Arm Lift, Thigh Lift & Body Lift After Massive Weight Loss

Plastic surgery can be the perfect way to complete the new you after a massive weight loss. After shedding all those unwanted pounds, you will feel a great increase of energy and will probably find a great deal of relief from any related health conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes.

Yet, in all the excitement of losing weight, you may feel a bit blue about the extra skin folds and wrinkles that cover your new trim body. After being stretch so tight for so many years, your skin may have lost its ability to elastically shrink down to fit the size of its underlying contents.

This excess, sagging skin can be very unsightly and take away from the accomplishment of having gotten back down to a healthy weight. Fortunately there are plastic surgeries available that can help sculpt your body back into a beautiful shape.

Lower Body Lifts
One of the most common areas to have rolls of wrinkly, sagging skin after major weight loss is the stomach. The thighs and buttocks can also have skin draped over them like curtains as well. A lower body lift can correct all of these problems. It is a combination of several procedures performed during the same session.

You can have this plastic surgery done in a hospital or in an outpatient facility, but you will most likely have to spend at least a night of recovery at either place. The lower body lift includes a tummy tuck, a thigh lift, and a buttock lift.

A tummy tuck is performed as the plastic surgeon makes an incision along the public bone and bikini line. The unwanted skin is then removed, and if desired liposuction can be administered to get rid of stubborn pockets of fat in the stomach area. Then the abdominal muscles are sutured in places to tighten them up.

The final step of the tummy tuck procedure is to stretch the remaining skin tightly over the stomach and stitch it closed at the incision mark. There will of course be a scar and the recovery time is about three weeks, but the results can be dramatic.

A thigh lift consists of an incision being made along the groin crease. The plastic surgeon then cuts off the excess skin and performs liposuction to get rid of diet and exercise resistant fat pockets. Then the thigh skin is pulled tight and upward to meet the groin incision line. The scar is generally well concealed in the groin area and the recovery time is about one to two weeks.

A buttock lift involves an incision line across the lower back where it meets the buttocks. Extra skin is removed, and the remaining skin is pulled upward and sewn together with the lower back again. Liposuction is a possible addition to this plastic surgery procedure.

You will not be allowed to sit down for a week to avoid putting undue stress on the sutures, but recovery is only about two weeks long and can provide longer, more youthful looking buttocks and legs.

Upper Arm Lifts
Once the excess skin from your lower half has been removed, you may also want to have an arm lift plastic surgery performed. After massive weight loss, the arm skin can hang down and seem to be twice as long as it needs to be to cover the underlying muscles, bones, and tissues.

An arm lift can get rid of that sagging skin with an incision on the underside of the upper arm. The unwanted skin is excised and the incision line is sutured together again. An arm lift will slim down and give tone to your upper arms, although there will be a visible scar afterwards. The recovery time is about two weeks.

Massive weight loss is a very amazing accomplishment. You can complete the transformation of your body with plastic surgery to contour and get rid of flabby, sagging skin. Your plastic surgeon can help you decide which procedures are right for you.

An Elevator Company Can Modify and Refurbish Elevator Cabs

An elevator company knows that in today's fast-paced and busy world, appearances are everything. When people push the button to summon an elevator, they usually do not realize that based upon where they are they will have expectations for the cab appearance. If they are in the middle of a well-to-do law firm or the corporate headquarters for a marketing agency, expectations will be high. They will unknowingly be expecting something modern, sleek, and fresh whenever those doors open. Many times someone has been extremely disappointed and immediately wondered whether he or she will make it to the floor they are trying to get to. The expert service team with a company can make many different modifications to an existing cab to ensure that everyone feels comfortable and safe while riding in it.

The first change that can be made is one that will improve the overall appearance the most drastically. It is having the old, existing walls, which look like they have been there since the dawn of the elevator, covered up with brand new paneling. There are many different colors and styles to choose from that will improve almost any existing elevator.

The second modification that can be made is a safety modification. Installing handrails are a great improvement to add. The elderly or disabled will always feel more comfortable in something that is moving and stopping if they have an extra support system there to help them. The handrails can also work wonders for people who are afraid of elevators. Everyone has seen that one person cowered in the back clutched onto the handrail with the terrified look on their face. An elevator company has the ability to make everyone feel relaxed while getting between their floors, which is key for any building owner.

Next is lighting fixtures and ceiling fans. Lights set the mood and atmosphere anywhere. When people get into a beautiful cab, but it has glaring fluorescent lights that hurt their eyes, they are not going to have a pleasant riding experience. Ceiling fans can also add an extra comfort. In many places, especially the northern regions of the United States, central air conditioning is not always a necessity. The cool climate offers a comfortable temperature throughout most of the year. But, building owners have to face that there are going to be at least a few days in the summer where they just can not beat the heat. Ceiling fans throughout the building can keep the air flowing and alleviate the heat, but no one deserves to be stuck in a piping hot elevator without some type of relief. Ceiling fans can make passengers cool and comfortable, and, not to mention, add a little extra stylish flair.

The remarkable service team at an elevator company has the tools, skills, and experience to provide every building owner with the sleek modern elevator they have always wanted. Affordable plans can be offered that will keep everyone happy and the building owner coming back as a loyal customer.

How Big is Your Plate Anyway

Between work, family, activities, meals, and so much more, it is easy to feel overwhelmed and stretched too thin, and being this feeling of being stretched becomes normal and expected in your daily life. If you are not stressed, overwhelmed, and pushed to the limit, you think something is wrong or you do not know what to do with yourself. There is no doubt that live in a busy society. It seems like we keep taking on new responsibilities in our daily lives, without adjusting our schedules or focusing on our priorities, and it sometimes even seems that being busy has become some sort of crazy bragging right. The truth is that we often allow ourselves to get involved in too many different things, and when this happens, we start losing our grip and are unable to give any one thing enough focus things start slipping through the cracks.

It is important to remember that not all people are able to handle the same amount of activity, stress, and responsibility in their lives. Some of us can only handle one or two things at a time, while there are others who can successfully manage several activities at once. The key to success and sanity is to first understand how much you are capable of holding on your plate. That's right; imagine you have a large porcelain plate that you carry in front of you during all of your daily activities. Everything you have to do and all of your responsibilities rest on this plate. When your plate becomes too full, the first thing that happens is that things start falling off. When you do not listen to these warnings that your life gives you and you keep trying to maintain an over-packed schedule your plate will eventually start to crack. This is when you get yourself into trouble. Once your plate starts to crack, you start losing focus on the most important things in your life and things like your health, your relationships, and your sanity start to suffer. In other words, your plate serves as a foundation, and once that foundation begins to crumble, it is hard to keep anything together. Unfortunately, we do not often pay attention to the cracks in our plates until it is too late and the things we once thought of as priorities have fallen apart. This happens all too often in our society which is why it is so important that you take a few minutes to evaluate your life, your priorities, your schedule, and your capabilities before your plate starts to crumble.

The first thing you need to do is list your priorities. What are the most important things in your life? Maybe family, spirituality, and health are your priorities. You must make sure that these things have a place on your plate where they are nurtured, attended to, and loved. Once you have a pretty good idea of ​​what is most important, ask yourself the critical question of the day: "How big is my plate anyway?" Truthfully, how much can you effectively and responsibly handle? It may take you some time to truly understand how big your plate is, but this type of self-awareness will allow you to grow, to develop, and to achieve success. It is important to get over the notion that having one hundred and one things going on and being stressed out are signs of success. That is just not true. Success comes in fulfilling your priorities, in enjoying the ride, and in feeling a sense of accomplishment. Make sure you always leave room on your plate for laughter, spontaneity, and surprise. Depriving ourselves from enjoying life does not make us more productive, only more miserable!

Once you have an understanding of how much you can truly handle at any one time, you have to next look at all of the responsibilities that you have. What things should be cut from your schedule and what things need more attention? You have to learn to say no when your plate is full and to ask for help when you need it most. This is extremely difficult for many people, and if you look at your at your schedule and find it packed with other people's errands and responsibilities, you know you have a problem. Do not be afraid to focus first on your own priorities and then if you have time, feel free to help out a friend. However, you should not start taking on other people's tasks when you do not have time to get your own things done.

Evaluating your capabilities and responsibilities is an ongoing process. You should be continually aware of how much you plate can hold and how stacked it is. In the midst of your busy schedule and running around from here to there, it is critical that you make time each day for your most important priorities. Even if it is five minutes, give yourself that time. Do not lose sight of your health. Be physically active and eat a healthy diet. Make time for your family. Listen. Be thankful for the gifts. Breathe. Not only will your plate stay strong and balanced but you will become more effective, more pleasant, and more successful, as well. So, before you go to bed tonight, ask yourself, "How big is my plate, anyway?"

Best Wood Burning Stove

You have decided you want a wood burning stove, you know what your budget is but what is the best type to suit your environment and what brand name do you go for?

There are so many different brands of stoves on the UK market today with the likes of Bosca, Dovre, Hamlet, Harmony, Huntingdon, Morso, Nestor Martin, Riva, Stockton, Termatech and Yeoman to name but a few. These are some of the best names in the UK stove market and very often have a history which goes back decades and experience in the market which has suddenly exploded in the UK.

The amount of technical information available today is greater than ever before and any retail outlet worth its salt will be fully aware of the questions to ask you, the answers required and ultimately they should be able to give you the best stove to fit your budget and your environment. When you also take into account that many of the wood-burning stoves of today have efficiency ratings in excess of 80% and minimal or zero carbon emissions there are very few people who would argue against installing a stove in their home.

Each year sees a new array of wood burning stoves coming to the market to cover every budget, every style, every environment and every capacity. Whether you are looking for a top of the range Morso stove, a Hamlet stove or maybe you are looking to go towards the luxury end of the market with a Nestor Martin stoves, there will be something for you. These names may mean nothing to you at the moment but a little research in the wood-burning stove market will show these are some of the best names in the industry. These companies which have backup facilities that are second to none, have stoves which can sometimes come with 10 year guarantees and technology which is the latest in the stove industry.

Get yourself out there and see exactly what is on offer!

How to Get Cooker Repairs Done Fast

When the cooker is down your options for meals are cut short. Sure, you could microwave something or get take away, but to have your kitchen running again you need to know how to get cookers repairs done fast.

The Fastest Method

Whether your cooker has a faulty thermostat or the hotplates are not working, the smartest course of action is to call in the professionals. Repair engineers have the experience and know how to pinpoint the exact problem and have it repaired fast. They also have access to all of the replacement parts necessary to fix your model. The best cooker repairs engineers are those that service all of the major brands and have experience working with the latest in cutting edge technology.

A repair firm that has multiple qualified and experienced repair engineers on staff is your best bet. That way you can be sure that your appliance will be looked at in a timely manner. Look for a company that is willing to work within your schedule wherever possible, making cooker repairs more simple and much less of a hassle.

Proper Repairs

Electric cooker repairs may seem straightforward, but the components in an electric cooker can be very complicated. Depending on where the problem is and how the cooker was manufactured, accessing even the straightforward elements like the interior light could be more difficult than you think. Knowing where to look and how to remove and replace components efficiently will allow this repair to move quickly.

Gas cooker repairs are inherently more complicated given the dangerous nature of the gas fuel. Most, if not all, of the repairs on these models should be handled by a certified professional. Faulty connections, valves and other elements of gas cookers need the attention of a professional in order to be completed properly and safely.

On Site Diagnosis

Appliance repair engineers that will visit your home quickly and complete the diagnostic tests efficiently will deliver the fastest results. When they come fully equipped with the tools and equipment necessary to complete the job the first time you can be assured of a quality repair.

While it's not always possible to have replacement parts on hand, the most professional repair firms are those that can quickly source out the parts from quality manufacturers. Often the wait time for cooker repairs is due to the availability of those parts.

Panel Boards

Panel board in its many forms is one of the best products to make remodeling projects easier and faster. The secret is to buy good quality panel board meeting the specifications for your project and then, install it with care. Panel board usually comes in 4×8 foot panels that are made of particle board or plywood with a finish layer on top. The beauty of prefinished panel board is that it requires no sanding, taping, primer or paint. There are distribution boards designed for outdoor use as siding, for use in kitchens and bathrooms, where there is moisture present, for family rooms and bedrooms, or anywhere else in the home. Sometimes called paneling, these boards come in many different patterns, qualities and price points.

A good distribution board definition would be: a panel of 4×8′ or another standard size such as 2×4′. This panel is made of a base layer of plywood, particle board or similar manufactured wood product with tongue and groove edges or other edge design that makes the panels look attractive installed side by side. There is then a finished layer laminated to the base. This finish layer can look like wood, bead board, ceramic, stone, wall paper or other materials. These finishes can be of varying qualities and materials. Wood panel board can be a layer of real wood called a veneer, or it can be a photographic finish with a protective finish over it. White panel board can have a bead board look with grooves depicting narrow boards side by side, look like whitewashed wood, painted wood, white ceramic tile or another pattern. Wood panel board is the best for wood looks, but the photo finish wood looks are less expensive. Tile board can be a flat photo finish of tile, the tile pattern can have grooves around the tiles to look more real or it can have plastic or ceramic tiles adhered to the board.

Decorative distribution board takes days off a remodeling project because it eliminates the finishing steps you would need with a sheet rocked wall. There is no taping, mudding or sanding required. Paneling can be installed over existing walls, or with new construction it is a good idea to put sheetrock on the wall as a backing. If it will be covered with the panel board it doesn’t need to be taped or otherwise finished. Because distribution board is pre finished, there is no step to hide mistakes in cutting or installing. Measure for each panel very carefully, and then check again. It is very important that every piece is cut to the exact size needed. Nail or screw in a nice even pattern hitting the support boards behind the wall. Nail or screw in the grooves to hide them when possible. Purchase the matching panel board accessories for the ceiling and floor edges and the edge or corner of the wall. There will be a tube or stick of matching repair finish available and it is a good idea to have it on hand to fill nail holes or repair scratches and dents.

Buy your distribution board from trusted suppliers in your area like Lowe’s, Home Depot or your neighborhood building supplier. Check all the sheets for damage and defects, including damaged edges and warping. Only accept the perfect sheets of paneling for your job. You can find liquidation stores that sell seconds in panel board to save money, but then you need to work around defects by buying extra sheets to make up for bad places. No matter where you buy your paneling, make sure you purchase the panels that are rated for your job. If you are purchasing for a kitchen, laundry room or bathroom, purchase panel board designed to withstand moisture. Make sure the paneling you buy does not emit dangerous fumes like from formaldehyde. Purchase a panel board that is thick enough to hold its shape and not get warped or wavy with time. When you purchase your paneling, make sure it can be painted in the future if your decorating tastes change.

Karndean Vinyl Flooring – Quite Possibly a Perfect Floor

Karndean vinyl flooring is one of the most exciting new floorcovering options available in the market. Karndean creates vinyl planks and tiles that realistically simulate natural materials such as Wood, Stone, Slate, Ceramic and Marble. With recent breakthroughs in technology, these luxury vinyl planks and tiles look so amazingly real it will surprise you.

These floors are very different from sheet type vinyl. As the floor is installed piece by piece, it gives a handcrafted look just as hardwood or real tile floors would appear. Karndean also manufactures these tiles and planks with semi random patterns so there are no repeating patterns to cause the floor to look cheap or like standard vinyl resilient flooring. A unique feature of Karndean is the coloring of the floors. Slight changes are made to the vinyl coloring to give a slight random color difference. By doing this, the floors look like the real thing and there are no dye lot issues if you ever need to replace a plank or tile. There are six distinct reasons why Karndean luxury vinyl tiles and planks are considered by many to be the perfect floor.

1. Karndean vinyl floors are stain proof against pretty much everything except petroleum based spills. This includes everything from red wine to pet urine.

2. These vinyl tiles and planks are waterproof as well. If you have a leak in the kitchen or bathroom, the water will not damage the vinyl. This is a very distinct advantage over true hardwood flooring and laminate. If you have a leak under the dishwasher, and you have hardwood or laminate, you will have to replace part or all of the floor at a huge expense. With Karndean, the worst case is you may have to have the floor reinstalled.

3. This flooring is hypoallergenic as well as mold and mildew resistant.

4. Luxury vinyl planks and tiles are very hard to scratch compared to laminate and hardwood. If you have pets, you absolutely cannot install a better floor than luxury vinyl.

5. Karndean tiles are almost impossible to chip or break when compared to ceramic, slate, stone and marble tiles. If you drop something heavy on them it may cause a slight indentation. Of course if you have real tile, it will probably crack or chip and will have to be replaced.

6. Cleaning is a snap. Dust mopping regularly and an occasional damp mopping is all that is needed. There is never a need to reapply any finishes or buffing needed.

Now that you know why Karndean is so close to perfect, what are some of the styles that are offered? There are 6 different series offered from Karndean.

1. The Van Gogh lines has 22 variations of Wood planks. Almost every color and species imaginable are available.

2. Art Select vinyl from Karndean has 11 options to choose from between simulated Wood planks and Limestone modular tiles.

3. Da Vinci is one the more popular styles for luxury vinyl tile. With over 33 selections of tiles ranging from 16 inch to 12 inch in Ceramic, Slate and Sandstone you can find about anything you desire. Wood planks are also part of the Da Vinci series.

4. Knight tile has 33 choices of tiles and planks. Terra Cotta, Marble, Slate, Stone and Wood round out Knight tile.

5. Karndean’s Michelango line is a unique product line of tiles for a distinct décor. There are 12 products including Italian Mosaic, Spanish Pebble and even a Metallic tile.

6. Renoir is the last series of vinyl plank and tile flooring from Karndean. Renoir has 13 different types of Wood, Slate and Concrete tiles.

Writing a Business Plan Effectively for Free

Writing a business plan can be a daunting activity if it is the first time you've tackled such a detailed, thorough project. Too often, entrepreneurs rely upon templates or a sample business plan as an example for their own proposal, and in the process lose the creativity and energy that they have about their idea. There are many options for writing a persuasive and effective business plan without spending a lot of money on a writing coach, proposal writer, or additional resources.

Web Resources

Chances are, you're already relied on the internet to gain guidance about projects you've never done before, or looked up instructions for a complicated process. There's a lot of information online about writing a business plan and you can easily find a sample plan, but not all of that information is quality, or worth your time. So how do you effectively search for web resources that will actually help you instead of wasting your time? Much like any kind of internet research, the tip is to begin by using only credible resources. In addition to searching for "writing a business plan", or "sample business plan", type in "business school" as well. Many business schools around the nation have free, available information for the public on how to write a business plan. They may include links to area-specific resources, or provide tutorials or downloads for a sample business plan.

Another great resource for writing a business plan is your local Small Business Administration center. Most major cities have these types of small-business assistance resources, either in a brick-and-mortar office or online. These SBA websites almost always offer comprehensive resources for start-ups like a sample business plan, business plan development ideas, events, counseling and training services, and local resources. Check to see if your SBA website has free, online planning webinars. Even if you local chapter does not offer them, you can easily find a website in another region that does. These online seminars are typically self-paced, 30-minute long resources that help you understand the components of writing a business plan (which provide much more insight than a simple sample business plan), and may be offered in a variety of languages.

Podcasts are another web resource that not many people think of when they think "business plan". True, you do not get the same visual education from a podcast as you do from a webinar, but listening to someone describe the process might be just what you need to motivate you while on a long commute, at the gym, or sitting at home. And with a lack of visual information, they might seem less overwhelming than looking at an online presentation or sample business plan.

Books and Printed Material

The internet is a fantastic resource for writing a business plan, but for some people, nothing beats a good old-fashioned book. Your local library has entire sections dedicated to the multiple aspects of business development, and you can be sure to find several books about how to write a business plan. Best of all – these are free! If your local branch does not have the book you're looking for, check the catalog and request a book transfer. Sometimes, the perfect books about writing an effective business plan or ideas for a sample business plan are just an inter-library loan away.

Be sure to check out your local college library as well. Often, academic libraries will have more comprehensive business books than local libraries, and may offer a wider selection of in-depth materials regarding not only writing a business plan, but strategizing how to continue with your business development afterward. Keep in mind that many university libraries are open only to students, so call the resource desk before you make a special trip onto the campus.


If you do have a SBA resource center in your area, check their calendar of events to see if they offer periodic classes or workshops, or can help you rework a sample business plan. Often, an SBA will offer a class dedicated to writing a plan – at no cost! The advantage of attending a live seminar as opposed to an online seminar is that you can often ask the facilitator questions at the end which you can not do online. Typically, the person leading the course is a professional with years or decades of business experience. They'll likely be able to assist you with tips, tricks, and shortcuts to develop a plan.

Finally, it's important to consider that when you're writing a business plan, you do not want to cut corners or rely on a sample plan from a book or website. The business plan is a representation of your professionalism and your desire to succeed, and the quality of your content should reflect this. So while tips and tricks are good for making the most out of your time and resources, it's never a good idea to gloss over important aspects of your plan – namely, the quality of your writing. While writing a business plan necessitates the inclusion of facts, figures, numbers, graphs, financials, etc., the narrative surrounding the why of your proposal is what will likely draw people into helping you achieve your vision. Do you sound passionate about your product? Do you sound knowledgeable? Does it sound like you have what it takes to not only start your business but develop it and work through anticipated and unseen challenges? No? Does it sound like you relied on a sample plan instead? Well it may be a good idea to check out some of the writing seminars available for assistance with writing your plan. Many of these seminars do cost some money, although others can be attended for a very nominal fee. Courses like these can help you find your "voice" and deliver a more compelling proposal.

The most important thing to consider when writing a plan is to take your time, be thorough, be accurate, and above all, believe in yourself and your product. Do not just rely on a sample plan, create a proposal that you're proud of, and that you are convinced will compel others to help you realize your dream.

Mobility Ramps For Businesses

If you own a business, it just makes good sense to make it accessible to everyone. Turning away potential income is not a good business practice. Not only that, but if you are not accessible to the disabled you risk the possibility of a lawsuit. The ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) was passed in 1990. Section 4.8 deals with mobility ramps. The following specs for mobility ramps are taken from the ADA Accessibility Guidelines as amended through September 2002. If you would like to see the entire document I've provided a link below.

The ADA states that any part of an accessible route that has a slope steeper than 1:20 (20 inches of length for every 1 inch of rise) is considered a ramp. If you do not have an elevator you need to provide mobility ramps to allow access to the different levels of your building. You should always use the least amount of slope possible for any ramp.

If you are constructing a new building the maximum amount of slope you can have for any ramp is 1:12. The maximum rise you can have for any run is 30 inches. If you have an existing site that you are constructing mobility ramps for, things change a little.

An existing building may not have the space to install ramps that meet the 1:12 slope or less. If that is the case then a slope between 1:10 and 1:12 is allowed for a maximum rise of 6 inches. A slope between 1: 8 and 1:10 is allowed for a maximum rise of 3 inches. A slope steeper than 1: 8 is not allowed.

The preferred amount of slope is between 1:16 and 1:20. The ability to manage an incline is related to both its slope and its length. Wheelchair users with disabilities affecting their arms or with low stamina have serious difficulty using ramps. Most people who use wheelchairs can manage a slope of 1:16. Many people can not manage a slope of 1:12 for a distance of 30 feet or more. The minimum width of a ramp is 36 inches and must be clear of any obstructions.

Mobility ramps need to have a landing at the top and bottom of each run. A landing is a level area to recuperate if there are any more runs to manage and allow for easy transitions if the ramp goes in another direction. Landings need to be at least as wide as the ramp leading to it. The length of the landing must be a minimum of 60 inches clear of any obstructions. If the ramp changes directions at the landings, the landing needs to be 60 inches by 60 inches minimum. Landings need to be level. A landing that is not level causes individuals using wheelchairs to tip backward or bottom out when the ramp is approached.

If a ramps has a rise more than 6 inches, then it must have handrails on both sides. However, handrails are not required on curb ramps. Handrails must extend at least 12 inches beyond the top and bottom of the ramp segment and must be parallel with the floor or ground surface. If the ramp changes directions the inside handrail must always be continuous. The handrails along any segment of the ramp can not have any gaps in them. The top of the handrail's gripping surface needs to be between 34 and 38 inches above the surface of the ramp and can not rotate in their fittings. The ends need to be rounded or returned smoothly to the floor, wall or post.

The above handrail requirements are for adults. If the ramps are mainly for children (for example in elementary schools), a second set of handrails can assist them and aid in preventing accidents. A maximum height of 28 inches to the top of the gripping surface from the ramp surface is recommended for handrails designed for children. The clearance between upper and lower handrails is 9 inches minimum.

The cross slope of ramp surfaces can not be greater than 1:50. If your ramp is 36 inches wide then both sides of the ramp must be within .24 inches in height from each other.

If your ramps and landings have drop-offs then they must have curbs, walls or railings that prevent people from slipping off the ramp. Curbs have to be a minimum of 2 inches high.

Outdoor ramps and their approaches must be designed so that water can not puddle on walking surfaces.

The above is just a brief summary of the ADA guidelines for mobility ramps. If you would like to see the document in its entirety click here []. Section 4.8 has many links to other sections of the document inside of it. To cover everything would be outside of the scope of this article. I highly recommend you read the entire document and all of its links before starting any mobility ramp project. It will only cost you a little bit of your time and can save many headaches down the road.

Beautiful and Functional Handrails for Stairs

A staircase is the centerpiece of the home. It serves a function, to be sure, and furthermore, as a large architectural feature, it also contributes significantly to the home’s overall style. Therefore, the choice of stair components can be a good way to give your home or commercial property a whole new look, or to further enhance the style that’s already there.

A staircase is comprised, most simply, of the steps and the balustrade. The balustrade is made up of the handrail, or banister; the newels, which are the larger supports at the beginning, end, and turns of the staircase; and the balusters, which are the more slender posts between the newels. Each of these elements should be chosen so as to work well together in a cohesive design.

Wooden handrails are the most popular and, some would say, most attractive option. The hardwoods used to construct them are very durable for long life, and the wear that develops from use tends to simply add to the attractiveness of the rail. Wood can be restained or painted to change its look without expensive, time-consuming replacement.

Oak handrails are a very frequent choice, but other hardwoods are used as well, including poplar, hard maple, cherry, walnut, mahogany, birch, and more. Design profiles range from the round hardwood handrail to square, and highly detailed architectural wood railing.

Handrails, including round wood rails, are available with or without a plow, a groove on the underside which fits over the top of the balustrade. Round hardwood handrails are required to meet ADA hadicap codes in many commercial staircases. Plows increase strength and are also attractive. In addition to the standard railings available for sale, custom handrails can be designed to suit any need or desire.

Curved and circular stairways require that the handrail be built in a specific manner. Once the core has been built in this way, then any profile can be incorporated over it. There are just as many style choices for curved staircases as there are for their more angled cousins.

The design of the hand rail should be chosen so that it fits well with the rest of the design of the staircase, whether the entire staircase is being remodeled or if just the railing or balustrade is being replaced. Consider also the overall style and décor of the rooms which open onto the stairs and of the entire house in general. Do your family or company a favor and resist the temptation to build a staircase that you love, but which simply doesn’t fit your home or commercial space.

With a wood railing for stairs, wood newels and iron balusters complete the most popular current look. This is a very elegant design which can be modified, through the choice of the various components, to match any style from Victorian to Contemporary, and everything in between. Different stains and finishes can be chosen to personalize the design.

Stair remodeling brings a fresh, new look to the home while increasing its value. When you choose the finest standard and custom interior hardwood handrails for stairs, you show your pride in your living space. With so many options available, including custom designs, you can create the perfect staircase.

Revamping Your Staircase With Ease

Have you ever seen stair cases which look very ordinary from afar and then when you come closer you see that there's a charming trinket-like design on the balustrade? How about seeing a staircase that looks bright and grand from afar but really it's just made of simple fixtures, only used in a different and revolutionary way? Do you want the same things to happen to your very own staircase?

Do not get too intimidated. Giving your staircase a new look does not have to cost you a lot of money, time, and sweat. Even with just a few very minor adjustments and a little updating here and there, our staircase will look like new again. Here are a few ways to revamp yours stairs with ease:

Got wooden stairs? Still want to keep that old set of wood but want to give it a fresher look? This can easily be remedied with just one thing, varnish. A new coat of varnish is what most wooden stairs need to make it look like new again.

If you still are not satisfied and want to go to the extreme, then I suggest you varnish your staircase a shade darker. Dark wood lends that feeling of old elegance, making dark wood stains perfect for those who want that elegant look while at same time having that aged feeling.

Just make sure that before you varnish, you clean and sand the wood well. Scrub off rough edges to get that smooth and polished look pre-varnish. Prep well to end well. Surely your wooden stairs will be like new after you varnish.

Got interior stairs that seem to have been left behind by the times? Worry no more, even just be changing a few minor details some visible change is sure to result. One way is by putting in some stencils on the treads. Love to garden? Then put in some vine borders. You can also put other modern additions to the balustrade such as gem-like embellishments or stained glass. Just like before, anything goes as long as it still retains its visual appeal and not look too much or overdone. A little creativity could go a long way.

Spot repairs and instant fixes are sometimes all it takes for a staircase to regain its former glory. Painting over chipped or faded portions of paint is one way. Another is by fixing broken parts or replacing them with new ones should do the trick. Make sure that what you buy is of good quality by checking out the selections at Stair Warehouse.

Great Thanksgiving Decorations for Your Home

Thanksgiving is a special time of year in the United States. What more could you ask for than family, food and football? It’s a time to be thankful for all you have and all of the special relationships in your life. It’s a time to reflect on your past, your present and your future. Thanksgiving decorations can add elegance and ambience to your home that makes it warm and inviting. If you are hosting dinner this year, give your guests the sophisticated welcome that they deserve.

There are a myriad of Thanksgiving decorations you can use both inside and outside of your home. Since Thanksgiving occurs in the fall, many decorations are centered around pumpkins, corn husks and fall foliage. Scents such as apples and cinnamon are also quite popular.

You can decorate every room of your home with Thanksgiving and fall related items, giving your home a warm, inviting feel.


Fill your kitchen with the scents of fall, and keep an apple or cinnamon candle burning. The scent will waft through the house and remind everyone of the pies that grandma used to make!

Dining Room

A beautiful horn of plenty of fall floral centerpiece will add sophistication and elegance to your family meal. You can also decorate your table with leaf-shaped plates and fresh fall flowers. Leave room for the turkey, though!

Living Room

If you have a fireplace, try decorating it with fall colors and strings of leaves or soft indoor lights. Vases filled with sunflowers will brighten any living room nicely.


For a two-story home, decorate your banister with garland of artificial leaves. Some come with miniature indoor lights to create a stunning effect. Guests will be immediately greeted with beautiful foliage and color as soon as they walk in the door.

Front Porch

What says autumn and Thanksgiving better than pumpkins, gourds and corn husks? Place these strategically on your porch or walkway and add some fall flowers such as mums. Mums come in a beautiful array of colors and your guests will feel welcome before they even step inside.

Of course, the biggest part of a Thanksgiving tradition is to be thankful! As your guests sit down to dinner, give them each a decorated piece of paper and a pen. Have them write down one thing that they are thankful for. It’s up to you whether you want them to read it out loud or not. The exercise is meant as an inner reflection of all that we have and all that we should be thankful for. It’s easy to forget how lucky we are, when we’re so busy eating turkey and pumpkin pie. It’s a great habit to get up every single day and write down at least one thing to be thankful for!

Sports Illustrated Magazine

Although Sports Illustrated is an extremely popular magazine (primarily with a male readership) these days, there were similar magazines called Sports Illustrated which failed before the current incarnation of the magazine that arrives on news stands and in mailboxes across the country. Hard as it may be to believe, sports journalism was once considered beneath other forms of writing. That was before writers like Frank Deford, Robert Creamer and others came along and proved that writing about sports could grab readers and have them debating the pros and cons of various aspects of basketball, football and..yes.. even swimsuit models. Reporting on the Olympic Games was also in demand and some of those covers featuring Olympic athletes have become collector’s issues.

Ironically, an early publisher of the magazine, Henry Luce, was not even an avid sports fan. He could probably be called lukewarm (at best). Still, he managed to ignore those who scoffed at the idea of a magazine focused only on sports reporting and photos. His instincts served him in good stead and Sports Illustrated was ready to take off.

Of course, timing is everything. It didn’t hurt that television was about to help Americans sit in the comfort of their dens or living or family rooms and watch a baseball or other game. It was a natural move to buy a magazine to read during the commercials and Sports Illustrated filled the bill. If there was any question about a particular batting average, the magazine could be consulted. Besides, it was just plain fun to read – and it only became better through the years.

Sports Illustrated was responsible for many innovations in sports reporting. Their noted “Sportsman of the Year” was popular from the start. Everyone loves a good competition so readers were eager to see who’d grace the cover each year – and why. Winners have accomplished such feats as breaking the four minute mile (Roger Bannister) or some other athletic feat. If the covers are representative of the popularity of specific sports, then Major League Baseball seems to be the most popular sport, followed by Pro Football and Pro Basketball.

It would be impossible to mention the magazine without mentioning the infamous and sometimes controversial swimsuit issue. The first one was published in 1964 and men found photos of supermodels posing in often very skimpy, barely there swimsuits impossible to resist ( a fair share of women bought the swimsuit issues, too, perhaps to see how they measured up in comparison with the models). While the swimsuit edition of Sports Illustrated flies off the magazine shelves, there are some readers who write protest letter or even cancel their subscriptions yearly – all because of this issue.

It isn’t only athletes or swimsuit models who have graced the cover of Sports Illustrated. Famous celebrities have been used to promote sports. These include Ed Sullivan, Arnold Schwarzenegger and even Big Bird. Sports Illustrated has even spun off a special edition of the magazine for children, Sports Illustrated Kids.

Since sports has its share of controversy and a wide mixture of athletes, there have been some who have been featured in the magazine for sad reasons. Sports Illustrated even has had memorial covers. Ted Williams was featured after he died of a heart attack. Pat Tillman, who played for the Arizona Cardinals, appeared on the cover after he died in Afghanistan.

Even with the advent of sports television stations like ESPN, Sports Illustrated remains popular. Close to 20 percent of American males read it. Articles from the magazine form the basis for spirited debates at parties, work and home. It seems to have become a part of American life.

4 Satellite Television Benefits to Make You Switch

It's time to make the right choice, the choice that you have long deserved and leave the intolerable past behind. If you're sick of paying too much money for the same programs and relentlessly poor picture quality, it's time to make a switch from cable to satellite TV.

Pay Less for More

Is not the concept irresistible? How many companies do you think are able to match such an offer? But in the case of satellite TV, whether you're applying for Direct TV or Dish Network, this is certainly true.

Monthly fees for satellite TV are very much cheaper than those for cable TV. In spite of that, however, satellite TV companies still manage to offer greater value for their packages. For one thing, you're given a choice on something you had no say over when it came to cable TV.

Satellite TV gives you a wide range of programming packages designed to appeal to all kinds of TV viewers. But if none of these packages can manage to induce your TV appetite then no worries because satellite TV companies offer flexible arrangements so that you could ultimately come up with your ideal package.

Moreover, satellite TV companies, unlike cable providers, do not charge their subscribers, whether old or new, for installation and activation. Best of all, you can enjoy the same privilege for up to four sets in a single location.

Impressive 100% Digital Quality

Some promises are difficult to keep and as far as cable TV companies are concerned, giving their subscribers 100% digital quality programming is one such promise. But this kind of promise is ridiculously easy for satellite TV companies to commit to. Post why? Because they've already done it and you can start enjoying the same unparalleled TV experience as soon as you apply for satellite TV.

Digital quality programming is superior to analog TV for various reasons. Not only does it render sharper and clearer pictures but it's also more reliable and do not rely on cable lines or TV antenna to give you the kind of TV experience you deserve.

Better and Greater Hardware Benefits

DVR function is desirable for anyone because it allows you to record your favorite TV shows while you're away. Although some cable TV companies do offer this, they do so at a price. With satellite TV companies, on the other hand, DVR function is something you can avail of for free and you do not even have to sign up for their most comprehensive package.

DVR function from satellite TV is also more advanced than what's offered by cable competitors. Your recordings are immediately stored in your satellite TV system; you do not need to purchase or attach another storage device. Your system also has greater hard disk capabilities, allowing you to record most, if not all, of your favorite shows.

Last but not the least, DVR function from satellite TV is highly interactive, putting you on the driver's seat when watching live programming. You can press Pause if you wish to go to the bathroom and Rewind if you think you like to play back your favorite parts of the show.

The Best Programming Choices

Satellite TV has almost three hundred channels for you to choose from. Besides local channels, you also have the chance to include international channels in your program package. Depending on your choice of satellite TV provider, you could also gain access to exclusive shows like NFL Sunday Ticket and NASCAR Hot Pass.

Collision Repair: How Much Damage Is Too Much?

From minor bumps to high-speed crashes, most car accidents result in damages that require the expertise of an auto body repair shop. Collision repair isn’t always simple. Even minor accidents can cause auto body damage that is expensive and timely to repair. The type of impact and the style of the damaged car both play a role in determining how much damage has occurred.

Determining a Total Loss

Many drivers think that there’s no hope if their insurance company says that their car is ‘totaled.’ A car that is totaled is not necessarily unrepairable though. The extent of the damage has very little to do with whether or not an insurance company declares a total loss. Instead, the decision is based on the costof the collision repair in comparison to the fair market value of the car. If repairing the auto body damage will cost more than the car is worth, it is said to be totaled.

Structural Damage

Correcting damage to a vehicle’s frame is one of the most expensive types of collision repair, but undoing structural damage is not impossible. A knowledgeable auto body repair shop will generally inspect a wrecked vehicle for misalignment before anything else. If the car doesn’t meet the exact measurements of the manufacturer, advanced machines are used to pull the frame back to its original specifications.

Rear End Collisions

Depending on the speed, a car that is rear ended can suffer quite a bit of damage. Structural damage is not uncommon after a powerful rear collision. The amount of damage will also depend on the car. In a recent IIHS study, a low-speed rear end collision in a compact car with a poorly designed bumper can result in more than $3,500 in auto body damage. On the other hand, a car with dent-resistant plastic body panels can often be repaired for less than $200.

Frontal Impacts

Front-end collision repair is often more extensive than rear end damage. At higher speeds, a head-on collision can cause damage to the front bumper, the hood, the windshield, and the quarter panels. If the damage is minor, the auto body technician may choose to repair the panels rather than replace them. Unless the parts are pre-painted, the body shop will also have to match the paint color and re-spray each panel before reassembling the car.


A car that rolls over generally has much more auto body damage than a vehicle involved in a frontal or rear end crash. Damage to the frame is usually inevitable in a rollover. There is a possibility that every piece of the car has suffered at least minor body damage. The decision to repair a vehicle that has rolled over should be made carefully. Extensive damage like this could require additional mechanical work, as well.

Whether auto body damage appears to be major or minor, an experienced collision repair specialist should examine the car for unseen damage. Accidents can cause cosmetic damage that is fairly easy to repair, as well as frame damage or mechanical troubles that are much more costly to fix. Almost any type of collision damage can be repaired, but sometimes it is more cost efficient to scrap the vehicle.