Aluminium Tread Plate Moves Into the Home

Aluminium tread plate is a common material in industrial settings, but architects and contractors are beginning to consider the material for home use. Because tread plate is rarely used in private home construction, homeowners may need to ask for it by name.

Manufacturers may refer to it by several different names including checker plate or floor plate. Although the material does not contain any diamonds, it may also be called diamond plate. Aluminium tread plate may be made from any metal, but it is typically created from aluminium.

The name is derived from the pattern of raised ridges stamped into its exterior. Manufacturers take a simple metal panel and create a regular design of small dots, short lines, or whorls across one side. The raised design improves grip without making it difficult to clean a panel.

The benefits of using tread plate for homes include quick cleaning, significant durability, and simple installation. Being made out of aluminium, it can simply be hosed off with water. No special solvents or maintenance is necessary. The simple cleaning procedure means it is perfect for areas like decks, garages, or workshops that are often dirty or dusty.

Tread plate will not crack like concrete, shatter like glass blocks, or splinter like wood. It generally comes in individual panels, so a single panel can be replaced if it is damaged. Homeowners do not need to tear up an entire floor or wall to fix one damaged panel. If a homeowner does damage a panel, they may be able to simply hammer out the dent instead of purchasing a replacement.

Aluminium tread plate generally has excellent corrosion resistance and may be coated with a special chemical layer for additional protection. Aluminium does not rust like ferric metals, but it can be susceptible to certain other types of corrosion. However, the metal is suitable for use in indoor or outdoor projects.

Because it's sold by the panel, it can be installed quickly by most contractors. Checker plate is typically fastened with glue or screws, and no special tools are necessary. Do-it-yourself homeowners are able to install these panels on their own. Some panels even have interlocking edges like puzzle pieces, so homeowners simply need to lock the panels in place.

Aluminium tread plate may be used in or around the home for:

– Basement floors
– Boat docks
– Exterior stairs
– Garage floors
– Garage walls
– Workshop floors

All About Wood Burning Pot Belly Stove

These days the antique wood burning stoves are witnessing a revival in popularity among the vast majority of American consumers. Antique wood stoves come in several diverse types such as Box, Cylinder, Parlor and Potbelly. A Potbelly stove is a type of wood burning stove which is constructed from cast iron. They are easily distinguished from other antique wood burning stoves by their barrel shaped body which bulges slightly in the middle. That bulge seems to be the likely reason for using the name Potbelly. Compared to other types of wood burning stoves they are a bit smaller and much shorter.

In the earlier days of their creation they were often used for heating railroad stations, school houses and general stores. As their popularity grows they began being used to warm the American homes also. The wood used for fuel is readily available and so these stoves provided a very economical and efficient method of keeping large rooms warm. The potbelly stoves have been a part of American tradition fro many years and more then likely will continue to be a mainstream of Americana design. These stoves represent the earlier design versions prior to the wood burning stoves.

The potbelly stove has a small door mounted on the front of the unit which is used for supplying wood for burning as well as a means for cleaning the ash from the bottom of the stove. A potbelly usually has a mushroom shaped top to it and often comes with fancy claw feet although a few have been built using a simple block base. If you wish to purchase a potbelly stove there are several major categories from which you can select from. You have your choice of either purchasing a genuine antique potbelly or of buying one of the new replica potbelly stove currently being manufacturer. The antique ones are much heavier then the newer ones and the cost are generally higher since they are often considered to be an antique. Some of these antique stoves are actually over one hundred years old and still in e3xcellent working order. If maintained properly and cleaned regularly the stoves will continue to function as they were designed to do for a very long time.

The potbellies have become the choice for many people due to a vast array of reasons. They are ideal for old remodeled homes, old fashioned or Victorian houses, hotels with some sort of historical theme as well as for museums. They are a highly ornamented item and quite stylish making them the ideal piece of furniture for decorating your home.

How Rice Cookers Work

If you eat rice on a daily basis, having a rice cooker will prove to be a great advantage, especially if you have a high quality one. Cheaper cookers may cook rice, but their performance may not be consistent and they may not be durable. There are basically three kinds of rice cookers and they offer users different advantages. Their price tags, of course, will also depend on how technologically advanced they are.

The basic or the traditional rice cooker works by heating a plate at the bottom of the pan. The inner pot of the cooker will then heat up through conduction as it sits on the heating plate. When you turn on the cooker, the inner pot will heat up bring the water in it to a boil, and then it will remain at this temperature until all the water is gone. When the last drop of water has evaporated, the built in temperature sensors will detect the rise in temperature and then either automatically trigger the cooker to switch to Keep Warm mode or turn itself off. It's very simple to use but it also has limited functions and features – you can only cook rice and keep it warm for a short period of time. It's only advantage over the other kinds of rice cookers is its cheap price.

Another kind of rice cooker is the fuzzy logic. These kinds of cookers are more advanced because they have a built-in microprocessor. It works the same way as the traditional ones but it has more functions. The microprocessor can monitor the rise of the temperature and automatically make adjustments to how long it will cook the rice. It can also adjust the amount of heat on the heating plate according to temperature changes in the environment and according to the kind of rice you are cooking. Fuzzy logic rice cookers will also give you a greater control over it functions. You will be able to cook different kinds of rice and even steam vegetables and meat products and set its cooking settings according to your preferences. Some models even let you keep your food warm for up to 12 hours while others has a delay timer that will cook the food whenever you need it to, even if you are not around.

The third kind of rice cooker cooks rice through heat induction. This type of heating is usually found in more expensive cookers. They also have a built in microprocessor, so they have the same benefits of the fuzzy logic ones. What is unique about induction heating cookers is that the entire inner pot itself is the heating element. There is no need for a heating plate to conduct heat to the inner pot, because it will heat up through induction. Induction works through the generation of a magnetic field to heat up the entire inner pot all at once. The heat is dispersed evenly and rice will also be cooked more evenly. Temperature settings can also be controlled more accurately. The cooker can even automatically adjust its settings if you placed the wrong rice to water ratio in it. Rice cookers with heat induction are generally more expensive, but they will consistently give you perfectly cooked rice each and every time you use it.

Only you can decide what type of rice cooker you need but if your budget allows it, I suggest you get the induction heating cooker. It's absolutely worth its price tag.

Make a Small Solar Panel – A Simple How to Make a Solar Panel Guide For the Non Scientist

In this economic climate many people are thinking about whether it is possible to make a small solar panel in order to cut electricity costs. Well it is very possible, and very easy.

If you shop around carefully for parts you should be able to get one up and running for around 200 dollars.In addition, as long as you have good instructions it's not a very difficult job at all. Anyone of average intelligence should be able to knock one up in a weekend.

So let's have a look at how to make a small solar panel.

A solar panel is essentially a shallow box containing several solar cells.

So first, you have to construct a shallow box. The size of this box is the size of your solar panel. There are various materials you can use here. I've found that wood is the easiest to work with, but plastic stands up to rain, hail and snow better.

Then, you wire these solar cells together carefully and attach a small diode to each one. You do not need a degree in electrical engineering for this part, just to know which bit goes where.

Next, you front the box with clear glass or plastic so the sun can get to it.

Finally, you seal the box carefully to protect it from the elements. This is important. You can not let any moisture get in.

All that really remains is to point the solar panel at the sun and attach it to a good battery with an inverter. This inverter will change the electrical current from the DC you are producing to the AC that most things in your house use.

And that's it. You've made a solar panel!

Should You Learn From A Physical, Home Study Course, One On One Coaching Or Done For You Program?

There are many ways to take in information and get your problems solved, whether these are technical problems, money problems, health or innermost problems, whatever your issue is there’s always some kind of a solution available. There are many terms and many ways of teaching you may not have been exposed to, let’s figure out which one is best for you. A physical seminar, a home study course, one on one training or done for you training.

A physical seminar means someone hosts an event, usually at a hotel in a major city. You fly to that hotel, usually for a weekend, show up in the meeting room, and see presenters speak on stage. You take notes, you figure out what needs to be done, this is a great fast way to immerse yourself and get a lot of information upfront, get on track and connect with other attendees at the seminar. The only problem with a seminar is that it might be a long trip for you to travel to one of these events and it does cost a few thousand dollars after your take into account the ticket for the event, the travel and hotel. But, if you are brand new to an event this is the way for you to get started.

On the other hand, if you’re not quite ready to go to a live event or your budget is still low at the moment, a home study course is a great alternative. A home study course means that you pay x for access to a download area, you might get some CDs, DVDs and workbooks in the mail, and you may have a way to interact with other people online. There are home study courses that are as simple as a PDF report, a series of audios or one long video. A home study course is what you should go for if your budget is limited and you are first getting started in a niche. In fact, a great plan for you is to buy a home study course now, give yourself a month or two to complete all of the training and then attend a physical seminar in this niche.

When you attend a physical seminar they might sell you on more home study courses, but what many people offer is some one on one training. This means that use the home study course and the notes you took in the physical seminar to set up the basics, set up your basic real estate business, or your basic internet marketing business. Now it’s time to make you it and to course correct and get over obstacles that you might see along the way. For example, is your list not big enough, are there sales that aren’t converting, do you have enough traffic, are you not sure about what product to make? These are all things that a one on one coach can help you with when you meet with them, the figure out what’s wrong with your business and you correct it.

The final choice, and this is if you have a large budget and not wanting to do a lot of work at all, is the done for you option. This is where you pay someone a lot of money to set up your website, to run your ad campaign. You give them money and they do as much as possible on their own.

So, when you’re deciding between a physical seminar, a home study course, one on one training or a done for you option, I recommend that you start by buying a home study course. Then, plan on attending a physical seminar and based on the advice there graduate to either a one on one option, if you want to have a hands on business, or a done for you option if you want to outsource your business.

Diet Plan For Diabetics

Diabetes diet: Create your nutritious, healthy-eating meal plan.

A good diabetes meal plan is simply a healthy-eating routine that will help you keep control of your blood sugar. Finding the right help to get started, from meal planning to balancing carbohydrates, proteins and fats, can be frustrating, but do not give up.

Just because you were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, does not mean that you have to give up everything you love to eat. Nor does it mean you have to start eating special expensive diet foods or even follow a complicated diabetes diet plan.

For most people, a diabetes diet simply translates into eating a variety of foods, balanced in a way that keeps the blood sugar from spiking. By eating the proper amounts of good carbohydrates, proteins, and limiting the bad fats, you can have really delicious tasting healthy meals and never feel hungry or cheated.

If you actually took the time to study elite athletes healthy eating habits, you may find they follow a very similar meal plan. A "diabetic" diet is a very natural and healthy way to eat for just about anyone. It is a healthy way to lose unwanted excess weight and to maintain vibrant energy.

Choosing a diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins in the right proportions is important. By balancing your meals with the right combination of carbohydrates to proteins, and keeping excess fats to a minimum, you can keep your blood sugar levels on an even keel.

The carbohydrates on your plate should be of the low glycemic variety. The Glycemic Index is a great tool to help you pick what carbohydrates have the least effect on raising blood sugar. The proteins you pick should be of the leanest cuts of meat, or better yet, be from plants like legumes, beans, or quinoa.

A good rule of thumb is to fill your plate with ¼ proteins, ¼ carbohydrates, and ½ vegetables. Just make sure you pick lean proteins and low-glycemic carbohydrates. You can come up with all kinds of healthy delicious combinations of meals this way.

One very helpful tip: Eat a very healthy breakfast every day. Make sure it is well thought out nutritionally, maybe organic, and eat it with reverence. If you consciously think about the healthfulness of that breakfast, you are less likely to screw up later by eating un-healthy stuff and undo all the healthy eating you already started. It works.

It is helpful if you eat meals consistently throughout the day. Instead of eating 3 big meals, try breaking it into smaller meals 5-6 times a day. Two of those "meals" could actually be healthy snacks with the right carbohydrate / protein combination, like an apple with a handful of walnuts.

Now, about those snacks you love. If you need to eat a high carb snack, be sure to include a protein with it. Maybe even eat some healthy fiber, that way you slow down the absorption of the sugars and it helps minimize the sugar spikes. Just try to limit the amount of high carb snack to a couple bites, and eventually you may get over the sweet cravings naturally.

Rather than a boring restrictive diet, a diet plan for diabetics can be a healthy-eating plan that's naturally rich in nutrients and flavor, and low in calories and fats. It is arguably the best and healthiest eating plan for most people. Try it, you will see and feel the difference a healthy meal plan will make on your blood sugar level, your energy level, your waistline, and your overall feeling of good health.

Work Platform Or Mezzanine?

Facility Managers are contacting material handling dealers and purchasing mezzanines for projects when in fact they should be purchasing work platforms. What is the difference you may ask?

Mezzanines are elevated steel structures typically built between two main stories of a building. They are primarily used for storage of goods and have personnel walking on top of them frequently to access the product. They support pallet racking, industrial shelving, cantilever racks, and generally any type of racking system in addition to general floor storage. They may also act as a second floor office if modular offices are installed on them. Typically, they have a pound per square foot requirement of 125 PSF. As such, mezzanines have certain codes designed just for them.

Work platforms are typically built to hold equipment in a manufacturing environment. This equipment is typically above the ground level. Some examples of these are broaching machine platforms, conveyor platforms, etc. Typically a person would access this platform for repair or cleaning purposes only. They are not accessed on a daily basis and their main purpose is to support equipment above ground level.

While mezzanines have specific minimum height clearances and stair width/length regulations, work platforms have clear exemptions from most of these. For example, a mezzanine requires 7 feet 6 inches clear underneath if people are working under it, and the same above it for people walking on it. Also, when installing any type of plastic shelving, gondola shelving or steel shelving, most fire marshals require a 12 inch chase between every 48 inch deep shelving unit.

In the case of a platform being used to support equipment, vessels, etc., the clear height above the equipment may be such that it clears the equipment and has sufficient clearance to accommodate repair or maintenance activities. There is no minimum requirement. The same applies to the clear height above the platform as long as the equipment has sufficient clearance to accommodate repair or maintenance activities. Platforms need not be 125 PSF if a lesser amount will suffice. (Less PSF, less steel, less cost).

One stairway is needed for platforms unless the common path of egress exceeds 75 feet, then a second one is needed. However, you can use spiral stairway, alternating tread stairways or an industrial ladder to achieve egress. Also, stairways for platforms need not be designed for handicap accessibility. When designing and building mezzanines for general storage, International Building Code (IBC) 2006 requires continuous handrails, extended handrails and a 3-rail handrail/kickplate system. Thus, typically it is less expensive to purchase a work platform than a mezzanine of the same size.

There are other smaller differences, but the bottom line is this: define the use of the space you plan on adding to your building, then work with a mezzanine professional to determine the right type of mezzanine or work platform. This would include the weight capacities, footings required (if needed), stairways, work surfaces, access gates and railings.

Using Christmas Tree Lights

For many children, sitting in front of the Christmas tree with the Christmas tree lights twinkling is a daily hobby during the holiday season. Many of us remember spending long moments doing just that, fascinated throughout. By turning off all light in the room and lighting just the tree, it will create a beautiful, peaceful glow for the entire space. With perhaps some Christmas music playing in the background, it quickly would become a favorite way to spend your day.

Memories As A Child

As a child, you may have had fond memories associated with the Christmas tree, such as helping to get it straight in the stand and then taking care of it. Perhaps it was your mother that would place Christmas tree lights throughout the branches, so that each one would hold onto the branch just right so that the cords were hidden. With Christmas carols playing in the background, it creates a lasting memory that can only be perfectly honored by replaying it each year. Once the lights are placed on the tree, next will come the beautiful ornaments, many of them ornaments that were used year after year; some crystal, some glass, some beautiful handmade pieces. As they are added the ornaments danced in the Christmas tree lights. The tree looks beautiful.

More Than The Tree

Although Christmas tree lights are mainly used for the tree itself, they do have decorating abilities for other locations around the home. For example, you can use them to decorate the banister or wrap the cords along a favorite mirror. You can use the Christmas tree lights on any fixtures that it is safe to use on. When you do, you allow those items to fit in the Christmas themed home, giving it more character and festive attention. Use the lights as they fit throughout your home.

While using Christmas tree lights on the actual Christmas tree is the normal thing to do, it is also a warm and welcoming way to greet people by placing them throughout the home. Using Christmas tree lights to decorate your home is something that you can learn to do and then pass on to your children. Throughout the process of decorating the home together, you will quickly find yourself creating traditions that will be cherished for years to come. Use Christmas tree lights to enhance and enamor your home to make it the most beautiful for the holidays.

The Advantages of a Switch Mode Power Supply

A Switch mode power supply works on the principle of superior efficiency. The benefits of the switch mode is its lighter weight and reduced size. Saving weight and reducing size is crucial to lower shipping costs when they are distributed improving.

The Switch Mode Power is designed to be a more efficient Unit running much cooler and draws less current which is beneficial all round.

A switch-mode power supply creates DC from the AC mains power using transistor switches and other components. As we know from experience of older power adapters, amps of high power tend to be quite heavy. One of the main factors in the increased weight is the iron in the transformer.

Older designed transformers had to be large to avoid saturation at the 50hz or 60hz frequency of the AC supply. That issue resulted in poor performance at that lower frequency range..

The switch mode power supply amplifier wastes very little power in the form of heat. Most of the incoming AC power is converted to amplifier output power.

How does that happen? Well, remember from Ohm’s Law that voltage times current equals power. When the voltage or current in a device is zero, so is the power.

The switching or “chopping” transistors produce no current when they are switched off, and produce no voltage when switched on, so they generate very little power as heat. This results in a highly efficient power supply.

Therefore we have learned that the switch mode power adapter is the primary choice for most manufacturers. There is but one disadvantage for the end user. The switch mode power works on more complicated circuitry. If they fail there is not much likelihood of repair due to the specialized nature and costs. Most quality made PSU’s are very reliable and can last for years so a small disadvantage for a superior product.

Thanks to switching power supplies, we can get clean efficient power for our Electronic items in a light and efficiently designed package.

Are You Suffering From a Burning Headache? – Discover the Causes

Understand your burning headaches.

Maybe you are one of those people you suffers continually of this common pain called burning headache. Maybe you have them once in a while or maybe they last for days. The term ”burning headache” is not a recognized medical term. Although it is used every day by you won’t find it in any medical journal or clinical documents. You should know that there are various causes of burning headaches and people who suffers from this condition experience pain in different part of the head. Below you will find the most common causes of a burning headache.

Burning Headache happens in different part of the head

For most cases a burning headache is associated with sinusitis. The pain associated with “sinusitis” burning headache is usually located in the frontal part of the head. Parts like:

– Forehead

– Upper Cheeks

– Can even travel around the whole face

On the other hand a burning headache can be caused by fever. In that case, the pain will be located on both sides of your forehead.

What are the Causes?

As I already mentioned earlier the most common reasons for burning headaches are:

– Sinusitis

– Fever

– And even flu

In each case, the pain is severe and the burning sensation is constant. The first signs of pain usually originate from the side of the head but will propagate to other area of the head. Some people even experience thrust of extreme pain. Unfortunately there is no medical proof available to explain this sudden uprising of pain associated with burning headache. Some believe that the pain can be caused by pulsating nerves due to tension.

Burning headache can also be caused by more serious condition like:

– Tumors

– Growth in the head

For these particular cases, the pain affects the patient differently than the cases listed above. The pain is not constant, it comes on and off. The pain is usually violent and extremely severe, it is far stronger than the pain you experience during fever, sinusitis or flu and it also pulsates more often.

On top of that there are some proofs that toxins and chemicals can be the cause of acute and burning headaches. You have probably experienced this if you have been in a newly painted house. There are other types of toxins and food which can be responsible of causing a burning headache like alcohol and caffeine. Did you know that Alcohol and caffeine are suspected of being the cause of many serious cases of burning headache? The symptoms of such headaches are usually pretty strong, having your whole head to ache severely and your nerves being exceedingly tensed.

Three Critical Factors to Consider When Buying a Home Or Lot on Lake Murray South Carolina

All real estate is not created equal, and this is certainly true with waterfront property on Lake Murray South Carolina. Understanding what to look for can help in the decision making process and can also help to ensure years of enjoyment from your lake-front home. For most people, the three critical factors to consider when purchasing water-frontage on Lake Murray are whether it has fringe-land, whether the property can have a private dock, and whether it has year-round water.

The first critical factor is fringe-land. Fringe-land is a term used by SCE&G (South Carolina Electric and Gas) which basically refers to a seventy-five foot wide strip of land which is owned by SCE&G and lies between the edge of the lake and the adjacent waterfront property.

Owners of the adjacent property only have foot access to the lake and are restricted from encroaching upon the land or cutting trees or shrubs on the land without written consent. While the majority of properties on the lake do not have to contend with this “vegetative buffer”, there are still many properties in the more rural areas of the lake where this is a consideration. Generally, properties free from fringe-land are more desirable.

The second critical factor is the ability to have a private dock. Not all Lake Murray properties can have private docks. SCE&G controls dock permitting, and they have strict guidelines governing permit issuance. Properties that have the ability for a private dock are in more demand and typically command a higher price than those with only a shared dock or with no dock at all.

The third critical factor is whether the property has year-round water. With Lake Murray being a hydro-electric lake, it has an annual draw-down in the fall and winter. The result for land owners is that some properties might be “dry” during the low period. Unfortunately, most real estate agents do not understand how to properly evaluate this aspect of lake properties.

Often times properties will be presented as having year-round water, but they don’t. This is not usually intentional deceit on the part of the listing agent, but usually just a lack of skill. If you plan on purchasing a home or lot on Lake Murray, be sure your real estate agent can do a USGS based depth analysis on any property of interest.

When buying any real estate, you should perform proper due diligence. Now you have an idea of what to look for when considering making a purchase on Lake Murray South Carolina. See you on the lake!

Residential Building Permit Process Overview

Starting a Home improvement project no matter the size of it is very exciting but can also be overwhelming, especially if you don’t get professional assistance in this process and try to do everything yourself.

In these interesting economic times is a good time to build, as the prices for materials and labor have become lower.

The first thing you need to do to start the permit process, before hiring any Builder, Architect or Designer is visit your local Planning – Building department and briefly discuss the plans you have in mind to see if your idea/s are in compliance with the Community development plans and Ordinances. This visit is not mandatory but highly recommended.

Here are some points that you might want to find out with the Permit technician before you start your building permit process:

  • What are the setbacks requirements (clearance to each side of the property line)?
  • What is the maximum building height?
  • Will you need to provide extra parking spaces?
  • What would be approximately the plan checking and Building permit fees?
  • Also, is very important to know if your property is located in any specific plan area. For instance let’s say your property is located in a historic district, changing completely the facade of your house will not be allowed.

If you don’t feel comfortable doing this step yourself most Architects or designers do this research for a minimal fee or even as a complimentary service included in their contract. Once you know what you are allowed to build, the next step in the building permit process is to obtain a set of construction plans preferably prepared by a local Architect or Designer.

Then you will be ready to apply for your building permit or formally submit these set of plans to your Building department for review, this step will take a few days or weeks depending upon the size, type of construction and load of work pending at the local office.

While waiting for your building permit to be issued, (which is the last step in your building permit process) you can start getting bids from local builders.

Hope you find this building permit process overview helpful!

Reinforce a Stained Glass Window – Instructions For the Stained Glass Craftsperson

How to reinforce a stained glass window is something that anyone working with stained glass needs to learn. To prevent bowing and sagging over the years, windows that exceed 4 square feet in total dimension need to have as much stability as possible. When a window is less than 4 square feet, the need to stabilize will depend on the design and where the window is going to be installed.

The constant opening and closing of a door will make a stained glass window bow if it isn’t properly stabilized. Therefore, any window, no matter what size, that is going in a door, including cupboards, needs to be reinforced. The same goes for a window that is installed as an exterior window and is exposed to the outside elements, especially wind, or near a door that is opened and closed frequently.

To determine the square footage of a pattern or window, multiply the width times the height, in inches, then divide by 144. To convert metric to square feet, multiply width by height in centimeters, then divide by 930.25.

When I say “depends on the design”, I’m talking about straight lines that make hinge joints. A hinge joint is a straight or fairly straight line that allows the window to fold in half. You will often find those straight lines in geometric designs, but they can appear in any design. If the lines doesn’t go all the way across the window, it might go far enough that it could not only fold, but break any glass that gets in it’s way. The folding can occur at any time the window isn’t laying flat on the work surface. It’s not fun seeing your just finished window fold in half, pulling the glass out of the lead or foil and perhaps breaking some glass in the process.

So what can you use to reinforce stained glass windows? It’s called copper restrip and it works with both copper foil and lead. Copper restrip is made by several manufacturers. Cascade Metals and Venture are the 2 that I’m aware of. I have always used Cascade Metal’s restrip, only because it is what is available where I buy my supplies. I have been using it for 20%2B years.

Restrip will bend and follow curves easily as you are using it, but it does not bend on edge. In other words, hold a piece in your hands with the edge facing up and try to bend it by moving both hands inwards (almost the same motion you use when you’re breaking out glass by hand). It won’t budge. If you hold it with the flat surface facing up, you can bend it with ease.

When using restrip to for reinforcement, it is important to remember that it must run from one edge of the window to the other. That is the only way it will do any good. It can go either horizontal or vertical, or both if it’s needed. When it goes both ways, one of the pieces of restrip will need to be cut where it intersects with the other. Then it will restart on the other side of the intersection. In other words, the 2 pieces

will form a cross (%2B) where they meet. Once the panel is soldered, the horizontal and vertical pieces will be joined together from the solder that runs through the lead joint or copper foil seam. There is nothing special you’ll have to do to make that happen. It’s a natural occurrence that happens when you solder.

Restrip can be used in both copper foil and lead work. With foil, the strip sits on edge between the foiled glass pieces. The glass will need to be cut a little bit smaller to accommodate for the thickness of the restrip. Restrip is about as thick as copper foil with the backing in place. If you will be using a lead or zinc border, follow the directions below for lead.

With lead, the restrip sits on edge, in the channel of the lead. Make sure it goes all the way from one outside edge to the other outside edge of the panel, with perhaps 1/8 inch sticking out beyond each edge. Bend the part that sticks out, up or down, so it lays flat against the outside edge of the glass. That will help the restrip adhere to the inside of the border lead once it’s soldered. The principles are the same for using restrip regardless of whether you’re working with copper foil or lead.

Copper restrip to reinforce stained glass windows can be purchased at most stained glass suppliers.

5 Advantages of Aluminium Gutters

Guttering is something that is vital for every home. It protects homes from getting damaged by rainwater. By installing a guttering system, one can keep water off from damaging the roof. However, it requires a bit of planning when it comes to picking up the right guttering material. Nowadays aluminium gutters are gaining popularity in the market. They have fast established themselves as are one of the most well performing and valued rainwater systems. Nevertheless, the homeowners have also started to capitalize the advantages of aluminium rainwater gutters.

Aluminium gutters is certainly the most popular form of guttering and the reasons why they have become popular amongst architects and builders isn’t very difficult to understand. This rainwater system really offers a vast array of advantages. When assessing the benefits, which aluminium rainwater guttering system offers, it becomes easier to fathom why they are installed on all kinds of properties.

There are several advantages associated with aluminium guttering system. Let us now read some of the advantages.


Aluminium rain gutters are durable. There are many homeowners who think steel gutters to be a good option but in reality it isn’t. Although steel gutters are quite often used but they start rusting generally after five years of installation when the paint breaks off. Aluminium rainwater gutters last for long and never rust. Gutters made up from aluminium normally lasts for about thirty years.


There is one more advantage of aluminium rainwater guttering system. They are easy on wallet. This means you don’t have to spend much buying gutters made from aluminium. They are in fact one of the cheapest kinds of gutters available in the market. Steel gutters cost about twenty dollars per foot whereas aluminium gutters cost between four to eight dollars per foot.


Besides being the cheapest option, aluminium rain gutters are also quite easy to install. Installation of copper and steel gutters needs the help of professionals because they require soldering of joints. However, aluminium rainwater gutters do not need soldering at the time of installation. Moreover, they are lightweight and thus can be shaped quite easily at the time of installation.


Aluminium rain gutters don’t leak. Moreover, aluminium rainwater gutters are available in seamless designs. This means cutting makes them from a long piece of aluminium rather than by attaching some smaller aluminium pieces of together. Thus there are no joiners in seamless aluminium rainwater gutters and so there is no chance of leakage.


The last advantage of aluminium rain gutters is its colours. If you install a gutter that is made from aluminium you can choose from a wide variety of colours. Most of the types of gutters are available in limited variety of colours. Moreover, gutters made from steel are rather difficult to paint. However, if you are unable to find the colour that you are looking for, you can at least paint the aluminium gutter to a suitable colour that matches with your taste.

How to Tig Weld Using the Lay Wire Method

Pipe Welders and Boilermakers use a Tig welding technique called the “lay wire” technique.

What it means is that the tig welding filler wire is held in the weld puddle all the time instead of being dipped in and out as will traditional tig welding techniques used for sheet metal.

Pipe welding is different from sheet metal welding and pipe welders are a different breed than those who weld sheet metal.

For one thing, Pipe welders often use a technique known as “walking the cup”. This is a technique that works especially well for pipe and not a whole lot else.

Aerospace welders, motorsports welders, sheet metal welders, and most other job shop tig welders do not find much use for walking the cup. But the lay wire technique can be useful for lots of jobs.

Any tig welding job where the thickness is more than 1/8″ inch or.125″…or about 3mm might be able to be done using this method. Especially if pulse parameters are used.

A note of caution: There is always a risk of lack of fusion when you use this technique on fillet welds because leaving the rod in the puddle can chill the puddle and can conceal the leading edge of the puddle making it difficult to ensure proper fusion all the way into the root.

I have heard of recent failures in socket welds where lack of fusion in the root was a contributing factor to the failure and socket welds are very often welded using the lay wire method.

But a socket weld on a power plant that goes through thermal mechanical fatigue is much different that a bracket for your headers on a hot rod project.

So the bottom line is this: use the lay wire method scrupulously. Like when aesthetics are the important thing. When absolute complete fusion is required all the way down in the root of a fillet weld, the dip method rules.