Wedding Photography That Will Last a Lifetime

Having pictures that you can look at in the years that follow your wedding is just one of the things that you want to invest your money in. But if you're on a constricted budget, then there are also options for you.

Things to consider

One of the main things to consider when it comes to photography is what you want from your pictures. Do you want pictures of your while family or mainly of the two of you? If it a larger wedding or is a more private celebration?

You and your soon-to-be spouse should sit down and list all of the pictures that you would like to have in your wedding album – that is, poses for pictures. With this list, you'll be able to see if you should invest in a professional or consider other options.

Where do you want your pictures taken? Some couples like to have outdoor shots, so they will need to find a photographer that does that as part of their services. The length of time you would like the photographer to be at the wedding will also factor into the price.

Look at photographer samples to see if your styles match. If they do not, the photographer may recommend someone else. They want you to have good pictures, even if it's not with them.

When you're on a budget

If you're nervous about spending a lot of money on your photographer, but still want a lot of pictures – you're in luck. With the new and improved digital cameras, you have a better shot (no pun intended) to get great pictures.

Have a good friend (who is not in the wedding party) volunteer to take the pictures. Since digital cameras show you what the picture looks like instantly, you can take as many as you need in order to get it just right. And the quality is just as good as many professional photographers.

Another way to get a lot of chances for good pictures is to place disposable cameras at every table. People love to take pictures of other people, so you'll get a lot of candid shots of your relatives and friends. Plus, the quality is pretty good, so you're not wasting your money at all.

It does not matter who takes your pictures as long as you get the ones that you want. If you want to have someone else do it, then invest in the professional. But for the budget conscious, having a friend or relative take charge is just as good.

There's No Business Like Snow Business

The winter of 2009-2010 saw the Philadelphia metro area get record breaking snowfall. Many feet of snow piled on the sidewalks, driveways, stoops, and porches of property owners all across the area made for many hours of shoveling, salting, and sweeping to ensure safe and clear pathways on which to walk. Although the Philadelphia area may never get six-plus feet of snow in one winter in the lifetimes of the readers of this article again, the area will certainly receive snow in varying amounts each winter. Given this, it is important for property owners to know their responsibilities regarding the removal of snow from their property and what they need to do to avoid civil liability.

There are two basic ways a property owner can be liable for the snow on his property: the first is a violation of City ordinance and the second is in a tort action. Obviously, both could be present in a single matter; however a violation of the City ordinance does not necessarily guarantee tort liability for the property owner, nor does a violation of a City ordinance guarantee tort liability.

The requirements of the Philadelphia City Code are pretty straightforward regarding property owners' responsibility for the snow on their property. According to Philadelphia Code §10-720, a property owner must shovel a thirty inch (30 ") wide path on their sidewalks within six (6) hours after the cessation of snow fall. The ordinance requires that the thirty inch (30") wide path be thoroughly cleared of snow and ice. "Where the width of any pavement measured from the property line to the curb is less than 3 (three) feet, the path cleared may be only 12 inches in width. When the building in question is a multifamily dwelling the owner or his agent shall be responsible for compliance with the requirements of this section. " (Quoting the above citation). Of course, when shoveling the snow, one may not dump the snow into the street; so doing is also a violation of this ordinance. If the City successfully tickets a property owner for a violation of §10-720, the property owner is liable to be fined between $ 50 and $ 300 per violation.

Whether one violates a City ordinance does not necessarily have any bearing on whether a property owner could be liable in tort to an individual who is injured due to the accumulation of snow and ice on his property. Like many issues sounding in tort, the standards by which liability is measured are somewhat flexible and based on common law determinations of what is and is not reasonable. Tort liability for snow and ice accumulation on one's property falls into the somewhat nebulous and imprecise "hills and ridges" standard. Essentially, Pennsylvania tort law requires the snow and / or ice on one's property to be in the form of "hills and ridges" before a property owner can be liable for damages suffered by someone falling on the snow and / or ice on his property. The basic rationale for such a standard, as the logic goes, is that a reasonable property owner will shovel and clear out his sidewalks within a reasonable amount of time.

Of course, unlike the Philadelphia City Code, no specific amount of time is specified by the "hills and ridges" standard, it simply requires the snow and ice to be cleared away within a reasonable time. Naturally, this begs the question of how one is to determine what a reasonable amount of time to shovel snow is; this is where the "hills and ridges" analysis is applied. If the snow on a property owner's sidewalks has been there for such a long period of time that it has developed hills and ridges, then it has been there long enough for the property owner to be liable if someone is injured attempting to walk on the ridged ice and snow. If the snow is smooth and fresh looking, then it is presumed that the snow is relatively newly fallen and, therefore, it is not reasonable to expect it to have been shoveled so quickly for liability to attach to the property owner. Based on this, it is the best practice for an attorney litigating an injury on snow on someone's property to investigate the appearance of the snow and ice on which the injured person fell.

Clearly, then, while the standards for tort liability and a violation of the City ordinance certainly overlap, they are not exactly the same. Snow can certainly last more than six (6) hours after a snowfall and remain in smooth pristine condition. In other words, one could be in violation of the City ordinance for failing to shovel snow on one's sidewalk, but not necessarily be liable for damages in tort if someone fell on that very same snow. That is primarily due to the fact that the City ordinance and the action in tort each exist for a slightly different purpose. The liability in a tort action is to ensure people take reasonable care of their property. Not every municipality has the same standards as Philadelphia, or even has standards at all, regarding when snow ought to be shoveled. The City ordinance is for the purpose of ensuring uniformity and safety on the City's sidewalks, and perhaps for relieving the City of the responsibility of clearing them itself.

Although the winter of 2009-2010 has likely seen the last of the snow, when it returns in the future, it is important to ensure compliance with City ordinances and shoveling it within a reasonable time. Otherwise, it will be over the hills and ridges and through the woods to liability they go for property owners!

A New Look – Face-Lift Plastic Surgery

Aging brings with it a process that removes skin elasticity, giving you loose sagging jowls, chin and facial skin. A face lift plastic surgery repairs the lower 1/3 of your face. If you add a combination of eyelid surgery and a brow lift, which improves eye and forehead areas, you can expect a new look of youthfulness.

Adding a plastic surgery neck lift fixes the drooping skin of your neck area. Thus, a combination of face lift, brow lift and neck lift surgeries can then assure you of a dramatically new look. Gone will be the saggy, baggy looks to make way for a more youthful appearance.

One good alternative to these cosmetic surgeries would be laser treatments. Laser skin resurfacing, is one, wherein laser beams are used to burn the outer layer of the facial skin, making the underlying collagen tighten up.

When the outer skin layer grows back, you will see and feel smoother, tighter-looking skin. The laser treatments also improve fine lines on the forehead, cheeks, lips and neck, and crow’s feet around the eyes.

Laser surgery has an edge over face lift cosmetic surgery that it leaves no scarring or blood loss, doesn’t call for general anesthesia or any cutting or time to be spent going to an outpatient clinic instead of a hospital.

But if the extra skin to be removed is of quite a large volume, the face lift plastic surgery is necessary.


A face lift by itself costs at least $6,000. In combination with eyelid surgery, brow and neck lifts, the total procedure could cost $25,000 or more.

Laser treatment costs depend on the size of the area to be treated and the number of sessions required to correct the flaws. On average, laser resurfacing could cost from $1,500 to $4,200, depending on the type of laser applied.

Side effects/Complications

Among the side effects to or risks of a face lift plastic surgery are scarring, numbness, nerve damage, allergic reactions to the anesthesia, infection and bruising.


Problems very rarely result from laser skin resurfacing. If ever, these could be poor healing, changes in pigmentation, excessive scarring, infection, and/or allergic reactions to local anesthetics.


Full recovery from a face lift plastic surgery comes in two to three weeks. This is the average time for the bruising and swelling to subside, after which you can start going back to some physical activity. You can expect some numbness and stiffness in your muscles. Sensation would completely be regained after several months and any scars will fade after a year.

For laser skin resurfacing, physical activity could be resumed in ten days; this period will vary among different patients, though.

For women, make up can be applied to hide initial skin discoloration; men will have to bear with their appearance for a while. You should avoid exposure to the sun for long periods for about six months.


All of these procedures – face lift, neck lift, laser resurfacing have long lasting results.

An Elevator Pitch That Gets the Conversation Rolling

Networking is a vital element in any marketing plan. Face-to-face meet and greets are a simple way to make a connection quickly and begin to build rapport… the foundation for any relationship… but it’s not easy for many entrepreneurs.

Some find it difficult to stand up in front of a group of strangers and talk about themselves. I recall one networking group where an individual stood up and said, “We do a lot of things. My Web site is___________. Check it out and see for yourself.” And then he promptly sat down.

Since he was either a) too nervous b) unprepared or c) arrogant, I was left without the slightest inkling of what he does and had no reason to check out his Web site.

I’ve heard others introduce themselves with “I wear several hats” and “it’s hard to explain what we do” so they mumble along leaving everyone confused.

Before attending any networking meeting – or meeting another individual anywhere (your child’s soccer game, your cousin’s wedding, standing in line at the grocery store) be prepared with a short elevator pitch that concisely and memorably introduces who you are and what you do. Spotlight your uniqueness and focus on the benefits you provide.

Ivan Misner, the networking guru behind BNI, suggests you create a one sentence hook that describes the most unusual, interesting, exciting, dramatic, or humorous part of your business. Here’s an example I’ve used in the past:

“I have a greater than 93% success rate of getting my clients free publicity in the news… and I even had Jay Leno’s office call me to book my client on his show after his assistant read one of my media releases.”

Copywriting icon, Bob Bly, suggests you complete these three sentences for your intro:

1. Do you know how…

2. What we do is…

3. So that my customers can…

Here’s a sample intro I could use:

“Do you know how many entrepreneurs hit a blank wall when it comes to writing their bio? What I do is find the interesting snippets of their life and weave them together to create an interesting story so that my customers can connect with their prospects on an emotional level before they’ve even met them.”

Try it out for yourself and test various options. Does your intro sound better as a question or a statement? Either is acceptable as long as it rolls off your tongue with ease. And when you have an enticing opening, people often want to know more.

License Plate Lookup Methods

There may be a time, when you need to conduct a vehicle license plate lookup. If you happen to witness an accident or a hit and run on the street, and you want to know about the ownership of the vehicle, you may want to run an online search for this purpose. Sometimes out of sheer curiosity to know about the beautiful or handsome owner of a vehicle that zipped past you at the lights, and you somehow caught the license plate number, an online search done properly may reveal the identity of the vehicle owner.

License plate lookup can be performed both offline as well as online, but the easy, fast and preferred method is an online internet search. Looking in the right places, like most professional identity search agencies do, you can also find out the true ownership of a vehicle. When money is no issue and time precious you can utilize the services of paid services like public service databases, and cough up something like $30 to $200 annually. These service records are used by professional investigators and law enforcement agencies. Here you have to do the search yourself by inputting the vehicle number and there is no guarantee of coming up with the information or complete information.

If you prefer someone else do it for you, then online private investigators will charge close to $80 to $200 for each search, but you can put your feet up and get the complete low down on the vehicle owner like full name, address and contact details, Registration date and state, VIN number, vehicles make and model, all this without lifting a finger.

On the other hand Google may surprise you, if you enter the license plate number to search and it may throw up the information you want, because the owner may have put his or her automobile information on automobile forums including their license plate numbers, more so if the vehicle is personalized. This is free and fast if you get lucky.

Many websites, for a small fee, provide all the relevant information about ownership. Most often this information is private and confidential and accessible to only law enforcement agencies and it is not supposed to be in public domain. However, with the internet unleashed, it has become possible to access such information by spending a small amount as either one time annual fee or search item fee.

There are other websites offering free reverse license plate lookup and surprisingly most times they can come up with basic information like owner name and address, if not the complete details. Reverse license plate lookup, refers to a database which is searchable by using vehicle registration number to work its way to the owner and contact information. Instead of starting out with a name for conducting the search, it reverses the search process to trace with the license plate number lookup. Next time when you want to know who cut into your lane like a knife and almost ran you off the expressway, you will know where to look.

What to Think About When Buying a New Stove

Wood burning stoves are growing more and more popular for several reasons, not least the fact they are a stylish and environmentally friendly alternative to traditional heating methods. They are also so efficient that owners make such significant savings that stoves should quickly pay for themselves.

However, there are some things you should consider before buying a stove to ensure that you choose the one that is best for your home.

The Stove's Purpose

You should think about how much of your home you need to heat. A stove can make a single room cosy and provide an extra heating boost to the central heating on cold nights.

Alternatively, a back boiler can be installed to a stove, which can be used to heat water and also provide central heating considerably cheaper than oil.


It's also vital you consider the area you will set aside for your stove and ensure that it is not too tight a fit and that it allows heat to spread throughout the room.

It might be worth thinking about how portable your stove is, in case you move house in the future.


All stoves are given an efficiency percentage which reflects how well the stove makes use of fuel and produces heat. The higher the percentage, the more heat you will get for your money,

Open fires are considered to be 25% efficient while quality stoves often have efficiency ratings of 60-80%.


You will need to make sure you have access to a good supply of seasoned wood. Dry storage space is also essential. Some stoves need to be refuelled more than others, so it is good to keep this in mind if you want to keep the stove running for extended periods of time.

Multi-fuel stovescan burn wood and a range of other fuel including coal. You need to consider local laws regarding pollution when burning certain fuels, particularly if you live in a Smoke Control Area.

Heat Output

The Heat Output of stoves are measured in KW and vary according to the make and size of the stove. 5KW stoves should be enough to heat most rooms, but 8KW may be needed for larger rooms.

This will also vary according to your home's ability to retain and keep heat, eg if you have double-glazing.

You can work out the best KW output for your room using an online stove size calculator.

Gas Cooker – Information and Resources

When it comes to cooking a meal then you need to think that what is the best option to cook a meal and how can I save money. In such situation only one answer comes to the mind and that is using Gas cooker. This cooker is perhaps the best option in this age of energy crisis. Not every one can afford to have and electric cooker. If you can even afford to have and electric cooker then you still have so much limitations with it. You can not make all kind of food in electric cooker while you can make almost any kind of food in Gas cooker.

If you are using a Gas cooker then you have a lot of options open in front of you for cooking your meal. Then best thing about Gas cooker is that it uses gas to cook food so you do not have to worry about electricity bill as gas prices are quite low. Not only that this cooker saves electric bill but it also saves a lot of time. If you are using electric cooker then it needs a specific time to get ready to cook food. The case is different when it comes to Gas cooker it is ready as you burn the fire under it. After burning fire put the meal and you are ready to eat it after some time. However you need to take some safety measures while using Gas cooker.

  • If you ever feel that there is a gas leakage then consult with a technician and turn off the main gas supply immediately.
  • Get you cooker examined by a technician once in a year at least.
  • Wash your cooker regularly.
  • Open and clean its boiler at least once in a week time.

If you follow above instructions then you can use you cooker for a long time with no issues.

Square Plastic Tubes

Square plastic tube products are basically hollow channels that are used in transporting gases, solids and liquids. They are distinguishable from the many other tubes in the market simply because they do not come in the usual cylindrical shapes. There are however not as many applications that the tubes can get used in as compared to the cylindrical tubes.

In most cases, the square tubes are chosen and used because of compatibility or aesthetic preference issues that the rest of the tubes could have. However, just like they are available in different points of purchase including children's toys, healthcare settings and displays among many other applications. Since the square plastic tubes are used for different industrial purposes or otherwise, they can either be made of low or high density polyethylene, nylon, polypropylene, polystyrene and polyurethanes among other varieties of plastics normally used in the creation of the tubes.

The plastic material used in creating your square plastic tube will determine its transparency, reactivity and strength. This makes it important to always choose what is best in relation to the kind of need that you have. For instance, acrylic square tubes can be in healthcare settings since they are transparent and therefore make it easy to monitor fluid flow between the different equipment in the laboratory. On the other hand those made Using PVC happen to be opaque. are durable and also of good quality and are preferred in settings where they face high impacts since they can resist.

Square tubes come in different sizes and you should make sure that you take the time to find the size that is most ideal for the kind of need that you have at hand. As long as you have a rough idea of ​​what you are looking for, a good dealer or manufacturer will manage to choose the best square plastic tube to suit your needs. Whatever tube that you settle for, it is important to remember that quality does matter. Only products that of high quality will manage to serve the purpose that you have without disappointment.

Always get the right product for the right purpose and application. It is not advisable to be hasty in choosing what is most suitable since settling on the wrong product will only lead to more expenses yet simple considerations can help greatly in saving your money. You should also ensure that the plastic tubes are used correctly and for the right purpose.

The Truth About Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors are synonymous with timeless beauty. This centuries old floor covering remains as popular today as ever, and with good reason. No other flooring type matches the natural beauty, elegance, and charm of a wood floor.

If you are thinking about purchasing hardwood floors for your home, learning about the different types, species, options and finishes is essential. Should you buy a solid or engineered wood floor? What does “handscraped” mean? Can a hardwood floor be installed over a concrete slab? How can you keep your flooring investment in top shape for years to come?

Types of Hardwood Flooring

There are many choices when it comes to wood floors. Differences in the way each piece is constructed, harvesting methods, and finishing processes make some types of wood better for specific installations than others.

Hardwood flooring types and terms include:

* Solid: Approximately 3/4″ of an inch thick, solid wood floors come from a single piece of hardwood cut into planks. Solid wood planks are installed above grade only, never in a basement or over a concrete slab.

* Engineered: Engineered wood floors are available in assorted thicknesses, generally ranging from 1/4″ to 1/2″. Construction involves laminating and gluing several wood plies together to form a single plank. Engineered planks may be installed over a dry concrete slab.

* Longstrip: Longstrip is a variation on engineered construction, resulting in a wider and longer single plank.

* Exotic: Exotic is the term used for wood floors that come from various world locations, including Asia, Australia, Africa, Germany, South America and Russia.

* Handscraped: Extremely popular, hand-scraped floors are wood planks that have been scraped by hand to give each piece a worn and ancient look. They are available in both engineered and solid construction.

* Distressed: Similar to handscraped, distressed hardwood is machine scraped to give it a unique look and texture.

* Pre-finished and Unfinished: Pre-finished means that the finish was applied at the factory, before purchase and installation. Unfinished floors must be finished after installation. Pre-finished floors offer a wider variety of choices and less clean-up after installation. Unfinished floors attain a more customized look after the finish is applied.

Types of Installation

Wood flooring installation is done in several different ways, depending on the wood type and placement. The most common methods are:

Nail or staple down: Nails or staples are used to secure each plank to the subfloor. These cannot be installed over concrete slabs.

Glue: Glue is used to secure individual planks to the subfloor.

Glue-less: A relatively new method, glue-less installation involves connecting interlocking planks without the use of wood adhesive.

Floating: A favorite with do-it-yourselfers, floating floors sit above the subfloor without being secured to it. In most cases, wood glue is used between each plank’s tongue and groove.

A Word about Finishes

For years, maintaining a hardwood floor meant a hefty commitment in both time and money. The initial cost notwithstanding, periodic sanding, buffing, and waxing was necessary to care for wood flooring. Modern advances in finishes have made great strides in the wear capabilities of wood floors, however. Buffing and waxing is, for the most part, a thing of the past. Specially designed urethane finishes offer advanced scratch, moisture, and stain resistance. Proper care is still necessary, but today’s finishes greatly decrease the time spent in maintaining your floor.

Hardwood Floor Care

Today’s finishes have made it easier, but there are still some basic procedures to follow to keep your new hardwood floor looking beautiful. Consider the following tips:

* Never wet mop your wood floors

* Vacuum regularly using a soft bristle brush attachment

* Use floor protectors on chair, table, and sofa legs

* Keep pet’s nails clipped to prevent floor scratches

Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for cleaning and maintenance procedures. Failure to do so may void your warranties.

Hardwood Floors are more beautiful and easier to maintain than ever. A much sought-after asset, wood floors increase the value of a home and bring tradition, charm, and natural beauty for years to come.

Should I Write a Birth Plan?

There are two sides to every issue, and birth planning is no exception. On the one hand are those who encourage you to become a part of the decision making for labor and birth; while on the other hand are those who remind you labor can not be scripted. Both sides are right, both sides have important information to share, but where does that leave you on the issue of writing a birth plan?

There are four key things to recognize about birth plans before you choose to write or not write your preferences for labor. Understanding these things will help you to be a part of the decision making process for giving birth, while allowing you to be flexible enough to handle whatever challenges labor has for you.

  1. You are creating a Birth Plan whether you write it down or not. As you learn more about the process of giving birth, you are making plans for the way you would like labor to proceed. It does not matter whether or not you write your preferences down on paper because the desire and expectation are already in your heart. Writing your decisions down is a way to help you share those desires and expectations with the rest of your birth team. It is a tool you can use to help the team work together, but it will remain only a tool. Writing a birth plan does not automatically mean you will clearly articulate your goals and desires with your birth team. You will still need to talk with your midwife, discussing your decisions and clarifying the options available to you.
  2. The Process of creating a birth plan is perhaps more powerful than the birth plan itself. As a finished document, a birth plan is no more than writing on paper. You have no control over how the nurses who receive your plan will respond to your requests. However, during the process of writing the birth plan you have tremendous opportunities to ask questions of your midwife. You will get to know more about her and the way she attends labor; and she will know more about you and the help you will need from her to be comfortable and confident as you labor. As you work to make final decisions, you will be sure of your choices and your reasons. In that way, not only are you a stronger labor team, but you are more likely to speak up for the decisions you have made. If you are faced with hospital staff who are not supportive of your decisions, the practice you have had discussing your options will have prepared you to clearly state your reasons and request the support you need.
  3. Birth plans are not necessarily written for the normal, uncomplicated labor. If every labor followed a normal pattern there would be very little need for a birth plan. Because every labor is different and you can not know what labor has in store for you before it begins, your birth plan is an additional tool to help you communicate how you have decided to handle both the normal variations of labor and the unexpected situations that may arise. It gives hospital staff who do not know you the opportunity to understand what assistance you will need and how they can best support you through a difficult labor.
  4. When a birth plan is fully used, labor generally does not look ideal. Some mothers have the mistaken idea that when their birth plan is followed, labor will be just like the ideal they imagine. Some women do get to do everything on their birth plan. They get to try every position and pain relief technique and when complications arise they get to do every intervention and have a cesarean done they way they wanted. The experience was not the one imagined, however every action taken followed the birth plan. Other women get to do very little from their birth plan. Labor simply happens too quickly to try all the positions and techniques they had expected to use for comfort. The experience may have been their ideal, but very little from the birth plan was needed. How much of your birth plan is utilized is dependent on factors you probably do not have control over. But regardless of the circumstances of your labor, your birth plan can help you determine how you will respond to the challenges facing you.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Metal Railings

Railings are made from different materials, and each has it own characteristics. Among all materials, metals have grown to be the favorite materials, owning to its durability and strength and different metals have their own characteristics, which give them their status among manufacturers.

Advantages Of Metal Railings

Unlike PVC, Glass and wood railings, metal railings have its own advantages. Following are a few advantages of metal railings.

– Metal facilitates construction of small and lightweight sections to suit once purpose.

– Metal railings are durable as they do not splinter and corrode like wood.

– Personalized designs are possible with these.

– They can be made from casting or flat product depending on ones lifestyle and budget.

– Metal is comparatively a better choice over PVC and wood especially in outdoor conditions.

– Powder coating the metal ensures a longer life for the metal railing, and can help to increase its life span up to 25 to 30 years.

– Low cost of maintenance is the biggest advantage; wiping with a wet cloth is all it needs for cleaning.

Here we present the commonly used metals for making Railings. Generally a lot of metals are used to make railings but the most common among them are: –

1. Stainless Steel: it is the most commonly used metal because it is durable and strong, besides being comparatively lighter than other metals. Steel also has the capability to maintain its luster for a longer time and hence maintenance is very low. Workability of stainless steel is very high and its resistance is more when being passed through power press machines. Above all it gives the structure a modern look.

2. Wrought iron: it the next most favorite metal for making railings, as it gives the structure an antique look. It is basically maintenance free; all it is requires is a good coat of paint and regular cleaning to keep it new. The only disadvantage of wrought iron is that it is very heavy and difficult to repair as welding it is difficult, and getting the same design is also very difficult, hence once broken the only option is complete replacement.

3. Aluminum: lightweight and durability are the characteristic that makes aluminum one of the favorite metals. Maintenance cost of aluminum is similar to stainless steel and is best when it comes to making square shapes and straight-line structures. The workability of aluminum is low compared to other metals, especially when it comes to making curved structures and hence is not the most preferred metal for railings.

4. Brass: once the most preferred metal among the rich and the famous in medieval times, brass has lost its status to other metals. Modern day railing manufacturers rarely use brass, except as a covering at some places, as brass requires regular polishing to maintain its luster.

Therefore, it can be concluded that out of the four metals only stainless steel is in vogue and hence the most preferred metal of railing manufacturers.

Starburst Deck Railing For the Contemporary Design

Put Some Variety in Your Deck

Decks and porches have risen in popularity in recent years with more people spending their spare time outdoors, whether relaxing and cooking out with the family or entertaining friends. The deck is a place everyone likes to relax on warm sunny days. Decks are built in more than the traditional style today. A popular style for those that enjoy a contemporary look is the starburst deck railing. Starburst deck railing is also the railing of choice for those that want a little more privacy.

Starburst Railing Design

For those that are unfamiliar with the looks of the starburst railing design, it’s a unique design where the balusters are arranged in a way that makes them look like spindles are coming from the center of the bottom railing. They fan out as they go up to the top rail. They have a very distinguished look and are often used in combination with other railing styles.

Although wood or wrought iron are the most commonly used materials for the starburst railing design, other materials such as aluminum are also used. If you are making your own starburst railing design, you’ll find that it is quite easy using wood as the material for your construction. The first step is using screwing 2″X2″ wood spindles next to each other in the center of the bottom railing between each post. Make sure they are evenly spaced along the top rail. Certain building codes may apply in your area so check these out before you begin your construction. For instance, most codes require no more than 4″ between the bottom rail of your starburst and the deck floor. There cannot be more than 4″ between the spindles either.

Using Starburst Railing Designs With Other Designs

There are many variations you can use when creating a starburst railing design. One version involves fixing the bottom ends of the spindle to the periphery of the wood and shaping them in a half circle, which is fixed to the bottom rail. The shapely spindles on the top are attached to the top rail to portray the starburst shape. Make the cap rail large enough for drinks, glasses or ashtrays.

Starburst rail designs are beautiful whether they’re used as a style on their own or in combination with other styles. The starburst deck railing can be added to a basic deck to give it a more contemporary feel and look. Although you may like the appearance of the starburst deck railing, the amount of starbursts you’ll use will be determined by the size of your deck.

Construction Materials for your Starburst Deck Railing

As we said, wood and wrought iron are the most commonly used materials for starburst deck railings in addition to aluminum. Aluminum is great because of its strength and durability. It’s also very easy to maintain. Wrought iron and wood railings seem to blend harmoniously with any decorating style. Since your Starburst deck railing will be outdoors, the most important factor in selecting your material should be the resistance to certain weather conditions such as extreme heat, humidity and moisture.

Glass Balustrade to Improve Your Home’s Overall Appearance

Do you find it daunting to find the perfect materials to utilize for your home beautification project? Perhaps you are looking to refurbish your existing balcony, deck or staircase and in search for the right design with precise fittings and attachments then why not take a moment to visit the website of glass balustrades?

Glass balustrades are flawless and perfect if you want to achieve that impeccable look whether indoors or outdoors. You will surely be spoilt for choices when you go online to look for inspiration as well as for the perfect materials to purchase to make your home even more beautiful and inviting.

For your balustrading plans, you will realize that these are actually a wide variety on the market, especially now that glass has been making an impact in the construction industry. We see a lot of high-rise buildings that are built with glass walls, partitions, balustrades and staircases. Of late, glass has also been the preferred material of many homeowners that want nothing but to make their home very appealing.

Glass stair balustrades are now commonly used in many buildings like boutique hotels, condominiums, loft apartments, town homes, resorts, hotels, schools, banks, shopping malls, supermarket, hospitals and many other types of buildings and offices. Balustrading styles crafted from high quality glass are very appealing for its elegance. It is also a very versatile material and can be used in spaces big or small regardless of design and theme.

The versatility of this material has made it the most unique and most sought after finishing material as it can be employed in any application ranging from pool fencing, indoor and outdoor balustrading, shower screens and splash backs. Glass does not require much maintenance plus they don’t need painting therefore a very cost-efficient material to use for building and renovation purposes. Another fantastic benefit you get from glass stair balustrade installation is the free light movement in your space. Glass is an excellent choice if you want to build an energy efficient home that also has a light and airy feel.

When you are looking to use this material, be aware that safety is of paramount importance, especially when you are seriously considering a glass stair balustrade system installed in your home. For this reason, it is smart to look for trustworthy glass company that’s well-equipped in installing it. Don’t scrimp on your budget and say yes to an installer that gave you the cheapest installation price. Be a smart investor and have your balustrading job in the right hands. By doing so, you can be sure that the whole process will go as smoothly and the final outcome will be much more than you expect.

To make your balustrading project go smoothly, ensure that the measurements are done properly which means that height, width and length were included. It is highly advantageous if you can hire a licensed contractor who has the reputation of being an expert when it comes to glass installations. Glass balustrades are very safe, long-lasting and easy to care for.

How to Clean Moncler Down Jackets

As the weather becomes colder and colder, more and more people choose Moncler down jackets to protect them from bitterly cold weather. However, most people must have problems in washing the down jackets. As we know, Moncler jackets are very expensive, If they are not properly cleaned, you would suffer great loss. In the following, I am going to teach you some tips in washing down jackets.

Tip 1: Hand wash

Every down jacket has a label, which shows how to wash and maintain it. If you are careful enough, it is not difficult for you to find that 90% down jackets need hand washing instead of dry-cleaning. Because the washing lotion has ill effects on its ability of keeping warm and makes the Moncler jackets aging. If you use washing machine, machine wash and dryer spin would change the down jackets’ shape, and the downs will distributes asymmetrically.

Tip 2: Water temperature

We should use 30 centigrade water. First, we should soak the clothes in cold water for 20 minutes, making it wet. Then put the washing lotion into 30 centigrade water, and soak it for 5 minutes. In the next step, scrub the jackets with banister brush and wash it with warm water too. Because warm water can make the lotion dissolve sufficiently, which can make Moncler jackets clean.

Tip 3: do not use too much washing powder

If you use washing powder, generally 4 to 5 spoon washing powder is enough. Too much washing powder would make it difficult to make it clean. What is more, the remaining washing powder will affect the filling power.

Tip 4: you had better use neutral detergent

Neutral detergent do less harm to down jackets. If you use alkaline detergent and don’t clean it completely, the downs will be damaged. So you had better put some vinegar in the warm water before washing if you use alkaline detergent. Because the vinegar can neutralize the alkaline detergent.

Tip 5: Do not wring the Moncler jackets

After washing the Moncler jackets, you can not wring them. Squeeze out the water and then hang-up and try. No ironing or solarization. After drying, you can beat it softly to recover their filling power.

10 Ways to Protect Your Smartphone

Smartphones are pretty much everywhere these days. Most of us have one which we use not just for making phone calls and sending messages but as places where we store our contacts, music and photos.

We also use our smartphones as little black books containing all sorts of sensitive personal data such as login details for online banking or social media sites. Thus taking steps to protect your smartphone is vital.

The problem is that smartphones are small and highly portable and therefore easily lost or stolen.

Smartphone thefts

A smartphone can be easily picked up from a table in a cafe or snatched out of a user's hand. The likelihood that your smartphone will be stolen is far higher than most people think.

Once a thief has his hands on your pride and joy, he can download personal or financial data from the phone, such as banking details, press the factory reset button to erase your data and then resell it … for € 500 ($ 600) in Europe or North America and more than $ 1,000 in the Far East.

At the same time, he'll have a good shot at clearing out your bank account.

Until about a year ago, half of all thefts in the USA involved mobile devices, while over in London, 10,000 smartphones were stolen every month.

As you can see, stolen phones generate a great deal of income for the gangs that carry out these thefts. They also generate new business for the manufacturers, up to $ 30 billion a year in replacement phones in the USA alone.

Perhaps this explains why manufacturers were reluctant to implement kill-switches that enable all phones to be turned off remotely if they are stolen or lost until prompted to do so by legislation.


In most forms of technology, a kill -switch is a single command or button that can shut down a complicated system almost immediately. On a smartphone, that's the power off command.

There are really two different kinds of kill-switches for smartphones – a hard kill-switch that permanently bricks a phone, and a soft alternative that makes a phone unusable to all but the legitimate owner.

All you need is access to a computer, tablet, laptop or another smartphone to activate the kill-switch remotely.

Kill-switches work. Apple added a kill-switch to its devices in September 2013. In the following 12 months, the number of stolen iPhones dropped by 40 percent in San Francisco and 25 percent in New York. In London, smartphone theft fell by 50 percent.

So far, Apple, Samsung and Google have implemented kill-switches on their smartphones, and Microsoft is expected to release an operating system with a kill-switch for its Windows phones in 2015.

Protect your smartphone

Do not let the improving statistics make you complacent. The chances that your smartphone can be lost or stolen are still very high. Indeed 44 percent of thefts are due to absent-minded owners leaving their phones in public places.

Here are a few things you can do to protect your smartphone and any sensitive information it may contain:

[1] Secure your data … using a simple 4-digit PIN code or password to lock the phone's screen. If you use a screen lock that does not require a code to access the phone, you are leaving your contact, text messages, email and social networking accounts open to anyone who gets your phone.

[2] Make a contact sheet … use your smartphone's wallpaper (the face you see in the screen when you pick it up) as a contact-me sheet listing your name, an alternate phone number, email address and a financial reward for returning it.

[3] Backup your data … to your computer on a regular basis. The simplest way to backup your stuff (picture, contact details etc) is to plug your smartphone into a computer using a USB cord. Then, drag and drop items from the device onto your desktop.

Fortunately these days, more phones automatically backing up your contacts and data online, such as with Android devices that link to your Google account and Apple connecting to iTunes and iCloud.

[4] Install tracking software … using tracking applications that allow you to locate your phone on a map if it's lost or stolen. Some even let you display a message, remotely lock your device and play a loud alarm sound, even if it's set to silent. You can find out more from you local mobile phone shop.

[5] Use a kill-switch … by getting a phone with a kill-switch or activating the kill-switch you have already.

Note that some smartphone systems require consumers to opt in for the kill-switch, ie they are not protected when the phones are operating in the default mode.

[6] Be careful when installing apps … and make sure they are safe. First, read users reviews to check for problems with a particular app. During installation, pay attention to the type of access the app is requesting. If you feel it is asking for access to more information than it needs to run properly, back off and do not install it.

[7] Turn-off Wi- Fi and Bluetooth … when not in use in order to reduce the chances that hackers can connect to your smartphone and steal your personal and financial information.

[8] Do not save app login details … for sensitive apps or websites on your mobile browser, such as banking or social media sites. Make sure you have to actually sign into the app each time you want to use it.

If you save your login details and your phone falls into the wrong hands, a stranger will be able to log into your bank accounts or other sensitive accounts with the saved information.

[9] Make your phone grab- proof … keep it in your pocket and never leave it unattended. This simple little trick is merely a matter of developing a habit.

[10] Buy a proximity alarm … to warn you when you smartphone is more than a few metres away from you.

A proximity alarm comes in two parts, the transmitter and the receiver. Attach the transmitter to your smartphone. If the transmitter is taken more than 15 to 25 feet away from the receiver, the alarm will sound.

Test before you buy. The alarms on some proximity alarms are not very loud.

Now that you know what to do to protect your smartphone … do it!