The Three Sage Kings and the Five Legendary Emperors

Suiren, Fuxi and Shennong are regarded as the Three Sage Kings of ancient China who made personal sacrifices to improve the lives of the people. They are known for one or more unique contributions to mankind.

Suiren who reputedly lived 18,000 years ago discovered how to make fire by drilling wood. This discovering enabled mankind to eat cooked food and use fire to keep warm and ward off wild animals.

Fuxi taught people how to domesticate animals. He also taught them to make nets to catch fish, birds and wild animals and in the process ensure the supply of food all year round. He was also responsible for creating the institution of marriage and the for a 35 string musical instrument. His most important contribution however was the Bagua or Eight Trigram that formed the basis for the all important I Ching or Book of changes.

Shennong, also known as Yandi, invented the ancient rake, spade, plough and sickle and taught people to grow five types of cereals, rice, two types of millet, wheat and beans. He also invented barter trade and further modified Fuxi’s 35 strings musical instrument into a 5 strings one.

However he was best remembered for tasting hundreds of wild herbs to find remedies to treat illnesses. In the process he suffered continually from poisoning and eventually die from eating one too many.

The emperors after Shennong were Huangdi, Zhuanxu, Diku, Yao and Shun and they are collectively known as the Five Legendary Rulers.

Huangdi have many achievements attributed to him. He had good management skills and knows how to use men of ability to help him rule the country and come out with innovations.

He commissioned his subject to develop a written language which contributed to the growth of Chinese Culture. With another he studied the art of healing and compiled “The Yellow Emperor’s Medicine Classic”. Yet with another he developed the 60 year cycle “Jia Zi” calendar that aided in farming.

Huangdi advocated peace and avoided war. During his reign, the people enjoyed peace and prosperity and it ushered in the age of civilization for the Chinese people.

Zhuanxu who succeeded Huangdi was not his son. He was chosen over Huangdi’s many sons because of his outstanding ability. Zhuanxu greatest contribution was to bring law and order to the people plus consolidating the power of the central authority.

After Zhuanxu comes Diku who was a great grandson of Huangdi. Diku was a benevolent king who placed the people’s welfare above self. He created new official posts and ministries with clearly demarcated duties such as the Ministry of Land, Forestry, Water, Metal Ores and Fire. And he personally conducted inspections frequently to ensure that the country was well run. He also further improved the calendar which contributed to farming.

Yao was Diku’s son. He was industrious and benevolent like his father. He further developed the calendar and modified the timing of planting that resulting in bumper harvests.

Shun was Yao’s son in law. Although his mother died when he was very young, and his step mother and father ill-treated him, he remained filial to them. His great virtue helped him to gain fame and he was summoned to King Yao’s service at 30. He eventually married King Yao’s daughter.

Shun drafted the five rules of etiquette and others rules and regulations which the dukes and princes had to observed. He also divided the country into 12 states with each having its own administrator. He continued to implement changes at the administrative level and set up the department of rites, music, farming, mulberry planting, works, water and land.

Shun was succeeded by Yu who founded the Xia Dynasty. Yu was famed for his ability to control flooding but that is another story for another time.

Toro Electric Shovel – Get A Genuine Deal on This Little Workhorse

Toro is a company that is well-known for superior professional and domestic lawnmowers and garden equipment. they also produce a range of excellent snow blowers. I wrote this article to tell you about the brilliant Toro Electric Shovel and to help you find the best place to buy one for a low price.

Read on to learn more.

The toro power shovel plus is a small, lightweight electric snow blower designed for smaller snow clearance jobs. It's not meant to replace a full-sized gas-powered snow thrower. But if you've seen one in action you'll be surprised how powerful and useful the Toro 38361 power shovel really is. In fact this little toro electric snowblower has several advantages over larger, heavier machines.

How Does The Toro 38361 Work?

A series wound 7.5 Amp motor, designed for high torque at lower speeds powers a two-blade plastic rotor. The rotor brushes snow and throws it forwards up to 20 feet as you push it along. You use the Toro power shovel almost like a vacuum cleaner, push it forward as it clears snow.

Using this little electric snowblower is much easier than shaving personally and takes the back ache and pulled muscles out of clearing the driveway. The Toro 38361 does the hard work of lifting and moving heavy snow for you. Forget the shovel or plastic scoop, the Toro Power Shovel can move 300 pounds per minute!

Clearing decks, small driveways, walkways or sidewalks is easy and fun with the Toro Power Shovel.

How to find the best deal on the Toro Electric Shovel

There are dozens of online stores to buy a Power Shovel. Prices vary and some stores seem cheap until you add in shipping charges. You also need to consider how long it will take to reach you. How good is the after sales service? If there's a problem is it resolved quickly?

Product Review – The Freedom Leg Off-Loading Brace

The Freedom Leg Off-Loading Brace goes beyond the limitations of crutches, wheelchairs or knee walkers.

How many people get injured and require non-weightbearing of the affected limb, but can not tolerate crutches, or can not afford to use a wheelchair? What alternative is there to maintain freedom of movement, adequate healing time, and accomplish your daily activities without assistance.

The Freedom Leg is a unique device created by Forward Mobility of Edmonds, WA. The principle of the device is to ensure zero weight on the affected leg from the knee down. It accomplished this utilizing an advanced carbon composite fiber frame around the leg, transferring the weight from the height to the ground, thereby removing all weight from the knee down to the foot.

When adjusted, the patients foot will float above the floor with no weight executed from the knee down. Its unique shape ensures a near normal gait, with reduced atrophy in the leg normally seen with prolonged immobilization with crutches, casts or wheelchairs.

The Freedom Leg is ideal for Diabetic patients who are suffering from peripheral neuropathy and diabetic ulcerations of the foot that require complete non-weightbearing. The device can also be used with patients that have had lower leg and foot amputations.

When the patient initiates puts on the device, the use of a cane is recommended. Once the patient gains confidence with the device, they can go up and down steps, steep inclines and uneven surfaces.

Imagine lifting grocery bags, going shopping all without the need for assistance. That is the freedom you achieve with the Freedom Leg.

It is recommended that you consult with your physician or therapist to determine if you can integrate with the tis device. The Freedom Leg is not indicated for patients with balance issues.

Upgrade To A Branded Elevator Pitch

Think about it. Your elevator pitch and your personal brand are co-dependent. The two share a mission-critical objective, to create a positive and memorable first impression of you and your enterprise when you meet personal and professional contacts. The all-important self-introduction known as the elevator pitch is, while brief and simple, nevertheless your most important marketing tool, because it’s often how people first get to know you and your business.

From the opening line to the final sentence, your elevator pitch is Step One in communicating your personal brand. Its content must be clear and concise, and persuade people that you are worth knowing and doing business with. Build a branded elevator pitch by choosing two or three of your products or services to use as talking points. Then draft the pitch, edit and rehearse. Like a singer or musician, memorize the melody of the song that is your elevator pitch and improvise as needed.

Also like making music, your delivery is as important as the content. Polish your presentation by speaking in a pleasant and energetic tone of voice. Exude a welcoming and friendly demeanor as you greet people with a smile, all the while standing up straight and maintaining eye contact, as you extend your right arm to initiate a comfortably firm hand shake and give your name.

Networking is a 365 days a year activity and your elevator pitch can easily be tailored to fit any context, whether you’re at a holiday party or a business program. Purely social events usually do not require mention of your business life, unless the topic comes up a little later, as you chat with your new acquaintances.

What matters most is that your pitch ensures that you are perceived as competent, credible and authentic. When introducing your professional role, use easy-to-understand, jargon-free language as you succinctly describe two or three of the products or services you offer (What you do) that provide solutions for problems that your clients encounter and must resolve (Why you do it). Depending on whom you meet, you may choose to reveal the types of organizations you work with (For whom you do it) and the value derived (benefits and outcomes) when clients work with you.

Jeff Bezos, founder and CEO of Amazon, famously said, “Your brand is what people say about you when you’re not in the room.” Take time to develop an elevator pitch that creates a trust-building first impression for prospective clients and referral sources, one that serves as an effective first touch point for your personal brand.

Thanks for reading,


Reproductions With Mold Making and Casting

Mold making and casting is an easy and fun way to make numerous copies of a sculpture or other ready piece.

The process begins with making a mold of the original model. A mold is nothing but a negative of the model that is made by applying a mold making material around the model. This hollow cavity can be made with a variety of materials such as simple clay, wax and gypsum or more elaborate materials such as moulage, polyurethane resin, silicone rubber, latex rubber, thermoset rubber and the like. Alginate is a skin-safe material that is particularly useful for making molds from the human body.

Molds can be made using different techniques ranging from simply pouring or brushing the mold making material all over the original model to more complicated glove, slush and injection mold making methods. Again, if the model is quite complicated with undercuts on all sides, the mold will have to be made in two or more parts which come together to form the complete mold later. You will need to make spues and keys as well. The setting time and demolding time of the material needs to be kept in mind to ensure that the mold comes off properly.

Once a mold is ready, it is time to make a cast. Now a cast is a positive of the model and once finished, will be an exact reproduction of the original model. Again, this opens up a choice of materials such as plaster, gypsum, latex rubber, silicone rubber, polyurethane resin and more. It is even possible to make faux metal, wood and stone casts by using appropriate cold casting powders. In fact, the choice of mold making material often depends on the material you want to finally cast in the mold.

You may even need to add fillers to give the appropriate feel to the cast. Once demolded properly, the cast has to be finished by cleaning, brushing, buffing and polishing. Some chipping also may be needed. Paints and makeup is what provides the final finished look to the cast.

Both mold making and casting require the use of release agents to ensure that the demolding is smooth and easy. They also call for specific tools and equipment for practicing the art.

In sum, making molds and casts is enjoyable and interesting too. However, it requires care and practice to perfect the art before you will be able to churn out accurate reproductions of anything you wish.

Last but not the least; the most beautiful casts will still look incomplete without a name plate specifying the details of the art piece. You would do better to opt for an engraved brass name plate in an elegant low luster finish. The brass name plate will stylishly announce the title of the cast, date and your name as the artist.

The Benefits of Wood-Pellet Stoves

Wood-pellet stoves were invented in the 1980's and have gained in popularity in the last few years. These are small electric stoves that burn small pieces of recycled sawdust that are compressed into pellets. There are a number of advantages to using wood-pellet stoves. They are extremely efficient, produce very little waste, and use inexpensive fuel.

Wood-pellet stoves are fueled by tightly compressed pieces of sawdust. They have complicated machinery that adds new pellets to the fire when more fuel is needed. The user merely has to add the pellets to the hopper, and the mechanical auger moves pellets to the fire as needed.

Wood-pellet stoves have average efficiency ratings of 80- to 85-percent. They heat more efficiently than bigger and more expensive gas heaters. These stoves have negative pressure systems that propel the hot air they produced outward, making the heat go farther than it would naturally. The pellets are burned so completely that they hardly give off any smoke, meaning that it is not necessary to build a large chimney to channel smoke out of the home. Wood-pellet stoves only need a small pipe leading outside to dispose of excess smoke.

Since wood stoves are so efficient, they hardly produce any waste. An entire 40-pound bag of pellets produces less than a cup of ashes. People can use a wood pellet stove for months without having to empty the ashes.

The pellets used as fuel are made of sawdust from lumberyards and wood mills. The sawdust is compressed at high temperatures and is not held together by any type of chemicals or glue. A 40-pound bag of pellets sells for less than five dollars, with discounts available for people who buy in bulk.

Wood-pellet stoves are a great alternative to gas or electric heating systems. They are economical and can produce enough heat to warm an entire house.

3 Ab Exercises For Beginners

The following are three intestinal abdominal exercises for beginners:

Crunch – The crunch has gotten a bad name over the past few years. It's because most individuals do not perform it properly. The key to any abdominal exercise is to keep your head and shoulders off the ground. Let me explain:

1 – Lay down with your back on the ground. Bend your knees with your feet flat on the floor. Place your hands underneath your head. This is just for support. You are not using your hands for anything supporting your head.

2 – Lift your head off the floor so that your shoulders are rounded and off the ground. You should already feel your abs tense.

3 – From this position, simply squeeze your abs, so that your upper body moves slightly forward. Release and return to starting position.

4 – Remember that the return position is the position with your head and shoulders off the floor. It's very important to keep your head and shoulders off the floor during the entire set. This will keep the tension on your abdominals.

Plank – There are two variations of the plank. The first variation is with your forearms on the floor:

1 – Place your forearms on the floor with the rest of your body laying face down on the floor.

2 – Push up off the floor. Your body should be elevated only on your toes and forearms.

3 – Hold this position for a few seconds. Drop your knees to the ground to rest between each set.

The second variation of this involves performing the same exact movement with your hands fully extended, as if you were performing a push up. In fact, this version of the plank is the top position of a push up, and can be a great way to help you improve your push up numbers.

Bent Leg Knee Raise – This is a great move to target your lower abs. Just as any other abdominal exercise, it is crucial that you keep your head and shoulders off the ground through out the set.

1 – Lay down with your back on the ground. Place your hands underneath your lower back, with your head and shoulders off the ground. This will create tension in your abdominals.

2 – Bend your knees and raise them towards your chest. Now reverse the movement by moving your feet towards the ground, while keeping your knees bent.

3 – Stop the movement when your feet are just an inch off the ground. Repeat the movement.

It is not suggested that you use all three of these abdominal exercises in a single workout. Instead, you can use them at the end of an intense body weight circuit.

How to Plan a Great Fishing Trip on Lake Nipissing

For anyone that lives in Southern Ontario, Lake Nipissing is a great choice as a destination for a fishing trip. There are few other lakes in the province that can offer the variety of species, quality and size of fish it offers. There are several things that are an important part of the planning process when planning a fishing trip to Lake Nipissing.

Lake Nipissing is one of the most accessible lakes in all of Ontario. It is easily reached by major provincial highways from all directions. It is less than 4 hours from Ottawa via Hwy 17 and only about 3.5 hours from Toronto using Hwy 400 and 11. Lake Nipissing is also centrally located and makes a great comprise for groups whose members are spread across the province.

Lake Nipissing offers several quality fishing areas. The West Arm of the lake is popular but much farther from major city centers such as Ottawa and Toronto. The Callander Bay/South Shore/South Bay region offers the best combination of fishing and accommodations anywhere on the lake. Depending on which species of fish you prefer, there are several different locations that would best suit your needs. The island chain that leads from the main lake into South Bay is one of the best areas for catching Walleye (Pickerel) and Northern Pike. This stretch offers a nice variety of depth variation and lighting conditions that attract the Walleyes as well as a multitude of hiding places where the Pike will wait patiently for their unwitting prey.

There are upwards of forty different fishing resorts and lodges along the South Shore. Deciding among them can often be a difficult task. By examining a topographical map of the area, you should be able to determine which resorts are closest to the areas that look promising and start there. If you don’t have your own boat and need to rent one then you will need to make sure the fishing resort or lodge you are considering has boat rentals available. You should also make sure that the location you choose has other amenities such as a fire pit, BBQs, decks (screened-in if possible during certain times of year), as well as easy access and good docking and fish cleaning facilities.

It’s important to make sure that you bring fishing rods and tackle to suit your needs. Muskies and Northern Pike above 30lbs are routinely caught in Lake Nipissing and if you are looking to catch one of these monsters you will need the appropriate gear. Some popular lures include the Lundberg Custom Baits “Stalker” and the Bondy Lure Co. “Meal Ticket”.

The best fishing on Lake Nipissing is generally found in late May and early June and throughout September. During these times of year, the weather on Lake Nipissing can be extremely variable so it’s best to bring a variety of clothing options and make sure you have light, comfortable rain gear.

Whether you are looking for small, family fishing trip or going out with the boys to hunt a trophy Muskie, Lake Nipissing is your best fishing destination.

How to Make Rustic Wood Handrails

Rustic wood handrails are the perfect complement to any county home, whether in the city or the mountains. Reusing wood is a green alternative to burning it as waste. Skilled craftsmen can assemble mountain laurel and rhododendron branches into items of beauty that attend the look and feel of the forest to your home. Read on to learn how you can make your own.

1) Measure the handrail location from post to post. You will need two 2x4s, two 1x4s and one 2×6 for each handrail section. Make a list of all the lumber you will need.

2) Paint or stain the dimensional lumber prior to assembly.

3) Secure two 2x4s to a surface making sure that they are 33 inches apart from top to bottom. For a total handrail height of 38 inches, handrails should be installed 3.5 inches above the floor.

4) Cut a mountain laurel or rhododendron branch to fit. Nail it to the top and bottom 2x4s with a 16-gauge finish nail gun.

5) Repeat step 4 making sure to weave branches over and under. Sometimes, branches can be joined to previously installed branches giving a more natural look.

6) Cut multiple 2-inch pieces of 2×2. Nail these at regular intervals to the top and bottom 2x4s.

7) Nail the top and bottom 1x4s to the 2×2 blocks.

8) The section of rustic wood railing is ready to be installed!

This is a simple way to add natural beauty to your rustic home decor. Rustic wood handrails are great for interior applications as well as on exterior decks. Please remember to be careful when using power tools and nail guns.

Do It Yourself – Repair Of Wrought Iron Railings

The railings made from wrought iron present a traditional look to the porch and the staircases of your house. The look gets tarnished if there is a break in any of the railing and you may have to buy a new set of staircase railing. However if you can spend sometime yourself and follow the points mentioned below, you may carry out repairs yourself.

Upkeep of Hand Railings in Wrought Iron

Use of railings made from wrought iron has been known since the 17th century. During that time, the concept of extracting metals had just started. Only a very few artists could work with wrought iron railings, hence these were considered to be a special art which could be handled by artists only. The railings made from wrought iron are resistant to rust, but these are not resistant to shock. If anything drops on the railings, these will definitely break.

Any crack in any of the railings would tarnish the appearance of complete staircase and as well as the railing of the hand of the porch. If however, you want to handle the repairs yourself, you could be in a position to restore the original condition of your railroads.

Tools required for repair of Wrought Iron Railings

Repairing of railroads of wrought iron can be done by yourself provided you carry out this cautiously. After the repairs, railroads will regain its original form. You can buy the tools required for repairs from a store dealing in DIY tools.

The following tools are needed:

1.Drill bits of sizes 3/8 "and 1/4"

2.Machine for Drilling

3.Hack saw

4.Riveting set

5.Tools for woodwork

6.Glue Cement


8.Metal Cement

Repair of Railing Pipes

It is quite a tedious task to do welding of railroads made of wrought iron and even when welding has been done, you can not be very confident that the mold where welding has been done would remain intact. A pipe, if not welded properly, can result in a dangerous accident. It is not advisable to weld the pipes, if these have broken.

However should you decide to repair pipe, it should be repaired by
reinforcement method internally. Your should take out the pipe out of
the railroads and take it to a workshop of DIY. In the workshop, they insert a pipe of steel or a twisted pole made of wood of the inner diameter of pipe inside the pipe.

The inner edges of the pipe made of wrought iron should be smooth, otherwise the pole made of wood will be required to be further twisted to make the pipe get fitted without any force or use of hammer on the wood. If you attempt to push the pipe, the pipe made of wrought iron may not repairable.

By inserting the wooden pole or pipe inside the wrought pipe, the same gains strength. After this, the ends may be connected with metal cement or glue.

It is to be noted that main strength of wrought iron railings depends on the pipe or wooden pole inserted inside it. The glue also gives it a look to some extent, and not much strength. If the railing made from wrought iron has been set with more pieces than two, you need to have very careful while applying riveting or glue. Just ensure that all the pieces are joined properly and the internal pipe or wooden pole are not noticeable from outside.

Mounting Poles or Base of Wrought Iron Railings

If there is a crack in the base of railings, or the eyelet of railing pipe demands repairs, one of the methods is stitch welding. There are many companies which provide this kind of repair service and also provide warranty. It is not very frequent that eyelets or the base cracks, however if it cracks, it needs to be repaired by experts only.

Three Essential Stair Parts That You Should Consider

Most will not need telling that stair parts can give a staircase a certain je ne sais quoi. The stairs play an imperative role in defining the aesthetics of a home and thus, the building. They can make or break the look of a house. It is therefore important that you put careful consideration into stair parts. After all, you want your home to look nice.

Here are three essential stair parts that all owners should flirt with acquiring. Put some careful thought into these and you can make your home and allow your home to flourish.

1. Spindles

Perhaps the most familiar of all stair parts is the spindle. This is the part of the stair in between the base rail and the handrail. They are the vertical posts that hold up the handrail. Spindles are a specific type of baluster.

Spindles play a predominant role in the view of the stairs. Along with the carpeting, they are usually the first thing people notice and comment upon when they see a staircase in a home.

2. Handrail

As stair parts go, it should go without saying that the handrail is extremely important. Users of stairs place their hands up the handrail as they go up and down the stairs. It therefore stands to reason that it should be smooth to the touch, as well as pleasing on the eye.

Aim for a style of handrail that is in-sync with the style of your spindles. It will look very odd if your handrail is in a different style to that of your spindles.

3. Newel Cap

Many will be aware of what a newel cap is, without knowing its actual technical name. A newel cap is the decorative top (or cap) of a post on the stairs. This will, more than likely, be at the top and at the bottom of the stairs. Newel caps come in different different styles. It is important you experiment with different types of newel caps so that you can find the one that suits your stairs best.

Overall, the common theme of this article appears to be that when it comes to stair parts, you should never make a rushed decision. Take your time over your purchase and get the right stair parts for your home.

A bit of careful thought and consideration will help you make your home become the standout in the neighborhood.

Baby Gates Flexibility and Warning

Baby gates keep your babies and toddlers safe. But remember that they are not the only ones who will be using the baby gate. Older children as well as parents in the house will at some point need to pass these gates. That is why it is very important that you get a gate that is easy to open and close firmly. Do your best not to step over the gate, particularly when the youngster being protected is watching. You do not want the child to learn a bad habit.

Flexible Baby Gates.
When thinking of baby gates we usually imagine wood or metal barriers. Not all safety barriers are made out of these materials. Some are made from Plexiglas or high-strength fabrics. As an example, the Kiddy Guard safety barrier protects children up to the age of two.

Baby Gates can be used in doorways and stairways, and normally expands up to 51 inches. The Kiddy Guard fits inside a doorframe or between two walls and is retractable when not in use, making it quite a flexible barrier.

The hardware-mounted gates are attached with screws to walls and banisters. These gates typically open and close much like a door. This makes them more capable for areas you'll be walking through frequently. They can be mounted between two walls, two banisters or a banister and a wall. Hardware-mounted gates are intended to be installed into a solid wood surface. If your door or opening is already framed in wood you can install the gate without any preparation. If not, you'll have to install a Gate Mounting Kit, obtainable where you buy baby gates.

Baby Gate Warning.
When looking for the right baby gate, it's vital to remember than some gates themselves are dangerous. As an example, accordion-style baby gates with large V-shaped openings along the top edge and diamond-shaped openings between the slats are a strangulation risk. Children who have tried crawling through these gates have died when their heads got trapped in the V-shaped or diamond-shaped openings. The hazardousous accordion-style baby gates have not been sold since 1985, though you may still find them at yard sales or in thrift stores, so be alert!

A Savannah Site for Emily

She isn’t in the Bonaventure or anywhere nearby the grave of Jim Williams. She wouldn’t have tolerated such positioning. Emily took a stand against the man years ago and wrote it down word for word with a working title of Cannabis and Snowdrops, mainly because her son Danny loved both. Her story is not a sequel to Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, though it tells of the aftermath; nor is it a prequel, though it tells of what happened in the years leading up to that fatal midnight. Rather, it is a kind of circling-and-spiraling, which I think of as Around Midnight. And, her story will likely never see the light of day.

In my most recent visit to her grave, the memories of having her as my student over three years poured out. One thing a creative writing teacher must never do is speak of his or her students’ stories in public, unless of course those writers have made their works public. For me that discretion ranks among the rules of priests, therapists and lawyers. And I would hesitate to speak now except for Emily’s prodding. She is as determined as she sleeps in Greenwich Cemetery as she was wide-eyed in my class.

“It’s fiction,” she had taunted from the back of the room that first day she was in my class and whenever I held up Berent’s book or mentioned the title. The thin sassy voice came with rich Savannah accent, from a pugnacious figure then totally unknown to me, one which I was not about to take on in front of my class of urbane aspiring writers.

“Fiction!” came again as loud as a whisper allows. After several more taunts from her it occurred to me that no matter who she is she might have something to add to my lecture on creative nonfiction or on the works that seem to be settling as the benchmarks of the sometimes wooly genre. Little did I know that over time she would modify my teaching of the topic of creative nonfiction, transform my perspective on issues of notoriety and on loss, and teach me much about voice driven writing styles.

Her writing was well underway when she entered my classes. Not a reaction to Berendt’s book, hers is the story of growing up as a “have not” in a world of powerful “haves” in the thick moss and mist of Savannah. Hers is the battle of growing up in the shadow of father old enough to be her grandfather and who gave her off in marriage at a young age, of raising four children virtually alone, of a dogged resistance to growing up ignorant just because you are poor, and of having a son shot to death in the home of millionaire on Bull Street. Emily’s story, written or unwritten, currently sits in the shadow of Midnight, just as she often had sat in dim corridors of the Savannah courthouse because she was not permitted in the court room while the trials went on. Nevertheless, to those who know it her story stands out in factuality and mesmerizing style.

Emily had written much of her story while she was in Savannah, long before she appeared in my class in 2002. The narrative had poured out of her in a compelling voice that few writers find the freedom to release. She wrote about and told us about her unfortunate experiences with people associated with writing and film making. In fact, some such episodes were in her manuscript. I suggested she be careful to not put herself in the position of describing situations that she might not be able to back up in the event someone decided to sue. My statement felt flimsy as it came out of my mouth, directed at a woman who’d lived through infamous trials of conviction and reversal of conviction of the Jim Williams. Williams had money, she pointed out to me, but she barely had “a pot to pee in.” Who could possibly sue her, and what would they get? But, she did take most of those questionable episodes out of her writing.

At first, Emily’s story was bogged down with the inclusion of the transcripts of the four trials, and that weightiness took away from her own incredible narrative of the struggle between the haves and have nots. Finally, at the urging of other writers in our class, she took out the heavy versions of the trials. Then her perspective on the death of her son came through with more force. She said, “Williams was a fifty year old self-made millionaire with long standing involvement in the community, both socially and as an active member of the restoration goals of Savannah. Nevertheless, I knew this man was the person who killed my son. Danny didn’t have the wealth or power needed to be a part of Savannah’s society. He had nothing.”

Emily’s manner of expression is not simple; it is frank yet complex in its straightforwardness. It is voice for which all writers strive: voice driven by passion. Effective narrative voice must come from the heart, from a direct desire to impart something not only true but consequential. Emily’s story naturally had to involve the murder of her son, summaries of the trials, the eventual death of Williams, and the hype that overtook Savannah due to the Berendt’s book and Eastwood’s movie. Yet, Emily’s story is far more than that. That truth came to me early on as I began reading her drafts and found myself drawn into the grip of her early poverty. The voice made me feel anger and bitterness toward society and any family that doesn’t stand up for its children. But then that same voice forced me to realize that I cannot hold on to such feelings if I plan to leave this life unfettered. Her voice allowed me to be transported to become the woman who once packed a gun to even the score but then replaced it with the pen and written word.

During the time Emily was in my class I gained a deep sense of what it might be like to raise a child and then lose him in such a bizarre manner. The loss of a child is not a statistic or a newspaper headline; it’s a life-shaking trauma that demands support from any direction.

Emily had support from her other three children, employers, and some friends, but not from the legal system or society in general. The media focused on Williams and his dilemma. That fact has become ingrained in the mountain of lore of this country, as it was infamously publicized in print and fictionalized on the big screen. There was hardly mention of an Emily Bannister in the Berendt’s book, and in the movie there was no haunting camera shot of the dead boy’s mother sitting in the dim corridors of that courthouse. Only from the grip of Emily’s voice could a reader experience the depth of such loss and the emptiness that engulfed it. Yet, her story is far more than that tragedy; it includes the beauty and humor of life amid adversity.

When Emily depicted Danny he became real and not the invented Billy the hustler on Bull Street as depicted in the movie. She wrote about his first steps and how he was noticeably pigeon toed. Danny was of medium height and weight, and was muscular, with ash blond hair that wanted to curl when it became too long or damp, thick eyebrows and long dark eyelashes that emphasized big blue eyes. His lips tilted upward at the right corner when he smiled. Yes, I could see the resemblance to Judd Law, who play the role in the movie. Emily told about how as a small child, Danny was attracted to all forms of beauty, and cared little for anything competitive, choosing instead crayons, puzzles, and toys that produced music. He spent countless hours picking flowers in their spacious yard that must’ve appeared boundless to a small boy. He particularly liked the yellow jonquil and tiny white snowdrops, calling them bellflowers because of their shapes. She thought that Danny’s love for cultural beauty is probably one thing that drew him to Williams.

Emily’s story marches through cold reality of the murder and its aftermath, to entanglements with the legal systems and the burial, and then it backs up to weave in the narrative of her family and the old father who questioned her birthright and existence, her mother Snooky, the moves from house to house, Emily’s teenage marriage and babies, and the determination to gain an education despite poverty. It is in that texture that the reader is so thoroughly taken into another time and place and a life of which most people never catch more than a glimpse. The narrative takes on the level of a case study in Southern poverty, and then it rises to the escapades of an independent single mother and the challenges of raising children alone. Inevitably the story journeys back to the trials and the eventual acquittal and the death of Williams. After he final chapter, Emily added a “Finale.” It is entitled “Illegitimi non carborundum. (Don’t Let the Bastards Get You Down!)”

Why is it that some writers are able to capture authenticity through mundane details and how did Emily acquire that skill, or is it a talent that just comes naturally to some? My thought is that such talent is the gift rising out of a special sensitivity to how life is pieced together. Though she certainly spent ample time studying and learning the craft of writing, she, without a doubt, had something else going in her mind, something that allowed her to see and feel events and to capture them in scenes, always in the strong irony-filled narrative voice. She wrote of her father’s catastrophe in WWI and his subsequent misadventures in civilian life as if she were a historian piecing together the facts of times past.

Emily’s mundane details reveal the cobwebs in which she had grown up. She wrote that her father spent the rest of his life in and out of hospitals because of war injuries. Later, she learned that he had been married numerous times. She said, “I don’t think he even knew how many times until a Superior Court judge presented him with an itemized list, along with a summons to court sometime in the early seventies.” A list of no less than three women was read to her father and as to the whereabouts of these women, and her father replied that he’d “misplaced” them. He didn’t know where any of them were or whether they were still living. He said he’d never gotten a divorce from any of them. When he decided to leave them he just left. With her father in his seventies, and the length of time involved, the judge had little alternative but to perform a “mass divorce,” releasing him from the bonds of matrimony and rendering him a single man. Emily’s mother quickly realized that after thirty odd years of marriage, this also included her!

Emily continued to study creative writing in my classes for several years. In that time she made friends with other writers and she moved her story forward. My students respected her for her writing skills and for her story. Her honesty and humility was always peppered with a sharp-tongued edge of wit about society and the haves and have nots. She made us laugh at life.

My feelings toward Emily included affection and a bit of fear of ever crossing her. I was respectful to her as student, but I was aware that she might have inadvertently placed me in the haves box. On the other hand, she treated me with high regard as I mentored her through revisions of the manuscript. I coached her in steps for getting her story published, but she bulked when I told her she absolutely had to write a synopsis as part of the proposal package so that an agent could see the story in short form. She hissed out the “ssss” in synopsis, saying it brought up her deepest fear: that she could not write that story again. I knew that she meant she could not live the experience again. I understood that.

In the time I knew her she was living comfortably. She cherished the memory of her past experiences, but, she wanted to move further from the darkness, on into the light. I knew that and understood that in the deepest part of my heart. She was ill. She knew that at some point she would be free of life. She confided in me that she had “a diagnosis,” but she did not put a time frame to it. It was something that I could not fully comprehend, but it had the feeling of something arcane.

Through Emily’s story I knew I was experiencing one of the finest examples of litmus test creative nonfiction. The manuscript was finally in somewhat publishable form, but regardless all my honed teaching skills I could not force her steps to publishing. It was only up to her and now to her family. She often told me that all she wanted was for W.W. Norton to publish it and to give her two complimentary copies. I explained that she would need to jump through the hoops of the publishing world and that W.W. Norton might not provide any hoops. One of my students, a radio personality, told Emily that she would need to sharpen her skills as an interviewee for television and radio as part of the marketing plan for a book. Emily became incredibly livid at the idea that anything would be demanded of her. She felt that she had lived the story and wasn’t that enough? I knew she wasn’t being practical, but I also knew she was ill. Toward the end she would disappear from class occasionally and then reappear. One day as I was leaving my classroom, I found her in the hallway standing quietly and shyly alone, as thin as a rail. She told me she’d been hospitalized in relation to the illness and that she was now ready to come back to class, and she did for short while.

The compelling power of Emily’s story was a result how that writer had come to be. I could not toy with that. Emily was going to run her course and I could do nothing more than be her teacher, mentor, and try to be a friend as she would allow. She was going to disappear again and I just had to wait until she would reappear. Finally she did.

Emily came back to me with force. She’d slipped away to Savannah and died in November 2005; nevertheless, once I was able to visit the grave I could feel her spirit again. And, there is the manuscript: its words continue to come back to me with vigor. Though it may never see print, Emily’s story is not over. It still has time to penetrate those of us who knew her and anyone with whom we share her story. And, she lies peacefully yet still determined, in a grave beside her son, in a site that suites her well.

Relationship Between Cloud Computing and Virtualization

Cloud Computing is a technology, used by several companies who wants to reduce costs, and have access to programs and applications which are not physically installed in their computers or servers. The concept of electricity maybe compared to how this technology works, although the consumer does not know where, and how the power is produced, consumers still have access to power whenever they need just by plugging in an appliance and turning it on. This concept is almost the same as cloud computing, but the main kind of communication used with this technology is the internet. Cloud computing as defined by NIST or National Institute of Standard and Technology is a technology that provides scalable IT capabilities that are offered as services through the internet for multiple users, many users will then share pooled IT resources reducing costs and resulting to greater computing efficiency.

Think of it this way; a company that uses computers will need several systems to provide services, communicate and store information, this also means the more computers you have the more software licenses, servers and storage devices would be needed as your company grows. Behind all these are several people working all day long to make sure that servers, applications and storage devices are working properly and updated. The company will also then need spaces to store these servers and storage devices, and to prevent overheating you will also need cooling appliances which costs money. With cloud computing several of these procurement are taken off. If these company use or migrate to cloud computing they will just need the computers and sometimes a single server to run the business smoothly. All the other computing needs are then outsourced to the clouds, which are servers and storage devices in different locations which can be turned on or off depending on the company’s computing demand. No more expensive software licenses, no more need for several servers and support people to maintain all these. This company will then pay the cloud computing provider as they use the services, it’s like taking a cab and paying through the meter.

Virtualization is a technology which helps companies and individuals to utilize their computers, applications, storage devices and servers more efficiently. This can be defined as running multiple instance of something (Operating System) in something (Computers) when it is only designed to run one instance. There are different types of Virtualisation. Server Virtualisation – Is a type of virtualisation that consolidates multiple physical servers to virtual servers and is then ran on a single physical server. Application Virtualisation – an application is ran on another host where it is installed and is remotely accessed from a different computer. Example of which is desktop virtualization, Presentation Virtualization – runs on a met frame like Citrix, the application is then run in a different host however can also be seen on the clients screen. Network Virtualization – This type of virtualisation uses the network in a carved up way, which can then be run on multiple purposes, through the switch, NIC’s, VLAN’s, storage devices and other devices that can control a network Storage Virtualization – means your storage devices is then consolidated and managed in a virtual storage device, The servers where this is connected to is unaware of the physical location of the virtualized storage device.

Cloud Computing and Virtualization are two different technologies that are most of the time interchanged. These technologies will work without the other. Although, cloud computing is better utilized if desktop Virtualization is done first since most Cloud computing requires multiple virtual servers and storage devices to work or what you may call multitenancy. Virtualization on the other hand, enables a business or an individual to save on their computing needs and resources by making virtualized version of a physical resource in the same resource. For example server A, is only utilized by 30 percent most of the time and server B is utilized only by 50 percent, These two can be combined together by making a virtual server A in server B and therefore not physically using Server A anymore. This means that you save money and resources by eliminating server A from the equation.

Deeper explanation of Server Virtualization

Virtualized servers in a physical server run side by side in the same environment without compatibility issues, because these virtual servers are isolated and are then encapsulated with different layers. From Hardware layer, Virtualization layer and different environments such operating systems and applications. in Hardware layer each virtual server has a dedicated memory, hardrive and processor allocated for it in the physical server. Just like it is an operational Physical server. Most of the time Virtualization converts 20 physical servers to one by turning nineteen of these to physical server into one virtualized server instead.

Cloud computing on the other hand, uses resources that you do not have physical access to, these resources can be servers, applications, operating systems, storage devices and so forth. When you say you compute through a cloud, that means your computing resources are outsourced to vendors while you pay these providers for what you use. Unlike, if you use the conventional computing then you will need all the equipments, people and software for everything to work without problems. Cloud computing means that these resources are then provided to you by a company without you worrying about maintenance, space for your equipments and software licenses because your cloud computing provider will take care of it. All you need to do is log in to your computer, monitor your usage release or employ more servers depending on your computing needs.

The Sinusitis Vision Connection

Many people wonder why their vision is impeded when they suffer from sinusitis. Blurred vision, water eyes, dull eye pain are frequent complaints presenting to my office in conjunction with a sinusitis. The sinusitis connection has to do with the spatial relationship between the sinuses and the eye structures. Multiple symptoms can occur depending on which sinus is infected. Most of the severe vision issues also revolve around bacterial sinusitis, which accounts for about 15% of all sinus infections.

The frontal and the ethmoid sinuses are the most common sinuses that produce vision symptoms. Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of the bone. Young males tend to be the most receptive to this type of sinusitis vision connection. This osteomyelitis occurs most in the frontal sinuses above the eyes and the inflammation can spread to the inner eye socket leading to an orbital infection or inflammation of the surrounding structures. This rarely happens. The most common symptoms of osteomyelitis in the frontal sinuses include severe pain over the eyes causing squinting, excessive watering and photophobia.

If a bacterial infection occurs in the ethmoid sinuses, orbital infection can also occur. This process is more common that the frontal osteomyelitis route. This is a serious complication but occurs rarely. In these cases loss of eye movement, drooping eye lid and vision losses are common. A deep aching pain in the midline of the face can point to an ethmoid sinus infection.

The most dangerous side effect of this orbital infection occurs when the infection moves into the cavernous venous sinuses which are contained next to the pituitary gland; a brain infection. Abscesses, meningitis and other life threatening conditions may result. Very often personality changes, high fever, neck pain, sever visual problems, altered consciousness, seizures, coma and even death can occur.

Both frontal and ethmoid sinus infections can also cause blood clots. These clots can travel to the venous structures surrounding the eye causing stagnation and therefore putting pressure on these structures. A fixed pupil that is dilated is often the first sign of this.

All the above symptoms are rare and determine the most severe sinusitis vision connections. More often symptoms such as water eyes, photophobia, dull achy pain of the eyes predominate. Again this has to do with the spatial connection between the nasal sinus passes and the eyes.

Impeded mucus drainage is the main culprit causing these sinusitis vision symptoms. The eyes have a natural connection to the nose through the nasolacrimal duct. It allows the eyes to secret a watery liquid that coats the eyes and keeps it moist. This connection is why when you cry your nose runs, the tears can drain through the nasolacrimal duct.

In sinusitis the exit of the nasolacrimal duct is right next to two sinus entries. If the sinuses are inflamed and producing excessive mucus this duct can also become blocked impeding the normal flow of your tears. So your eyes become excessively moist and water. This leads to most sinusitis vision problems

The best thing to do is to quickly remove the excess mucus production through irrigation techniques. Nettie pots are a great way to do this. Make sure to add in a little bit of salt to keep your nasal passes moist or you'll notice a few minutes after using it, your mucus congestion will be worse.