How to Have a Winter Patio Party

Outdoor parties aren’t just for summer anymore. With a little bit of help, you can throw a great winter party in your own back yard.

Even when the cold wind blows and snow falls, it can be a great time for a winter party on your patio. Today, outdoor heating options are endless. For smaller areas you can choose from fire bowls, fire pits or chimeras. For patios that are a bit larger, you could opt for a propane mushroom type heater; or, for even larger areas, there are fireplace heaters. Any one of these would give your patio the atmosphere of another living room, with the brisk freshness of the great outdoors.

Everyone loves to sit around the fireplace, so putting patio chairs, folding chairs and lounge chairs around the fire and warm beverages like hot cider or cocoa in your guests’ hands are a few sure fire ways to entertain your visitors. It can be cozy, comfy, and a way to create a party atmosphere your guests won’t soon forget.

Worried about keeping food hot? Well it is not as hard as you might think. Just put a pot of chili on the fire and let your guests help themselves. You could even warm bowls ahead of time. You can serve hot beverages or soup in thermoses and if you have cold beverages, those can be served in a bucket with snow packed around them. Another great tip in serving a meal is to serve it one course at a time and warming the plates before serving. This will help in keeping each course at the desired temperature. Finger food and food that is easy to eat with gloves is something to keep in mind as well.

If your guests forget an item of warm clothing, or maybe they need extra warmth, you could have extra jackets, gloves, mitten, hats, or scarves in a basket for them to choose an item that they need.

If you plan on having your party in the evening, or maybe everyone is having so much fun that it runs into the night, you may want to have lighting on your patio or outdoor space. Tiki lights or lanterns are a great way to light up the night. Rope lighting or even plain white Christmas lights can also add to the atmosphere and save you money.

Today, there are plenty of products available to help you enjoy your outdoor space year round. Just because the temperatures are colder doesn’t mean you can’t be creative and enjoy the outdoors. An outdoor party in the winter can be a heart-warming event that your friends will remember for a long time.

History of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)

Before the coming of age of ISDN, original analogy telecommunication services, also known as Plain Old Telephone System (POTS) were the only source of telecommunication worldwide. POTS was the originally acronymic for Post Office Telephone Service/System but changed when post offices stopped offering telephone services. POTS comprised mainly of copper wires which linked the subscriber’s home to the central switch office. This form of telecommunication had its limitations. Long distance calls had to be routed through operators and switchboards which made them highly unreliable and time consuming. There was also the issue of static inference known as line noise which disturbed communication.

In the 1960s, the telecommunication industry began working on converting its analogue systems to transmit ‘packets’ of digitized data by digital switching. The United Nations’ International Telephone and Telegraph Consultative Committee (CCITT, French acronym), now known as International Telecommunications Union Telecommunications (ITU-T) actively pushed and encouraged the research for Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) by starting a movement to recommend and provide standards for international digitization of the telecommunication services. This was initiated in 1984.

Two major US networks, Northern Telecomm and AT&T took the first steps towards implementing ISDN, but it did not interoperate with existing equipments and software available to telecommunication networks, this led to a setback for ISDN worldwide. By 1990, due to a world wide effort, National ISDN 1 (NI-1) was made compatible with existing proprietary equipments for telecommunication services, this way people did not need to switch brand or buy software for the network. This set the standards and procedure for future digital telecommunication technology to be used by everyone.

ISDN has resulted in better voice quality and Internet access due to its packet-switch connection. With ISDN, voice and data are carried by a bearer channel (B channel) with a bandwidth of 64 kb/s, sometimes 56 kb/s as opposed to telephone line which carry 52 kb/s. A data channel (D channel) is used for controlling network services and signalling to construct, break connections and carry data over the bearer channels. This carries a bandwidth of 16 kb/s or 64 kb/s.

There are two services offered by ISDN. This is known as the BRI and PRI. BRI – Basic Rate Interface consists of two 64 kb/s bearer channels and one 16 kb/s data channel, totaling 144 kb/s; as the name implies, BRI usually has enough bandwidth for individual users. PRI – Primary Rate Interface is used for clients that require greater bandwidth. It usually comprised of 23 64 kb/s B channels and one 64 kb/s D channel, totaling 1.536 Mb/s. Sometimes, the PRI service can have 30 B channels and one D channel for a total of 1.984 Mb/s.

For now, the future of ISDN lies with Broadband ISDN (BISDN). This entails transferring data, voice and video all at the same time using fibre optic telephone line which can carry data rates from 155 Mb/s to 622 Mb/s and beyond. This is a major topic for research and development.

Stem Cell Anti-Aging Treatments in Germany


The legendary cell therapy based anti-aging treatments have been offered in Germany since the last 60 years with great success. The integrative approach employed during cell therapy procedures helps reduce biological age by 7-10 years. Life begins at the organizational stage of the single cell and ends in the domain of the multi-cellular organism. The ultimate objective of any medical treatment should be the restoration of all capabilities of the functional unit of life – the cell. Only healthy functional cells can enable the tissues and organs to fulfill their task ensuring development and survival of the organism. As we age more number of cell die or become malfunctioned compared to the number of new cell being formed inside our bodies. This downhill process typically starts after 35 years of age in most people. Unfortunately,pharmaceutical medicine today orientates itself towards “relieve of symptoms” that can be registered or are deducible by means of scientific and technical aids (microscope, electron microscope, biochemical data, electronic recordings). It is thereby neglecting all dimensional areas below and above the so-called objective detection methods, and in doing so, it defines its limits.

Basic Principles of Cell Therapy:

In organ extract- and cellular therapy, cells or extracts of various foetal animal tissues are administered via intramuscular injection into the human body for therapeutic purposes. These xenograft implants are broken down into their basic elements (enzymes, polypeptides, deoxyribonucleic acids, ribonucleic acids and other basic organic substances) and reused by the cells, tissues and organs of the person treated. The fundamental theory behind organ extract – and cell therapy is the principle ‘Similia Similibus’ or ‘Like Cures Like’, as stated by Paracelsus, a physician and philosopher of the 16th century. Paracelsus and many other early physicians believed that the best way to rebuild or revitalize ill organs or ageing tissue was to use healthy living cells of the same tissue type. Modern organ extract- and cell therapy refers to treatment by injection with cellular elements and whole cells from healthy unborn or foetal sheep or calves specially bred for medical purposes under a strictly controlled and pollution-free environment in high alpine mountains. Organ extract- and cell therapy actually “wakes up” dormant cells within the human body, thereby stimulating the growth and function of existing tissue and repairing or regenerating old and malfunctioning cells. Organ extract- and cell therapy offers something that vitamins, minerals and other conventional or natural treatments cannot. It can provide the exact components necessary for injured or diseased tissue to heal and regenerate. While most pharmaceutical drugs work by suppressing certain symptoms over a short period of time and only as long as they are taken, organ extract- and cell therapy are stimulating the body’s own healing and revitalizing powers and exert a long term effect.

The History and the Science of Cell Therapy:

Cell therapy dates back thousands of years. Written in 1600 B.C., the Eber Papyrus of medicine recommended injection of animal organs to improve human vitality. In the middle Ages, Parcelsus observed, for the first time, that the organizational unit of all life; the cell, was the element in ‘like heals like’. In the late 19th century, French Nobel laureate Dr. Alexis Carrel discovered the potentially immortal nature of cells by keeping alive fragments of a chicken heart 25 years after the fowl had died. This accomplishment was performed by combining cellular material from different hearts into one cell culture. At the end of the 19th century, Paris physiologist C.E. Brown-Sequard recognized the potency of cellular therapy by injecting himself with an extract made from the testicles of a young bull. His virility was subjectively increased due to the testosterone in the extract. In the 1920’s, Russian ophthalmologist Vladimir Filatov initiated the application of foetal cellular and aloe plant extract therapies for non-specific rejuvenation of chronically ill patients. His earliest claimed successes were in reversing retinitis pigmentosa and involutional retinal macular degeneration. In the 1930’s, surgeon Niehans became increasingly interested in endocrinology while serving as head of staff at one of the renowned hospitals in Germany/Switzerland. One of Niehans’ first discoveries was that cells derived from the organs of foetal sheep could be injected into the human body without triggering the natural defence mechanism that acts to reject foreign protein.

In 1931, Paul Niehans was summoned to an emergency operation where he was requested to perform a transplant for an elderly woman whose parathyroid glands were removed during a thyroid surgery by accident. The patient was in critical condition and in a race against time, Niehans sought instead to inject the woman with a steer’s parathyroid cells suspended in a saline solution, crudely prepared at the scene. The woman who would have otherwise died immediately, in fact, got quickly stabilized and continued to improve as she went on to live another 30 years! In the forty years following his first successful experiments, Niehans applied his discoveries in organ extract- and cellular therapy over 50,000 times. Among Niehans’ patients were celebrities like Charles Chaplin, Robert Cummings, Joan Crawford, Charles de Gaulle, Dwight and Marnie Eisenhower, Winston Churchill, Charles Boyer, Bernard Baruch, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Joseph Kennedy, and many others. In 1953, Niehans was called to the bedside of ailing Pope Pius XII. In gratitude for successful results of his own cell therapy, Pope Pius XII invited Niehans to become a member of the Papal Academy of Sciences. Niehans also conducted research into the cancer resisting properties of foetal mesenchyme cells within a well-regulated connective tissue matrix. He used cells from the frontal brain to treat mongolism. He used skin and eye cellular extracts to treat albinism, injected liver cells to treat cirrhosis, and utilized testicle cells to treat impotence. Over one thousand scientific studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of cell therapy. By radioactively marking tissue extract, researchers have been able to ascertain what exactly happens with the organ extract and cellular material after it is injected.

Cell Therapy Preparations:

Cell therapy preparations are derived from foetal sheep or calf according to a proprietary manufacturing and cryopreservation process in North Germany. These preparations must always be injected in freshly prepared form for getting maximum therapeutic effect. More than 30 preparations from different tissue types are available. All preparations are manufactured by a GMP certified laboratory and subject to a multitude of stringent microbiology and biological viability tests to ensure the highest degree of efficacy and safety. Each preparation contains > 10 million tissue-specific cells derived from live tissue.

Cell Therapy for Anti-aging (Revitalization):

Every patient first undergoes the blood, urine and other functional diagnostic tests which specifically measure “pro-aging” parameters + “anti-oxidant status” + “hormone levels”. This gives the treating physician good information on the current functional status of different body organs and helps design an individualized (personalized) anti-aging program. The Revitalization Program involves rejuvenation of 3 main systems of the body that govern aging. They are the endocrine system, the immune system and the detoxification system. Just injecting the cell therapy preparations may not give excellent results. That is why, before cell therapy procedure, each patient undergoes extensive IV/IM detox procedures, Intravenous ozone sessions, Laser revitalization of blood, IV high dose vitamin/minerals/trace elements therapies for several days so as to make body organs maximally receptive to the incoming new cells. Rejuvenation of above-mentioned 3 body systems has shown a so called reversal or a dramatic slowdown of premature aging, regaining of vigour & vitality, libido, increased interest in daily activities, higher mental concentration and focus as well healthy skin and decreased wrinkles. The following organ cells are used:- Thymus, brain, spleen, liver, kidney, heart, adrenal gland, pituitary gland, skin, ovary or testis.

Other Clinical Indications:

Treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome, immune deficiency, infertility,diabetes, frozen shoulder, shoulder stiffness, migraine, joint pain, depression, melasma, aging skin, acne, hay fever, pre-menstrual syndrome, uterine fibrosis, endometriosis, insomnia, liver dysfunction, fungal infection, digestive problems, nerve related discomfort, extreme coldness, anaemia, low libido, constipation, gastritis, intestinal intoxication and hormonal imbalances.

Safety and Effectiveness:

Since the cell therapy preparations have very low antigenicity; they are not readily recognized as foreign by the recipient’s immune system, and therefore, they usually do not cause significant clinical side effects. Donor animals and all preparations are thoroughly tested to rule out transmission of zoonoses and infections; there are no known cases with the use of these preparations. Acute allergic reactions with fresh frozen or freeze-dried organ extracts and cell preparations are exceedingly rare. If such reactions should occur, they are easily manageable with antihistamines, steroids, and intravenous volume fluid expansion. The organ extract and cell preparations of foetal xenogeneic cells imprint their vigour upon old, tired, and degenerating cells, stimulating them to function with renewed efficiency, thereby improving organ function and vigour and vitality of the entire organism– Total body revitalization.

Long-lasting Benefits:

Every procedure and therapeutic intervention carried out during anti-aging program is for regeneration of body’s individual cells and organs (i.e. regeneration from INSIDE), because the aging process first starts at the cellular/organ level, and then, over the years slowly shows up externally as wrinkles on face, or development of some chronic disease, or general loss of vitality or weight gain or forgetfulness, or loss of hairs, or loss of libido or decrease in eyesight, or poor sleep quality, etc. Undergoing cell therapy based anti-aging program once a year after 40 years of age not only helps “Look and Feel” significantly younger but also offers an excellent prevention against the diseases of old age viz. Diabetes, Heart disease, High blood pressure, Impotence, Cancer, etc.

Committed Actors and Sympathizer Terrorists

We begin our discussion by comparing and contrasting the committed actor against the sympathizer. Our war on terrorism has become more than just a military action. It involves various ideas, intrinsic values and acute perceptions on the part of both America and its opposition. We can no longer think merely in terms of only radical actions by the terrorists but must consider the strategic deployed of the al-Qaida forces intending to add fuel to the Muslim extremist mindset or to attract potential recruits.

In today’s fight to counter the terrorist threat it is imperative that we properly identify and define the relationships which exist between the assortments of players. Communications now empowers organizations and groups of people to the point where they have a major voice in the day by day aspects of their life. These transnational actors eventually influence international politics.

According to Burton (Burton, 2005) bin Laden’s al Qaeda is not a state type actor but is still viewed as a valid fighting entity. Their sphere of influence is not merely a tactical perspective but engulfs psychological maneuvers as well. As such we start to see two types of criminal elements emerging in this landscape. We have the committed actor verses the sympathizer.

Usually the common association thought of towards al Qaeda membership lies in the framework of the committed actor who is especially predominant as the dreaded suicide bombers. These people are the hard core, idealistic comrades who seek out causes and ideologies to pursue. Don’t be mistaken into believing these bands of followers are mentally deranged or in any way out of focus with reality.

The author of the article (Burton, 2005) used the 1993 World trade center bomber Ramzi Yousef as a prime example of this sort of terrorist. Ramzi Ahmed Yousef’s terrorist career sprouted from his 1991 association with the Abu Sayyaf, a well known Philippine terrorist group who proposed to him the possibility of bombing attacks being conducted here in America. There eventually evolved a mutual understanding between him and Abubakar Janjalani, the leader of Abu Sayyaf.

In 1992, Yousef flew to America and upon landing at JFK he was detained by the immigration authorities for possessing a counterfeit Swedish passport. When the authorities inspected his language they discovered an assortment of bomb-making manuals. Naturally he was held in an INS detention cell however due to the overcrowded conditions within the cells Yousef was released. Upon his release he immediately moved to New Jersey and established contact with a New York militant’s cell that assisted him in his future bombing plans.

The rest is history as we recall in February of 1993 he drove a rental van loaded with explosives into the underground garage of one of the World Trade Towers. He activated the bomb and proceeded to leave the area via another vehicle. Six people were killed and thousands were wounded. He later revealed that his goal was to topple one building and have it crash into the other resulting in over 250,000 people dying.

It is interesting to know that Khalid Sheik Muhammad who masterminded the 2001 bombing of the World Trade center was none other than Yousef’s uncle. You may be asking yourself why this is important to us. Well, to be brief we can readily see that Yousef was not some sort of blind follower without any intelligence. It was his plans that his uncle ultimately used when destroying the Twin Towers.

As mentioned in our text (Burton, 2005) committed actors may not stand out from the crowd. Yousef himself was one such person. He was well educated and clearly was related to one of the middle or upper class families of Kuwait. He held a regular job and by all accounts he was a model in society.

In contrast let us look at the sympathizer whose behavior is less methodical. By definition a sympathizer is someone who sympathizes with something. This is a person who shares feelings or opinions of another and hopes they will be successful in their venture. Our text stated that those investigators who specialize in these types of terrorists find it extremely difficult to determining the exact emotional outpour that causes them to commit such violent acts. The sympathizers of the more popular groups such as al Qaeda or other organizations may actually be motivated by their shared community, political disagreements or feelings of injustice. Unlike the committed actor the sympathizer is involved less in the planning of their actions but rather as an emotional response invoked from some recent event. They frequently lack the proper training or fail to possess the needed resources to complete their goal. It is safe to say that their usual operations are on the “sloppy side” but do not be mistaken they are still very dangerous.

Next we will discus how sympathizers were believed to have been a “core component” of al Qaeda’s strategy prior to the Sept. 11 attacks. Al Qaeda was hoping to be able to tap into the political sentiments amongst the Muslim nations causing greater attention to his ultimate goals. Although bin laden’s ultimate goal was never achieved he did manage to generate sympathizer actions within certain parameters. These small sympathizer actions made al Qaeda appear larger than life and dictated to the Muslim world that he was a “force to be dealt with”. This façade allowed the organization to continue their endless struggle towards defeating America.

As I have continually said any actions whether successful or not aids in boasting the appearances of a terrorist group. You do not have to win a battle but merely show you fought well. This to me is what the sympathizers bring to the table for al Qaeda. Ideology brings a powerful message capable of motivating ordinary people into action. These people both committed and sympathizers believe what they are doing is proper and right. With these thoughts in mind it is easy for them to follow the ideological framework of their leaders without faltering.

Now let us consider to what extent al Qaeda’s strategy has succeeded regarding their “sympathizers.” There can be no doubt that the operational capability of bin Laden and of al Qaeda has weakened greatly over the years. The sad part is that the ideology of global jihad as practiced by bin Laden has become the model for multiple terrorist cells around the globe. After the 9/11 attacks many jihadists began to view al Qaeda as a model to emulate and as a major leader in the Islamic movement. Bin Laden himself was seen by his followers as someone who not only gave his money to the cause but also himself (Burton, 2005). He departed his wealth lifestyle to reside with the peasants and the Arab fighters. While in their presence he proceeded to cooked with his people, he ate from his humble caves with them and even dug trenches along side of his supporters. His followers viewed him as a militant hero and it is often hard to shatter such loyalty.

Al Qaeda attempted attacks upon our iconic targets in order to inspire and instigate a new generation of young formable terrorist. It is evident that al Qaeda no longer enjoys the support among the Muslim people worldwide but it still seeks to exploit the hidden anger, untold suffering and the built up resentment of the Muslim people towards America. When we invaded Iraq terrorism was given a new lease on life. When we view the support al Qaeda receives from the countries of Asia, Africa and the Middle East we must view the campaign of this terrorist organization as semi-successful.

As a result of the American led actions against al Qaeda their position has most certainly been weakened. However we soon discover a number of actions which propel these terrorist actions back to the forefront of the Muslim nations. Let us briefly consider the US led coalition into Afghanistan or perhaps we should think about the invasion and occupation of Iraq. Least we overlook all the negative media reports we viewed on the television on Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo Bay. These certainly fail to paint a pretty picture for of America. Prior to the horrible attacks of 9/11 Al Qaeda had conducted perhaps one major attack each year. After the 9/11 incidents they managed one attack every three months. We now find many groups emulating the tactics used by al Qaeda. This tells me that al Qaeda’s power today is derived from the various sub-groups it has trained, financed, armed and supplied to further their ideologies. Its central power is may be destroyed but the organization is still capable of conducting critical attacks by use of their many sympathizers.

When questioned as to the most interesting aspect of Mr. Burton’s article I would simply reply as follows. When I read Mr. Burton’s article (Burton, 2005) I was surprised to find that although al Qaeda boasts their outward image as a force with great power they are not what they used to be. They now possess nothing more than the status of a figurehead however we must never underestimate this revealing fact. Even with no power the author clearly makes known that the sympathizers cause can and are a dangerous element to deal with.

As we move on to the second article entitled War, Psychology, and Time we will start by explaining the “psychology of defeat,” from bin Laden’s perspective. Bin Laden firmly believed that with the use of the psychology of defeat he could boaster a new and expanding Muslim empire. This concept led to the attack on America’s twin towers. He felt that the Muslims were suffered from the psychology of defeat. They were expected to be weaker than the various Christian nations and they rightfully accepted this limitation. He felt that his people failed to understand that the Christians were not only weak but also corrupt. He reinforced the idea that America was one of these nations and as such was the enemy of the Muslim people.

When bin Laden devised the 9/11 attacks he attempted to instigate several things. First, the attack was intended to show the Muslim world that America could be attacked and ultimately hurt. His second goal was to see what our reaction would be. Now this was pure genius on his part as it involved a win-win situation for him. If we did nothing it would provide ammunition for bin Laden that we were a weak nation while on the other hand if we launched a series of campaigns against the Islamic nations involved he could convince the Arab countries that we are an enemy of the Muslim people. This was a win either way for bin Laden.

It is interesting to note that initially after 9/11 President Bush used the word “crusade” to describe his eventual actions of war. His quote was “this crusade, this war on terrorism is going to take a while” (Bush, 2001). By his use of this single word he managed to alienate many Europe and especially Arabic-speaking nations around the world. As a world leader, I would have expected his staff to have realized the offense connotation that such a word might produce in the Muslim communities. I vividly recall when he mentioned that world I immediately placed my hands on my head and loudly proclaimed, “What is he saying.”

I would like to explain how bin Laden calculated the United States responds to the 9/11 attacks and its outcome. This was explained in the support material listed above but I will reiterate it here once again. After bin Laden had attacked the Twin Towers he concluded that he was a winner regardless of what action America took. As explained, if we did nothing in response it would indicate that we are a weak nation and if we launched our attacks on those nations suspected of this horrible crime it would indicate to the Muslim nations that we are their enemy.

I found it extremely interesting that the author states that bin Laden’s rationale behind the 9/11 attacks was not just to kill Americans but rather to seize the opportunity to create an Islamic empire (Friedman, 2007). If we look at our circumstance than compared to now we frequently find that many of our laws and government actions are changing. We are slowly moving closer and closer to Sharia law here in America. This issue is getting so bad that many state lawmakers are passing laws outlawing “foreign laws” from being considered in state judicial systems (Sacirbey, 2013). There are currently seven states which have enacted or are in the process of such acts at this time. This in itself makes us more aware of the articles reference to the fact that terrorist organizations cannot create empires but rather they attempt to seize nations and utilize that countries power to begin creating their empire.


Bush, George. (2001) Remarks by the president upon arrival. Retrieved from

Sacirbey, Omar. (2013). Sharia law in the usa 101 a guide to what it is and why states want to ban it. Retrieved from

Joseph Parish

Trade Secrets for Replacing Double Glazing Glass in PVC Windows

Most of the customers that I visit think that by having a broken or misted double glazed unit (glass) the whole frame needs to be replaced. Unless the frame itself has been damaged in a burglary or by accident the glass can be replaced without fitting a new frame.

Identifying the Glazing System:

The first thing to do is identify if the frame is externally or internally beaded. This is done by looking at the beads where they meet the inside edge of the window frame and identifying if there is a join there. Most new windows are internally glazed.

Removing the beads on internally beaded windows:

Insert a stiff putty knife into the join between the bead and the frame at the middle of the longest bead. You may need to push or tap the putty knife to separate the bead from the frame. Remove all of the beads one by one and the double glazed unit should be free to be removed and replaced.

Removing the Beads on Externally Beaded Windows:

There are a few different glazing systems on externally glazed windows. The most common one is the internal gasket or back wedge system. The rubber gasket on the inside of the window needs to be taken out to enable the external beads to be removed. To do this, take a stiff putty knife and press it into the rubber on the inside of the window and flick it out. Then follow the instructions for removing the beads above. Take note of which way the gasket comes out.

The next most common external glazing system is double sided security tape. The tape is put on to the window frame during manufacture and the double glazed unit is then pressed onto it, allowing the external beads to be clipped into place. Use a Stanley knife / Box cutter to cut the tape. Hold the knife flat to the glass to avoid slicing into the frame. Cut all round the taped area and you should be able to get the putty knife in and slowly lever the glass unit out. Once the glass has been taken out you can then get a scraper and remove all the old tape from the window frame, taking care not to damage the frame. Then follow the instructions for removing the beads above.

The third and least common type of glazing system is the sort that has no gasket or tape on the inside of the window. The beads on this type of frame can be removed from the outside with a putty knife. One word of caution With this type of frame, and some of the others. Some Externally glazed frames have Glass Locks fitted to them. Glass Locks are right angle pieces of metal that are inserted into special holder clips attached to the frame. If you remove the beads and see these metal clips, call a glazier as these clips can be very difficult to remove without the proper tools.

Measuring the Double Glazed Unit:

After removing the Double Glazed Unit it is advisable to take it to your local Glass Merchant for them measure it and check for any special coatings that the glass may have on it. If the Double Glazed Unit was sitting on plastic packers when you removed it, take them with you and ask the Glass Merchant if they are the correct packers for the job, if not, get the correct packers. This is very important as the cause of most Double Glazed Unit Breakdowns (misty / condensation between glass) is that they have not been fitted on the correct packers. If your window is glazed on security tape you will need to buy some new double sided security tape.

Re-Fitting an Internally Glazed Double Glazed Unit:

Make sure the unit is square in the frame and you have it sitting on your two packers. Fit the two shortest beads first by tapping the in with a nylon mallet. Then fit the two longest beads in the same way. You may need to push one end of the bead into position and bend the bead to get the other end in.

Re-Fitting an Externally Glazed Double Glazed Unit:

Back gasket system – Fit the glass and beads as described above and then push the rubber gasket back into the frame on the inside of the window. If the rubbers have shrunk you can gently stretch then out and re-fit them with a small blob of superglue in each corner to stop them from shrinking back again.

Security tape system – Fit the new tape to your window frame, taking care to keep it flush with the frame edge. Remove the covering and Spray the tape with window cleaner. This will allow you to move and align the Double Glazed Unit. The window cleaner will evaporate in a couple of hours leaving you with a Double Glazed Unit that can only be removed by cutting it out from the inside. Fit the glass and beads as described above.

One word of caution: Some Externally glazed frames have Glass Locks fitted to them. Glass Locks are right angle pieces of metal that are inserted into special holder clips attached to the frame. If you remove the beads and see these metal clips, call a glazier as these clips can be very difficult to remove without the proper tools.

If you are not sure which system you have or are not confident enough to proceed with the job, call a glazier. It will be cheaper in the long run to get someone who knows what they are doing than destroying your windows.

Welding Jobs: Why Welding Sucks (And What You Can Do About It)

If you can weld now or want to weld, is that a big deal? Yes and no.

Welding can be a very difficult skill to acquire and take years – or an afternoon (or a few days) at home. The question is, are you making any stinking money at it? Yes, you love to weld (I do to). Why are some welders rolling in money and others are so broke it isn’t funny? Get answers, NOW.

Let’s see, anyone can pop into Home Depot and buy a little Lincoln flux core welder and learn to weld in an afternoon or a day or two? Yes.

The welder I’m referring to is about the size of carry-on luggage and plugs into any 120 volt socket. Follow the instruction booklet (always reading the safety portion and applying all of it – please) and that person can be running a decent bead on the flat, just like that. Really – in a few hours of paying attention you can be running decent beads with good penetration.

The REAL question is, can you take that skill and make money?

Think about it – you can read this article, hop in the car, buy the welder, plug it in and weld for a few hours and have a “skill” at some level. What does that make you? It makes you a person with a very limited skill, but a skill none-the-less.

When I was 13 I welded up the exhaust on one of my many cars (I flipped cars for profit from age 11 to 22). Welding came in handy on older cars from the early 60s and even the early 50s because they were “heavy metal.” I wasn’t a great welder at that point, but being able to weld could make the difference – it allowed me to do repairs and “add value” to a car. Instead of flipping burgers at Mickey Ds, I was able to always have plenty of money.

Later, at age 19 and just out high school, I built gates – nice gates which look great today, 40 years later. I was self-educated in welding and I highly recommend it (welding self education and self education for almost any skill).

So why is the title of this article: “Welding Sucks?” Well, for most welders, it sucks. It is not fun when you get stuck with a limited skill in a factory not making enough money and acting like a robot all day long.

What can you do to make welding fun again?

When you first started welding, it was fun. You didn’t need to make money at it right away. AND everyone around you told you there would be a “good job” waiting for you when you got good at welding – so you kept at it.

Maybe you went through one or two years of welding education – and then the truth hit you like a brick wall. You found out that no one wanted to pay you big money for welding…

What is the secret?

What is the well guarded secret no one seems to tell welders? It is marketing. If you can MARKET your skill – no matter what that skill is – if your skill is welding or washing windows, if you can MARKET that skill, you will make all the money you and your family need. If you can’t, you won’t. That is when welding is NOT fun – when you can’t make good money at it.

What can you do about it?

Step # 1:

Stop thinking “Job.” J-O-B stands for “Just Over Broke.” If you want to live your life that way, get a job or keep the one you have.

What is the difference between a window washer working for someone else and window washer making great money for 28 years?

I met Suzy the other day. Suzy lives in a waterfront home with a dock. Suzy has a new GMC 4 door truck (very nice). Suzy no longer bothers to advertise her business. Suzy has been cleaning windows as an independent window cleaner for 28 years. She doesn’t need to advertise.

Why am I telling you about a window cleaner?

Suzy became an INDEPENDENT window cleaner 28 years ago. She employs 3 window cleaners and pays each of them $10 an hour. Suzy collects $20 an hour for every hour her window cleaners work. Suzy also runs a fourth truck herself. Add it up – Suzy makes $30 an hour from her workers and she makes another $20 an hour for the hours she works. Suzy makes $100,000 a year washing windows. This is called “Capitalism.”

Why do you need to be a Capitalist?

We live in a capitalist society. This means that if you weld now for $10 an hour, you can weld as an independent welder for $30 an hour (or more) simply by being “in business” instead of being a “a working drone” for someone else. Is that hard to believe? Believe it – it is simply TRUE!

$30 an hour is cheap for a welder.

I am telling you – you can make $30 an hour next week with minimum welding skills, if you understand and apply basic marketing skills.

What about immigrants? Meet Tom:

Tom (not his Viet Namese name) is one of the nicest people I have even encountered. Tom is 60. In 1980 Tom was one of 25 people crowded on a small fishing boat pulling away from Communist Viet Nam and headed for Hong Kong – escaping at the risk of his life – to a new life of freedom.

The captain of the boat put a gun by the compass. It screwed up the compass. They were lost at sea. They ran out of gas. They ran out of food. The seas grew wild. Tom was pretty sure they were all going to die.

They saw a ship in the distance. They waved their coats. They were given food and gas told which way to go to reach Hong Kong. Tom made it to the U.S. Tom was totally and completely broke – and he spoke no English.

Working an assortment of jobs 15 hours a day, Tom saved money. He met Lany and they saved. They opened a nail salon and then another. Today, Tom and Lany are comfortable in America. Their home is nearly paid for and they have a large retirement. Why? Tom and Lany worked hard – and understood marketing. And yes, they had a skill – they started by becoming licensed to do nails. Can you see – “doing nails” was only part of their of their success – actually the small part.

What has this got to do with welding?

Everything! However, welding has so many advantages over window cleaning and doing nails! You can start right now and be an entry level welder, working for yourself a week from now, if that is what you want. Unlike window cleaning and nails, you can advance your welding skills as you go – teaching yourself from home – until your welding skills are worth (are you sitting down) $100 an hour.

Don’t run over to Home Depot and buy a welder (yet).

If you buy the right welder used and do the right things with marketing, you can be in business and working all you want in 2 to 3 weeks. How? It requires mastering a few marketing basics – and hard work – but if a Viet Nam boat person who could not speak English can do it, you can too.


You success has nothing to do with money or the economy. It has to do with you believing in you. From there, you only need to pay attention to what really matters.

What should you do next?

Start A Restaurant Business On The Cheap

Getting affordable restaurant appliances for your restaurant business will save you a lot of money. Your capital can be spent on other things that will bring in more customers and earn you more money. One of these things you should spend more on is marketing. Buying brand new equipment won’t get you more customers or make your food taste better. No one will see what brand of stove or freezer you have inside your kitchen.

It can make you proud to have a Viking stove or Subzero cooling system in your back kitchen, but buying them won’t be a wise business decision for your restaurant business. A second-hand fridge or stove can work as well as branded equipment. Even used tables and chairs can be refurbished to look like new so you don’t have to buy new furniture. Here are some tips on how to get cheap restaurant equipment for your food business.

1. Check your paper’s classified ads for used restaurant equipment being auctioned off or sold by foreclosed restaurants or businesses that are closing. You can get a good price on these deals. Many of these used restaurant equipment are almost new but selling for half the price. It will be cheaper to buy by lot instead of by piece. So it’s best to look for these deals before buying a single piece of equipment or furniture for your restaurant business.

2. Visit food service and restaurant equipment stores. These are stores where most restaurant owners buy their stuff for less. You will find brand new equipment, tableware, furniture, and pots and pans for a huge discount. You will find many different choices in these stores, from traditional styles to modern and trendy. Another benefit to buying from these stores is you can always come back to buy the same things to replace broken plates and glasses.

3. You can also find second-hand equipment for your restaurant business on online stores. There are tons of websites that sell used equipment or even brand new ones for less than retail. The advantage of looking for them online is you get to see more choices than going to a single store near your place. You can also compare prices, delivery charges, and warranties online before you decide to purchase anything.

4. Speaking of warranties, be sure to check return policies, availability of spare parts and a service center for your appliances. You don’t want your restaurant business to be stuck with a broken freezer or stove that can’t be repaired due to the lack of spare parts. Check warranties very well and keep receipts and document you will need if you have to return something defective. Some items such as disposable food service items are not returnable.

5. Choose tough looking equipment over fancy branded kitchen tools and appliances. Don’t be fooled by the price. Some people think that more expensive restaurant equipment are more durable or works better. This is not necessarily true as some stoves for example, look crude but are many times more durable than a fancy looking designer stove.

There are some restaurant equipment worth buying cheap, but others like meat saws and sensitive equipment might be better bought from a reputable dealer. Finding a dealer who can provide reasonable prices can also be a challenge. Look for equipment for your restaurant business from a reputable dealer who can provide after sales service. Find out where veteran restaurant owners get their stuff.

Overcome Your Pride and Save Your Marriage Or Relationship From a Break Up

One web definition of pride that stands out clearly is that pride is an unreasonable and inordinate self-esteem (personified as one of the deadly sins). With this in mind, pride is sinful and should be deleted from our lives. Overcoming your pride can go a long way to save your marriage or relationship from a break up. In the early stages of pregnancy a baby is easier to lose. The same applies to your marriage or relationship. You must protect it.

To overcome your pride, you must:

Learn to laugh at yourself

One Chinese proverbs is clear about this. It says, “Blessed are they that laugh at themselves for they shall never cease to be entertained.” Partners who have the problem of pride rarely laugh at themselves. Engaging in humor at your own expense show that pride is not the problem and that if it is, it is one you are determined to deal with.

Recognise your pride

It was Benjamin Franklin who stated that, “Not one of our natural passions is harder to subdue than pride. Even if I could conceive that I had completely overcome it. I should probably be proud of my humility.” Saxon White Kessinger, in his book The Indispensable Man, wrote this: “Sometime when you feel that your going, would leave an un-fill-able hole, just follow these simple instructions, and see how they humble your soul. Take a bucket and fill it with water, put your hand in it up to the wrist; pull it out and the hole that is remaining, is the measure of how you will be missed.” It is humbling how quickly the hole we think we are leaving, disappears or get filled in by others. This is enough grounds for you to overcome your pride and save your marriage or relationship from a break up.

Express your gratitude always

It is Oprah Winfrey who suggests that “We keep a gratitude journal. Every night make a list of five things that happened this day that you are grateful for. It will change your life. If you concentrate on what you do not have, you will never have enough. If you focus on what you have, you will always see that the universe is abundant and you will have more. Selfish people never think they get as much as they deserve. Continually expressing gratitude helps to break that kind of pride. You will appreciate your partner the more.

Life is not built on pride. It is built on relationships. Overcome pride and save your marriage or relationship from a break up.

Choosing the Right LED Light Bars for Your Vehicle

LED light bars are an important fixture, installed on vehicles, as a medium to convey messages to other vehicles and people on the road. When on roads, lights play the key role, since there is too much noise, and barely anything is audible. To convey messages, lights of high intensity are deployed. Especially meant for transporting signals during a case of emergency or accident, these light bars are made to be strong and robust. When combined with a sound (alarm) system, the effectiveness of light bars on your vehicle rises.

If you are considering installing LED light bars on your vehicle, here are a few important things to mull over –

Type of beam

Bars are available in three beam types or patterns: spot, flood and combo. Spot beam light heads are ideal for use as a takedown light to illuminate suspects or want focus on specific area or see long distance. Normal light heads have a spread of 40º to 160º and this feature makes them effective for general warning use.

Flood light bars have anywhere from 90º to 180º wide beam pattern which makes them best for the occasions when you want more light and a broader focus for illuminating a large area at night.

Combo bars are a combination of both the patterns, making it unique for narrow and broader areas, both. In the same bar you get both the beams, and the switch at the dashboard helps changing over the beam.

Choosing the right beam pattern is all about your preferences, requirements and budget. The size of the bar also depends on your budget and the aesthetics of your car.

The location –

In which area of your car, a specific LED bar should be installed is another imperative question. The location matters, as installing it at a wrong place would not shower the light properly. Bumpers that come with car package are the ideal place for installing bars. They have holes and spaces for the additional installation. Light bars are normally mounted on the roof for maximum visibility. For undercover use, the light bars are mounted inside of the vehicle, close to the windshield and the rear window for concealment and performance.

Why choosing LED bars, not the bars with ordinary or traditional bulbs?

LED is an effective and low energy consumption technology. There are many factors that helped the innovator fetch the most prestigious award. LED is more durable and more reliable, and it does not drain the battery as the bulbs of previous generations would do. A small LED bulb can throw more light than a traditional bulb, hence a cost-effective means.

Car Bulbs: 5 Interesting Facts You Need To Know About LED Car Bulbs

If you’re looking for a cost-effective and easy way to customize your car, forget installing time-consuming under-car lighting or an ear drum-shattering sound system and don’t waste your money on an expensive paint job – see the light with LED car bulbs instead.

From headlights and tail lights to indicator/turn lights and the humble dashboard light, LED bulbs can be used all over your vehicle, making this THE go-to choice if you’re looking for a simple way to upgrade your car.

So, how do LED lights work? Well, they’re not that different to standard light bulbs; the main difference is they don’t contain a filament. An LED bulb produces light by using the electricity’s movement along its semiconductor. This creates electromagnetic radiation – some of which takes the form of visible light.

That’s the science bit over, what you really want to know is why you should change to LED, right? Well, put simply, LED car bulbs are more vivid, consume less energy, are longer lasting, have a faster response time and just, well, they just look cooler than standard car lights.

The only real drawback of LED is that is isn’t quite as bright as bulbs with a filament, but you will find that the colour is more intense.

Let’s breakdown the facts:

1) LED is more energy efficient than regular lighting which saves you running costs.

2) But it’s not all about the money – LED bulbs have a faster on/off response time which means your visibility to other road users is immediate the moment you switch your lights on.

3) With a massively long lifespan of around 50,000 hours LED car bulbs simply outperform other bulbs in terms of endurance.

4) Say goodbye to boring white! LED comes in a wide range of rainbow colours from red, white and blue through to yellow, orange, green and even hot pink, so if you want to turn the inside of your car into a technicolour light show, then go for it!

5) The range of LED bulbs out there is huge. You can literally upgrade any of your car, van or truck’s lights. Don’t just go for the headlights – your brake and tail lights, indicator/turn lights, fog lights, interior and dashboard lights and side lights can all have a piece of the action too.

Swapping your existing car bulbs for LED bulbs makes your car stand out amongst those road users who haven’t yet seen the light and are still using standard bulbs, so whether you’re after a Barbie-pink dashboard or you want vivid white headlights, there’s a huge range of cars LED lights on the internet meaning you’re sure to find the lights you’re looking for.

Upgrade to LED car bulbs today and you’ll be saving costs, increasing your safety, adding value to your vehicle and making your car stand out from the crowd – all for a minimum of time, money and effort.

Get What You Want in Life – Journey of How Reiki Led to Wealth, Relationship Success and Happiness

Even as a little girl growing up in San Francisco, I had wanted to make it big in life. I wanted to be rich and famous! Well, who wouldn’t want to? Despite having chosen a career path that was considered a sure-fire recipe to success, I wasn’t getting what I wanted out of life! Strangely I felt that ‘a wall of hindrance’ was standing between me and the life of my dreams! And my real problem was that I was clueless about this ‘invisible barrier’ and the means to eliminate it until the day I bumped into William with whom I shared a room while I was in Australia to attend a linguistic program.

William is a writer, teacher and more importantly a Reiki Master. He has mastered the ancient Japanese technique of Reiki to reduce stress, provide relaxation and heal people. There was something divine about William and I felt he radiated spiritual warmth which he obviously attributed to Reiki. During my stay with William, I saw many people approaching him for Reiki sessions to overcome their problems at different levels.

And invariably at the end of these Reiki sessions, I saw the happy faces of people who thanked William for his expert help. Yet, I remained skeptical about the efficacy of Reiki until one day I decided to take the plunge! It was not that I really bought into William’s ideology. It was largely because I was desperate to find the ‘invisible barrier to success’ in my life and eliminate it once for all! But before that, I needed to find out the history of Reiki and its practice and reassure myself that it is safe to give it a try.

Origin of Reiki

Reiki is a Japanese word where ‘rei’ means universal and ‘ki’ means life energy. Hailed as the gentlest healing technique in the world, there are different types of Reiki practiced today. However, the traditional Reiki methods are based on the healing and meditative techniques of Mikao Usui who popularized it in Japan during the 20th century. Later Usui’s student Chujiro Hayashi reintroduced it, giving more emphasis on the healing part of it. The Reiki movement was introduced to the West thanks to the efforts of Hawayo Takata, an American student of Hayashi.

The practice of Reiki

Reiki believes that there is a universal energy field present that could help in restoring the balance of body-mind-soul. This is considered important as any discrepancies in the energy levels could result in illnesses and hindrances in life. And practitioners claim that through Reiki, one can gain access to the universal energy field and increase its flow in the affected areas and help cure illnesses at the physical, mental and emotional planes present in the human body.

In a typical session of Reiki, a trained Reiki practitioner places his/her hands, palms down, lightly on or above the affected body parts of the client for a few minutes. This is repeated using 12 to 15 different hand poses or till the time the client feels the flow of energy in his/her body parts which is usually felt as heat or tingling sensations. There could be a number of sessions which purely depend on the client’s health requirements.

There are three degrees or levels of training in Reiki. An initiation or attunement from the Reiki Master qualifies you to gain access to the universal energy and take up the next degree or level. During the first level the students are taught to perform Reiki on themselves and on others. In the next level the students are taught to perform Reiki on others from a distance. You will need many years of experience to become a Reiki Master, the third level in which you can initiate others in Reiki healing process.

Uses of Reiki

Reiki practitioners claim that the healing method can provide relaxation, relieve stress and anxiety, and promote overall health at all levels. People use Reiki to get relief from pain, and even to mitigate the side effects of cancer treatment. Reiki is also practiced on terminally ill patients and their families to induce a sense of peace.

What does science say?

According to National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM),

Reiki sessions appear to be safe with no cases of serious side effects. However there is no scientific conclusion on the benefits of Reiki as yet and research on this is still underway.

The 2007 National Health Interview Survey reported that 1.2 million American adults had used energy healing therapies like Reiki.

My experience

Even though I was not fully convinced that Reiki is safe, I took the plunge. My first Reiki session with William lasted a few minutes and was followed by 5 more sessions. As the sessions progressed I strongly felt the universal life force entering the seven chakras or energy centers in my body, cleansing me at all levels, physical, mental and emotional. And when the energy pushed through the heart chakra, I vividly experienced the breaking of the ‘invisible barrier,’ and witnessed the little chunks being blown out!

My spiritual heart was now ‘open’ and devoid of any hindrance and full of positive energy! I felt reborn! I have since used this new found spirit to change every aspect of my life, notably the tremendous wealth, relationship success and happiness I have achieved since.

How you can tap it’s power

Reiki is spiritual and not religious. Whether you believe in God or not, it doesn’t matter for Reiki to work out its magic on you! So open up your mind and take the plunge and live the life of your dreams.

Since my first experiences with Reiki, I’ve attended several Reiki workshops and courses. A year ago, I came across a low-cost and superb course that I would highly recommend to both beginners and advanced Reiki students. This course can be accessed by going to

Best of luck with your personal journey of self-discovery and success!

Steps to Fix the VNCHooks DLL Error – Repair Problems Caused by VNCHooks File From RealVNC LTD

VNCHooks.dll is a dynamic link library (dll) file used by the RealVNC company and its products. This file is used specifically to help the VNCHooks application to run as smoothly and reliably as possible, allowing you to connect with computers remotely by using the VNC technology. Unfortunately, the VNCHooks.dll file is a big cause of problems for Windows computers, and if you’re seeing errors which show this file, you should work through the steps outlined in this article to fix them.

The errors caused by VNCHooks.dll are normally a result of a few simple problems. The most common reason for this file showing an error is thanks to it becoming corrupt or damaged. This is a huge problem, as it means that whenever your computer wants to use this file, it can become extremely unreliable. The errors this file shows are also caused by the likes of virus infections and registry errors.

The first thing you need to do to repair the VNCHooks.dll error is to manually replace this file from the Internet. There are many reputable directories of DLL files online, and you can simply log in, download a replacement VNCHooks.dll file, and then replace it on your system. This is very simple to do if you use the correct instructions.

You also need to scan through your system using an antivirus program, as viruses are one of the main causes of this error. Viruses are small applications which load up on your computer and then infect various files that cause your PC to run extremely unreliably. These files are extremely damaging and can cause your computer to show a huge variety of errors & problems. You need to make sure your computer is clean, and to do that, you just need to scan through it with a virus scanner.

The last thing you should do is to use a ‘registry cleaner’ to scan through the registry of your system and fix the various errors that are inside it. The registry is the central database for Windows which your PC uses to store vital settings and information for your PC. It’s where everything from your desktop wallpaper to your most recent emails are kept… but most crucially, it’s where a big list of DLL files for your system are kept as well. Unfortunately, this list of DLL files is continually being corrupted, preventing your computer from being able to read the DLL files it requires to run. To fix this issue, it’s advised that you use a ‘registry cleaner’ to scan through your PC and repair the various corrupt DLL file list which could be causing your crashes.

Got Terrazzo Treasure In Your Home?

If your home was built between 1920 and 1950 there is a good chance that you have a terrazzo treasure underneath that carpet or tile in the foyer or basement.

Terrazzo floors are intricate colored concrete with broken marble chips. Often multi-colored these floors were colorful architectural decoration of the times. Today terrazzo has been all but disappeared in residential homes, relegated to use in new schools or large commercial buildings where its concrete like durability accompanied with its architectural flexibility make it an architectural favorite. Terrazzo’s use in the residential market has all but disappeared, being substantially more expensive than a marble or granite tile floor.

The ability to restore terrazzo and marble floors is a fairly new development. In fact prior to the late 1970’s restoration or maintenance services were not readily available. As such, as foot traffic dulled the original finish floors were covered by carpet or vinyl tile. Today, techniques exist to remove dull areas, restore the original gloss finish, repair cracks and chips. In effect, the reason many of these surfaces were originally covered no longer exists. Further, it is less expensive to remove the carpet or tile and restore the floor than to retile. This means that if you are living in a 1920 to 1950 historical home, you may have a terrazzo floor hidden away you did not know about. A restored terrazzo floor adds substantial value, and historic charm. Take a peak under that carpet or tile.

When carpet is installed over a terrazzo floor carpet grips are nailed into the terrazzo floor, creating a one inch hole when removed. Today, technology exists to determine the stone type, stone size, distribution of stone sizes and color of the cement used in the original terrazzo construction, and to re-mix and colormatch with sufficient accuracy that the repairs blend into the floor. If you did not know they were there you would not be able to find them.

Marrying modern stone restoration techniques with a historic artistry companies like MARBLELIFE can assist you in restoring the historic character of your home. With more than 45 locations across the country, MARBLELIFE is the largest supplier of such services. Interested in getting an estimate or learning more information of this forgotten art you can locate the nearest restoration expert, and request a free estimate at While you are at it, they will be happy to provide you information on how to maintain your terrazzo treasure so that it looks like it has just been installed, forever. Using the appropriate cleaners, sealers and care you can maintain your terrazzo’s original appearance indefinitely.

So take a peek under the carpet and see if you aren’t walking across a terrazzo treasure in your basement, foyer, kitchen or bathroom.

Natural Penis Enlargement Exercises and the Elusive, Unattainable 10 Inch Penis

The elusive, unattainable 10 inch penis seems to be something that so many men desire to have, but so little can actually achieve or be born with such a powerful tool. In today’s society, it’s considered quite an imperial tool to have such a massive sized penis. But what is not known is that, even if you are say, 7 inches in length right now, that this elusive 10 inch penis might actually be possible to achieve. But how in this world is a man with a 7 inch penis ever to achieve a 10 inch penis you might be wondering?

Well in my experience and own results (I’m currently at 9.5 inches and still growing), I’ve found natural penis enlargement exercises to be the only thing that works for successful penis enlargement. But what exactly are natural penis enlargement exercises, you may be wondering? Well essentially, these penis stretching exercises are designed to literally stretch the penis longer and coincidentally, your penis will also become significantly thicker when you perform these exercises. I started at 7.5 inches, which is still over an inch over the typical, “average” male, so to reach this point in my penis enlargement endeavors is quite a feat indeed.

Some facts about the elusive 10 inch penis:

The 10 inch penis is an anomaly that is seen all over the internet. When in fact it’s an object that is rarely seen in actuality to what it is. I mean, surely you will come across endless porn sites online claiming to have men with 10, 11, 12, or some even claiming 15 inch penises on their websites. But what is known is that these numbers are rarely ever *actually*’ seen online. In fact, most of these so called ‘huge’ men, don’t even deliver anything close to the elusive 10 inch penis! Why is this you think? I’ll tell you why, it’s because there are less than 1% of all human males that possess this size of penis.

And seeing as how rare this is in the porn industry, I have been able to account for only a handful of men that actually have a true, definite 10″ inch or more. And those men are the popular “Mandingo” and “John Holmes”. There’s even a porn star aptly called Mr.18″ that I would consider that’s at least 10 inches and above. The best way to judge if a man truly has a 10″ penis is to look at these porn stars and then you can truly get and understanding for how big 10 inches actually is.

For instance, John Holmes was “estimated” to be at 13 inches. But this is far from the truth! He was actually only around 10 inches maximum. Probably one of the best ways to determine what 10 inches actually is is to use a tape measure and then take the 10 inch portion and then compare it to your own penis size. You will be amazed at how much further you have to go to get to that size in actuality.


I started my natural penis enlargement exercises at the age of 19. I was just trying a few things out and decidedly after trying pretty much everything I could get my hands on I’ve decided that natural penis enlargement exercises were the best way to go about for the successful enlargement of my own penis. I mean, I’ve tried it all, from penis pumping, which only damaged my penis shaft beyond belief, to those silly penis enlargement pills that simply do NOT work! I had wished at some point that there was some ‘penis enlargement guru’ that would show me the in’s and out’s of how to grow my penis naturally, without any gimmicks or rip off products or services that was just sneaky snake oil salesmen in the long run.

The worst experience I had was in college when I was so obsessed with getting a much larger penis that I was using the pump almost every night for an entire month. I mean, initially the pump gains seemed great. My penis had much more girth and the ladies loved that thickness. But eventually, around my third week into it, I had to quite and if not then I would face the damaging effects that this pump was actually causing my penis. My doctor had told me that if I didn’t quite that I could eventually damage my penis to the point where I could not get or maintain an erection any longer. This was quite scary news. I mean, the last thing that any man wants is to lose his erection staying power.

So I decided then and there to just stick to penis jelqing exercises. And by penis jelqing exercises, I am referring to natural penis enlargement exercises. This is exactly why I believe that in order to reach the elusive 10 inch penis, I would have to stick with the natural penis enlargement exercises.

And so far, at over 2 inches in growth, I really don’t see my target of 10 inches to be that far off! While I have known of some men that has actually received more gain in penis growth than I have (I’m talking about gains of over 3.5 inches here), what is known for certain,not just through my own experience and observations is that natural penis enlargement exercises through jelqing does work to some degree for pretty much all males regardless of age, ethnicity,etc. I mean, you can just go and look at some penis enlargement forums online and you’ll soon notice that there are literally thousands of men who have reached some levels of penis enlargement success thanks hugely in part to natural penis enlargement exercises.

I urge any man who wants to increase or enhance his confidence levels greatly to look into natural penis enlargement exercises to see for themselves how much better life is, thanks to these natural jelqing exercises. Start out by asking yourself,”‘what would my ideal size be?” If you are anywhere over 6 inches, then I would say that by next year you will be at least 8 inches using natural penis enlargement exercises. And this is not such a bad step, in your leap to getting that elusive 10 inch penis!

Workforce Process Outsourcing (WPO): A New Solution to Increased Productivity

Familiar Business Process Outsourcing (BPO)

Business process outsourcing (BPO) is a subset of outsourcing that involves the contracting of operations and responsibilities of specific business functions (or processes) to a third-party service provider.

Most people are familiar with the more common subsets of BPO such as RPO (recruitment), LPO (legal), KPO (knowledge), logistics (3pl) and of course ITO (information technology). BPO is typically categorized into back office outsourcing – which includes internal business functions such as human resources or finance and accounting, and front office outsourcing – which includes customer-related services such as contact center services.

The “New” Outsourcing… Workforce Process

A new form of BPO which is becoming more popular is WPO (Workforce Process Outsourcing) or MPO (Manufacturing Process Outsourcing). WPO involves the contracting of labor where the service provider is responsible to meet service levels at a transactional cost. The WPO provides the labor, management, and some support functions for a cell, department, or entire facility. The business or manufacturer is typically responsible for the facilities, inventory, equipment, quality assurance and logistics. The specific responsibilities are worked out while negotiating the “Statement of Work.”

Traditional Temporary Labor Models vs. WPO Model

Temporary labor has become a mainstay for companies looking to maintain flexibility and control labor cost as well as decreasing employer liability exposure. Temporary labor is a cost plus solution where the staffing provider adds a mark up to the hourly wage. Temporary labor has been effective in maintaining flexibility but has not provided full protection against liability nor is it always an effective cost control strategy. Temporary labor typically is not accountable for productivity or quality. Moreover, the temporary staffing company often does not share the cost of training the temporary workforce. Therefore, the cost of low productivity, bad quality and high turnover is the burden of the manufacturer or business. On the other hand, the WPO model provides liability protection, absorbs the cost and responsibility of training and retention, and assumes responsibility for meeting quality and productivity standards.

A Look at Third Party Logistics (3PLs)

A 3PL is a firm that provides a one stop shop service to its customers of outsourced (or “third party”) logistics services for part, or all of their supply chain management functions. Originally 3PLs focused on logistics which was primarily transportation, warehousing and distribution and charged the client on a cost plus model.

Over the years their clients have started pushing more and more value added services (VAS) down to the 3PL. VAS falls outside of traditional supply chain/logistics expertise and is often labor intensive. Typically it is also billed at cost plus and the 3PL has little incentive to be efficient. If you couple their lack of expertise and resources with the lack of incentive, you end up with a inefficient and costly labor model. Also in the 3PL outsourcing world, manufacturers and businesses lose operational control of having product within their own facilities, inventory systems, and direct line of sight.

Workforce Process Outsourcing (WPO): A Hybrid Providing “Across the Board” Solutions

The WPO is a hybrid of contract staffing/temporary labor and third party logistics married to Scientific Workforce Management1. The WPO leans heavily on lean manufacturing principles and engages internal engineering support to improve productivity and control cost. Since WPO firms bill on a transactional cost per unit basis while meeting stringent SLAs, the cost and quality are far superior to the temp labor model and the 3PL.

Reasons For Using A WPO Provider

1. Greater Flexibility

WPO provides greater flexibility in meeting demand. Companies are no longer paying for labor that is idle or underutilized when production demands wane. It is the WPO provider’s responsibility to manage headcount both up and down. Most managers are reluctant to reduce headcount when demand wanes. Even when temporary labor is utilized, many managers will tend to keep more people than is needed. A WPO has the capability to ramp headcount up and down much more effectively.

2. Fixed Labor Cost

A WPO typically bills at a transactional rate. It could be by the piece, truck, pound, cubic meter or whatever makes sense. This is a great budgeting tool and labor can be forecasted according to production schedules. Many WPOs will work with the sales team to build a costing model they can use to price new business. Most of the time the labor component is an unknown variable that makes it difficult to forecast margins. The WPO will give you a fixed unit cost that helps you lock in your margins and better forecast profitability.

3. Decrease In Employer Liability

The WPO provides another layer of protection against employer liability. The 3PL provides the strongest protection from co-employment since the work is being completed at the 3PLs site and there is limited interaction between the 3PL’s employees and your management. But there is more risk and less control when the work leaves your building as previously explained.

Temporary staffing provides the least protection and the client is often included in any litigation between a temporary employee and the staffing company. Companies must also construct and abide by very stringent guidelines regarding staffers and fulltime employees.

The WPO model allows the client to maintain the work in their facility but restrict any interaction with WPO employees. The WPO provides the floor supervision to direct the work and also the HR support positions for all employee issues. This arrangement establishes a safety harbor.

4. Simplicity

Another benefit of working with the WPO is simplicity. There is no moving of inventory or equipment off site as with a 3PL. Changes to work can be initiated instantly and any inventory or material variances can be adjusted at the site. It is much simpler than managing temps which requires ordering, training, and supervising, as well as managing their hours. The invoice itself is an administrative nightmare whereas the WPO is just a couple of line items which can be easily validated.

5. Improved Quality

The outsourcing of any function generally results in higher quality. If for no other reason, the business will be much more stringent toward the outsourcer to adhere to quality guidelines than they are towards themselves. If the work is out of spec you have recourse from the WPO and there is no cost to you. When the work is done internally and it falls out of spec, the business must assume the cost. It may be tempting to pass it through rather than eat the cost.

6. Reduced Risk

We discussed the reduction of co-employment and employer risk earlier. The use of a WPO is much less risky than outsourcing to a 3PL. The WPO eliminates most of the risk of any work interruption inherent with the 3PL. There are many nightmare stories whereas the 3PL either goes out of business or decides not to honor the contract. No one wants to receive a phone call at 5 p.m. on a Friday, letting you know you can come get your assets including any equipment as well as inventory. Simply changing 3PL providers is a major headache. With a WPO the termination of services can be very seamless. There is no transportation or moving issues and the workers will generally transition to the new WPO provider. Service interruptions are kept to a minimum.

7. Additional Resources

WPOs bring experienced management and engineering resources to the table along with technology as part of their service. These resources free up existing staff to focus on more strategic measures and provide valuable input. The net result is operational improvements that often reach beyond the work cells where the WPO is present.

In summary, Workforce Process Outsourcing (WPO) is a labor and process model that is gaining ground in many business settings, including warehouses, manufacturing, and distribution centers throughout the United States. WPO offers tremendous advantages over Temporary Staffing and Third Party Logistics (3PLs).