The Importance of Indoor Sports Lighting

While many people may not realize this, a very important part of an indoor sporting event is the lighting. Usually, we do not pay attention to such management components of an event. In fact, if these things go wrong, they can ruin an otherwise perfect event. This is why indoor sport lighting is very important and needs to be taken very seriously. Since proper lighting is needed when any sport is being played inside a complex, it must be made sure that the lighting tools are arranged properly. They also need to be maintained carefully, so as to avoid problems during the sport.

When arranging indoor sport lighting, it is very important to make sure that it is managed by experts. While some people don’t think lighting needs to be handled that seriously, this is not true. In fact, it must be made sure that the people who are taking care of this matter are experienced and know how to arrange the lighting equipment. For example, it needs to be made sure that the lighting is uniform and equal in all parts of the playing area. The alignment and location is extremely important, since it can directly affect the performance of the players. Obviously, you cannot expect a great game if the players fail to see what they are doing!

Therefore, it is very important to ensure that the lighting is convenient. The lights, for example, need to be placed at proper angles and heights so that they do not disturb the players. Facing an annoying beam of light can distract a player and can affect the performance. Since this alignment may not be perfectly decided by an amateur manager, it needs to be made sure that experts are not only choosing the designs of the lights but are also having them installed under their supervision.

Indoor sport complexes are a major benefit. This is because while there certainly are enough open stadiums to play in, they are not always convenient. It may not be able to play in open areas in cases like heavy snowstorms. This is where indoor complexes can be highly convenient, provided that they have enough room for the crowd. In order to make sure that an emergency situation is not met with the cancellation of a game, indoor sport lighting must be arranged beforehand in every sports complex. It must also be made sure that the lighting equipment is of a high quality.

Barriers to Communication – Why Communication Fails

Isn’t it frustrating when you tell something to someone, or email them about something, and they didn’t understand, or they don’t remember?

A barrier to communication appeared, and your communication failed. You told them, but they didn’t get the message or didn’t process it or take action on it the way you wanted.

When we speak or write, communicate, our message, what we are saying or meaning to say is not what is heard or understood. When you listen to someone talking or read what they are writing, you don’t necessary hear or read exactly what they meant.

The reason is that we all have filters in place – Kind of like a strainer that separates water from spaghetti noodles or a water filter that filters out all the particles we don’t want to drink. Our filters interpret the messages that we are receiving. This is true for the people we are communicating with as well.

All communication is filtered through past experiences, frustrations, and perceptions of the people communicating. On top of that what’s going on around you and the person you are talking with impacts how the message is received and what the message is received.

These filters act as barriers to communication. Some of the filters or barriers that can impact how your message is received and processed include:

  • workload
  • physical aches and pains
  • tiredness
  • distractions
  • family
  • culture
  • verbal and non-verbal cues, like tone of voice and body language

For example, it’s obvious that if you are trying to have a private conversation at a rock concert, that the noise is going to be a barrier. Well that same affect is true if the other person has a lot happening in their world at the time, or if they are tired or hurting, or if they come from a completely different culture than you do.

The words we use, and how we say them also make a difference in our communications. The way we are communicating certain words hold very different means. Take the phrase “I hate you”. Said in anger it is hurtful and inappropriate. But said in jest and with a smile, it is fun and a tease. So your tone of voice and body language give the meaning to the words.

In email, you lose the benefit of body language and tone of voice, so the other person has to completely run what you are saying through their filters and experiences to try to understand what you mean. Email leaves a lot of room for misinterpretation.

What I’m writing to you in this article is going your own filters – your past experiences, frustrations, and perceptions. And how you interpret what you just read just went your own filters. The same goes with every bit of communication you have with others.

By being aware of these barriers to communication or filters, you are less like to have your communication fail. If you consider the barriers that can arise and adjust your message for them, you are the road to effective communication with those around you.

History of Clark Fork, and Hope, Idaho

The Hope/Clark Fork area stretches along the shores of Lake Pend Oreille from the Pack River to the mouth of the Clark Fork River, the major waterways that feed mighty Pend Oreille. Lake Pend Oreille is one of the West’s largest freshwater bodies of water with several islands near the Clark Fork estuary, including the islands off Hope and the Hope Peninsula, Warren, Cottage, Pearl, Eagle, and Memaloose Islands, as well as the Islands at the end of the Clark Fork River, called the Clark Fork Flats, which includes Derr Island. There are three major peninsulas that thrust into the lake: Sunnyside, the Hope Peninsula, and Sagle. Sagle is actually more like an area the lake wraps around, but nonetheless is a major abutting feature of Lake Pend Oreille.

It is important to note that the histories of the two communities are closely tied to one and other. They have a shared past of railroads, mining, and logging, and sportsman activities. More recently, both Lake Pend Oreille and the Clark Fork River have been a draw for tourists seeking the mountain/lake lifestyle. In recent years the area has attracted national public attention, being featured on several broadcasts, in articles, and by developers. The most famous golf course in this part of North Idaho, Hidden Lakes, was purchased by Jack Nicklaus, and is slated to open in 2009 as the Idaho Club. However, with the federal and state owning over 70% of the land, growth has been measured.

Glacial Floods and Lake Pend Oreille

The most prominent feature of Hope and Clark Fork, Idaho is Lake Pend Oreille. With 111 mile of coastline and 148 square miles, it is one of North America’s prominent lakes, and the nation’s fifth deepest. Formed by cataclysmic floods when the mile high Ice Age ice dam broke time after time, the features of the land and lakes of Bonner County and Western Montana all the way to the coast in Oregon were formed by these monumental floods. Just one of these deluges was ten times the combined volume of all the rivers on earth, with walls of water moving at super highway speeds. To learn more about the Ice Age Floods visit Ice Age Floods Institute.org

Centuries before white man discovered the region, the Kalispell and other Indian tribes, such as the Flatheads, inhabited North Idaho. Visit North Idaho History The first white men to trade in North Idaho were the intrepid adventurers “Big Finan” McDonald and explorer and “land geographer” David Thompson, who established the first permanent wooden structure in 1809 on the Hope Peninsula, taking advantage of Lake Pend Oreille and the Clark Fork River. This trading post, Kullyspell House, is still standing as a stone building on the shores of the lake. Kullyspell House still stands on the Peninsula, Idaho’s most historic home. It sits at the end of Kullyspell Road. As you turn right on David Thompson Road, you will pass several white houses on the left. This grouping of summer homes is the family retreat of the Kienholz family. Ed Kienholz is easily one of our nation’s most famous artists.

The first true transportation the region enjoyed were the steamboats of the Oregon Steam Navigation Company, which brought its first engine and hardware from Portland, building the 108-foot Mary Moody in 1866.

As the railroads came into the area, Northern Pacific Railroad built the 150-foot Henry Villard in 1883 to supply the men laying the rails. Steamboats continued to be an integral part of transportation around Lake Pend Oreille until the 1930s. Later in the era, steamboats became popular excursions, much as Pend Oreille Cruises is today, and dignitaries staying at Hotel Hope and other resorts would spend days on the water.

In 1864 Congress granted the Northern Pacific Railroad a charter to build a line from Lake Superior to Puget Sound on a route north of the 45 parallel. In 1872, the Clark Fork Pend Oreille route was chosen. With the railroad came the people who established the towns of Clark Fork and Hope.

Railroads came to prominence in the 1880s, as local construction began on the northern transcontinental line in 1881. Trestle Creek, at more than a mile long, became the line’s longest structure. It was at this time that Hope became the center of railroad activities and the largest city in the county. Along with Chinese Coolies, over 4,000 rough and ready railroad workers lived in a tent city along the Clark Fork River. Railroads brought people, and the lumber industry, which began to service the rails and trains, became the stalwart of the North Idaho economy for the next 100 years.

History of Hope, Idaho

At first Hope was just a stopping point along the railroad, but in 1890, the Northern Pacific moved its division point west from Montana to the shores of Lake Pend Oreille. Hope was incorporated on July 17, 1891. East Hope was incorporated on June 28th 1902. Hope was a busy port in its early days. Steamboats crossed the lake carrying supplies and mail to mining sites around the shore before roads were built. The boats were used to carry supplies up the Clark Fork River to Cabinet Gorge while the railroad was being constructed. The lake had long supported a fishing fleet, bringing in tons of fish every day. The populations were decimated by the introduction of tiny krill. The Federal government added these small shrimp in an attempt to increase fish populations; the experiment had the opposite effect. Recent years have seen a small recovery in fish populations, and now Hope is the center of some fine sports fishing.

Hope began to grow in 1882 when the Northern Pacific came through and in 1900 set its Rock Mountain division point in the hillside village. Incorporated in 1903, the village was named in honor of the veterinarian who tended the construction horses. A wise and kindly man, Dr. Hope was widely respected. Hope was the largest town in the area during the 1880s, achieving prominence as the Rocky Mountain division point on the Northern Pacific line. Engines turned around in the large roundhouse, and the railroad built shops, offices, and a “beanery” there.

The Hotel Jeannot, now known as Hotel Hope, was able to capitalize on this business with its location right above the depot, and with its tunnels providing easy access for passengers to the hotel. Many say that the tunnels were used to entertain the Chinese “coolees,” working on the railroads, who were normally not allowed in the establishments that served the locals and travelers.

In contrast to Hope’s early boom, Sandpoint grew slowly following completion of the railroad. An 1883 visitor found only 300 people in town, and nine years later another traveler reported that “Sandpoint is made up of between three and four dozen rude shacks and perhaps a dozen tents.” The town experienced tremendous growth, however, following the turn of the century.

When the division point moved to Sandpoint, Hope began to decline. Hotel Hope continued to draw people until the 1960s, partly because the picturesque setting of the town beside Lake Pend Oreille attracted many tourists. Some of them prominent: J.P. Morgan, Teddy Roosevelt, Gary Cooper, and Bing Crosby.

The original Hotel Jeannot (Hotel Hope) was a wooden structure which burned down in about 1886. It was then that Joseph M. Jeannot started on his fireproof commercial building, which he shared with his brother Louis. He constructed one section at a time, and added on over the years, finally completing the three-bay, two story hotel in 1898. The rectangular building has two full stories above two separate basement sections. The facade is divided into three approximately equal bays which vary in design and building materials indicating that the hotel was built in sections over a period of years. This theory collaborated by the analysis of the structure during restoration as well as through oral accounts. The first section to be built was the first story of the east bay with its walls of rock-faced random-coursed granite ashlar with beaded joints. Next came the first story of the center bay with its lower facade walls of poured concrete. Following this, or possibly built at the same time, was the red brick second story over the center and east bays. The west bay was the last to be built, either all at once or in two stages. The first floor is of poured concrete with the second floor of red brick.

Various businesses have occupied the building over the years including a saloon, a restaurant, a general store, a meat market, and even a post office. The vaulted meat cooler adjoining the west basement was probably built when Louis ran his general store and meat market in the period from 1895 to 1897. Hotel Hope still stands as a testament to the times.

J. M. Jeannot’s hotel and saloon were not his only business interests. He was also involved in mining and had several claims across Lake Pend Oreille in the area of Green Monarch Mountain. Hope had a large Chinese population which had arrived with the railroad, and Jeannot supposedly took advantage of this source of cheap labor for his mines. According to one of Jeannot’s friends, he allowed these men to use the meat cooler under the hotel as a clubhouse. They gained access to this room through the small tunnel which connected it to the railroad depot, thus bypassing the more obvious entrances. This vault in the hotel is one of the few sites left in Hope which may be connected with the large number of Chinese who used to live in the town.

Jeannot’s mining operations as well as his losses at gambling led to his unstable financial condition which may have been one reason the hotel took ten to twelve years to complete. According to one source, the construction was held up for more than a year when Jeannot lost all of his money in a bet on William Jennings Bryan in 1896. Uncertain finances continued to plague Jeannot and he mortgaged and remortgaged the hotel over the years between 1907 and 1918, eventually losing the building in 1918. A friend paid off the debt in 1920, and ran the hotel until her death in 1968.

Today the era of lumber and trains has been supplanted by tourism and manufacturing in Bonner County, and Hope and Clark Fork have become known as an artist colony. This is in great part due to Ed Kienholz.

Born in 1927 at Fairfield, Washington. He studied at schools and colleges in the Inland Northwest. He first earned his living as a nurse in a psychiatric hospital, as the manager of a dance band, as a dealer in secondary cars, a caterer, decorator and vacuum cleaner salesman. In 1953 he moved to Los Angeles.

In 1954 he made his first reliefs in wood. In 1956 he founded the NOW Gallery, and in 1957 the Ferus Gallery with Walter Hopps. In 1961 he completed his first environment Roxy’s, which caused a stir at the documenta “4” exhibition in 1968. His retrospective at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art in 1966 provoked the County Board of Supervision to attempt to close the exhibition. The theme of his environments is the vulnerability of the private life of the individual to intervention by the environment and social convention.

In 1972 he met Nancy Reddin in Los Angeles. In 1973 he was guest artist of the German Academmic Exchange Service in Berlin. He moved to Hope with his wife Nancy, and around this time also established himself in Berlin . His most important works during this period were the Volksempfänger (radio receiving apparatus from the National Socialist period in Germany). In 1975 he received a Guggenheim Award.

He died in 1994, but his wife, Nancy Reddin Kienholz continues as a world-renown artist, frequently visiting Hope.

Because of their notoriety, and the astonishing beauty of the area, we now have over 600 artists in our enclave.

The Kienholz couple befriended many wealthy patrons in Berlin, and over the years, two families have also created their own family retreats on the Hope Peninsula. As you turn from David Thompson Road on to Kullyspell Road, the Max Factor group of homes is on your right. These go down to the beginning of the property line for Kullyspell House. The other family is the Groenke family. Klaus Groenke is the managing director and part owner of Trigon Holding GmbH, a Berlin based international real estate company. He is also reported to be a leading share holder in Coca Cola Company, and a regional board member of the Deutsche Bank Berlin/Brandenberg. They built the Groenke Estate, a 150 acre compound at the end of David Thompson Road that becomes Kienholz Road. It is here that a full section of the Berlin Wall stands, encased in lexiglas, graffiti and all intact as it was before its fall. Recently the family sold half the estate, where many multi-million dollar homes have been built or are planned.

Today Hope, Idaho is a tourist and summer lake destination, with numerous artists and eclectic folk. It is a bedroom community to Sandpoint, and is considered by many, with its spectacular lake and mountain views, to be among the most picturesque areas of North Idaho. In fact, many travel magazincalled the journey along the cliffsides from Sandpoint to Hope one of the most beautiful drives in the world.

History of Clark Fork, Idaho

While totally distinct towns, many in North Idaho think of Clark Fork and Hope as one community. In fact, the two share the same Chamber of Commerce website: [http://www.poby.org/]

The City of Clark Fork also became a viable town in the early 1880’s as the construction by the Northern Pacific Railroad continued through the nearby Bitterroot and Cabinet Mountains. This small community has been geared towards mining, logging, sawmills, farming, Forest Service activity, fish hatcheries, dam construction, fur trapping activity, collegiate studies and homes for teens. Also, for most of its history the railroad maintained a station and section crew in Clark Fork. Clark Fork was incorporated 1912. Today the University of Idaho Clark Fork Field Campus is located there.

In the 19th century the Clark Fork Valley, like the shores of Lake Pend Oreille around Hope, was inhabited by the Flathead tribe of Native Americans. It was explored by Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition during the 1806 return trip from the Pacific. The river is named for William Clark. A middle segment of the river in Montana was formerly known as the Missoula River.

Much of Clark Fork’s story over the following years had to do with crossing the river. The bridge fording the Clark Fork River provided one of the only passes to the north, and with the steamboats bringing miners making the arduous journey to the Kootenai gold rush, this was one of the only ways to travel. Before a bridge was built, Clark Fork had a ferry to make the crossing. Early ferries were nothing more than logs lashed together. Later, some records indicate a ferry was operating in 1893, but this was a decade after the Northern Pacific line was put in place, so it is safe to assume there was a brisk business with ferry crossings during construction.

It is important to be reminded that the Cabinet Gorge Dam was not in place then, and reporters at the time wrote in 1916 that “The Clarksfork river handles a volume of water much larger than the Snake river. At times during high water, the flow amounts to as much as 94,000 cubic feet per second. The average width of the river is about 1300 feet. The velocity of the river at certain times is very large, about eight miles an hour. Due to this it is necessarily very hazardous to operate a ferry at Clarksfork at any time and very dangerous and at some times impossible to operate a ferry at all.”

Certainly this ferry crossing created a need and a place for travelers, not only to cross, but at times to rest, restock supplies, and take advantage of the occasional saloon.

Until WWI there was a lot of sawmill activity, then to a lesser degree through the 1950s. Early sawmills include McGillis and Gibbs, Lane and Potter. From the start until the late 1950s, mining operations played an important role in the community’s economy. The Whitedelph mine and mill located near the Spring Creek fish hatchery began operation in 1926 until it closed in 1958. It yielded galena ore assaying principally in silver, lead and zinc. The Lawrence mine was located on Antelope Mountain near Mosquito Creek and near the University of Idaho Clark Fork Field Campus. Area hills and mountains had numerous small mining holes tended by small operations and prospectors.

How to Create a Cowboy and Western Theme Bedroom – Boys Bedroom Design Tips

Creating a room with a cowboy theme can be a lot of fun, and there are so many options. Many little boys love the old west, and this theme can be created without difficulty.

I find the easiest way to begin is by choosing the bedding. There are many western and cowboy comforter and quilt sets available, full of horses, cowboys, and rodeo scenes. Denim bedding sets also go well with the rugged look. You can team up the denim bedding, or any solid colour bedding with Navaho or Native American print sheets, or sheets with a western design print, such as horses, cowboy hats, boots, etc. The cowboy comforter sets usually have coordinating throw cushions available. If you are going with a solid bedding look – there are many throw cushions with cowboy motifs, red or blue bandana fabric pillows, cow prints, denim, leather, and Native American art incorporated into the design.

Once the bedding is chosen, the next step is choosing how to treat the walls. If you intend to paint them, earth tones generally work best, such as a warm tan colour, or a colour that you really like that exists in the bedding. Adobe looking walls also work well. I highly recommend bringing the bedding with you into the paint store, when choosing paint. It makes it so much easier to match colour. Wallpaper can also be used, with cowboy/western print, but sometimes keeping it simple is far more effective. There are wallpaper patterns that have a leather stitching look. With solid wall colours, borders can be applied. Another option is purchasing a wall mural with a western scene, or painting western items directly to the wall, such as cowboys, boots, saddles, horseshoes etc.

Creative Ideas to Create a Western Theme Room:

1. Purchase or paint a wall mural of a western scene. Frame it with rough boards to depict a “window” surrounding the view. Create a western feel through the use of western, southwestern, Native American, or Navaho area rugs. Use western blankets and throws over a chair or bed. Use two western blankets or throws, and convert them into curtains.

2. Log beds and rustic furniture fit well with a cowboy theme room. Another option is standard wood furniture. You can purchase twisted wire or cowboy boot drawer pulls, or steer skull knobs to dress it up. Search for rustic, rugged unpainted wood basics for bedroom furniture, and apply a simple varnish or stain. Use a rustic country shelf as a wall accent. You can purchase wooden shelves at crafts stores. The shelf can be painted in a coordinating colour to the room. Lightly sand edges to create a worn rugged look. Replace light switch covers with western style covers.

3. Find western scenes, cowboys, horses, in magazines and books. They can be cut out and framed. You can also purchase amazing photos online through web sites that sell stock photography. Many of these photos are available for a few dollars, and they can be printed, framed and hung on the walls, or clustered in small groups on dressers. Think wild horses, old worn out saddles, teepees, horseshoes, old west and rodeo scenes. Have your child help you!

4. Some accessories to consider: vintage western boxes, western clocks, cowboy light switch covers, rustic hard wear, cowboy mirrors, western and rustic lighting, rustic throw rugs, a lasso, saddles, spurs, vintage or rustic picture frames, old guitars, sheriff badges, lanterns, cowboy boots, cowboy hats, faux animal hide.Take an old lamp, and apply rope to the base, keeping rope well away from light source.

5. Use a pencil and loosely write your child’s name on the wall. Apply glue, and glue a twisted rope onto the lettering.

10 Questions to Ask Your Hardwood Flooring Supplier

10 Questions to Ask Your Hardwood Flooring Supplier Before Purchasing

1. If there are any problems, who do I call?

Most flooring stores will be buying the flooring they are selling to you from a distributor who purchases the flooring from the manufacturer. Sometime, especially with products coming from overseas there is more than one distributor involved. In many cases if you have an issue with your flooring and complain to the retailer they will call the distributor and let them know there is a complaint, the distributor will tell the manufacturer there has been a complaint. In most cases the manufacturer will deny the complaint and if you are lucky they will even send a representative to deny your claim in person. Most retailers would correct a manufacturing problem to make their customers happy because they are the ones dealing with the customers face to face but in reality they do not have the final say unless they want to replace the flooring out of their own pocket. The manufacturer is so far removed from the actual client that they know it is better for their bottom line to deny the claims and assume they will never have to deal with the issue because they are so protected by their warranties. Picture a person at a desk with a pile of hardwood flooring claims on their desk with a big stamp that says “denied”.

2. How durable is the finish?

Durability is probably the most important things to consider when purchasing a prefinished hardwood floor. The finish is what you are actually walking on and must be very durable to have a beautiful lasting floor for years to come. Many imported prefinished floors have very little durability and the finish can be taken off with a few swipes of 150 grit sandpaper. When buying hardwood there are a few ways to test the finish: one would be to take 150 grit sandpaper and rub the finish to see if the finish will come off and two would be to firmly press the edge of a coin against the finish, a quality finish will dent but not come off. Quality manufacturers will have aluminum oxide or better yet titanium oxide hardeners in the finish. Many offshore manufactured products will say they have aluminum oxide in them but actually do not. To test if a hardwood floor has aluminum oxide in the finish simply put the sample in your microwave and if it sparks, it does indeed have aluminum oxide in the finish. I know that may seem a little strange but it’s something worth checking because hardwood flooring is a big investment and you want to know the durability of the finish.

3. What is the structural and surface warranty?

This is a very important part of choosing a hardwood floor. Anyone can put a 25, 30, or 40 year warranty on the finish of their product but the real question is; will they stand behind their warranty. Many large hardwood flooring manufacturers have warranties that are up to ten pages. When you read through the entire warranty and all of the exclusions it really gives the client the impression that there is actually no warranty at all. The problem is most consumers don’t take the time to read the warranty and are shocked when they find out the issue they are having with the flooring is one of the “exclusions”. Most warranties will say that there is an industry standard of 5% margin for error which means that when your entire floor is complete the manufacturer is allowed to have 5% of the boards defective. That means a finished floor of 1000 square feet would be allowed roughly 100 boards with any kind of defect.

4. What is the waste factor of the flooring?

The waste factor of the flooring is an important issue as well. If 10-15% waste is what is suggested by the manufacturer than that means you will have to buy that much more to get enough to install your entire floor. The higher the recommended waste factor the lower quality the product. You may find when comparing products for price on may be more than the other but you must factor in the difference in waste to the price. A floor for $6 with 3% waste would cost you $6.18 which would be the same cost as a floor with 10% waste that is $5.62 and the product with 3% waste would definitely be a higher quality product. The bottom line is you shouldn’t have to sort the waste out of the boxes; the manufacturers should be taking the waste out at the plant so you are only getting good quality pieces you can install in your floor.

5. What is the average length of the flooring boards?

The question of the average board lengths is one that is not commonly asked when it comes to hardwood flooring. It is something not a lot of people think about until it is brought up. The longer the average length of the floor the better the floor looks especially in large rooms. One foot and two foot lengths produce a very choppy and unattractive floor. The box size is not the only way to tell what the average length is; you can have an 8′ box with all short pieces in it. Many offshore manufactured products are in four foot boxes with will definitely ensure you are getting a floor with very short lengths. It is not only offshore products that have short lengths but many North American made products as well. One very high end Canadian manufacturer has an average length of 27-29″ in their 3-1/4″ Select and Better Red Oak.

6. What is the moisture content of the flooring?

Moisture content is a very important factor when installing hardwood flooring. You need the flooring to be at a proper moisture level for your home/interior climate which is typically between 6-9% moisture content. Installing hardwood flooring with a moisture content that is too high will cause spaces in the floor when the flooring dries out, and installing a hardwood floor that is too dry will result in cupping when the flooring picks up moisture. If the retailer selling you flooring does not have a moisture meter and can check the moisture for you then I would suggest you run. The majority of people selling hardwood flooring know very little about wood and moisture, if they don’t even have a moisture meter, that is a sign that they are not professional and know nothing or very little about hardwood flooring and shouldn’t be selling it.

7. What does the supplier recommend for acclimation?

I know you must have heard someone say “the flooring must sit in your home for two weeks prior to installation”. This is a very general statement and in most cases will do more harm than good for your hardwood floor. If you did this in a new home and it sat in the home while they were drywalling, painting, the wood would be so damp by the time you installed it that you would just be asking for trouble. The fact is a new home will have 1000 to 2000 gallons of water that will be oozing out of the home the first two years. If your flooring is sitting in the home before it is installed it will absorb all of that moisture. If you are having the flooring sit in your home you will want to make sure it is stored in normal living conditions to avoid it from drying out too much or picking up too much moisture. In some cases, a seasonal dwelling, you may want to have the hardwood flooring absorb the moisture before it is installed. If the home is always a high humidity environment then you want the wood to pick up moisture so it can be normal living conditions for that particular environment. You want to have a hygrometer to measure the humidity in your home before the installation and monitor your humidity after to ensure your home is in the proper humidity range to avoid issues with your flooring.

8. What does the stain/finish look like?

Many large manufactures will finish all different woods at the same time without making adjustments for each wood because each time they make adjustments it effects the production. The fact is, each wood needs to be finished differently to achieve the nicest stain/finish. Oak requires more finish to “fill in” the grain or else it will appear very pitted which is not something desirable in an oak floor. You want to be able to hold a piece up to the light and see a perfect smooth finish. Maple requires more brushing than oak so the stain can penetrate into the wood and not appear “blotchy”. Maple is a beautiful wood and with the proper staining you can really bring out features such as Birdseye and tiger tail. If not stained properly these features are hidden.

9. Does the supplier warrant the work done by their installers?

If you are purchasing flooring from a company and having your own contractor install the flooring you want to make sure your installer is a professional. In many cases if you use your own contractor and there is an issue you will have the installer blaming the issue on the hardwood and the manufacturer blaming the issue on the installer. When nobody takes the blame you won’t have very good luck getting your issue resolved. If you are buying flooring on a supply and install basis you want to make sure the company warrants their installers work and the installers are qualified. Many stores will sub out their installations to contractors so they really don’t have the ability to monitor their work unless they visit every jobsite. You can see a list of certified hardwood installers in your area by going to http://www.nwfa.org.

10. What grade is the flooring?

Comparing flooring by grades can be very confusing and misleading. Many large manufacturers have five or six different grades of flooring so just because brand A has a less expensive product than brand B they may not be the same or even a similar grade. There is really no standard grading system for prefinished flooring so just because the product is labelled “select and better” may not mean it is the best quality flooring.

Bad Breath and Proton Pump Inhibitors

Many people are confused about the relationship between bad breath and proton pump inhibitors: do these drugs for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) cause halitosis? The confusion arises from the fact that GERD itself is thought to be a cause of halitosis.

GERD is often cited as a cause for halitosis and proton pump inhibitors are a standard treatment for GERD-the idea that these drugs may cause the bad breath, or make it worse is a relatively new development. Some medical professionals, in fact, will assume halitosis in a patient with acid reflux is caused by the condition and use GERD drugs to treat it. We need more research to investigate proton pump inhibitors and bad breath to clarify these issues.

In 2006, Brazilian researchers reported on a study that suggested a link between bad breath and proton pump inhibitors. They reported that a large percentage of patients taking these drugs have halitosis. Furthermore, their research showed a relationship between halitosis and proton pump inhibitors regardless of whether the breath odor originated in the mouth or from a non-oral source. They suggested that the underlying cause was an overgrowth of bacteria, in either the mouth or the intestine, caused by the drug.

Interestingly, many experts feel that relatively few cases of halitosis are caused by acid reflux and odors traveling up the throat from the stomach. This lends more support to the suggestion that halitosis and proton pump inhibitors may be linked: it is possible some cases of bad breath associated with GERD in the past were actually caused by the drugs instead. In addition, it suggests that treating halitosis in GERD patients with these drugs may actually make the problem worse. The answers remain far from clear: more research on bad breath and proton pump inhibitors is required.

For the present, when patients suffer from bad breath and proton pump inhibitors are necessary for the treatment of GERD, the best recourse is still a good breath product that targets the bacteria that produce bad odors in the mouth. At least for those whose halitosis originates in the mouth, this approach should offer some relief.

Patients suffering from either halitosis or GERD should consult a qualified medical professional to determine the best course of treatment.

Lean Muscle Exercise – 3 Exercises to Get That Tight, Ripped Chest

A big, firm chest has typically been seen as a sign of power and responsibility in men. It increases prominence and turns heads in a room. You might be skinny and have flat pectorals but if you take some time to do these exercises, you will find that they will grow. All you need are a couple of dumbbells and a barbell.

1. Push up

The humble push is a lean muscle exercise you may not have suspected will help you build lean muscle, but it’s a fantastic way to condition a weak chest that hasn’t had much exercise done to it in the past. You may think that push up is mainly focused on your arms. It is, but you can’t lift your own bodyweight if you have a weak core. Push ups will strengthen your core (chest) and your arms.

There are a couple ways to do it. Men have to do it the traditional way: back perfectly straight, toes pointing towards the ground and arms bending to 90 degrees when you go down. Women should do everything the same, except they should cross their legs at their knees instead.

2. Dumbbell Flys

This is a simple exercise that can help men “wake up” muscle fibers in their chest, giving the sense of a more defined pectoral region without having your pectorals increasing much in size at all. The key is in the fly when you go backwards. Lie down on the floor, with a dumbbell in each hand. Make sure you can lift them comfortably, but make sure they’re not too light.

Simply lift your arms, and make the dumbbells meet in the middle, above your chest. Lower it back towards to ground slowly. To expose more of your pectoral muscle under your arms, do this exercise while lying down a bench instead. It’s vital that the weights are not too heavy, otherwise you will find you might strain your pectoral muscles.

3. Barbell lifts

Again, this exercise is commonly attributed to strengthening your arms, but if done properly, will give your body balance by strengthening your core. Barbell lifts are often done incorrectly by men who bend forwards while doing this lean muscle exercise. This may be cause they’re just lazy and don’t want to stand straight, or it could be because of a weak core (chest) that forces them to bend forward to be able to lift the weight.

Start off doing this exercise with more manageable weights if you find you bend forward while doing it. Hold the barbell at shoulder width in front of you and keep your back straight. Stick your chest out and, without heaving, lift the dumbbell. Stabilize your upper arms, since this is the part that you’re mainly focusing on. Your pectoral muscles will strengthen as a result to better balance out your posture when you’re doing this exercise.

By doing the push up, barbell lift and dumbbell fly you can get lean muscle in your chest. These lean muscle exercises will strengthen and wake up a dormant chest. You’ll be filling out bigger shirts soon and it’s a good way to start off learning how to lift weights as well.

Greek Facial and Hand Gestures – Does "No" Mean "Yes"?

As many Greeks will tell you, the Greek language is a very rich language and when a native speaker is in action, it is often also accompanied by a rich variety of facial and hand gestures. These serve, both consciously and unconsciously, to give emphasis to that which is being said, or can be used on their own as a non-verbal response.

“No”

Greeks do not usually shake their heads from side to side to indicate a negative response i.e. “no”. Instead they tilt the head upwards and backwards, and then back down to looking directly ahead. This is done only once. This should not be mistaken for a nodding of the head meaning “yes”. Sometimes the tilting of the head is accompanied by an audible click of the tongue against the teeth. There are also variations on this. For emphasis, meaning something like “no, of course not” or “no, you’re way off the mark” the head may be tilted up and back in a very slow deliberate movement sometimes with a partial or full closing of the eyes. On other occasions, the whole movement can be reduced to a very slight and quick raising of the eyebrows. This can be very hard to detect, therefore leading you to ask your question repeatedly to that person until the movement becomes more perceptible or they lose patience with you and actually tell you their answer. Non-verbal responses can be surprisingly powerful and can elicit an interesting reaction from a foreigner who is not used to it. For example, you may think that the slow deliberate “no” movement indicates that your listener believes what you have said or suggested to be completely ridiculous and not worthy of a verbal response – you would be mistaken.

“Yes”

For “yes”, the head is tilted downwards and slightly to one side. As with “no”, this is done only once. Again, this can be done slowly and deliberately for added emphasis.

Shaking the head

As we have seen this does not mean “no”. It serves to indicate that someone does not understand what is being said to them or alternatively, the reason it is being said. This is sometimes accompanied by an extension of the hand outwards with palm facing down to the floor and then rotating it, with the thumb and first two fingers extended, until the palm is facing up.

Impolite and vulgar hand gestures

Come on, I have to cover at least one or two. As in many countries, there are impolite and vulgar hand gestures that are more expressive than any words in certain situations. The Greeks have an expression which literally translated means “I am writing you on my testicles”!. This actually means “I am totally ignoring what you are saying”. It would take too long to go into the many Greek sayings, but I have also heard an interesting variation on this one uttered by a woman, which goes “I am going to grow testicles just so I can write you on them”! Anyway, the related hand gesture, which is often used alone without the expression, is a swift movement of both hands downwards, palms facing up, and fingertips almost touching forming a v-shape over the stomach, as if indicating the location of the genitalia. Finally, another hand gesture which is a rude way of telling someone to “go away” (I’ll let you use your imagination and creative talent), is to extend your arm in the direction of your target with a closed fist. Then as the arm is fully extended, the fingers are spread widely revealingly the palm at a 45-degree angle to the ground. It is done in one movement and is similar to the action of throwing a ball. This is probably most frequently seen on the road between drivers. However, this will be considered a strong insult if used on a stranger, so be prepared to deal with literally any consequences before resorting to it!

Cheap RVs – How to Find New Or Used RVs For Less

Though it may sound like an oxymoron, cheap RVs are not nearly as difficult to come by as you may think. Buying used is probably the easiest, and most obvious, way to save money on your next RV. One of the reasons that used RVs are such a great deal is that they depreciate quickly in the first year or two of ownership, and then level out. This means that you can purchase a used RV that is two or three years old at about 40% of the original price, and then turn around and sell it for not much more than you paid a few years after that.

There two different routes you can take to purchasing a used RV. The first is to go to a dealer. The advantage of using a dealer is that you can often purchase an extended warranty straight from the dealer and the dealer will often give you some kind of guarantee on the RV. This can help ease some of the stress of buying a used vehicle. The second route is to purchase from a private seller. The major advantage here is price. Generally, a dealer will put a 30 to 45% markup on the used vehicle, which accounts for sales commission, advertising, facilities maintenance and other overhead costs. The private seller has very low overhead costs, meaning that he or she can sell the RV for a lower price. The disadvantage with buying from a private seller is that you generally buy as-is, with no guarantee. To find cheap used RVs from private sellers, you can check your local classifieds or Craigslist.

Of course, buying a used RV may not be for everyone – there may just be too many risks. If that is the case for you, you can still get a cheap RV even if you decide to buy new. During a mode changeover period is great time to look for a new RV. Dealers often want to make space for the next model year, and will therefore offer major discounts on last year’s model. Though they won’t tell you about it, you can ask the dealer about special offers, like manufacturer’s rebates, free warranty upgrades, or low interest loans. Instead of looking to lower the overall price, you may also want to see if you can get some extras included for the base price – things like satellite TV and internet or awnings can add value to your RV. If you choose to buy new, remember that even if you get a great deal, your RV will likely depreciate quickly, making it difficult to recoup your costs when you resell.

Controlling Ants in the Home

Ants play an important role in the environment but they are considered pests when they invade the house. They damage clothes and furniture by creating holes in them and they also contaminate food. Ants enter the house in search for water, food and shelter. Getting rid of them effectively may need one or two methods.

Ants are one of the most common and frequent insects inside the house. Homeowners find them really annoying and irritating because they causes harm and damage on persons and in the properties and home structures. Fire ants give a very painful bite which may be really dangerous for children and hypersensitive individuals.

For individuals, ants may look the same with each other. In reality, there are various type of species of ants that enter your home. Each type of ants have different characteristics and may require different approach in controlling them. The common house plants that invade the home are pharaoh ants, carpenter ants, pavement ants, acrobat ants, and the odorous ants. To identify what type of ants do you have in your home, get a few ant samples in a piece of plastic and then seek the help of an expert or pest control firm.

It is very frustrating to control ants in the home. You should distinguish the type of ants in your home and know how to control them. You must also be aware of when to seek professional help in dealing with your ant problems.

Ants are considered social insects and they live together. A group of ants is called colony. One colony may have hundreds to million members depending on the specie. Each colony has different ant personalities with different roles and responsibilities. Each colony has a queen that lay eggs. Other members are the “worker ants” that work to get food for the group. In searching for food, they follow a certain trail that they follow to and from their “home”. Winged ants are call “swarmers”, they are the one responsible to mate to be able to create a new colony. When a swarmer goes out of the nest, it means that there are eggs inside the house. Swarmers may look the same as termites but they somehow differ in looks and characteristics. Ants have small waists while termites have the same width from head to below. The wings of ants are different in sizes – front wings are bigger than the hind wings while in termites, all wings have the same size. Also, ants’ antennae are bent while it is straight on termites.

Ants can be totally eliminated by spraying pesticides in their nests – killing the queens and workers inside. It is not effective to just only spray the visible ants that are marching on your wall or kitchen surfaces. Ants’ nests are usually found behind walls and doors, furniture, appliances, kitchen and cabinets. It is usually hard to find their nests because their homes are hidden. Installing baits can help eliminate them and find their nests. One advantage of using baits is that ants may bring the bait in their nests causing harm to ants that are in the nests including the queens and workers. There are readily available ant baits that are sold in the market, hardware or grocery stores. Put the baits where the ants go. If their trail is visible, it is best to put the bait near the trail. Do not spray pesticides near the bait because ants may smell it and will avoid going to the bait. Likewise, if the ants are already eating the baits, avoid spraying them too so that they will eat the bait and bring some in their nests which may also destroy other ants.

Ants may also nest outside the house. Try to look for their nests and eliminate it too. You can also use bait outside the house near the ants’ trail. It may not help to spray insecticide or burn the house of the ants because it may just push the ants inside your home.

Other well-known methods of eliminating the ants in your home is by using cinnamons, catnips, dish washing soap, vinegar, black pepper, bay leaves, chalk, whole cloves, and mint leaves. If you are not familiar of these, try to research them on the net and see how they work.

Purchase Order Financing – A Bridge

America is a land of opportunity. According to the United States Census Bureau, recent data indicates over six million new businesses were created in 2003, the latest year for which data is available. It appears that for every business that was created another business met its demise. Does this mean these business enterprises failed?

Not necessarily. The United States Census Bureau records closures of companies with employees, but they do not look further into the specific circumstances for the closure. When a business closes its doors, there can be many reasons for what's statistically a "failure," including a sale or merger, which may actually be a sign of robust financial health or good prospects. When a business closes, it may be because the investors have lost their investments or because they have sold out profitably.

Selling out profitably is known as an exit strategy; it is also known as "cashing out". If you have a business that manufactures or distributes a product that suddenly becomes very popular, you may be presented with a once in a lifetime opportunity. Here are two examples.

An inventor of a device that permits parents to regulate the time that their children can watch television wins best of show in a commercial competition for innovative products. Commercial interest in purchasing the product is intense, but funds to manufacture are insufficient. Another company manufactures a device that is related to pets. For twenty years they struggle. They pitch it to a "Big Box" store and sign a proposal to test market it in fifty stores; if successful, it will be rolled out to 200 to 300 stores with wholesale purchase orders for $ 1000 per week per store. If the product sales meet expectations, how will the manufacturer afford to pay to produce the immense quantity of product required?

Both of these situations are in need of a bridge over troubled water called purchase order financing. Purchase order financing can be complicated and complex in details, but the concept is simple.

When a manufacturer or distributor has a large purchase order from a creditworthy customer, a commercial finance company will issue a Letter of Credit to guarantee that a factory producing the product will be paid. When the goods are shipped and delivered to the customer (ie the big box store) the commercial finance company pays the factory. The customer is invoiced for the product. An account receivable is created, which will be paid to the commercial financing company that provided the letter of credit. Purchase order financing is the bridge that makes the deal possible. Accounts receivable financing, or factoring, is the back end financing that guarantees payment to all concerned. This may involve one company on both sides of the transaction, or two companies- a purchase order financing company and an accounts receivable financing company with an intercreditor agreement to contractually obligate all parties to be repaid.

The Free Dictionary defines bridge as a verb, – .to make a bridge across; "Bridge a river"
To bring together, join- cause to become joined or linked; "Join these two parts so that they fit together".
Simon and Garfunkel were an extremely popular band staring Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel. They became famous in 1965 with their hit single "The Sound of Silence". Their music was featured on the academy award winning film, The Graduate. They were well known for their close harmonies and sometimes unstable relationship. Their last album was called "Bridge Over Troubled Water" which featured a single with the same title. They broke up in 1970. In 1981 they reunited for one more concert called: "The Concert in Central Park" which attracted 500,000 people.

The lyrics to "Bridge Over Troubled Water" are:

When youre weary, feeling small,

When tears are in your eyes, I will dry them all;

I'm on your side. when times get rough

And friends just can not be found,

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will lay me down.

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will lay me down.

When you're down and out,

When you're on the street,

When evening falls so hard

I will comfort you.

I'll take your part.

When darkness comes

And pains is all around,

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will lay me down.

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will lay me down.

Sail on silvergirl,

Sail on by.

Your time has come to shine.

All your dreams are on their way.

See how they shine.

If you need a friend

I'm sailing right behind.

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will ease your mind.

Like a bridge over troubled water

I will ease your mind. "

The bottom line: Simon and Garfunkel were right. Like a bridge over troubled water, purchase order financing combined with accounts receivable financing will "ease your mind" and help you overcome "troubled waters" when a huge sales opportunities are on the table and exponential growth and financing are necessary to your success.

Copyright © 2007 Gregg Financial Services

Masterbuilt Smoker Parts Make Assembly Easy

When I purchased the Masterbuilt 20070910 30-Inch Electric Smoker, I was pleasantly surprised to find out that there was little assembly required before using the smoker for the first time, and the assembly process that I did have to go through was easy. The only tool that I needed was a Phillips head screwdriver.

The largest and heaviest part of all the Masterbuilt smoker parts is the smoker body, which is black and about the size of a small refrigerator. The smoker door, air damper, leg boots, and adjustable screw legs each come pre-assembled.

In the first step of the assembly process, I adjusted the pre-assembled screw legs on the bottom of the smoker so that the unit was level when it sat upright.

The second step was to connect the digital control panel. This was as easy as connecting the wire on the control panel to the wire on top of the smoker.

The third and fourth steps involved mounting and securing the control panel to the top of the smoker by using a stabilization screw on the front and two pan head screws on the back of the control panel.

For the fifth step, I placed the wood chip holder in its designated place on the inside of the smoker. I decided to go ahead and insert the wood chip loader into its designated slot on the outside of the smoker during this step also.

In the sixth step, the water bowl and drip pan were placed into their designated places inside the smoker.

For the seventh step, I slid the four chrome cooking racks into their designated guides inside of the smoker.

In the final step, I attached the grease tray to the bottom back of the smoker. This was completed by sliding the brackets on the grease tray onto the tabs located on the bottom back of the smoker body.

At this point, the smoker was ready to go through the preseason process that is required prior to the first use.

The Masterbuilt smoker parts listed above can all be replaced. There are also a few other parts that come pre-assembled and are not mentioned above. The parts not included above are the heating element, door latch and door hinges, and they can be replaced too.

While the Masterbuilt smoker is constructed for many years of use, parts naturally wear out over a period of time. With that in mind, it is nice to know that replacement parts are available when you need them.

Wall-Mounting Matted and Framed Photography

The final step to displaying great photography involves mounting it on your walls. While this sounds very simple, it may seem intimidating to people new to photography, and those who do not consider themselves do-it-yourself-ers. Actually, the process is fairly simple with a few tools. While there are many, many different ways to creatively display photography we will focus on the more basic approach of using single row of photos across a wall. Because this is a basic introduction to mounting, I will try to make all explanations as simple as possible. While different people use different methods, which eventually bring them all to the same point, I prefer to start from the middle of every wall, and work outwards. This article assumes that your photography will not be offset, and will indeed be mounted with equal margins at either end of the wall.

First, let's talk tools. Most of the time you can get away with a tape measure, a hammer, a few small nails and a screw driver. My personal recommendation is to acquire a leveling tool, as well as a long metal ruler. You will need a tape measure in order to measure distances between your photographs and of course to assure that spacing is proportional. A hammer will of course be necessary to drive the nails into the drywall. A screwdriver may be necessary, if your frames do not have mounting hardware already attached. In many cases, store bought frames will include a little comb looking hanger, which will require a small Phillips screwdriver to attach to the frame. As I mentioned a minute ago, it is a good idea to acquire a level, if you expect to hang photography more than once. A laser lever is a great tool for a home owner, as it will produce visible straight lines across your walls, which will make a snap for you to measure to mount frames. If you begin shopping for one, make sure that it has some sort of a wall mount, which will not damage the walls, but will attach securely. There are many different models out there, and with a little research and brand comparison, you will find a good tool, which will make you thank me for suggesting it.

Let's get started. First of all, determine how many photographs you are going to mount and whether or not the wall is long enough to accommodate all of them. Obviously, if the total width of your framed photographs is more than the length of the wall end to end, you will have to reconsider the number of photographs to be mounted. Measure your wall, end to end, in order to get the total length, and divide that length into half. This will give you the middle of the wall. Now place a mark wherever that middle happens to be. Place a mark with a pencil at approximately your eye-level. Do not worry, pencil erases easily. Now figure out how many photographs will be to the left and to the right of this mark. Remember, you may choose to use this mark for one of your photographs, or you may choose to leave it empty.

Hopefully, all of your frames are the same size. This makes things much easier. Determine home much space you want to leave between your photographs and add ½ the length of the frame to that number. Try to keep the numbers whole, as it makes things much easier. You want to use a few pieces of cardboard, cut out to the same size as the frames, to figure out what looks good on your wall. It is easy to tack these templates to the wall with a few pieces of tasking tape.

Now figure out how high you want your photographs. Try to keep them at eye-level. Measure from top of the ceiling to where the top of the picture frame will be. Now, measure from the top of the frame to the wall mount on that frame. Add the first number to this and you will have the height at which you will be driving in your small nails. Record this number.

Now that you know how high the photographs will be mounted, and the intervals between them, it is time to mark all points which will receive a nail. If you have a laser level, you are in luck. Just place it at either end of the wall at the same height as you recorded earlier. The laser level will project a straight line to the other end of the wall, and you will have a reference line. Now from the middle of the wall move in either direction and put a mark where the nails will go. This distance was determined earlier. This distance will be equal from one mark to the next. All marks will be done on the reference line from your laser level. Once all points are marked, hammer a small nail, on a downward angle to create a simple hook at every mark.

That's it. While it may seem daunting at first, just use this guide, and it will make things quite a bit easier. This article does not discuss vertical alignment, where different types and sizes of frames are used. This will be discussed in future articles.

Understanding How Hammer Toes Form

What is a hammer toe?

A hammer toe is an abnormal, continuously bent toe (flexed). It can be one or both joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth toes. When the joints (knuckles) in the affected toe bend, this moves the toe joints upward. That is because the tip of the toe is forced downward, and often curls under, closer to the ball of the foot. This makes the first toe “knuckle” higher than the neighboring, unaffected toes. This also produces painful and irritating contact with the shoe.

Hammer toes get worse with time, contracting more and becoming increasingly rigid. This causes increased pain and disability. In the earlier stages, hammer toes (like bunions) are still flexible. Normally, they don’t arrive over night. It is a slowly evolving condition. The longer hammer toes (and bunions) exist without an effective foot and toe stretch exercise program, the more rigid they become, just as any joint in our body. Toes living their lives in shoes get the least amount of proper exercise of any joint system in the body.

To make matters worse, we hide our feet for protection and for fashion inside tight shoes. To compound matters further, our feet are located at the outer reaches, the most distant orbits on our heavenly body. Out of sight, out of mind. However, the most significant obstacle our feet face is a black hole of understanding that keeps us poorly informed and in the dark.

Only recently has the hammer toe and bunion business been liberated from the lockstep monopoly of “Wait and see if it gets worse” (and of course it will) and “we can schedule surgery if it doesn’t improve”. The product of the “wait” approach has been to live with the pain, embarrassment and disability until it progresses to a severe stage. Then an invasive procedure almost sounds commonsensical.

An informative way to understand hammer toes is to view them as a vertical bunions (up & down vs. sideways). Both are caused by improper and constant pressure without counterbalancing stretch and exercise program. The pressure results in permanent muscle imbalances in the toe. If muscle balance in your toes is disrupted, your ability to skillfully and safely balance your body is disrupted. Instead of pushing the toe sideways toward the center of the foot as with a bunion, hammer toe pressure is pushing the toe backwards, toward the ball of the foot. The toe has no choice but to bend up and that is the beginning of a hammer toe. No room in the end of your shoes for five toes to fit, so one or more volunteer to bend, shorten and lift up. Voila, hammer toe!

Incorporating Home Mosaic Designs

Home mosaic designs are gaining increasing popularity among interior design experts and ordinary people too. These designs are highly regarded and sophisticated in appearance. Home mosaic designs are beginning to become at par with paintings in house design. Art can not be only achieved through brush and paint. Art can now also be expressed through tiles.

These mosaics are made up of different materials. Granite, marble, glass, stone and plastic tiles are some of the materials used for home mosaic designs. The material you choose depends on the theme of your design and, of course, your preference. Granite, for instance, does not give a uniform color because it has veins on it. Glass is transparent while stone is not. Each material has its own characteristics that are fit for different types of design.

These designs can be done by people who don’t have expertise in this field. You can just have a fun time designing your house by yourselves and with your family. You can plan for a design and then draw it. After that, you can scan it into software that converts the design into a mosaic style. The software is now available in computer shops and also online. By studying the mosaic version, you can figure out the tiles that you need to make the design. You must consider, though, the size and cut of the tiles you are going to buy.

Home mosaic designs can either be abstract or realism. Each style has different impact on the appearance of your house. If you are not natural artists but want to put up a mosaic design in your house, you can find ideas on house magazines and art books for designs. You can also consult an expert if it still fits into the budget. If your budget is tight, you can improvise on the materials and use scrap art instead to be resourceful and creative at the same time. However, scrap materials are not as sturdy as the materials that are really used for construction.

The perfect place for a mosaic design is where people can see it. A wall beside a walkway or the dining ceiling is the best places to install this design. It will serve as entertainment for the people and guests who are in the house. You shouldn’t place them in places like behind the sofa or at the garage unless you really do not want to show off your home mosaic designs.

Home mosaic designs are useless if the tiles used to make it are not properly installed. Basic skills and knowledge in tile installation is needed to make this whole home mosaic design project a successful feat. Make sure that you have the proper materials for help and safety. Handle the tiles with care. Put sealer to materials that need it.