Handmade Stone Veneer – A Great Choice For Inside And Out

Using handmade stone veneer for your home – whether it it's to enliven an interior feature wall or decorate a fireplace surround, or to enhance the look of your house's frontage or outdoor living space – is an attractive, flexible and cost-efficient alternative to using natural stone.

Stone cladding is made from reconstituted stone that is cast in moulds, and this means that it is far lighter than natural stone. It also makes stone veneer a good deal cheaper to instal. In addition, there are a wide variety of styles and colours on offer, meaning that you can choose a colour, look and style that precisely matches your design concept.

During the stone veneer manufacturing process a base colour is mixed and blended into the reconstituted stone, which means the colour is an integral part of the finished product. This also means that, like natural stone, colour changes or fading are minimal and so exposure to the elements will not significantly alter the appearance of your stone cladding, even after many years. Another advantage is that during the manufacturing process the colouring of your stone veneer can be customised to complement your decor and the overall look of your home.

Stone cladding can be applied to any clean, structurally sound wall or surface, including brick or plastered walls, masonry or cement, plywood, wallboards and panelling. Furthermore, as it is much lighter than natural stone, there is no need for additional foundations or for other structural alterations, meaning that it is a good deal easier and cheaper to instal. Likewise, stone veneer's light weight also means that it adheres easily to almost any surface, so you can achieve the look you're after in areas of your home where it might not be possible to use natural stone.

As stone veneer is handcrafted, most patterns and designs will include prefabricated corner pieces so it can be easily installed around corners, meaning you can achieve a unified look without colour or texture variation. It also means that the installation process is relatively quick and straightforward, as the prefabricated pieces are designed and made to be applied in a specific pattern.

Stone veneer is highly durable and minimal maintenance is required. Washing the stone to remove any dirt or debris occasionally is all that is required. If you are using it indoors, spillages are easily cleaned away and stone cladding does not stain. In addition, stone veneer is non-combustible and so is both an attractive and practical solution for a fireplace surround. It is also extremely resilient, meaning that it can take a good deal of wear and tear, making it ideal for installation in a busy family or living room.

There are many advantages to installing handmade stone veneer – its ease of installation, low maintenance, durability and the wide variety of colours and styles available means that stone cladding will enhance the design and look of your home both inside and out, and at a fraction of the cost of installing natural stone. It's a great choice for either a new house or a renovation project and can be adapted to suit any kind of design concept or style.

Three Types Of a House Builder – Who Are They?

In Australia, we currently have three different types of a house builder – the 'high-end custom house builder', the 'production house builder', and the 'small, hands-on house builder'. If you are looking to build a house, you need to determine which of these builders is the best for your project, and here's how:

The 'High-End Custom House Builder'

Generally, you will find this builder working out of an expensive office somewhere in the city, driving a BMW convertible and refusing to take on a project that will cost less than $ 800,000. Whilst these guys are extremely good at what they do, the everyday family or couple can not always afford their exorbitant prices.

The floor plan and other aspects of a custom home are drawn up by an architect who works extensively with the customer and the contractor to come up with the final design. The customer is usually responsible for securing the land and the loan for the project (although this is not always the case), and the building process itself is always a lengthy one.

The 'Production House Builder'

This type of builder is often found skulking around housing estates where the majority of the work is located, with a number of set floor plans and layouts that they offer to potential customers. Whilst buyers are generally pretty satisfied with the work that these guys do, issues can be caused when changes are made to the layout or design of the home – production contractors are not that good at working outside of the norm.

Some of the larger production companies will have over 50 different houses that customers can choose from, often with a few additions or subtractions, as well as a choice in façade. Smaller production companies, however, could have less than 10 houses to choose from and customers will be able to make little in the way of changes.

The 'Small Hands-On House Builder'

This type of builder will either be an up-coming apprentice who is working his way up to being a 'production builder' or a seasoned contractor who has had enough of the hustle and bustle of the other jobs. These guys will only build a few houses a year (never more than about 4 or 5) and are not interested in expanding their business any further.

These builders may have some general floor plans that they supply their customers with, but they are much more accustomed to changes being made to these plans, as well as working from original plans altogether.

Generally, your budget will determine the type of house builder that you employ to build your dream home. If, however, you have the choice between a production builder and a hands-on one, most people would recommend the latter because of the personalized service you receive.

Take a Few Minutes to Learn How to Burn Playstation 2 Games

It is always a good idea to take a few minutes to learn how to burn PlayStation 2 games these days. This is a smart move when you think about how much a new replacement PlayStation 2 game can end up costing. Having a PS2 backup copy available just in case the old game is lost or damaged can be an excellent idea. Certainly, it is so considering many people in these times probably cannot afford to replace their old game.

Fortunately for all of us who are not very good at soldering or electronics, we do not need to know those things — as we once did in order to install a modifier chip into the console. Nowadays, there are easier ways to go about creating backups that will not endanger the worn see on your game console. Usually, most people now make use of readily available copy software that helps override copyright codes on the games.

There is no need to worry about using this software to override the copyright code because current law allows the owner of those games to make a copy for backup purposes, for one. Also, fair use laws allow copies to be made as long as they are not going to be distributed or given away in order to make a profit on them. The latest PS2 copy software programs, then, work very well in helping this along.

Once the copy software gets to work overriding the game copyright encryption code, you will be able to burn PlayStation 2 games in a matter of moments. This can come in really handy when you have a lot of games that you are worried about losing or either being damaged or stolen. Additionally, you will not have to worry about that console warranty by going this route.

Generally, the only things you will need in order to copy PlayStation 2 games is a computer and a burner drive along with the PlayStation 2 games you wish to copy and some blank DVDs. With all of that in hand, install your PS2 copy software and then go through the prompts that will show you how to burn PlayStation 2 game. There are a number of websites on the Internet that have PS2 copy software available for sale.

These days, the cost of a good PlayStation 2 game can approach $80 or more. Given our economic environment, it is a sure bet that many people probably do not want to spend the extra money should they lose their old game or it becomes damaged somehow. Spending the nominal fee or some of money needed to buy a quality copy software program that can burn PlayStation 2 games is probably the best way to go

GHD Repairs – My GHD Hair Straightener’s Broke, What Shall I Do?

GHD repairs is a new sensation saving girls (and some guys) a lot of money. Let’s face it, if your GHDs break and are in need of repair then the alternative would be splashing out on a brand new set. Times are tough so we don’t all have £100 spare to spend on a shiny new pair of hair straighteners.

Luckily, there are some really good repair stores about now offering a GHD repairs service for little money. Many of these stores are easily found online by doing a simple search in your favorite internet search engine. Some of these GHD repairs guys offer an amazing 48 return GHD repair for under £20. That sounds too good to be true but many come with good testimonials and a telephone line where you can actually speak to someone.

God knows, you don’t want to send them to anyone so make sure that they are a qualified PAT certificated repairs company, most of these will be proper VAT registered businesses. If in doubt ask them!

Faulty GHDs are not as uncommon as you might think, after all GHD have managed to sell over 5 million hair straighteners in the last decade or so. The chances are after 5 years or so of pretty heavy use, they are bound to go wrong eventually.

I hear of some weird and wonderful ways of damaging these things; You may have burnt through the GHD cable, or the dog mag have bitten through it. One guy I spoke with the other day had a row with his girlfriend and he cut the power cable clean off from her GHD’s in a fit of anger! Rather him than me, it doesn’t bare thinking about what she my cut off in revenge! I heard of one girl’s irons sparking at the back of the GHD irons, and others just cut out all together, in these cases the GHD repairs companies have to open them up and change some parts such as the thermal fuse or r8 resistor.

Hey any if you are pretty handy with a screwdriver then many of these GHD spares and repairs guys will sell you a cable or a thermal fuse for you to do a GHD repair in the comfort of your own home. Cables are normally only a few quid and if you have a soldering iron in the tool box you may be able to fit a GHD thermal fuse (common fault with the mk3) or GHD R8 resister (common fault with MK4). At your own risk of course!

So if your the guy who cut the power cable from your girlfriends GHDs and want to avoid retribution, then you better get those GHD hair straighteners off to a GHD repairs company pretty fast. Don’t say I didn’t warn you!

Don’t forget to check the resources box below for my recommended GHD spares and GHD repairs companies.

HDMI and Display Port, Unique Properties Of The Most Common Video Sockets

A great range to choose from but which is the best for you.

At the moment the HDMI socket appears to be the most popular. However the barely heard of “Display Port” or “DP” is very much the new kid on the block and expected to give HDMI sockets some serious competition in the years to come.

Early video graphics sockets / plugs.

VGA or D-Sub as it is also known has been around almost from the inception of PC’s and still very much in use today.

The most common video socket types:

USB – Universal Serial Bus – as in the name it has Universal applications, and can be used to provide graphics by means of a variety of adaptors.

VGA and SVGA– Video Graphics Array or D-Sub (Sub-miniature) – Video

RCA-Composite Video – Yellow, with White and Red for Audio

DVI –Digital Video Interface, 6 Variety’s – both Analog and Digital Video

HDMI –19 pin High Definition Media Interface – Video, Audio, and, Ethernet. Attracts a royalty between 4 and 15 cents for each socket that the manufactures use in their equipment.

DP – Display Port – 20 pin High Quality Video, no Audio or Ethernet as yet. This is expected to be upgraded in the coming years. Currently royalty free. Can power 120HZ equipment

Versions and sizes:

To confuse you even more all come in a range of shapes and sizes along with a number of different versions.

What do VGA, DVI, and HDMI and DP have in common?

They all share some compatibility with each other by the use of a variety of adaptors as is the old yellow video and super video sockets.


There are adaptors that allow a USB plug to be used as a composite yellow video along with red white audio sockets. Just how efficient they are is another question.

The “Display Port” or “DP” is very much the new kid on the block.

In general the DP produces a slightly better video signal than the HDMI. If the hardware you are interested in purchasing does not have a HDMI, or DP of some description then think very seriously before you finalize you purchase or you could be wasting your money. You can get adaptors to go from Display Port to HDMI without any significant video loss, but if you try to go from 19Pin HDMI to 20Pin DP you may be out of luck depending on the equipment, I tried this with two different types of hardware and had no success at all.

Socket Guide – What you need to know before making a purchase.

All new electronic equipment should have at least two of the following sockets, if not all – USB, HDMI, DVI and a DP of some description.


The HDMI is currently the winner with its latest 1.4 version as it has Video, Audio and Ethernet all rolled up in one simple cable.


Avoid using adaptors where possible, they are commonly the source of signal loss.


Don’t throw out your old equipment because it has a VGA or old style yellow video socket. If you are about to purchase new expensive hardware such as a TV, PC monitor or Graphics Card keep a look out for the product that boasts a HDMI and a humble DP socket, both will come in handy down the track.

If retail sales staff have not heard of a Display Port or DP, then you can be confident that you know much more than them, which is very often the case.

Concept Vision and Objectives For Opening a New Restaurant

My restaurant will be a French-American Bistro called the Brasserie II. The cuisine will consist of French food such as Steak Diane, escargots, and Frog Legs Provencal. Obviously there will be burgers and deli style sandwiches for customers who don’t prefer the French cuisine. There will be a full-scale bar located in the restaurant with some high quality spirits and cocktails being served. There is already a restaurant in Portland named the Brasserie Monmartre. Competition will be at a high level to convert people to frequenting our restaurant.


In about 3 years after opening, I see the restaurant as becoming a profitable organization. There is no plan of opening a new restaurant anywhere else even after the restaurant exceeds its revenue goals steadily for some years. Instead, a possible expansion may include opening up a new floor to the restaurant depending on the location and the actual building the restaurant is in.

To meet my goals for this concept restaurant, I will want a four year degree in college rather than a 2 year degree. This will make my background more credible to investors. I would like to have more experience and teaching in marketing and accounting to maintain maximum profits in the restaurant.


What makes our restaurant unique is the level of customer service. An example is calling the customer by name. This is achieved by looking at the name on the check or credit card and remembering it. If there is a repeat customer, the servers, bartenders, etc. will be able to greet that person and call them by there first name. That will make them feel welcome and they will want to return.

Location will be a major part of the restaurant’s success. We will be located near the MAX line. Parking is horrible on a Friday or Saturday night. Customers could use the MAX line as a form of cheap, reliable, and safe mode of transportation. Also if a customer has too much to drink at the bar, they don’t have to worry about driving and receiving a DUI.


Our Mission Statement: “We will provide the best dining experience through our customer service. We will keep customers and their families wanting to visit again and again.”

Environmental Analysis of Major Environmental Factors


There are many relevant facts about the Portland area that will contribute to the success and demise of my restaurant concept. The most basic most common facts surrounding this issue are that the population of Multnomah County (Portland) is about 650,000. That is not including suburb cities such as Beaverton, Hillsboro, and Gresham.

With the population over half a million plus just in the city it is important to know the average income of employed individuals. That figure is averaged out to be about $34,500 annually. This fact is obvious that people will be spending money at the establishment with that amount of income.

The plan is broken down into about 6 different sub-categories. These factors that influence the marketing plan are Geological, Socio culture, Political, Economic, Global, and Technical. Each of these have certain opportunities and risks involved that can harm or increase business.

Socio-Culture Environmental:

The first aspect is the location of the Portland Metropolitan area. It is located in the Willamette Valley. The Willamette River divides Portland up into two sides the East and the West. Climate is very obvious; it rains about 35-40 inches each year because we are located in the Pacific Northwest.


The opportunities of the location are that transportation of products is cheaper due to the Willamette River providing a way to ship goods from the ocean to the city. The rain is not an opportunity, nor is it a risk. Oregonians are accustomed to the constant rainfall in the fall and the winter. Another opportunity would be the fact that there are several breweries and vineyards surrounding the Portland area. I plan to have a bar in the restaurant which will serve wine and beer from these local breweries and vineyards. Since they are so close, I can avoid high shipping and handling fees.


There are some minor risks, back in late 1996, the Willamette River flooded where the waterfront park was shut down. Somehow it affects the septic and sewage systems where businesses were hurt due to the weather. Also when there is minor snowfall, everybody seems to stay inside their house due to poor driving conditions.

Golf Trolley Batteries: Why the Lion Power 36 Hole Lithium Golf Battery Is a Must for Golfers?

An electric golf trolley needs a battery that can be repeatedly drained and recharged multiple times and that can store a great deal of energy. Having such a battery that is efficient and reliable is essential to golf enthusiasts. Looking after a battery is key to having fewer breakdowns and a more enjoyable experience with one’s golf trolley. A lithium battery is generally more efficient, lasts longer, is easier to maintain, and takes less time to fully charge. Golf enthusiasts, who have tried these batteries in the past, now only want to use the best and will never go back to the traditional golf trolley battery.

Lasting Power

The Lion Power 36 Hole Lithium Golf Battery is a great investment for those who want a long lasting and powerful trolley battery. The 36 hole battery has better lasting power than the 18 hole lithium batteries many companies are currently offering. These batteries will last for much longer than a traditional electric golf trolley battery. This is because it is less than half of the weight and only half the size of a standard battery the Lion Power 36 Hole Lithium Golf Battery is easy to carry and move around.

These do initially cost a bit more than the standard battery but because they last longer, need little maintenance and are less bulky to carry about they are actually a great deal. As with all batteries, it is important to use the correct charging cable in order for this battery to have a long operating life and to continue to work properly.

Happy Customers

The Lion Power 36 Hole Lithium Golf Battery gets excellent reviews and is highly recommended by those who have tried it. Customers love the fact that the battery lasts for a long time between charges and that it is light and easy to lift. They also enjoy knowing that for only a little more money they have purchased an easy to use and very quick to charge model. Many customers report that charging time is half that of their old lead and acid batteries. Most customers are impressed with the multiyear warranty against defects and poor workmanship which means the manufacturer is willing to stand behind this well-made product.

The ease of charging, so long as the appropriate charge wire is used, is another of the features that have customers telling their friends about this great battery. The price may be off-putting to some customers initially but once they see that the cost per use is actually lower than with a standard battery, that maintenance is a breeze and that this lightweight unit will give a lot before it needs a recharge, they are more than happy to give the Lion Power 36 Hole Lithium Battery a try. Once a golf enthusiast has this great electric golf trolley battery installed and ready to go he or she will enjoy carefree fun for years to come.

Discovery of Infrared Rays

The discoverer of the infrared rays, Sir Frederick William Herschel was born in Hanover, Germany in 1738. He was well known both as a musician and astronomer. In the year 1757 he immigrated to England where his daughter Carolina built a telescope. His most famous discovery was of the planet Uranus in year 1781. In the year 1800, Sir William Herschel made another important discovery.

He was interested in verifying how much heat passed through filters of different colors when kept in the sunlight. He realized that those of different color filters let pass different levels of heat. Continuing with this experiment, Herschel passed sunlight by a prism of glass and it formed a spectrum (the rainbow that forms when sunlight is divided into its different colors).

Making temperature controls in different colors in the spectrum, he observed that beyond the visible red radiation, the temperature was higher. He found that the invisible radiation beyond the red light behaves the same way from the standpoint of reflection, refraction, absorption and visible light transmission. It was the first time someone showed that there was another form of illumination or radiation that is invisible to the naked eye. This was called radiation heat initially and then called Infrared Rays (infra: means below) is below the energy of red wavelength.

The year 2000 marked the 200th anniversary of William Herschel's discovery of infrared and infrared technology is booming in all its applications. Astronomy, medicine, public safety, rescue, in electronics, in meteorology, process engineering, industrial maintenance, analysis of vegetation, the study of ocean temperatures to name a few. Not only is it booming, but also emerging as a technology for mass use in the medium term.

Expanding terms, heat transfer is energy in transit due to temperature differences. Heat is an intangible thing. We can not measure heat directly. We can only measure the effects of heat, namely, changes in temperature. Heat transfer can be by conduction, convection, radiation or combinations thereof. The speed (the difference generates contrast) of heating or cooling depends on the thermal properties, physical condition, size and nature of the product, as well as the transfer mechanism. Infrared thermography is used to obtain the energy radiated in the infrared range (0.7 to 15 microns), by the body temperature transmitter.

Infrared thermography or the use of thermal cameras requires professionals to assess the three forms of heat transfer. Thermography is not simply the generation of an image with a thermal camera / infrared. The technique of image generation and evaluation of it should be considered as a heat test. Despite the convenience and reliability of the thermo cameras, their use is not too widespread.

Indoor Lighting Technique, Pros and Cons of a Few Designs

Spring is a huge time for home renovations and construction. People are redeveloping their interior and exterior, implementing the ideas that mulled through their head all winter. Since the time for work is now, maybe it’s finally time to change up your home’s lighting design to manage mood, aesthetic, and energy consumption for the coming year.

Especially with indoor lighting, there are multiple options for replacement light bulbs and systems that can be implemented early on. Such systems can dramatically change a room or interior design, which is why an understanding of some of the different techniques is going to be helpful to making the best decision for interior lighting. The following is a breakdown of the pros and cons of a few popular interior lighting renovations, and the impact that they will have on a home.

Recessed Lighting

Recessed lighting pushes the bulb into the ceiling, enabling a softer and indirect light. The installation can be handled by any contracting or indoor light company, and the results add a nice glow and elegance to your room; perfect for dining rooms, living rooms, and kitchens.

Pros: Recessed lighting enables a soft, ambient light that relaxes the eyes. Also, as there is no dangling light or chandelier, there is no danger of it getting knocked down in rooms with heavy traffic.

Cons: The installation requires a certain thickness to your ceiling, and must meet building codes of insulation around the recess so that the warm replacement light bulbs do not create a fire hazard.


Light-emitting diode is one of the newest advancements in indoor lighting technology. LED function through energy being accelerated to high temperatures in little diodes. LED technology has been around for years, but only recently got around a temperature barrier that had prevented it from widespread commercial and domestic use.

Pros: LED lights consume minimal amounts of energy to produce the same amount of light. LEDs tend to last long as well, and the color of the light can sometimes be altered to change the mood of a room.

Cons: The biggest con for LED lighting is its price tag. You’ll end up saving on bills in the long run, but installing LED light is going to cost more than a simple light bulb replacement. Weigh your cost efficiency and long term plans for this purchase.

Energy Efficiency

Energy saving light designs have grown by leaps and bounds to offer a responsible and forward thinking alternative to homeowners. Labeled with the distinct ENERGY Star branding, these energy efficient options come in everything from fluorescent light fixtures to fluorescent bulbs.

Pros: Saves money on energy bills while protecting the environment by utilizing fewer resources. Pretty much matches the output of a standard incandescent bulb.

Cons: Not as effective as LED (thought cheaper). Also, some fluorescent tubes are highly brittle and can break easily.

Staying Cool During Radiant Barrier Installation

One of the downsides of do-it-yourself radiant barrier installation is that you'll probably be doing it in an uncomfortably hot attic. You can try to work mostly during the cool early morning hours or after dark, but that does not work for everyone. Fortunately, there are a couple of different ways to keep yourself cool while installing your radiant barrier during the heat of the day.

The first and simplest way is to run a sprinkler on top of your roof while you're working in the attic. The water falling on the roof will have the same cooling effect as a rainy day, and the run-off can water your flower beds at the same time!

The second way is to disconnect an air duct so it will blow cold air into your workspace. This is an old trick used by air conditioning technicians and is surprisingly simple. Here's how to do it:

First, be sure to open a window inside your home that is near a return vent. Two to four inches should be sufficient to provide what is known as "make-up air." This is air that needs to move into your home to counteract the negative pressure caused by blowing the cold area into your attic. Without it, air will be pulled from your chimney or hot water heater vent into your living space.

Next, go up to your attic and choose an air duct long enough to move around your attic to the areas you will be working. A 6-10 inch duct is ideal, although any size will work. Use wire cutters to cut both the inner and outer Panduit straps around the inner and outer linings of the duct. These are the large ties that fasten the duct to boots in the ceiling. These can be found at most home improvement stores or air conditioning supply companies, and you'll want to have a few extras around.

Then, remove the air duct and use it to blow cold air into your workspace. Move it with you as you move around the attic. If you turn the fan switch on your thermostat to "on," the fan will blow continuously.

If you do not finish in one day, simply slide the duct back over the boot without fastening it so you can easily remove it when you resume work. When you're completely done, you'll want to reattach the duct more permanently. First, apply some sealant to the boot, then pull the duct's inner lining over the boot at least a few inches. Next, fasten a new Panduit strap around the duct, and use pliers to tighten it. Then, pull down the insulation and outer lining and fasten with a second Panduit strap. Trim any excess length from the strips. Finish by piling some blown-in insulation around the boot.

You can use these methods separately, or at the same time. Either way, you'll keep your attic cool so that you can be comfortable working in it for as long as you need to while installing your radiant barrier.

Why You Need a Fire Proof Filing Cabinet?

Do you have the power to see the future? If you do, then lucky you! But for those of us ordinary beings, guessing what the future might bring is something that we try to prepare for. The reason why we work so hard each day of our lives is to secure a more comfortable life for us when we do eventually retire, and also to secure the future of our children. Admit it or not, planning ahead, and trying to secure the future is one of our driving force in this life.

In the workplace, securing ones personal documents is of utmost importance.

How many stories have you heard about people getting fired because of lost or misplaced reports? Do you want to be part of that statistic?

In this modern age, most offices use a computer to store most of their documents. But for business contracts, business proposals, etc, paper is still king. The problem with paper is that it can easily get lost, misplaced, or easily damaged. One way of securing your paper documents in the workplace or at home is through the use of t he time proven filing cabinet.

The filing cabinet invented by Edwin G. Seibels during 1898 while he was working for his father's insurance firm is still the most preferred way of storing non computer files in the workplace or at home. The use of a filing cabinet makes it easy for a person to store and segregate different files. With one flick, you can jump from one section to the next with ease.

But with all the security that a basic filing cabinet can give, most will not be able to protect you from forces outside of your control. One of which is fire.

Fire will eat through anything, and that includes metal objects. In the unwanted event that your workplace catches fire, a basic filing cabinet will not be able to fully protect your precious documents from damage.

With that said, I suggest that you upgrade to a fire proof office filing cabinet.

At the start of this article, we talked about what the future might throw at us. Fire is one of those hazards that we constantly deal with. We do not know when or when fire might "touch" our lives. But when it does, will not it make you sleep better at night knowing that you at least prepared for it?

There are numerous companies that produces fire proof filing cabinets. Though some prefer to call their product "fire resistant" rather than "fire proof", the rationale is still the same. And that is to protect your precious documents from a blaze.

So, are you ready to invest in something that can secure your documents, or would you rather play poker with the future?

How to Remove Self-Adhesive Wallpaper

When it comes to interior décor, change is constant. As designers, we always want to update, refresh or re-energize our space. There is always a new look calling to us. But change is not always easy. In the past it has always amounted to a lot of work, replacing one look with another. But that is no longer the case, at least when it comes to the interior walls of your space. Updating your look has become a snap with self-adhesive wallpaper.

This article will tell you how to remove self-adhesive wallpaper. We will also discuss the changes between this process and removing traditional wallpaper. You will not need any tools. You will not make a mess and you will not damage your walls. When you learn how easy it is to remove self-adhesive wallpaper, your approach to décor may change forever.

Traditional vs. Self-Adhesive

Removing wallpaper has always been a difficult, time-consuming task. It used to require a drop cloth, painter’s tape, a putty knife and long hours of work. With traditional wallpaper you had to mix a solution of chemicals, apply it to the wall, remove the paper, apply the chemicals again, scrape off the adhesive, all while carefully trying not to damage the drywall or plaster underneath. Even worse, some wallpaper proved more difficult to remove than others, requiring the use of a wallpaper steamer. This was no easy task. In fact, many people who wanted to change the look of their home every time they stared at their fading paper decided not to simply because the job of taking down the old paper was too daunting. Now, with the advent of self-adhesive wallpaper, that is no longer the case.

One simple step!

Removing self-adhesive wallpaper requires precisely one step. Lift the corner of one section and gently pull. The paper comes off in one piece – no sticky glue, no stubborn adhesive, no tattered remnants of paper or plaster. The paper is designed to be removable. It peels off clean, simply pull and it’s done! Getting the paper on the wall in the first place is just as easy. Application is simple. Peel off the back sheet and apply the paper to the surface of any wall. It hangs like traditional wallpaper. Its water-based adhesive is not affected by moisture so it is perfect for any room, including the bathroom or kitchen. Then, when you decide to change the look, it slides off in one piece, leaving the wall exactly as it had been prior to hanging the paper.

No need to wait to update the style of any space

Self-adhesive wallpaper makes decorating and redecorating a snap. It’s the perfect solution for décor lovers who want to update their space with the latest trends. A room can be transformed in minutes using the most powerful and effective aspect of any interior space – the walls. Changing the wallpaper in your home or office is now the fastest and most inexpensive way to bring a fresh look to your space.

Who can use self-adhesive wallpaper?

Because removing the self-adhesive wallpaper is so simple, it’s not just good for your home or office. Self-adhesive wallpaper is perfect for transforming a temporary space. Want to brighten up a dorm room? No problem! Tired of staring at the plain, dull walls of a rented apartment? Use self-adhesive wallpaper to bring color and class to your place in minutes. And when it’s time to move on, simply loosen a corner and peel away the paper, leaving the walls exactly as they were when you moved in. Live in luxury without having to spend a lot, knowing you can remove the paper and restore the original look in minutes if needed.

How High Should You Hang Tiffany Style Hanging Lamps?

Tiffany style hanging lamps are a beautiful and unique accessory that can be added to most decors. This brightly colored, whimsical style has stood the test of time. Hanging lamps have become a mainstay because they are versatile. You can use them in situations where you could not use a floor standing or table top lap. However, the question that many people have when working with Tiffany style lamps that hang are a matter of what the height requirements may be.

You have probably seen Tiffany style hanging lamps in your favorite restaurant. This is because the lampshade itself makes for a more relaxing, calming effect owing to the semi-translucence of the multicolored glass. They are also quite easy to tie into most any sort of décor, and fit well with many different themes. Making use of one in your home is also easy, and can add a touch of flair and creativity to the look of your room.

Hanging lamps are suspended from the center of an area. For instance, if you are installing a lamp that hangs over a kitchen island, it would be located on the ceiling, centered by the measurements of the island’s table top, below. Determining the right height for hanging lamps is fairly easy, as well. Each hanging lamp should be hung roughly 28-34 inches above the surface beneath it, when suspending above a table, counter, or island. From the base of the lampshade to the table, ensure that the distance is in that measurement.

That is simply a rule of thumb, though. Other factors which might influence how high to hang a lamp will depend on the size of the lamp versus the size of the table. Working with square tables, it is easy to center the lamp, measure the distance and hang your lamp appropriately. However with things like a rectangular table where you would need more than one lamp, or a smaller table- you might consider hanging the lamp a little lower. This creates a more calming effect, but only when the brightness of the bulb is not overbearing. For dining tables, lamps can be placed higher, but not so high as to create an awkward effect on the space.

With Tiffany style hanging lamps, sometimes it’s best to take a step back. Have someone with you hold the lamp at the various heights you are considering. Move across the room as though you are just entering it and pay attention to which height looks best for your space. That perception will enable you to hang the lamp at a distance that looks best for the room and its furnishings. If you don’t feel that you have a good idea about how high to hang the lamp, yourself, have that other person be the one that enters the room to look at the different heights. Though there are general guidelines to Tiffany style hanging lamps, this is usually the best way to determine height.

The Importance of Flooring in Interior Design

Flooring forms the base of any interior scheme and with the many choices available it can be easy to get carried away and forget about the practical aspects that need to be taken into consideration. By their very nature floors are subject to the most use and therefore need to be able to stand up to knocks, spills and furniture not to mention human and animal traffic. Purchasing a cheap floor may save you money initially but it will not last long, looking worn and tatty before its time. Flooring really needs to be viewed as an investment and there are a number of options available to suit all levels of budget. The first thing to decide upon is whether to go for hard or soft flooring.

Tiles are a type of hard flooring and are available in a wide range of natural and man-made materials. Ceramic tiles, mosaics, slate and marble are just some of the choices available and each come with their own pros and cons. The main advantage of tiles is that they are extremely hard wearing and if well maintained will last a very long time. As they are waterproof they are well suited to areas such as bathrooms and utility rooms and being easy to clean are also ideal for kitchens. However, tiles can be cold underfoot and can be slippery when wet so are not suited where older people or children are present. If they have an intricate pattern they can be difficult to fit as well as being expensive and semi-permanent. They are also noisy and require other softer surfaces to reduce the amount of echo in a room.

Wooden floors are also classed as hard flooring but being softer than tiles they are also warmer underfoot. With the huge range of natural tones available they can help create a warm and homely feeling and although they can be noisy, if ‘sprung’ it can help to reduce noise and add bounce to the floor. The downside of wooden floors is that they are usually manufactured from softwoods and therefore can dent easily especially by the heels of shoes. Wooden floors are therefore best suited to rooms that do not receive heavy wear such as bedrooms.

Carpets are classed as soft flooring and by their very nature create a sense of warmth and comfort. They can feel luxurious underfoot and are good for hiding stains and dirt. Heavily patterned carpets however, can make a room seem smaller and will date easily. Plain carpets on the other can make a room seem larger by creating a sense of space. As well as being warm, carpets also help to reduce noise whilst providing insulation by guarding against heat loss through the floor.

In addition to the above there are many other types of flooring available such as natural flooring including jute and seagrass as well as concrete flooring. The key is to understanding what function the room or area that the flooring is to be laid on will be used for and selecting the appropriate finish for that purpose. Once you have decided on that you should always choose the best quality that you can afford.

Pump Lifting Chains – The Only Real Answer for Pump Retrieval

What is a pump lifting chain used for?

Pump lifting chains or pump chains are designed with the single function of retrieving under water pumps from their often extremely deep down, wet location.

Now allow us to quickly consider what a submersible pump is.

A submersible pump is what its title suggests, it is a pump to pump out water and other liquids from under the water level (submerged). They are commonly used in bore holes, wells, mines, water and sewage areas, industrial and slurry pumping, mining, seawater handling and in many cases fire fighters may use them. They may be positioned under water for prolonged periods, and can be permanently left in place in some areas.

Because these pumps are utilized at deep locations and often in hostile environments they require special apparatus to lift and lower them into position, a pump lifting chain is really the only answer.

So why are pump chains distinctive?

Pump lifting chains have a much bigger link every meter through the chain, this is to facilitate, gradual raising in one metre intervals, by fitting each larger link to the lifting machine.

Since submersible pumps are used in secluded locations and usually deep underground, for long periods the pump lifting chain is also left in situ, because seeing as the pump is beneath water, very deep down, it’ll need to be retrieved at some point for maintenance or extraction. The upper end of the chain tend to be firmly placed just below the surface, someplace where it will be simple to reach, to allow it to be attached to a lifting appliance. Some type of lifting system will be required to raise the pump, to begin with some form of hoist will be needed, this may perhaps be a simple chain block, lever hoist or electric hoist if power is obtainable; the hoisting device will clearly need to suspend from some type of frame in order for it to operate correctly, for this type of operation a tripod style framework will be positioned over the pump hole, to which the hoist is going to be fixed. Tripods are utilised as they may be moved and erected quite easily in remote and difficult locations. The raising of the pump will be a gradual and laborious task, but a necessary one. Because of the depth of the pump plus the rather low height of the tripod the pump cannot be raised in a single motion, it needs to be raised in 1 metre increments that correspond to the master links in the pump lifting chain; this technique is the only positive way to safely raising a pump. A sturdy bar will also be needed, this is to lay across the bore hole so that it can be pushed through a link to support the pump whilst the master link on the hoist is removed to allow the hoist to be lowered down to the next available link, this will be raised up as far as it will go and the process will start once more, and repeated until the pump is removed.

Owing to the fact that the pump lifting chain is going to be left in pretty hostile conditions, they need to be tough, the most common chain utilised for these are grade 80 or 316 stainless-steel otherwise grade 40 high tensile steel, obviously suited to different conditions. They’re regularly obtainable with different dimensions of chain links, these could be anything beginning with 4mm up to 26mm, and will come in most lengths. You should also think about a stainless-steel shackle to fix the chain to the pump itself, to offer long life within the dirty and wet conditions they will be used in.

To promptly summarise then, it is most clear that the use of a pump lifting chain is critical to hoisting as well as lowering under water pumps. The places where they are used tend to be deep, dark and narrow and so it would be either impossible or extremely dangerous for an individual to go to the bottom to retrieve the pump. Always purchase top quality products from respectable suppliers to avoid losing the chain caused by breakage or degradation on account of poorer quality chain. This would make the retrieval of the pump nigh on impossible, or at the very least tremendously difficult.