History and Use of Rustic Ceiling Fans

Rustic ceiling fans are a wonderful way to add lots of interest and rustic/cabin style to your room. Here is a brief history of rustic style fans and the many options available.

Fans have come a long way in the last 30 years. From the basic utility models that came in three colors, ceiling fans are not works of art in a dizzying array of styles, colors and options. To simplify the article, we will not discuss “rustic” fans that are considered rustic if they come in a rust or dark bronze color. You could write an entire book about ceiling fans, but this article deals only with true rustic styled fans. Rustic, lodge or cabin style fans are a fairly new development in the history of fans. The first really rustic fan was created by Monte Carlo fans in 1996 and looked like a hand carved tree truck with chipped, thick blades. Called the Great lodge, It was a creative ground breaker and created an entirely new market that soon expanded with all sorts of new models; though most can be broken down into two broad categories; Fake wood and Figures.

The fake wood models generally look like pine or birch logs. Several companies now make this style of fan including Montecarlo Fans, Copper Canyon Lighting and Vaxcel of which the first two generally are of much higher quality and construction. These fans are all made of a cast resin ( plastic) that is then hand painted a variety of colors to look like wood. The blades vary from very fancy to simple and come in a variety of sizes from 66″ diameters to 44″. Most are for indoor use, though there is one model for outdoor wet locations that just came out.. Outdoor models use specially waterproofed housings, acrylic blades and other features. These wood fans are very “cute” and add a pleasing presence to rustic rooms, especially in cabins, without being to overwhelming or stylized. The wood colors work beautifully with all types of log or natural wood paneling and look so much nicer than a traditional brass or white fan..

The second major style category are the rustic and cabin themed fans. These are made both resin and/or metal and feature various animal designs, trees and other natural motifs. Most of these also have internal lights that illuminate the designs for a greater effect. This style of rustic ceiling fan is made by Vaxcel, Copper Canyon, Minka Lavery and Craftmade. The Wilderness by Casablanca was just discontinued after becoming too expensive for the general market. All come in just one design except for Copper Canyon which are fully customizable with over 40 different designs. These fans have many more options in designs with the popular ones being moose, deer, bear and elk.. These fans are also a nice accent to more rustic homes or cabins and often include pine trees and a bark look in the styling. Prices on the fans and range from $270 to $470 based on the manufacturer, motor size and how detailed they are. Name brand fans tend to be more expensive though they are made in the same factories as the other brands. There are only 4 or 5 major fan manufacturers in China that build all the fans. Fans have been rapidly increasing in price for the last 3 years due to the rising cost of labor in China, an overall increase in materials cost and a falling dollar value. I expect further price increase of easily 10% next year.

When choosing a rustic style fan, there are several major decisions: 1. Style, 2. Size, 3. Colors 4. Location 5. Controls 6. Lighting

1. The style obviously needs to match the room’s decor, furniture, floor and wall coloring and more.

2. The sizes vary from 44″ to 66″ and again should be matched to the room size and height of the fan. Large rooms or rooms with taller ceilings need at least an 52″ or 56″ and even larger 66″ models do not look that big when 15 ‘ in the air. 44″ sizes should only be used in small bedrooms or kitchen areas and look quite small.

3. The color of the fan and especially the blades should match or contrast with the ceiling and wall colors to stay harmonious with the room. Most of theses rustic style fans other than the Craftmade or Copper Canyon brands come with only 1 set of blades, so this can be an issue.

4. The fans should ideally be in the center of the room and mounted far enough off the ceiling to work properly and still provide air flow. A fan 20′ up in the air will provide essentially no air flow at the floor level, but will move the hot air trapped at the top of the room. For best visibility the fans should be no more than 12′ off the ground, or all the attractive details on the fan will be lost in the height.

5. I recommend using simple wall controls to adjust the fan speed and lighting. Many remote controls have the ability to reverse the fan and they can be convenient such as in bedrooms, but the electronics often burn out after 5 years or so and replacing them is not easy. The drawback to wall switches is that they cannot reverse the fan and it has to be done manually with the switch on the motor housing. This can be major difficulty on very tall ceilings. Some rustic fans only come with remote style controls.

6. Lighting is a major decision. With recent government regulations that limit the size and quantity of bulbs you can use in ceiling fans, the choices are far less than before. In general, the average light kit now uses the equivalent of 2-75W bulbs which will illuminate a smaller room well enough to see fine, but not to read or work in. Compounding the problem is that the fancier rustic style lights also tend to block more light. When the fan is mounted high such as in a tall living room, the light kit becomes almost worthless. There are a few, older style light kits on the market that can use up to 4-60W bulbs, but even that is barely adequate for a decent sized bedroom. In conclusion, fan lighting does work in providing a nice quality background lighting, but additional room lighting is always recommended. These would include lamps, wall lights and recessed lighting.

In conclusion, there is a wide range of rustic styled fans on the market now to choose from. It is important to take the time to study the choices and make sure the fans fit your home.

The History of Social Networks and Their Classification

The combination of words “social network” was born in 1954 and it didn’t have anything common with the Internet.

The person who invented the term was James Barnes: “social network” is a social structure, which includes individuals or groups tied with the same type of activity, common interests, friendship or relationships. So it’s kind of a structure of familiar people, divided by different groups, where every person makes a group of classmates, colleagues or friends around him.

Year after year this scientific concept progressed and got a lot of popularity. The first growth was observed in North America and Eastern Europe. During the society development process we came to age of information and communication, where social network got a lot of popularity.

The first computer social network appeared in 1971 and it was used by military in ARPA Net network.

1988 was a year of IRC (Internet Relay Chat), which gave an opportunity to talk online.

The main event was an Internet appearance, which Tim Berners-Lee made public in 1991.

There was a network named slassmates.com launched in 1995. It was very popular and it became a year of a start of social network development process in the Internet. But still classmates.com is

one of the most popular social networks with almost 50 million users.

In 2004 facebook.com appeared and became very popular around the world right away. The concept of this network was a little different but it made a revolution in the social networks world. It has over 700 million users now.

In 2008 discount service named Groupon appeared which is not a real social network but it uses principles similar to social networks and it invites people to become a part of Groupon community.


There are a lot of different kinds of social networks now, so let’s have a look at some of them.

By type:

  • Clasmates.com (personal communication)
  • Linkedln ( business communication)
  • YouTube (video)
  • Last.fm (audio)
  • Flickr( pictures)
  • Groupon (shopping)
  • Reddit (news)
  • Forsquare (geolocation)
  • Tumblr (blogging)
  • Answers.com (answers and questions)
  • Delicious (bookmarks)
  • Second Life (virtual worlds)
  • Slashdot (thematic)

By availability:

  • Facebook (open)
  • PlayboyU (private)
  • VK (mixed)

By region:

  • Hi5 (worldwide)
  • Qzone (country)
  • InterNations (worldwide)

The very first classification is the most interesting and it has a lot of different contents for different people groups and different aims. So every person has an opportunity to find a niche and to find almost all of the existing subjects. The most popular networks continue growing.

The second classification type shows availability. There are three different types of current classification: open, private and mixed. Every network was created for a purpose and some of the networks were not made public. And just because of their business model these networks are closed. But biggest part of networks is still public and can be used by any person from any social group. That is not liked by a lot of people because of its information publicity. Mixed type social networks usually are not so popular like public networks, because users just don’t like to cross any barriers and they prefer to refrain from such networks.

And the last type shows us the world’s biggest networks which made kind of union between people from different countries regardless of their culture and skin color. Their clones appeared later in different countries and regions. And now we can see a lot of different kind of networks which are tied to a city, region or even corporation and political organization. That means that regardless of who you are and where you are you can always become a part of any type virtual community.

The Use and Abuse of OEE

What is OEE for?

The simple answer is “Improvement”. OEE is an improvement measure and is used as part of the improvement cycle. Unfortunately, much is made of the 85% ‘World Class Standard’ an arbitrary target found in the original TPM literature. Not only is this target out of date (Nissan in Sunderland are running welding lines at 92-93% OEE) it gives the wrong message. A customer has no interest in your OEE – that is an internal measure, which relates to your efficiency and costs. The customer is far more interested in a measure such as On Time In Full (OTIF) ie did I get my order? Running a manufacturing business on an arbitrary efficiency measure rather than a customer satisfaction measure is a recipe for disaster. The best use of an OEE target such as 85% is to recognise that if you are reaching that level and the customer is still not getting his orders on time, then you may have a capacity constraint.

OEE does not tell us if we have a problem, the customer does. What OEE does do is help us analyse the problem and make improvements. This is why Toyota use it as a spot measure on a particular machine where there is a capacity or quality problem. Calculating the OEE of anything other than a discrete machine or automated line is pointless; we have far better measures of the efficiency of a factory or department as a whole.

OEE developed out of the need for improvement groups to have a way of measuring and analysing equipment problems as part of their Define, Measure, Analyse, Improve, Control cycle. OEE defines the expected performance of a machine, measures it and provides a loss structure for analysis, which leads to improvement. It can then be used as a tracking measure to see if improvement is being sustained ie if control is sufficient.

What does OEE measure?

At its simplest, OEE measures the Availability, Performance and Output Quality of a machine.

A machine is available if it is ready to produce, as opposed to being broken down or having some changes or adjustments made. The definition of availability allows for planned maintenance, when the machine is not meant to be available to production, but makes no allowance for changeovers etc. No machine with changeovers can ever be 100% available. The reason for taking such a hard line is that changeovers are a major loss to both efficiency and flexibility, so the OEE analysis focuses attention on it by making no changeover allowances.

Performance efficiency measures the output during available time compared to a standard. Here there can be debate about what the standard output should be. A good rule of thumb is to make the performance calculation based on best known performance. This may be greater or less than design speed. My argument is that if a machine has never reached its design performance it is not helpful to measure against that. On the other hand, if it has consistently out performed the design spec you can have (and I have seen) performance figures of 140%, which can hide poor availability. This is always remembering that one purpose of OEE is to help tell you if you have the capacity to meet customer demand.

Output Quality is a First Time Through measure – what percentage of the output was right first time, without any rework. FTT measures are always the best quality measures. The issue in OEE is that sometimes the quality feedback is not immediate. In FMCG businesses, a customer complaint can be received three months or more after production. In these cases it is best not to include quality in the OEE calculation and use a more customer focused measure for quality – number of complaints etc. If there is no way we can use the Quality component of OEE in a real time improvement cycle, then it is pointless to measure it.

Loss Analysis

The next level of analysis is the seven (or six or eight or sixteen) losses. Within OEE we usually talk about seven losses, although TPM loss structures have been known to define 23 losses in all.

Availability losses are primarily Breakdowns and Changeovers. Changeovers can be separated into Tool changes, Material changes and Reduced Yield at start up, but fundamentally these are the same issue. Further analysis reveals breakdowns to have two fundamental types, those due to deterioration because of inadequate maintenance and those due to inherent machine characteristics.

This gives us three basic responses to availability issues – improve changeovers through SMED, improve basic maintenance and improve machine characteristics. Depending on the Pareto analysis of losses we may need to act on one, two or all three of these.

Performance losses are usually separated into speed loss and minor stops – is the machine running slow, or is it stop-starting? The definition of minor stop is also open to debate – originally it was less than ten minutes, then five minutes, then three minutes. The pragmatic approach is to say that if you can measure the amount of time lost for a stop it is a breakdown, not a minor stop. If you can only record the quantity of stops, then they are minor stops.

There is some practical use for the speed/minor stop distinction – if a machine is running slow we can always speed it up, whereas if it is jamming we need to look at the physical mechanism and try to remove the cause of the jams (my favourite example is where we found the root cause was when metal washers were being loaded into a hopper with a metal shovel, which damaged some, which then jammed the feed – the solution was a plastic shovel!).

We can however also make a useful distinction between performance losses due to deterioration or contamination and those caused by inherent machine characteristics. As with breakdowns this gives us two improvement approaches – better maintenance or equipment re-design.


The only reason to measure and analyse anything is to improve it. If we are not going to use the whole improvement cycle there is no point in measuring OEE. It tells us nothing we do not already know. At a gross level all OEE tells you is how much you made compared to what you wanted to make, and any schedule adherence measure would tell you that already. Averaging OEE’s over whole plants or time periods just hides issues – OEE is a specific measure for use in specific improvement projects.

The biggest misuse of OEE is to use it to compare different processes, plants or machines. OEE is not a useful executive KPI. It is not even a very useful operational measure. It is an improvement measure, for people who want to improve their equipment performance.

How to massage your OEE

1) When the machine breaks down, log it to planned maintenance

2) Do changeovers during planned maintenance or at weekends if not 24/7

3) Use an easy performance standard

4) Measure the best machine and quote that figure

5) Set arbitrary targets and achieve them through the above

Using the above strategy you should be able to report decent OEE’s and even make some money if pay is OEE performance related. What this will not do however is improve your ability to meet customer demand.

How to improve performance

1) Measure against customer demand (OTIF or similar)

2) Measure OEE on constraints or problem equipment

3) Set realistic performance standards

4) Analyse losses to identify issues for improvement

5) Use the whole improvement cycle

Bruno And Stannah Stair Lifts – Makers Of The Best Curved Stair Lifts

Bruno is a US stair lift manufacturer while Stannah is a UK stair lift manufacturer. Both companies make and supply their products all over the world and both are considered to be market leaders. Bruno and Stannah make curved lifts of the best quality. What follows is a comparison of both models.

Bruno has been is business since 1984 and is a family owned US manufacturer. They are an ISO 9001 Certified manufacturer, which means they produce products of the highest quality using the best materials and latest technology. Bruno chair lifts are very popular. The company makes a curved version called the Electra-Ride III Curved Rail.

Stannah is a UK manufacturer and has been in business for over 140 years and is still owned by the family that founded the company. It began making appliances for the UK market in 1975 and began exporting in 1979. Stannah stair lifts are now exported to over 40 countries. To date the company has installed over a quarter of a million of them. The company makes a curved model called the Stannah 260 Stair Lift.

What follows is a comparison and review of both models.


Both companies’ seats come with the usual features of fold-down seat and flip-up foot rest. Both seats offer safety detectors mounted on the footrest to immediately stop the chair if any obstacle is encountered.

The standard weight capacity of the Stannah 260 is about 270 lbs. The Bruno lift can carry heavier loads; up to 350 lbs as standard. If you’re on the large size the Bruno might be the best choice.

Both seats come with controls in the armrest. The Bruno comes with a 3 position, momentary rocker switch requiring the user to continuously hold it down to the control unit; the switch is mounted under arm. The Stannah comes with one removable ‘on/off’ key cap at the end of arm and a light-touch tiller-style control for up/down operation. What control system is best is a matter of personal preference, however, the Stannah does look the more attractive of the two and its ergonomic design is easier for most to use effortlessly.

Both chairs can be swiveled to allow easy access. Both the Stannah and the Bruno stair lift come with manual operation as standard – you depress a lever to swivel the seat. However, with the Stannah you have the option to upgrade to a motorized swivel seat – this can be a real plus point for those with more restricted mobility.


Both companies use a rack and pinion system, which is the industry norm. Both tracks look attractive but the unique twin rail system of the Stannah perhaps does look a little more elegant. The Stannah also beats the Bruno when it comes to space requirements. The Bruno rail is fitted to about 7 to 8 inches from the wall; the Stannah rail is fitted closer at around 5 inches. Also, the actual width of the rail is thinner due to its innovative twin track system. Finally, the standard angle at which the rail can be fitted is a maximum of 45 degrees with the Bruno. The Stannah wins again, as its stair lift can cope with 52 degrees as standard.

Therefore, if your staircase is narrow or quite steep, the Stannah stair lift would be the best choice.

Safety Features

Both companies’ chairs come with a plethora of safety features. Both come with retractable safety belts. They also come with overspeed governors to slow the carriage from travelling over a certain speed. Both have footrest safety sensors to stop the carriage when touching any obstruction. Both are battery powered, therefore they can still operate if there’s a power outage. All in all, both lifts match each other in terms of safety.

The stair lift price for the Bruno and Stannah will depend on what features you want and what deal your local supplier will give you. A curved model requires an onsite survey as the track has to be custom made. Surveys from reputable dealers are free with no obligation to buy. Your best bet is to ask for a survey for both the Bruno Electra-Ride III Curved Rail and the Stannah 260. Compare the options on offer and the overall cost. You can easily find both a Bruno and Stannah supplier on the web.

Stop Chasing Clients!

Is your calendar full of networking meetings? Are you constantly on the search for new clients? Do you find yourself a bit desperate to tell the next prospect you meet what a great coach you are? Have you honed and honed your elevator speech? Stop. Stop it right now! You are wasting your time and possibly alienating prospective clients.

Let’s look at that elevator speech. When you give it most people don’t really care, especially if is so general that it means nothing: “I help people reach their true potential and live the life they have dreamed of.” Yawn – what in the world does that mean? Or, “I help people just like you achieve blah, blah, blah.” How do you know what I am like – we just met!

The bottom line is that coaching is a relationship business. It is beyond difficult to sell it to someone who doesn’t know and trust you. Would you really hire someone you don’t know and tell your problems, issues, secrets, hurts, etc. to them? It’s not likely. How can coaches expect other people to do it?

You have to build relationship and trust before someone will hire you for coaching. It takes time to cultivate that. Take the time to really get to know a prospective client. Don’t try to close a deal too soon. Give them real value so they know that when they hire you it will be a truly great experience for them. I buy a lot of cups of coffee and even some meals getting to know people. I send articles, books, anything that will be helpful to them based on what I know about them so I am sure my contribution will be useful. What do I expect in return? Nothing. My purpose is to serve and help people be successful. It actually turns out that very often a person becomes a client or refers someone to me that becomes a client. Those that don’t become clients are usually great resources and even friends helping me gain exposure in their community. It is a win-win.

For most coaches who have been led to believe that they need to sell coaching to individuals, a mind-set change needs to take place. Its time to shift from sales to enrolling; from making money to serving and adding value. When your purpose is to serve you never know what will happen in the future. The relationships you build and maintain almost always are beneficial in some way or another. If they don’t all bring clients it doesn’t really matter because you are building something for the long term and that will result in more business.

Other ways to gain visibility, provide value and build trust are speaking, doing webinars, workshops and seminars. They often become sales funnels through which coaches gain individual and group clients. Make and take every opportunity to develop your speaking skills. You can reach so many more people that way, adding value to more lives.

A side benefit of speaking is that you gain credibility, become seen as an expert and are exposed to new ideas that you can share to increase your value even more. Staying on the cutting edge is important. Expanding your knowledge and experiences is crucial to attracting a higher paying clients.

So, develop relationships, enroll your clients in programs and processes that they trust will be valuable and gain visibility and credibility. You will not only have the right clients, you will also build the business you want.

GHD Straighteners – What’s the Fuss?

GHD straighteners have been around for about 10 years now and have become one of the most popular hair straighteners bought in the UK. Through out the GHD story they have won numerous awards and accolades for the straighteners they manufacture. In 2010 GHD launched the newest version, the GHD Gold Classic Styler.

So what is it that makes GHD just so sought after? GHD have kept models to a minimum with just 3 main designs. The Classic Styler which is a standard plate straightener, the Saloon Styler wide plate with extra wide plates and the Mini Styler a smaller width plate. All the GHD models are produced with the same craftsmanship and materials for a quality straightener that will last.

Temperature Control

GHD straighteners do not come with an adjustable temperature control; there is just one heat setting. That said the GHD mark 4 styler achieves a maximum heat of around 180 degrees Celsius which is lower than most other straighteners brands on the market today. The older versions of GHD straighteners, which I first owned, did achieve a higher temperature up to 230 degrees Celsius. However GHD has lowered the temperature on the new mark 4 model as hair doesn’t need to be heated above this temperature to straighten it. This will also mean less damage to hair which is good news if you have fine hair. If like me you thought the lower temperature would mean poorer results just check out customer reviews on sites like Amazon.


GHD Straightener plates are ceramic coated plates. What makes a straightener plate stand out from the rest is the quality of the ceramic and how it is applied. A great quality straightener will use fine layers of ceramic baked on to a metal plate. The ceramic tends to chip off on poor quality plates which if used on the hair will really damage it.

Ceramic is now widely used on most straightener plates due to its ability to maintain an even heat, and glide through the hair without snagging or pulling. GHD also introduced advanced heating elements in its straighteners to ensure the plates get an all over even heat distribution with no hot spots to damage the hair. This is something other brands took a long time to implement.

Other Features

The new GHD mark 4 comes with an automatic shut down mode if the straighteners are left inactive for more than 30 minutes. This is great for the forgetful amongst us. Something not often mentioned is that if a room has a temperature of less than 8 degrees celsius, condensation can build up inside the straighteners and ultimately damage the straighteners. to counter this GHD have built in a safety net that means the straighteners will shut down until the room becomes warmer. GHD also introduced the new rounder barrel with the mark 4 as many of us are now experimenting with flicks and curls’ using straighteners and a softer edged barrel means this is easy to achieve.

Beware of Fakes

GHD straighteners are best selling selling straighteners which is why there are many sites that make and sell fake GHDs. My motto would be if it looks too good to be true then it probably is. GHD have a product registration page on their official website, where you can check if your styler in genuine. Although if you have already purchased fake GHD you will probably have a hard time getting your money back from whoever you bought it from. My advice would be to go onto their website prior to buying the GHD’s and use their official GHD salon checker to check that the retailer you are buying from are authorised by GHD.

RV Money Saving Tips – 10 Ways to Save on Your RV’s Propane Gas Consumption

Most appliances in an RV are fueled by propane gas. This includes the furnace, stove, oven and hot water heater. The refrigerator is usually operated on electricity but it is fueled by propane gas when not connected to electricity.

Some higher end RVs can have an electric heat pump which will work in moderately cold temperatures but switches to the propane fueled furnace in extremely cold environments. Some RV’s can also have an electric hot water heater system that can be switched to propane gas.

At most RV parks, electricity is provided as part of your RV site rental (although we have encountered a few parks that charge for electricity). So it makes sense to fully utilize the park’s electricity instead of your RV propane supply. Most of our tips will focus on ways to use the RV park electricity instead of the RV’s propane gas.

Here are ten ways you may not have thought of to reduce the propane gas consumption in your RV:

1. If you have room to store a crock pot/slow cooker in your RV, this is a great way to prepare dinner in the morning and your meal will be ready after a day of sightseeing. In the cooler months, it also helps keep the RV warm as dinner cooks. No need to run the heat all day or come back to a cold RV!

2. Again, if you have storage space, an electric skillet can be used instead of the propane fueled stove. This uses the park’s electricity instead of your propane gas.

3. If you do not have the storage room for an electric skillet, you may want to consider what we have always called a “fifth burner”. It is an electric burner used like a stove (since most stoves have four burners – hence the name the fifth burner). Use it either inside the RV instead of the gas stove to save propane or use it to cook outdoors to save propane and keep the heat out of the RV kitchen in the warmer months! Make sure to use a heavy duty extension cord when using outdoors. There are one and two burner models available.

4. Use the RV’s electricity powered microwave/convection oven instead of the stove and oven that uses propane gas. When I cook in our motorhome, I like to make more than we will eat in one meal so we have leftovers that we can pop into the microwave to reheat.

5. We have used an electric ceramic heater to save RV furnace propane consumption. We do not recommend using a ceramic heater while away from the RV or while sleeping. We used it mostly in the afternoon or evening while watching television and turn it off before going to bed.

6. Since most RV hot water heaters are fueled by propane, consider using the RV parks bathhouse for showering. Check the park’s rules first – some parks will charge for shower use.

7. If your RV’s primary heat is the propane fueled furnace and you travel in cooler months often, you might want to invest in an electric blanket or electric mattress pad. Then turn down the RV’s furnace before going to bed and still keep warm.

8. Upon arrival at your destination and after you plug into the electrical outlet, make sure your RV refrigerator switches over from propane gas to electric. For some reason occasionally our refrigerator will not automatically switch over which burns propane unnecessarily.

9. Cooking outside on a gas grill may not save you as much propane since the gas grill uses propane but there are some benefits. If you can cook your meat plus vegetables and warm the bread all on the grill, this saves using the gas stove and oven in the RV. It also keeps the heat and cooking smells out of the RV. Plus there is the added bonus of enjoying the great outdoors!

10. Over the years, we have noticed more parks banning outdoor fires and not providing the fire pits so common years ago. This seems to be especially true for parks in the western U.S. where it is drier and more prone to wildfires. If the park you are staying at allows outdoor fires either in a fire pit or provides a grill, have a good old hotdog roast and end your meal with roasted marshmallows!

These are some of the ways we have identified to save on our RV’s propane gas consumption. You may identify other ways to save money on your propane gas consumption based on your RV’s features and your RV lifestyle. Most important is to get out in your RV and enjoy the adventure!

Irish Cooking Equipment- 3 Popular Cooking Appliances

We all know that the Irish are famous for their pubs but what most of us do not know is about the wonderful meals Irish people serve. This is the magic blend of Irish cooking equipment and their recipes. One of the most popular Irish dish is the Irish stew. Usually slow cookers are used as the cooking equipment to cook most of the soups and stews. Along with cooking soups and stews these slow cookers can also be used to prepare entire meals. These slow cookers are very famous and can be seen in homes worldwide. Some of the popular Irish cooking equipment are:

1) Irish cooking equipment also includes a slow cooker as a typical appliance used to cook food. It is also referred as crock-pot. It resembles of a large pot is an electrical appliance. Various types of recipes may be cooked in this crock-pot such as meats, stews, soups etc…

You can find numerous magazines that has recipes that can be cooked using slow cookers. You can cook food that require different cooking times by adjusting its heat setting. Most of us have faced problems such as scorch or sticking in those traditional pot we used to use on stove but crock-pot does not have any such problems.

2) For fried food lovers, Irish recipes have so much to offer. You can use deep fryers as your cooking equipment for all such dishes. Although there are many other ways to prepare these dishes but deep fryer is known to be the easiest way for all these recipes. You can prepare any of these leading recipes such as sausage or bangers that need to be deep fried in hot grease.

Boxty, an Irish potato cake requires it to be deep fried in a deep fryer to be cooked. Just by frying this in a deep fryer you get a delicious dish and is not at all difficult.

3) Another famous Irish cooking equipment in its line up is a broiler. Broiling meat is the best way to prepare it deliciously. It is also known to be the most healthiest way to cook the food. It allows the meat to absorb juices which results in great taste and is very healthy. Therefore, juicy and tender meats are broiled using this Irish cooking equipment.

Most of the people imagine a green man who is running around, whenever we talk of Ireland. Ireland is a place you should visit. Local pubs are known to be the gathering place for great time. You can enjoy the place with your friends or family. Although Irish cooking equipment is there to serve you but you would also be endeavored with the fellowship and hospitality of this place. You can learn these Irish dishes and cook them using an Irish cooking equipment to impress your friends or family.

Types of Health and Wellness Businesses and Their Contribution to Society

The health and wellness market is a booming industry. People are buying health products such as targeted vitamins and minerals and wellness services such as massage and acupuncture so as to ensure physical wholeness and overall good health. The motivation comes from the improved knowledge that the modern man has about his body and environment.

The public has obtained access to health education and promotion through various media, and as a result, there is a rapid transformation on how we have looked at health and wellness these last 30-40 years. A few decades ago, the house-call doctor who had a strong educational background but an equally strong intuitive knowledge went the way of the dodo, to be replaced by institutionalized “Big Health” that has proven over the years to be faceless, uncompassionate, and ridiculously expensive.

In the meantime, we as a people have been exposed to theories of health and wellness from the Far East and our own ancient times, and we’ve come to recognize that perhaps there’s more to staying healthy than popping pills and getting broken bones set.

Health and wellness products have indeed been in demand over the last few years, and this is due in part to the exposure they have received through the media. We see health issues addressed in internet websites, magazines, books, newsletters and even on television, where Oprah’s ‘Doctor Oz’ now has his own show, and ‘The Doctors’ is a common daytime panel show about health and wellness.

Health journals are cropping up, even major news magazines such as Time, Newsweek and Focus have contributed a lot of articles, editorials and special issues to nutrition and wellness.

Economists in the United States suggest that in the years to come, the wellness business will be one of the leading contributors of economic growth. In fact, in this country, the sales of this industry have already reached $200 million and will soon match the sales of the ‘traditional’ health care sector!

The health and wellness industry is all about selling wellness products and services which improve the health of their customers. Since there is a wide range of products and services included in this scope, we can divide them into a variety following types of health and wellness businesses. Here’s a partial list:

  • Voluntary medicine – examples under this type are lifestyle drugs and plastic cosmetic surgery.
  • Wellness resources – these are the information segment of the society, or media informing the people regarding wellness products and services.
  • Wellness insurance – financial resources for a large number of wellness services and preventative medicines, including chiropractic care and even acupuncture.
  • Nutritional services and products – including vitamin supplements, nutritionist, local organic food stores, etc.
  • Fitness services and products – including massage therapists, spas, chiropractor, etc.
  • Preventative health care – treating, modifying or controlling health risk factors
  • Alternative health care – this includes meditation, yoga, herbalism, homeopathy, hypnosis, acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicine, naturopathy, etc.
  • Health and wellness tourism – characterized by customers who would use traveling expenses to look for medical tourism hubs across the globe, offering products and services for these health and wellness seekers.

As you can see, the health and wellness industry has grown significantly, thanks to the huge support it has obtained from several other sectors. New opportunities have opened for health and wellness initiatives, whether it be on the side of selling products and services or in the dissemination of valuable health and wellness information.

The industry is indeed a huge network of products and services, all together with a common theme of being the answer to the sicknesses and diseases that are growing rampant in our society today. Many of these are caused by industries that sell unhealthy goods and commodities. All the types of health and wellness businesses have blossomed in order to come to our rescue.

Because of all of this blooming and blossoming, if you’re an entrepreneur looking to start a business, a health and wellness business is an excellent choice — the competition might look stiff, but it’s an industry where the consumer is trained to be suspicious of success and look for the local, ‘little guy’…which is exactly where you could fit in!

Treatment for Spondylolisthesis

Have you been diagnosed with spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolisthesis is a low back condition which often begins in adolescence. It starts with a stress fracture of one of the vertebrae of your low back.

One of my cases involved a 16-year old boy who played baseball. Every time he swung the bat and missed (which, of course, happens a lot of the time) his low back would end up in an extreme twisted position. Over the months, his bones couldn’t take it, and a stress fracture resulted.

Spondylolisthesis is also relatively more common in young dancers and gymnasts who repeatedly bend backward.

Sometimes the fracture of spondylolisthesis will cause pain, but often the discomfort will go away fairly quickly without treatment. If it does, you may not even know you have spondylolisthesis.

Unfortunately, the stress fracture allows for instability of spinal alignment. Over the years, with further deterioration of the discs and other supporting ligaments, the vertebra can slide forward relative to the bone below. Then symptoms of pain, movement restriction, and nerve impingement can occur.

One of the standard ways to diagnose spondylolisthesis is with conventional low back Xrays. In addition to side and front-back views, a diagonal (oblique) X-ray view can zero in on the exact location of the vertebral arch fracture.

MRI’s can also be used in diagnosis.

If your forward slippage continues to get worse, or you begin to experience nerve impingement as a result of spondylolisthesis, you may even require surgery to stabilize your low back.

But it need not be that way. Many adults with spondylolisthesis have no symptoms whatever, and their condition is only diagnosed by chance.

What’s the secret to avoiding spondylolisthesis-related problems?

Proper exercise and postural awareness are key.

The problem is that the wrong exercises – or even the right exercise done the wrong way – can make your problem worse.

Abdominal support of the spine to maintain a neutral spinal alignment is all-important. The simplest exercise to strengthen your abdominal support is the plank pose. Begin by holding the pose for 30 seconds, making sure your back is straight.

If your abdominals ae out of shape and holding for 30 seconds is a challenge, begin with 10 seconds repeated three times. Ultimately you’ll develop the strength to hold the pose for 30 seconds.

Once you can maintain straight alignment in the plank pose for 30-90 seconds, you can advance to a more difficult variation, such as placing your feet on a low bench so that your trunk is angle downward.

Avoid sit-ups, curl-ups or crunches – they can actually put more stress on your discs and make your condition worse.

You do want to maintain full range of motion of the spine. You can do this with variations of the cat or dog pose. But avoid prolonged or extreme forward bending, such as in bending forward to touch your toes. And too many downward-facing dogs in yoga class could backfire.

Similarly, extreme or prolonged backward bending could also create problems. Even the simple cobra pose might allow an opportunity for forward vertebral slippage. Instead, perform a backward bending pose while lying on your back. That way, gravity will tend to pull the offending bone backward, instead of allowing it to slip further forward.

If you have tight hip flexors, they might tend to drag your low back forward, making your spondylolisthesis worse. It’s important to stretch your hip flexors, but you have to perform the stretch while avoiding backward-arching (extension) of your low back. That’s hard to describe briefly – but I’ve got specific pictures of a safe way to stretch your hip flexors available in my downloadable Doctors’ Guide to Spondylolisthesis.

Many people with spondylolisthesis leave a fully active life without pain or other limitation. By following a few simple precautions you can join them.

LIC Systematic Investment Plan

The LIC systematic investment plan has a huge appeal with the Indian masses as the company is a household name. The SIP LIC mutual fund offers a number of schemes under the titles of equity, debt, balanced, liquid, redeemed and floating. As you already know, LIC is the top insurer in the country.

Also, what makes its one of the best SIP investment plans is India is its NAV options for you i.e. there are available NAV history options for that of Daily NAVs, Monthly, Weekly, Holidays, Historical.

The LIC mutual funds are ideal for NRIs out of the country to invest.

Invest as minimum as less as Rs.500 or Rs.1000.

LIC offers investor’s guide as well as a LIC Mutual Fund Calculator to help you calculate your returns.

You can easily plan your retirement or your finance using the planning medium available on LIC’s end.

Since the investment fee is as low as Rs. 500, you can extend your approach to 2 to 3 schemes together including a special Children’s investment by LIC.

The LIC systematic investment plan through ECS i.e. electronic clearing service or Auto debit is available online and in only available to the few cities mentioned on the site.

Existing customers need not apply through a common form but just provide their account number.

The LIC mutual funds site promotes a common application form for all its schemes.

Also, along that, is the additional information statement document that can be downloaded by an investor to read about the profile of the company.

If you wish read about all its schemes, download the whole portfolio which holds pdf files with details of all the schemes. The LIC website is a one stop junction for an investor to know everything about their SIP plans.

You can either contact the back or agents and brokers to get your LIC systematic investment plans done.

Next Step – What should you do?

You have to analyze the performance of the various LIC schemes and spot the best to invest.

Is My Headache Caused by a Brain Tumor?

Almost everyone experiences a headache now and then. In most cases these intermittent headaches will not be a sign of a more serious health condition. However, in some instances the headache will only be a symptom of some underlying disease or condition.

There are two types of headaches, primary and secondary. Primary headaches are simply head pain. Secondary headaches are caused when some other health condition such as a disease, infection, brain tumor, or other factor is present. With secondary headaches the head pain is just a symptom of the primary health disorder. By looking at a few factors it is usually possible to determine if your head pain is nothing to be worried about or a serious health condition.

If you suffer with three or more headaches a week, this is not a natural thing. If you are having three or more headaches a week you should see a medical doctor. You should also seek medical help if you are taking painkillers almost every day or if the pain is continually getting more intense, it’s time to talk with a doctor about your problem.

The sudden onset of a headache after a fall or other head injury could signify a major problem and immediate medical assistance is required. If a headache appears suddenly and is severe in intensity, you should again seek immediate medical attention. There are many reasons to seek immediate help from a doctor and the most common reasons are if you have a headache that is accompanied by a fever, seizures, double vision, stiff neck, loss of mental focus or confusion, or rash. Additionally, if you are over 50 years of age and start experiencing new headache pain that you never had before, it’s time to seek help.

Migraine headaches are usually experienced on one side of the head, but will switch sides from one headache to the next. The pain can be on one side for a headache or two and then be on the other side the next time or two. This is normal. However, if the pain is continually on the same side it could be caused by a brain tumor.

Brain tumors will normally be associated with other symptoms as well. They tend to cause a loss of sensation or function on one side of the body as the tumor pushes against tissues on one side of the brain. When a tumor causes an increased amount of pressure on the brain it can cause other symptoms such as loss of balance, vision problems in one eye, or other one-sided symptoms.

If you ever experience symptoms that you believe may be caused by a brain tumor it’s important to seek medical help immediately. The quicker a tumor is discovered the better your chances of successful treatment.

Intensify Sexual Stimulation With Brainwave Entrainment

Brainwave entrainment, a powerful audio and/or visual technology that entrains the brain to a specific state, can and does have the ability to stimulate brainwaves that will increase your experience of sexual stimulation.

Yes it can make you excited.

It can turn you on and up. It will lift your mood. It can give you great pleasure.

Your sexual circuitry is in your right brain, right hemisphere. Directed energy in the form of alpha brainwaves from the occipital to the frontal cortex will build sexual energy throughout the body, before it accumulates in the genitals.

Our life here on plant earth is fast paced and packed with anxiety, all of which clogs and stagnates our sexual energy. These energy blocks manifest as impotence and frigidity. This energy can be reawakened by a consistent, repeated stimulation that only entrainment can provide.

How Brainwave Entrainment Sexually Stimulates

  • Specially designed recordings target the pleasure centers of the brain that awaken your libido.
  • A steady, repetitive stimulus will begin to build energy.
  • Entrainment will stoke the fire sending sexual excitement throughout the body, not just to the genitals.
  • As you listen to the recording, focus on your whole body and the energy will build.
  • Delay your orgasm, keep building – build the endorphins.
  • Dopamine levels will raise.
  • Enjoy the dopamine – it’s your natural morphine. Dopamine is the principal neurochemical that activates your reward circuitry and drives your behaviours. It’s what makes you crave things like chocolate, and sex.
  • Dopamine will drive you towards orgasm. Hold off as long as you can.
  • A rush of your body’s natural opiates will be your reward in the end.

Use Alone

  • Use binaural beats, a sine wave generator that creates two separate frequency waves that are introduced into each ear independently. The brain reacts by creating a third tone, which is the difference between the two. This allows the brain to directly tune into a frequency that the ear cannot hear.
  • It will stimulate your sexual circuitry for a good solo experience.
  • You will need to wear headphones with binaural beats. Everything else is optional.

Or Use With A Friend

  • The most effective brainwave entrainment to use is isochronic tones or pulses.
  • Isochronic tones use equal intensity tones with a fast pulse speed causing the brain to synchronize with its rhythm.
  • The tones keep the frequency pattern from coming in bursts – great consistency.
  • There’s no need to use headphones with the tones, which can free you up – unless you want to use the headphones anyway (looks kind of techie).

Either way, brainwave entrainment can enhance your sexual experience effectively and easily.

What You Don’t Know About Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman

Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman has some of the most fascinating buildings lined up all along the way.

Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman was the shopping hub of Kuala Lumpur before modern shopping malls took over the city. All along this road, one will see many pre-war buildings in Art Deco and Neo-Classic styles, whose beautiful exterior have been preserved to accommodate modern retail shops. Anyone walking down the road will be greeted by a riotous scene of people, bags and carpets.

Tourists dying to run away from touristy areas and are keen to see how ‘normal’ Malaysians live will find Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman fascinating in giving a glimpse of real Malaysian life.

Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman or as it was formerly known as Batu Road, was named after the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia. Oddly enough, many Malaysians confuse him with Malaysia’s first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman. One is Tuanku, which means King, and the other is Tunku, an honorific for royalty. By simply knowing this, you’re ahead of many Malaysians!

The road itself is very prominent in KL, and one will find it crowded at most times of the day and even at night. Dataran Merdeka, or the independence square, is just a short distance away.

PH Hendry

The white and orange building at the beginning of the road is the former P.H. Hendry building, or what is left of it. P. H. Hendry was the oldest existing jeweller in Malaysia, appointed the Royal Jeweller to the states of Negeri Sembilan, Selangor and Kelantan in the 20s. In the early days, the craftsmen and stone-carvers came from Sri Lanka.

PH Dineshamy founded the Hendry dynasty. In the 1920s, his son PH Hendry opened a jewellery shop at Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman. In fact, the Hendry family business is still in existence.

The eye catching white and orange was only recently painted. Its style is Neo-Classic and its façade has three large pilasters, which are the slightly projected vertical columns. If you trace the columns all the way up, you will see that they are capped with Corinthian capitals, or the ‘heads’ of the columns. The pediment, which is the triangular structure on the top, is a feature of Neo-Classic architecture that gives the building an imposing feel. The windows on both floors are different; the first floor has a bay window while the second floor has a Venetian window consisting of a semicircle arch and four vertical pilasters. It is covered with plaster; and right on top at the triangular structure, see if you can spot the star and crescent, the Islamic symbol.

Shops Number 1-19

The buildings across the road from P. H Hendry are fine examples of Neo-Classic features. Painted in white and sharing similar architecture with the PH Hendry building, the buildings were constructed at different times and built by Malay and Chinese tycoon.

Tourists find the giant pilasters, which are the slightly protruding columns that support the pediments, or the triangular structure on the top, very fascinating. The beautiful bay windows adorn the first floor and the block is brought together by the typical cornice treatment of that time. You can also see the huge rectangular piers that form part of the covered five-foot way. The façade is embellished with plaster scrolls and emblems.

Art Deco and Neo-Classic buildings along Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman

The fascinating buildings along Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman are repainted with bright colours while some are left in their original colours, but all of them exhibit the theatrical qualities of Art Deco. Art Deco was an art movement that lasted from 1925 to the 1940s. It was seen as elegant, glamorous, functional and modern; and you will undoubtedly find these qualities in many of these buildings. The movement mixes many styles such as Neo-Classical, Constructivism, Cubism, Modernism, Art Nouveau and Futurism. It was most popular in Europe during the Roaring Twenties.

In the words of F. Scott Fitzgerald, Art Deco style was shaped ‘by all the nervous energy stored up and expended in the War’. The characteristics of Art Deco are very apparent here. Cubic forms, ziggurat shapes- a terraced pyramid where it gets smaller the higher you go, complex grouping of rectangles and squares, bands of bright and arresting colours, zigzag design, strong sense of line and an illusion of pillars.

Many have been restored and preserved to house retail shops and restaurants.

Coliseum Cinema

One of Malaysia’s famous landmarks, it is the oldest continuously running cinema in the country, save for a short break during the Japanese occupation. It was built by Chua Cheng Bok, a well-known Chinese businessman and property developer, who eventually leased it to a group of gentlemen who opened this cinema back in 1921. It was constructed with reinforced concrete, with a double roof. The building was then considered one of the coolest places in town quite literally, with its numerous fans and ventilation. There are wide verandahs upstairs, with balcony seats and private boxes tastefully fitted with separate fans and lights, to cater to well-off patrons’ comfort. The Coliseum had its own power plant, making it independent of the town’s system. Next to it one will see a square, usually with fairs or sales or exhibitions that are organised by the KL Tourism body every month or so. It was one of the first few buildings in Southeast Asia to have safety designs such as emergency lighting and fire prevention systems. Also, state of the art ventilation grills and exhaust fans enhance air circulation.

It was not uncommon to go over in the 30s to see bangsawan or Malay opera performed by local troupes. However, since the 1940s the cinema played Hindi and Malay films. Moviegoers of the old would load up on tit bits such as sunflower seeds and fried peanuts and drinks in plastic carriers before entering.

It was beautiful the way these movies were advertised, as they were not printed by a press, but instead were painted by hand on large billboards! This process continued well into the early nineties proving to be quite eye catching to passers-by. Of course, canvass painting has been discontinued with the dawn of computers and other graphic design tools, so it is rare to see hand-painted billboards anymore.

Coliseum Cafe

Next to the Coliseum Cinema, is the Coliseum Hotel and Restaurant, which also was built in 1921 as part of the same complex. It was a popular watering hole for Colonial planters, miners and traders, just like Selangor club down the road, but less exclusive. Tea dancing was a popular pastime among young people as a way of courting and dating in those days. It was a chance to waltz with a boy or girl you liked under the watchful eye of chaperones who sat with their tea and sandwiches surveying the room. Amongst Coliseum’s famous patrons was Somerset Maugham, the English author, who made it a point to visit the café and the Selangor Club when he was in Malaya.

The special atmosphere of yesteryear is retained with its unchanged décor and furnishings, and white linen-clad waiters. But the waiters are now much older, and some hard of hearing, and in less than white clothes. The table clothes and the walls look stained while the air inside smells like grease! The Café serves mainly English cuisine, and the menu has remained largely the same. Many of the dishes are still cooked over charcoal and firewood stoves. When you order the sizzling steak, it comes to the table sizzling and the waiter pours sauce on it in front of you. Since most of the wait staff is old, expect them to be slightly grumpy, but that’s part of the charm in the Coliseum Cafe.

Odeon Cinema

Along Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman is the popular cinema of many a baby boomer’s childhood, Odeon. It was built by the Cathay Organization in 1936, and became an expression of the links between cinematography and Art Deco. A.O Coltman was the architect.

‘Odeon’ is a Greek word for a building for musical competition. This building featured new safety designs such as emergency lighting and fire prevention systems for the projector room. There was also a then state-of-the-art ventilation grill and exhaust fans to enhance air circulation, while the foyers were laid with locally produced rubber flooring.

Above the entrance, a horizontal beam, embellished with a mosaic depicting drama, comedy and music, intersects the strong vertical window dividers. On the side façade, the “ribs” create a vertical rhythm.

Understanding Difference Between FTP, SFTP and FTPS on z/OS

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a popular mechanism among z/OS users for exchanging files over TCP/IP networks. However, FTP was not designed to be a secure protocol and takes no precautions to protect information transmitted during a session. This security weakness can cause misuse or loss of crucial data from mainframes during data transport. FTPS and SFTP are secure alternatives to FTP that can mitigate data risks by enabling safer, encrypted data transmissions.

FTP on z/OS

File Transfer Protocol (FTP), first defined in 1985 by RFC 959, is the standard and most commonly used TCP/IP application to transfer files between z/OS and other operating-system platforms. An FTP client and server are part of the base z/OS Communications Server functions. FTP on z/OS transfers MVS datasets and easily handles conversion between ASCII and EBCDIC. However, z/OS FTP lacks a proper management mechanism and can be easily misused. Unmanaged FTP is not secure, as it transfers data between the client and the server without encryption. That means all the confidential information-user name, password, files, and commands-are transferred in clear text, making it easy for eavesdroppers to retrieve and read the information.

FTPS on z/OS

FTPS is the regular FTP protocol extended with network security features for authentication, data integrity, and data privacy. This is done by encrypting data with SSL/TLS (Secure Socket Layer/Transport Layer Security; TLS is simply the later version of SSL). Simply said, FTPS is FTP secured with an additional layer to all transmissions. FTPS supports password authentication and X.509 certificates. It also supports Kerberos encryption. However, because FTPS encrypts the command channel, it can be difficult to use behind firewalls.

SFTP on z/OS

Secure Shell (SSH) file transport protocol is supported on z/OS by multiple tools: IBM Ported Tools OpenSSH, and Tectia™ clients and servers, for two examples. SFTP provides a command set similar to, but not the same as, the FTP command set. It uses the SSH protocol to provide encryption and connection management. SFTP is common on Linux and Unix platforms. For SFTP support on z/OS, you need to install SFTP clients and servers. By re-writing batch jobs, z/OS FTP clients and servers can be made to pass some data transfers through SFTP clients and servers, thus transmitting data through secure SSH “tunnels.” That conversion can also be automated by installing software that “wraps around” the z/OS FTP client and diverts transfers through SSH proxies.

Advantages of SFTP

FTPS support is built into the z/OS platform. It handles MVS datasets, ASCII-EBCDIC translation, and JES. However, SFTP is technologically superior: It encrypts and compresses transfer data. It provides a more sophisticated checksum mechanism to guard against data corruption in transit. And multiple application channels are multiplexed through a single port, making SFTP more firewall-friendly.