My Washer Is Overflowing, What Could Be The Problem?

If the problem you are having with your washer is that it keeps filling with water and overflows.

There are two things you will need to check.

1. The water valve

The water valve has two solenoids. These solenoids open the water valve ports when electricity flows through the solenoids.

When the electricity stops flowing through the solenoids the ports in the water valve close and no water should flow in to the washer. If your washer is overflowing, do the following to see if it is a bad water valve.

Set the washer to fill, let it fill for a minute or so. After is filling for a minute disconnect the washer from the wall outlet. Repeat this procedures a couple of times. If the washer continues taking water after is disconnected from the wall outlet, the water valve is bad.

If the washer stops taking water when it is disconnected from the wall outlet, check the water level switch.

2. The water level switch

The water level switch controls the amount of water that goes in to the washer tub, according to your selection.

This is the way to test the water level switch. If the washer keeps filling and the motor won’t start agitating, most likely you have a bad water level switch.

Those where the two parts that have to do with the washer overflowing. Just make sure that if you are going to replace any of these parts, make sure that the washer is disconnected from the wall outlet before doing any work.

Taking a Look at Ice Hockey Equipment

Looking at the rough nature of the game, ice hockey equipment was devised and developed to assist players through the game. The equipment can be broadly classified into two categories, i.e. protective gear as well as non-protective gear. Besides sticks and skates (non-protective equipment), players of this game are also equipped with safety gear to avert injuries. These include, neck guards, shin pads, chest protectors, padded shorts, protective gloves, mouth guards, elbow pads, shoulder pads and helmets etc. Let’s take a look at the equipment used by general players:


With sticks flying all around in the air, speeding pucks and players tumbling and falling all over, proper head protection while playing this game is a must. Helmets are of two kinds, i.e. the ones used by the players and the ones used by the goalie. Goalie helmets are generally heavier than the ones used by players.

Neck Guards

Neck guards are extremely necessary and it’s advised that players not enter the rink without wearing one. Why? They are the only thing that will protect your neck during falls as well as from flying sticks and pucks. A neck guard may however restrict neck movement. In order to counter this, a number of hockey equipment manufacturers have come up with neck guards that are slim, compact and flexible.

Shoulder Pads

Shoulder pads are needed to avoid injuries from pucks, sticks as well as falls. Are they necessary? Yes they are? A number of players have had to stay out of the game for more than a few seasons as they went to practice without putting on their shoulder pads. A slip disc isn’t that far away if you forget to do so as well.

Hockey Gloves

Good quality hockey gloves are needed to provide optimum protection to the hands. Most gloves are constructed with thin palms as well as fingers whereas more padding is provided to the other side of the hands. Gloves provide extra protection and support to the thumbs and inhibit it from bending.

Shin Guards

Shin guards are generally needed to provide optimum protection to the shins and generally come along with a kneepad. They are mostly constructed to provide protection to the frontal area with the help of a hard shell. The shin pads usually don’t provide any protection to the calves.

Mouth Guards

As the name suggests, mouth guards are needed to protect the mouth. You’ll come across a number of variants in the market, a few of which will also enable you to speak from the mouth.


This by far, is the most important equipment for this game. You can’t really play this game well without a good pair to take you around. Ice skates are usually constructed with a rigid metal shell and are often reinforced with a metal mesh in order to prevent the blades from cutting through. Hockey skates are different from figure skates in a way that they come without toe heals. There is a lot more to hockey gear, both protective and non-protective. Refer to online resources for more.

Love and Homeopathy

To theorize about the abstract idea of love, which transforms into the action of loving is not the purpose of this article. Instead, what I intend to do is introduce some homeopathic remedies that act in the sphere of that beautiful feeling that is not only the remedy to all problems, but is also the cause. It´s mere existence in the life of any person may result in difficulties that affect their emotional well-being.

Aurum Sulphuratum: Disappointment in love by those who expect a great deal of themselves and of the others. They feel let down by their partner and have injured pride. They are usually critical people who are annoyed when things don´t go their way. This is an ideal remedy for those who leave a lover.

Cinnabaris: A distrustful partner in a rocky relationship. They act as tyrants to retain love. They do not dare show their deep feelings. For the man who would say, “If you touch my wife, I´ll kill you.”

Antimonium Tartaricum: The smallest comment offends them. They are usually disagreeable. They perceive errors of the others and respond with sarcasm. They avoid contact and find it difficult to ask for help.

Cadmium Sulphuratum: Feels importance in regards to the behavior of their partner. They are evil or cruel with their partner, whom they can debilitate. The kind of person whose love is false and has dramatic relationships. He struggles to abandon love and not get carried away. This is an effective remedy for those experiencing the loss of a loved one, divorce, wounded pride, and accusations. There is a tendency for insults accompanied by sadness.

Baryta Sulphuricum: They imagine that their partner laughs at them. They do not feel capable of an authentic relation nor of having a responsible attitude. They choose a weak partner so they don´t get overwhelmed by them. They fear losing their partner or the relationship and they do not force anything but, instead, get angry inside. They hide their feelings out of fear that they will be laughed at. They are not considered to be attractive.

Sulphuricum Acidum: They exhaust all possibilities and abandon the relationship because they see no future in it. They alternate between seriousness and horseplay. They go from depression to euphoria. The kind of person who is hurried and clumsy. They exhaust themselves with utopias. Mean pranks.

Kalium Carbonicum: Ideal for the person who suppresses their feelings. Fear of being alone and has the desire for company. They are very possessive.

Titanium: Insecure when starting a serious relationship. Fear of not being able to handle the relationship. The type of person that has little enthusiasm in relationships. They always have to bring joy to the relationship.

Magnesium Phosphoricum: They do not show their feelings. They pressure themselves but don’t want to put pressure on others. They would like to show their feelings but they fear being a burden. Often, they are children of an authoritarian father and an obliging mother. They don’t want to ask for help.

Niccolum Sulphuricum: Very content in love. Be careful: they get carried away, they lose their head. They look for a solid foundation before they start a relationship. They are jealous. They feel suppressed in the relationship. Often, they find it hard to admit their feelings of love and passion. They find loving, amorous conversations trivial. For them, getting angry or depressed doesn’t make sense. Anger creates confrontation.

Manganum sulphuricum: They feel as if they are learning about love. If you give too much slack, the relationship can slip through your hands. Their partner may have started another relationship.

Chromium Sulphate: They want to be loved but dare not ask. They are troubled by love. They hide selfishness under a facade of sweetness and harmony. Fear of losing love if they admit that there was deception. They feel shame from committing adultery. It scares them to be dependent on their partner.

Ferrum Sulphuricum: The partner must meet certain requirements and must be the way they want them to be. They put pressure on their partner to commit more; meanwhile their partner wears out from continuous pressures. They have a great desire to share their emotions while their partner may not feel motivated to do so.

Ammonium Sulphate: They feel resentment, bitterness, disappointment and that their partner does not give them enough love. They see their partner giving them the cold shoulder and they do the same in return. They become irritable and resentful and therefore end up alone. They may have chosen a reserved partner to not have to demonstrate their need for love.

Calcarea Sulphurica: They want praise about their appearance or beauty. They have the idea that they are the most beautiful and lovely. They think that they are not attractive and feel insecure if they have acne. They are sweet, friendly, cheerful, and flirtatious. Their hidden jealousy leads them to bitterness, distance and aggressiveness that sometimes manifests in a cynical way.

Magnesia Sulphurica: Fear of getting angry for fear of losing love. They hide their irritation. They feel they must be in a position to control their partner. They become irritated by any petty things. They are one to say, “Don´t bring me flowers”. Great need for love and warmth.

Kalium Sulphuricum: They want company, warmth and affection. They must treat their partner well. There are never ulterior motives. They bring joy and happiness to others. They expect you to take care of them. They are one to say, “We cannot continue like this.”

Natrum Sulphuricum: Emotionally, they are alone. They feel separated from their family and their partner. They feel bound by obligation. They put their partner first, they themselves don´t matter. They feel that others undress them with their eyes. They are attached to the past. The lack of love leads to lack of joy.

Bromium: Loss of self-control due to sex. They have strong passion. Fear of causing harm and feel guilty if they do.

Germanium: They theorize adamantly and have no faith in the love. They are withdrawn because of disappointment in love. Betrayed by their partner, they feel offended and jealous. They speak badly about their partner to others. For them, love isn´t worth the trouble. Maintains distance and avoids conflict.

Niccolum Sulphuricum: They are the pinnacle of perfection. They avoid conflicts using jokes, but in the end they don’t feel in control of their life. They feel as if they shouldn´t be jealous, in a bad mood, get angry, or be interested in sex. They like admitting their feelings of love and passion although they would prefer not to fall in love. They look for a solid foundation before initiating a relationship. They have chosen a suppressed partner that doesn’t know what to do with their emotions or sex. They are in control of themselves and do not tolerate outbursts or intense emotions.

Tiffany Lamps – A History and How They Are Still Made Today

Tiffany lamps were originally made by Louis Comfort Tiffany who was a painter working in the 19th century. He was admitted to the National Academy when he was 23 and was the youngest ever member. He started working with coloured glass in the 1870’s and made many stained glass windows for churches, often using flowers and plants in his designs.

Following on from this he teamed up with two other artist to found Louis Comfort Tiffany and Associated American Artists, a company specialising in glass windows, a prime example of which can be seen in the White House. The company was dissolved in 1885 and he started the Tiffany Glass Company, alone this time. This later became the Tiffany Studios which made Tiffany lamps until the beginning of the 1930’s.

When Thomas Edison invented the light bulb in 1879 he was inspired to make glass lampshades, drawing on his experience with stained glass windows and incorporating the flower and plant designs he had used for them. He also used the same methods as he had used for the windows, making paper patterns of the design and using these to cut the glass pieces, edging the pieces with copper foil and soldering them together to construct the lampshades. He patented the Nautilus lampshade, a shell shaped design, and included this when he staged his first exhibition in 1899.

Today Tiffany lamps and lampshades are still made to Tiffany’s traditional methods. The lampshades are made from many pieces of coloured stained glass soldered together to make designs which include flowers, dragonflies, butterflies and also more abstract designs.

The traditional method takes many hours of careful work. First a wooden model of the required tiffany lampshade is carved, covered in glue, and paper or linen is laid over it. The design is then drawn on the paper/linen, the lines representing each small piece of coloured glass which will create the design, notation is added to specify the colour of each piece.

When the design is completed the paper/linen is taken off the model and cut along selected lines so it lays flat and becomes a two dimensional pattern. Each area is numbered to identify it, the design traced onto another piece of paper as a reference for later assembly of the lampshade, then the original is cut into all the separate pieces, which are used to cut the small pieces of coloured glass.

The design is then built up by applying adhesive wax to the wooden model and pressing each glass piece into it, following the reference plan. When the whole lampshade is assembled the glass pieces are removed individually, edged with copper foil and soldered back in place. The whole thing is then heated to melt the wax and allow the lampshade to be removed and the inner edges to be soldered. If required by the design metal trims are soldered to the to and/or bottom edges, before the lampshade is attached to a metal (often bronze) base.

Tiffany lamps are wonderful as accent pieces in a home, adding an elegance often lacking in modern designs. The jewel coloured stained glass throws brilliant shards of light onto walls and ceilings, and a Tiffany lamp will transform a dark corner into something magical.

Natural Way to Relieve Sinuses

Question: My l4-year-old daughter is made miserable by a constant sinus problem. Her nose is congested and runny and classmates at her boarding school tease her. Teachers are unhelpful. Could you tell us what is causing this and suggest remedies to help her? I’ve been told that she should cut out cow’s milk products, which would probably cause problems with school catering, so I would welcome your opinion.

Answer: This is a common problem and I am sorry that your daughter is suffering as a result of the condition and her classmates’ unkind remarks.

Sinuses are cave-like chambers, at the front of the skull drat open into the nasal tract. They are sited under the front part of the brain on either side of the bridge of the nose, extending above the eye socket and behind the nose, cheeks and forehead. Their primary function is to keep the nasal tract moist through their lining of mucus membrane, but this can also be the source of problem, if the mucus becomes thick and sticky. If the sinuses become inflamed, it can lead to the outlet into the nasal tract becoming blocked. The result is throbbing pain, which occurs primarily in the check and forehead areas and is worse in sunshine as warmth dilates the blood vessels. Another common symptom is sore, watery eyes, which are often sensitive to bright light.

In general, a blocked or-runny nose indicates that the sinuses are inflamed behind the cheekbones. If there is a mucus drip into the back of the throat the frontal or forehead area of the sinuses is involved. Post-nasal drip, as it’s called, often means that the sufferer involuntarily swallows the thick discharge. If this condition is chronic (long term), the constant swallowing can cause repetitive strain injury to the muscles and ligaments of the throat making them permanently sore.

Mucus discharge in the sinuses is usually caused by one of the following; a viral or bacterial infection, toxins in the body due to a poor diet, smoking and passive smoking, sniffing cocaine or snuff, and allergies. People who are constipated often have sinus problems because toxins that are not eliminated by the bowels are reabsorbed into the bloodstream and then got rid of through the sinuses. The problem of mucus is made worse by consuming foodstuff that trigger the body to produce it.

Try the following…


* Avoid mucus-inducing foods as much as possible, including cow’s milk and all products made with it, banana, ice cream, ice cubes, chillies, citrus fruits and mangoes.

* Switch to sheep’s or goat’s milk or oat, rice or almond milk. Try soya milk, but some people are allergic to that

* Eat homemade chicken broth.

* Take a calcium supplement as l4-yer-old go through an intensive period of bone growth. I recommend Coral Calcium, which contains m4gnesium_andm any other trace minerals.


* Sinus Oil: put two drops in each nostril at bedtime for one month to help drain the mucus. This blend of herbal oils forms a lining on the mucus membrane and reduces the body’s response to allergens.

* Lauq Sepistan: take a half teaspoonful twice daily after morning and evening meals for l5 days. This helps to reduce mucus discharge and relieve sinus congestion.

Breathing exercises

* Blow the nose, inhale and look up to the ceiling then exhale forcefully by sucking in the abdomen. Repeat ten l5 times. Look down to the floor and repeat.

* Alternate nostril breathing position your right thumb over your right nostril and your middle finger over your left. Close your left nostril and breathe in through your right then close your right nostril, open the left and exhale. Now breathe in thorough your left and out through your right keeping the other nostril closed as before. Repeat sequence ten times.

Nasal douche

This natural method of clearing the nasal tract sucks mucus out of the sinuses. Use a Neti pot fill with lukewarm saline water (add three quarters of a teaspoonful of salt to 250ml of water). Breathing only through the mouth (very important), tilt the head to the left and put the nozzle into the right nostril so a stream of saline water pours in. It will pass through the right nasal tract and trickle out through the left, bringing the mucus with it. Repeat with the other nostril. You will find more details and an illustration of this in my book Therapeutic Yoga co-written with Jiwan Brar.

Complementary therapy

Cranial osteopathy and acupuncture are excellent for draining sinuses. Vicky Vlacho at the IMC has very good result.

How to Improve Your Golf Swing Plane – 3 Tips

A lot of golfers have bad or inconsistent swing planes. Maybe you are looking for solutions like I was. I started looking for ways to improve my swing plane, swing speed, and overall golf swing consistency. This was when I learned about swinging in a better and more consistent plane. In keeping with the general theme of this site, I thought I would list 3 Tips to help with your swing plane and your swing speed.

1. Here is a good drill to help you feel what a proper swing plane feels like. Address a ball at the driving range, without a club. Next, point to the ball with your left hand, and pull back your right arm as if you’re going to shoot an arrow through the ball. The position you’re in now, this is the correct position. The plane of your shoulders point at the ball. Hold this pose, then move your arms so you point a foot or two above the ball. See how this swing plane feels wrong? (Way too flat.) Now move your arms so you’re pointing at your left toe. Do you feel how this swing plane is too upright? Back to pointing at the ball. Turn like you’re starting your backswing. It’s hard to turn completely, but you can still feel the correct way to come back on the correct swing plane. Last, put both hands together pointing at the ball. Pull your right hand back to the arrow shooting position. Go back and forth several times. This is how a proper backswing (on plane) should feel.

2. To feel a proper swing plane, address a ball on the driving range and lift your club to knee or waist level, like you’re going to hit a baseball. Take a couple of baseball swings and feel how around the swing feels. It’s just a turn, back and around. Imagine a giant plane of glass through your shoulders, arms, grip and club. Swing along this swing plane. Go in a circle, not in a straight line. Drop the club. Now start with your hands together in approximate address position. Leave your left hand pointing at the ball, and bring your right hand back to the top. Now downswing with your right hand and clap. It’s a circular motion, like opening and closing a door. Do this several times, feel it. Now, swing normally and still feel the circular motion. Coil and recoil, the swing is circular, not a straight line back and forward.

3. Who wants to hit it further? Your main source of power-and therefore increased swing speed, is the coiling and uncoiling of your core (your entire body). The best golfers rotate their body to the right on the backswing, and begin their downswing with their hips. Many golfers think their clubhead speed should max out as you hit the ball. This has been disproven. Your maximum clubhead speed should occur after you hit the ball. That’s the way Tiger Woods and all the other best pros do it. This insures that your swing speed is accelerating as you hit the ball. You know deceleration is bad. To do this, start your downswing with your hips. Many golfers start the downswing with their hands. Your transition starts before you reach the top, Your hands are still moving back, and your hips are already loading downward. You can’t begin your downswing with your hands, this causes casting, coming over the top, and of course, slicing. The lower body starts, the hands will follow.

How to Use Scrapbooking Eyelets – The Most Popular of Scrapbooking Embellishments

Scrapbooking Eyelets

Eyelets are the new craze in scrapbooking. See what the fuss is all about.

About Eyelets

Eyelets are embellishments used for scrapbooking and other craft projects such as card making. Eyelets are generally made of aluminum or brass and come in two sizes and three types. The most common size for eyelets is 1/8″, although they also come in 3/16″. 3/16″ eyelets are larger than 1/8″ eyelets and generally cost more.

Types of eyelets include plain, top coat, and anodized. Plain eyelets are not painted so they are the color of the metal they are made out of. This type of eyelets is not very common. Eyelets also come with a top coat color. These eyelets are painted. The last type of eyelet is anodized. Anodized eyelets have a more metallic color than eyelets with a top coat.

Eyelets have a hole through the center that is used to attach them to your paper. Brads are often sold with eyelets. Brads differ because they do not have this characteristic hole. Instead, brads have two metal flaps on the back that can be bent to attach them to paper.

Where to Use Eyelets

Eyelets come in many shapes and colors. They can be used to attach items such as ribbons, paper, pictures, and tags to scrapbooking pages. Eyelets are a simple way to add to the color and theme of your scrapbooking pages.

Here are 15 ideas for using your eyelets.

  1. Embellishments on a paper piecing picture such as buttons on a snowman or dots on a lady bug
  2. Attach vellum paper
  3. To hange tags or frames from
  4. Create movable parts on your paper piecing
  5. Create a page theme such as shells for a beach page or fish for a fishing trip page
  6. Corners of picture mats
  7. In the hole of a tag
  8. As bullets for a list
  9. Journaling accents
  10. Eyes of animals such as owls
  11. The center of flowers
  12. Create your own bugs, butterflies,or bees from eyelet shapes
  13. As the dot on an i or the center of a letter
  14. To make a string of Christmas lights or as the ornaments on a christmas tree
  15. The M&Ms in M&M cookies
  16. String ribbon or craft fibbers through a line of eyelets

The list could go on and on. You can use eyelets to add dimension that will spice up any page.

How to Use Eyelets

It is time to roll up those sleeves and break out your handy tools. You will need a hammer, hole setter, and a resilient work surface such as a rubber craft mat to get started using eyelets.

  1. Place your scrapbooking page face up on your work surface.
  2. Put the hole setter on your page where you want to insert the eyelet.
  3. Lightly tap the end of the hole setter a few times until a hole is created.
  4. Place your eyelet upside down on your work surface and put your scrapbooking page over the eyelet so that the back of the eyelet sticks throught the hole you just created.
  5. Place the setter with the flat end over the back of the eyelet and lightly tap the end of the setter with your hammer until the back of the eyelet begins to bend outward.
  6. Hammer the back of the eyelet directly until the eyelet flattens down into place.
  7. Turn your scrapbooking page over and be proud of your work.

Where to Buy Eyelets

You can purchase eyelets from me! My eBay Scrapbooking Store has hundreds of mixes of eyelets. Just look for my seller id: scrapsandcrafts has a search engine for finding scrapbooking eyelets, brads, and other supplies. Try it out.

Divining Your Life Path Number

The Life Path is determined by the sum that is arrived at after reducing your birth date by adding digits together. This number represents the traits and talents that you were born with and the probable journey you will take during your lifetime. In a way it represents what path you will take regardless of your essence, which is represented by the calculation of the Soul Number. If you calculate your Soul Number (as taught in another New Age Notebook) you can contrast the two numbers to see what your unique challenges are in life.

First convert the month you were born in to a single number. Let’s use Angelina Jolie who was born in June 4, 1975 as an example.

First convert the month to a single number or master number. Note that when calculating months, double digit months such as September, October November and December do not reduce down to a single digit. For example November, which is the 11th month, equates to the number 2 after you add 1+1 together.

Angelina Jolie’s birthday does not reduce down to a single digit. Her birth month is the sixth month of the year. Her month number is 6.

Your next step is to convert your day of birth to a single digit. For instance, if you were born on the 17th then you would add 1 and 7 together to reduce the number to 8. If you were born on the 29th you would reduce to the master number 11. In that case, further reduce the number to 1.

Angelina Jolie’s birthday does not have to be reduced as she was born on the 4th, so her number is 4.

Next, add the total digits of the birth year and reduce them to a single number. Jolie’s birth year is 1975 so you would add 1+9+7+5 to arrive at a sum that represents the year number. In Jolie’s case the year is the master number 22. This would be reduced to simply 2.

Now add the month sum, birth sum and year sum together. For Jolie it would be:

6+4+2 = 12

If you get a double digit, as is the case with Angelina Jolie, reduce the number down further.

1+2 =3

Angelina Jolie’s Life Path number is a 3.

Reduce your own birthday down to a single number and then find the interpretation below that describes your journey. Those configurations that also result in a master number such as 11, 22 or 33 should read the life path prediction for that number as well. For instance if your birthday reduces to 22 and then down to a 4, then you should read the interoperations for both the numbers 4 and 22.


Life Path Number 1

If you are a 1, you are motivated by a need for soul freedom and personal attainment. Your prime directive is to learn how to be independent from others in all ways, but especially emotionally and financially.

Number 1s often have the potential to be great leaders but the often abysmally fail when it comes to teamwork and cooperation. For this reason, they make great entrepreneurs, freelancers, generals, commanders, CEOs and producers.

Usually number 1’s spend at least two thirds of their life trying to shake off the emotional and financial shackles imposed on them by others. They are usually self-made individuals who, like salmon swimming upstream, have to overcome great odds in order to succeed. They innovative and inventive personalities usually end up changing the world for the better in some way.

A person with a number 1 Life Path is usually blessed with motivation, enthusiasm, creativity and inspiration. They tend to be physically healthier and mentally stronger than most people are. Their good looks vitality and lust for life is a source of awe for others who often admire their stamina and ability to get their act together.

However sometimes a person traveling the number 1 Life path can be self-absorbed, pushy and overwhelming. Their aggression and ambition is often interpreted as hostility and selfishness. Most number 1’s learn hard lessons about the value of good timing and tact during their life journey.

Many who try to have relationships with number 1s cannot stomach their driving ambition and social climbing, which is indicative of their lust for success (especially material) at any cost. They tend to see people as objects and are possessive, jealous and obsessive. They are also not beyond entertaining an infidelity that will advance their career.

Number 1s who stray from their paths often end up in clingy codependent relationships with mentally ill or addicted partners. If you are a number 1 and experiencing this kind of situation, it is a definite message that you are failing your life’s purpose to become self-sufficient in life.

Life Path Number 2

Those following a number 2 Life Path tend to be diplomatic, sensitive individuals. As they have an inherent sense of morality and fairness, they tend to be indecisive as they can clearly see both sides of any conundrum or argument. They often make great judges, mediators, lawyers, counselors or social workers because they have an incredible talent for resolving disputes.

These loving, optimistic individuals prefer to see only the best in others. They are honest almost to the point of fault. They have high emotional quotients and thrive best in a work setting that requires teamwork. Number 2’s are always respected for their politeness, tact and ability to inspire groups of people to perform acts of charity and philanthropy. Number 2’s never “stoop to conquer” and consider themselves to be above arguing with others.

Number 2s function best in nine to five jobs where the routine is the same every day. Erratic behaviors, drama queens and overt displays of physical affection upset them.

These natural collectors are also pack rats and are the type to keep everything that they have owned since birth in the attic or basement. As they are also very sentimental and nostalgic, many of them collect antiques and photographs of loved ones.

As the life purpose of a number 2 is to bring harmony to group situations it is very important for them to get out and socialize. A number 2 that is isolating has strayed from his or her life path. Pessimism, lethargy and depression usually identify this. The best way for a number 2 to get back on the right path is to find a job that involves working with the general public or to find a way to practice acts of charity or philanthropy. Nothing corrects a number 2’s karma more efficiently than acts of random kindness or volunteering for a hospital, school or shelter. In fact, that is how many of them meet their soul mates.

Life Path Number 3

Followers of Life Path number 3 are effervescent personalities whose journey often leads to artistic acclaim or social popularity. Number 3s are the entertainers of the world and most of them are truly gifted musicians, writers, actors, dancers, public speakers and politicians.

A number 3 is not fulfilled until there has been some public acknowledgement of his or her unique talent. The number 3 life path is one that is characterized by beauty, excitement, eccentricity and social popularity. These unique, expressive personalities often easily acquire, fame and glory.

This number is also usually blessed with a warm, charismatic personality and an incredible sense of personal faith and optimism. Their attractive physical appearance also often captures the imaginations of others and they make excellent muses and models.

Often a number 3 is also a witty or poetic individual who is an entertaining conversationalist. At the same time they are known for their understanding of human nature as well as their ability to really listen to others and truly comprehend their emotional needs.

Number 3’s are also excellent chefs and hosts and boast exquisite taste in fashion and home decoration. They are often sought after socially as others find them physically as well as spiritually beautiful.

Usually a number 3 is quite stubborn and plays to win no matter how high the cost of success. Their unusual stamina and vigor makes it easier for them to rebound from setbacks in life than most people. Often these setbacks are of a financial or romantic nature as their idealism and spontaneity sometimes causes them to make bad choices.
However a number 3 is usually quite humble and very capable of being honest with themselves about their mistakes.

Number 3’s stray off their life path by giving up their dreams and talents. Many escape into alcohol or drug abuse to avoid hearing the nagging voice of their constant inspiration. If you are a number 3 who is not finding themselves in the spotlight because of personal problems then this is a wake-up call to follow your heart’s desire. Your exuberant nature can take you further than most people, especially if you give yourself permission to focus your energies and talents.

Life Path Number 4

Those following the Life Path of a number 4 often end up becoming the pillars of the community. These individuals are hard working, practical and trustworthy. They have the practical skills to bring dreams of others into reality.

However, self-sacrificing number 4’s often demand too much both of themselves and others. For this reason many of them develop personal reputations as martyrs or tyrants. The will power and stubbornness of the number 4 can also be interpreted as greed and selfishness. This completely baffles the confused number 4 whose intentions are usually to benefit the good of all.

These sensitive individuals can also be very set in their ways and traumatized by any changes to their routines. It is difficult to ever convince a number 4 that he or she might be wrong, as they do not respond well to criticism. The tenacity and obsessive character traits of the number 4 often earn him or her the title of workaholic. Still many have profited from a number 4’s devotion to performing thankless tasks and rigid sense of organization.

These loyal individuals make fantastic marriage and business partners. At first a number 4 can be very difficult to get to know because they usually play their cards very close to their chest. They don’t believe that life is a popularity contest so they tend to make just a few close friends rather than sparkle in a crowd on the party circuit.

Dependable and predictable number 4’s are associated with the earth element so they can have a very grounding influence on others. However their fear of talking can make them seem very uptight. They can also be so over focused on the tasks at hand that they miss big opportunities that come their way.

People following the number 4 life path are often learning lessons about letting go of emotional insecurity. Signs that a number 4 is straying off the path are hostility from others, jealousy, possessiveness and a life made leaden and heavy by a lack of sense of humor.

Sometimes a number 4’s adherence to routine is obsessive to the point of being pathological. If you believe that changing your routine even in the slightest might destroy your business or happiness in one way then you may be a number 4 who is becoming paralyzed by insecurity. Your way back on the path would be to let loose a little and develop some flexibility and tolerance of others.

Life Path Number 5

Those traveling the number 5 Life Path are adventurous and highly inquisitive individuals who consider hands on experience to be the best teacher in life. Many of them are deeply intelligent, philosophical and spiritually minded. They love to theorize about the nature of existence. Despite their sometimes-spacey demeanor, many are sincere seekers of solutions to mankind’s problems.

Number 5’s abhor routine and daily chores. They are often excellent at initiating many projects, but rarely follow through on any of them. Number 5’s are lousy at self-care and housework, preferring instead to follow their whims and impulses. For this reason, they do not thrive well in office environments.

Number 5’s, however, can be great communicators and are excellent when it comes to the abstraction of any subject. For this reason they make great social anthropologists, archaeologists and historians. Some number 5’s also make excellent teachers.

Usually at one point in their life, a number 5 experiences some kind of spiritual or emotional catharsis that causes them to trade in a standard career for a self-made profession such as an artist, investigator or journalist. Most number 5’s are multi-talented but lack the discipline or desire to follow one path. For this reason, many number 5’s end up leading chaotic and even catastrophic lives when it comes to finances.

Number 5’s also hate to make plans and prefer to live in the present. Their happy-go-lucky attitudes demonstrate an incredible faith that the universe will take care of them. The opposite sex often finds their devil-may-care attitudes to be exciting and romantic, that is until they end up supporting a number 5 that lacks life-direction.

The number 5’s lack of commitment also extends to personal relationships. They tend to be very self-absorbed and unaware of the effect of their actions on other people. There is also a tendency to place what others might interpret as the most important priority in life as last and the least important consideration first. As other people often feel tricked or fooled by number 5’s, they tend to experience a series of broken relationships.

A sign that a number 5 has strayed completely off his or her life path would be an over emphasis on decadence or the demoralization of all those who encounter the individual. If you are a number 5 who is constantly encountering criticism, derision, dissonance and a lack of stability in your life, you have probably strayed from your life’s purpose, which is to create a more generous and utopian future for others.

Life Path Number 6

Those following the number 6 Life Path are usually people-pleasers that have a great need to feel indispensable to others. For this reason many number 6’s often dedicate their lives to being caregivers and service providers such a doctors, nurses, counselors, fire fighters and law keepers.

These self-less individuals believe that they should share the burdens of others as they proceed on their life’s journey. They are usually mature souls who are not afraid to assume responsibility or take charge of difficult situations.

Number 6’s usually feel a spiritual obligation to help others and do so by constantly displaying kindness, tenderness and compassion to all that they meet. As children, these natural born leaders usually display a wisdom, bravery and self-control that are far beyond their age.

Number 6’s are also domestic creatures whose actions are often motivated by a love of children and family. It is rare for a number 6 to have money problems, unless the cause is assisting someone who is less unfortunate. They are also more likely to adopt a child or work in a capacity that involves coaching youth (such as a baseball team) than other numbers. They usually earn the unqualified respect of family and friends because of their willingness to carry more than their fair share of the load when it comes to interacting with the community.

Number 6’s have very few negative qualities, except for a tendency to codependency. 6’s that find himself or herself enslaved to an addicted or mentally ill partner might not be following their true path, as this is a sign that they have become enablers, rather than healers of the diseases. Their life purpose is to love and nurture all who they encounter, not just that one special exclusive someone.

Life Path Number 7

Those embarking on number 7 Life Paths are affectionate, peace-loving individuals who prefer rationality to inspiration. These reserved and analytical deep-thinkers make great mathematicians, engineers, inventors, scientists and doctors.

These intellectual and studious personalities often pursue advanced academic careers. As they love to read and absorb information, they usually require a great deal of private time to cultivate their knowledge. Number 7 children often excel at school and appear to be “old souls” for their age.

Number 7 s are perfectionists who prefer silence to music, noise and crowds. They are methodical and thorough analysts who believe that “if you can’t do a job right, don’t do it at all.”

Suspicious 7’s do not make friends easily. They despise the guile and manipulations associated with popular culture and dismiss all who do not pass their strict moral standards. 7’s often appear very reserved and aloof to others and many find it takes some time to even get up the nerve to approach them. Once a 7 does make a friend, however, it is usually for life.

Although they are skeptical and analytical creatures, 7’s do rely on their gut instincts more than they rely on statistics, public opinion polls or advice from others. As they dislike being manipulated, television or the media disgusts many.

These hermits enjoy being alone and far away from the hustle and bustle of modern life. For this reason, many of them prefer to live in the country where their nerves are not irritated by the hectic pace of urban life.

The shadow side of a 7 is a tendency to become pessimistic, overly logical, quarrelsome and pessimistic. Many 7s are brilliant and (perhaps deservedly so) feel that the world owes them a living. If you are a number 7 who can’t seem to deal with people at all there is a chance that abrasive character traits that were formally considered eccentric have been demoted down to repulsive. A sign that a number 7 has strayed completely off of his or her life path is a complete withdrawal from society. In this case, the troubled 7 should try to recognize his or her original ambitions to improve the world through the application of wisdom.

Life Path Number 8

Followers of the number 8 Life Path are naturally lucky individuals whose soul purpose is to acquire material wealth. People on this path have relatively little time for dreams and visions, as they are busy applying their prodigal organizational abilities to the real world.

Number 8s are usually confident, charismatic individuals who are adept at spotting trends and opportunities. Usually their life purpose is learning to manipulate money and power without becoming corrupted in the process.

These social climbers will go to great lengths to meet the right person at the right time. Even if an 8 is from an unprivileged background, he or she will go to a lot of trouble to be seen at the right parties, wearing the right clothes and hobnobbing with the real players in the room. People who boast a “from rags to riches” history often are number 8’s.

8’s who use their natural luck for good are endowed with tremendous potential for practically improving the lives of thousands, perhaps millions of people. 8’s are practical and steady in their pursuit of major objectives and their tenacity and determination allows them to beat their competition every time. Courageous number 8’s also have an incredible capacity to “not sweat the small stuff” and often beat out their competitors simply through sheer endurance or fortitude.

Some 8’s take a shadowy diversion from their truth path by expressing greed, lust and unbridled ambition. They can be tyrants on the job and seem cold and heartless at home. They should avoid discounting the opinions of others, especially when it comes to emotional relationships.

Sometimes the pursuit of riches becomes more important than personal relationships. *8’s are considered to be on the wrong path if an attachment to material objects is taking over their desire to share material and spiritual riches with the rest of the world.

Life Path Number 9

Those on the number 9 Life path are destined to travel a humanitarian path. These individuals make great diplomats, environmentalists, veterinarians, teachers, judges, social workers, nuns, priests and healers.

These sophisticated individual are very selfless souls and are often patient, trustworthy and honorable from the very beginning to the end of their life. Their moral rectitude, compassion and generosity often identify them.

Noble number 9’s are willing to take on great responsibilities in the name of justice or fighting for the underdog. Very few of them are interested in material gain. Many of them believe they will get their rewards in heaven for good deeds done on earth. It is also not unusual for a number 9 to give up all of their material possessions for the common good.

Sometimes 9’s express their deep understanding of life through painting, writing, music or other art forms. Many also become mystics, channellers, light workers, Reiki masters, witches and alternative healers.

The number 9 personality is best suited to the healing and care giving professions. Their sensitive natures tend to be completely trampled in traditional, competitive business environments.

Number 9’s have winning smiles and make friends very easily. They are great listeners and many of them can make others feel better just with a simple pat on the hand. Although they are fantastic with strangers, they are not so great in one on one relationship. One on one relationships often seem toxic to sophisticated number nines who are turned off by the drama, possessiveness and terminal uniqueness that is associated with the ideal of a soul mate. 9’s also do not like sex much, unless it is related to a tantra or practiced for the purposes of procreation. Many of them purposely remain single so that they can treat everybody like their soul mate.

9’s who stray from their wrong paths often find themselves feeling angry or hostile towards those they have helped. They may feel their generosity has been misused or abused. Their life path is to have faith in God or a Higher Power rather than other people. The number 9 who is giving with an expectation of reward, needs to reexamine his or own inner core and principles.

The negative side of 9’s manifests when they find others leaving them out of the loop. Their eccentricity causes others to treat them like village idiot. Sometimes 9’s lofty ideals are presented in a manner that others find absurd, spacey or hilarious. Part of a 9’s life path to express spiritual principles through actions, rather than through preaching or proselytizing.

Life Path Number 11

The Number 11 Life Path is concerned with spiritual illumination. Often a number 11 will display an understanding and knowledge of metaphysical matters that is far beyond the grasp of others.

11’s tend to lead a life of extremes. In their quest to find a balance between the rational and the irrationality they will often pursue the most eclectic of religions and cultures. These avant-garde and visionary individuals make great students, psychics, mystics, healers, teachers, writers, musicians and artists.

The number 11 will often sacrifice all in the pursuit of occult or metaphysical knowledge. Their thirst for learning persuades many of them to join cults or New Age Movements. Fortunately if they do get in trouble, they often demonstrate a brilliant resilience.

11’s can also be chameleons when it comes to career. Many of them try on careers the same way others try on clothes. The odd thing is that these “quick studies” are usually successful at whatever they do. Many of them will often boast two careers at once, often antithetical to each other. It is an 11 that you will find working as the manager of a bank by day, and then moonlighting as a Tarot Reader at night.

However, 11’s best utilize their life’s purpose by attempting to become teachers or counseling. Most 11’s are very skilled healers at the subconscious level and others are often healed by their touching and insightful words.

On the negative side 11’s often expect a great deal of themselves and others. Many of them are “wounded healers” who at some point in their life suffer a devastating experience that propels them on the search for spirituality. However along with these situations usually come a lot of toxic emotional baggage and a harsh inner critic. It takes many 11’s their entire life to rid themselves of the chip on their shoulder.

11’s are also very nervous individuals who are prone to illnesses that have a dual nature such as manic depression and schizophrenia. A tendency towards dreaminess sometimes delays them from finding their true purpose in life. In fact, 11’s are often late bloomers who do not start making money doing what they love until after age 40.

An 11 has strayed from his or her path when he or she finds himself always dreaming of big schemes, but never taking practical action to put these ideas into action. This means the 11 is not progressing and stuck in the “visionary” stage of enlightenment.

Life Path Number 22

Those following the life path of 22 are called master teachers. They are the most powerful of the Life Path numbers and are endowed with many powers. They have a unique talent for manifesting ideas into the realm of reality.

Whatever a 22 thinks about is almost sure to become manifest so it is very important for them to choose their thoughts carefully. If they are willing to work for what they desire they can achieve enormous prestige, success and fame. Things often come easily to 22’s who others often describe as being “born with a silver spoon.” They can accomplish a great deal with very little effort.

Negative 22’s are very rare, but sometimes they display what looks like insensitivity. This is part of a spiritual directive to be detached from objects and the outcome of events. Many of them work for material gain, with the idea that their wealth should be spread among the masses.

Life Path Number 33

A birth date that reduces down to 33 is very rare. When it does happen you are looking at a great and significant spiritual leader along the lines of the Dalai Lama or Gandhi.

These individuals do not display any typicality in terms of their life story, however they do usually achieve fame through acts of kindness, tenderness and compassion that lead to the transformation of the world’s consciousness.

Why Use LED Lights?

LED or Light Emitting Diode is a semiconductor electronic component that can produce light. Unlike other sources of light, it does not contain mercury or other toxic substances. It does not emit ultraviolet rays either; making it ideal not only for down lights and home lighting fixtures but for art museums and galleries, as well.

LED bulbs are more practical than halogen bulbs. They have a longer life span yet lower energy consumption. Although they do not last forever, they can last for up to eighty thousand hours. They are also smaller in size; hence, making them perfect choices for compact areas and difficult to reach places such as high ceilings. They are bright, durable, and reliable.

Some people believe that LED lights are not bright enough. Such conception, however, is not true because LED light bulbs are bright and even have color temperatures that range from 2,500K to 6,500K. In fact, LED is common in traffic lights. This only proves that LED lights can be seen even during the day.

LED lights are also far safer and more durable than halogen lights. They do not have filaments, so they can withstand high impacts. They can withstand shocks and vibrations, and they do not need frequent replacements. They also operate at low voltage levels and are cool to touch. Hence, they do not cause fire unlike halogen lights.

In addition, LED bulbs can be installed and maintained easily. You do not need any complex tools to affix them on downlights, lamps, and ceilings. Plus, they still function even if exposed to snow and rain. This makes them very ideal garden and outdoor lighting fixtures. You can count on them to stay bright even after years have already passed.

Nonetheless, aside from being perfect for downlights and home lights, LED bulbs also make ideal emergency lights. There is no need to buy pairs of batteries if you intend to go camping or hunting. You do not even need backup lighting for LED lights automatically start at full brightness.

LED lights are not limited to downlights, kitchen lights, and domestic lights. They can also be sued for flashing signs, automotive lights, and traffic signs. They can switch on and off without fading or flickering. Furthermore, LED light bulbs are safe for the environment. They emit less carbon dioxide even if they run for several hours a day. In conclusion, LED bulbs are your best choices when it comes to choosing lights.

Barriers to Speed Reading

There is more reading material in today’s world than what we could have imagined say 50 years back. Every day new things keep adding and we keep wondering if we will ever be able to read all of them. It may not be practical to read all of them in one life time but we can hope to read all our favorites by mastering speed reading technique.  The average reading speed is about 200-400 words a minute. Speed readers can read at much higher speeds. If you go by theory, a person can read as fast as he thinks. There are people who claim to read at 25,000 words a minute!

Lot of study and research has been done to identify what makes some people read faster. Speed reading is just a technique which combines various methods to help you read faster. There are various reasons why one cannot read faster than a certain speed. The most common reason is that people tend to read aloud. The speed at which speech can be delivered is about 400 words per minute and if you happen to be reading out aloud chances are that you reading speed is determined by your speed delivery speed. In order that you reading speed improve, as a first step you need to break away from this habit.

Sub-vocalization is a phenomenon which you imbibe when you start learning to read as a child. The best away to eliminate this habit is to be conscious about it while you read. Put an effort to ensure that you do not read out the words aloud. Aloud does not necessarily have the literal meaning here, it could also be that you are reading it out in your mind. Even that can slow down the reading speed.

Train yourself to read as fast as you think. Reading should be like watching a video where you do not repeat the words. You just see and understand what the video is trying to communicate. Reading should be like seeing and understanding rather than hearing the words and understanding. It will take some time and practice from your part to completely eliminate this habit. But once you are successful in acquiring the habit of reading by seeing, your reading speed will increase tremendously.

Another habit which slows your reading speed is rereading. Many a times we tend to go back to the text that is already read. This could be because of limited vocabulary or limited concentration. Make an effort to stop rereading. Vocabulary will increase over a period of time as you read more and more. To improve concentration, start off with reading in a solitary place. Slowly keep improving your concentration by using some help like an earplug. As you get involved in the reading, your concentration will automatically improve. It is not always necessary that you read all words to grasp the meaning of the sentence. There will be certain keywords which will convey the complete meaning.

Speed reading techniques are very simple and can be mastered with some practice and self discipline.

Top Ten Portland Cement Uses

When you decide to begin building your house, one of the most important considerations is about the cement that would be used. In fact, the commonest type of cement to be used across the world is Portland cement. The primary reason for this global general use is indeed its composition. Composed of concrete, mortar, stucco and grout, it is produced as a fine powder by grinding the Portland cement clinker with calcium sulfate. The origins of the cement can be traced back to in the initial years of the 19th century. Portland cement has today found its way as being the basic ingredient for ready-mix concrete. This adoption has been undertaken only after having successfully tested and recognized the fact that it creates a strong bond as compared to the early techniques of concrete production. With the increasing amount of importance that is continuously being attached to them, Portland cement, especially the one which forms a part of the ready-mix concrete, may be put to the following uses-


  1. The most important use of Portland cement is the production of concrete. It plays a pivotal role in setting and hardening the concrete. 
  2. On being mixed with other aggregates, Portland cement begins to serve a dual purpose. One, it provides for the concrete products to be workable when wet and Two, it provides them to be durable when dry.
  3. It is extensively used by the retaining walls and the precast concrete block walls as a major component to build a strong foundation of concrete.
  4. By mixing it with water, Portland cement literally turns into a plastic stone and thereby it can be used for purposes and in places where stone was to be used and that too by keeping within the financial limits. 
  5. It may be molded to obtain a hard and fire-proof material which may further be employed in designing buildings, shop floors, reservoirs and other foundations.
  6. Any kind of iron or timber structure is exposed to corrosion either by air or water. But with a concrete casing, made by utilizing Portland cement, they can be effectively protected.
  7. Any structure that is meant to support huge amounts of weight will bring Portland cement into use. These structures range from ground floors of multi-storey buildings to bridge floors and from bridge spans to dams.
  8. Due to its ability to prevent corrosion, it is also put to use in ships, tanks and bunkers.
  9. A blaze or a devastating fire may leave a structure completely burnt but with the use of Portland cement, this can be prevented. 
  10. It is also brought into usage in mortars, plasters, screeds and grouts as a material which can be squeezed into gaps to consolidate the structures.

The use of Portland cements has galvanized ready-mix concrete production. Owing to the prominence which is being attached to them, these cements are said to have already made and left their mark.

How to Fix Runtime Error 482

Runtime Error 482 is an error that’s caused when you try and use the “PrintForm” function inside Windows. The nature of the “runtime” error is such that it’s caused when your PC is trying to run a certain part of the system, and is consequently unable to. To fix this error, you need to be able to fix the problems that can cause it.

The Runtime Error 482 normally shows in this form:

  • Run-time error ‘482′: Printer Error
  • Printer Error

Because this error is continually making computers around the World unable to print out, or use specific functions, it’s important that you’re able to fix the various problems that cause it to show. In order to fix Runtime error 482, you should first rectify the PrintForm protocol inside Windows, and then clean out the ‘registry’ with a registry cleaner.

The Runtime Error 482 is primarily caused by the PrintForm function inside your PC either being corrupted or damaged. If you’re just an average user, you might not know what this is, or even how it’s used on your PC. This is more for programmers – because in order to stop the 482 error, you should first call “End Doc” before using PrintForm. This will allow Windows to perform the various functions it needs in the right way, allowing your PC to run without the error again.

After you’ve done that, you should then use a ‘registry cleaner’ to fix any damaged settings inside the registry of your PC. The registry is a central database which stores vital settings for Windows, including everything from your desktop wallpaper and your latest emails. The registry is often referred to as the “hidden workhorse” of Windows because it’s continually being used 100’s of times by your PC. The only problem is that it’s continually being damaged, causing your PC to run slower and with errors.

The Runtime 482 error can be caused if various printer settings inside the registry become damaged, making it essential you keep this part of your PC secure and functional. To do this, you need to use a ‘registry cleaner’, which is an automated tool that can fix all the damaged settings inside your PC.

Updating the Look of Your RV – Exploring Slipcovers, New Flooring, and More

Thousands of Americans are taking to the road in an increasingly wide variety of RVs, mobile homes, campers, and more. These units offer an incredible amount of freedom, but the small living space can sometimes feel stale. Many owners feel that there is nothing that can be done to update it, and that they must simply tolerate whatever they get with the RV itself. There are many modifications that can change the look and feel of your RV’s interior, from small changes like slipcovers and cushion covers to larger more expensive projects like a new floor. With any combination of these changes, you’ll see a big difference in the way your RV’s interior space looks.

Using Slipcovers To Change Built-In Furniture

Most RVs come with company standard furniture in colors that may not be appealing. Although there is usually some choice with upholstery, it is rare to find a company that lets you choose a fabric for a reasonable price. Many RV owners choose to circumvent the restrictions by purchasing slipcovers to go over the seats in their units. These slipcovers are easy to put in place and look natural, but can be made in any of a vast number of design choices. They are typically custom made, allowing them to fit seamlessly even on the sometimes oddly shaped furnishings in an RV.

Slipcovers have another advantage: they are easy to care for. Keeping them clean is as simple as washing them every so often, and they can be easily replaced if necessary. In addition, they keep the original fabric underneath them free from wear and tear. Without the stress of daily use, the fabric underneath the slipcovers can last a lot longer, meaning that the RV owner won’t have to spend money to reupholster it.

Adding Color With Cushion Covers

When RV owners look to make a small change with a big impact, they often look to cushion covers. These fit over an existing cushion, but have a different color, pattern or texture that adds visual interest. Cushion covers can be used on couch cushions, or any other kind – it’s all a matter of personal choice. These too are typically custom fit to ensure that there are no gaps. Good cushion covers are very durable and made with reinforced seams to ensure that they can stand up to years of use. Many designers use them in conventional homes, and they can have just as much design impact in an RV.

Big Impact, Big Commitment: New Flooring

Without doubt, there can be tremendous value in adding new flooring. If your old floor is worn out after years of use or stained, it can even be a necessity. There is a big payoff to new flooring, but there is also a big payout. It is one of the most expensive interior changes that can be made to an RV unit, and it will require a professional to do it. Most importantly, you have to be sure that you love the floor you’ve picked. You can’t easily undo your choice if it doesn’t look right once the floor is in.

A well chosen floor can give an RV a completely new appearance. It isn’t always as dramatic as accent slipcovers because it isn’t usually as immediately noticeable, but it certainly changes the overall feeling. For some owners, it is absolutely worth the investment. Just be certain that you are choosing the right floor material, and that it is going to be installed by a qualified professional.

There are many small changes that, when put together, can make an RV feel very different. A change as simple as rearranging your shelves can make it feel like an entirely new space. Most owners, however, want something a bit more salient than that. There are many small touches that can be made around the cabin to add new visual interest. Finding them is as easy as taking a look around.

One of the easiest small touches is also the most often overlooked. Adding window treatments to an RV is an easy way to give it an update. Plus, it has almost as much visual impact as adding cushion covers because the eye is naturally drawn to windows. Consider trying to match your window treatments to your upholstery, if the company offers matching fabric. If not, consider combining slipcovers and new window treatments – most companies will happily sell you extra fabric to match your cushion covers. If you can’t match your current fabric, be sure that you are complementing it with your new additions. Dream of the design you want, but always choose colors for the scheme you have.

Engine Rebuilds – Rebuilding a Lotus Twin Cam

The Ford Lotus Twin cam, the legendary high performance engine of the sixties era. The Mk1 Twin Cam was introduced as a test bed engine in the Mk1 Cortina in 1963 & followed by the Mk II which powered the

Mk II Lotus Cortina – the same engine that was also fitted to the 1968 Escort Twin Cam.

The lotus Cortina & the Twin Cam Escort were instant winners both on the track and in many, many rallies held throughout the world. It is often said that the sixties were the golden years of motor sport, and the firm of lotus and their highly competitive cars were held in high esteem. But the Lotus elan which was publicly released at the1962 Earls Court motor show was the sports car that set the motoring world alight, the elan established a reputation for rapid point to point motoring, as well racking up success after success on race circuits around the world. Lotus was quick to build on those success with the release of the lotus elan 26R, the racing version, which was based on the elan S2 model, only about one hundred 26Rs elans were produced by the factory.

The run of the mill four cylinder ford cast iron engine block provided the base on which the twin cam engine was built, the cylinder head was a Harry Mundy designed twin cam alloy head, which incorporated chain drive to the twin over head cams, which actuated the eight valves. The engine was normally aspirated and fed by ‘twin forty millimetre Weber carburettors, which are characterised by the distinct clucking sound they made when the throttle butterflies are opened.

But despite the high power output of this small four-cylinder engine there are two Achilles heals of this engine, the first being the reputation for water pump failure, which is mostly caused by the engine being left standing for long periods sans any coolant in the block, on the first crank of the engine the dry seal is ripped during the first turn over.

Many elan & escort owners have also upgraded from the original dynamo to a modern alternator for the electrical system, the high tension on the belt required to run the alternator places excessive side loads on the water pump which can lead to premature failure… the standard water pump replacement requires that the alloy twin cam cylinder head be first removed, this can lead to a very expensive mechanical repair for the non-practical twin cam owner

The best fix for this problem is to install the newer modular type water pump, making it far easier to remove and replace. The other problem with the twin cam lotus engine is the constant habit of the engine of losing oil pressure on tight right hand turns, many owners choose to ignore this problem at their own peril, lotus twin cam

drivers have been known to simply listen for the bearing rattles then’ back off, and wait for oil pressure to return…. if you hear bearing rattle, the engine is only a few seconds away from a potential engine blow up,

From a cold start, bearing rattle can be tolerated in an engine because it only lasts for one or two seconds while the engine is at idle., but it is an entirely different story when the engine is revving at four to seven thousand revs per minute where even a short oil starvation period can have a devastating effect on the engine bearings, bearing failure is not an if, but a matter of when the engine bearings seize on the crankshaft.

But You’ll Be Pleased to know there is A Fix – But there are really only two options;

1: If you are into circuit racing, then dry sump lubrication is a given, it can be expensive and time consuming to set up and to get it right, but most racers swear by dry sump lubrication.

2: Install A Gated Wet Sump Oil Control system.

It sounds technical but it is not, the gated sump system consists of designing and building a unique apparatus which is installed in the standard twin cam sump or oil pan, it is not expensive to build or difficult to fabricate, it is not complex, and most home mechanics would be capable of building the baffle if they enjoy fabricating with sheet metal, and they also understand how to do a small amount of brazing.

No one but you will ever know that there is a special anti surge oil control system installed in the sump of your twin cam lotus engine. But the difference is that with the gated baffle installed, you will be able take any given corner at high speed in your Ford escort, Lotus Cortina or lotus elan and not have the slightest worry about oil surge, the oil gauge will tell you that the correct oil pressure is being delivered to your legendary twin cam lotus engine, it’s about piece of mind and confidence with high performance motoring. Build it once, build it right, and you’ll have no problems.

P0171 and P0174 Codes – Don’t Replace an Oxygen Sensor Before Reading This

So your car’s CEL (Check Engine Light) is on and you had the codes scanned at a local parts store. Your car has either a P0171, P0174 lean fault code or both stored in the computer, these codes are based on Oxygen Sensor (O-2) readings. A lean code or codes indicate that there’s too much oxygen in the exhaust. Remember parts stores have employees that have good intentions but they may not have the experience necessary to interpret what the trouble codes really mean. These codes are based on oxygen measurements in the exhaust. A common mistake with lean codes is to replace the oxygen sensors. This could be a very expensive mistake that will not fix the problem. Especially if both codes are present, because the chance of both O-2 sensors failing at the same time is very unlikely.

Most likely the cause is a vacuum leak. A vacuum leak can be caused from a vacuum hose, intake gasket or maybe even a leak in the air intake hose from the MAF (Mass Air Flow Sensor). Listen for a hissing sound that may lead you to the source of the problem. Some technicians will use a propane bottle with a hose attachment to help pinpoint vacuum leaks. With today’s computers it’s not quite as easy to check for vacuum leaks this way because the ECU (Electronic Control Unit) will compensate quickly for the added fuel and a change in idle is harder to notice. Oxygen sensor readings can be monitored with a scan tool while checking for leaks with propane, by looking for increased readings when enriching the mixture. Another way technicians can check for vacuum leaks is with a smoke test. By introducing smoke into a vacuum hose on the engine, the leak will be revealed when the smoke escapes from the problem area.

Aftermarket air filters that use oil on the element can sometimes damage the MAF. Over oiling the air filter may allow some excess to get on the MAF sensor wire or element. This can alter the reading, fooling the ECU into seeing more or less air flow therefore changing the air/fuel mixture incorrectly. I once worked on a car that would not start that had a problem with a MAF. When looking at the wire in the MAF, there was a burned piece of trash that made it’s way past the air filter. After cleaning the sensor the car ran perfectly. The ash that was on the MAF sensor wire was altering the reading by enriching the mixture so much that the car could not run. After talking with the customer, he said the air filter was just changed. This was obviously when some trash got into the air intake hose that settled on the hot wire of the MAF.

Fuel Pressure could also cause a lean condition. If the fuel filter is clogged or the fuel pump pressure is low, there could be higher level of oxygen in the exhaust also. Most of the time though, the ECU will compensate for the reduced fuel volume. So this is one of the least likely causes of a lean code.