Making a Lean to Shed – Steps For Building A Slant Roof Wooden Shed

You can add additional storage to your existing shed by making a lean-to shed. Your existing storage place should be structurally sound and has an exterior wall to which you can attach this storage space. It allows homeowners to store mowers, cookers, garden supplies and many other things. Given below are some comprehensive building instructions to build a lean-to shed and get some additional storage.

Build a Ledge Board

Make a ledger board to fasten to an existing wall and support the upper end of your roof. Take a measurement of an outside wall, and cut down the board with a circular saw to same length. Use a 2 by 4 inch board for a short rood and 2/6 for a longer one.

Fasten the ledge board to these studs in the existing sturdy partition with a long screw and a screw gun. You can choose to remove the covering on the existing wall or leave it in place. Level the ledger broad through a level above that of an outside shed wall. Homeowner can build the roof at any pitch or slope, but should slope 1 inch for every 10 feet it runs from the ledge board. Follow the shed plan meticulously to get the expected results.

Connect the Ledge Boards

Connect the ends of a ledger board and the ends of an outside wall with 2 by 4 boards cut at any angle to fit between those walls. Nail those to outside of a ledger board and wall. Add internal 2/4 inches of rafters for making this shed together than 4 feet. Cut these ends to the angles to fit between the partitions, and toenail them in place.

Install 1 by 4 inches sheathing strips throughout the rafters, shed end to end. Nail these ends to each rafter in 12 inch increments from the outer exterior to a ledger board. Level them.

Cover the Lean-to Roof

Cover the lean-to storage place with corrugated metal roofing. Place the first panel on one end of the roof and secure it to a sheathing strips top and bottom using a screw gum and screws. Never put a screw in the last valley where the next panel will overlap.

Add another panel to a side while overlapping the corrugations. Cover the bottom of the top, and add a second row of panels at the top, if required, overlapping the bottom row by 6 inches. Panels generally are 8 to 10 feet long, but you can get longer lengths. Use tin snip or a metal saw to cut panels to fit your requirement.

Make the Roofing Waterproof

You need to put metal flashing at the top of the corrugated roofing when making a lean- to shed. Nail the roofing to the building wall and overlap to deflect water down the roof. Seal the top of the metal flashing with clear silicone caulk.

Add drip edging on all sides of the roof and metal flashing elements that deflect water away from the top and seal sharp edges. Metal flashing is metal bent to overlap a straight wall and a sloped roof. Drip edging is metal sealing the ends of it to avoid moisture from getting in.

Intelligent Software to Detect Posture Problems

Most people know that adopting the correct posture is a critical component to achieving good spinal health, but many people are worryingly unaware of the other important bodily functions that are influenced by posture. Blood pressure, headaches, pulse rate and lung capacity are among the physiological functions most commonly affected. Breathing and hormonal production are also at risk of being influenced.

Leading chiropractors use a painless procedure called a Digital Posture Analysis to accurately assess patients’ postures. Using the latest digital technology, two photos are taken of the patient, one from the front and one from the side. These images are then fed into a computer which quickly evaluates the patients’ postures. By using sophisticated mathematics, Digital Posture Analysis is able to accurately tell these chiropractors if their patients’ postures are adding any extra pressure on their spines.

Quick, painless and sophisticated diagnostic checks like this could potentially help to discover the cause of many patients’ back pain and go a long way into providing accurate corrective treatments.

But how do you know if your posture could be on its way to causing you future pain and discomfort?

1: A Change in Your Appearance

Quite often, people with poor posture tend to slouch and tilt their heads forward. You or those around you may also notice a “rounded” appearance in your upper back and arching of your lower back. All of these positions can irritate the natural curves of your spine.

But there is also another type of poor posture that occurs when your position becomes too upright. This may mean holding your head behind your centre of gravity and standing with your shoulder blades pulled back. You may also notice that your lower back is arched and your knees are often ‘locked’.

Other visible warning signs of poor posture include more wear on one shoe than the other and an irregular walking pattern. You may also notice that your head seems to tilt to one side, the angle of your neck is not vertical or your upper body tilts when you are in a sitting position.

2: You Have Painful Symptoms

Poor posture places an increased amount of pressure on your back and shoulders and can cause symptoms of neck and back pain to appear. But back and neck pain aren’t the only warning signs that your posture may be having a negative effect on your health. A problem within your skeleton system, such as poor posture, may cause pain in the hips, knees and ankles and the more pressure your alignment takes, the more susceptible to muscles strains you become.

Innovative evaluation tools such as the Digital Posture Analysis used by chiropractors are often invaluable in correctly diagnosing the cause of certain types of pain. And it certainly makes you wonder where the real source of your problems may be coming from…

Outer Space Sunglasses – Save The Earth Through A Solar Lens

Over recent years, many scientists have been designing new and expensive technologies with the aim to save the earth, or reduce the effects from global warming. One of these ideas lies in a concept of giant solar shades.

Much like ordinary sunglasses you place over your eyes in bright sunshine, the solar shades in question block out some of the suns harmful rays, only with one major difference. These shades will rest a million miles above our heads.

The logic behind this invention is to provide the global population with one giant sunshade consisting of 16 trillion outer space solar shades. These solar shades are super thin and lightweight glass discs which act like a lens on your average sunglasses to divert the suns rays.

Dr. Roger Angel (the brains behind the glass optics) is one of the worlds most renowned experts in the field of glass optics. He is responsible for designing the mirrors on telescopes, and believes glass could the answer to solving global warming.

It is predicted that only 2% of the suns rays need to be diverted in order to save the planet from increased global warming. The solar shades will have to cover a distance of 100,000km in width. The proposed area for the solar shades to orbit at is known as the "L1 point". This is the point of zero gravity between the sun and the earth.

Solar optics will The have : tiny solar panels attached arrangements can act Which color : as rudders to Provide a gliding Ability for the optics to the if needed The change direction.

A huge problem associated with this invention will be the process of transporting these solar optics into space. Dr. Angel has calculated the total weight of the tiny sunshades to be around 20 million tonnes. Presuming if this method is chosen to save the world, and the space shuttle is still the best space exploration vehicle, it will take 870,000 trips into space to deliver the entire solar shade as the space shuttles cargo weight can be only 23 tonnes a go.

There are currently four other extraordinary ideas in play, competing against this one to be the saviour of our home on earth, it will be interesting to see whether any of these will ever make it to the production stage.

We need to look we 've after our environment, and the use of natural energy (color : such color : as solar electricity) shouldnt be our first focus, along with any reduction of our fossil fuel intake and carbon emissions.

Nascar Party Lights – Practical But Fun

One of the fastest growing sports today is Nascar racing. While I am a gigantic sports fan, Nascar was not something that I paid a lot of attention to in the past. However, with Danica Patrick making the move from Indy car racing to Nascar, I may just become a big Nascar fan after all. As I speak with other fans of racing, they seem to indicate that having a favorite driver is what really holds your interest in the sport, so I guess it is the same as having a favorite baseball or football team in that sense. Like some big football fans hold Super Bowl parties, Nascar fans hold race parties. Of course, these Nascar parties, like all parties, require decorations. Since lighting has become a big part of any occasion, could Nascar party lights be far behind? Of course not.

I would expect that anyone decorating for a racing party would begin much the same as a fan of any other sport. You adorn your home with memorabilia of your favorite team in addition to the normal team logo items that are available. I am also sure that you utilize some images and logos of Nascar as a whole so that your guests are not too put off if they happen not to be a fan of the same driver and race team as you.

When I thought about where to go to purchase Nascar party lights, I began with a search of the Internet and started at Amazon.com. What I found was a couple of generic offerings of string lights that included lights depicting checkered flags and a red and white race car. These and the other string lights I found consist of a ten light set with alternating covers on a twelve foot light string. Much like your usual string Christmas lights, they are constructed like an extension cord so up to two additional sets of string lights can be added. Also available at Amazon are string lights that are white covers with a driver’s number painted in black. These seem rather bland for a sport that likes to paint its cars in all kinds of flashy colors and schemes. Besides that, they do not have the Danica Patrick model so I decided to move on.

A further search of the Internet did yield some better results as far as finding light strings with covers depicting more authentically painted cars of some favorite drivers. However, the strings are not as long but do contain the same number of lights. The cars my initial search found belonged to drivers such as Matt Kenseth, Jimmy Johnson and Carl Edwards. I am sure a more thorough search will produce results locating the cars of most of the more popular drivers. Since my search has yet to locate the Danica Patrick string lights I am looking for, I will continue to hold off on the purchase of my Nascar party lights until sometime in the future when Danica makes her way to the senior circuit and becomes more of a main stream driver than just another pretty face.

Running Tips – How To Avoid Falling While Running

It’s something that you really won’t find talked about very much in running books and in running articles – but it’s something that has probably happened to every runner at least once. You’re running along, feeling great – then all at once you’re on the ground. It doesn’t matter how much pain you’re in, the only thing you can think about is getting up quickly and making sure no one saw you. Or, at least they will think that you’re alright so that no one will stop. As you may be able to tell – I’ve been there – a few times.

There are several reasons that a runner may fall during a run. Here are a few of them and how you can prevent falling.

Make sure that you are paying attention to where you are running. This is usually the biggest reason for falls (and mine). The pavement is smooth and then all at once there’s a bump sticking up that you don’t see. You trip on it – and down you go. This can also happen with tree roots, broken pavement, debris in the road, etc. So, make sure that you are watching the road about 20 feet ahead of you at all times. Don’t just keep watching your feet while you run. You’ll miss what’s coming up – plus it’s bad running form.

Also watch when the roads are wet. If it’s been hot and then rained, the pavement will be slicker than usual. Wet leaves are also extremely slick and can cause you to slip.

Watch out running on downhills. Many runners pick up so much speed when they are running down hills, that they sometimes lose control and can go for a tumble. You can avoid this by watching out on the downhills that you keep you keep your speed under control and this will also help you with your footing.

This sounds simple – but it can happen. Runners trip over their own shoe strings. Make sure that when you start out on your runs that your shoes are tightly tied.

Another thing that can help is to double knot your shoelaces. I do this trick and it meets a two-fold purpose. It keeps the shoes tied, plus the double knot will keep your shoes from loosening up and getting uncomfortable (or even not as supportive).

Sometimes falls on the road happen. But, hopefully following these tips will keep you upright on your runs.

Bridge to Nowhere

I listened to Governor Sarah Palin give her acceptance speech for the Republican Vice Presidential candidate and was very impressed. I was watching on GPB TV and at the end of her speech Mark Shields made a comment that she had not told the truth about the Bridge to Nowhere. This disturbed me and I did some research on the subject.

Mark Shields stated that Sarah did not return the money for the Bridge but keep it. He obviously did not listen closely to her speech, the money mentioned was in the very next sentence and referred to income from oil and gas.

Sara Palin in her speech said:

“I told the Congress “thanks, but no thanks,” for that Bridge to Nowhere.

If our state wanted a bridge, we’d build it ourselves. When oil and gas prices went up dramatically, and filled up the state treasury, I sent a large share of that revenue back where it belonged – directly to the people of Alaska.”

In the first session of the 109th Congress H.R.3, earmarked $18,750,000 per fiscal year for the construction of the Ralph M. Bartholomew Veterans’ Memorial Bridge with the total cost estimated in the bill at $100,000,000.

H. R. 3058 later changed the earmark for two bridge projects in Alaska, #406, the Gravina Island bridge to be know as the Ralph M. Bartholomew Veterans’ Memorial Bridge and #2465, the Knik Am bridge to be made available to the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities for any eligible purpose.

The 2007 estimate for the cost of the bridge was $398 million and was cancelled by the then Governor Sarah Palin. The approximately $36 million in federal funds would be spent on other transportation projects.

It is easy to see why the residents of Ketchikan want a bridge over the 2500 foot Tongass Narrows (1500 foot from the Ketchikan-Wrangell Ferry landing) to the International Airport on Gravina Island. The shore line of Ketchikan is very narrow with very little room to expand. Gravina Island on the other hand, has a much wider and gradual sloping shore line and is the reason that the Ketchikan International Airport was built there. The only existing road is from the ferry landing to the terminal. Ketchikan, now well over 8,000 and growing from tourism and fishing has run out of room.

We can thank Ketchikan and their so call Bridge to Nowhere for bringing Sara Palin to the National forefront. Had it not been for the debate over the bridge and Governor Palin halting the work on the bridge, John McCain may have not come to know her. I hope that Ketchikan will eventually get their much needed bridge even if it is a less costly one. Maybe an old fashion draw bridge would be the answer.

Pros and Cons of Home Assembly Jobs

If you’re reading this then you probably have a decent idea of how home assembly jobs work. Now it’s time to decide if this is the right kind of opportunity for you. In this article we will look at some of the pros and cons of home assembly jobs. Hopefully this will give you a little extra information to think on.

It’s probably more beneficial to start with the cons. Why, you might wonder? Because if we start with the cons, then the pros will help them not look so bad. Odd psychology, huh?

Con Number One: Start Up Fees.

Truth be told, this can be very expensive, especially if you’re planning on earning a full time income off of your home assembly efforts. In order to keep a steady stream of income flowing you will have to be willing to invest some serious money in materials. Between the test kit, shipping and handling, and your first order of materials, just getting started can run well over $100. Remember, that’s just getting started, that doesn’t include the investment it will take to keep the ball consistently rolling.

Con Number Two: Passing Inspection

This is the hardest step of the process, and the step that you hear most budding home assemblers complain about. Those quality control sheets are not to be taken lightly. Imagine spending all day cleaning a house until you think it’s spotless, then someone comes to inspect the house, runs their finger over the top of the doorway and brings down a fingertip covered in dust. For most home assembly companies, something as minute as having a wire twisted one too many times, as unnoticeable as it might be, can get your item shipped back to you. This is a business you’re dealing with, and sometimes their quality standards can be almost unreal.

Con Number Three: The Waiting Game

You purchase a test kit from the company; you wait for them to ship it to you. You receive the test kit, assemble it, then send it back; you wait for the company to receive it. The company receives the kit from you and approves it (hopefully). You order your first shipment of materials; you wait for them to arrive in the main. You assemble your products and send them back; you wait for the company to inspect them. The company inspects and approves them and then you wait to get paid. Notice a pattern?

Now that we have gone through some of the cons, let’s check out a few pros, shed some light on the doubt that I’m sure is now creeping into your mind. Here are a few things that you should consider before making your decision.

Pro Number One: Staying Home.

Who doesn’t love the idea of working in their pajamas? Imagine a day where you roll out of bed, grab your coffee, sit down with your project in front of the television, and get to work. Few other jobs offer this kind of luxury.

Pro Number Two: Work When You Want.

Very few home assembly jobs have a time limit on when the projects need to be finished. Usually, you sign up for one and work at your own leisure. Say you want to work full time this week but only part time next week or perhaps you’re a college student and can only put in a few hours between classes. You can work at your own leisure without having to worry about getting fired or having your hours cut. Which leads into pro number three. . .

Pro Number Three: Be Your Own Boss.

By being a home assembly worker, you’re able to set your own schedule and decide how much work you do. You will never have a boss cracking the whip on your back whenever you decide to slack off. You can take days off whenever you want, go on vacation whenever you want, have as many sick days as you want, and slack off as much as you want. How great is that?

Well, there you have it folks, the pros and cons of home assembly jobs. Of course, you can always expand this list, but I thought I would provide you with a few basics to work with.

Tire Mounting Without A Machine

Tire mounting without a machine may be difficult, but it is not impossible.For those times when you need to mount tires on your wheels quickly and efficiently especially when you don’t have immediate access to an auto body shop. For those do-it-yourself mechanics who want to learn how to mount tires like a professional without a tire mounting machine. Review the basics on how you can do it manually by hand even though it may take a little longer. As a side note, it will be much more difficult if you have a low profile tire such as a performance racing tire.

Tire Mounting Step Number One:

Carefully lay down your wheels on a flat and stable surface. Next, take one of your tires and lean it on one of the wheels. A good thing to do here is to have the tire just touching the surface of the ground on the side that is directly in front of you. Make sure you always thoroughly lubricate the bead of the tire since this is the section of the tire that is in contact with the wheel itself. A variety of lubricants can be used such as oil, water, soap or any other slick lubricant that will aid in helping the bead pop onto the wheel easier therefore making the task to mount tires much less labour intensive. Now crouch down and place your knees close to the bottom of the tire and maintain a straddling position to the wheel. Then put both your hands on the top of the tire which is opposite of your knees. Apply pressure with your knees and then start pushing down with your hands using a rocking motion. If you continue to do this with enough force the tire will eventually pop down onto the wheel. Once you’ve succeeded in this first step of how to mount tires you should now have half of the tire on the wheel.

Tire Mounting Step Number Two:

To properly mount the other half of the tire onto the wheel will not be as easy and require more work. You will find that, when attempting this next step to mount tires onto all of yours wheels, the hardest part is actually getting it started. One method of this tire mounting process can be for you to simply stand on the tire and try to force the bead down onto the wheel. On the other hand, it is highly recommended that you try to take a solid piece of metal, such as a crowbar, and use it to pry the tire onto the wheel instead. You can also utilize an ‘L’ shaped tire iron to mount tires onto your wheels. Take the tire iron, or crowbar, and place the flat part of the end over the edge of the wheel. Make sure that it is properly down about ½ inch into the wheel. If done correctly the tire iron will be slightly inside the wheel. Next, carefully pry the tire iron back towards yourself. This will result in forcing the bead of the tire over the edge of the wheel. Begin working your way around the tire with your hand pushing down on the tire to get it fully on the rim of the wheel. If you begin to have difficulty in getting the tire to seat this way try placing your foot on the tire, where the tire iron is, to hold the tire down where the bead is seated. Use the tire iron to work your way around the tire, prying the tire down onto the wheel, and at the same time be extra careful not to let the previously seated part of the tire pop out.

Tire Mounting Step Number Three:

After you have completed the task to mount tires on all your wheels, the final step is to pump air into each of the tires. This last step can be actually quite dangerous so pay extra attention. When you are pumping air into the tire, the bead begins to seat on the tire and the pressure or the force can shoot the tire and wheel straight up into the air. This is because you are using compressed air for this task. Compressed air is necessary to have the amount of force and pressure needed to seat the bead correctly. The best thing to do in this step of tire mounting is to strap the tire and wheel down securely to prevent any damage or accidents. Commence inflating the tire and you will notice that the bottom bead will usually seat first. You will hear a popping sound when this happens. After that you will then see the sidewall of the tire start to bulge and then the top bead starts to come up around circumference of the tire. After about ¾ of the bead is seated you need to stop inflating the tire. Pause for about a minute, as a lot of times the pressure being applied by the air to the unseated part of the tire will cause it to seat. If it doesn’t then you can slowly add more air and then stop and pause for a moment again. A significant thing to note on this last step of how to mount tires is that it is best to have some distance between you and the tire every time you stop and pause. Even though most of the time it will only pop up a couple of inches, you do not want to be the unfortunate person standing over the tire when it accidentally shoots up with tremendous force. Safety is always a key component when tire mounting and it is always better to be safe than sorry.

Hammer Horror Scream Queens

There are many aspects of Hammer horror movies that fans love, from the lush Gothic setting to the iconic monsters like Dracula. And then there are the scream queens: the beautiful ladies whom have graced many a Hammer production – and how!

Here are just a few of my favourite Hammer girls.

Veronica Carlson is, without a doubt, my No. 1 Hammer actress. She is arguably the most popular and beautiful female ever to star in a Hammer horror movie. Born in Yorkshire on the 18th September 1944, Veronica was working as a model when a newspaper photo of her wearing a bikini was spotted by Hammer mogul James Carreras. This led to her landing her first role in a Hammer film, that being the part of Maria in Dracula Has Risen From The Grave (1968). This debut proclaimed Veronica as Hammer’s latest star discovery. A year later, she made her second appearance for Hammer, starring as the ill-fated Anna (near the movie’s climax, she is shockingly stabbed to death by Baron Frankenstein) in Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed. Veronica’s third and final film for Hammer was The Horror of Frankenstein (1970), although this time it wasn’t Peter Cushing she was facing as the Baron, but Ralph Bates. Right to this day, Veronica still proudly keeps up the Hammer horror spirit by regularly attending fan conventions and talking fondly of her days as a Hammer leading lady. She is also a consummate painter, and often talks of the time Christopher Lee posed for her as she painted his portrait on the set of Dracula Has Risen From The Grave.

Valerie Leon is another very popular Hammer scream queen. Born in London on the 12th November 1945, Valerie landed the role of Tera, a reincarnated Egyptian queen, in Blood From The Mummy’s Tomb in late 1970, through the assistance of James Carreras, who deemed her more suitable for the role than the studio’s first choice, which was Amy Grant. In addition to this, her only Hammer film, Valerie has appeared in a couple of Carry On movies, plus a few James Bond films, and is also famous for being the sexy, seductive lady in the Hai Karate aftershave movie.

Ingrid Pitt’s name is so synonymous with Hammer horror films. She is especially noted for her role as Countess Dracula (1970). Ingrid Pitt was born in Poland on the 21st November 1937, and narrowly escaped imprisonment in a Nazi concentration camp. Again, just like all the other Hammer actresses mentioned here, it was James Carreras who gave Ingrid her first Hammer part, in The Vampire Lovers (1970). Then, in the summer of that year, Ingrid was offered the role of Countess Elizabeth Bathory in Countess Dracula. She went on to star in various other non-Hammer roles like The Wicker Man (1973), The House That Dripped Blood (1971) and Who Dares Wins (1982). Ingrid sadly died on the 23rd November 2010. She leaves behind a remarkable screen legacy.

Madeline Smith was the sexy star of a string of British comedies in the 1970s. However, she also made her name in three Hammer horror movies: Taste The Blood of Dracula (1969), The Vampire Lovers (1970) and Frankenstein and The Monster From Hell (1974). Born in Hartfield, East Sussex, on the 2nd August 1949, she initially wanted to become a doctor, but was eventually bitten by the acting bug and attended classes at London’s City Lit to improve her acting skills. Her first Hammer role, in Taste The Blood of Dracula, was the comparatively minor part of Dolly, a prostitute in a brothel scene, and a part especially remembered for its snake-charming sequence. Like Veronica Carlson, Madeline occasionally appears at Hammer conventions. She was left a widow in 1989 when her husband, fellow Hammer star David Buck, sadly passed away from a brain tumour. She has one daughter to David, Emily, and it was having to cope as a widowed mother that contributed a lot to the end of her acting career. However, Madeline Smith’s place in Hammer horror history is, like those of all the other scream queens of the studio, is firmly carved, and will always be treasured by the fans.

Using Mosaic Tiles in Your Home Designs

Mosaics form a significant part of our historic references through the ages enabling us to draw upon a far richer look at our past that had they not been around. In addition to providing your home with a little something special its worth considering that you can never underestimate the power and wealth of information that mosaics have provided the human race over the centuries. Using mosaics is an exciting, powerful and vibrant way to decorate your environment.

There are many features and benefits associated with the art form that are mosaics but there is none better than creating a completely unique and inspiring mosaic piece yourself. Consider that mosaic tiles are a little something which will last a lifetime being colourful, practical and hard-wearing product. It is common to see them in bathrooms, numerous kitchens and especially in selected commercial environments. Many are unusually textures and iridescent to increase their artistic interest and versatility.

Ceramic mosaic tiles are largely made use of for structural applications because of their easily availability, low-priced and straightforward to trim utilizing normal tile nippers. In addition to ceramic tiles,Glass mosaic tiles are increasingly becoming popular particularly because of their potential to impart intense colour and reflect light, and their imperviousness to water. Mosaic tiles are durable, trendy and versatile and probably this is the reason behind people preferring them over other tiles.

The colour palette for mosaic tiles is extremely wide with a plethora off choices which are vibrant and bright, but also are available in hundreds of textures as well as colourings. Mosaic tiles are already vibrant and bright, but also are available in hundreds of colours with many textures and iridescent colors to increase their artistic interest and versatility. The grout line colour plays an important role in the finished appearance of the wall and as there are many colors available to choose from and you should choose a colour which combines well with the mosaic.

The next time you are considering updating any part of your home spare a thought for a mosaic. A customised creation will help define and shape to which it is applied unlike any other material. Attempting to find inspiring and creative style and design ideas is often very difficult my hope is that the above is fired your creative juices enabling you to try a little something different and reach the greater interior design and style heights.

Gardening Tools and Their Uses

A garden is a place for escape for most people. Just to watch the greens and the colors grow healthily around you can give you a pleasant feeling. You get a wonderful feeling especially if they were made to grow by your own hands. Gardening is a form of therapy and exercise. There are a lot of other things you can gain by gaining or from having a garden. Imagine a wonderful garden with bamboo fountains and beautiful plants planted on perfectly designed garden planters. Just think how much stress it can take away from you.

If you are a beginner and wants to start a garden at your backyard, you must learn first all the gardening basics. Know the type of soil you have, you weather condition, the plants you want to plant, the space, how you want your plants to be planted etc. But the most important thing that should be on your list is a good set of gardening tools. Or else, how will you be able to cultivate your garden and plant you seeds and seedlings?

Here is a list of gardening tools and their uses.

Hand tools:

These are the most basic tools you should have.

Trowel – this looks like a little shovel and does a great job for making holes for bulbs, digging and planting.

Hand weeder – this tool looks like a screwdriver with a forked tip. This works well in prying on plants to remove weeds.

Pruners – include pruning shears and knife. Pruning shears looks like a tough scissors. These tools are best for pruning and cutting unwanted plant parts.

Long-Handled tools:

Shovels – these come in different forms. They are used for digging holes, mixing and shoveling soil.

Hoe – this long-handled tool is useful for removing weeds. This also helps to loosen soil and aerate plants.

Pitchfork or Spading fork – this tool breaks down soil and turns clumps into loose soil.

Mechanical Tools:

Tiller – this is the only mechanical tools you'd need in your garden. Tillers are usually used at the beginning or end of gardening season. Tillers have blades for wheels designed to dig and break up the soil into smaller chunks. This tool is used to plow the garden plot to return plant remains into the soil. Tillers are expensive so may just want to borrow one from a neighbor or rent from a garden center.

How to Care for Your Garden Tools:

Take time to clean your tools.

Do not leave them stuck in the ground.

Return them to the garage, shed or box.

Do not store them wet.

Rub the wooden handles with linseed oil to keep them from drying and cracking.

Maintain the sharp edge of metal tools.

Do not let chemicals remain on tools.

5 Places to Find a Professional House Painter

If you are looking to raise the value or improve the appearance of your home, it may be time for you to consider hiring a professional painter. Sure, you could paint your home yourself, but you will not be able to produce the same level of high quality results that a professional painter can produce. Professional painters literally paint for a living, so when you hire a pro, you can be sure you will get quality work.

You know you should hire a professional to paint your house, but where do you find one in your town?

1. Search Engines

The internet has made searching for any product or service as simple as typing a keyword into a search engine. Go to your favorite search engine, type "your city + painter" ( "Cleveland painter" for example) in the search box, and click search! You should get a list of professional painters who are serious enough about their business to get a website. On their website, you should be able to find their contact details. Give them a call and ask them to come to your home for a quote.

2. Paint Stores

Paint stores are a great place to find professional painters, but most people never think to look in paint stores! Start a normal conversation with a few people in your local paint store, and I am sure you will find at least one professional painter! Since you were friendly with the painter, you may even get a friendly discount!

3. Flyers

Flyers are a wonderful way for any service provider to advertise their services locally. Keep an eye out for flyers hanging on telephone poles or walls. Also, be sure to check your mail before putting it into the "junk" pile. You may see a painter advertising their services with direct mail flyers.

4. Referrals

Chances are, someone you know has hired a professional painter. Ask your family, friends, and co-workers to recommend a painter to you. I doubt they would recommend a painter who does not do good work.

5. Painter Directories

There are directories in just about every industry, including the paint industry. When searching for a painter, check the industry-specific directories for ratings and testimonials. Most directories are local, so you should not have to filter through a bunch of contractors who live far away from you.

Mini Chandeliers

Not all people have large houses that can accommodate large chandeliers. But this does not deprive them of owning a chandelier. There are several available mini chandeliers whose pattern closely resembles those of the large chandeliers.

Mini chandeliers are also called chandelettes. They work best for small areas such as breakfast nooks, stairwells and small dining rooms or bedrooms.

Chandelettes are smaller in diameter than large chandeliers. Usually, they measure less than a foot in diameter. They can be used in pairs or trios for added effect. Their colors are normally in black and white but they are also available in other colors to match the modern design of houses nowadays.

Several online stores offer mini chandeliers. Though suppliers of large chandeliers are still greater in numbers, there are stores that sell chandelettes. Other stores offer free sketch designs for mini chandeliers that are bought in bulk quantities. Because of their size, chandelettes are a lot cheaper than large chandeliers. They can cost as little as $99.

As with large chandeliers, mini chandeliers are applicable in certain types of rooms. The first thing to be considered is ceiling height. The main purpose of a chandelier is to serve as a lighting fixture. If the ceiling is too high, a mini chandelier can no longer fulfill this purpose. Next, the size of the room should also be considered. Chandelettes work best in small areas and look awkward when placed in large rooms. Lastly, chandelettes look well with smaller pieces of furniture. Bulk furniture such as pianos does not match the petite appearance of mini chandeliers.

However, more modern approaches to interior design can include chandelettes in large-scale rooms. This is done by using them in conjunction with other chandelettes or a large chandelier that serves as centerpiece. Their small size and usually dim lighting serve as supplements to the light provided by a large chandelier.

My First Week Away As An Adult

During high school, there was not a lot of time for fun. I lived with my grandparents. They were quite strict, with old fashioned ideas about what I should be doing. While their rules and regulations were aggravating at times, I learned much more than I would have without them.

I was required to study and do my homework, for three hours every day. My study time was always to be followed with one hour of practice on my clarinet. Only after all this was I allowed to do anything recreational.

As my senior year of high school started, my grandparents sat me down in the living-room to have our annual discussion about how the rules would change for me. This year, to my shock and amazement, I would be allowed to go on a one week vacation with my friends for spring break. This would be the first time I would stay more than one night without supervision.

Our senior year seemed to pass slower than any other. My friends and I planned our trip almost constantly in our heads. As the week of spring break grew closer, we decided to take our trip to a beach side resort in the Florida Keys. We booked a suite with two bedrooms, a kitchen, and our own private dock over the water. My grandparents had agreed to pay for the hotel, being that this was my first real trip as an adult. Since we had the budget, we wanted everything over the top. Our room even had an extravagant Cedar Hot Tub right on the dock.

As our plane arrived and we boarded the taxi that would take us to our destination, our hearts began to race. The excitement seemed to build all the way until we reached the hotel. The reality of paying the taxi driver brought us down to earth, long enough to, at least, check into our suite.

The room was just as grand as it had looked when we reserved it, on my computer back home. There were chocolates on the pillows, even the toilet paper was folded on the end. As we explored all of the features of our home for the week, we conversed as to which of the many available activities to try first and we all agreed to try out the hot tub while we made our plans.

Throughout the week we indulged in some of the most exciting things we ever imagined. The view of hang-gliding over the clear blue ocean is something I will never forget. What a contrast from the mountains of the mid-west, where we are from.

Our trip seemed to come to an abrupt end, even more quickly than it began. The taxi trip back to the airport was almost silent, us each reveling in amazing memories of the week. After boarding the plane, it seemed finite, we felt that a week could never again be so fun as the one we had just experienced.

As I began to recount the trip to my grandparents, they understood. They knew beforehand how great this trip would be for me, a well deserved break. Now the daily routine is not so bad, knowing what rewards it can bring.

The Range of Gardening Tools Available

If you have ever been in a home improvement store and strolled past the aisles filled with gardening tools, you will probably understand this. Here are some descriptions of the common gardening tools and their functions.

Shovel or Spade

Every gardener needs a shovel for digging. The most versatile and widely used is the round point shovel. It is used to dig, scoop, or to carry dirt from one point to another. The square point shovel is similar except as the name suggest; the tip of the shovel is flat and straight edged. It is used for leveling large areas and as a scoop for gravel, soil, or snow.

Trowel or Garden Shovel

These are the small shovel tools that you use for scooping out the soil to create holes for planting new flowers.

Gardening Forks

If you are planting a small area or are using planting containers, then you will only need a hand fork. Forks are used for working in tightly planted areas, removing unwanted weeds and for transplanting small seedlings. Forks are also used to loosen and aerate the soil.

If you are going for a larger garden, a garden fork will be necessary. Garden forks are be used for digging and they can also be used for aerating the soil, moving compost and cultivating a garden.

Garden Rakes

Rakes come in many different shape, sizes and material. It is used for picking up leaves and to level the ground. Rakes can also be used to aerate a lawn. Be careful not to use steel garden rakes for raking leaves on your lawn, you will damage your lawn. Use a proper lawn rakes instead.

Garden Hoes

The traditional design of the garden hoe is a long handle with a flat blade set at a right angle at the end. Hoes are used for breaking up the surface soil, building up mounds for vegetables and also for making a seed furrow. They can also be used to chop off pesky weeds and unwanted plants. The pointed corners can also be used as a light duty pick. Pruning shear

Your pruning shears will see a lot of action in the garden. They are used for trimming branches, overgrowth grass and foliage. It is important to buy a pruning shears, which fits your hand well and is easy to operate. There are different types of shears for different functions. For example, do not use a hedge shears for cutting big branches, they are for detailed shaping of hedges only.

Personal Attire and Protective Gears

Finally, do not overlook the importance of proper attire. You will need good work gloves to protect your hands and kneepads to make kneeling more comfortable. Protect your eyes with a pair of safety glasses or face shield when using your string trimmer or pressure washer or when working with any power tools.