Usual Problems That You Will Encounter With Wall Hung Toilets

Wall hung toilets may be great for saving space in your bathroom, but just like any regular toilets, there are problems that you can encounter when you have one installed in your home. There are generally two common problems that you are likely to deal with when you choose to install this type of toilet, and we will discuss them in this article.

Sometimes, after the wall mount toilet is installed, it feels quite off when you sit on it. You might feel that it rocks or that it is quite loose from the wall. This is a common problem which has an easy and simple fix. A toilet that is loosely fitted on your wall will lead to other problems, so it is crucial that you have it fixed as soon as possible. This can be fixed by having it removed from your wall and have it reinstalled again. If you have enough DIY skills for this, you can actually do this yourself, but make sure you have an assistant that will help you with the installation to make sure the toilet can be attached to the wall snuggly. But if you feel your DIY skills are not enough, you should call in an expert to do the installation for you. Doing so will give you the assurance that the wall hung toilet will be installed properly and securely.

When you try to flush your toilet and notice that the water leaks into the wall, you should have it fixed immediately to avoid encountering more serious problems later on. This is the second most common problem with regards to the usage of wall hung toilets. This happens when the plumbing is not properly connected to the toilet. This type of problem should be addressed quickly as it may lead to further water damage on your wall, and you will end up having more damage on your bathroom which can be translated to expensive repair costs. As soon as you notice the leak on your wall, turn off the water supply to your toilet and remove the toilet from your wall. You should check your pipes and make sure the pipes are okay, and then connect them properly to your toilet.

If you have decided to opt for a wall mount toilet, it is recommended that you have it installed by a professional the first time to ensure that it will be appropriately fastened on the wall using the proper mounting supports. To know more about the wall hung toilet installation, take time to visit the Plumbing Point website.

Warhammer Invasion the Card Game: Deck Building Strategies

When looking through cards trying to decide what to put into your deck it is easy to be wowed by high cost cards. The trouble is without the right amount of low cost cards the big dogs will never see play.

You need a reasonable amount of cards that cost 3 or less resources with only one loyalty symbol on the board. Our play group has dubbed these First Turn Cards(FTCs)*.

In order to create a balanced deck you need to have a large foundation of low cost cards to allow you to start gaining cards and resources early. This is why cards like Warpstone Excavation(a zero cost neutral support card that provides 1 hammer) are on the restricted list.

Warpstone Excavation is a free hammer that when played early can net you 5 – 7 resources or cards within the scope of a game. Low cost cards are huge in helping you develop a board presence before your opponent. Below is my Dark Elf / Undead Deck I plan on taking to Gen Con for the tournament. This deck works off sacrificing its own units for effects so it has a bit more low cost than most, but it still serves as a good example.

Units(number x cost + loyalty, bold denotes FTCs)

3 x 0____ Veteran Sellswords

3 x 0 + 1L Walking Sacrifice

3 x 1 + 1L Dark Initiate

3 x 2____ Crypt Ghouls

3 x 2 + 1L Dwarf Slaves

3 x 2 + 2L Thief of Essence

3 x 2 + 2L Vile Sorceress

3 x 5____ Wight Lord

3 x 6 + 3L Monster of the Deep

21 FTC Units


3 x 0____ Warpstone Excavation

3 x 1____ Contested Village

3 x 2 + 2L Slave Pen

12 FTC Support


3 x 0 + 3L Lash the Prisoner!

3 x 1 + 2L Dark Visions

3 x 1____ Warpstone Experiments

2 x 2____ Burn it Down

3 x 2 + 2L Sacrifice to Khaine

As you can see, out of a 50 card deck 33 of the cards can be played on turn 1 to gain me resources and cards for future rounds. That is 66% meaning 4 – 5 cards out of my opening hand are likely to be playable not counting the mulligan. Dark Elves are an extreme example as I stated before since many of these units are sacrifice fodder. As a generic standby rule I would use the following numbers as a starting point:

26 units — 13 FTCs

12 Support – 9 FTCs

This gives you 22 FTCs comprising 44% of your deck. On your first draw, 3 of your 7 cards should be playable not counting your mulligan.

When you start thinking about the odds of drawing the cards you need the importance of a 50 card deck becomes even more important. Always keep this in mind when building your decks and be selective when choosing your cards. You can always take it out and try something else, but throwing a bunch of cards together isn’t really giving any of them a chance.


  • First Turn Cards

Describing Different Warts And Their Unique Characteristics

Do you have warts on any part of your body? There are different types of warty bumps that can form on different parts of the body. Even so, most people suffer from common warts which are alternatively called seed warts. They commonly form on your beautiful hands, especially under the fingernails, between fingers and along the fingernails’ edges. They look fleshy and sometimes they occur in clusters. What is more, they consist of tiny black dots which look like seeds but are actually clotted blood capillaries that supply blood to the wart.

If left untreated they can later on go away. They do not hurt at all and that is how most people live with them for a long time. The natural process of removing the lesions takes longer but it does not cause scars. There are other lesions that grow on certain body parts only. For instance, genital warts, which are also caused by the HPV virus, are mainly found on the private parts of men and women. They are mainly called vaginal warts when they develop on the private parts of women. Mainly, victims catch the virus by skin to skin contact with uninfected persons during intimacy.

Genital warts can be tiny or big and they can occur in groups or singly. A plantar or mosaic wart is known to form on the soles of the feet or toes. The reason for this is mainly because the victims correct the HPV virus with their feet mainly in the communal shower rooms and swimming pools. Once the virus attacks it causes light brown lumps with small black dots in them. Flat, plane or verruca plana warts form mainly on the face or legs. They are round and smooth than all other types of warts.

There are also other types of warts that you may not know of, such as molluscam that are not generally caused by HPV virus. They are unique warty bumps caused by molluscam contagiosum. They commonly attack kids as a result of their weaker immunity. Filiforms have finger-like projections and they mainly grow on the facial features, such as the edge of the eyes and lips. All the above types of warts are treated almost with the same thing. For instance, almost all kinds of lumps are easily removed by the freezing or cryotherapy method. The doctor or people who dare to treat themselves at home use liquid nitrogen.

The solution is effective if used for a total of two to four times. Another method to heal almost all types of warts is cantharidin. This is a chemical solution which is applied directly to lesion and after about eight hours it causes a blister around the affected area. This procedure is painless for some people. The chemical substance has to be used with a bandage each time. When combined with other substances, you should remove the bandage after two hours. Use of salicylic acid is very widespread also, even if it may not be used to cure all types of warts. It is very good at removing bumps on your feet and hands by softening the dead skin.

The Three Badfinger Songs With A Beatles Connection

Badfinger were one of the first groups signed to the Beatles’ new record label Apple in the late 1960s. In a previous incarnation, they were known as The Iveys and had enjoyed a moderate hit in Europe with the song Maybe Tomorrow. Despite this, the Apple hierarchy decided that the Iveys as a band name was not in keeping with the group’s new power-pop direction and was considered trite for the times. The Beatles road manager Neil Aspinall stepped in and suggested the new name Badfinger (allegedly a reference to the Beatles song With A Little Help From My Friends, which had boasted a working title of Bad Finger Boogie).

Badfinger’s association with The Beatles at that time gave them great kudos, but was also to dog them somewhat as comparisons with the fab four became repetitive and wearisome for the principal songwriters, Pete Ham and Tom Evans. They went on to enjoy some success in the US over the ensuing three or four years, but became hamstrung by the poor management contracts they signed along the way. The endless stream of negative ramifications following on from these signings caused huge tensions within the band and proved toxic to their career.

The first of the three Badfinger songs to have a direct Beatles connection gave them their biggest UK hit:

* Come And Get It – from the album Magic Christian Music, the song was written by Paul McCartney and the eventual recording was almost a mirror image of McCartney’s demo version on which he played all the instruments. It made top ten throughout the world, landing them with a ‘new Beatles’ tag (for better or for worse).

* No Matter What – from the album No Dice, initially produced by the Beatles roadie Mal Evans, until final production was completed by one of the Beatles regular engineers since 1966, Geoff Emerick. There was no doubt they’d achieved a much heavier sound on here than anything they’d done as The Iveys. An outstanding lead vocal from Pete Ham, which drew favourable comparisons with Lennon and many other, heavy rock exponents of the time such as Free’s Paul Rodgers and Deep Purple’s Ian Gillan.

* Day After Day – from the 1971 album Straight Up, produced initially by George Harrison whose involvement was suddenly curtailed by his Concert For Bangladesh commitments. The final production credit went to Todd Rundgren. To my ear, it sounds as though the track’s lucid slide guitar can only belong to George.

Painting Techniques – 5 Things To Know About Sgraffito

Sgraffito is a painting technique where two layers of paint are put down and the artist scratches the top layer to reveal the layer beneath it. This technique is not just limited to painting: it’s been used in wall decor and pottery; it has been used on walls in Europe since classical times and is still a popular technique today.

How do I do it?

The sgraffito technique is quite simple to do. All you have to do is to paint one layer of paint on to a canvas, let it dry, then paint another layer of a different colour on top of it. The top layer that you’re scratching through should still be wet. You can use any sort of object for sgraffito so long as it’s capable of scratching through the paint: the ‘wrong end’ of a paintbrush is quite good for this technique, for example. Artists also use palette knives or even their fingernails to do the scratching.

Do I need to have two layers of paint?

You don’t have to use two layers of paint with this technique. You could simply apply one layer of paint to the canvas, then scratch through that to reveal the canvas beneath it. Some artists even apply three layers of paint – each a different colour – then scratch through to reveal the colour of the middle and bottom layers.

What if I just want to practice?

With sgraffito you need to have good hand-eye coordination so you don’t make mistakes. The good thing is that there is a way you can practice to build up your skills. Use oil pastels for the first layer, then for the top layer use black ink. Scratch away at the black ink to reveal the colours of the oil pastel layer beneath. Art school teaches often use oil pastels and black ink to teach this technique to students.

What are the effects?

You can use the sgraffito technique to create areas of contrast or to highlight particular parts of your painting. Sgraffito can also give paintings a sense of texture and depth. It’s really useful if you’re doing an intricate pattern – simply scratching away here and there can sometimes be easier than painting in tiny details. The layer you’re going to show doesn’t have to be a single colour; you can have as many colours as you want.

What to remember

The tool you use to scratch the paint shouldn’t be too sharp – this is so you don’t tear the canvas or scratch the layer of paint you’re only meant to be revealing. Make sure the layer of paint you’re going to reveal by scratching is completely dry before you paint over it. If you don’t let it dry, it’ll be harder to keep the two layers from mixing and you’ll end up scratching through both layers instead of just one. Make sure the paint on the top layer isn’t runny, so it doesn’t end up running into the grooves when you start scratching.

Smart Homes – Home Automation and Lighting Control Systems

You have probably heard the term “smart home” a lot especially in luxury residential projects. What is a “smart home” then?

A smart home can control all the lights in that house and can extend the control by controlling all electronic devices in the house from a single point of management. Smart houses can collect all required information by using sensors like motion sensors, lighting sensors, door sensors, rain sensors, and many others like these. Smart house can evaluate the collected data and can manage routine tasks in your house, takes the security of your home, informs you when unexpected case happens within the house.

Turning your house into a smart home will take some time and is a long way before you can totally say yes it is a smart house now. But this road is not so difficult. Follow the trends on the market and choose which options offer you suitable suggestions for your home. At the end you will have a smarted house each passing day by applying smart house applications. So there is not a miracle out here in those luxury houses.

Lighting and lighting controller systems are the most important parts of home automation.

Basically a light controller system can detect a motion within a closed area and can turn on the lights automatically. You can think that when you enter a room the lighting control can turn on the lights as an example. This is a very sample and a basic task for a home automation application. It is also easy to find sensors that are capable of managing such functionality without any difficulty in the market.

A light controller circuit is connected to a motion dedicator sensor. The motion sensor triggers the lighting controller using its relay when it detects a motion in its area of control.

What you should be careful about is that many lighting controllers turn off the lights in the room if its motion sensor does not detect any movement for a specific period of time passes measured by the timer on the lighting control itself. Unfortunately this behavior of the light controller systems can not be claimed as smart. This process is very simple and can not bring a solution against the human complex life style and requirements. Lets assume that you are resting in a room and staying motionless. After sometime the lights will be switched off. And you will have to move, wave your hands in order to trigger the motion sensor and then the light controller to get back the lights switched on.

A smart controller should be more intelligent and at least it should turn down the lights step by step.

An other sample for a smart lighting control process is adjusting the power of the light adjusted to the time of the day. For example if you wake up midnight and go to kitchen the clever control should be able to turn on the lights with a weak lightening thinking that you may not want a high power of light.

One of the most important tasks of a smart light automation is its ability to self-protect the house against burglars when you are not at the house. Yes, a smart light controlling system can be very helpful for improving your houses security. A smart home should be able to turn on and turn off the lights in the house randomly. This will make other people think that there are people in the house.

Show how smart you are and make smart your houses as well.

Best Poker Hands – For Basic Poker & Most Game Variants

Basic poker uses a standard deck of playing cards. The deck consists of 52 total cards, broken into four suits: clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades. Each suit has 13 cards, ranked in order of precedence, consisting of an Ace, King, Queen, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3 and 2. Many decks have Jokers as well, but they are not generally used except in wild-card variants.

Ace through Jack are known as “face cards” because they usually depict a figure with a face. Some say the Joker is also a face card, but since it is a card that is little used, it hardly matters. In some games, the Ace is of lower value than the 2, or can go high and/or low.

The simplest form of traditional poker has a hand of five cards. It is called simply 5 card draw poker. Back in the day, this was known as California poker, though you don’t hear that term much anymore. There are literally hundreds of different kinds of poker games, some of them employing less cards, many of them (like Texas Hold Em) employing more. Players try to get the best poker hand possible, starting with what they are dealt and then through either discard and draw, or by other means such as the common cards available to all in Texas Hold Em.

In some games, wild cards are used, making it easier to achieve certain hands. However, experienced players and pros tend not to like wild card games. This is because wild cards drastically change the probabilities in a game, and probabilities are what good players use to assess where they are at during play, what they should do and the chance of winning.

The poker hands described below are ranked in order of precedence as found in most poker games, from best to worst. The top listed, the Royal Flush, the ultimate hand and one which is rarely seen because of the extremely low probability of having the right cards in the right sequence. Some players go for years before getting one. It is the best poker hand that can be achieved in standard forms of the game. The weakest hand (other than simply having the highest card shown) is One Pair. Keep in mind that in some variants — like Hi-Lo — low ranking hands can also win or tie.

For the purpose of this introduction, we will discuss the standard hand ranking that is used throughout the world, and the chance of getting certain hands based on a five card hand. The probability percentage shows the likelihood of being dealt such a hand from a well-shuffled deck in standard five card poker. The chances of getting a particular hand are approximations, to keep them more memorable. The actual chance of getting a Royal Flush is 1 in 649,740 — but who wants to try and remember that? Understand that the probabilities of certain combinations coming up in the various poker variant games depends on several factors, from hand size to number of players, whether the deck is ‘fresh” or not and how many cards have already been discarded or are unshuffled, etc..

Hands are ranked here in order of precedence, from the best poker hands at the top to the worst at the bottom. NOTE: In the case of ties by type, the highest card determines the winner. For instance, if two players had Flushes, one with a high card of a Queen and the other with a high card of a 10, the “Queen high” Flush would win.

• Royal Flush – The Best of the Best Poker Hands!

This is the best possible hand in standard five-card Poker. The Royal Flush consists of an Ace, King, Queen, Jack and 10, all of the same suit. Chance: 1 in 650,000 poker hands. Yes, odds are you’ll be at it a while before you get one!

• Straight Flush

The Straight Flush is any combination of cards that are in sequence and of the same suit. So, Jack, 10, 9, 8, 7 of Diamonds would be a straight flush. Chance: 1 in 65,000 poker hands. Rare enough to be a big deal!

• Four of a Kind

If your hand contains four cards of the same value (e.g.: 4, 4, 4, 4), you’ve got Four of a Kind. Chance: 1 in 4000 poker hands. A powerhouse hand in five-card poker and rarely seen.

• Full House

A hand consisting of Three of a Kind and a Pair is a Full House (e.g.: 9, 9, 9 and King, King). Chance: 1 in 3700 poker hands. Another powerhouse hand and a near-sure winner.

• Flush

When you’ve got five cards of the same suit, but not in sequence (e.g.: 2, 5, 9, Jack and Ace of spades), you’ve got a Flush. Chance: 1 in 500 poker hands. Odds are you’ll win with this one, particularly if the top of the flush is a face card.

• Straight

If you’ve got five cards in sequence not from the same suit (e.g.: 7 of hearts, 8 of clubs, 9 of clubs, 10 of diamonds and Jack of spades), you’ve got a Straight. Chance: 1 in 250 poker hands. The most frequently seen of the difficult-to-get winning hands.

• Three of a Kind

If you’ve got any three cards of the same value (e.g.: Queen, Queen, Queen), you’ve got Three of a Kind. Chance: 1 in 50 poker hands. Frequently the big winner in draw poker.

• Two Pair

When you’ve got two separate pairs (e.g.: 4, 4, Jack, Jack), you’ve got Two Pair. Chance: 1 in 20 poker hands. Two pairs come up often enough that if you’ve only got one, you’d better think about it!

• Pair

If your hand contains two cards of the same value (e.g.: 8, 8), you have a Pair. Chance: 1 in 2. Given that pairs come up half the time, if you don’t have a high pair you should consider folding most of the time.

• Junk

Should a poker hand have none of the above, it is considered a “junk,” “nothing” or “garbage” hand. It has no value and no chance of winning at all — unless everyone else has “nothing” as well. In this case, the hand with highest card or cards wins. The hand is described as being “King-high,” for instance, if one has a King. If nobody else has a King, this is the winning hand (such as it is). If more than one person has the same high card, then the the next highest card between the two decides the winner. For instance, someone had a King-Jack and someone else had a King-10, the “King-high Jack” hand is the winner. And so on.

• Wild Cards

This article would be remiss if brief coverage was not given to wild cards. Games with wild cards can change the types of poker hands possible, blowing the normal “best poker hands” away! Wild cards make it possible to have things like “Five of a Kind” and radically improve the chances of getting Pairs, Straights and Flushes. Frequently, the 2 card is chosen (“deuces wild”), but any card or cards can be designated this way. A fairly common poker variant is to have the Ace be high and low, meaning it can be “better” (higher) in value than the King (as normal), and simultaneously lower than 2. If you want to see a professional-level player blanche, try suggesting more than one wild card!

Refurbishing Baskets and Clay Pots

Many times we run across baskets and clay pots at yard sales or in a thrift store for pennies. We may hesitate on buying these used containers, but should not. Maybe they are a little dirty. Maybe they are not shiny and new looking like we think they should be for our shop. It is very chic to recycle. There are many ways to update the look of baskets and clay pots, so that they may be used in a new style. Keep on the lookout for these bargains and get creative. You will be designing something unique while adding to your bottom line in the accounting department for your shop.

When purchasing used baskets do make sure they are structurally sound and are not coming apart. It is okay if they look a little dull and uninteresting. You get them to your shop. Now what? First of all, think color! Lots of bright colors! Get out the spray paint and get busy. Florists have available floral spray paints that can be bought for refurbishing wicker. Design Master is the brand name. This paint is available at your local wholesaler and maybe the larger craft stores. This spray dries very quickly and does not have a lasting paint smell. The paint dries to a satin sheen. There are over 50 colors with 4 metallic hues. Design Master Paint complies with all environmental regulations. I like to use the glossy wood tone spray to make any wicker basket look new again, while maintaining the naturalness of the basket.

Begin with a dry, clean, dust-free surface. Spray lightly building up the paint as thick as you would like. Once painted, your basket can be sealed with a sealant for an even shinier look. Spray your project lightly for a whitewashed look. Once painted your thrift store find will look just like new. You could keep going by adding dried flowers and ribbons to the basket. By adding a waterproof liner your basket can be used for a basket garden full of green house plants or herbs. Use newly refreshed baskets for gift baskets. A trunk overflowing with newly painted baskets of many colors can be an eye-catching display. For a festive look try the glitter spray, along with the metallic colors.

Frequently, we find clay pots in a second hand store or a yard sale. I used to shy away from used clay pots, but not anymore. I thought the water stains were not cool. The ideas to refurbish clay pots are numerous and cost-effective. Before restoring clay pots to their new look, once again, wash and scrub pots thoroughly with hot soapy water to clean and disinfect. Dry them well.

I have three refurbished looks for a creative end product that can be sold in your shop… The first is applying a crackle finish. This is where you apply a base coat of one color, then apply a crackle medium, and finish with an alternate color. The crackle medium cracks the paint allowing the base coat to show through. This technique could also be topped off with by decoupaging a rose or other picture of your choice onto the pot. Check online for a book on painting techniques for detailed instructions.

The second technique I use involves tissue/wrapping paper. Select a pretty floral pattern, checks, or stripes. Whatever sparks your creativity! Dip the paper in a mixture of white glue and water. Apply to the pot in a semi-orderly fashion. Apply to the inside of the pot to at least halfway. Let dry. Apply a sealant. Wrap with a French wired ribbon. The recycled clay pot is ready for a fragrant herb or maybe even a topiary design. Make plenty of them just to have for sale all by themselves. They are very attractive and French Country.

The last method is more of a natural method. Once again, be sure to scrub the pots thoroughly. Many used pots have natural water stains from the minerals in water. Do not worry. Go with it. The used, discolored look is very stylish. Put a sealant on the clay container. Add some moss here and there, maybe a sprig of preserved evergreen and a dried rose. Play up with whatever you have to work, be imaginative! Your pot is now ready. Fill with natural bath toiletries. Make a garden pot by adding flower seeds, garden gloves and a small shovel and trowel. There are endless possibilities. Relish in the fact that you have recycled. You have made something old, new again. You have extended the life something that is so quickly tossed. Have fun!! You are adding uniqueness to your shop.

What Are the Non-Surgical Skin Tightening Methods to Prevent Laxity?

The next line of therapy to address the problem of sagging skin is to use some form of skin tightening device. There are many on the market and include devices such as Refirme, TITAN, or Thermage. Titan uses infrared light (IR) to tighten the skin, Thermage uses unipolar radiofrequency energy (RF), and Refirme uses IR and bipolar RF. The ReFirme or Polaris-Laser Lift is one of the most popular FDA-approved nonablative procedures for maintaining a youthful appearance by skin tightening. Unlike Thermage, it uses a laser combined with radio-frequency energy and pulsed light. The last method of skin tightening involves laser skin resurfacing. The older methods include the non-fractionalised erbium or CO2 lasers. The newer safer methods include erbium with profractional technology, the Fraxel or the gold standard Active Fx fractionalised CO2 laser. Many doctors, including myself believe a combination of treatments (surgical and nonsurgical) get the best tightening results. The Refirme (used to be called the Polaris) is probably my favourite method as it is not especially painful, has a combination rejuvenation laser, does not cause later skin damage and has a lot of experience in the cosmetic market.

Why do you like the Polaris-Laser Lift over other RF devices?

The box says “this advanced system incorporates three forms of energy to improve skin texture and skin colour”, but I technically like the Polaris RF because it uses bipolar radiofrequency, which has been shown to be safer and more effective than monopolar. Unlike less controllable and less safe monopolar, bipolar RF does not travel through the body and this means each treatment can be customized through the system’s computer to control the depth and degree of the heating process; hence the technology can focus energy to a specific depth of skin for more accurate treatment. Newer tripolar devices may even prove to be better again. I also like it as the RF can cause the collagen to contract and tighten over a period of time and the combination diode laser can help to reduce other problems, such as redness and brown pigmentation blotches. The procedure is also rapid and bloodless. It is usual to have four sessions of treatment are performed separated by three weeks. It is favoured by many celebrities including Madonna and Felicity Kendall.

How does the Polaris RF system actually work?

Nobody really knows how this system works but we assume radio-frequency (RF hereinafter) passes electrical energy through the tissue and resistance produces heat within the deeper dermis. This bundle of thermal energy can be accurately controlled by computer evenly to three-dimensional volumes of collagen tissue at controllable depths. This energy causes immediate collagen denaturation of the triple-helix, which is thought to be the mechanism for immediate tissue contraction. There is also subsequent new collagen formation (neocollagenesis) over the next month, which further tightens the dermal tissue and reduces wrinkles.

What are the benefits of Polaris-Laser Lift over other procedures and surgeries?

For a start, it is totally non-invasive. This means there are no incisions and no evidence to date of later tissue damage. There is no bleeding or bruising and the risk of scarring is minimal. A level of control can be achieved with the Polaris that is difficult with other treatments. It utilizes three different forms of energy to reach multiple skin problems. This means we can see an improvement in wrinkles, sagging and colour. There may be areas of slight swelling or redness that quickly resolves over a few days. Make-up may be applied immediately. You may resume all normal activities immediately. The full effect of your treatment develops over a few months following the procedure and can be expected to last for several months or years. As with any cosmetic procedure, the results can be expected to fade gradually over time, at which time the procedure can be repeated if desired.

Is it painful?

A Polaris-Laser Lift can be performed with topical anaesthetic cream applied about an hour before your treatment. Some patients do not require anaesthetic cream due to the cooling created by the stream of cool air that hits the skin during treatment. When the machine is pulsed, patients feel brief, heat in the treatment site followed by the immediate cooling effect of the air spray. For those patients who are sensitive, the topical anaesthetic cream is recommended.

What kind of results can I expect?

As with all RF devices, this is difficult to estimate. Some patients see results immediately. However, for most patients the results are gradual over a three to six month period as the skin tightens and more new collagen is gradually formed. Depending on the area treated, the skin laxity and your desired results, multiple treatments may be required. Skin will continue to age as it has in the past and eventually you may wish to have another anti-aging procedure. Most patients will see fine lines and wrinkles around the eyes and mouth fill in, while the deeper frown lines and grooves are softened. Facial skin and the skin along the neck can be tightened providing a mild, non-surgical browlift or facelift effect. This tightening effect can be used to firm up loose or sagging tissue in other parts of the body. This same deep Polaris tissue heating may also have benefits for treating acne, acne scarring and stretch marks. Redness and brown blotchiness also gradually improve two to three months after the treatments are complete. The worldwide safety record of this procedure has revealed very few adverse effects thus far.

How much does it cost?

The Polaris is an expensive device (over 100k Euro) and there is only one in Ireland. It is normally costs 350 Euro per treatment and a group of five costs 1250 Euro. However, in recessionary times Ailesbury has now dropped this to 200 Euro per treatment or 4 for 800 Euro.

Signs He Likes Me – Tell-Tale Signs According to Men

You have been crushing on a guy but can you tell that he likes you? Are there obvious signs that he likes you? Or are you still asking yourself this, are there signs he likes me? You could never tell when a guy likes you or not. They are not vocal when it comes to talking about their feelings. It is hard for guys to do that. Somehow you wish that you can directly ask a guy if he likes you or not. Of course, you will come out as an arrogant and conceited woman if you ask that.

Why can’t guys tell a girl that they like her? That is a big question that women always ask. They can’t seem to figure out why it is hard for them to say that. Tell you what; it is because they are more into actions than words. And when they say they like a girl, they need to be 100% sure. For them, it is like signing up for the army, there’s no turning back. Here are some signs that could help you tell if a guy likes you or not

Sign #1: He talks to you more

Your officemate drops by to your cubicle to say hi and ask you how you are doing every time he gets to work. During lunch time, he sits beside you. He tries to converse with you every chance he gets. He comes up with topics that are interesting to you. Say for example you love watching tennis, he tells some interesting facts about Roger Federer or Serena Williams. He will make an effort to share things to you. He will try to walk with you to the elevator and talk to you.

Sign #2: He touches you

He gives you a pat in the back. He strokes your hair. He holds your hand. He leans towards you. He puts his head on your shoulder when he feels tired. It sounds like that these are the classic moves of your best friend. He will try to make physical contact with you yet he doesn’t make it too obvious. Your guy best friend obviously is interested in you but doesn’t know how to tell you. Instead, he gets physical with you to drop some hints that he is interested in you. He is somehow afraid that he will get dumped.

Sign #3: He communicates with you

He sends you text messages. He asks you as to how your day is going. He sends an email to you. He calls you during his free time. He leaves messages in your answering machine. Clearly, he is interested in you. The guy you went out with wouldn’t bother to call you when he isn’t interested in you. Guys will make an effort to be able to communicate with you if they have feelings for you. He will find time for it no matter how busy his day gets. What is more is that, there isn’t a day that he won’t try to call text or email you. He wants to hear from you.

The Four Basic Methods of Fine Art Printing: Refief, Intaglio, Planographic and Screen Printing

Fine art printing is about printing images using artistic tools that have a long tradition behind them and therefore excludes the new digital printing technologies such as the giclee print which is a fancy ink-jet print. Fine art prints include those by the great masters of the last five centuries as well as a multitude of talented artists whose work is less known.

The four basic methods at the disposal of fine art artists are relief, intaglio, planographic and screenprinting.

Relief printing is the oldest of the four. The artist uses sharp tools to cut away at the surface of a material they want to use to print with. At first artists used wood and created the woodcut. They would gouge out slivers of wood out of a woodblock using their knives to leave only raised edges. These raised portions could receive ink which with a laid piece of paper on them could transfer an image on to the paper, creating a print. To get an even pressure on the wood to transfer the ink a press would be used. One could also use a spoon or rounded tool to put pressure on the paper to receive the inks. Centuries later linoleum would be used as well creating the linocut print.

Intaglio printing is pronounced “in-Tah-lee-oh”. It is essentially the opposite of relief printing as ink is in the grooves rather than on the raised relief of a woodcut. The prints made using intaglio printing are mainly engravings and etchings.

Engravers use sharp tools called burins to cut into a metal plate made of copper and later steel. By incising minuscule grooves in the metal the engraver creates an image that can be printed. Ink is rolled onto the metal plate, the ink penetrates the incisions and the excess wiped off. Paper is applied to the metal plate and under great pressure from a press an engraving is pulled.

An etching is another type of intaglio print in which the artist applies a varnish substance to a metal plate and then draws with needle-like tools on the metal plate. The tools expose the metal by removing the varnish, called ground. Acid is then applied to the metal plate and the acid cuts into the areas of the plate that have been exposed by the removed ground. The metal plate is then inked and an etching is pulled from a press.

Planographic prints is the domain of lithography, which uses a stone to apply the art work. The artist can draw immediately on a lithographic stone with oily pencils and crayons. A substance is then layered on top of the drawing that will allow the drawn area to accept inks. The stone is then inked and then a lithograph print is pulled. This method was discovered in 1796 by Alois Senefelder in Austria.

Screenprinting is the most recent addition to fine art printing, it is also known as a serigraph. It is much like a stencil in which the artist stomps out the area not to be printed on a screen with special glues. Screenprinting is often associated with commercial printing but American pop artists loved the ease it offered in creating art.

Healthy Snack Recipe – Substitute Cheerios For Popcorn

A healthy snack recipe can come in handy when you’re looking to satisfy your hunger right away. Are your taste buds yearning for a bowl of hot buttered popcorn? The more you think about it, the more your taste buds call for satisfaction. You pick up a good-sized cereal bowl as you pass the dish cabinet on your way to the pantry to get a bag of popcorn. You rummage through every shelf to no avail. Oh, Poo! You remember now, you forgot to add popcorn to your last week’s grocery list. Well, that’s that! Your taste buds just might as well settle down until your next shopping day at the grocery store.

Wait! Not to worry. Don’t you know there’s a substitute for almost everything? You look around the kitchen trying to find that something that you could use instead of popcorn. You spy a box of Cheerios on the top shelf of the pantry. Hmmm…why not try something new? Perhaps a bowl of Cheerios toasted to a golden brown? It’s just a simple procedure with this healthy snack recipe. Here’s how:

Grab a large frying pan, preferably a cast iron skillet and put it on a burner of the stove. Turn the heat to medium. Drop a half stick of butter into the pan. Use more butter if you like a good buttery taste. Melt the butter completely. Pour about two cups of Cheerios into the melted butter. Use more Cheerios if the pan will hold them. Stir to coat the Cheerios with butter, then stir frequently until the Cheerios are toasted to a light brown. Keep an eye on them. They burn quickly. You may need to adjust the heat of the stove to a lower temperature while turning.

When they are evenly toasted throughout, pour the toasted O’s into a serving bowl. Sprinkle with your favorite seasoning if desired. Salt and pepper, a few sprinkles of cayenne pepper or Parmesan cheese are a few of the various seasonings that are good. Onion or garlic powder can also be used. Stir the seasonings well throughout the Cheerios so that it will be evenly distributed. Take the bowl of hot O’s to your favorite chair in the den and sit down, prop your feet up and relax. Watch your favorite movie while you munch on a bowl of almost popcorn. Betcha can’t eat just one handful of this healthy snack recipe for substitute popcorn!

Top Advantages of a Brick BBQ Smoker

The wide range of modern electric, gas, wood and coal smokers for sale out there promise to enhance the process of smoking meat to make barbeque. Brands like Bar-B-Chef, Big Drum Smoker, Bradley, Pitts & Spitts, Super Cajun, The Good One have earned rave reviews widely. A traditional alternative is the brick BBQ smoker, and you can custom make your own.

A brick BBQ smoker should stand on solid paving and have vents or a chimney. Its primary parts are a fire pit and smoking chamber. If you have plans to build your own, the fire pit should be slightly smaller than the grill that goes above it. A heat-proof sheet metal base in the pit will prevent damage on the ground surface.

Your heat source – firewood, charcoal, a propane gas burner or electric hot coil or plate – goes to the fire pit, where oxygen deprived burning generates smoke and not fire. Smoke will rise and form a cloud for slow-cooking meat on the grill and then it is exhausted to the outside right away. Hardwood like oak, mesquite, pecan and fruit tree woods like apple or plum are good for b-b-q.

Outside the edges of the grill, begin the brick wall that will enclose the smoking chamber. Lay the bricks out dry for a makeshift cooker, or on a bed of mortar for a more permanent brick BBQ smoker. Mix cement, soft building sand and plasticizer to make mortar. Make sure the bricks are level and plumb after each layer laid.

Is Your Home Wiring Safe?

As an Electrical Contractor, each day, I’m called upon to come to a residence and try and locate the reason that there are electrical issues or outages. I drive what I refer to as a rolling supply house stocked with over 10,000 residential electrical parts on my truck so that I am prepared to fix any problem on the spot. Getting back to the title question, residential wiring is usually still safe after many years of service. However, there are many different types of residential wiring, depending on the age of your home. Some of the very first electrical systems in houses and apartments was called Knob & Tube wire. It worked well at the time it was installed, pre 1920’s and into the 1930’s, but is no longer considered safe. Many insurance companies will not insure a home that still uses Knob & Tube wiring. During the 1930’s, steel conduit became the standard method of residential wiring. The conduit began at the fuse box and traveled from outlet box to outlet box, from wall outlet to light outlet to switch outlet. Wire was pulled through the conduit to each needed location for switches, lights and receptacles. In my opinion, this was the best method ever conceived, even to this day. During the 40,’s & 50’s, many homes were wired with a spiral steel jacketed cable called BX. Inside the spiral steel jacket were either 2 or 3 conductors, or wires, usually copper or sometimes steel. Steel was used often during WW2. After the BX stage of wiring came Romex. Today’s Romex is a plastic jacketed cable containing 2 or 3 conductors (wires) similar to BX. Romex and BX are very similar in that the outer jacket is stripped where it enters the outlet box so that the conductors can be spliced or attached to the switch, light fixture, or receptacle from inside the outlet box. Both the BX and the Romex were stapled by hammer to the joists & studs. BX was difficult to strip. Romex was much easier and faster to strip. A sharp knife is my preferred tool, whereas BX requires a special tool that cuts through the steel jacket. During the late 1940’s, there was Romex in existence, but the outer covering was a cloth and oil based substance. It changed to various types of outer coverings until the early 1970’s when it became the standard plastic covering that we continue to employ today.

The safest residential wire, in my opinion, is the type that is protected best from critters, nails, and any other means of cutting into the wire. Knob & Tube is definitely not safe. Early Romex tends to shred where stapled to studs and attic joists, causing the potential for a shorted circuit (when a hot wire comes in contact with the neutral wire or ground wire). A short is supposed to trip the circuit breaker or blow the fuse. If the breaker does not trip, the short will continue to get hot and can very easily start an electrical fire. If you own an older home, have a professional licensed electrical contractor come out and evaluate your electrical system. Did you know that in many older homes, the kitchen light fixture has burned up the wires in the outlet box above it? Most older kitchen lights use a sealed drum type of light fixture. The maximum wattage of light bulb for a sealed drum fixture is 60 watts. Many people over the years have installed 100 watt bulbs in their kitchen fixtures to make the kitchen brighter! The fixture becomes an oven.

The best wiring methods in my opinion are post 1970 Romex and also early steel conduit. With steel conduit, it’s so easy to completely rewire the entire house. Just connect new wire to the old wire and pull it through the conduit! And if you still have glass plug fuses instead of circuit breakers, it’s time for a meter upgrade or a panel change-out. Just today I went on a service call and quickly found the problem. However, I came across something inside the panel that had I not looked inside, the potential for a fire was possible. Someone had added a 15 amp circuit into the box. Instead of placing that 15 amp, 14 gauge wire on a new 15 amp circuit breaker, the electrician doubled it onto another breaker with a wire already attached. It was a 20 amp circuit breaker! Good thing I checked.

If you are concerned about whether or not the wiring in your older home is safe, you should call in a licensed electrician or electrical contractor to take a look and do a safety inspection. Often if you are having some repairs done, the contractor may do an inspection and give you a verbal report at no charge. If they are not already there, you can expect to pay a few dollars for an inspection, however the peace of mind you will have knowing your wiring is safe is worth a few dollars.

Social Status and Its Contrasting Roles in Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales

There are three distinct social status levels in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. As the author’s twenty-nine pilgrims set out on their religious sojourn to Canterbury on that fine April morn, their ranks stretching out on horseback likely a quarter mile or more, the little battalion represents all three of these levels, in a reasonably hierarchical order. In Chaucer’s day, the classes were separated into three distinct and nearly uncrossable boundaries: The Aristocracy; The Plutocracy, or, as some would refer to it, the newly emerging Bourgeoisie; and, finally, the Theocracy, or members of the Catholic Church.

In Chaucer’s evocation of life in 14th century England, the roles each of his pilgrims plays corresponds roughly with his or her position in the parade, as they leave the Tabard Inn that bright and hopeful Spring morning.

First, the Theocracy. It’s no secret that the Catholic Church had a deep and abiding problem with some of its more avaricious members in the middle ages. Clerics of all stripes took liberties selling indulgences, tricking the uneducated into donating what they could ill afford, and sponsoring members who served in a rather cavalier fashion.

One of the most obvious examples is Chaucer’s Prioress. Named Lady Eglantyne, allegedly after a real character the author seems to have known, the Prioress represents Chaucer’s best observations of the role class plays in The Canterbury Tales, and best example, too, of the contrast mentioned above. Arguably Chaucer’s best ironic target, the Prioress appears to be the antithesis of her assigned role as head of a nun’s conclave. Though she weeps at the sight of mice in traps, feeds her dogs better than most commoners eat, in spite of a vow of poverty, and bares her forehead–a symbol of sexual availability in Chaucer’s day, and the very purpose of the forehead-shielding wimple–the Prioress represents a rather elevated member of the Church.

Another contrasting figure is the Monk, a rather dandy fellow who also disregards Church wishes, and goes hunting every chance he gets. Owner of land, several horses, fine jewelry and a brace of greyhounds, the Monk, with his squirrel-lined gloves must have been an imposing figure. But, again, an ironic one, and likely the author’s comment on the nefarious ways of certain Church functionaries. The Monk himself even says that, as far the old, traditional teachings of the Church, he ‘didn’t give a plucked hen.’

In contrast, then, to the Monk, and the Prioress, Chaucer gives us the gentle Parson, who refused, in contravention of Church dictates, to excommunicate those who didn’t tithe. This fellow even refused travel to the big city, London, to enhance his own position.

Moving along, the author gives us examples of the Plutocracy, or middle class. And little of what these individuals do earns our respect. The miller is the best example. Rough, argumentative, crude and apparently obnoxious, the miller takes an immediate dislike of the reeve, and the two end up at opposite ends of the line. Though the miller, with his red beard, wart-infested nose and black nostrils is what we’d refer to as middle class, it’s his imposing, and somewhat over-zealous disposition that puts him at the head of the line. Despite his bagpipes that led them all out of London, the fellow does possess a head with which he ‘can break down doors’. ‘Emerging’ Bourgeousie, indeed. And a good example of the contrasting roles throughout the piece.

Jumping to the rear of the procession, we have the reeve, or keeper of the manor. This fellow, too, is middle class, and his antipathy for the miller, established quite early in the work, dictates his position at the end of the line. In this mix, also, is the shipman. This fellow lived, the author believed, near Dartmouth, a town believed to harbor pirates in Chaucer’s day. The shipman thought nothing of making opponents walk the plank, and he seemed to take special delight in stealing cargo from unwitting merchant seafarers. The maunciple, or paralegal, isn’t much better. This fellow takes particular joy in scheming against his own thirty masters, some of whom actually thank him for lending them back their own funds!

In contrast to those rascals, Chaucer gives us the lowly plowman. This fellow loves God with ‘al his herte’. He works hard all day, carrying dung, and digging ditches, and wouldn’t do a dishonest deed if his life depended on it.

Then we have the Aristocracy. The franklin, or landowner, and the sergeant of the law did their peerage proud with all manner of underhanded ventures. The author says of the sergeant at law that he was ‘busier than he seemed to be’, a citation filled with pathos, and thinly-veiled innuendo. The fellow is obviously a crook.

In contrast to these questionable pilgrims, Chaucer gives us the knight. A noble, battle-tested gentleman, the knight has an ironic role in the Canterbury tales for several reasons. Despite having been in fifteen battles, and bested three foes in open duels, the knight has an aversion to violence. Also, despite his adventuresome life, he appears to have been a good father. His son, the young squire, is well mannered, well schooled, and quite considerate. The boy even cuts his father’s meat for him.

Chaucer’s twenty-nine pilgrims are nothing if not colorful figures. They are, as well, likely to have been written from real life, and not just sprung fully formed from the author’s brain. Geoffrey Chaucer himself was a member of the middle class, but he had nearly direct access to the nobles of his day. He was able, thus, to be open, and even somewhat bold in his descriptives of those above his class. Plus, in his ambition to elevate the English language into everyday use, his disregard for convention matched that of some of his fellow travelers on the road to Canterbury. So Chaucer’s own life was a study in contrast as well.