Benefits Of Pure Water For Your Health

The human body is composed mostly of water. This important fluid is present in our blood, our muscles, our brain and our bones.

Consequently, water is essential not only to hydrate us, but also to keep our body in balance and carry out complex processes such as cell regeneration, respiration, digestion and elimination of toxins, among others.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends drinking at least two litres of water a day to be healthy and hydrated. Here are 8 reasons to drink water regularly:

  • It moisturises you.

The most common cause of fatigue is dehydration; The least degree of it can cause symptoms such as tiredness, headache and loss of concentration. Also, staying hydrated improves your cognitive ability.

  • Regulate your body temperature.

Sweating helps your body stay cool, especially in hot weather situations or when you exercise. If you are not well hydrated, you can lose significant amounts of water by sweating and you run the risk of suffering a heat stroke.

  • It benefits your digestive system and helps maintain your ideal weight.

Drinking water moderates the appetite and speeds up the metabolism. Drinking a glass of water before consuming your food will make you eat only what you need and you will feel satisfied faster. Drinking water throughout the day and eating a balanced diet is vital to a good digestion, improve intestinal transit and prevent diseases such as gingivitis, constipation, colitis and gastric ulcers, among other oral and gastrointestinal diseases.

  • It promotes the functioning of your kidneys.

Drinking water in the recommended amounts helps to prevent urinary tract infections and to dissolve the salts and minerals that can lead to the onset of kidney stones, commonly known as kidney stones.

  • It is a shield for your respiratory system.

Water hydrates the mucous membranes that cover your nose, throat, bronchi and lungs, decreasing the chances of you developing viral and bacterial infections, or helping you to beat them faster.

  • Protect your heart and brain.

Daily water intake can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Drinking water helps your heart pump blood more easily, which provides the oxygen needed to all the cells in your body.

  • Preserve your muscles and joints.

Proper hydration helps keep your muscles and joints well lubricated. If you are an athlete it is particularly important that you drink water before, during and after exercise to avoid cramps and dehydration.

  • Take care of the health of your skin and your hair.

The water helps to hydrate them and increases their elasticity making them look healthy and fresh. In addition, it acts as a detoxifier and purifier of the blood, so it helps to prevent or reduce acne and other dermatological and capillary problems.

Meeting the challenge of drinking at least 8 glasses of water daily is straightforward if you propose to form that habit and you are disciplined. Remember that the quality of the water you drink is as important as the quantity. Make sure you get it in safe water sources, such as a water purifier that guarantees its quality and purity.

In addition, you will be available 24 hours a day and you will avoid the hassle of buying and transporting bottles. There are water purifiers of various types but, in general, the activated carbon with colloidal silver and reverse osmosis are the most popular, in addition to working easily and provide excellent results.

How Can I Lose Weight in a Month?

Often, for various reasons, people ask themselves the question "How can I lose weight in a month?" It must be understood that a proper diet is necessary to achieving this goal. A proper diet should be based around eating lean proteins, vegetables, legumes, some whole grains, some fruits, a little healthy fat and a generous amount of water. All refined sugar and fried foods should be completely avoided, as well as fast food and sugary snack foods.

These factors aside, the most important aspect of a proper diet is calorie intake. Calorie intake should also be regularly monitored, but be warned as avoiding calories is almost as bad as eating foods with too many calories. If your body does not get enough calories, your body starts to think that there is a food shortage, and accordingly starts hoarding your calories.

This natural occurrence is known as starvation mode. Your body will store every single calorie that enters it as fat because it does not know when it will get more food. This will not help your diet and weight loss plans at all; in fact this is completely detrimental to your proposed weight loss plans. Drinking things like soda, fruit juice, and other sweetened beverages can add up the calories you already have; drinking alternatives like natural fruit juice and most importantly, water, will help you achieve your weight loss goals. It is generally advised to consume no fewer than 1,200 calories a day for women and 1500 for men. Make sure not to let your diet plan go under these numbers, or it can have an adverse affect on your health.

So, if you are one of those people asking "how can I lose weight in a month?" You will need to have a thoroughly thought out diet plan to follow through for the next four weeks. Choose a date to begin your diet and begin clearing out the kitchen cupboard of all those fatty foods, replacing them with all the recommended foods mentioned above. Also remember, the secret is not just what you eat, you must keep in mind that when you eat is just as important as what and how much you consume. You must make sure to eat at about every three or so hours. If you eat more, your metabolism will increase and you begin to lose fat faster. Doing this provides your body with a consistent flow of energy in small amounts, as a result, you are keeping your blood sugar at a steady level and your body thinks there is enough food, but gets just enough to use at a time and does not ' t get much chance to store any. In contrast, if you eat less often, your blood sugar begins to fluctuate. It will burn fat right before meals, but will store more fat right after meals, so negating your weight loss efforts completely. I hope this article has helped to answer the question "How can I lose weight in a month?"


How can I lose weight in a month?

1) Preparation – Choose a proper diet plan before beginning

2) Replace the food in your kitchen cupboard with your diet plan food

3) Eat frequently but in small amounts

4) Replace soda drinks with natural fruit juice or even better drink lots of water

Following these general tips will keep you on the right track and you will see significant progress within a month.

How to Replace the Tilt Cord or Wand in Horizontal Window Blinds

No matter how good your window blinds are, you are likely going to have to do a simple repair at some point. It has nothing to do with the quality of craftsmanship or the price you pay. Window shades are just like everything else. Sometimes mechanical failure happens. When this happens, you will be prepared.

The Wand or Tilter May Break
Every now and then, the mechanism that allows horizontal window shades to tilt becomes damaged or flat out breaks. When this happens, there is no need to panic and no need to throw away your blinds. Step back, follow these instructions, and your window treatment will function like new in no time at all.

Instructions for Repairing the Wand or Tilter
Once you determine the blinds are broken; you will need to fix it. It does not take long and can be done by anyone. You do not need to call a professional.

1) Start by removing the metal end caps on both sides of the headrail.
a. Headrail: The headrail is at the top of the window blinds and are normally made of metal. Sometimes they are plastic. This is where the controls for the blind or shade is located.
2) Remove the wand or cord tilter by gently pulling on the rod out of the middle.
a. Tilt Cord / Wand: The tilt cord / wand is the mechanism used to twist open the blinds slats for all horizontal blinds.
3) Remove the mechanism from the headrail by gently pushing the mechanism to the right side. This should cause it to "pop" from the headrail.
4) Replace the mechanism with the new or fixed mechanism. Take care that the new mechanism "snaps" back into place at the top of the headrail.
5) Last, replace the tilt rod with the new or fixed rod and replace the end caps.

That is all it takes to fix broken tilt cord or wands. If something does go wrong with your blinds, you now know how to resolve the issue without any problems. The whole process only takes a few minutes and does not require any special tools.

Unfortunately, even though it is simple to do, many people will throw away their perfectly good window blinds because of this. Do not let this happen to you. If something goes wrong with your blinds, check the Internet for a simple solution. Those who do will find their blinds last a very long time.

Different Ways to Categorize Eyeglass Frames Online

Online eyewear stores are always praised that they can offer a larger inventory or stock than traditional optical shops. This is really true that a large-sized online optical store will probably keep thousands of different eyeglasses. Taking for example, the website claims that it is the world’s largest online eyewear store by stocking one hundred thousand eyeglasses online. Of course, not all online eyewear stores can maintain such a scale. But it is undeniable that those eyewear shops on the Internet are more capable of showing thousands of eyewear products than local sellers.

Eyeglasses are differentiated mostly according to frame types. With a large inventory of eyewear products, it is important for an eyewear store to categorize its eyeglass frames online. Efficient classification ways are beneficial to both the vendor itself and its customers. From the seller’s point of view, well-organized eyeglass frames always lead to efficient business. And at the side of customers, efficiently grouped eyewear products enable them to search out favorable one or ones without much effort. For instance, they can simply use Google and type a key word or phrase which is closely associated with the ways to classify eyeglass frames.

During the past years, there are actually common ways adopted by online eyewear stores to categorize eyeglass frames. It is easy to find the following categories of frames. Gender is commonly used to group all eyeglass frames into men’s, women’s and unisex ones. This approach to classification is actually based on different tastes between men and women. In general, women’s eyeglass frames are usually designed to present thin temples and small lens frames. For most men, it is more common to choose formal and classic frames. Frames with slightly thicker temples are still acceptable. And unisex eyeglass frames usually have a moderate design. Another way for customers to search eyeglasses is based on frame material. While metal and plastic frames are the two main categories, there are still some detailed key words associated with frame material, including titanium, mixed material, memory metal, Monel and so on. Just as the old saying goes, everything has both advantages and disadvantages.

According to frame style, eyeglass frames online are usually divided into full frame, semi-frame and rimless ones. In addition, some online stores still offer a special category of sunshade models. Sunshades are frames without any temples so that they can hardly fall into any of the main three frame types.

Retractable Awnings – The Long-Standing Question of Cotton and Solution – Dyed Acrylic

The fabric is the first visual element in a retractable awning. It's both the most dramatic and most fragile element in retractable awnings. Any wear, tear, fading, or rot on the fabric immediately diminishes the overall suitability of a retractable awning, even if the frame and accessories of the awning are sound.

Because the fabric of the awning is so important, a lot of research and technology is geared towards improving retractable awning fabrics. There are basically two major camps for fabrics: natural cotton and solution-dyed acrylic. The key to understanding the best retractable awning fabrics lies in knowing both the history of awakening fabrics and the technology of modern fabrics.

The Demand of Outdoor Fabrics
Fabrics on retractable awnings have to withstand a lot of environmental abuse. Outdoor fabrics of every type – cotton duck to vinyl to acrylic – face significant wear and demanding conditions. Mechanical damage, such as teething and fraying, can come from heavy winds or the weight from rain, snow, ice, or debris. (This is one advantage of retractable awnings; closing the awning protects it from those kinds of loads.)

The true grinding wear on awning fabrics, though, comes from standard weather:

Sun and UV damage
Heat and cool
Debris and dust

This causes fading, teething, and discoloring. Outdoor fabrics, then, have to find a way to resist these environmental factors.

Cotton and Early Awnings
Awnings are an old architectural convention, dating back to the Greeks and Egyptians. In the beginning, awnings were made with woven leaves, which segued into linen. In the 19th century, awnings had a bit of a renaissance in Europe as both a stylish and practical window dressing. At that time, awning fabrics were usually cotton duck, an oiled canvas that was heavy and somewhat water repellent and used for ships' sails.

Cotton canvas remained popular well into the mid-20th century. Even now, canvas is still a common (though decreasingly popular) awning fabric. It has a few advantages as a retractable awning fabric, especially that it is breathable and has a pleasing visual texture. New scientific advances in the latter 20th century introduced additional treatments to both cotton plants and processed cotton to make it more durable and mildew-resistant.

Another advantage for cotton is piece dyeing. Piece-dyeing cotton – the most common method for outdoor uses – creates vibrant color, some of the most beautiful in fabrics. In piece-dyeing, the cotton is immersed in hot liquid dyes, then forced through rollers to even out the color and remove the excess.

Piece dyeing is not without drawbacks. It is done on full bolts of cloth, not individual threads, so it is only good for solid colors. To get strips or other patterns, the contrasting colors have to be painted on, which is not particularly durable and creates a flat, one-sided visual effect. Piece-dyeing is also acceptable to environmental wear from sun, UV rays, and even moisture and salt water.

Despite the growing improvements, cotton has significant weaknesses for outdoor use. Despite the treatments, it is still pronounced to mildew and rot. According to one cotton mill site, after only two weeks in the sun, cotton is less than half as strong and increasingly brittle, losing its elasticity and becoming late to tear or fray.

The Evolution to Solution-Dyed Acrylic
Acrylic fabric was born in 1944, as part of the flurry of research for World War II because of the military demand for quick, cheap, and highly durable materials. Acrylics are much better for outdoor uses than their manmade cousins ​​like vinyl because acrylic is a fiber rather than a sheet; it can be woven, it's lightweight, and it's breathable. Acrylic fabrics dry quickly, have flexibility and elasticity, and have the pleasant texture and softness of natural fibers like cotton. Unlike cotton and linen, acrylic can not support mildew growth, so they are innately mildew resistant.

From a color standpoint, acrylic have another advantage over natural fibers. Acrylics are made in a lab. All of the components to make the acrylic yarn is mixed in that lab – including the color. This is called solution-dyeing, which means that the pigments are added to the acrylic solution. The color is part of the fabric. This leads acrylic fabrics to have very long-lived colors, better pattern quality, and both stain and fade resistance.

Because solution-dyed acrylics are so good in rough conditions – like tangy salt air and water and prolonged sun exposure – acrylic were quickly adopted for maritime fabrics like sails. From there, it was a smooth transition for acrylics to be used for retractable awnings and other outdoor applications.

Contemporary Choices
Most retractable awning lines now depend exclusively on solution-dyed acrylic for five reasons:
Simple care (just an occasional rinse with the hose)
Durability (with some manufacturers offering a 10-year warranty)
Amazing color and pattern selection
Effective fade resistance
Innate mildew resistance

Natural fabrics like heavy cotton duck and chunky linens have a nostalgic panache for awnings. The technology behind solution-dyed acrylics enables acrylic fabrics to have the best virtues of natural fibers – softness, texture, breathability – combined with the durability, vibrancy, and resistance of manmade materials.

Bridge Loans May Be Perfect For You

Have you decided to move into a different home? If you have, you are undecidedly concerned about selling your current house so that you can purchase the new one, right? Of course, most people are in that situation, as no one wants to be paying two mortgages at the same time, but sometimes the sale of the current home and the purchase of the new one does not always coincide exactly. That is when mortgage bridge loans can come into play.

Mortgage bridge loans are short-term loans that are designed to allow you to get into your new home before it is sold to someone else even if your current home has not sold yet. Bridge loans pay off the mortgage on your current home, and any "leftover" money can be used as a down payment on your new dream house. In this way, it is not necessary to wait for your house to sell in order to get into your new home.

Generally speaking, bridge loans do not require payments for about the first six months. After six months, if your old house is still on the market, you will have to begin making payments; sometimes those payments are interest only, as everyone knows you are not interested in building equity in that house. You are trying to sell it, not use it as a home or an investment!

When your house does sell, the bridge loan is paid off and you take out more traditional financing on the home of your dreams. Bridge loans can be especially useful for folks who really want or have to move even if they are unable to sell their old house. Examples of such times may be to be closer to an ailing relative who needs assistance or moving due to a job transfer. Of course, sometimes, you are just anxious to buy the house you want before someone else gets it first.

Although a bridge loan may be just right for you and your present circumstances, there are some definite disadvantages to mortgage bridge loans, as well. Because they are short-term and a little risky, they tend to come with higher interest rates and fees that are not associated with more traditional mortgage loans. That means more money out of your pocket. Also, one common stipulation with most bridge loans is that you must use that same lending company to finance your new home, which might lock you into terms that are less favorable than they would be with a different lender.

As with any financial transaction, the actual closing costs, fees, interest rates, and terms for bridge loans can vary greatly from lender to lender; in fact, there are some lenders who do not offer bridge loans at all. If you find yourself in need of a gap-closer loan so that you can move, it is very important that you fully understand everything before you sign on the bottom line.

Visual and Codeless Programming

Academically visual programming refer to programming using graphical notations instead of text coding. The industry has not adopted a visual programming because of two reasons.

  • On contrast to common expectation that "one picture is more than a thousand words" most visual languages ​​are harder to understand than text coding. A picture is easier to understand than text because it is more concrete. But graphic symbols in a visual language are highly abstract and harder to trap than words by laymen.
  • Without a rich software library like industry languages ​​do, such as Java, JavaScript, .Net Framework, etc., a visual language can only be of academic value.

On the other hand, text coding IDE's have much evolved into rich graphical user interfaces. Microsoft has thus called their computer languages ​​"visual languages": Visual Basic, Visual C #, etc. Visual language researchers are saying that these are not visual languages ​​because they are text coding languages.

One alternative to "visual" vs. "text" is "codeless programming". It does not use text coding but it is not strictly a visual language. It tries to visualize text coding. Usually it is based on object-programming and attempts to visualize various aspects of object creation and object linking. There are several systems going this direction. Some of them still use some text coding.

Some of "codeless programming" are domain-specific and are quite successful because of their powerful software libraries in specific domain and because of their specific visualization in specific domain, for example, LabView for electronic device design. For generic purpose programming, most of "codeless" systems still suffer from missing rich software libraries.

One promising "codeless" approach is to visualize component programming. It visualizes existing industry computer languages ​​by visualizing event handling and visualizing object development. For Windows standard applications, it visualizes .Net Framework object creation and event handling. The full .Net Framework libraries, from Microsoft or any software developer individuals and companies, are native building blocks of such a programming approach. The programming results from such a programming approach are also native .Net Framework objects and can be directly used by other computer languages ​​supporting .Net Framework.

Such an approach is feasible because most modern computer languages ​​are component-based. The programming entities are components. A component is defined by properties, methods and events. The role of a text language is much less important than procedural non-component programming. In component-based programming, a text language acts as glue to link components together to form new software, or as nails and rivets to link building blocks together.

It is also like using Lego blocks to form constructions. But Lego constructions do not need glues, nails and rivets. It is because that each Lego block is made with pins and sockets to be interlocked to other Lego blocks.

Modern software components are also made with pins and sockets to be interlocked to other components, because the components can be interlocked together by event handling. Event-handling is one step forward from object-oriented programming. If this event handling can be made using objects then a text language is not needed to glue components together. That is the idea of ​​codeless programming via visualizing component programming.

Because "objects" are easier to understand than text languages, doing programming by visually creating objects and visibly handle events are easier to grasp than text computer languages. If visualization is done for component-based languages ​​of industry strength, such as Microsoft .Net Framework library, PHP, JavaScript, etc., then such an approach will enjoy the vast and ever growing software libraries available. Therefore, such a programming approach fulfills both easy to use and powerful in handling business requirements. There are some sample projects using 3D libraries, some sample projects using classes with generic types, and web applications using PHP for web server processing.

Safety First – Mounting Devices to Your Car Windshield

What I am going to discuss is for the most part just common sense. However, some folks might not have considered it. When you jump in your car to travel with your radar laser detector or global positioning system, where you mount it on the windshield with suction cups is very important for safety and functionality. However, I want to concentrate on safety for the most part.

First, is it legal in your state to mount suction cup devices on your windshield? In both California and Minnesota, it's illegal to have any suction cup device mount to your windshield. OK, you do not live in either of those states. To properly mount your device, there are a couple of keys to having it remain mounted and in position. An accident could happen if the device came loose from the windshield while you are driving. It could distract your attention and result in an accident. To get the cups of your Garmin Nuvi GPS or other brand of global positioning system to remain in place, first make sure that the surface is clean. Most windshields if not cleaned regularly can develop a film on the inside, and this is enough to cause the device to come falling down in a short period of time. Next, you want to slightly moisten the contact surface of the suction cups. This will give you a good bound that will last your entire trip if done properly. I have heard that if you take a very small amount of Vaseline and coat the suction cups, and they will remain in place for a very long time. However, I have not tried it.

Secondly, you want to mount your navigator GPS or radar jammer in a proper location on the windshield. The last thing we want is for the device to obstruction our view while driving. Avoid mounting in proximity to the corner posts of your windshield. The corner posts are the vertical metal posts that are on both ends of your windshield and run from the roof to the lower body of your vehicle. If placed near these corner posts, your radar laser detector or global positioning system can create a blind spot. In most vehicles, there already exists a blind spot there, and we do not want to make it worst. SUVs are very prone to this. Mount your device in a position where it will not interfere with your view and be functional. In the case of a navigator GPS, it needs to "see" the sky in order to receive the signals from the satellites. For a laser radar, it needs to be where it has a clear view of both the front and the back views of the road. An ideal position for a detector is to mount it on the visor. However, the only drawback to this is that you need to "hardwire" the power source up to the visor. Most manufacturers of radar laser detectors have these as accessories kits, and they are reliably easy to do if you are handy with tools and wiring.

Please follow this advice when traveling with your global positioning system or radar laser detector for safety and functionality. You'll be safe on the road and your device will work as it was intended to. Have a great safe trip.

Top Military Science Fiction Novels

Dorsai by Gordon Dickinson

Following Donal Graeme, an extraordinary military mercenary warrior, the novel charts his rise as he hires himself out to other planetary governments. Written in the late 50's, it is an imperfect novel. Donal is of course the unstoppable warrior while his enemies seem less than bright. The dialogue is also rather wood. But it and the rest of Dickinson's Childe Cycle series has certainly influenced the entire sub-genre of military science fiction.

Old Man's Army by John Scalzi

John Perry, aged 75, joins the Colonial Defense Forces having agreed to do so 10 years earlier, along with his now deceased wife. Thus he is taken to the CDF where his mind is transferred to a new body, made from his original DNA, but containing improvements so that Perry's new body is stronger and his senses much more acute. The novel follows Perry from raw new recruit to Captain and is easily on par with the greats such as Heinlein or Haldeman.

A Hymn before Battle by John Ringo

John Ringo's innovative novel, A Hymn before Battle tells the tale of a near future Earth as they discover the news that yes, there's intelligent alien life out there (who are good) but the Earth is in the line of fire as these "good" aliens battle it out with their enemies. It is in this environment that Michael O'Neal and his fellow grunts are thrown into the front lines of intergalactic combat. If you like David Weber, you're gonna love A Hymn before Battle!

Honor Harrington Series by David Weber

It was difficult to come up with one particular novel from David Weber's explosive, series, so we decided to nominate the whole series. Taking his inspiration from CS Forester's Horatio Hornblower series, Weber has created a unique character in Honor that readers have gladly followed since Weber's first Harrington novel, On Basilisk Station. Part political intrigue (we love that the Peeps are not just "the bad guys"), part kick ass space warfare, it's easy to see why the Honorerse has dominated science fiction bookshelves for the past 15 years.

Hammer's Slammers by David Drake

David Drake's collection of stories based around the mercenary regiment "Hammer's Slammers" and its leader, Colonel Alois Hammer helped make the military science fiction genre the way it is today. Taking elements of mythology and historical events, and placing it against the backdrop of a real military organization, the results are gritty must-reads.

Semper Mars by Ian Douglas

Unlike pretty much every other novel on this list, Semper Mars is unique in that the war being waged is not between us humans and some unknown alien creation. Instead, the war is between a brow beat US and the now powerful United Nations. While the novel is set in the year 2040 and features alien artifacts on Mars, it is the battle between the US and the UN that takes center stage- which is perhaps a little more realistic compared to the happy "one nation" Earth that we usually see in science fiction. The world that Douglas creates shows the darker side of the "one nation" future, and the only people that stand in the way are the USMC.

Enders Game by Orson Scott Card

Given that this book is on the US Marine Corp's recommended reading list, this was a no brainer contender for our top military science fiction novels. After having barely won two battles with an alien insectoid race, Earth's International Fleet looks to its young children for the future military commander who will help them fight the "Buggers" in the much anticipated third invasion. Thus, Andrew "Ender" Wiggin is sent to Battle School to train to be the military commander they need, and quite, the human race's savior.

Armor by John Steakley

John Steakley tells two halves of a story in his novel, Armor. The first half follows Felix, as he makes his first drop onto the alien world of Banshee, clad in machine-like armour, to fight against the insecoid race known as Ants. As Felix fights for his own survival, he discovers that by switching on "the machine" he is good in battle. However, due to poor military bureaucracy, Felix finds himself called up on combat drop without reprieve, which will surely kill him. The second half of the novel takes place on the Planet Sanction. The war now being over, it follows anti-hero Jack Crow who finds Felix's old battle armour and is able to experience everything that Felix had gone through on Banshee. Confused? It does come together in the end. Ultimately, the novel focuses on the psychological effect of warfare on humans.

Forever War by Joe Haldeman

Joe Haldeman's Forever War is in many ways an autobiographical story told in a space opera setting. Haldeman's novel lets go of the many clichés found in military science fiction, such as the hero single-handedly turning the course of a battle (this book is arguably anti-heroic), instead Haldeman focuses on the military machine and its treatment of soldiers as well as the soldier's reintegration when they return home. All of these themes make this the perfect choice for the basis of Ridley Scott's latest science fiction outing, and hopefully the director will stay faithful to this masterpiece.

Starship Troopers by Robert Heinlein

This book is probably the pinnacle of military science fiction. Following the story of Johnnie Rico as he goes from raw recruit to ultimately commanding his own unit, Rico's Roughneck's, this book does not just lay out the day to day workings of the military and it certainly is not just about the war against the "bugs". Heinlein, as one might expect, goes much deeper than this. In Heinlein's world, the right to vote and hold public office is given only to those that have served in the military. What's more, for those willing to serve, the military must then find a place for that person, regardless of aptitude. The book dwells as much on themes such as civic duty, capital punishment and government as it does on the war against the bugs. These themes were satirized in the poor adaptation directed by Paul Verhoeven. The novel has also been on the reading lists for the US Army, USMC and the Navy. It was also required reading for the USCM, although we have to wonder if Rico's Roughneck's might have fared a little better in that fight!

Glass Mosaic Tile Art – Base Materials

Making wonderful glass mosaic tile art is easy! Let me show you how.

Tesserae can be adhered to almost any type of base material. Size and weight of the finished work, and where and how the work will be displayed are the primary factors to consider when selecting your base material. Glass is heavy, so the base material must be robust enough to support the weight of the tesserae and grout. Indoor mosaics that remain dry (ie, not displayed in steam rooms or similar environments) may be made using wood as the base. Outdoor mosaics exposed to the weather should be made with backerboard or other water-proof material.

Regardless of the base type, the surface must be clean, free of oil and grease, and with no loose paint or other coverings such as wallpaper. If not already roughed (especially wood), it's best to sand or otherwise rough the surface to give the adhesive something extra to "grab" (eg, scratch it with a flat tip screwdriver or score it with a razor blade knife).

Wood is my favorite base material for indoor hanging mosaics. It can be easily cut to any size and shape and is reliably cheap. For my indoor wall-hangings, I prefer 3/4-inch cabinet grade plywood pre-cut at my favorite home improvement store into 2'x4 'pieces (each piece costs about $ 15). The standard pre-cut 2'x4 'size limits me to a maximum mosaic width of two feet. I like this limitation because it promises me from going crazy and creating gigantic mosaics that take forever to finish. Over the years, I've found that 24 "x30" is a good size for wall-hangings of any subject, so the 2'x4 'pre-cut size is just right for me.

I prefer cabinet grade because it's already sanded and is not warped, and the cheaper grades usually have gouges, nicks, and knot holes. The 3/4-inch plywood is plenty strong enough to handle the weight of the tesserae and grout, and it's plenty thick enough to accept the 1/2-inch screws needed to install the frame clips and hanging wire. The 3/4-inch thickness also resists warping, which is important for mosaics. If the base warps, the grout will likely crack and tesserae will likely pop off.

Bare-wood furniture (ie, unpainted and unstained), boxes, mirror frames, and other doodads at your favorite craft store make delightful indoor mosaics.

For outdoor mosaics, I prefer backerboard. The two most common types of backboard are water-resistant greenboard sheetrock and cementitious-type ceramic tile backboard.

Greenboard is water-resistant but not waterproof. Unlike standard drywall, greenboard has a moisture-resistant paper and a treated core. Although treated, it disintegrates with prolonged exposure to water. Therefore, do not use greenboard for outdoor mosaics.

Cement backerboard is strong and water-resistant. It will not disintegrate with prolonged exposure to water, and it will not warp due to changes in temperature or humidity. Typical cement backerboard is formed with a solid cement core reinforced on both sides with fiberglass mesh. Hardibacker is a brand of backboard made with proprietary materials, which do not include fiberglass mesh. Hardibacker is purportedly stronger and lighter than other brands. Cement backerboard or Hardibacker is the best base material for outdoor mosaic walls, tabletops, panels, mailbox address plates, and various other flat mosaic projects.

Terracotta is a hard, brownish-orange mixture of clay and sand used in pottery. Flower pots are typical examples of terracotta and look wonderful as mosaics.

Cement-based stepping stones and birdbaths make beautiful outdoor mosaics.

Glass plates, bowls, and vases make lovely indoor mosaic knickknacks and keepsakes.

You can mosaic just about anything as long as it's strong enough to hold the weight of the tesserae, it's durable enough to end the environment in which the mosaic will be displayed, and it's properly prepared (sanded, sealed, etc.).

Remember, making mosaic art is easy. You can do it. Yes, you can!

Home Gardening – Tools You Can not Do Without

Whether you are just an amateur gardener who enjoys working outside or a professional connoisseur of exotic plants, gardening is a great hobby that produces satisfying benefits. No matter what kind of gardening you plan on doing, there are a few tools that you simply can not do without.

Tools You Need

One of the most frequently used tools in gardening is the trowel. This tool is used to get weeds out of your flower beds and also to move your plants into containers. Trowels come in two different varieties: wide and narrow. Either of these can be used for a slew of different gardening tasks, including evening out the soil around plants.

You can get large rocks out of the soil around your plants and perform lots of other jobs in your garden with a rake. Some gardeners like to use smaller forks for raking because they can be maneuvered more easily than larger rakes. Lawn rakes can be used to collect garden trash and debris. Rakes are also good for breaking apart large clumps of soil.

Spades are essential for gardening since they help you cut through roots that have gotten matted together and can also be used to carry soil to different parts of your garden. Even though spades often look very similar to trowels and shovels, they are different and have different uses.

Plants can be pruned and dead headed with secateurs. This tool is small and is used for stems and branches of small plants. Larger plant pruning is done with shears or other tools.

A watering can is essential for your garden. These simple tools are perfect for getting water to different parts of your garden easily. They come in many different shapes and sizes, some having just one hole from which water falls while others have several smaller holes at the end of the spout.

For some gardeners, the joy of gardening comes from using the hands to accomplish much of the work. For that reason, some people may opt to use tools less than others. In this case, though, having a good set of hand gloves will be important. Some tasks can be done without gloves, such as weaving and breaking apart pieces of soil.

Contracted Painter vs Do it Yourself

When painting your home, it can sometimes be difficult to decide between doing it yourself and hiring a contractor. Your home is a pretty large investment, not to mention you will have to look at this decision every day, so making the right choice is crucial, needless to say. The truth is, a hiring contractor works out well for some, but not others. The decision must be based upon your particular situation.

First and foremost, do not attempt to paint your home without the help of a contracted painter if you do not have any painting experience. The concept of painting may seem easy, but you may easily dig yourself a ditch if you do not know what you are doing. There are many things to consider, including but not limited to tools, textures, and preparation. Also, if the painting project involves more than one room, a contractor may be more appropriate in the interest of time.

If you do have the time and the experience, then a contracted painter may not be necessary. Depending on the project, contracted services can become expensive. You must also consider the time and effort that goes into finding a qualified contracted painter. This process by itself can take weeks. If you know what you are doing and you have the time, take on the painting by yourself or with a friend.

Painting your home is a job you want done right at the end of the day. You'll be grateful to yourself when you realize you've selected the right person for the task – whether it's you or a contractor.

Crystal Chandeliers – Can it Work Anywhere?

Are crystal chandeliers good to use anywhere you want to use them? Although considered a classic design, they also happen to be very popular right now. The creation of miniature chandeliers, small enough to use in even the most confined spaces, have also added to their popularity. But just because you can purchase one does not mean you have to. If you live in a traditional home, there is no doubt that antique chandeliers can fit in. But chances are, these homes already have a valuable heirloom chandelier anyway. If you do not live in an older home, you have to be careful when buying chandeliers. They often function as the centerpiece of whatever room they are used in.

If you use a modern house, you are better off buying contemporary chandeliers. Not only will they blend in with their surroundings, they will also give out enough lighting. If you stay in a rural area, rustic chandeliers may make a better choice for you instead. Whatever style your house has helped determine what chandelier is best for it.

However, there is an exception to this principle. Many modern homes are put together to look more traditional on the inside. In cases like this, a crystal chandelier will fit in a modern home. But even if your home is put together to look traditional, a chandelier may not work in it and may actually look tasteless. You still need to take the effort to find something that will look presentable in the context of the room it has been put into.

You may not be aware that chandeliers are also being made in transitional styles. Crossing the boundaries between traditional and modern, transitional furnishings are made to fit in either style. There are even contemporary chandeliers with crystals in them, such as spherical chandeliers.

Crystal chandeliers are not for everyone, but they can be made to work with most modern homes. If you are interested in getting chandeliers for your house, do your research to get a style that matches. Get second opinions from as many people as possible – online, from retailers, even friends and family. You will know you selected the right chandelier when it satisfies the people around you, as well as you. You do not have to satisfy everyone, but you do need others to verify you made the right choice.

The Basics in Women's Self Defense

Being of the male gender it's sometimes difficult for us to imagine the horrors a woman endures when sexually attacked. Let's call a spade a spade, what man would not like to be sexually ravaged by a beautiful woman, stranger or not.

Unless you're lying, gay are of unusually super high moral character, you'll most likely have to admit to the fantasy. I'll opt out by claiming the 5th Amendment. I'm not degrading men, some may understand the situation, but I do not know how they can.

To fully understand the devastating mental, physical and emotional effects women face, it may help to envision yourself be raped by another man. If you're similar to me that not only invokes feelings of disgust, but the immediate urge to kill the perpetrator. Now maybe we, as men, can begin to feel what a woman feels.

The advantage of being male offers us the opportunity to give women an insight as to how to ward off an attacker by the use of minimal force. Listen up ladies, a man's testicles, balls, family jewels or whatever ever term you wish to use, is the most vulnerable part of a man's body.

A man can withstand a gouging in the eyes, a blow to the head or a kick to the shins, but just tap him in testicles and his eyes beginning to pop out. He can not help it, for some reason God made him that way. So Godave you an excellent source of attack, let's look at three ways to perform it.

The first method is a direct kick to the groin with your foot. This method offers pros and cons. A well connected kick will certainly disable the attacker. The leg delivers the most power of any part of the body, arms, hands or whatever, a small framed woman can muster up a tremendous amount of power through her legs and she does not have to be an athlete to do it. There's also the benefit of keeping the attacker as far away from you as possible, the leg being longer than the arm, but the leg is also vulnerable to being blocked or worse yet, grabbed hold of. Once an attacker has hold of your leg there's no way you can maintain your balance and once on the ground you're in trouble.

The second method, which some may argument is more dangerous because you're close to the attacker, is to bring your knee up into the groin as hard as possible. Do not just stop at one knee kick, it may not have hit him squarely in the testicles, continue to knee him until he let's go of you. One or more strikes with the knee to the groin will achieve your desired results.

The third method could have considered an "All or Nothing" approach. If the attacker has surprised or over powered you and is holding you close to his body, condemning any attempt to kick or knee him, reach down and grab his groin. Once you feel you have hold of something more than just clothes, testicles or penis, squeeze them with all the power you can muster. Shake and rip at them like a dog tearing up a rag doll. This is not the time to show mercy.

When performing any of these attackers remember, the effects of the attack although extremely painful and will disable the person, it's only temporary. Once you have bought your opponent off, run. Run as fast as the can to a public area. People are your safety as rapists are hats and will not give chase.

Hydraulic Excavators And Its Advantages

The first hydraulic excavator was produced way back in 1951 by a great French man called Poclain and therefore they were called by his name. The latest models include Hitachi, Caterpillar, the Komatsu and the most advanced model Leibherr.

They institute of an Arm, Engine, Swing, Cab, and the Feet. The different models of excavators which are most commonly found in the market are midi or the mini excavator, which is the most compact one, the bucket wheel model, and the loader backhoe.

The construction companies use the heavy hydraulic excavators for their projects as to dig heavy rocks, to smash concrete, to cut steel, to drill holes in very hard rocky areas, etc. This machine is also used in laying roads as they are a great help to set gravel on the roads before the actual work of paving starts. The landscaping industry also makes use of this wonderful machine to mow huge areas of landscape which would take a lot of time and expense when done manually.

However, for small areas people make use of the mini excavators as they are a great benefit for landscaping small areas for example, a patio or a garden at a home. When people want to build small ponds or swimming pools in the concessions of their own home they make use of the mini versions.

The size of the mini excavators also has made its popularity increase as they do not take much space in the traffic. They are comparatively cost effective and very flexible because of their various attachments and features. The bucket attached to it helps in both drilling purpose as well as for loading things. When a grappler is attached to it, it helps to collect wood. The attachment of a mallet helps to break down objects in to very fine pieces. In conclusion, there are many benefits in using hydraulic excavators and their popularity is increasing day by day.