Toppik Reviews

Now it is time to really check out the Toppik reviews. Many people argue that Toppik is the real reason that the celebrities in Hollywood have great hair. The makers of Toppik have the before and after photos to prove their point, however, whether this is true or as a result of Photoshop is not known. Toppik is made up of pure organic keratin proteins which is the ingredient found in human hair. This organic keratin protein is a wool source and is perfectly safe for long term exposure.

The ingredients in Toppik include Keratin, Ammonium chloride, silica, DMDM Hydration, and Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate.

How Toppik Works

The keratin proteins are electrostatically charged and hence are attracted to the hair shafts, which have a negative charge, therefore, as the protein fibers bind to the hair shafts, the hair appears thicker. Toppik does not interfere with your hair loss and it also does not increase hair regrowth. Toppik is just a cosmetic enhancement and its effect largely disappears once you stop using it. It is also important to note that Toppik will not give you back the hair that you had before balding started. Regardless of the level of thickness that a hair product can give you, the fact that there is less hair to work with means that full coverage will not be achieved quickly. Individuals with more thinning can therefore find themselves at a disadvantage.

Many users of Toppik rate it favorably because of the following reasons:

· It is not as messy when compared with other hair products. The Toppik fibers are easier to handle.

· It holds better than similar products whether an adhesive spray is used or not.

· It rarely runs.

· It makes hair look fuller.

· It can be used to cover up thinning spots while using Minoxidil, Provillus or Rogaine to regrow your hair.

The main disadvantages of Toppik are:

· You must have some hair to see results. If you are excessively bald, there will be no hair for the fibers to grab onto and hence Toppik will not work for you. Toppik can only give you a thicker hair if you have some existing hair to work with.

· -If Toppik is worn to bed, it may stain your pillows. Also excessive stress as a result of the fibers may actually lead to balding. This includes brushing vigorously when hair is wet or subjecting the hair to heat stress. The application of hair thickener fibers will not harm the hair and therefore not cause balding.

· It is only a temporary solution to the thinning problem. Give your scalp some exposure. Do not sleep with fibers always.

· You may also develop a dependency on the product and some users feel that their self image is affected if they have not worn it.

· The fibers may not work well in the frontal regions as opposed to the back regions of the head.

· It may take quite some practice to get the right color match and coverage.

Toppik may be costlier that similar products in the market but given that users give it a favorable rating, then the quality might be worth every cent spent. In the final analysis, before using Toppik, just remember that you need to have some hair for the fibers to hang on to.

23 Tell-Tale Signs That Your Husband or Wife May Be Cheating on You Right Now

“Is my partner cheating on me?”

If you are asking yourself this question, there may already be a problem.

The following is a quick guide to help you determine if your spouse or love interest is cheating on you. After reading this list you may find there is some area of concern. Do not confront the cheater, this will only cause them to clean up their act and make it more difficult for you to catch them in the act and you may not have enough proof to make your case. I would urge you to seek professional help.

Some interesting statistic about cheating husbands and wives:

o 22 percent of married men have strayed at least once during their married lives.

o 14 percent of married women have had affairs at least once during their married lives.

o Younger people are more likely candidates; in fact, younger women are as likely as younger men to be unfaithful.

o 70 percent of married women and 54 percent of married men did not know of their spouses’ extramarital activity.

o Cheating spouse statistics confirm that 50 and 70 percent of married men (between 38 and 53 million men) have cheated or will cheat on their wives. One study found that 2/3 of the wives (26 to 36 million women) whose husbands were cheating had no idea their husbands were having an affair – largely because they failed to recognize the telltale signs.

Most cheating wives and husbands fall into two categories. One involves an individual who is married and is seeing someone behind the spouse’s back. The second involves two married individuals who are having an affair with one another; both couple’s partners are usually unaware of this deception.

Cheaters generally rendezvous with their lover sometime during their work day. In most cases, the cheater and their paramour live or work in the same general area. This gives them time and opportunity to carry on their secretive behavior without threat of being discovered by their partner or coworkers. You will also find that they try and control all information that you get concerning their daily whereabouts. They will deny everything unless confronted with hard proof about their indiscretions.

Cheating basically involves many lies. Cheaters are always lying about where they are, what they do, and how they really feel. These lies are often mixed with some truth and are incorporated into every aspect of their life that they will share with you. Lies and deception can only go on for so long before noticeable clues start to poke holes in the façade that they have created.

Here are some tried and tested clues or “signs” that cheating men and women most often exhibit:

o Your partner has had a history or prior instance of infidelity. This falls under the “if it has happened before it is likely to happen again” rule. Those men and women who have cheated once will generally relapse.

o Your partner has been spending a lot of time lately working out or in the tanning salon cultivating their appearance.

o Your spouse seems to act more cold and or distant and inconsiderate of your feelings.

o You receive hang up calls at home in the middle of the night or at odd times of the day.

o You start receiving a lot of wrong number calls at home.

o Your partner is spending a lot of time on the phone away from you out of ear-shot.

o You walk into a room and your girlfriend or boyfriend suddenly hangs up the phone or acts odd. Your partner may also leave the house or room to talk on their cell phone.

o Your partner hides their cell phone bill from you or is very protective of the bill when it arrives in the mail.

o Your cheating boyfriend or girlfriend has secretly purchased a new cell phone.

o Your partner receives suspicious voicemail messages.

o You discover unfamiliar numbers stored or dialed on your partner’s cell phone.

o Your partner has recently started using phone cards.

o Your partner seems to never answer their cell or home phone in a timely manner when you try to reach them by phone during the day. If they do answer, they seem to be very evasive with you and not truthful about their current whereabouts. They may tell you that they have been having cell phone problems.

o You begin noticing your partner lying to you about insignificant things.

o Your partner has suddenly stopped complaining about things in their relationship with you that have bothered them in the past.

o You notice a new cologne/ perfume or sexy clothing in places like your partner’s vehicle.

o Your partner has a secret P. O. Box that they are hiding from you.

o You discover unfamiliar earrings or jewelry show up in your husband or wife’s vehicle or somewhere in your home.

o Your partner’s confidence level seems to have risen considerably for no apparent reason.

o Your partner has found reasons not to attend family or holiday gatherings.

o Your partner starts having their laundry handled independently.

o You notice new cologne or perfume scents on your partner’s clothing.

o Your partner seems to have started acting in a paranoid manner. This may include such behavior as your partner inquiring if you have been “snooping” on them.

Did you recognize some familiar behaviors or clues from the list? If your husband, wife, boyfriend or girlfriend is cheating on you it is not your fault. Maybe it’s time you let a professional private investigator find out what is really going on with your spouse or partner. You deserve to know the truth!

If you do not know a private investigator in your area who you can trust, contact us via our website at and we can refer you to a local professional who will treat you with dignity and respect, answer your questions, and help you obtain the proof you need to make an informed and intelligent decision.

Still not convinced? For THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT CLUE and 51 additional signs that your spouse may be cheating on you visit our “cheating spouse information clearinghouse” at

Myths and Facts About Tattoos

It’s bad luck to get a tattoo of someone’s name… Light colors hurt more… Tattoos bleed a lot… A tattoo needle is only one needle… Tattoos turn blue when they are old… Red ink fades quickly… Anyone who can draw can tattoo… Only sailors, bikers, circus people and tough people get tattoos… Tattoos cost a lot of money… Tattoos are forever…

Many of these urban legends were started a long time ago, when basically some truth did exist in them. Everything from the types of folks who would venture into a tattoo parlor, to the kinds of skin dyes used caused the myths to become popular in the first place.

Modern tattooing is much more about the art form, hygiene, and appealing to people from all walks of life, than about maintaining any outdated stereotypes and falsehoods. Let’s take a few of these myths about tattooing and turn them into factual statements instead.

Having someone’s name tattooed on your body, while not necessarily bad luck, is a personal choice. And while any relationship can fail, if you already believe that getting their name tattooed on you is a guarantee one way or the other about the outcome then you’re doing it for the wrong reasons anyway. Relationships fail for all kinds of reasons, getting someone’s name tattooed on you is not one of them.

Tattoos do hurt, and depending on your tolerance to pain, some will feel more pain, some less. The light colors are typically done last when the skin is most tender, so to most, these will be the most painful colors. As to other ink colors, tattoo ink innovations have come a tremendously long way. During the 50s and 60s, tattoo ink pigments were not as refined as they are today, so bright colors like red or blue would fade under the elements and normal wear. That is no longer the case however, and all tattoo colors resist fading if properly cared for when healing.

Tattoo needles are clustered together in soldered groups of odd numbers, 3, 5, 7, etc. While most tattoos bleed minimally during the outline, and up to as much as 10 minutes after the shading is done, by the time you leave the shop, the bleeding will have stopped. Your tattoo will be bandaged for hygienic reasons only.

With modern medical advances in dermatology and skin care, tattoos are no longer a forever commitment. Laser tattoo removal and fade creams can remove a tattoo leaving behind no trace.

Stereotypes for tattoos came about at a time when tattoo parlors were rare, unregulated, and often located in seedy areas. Many sailors obtained tattoos according to the myths and legends that said that tattoos and piercings were thought to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck to the wearer. The prevalence of motorcycle enthusiasts who enjoy tattoos is merely a cultural bias. Today, anyone can have a tattoo and no one would even know, and conversely simply because someone does have a tattoo, does not mean they are part of a seedy sub-culture. The prevalence of tattoos in society and among more publicly notable figures has also done a great deal to bring tattooing into its place as a mainstream form of art and personal expression.

If you believe that anyone who can draw can tattoo and that you need to be bargain hunting for your tattoo, chances are good that you are getting one for the wrong reasons and need to rethink your decision carefully. There are truly exceptional tattoo artists who have adopted a style that they are very skilled in doing, and there are tattoo artists who are just that, tattooists.

While most artists do have artistic backgrounds, there are some who simply love the art and wanted to make their living doing something they enjoyed. Tattoo artists are normal everyday people, just like you or me. They have lives and good and bad days just like the rest of us. Examine the work being done, or better still, find someone who has a tattoo that you admire and find out where they had it done before you put your own skin under the needle. And remember to choose an artist whose style matches the tattoo you would like to get.

Finally, bargain shopping for your tattoo will get you a bargain tattoo. If you are concerned with how much it will cost, it is likely not a good time for you to be thinking about a tattoo. While they are not all overly expensive, and good quality tattoos can be gotten for less than you would expect, it is still the kind of purchase that you need only make when your wallet is not an issue. It is mostly permanent, and it is your skin after all.

Can My Laptop Be Damaged By An Incompatible Laptop Charger?

Laptops have now become essential parts of our lives and have moved on from being luxury devices to an absolute necessity. Electronic appliances and computers only work well when all their peripherals are in the right condition. Laptop chargers are essential as well, because they recharge a laptop battery.

A laptop battery is designed to be recharged at a certain voltage and ampere. The life of the battery is maximized when a laptop user recharges the battery at the same voltage and ampere value. Any changes in this configuration are not going to help. On many occasions, people tend to use wrong chargers simply because they are in hurry to bring their laptop back to life after it is drained of all its power.

Incompatible laptop chargers can damage a laptop and its battery to a great extent. Read on to learn more on how this can happen:

1. Incompatible chargers may be of a lower voltage – A lower voltage laptop charger is likely to overheat when you use it. For example, if your laptop battery demands a 90 watt laptop power supply, and you connect a 70 watt charger, it is almost certainly going to cause overheating. As a result of overheating, you may even smell burning plastic from around your laptop and charger. This is an indication that you should immediately remove the incorrect charger from the DC socket.

2. Temporary usage can also be dangerous – Even the temporary use of an incorrect charger can have adverse effects on your laptop battery. Many people complain that their laptop batteries start draining out soon after they use an incompatible charger. The battery life can go down considerably if you use a lower voltage laptop charger. Always try to find the right model of the original laptop charger on the internet if your old one is no longer working. Try not to use makeshift arrangements for recharging your laptop battery.

3. An incorrect laptop charger can damage your motherboard – On many occasions, faulty laptop power supply has caused irreparable electrical damage to laptops. It usually happens when you rely on a duplicate or universal charger. Many people buy cheap and low quality chargers from the market once their original charger stops working due to some reason.

Most people try to save a few pounds while purchasing a non-branded model online or from a local computer shop. These laptop chargers are prone to overheating, voltage fluctuations, and scores of other vulnerabilities. It is important never to use these chargers with your laptop even if they claim to provide the right voltage. These duplicate chargers have little or no safety features, including power trip in the event of voltage fluctuations.

It may seem like a feasible option to use a universal charger for a while. However, you will only end up causing damage to your laptop in the long run. Always remember to buy new and original laptop chargers on the internet when you are in need of a replacement.

Using a Shop Vac to Unclog Your Kitchen Drain

Your kitchen drain is clogged, and you don’t have the money to call the plumber. You’ve tried using the plunger, but you’re not having any success. What are you going to do, no money to hire a plumber, and the plunger doesn’t seem to be working effectively?

If you own a shop vacuum that can be used to suck up water, you could save yourself a couple of dollars. The first thing you’re going to need to do, is to remove the filter from the shop vacuum. The filter is normally used when vacuuming dry materials like sawdust or dirt.

If you don’t remove the filter, there’s a good chance that you will ruin it, once it becomes wet. Make sure that you clean the shop vacuum out thoroughly and turned it on outside to make sure that it doesn’t blow any dirt or dust out the exhaust vent.

With all that done, it’s time to bring your shop vacuum into the kitchen and try to unclog your kitchen drain. I would imagine, since your kitchen drain is clogged up, that there is water in the sink. Simply place the shop vacuum hose end to the drain that is clogged and turn it on. Get as much of the dirty water out as possible and then refill the kitchen sink with clean water, enough to cover the clogged sink drain opening.

This time you will place the end of the vacuum hose into the sink drain, while using your hand to block off the rest of the kitchen sink drain opening. This will allow you to cover as much of the opening as possible. Now you will need to turn the vacuum cleaner on, while blocking the opening to the sink drain off, to the best of your ability.

This might not work the first time, so continue to add water, and repeat the process. If this doesn’t work, and you have a double kitchen sink bowl, you might need to cover the other drain opening and try this again.

The purpose and objective here is to try to reverse the clogged object that is located with in the kitchen sink trap or pipes that take the kitchen waste to the sewer.

If you do this more than four times and it doesn’t work, you tried, now it’s time to call the plumber. However, if it works, you saved yourself a couple dollars. Don’t forget that you can use this method for unclogging drains on bathroom sinks, toilets and even bathtubs.

The Consequences of Breaking the Rules in Federal Prison Camp

Inside of Federal Prison Camp (a minimum security federal prison) when an inmate breaks the prison rules, there can be a number of ramifications depending on the severity of the rules that were broken. One thing that can happen is that they get a “shot”, which means a written warning or reprimand. The shot clearly relates the inmate’s infraction and it goes into the inmate’s Federal Prison Camp inmate file. The disciplinary action that follows a shot varies depending on the severity of the offense. One might find that they have been moved to a less desirable job, been stripped of their lower bunk bed rights (a real privilege in prison as it affords some privacy), lost their visitation rights, lost their commissary days and even lost their privilege to receive mail. In the most serious of cases, an inmate can lose his Federal Prison Camp status and he can be sent to a low or medium security federal prison, where life is much more difficult than in a Camp.

In more severe cases of inmates breaking the prison rules, they may be placed in the Special Housing Unit or The Hole. The hole is a separate building where inmates are confined to small one or two man cells for 23 hours a day. One hour a day is permitted for outdoor recreation, which consists of pacing in a large enclosed cage. Fighting, possession of serious contraband , threatening another inmate or staff member or trying to escape are all good ways to get yourself sent to the hole in a Minimum Security Federal Prison Camp. Unfortunately, the BOP can place you in the hole for “investigation” too. This means that if any officer has any suspicion, well founded or completely imagined, you can find yourself moved to a tiny cell for an indefinite period. This move is sometimes enacted by officers with a grudge against a certain inmate.

Discipline in a prison camp is easier to enforce and follow because of the privileges and certain rights inmates do receive.

Because the inmates in a Federal Prison Camp are relatively comfortable, the simple threat of removing these comforts means that most inmates obey the rules. Another reason that inmates in Minimum Security Federal Prisons tend to obey the rules is the fact that when one inmate breaks a rule, the whole camp is disciplined and punished for it. When two inmates fight, the entire Federal Prison Camp may lose their right to watch TV for a week. This kind of policy means that most inmates behave themselves.

Every federal prison camp in the nation is supposed to follow a written set of guidelines from the Bureau of prison (BOP). These general rules and regulations are written in detail and are posted in each Federal Prison Camp library for every inmate to see. Unfortunately, the rules as they are written and the rules as they are enforced can be two completely different things, a fact that any former inmate can attest to. When you file complaints against the BOP staff for example, you may quickly find yourself in the hole under investigation for some made up offense or even transferred to another prison for making imagined threats against staff.

The BOP material is organized with code numbers, titles, sections and sub-section. It takes a while to get familiarized with the information but worth the time to look through. It will let you know about a lot of information that you may not be aware of so look through it and make notes, but always keep in mind that the rules as they are written and the rules as they are enforced can differ enormously.

In order to benefit from the rules handed down by the BOP, is to follow what they tell you. It’s OK to ask questions about the subject you are addressing but only do it once to understand the administrations position on the subject and then follow what they say. Challenging a decision will only place you on a very real list of Federal Prison Camp inmate trouble makers.

Your Guide to the Archangels

An angel can be your best friend. Angels have been known respond to prayers that contain the phrase “Hey, somebody, anybody up there HELP!!!”

but they come quickest when addressed politely by their Christian names.

Like a friend, as opposed to a servant, an angel also doesn’t like to be bossed around. Angels are to be treated like guests who are invited into your heart…like most guests they tend to leave or ignore environments that are filled with aggression, anxiety anger and hostility. So before you call on an angel, it is important to meditate, and picture your own heart as a soft, tender and heavenly place … a place you’d want to visit if you were a astral being. So before you call on an angel to do you a favour, it is important to meditate and maybe light a candle that is attractive to that particularbeing.

So the first thing you must do, when you call upon an angel, is prepare your heart to receive its presence. Speak the angel’s name out loud. Talk to the angel like you would a treasured friend .. not like a withholding parent or an evil fairy that won’t grant your wish. Don’t demand immediate gratification and don’t be so rude as to interrupt if you start to hear a message. If you are silent, respectful, fervent and loving, an angel will always give you the answer you need to solve your problem.

You wouldn’t ask a plumber to fix your car, so it is important to know which archangel is best at fixing which kind of problem. Each angel has a job, and exist on astral planes that correspond to different light rays.

Make your request specific, and visualize what you would like if you can, but don’t be attached to the outcome. Angels are agents of the Lord and like God, they work in mysterious ways…

Here is a list of the Seven Archangels, their functions and corresponding light rays:

The ARCHANGEL MICHAEL is the ANGEL OF PROTECTION and corresponds to the colour blue. Practically, you can ask him and his legions for protection from any kind of physical danger, accidents and attacks of all kinds including traffic accidents, stalkers, robbers, as well as protection from astral attacks, witchcraft and the evil eye. Spiritually he can help restore your faith in God and free you from fear and self-doubt. He also protects soldiers and the leaders of governent.

The ARCHANGEL JOPHIEL is the ANGEL OF ILLUMINATION and corresponds to the colour yellow. This angel can help free you and loved ones from addictions, improve your memory, help you pass tests and retain information and knowledge. Spiritually he can help you connect with your higher self and show you the way when it comes to make difficult decisions. This is the angel who exposes secrets and lies and helps fight pollution on the planet.

The ARCHANGEL CHAMUEL is the ANGEL OF LOVE and corresponds to the colour pink. This is the angel of compassion, mercy, forgiveness and undersanding. This angel helps you repair damaged relationships and make new friends. Pray to this angel if you need to find a lost object or find a new job. Chameul’s pink ray can also help dissolve feelings of self-condemnation, guilt and low self esteem.

The ARCHANGEL GABRIEL is the ANGEL OF GUIDANCE and corresponds to the colour white. This angel can help you organize and streamline your life, as well as provide you with advice to your education and career. This is also the angel you pray to if you need a item for your home, such as a stove or a fridge. Spiritually, Gabriel helps you find your life purpose and replaces feelings of discouragement with joy and fulfillment.

The ARCHANGEL RAPHAEL is the ANGEL OF HEALING and corresponds to the colour green. Raphael is responsible for the healing of body, mind, soul and spirit and can help put your daily bread on the table. Pray to Rapheal when you are in need of clothing, food or shelter. Raphael can also help your doctor make the right decision and aspiring musicians make beautiful music. Spritually, this angel repairs broken spirits and helps you accept the truth.

The ARCHANGEL URIEL is the ANGEL OF PEACE and corresponds to the colours purple and gold. URIEL resolves all problems in personal, social and professional relationships and helps to create harmony in your life. He is the angel of nurses, doctors, counselors and teachers. He can help you to let go — of bitterness and resentments. He renews hope in hearts that have lost faith. He is also the angel who manifests divine justice in courtrooms.

The ARCHANGEL ZADKIEL is the ANGEL OF JOY and corresponds to the colour violet. This is the angel to pray to if you need work as an actor, writer or performer. He is also the angel of architectss and engineers. Zadkiel is the angel you pray to if the kids are fighting or if your computer won’t reboot. Zadkiel stands for freedom, happiness, justice mercy and freedom of the soul.

The authour owes a debt of gratitude towards Elizabeth Clare Prophet whose many books are the inspiration for this column.

Is LED Lighting Expensive?

Yes the initial Purchase of a LED lamp is far more expensive than the traditional incandescent light bulb we have grown accustomed to for the last 130 years. However purchasing LED lamps should not be regarded as another expense but as an investment, be it for your home or for commercial use, it most probably will be the fastest return on your investment, short of landing a number on a roulette table.

A High Quality LED lamp would set you back in excess of £20, but if I say to you, it will save you the £20 in energy costs within 12 months, would you be interested? And it will return you £20 per year every year for ten years or more, you will be more interested. That’s a return on investment of 1000%.

he latest generation LED lamps provide similar light output to regular 50w Halogen lamps, but burn less than 10% of the power. If you also consider the longevity of up to 50,000 hours, then the rest is simple math.”. For example: If you were to change ten of your regular 50W halogen spotlights with ten equivalent strength LED 9W GU10 lamps consuming 4.4W, you will save over £3000.

A halogen lamp will cost you £2.00. A GU10 LED will cost you £20. Each LED lamp lasts for 50,000 hours as oppose to a halogen which will only last for 2000 hours at best before it has to be replaced. So, over the 50,000 hours you will need 250 (25 x 10) halogens (costing £500 in total) or alliteratively 10 LED Lamps (costing £200). The initial buying price is one thing, the running cost is another. To run each halogen requires 50 Watts, and running a high quality LED Lamp only needs 4.4Watts. Taking into account today’s average domestic electricity price of around 13p/kWh. So over 50,000 hours the cost of running the halogens will be around £3,300 and the cost of running the LED will be £300. That is a saving of over 90%.

In total you will spend £3,800 (£500 + £3,300) buying and running your halogens. If you replace them with LED lamps you will spend only £500 (£200 + £300) in all saving over 85%. The best part its guaranteed, a quality LED lamp, (not the cheap versions) will come with a minimum guarantee of three years, that’s over 25,000 hours continuously on, so even if it fails after the 3 year guarantee period, you will have saved over £1500 pounds on your initial investment of £200.

The answer to the initial question “is LED Lighting expensive?” Then I would have to say no, it is most probably the best investment one can make, especially now that energy cost are on the rise and when saving monthly overheads is key to financial survival. Remember you will also be lowering your carbon foot-print. Less energy used is less carbon emissions.

How to Install Natural Stone Veneer

Natural stone veneer can be applied to retaining walls, indoor or outdoor fireplaces, wall facades, and pillars. Thin stone veneers are made from real stone so they resist warping, cracking, fading, and chipping. Additionally, if they do become chipped or cracked nobody will notice since, unlike fabricated fake stone veneers, the color and texture of the stone goes all the way through the stone. Stone veneer is also faster and easier to apply since it is lighter and easier to handle.

Natural thin stone veneers come in a wide variety of styles and colors to choose from. They are quarried in Arizona, Lannon, Fond Du Lac, Chilton, and Michigan. Thin stone veneer is the ideal stone application since it is superior in terms of being very durable and flexible in matching nearly every style, color, and design. Stone veneers are thinner and lighter than manufactured fake stone veneer and fiberglass stones.

The Basics

Stone veneer installation on any surface needs the same basic methods of application. First there needs to be a moisture barrier, a frame or structure for the mortar to grip, mortar, and then the stone of your choice. The moisture barrier and backbone frame are necessary components to ensure that your thin stone veneer will last a lifetime.

When installing stone Veneer to plywood, paneling, wall sheeting, wall board, or other non stone surface:

1. Cover the wall with a moisture barrier that is weather resistant and protects the underlying wood and the back of the stone veneer from moisture damage.

2. Apply a metal lath, mesh, or sheeting with galvanized nails or staples according to your local building code. This supplies rigid support for the mortar to stick to which provides a firm backbone for your stones to grip.

3. Apply your mortar, and on top of that apply your choice of stone veneer with mortar in between the “joints.”

4. After your mortar has hardened, simply use a stiff brush and some water to scrape away any mortar that has found its way onto the face of your stones.

Concrete Masonry Stucco

1. As long as the masonry contains no oils, surfactants, or other chemicals on its surface and is clean and dry then you can feel free to apply the stone veneers without any prep. Just make sure that the backside of the masonry will not be exposed to a water source such has those used for retaining walls, ponds, or garden beds.

2. If it does contain chemicals or oils simply etch the surface with muriatic acid and score with a stiff wire brush.

3. Apply your mortar and your stone as usual.

4. If your surface has been treated with paint or other chemicals, simply sand blast this surface away or follow directions above and apply a barrier material, metal lath, mesh, or sheeting and install stone as you would for a plywood wall.

Metal Buildings

1. Install paperbacked 3/8 inch expanded metal lath to metal cladding supports. Use metal cladding supports of at least 12 to 20 gage and using 1 ¼ inches -12 pancake head super tight screws. Make sure that the screws penetrate at least 3.8 inch beyond the inside of the metal surface and at least every 12 inches.

2. Apply a 1/2 inch to a 3/4 scratch coat of mortar and allow it to dry at least 48 hours.

3. Apply the mortar and install the stones.

4. After the mortar had been allowed to dry at least 24 hours simply clean any mortar stains form the face of the stones with a stiff brush and water.

Natural Thin Stone veneers

Natural stone veneers are durable and long lasting. In the long run, real stone is more economical since it requires nearly zero maintenance, should never need to be replaced under normal conditions, and resists cracking, fading, chipping, erosion, and weather conditions.

Thin stone is available in a wide variety of colors and styles because it is made from natural stone. Therefore you can choose from more colors and cuts than fabricated stone.

Halquist Stone, Wisconsin’s premier supplier of thin stone veneer, offers thin stone veneer that is cut from quarries in Arizona, Wisconsin, and Michigan.

Colors And Letters Of Electrical Wires

One of the key to proper electrical wiring installation is the use of correct letters and colors of electrical wires. These specifications of electrical wires need to be followed accurately in order for the electrical appliance, unit or system to function safely and efficiently.

The different colors of electrical cables will tell the purpose of the wires. Those in black are at all times utilized as hot wires. They are frequently used for switch legs and may be fed to an outlet or switch. These wiring must never be used in ground or neutral connections.

Red wires are used like black ones. They are utilized as hot wires or switch legs such as that in ceiling fans. Electrical installations of circuits that run on 220 volt power, reds serve as second hot-wires. Wires in red color are also applied as the wire that interconnects hardwired detectors for smoke.

Other colors utilized as hot wires are yellow and blue colored. They are frequently heaved in conduits. Switches with 3 or 4 way applications which are commonly installed for travelers are used with blue wires. Fans and light switches also have switch legs in blue wiring. Generally, yellow colored wirings are used as switch legs for controlling units such as fans, light and other outlets that require switches.

Bare or exposed copper cables as well as green wires are basically utilized for grounding installations. Such will be connected to grounding units and devices or linked to a junction box and appliances intended for safety reasons.

In some instances, wiring colors are also applied in electrical wiring installation that does not adhere to the general rules of wiring. A white for example, that is inside a cable with 2 conductors is utilized as succeeding hot wire in an outlet or appliance running on 240 volts. Whites may also be used as switch leg in a 3-way switch or lighting fixture. It is important to properly mark it to indicate that it is used for such application other than being a neutral wire. The end of the wire may be simply attached with red or black electrical tape.

Aside from the colors, they also have letter specifications that will indicate the wire’s traits and purposes. A wire labeled THWN is fire and heat resistant. The insulation can very well be utilized in either damp or dry settings but not in wet areas. THHN are frequently used in installations of conduits found in residential and commercial areas. They have a nylon insulation that makes the wires smaller and more flexible than wires with rigid plastic insulation. THW labeled wiring are also heat and fire resistant as well as moisture retardant. These wires can be used in wet, damp or dry applications. Underground feeds which are likely exposed to moisture are ideally used with this type of wires. XHHN wires are for service entrance applications.

The letter T means that that cable has thermoplastic insulation. H denotes that it can resist heat. HH is an indication that it can resist heat and may endure higher temperature ratings of up to 194 F. W denotes that it may be used in wet or damp locations but may also be suitable in dry applications. X means the wire is made with fire-proof synthetic polymer and N means nylon insulation covers the wire.

Learn the History Behind the Historical Harley Davidson Logo

To uncover the history of the Harley Davidson logo you need to know a bit about the company.

In Milwaukee, Wisconsin in 1901 at the age of 21, William S. Harley drew his first blueprint of an engine he wanted to put on a bicycle. William did not start working With his partner Arthur Davidson until two years later.

When William Harley and Arthur Davidson made the first Harley Davidson motorcycle it was the year 1904. This motorcycle was built in a 10 x 15 foot shed with the words Harley Davidson Motor Company hand written on the door.

It was 1904 when Arthur Davidson’s Aunt Jane Davidson painted “Harley Davidson Motor Company” on the door with a red stripe.

The famous Bar and shield logo in orange and black was registered with the patent office in the year 1910. There is no record of who designed it or why the bar and shield.

Before the next logo was made a few interesting things happened. During World War 1 almost 20,000 Harley motorcycles were used by the United States army. In 1920, a man named Leslie Parkhurst broke the speed record 23 times. After every win, the team would take a victory lap with their mascot. The mascot was a pig, which is where the name “hog” came from and the first Hog association was formed.

The art deco “eagle” design became the next Harley logo. It was painted on every Harley in 1933 to try and stimulate sales after the depression.

It was after 1930 when motorcycle riders were being thought of as outlaws, and using the skull and crossbones as their emblem. The company needed to change this image. Willie G. Davidson came up with the “skull and wings” logo.

For Harley’s 50th anniversary a V logo was made. This logo was put on the fender of every 1954 model bike.

Today dealers around the country are allowed to add to the logo with Harleys’ permission. As an example in Colorado dealers add mountains behind the original Harley logo.

You can find just about any item with the logo on it today. From sunglasses and cups to Harley bedding, the logo is everywhere.

The Harley Davidson logo is now a $41 million dollar industry.

The Hardness And Durability Of Quartz Floor Tiles

Quartz floor tiles are popular for their durability. Thus they are the most preferred ones in high traffic areas. They look stunning and eye-catchy. The glossy effect created by the light radiation makes the room fresh and neat. They are water and stain resistant. Kitchens and bathrooms use them extensively. The glittering effect gains popularity in hotels, showrooms and malls where people enjoy the standard and glittering ambience. They are easy to clean even on large floors. As these are easily maintained well with little effort, they are perfect for large and huge floors. The advantages of this tile are many. Following are benefits of this tile:

Appearance: they look elegant and suit all your creative ideas of decoration. Only this tile can create a comfortable environment. The surface seems like a glass floor.

Colours and Designs: they are available in all the colour shades imaginable. The famous ones are white, black and red. You will never find difficulty in matching your furniture with your floor.

Performance: they are very strong and durable. You can stay happy installing these tiles in your home and office, as they last for many years in the same state.

Resistance: they are resistant to water and are germ free. If any spills occur, they do not stain and are easy to clean. They never fade or discolour easily. You can keep the floor hygienic with this tile.

Money-Worth: You can buy them at a reasonable cost. But don’t try to compromise the quality considering its cost. You will not spend a lot even in the installation process.

Ease to keep up: the cleaning process is effortless and consumes very less time. Broom and wipe them with wet cloth on regular basis. Avoid bleaching agents or harsh liquids.

When selecting the quartz floor tiles, choose the colour that fits your home well. Match your furniture in the same or contrasting colour. Make use of the classifieds and find out the best local stores and buy them. Read a few articles or reviews and get a thorough knowledge on the latest products. There is nothing to worry about quartz tiles, but still you can go with the trusted and quality brands. Check the tile quality before you make the purchase by looking at a few samples.

Buy the best quality and enjoy the long-lasting effects of this tile which makes your home brighter and modern. You can expect great appreciation from friends and family for choosing the quartz floor tiles. Be proud and happy homeowners who have made the right investment. Using quartz on your floors and countertops increases the resale value of your dream home.

Degassing Your Homemade Wine

Degassing your wine is an important step in the wine making process, but one that is easily overlooked by many new winemakers. Let’s examine some reasons why degassing is critical to making great homemade wine.

The purpose of degassing is to remove the CO2 that is trapped in your wine. If your homemade wine is not properly degassed, you run the risk of having your wine fizzy or foamy when you finally open a bottle to enjoy.

So exactly how is degassing accomplished? You must agitate the wine vigorously enough to drive out any CO2 gas. Methods and recommendations vary, so we can examine a few here so you can see what’s right for your wine making process.

Every wine maker I know has a long-handled spoon for one reason or another. This works fine for degassing your wine, as long as you have extra strong arms and plenty of time on your hands! Minimum stirring times vary, but I’ve always found that if I double the recommended time I’m usually better off if I’m stirring manually.

There are some devices sold that can cut your labor drastically. These are usually mounted to some type of electric drill and used to stir the wine. I’ve used these myself and found they do some lots of time and effort.

I’ve heard of some homemade wine makers that have invented ingenious ways to degas their wines. It involves and wine-saver hand vacuum pump and a bung that you would normally use with an airlock on your secondary fermenter. You simply use the pump as you would if you were trying to preserve a half-full bottle of wine and watch the bubbles as they exit your wine. I love new inventions like this!

So when do you degas your homemade wine? A few days before you bottle your wine is the best time. I usually degas and then let the wine sit for a couple of days.

Please note: If you’re bulk aging your wine in glass carboys and let it sit for 6 months or more, degassing is much less of a problem for you. After aging that long, most of the CO2 will have exited your wines naturally. Degassing is more important with wine kits that are designed for rapidly getting your wine from fermentation to bottling.

Influence Strategy

Uses: Once the team knows who the key stakeholders are, the difficult task of figuring out a strategy to win their support begins. This simple planning tool can help the team assess the issues and concerns of each stakeholder who must be moved to a higher level of support for the project, and identify a strategy for doing so. Taking time to talk through the concerns important to each key stakeholder, and validating this with the individual involved, is time consuming but critical to the formulation of a strategy for influence. In this instance, an issue is something the stakeholder feels strongly about regardless of the change initiative (example: a Purchasing Manager will certainly have many issues around effective supplier management). likewise, each stakeholder will have one or more concerns regarding the change initiative itself (example: the same Purchasing Manager may be concerned that the change initiative not derail his own initiative that involves training employees in the new supplier management process).

Once key stakeholders are known and their political attitudes have been discussed (and verified), the job turns to one of building an effective strategy for influencing them to strengthen, or at a minimum, maintain their level of support. The team’s task is to determine what their issues and concerns are, who can best influence each individual, and how they are best influenced (one-on-one, informally, demonstrations like site visits, etc.).

How To Steps:

1. List the key stakeholders that need to be influenced. Remember that even if someone is already moderately or strongly supportive, they will have issues and concerns that need to be addressed by the team.

2. Discuss each stakeholders issues and concerns and agree on a method for validating these perceptions.

3. Identify “wins” for each stakeholder

(example: continue to play a key role in organizational decision making, etc…)

4. When the team has validated their understanding of the stakeholders issues and concerns, it is time to proceed with developing an influence strategy. At this point, it is often useful to consider a number of aspects of the influence process which may not have been addressed before:

A. What is this person’s “style”?

(Example: are they a statistical person who will be most likely to be swayed by data?)

B. What history needs to be taken into account as we talk about this individual? or, Does she/he have an issue with any of the team members that might make it difficult to support the initiative?)

C. Is there a part of the change initiative that, if we could give it to this person, would generate their support?

5. Be sure that assignments are made that will ensure that the influence strategy will be implemented appropriately and in a timely fashion.

6. OPTION: Some teams combine this discussion with the formulation of their communication campaign for change.

Timing: Anytime the team is discussing a key stakeholder whose support must be one.


– This tool is very straightforward and easy to understand.

– The only trap some teams fall into is around the strategy itself.

– Careful thought needs to be given to who will have most impact on this individual, what is the nature of the message that needs to be delivered, and how and when should the influence process begin.

Explaining Different Types And Uses Of Excavators

Excavators are construction vehicles used in various construction activities like road construction for digging and the moving material on the site. They are also commonly referred to as backhoes or diggers, called so because they use wire rope or a hydraulic system to dig holes and trenches. An excavator has a long boom arm that is mounted on a pivot and connected at an elbow to a stick that holds the bucket.

The bucket is an attachment and can be removed and replaced by a different accessory depending on the specification of the work being done. The excavator can be used for different operations at the construction site. The cab of an excavator can rotate a full 360 degrees. For this reason, another common name for an excavator is the 360 degree digger.

An excavator can either be mounted on wheels or on tracks. These are used to facilitate for its mobility and are used in different environments. Track hoes are the type of excavators that are mounted on tracks. Excavators are not only used in construction industries but can also be used in the mining industry and also for lifting heavy loads. Other common uses of excavators include; river dredging, demolition, landscaping and also material handling.

Excavators come in different types and sizes depending on the different jobs they can be employed on. Small excavators are commonly called mini or compact excavators and often come equipped with a bulldozer blade at the front. The smallest type of mini excavators is capable of fitting through a doorway. In contrast, the largest type of excavators can weigh an amazing 180000 lbs.

Compact excavators can be found in 2 distinct types namely the tail swing and zero tail swing models. Conventionally, all compact excavators were tail swing models and had an attached rear counterweight to prevent them from tipping while digging. However the counterweight makes it difficult to maneuver the vehicle as it extends beyond the tracks. The zero tail swing excavators on the other hand have a counter weight that doesn’t extend over the rails and hence make it easier for the operator to maneuver.

Excavators are mainly defined or specified by their arm force, dump height power rating and their dig depth. Originally, all excavators came with the bucket as the only attachment. However, current exactors have a variety of attachments such as grapples, breakers and augers. The buckets also come in different types e.g. tilt general purpose and sorting buckets.

The operator can control the side to side angle of tilt buckets while sorting buckets are used to separate large materials from the smaller ones. The quick attach mounting system makes it easier for attachment switching at the site.