attached. With the help of such testing, the supportive features of the pavements being resistant to the same get approved too.

Pavements of every other construction demands to be resistant to moisture, thermal cracking, stripping, skids and many more. Fact is it can only be made possible if the asphalt mixture gets blended in a most proficient ways. There are numerous construction houses that follow an automated mixture procedure. But then, that they are using an apt mode of amalgamation for the asphalt mixtures must be ensured with the help of evaluative testing module. It is needless to state that no one but the entities allocating the testing, accreditation and certification process of concrete construction is the ultimate help.