Teaching Children the Art of Kids Karate

It is an amazing fact that years ago when younger people played up or did not conform to society the most common answer was to enlist them in the defense forces (Army Navy Air force etc). This type of thinking does not seem to be in vogue any more but the violence in young people seems to be accelerating, is it the lack of discipline from an early age? What is the answer?

Around the world thousands of parents enrol their children into the martial arts all with varying reasons, the reasons vary from: teaching their children discipline, giving their child/children more self-esteem or more confidence, giving their child the ability to defend themselves, a lot of parents see martial arts as a way of keeping a child fit and keeping their weight under control.

The physical benefits of karate are only one part of the picture, the mental strains put on the modern-day child are a lot greater than years gone by. This stress is best relieved with physical activity and teaching the child how to relax without TV or handheld games.

Another important part of the factor is the amount of time parents can be with their children, considering the pressures of modern day jobs.

There are more and more martial arts schools and karate schools that are offering training for families. If the children see that their parents are interested in the same sport that they are, and can do it about the same time, then they will be much more likely to keep going at that sport.

When kids are taught karate it is like learning a dance, if the karate instructor does not get too bogged down in repetition than the child will find all the different moves a challenge. Many parents, once having made up their mind to unroll their children in karate, will just go to the nearest school, this can be a very expensive mistake.

Before choosing a martial arts school it is it best to invest your time and watch at the least a couple of classes, make sure the instructors keep the classes moving along and interesting. Another choice some parents make is to teach their child at home, while there are many resources out there teaching the child at home can quite often miss the main points that are taught in karate for example: discipline, courtesy, respect etc.

So when choosing to train your child at karate, one of the best things you can do is sit down and write down the reasons you are choosing this path. Then it should become clearer to you what to look out for when you are choosing a martial arts school or a home study course.

Babyproofing Basics – Child Safety Gates 101 – Shop Smart With a Baby Gate Checklist

Baby safety gates are effective childproofing barriers and come in a variety of designs to meet different needs. But heading to the store or online to shop without the right information or preparation can be daunting. These tips and handy printable Baby Gate Worksheet can help busy parents select the right gate(s) the first time to make homes safe and livable for all family members.

1. Consider Gate Location

Where is the gate going to be used? The location often dictates the type of gate you need. Most gates fall into one of two categories:

Hardware-Mounted Safety Gates: Hardware-mounted safety gates attach directly to the wall or doorway using screws. These are the safest, most secure baby gates and should be used for dangerous areas such as stairways – especially at the top – and for long spans and irregular-shaped areas.

Pressure-Mounted Safety Gates: Pressure gates stay in place using pressure applied to cushioned pads against the walls instead of screws. They’re great for the bottom of the stairs and in doorways and hallways, but should not be used at the top of stairs.

2. Measure Gate Opening

What is the size of the opening or area where you’ll be installing your gate? Baby safety gates are adjustable to fit a range of widths and can be lengthened further using extensions – some are even designed specifically for irregular shaped areas. Precise measurements are recommended before selecting and installing any baby safety gate.

Basic Straight Baby Gates for Doors, Stairs, Halls and Spans: Measure the opening width straight across — as well as the height of partial walls or banisters if applicable. If installing a baby gate on an angle, measure the width along the desired angle.

Baby Gates for Irregular-Shaped Areas like Hearths, Entryways: Baby safety gates designed for irregular-shaped areas, such as curved entryways or fireplace hearths, are configured in movable sections and size is measured by running length. The HearthGate and Configure Gate are popular baby gates for irregular areas.

3. Any Special Installation Needs?

Most baby safety gates include hardware to install the gate into a wooden stud, wooden doorway or other secure wooden base. In other situations, installation kits help create a proper mounting surface to securely install baby gates. Plus, installation kits can help prevent or minimize damage to walls and woodwork.

Stairway Spindle and Banister Kits – A “No Holes” Solution: Banister, spindle and metal railing kits allow installation of safety gates onto stair railings without drilling holes into posts or woodwork. They work with most round, square and combination post styles. One kit is needed per post side; ie: if the stairway has a wall on one side and a post on the other, you’ll need one banister kit to install the gate. Stairs with banisters on both sides will need two kits, one per side.

All-Purpose Installation Kits: Multi-purpose kits aid with safety gate installation for hollow drywall (with no stud behind the sheetrock), walls with tall decorative baseboards, and other special needs.

Shop Smart! Before you shop for baby gates, print out the Free Baby Gate Worksheet at KidSmartLiving.com, to record gate types, sizes and any special installation details specific to your home’s needs.

Digital TV: What The Analog TV Switch Off Means To You

Digital TV replaces analog TV in the next few years

By 2012 most countries in the world will have made the full transition to digital TV services and switched off their analog TV broadcasts. Different countries on different timescales will phase in the switch off but for most of us the deadline is rapidly approaching and could get to you sooner than you think. So what does it mean to you?

The Digital TV transition can’t be ignored

Color TV revolutionised TV when it was introduced to the world in the 1960s but it had little immediate impact on our lives when it happened. The analog color TV standards were designed to be compatible with existing monochrome signals so nobody had to change their TV equipment unless they wanted to take advantage of the new color TV broadcasts.

This time things are different. If you are happy today with your analog TV equipment and you want to continue watching TV broadcasts then you will have to buy new gear. Digital TV is not compatible with analog TV and no attempt has been made to make it so.

You will need some way of receiving digital TV broadcasts

Your options will be digital satellite TV, digital cable TV or digital terrestrial TV. The most popular choice is likely to be terrestrial reception, which is the way most of us have watched TV for decades. Either way you will need new equipment to receive the digital signals. You might need to upgrade and reposition your terrestrial TV aerial and many people could find that they just can’t get a good enough signal from their terrestrial aerial for digital TV to work.

Terrestrial coverage is not 100% by any means and cable is rarely available except in densely populated areas, which means that satellite TV could be your only option.

No more watching one program while recording another

With analog TV there is a tuner in all your TV sets and in your VCR, which enables you to watch more than one channel at a time and even record one channel and watch another. To do the same thing with digital TV you will need apparatus with more than one digital tuner which means you will likely need to change your VCR for a digital type as well.

There are some excellent subscription services like Sky+ in the UK that provide you with a set-top box equipped with 2 tuners and a hard drive to allow you to record one channel while watching another or even to record 2 channels while watching another recording.

The bottom line is that watching more than one channel at a time will now only come at a cost. You will at least need to buy new equipment and you might have to pay for a subscription also.

The benefits of digital TV

Digital TV will mean better quality pictures and more channels to watch because it requires less bandwidth than the old analog service. When the analog signals are switched off and digital services claim the bandwidth that it releases you will see even more services being offered.

It’s all at a price but that’s progress I guess.

Gaming Computers

HP has introduced his ultra gaming computers BlackBird 002, Dell is well known for the XPS series, and Northwest will give anyone a great wow with the high end configurations for the most exacting gamers. Alienware, the expert in implementing the newest components in laptops or desktops, he could not just stay and watch so Area-51 ALX gaming computers have been launched.

With a NVIDIA nForce 680i SLI graphics card on the motherboard, the Intel Core 2 Extreme with Quad Core technology processor could not miss, which runs at a 3.0 Ghz frequency and having a level 2 cache with 8 MB memory and a 1333 Mhz FSB. And in order to offer more power and performance, the processor was over clocked until 3.33 Ghz, the manufacturer providing a maximum stability in the conditions provided by the warranty.

Alienware Area-51 ALX

In the standard version, the DDR2 RAM memory at 800 Mhz is only 2 GB and can be extended up to 4 GB. For storage in order for you to save movie collections, music and especially games, Alienware prepared a few pleasant surprises. You can choose from 7200 rpm or 10.000 rpm HDDs, in single mode or RAID 0 and 1 matrix, with a Serial ATA2 at 3 Gb/s interface. The surprise is represented by the possibility to mount four hard drive disks, each having 1 TB, reaching an impressive value of 4 TB. The standard optical unit is a DVD RW Dual Layer 20x, but you can choose from the LightScribe technology or even 2x Blue-Ray Reader / Writer. The long forgotten floppy has been replaced by a 28 in 1 card reader.

At what does a gamer first look when buying a system? The video cards of course. The standard Area-51 ALX gaming computers come equipped with two NVIDIA GeForce 8800 GTX video card mounted in SLI mode with 2 x 768 MB video memory, four DVI out, two S-Video out, support for the newest DirectX 10 and OpenGL 2.0. The surprises are not stopping here because you can install in SLI the two GeForce 8800 ULTRA, the “doped” version of the 8800 GTX graphic chip.

Not even the sound is below standards. You are provided with a standard Surround card on 24 bits and 8 channels. You can also install a Sound Blaster X-Fi with 64 MB XRAM audio memory. When talking about connectivity, Alienware excels again. Two High Performance Gigabit Ethernet ports, two FireWire 400 ports (one on the frontal panel), 8 High Speed USB 2.0 (two for a fast access on the frontal panel), audio connectors for the speakers, headset and microphone and the video mentioned above.

Alienware Area-51 ALX

The case’s aspect is amazing. The frontal panel presents numerous blue LEDs which can be configured, and the chrome elements, the opening system of the side panel and front panel which hides the optical drive, like the Alienware logo hive a plus of originality, impressing through each detail.

The ALX system is silent thanks to the cooling system AlienICE based on liquid, which includes both the processor and the video cards. All the high-end components are fed by a 1000 real W source. The Area-51 ALX gaming computers are great systems.

You are wondering how much does a beauty like this costs? Well $4.999 for the standard version. Have fun gaming!

Sea World Gold Coast Theme Park and Resort

Good family fun is certainly one way to describe Sea World Resort Gold Coast and for holiday makers travelling to the Queensland Gold Coast in is one of the regions most popular attractions. Often searched for with under ‘seaworld’ or ‘seaworld tickets’ the correct spelling is in fact ‘Sea World’. With loads of great fun for the entire family and offering absolute water   frontage  and beach access Sea World Resort Gold Coast is a theme park packed full of adventure including waterslides, day and evening kids clubs, lagoon pools and massage facilities. Sea World Resort is perfectly located to take advantage of all the Gold Coast favourites including Surfers Paradise, Burleigh Heads and Main Beach. Polar Bears, Sharks, Dolphins and fun rides are all a part of the Sea World experience.

Built to international standards, this resort offers low-rise accommodation set amongst rich tropical gardens. There are 405 guest accommodation rooms at this popular Gold Coast theme park which surrounds an atrium of dense tropical palms and other locally native flora. There are several room configurations available at the Resort such as the Superior with 2 double beds which has a capacity for four people and a Studio Room with 2 double beds that can also sleep up to four people. Family Rooms are available and can sleep up to 8 guests. All rooms at have a balcony or patio and offer views of the garden, pool or Broadwater. Guests booking their Gold Coast accommodation at the Resort have free access to Sea World Water Park.

Of course guests also have access of Sea World’s 1.6 hectare water park. Sea World also offers a variety of water sports as well as plenty of activities to keep children entertained. Additional hotel services and facilities include: Water sports including parasailing, jet boat rides, jet skis, wave runners, fishing and kayaks are all available from the Broadwater.

There are plenty of standard room inclusions at Sea World Resort on the Gold Coast with in room dining table, room safe, desk, robe, refrigerator, bath / shower, cable / satellite TV, air conditioning, tea and coffee making facilities, iron and ironing board, movies, telephone, hairdryer, internet access and radio all included. The Resort also offers additional services and facilities including disability access, gym, baby sitting service, business centre, conference facilities, golf driving nets, laundry, parking, room service, sauna, spa, tennis court, childrens’ playground, table tennis, badminton, volleyball court, Intencity Game Zone and day spa services such as beauty therapies and massage.

The Melrose Restaurant, Hatsuhana Japanese Restaurant, Shoreline Buffet Restaurant, Waterfall Cafe and the Lobby Lounge Bar all offer varying menus and dining options at Sea World Resort. Melrose Restaurant offers an impressive drinks list and has a menu which favours Asian and Mediterranean cooking flavours. The Hatsuhana Japanese Restaurant has an authentic Japanese theme and menu with sushi, sashimi, Teppanyaki and la carte selections. The family orientated Shoreline Restaurant has daily buffets or a la carte meals. Waterfall Café offers light meals around the lagoon and the Lobby Lounge Bar serves snacks and drinks.

Conveniently located to all the attractions Sea World Gold Coast Resort and the adjoining Water Park are situated at Sea World Drive, Main Beach. The Theme Park is open daily (except Christmas Day and ANZAC day morning) from 10am to 5.00 pm. The Resort Reception is open 24 hours and check in is from 2.00pm, Check out is 10.00am with late check outs available on request.

Venetian Mask History, the Moretta Mask

The Moretta mask is one of the most traditional designs of Venetian masks. Originating in France it was quickly taken up by the fashion conscious Venetian women who loved the way the mask accentuated the soft feminine lines of the female face. Its popularity was short lived as by 1760 it had disappeared.

The Moretta mask was oval in shape with no mouth opening, just eye holes.Traditionally the mask was worn with a veil so giving total anonymity to its wearer. Originally made of black velvet the features are expressionless. It was designed without ties to secure it in place relying Instead on a button a button sewn on the inside of the mask which was clamped in the mouth of the wearer, so keeping the mask in place and rendering the wearer mute. This is why the Moretta mask is also called the Servetta Muta meaning mute maid servant.

The lack of verbal communication this mask imposed meant that Venetian women had to use their body language to communicate. It encouraged coquettish behavior, the tilt of the head,the fluttering of eye lashes, the touch of a hand all became an intricate part of flirtation.Its expressionless face meant that the female wearer had to use her body to communicate, much as a mime artist would today. When worn, the Moretta mask accentuated all the attributes that Venetians considered to be the height of desirability and femininity. 

The moretta mask was worn to gambling houses, for affairs and when visiting convents where vows of silence were observed.

Thankfully todays Moretta masks are designed with ribbon ties to secure it. The button has been left in an era where women’s views were seen as unimportant and where they were judged on their physical attributes alone. They can be crafted from leather, cloth or paper mache. Most are still blank in either black or white as tradition dictates. If you wish for one that is a little more decorative there are designs that have been embelished with gilded macrame and crystals. Although not historically correct these do look superb when worn and also make lovely wall decoration. The leather Moretta masks are probably the most comfortable, allowing the skin to breath and molding to the shape of the wearers face.

Although simple in its design and somewhat inconvenient to wear, this mask still holds a fascination for us today. Its expressionless façade imbibes its wearer with an ethereal look which captivates our attention wherever it may be worn.

How Jewelry Chains Are Made

Chains play a very important part in creating articles jewelry. Commercially offered chains are usually easily recognizable template designs. If you are using gold or silver, they can also currently be very expensive. Commercial pre-made chains can have plated protective finishes such as rhodium, which can sometimes make them hard to shorten, lengthen or repair.

Therefore, if a chain is required in any of your jewelry designs, whether it be for a necklace or other design, it is worth it in the long run to learn how to produce your own. By doing so, you will ensure that you are enhancing your jewelry piece and not distracting from it. But to be able to make your own jewelry chain, you need to understand how a skilled craftsman produces them.

Various kinds of chain combinations are possible such as rounds, squares, ovals, hexagonals, and free forms of different sizes or mixed with solid sections, small rings connecting larger round or square sections of wire, square wire constructed in random length, rectangular links, and many other combinations depending on the imagination of the craftsman that makes them.

The most common chain one sees is that of the ones made from jump rings. This technique is used for any chain ranging from brass hammered chain to even silver thin necklace chain. Chains formed of any size links are constructed by soldering pairs of rings together. The way this is done is by first sawing the ring so it can be slightly opened by twisting sideways. Then filing the ends smooth and closing the links. A small amount of hard solder and flux is then applied to each link. In the same exact process, the links are then joined with a connecting third link. Each set of three connecting links is then joined with a single link to produce a seven link section. The length of the chain or necklace being made will then determine how many seven link sections are needed.

Links are often flattened by a craftsman after soldering by placing them on a flat steel surface and covering them with a small steel block that is then hammered with a heavy hammer. The links can also be flattened for a sculptured effect by eliminating the steel block and using what is called a domed-face forging hammer directly.

With chains being such an important part of many jewelry designs, understanding how they are produced is very important. Through this understanding you will be able to make more intricate designs and be limited only by your imagination.

Reinforcing a Large Panel

We recommend that windows which exceed 3′ by 4′ in size be reinforced to prevent breakage. If a window is 3′ by 3′, it might not need to be reinforced, that’s usually a judgment call based on where it is to be installed. To see the photos that go along with this article, check out the link reference at the bottom of this article.

In the old days, when a panel was large and needed to be reinforced, artists actually installed big pieces of rebar, no kidding rebar, in window frames and wired the stained glass to the rebar. This was an effective method of reinforcement, but it was far from attractive.

Now, I’m not complaining, but doesn’t the art of stained glass have enough restrictions already? Are you telling me that I’m going to have to work my beautiful design around chunks of concrete reinforcement? Fortunately there’s something fairly new on the scene to help in that area.

The secret? A thin strip of copper which is thin enough to fit between existing lead lines. You solder them in place and you’ve got a substantially stronger panel.

How can that be? It’s so thin and floppy? See how easily it bends.

That’s part of what’s so cool about this strip of copper, it bends easily in one direction, allowing us to follow the most meandering lead lines, but it’s fairly rigid in the other direction, adding strength to the glass.

Before this new copper strip was available, we used to go to a sheet metal shop and have them cut 1/4″ wide strips of thin gauge copper on the shear. Then we had to bend it to follow our lead lines using needle nosed pliers. It was fairly complex and when done, you still had a piece of copper that stood 1/4″ above the surface of the window. It sometimes cast a shadow on the panel and soldering the back was a challenge as well.

When reinforcing a window (using this or any other method) it is important to remember that the reinforcement must run from one side of the window to the other to do any good. If a piece of copper is run to the middle and then it just stops, you will actually be creating a place where more stress will be applied to that spot and the window could break there.

The copper strip comes in a roll and will cover a lot of glass. The idea is to run the copper back and forth along lead lines so the glass will have more strength than it did before, and will transfer the stresses on it to it’s outer edge where it is stronger since it’s installed in some sort of rugged framework. This will prevent the glass from getting cracks either from being pushed on, or from the weight of the glass being pulled down by gravity over time and sagging.

This panel is so large that we need to reinforce it a great deal. I begin by running strips up and down the length of the window. I used some spray cans which were handy to weight the strip down in between the glass. Make sure if you use this method to remove cans before soldering because heat and pressurized cans can be hazardous.

At places where the copper strip intersects another piece of copper, I have to cut the new piece so I can continue on across the panel.

I bend a little “L” on the end so the copper won’t slide as I install it. Then I gently press it in between the glass, the foil and the other copper strips. I use something to weight it down, or it will pop out from between the glass.

I then string the copper out to the edge of the panel. When doing this, I keep the roll of copper in the bag it came in and gently pull it out as I need it. I use care not to let it tangle or slip out of the bag so that I don’t have to relive the disaster with my “Slinky” when I was a kid.

I use tin snips to cut the copper, about 1/4″ from the edge of the glass.

With all the reinforcement strips in place, I begin to tack the glass together. I make sure that the glass is pushed into the right place (on pattern), the copper has a tendency to push things around. Arrows point to all the places where copper has been installed to properly reinforce this panel.

After soldering the panel, I need to clean up the areas where copper extends beyond the edges.

Using the tip of my soldering iron, I push the copper strip over the edge, which bends it.

Holding the strip in place with needle nosed pliers, I solder the copper against the edge of the foil. When it’s done, you can’t even tell that the window has been reinforced.

Since this panel is being installed in a door, once it’s soldered, it gets sent out to be encased in tempered glass and insulated. The tempered glass adds an additional amount of strength to the panel.

For Photos go to the Better Stained Glass web site and in the index search for Reinforcing a Large Panel

Mercedes 126 Repair – Mixture Control

Achieving a proper fuel mixture is vital to the performance and economy of your Mercedes 126. This article looks at the mixture-control procedure for the early V-8 engines with K-Jetronic fuel injection. Many other European cars of that era follow essentially the same method.

For cars with lambda control, it is not possible to set the basic fuel mixture correctly without a properly functioning oxygen sensor. Please refer to the companion article Mercedes 126 Repair: Tracking Down Vacuum Leaks for more on that subject. As with the vacuum-leak detection procedure, we need our car’s oxygen sensor to be thoroughly warmed up before setting the base mixture. Naturally, any vacuum leaks need to be rectified before the mixture can be set.

A Little Theory

The voltage generated by the oxygen sensor is interpreted by the lambda control unit, which responds with a voltage of its own sent to the lambda valve (frequency valve) next to the fuel distributor (FD). The frequency valve is essentially a pulse-style fuel injector — the only such device on a car with continuous injection. It is a controlled “bleed-off” of fuel back to the fuel tank. The amount of fuel bled off by the valve affects the pressure drop across the differential pressure valves within the FD. More fuel bled off increases that pressure drop within the FD and increases fuel flow to the injectors, richening the mixture; less fuel bled off reduces the pressure drop and leans the mixture out. Fuel is bled off when the frequency valve is open, and this occurs when the voltage across the valve is zero. The valve is closed when battery voltage is applied. The voltage from the lambda controller pulses rapidly and can only be fully observed on an oscilloscope. (This is known as a duty cycle.) Fortunately, however, we do not need a scope to see what the frequency valve — and by extension, the lambda controller — are doing.

A Delicate Practice

The diagnostic socket inside the left fender allows us to observe lambda control in action. When we know what the controller is trying to do, we know whether our base mixture is too rich or too lean and can adjust accordingly. To be specific, the voltage across pins 2 and 3 of the diagnostic socket shows us an aggregate voltage across the frequency valve. The lower the voltage we see on our voltmeter, the more the lambda controller is trying to richen the mixture; i.e. compensate for a lean condition. The higher the voltage, the more it is trying to lean the mixture out.

So what should the voltage be at the diagnostic socket if the mixture is perfect? There will always be some fluctuation when the oxygen sensor is hot and the car is in “closed-loop” control; i.e. constantly responding to the engine’s behavior. But those fluctuations will be in a narrow band around 12.2 – 12.3 volts. (The exact center point can be found by observing the voltage at the socket when the oxygen sensor is disconnected.) Longer voltage “journeys” into the 11-volt range indicate a lean condition; up into the 13-volt range bespeaks a rich condition.

Our response to this intelligence is to make very fine adjustments to the mixture control screw, accessed with a 3mm allen key inserted down through the tower directly in front of the fuel distributor. Turning clockwise richens the mixture; anti-clockwise leans. The screw is extremely sensitive; one should only move the screw a fraction of a turn at a time. After each adjustment, remove the allen key (so it doesn’t get stuck when the air flow meter plate deflects) and rev the engine. Then recheck the voltage at the socket. If the voltage stops fluctuating entirely, the oxygen sensor has cooled off and you’ve gone back to “open-loop” operation, wherein the lambda controller sends out a default 50/50 duty cycle. Hold the engine at 2,000 rpm for a while to warm the sensor back up.

How to Make Money Opening a Bar

 Opening  a bar could be a funny way to make money, but it is very tough: you have to think very well about this project before starting to move and you must be prepared to work hard in this business if you want to succeed.

You will need patience, motivation, money to invest at beginning, experience managing a bar and if the location chosen requires it, you will need a liquor license. Also remember that on average 90% of restaurants and bars fail in their first year. Of those who survive, 90% fail in their second year. But if you win, the fact of own a successfully bar can be very rewarding.

In this article you will find the steps involved in  opening  a bar and the tips in order to succeed.

1. Visit some successful bars in your area

Buy a drink in each one and take notes on what you like and what you don’t like. Take a look also at the busy time and then come back later at a quiet time. Familiarise with the laws, regulations and other requirements in the area where you wish to open your bar.

2. The theme in your bar

This is probably the most important decision you have to take. To help your choosing, consider that people tend to visit bars close to where they live and take a look to the competition in your area. Start to think about the menu: depending on what you will offer you might have food, drinks and cocktail menus.

3. Your business plan

You have to consider the amount of money you want to invest, with relation to the location, theme and future income statement. You should also need an accountant and interior design or architect. Your business plan is also used to request finance ( if you do not have enough money) from banks or investors for your new business, so be sure to arrange everything.

4. Decide the location

Before select the location for you bar, consider your potential client in the area and make sure you understand the competition in that area. Also, think about the trends and consider the more people in the area, the more clients you could attract. Be careful to choose your location in residential areas, because of the noise, there could be some restrictions on operating for certain hours. Finally, look for vacant premises, for rent or sale, that can be suitable for your bar.

5. Select and purchase furniture

Tables, chairs, couches, bar stools: if you need some help hire an interior design. Your furniture should of course fit with your chosen theme. Think also about audio, lighting and all the other electronics for you bar. Set also computer systems for sales, orders, stock level and payments like salaries and purchasing stock.

6. Licenses

You should apply for all the licenses that you need in your bar: you will have to get a permit to serve food, a permit to serve alcohol, and all your employees will need food handling permits.

7. Bar staff

This includes bartenders, floor staff, security and d.j. It is very important to hire experienced people, go to personnel agencies if necessary. Consider that the amount of employees you will need depend on the size of your bar. Create your working procedures that the staff has to follow, as bartender service standards or outfits depending on your bar theme.

8. Entertainment

Bands, dj’s or any other entertainment you can offer to your clients.

9.  Opening  of your bar

You may choose to make a VIP  opening , also for media and celebrities and why not, to your suppliers. Or you can directly organize the public  opening  party and that’s all!

It is now time to make money and have fun with your new business!!!

Does Health Care Reform Fix The Medicare Part D Doughnut Hole

Medicare Part D is the prescription drug coverage under the Medicare program. This medicare plan can be somewhat complicated. The best source of accurate information about the Medicare “part d” plan is the official government Medicare web site. Medicare, like many government programs, may seem complicated at first but if you take your time you will be able to understand what is going on. Part D is particularly a little bit quirky.

Part D must be purchased from private insurance companies and health maintenance organizations. Coverage in Part D is voluntary. There are many rules regarding when you can sign up for Part D. You might have to pay a fine if you do not enroll in the right time period.

Congress and President Obama passed significant health care reform on March 23, 2010. The law is called The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Health care reform attempted to address the problem with the so called “doughnut hole”. The doughnut hole was a major flaw in this Gov’t program.

Part D will pay 75% of prescription drugs after a deductible is met up to a certain limit. When the limit is reach the patient has to pay one hundred per cent for prescription drugs until another limit is reached. At this point medicare will pay for ninety-five per cent of drugs. These terms are done on an annual basis. Each year the patient is obligated to pay the deductible and the limits are reset.

There are many decisions a senior citizen must make regarding prescript drug insurance protection. There are many options to consider when deciding what type of prescription coverage you need. You must analyze your particular situation and making an informed assessment.

Because of the importance of these decisions, it is suggested that the senior citizen consult with a professional. Your CPA, insurance agent or other trusted professional may give you the financial guidance to assist you in making wise informed decisions. It is your responsibility to educate yourself about Medicare. The more you understand how these important federal programs work the better off you will be.

Social Security and Medicare are wonderful programs that are managed by our federal government. The success of these programs demonstrate that our federal government can have a positive effect on our lives. Although there are problems with Medicare, over time these problems will be addressed. Medicare Part D will be an important program that is helping millions of lives.

The Truth About Ghostly Orb Photos

Let’s take a look at the growing interest in “spirit photography.”

Say cheese.

For centuries people all around the world have been reporting encounters with ghosts. A faint silhouette at the foot of a bed, a wispy apparition, unexplained sounds, cold spots, ghostly footsteps, haunting moans and creaks. But is it really necessary to imagine that these images, noises and other experiences are evidence of supernatural activity, or can we accept that there are more down to earth, explanations?

Do ghosts exist? Probably not, but I admit cannot prove they are not real the same way believers in these things can’t prove they are real. My argument is not that ghosts, as spirits of the dead, cannot be real and that people haven’t seen them; what I have a problem with is people, often “expert” ghost hunters, who claim that known photographic anomalies are evidence of “spirit energy” or other such nonsense. Orbs have been sufficiently explained, but those who wish to continue deluding themselves will persist in their fantasy. Many paranormal “experts” are adamant that they can tell the difference between dust orbs and real spirit orbs. That is complete crap!

Delusion, fed by ignorance, seems to be contageous. Orbs have become very popular among ghost hunters, and photos of orbs are regularly used as evidence to support claims for hauntings. Along with “orbs” we may find photos of “light energy” or “plasma” and a number of other “spirit forms.” The reason I am so annoyed by anyone presenting these as proof of a spirit world is because of the sound explanation behind these images. Orbs are not proof of ghosts, they are proof that a flash can bounce back off of a minute particle and create a glare on the lens.

Sometimes we don’t even need a flash. I caught an orb on camera, in the middle of the day, in my living room, while taking a picture of family members during Christmas one year. The sun shining through the window and the particle was at just the right angle to create the effect.

Just the Facts

You will not see any orbs if you take a picture in a windowless room with the lights off and the door closed. There is no light to reflect off of the particle(s) and into the camera lens. One would think that a spirit should be able to show up regardless of light. But alas, if an orb requires an Earthly illumination to appear, it must be of Earthly origin, not supernatural.

And what about the photographs of “light energy?” Things moves. Particles can zip around on currents of air or even the shaky breath of the photographer who is waiting in the cemetery for spirits appear on film. Bugs can fly by creating a great “spirit” trail effect. The camera strap, or a stray wisp of hair can drift before the lens, unnoticed by the photographer especially in the dark, and may be caught by the flash. This would produce a great energy streak in the picture.

“Plasma” and other wispy spirit forms can be the result of cigarette smoke, car exhaust, frosty breath, or hair. I’m sure there are even bundles of lint drifting around that would make an interesting subject if they were just the right distance from the camera.

Some even claim to see little heads and faces in and around their orbs. This is just growing more and more absurd. It’s akin to finding shapes in the clouds. If you’re looking for something, you’re bound to find it. Little heads, faces, dragons, fairies and sprites will abound in your universe if you believe. And don’t forget about the hoaxer who wouldn’t think twice about manufacturing some spirit forms in Photoshop just to fool the gullible.

Should we be concerned that spirits are overtaking our world in the form of little “orbs” and “light energy” that can only be seen when you take a picture? I wouldn’t lose any sleep over it.

Belief and magical thinking run rampant in our society, and it is a major problem. Ignorance should be minimized not propagated, but continued belief in all things supernatural, proliferated through the dubious merit of ghost hunters made famous by television and other media outlets, does a great disservice to the general public. For lack of evidence ghost hunting groups should not be taken seriously. They rise to fame and adore the attention, made cool by steadfast, gullible fans.

Contrary to what some may profess, ghost hunters are not experts on ghosts. They simply can’t be, because there is no evidence that supports their claim. Think about it. There are real, down to earth explanations for most of what ghost hunters present as evidence of their quarry. Why continue to believe that there is something more going on?

Orbs are not hard evidence of spirit activity in our world. Next up… EVP!

Bathroom Design Lighting – The Basics of Bathroom Lighting

Basically, bathroom design  lighting  should be considered with different kinds of options. There is practicability, safety, style and decoration. When considering practicability, what comes to mind are the cheap bulbs and shadowy figures we usually see on poor suspense or thriller films. But today, one can avail of energy-saving light bulbs which provide enough brightness to fill the whole bathroom. What’s more is that these bulbs, aside from being cheaper, may help you cut costs in your energy bill. A little bit of concern for our environment will do you a lot good.

As it is a design, bathroom design  lighting  also should feature various and creative designs for lights to play on in a room. Considering the purpose of the room, however, for hygiene and beautifying,  lighting  designs can play-up the room for a more pleasurable and easier way to clean up. For example, to have an easier way of beautifying yourself, putting make-up or shaving your face, bath lights may be installed in either side of the mirrors. They will soften up your features as well as avoid annoying shadows. Also, counter, mirror or sink bulbs may be installed depending upon the theme or style of your bathroom. But always remember that it is better to install a centralized  lighting  in your bathroom, limiting the bulbs in the bathroom therefore saving energy and costs of your electricity.

Water, moisture and air greatly affect the wear and tear of your bathroom lights. Bathroom design  lighting  is not only limited to designs and light fixtures but also guaranteeing safety in every bathroom. Light bulbs should be placed in areas wherein it should be untouched by water. If not, protective covering should be placed in order not to risk the safety of those who use the bathroom especially the young and old ones.

Of course, practicability and safety should not compromise style and decoration. As  lighting  can greatly affect the mood of a room, using the bathroom should be a pleasurable habit as well as a form of relaxation. Bathroom design  lighting  comes in different shapes and sizes which can also be energy-savers, too. Depending on the theme of your bathroom, there are many designs to choose from, whether sconce-shaped, sleek cylindrical small lamps, Victorian or romantic lamps or just basic fluorescent lights. Just make sure that it does not clash with the over-all design of the bathroom as well as compromise safety measures.

Adhesions and Surgical Barriers

  • Surgical Barriers – Effective at Preventing Adhesion Pain?

Surgeons have a number of products at their disposal for reducing the risk of adhesions, including synthetic barrier agents. It is their responsibility to make patients aware of the potential benefits and risks of using these products before a procedure takes place.

Synthetic barrier products may reduce adhesion risk by replicating the naturally occurring membranes that cover your vital organs. When the delicate surfaces of your organs make contact with each other during surgery – especially abdominal and pelvic surgeries — the tissues may adhere to each other.

Surgical trauma often leads to the formation of scar tissue, which can eventually cause the intestines to twist, pull, kink or become blocked. A partial intestinal blockage may be resolved under close medical supervision. A complete blockage is a medical emergency, often requiring immediate surgery. Adhesions after abdominal or pelvic surgery may also cause infertility in women. Severe abdominal pain, nausea, loud bowel sounds and bloating are common symptoms of adhesions.

  • How Surgical Barriers Work

In combination with safe operative technique, surgical barriers may reduce the risk of scar formation and adhesion pain. During abdominal or pelvic surgery, synthetic barrier sheets made of regenerated cellulose, polytetrafluoroethylene or Fibrin may be applied to abdominal or pelvic tissues to keep organ surfaces separate. While some commonly used products, such as Gore-Tex, must be sutured into place and removed during a separate procedure, Interceed and Seprafilm, both Johnson & Johnson products, are absorbed into the body after surgery. Note* Insurance companies often do not compensate for the use of barrier products, transferring the financial responsibility onto the patient.

A 2008 review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews compared the results of 16 clinical trials to evaluate the effectiveness of four barrier products at preventing adhesions in women undergoing pelvic surgery. The reviewers evaluated the results of using Gore-Tex, Interceed, Seprafilm and Fibrin. In the majority of the trials, Gore-Tex was more effective than Interceed or no barrier at preventing adhesions after surgery. Further clinical studies have shown that Interceed and Seprafilm may reduce the risk of pelvic and abdominal adhesions if they are used correctly.

The SprayShield Adhesion Barrier System, currently available only in Europe, protects internal tissues through the application of a hydrogel spray. The hydrogel barrier, which turns blue upon application so that surgeons can visualize the covered areas, keeps organ surfaces separate both during and after surgery, while the tissues heal. After the necessary healing time, the material is absorbed by the body and excreted by the kidneys in the urine. Although the SprayShield barrier system has performed well in pre-clinical studies in the United States and has been available to patients in Europe since 2008, the product has not yet been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for use in the U.S.

  • Risks of Using Surgical Barriers

Like sutures, gauze, sponges or any other material used during a surgical procedure, barrier agents may cause inflammation and adhesions if used incorrectly. If a barrier is wadded, folded or applied in layers, the material may induce adhesions. Barriers should not be applied to tissues that are infected or areas that have been contaminated. Because each body reacts differently to foreign materials, reactions to these synthetic membranes may occur. The removal of a non-absorbable barrier after surgery may pose a risk of further adhesion formation.

  • Who Is Responsible for Preventing Adhesion Pain?

Synthetic barrier agents are not foolproof measures for preventing adhesions, but when correctly used, these products may reduce the risk of an often agonizing, potentially life-threatening condition known as adhesion related disorder (ARD). Medical professionals are responsible for using these products consistently, for educating patients about how adhesions are formed and for informing patients of the risk of adhesions before surgery.

On their product websites, Ethicon, the Johnson & Johnson company that manufactures the absorbable barrier Interceed, and Seprafilm advise patients to question their surgeon before surgery about the risk of adhesion formation and the signs and symptoms of adhesions after surgery. In reality, how many patients are likely to visit these websites before surgery? Is it realistic to expect patients to conduct research on barrier agents or other highly specialized surgical products?

In fact, the responsibility for bringing up the risk of adhesions — and for considering ARD as a reasonable explanation for post-surgical adhesion pain — belongs to surgeons and other healthcare professionals, not to patients. It is their duty, and part of their ethical commitment, to promote an awareness of adhesion risk and to listen carefully to their patients’ concerns before and after surgical intervention.

Sources

The Cochrane Library: Intervention Review: Barrier Agents for Adhesion Prevention after Gynaecological Surgery; Gaity Ahmad, et al.; April 16, 2008. “Journal of Reproductive Medicine”: Postoperative Adhesion Prevention with an Oxidized Regenerated Cellulose Adhesion Barrier in Infertile Women. T. Sawada, et al.; May 2000.

Pelvic Health Solutions: Overview: Gynecare Interceed.

Reuters.com: Covidien Introduces the SprayShield™ Adhesion Barrier System to the European Marketplace.

The Benefits of Fireproof Home Safes

A home fire can destroy your house and all your belongings. You probably have smoke detectors on every floor, have a family escape plan, and know to call 911 in a home fire emergency. But have you protected your valuable possessions?

A  fireproof  home safe is an easy way to protect your most important documents and belongings in case of a home fire. A safe deposit box at your bank, however, is the safest way to store your important papers. But if you need more space or would just like to keep your important belongings at home, you need a  fireproof  home safe.

Most safes are fire-resistant, not  fireproof . The fire-resistant safes are rated by the Underwriters Laboratories. They rate safes based on how long they can protect paper in a fire at different temperatures. Class-C fire-resistant safes will protect paper from a 1,700-degree fire for one hour, a class-B safe for two hours at 1,850-degrees, and a class-A for four hours at 2,000-degrees. You will need a specialized safe to protect computer documents like disks from fire.

Small  fireproof  safes start at around $50. These hold only a few hundred cubic inches and weigh less than 20 pounds. If you need more space, then you will need to spend more money. Larger  fireproof  home safes start at around $200, but can cost thousands.  Fireproof  safes that expensive are usually for guns or commercial use.

Many Internet retailers sell  fireproof  home safes, many at low wholesale prices, but you may have to pay for shipping. Try to see the safe in person before you buy it, since returning the safe will be expensive. Check out your local home security stores. Remember, you are putting your most important documents in the safe. Make sure it is the one you want.