How to Find the Best Acupuncture Job

If you are an acupuncturist researching job opportunities around the U.S., you have likely noticed that there is a scarcity of options. When I graduated from acupuncture school, I searched high and low for job openings and was absolutely shocked by the lack of resources available for newly graduated acupuncturists.

This has to change! The time has come to do something about this, as it is just appalling that it many acupuncturists are going into debt over $100,000 from their education and are facing the sole option of building a private practice.

Now, let me just be clear on this one point: I DO believe that the real freedom, joy, financial potential, and power is found in building a successful private practice. Most of this blog is dedicated to helping practitioners do just that. Even if you find a good acupuncture job, it will still likely pale in comparison to benefits (financial and otherwise) of having a private practice.

Most salaried positions that acupuncturists can find are short-term solutions with long-term sacrifices. Building a private practice is just the opposite- short-term sacrifice for long-term gain.

I learned this lesson the hard way back in 2001 when I took a job in a chiropractic clinic right out of acupuncture school. I was getting paid $30 per hour and was initially thrilled about this, since I had never made that much before. But the harsh truth of the ‘real world’ kicked in shortly thereafter and stomped on my naivete, as I realized that the clinic was having me see all no fault insurance patients and billing out $250 per treatment. Given that I was seeing 3-4 patients an hour, I realized that the clinic was making $500-1,000 an hour off of me and paying me $30 of that.

Of course, this left an awful taste in my mouth, but it was really a wake up call to how business is so often conducted in our modern society. At the risk of sounding cynical, it has become increasingly clear to me that most employee positions (and I am not just speaking of the acupuncture profession here) are actually well-disguised forms of slave labor where a high degree of exploitation is evident when one probes even a little beneath the outward facade.

This is why I am so passionate about being an entrepreneur. I have had too many jobs in my life where I felt limited, taken advantage of, and stifled. I have come to face the truth that I am psychologically unemployable- and I now to see that as a very good thing.

With that being said, if you are looking for an acupuncture job, I absolutely encourage you to learn the marketing and business building skills you will need to build a private practice. You can leave your name and email in the field below to start getting the right foundation in this regard.

Okay, I will get off my soapbox now and say that I do see it as a positive for the profession if we can get more jobs created for new practitioners. I realize that a certain percentage of acupuncturists (perhaps the majority) are not interested in building a private practice and would much prefer to have patients handed to them, even if it means they have to compromise in certain ways.


I get a lot of questions from new practitioners about how much money they can expect to make if they do find a stable job in the profession. I would say this varies widely, but the average is right around $40,000 per year for a full-time position. I have seen some jobs out there paying less than this, and some paying quite a bit more.

A well-established private practice can easily gross anywhere from $130-400,000 depending on the fee schedule and the patient volume. Of course, it will take some time to hit this level of success in private practice, but it is totally accessible… IF you learn business development and marketing.

When you trying to figure out if your salary is worth your time, it’s helpful to break it down in a couple ways:

1. The amount earned per patient- If you take my example above, you’ll see that I was making about $8-10 for each patient treatment since I was seeing 3-4 patients an hour and making $30 an hour. In my private practice, I make $75 per patient and see the same amount per hour. You do the math. Crazy difference, right?

2. The amount made per hour- If you are on a $40,000 yearly salary and you work 40 hours per week, 50 weeks out of the year, you are making $20 an hour. Hey, if that works for you, no problem! But I KNOW that a lot of acupuncturists- if they are really honest with themselves- feel like they are worth a lot more than this. After all, the receptionist in your office is very likely making close to what you are in this situation… without going through 3-5 years of school and getting into possibly thousands of dollars in debt.

I know the information I am sharing here is harping on the pitfalls of the typical acupuncture job. I just want to make sure you go into this with your eyes wide open.

Now, there are good opportunities out there. I know that 2 of my coaching clients are currently looking to bring on acupuncturists and that any practitioner would be fortunate to work with these people. Let’s cover a quick list of factors that go into a good work opportunity for an acupuncturist:

– the potential to be mentored by someone who is experienced and successful- this is truly invaluable to your success as a practitioner. If you can learn directly from a skilled and smart practitioner, you will have a huge advantage if and when you step out into your own private practice. When I say ‘smart’, I mean from both a clinical and entrepreneurial perspective. It is worth a 50/50 split if the practitioner will teach you through their own example how to successfully treat patients AND manage a thriving business.

– aligning with someone who exudes integrity- being around a business owner who is on the ‘up and up’ in all facets of their practice is really inspiring and helpful. It makes you trust the reality that there are good, honest people out there in the profession… doing good work and making good money.

– having the support of a community environment- this is also an invaluable benefit to the new practitioner. If your ‘boss’ is willing to share case studies, co-treat patients with you, and collaborate in a team setting, you will learn the medicine so much faster than you otherwise would.

Where can you look for opportunities like these? Well, you’ll find the best opportunities by doing a lot of networking, contacting wellness centers and chiropractors in your area, and searching through the alumni pages on different acupuncture school websites.

Good luck and I hope you find the job of your dreams!

Secrets of Successful Self Service Car Wash Operations – Choosing Software to Work for Your Business

There is an easier way to do business, make more money, save time, increase efficiency, and streamline operations of your self-service car wash. The solution involves hiring on some additional help. This new help will never lie, never steal, never show up to work with a hangover, and always show up to work on time. It may be time to consider how advances in software solutions might improve your business.

Like all things in business, you’re growing or you’re dying, succeeding or failing, improving your business or becoming complacent. The car washing industry is becoming increasingly competitive as new investors and entrepreneurs enter the arena of building car washes bringing new ideas and new technologies to the table. New car washes are being built by the ‘Pepsi Generation’ that understands modern marketing, promotions, and most importantly, how to make technology work for them to maximize their business potential.

There have been advancements made in water treatment; car cleaning chemicals, and nearly every aspect of car washing has made major advancements from the ground up. Not every car wash has the luxury (or extra money) to change out all of their washing equipment to stay up to date with the latest and greatest every few years. For existing businesses that want to start doing more now (without the huge bill) the most cost-effective upgrade that can be made to an existing car wash operation is by investing in software solutions to improve business operations, profitability, and employee accountability.

Software is everywhere and it should be no surprise that it plays a major role in successful car wash operations. The vehicles we drive have computers in them with software that regulates fuel efficiency, engine timing, monitors tire pressure, operates complex GPS navigation systems, and calls 911 if you get into an accident. Car washes have similar software applications throughout their business. The major distinction is that vehicles COST money and car washes MAKE money. Vehicles and car washes do not need software to operate but to maximize performance it is a necessity.

What Uses Does Software Have at a Self Service Car Wash? Point of Sale

  • Accounting
  • Cash Management / Cash Monitoring (Coin Counting)
  • Credit Card Processing
  • Management of Loyalty Fleet/Gift Card Programs
  • Equipment Monitoring
  • Chemical Level / Mixture Monitoring
  • Video Surveillance Systems

Learning From the Pro’s – How Are They Doing It?The most successful self-service car wash operations all share several things in common and it is no secret that technology plays a large role in their overall business plan. The following software-based solutions are the primary contributing factors to the success of real car wash operations throughout North America.

Accounting Automation – What every successful car wash operation has at its core is the ability to properly manage their money. The primary focus of EVERY for-profit business is the tracking of cash flow, expenses, and deposits. Most car wash operators use a software program such as QuickBooks, Peachtree, or some form of custom accounting application to manage these areas of their business. These programs give car wash operators the ability to view their business at a glance and to monitor profitability and track losses. Without this invaluable information it is nearly impossible to make INFORMED decisions about how to run a successful for-profit business.

Equipment Monitoring – An important part about running a self-service car wash is making sure that all of the equipment is in working order and operating at maximum efficiency. Successful car wash operations make use of remote equipment monitoring software programs that can send a text message or ring a pager when an equipment failure occurs or if soap levels drop below a preset level. Wash operators can expect to make more money with reduced down times and increase the life span of their equipment by catching malfunctions early on before they lead to major repairs. Of the self-service operators interviewed for this article the commonly recommended software program for equipment and chemical monitoring was the Wash Remote system by Imagine Innovation, one of the pioneers of data tracking, consolidation, and wash monitoring.

Electronic Payment Acceptance: Credit Card, Loyalty Gift Card, and Commercial Fleet Solutions – The difference between a self service wash that does $6,000 in washing a month and a car wash that does $40,000 in washing a month is that the more successful wash makes payment acceptance, sales, and marketing its number one priority. Wash operators such as Marcus Schoenenberger of Texas Shine Car Washin San Antonio talks about a “problem” that his company has with accepting payment. Marcus says, “If I have a customer that wants to give me money, I’m going to find a way to take it!” Marcus makes use of a software based cashless acceptance program that allows his customers to use both credit cards and loyalty cards at ANY service at the car wash (even the drop shelf vending machines!). There are a lot of cashless payment solutions available on the market and there are important things to consider if you decide to add cashless acceptance to your self-service car wash.

Do your Research – There are a lot of cashless acceptance solutions in the marketplace and each will be a bit different. Use the Internet, speak with other car wash owners, and call the companies and ask plenty of questions. Ask for references, discuss product upgradeability, and make sure you do it right the first time.

Plan for Growth – Make sure that the cashless solution you purchase will grow with your business. Will you have the ability to add additional services to the system down the road? Does the product have the ability to be upgraded after it has been purchased? Avoid purchasing a solution that will not scale with the size and scope of your business over time.

Industry Secret: Car washes are in the business of taking a customer’s money in exchange for wash services, right? According to wash equipment distributors, the first area of a new construction or remodel project to get cut due to overspending is payment acceptance hardware and software. Does this make ANY sense to cripple a business from the start by limiting their ability to take all forms of customer payment? Successful wash operations that go over budget will leave a wash bay empty of wash equipment rather than eliminate the hardware and software that can give their business the edge needed to increase profits and stand out from their competitors. Every shred of Industry data supports the importance of implementing some form of cashless acceptance solution at a wash.

Software Basics: Types of Software Hard Coded Logic Programs – This is your standard circuit board with an array of chips soldered on it. These chips are programmed with a set of VERY specific commands that are executed based on external inputs such as button pushes that then trigger a desired response such as activating the pumps. The advantage of hard coded logic is that they are not susceptible to things such as computer viruses and are generally trouble free. The downside to hard coded programs is that they are very simple and lack flexibility. It is incredibly difficult to upgrade a system that has no central processing system such as a computer. Most upgrades to a system based on hard coded logic result in the physical replacement of the circuit boards and in many cases the entire unit must be replaced. The long term costs of a non-centralized system are much higher than their conventional software counterparts.

PC Based Software Programs – These days most car washes have a computer in their office or equipment room. There are also businesses that prefer to keep a home office and run all of their accounting programs from a home computer. The major advantage to a PC-based software solution is that it has the ability to get upgraded as time goes on. The primary downside to a PC-based software solution is that if anything happens to the on-site computer or if it downloads a computer virus the data is at risk of being lost entirely. It is HIGHLY recommended that if you have a software system on a local computer at a wash that a backup routine is put into place to store the data off-site. This can be done with a number of other computer programs or by manually copying the information to a CD or disk on a regular schedule.

Web Based Software Programs – No business has gone untouched by influence of the Internet. Business Week, Forbes, and the Wall Street Journal have all commented on how the use of Internet technologies in business is one of the greatest things to happen to small business owners and large corporations alike. Successful self service car wash operations use web-based software programs to manage customer loyalty accounts, synchronize their data to their copy of QuickBooks at their home office, sell car washes online, send out billing to commercial fleet accounts, market to their customer base, and run reports on car wash activity from ANYWHERE in the world as long as they have access to a web connection.

There are two primary advantages to web based software solutions. The first primary advantage is that rather than needing to purchase a software CD to make system upgrades, web-based software is upgraded on the fly automatically. The second primary benefit is that car wash transaction data, cash counts, accounting information, customer data, and equipment error codes are all stored remotely on the Internet. This means that if anything happens to the computer system on-site, ALL of the information is safely stored in another location. This reduces both cost AND frustration should any problems occur down the road.

Find a Solution that Works for You Many car wash operators are not ready to make use of full-scale software upgrades throughout their business. Your business will not fail if you do not invest in software solutions, but it will never HURT business to increase efficiency and profitability. It is important to find a solution that works best for you and YOUR car wash operation. Want to reduce shrinkage? Look into cash management solutions. Want to keep an eye on employees and your wash? Investigate remote video surveillance software packages. Want to capture commercial fleet business in your area? Look into cashless acceptance solutions to accept credit cards and fleet cards. Want to save time doing the books every month? Check out QuickBooks and QuickBooks compatible software solutions to eliminate double entry, and reduce headaches come tax time.

Your business deserves to hire on some new help to assist you around the wash. Next time consider the software solutions available to you in today’s high-tech marketplace.

Car Stalls With the AC Turned on – AC Compressor Could Be Locked Up

One of the leading causes of a car stalling with the A/C on is a seized compressor. If there’s screeching, smoking, stalling and the air blows warm out of the vents whenever the AC is turned on it’s a good guess that the compressor has locked up. If there is just a belt squealing but the car doesn’t stall and the AC cools, more than likely the belt or the tensioner is worn. The most likely cause of a car not idling high enough and sometimes stalling with the A/C turned on without any of the other issues mentioned can be an IAC (Idle Air Control) motor.

*Keep in mind the compressor could be hot to the touch when checking.

How to check for a locked up or seized compressor

  1. Try to turn the clutch plate (on the end of the cpompressor).
  2. Using a socket on the nut that holds the clutch plate on – see if it can be turned.
  3. Look for signs of the clutch plate over-heating; discoloration.

If the belt is loose it may be because of a worn serpentine belt tensioner, but this alone won’t cause the car to stall. A sticking IAC motor can cause the car to stall. An IAC motor typically gets carbon build up that can cause sticking. If the idle doesn’t go up when the AC is turned on the engine can stall. Many times if this is the problem, the IAC motor can be removed from the throttle body and cleaned with a brush and fuel injector spray and then re-installed.


Offshore Safe Deposit Boxes – Secure Places to Stash Your Cash

You might well, sooner or later, end up in possession of sensitive papers or other portable assets of great value that should be kept in a safe place – like an offshore safety deposit facility.

What kind of things are we talking about? Any valuable papers. Things like automobiletTitles, Coins (rare), Passports, Bearer Shares, Citizenship Records, Bills of Sale, Pension records, school transcripts, trust documents, immigration papers, rare stamps, mortgage documents and so on. You may also wish to store data such as USB memory sticks or backup DVDs securely off-site.

A safety deposit box is also recommended by many experts for estate planning purposes. To pass the contents of a safe deposit box to your heirs without any formalities, all that is necessary is that another person have access and a key. This is accomplished by having the inheritor be a signer on the box. If you don’t want them to have access during your lifetime, you keep the key and arrange for it to be delivered to them in a sealed envelope with instructions, upon your death or disablement.

Should you Use a Bank or an Independent Safe Deposit Box Company?

Generally the best solution is to rent a safety deposit box in a reliable major, first class bank – not just a box company. Many banks will require that you also have an account with them and that withdrawals to pay the box rent be authorized in advance.

Why should you use a bank rather than an independent safe deposit company? Because independent companies seem to fold or get robbed with great regularity. Like public storage facilities, they are also frequently used by less desirable characters.

On the other hand, a private storage outfit may not require any identification to open a box. They may accept any nom de plume you care to give them. Customers may be admitted on the basis of a plastic card without any need to sign in. As such a box is not linked to any account or payment facility, it behooves the user to pay several years in advance. This will avoid the box being opened and the contents sold for non-payment of rent.

One client told me the sad story of how after a long hospital stay due to cancer, he discovered that his box in a public self-storage unit had been opened after a year for non-payment of rent. The contents were sold at auction. He had a collection of old stock certificates that were worthless as stocks, but of great value to collectors. One had a rare original signature of inventor Thomas Edison. They were disposed of as scrap paper.

The Best Countries for Offshore Safe Deposit Boxes

Austria, Switzerland and Luxembourg are traditional safe havens that are perfect for safe deposit boxes. A good country for a box is one where there is no need to show a passport or go through any formal border controls. This is not the case with Switzerland – unless you take your chances on one of the very few unmanned border crossings!

Vienna and Zurich airports are also convenient national airline hubs. You can conveniently pass through these countries when travelling between other cities. Just arrange a stop over long enough to visit your stash; putting in or taking out what you need. For a safety deposit box locale you don’t need to seek out a tax haven. Any peaceful, stable country where property rights are respected is just fine.

Almost all banks offer safety deposit boxes. If yours is located in a country where you have no problems, it doesn’t matter much which one you use. But you should have at least one person you trust who knows about the box and is able to access it. If you have an accident it is important that your box not be forgotten or abandoned.

Keep the Key Safe!

When you have opened the box, consider depositing the key in a sealed envelope with the bank’s safekeeping office or your personal private banker. By doing this you ensure that the key won’t be discovered on your person or among your possessions by anyone with dubious intentions, like your soon-to-be ex-wife.

Many bank safety deposit boxes have two keys – one is held by you. The second (a general pass key) is kept by the bank. Only with both can the box be opened.

In the very latest high-tech safe deposit boxes, there is no key. These safe-deposit boxes can be opened only with fingerprint scans. Another solution is to use boxes in places where they have combination locks. Experienced safe-crackers are good at opening combo-locks. They are less secure than complex keys – in our experience. We are likewise not keen on secret memorized numbers. Why? Because we have more than once forgotten an important combination or password.

Be sure that you can access the box without showing ID, in case you lose it and need to get at your backup copies that you thoughtfully secured within the box! Some banks, particularly those in Zurich, want to see and photocopy ID every time you access your box – even if you are well known. Where ever your box may be, be sure you are introduced to several of the staff who can help you access your box without ID should you need to. Tell them to take a good look and remember you personally so you can always access your box or the money in the account without any identification. Tell them your favorite stupid joke or story and tell them to remember it so that you can tell it again many years later. Then they will remember you!

Shhh… Can You Keep a Secret?

Don’t just take a safe deposit box key and keep it on a gold chain around your neck at all times. This is something that movie villains do.

If you want something secret, always think ahead. Don’t tell anyone about it. Leave the key and instructions with your personal banker or someone you trust implicitly. Also think ahead! Leave death instructions in your box – just in case something happens to you. These can be written, or can be on a CD in video form. Your box will be opened after about a year or two of inactivity – if and when the annual fees don’t get paid.

Sometimes a safe deposit box is forgotten for decades. About seventy years after the criminal mastermind and reputed billionaire Al Capone died in prison, a closed bank that he once owned in Chicago was found to have a long forgotten, secret locked underground vault registered in his name. His money had never been found. A national television network bought rights to show the drilling and re-opening of this vault ‘live on TV.’ Many people, myself included, tuned in for the grand opening. We thought it would be an event to equal the discovery of King Tut’s fabulous tomb in Egypt. What happened? It was a good show with a let-down for an ending. Apparently, someone with a spare key to Al Capone’s safe deposit facility had arrived there first. Nothing of the slightest interest was in the vault.

Will Your Secrets Die With You?

Most offshore banks will require that you have a bank account with them and that they be authorized to withdraw your annual safety deposit box rent payments from that account. With such instructions and automated payment you could be dead for many years before you are presumed dead and your box is drilled. Thus your banker should perhaps be instructed to open your instructions (not your box) in case he doesn’t hear from you for a certain period of time, like say three years. Better yet, your banker should be instructed “after 3 years of no contact, please contact my attorney, XYZ, or your kids, wife, best friend.” Someone you trust should have instructions on what to do with your assets in the event of your death, disappearance or disability. Your banker should be told what to do or how and when he is to contact those persons who will surely know where you are.

Perhaps someone you trust, who has nothing to gain from suing you, should be given a sealed power of attorney or an assignment plus a valid will so that all loose ends are tied up. Without this, in Switzerland for instance, the bank just keeps your assets! Simple as that. In English speaking countries there is usually an escheat law covering dormant accounts and abandoned safe deposit box contents. In England, unclaimed money and assets go to ‘The Crown.’ In California, box contents and accounts dormant for over seven years go to the Teachers’ Pension Fund.

In such cases, the heirs have only a very limited time to make claim. Most never do because they never learn of the assets.

Your Anonymous Safe in an Austrian Palace

The Swiss and the Austrians generally excel at running discreet safe deposit facilities. In nearly all countries, ID is required to rent a safe box. But in Austria, at the time of writing, there is one safe deposit company offering anonymous safes. It has been around for years and was highly recommended by a reader. It’s a good place to store second passports, bank cards and other PT paraphernalia that you may not want to keep in your home country.

This company has its facilities in the basement of a beautiful Viennese palace. It’s name is Das Safe and its website is If you are in Vienna, you can visit them at Auerspergstrasse 1. We predict they will stay in business for a long time to come, but for how long they will be allowed to take anonymous business is open to question.

Other recommended safe deposit facilities in Austria are at the Schoellerbank branches (where no key is required – access is regulated by an electronic fingerprint scan) and at the Raiffeisenbank in the ‘secret’ enclave of Jungholz.

A Reliable Safe Deposit Company in Prague

Another service we know of is Prague Safe Deposit in the Czech Republic. They require valid ID to open a box. The service from then on is highly professional and discreet with no ID required for later access. You can pay up to five years in advance. Entry to the main vault is self-service with a swipe card system at the main door. You can give the door card and key to anyone. They can then gain access to your safe-box without the need to meet any staff or identify themselves in any way.

This particular enterprise is a joint venture between one of the Czech banks and the Chequepoint chain of money changers. It has been around since 1992. They are located in the basement of an old bank building just off the famous Wenceslas Square. They welcome visitors to stop by and inspect the facilities. The street address is 28 Ijna 13. The website is not currently available in English, but if you do visit them you will find they speak English.

How to Install the Quick-Release Push-Button Lock for Your Window Guard

First of all, let’s examine the contents of your standard Push-Button Release Kit, shall we? Here are the standard contents, along with short descriptions of which is which:

1. Lock Box (2″ x 6″ metal box)

2. Push Rod (11″ long round rod, usually gold)

3. Strike Pin (2″ long x 5/8″ diameter round pin, usually silver, may be inside Cardboard Slip)

4. Cardboard Slip (4″ long round cardboard)

5. Flange (1 1/2″ diameter aluminum cover)

6. Button (3/4″ diameter aluminum button)

7. Mounting screws (usually 4 small screws in a small plastic bag)

8. Plastic Guard (2 1/2″ diameter plastic cover)

The tools and unsupplied parts you’ll need are:

1. Knife

2. Pencil

3. Long 1/2″ Drill Bit (this needs to be long enough to go through your building wall)

4. Drill

5. 1/4″-3/8″ screws for the Lock Box holes, washers if needed.

6. Drill bit for those screws

7. Hammer

8. Ruler

9. Heavy duty Bolt Cutters or a Grinder, which can cut through a 1/4″ metal rod.

So let’s get to it!

1. Attach the Strike Pin to your window guard

The Strike Pin (3) should be permanently mounted on or near the outer metal framing of the window guard -referred to from now on as WG- on the side of the WG’s “door” opposite of the hinge, near the middle (the same place where a doorknob is located on a door). It should extend outward from the WG toward the wall, so that it will later slip into the Lock Box tip-first when closed.

IMPORTANT: The Strike Pin should point straight as possible, ie not pointing slightly up, down, to the left, or to the right. The straighter it is, the smoother its operation later.

The back of the Strike Pin has threads for a 1/4″ bolt, so a common way of affixing the strike pin to your WG is by first attaching a 1/4″ bolt it, then screwing the Strike Pin into that. Still, you don’t want people being able to simply unscrew the bolt from the outside, so it is important that you permanently fix it to the WG. This is most often done by spot welding the attached Strike Pin in place, but if a welder isn’t handy, any way the bolt can be made unturnable will work, such as using one-way bolts.

2. Mount the Window Guard

If it isn’t already, it’s time to mount the WG on your window. Attach the Lock Box (1) to the end of your pin so that it locks in place. If it won’t, make sure it is unlocked first by pushing the end of the Push Rod (2) into the smaller hole of the Lock Box first. This Lock Box will be mounted to the outer wall of your building, so you need to install the WG in a position where the Lock Box can be mounted using the top and bottom screw holes, and cannot be pryed off (such as when it sits off the edge of a window frame).

The other thing to keep in mind here is that there will be an approximately 1/2″ hole drilled through your wall positioned in the middle of the Lock Box, and on the inside of the building, a 1 5/8″ diameter Flange will mount to the wall around that hole. So when you put up the WG, you want the Lock Box to be near the window opening, but far enough to allow for this 1/2″ hole to be drilled through the wall, and hopefully be clear of any inner wall obstructions (like inside framing) for a 1 5/8″ diameter around the hole center.

3. Mark your hole

With the Strike Pin attached to your WG, and the WG attached to your building, the rest is relatively simple!

Now we need to mark where the hole will be drilled through the wall so that it matches the small hole on the back of the Lock Box. First, push the Push Rod (2) into the Lock Box hole so it releases from the Strike Pin, and remove it. Place the Cardboard Slip (4) all the way onto the Strike Pin, and cut off the end with a knife so the cardboard only barely extends beyond the Strike Pin. Close the WG door slowly until the circle of cardboard meets the wall, then use a pencil to draw a circle where it lands.

4. Drill

Technically a 3/8″ drill bit will be big enough for the Push Rod to fit into, but I recommend a 1/2″ bit, which leaves more room for error, and is covered up just fine. Using the circle you just marked, drill a hole straight through your building wall until you breach the other side.

At this point, reattach the Lock Box to the WG and hold it closed. Someone from the inside should be able to put their eye through the newly drilled hole and see the ENTIRE small hole of the Lock Box. If it is partially covered, drill out the hole until there’s a clear path to it.

5. Mount the Lock Box

If it isn’t already, reattach the Lock Box to the WG and hold it closed. Mark the upper and lower holes of the Lock Box with your trusty pencil, then open the WG and drill them with the drill bit (NOT the huge one!) that matches the screws you’re going to use to mount the Lock Box, which don’t come with the kit. These screws should be between 1/4″ and 3/8″, and should be about 2″ to 3″ long.

With your 2 holes drilled above and below your BIG one, remove the Lock Box from the WG (you know how by now, right?), place it on the wall, and mount it with your screws. Screw them in until they’re snug, but do not completely tighten just yet.

6. Align the Lock Box

Slowly close the WG towards your mounted Lock Box, being careful NOT to lock it in place. What’s that? You say the Strike Pin isn’t lining up? Take a chill pill, I’m getting there.

With your hammer, smack the Lock Box just enough to move it in the direction it needs to go. If it won’t budge, you screwed it in a bit too tight and will need to loosen it. When it is lined up properly, you may lock it in place to ensure it works. It can be unlocked, of course, by sticking the Push Rod (2) through the hole in the wall until it releases. Note that you may need to “fish” around for the smaller hole in the Lock Box to push it in all the way.

When everything is lined up, tighten the Lock Box screws all the way. If everything is well aligned, the Push Rod should easily open the WG and the WG should easily lock in place. Even after the screws are tightened, you may be able to use the hammer for final adjustments.

7. Cut the Push Rod

Alright, now to the inside of the building! Close the WG until locked, then stick the Push Rod (2) THREADS FIRST all the way into the hole, and then all the way into the Lock Box’s hole (which you’ll probably have to “fish” for) until it cannot go any further, WITHOUT unlocking it.

IMPORTANT: You MUST be sure the Push Rod is all the way inside the Lock Box, even though it is sometimes hard to tell. To be sure, try unlocking and re-locking the WG a few times, so you know the Push Rod is at the end.

Once the Push Rod is in as far as it can go, mark the Push Rod with a pencil or marker at 5/8″ beyond the inside wall face. That is, we want to cut the Push Rod so that only 5/8″ of it extends out of your wall.

Once you have your mark, use a pair of bolt cutters or a grinder to cut the Push Rod at your mark. If you inserted it correctly, the excess you’re cutting off should NOT be the threaded end.

8. Install the Button

Flip the Push Rod so the threads are facing you again, and screw the Button (6) onto the end of it. Then insert the Push Rod back into the wall and inside the Lock Box hole as before. If it doesn’t extend far enough, you probably cut the Push Rod too short and will need to try again with another one. Place the Flange (5) around the Button and push the Flange (not the Button) all the way against the wall, as if it were screwed in. If the WG unlocks, the Push Rod is slightly too long, and you’ll need to cut it a little more. If not, a simple push of the Button should do the trick!

Just screw in the Flange to the wall using the Screws (7) provided, and you’re finished!

Optionally, the Plastic Guard (8) may be installed over the Button and Flange using the other 2 screws provided.

And that’s about it!

Most Popular Christmas Toys For 2008

Top 12 Gifts For Christmas 2008

“It has been a challenging year for all businesses, but as a retailer I am delighted to see innovation continuing to come through. Even in an economic downturn, children still need exciting, good value toys to entertain and inspire their creativity.”

The toys predicted to dominate children’s Christmas lists this year are set to ignite dreams of stage and screen fame, says the Toy Retailers Association (TRA) today. The TRA’s annual ‘Dream Toys’ list, the only official prediction of Christmas bestsellers, reveals a trend towards music, film and TV inspired toys to indulge fame fantasies from the next generation of rockstars and screen heroes. Plenty of old favourites also make a comeback this year, reflecting the nation’s love for nostalgic characters and brands.

Girls Top 12 Toys For Christmas 2008

Music takes the Girls category by storm this year, with the Bratz(TM) Girls Really Rock Dolls (MGA Entertainment Ltd), High School Musical Sing Together Dolls and the film-inspired Camp Rock Gift Pack (both Mattel) making it onto the wish lists of aspiring rock stars. Another musical hit is sure to be Mattel’s Barbie Princess Liana Singing Doll, which sings songs from the Barbie and the Diamond Castle movie. Younger girls will love Zapf Creation®’s CHOU CHOU My First Tooth, while animal lovers will be delighted to unwrap Vivid Imaginations’ I Love Ponies Honey My Baby Pony, or FurReal Biscuit My Loving Pup (Hasbro), Sylvanian Families Old Hollow Oak Treehouse (Flair Leisure Products), or the hottest or fittest VIPs from Hasbro’s Littlest Pet Shop range on Christmas day.

Boys Top 12 Toys For Christmas 2008

The Boys section this year is inspired by TV and film, with nearly all of the selection featuring characters from our screens. Rev up Christmas for little petrolheads with Mattel’s film-inspired Cars Walkin’ Talkin McQueen, or the Air Hogs® Zero Gravity(TM) Micro (Spinmaster) Radio Controlled Vehicle. Figurine lovers won’t be disappointed, with the Gormiti Island of Gorm Playset (Flair Leisure Products) and WWE RAW Arena Playset (Vivid Imaginations) both on the top 12 list.

This year’s hit animation Wall.E has also made its mark, with Vivid Imaginations’ Wall.E Transforming Robot a newcomer to the list, while established favourites are represented with the Power Rangers Overdrive Tracker (Bandai), Transformers Animated Roll Out Command Optimus Prime, Indiana Jones Hat & Whip Set and the Clone Wars AT-TE Vehicle and Star Wars Clone Trooper Voice Changer(all Hasbro).

Pre-school Top 12 Toys For Christmas 2008

Younger children will be kept busy this Christmas with plenty of interactive toys in the Pre-School category. Budding engineers will have their pick of the Bob The Builder Interactive Construction Site (Born to Play), Take Along Thomas Morgan’s Mine Electronic Playset (RC2), or the Roary the Racing Car Silver Hatch Workshop Playset (Vivid Imaginations).

Start work for the green generation with Playmobil’s Recycling Truck. Imaginative little ones can blast off with the Peppa Pig’s Spaceship (Character Options), go back in time with the Playskool Kota The Triceratops (Hasbro), laugh themselves silly with the Mr Tickle Stretch & Giggle or Elmo Live! (both Mattel), or get lost in a good story with the LEAPFROG Tag Reading System. The Teletubbies also make a comeback this year, with Tomy’s Dance With Me Teletubby set to be a huge hit, and keen photographers will be snapping away at the Christmas action with their KidiZoom Multimedia Digital Cameras (VTech).

Top 12 Games For Christmas 2008

Christmas Games sessions are likely to feature some of our favourites this year. Family favourites get a new twist, with top 12 appearances from a reinvented Cluedo ¸ Monopoly Here & Now: The World Edition (both Hasbro), 20Q Hand Held, Scrabble 60th Anniversary Edition (both Mattel) and the Rubik’s Cube Game (Drumond Park).

For something more energetic, families can battle it out on the Bop It Extreme 2 (Hasbro), the Kids Are All Right Electronic Game (Vivid Imaginations) or the brand new visual hide-and-seek game Pictureka! (Hasbro). When the adults tire, kids will have their own fun with the Disney Princess Magic Mirror Game (Jumbo), High School Musical 2 DVD Game (Mattel), Tomy’s hilarious new gallery-style shooting game Quack-Shot, or the In The Night Garden Play Path (Hasbro).

Techzone Top 12 Toys For Christmas 2008

The TechZone category, covering the most exciting tech-toys and gadgets for kids, is full of clever must-haves this year. Vivid Imaginations’ iTeddy is the perfect first media-player for kids, Bladestar (Character Options) is a revolutionary flying machine, and Meccano’s WiFi Spykee The Spy Robot works as a mobile CCTV camera.

Gadget girls will love the Hannah Montana My Secret Pillow (Character Options), the IM-ME messaging device, and the My Meebas (both Mattel); little musicians will be desperate to unwrap the new Guitar RockStar (Tomy); and pet lovers will be checking under their tree for virtual pet Woogies (Mattel) or for Pleo (Vivid Imaginations), the baby Camarasaurus that develops emotionally when showed love and affection.

Creative Top 12 Toys For Christmas 2008

The Creative top 12 will be keeping minds and hands busy well into the New Year with a range of imaginative play sets. This Christmas, kids can make their own chocolate coins with the Golden Coin Maker (John Adams), build creative structures with the Magnext 360° Case (Megabrands), and the Bindeez 3D Super Studio (Character Options), or create kooky aliens with the Martian Matter Alien Maker (Hasbro).

Budding artists will love the Rainbow AquaDraw (Tomy), Crayola Creations Illumination Station (Vivid Imaginations) and the Etch A Sketch (Flair Leisure Products); and imaginations will be ignited with the Puzzle Extra Assorted (Jumbo) and the Moon Sand Adventure Island (Spinmaster). Film-inspired sets are also set to be popular, with the High School Musical puzzleball (Ravensburger) and LEGO Star Wars V19 Torrent (Lego) both likely to be on the wishlist for creative kids.

With Christmas quickly approaching, more and more people are turning to the Internet to make their Christmas purchases. But, where are the best places to shop?

How To Change Your Pool Lights From Halogen To LED

If you have had halogen lights in your pool since the dawn of time, you may want to consider switching to LED pool lights. LED pool lights are more energy efficient and do not produce the same warmth that halogen lights do, making them safer to use for lengthier time periods.

In the past, LED lights often could not illuminate enough surface area. The world of LED has improved drastically over the years and now offers plentiful choices for quality lighting options. If you already have halogen pool lights, you know how wonderful your pool looks at night.

Pool lighting creates a nearly magical atmosphere. If you do not have lights you may want to consider investing in them. Swimming at night is a great way to unwind after a stressful day.

Halogen lights are different from LED lights. The main points you need to know are as follows:

• LED burns “cool” which means they’re safer if you accidentally come into contact with one

• LED lights come in a variety of color options up to 16 modes of colour

• Halogen needs to be replaced more often than their LED counterparts

• Effective LED lights can illuminate your pool as well as halogen while still maintaining that ethereal atmosphere with less power

• LED pool lights are often much easier to replace than Halogens

The best reason to purchase LED lights is that they are considered to be more eco-friendly than halogen. They use less energy than halogen lights however may cost a bit more than halogens for the initial purchase price, but you easily recover the cost due to the extended lifespan of the LED when compared with the lifespan of a halogen bulb.

There are some size differences between halogen lights and LED to consider. It would be ideal to measure, or if possible, to take one of your existing halogen bulbs with you when shopping around for pool lighting. You will get a better idea of how easy it will be to find LED lights locally. It is also a good idea to ask about installation so that you know what to expect.

In addition to considering the size of the your lights, you will want to consider ease of replacement. If you have decided to shift from halogen to LED, you will already benefit from the lengthier LED lifespan. That translates into fewer light changes. It is possible that once the light’s are installed that they can be very easily replaced whenever necessary. It is a good idea to consider how easily you can obtain the lights as well.

If you prefer to shop locally, you may want to make a list of the shops, which carry the LED pool light’s you choose. The same principle holds true for shopping online. If you find a website, which offers your pool lighting, and shopping online is easier for you, make sure you give them a call to answer all of your questions before purchasing.

Barriers To Effective Communication – And How To Overcome Them

Just as multi-faceted communication itself is, the barriers to effective communication can be just as wide and deep. They can be physical or psychological, individual or social.

Some people have problems communicating which in turn brings the worse in others. If you have two people with good communication skills relating to each other, the conversation or the relation can be just as effective, wonderful and enjoyable as it can be. But the moment you pair one good communicator together with one bad, you create barriers to effective communication.

Some of the barriers are tangled into a problem of individual attitude. This can be the result of rebelling against poor communication coming from management in a work place environment, or parents at home, or a spouse, or friends in other personal areas.

Some people may have psychological problems from personal health or struggles. Communication barriers can come from language misunderstandings stemming from cultural differences, etc. They can be linguistics which is the use or misuse of uncommon or difficult words. They can be from types of personality which is a major player in creating barriers to effective communication.

All these can be found within personal, interpersonal, social, organizational, etc., making for a myriad of barriers to effective communication that one can avoid only through learning and training.

Some of the difficulties might be from a lack of sensitivity either from a sender or a receiver’s point of view, or a lack of basic communication skills, or a lack of knowledge on a subject matter that one might be too proud to admit.

Other communication difficulties may be from emotional instabilities such as anger, hostility, resentfulness, fear, mood swings. All of these create conflicts and barriers to effective communication. As you can see, there is no limit to this subject list.

But the good news in all of it is that something can be done about overcoming these barriers. There is room for improving our communication skills, no matter at what level we are. Even a professor in communication can have problems communicating, because of one or another of the areas listed above.

The barriers to effective communication could be called just as well, the problems to effective communication. So we need to ask ourselves, what are the problems that I’m finding in communicating with others? As we list the problems, it is important to recognize which side those problems belong to. You might have a problem communicating with someone at work because he/she can’t communicate.

Communication is a two-way street. If you are the only one communicating, it will be pretty difficult to resolve the problems. Then what do you do? Send the individual to a communication course? Teach them how to communicate every time there is a misunderstanding, a conflict or no communication at all? They may not be too receptive to the idea.

Sometimes, the only thing we can do in such cases is to ignore, give understanding, forgive and work around it. But with the problems or barriers to effective communication that fall squarely on us, the thing to do is to start working on them through taking courses and seminars, reading books, etc. Then the next most important factor is to put what we learn into relentless practice – one problem or barrier at a time./dmh

How Long Do I Need to Keep This? – A Guide to Receipts, Statements and Financial Clutter at Home

In most homes, paper causes clutter. And it seems to mysteriously multiply by itself. But just how long do you need to keep all those receipts, bank and credit card statements and other financial papers? Below is a handy In most homes, paper causes clutter. And it seems to mysteriously multiply by itself. But just how long do you need to keep all those receipts, bank and credit card statements and other financial papers? Below is a handy reference that you can use for dealing with your home paper trail.

Toss after One Month

ATM and bank deposit/withdrawal slips

  • keep in a file folder until monthly statement received
  • reconcile with your statement to ensure that charges and payments have been properly processed
  • if for major purchase with warranty, staple receipt to the owner’s manual and file for the term of the warranty
  • if for major purchase without warranty, keep receipt if item replacement cost is higher than the deductible on your homeowner’s insurance policy
  • if for minor purchase without warranty, shred

Cash purchase receipts

  • enter into your chequebook or computer software to ensure that you are accounting for all your purchases
  • if for major purchase with warranty, staple to the owner’s manual and file for the term of the warranty
  • if for major purchase without warranty, keep receipt if item replacement cost is higher than the deductible on your homeowner’s insurance policy
  • if for minor purchase without warranty, shred

Credit card receipts

  • keep in file until monthly statement received
  • reconcile with your statement to ensure charges and payments have been properly processed
  • if for major purchase with warranty, staple to the owner’s manual and file for the term of the warranty
  • if for major purchase without warranty, keep receipt if item replacement cost is higher than the deductible on your homeowner’s insurance policy
  • if for minor purchase without warranty, shred

Toss after One Calendar Year

  • Bank/Financial Institution monthly statements (unless needed for home business)
  • Brokerage/Mutual Fund Statements (Monthly/Quarterly)
    • reconcile with your annual statement
  • Credit card monthly statements
  • Credit reports

    • you should request your credit report annually to ensure that all information is accurate and up-to-date, especially with regard to accounts you have closed in the course of the year
    • requesting this file annually helps to prevent identity theft, so you can see who has requested the report and for what purpose
  • Monthly Mortgage Statements

    • reconcile with your annual statement
  • Pay stubs

    • shred after reconciling with your W-2 or 1099 (US) or T4 (Canada)
  • Telephone/Utility bills

Keep for 7-10 Years

  • Any T4 Forms – including T4E, etc. (Canada)
  • Annual Mortgage Statements
  • Supporting documentation (cancelled cheques/receipts/statements) for tax returns including but not limited to:
    • donations
    • retirement account contributions
    • child care receipts
    • alimony/child support paid or received
    • medical expenses
    • mortgage interest
    • property tax payments
  • W-2 or 1099 Forms (US)
  • Year End statements from Credit cards (if provided)
  • Year End statements from utility companies (if provided)

Keep Indefinitely

  • Adoption Records
  • Auto/Home/Life Insurance policy information
    • keep purchase records for as long as policy is in force
  • Automobile Records (ownership certificate/registration)

    • keep for as long as you own your vehicle
    • if annual registration required, keep only current registration paper
  • Birth Certificates
  • Business Income Tax returns, and supporting documentation, if self-employed
  • Death Certificate
  • Divorce Agreement/Child Custody Court Orders
  • Investment records clearly showing beneficiary information

    • purchase records
    • sales records
  • Marriage Certificate
  • Medical records
  • Immunization records to children
  • Military service records
  • Pension Plan records
  • Receipts for major home improvements/renovations
  • Receipts for major purchases that have long life expectancy (refrigerator, stove, freezer, vehicles)
  • Religious records
  • School/Education records
  • Tax Returns

    • In the US, the IRS has 3 years to from the date you file your tax return to examine your return for errors and up to 6 years to audit your return if they suspect that you have underreported your gross income by 25% or more. There is no statute of limitations on an audit when deliberate fraud is suspected.
    • In Canada, CRA advises you to keep your tax returns, Notices of Assessment, and all supporting documentation for 6 years from the date of filing your personal income tax return.
    • NOTE~I recommend keeping these indefinitely because they take up little space and can often be a valuable resource if there is any dispute over such things as income tax paid, child support/alimony paid or received and pension plan benefits.
  • Will and/or Power of Attorney

    • should be kept securely in a fire-proof home safe or safety deposit box at your financial institution
  • Year End Investment account summaries

Now what?

Now that you know what to keep, where are you supposed to put it all?

Set up a simple home filing system to cover the basics, and invest in a couple of sturdy cardboard or plastic filing boxes for the information you should keep log-term or indefinitely.

And a final caution – when you decide that you no longer need to keep certain documents, make sure you shred them and DO NOT put them in the general trash or recycling. Sensitive financial information or personal information should always be DESTROYED to avoid any chance of identity theft that could lead to headaches greater than you can imagine.

Mural Painting

Mural painting, as distinguished from other forms of decorative artwork is a painting applied directly to a wall. It is a concept that been used by humanity from the most ancient times up until the present day.

The earliest known history of this type of decoration was the cave drawings and paintings of the neo-lithic period. In this way early man used mural art to bring nature or fantastic-nature into his living space. In later times the Byzantines, Egyptians and almost all ancient civilizations used murals to describe not only the nature around them but also their interpretation of nature through sacred myths and stories.

A characteristic of this later, more sophisticated mural art was the use of decorative features such as frames, borders and geometrical patterns, which might accompany the theme of the painting and help it sit comfortably in the architecture that it decorated.

In modern times we still see murals being painted, but now often as political propaganda or commercial advertising. The availability of wallpaper and other commercial decorative features has made painting an expensive option but fortunately there still exists a market for purely decorative murals. In popular culture spray can graffiti has created its own heritage of mural art.

Trompe L’Oeil.

The late Greek and Roman period discovered the decorative the use of trompe l’oeil – that is making a flat wall surface seem as if it is 3D architecture, simply by painting it on with light and shade. Impossible architectural fantasies became possible in the hands of an artist. In Pompeii and Herculaneum there are many surviving murals using fantastic trompe l’oeil. The technique really came into it’s own in the Renaissance period. Ceilings became decorated as skies full of clouds and cherubs, walls had balustrades and pillars giving onto fantastic landscapes with battles raging and mythological creatures roaming. In the hands of the great Italian masters churches and palaces were decorated with masterpieces in this style at which we still marvel today.

Mural Techniques.

The techniques of the earliest painters were not necessarily best for the survival of their works. The cave painters most probably drew directly onto the rock with blocks of pigment or charcoal, using no medium to adhere the paint to the surface. Where examples survive, such as Lascaux in France, the limestone ground has become calcinated with natural dampness over time and has spontaneously adhered the pigment to the wall.

It is known that the Ancient Egyptians had Gum Arabic (resin from the Acacia tree – which we still use as the binder for watercolours). They also used egg tempera (pigment bound with the white of an egg). Most importantly where murals are concerned, they understood how to paint ‘fresco’. That is, painting raw pigment into fresh lime plaster before it dries. Most surviving murals of antiquity and the renaissance have used this technique. The great advantage of this technique is that the pigment colour combines with the natural calcination of the plaster as it dries, so it never fades. Subsequently, the technique of fresco was passed down from Greek to Roman and Roman to the Renaissance, so it has left us with a rich legacy of ancient art with which to understand the psychology and wisdom of our ancestors.

The Importance of Floor Maintenance

We all learn not to judge a book by its cover, and yet we’re also all very aware of the importance of first impressions. Your business cannot risk making a poor first impression, which is why you probably take office cleanliness very seriously – but how much have you considered the importance of floor maintenance? Whether your office is floored with carpet, wood flooring, or some other kind of hard surface, proper maintenance can significantly improve the appearance of your work environment. Let’s take a moment to discuss some tips for floor maintenance that will help keep your offices looking clean and professional.


Carpet manufacturers recommend regular cleaning from a professional at least every year to year and a half. While you may be tempted to do the carpet cleaning yourself, it’s not ideal as most quick re-soiling is the result of improper cleaning methods. Older carpets tend to suffer from re-soiling more often than newer carpets making it even more advisable to seek cleaning services from a professional. Ideally, you want to have your carpets cleaned on a regular schedule, but as soon as you notice stains or soiling. It’s also important to remember that the best carpet cleaning results will come from using the proper equipment and cleaners – so always work with a professional and you’ll save time and money in the long run.


Similar to carpet, the best wood cleaning results come from using the proper equipment and cleaners. For example, you should never use abrasive or harsh chemicals for cleaning wood as you’ll risk ruining the finish of your floors. Unfortunately, wood floors are among the most susceptible to wear and tear over time; no matter how carefully you are to care for your wood floors, you’re likely to see scratches and wear eventually. However, there are ways to maintain your wood floors to reduce or remove the appearance of wear, namely recoating. Recoating can usually be done in one day if it is done regularly, and though it may seem more costly, waiting for more severe signs of damage can make the recoating process significantly more expensive and difficult. You also want to prevent damage to your wood floors by adding protective pads to the legs of furniture on your floors, and considering laying mats or temporary carpets in high traffic areas.

Hard Surfaces

With respect to maintaining natural or man-made hard floorings, there are different tips for different types of floor. In commercial or industrial settings, concrete flooring is an inexpensive (but unattractive option), but it must be sealed so that dirt, oil, and grease cannot penetrate the surface and cause discolouration.

Brick flooring is usually made from clay, sand, lime, or concrete. Regular sweeping and washing with a neutral cleaner is important. You do not usually want to seal brick floors. Likewise, natural stone flooring such as marble, slate, and limestone also do not need to be sealed. However, you may want to use a water-based acrylic seal for grout or cement for both brick and natural stone flooring.

Mechanism of Breathing in Human Beings

Breathing is a mechanical process consisting of two phases:

  1. Inspiration or inhalation or intake of fresh air in to the lungs.
  2. Expiration or exhalation or out push of foul and consumed air out of the lungs.

Breathing is associated with the existence of life itself. The lungs themselves can neither draw in air nor push it out. Therefore, man breath by suction pump mechanism. The chest-wall and the diaphragm acts as a large pump in moving air into and out of the lungs. In man during ordinary breathing, 500ml of air moves in and out of the lungs with each breath. Mechanism of breathing: We know that breathing consists of two phases namely breathing in or inspiration and breathing out or expiration. Many factors are involved in the mechanism of breathing, e.g.

  1. Contraction and relaxation of the intercostal muscles in between the ribs bring changes in the position of ribs and sternum. When these muscles contract, the ribs are elevated and move upward and forward and when these muscles relax, the ribs settle down and move inward and backward. The sternum also moves inward and backward.
  2. Contraction and relaxation of the muscles of diaphragm bring changes in its shape. When these muscles contract, the diaphragm becomes dome like or convex
  3. The spongy and elastic nature of the lungs causes expansion and contraction. They expand during breathing in and contract during breathing out.

Breathing in or inspiration: In man, inspiration is active process. During inspiration, the intercostal muscles between the ribs contract and pull the ribs forward and outward, pushing the sternum farther away from the vertebral column. By the contraction of the intercostal muscles and of the diaphragm, the size of the thorax as a whole is increased and the pleural cavities within it are therefore enlarged. Since the pleural cavities are closed therefore their enlargement tends to create partial vacuum within them. The lungs are elastic and communicate with the atmosphere through the air passages (trachea, bronchi). As soon as the pressure around the lungs is lowered, the air rushes into them through the trachea and bronchi. In this way the lungs expand to fill the pleural cavities and the pressure on the inside and outside of the thorax are equalized. Thus the mechanism of human breathing is a suction-pump mechanism. The lungs are made to expand and contract by movements of the ribs and diaphragm.

Breathing out or expiration: Expiration in man is normally a passive process. In severe muscular exercise however, the expiration also becomes active. During expiration, the intercostal muscles of the ribs relax, the ribs move downward and inward. Thus the size of the chest cavity is reduced from side to side. The sternum comes to its original position, decreasing the size of the chest cavity from front to back. At the same time muscles of the diaphragm relax and so the diaphragm assumes its dome shaped position. Thus with the relaxation of the muscles of diaphragm and of the intercostal muscles, the size of the thorax as a whole is decreased. This reduction in the size of the thorax exerts pressure on the lungs. The lungs themselves are very elastic and tend to return to their original size. When the lungs are pressed, the foul air inside them is expelled or expiration occurs.

Tasty Scarsdale Recipes and Meals

A medical doctor in Scarsdale, New York brought the Scarsdale Diet to the mainstream public in the 1970’s. Today, many people still find the Scarsdale Diet is able to help them achieve their weight loss goals, but may find the vague outline of the Scarsdale plan seems boring. The following is a one-day plan of Scarsdale diet recipes and meals for those who are interested in a tasty way to lose weight.

The plan should be followed exactly as written, with no substitutions (unless indicated otherwise). This one-day plan of Scarsdale diet recipes and meals has recipes (when indicated) at the end of the one-day meal plan.

Day One:


0.5 x Grapefruit or 6 ounces grapefruit juice. The grapefruit (not juice) is recommended for best results.

1 slice of protein toast (you may toast it, but add no butter or spreads)

Coffee, tea, water or diet soda. (Any non calorie/non carb drink may be substituted, however watch your sodium content on these.) DO NOT add any sugar, milk, cream or honey. You may use non-calorie sweeteners such as saccharin, splenda, equal, aspartame, truvia, etc.


One broiled lean Zesty hamburger (approximately the size of your palm) *see Scarsdale diet recipes and meals below* (you may add tomatoes, lettuce, ketchup and mustard if you wish. No mayonnaise or other condiments are allowed, though.)

Two slices of protein toast

Italian marinated salad *see Scarsdale diet recipes and meals below*

Coffee, tea, water, or diet soda. You may add lemon to tea or water for added flavor and the lemon will act as a natural diuretic to flush fat, ketones and toxins from the system.


Seasoned Fish with Japanese Vegetables *see Scarsdale recipes and meals below *

One slice of cantaloupe

Coffee, tea, diet soda, or water

Scarsdale Diet Recipes and Meals Directions:

Zesty Hamburger Scarsdale Recipes (and Meals)

Shopping List:

One pound lean ground chuck

One tablespoon Worcestershire sauce

One-teaspoon ground pepper

One-teaspoon garlic powder

Small finely chopped onion

Mix all ingredients together. Patty out into four equal portioned burgers. Broil for fifteen minutes or until juices run clear.

Makes four servings

Italian Marinade Salad Scarsdale Recipes (and meals)


Four cups mixed lettuce greens of your choice

Two tomatoes cut into wedges

16 green or black olives sliced

One medium cucumber cut julienne style (short thin sticks)

One quarter of a medium red onion, diced.


1/4 cup red wine vinegar

0.5 x teaspoon fresh garlic (chopped finely)One teaspoon Italian seasoning

One beef bouillon cube crushed finely

0.5 x teaspoon ground black pepper

Mix dressing ingredients together and let stand 15 minutes.

Toss vegetables together in a large bowl. Pour dressing over greens and toss again. Makes four one cup servings.

Seasoned Fish with Japanese Vegetables Scarsdale Diet Recipes (and meals)

Four six-ounce tilapia (or other white fish) fillets

One lemon, quartered into wedges

Two cups fresh green beans

Two carrots, grated

0.5 x medium red onion

One green pepper, cored and sliced

One cup sliced fresh mushrooms

One-cup snow pea pods (do not substitute regular peas)

Place Tilapia fillets in a skillet sprayed with vegetable spray. Sprinkle salt, pepper, thyme, oregano and ginger powder on top of them. Steam until done. Remove from skillet and squeeze one lemon wedge over each filet. Set aside. While skillet is still hot add vegetables to skillet (leave any liquid from cooking the fish in the skillet). Saute vegetables over medium heat until soft but still firm. When vegetables are cooked, place four equal portions onto plates and top with fish fillets. Serve. Makes four servings.

This one-day plan of Scarsdale Diet recipes and meals is just a sample of the tasteful recipes you can create and still stay within the Scarsdale Diet regimen. You have nothing but weight to lose by trying it.

What to Do When Someone is Unconscious

If you find an unconscious victim, call 911 and do not move him. You don’t know what happened to him, so moving him could aggravate his injury. Furthermore, if he isn’t breathing, then you don’t have much time to get help. When you call 911, see if the victim is breathing or not and if he isn’t, start rescue breathing.


The letter “A” stands for AIRWAY. When a victim is unconscious and unresponsive, check his airway to make sure there are no obstructions. The victim’s breaths might be faint and shallow, so be careful when you look, listen, and feel for his breathing. If you find the victim has stopped breathing, he might have an airway obstruction. The tongue is the most common airway obstruction, but many other things can obstruct the airway too.

While the victim is lying on his back, gently tilt his head backwards. You can do this by putting one hand on his forehead and the other hand under his chin. This position causes the tongue to move and clear the airway. However, if the victim still isn’t breathing, you’ll need to help him breathe.


The letter “B” is for BREATHING. After clearing the victim’s airway, keep the victim’s head titled back and pinch his nose. This will prevent air from escaping as you place your mouth over the victim’s and begin ventilating.

Watch the victim’s chest as you give him air. Avoid overinflating his lungs as this will force air into his stomach, which could result in vomiting. If the victim vomits, simply turn his head to one side and carefully use your finger to sweep any new obstructions away before continuing.

At this time, you need to give the victim two full breaths. After each breath, give his lungs time to exhale and relax. If you put your ear near his mouth and listen, you may hear air escaping. While you do this, watch the victim’s chest and it should fall as his body exhales.

After these breaths, if the victim does not become responsive (e.g. if there is no breathing, moving, coughing, etc.), then you need to check his circulation.


The letter “C” in the A-B-C acronym is for CIRCULATION. Check and see if the victim’s heart is beating by locating the carotid artery. Use two fingers and put them on the victim’s neck like it shows in the picture to the right. Find the middle of the neck (where the Adam’s Apple is located on men) and slide your fingers to the side of the his neck and feel for a pulse.

If the victim has no pulse, it means his heart is not beating. This is when you should perform chest compressions.

Tarps For Covering Roof Racks

Tarps are an absolutely wonderful tool for a variety of uses. Tarps can be used as a temporary method to keep your items dry and protected.

Here is a scenario you may find yourself in. It is time for family vacation. You have the SUV loaded with camping gear and have absolutely no more space inside the vehicle. You are going to have to put the rest of your stuff on the roof racks. The problem is there has been a bad spell of weather recently and you obviously can’t afford to have your valuable possessions rained on, exposed to the burning sun, or be whipped with dust and other particles in the unforgiving wind. The solution is easy. Find some tarps for covering the roof racks. A tarp is relatively inexpensive and is designed to protect your belongings.

Tarp vendors is a wonderful place to find the perfect tarp. They offer a very large selection of tarps for every possible use. Maybe you are concerned about money. You want something that will get the job done but not lighten your wallet. Tarp suppliers offer a great selection of economy tarps. The great thing about buying a tarp is that you will always need it again. They have such a variety of uses that you will surely find yourself in need of the tarp that you purchased again and you will be very happy that you invested in it. But maybe money isn’t your primary concern. Maybe your primary concern is making sure that your belongings are protected. Tarp vendors offer super heavy duty tarps that will keep your things bone dry and in perfect condition. On line suppliers have tarps that will mitigate any need that you have. They have flame retardant tarps, lumber tarps, hurricane tarps, tarps for canopies, ice rink tarps, portable garage/shelter canopy tarps, sun shade mess tarps and many more.

Just remember that Tarp suppliers offer more than just tarps for covering roof racks. Perhaps you have a vehicle that has broken down and you need to keep dry until you repair it or find something to do with it. Buying a sun shade mesh tarp from an online Tarp company is an affordable and effective solution. It will save you time and money. Perhaps your garage is filled beyond its capacity with storage items. You have a very large amount of space in your backyard but you need good protection from the weather. A heavy duty or super heavy duty tarp will solve your problem quickly without costing you huge amounts of time. You will find a solution for whatever need you have with Tarpaflex. Discover the practicality and affordability of purchasing a tarp.