Communication Barriers and Their Solutions

Our first step in rectifying this process is identifying individual and group barriers we face in a classroom setting and online environment. “Successfully identifying barriers, however, is only one part of a larger process of resolving them” (Sostrin, 2011).

Identifying the barriers may present to be a difficult task. College instructors are responsible for such a wide range of tasks, it can be challenging to find the time necessary to comprehensively analyze such a large undertaking. In order to identify a potential communication barrier the instructor must first assess the academic level of the student and determine whether the student is an auditory, visual, or kinesthetic learner. For example: If the student is able to better process information by visual stimulation – the best way to communicate with the student may be via email. Or if the student is a auditory learner – the best way to communicate may be through phone or face-to-face conversation. Achieving an in-depth understanding of how the student, or group of students, best communicates will prove to be of value throughout the entire duration of the course.

Teaching in an online environment is very different from teaching in a traditional classroom. The traditional classroom teacher has the benefit of assessing the student’s body language, verbal skills, and social interaction with other students. As an online teacher, you must search and ask for this information, that can otherwise be informally observed. An online instructor can post an announcement or optional questionnaire for their students to complete. The questions on the announcement can be geared to finding out how the student best learns and which ways they feel comfortable communicating with faculty.

Once the information is received from the students it is the responsibility of the instructor to review and apply findings to development of communication techniques. Before beginning a conversation or interaction with the student, especially regarding course content or assignment arrangements, ask the student their preferred method of communication. This will help reduce the amount of misunderstanding or miscommunications in the future. Another way to break down barriers between faculty and students is to ensure the faculty members post instructions to the student for communication. If the professor prefers to be contacted via email or phone – it is suggested you inform the students of this prior to the start of class. Everyone has ways they prefer to be contacted, two-way respect of these wishes between faculty and students, is the key to building strong professional relationships. These are just a few tips to help faculty in reducing miscommunications with students.

References: Sostrin, J. (2011). Transforming Barriers to Learning and Performance. OD Practitioner, 43(2), 14-21. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

How to Become a Plasterer in the UK

Plastering is considered one of the oldest trades in the building profession. Plastering is, in a nutshell, putting plaster on walls and ceilings, using materials that form both a sound- and fire-proof service. Plastering also consists of using plaster veneer over drywall to make a textured finish, and installing prefabricated insulation systems and cast ornaments. There are several types of plastering; notable types include dry lining, wherein a lining is applied to an interior wall that does not need to be plastered; and fibrous, wherein the material used will be fibrous, composed of plaster laid upon the back of canvas that have been stretched on work. A good plasterer will know the difference in types, and when the most suitable time is to use them.

Plastering is, in some ways, a job that holds great responsibility. Although the tasks may seem minor to some people, a plasterer’s work can be the difference between a strong, steady wall and a wall with plenty of cracks and holes in it. Obviously, this can lead to weaker foundations for a home and, consequently, major structural risk and damage. This explains why plasterers are in high demand, and why they are often the recipients of high praise once a job is completed.

Training to be a Plasterer

To take the first step on the ladder to becoming a plasterer, you will require training, in the form of an apprenticeship scheme. Funding for apprenticeships is available for 16-24 year olds, mainly, although it is also available for some over 25’s, depending on their circumstances. In order to be eligible for an apprenticeship, you will need some GCSE grades in such subjects as Mathematics, English Literature and Design Technology. Equivalent qualifications such as the Edexcel Introductory Certificate or a Diploma in Construction would also be accepted.

During your training, you will be aiming to achieve a number of qualifications.

These include: the City & Guilds Basic Skills in Construction Certificate; the Intermediate/Advanced Award; and the Entry Level Certificate in Preparation for Employment. From there, you should look to gain some work experience, which will provide you with on-the-job training. However, to establish a successful career, it is recommended at this point that you try to earn an NVQ in Plastering. These are available at a number of training centres around the UK.

NVQ Assessment

NVQ’s are work based assessments, meaning that you have to be working in order for an assessor to visit you. Despite the difficulties you may face in finding work, the City & Guilds Certificate that you earned during your training should help you to find employment eventually. You can then explain to your employer that you want to be assessed for an NVQ.

You will firstly have an interview with your assessor, during which an action plan will be arranged. NVQ’s are achieved through on-the-job assessment, during which an assessor will arrange to visit you at your workplace, and will observe and question you regarding your job.

Your assessor will sign off individual units when candidates are ready, testing your knowledge, understanding and work performance as you demonstrate your competence in the workplace. You will receive advice on their observations as well as any other guidance.

The assessor will then tell you if you have passed the assessment as competent for each unit. Once you have passed each unit, you will have earned the whole NVQ. There is also an equivalent qualification available in Scotland, known as the SVQ. The structure for the SVQ course is very similar to that of the NVQ.

Other Requirements Needed to Become a Plasterer

What Employers Are Looking For

There are a number of qualities that employers expect a plasterer to have. More than anything, a plasterer must have adequate practical skills when it comes to working with tools. He/she should also have the ability to work quickly, accurately and as part of a team.

In addition, a plasterer needs to possess numerical skills, in order to calculate surface areas and volumes of material. They should have the creative ability for fibrous plastering and other decorative work. A plasterer needs to be relatively fit, and should be more than aware of any potential health and safety issues.

How Much Money Will I Make as a Plasterer in the UK?

The starting salary for a plasterer will be between £16,000 and £20,000 per annum, depending on whom you work for and where the business is based. As you gain experience, over time that figure should rise to at least £28,000 a year, if not more. However, if you are a self-employed plasterer, then your salary will be determined by how often you work. The more you work, the more money you can make. Keep in mind, though, that for self-employed plasterers, different jobs will pay different amounts of money. There will also be times for self-employed plasterers when the jobs are few and far between. So, for self-employed plasterers, a salary will not be determined annually, but on a job-by-job basis.

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Plasterer in the UK

As with many jobs, there are positives and negatives to being a plasterer. The key pros and cons of this line of work are listed below.


• No formal qualifications required (all awards are earned through training)

• Customers are genuinely thankful for your work

• Self-employed plasterers can manage their own work schedule

• Plenty of opportunities to work overtime, resulting in higher pay


• Can be difficult to arrange work experience after an apprenticeship

• A lot of patience is required to complete certain tasks

• Major problems at home for customers if work isn’t completed correctly

• Self-employed plasterers could go a long time without any work

Helpful Contact Information

The job of a plasterer is not for everyone, due to the different tasks involved and the generally physical nature of the position. That said, if you believe this would be the right career path to follow, there are several contacts that you should be aware of. These can educate you on how to arrange apprenticeships, advice on the NVQ, or simply further information on the life of a plasterer.

For details on the different roles, skills required and necessary qualifications of a plasterer, visit:

For further information on becoming a plasterer, which includes information on apprenticeships and the NVQ qualification, visit:

For advice on plastering courses from a Government-approved training centre, contact:

NE Plastering & Construction Training

Unit 1 Shaftesbury Avenue

South Shields

Tyne and Wear

NE34 9PH

How to Remove Safe Soft – Soft Safeness Removal the Quick and Easy Way

Safe Soft, or Soft Safeness, looks just like other scamware programs SafetyKeeper and Winifighter. Safe Soft will sneak it’s way onto your computer through a tricky trojan virus or questionable website. It will try to scare you into purchasing a ‘full version’ once it displays security threats after a fake scan. Don’t give this software your credit card information! It can result in identity theft. For now we need to avoid your files becoming corrupt and your system slowing to a crawl. Let’s get rid of this virus right now!

How Do I Know I’m Infected?

Safe Soft or Soft Safeness wants to spook you into providing a credit card for removal of made-up infections. So look out for a barrage of warning pop-ups, warning messages at your taskbar, system freezes and crashes, browser hijacks and strange new desktop wallpaper and/or icons. The first giveaway should be the slow, stuttering system performance. Given enough time, this virus will corrupt your files and put you at risk of identity theft by hackers who can access your system.

How Do I Remove Safe Soft?

Removal can be done manually or automatically. Manual removal is far more difficult, takes more time, and a single error can render your entire attempt a failure. A mistake can render your computer unbootable, ending in sky-high computer technician fees to get running again. Having said that, if you’d like to try, you will need to investigate your system’s registry folder, namely the LOCAL_HKEY_USER folder, and delete or adjust all DLL and LNK files with safesoft or softsafeness in the filename. You will also want to block all associated websites with a firewall, delete all related system files, and stop all related processes.

Automatic Removal is Quicker, Easier, and it Just Works.

For several reasons, I default to automatic removal tools. I don’t have the time to manually remove every virus I come across on a friend or colleague’s computer. I recommend three removal tools in particular. All three are strong and trusted, and all three protect the user’s system in the future when the next virus tidalwave hits. Automatic removal is the way to go for beginners all the way to experts, as it saves money, time, and protects in the future.

How to Acid Stain Gypcrete Or Any Gypsum Based Underlayments

These days coloring the concrete surfaces both old and new using acid stains (also called reactive stain or chemical stain) is very popular because of its unique looks and cost effectiveness. Acid staining is a process in which an aqueous solution of metallic oxides and inorganic acid is sprayed over an existing concrete surface. The acidic solution of metallic oxide reacts with lime (Calcium Hydroxide) present in the concrete yielding insoluble, colored compounds that become a permanent part of the concrete. Therefore, one of the basic conditions where coloring concrete using acid stains is going to work is the presence of lime in the concrete. Quiet often people who have just bought a home or condo, remove the carpeting or vinyl tile, and find something underneath which they believe is concrete. When they spray the acid stain or reactive stain and wait to get disappointed because they do not see any change in the color on their concrete surface. This is because the substrate that looks like concrete is in fact gypsum based ‘Gypcrete’. Builders often use this on upper floors to level out areas of sub flooring and provide a good base for other types of floor coverings. Unfortunately, staining Gypcrete does not produce any desirable results since it does not contain any lime; moreover it is too soft and easily abraded. Therefore ‘Gypcrete’ cannot be used as a wear layer.

Since Gypcrete surfaces cannot be used as a wear layer and acid stains do not work on them, it is usual practice to apply a 1/16inch polymer modified concrete resurfacing material (also called micro-topping or skim coat). Please find below the steps involved in resurfacing Gypcrete and acid staining with a micro-topping or skim coat –

a. Sweep the Gypcrete surface and dry vacuum the surface thoroughly. Rake out the joints where drywall meets the floor. Clean the adjoining areas even those not being resurfaced with a micro-topping.

b. Install masking paper (plastic) at least 48″ high on the surrounding walls. Spray a light mist of water just to damp the surface (DO NOT FLOOD!)

c. Using a brand new rayon mop, apply the first coat of acrylic primer (Cp1000) after diluting it with water @ 1:1 ratio. After waiting for at least 60 minutes, apply second coat of diluted acrylic primer and let it cure overnight (or 10 hours at least) before proceeding to the next step.

d. Apply another coat of acrylic primer, this time non-diluted and let it dry for 30-60 minutes. The third coat of primer can be applied using garden sprayer (i.e., available in Home Depot or Lowes).

e. Apply a thin coat (1/16″) coat of micro-topping or polymer modified overlay using magic trowel. Please follow the link for specific instruction on application of polymer modified micro-topping, Sgraffino. Allow the micro-topping to cure for at least 24 hours. In damp and cold conditions (basements), wait for at least 48 hours before proceeding to the next step.

f. Apply acid stain on the completely dried micro-topping. Please follow the link for specific instruction on application of an acid stain, Patinaetch. Allow the acid stained surface to dry for at least 24 hours before proceeding to the next step.

g. The micro-topping needs to be protected with a good quality sealer. Apply one coat of water based epoxy sealer, Perdüre E32 followed be another coat of water based polyurethane, Perdüre U46. Allow at least 6 hours between the application of epoxy primer and polyurethane topcoat. The sealed surface will be ready for use after 24hours. Of course, it takes at least 3 days for full cure.

Infinity Edge Swimming Pools and Their Cost

 Infinity pools are also known as vanishing edge or negative edge pools. They have one or more sides where the pool edge terminates in a weir that is 15 to 25 mm lower than the median pool water level. The water cascades over the weir into a collection trough that runs along beneath the whole length of the weir. The effect when viewed by a bather in the pool is very dramatic when the edge appears to merge with sea in the background or even the sky if the pool is located high up on a hillside. 

A properly designed infinity edge pool has two circulation systems. The infinity edge system is only designed to run when the pool is being used and consists of a circulation system that takes water from the collection trough, filters it and returns it to the main pool. The other system works in exactly the same way as a conventional pool, filtration and heating circulation system except that the ugly conventional skimmers are not required and the water circulates back through the pump via the drain in the pool floor. 

The additional cost of an infinity edge pool arises mainly from the provision of:- 

  • The collection trough that acts as a buffer tank
  • The water-proofing of the weir and the collection trough
  • The large capacity infinity edge circulation pump and filter
  •  The electronic autofill sensor in the collection trough

The automatic level sensor / filling device is needed to ensure there is enough water in the system to prime the edge pump and to compensate for any waves sent over the weir by bathers and rainwater. For a 12 x 6 metre pool with one infinity edge the additional cost should be in the 8 to 10,000 Euros range excluding any taxes. The trough and autofill, edge filtration system and the additional water proofing costs will each amount to about one third of this or about 3,000 Euros each. The water-proofing may seem to be costly but a conventional factory made PVC liner is not suitable for an infinity edge pool and needs to be replaced by a PVC “liner armee” system that involves cutting and welding the PVC liner on site. 

There is a very interesting alternative to infinity edge pools that is beginning to be sold into the French pool market where Bluepools operates. These are called mirror pools and they are an exciting option when the views from a garden are less than spectacular. In a mirror pool the infinity edge is taken around the entire perimeter of the swimming pool and the weir is drained by a perimeter trough that is much smaller than the collection trough of an infinity pool. The perimeter trough is drained by a network of gravity fed downpipes that take the water to a central collection tank that provides the buffer water storage normally provided by the collection trough in a conventional infinity pool. The cost of a mirror pool will be a little more than the cost of an infinity pool of the same size with the infinity edge along one long side. 

The additional operating costs of either an infinity or mirror pool will not be that high because the big pump needed to run the infinity edge system will only operate when the pool is in use. The extra costs will be incurred from:- 

  • The power the pump uses
  •  The cost of the water that is lost due to evaporation from the flow over the weir
  •  The cost of replacing the heat loss caused by evaporation
  • The heat required for the water replacing the evaporated water 

The total additional operating cost is difficult to assess accurately because it does depend on so many variables but it will certainly be less than the cost of heating a conventional pool of the same size using a heat pump. 

The development of infinity pools has coincided with the increase in a new trend towards designer pools that are now often seen at exclusive properties and on magazine covers. Many people have property in an ideal location for the installation of an infinity edge pool even more have gardens that would benefit from a mirror pool and I hope this article encourages the development of both. 

Copyright Bluepools SARL

Fat Loss: Tips For Faster Fat Loss In Body Building Workouts And Training

Most people are concerned that lean muscle would also be lost when fat burning techniques are practiced. There is some amount of truth in this, with a moderate risk of losing lean muscles during fat loss process. However, the following tips would be useful in preserving maximum amount of lean muscles, even while shedding excess fat.

  • You should consume the necessary quantity of protein every 3-4 hours. It is also important to take some amount of protein before going to bed but carbohydrate food items should be avoided.
  • Supplementing your food intake with L-Glutamine helps you in becoming lean without losing the lean muscles.
  • Though carbohydrates are to be avoided, good fats like Omega 3, flax seed oil, CLA, etc. should be part of the diet.
  • You should cycle the calories on a regular basis for faster progress. For example: potatoes one day and brown rice the next.
  • You should not make the diet quite complex. The crucial key is lean protein but processed sugar and carb diets must be avoided at all costs in fat burning programs. The ideal food items for quicker fat loss are fish, turkey breast, skinless chicken, egg whites, whey protein powders, etc.
  • You should always drink lot of water during the process. It might look simple but it is one of the most effective fat burning methods available. It is better to avoid juices and soft drinks and stick to plain H2O.
  • Eating habits should also be changed. Consuming large meals every 5 or 6 hours must be replaced with small but frequent meals about every 3 hours throughout the day.
  • Low fat diets, low calorie foods, and low carb eating plans had been advocated as best solutions for losing weight but research data reveal that these programs had failed miserably. People had been becoming more obese in the last few decades despite consuming such food items. The reason for this is that these programs lead to significant loss of energy that human body requires and hence, most people are unable to follow them for long. The moment they stop these programs and go back to old ways of eating, they tend to gain more fat.

Hence, fat loss is achievable only by changing the pattern of eating. It is not the amount of calories that you eat every day but the amount of calories that you burn decide the actual level of fat loss over a period and maintain that.

Ergonomic Office Equipment

With the fear of lawsuits related to workplace injuries today, employers would be wise to consider investing in ergonomic office equipment. However, there are many other benefits, both to the employer and the employee, of using ergonomic office equipment. Until recently, it was not considered dangerous to one’s health to work in an office setting. Offices seem relatively harmless compared to warehouses and factories where injuries are easily foreseeable. However, there are possible injuries that can happen in offices as well. Office related injuries are usually long term wear and tear problems. These types of issues can cause employees to use more of their health insurance and employer provided assistance programs as well as to miss more work and be less productive when they are working.

Some common injuries and health problems that happen to office employees are overuse injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome and tendonitis as well as eye problems. Those who type on computers at their offices, are at risk of developing problems in their wrists, shoulders, backs and other parts of their bodies from sitting in chairs and using keyboards all day long. There are ways to lessen this impact, such as encouraging stretching, but, it is often worth it to invest in ergonomic equipment as a long term solution.

Some examples of ergonomic office equipment include special desks, chairs, keyboards and computer mice. Ergonomic desks often include slide out drawers for computer keyboards, and these drawers are typically adjustable so they can fit the appropriate height and can tilt and incline as needed. These can be a huge help in lessening carpal tunnel syndrome. In addition, special computer mice are available that are easier on the hands and wrists of those using them. It is also important to look up information on how to appropriately adjust the arm of the desk chair to appropriately match the keyboard and the mouse position in order to minimize the likelihood of carpal tunnel syndrome developing. As for problems in the shoulder and back and tendonitis in other parts of the body, ergonomic desk chairs can do a lot to help.

Ergonomic office equipment is typically a little more expensive than traditional equipment. It is usually worth investing in these purchases rather than saving money initially on uncomfortable equipment only to have unhappy, unhealthy and unproductive employees. If bought in bulk, employers can often find discounts on ergonomic office equipment. Sometimes, programs are available to help or to reward employers who invest in ergonomic equipment for the good of their employees.

If you are self employed or are responsible for your own office equipment, it is worth it for you to invest in ergonomic equipment that will be good for your health long term. Aside from the cost of replacing equipment later on down the road, this will be a one-time expense that will definitely pay off. You can also write off this equipment on your taxes, and you may be able to get discounts on your health insurance if you can prove that you are using equipment that will likely reduce visits to the doctor and health problems later on down the road.

Ergonomic office equipment is usually available at the same place where normal office equipment is found. As the market has changed to favor ergonomic equipment, and customers have become familiar with the risks associated with using office equipment, almost all equipment now is made to cater to be ergonomic on some level. However, some retailers and companies specialize in only ergonomic equipment and will offer more selections.

Deciding Between an Offset Patio Umbrella and a Cantilever Umbrella

Are you having as much difficulty as I am figuring out the difference between an offset patio umbrella and a cantilever patio umbrella? I finally decided to tackle this issue once and for all. After much research I have come to the conclusion that there really isn’t much difference other than some mere technicalities.

An offset umbrella has typically aluminum or wood support pole extending up from the support stand and then at the top bends and angles abruptly out over the shaded area and a canopy is attached to the end of the pole. A cantilever similarly has an aluminum or wood support pole extending up from the support stand but then will typically have another piece of aluminum or wood affixed to the main support pole that extends out over the shaded area and an umbrella is then suspended from this second piece of aluminum or wood.

Is there any added benefit of having an offset patio umbrella over a cantilever? The only added benefit that I could find would be the easy ability of the lowering the height from the ground to the umbrella with the cantilever umbrella. Typically by raising the lever pole you can raise and lower the umbrella quite easily. The offset umbrella on the other hand would require a two piece support pole that fit inside of each other with a pin apparatus with holes drilled through the poles allowing for raising and lowering of the entire pole and then placement of a pin to secure the poles in position. (This is very similar to the standard market umbrellas)

Both the offset and the cantilever umbrellas will usually allow for tilting to track the movements of the sun in the sky. This will maximize the shade potential of the umbrellas when the sun is low in the sky during sunrise and sunset.

The stand or base support structure is essentially identical for the offset umbrella as it is for the cantilever umbrella. They base units are typically weighted down to prevent the umbrella from toppling in high winds. Both offset umbrellas and cantilever umbrellas have an increased risk of toppling in high winds compared to the standard market umbrella with its center support pole.

Optional accessories for the cantilever umbrella are the same as for the offset umbrella. Most manufacturers include optional LED and fiber optic add-on lighting kits and add-on speakers for digital music players.

Total cost for the offset umbrella and cantilever umbrella appear to be almost identical. The majority of the cost is determined by the material of the support pole, base, fabric, etc. Availability for both types of umbrellas is the same. They can be purchased at most major hardware stores and outdoor furniture stores. The majority of online retailers carry both types of umbrellas.

I hope you have enjoyed this article finally putting to rest the difference between offset patio umbrellas and cantilever umbrellas. Stay tuned for more upcoming articles expounding on additional features and benefits of patio umbrellas.

Top List of Car and Van Hire Jargon Busting Terms

A Additional Driver

Where one or more drivers are added to the rental, the second and subsequent driver is referred to as the additional driver. There may be an extra charge for each or all additional drivers.

Airport Surcharge At certain airport locations, an extrta charge may be quoted at the time of reservation.

B Barn Doors The twin rear doors common on most vans – each one opens to the side to the side, just like traditional barn doors. Great for getting tall objects into the rear of the van.

Box Van A van with a square, box shaped body – giving the appearance of having been mounted on top of the van’s chassis, rather than being an original part of the van. These types of vans are also referred to as Luton vans.

C CDW Collision Damage Waiver. Covers the cost of repair if the vehicle is damaged during the rental. Quoted for at the time of reservation as an option.This is also known as Vehicle Damage Cover.

Check-out/Pick-up The time and location at which the rental starts Check-in/Return The time and location at which the rental ends.

Crew Cab A van or pickup with a crew cab has two rows of seats. The front row, (including the driver’s seat and 1 or 2 passenger seats) and a second row, allowing a further two or three passengers to travel in the cab.

I IRF Incident Report Form. Filled in with rental office staff if there’s new damage to the vehicle or any penalties (eg speeding) notified against the vehicle upon it’s return.

L Load Space The cargo carrying area of a van Long Wheel Base (LWB) The wheelbase is the distance between the front and rear wheels – the longer it is, the more you can fit in. LWB vans therefore have a much larger carrying capacity.

Luton A Luton van is a 3.5t van with a box body that extends over the cab. These have a bigger, more flexible load space than a panel van (see below) and are ideal for furniture and household moves.

M Maximum Laden Weight (MLW) The maximum laden weight is the legal maximum total weight (vehicle plus cargo) allowed. Medium Wheel Base (MWB) Medium Wheel Base – halfway between SWB (short wheel base) and LWB (long wheel base) in length.

O One-Way Renting a vehicle at one location and to returning it another is referred to as a one-way rental. P Panel Van A standard van, with a paneled body that is similar to a car body. (eg Ford Transit) Payload The maximum load weight a van can carry – e.g. a payload of 900kg Product The rate, and other rental conditions, which is applied to a reservation and rental.

R Refuelling Service A service offered at check-in allowing a customer to return a vehicle which does not have a full tank of fuel.

Renter The person, not necessarily the driver, responsible for payment on a Rental Agreement.

Rental Agreement (RA) The legally binding contract, signed by the Vehicle Co and the renter at the time of check-out, which shows the terms of the rental. Rental Day Normally, a 24-hour period which starts at the time of check-out, however can also apply to a rental period which is of several hours’ duration.

Rental Duration/Length The total number of rental days, however can also apply to a rental of several hours’ duration.

Rental Qualifications The conditions imposed by a rental location, or country, in order to satisfy their legal requirements. Details of these can be obtained from vehicle Co.

Roller Door A vertically sliding roller shutter door as an alternative to Barn Doors S SIPP Standard Interline Passenger Procedures. Vehicle category codes.

Short Wheel Base (SWB) The name given to shorter vans – usually not much longer than a medium-sized car. The wheel base is the distance between the front and rear wheels. A short wheel base van will be easier to park and manoeuvre in small spaces but will have a smaller load space.

Side Loading Door (SLD) Side Loading Door – a sliding side door on the near side of almost all panel vans. Useful for loading from a pavement, or when there is not room to open the rear doors. Can be very useful if access is required to the front of a load space without emptying the rear. Equally can speed up loading and unloading if several people are involved.

Single Cab A van or pickup with a single cab that has just one row of seats. (ie driver’s seat and one or two passenger seats.)

T Tail Lift A platform operated hydraulically, which enables unloading and loading of bulky or heavy cargo at the rear of the vehicle.

Tailgate At the rear of a pickup, dropside or tipper van or truck, the load area will be enclosed by a vertical panel. This is the tailgate. Most tailgates are hinged at the bottom to allow them to open outwards and provide flat access to the load area. On tippers, the tailgates are hinged at the top and can be unfastened at the bottom. This means that when tipping, the tailgate swings away from the load area, allowing the load to slide out underneath the tailgate, onto the ground.

Tipper A tipper is a van or truck with a load area that can be mechanically raised up at an angle to allow the load (usually sand, gravel, etc) to be “tipped” out onto the ground behind the vehicle, thus saving it being unloaded by hand.

Truck A term generally used to describe goods vehicles of 3.5t maximum laden weight upwards. Not usually used for vans.

U Unladen Weight The weight of a van (or any vehicle) without any passengers or luggage/load.

V Vehicle Theft Cover This insures you for the cost of replacing the vehicle – or parts of it – if it gets stolen (an excess applies here).

Wheel Base The distance between the front and rear wheels of a van. Used to indicate the size of the van – i.e. the longer it is, the larger its load space will be.

X Extra Long Wheel Base (XLWB) With a load space in excess of 4 metres in length, these panel vans were developed initially to take a full sized roll of carpet. They are now popular with people who appreciate the maximum load (3.5 tonnes) and the cavernous load space. Examples include the Mercedes Sprinter and the Ford Transit Jumbo.

How Can I Tell I Have Gallstones In My Liver?

During my research with thousands of patients suffering from almost every kind of illness, including terminal diseases, I found that each person had large numbers of gallstones in the liver and, in many cases, also in the gallbladder. When these people eliminated these stones through the liver flush and introduced simple health-forming habits and supportive measures, they recovered from diseases that defied both conventional and alternative methods of treatment.

What follows is a description of some of the more common signs indicating the presence of gallstones in the liver and gallbladder. If you have any of them, you will most likely derive great benefits from cleansing your liver and gallbladder. In my practice, I have found these indications to be highly accurate. In case you are not sure whether you have stones, it may be useful to cleanse the liver anyway; it can improve your health significantly, regardless. There is an old saying: “The proof of the pudding is in the eating.” The only way to discover for yourself whether you have gallstones is to do the liver flush. You will find that when you remove all the stones that may be present, the symptoms of disease will gradually disappear, and health will return to normal.

Signs and Marks

The Skin

The major function of the skin is to continuously adjust our internal body to the ever-changing external environment, which includes temperature, humidity, dryness, and light. In addition, skin covers the body to protect us against injury, microbes, and other harmful agents. Apart from having to deal with these external influences, the skin also monitors and adapts according to internal changes taking place within the body. Accordingly, the skin reflects the condition of the organs and body fluids, including the blood and lymph. Any long-term abnormal functioning of the body will inevitably show up in the skin as skin blemishes, discoloration, or changed condition, such as dryness, oiliness, wrinkles, lines, and so forth. Almost all skin disorders have their root in an imbalanced liver condition. Gallstones lead to circulatory disorders, which reduce the nutrient supply to, and waste removal from, the skin and prevent healthy development and normal turnover cycles of skin cells. The following marks are particularly indicative of gallstones in the liver and gallbladder:

Black spots and small or large brown patches that are the color of freckles or moles: They usually appear on the right or left side of the forehead, between the eyebrows or under the eyes. They may also show up just above the right shoulder or between the shoulder blades. Most prominent are the so-called liver spots on the back of the hands and forearms, often seen among middle-aged and elderly people. If gallstones, which are spontaneously excreted by the gallbladder, get caught in the colon, such spots may also appear in the area where the thumb and index finger meet. These liver spots usually start fading after the majority of stones are removed from the liver and gallbladder. Most people assume that the liver spots are due to sun damage and “normal” aging. This is a myth. Liver spots, as the name suggests, come from the liver. Sun exposure merely brings to the surface of the skin any existing acidic waste deposits.

Vertical wrinkles between the eyebrows:There may be one deep line or two, sometimes three, lines in this region. These lines or wrinkles, which are not a part of natural aging, indicate an accumulation of many gallstones in the liver. They show that the liver is enlarged and has hardened. The deeper and longer the wrinkles are, the more the deterioration of liver function has progressed. A line near the right eyebrow also indicates congestion in the spleen. Furthermore, the vertical lines represent a great deal of repressed frustration and anger. Anger arises when gallstones prevent proper bile flow. A bilious nature is one that keeps toxins trapped-toxins that the liver tries to eliminate via bile. Vice versa, anger can trigger gallstone formation. If white or yellow patches accompany the wrinkles, a cyst or tumor may be developing in the liver. Pimples or growth of hair between eyebrows, with or without wrinkles, indicate that the liver, gallbladder, and spleen are affected.

Horizontal wrinkles across the bridge of the nose: These are a sign of pancreatic disorders due to gallstones in the liver. If a line is deep and pronounced, there may be pancreatitisor diabetes.

Green or dark color of the temple area at the sides of the head: This shows that the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen are underactive because of deposits of gallstones in both the liver and gallbladder. This may be accompanied by a green or blue color on either side of the bridge of the nose, which indicates impaired spleen functions. A horizontal line across the bridge of the nose implies weakness of the pancreas.

Oily skin in the area of the forehead: This reflects poor liver performance due to gallstones. The same applies to excessive perspiration in this part of the head. A yellow color of the facial skin indicates disorders of the bile functions of the liver and gallbladder, and a weakness of the pancreas, kidneys, and excretory organs.

Hair loss in the central region of the head: This mark indicates that the liver, heart, small intestines, pancreas, and reproductive organs are becoming increasingly congested and aggravated. There is a tendency to develop cardiovascular disease, chronic digestive problems, and the formation of cysts and tumors. Early graying of hair shows that liver and gallbladder functions are underactive.

The Nose

Hardening and thickening at the tip of the nose: This indicates chronic liver weakness, resulting in hardening of the arteries and the accumulation of fat around the heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, and prostate glands. If the enlargement is excessive and blood vessels are visible, a heart attack or stroke may be imminent.

The nose is constantly red: This condition shows an abnormal condition of the heart, with a tendency toward high blood pressure(hypertension). A purple nose indicates low blood pressure. Both conditions are due to imbalanced liver, digestive, and kidney functions.

Cleft nose or indentation of the tip of the nose: This mark indicates irregular heartbeat and heart murmur. If one half of the cleft nose is larger than the other, this shows that one side of the heart is abnormally enlarged. Arrhythmia and panic attacks may accompany this condition. There may be severe lymphatic congestion caused by digestive disorders such as constipation, colitis, stomach ulcer, and so on. Liverfunctions are subdued because of large amounts of gallstones cutting off the blood supply to the liver cells. Bile secretions are insufficient. (Note: I have personally seen clefts in the nose disappear after liver flushing.)

The nose is bending toward the left: Unless caused by an accident, this asymmetric shape of the nose implies that the organs on the right side of the body are underactive. These include the liver, gallbladder, right kidney, ascending colon, right ovary or testicle, and right side of the brain. The main cause of this condition is an accumulation of gallstones in the liver and gallbladder (the nose is likely to return to center once the stones are removed).

The Eyes

Skincolor under the eyes is yellowish: This indicates that the liver and gallbladder are overactive. A dark, even black color in the same area results when the kidneys, bladder, and reproductive organs are overtaxed because of a prolonged disorder of the digestive system. A grayish, pale color occurs if the kidneys and, occasionally, the lungs are malfunctioning owing to improper lymphdrainage from these organs. Also, the endocrine system may be affected.

Water-containing bags under the lower eyelids: These are formed as a result of congestion in the digestive and excretory organs, which results in inadequate lymph drainage from the head area. If these eye bags are chronic and contain fat, this points toward the presence of inflammation, cysts and, possibly, tumors in the bladder, ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and prostate.

A white cloud covers the pupil of the eye: The cloud consists mostly of mucus and degenerate protein particles. It indicates the development of cataracts brought about by longstanding poor liver and digestive performance.

Constant redness in the white of the eye: This condition is caused by the protrusion of capillaries, indicating disorders in the circulatory and respiratory functions. White or yellow mucus patches in the white of the eye show that the body is accumulating abnormal amounts of fatty substances because the liver and gallbladder have amassed large quantities of gallstones. When this occurs, the body has a tendency to develop cysts and both benign and malignant tumors.

A thick white line covers parts of the periphery of the iris, particularly the lower parts: This indicates the accumulation of large amounts of cholesterol in the blood circulatory system. The lymphatic system also has major congestion and fat retention. (Note: If you wish to understand the connection of the eyes and iris with the various parts of the body, I recommend that you study the science of iridology, or eye interpretation.)

The eyes have lost their natural luster and shine: This signals that both the liver and kidneys are congested and unable to filter the blood properly. “Dirty” blood, loaded with toxins or waste products, is heavier and more sluggish than clean blood. The thickened blood slows circulation and reduces oxygen and nutrient supply to the cells and organs, including the eyes. If this condition persists, the cells will deteriorate and inevitably age or die off. The eye and braincells are especially affected because the blood has to flow against gravity to reach them. Most vision problems are the direct or indirect result of reduced blood-cleansing capacity by the liver and kidneys. Clean and nutrient-rich blood from a healthy, efficient liver can flow easily and nourish the eye tissues better, thereby improving most eye problems.

The Tongue, Mouth, Lips,and Teeth

The tongue is coated yellow or white, especially in the back part: This indicates an imbalance in the secretion of bile, which is the major cause of digestive trouble. Toxic residues of undigested and fermented or putrefied food linger in the intestinal tract. This blocks lymph flow in the thoracic duct and prevents toxins and microbes in the throat and mouth area from being removed.

Teeth impressions on the sides of the tongue, often accompanied by white mucus discharge: This indicates weak digestion and inadequate absorption of nutrients from the small intestine.

Pimples on the tongue: They are indicative of poor digestion and the presence of fermenting and putrefying food in both the small and large intestines.

Cracks on the tongue: These are signs of long-term intestinal trouble. When food is not being mixed with a sufficient amount of bile, it remains partially undigested. Undigested foods are subjected to bacterial putrefaction and, thereby, become a source of toxicity. Constant exposure of the intestinal wall to the toxins that these bacteria produce irritates and injures it. The resulting lesions, scars, and hardening of the intestinal walls is then reflected by the cracks on the tongue. There may be little or no mucus discharge on the tongue.

Repeated mucus discharge into the throat and mouth: Bile may regurgitate into the stomach, thereby irritating its protective lining and causing excessive mucus production. Some of the bile and mucus may reach the mouth area. This can create a bad (bitter) taste in the mouth and give rise to frequent attempts at clearing the throat, which sometimes involve coughing. Mucus discharge without this bitter taste results when food is not digested properly, and toxins are generated. The mucus helps to trap and neutralize some of these toxins, but as a side effect, it causes congestion.

Bad breath and frequent burping: Both signs point toward the presence of undigested, fermenting, or putrefying food in the GI tract. Bacteria acting on the waste material produce gases, which can be very toxic at times, hence the bad odor emanating from the breath.

Crust formations at the corners of the mouth: This indicates the presence of duodenal ulcers, caused by regurgitation of bile into the stomach, or by other reasons discussed earlier. Ulcers in various parts of the mouth or on the tongue show that inflammation or ulceration is occurring in the corresponding parts of the GI tract. For example, a mouth ulcer on the outside parts of your lower lip points to the presence of ulcer lesions in the large intestine. Herpes (‘cold sores’) on the lip corresponds to more severe inflammation and ulceration of the intestinal wall.

Dark spots or patches on the lips: These marks occur when obstructions in the liver, gallbladder, and kidneys have resulted in slowness and stagnation of blood circulation and lymph drainage throughout the body. There may be advanced, abnormal constriction of blood capillaries. If the color of the lips is reddish (dark) or purple, this indicates that heart, lung, and respiratory functions are subdued.

Swollen or expanded lips: This condition indicates intestinal disorders. If the lower lip is swollen, the colon suffers constipation, diarrhea, or both, alternating between them. Toxic gases are formed from improperly digested foods, which give rise to bloating and abdominal discomfort. A swollen or enlarged upper lip indicates stomach problems, including indigestion, frequently accompanied by ‘heartburn’. An abnormal, tightly closed mouth shows that a person suffers from disorders of the liver, gallbladder, and, possibly, the kidneys. If the lower lip is dry, peels, and splits easily, there may either be chronic constipation or diarrhea, with large amounts of toxic acids prevalent in the colon. This condition is accompanied by advanced dehydration of the colon cells.

Swollen, sensitive, or bleeding gums: Any these symptoms occurs when lymph drainage from the mouth area is inefficient as a result of intestinal lymph congestion. The blood has an overload of acid compounds. Inflammation deep in the throat, with or without swelling of the tonsils, is also caused by lymphatic blockage. Tonsillitis, which often occurs among children, is a sign of constant retention of toxins contained in the lymph fluids and back-flushing of waste from the GI tract into the tonsils.

Toothproblemsare generally caused by nutritional imbalance: Poor digestion and overconsumption of refined, processed, and highly acid-forming foods, such as sugar, chocolate, meat, cheese, coffee, soda, and so forth, deplete the body of minerals and vitamins. Adults usually have thirty-two teeth. Each tooth corresponds to a vertebra of the spine, and each vertebra is connected to a major organ or gland. If any of the four canines are decaying, for example, it indicates the presence of gallstones in the liver and gallbladder. A yellow color of the teeth, and of the canines in particular, indicates the presence of toxins in the organs located in the mid abdominal region, that is, the liver, gallbladder, stomach, pancreas, and spleen. Bacteria are not the cause of tooth decay. They only attack tooth tissue that already has an unbalanced acid-alkaline ratio. Proper saliva secretions also play a major role in the protection of the teeth. Truly healthy teeth last a lifetime and are maintained by a healthy digestive system.

Hands, Nails, and Feet

White, fatty skin on the fingertips is a sign of dysfunctional digestive and lymphatic systems. In addition, the liver and kidneys may be forming cysts and tumors. An excessive discharge of fats may occur, seen as oiliness on the skin.

Dark red fingernails point toward a high content of cholesterol, fatty acids, and minerals in the blood. The liver, gallbladder, and spleen are congested and underactive, and all excretory functions are overburdened with waste products. Whitish nails indicate the accumulation of fat and mucus in and around the heart, liver, pancreas, prostate, or ovaries. This condition is accompanied by poor blood circulation and low hemoglobin levels (anemia).

Vertical ridges in the fingernails generally indicate poor absorption of food and the disruption of important digestive, liver, and kidney functions. There may be general fatigue. Strong vertical ridges on the thumbnails, possibly with split ends, show that a person’s testicles and prostate or ovaries are not functioning properly. This is caused by the ineffectiveness of the digestive and circulatory systems.

Horizontal indentations in the nails show unusual or drastic changes in dietary habits. The changes can be either beneficial or harmful.

White dots on the nails appear when the body eliminates large amounts of calcium and/or zinc in response to excessive consumption of sugar or sugar-containing foods and beverages. Sugar has highly acid-forming properties and leaches out these minerals from the bones and teeth.

A hard protrusion at the ball of the foot: This condition shows progressive hardening of the organs located in the middle of the body, including the liver, stomach, pancreas, and spleen. It points to the accumulation of numerous gallstones in the liver and gallbladder.

A yellow color of the feet indicates the accumulation of many gallstones in the liver and gallbladder. If the color of any part of the feet is green, then spleen and lymph functions are severely disrupted. This may lead to cysts and to benign and malignant tumors.

Hardness at the tip of the fourth toe or a callus in the area under the fourth toe: This symptom shows that gallbladder functions are stagnant. General rigidity, a bent condition, and pain in the fourth toe imply a long history of gallstones in the gallbladder and liver.

Curving of the first toe: If the large toe curves inward toward the second toe, it shows that liver functions are subdued owing to the presence of gallstones in the liver bile ducts. At the same time, spleen and lymphatic functions are overactive because of the accumulation of toxic residues from inadequately digested foods, metabolic waste, and cellular debris.

White color and rugged surfaces on the fourth and fifth toenails: This indicates poor performance of the liver and gallbladder, as well as of the kidneys and urinary bladder.

The Constitution of Fecal Matter

The stool or fecal matter emits a sharp, sour, or penetrative odor: This indicates that food is not being digested properly. Fermented and putrefied food and the presence of large quantities of ‘unfriendly’ bacteria in the feces give rise to an abnormal odor and sticky texture. Normal stool is coated with a thin mucus lining, which prevents the anus from being soiled.

Dry and hard stools are an indication of constipation, and so are sticky stools. Diarrhea is yet another sign of weak performance of the digestive system and the liver, in particular.

Pale or clay-colored feces: This is still another indication of poor liver performance (bile gives the stool its natural brown color). If the stool floats, large amounts of undigested fats are contained in it, making it lighter than water.


There may be many more signs and symptoms indicating the presence of gallstones in the liver and gallbladder than those listed above. Pain in the right shoulder, tennis elbow, frozen shoulder, numbness in the legs and sciatica, for example, may have no obvious relation to gallstones in the liver. Yet when the gallstones are removed, these conditions usually disappear.

The body is a network of information, and every part influences and communicates with every other part. Seemingly insignificant marks or signs on the skin, in the eyes, or on a toe may be the harbingers of serious health issues. When you recognize them and flush your liver and gallbladder, in concert with adopting a healthy regimen of diet and lifestyle, you will find that the signs of wellness and vitality begin to reappear. To prevent illness and make permanent health a practical reality in your life, it is important to understand what actually causes gallstones in the first place.

Material Handling Companies Guide 101

Material handling or bulk material handling is a branch of engineering that deals in designing equipments for transporting materials in large quantities in a planned and effective way. In simple terms material handling is all about creating the products that help in moving things from one place to another. However various other tasks such as assembly line management, waste handling and storage etc. also fall within the purview of material handling. All in all the material handling systems have several strands working collectively to make business functions more efficient and cost-effective. As technology is advancing day by day the techniques in material handling are also increasing.

Today there are quite a few material handling companies that offer material handling equipment and material handling systems. One of the recognized names in this area is FedEx. FedEx Freight comprises of three freight companies that have generated incredible and revenue of $29.4 billion in 2005. Everyday FedEx handles around 65000 shipments and there are more than 27,000 people working in the company. Right now FedEx aims at enhancing its market share by offering “just in time” service.

Another remarkably performing material handling company is Clark. Located in Lexington, Kentucky, Clark Material Handling Company or CMHC manufactures forklift trucks. Recently the company has come up with a collection of around 20 different models of forklift trucks. Clark is till date credited with having invented the world’s first truck with a hydraulic lifting mechanism, the Truclift, in 1920. Truclift is the forerunner to contemporary forklift trucks.

Nestled in Southern California is the holistic solutions provider in logistics, Logistics Edge Company. Along with transportation and shipping warehousing, storage, fulfillment, assembly, labeling and packaging are other Third Party Logistics solutions provided by the company. The company offers facilities for online inventory tracking and provision for customized warehousing solutions. Logistics Edge makes use of latest web based software applications and warehouse management software systems. Moreover the company has an ideal location on the West coast. This feature is not just beneficial for the company in terms of easy access to many significant ports but is also a boon for its clients as the services of the company are offered at affordable rates.

In case of companies manufacturing material handling systems, the SSI Schaefer Company ranks first. SSI Schaefer Company is globally acclaimed to be the world’s largest supplier and manufacturers of best quality material handling systems. Storage and workshop equipment, waste management systems, commissioning and conveying engineering solutions, planning and logistics systems, office furniture etc., are the various other tasks handled by the company.

Another certified manufacturer of material handling equipment is Banyitong Science and Technology Developing Company in Yaohai Industrial Park, China. The company has earned great recognition in the making of hydraulic and electric stackers, drum handlers, electric pallet trucks, electric tow tractors etc. Besides these non-standard products as per the need of customer are also made here.

Not to forget is the Yale Materials Handling Corporation (YMHC). Being a part of the Nacco Materials Handling Group (NMHG), YMHC is a global organization that is a leading provider of high quality performance lift trucks.

The Humminbird Fishin Buddy 140c Color Fish Finder Tips

The Humminbird Fishin’ Buddy 140C Fish Finder is a portable, color fish finder with Downlooking and SideFinder Sonar capabilities. The Downlooking sonar sends sound waves from the bottom of the transducer into the water that is directly below the transducer. The SideFinder sonar projects sound waves from the flat side of the transducer housing at the bottom of the transducer shaft. The SideFinder sonar is able to see fish to the site of your boat and allows you to scan for fish where you cast. A regular depth finder would not allow you to see these fish.

The Downlooking sonar function uses a 200 kHz beam which provides a 34 degree cone angle. The Sidelooking function has a 455 kHz beam which provides a 10 degree cone angle. The bottom surface is best seen when the downlooking functionality is engaged solely, but some bottom definition is obtainable when the sidelooking beam is engaged.

When the 140C Fishin Buddy is in use it is best to travel at slow, trolling speeds. This model can be damaged at high speeds and also if it is knocked against the bottom or submerged objects. The owner should use lower boat speeds while operating the fish finder. While the boat is moving the 140C Fishin Buddy will show variations in bottom composition, submerged objects, fish, bait fish and thermoclines so that you are able to see where to cast.

Getting Started with the Fishin Buddy 140C

Getting started with your new fishinbuddy fish finder is easy. There are 6 simple steps that are outlined in detail in the owner’s manual. The steps will be touched on briefly in this article. For complete directions please see the owner’s manual.

The 6 Steps

  1. Attaching the Directional Handle
  2. Installing the Batteries
  3. Attaching the Control Head to the Fishin Buddy
  4. Connecting the Cables to the Control Head
  5. Assembling and Attaching the Fishin Buddy Bracket to the Boat
  6. Mounting the Fishin Buddy

Step 1

Attaching the Directional Handle is simple. Merely screw the directional handle into the socket provided. That’s it!

Step 2

The Fishin Buddy requires 6 AA batteries (not included). It is simple to place them into the battery pack and the manual describes this step in detail.

Step 3

The next step is to install the control head onto the FishinBuddy. The owner’s manual includes detailed steps and diagrams to accomplish this task quickly and simply.

Step 4

Next attach the cables to the control head using the keyed connectors on the back of the control head. The owner’s manual includes a diagram of this step.

Step 5

The next step is to attach the mounting bracket to the boat. In this step you have two options. You may either use the C Clamp to mount the bracket temporarily thereby allowing you to use the Fishin Buddy on multiple boats or you can use the permanent mounting slots to bolt the bracket to the boat. The choice is yours to make.

Step 6

The last step is to mount the FishinBuddy on the bracket. To mount the unit, slide the unit’s shaft into the mounting bracket support arm. Then adjust the fish finder as needed. You can adjust the shaft to make it the length needed anywhere from 24 inches to 40 inches. Now all you have to do is go fishing and catch some fish.

The 140C Fishin Buddy is a great fish finder. It is affordable and easy to use. The controls are simple and its features will definitely help any fisherman to find more fish. This model is especially good in shallow water and is a great way for more novice fishermen to get their feet wet with a simple to use fish finder. Once you become more experienced then you can upgrade.

Have fun catching fish!

Evolution of Business Process Reengineering

BPR (business process reengineering) is the study and redesign of work flow within and between enterprises. BPR accomplished its heyday in the early 1990’s when Michael Hammer and James Champy brought out their best selling book, “Reengineering the organization.” The writers advertised the idea that often extremist redesign and reorganization of an enterprise was necessary in order to reduce prices and increase quality of service of process and that IT was the fundamental enabler for that revolutionary change. Hammer and Champy experienced that the designing of work flow in most prominent corps was primarily based on presumptions about technology, people, and organizational goals that were no more valid. They proposed seven basic principles of reengineering to reduces costs of the work procedure and thereby accomplish substantial levels of business expansion in quality, time management, and price:

  • Organize around effects, not tasks.
  • Consider all the procedures in a corporation and prioritize them in order of redesign emergency.
  • Desegregate information processing work into the substantial piece of work that acquires the data.
  • Process geographically scattered resources as though they were centralized.
  • Link parallel activities in the work flow rather than just incorporating their outcomes.
  • Assign the decision point the spot where the work is carried out, and build control into the procedure.
  • Capture data once and at the source.

By the mid-1990’s, BPR attained the reputation to be a nice means of stating “downsizing.” In respect to Hammer, shortage of sustained management commitment and leadership, unrealistic scope and prospects, and resistance to modify instigated management to give up the idea of BPR and embrace the next new strategy, enterprise resource planning (ERP).

Fundraising with Pixel Advertising Raises Money and Awareness for Nonprofit Organizations

Pixel advertising is a form of internet advertising that is increasing in popularity. Publicity surrounding a pixel advertising website created by a British college student who needed to raise money to pay for his education has created great interest in this type of advertising.

The website, called the, has earned its creator, Alex Tew, hundreds of thousands of dollars since he launched it in August, 2005. Tew’s website homepage is a grid that is divided into one million pixel blocks. The pixels are sold to advertisers in blocks of 100 pixels, each measuring 10 x 10 pixels. Each pixel block becomes part of a colorful mosaic of advertising on the website. At $1.00 a pixel, when the page is sold out,Tew will have raised one million dollars for his education with this creative advertising technique.

Could your nonprofit organization, club, or group raise one million dollars by selling micro advertising pixel blocks? It is possible. Anyone can set up a pixel advertising website and The Million Dollar Homepage has inspired many businesses and organizations to create their own pixel advertising campaigns. Your organization may already be selling advertising space in your programs or other printed materials. Selling pixel advertising is just like selling any other form of advertising except that the advertisement appears on the world wide web for as long as you keep your website up. The potential of millions of people seeing their advertisement, for a year or longer, is a great selling point to advertisers and donors.

What do you need to get started with pixel advertising fundraising? If your organization already has a website you can set up pixel advertising on a page of your existing site. Or, you can buy a new domain name and set up a website solely for your

pixel fundraising. You will need a web hosting account for your site and a pixel advertising software program. You can buy a software program online and install it yourself or have it professionally installed. Your organization will also need to set up an online payment processor,such as PayPal. When your website is set up you will need a person in your organization to administer and monitor the program. You’ll be able to sell all the advertising online through the software program as well as process the payments online.

Does trying to raise one million dollars sound a bit unrealistic for your organization? When you set up your software program you will be able to set your own selling price for the pixels. So, your organization must decide how much money you need to raise and what the theme of your advertising website will be. If you want to raise fifty thousand dollars, then you would sell your pixels for five cents a pixel. This would make a one hundred pixel block cost only five dollars. You can also change the minimum number of required ad block purchases. If your minimum required ad blocks are one thousand, then your minimum ad block would cost a very reasonable fifty dollars per ad space. You would also only have to sell one thousand ad spaces in order to earn fifty thousand dollars. Even if you sold your pixels for a penny a pixel, you could still earn ten thousand dollars from one pixel ad page.

How can nonprofit organizations use pixel advertising? You could sell pixels and donate the money to a charitable organization such as The American Red Cross. Or, set up a pixel page to raise money for a specific project such as building a playground, or a spring school class trip. Pixels don’t have to be sold to only businesses. A school group could sell pixels to alumni or parents of a graduating class. A graduating class could set up a pixel page and raise money for their graduation night party.

The possibilities for fundraising with pixel advertising are limitless. A well-designed and promoted pixel advertising campaign has the potential to raise money and awareness for your organization. This form of advertising fundraising is well worth considering as a part of your organization’s fundraising strategy.

What Equipment You Need to Maintain a 3 Acre Homestead

There are some pieces of equipment that are really necessary to own to be able to keep your property in prime condition. There are of course lots of “toys” that would be nice to have but the expense of buying and maintaining them is far greater than just renting them once or twice a year. Depending upon how much of your land is in grass for beauties sake only, how much is pasture or garden areas, or perhaps even pens for chickens or sheep, will dictate what equipment you really need. All properties need some type of lawn or garden tractor unless you’re a marathon runner and wish to push a mower over an acre or two twice a week in the Spring. A general use tractor with a 20 HP or less engine and a 42 or 48 inch mower deck can handle three acres of lawns easily. Attachments such as a spring rake making aerating the lawn easy or a light snow plow for winter can all make your work load lighter. Lawn rollers, seeders, discs and harrows, power rakes and even mini-font end loader buckets can be purchased from different tractor and sub-compact tractor companies.

You will find when you shop that tractors fall into several different categories according to their capabilities. Lawn tractors are basically large lawn mowers that can pull around a small trailer, a leaf rake or perhaps push a little snow. A tractor will weigh more and have stronger, larger components. A tractor may have a slightly larger engine, cast iron rear end housing and perhaps be able to handle a snow thrower attachment as well. A sub-compact tractor for about $12000 or so, is even heavier, can use wheel weights or weighted tires, front end loader and backhoe attachments and mow 5 acres of more easily. The frames are also much more heavy duty and can move mountains of snow with ease. If you own a horse barn or plant a large garden area, a sub-compact tractor will handle all these cleanup chores with no sweat.

A tag a long trailer is also a god send when cleaning up leaves, moving soils, carrying gravel or any other yard chore. It is a lot easier to load the trailer will all your Spring flower plants and drive from bed to bed along with your trowels and soil supplements than carrying it all by hand. Moving pails of water to pens or moving stones or firewood are all tasks handled by a small trailer. My trailer is now over twenty years old and other than some occasional touch up paint and grease it is still going strong.

A gas leaf blower and sucker are also a real time saving device. From blowing sidewalks and patios clean, to removing leaves from flower beds, a gas leaf blower does the trick. If you have any type of hedges or shaped trees, an electric hedge trimmer makes that chore a snap as well. Hand trimming a hundred feet of hedge is no joke. A good wheel barrow is an often overlooked tool. Do not buy one of the those $29 barrows. If you pay around a $100 or so, you are in the right neighborhood. Oak handles, heavy duty poly tub or metal (I prefer the poly, it never rusts) and a ten inch tire is a minimum. Mine is now about twelve years old and I have replaced the handles only once.

I own quite a large wooded area and the lawn areas have many trees as well. These produce just tons of fallen branches and leaves each year. I purchased a small shredder for 3″ and smaller limbs and it does a good job. Anything larger then 3″ is cut for firewood. This machine makes a good deal of mulch for us so was worth the price.

Roto-tilling my garden once a year did not seem to justify buying a rototiller that would sit for 11 and a half months a year. The daily rental is about $45 so for $45 I till our garden and the rental center store gets to maintain it all year.

A power washer is another great tool for the average homestead. Washing decks or sidewalks, house siding or barn floors are all made a great deal easier with a power washer. They are fairly cheap and do a great job. Maintenance is pretty much making sure it is drained against freezing when stored and checking the engine oil.

If you own these tools you can pretty much get by. As time passes and you can afford it, adding some additional implements to the tractor such as a post hole digger or dozer blade can make even bigger chores easier and faster.

Ask your salesperson what size machine you need and they will be glad to help you decide. They want a happy customer to return and to recommend them to others.

Pete Ackerson