PSP Mp4 Downloads – Where to Download Mp4 Movies for PSP

Since its launch several years ago, the PSP device has become one of the most popular portable devices. Thousands of PSP owners are using their Sony PlayStation Portable to watch movies, play games, listen to music and download all sorts of stuff such as photos and wallpaper. One of the most popular PSP downloads are mp4 movies and videos. Instead of worrying about converting your video files to MPEG-4 format that can be played by the PSP, you simply search for PSP mp4 downloads online. There are many different websites that are now offering mp4 movie and video downloads for PSP devices. You just have to know where to find these websites.

The best place to start when looking for PSP mp4 downloads is the major search engines such as Google, MSN and Yahoo. You can also try If you’re interested in a particular title you can do a specific search such as “Star Wars PSP mp4 downloads”. You can also do general searches just in case the provider hosts pages that are not indexed by the search engines. It’s a good idea to do searches on all the main search engines so that you can increase the chances of finding the files that you’re looking for. If the PSP mp4 downloads you’re looking for are only available on a members only website, then you may not find these files by doing a search on the search engines.

Another place where you can find out where to download mp4 movies for PSP is from forums, newsgroups and other download sites. People are always sharing this type of information so if you look hard enough you’ll find someone talking about a website which they like. If the discussion forum you’re visiting has a search function, use it to locate relevant discussions about PSP mp4 downloads. You’ll most likely find links to some PSP download sites that offer mp4 downloads. Many PSP websites offer a variety of downloads to their members including movies, music, and software and games so you don’t have to look specifically for a site that offers only PSP mp4 downloads.

Another good place to find PSP mp4 downloads is from articles posted online. Many discussions about PSP downloads also mention specific download sites that you may want to visit.

There are many types of PSP download websites. Some offer free clips and short films while others offer full length mp4 movies. Some of the ones that offer full length movies use file sharing software to distribute the files to different users since they often have thousands of users. Many of these sites are membership based so you would have to join as a member first before you can be allowed to get free access to free PSP mp4 downloads. Some websites don’t offer memberships but will sale you specific mp4 movies that you’re interested in.

Epoxy Floor Vs. Urethane Mortar Floor for Food and Beverage Facilities

Urethane mortar floors (a/k/a cementitious urethane flooring or urethane cement flooring) excel over epoxy floor systems in food & beverage plants for many reasons; this USDA accepted flooring material reduces downtime, is durable in hostile environments with thermal shock, and withstands heavy impact and damaging chemical agents. For new construction, urethane concretes can be applied to 10 day old concrete, thus eliminating the typical 28 day wait for curing concrete. Use of polyurethane cement mortar systems has now surpassed once standard epoxy floor coatings and vinyl ester flooring systems such as Tufco flooring, in these special need environments. Products such as Ucrete, Flowcrete, PurCem, and CastorCrete are gaining substantial market share. Tufco flooring has even developed a urethane mortar floor system. These floors may be found in industrial kitchens at food & beverage processing industries such as meat/poultry, dairy, seafood, bakeries, breweries and all beverage processing. Poultry flooring and brewery flooring endure some of the most severe conditions for industrial flooring. Urethane mortar flooring can even withstand years of hard service in these areas.

Compared to epoxy floors, urethane flooring products have enhanced resistance to impact and abuse from dropped pots, steel parts and utensils in industrial kitchens and food plants. They handle repetitive scraping and scratching better than epoxy, acrylic and competitive systems. They are extremely beneficial in plant areas where steel wheels are used, such as bakeries. Urethane mortar floors are used as waterproof flooring, providing a “bathtub effect” in areas of the plant requiring a waterproof floor. They are non slip when wet, and provide a permanent non slip texture, due to the integral large, hard wearing aggregate, throughout the thickness of the floor system.

Cementitious urethane mortars have a similar modulus of elasticity and thermal coefficient of expansion to that of concrete. When applied over concrete, brick or tile, this prevents delamination when the flooring is stressed due to thermal conditions. These food grade floor materials withstand hot spills and repeated thermal cycling (hot washdowns, steam cleaning, etc.) without breaking down. In addition, moisture and cool temperature tolerance allows for installation on cold (above freezing), damp concrete surfaces, often found in operating food plants.

Cementitious overlays have very little odor, since there are no VOC’s. This means that there is no risk to open food products. Urethane concrete mortars can be applied next to fully operational food processing areas, eliminating the need to shut down an operation to resurface the floor. One pass installation with no primer coat required, means that many floor restoration projects can be completed over weekends, with no costly production downtime. Additionally, urethane cement flooring has excellent all around resistance to chemicals used in food & beverage plants.

The most durable urethane mortar floor systems are typically trowelled, and are applied at ¼ to 3/8 inch thickness, and provide a seamless matte finish. These trowel applied urethane mortars have physical properties that are twice that of concrete. Self-leveling “slurry” systems were originally developed for contractors that were not able to install the urethane mortar floors. These systems typically applied a 1/8 to 3/16 inch thickness. They provide a heavy duty surface in areas which require a high gloss, urethane or polyurethane concrete top coat, maximum cleanability, and high aesthetics. Applications consists of screeding, broadcasting with natural quartz aggregate, and top coating. They are available with a novolac epoxy topcoat, which allows for installation in chemical storage areas, with concentrated spillages. These systems may also be finished with colored quartz or vinyl chips.

The original system, Ucrete HF, is an FDA type USDA flooring, USDA approved, trowel applied urethane, and is the original system (has been around for more than 40 years). It has withstood the test of time in the harshest environments. The trowelled ¼ inch system offers the highest level of durability with a lifespan of greater than ten years. The only drawback of urethane mortars, is that they are slightly more expensive upfront, than epoxy; however they offer long term performance and the maximum return on investment.

Inground Vs Aboveground Pool Filters – What’s the Difference?

Is there a big difference between filters for aboveground pools and inground pools? They both filter water right? Besides, the manufacturer’s specifications tell me that this filter can filter a swimming pool up to 20,000 gallons.  So why should I have to pay more than double the price?  The short answer is yes, but let’s not be penny wise and pound foolish. 

Those are typical, reasonable questions that many pool owners ask.  Let’s look at some of the major differences between filters for aboveground pools and inground pools.  But first we’ll look at the similarities.

The similarities between inground and aboveground pool filters are pretty simple.  The first similarity is that there are 3 types of pool filters – Sand, Diatomaceous Earth (DE), and Cartridge.  The second similarity is that they work essentially the same – a pump draws water from the pool through the skimmer, then the water is pumped through the filter tank and its media (sand, DE or cartridge) and returns to the swimming pool clean and filtered.

The differences deal with pool plumbing or piping, necessary flow and finally size.  Let’s discuss them in order.

Pool Plumbing. The biggest difference may seem like pool size and gallonage.  But in reality, it’s more of a function of pool plumbing. Most aboveground pools have their filter system right next to the swimming pool.  Plus, the filter and pump & motor are generally located below the water level. In other words, the filter system is usually on the ground with the hose from the skimmer feeding directly down into the pump and the filtered water returning up to the pool’s return jet – gravity feed.  Most aboveground pools have no more than 6 to 9 feet (about 2 to 3 meters) of hose on each side – a total of 12 to 18 feet.

Inground pools on the other hand can and do have many more feet of piping and plumbing.  On top of that, there are usually multiple skimmers or other suction lines – sometimes working in tandem, sometimes not.  Then there are multiple return fittings or “eyeballs” or jets.  Here’s an example, my swimming pool (with only about 16,000 gallons) has a skimmer, lower suction, and 2 return fittings.  Each wall fitting has its own pluming line.  Even though the filter sits just 15 feet from the pool, let’s look at how many feet of pipe there are for each line.  The skimmer and lower suction are relatively close to each other, so they each use about the same amount of piping – roughly 40 feet each line or a total of 80 feet going into the pump.  The return fittings are on opposite sides of the pool.  One return line is about 30 feet from the filter, the other is about 50 feet – another 80 feet.  My pump & motor has to pull and push water a total of more than 160 feet or TEN times the distance of an average aboveground pool.  Plus we haven’t mentioned heater, valves, elbows and other fittings used in inground pools.

Necessary Flow.  Understanding flow is the “great mystery” of the pool industry.  Very few people practice it well.  Simply stated, FLOW is putting the correct amount of water through the system to adequately filter the water.  It’s not all about Horsepower. In fact, most pool systems operate with too much horsepower!  And that’s a waste of energy and money.  Think of it this way: all pipes or hoses (depending on their size or diameter) can only handle a certain amount of water flow – let’s say it’s 100 gallons per minute (gpm) for example.  You or pool guy decide that a new pump is needed.  “Let’s use something a little bigger that will give you ‘better’ suction,” he says.  Now a pump is installed that pumps 125 gpm – great!  Not so fast! Your pipes can only handle 100 gpm.  Do you have better suction? Maybe.  Are you using more energy to run the larger pump? Definitely.  Roughly 25% more energy.  Not only that, but the filter doesn’t seem to filter as well as before.  That’s because the water is being pushed too quickly through the media (especially true of sand filters) – the filter system has to run longer because the dirt can’t be as easily trapped.

But that’s just one part of the flow discussion.  The other part is something called “head.”  Head is how high the pump has to pull or push water up.  Most inground pools have their filters above the water level.  Sometimes within a foot or two (less than 1 meter).  Sometimes, it can be 10 to 15 feet.  The pump has to draw all of that pool water 15 feet up to the filter.  Think of this way: is it easier to hold a glass of water over your head and pour it into your mouth or to use a straw to sip (suction) it?  Plus then there are solar heating panels (often installed on the roof of the house or pool shed) and fountains or other water features.

Size. Finally we come to size.  Pool size. Filter size.  It’s all important.  Can an aboveground filter system filter 20,000 gallons of pool water? Yes. But is an aboveground filter system able to properly push water through 100 plus feet of piping and create enough circulation in the pool to push water down 6 or 8 feet in depth and back up again?  Or how about doing all of that plus getting the water 25 to 30 feet in various directions?  Inground pumps are made to do all of that pushing and pulling of water.  Aboveground pumps can’t.

How about filter size? Inground pools typically have 20,000 to 40,000 gallons of water.  All of that water needs to be filtered 2 to 3 times daily for best performance (see our ezine article on Proper Circulation: “Circulation – First Key to Good Pool Care” for more information).  A larger filter is needed for the larger volume of water.

As a necessary aside, larger aboveground pools ( 27 ft round and larger, and 18 x 33 oval and larger ) should consider utilizing a properly sized inground filter system.  After the first season, many large aboveground pools experience water quality problems due to inadequate filter systems.  Unfortunately, these pools are “hampered” by the problem of having only one skimmer and one return cut-out.  Ask your local pool professional to configure your system correctly.  Will it cost more initially? Yes, but you will be much more satisfied in years to come.

Just In Time (JIT) Vs Supermarkets

Many pioneers of lean manufacturing or JIT traveled to USA to study the Henry Ford’s line assembly system. They studied the manufacturing system which made Henry Ford one of the richest of the planet. They studied the pluses and minuses of the system.

But, many Japanese manufacturers were more interested in supermarkets than Ford’s system. Sounds bad? It is true though. Lean manufacturing pioneers thought about the possibility of using the super market concepts in the manufacturing process that they are going to develop. It might not be possible to say lean manufacturing is born on the supermarket concept. But JIT operates more or less similar to the concepts of the super markets.

A supermarket never keeps large stocks in them. They will keep only the shelf full and when the goods are being removed from the customer, it will be detected ad the shelves will be replenished daily or twice a day. The important concept behind this system is not having large stocks and continuous replenishment based on the consumption. This will give supermarkets large floor space savings, less wastage and ability to react for the customer requirements.

This is what happens in JIT manufacturing. Goods are produced only when they are required. Therefore there is no requirement for the stocks. Raw materials are purchased in small batches, when they are required. Then the goods are produced with a continuous flow. Then the finished products are distributed to the customers in small batches, continuously. This means, no wastages in the form of opportunity loss for the capital, reduced quality defects, floor space savings, higher flexibility and shorter lead-times.

This process will be stimulated by the customer demand. Customer requirement will pull the product from the manufacturer. Don’t you see a big similarity between lean manufacturing and supermarkets?

Chairs for the Elderly and Chair Lift

Lift chairs are used a lot by the aged people, the immobilized, and those who may find it difficult to sit or stand due to body pain. Using chair lifts may offer the mobility, comfortable posture, and more independence. HSL chairs tilt in the forward direction when the user desires to sit down or stand up. After getting seated, a push button helps to bring the chair back to the normal position. Lift chairs can also be clubbed with a recliner to move people up and down a staircase.

One needs to consider several things before buying chair lifts:

1. These chairs can be big size and occupy a lot of space. So, you should have adequate room in their homes, as well as access to a power socket, so that the power chair lifts can be plugged in for working.

2. Next, you will have to decide the appearance of your recliner – the color and covering to decorate the chair. A wheel chair can be fitted with a number of fabrics, and leather.

3. Depending on whether you are left or right-handed, you will want to choose a stair chair with a handheld controller on the appropriate side.

4. The price of popular chair lifts and wheelchair on depend on the lifts manufacturer which you choose. It may vary from several hundred to several thousand dollars.

A riser recliner chair or lift chair is a little piece of luxury your elderly family member deserves. This article explores some of the most significant attributes of recliner chairs and gives you the best update you require. Chairs for the elderly are a very important requirement in any household.

One with weak knees, ankles, waist, and other joints are usually the people who will get the real advantage out of these medical chairs. Moreover, old persons who have met with some kind of accident, or suffering from a chronic disease benefit a lot from these lift chairs.

Many of these chairs are made up of weather-proof material like stainless steel and wood. This increases the life of the chair because it can resist wear and tear.

The more complicated ones have safety switches and locks. They help the disabled in maintaining safety. There are many designs from which you can choose. This article gives you all the information on how to make that critical decision to choose your chair:

1. The Double-position lift chair

This chair can be reclined up to 45 degrees very easily at the touch of a switch. Also it can be stopped in any position between zero and 45 degrees.

2. The Triple-position recliner chair

This chair gives you a lot of power. It can be reclined till 90 degrees flat. One can get a good sleep in it if one feels like.

3. The Unlimited reclining chair

This seat can be reclined at any angle and level. It is equipped with a dedicated motor to operate it. It functions like a stair would in this scenario. This can be used as a shower chair with a seat for taking bath.

When one gets old it can be very difficult to move around. Chairs for the elderly help old people to do it with ease without taking much help from others, and once again enjoy the joys of a regular daily life.

You need to properly install the chair lifts because it is very important for the safety of the handicap. It is highly recommended that you allow a professional trained to install the chair do his work. You can also fit the chair lift yourself to save money. When you or your loved ones require help in getting from the ground floor to the top floor, they are the perfect option. It can be a great comfort, luxury and invaluable freedom for those who have difficulty sitting or standing.

The Benefits of Using Temporary Door Protection During Construction

The front door of a home is a prominent and important feature and can add significant value to the home. Doors can cost anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars and are often made from pricey, high quality wood. Damage caused to expensive doors during construction can also cost residential builders precious time for replacement or repair. Temporary door protection is a smart and cost-effective way for builders to decrease construction costs and ensure timely completion of a project. Without the need to waste time fixing damage that could have been prevented by using protection, builders can make a positive lasting impression on customers and increase referrals. The use of temporary door protection is a win-win for the customer as well as the builder.

Commercial building projects also benefit from using temporary door protection. Metal doors used in many commercial projects are dent-prone and scratch easily. The costs for a carpenter to repair a dented door with bondo or install a temporary hollow door add up quickly. Commercial projects often use hundreds if not thousands of doors making door protection extremely valuable. Doors in commercial and multi-family buildings often have automatic closing hardware that prevents many door protection devices from working; however there are several attachments that are both easy to use and effective.

Door protection is most often comprised of fluted cardboard that attaches via tape, Velcro or elastic bands. Tape is the least expensive method of holding protection to the door; however, it often sticks to the door and leaves an adhesive residue which then must be cleaned. Tape attachments should never be used on doors made of wood as the risk of adhesive residue is greater and adhesive removal products damage wood. Velcro attachment methods such as those used for the Door Shield are the most expensive method to hold protection to the door and have a reputation for slipping significantly when the door is used. The thick, Velcro straps can also interfere with the function of the door by making door closure impossible. Rubber band attachments such as that used on DoorGuard hold the door protection to the door in the most secure fashion. The low profile of the bands also allows full function of the door. The one caveat of elastic bands is occasional breakage when stretched too far during the installation process.

Construction companies that build green or LEED-certified buildings also benefit since the majority of the door protection devices on the market are made from recycled materials and are completely reusable. Both the DoorGuard and Door Shield are made from 97-100% recycled cardboard and can be reused for several jobs. They can also be recycled themselves.

To learn more about the different types of temporary door protection and to determine which is best for your construction project, contact your local temporary surface protection supplier.

Chinese Jump Rope

Imagine having a great time playing with just a simple piece of elastic string! Chinese Jump Rope is a game popular around the world!

Chinese Jump Rope found me as a child and once again, through my profession as a physical educator. The game is funny like that, popping up from generation to generation, verbally passed from one to another like a folk tale.

It’s a challenging game played by anyone anywhere!

The simple rules test the skill and coordination of all players. An elastic rope is the only equipment needed for play. The game is easily learned and always fun!

Chinese children first played Chinese Jump Rope in the 7th century. Rediscovered by English children in the 1960’s, the game remains as popular as ever.

Chinese Jump Rope is no ordinary “rope skipping” game. “Enders” hold an elastic rope while a “jumper” jumps the rope in special ways. The challenge? To jump successfully!


A Jumper jumps until a mistake or “miss” is made.

-A miss can be made for jumping “out” instead of “in”.

-A miss is also made if a jumper touches the rope incorrectly while playing the game.

After a miss, the jumper trades positions with an ender.

The new jumper starts from the very beginning of the game on the next turn.

Every Chinese Jump Rope game begins with the rope held in basic position.


1. Face each other and step inside the rope.

2. Place the rope around the ankles.

3. Step back until the rope is stretched.

Two parallel jumping lines, about 12 inches (30cm)apart, are stretched between the enders.

The jumper stands outside the rope, ready to play.

Simple words describe simple Chinese Jump Rope steps!


Jump both feet inside the rope.


Jump both feet on top of the rope. The left foot lands on the left rope; the right foot lands on the right foot.


Jump both feet from the middle to the outside of the rope. Feet land together on one side.


Jump over both ropes from one side. Both feet land together on the other side of the rope.


Jump a straddle! The left foot lands outside the left side of the rope. The right foot lands outside the right side of the rope.


Jump quickly side-to-side. Both feet start “out” one side of the ropes.

-Jump side: The left foot lands outside the left rope. The right foot lands inside the rope.

-Jump side again quickly: The left foot lands inside the rope. The right foot lands outside the right rope.

Jumpers call the steps out loud while jumping. Calling helps the player remember the “pattern” of the jumps!

Practice “jumping steps” with these simple games!

Game 1:


Game 2:


Game 3:


Game 4:


No enders around to hold the rope? Draw two parallel chalk lines on a play surface (sidewalk, concrete, pavement).

Happy jumping!

Bridge Card Games

Bridge has been an ever-increasing popular game among card lovers, especially contract bridge. In fact, papers around the world have daily bridge columns. There are many bridge competitions with people around the world trying to become “Bridge Masters.” Bridge is the second most popular game in the world, after poker.

Bridge is a card game played with a standard pack of fifty-two cards. It requires four or more players. It is a complex card game that involves a lot of skill and has barely any element of luck. It is played by articulate and sharp minds and is a great source of entertainment. It is played in clubs or in the house.

There are various types of bridge games with different rules. They are rubber-bridge, duplicate bridge, Chicago-bridge and honeymoon-bridge.

Rubber-bridge is the fundamental form of contract bridge, played by four players. Casual, social-bridge is often played this way. Rubber-bridge is also played in clubs and it is also played for money. Duplicate bridge is a game usually played in clubs, competitions and matches. The game is basically the same, but the element of risk is reduced. The same deals are replayed by different sets or combination of players. At least eight players are required for this game. There are some significant differences in the scoring. Four players play chicago-bridge, and the game is completed in four deals.

Another type of bridge is honeymoon-bridge. In this game, there are two players, and that is why it is called honeymoon-bridge. There are various types of bridge games enjoyed by different people around the world. The preference for the number of players that are playing has a lot to do with the kind of bridge game played.

How To Build A Summer House From Scratch

A summer house is a very simple structure. Even a novice woodworker should be able to build a summer house from scratch, with the right tools and instructions. Depending on the design the result will be a pleasing and satisfying addition to any garden and add considerably to the value of your property.

The only important consideration is that the summer house must be built very carefully and accurately. Any imperfections in measurements will be immediately obvious once the house has been completed. The prettier the summer house the more important it is to get the structural elements right.

There are two main advantages to building your own summer house from scratch:

  • You will save a huge amount of money compared with buying a flatpack or ready-to-assemble kit, and
  • You will be able to choose from a much wider range of designs, and customize them to your exact ideas

Personally I like to use a good set of three dimensional drawings whenever making a wooden project, whether large or small. It is possible to draw a set up yourself but, unless you are already an expert, it is much better to have it done professionally. That way you can be sure that all dimensions are accurate and, rather more to the point, everything will go together properly!

Many people assume that plans and drawings are one and the same. More accurately, however, plans include drawings but contain much more information that is essential to proper assembly. As a minimum a set of plans should include:

  • Accurate planview, elevation and at least one endview drawing of the complete assembly
  • Similar drawings for every detail part unless it is clearly shown on the main drawings
  • Isometric (three dimensional) drawings of each main assembly part
  • Full material specification, quantity and exact cut dimensions for every part
  • List of all fasteners, brackets and other hardware required to complete the assembly

Written instructions are not always included in commercial sets of plans but, especially for the novice woodworker, they are very useful and can make the difference between a project getting finished or not. Often you will find free plans advertised online, but these never include proper instructions or comprehensive lists of materials, and the standard of drawing usually leaves much to be desired as well.

Unless you already have a design lined up you will also appreciate having a good range to choose from.

We have found and recommend a really good source of plans if you want to build a summer house from scratch. They include all of the things we consider essential, as outlined above, as well as having more than fifty summer house designs to consider. They are not expensive and, in our opinion, represent the best value for money currently available online.

Our website has more information on this and many other projects.

Tips on Framing Black and White Photography

Black and white photographs have remained popular since their inception roughly 150 years ago. The ability of black and white images to fit many decorating styles has contributed to their increased popularity. As such, people have become more open to alternative, more sophisticated framing designs for these items.

How to best frame a black and white photograph is a subject for much conjecture. Plain and simple to take nothing from the art, or more ornate to complement the subject matter? Add colour in the frame design to help draw the eye to the picture, or stick with a rigid two-tone approach to ensure dramatic elegance?

So where does that leave us? Well to be honest somewhere in the middle. The fact is that there is as much variety in black and white photography as in any other art form. Think of it this way, if we asked everyone to dress in the same way the look would suit a few but be terrible for most. However, there are some simple rules and techniques you should keep in mind when framing black and white photographs.

– Some framers believe a pristine white mount is best for all black and white images, on the basis that it does not detract from the picture itself. However, for pictures with a white focal point, a pristine white mount can be too bright and will compete with the image for attention.

– Another common mistake is to try to ‘lighten’ dark art by surrounding it with a light mount. In reality, a light mount border causes the dark colours in the photo to look even darker.

– Mounts should be black, white or grey. Any other colour adds an element that isn’t present in the picture. If you have a customer who insists on a colourful mount, a common suggestion is to go for a white mat with a small accent of colour as a second mount. However, this accent actually pulls the eye away from the photo. A better solution is to use the colour as the predominant top mount and place the accent of black or grey below it to work as a transition into the photo. With all that colour surrounding the photo it isolates the image, in affect, drawing attention to it.

– When it comes to the moulding, consider the era, style and location of the photograph. As in framing any art piece, each frame must enhance the style and mood of the photograph itself. Many framers believe you should stick to a narrow, basic frame for black and white photographs, but this may not co-ordinate with the subject of the photo. For example, a picture of an ornate piece of architecture may look better with a more classical moulding design.

– Elongation is often a good treatment for portrait photographs, images with vertical subjects or strong vertical lines. By making the top and bottom borders wider, it dramatises all those vertical elements.

– A mountslip which matches the moulding can create a strong, classic outline around the photograph. This helps pull the viewer’s attention in from the frame to focus on the picture. Mountslips can also help enhance the customised appearance of the design, adding character and perceived value.

When any item is framed properly the frame design should add a sense of value to the finished product. So a good frame design will help a mediocre shot look good and an unimaginative framing job will bring even the best picture to the level of a cheap poster.

Remember, just because the subject lacks colour doesn’t mean the framing should lack imagination.

For more help or to discuss any of the points raised above please do not hesitate to contact us or visit us in person.

The Makita HR2460 – A Heavy-Duty Drill Light Enough For All Your Drilling Needs

If you need a heavy duty corded drill, the Makita HR2460 hammer drill is the one to keep in your box. This heavy-duty drill is heavy in ability, not pounds, so it can handle the light jobs when you need it to. It’s a good all-purpose drill. The HR2460 is at its utmost best when drilling through such interferences as copper wire and magnetized steel. And it takes all this punishment with the help of highly advanced bearings that extend the drill’s life.

The HR2460 acts as both a rotary drill and a hammer, with forward or reverse gearing and multiple speeds. The motor also puts a limit on the torque, to avoid breaking up valuable bits or jamming the transmission of the drill. The motor has twice the insulation, and is powerful enough for the meanest job. It also has an advanced SDS chuck.

You won’t regret keeping a drill like this Makita hammer drill in your toolkit. It will drill 2.2 cm into concrete, and even more with a Tungsten-carbide or diamond core bit. It will drill 3.2 cm into wood, or 1.3 cm into steel. If it’s hammering you want, the Makita HR2460 hammers at 2.7 Joules each second, and up to 4500 astounding hits each minute! This Makita power tool can handle anything you can expect to run into on the job, although, sadly, it won’t pack your lunch or pour your coffee.

The Makita HR2460 has a seven-hundred eighty watt capacity, and it will run up to eleven-hundred RPMS at a free spin. At a weight of a little over two and one half kilograms, it’s quite a condensed package. As with other corded drills, the Makita HR2460 has a cord that sits at a thirty-five degree angle. This keeps it out of the way and allows for a little more room to work when you’re holding it.

It’s amazing how bit-chucks have changed over the years. In the HR2460 corded drill, Makita uses an advanced locking mechanism for the bit. This makes it handy for changing the bit, so you don’t have to put the drill down and go hunting for another tool to help you with that process. The speed is highly adjustable on this drill also, so running this heavy duty machine is a lot like packing the light cordless drills around. It’s not quite as mobile as the cordless, but it is about as mobile as a heavy duty drill can get. If you expect it to handle as awkwardly as one of those cheap, older drills in your dad’s garage, you’ll be disappointed.

I guess every power tool’s design has been affected by ergonomics. “Ergonomics,” yeah, that’s just a vague kind of word that explains how Makita only designs and builds the safest and most practical tools you can twist your fingers around. The ideal grip on the handle reduces stress on your wrist and arm, and the longer you use this tool during the day, the more you’ll appreciate that feature. That’s the HR2460 protecting you while it works; and that’s Makita.

Driveway and Walkway Projects That Boost Your Home’s Curb Appeal

Have you checked out the curb appeal of your home lately? Does your home reflect your style? Perhaps it’s time to plan some improvements to your driveway and walkways. An upgrade will make your return from work sweeter and impress your neighbors and visitors as well as yourself.

Adding paver stones will have a great impact on your driveway and walkways. Colors, textures and patterns tend to slow down traffic, while uniform surfaces and large paver stones will cause people to pass by without a glance. If you choose a smaller pattern, you may want to add a border or an additional pattern such as a slate seamless texture used in stamped concrete. To get an idea of how a paving pattern might look, visit sites with completed projects and have samples brought in and laid down as though they were already set. This will help you make pattern and color choices.

If you are on a budget, you can add natural stone or pavers in a grid pattern or as borders. Borders can be a contrasting or complementary stone inlay or a solid brick course along the edge of the walkway. Be aware that borders can give the illusion of a smaller area; they work well on driveways but probably should not be used on walkways under four feet in length.

Driveways and walkways don’t have to be straight. A long meandering driveway, especially through a wooded area, creates a feeling of privacy. If you want the convenience of driving up to the front door, the Governor style driveway has two entrance/exit points to the street and makes a half-circle in front of the house, creating an elegant and gracious approach to your home.

One way to personalize your walkways and steps is to add artisanal tile mosaics. While mosaics are hearty and durable, they also have a delicate quality that adds beauty and elegance to your walkway. Any mosaic installation must be done together with other stonework. It’s best to work with a mosaic designer or artist to create a tile plan.

While it may be tempting to go all out with a driveway and walkway upgrade, you do not want to detract from your beautiful landscaping. Don’t add an extravagant driveway or walkway if it will not blend well with your architectural design or landscape.

Fabric Painting – A Unique Form of Painting

Fabric painting is a unique form of painting that finds vibrant expression on the fabrics. Painting on fabrics has now become a popular homemade handcraft and is practiced by many whether as a hobby or as a part of livelihood. With simple techniques and procedures alluring paintings can be carved out in an affordable cost. It is due to these reasons fabric painting has a demanding market nowadays. Here we are from ethnicpaintings to furnish interesting information on fabric painting and display some lovely paintings of this genre.

Fabric painting is used in vogue in men shirts, ladies kurties, hand bangs, cushion covers, curtains, upholsteries, wall hangings and more. You need not have to be very adept in painting to become a fabric painter. What you require are some creative skills and sound knowledge on the various methods of fabric paintings. The rest happens automatically.

Fabric painting is all about mixing colors and applying heat in proportions. The work of a fabric painter is like that of a chemist mixing colors and perceiving the reactions. The fun lies in the fact that he or she should know what amount of color and heat to use in order to create a particular form of fabric painting. The most popular forms of fabric paintings are batik painting, dyeing, shibori, silk-screening, watercolor painting and layering.

Dyeing is one of the most common and simple forms of fabric painting. In dyeing some parts of a fabric are tied and merged into colored dye solutions while some other parts are abstained from dyeing. When folded in a particular shape, this helps to form a design integrating the colored and the uncolored segments. Batik Painting made by blending wax and dye is one of the most favored among the fabric paintings. Having its origin in the Indonesian island of Java, batik painting mesmerizes with its unusual tapestry, ensemble of colors and freedom of art. In Batik painting first the fabric is waxed, then dyed and finally de-waxed. Shibori is a typical Japanese tie-dye painting that lures with its creases, pleats, stitches, loops and colorful motifs. This type of painting is a bit complex and involves a series of processes like stitching, folding, creasing, dyeing, pleating and embroidering.

For comprehensive information on paintings and related topics, please visit Ethnic Paintings.

5 External Climatic Factors That Affect an Interior Design Project

Dear friends, the emergence of architecture in human society

has taken a wide and distinct role in itself. Starting from

early eras where man used to live in caves, we have seen a

remarkable growth in architecture and allied fields, which

includes landscape and interior design

The recent being the use of computers and “Computer Aided Design”

in architecture, which allows a kind of perfection in design

and execution process of any building and its interiors.

In spite of all the technological advances, the primary function

of any building structure remains the same, protection from

outside environment and natural calamities.

Starting from a place to “protect yourself’ from nature, interior

design has become a “status symbol”. Today’s interior spaces have

a two way channel, first and the obvious one is the function and

second one is aesthetical, which is a little complex one.

It is quite obvious that the interior design of a space is directly

related to the function of the space. This means that two spaces

like a home and an office have two well defined functions, hence

it will reflect in every aspect of the interior design solution.

But apart from the there is one more important factor that

will affect each and every aspect of the final design solution,

and that’s the geographical location of the architectural structure.

A hotel building at seashore and the other one at a hill station

will have a completely different sets of problems to deal with.

Lets see in a short way what are the external factors that can

affect an interior design solution

1) Amount of direct sunlight.

Locations on the far northern or southern hemisphere receive less

amount of sunlight than those at the equator. That’s why here the

building with more use of plane glass are used. Also artificial

lighting is given much importance.

2) External temperature.

External temperature directly affects the comfort level of internal

spaces. Since external walls act as a “buffer” between internal

and external climate, it is necessary to use the right construction

material for walls. Depending upon the wall material the internal

finishes also have limitations. This is especially true for

structure that face extreme climatic ups and downs, such as

locations in the gulf countries.

Hence selecting materials that can sustain heavy climatic changes

on a daily scale is challenging.

3) Humidity and Rainfall.

Because of the salty nature of air around coastal areas extra care

is taken for building construction materials, which can directly

affect the entire budget of the project.

4)Wind Direction.

Wind direction and wind speed also has direct affect on the interiors.

Heavy winds exert a load on the external walls of the structure,

thus affecting the construction technology.

5)Land Structure and Topography.

Land structure is the nature of land on which the structure stands.

Various types of land structures include rock solid, marshy land,

etc…Topography of land is classified as plane or a site with slope.

If the site of the structure is on a hill slope, extra precautions

are taken to allow the natural flow of rainwater that the structure

might block. Depending upon the quality of land surface the construction

technology will change.

As far as interiors are concerned a well planned structure with

properly thought spaces is a must because internally the spaces

get divided into various floors.

From the above short discussion it can be said that external factors

and environment greatly affect the way structures are built and thus

directly affecting the interior qualities of the structure.

Technological advancements have allowed us to artificially control

the internal environment of a building irrespective of what’s

happening outside. But a carefully studied and well planned

architectural space can easily cut the extra cost of air conditioning

and other ventilation services.

I hope this article was informative to everyone.

Copyright Shrinivas Vaidya

Plumbing – How French Drains Work

French drains which, despite their name, originated in the United States, essentially work by providing invasive groundwater with a path of least resistance by means of which it can be redirected away from a structure or low-lying section of lawn. They are named for a new Hampshire man, Henry Flagg French, who, in 1860, published a book with the intriguing title: Farm Drainage – The Principles, Processes, and Effects of Draining Land with Stones, Wood, Plows, and Open Ditches, and Especially with Tiles.

Nowadays, French drains are generally used to combat flooding problems caused by surface and/or groundwater that a home owner may be having, especially affecting their lawn, foundation or basement. They are also sometimes used to drain off liquid effluent from septic tanks.

The basic design, a gravel-filled trench, is simple but for it to continue working over the long haul, it’s important that it be well executed.

Flooding problems are usually associated with sloping ground, non-porous clayey soil, or a combination of the two. For example, if your property is built on a slope with your neighbors’ house occupying a lot higher up the slope, heavy rainfall can precipitate an accumulation of groundwater rushing down from their property and onto your own. If your soil is not able to absorb all that water, you could very well experience damage to your house’s foundation, or leakage into a crawlspace or basement below the ground floor of the house.

A linear French drain is a simple, cost-effective solution to such a problem. In this scenario, it acts as a moat that protects your house by intercepting the groundwater rushing down the slope and directing it around and away from your house’s foundation.

A linear French drain is a doable D.I.Y. project, if you don’t mind doing some backbreaking work (this does involve digging a trench, which after all is a thing closely akin to a ditch) and you have the proper tools and materials (1″ round washed gravel, 4″ PVC pipe with drainage holes, a trenching spade or power trencher and a builder’s level)

So, let’s get down to the nitty-gritty both of how to build a French drain, and how it works. First of all, you’ll need to dig an L-shaped or U-shaped trench system, 6″ wide and 24″ deep, four to six feet from the house. It’s important not to build the drain too near the house because, if you do, you’ll be bringing water up against the foundation, which is exactly what you don’t want.

The main leg of the trench system should be dug up the slope from the house. For a U-shaped French drain, it should be level and connected to two pipes on either side of the house with 90 degree PVC elbow joints. For an L-shaped drain, the main leg should slope down, at a pitch of at least 1/8 inch per foot of fall, to the second leg which will run alongside the house, also connected by means of a 90 degree PVC elbow joint.

When you are designing your drain system, you want to make gravity work for you. Just like a river, groundwater flows downhill, so you’ll have to work with the natural slope of your property and, if possible, have the exit pipe come out above ground to give the groundwater an easy exit point.

Once you’ve decided on the layout of the system and done the heavy work of digging the trenches, it’s time to install the working parts of the drainage system: the gravel and pipes. First of all, tamp down any loose soil in the bottom of the trench and line it with 1 to 2 inches of gravel, lay the PVC pipes on top of this first layer of gravel, with the holes pointing down, and then fill in the trench with more gravel, to one inch below ground level. Then all you have to do is cover the trench with sod or another decorative touch of your own choosing. And you’re done. The next time there’s a heavy rain, excess ground water will enter your newly installed French drain and be diverted around your house and discharged at the end of the exit pipe or pipes.

It’s commonly recommend that a French drain be lined with geotech fabric and the piping be wrapped in a geotech sock to prevent it from becoming clogged with silt. I don’t recommend doing either. If you were going to use geotech fabric anywhere, the place to put it would be on top of the trench to prevent silt and sediment from filtering down from above and filling in the air spaces between the gravel. Most of the water that enters a French drain is groundwater flowing sideways underground, not downwards from the surface. Groundwater is not silty, it has already had the silt and sediment filtered out of it as it trickled down through the topsoil. If you doubt this, just ask yourself whether underground spring water and well water are clear or muddy. Both of them are of course usually crystal clear because soil is a natural water purifier.