Installing Lift Kits

If you are thinking of buying  lift  kits its important to understand first what it is. A  lift  kit is a vehicle modification that is used to  lift  either the suspension or the body. Installing  lift  kits will make the wheel wells of your vehicles to become higher so you can install bigger tires that are at least two sizes larger than stock. Currently there are two types of  lift  kits in the market, the body  lifts  and suspension  lifts , each with their own advantage and disadvantage.

If you are in a tight budget you might want to consider body  lifts . Body  lift  kit is inexpensive and made up of blocks and spacers. Offroaders does not usually prefer this kind of  lift  because it does not change or improve suspension or increase travel. Body  lifts  kit can increase the wheel wells so you can use larger tires but you might need to invest in raising the bumpers and other modifications to your car to accommodate the body  lift .

On The other hand, suspension  lift  kit improves the clearance between the axles and ground as well as creates greater travel. By replacing the front and rear leaf springs and shocks the suspension  lift  kit can raise the suspension of your vehicle. If you also want to improve the articulation of your vehicle a good suspension  lift  kit is the right answer. Suspension  lift  kit will cost you a little more compare to body  lift  kit but you will surely love the results once you installed a suspension  lift  kit. Height, handling and ground clearance are some of the advantages of installing a suspension  lift  kit. There are  lift  kits as high as 18 inches but usually people prefer the 4-inch or 6-inch  lift  kits. Extreme  lifts  are not advisable because it can compromise safe handling and it is usually installed for showcase or hobbyist cars only.

Another thing to consider when you want to install  lift  kits is re-gearing. Installing  lift  kits and getting bigger tires will make your speedometer and odometer off. You can check the Internet for ratio charts to give you an idea of what kind of gearing you will need for your vehicle. Re-gearing is important because it will keep the mileage of your vehicle as close to stock as possible.

Prices of  lift  kits vary from one manufacturer to another depending on the model and type of  lift  kit. Aside from the price of the  lift  kit you should also consider added cost for re-gearing, tires and modification cost to check if you are still on your budget. You can also try to talk first with your mechanic just to give you an idea of how much you will have to spend for the entire modification.

Before installing a body  lift  kit or a suspension  lift  kit you should always remember that the higher you raise your vehicle the less stable it will become specially in making sharp turns at high speeds. The recommended  lift  kit is 4 inches, above this will make your vehicle less stable in sharp turns or lean more in banked turns such as freeway interchanges and off ramps. If you decide to install a higher suspension  lift  kit it is important to re-familiarize yourself with your vehicle because accidents can happen in split second such as avoiding an accident, debris or other reasons.

You might want to pay a mechanic or a trustworthy truck shop that specializes in 4×4 gears than installing it by yourself. There are a lot of shops out there that specializes in installing  lift  kits and other modifications. Do not forget to check with your dealership for warranty issues of your car before installing  lift  kits.

What You Most Want in a Passenger Elevator

Passenger elevators transformed the way we build. Buildings of just a few levels extended to skyscrapers because an elevator makes navigating multiple levels far easier for us to accomplish. In recent decades, development of the elevator has reached new heights. Today, passenger elevators are an integral part of most multi-level buildings, designed to recognize our destination and take us there safely in seconds.

Safety First

A transforming moment in the lifetime of the passenger elevator was the development of a safety brake by Elisha G. Otis in 1853. If a hoisting cable broke, this device was immediately engaged to hold the elevator in place. These days, elevators are fitted with intuitive safety features like overload sensors that prevent an elevator from responding unless excess load is removed or some passengers disembark.

Refreshing Air

Stepping into a passenger elevator we’re not immediately thinking about the air we breathe. Often we’re focused on our destination. Often we take the air conditioning in an elevator for granted. Without it, we would quickly notice how unbearably hot an elevator can be. Air conditioning in elevators is essential, contributing cool in summer months and warmth in winter, ensuring air is being circulated and passengers are kept comfortable.

A Quick Journey

Humans tend to be obsessed with time. We are considered tardy if we arrive late, thought of as wasteful if we spend too much time on a task. And for most of us, it’s natural to want any time in a confined space like an elevator to be limited. No wonder then, that increasing the speed of passenger elevators is a constant focus of innovation, with many engineers coming up with grand plans. It is possible these days for elevators to be so fast they race through an elevator shaft at a rate of 3,313 feet per minute.

Comfort and a Smooth Ride

Elevating a passenger’s level of comfort in a multi-level journey is the priority of experience designers. Introducing melodic music to passenger elevators in 1889 encouraged first-time passengers to trust elevators would keep them safe, distracting their attention and providing comfort. In today’s high speed elevators, buffers in the lift shaft, improved car structure and low friction hoisting ensure a smooth ride.

Functional Finishes

Creating a dreamy experience in a passenger elevator strongly depends on lofty ideas. Once the basics of comfortable acceleration and safety are satisfied, passengers look to functional finishes and control panels that will enhance their experience in multiple journeys. Sleek glass and polished metal finishes create a great first impression and provide durable performance.

An Elevating Experience

Mostly, passenger elevators have become so much a part of our everyday lives we rarely think about how truly extraordinary is the technology that inspires their design. Elevators have inspired skyscrapers and continue to motivate designers towards more outstanding design and luxurious experience for humans intent on rising up to meet the challenges of the day.

Plate Racks

 Plates  are not optional items that we can choose to do without in our homes, restaurants, parties or any setting where we are serving food. The market provides dishes that can be used to serve many roles, we have ones for dinner, salad, bread, soup, cereal and dessert. As their names suggest, they are used for serving specific food items and one kind of dish may not be suitable for another kind of food type.

 Plate  racks are used to display decorative dish items and to place decorative items. They can be kept on any corner of the house depending on the use. The decorative racks are made in different designs according to cultural and traditional specifications. For example, ceramic dishes match well with carved  plate  racks. Some other decorative elements have a traditional aspect, like authentic and antique china.

Museums have used  plate  racks to present historical incidences and this has been achieved by displaying ceramic art work using dishes, unique pottery and items. This gives a historical aspect, and if glass is used as a cover, elegance is emphasized. The racks can be hang on the wall or kept in any corner of the house, but in case you do not want to hang on the wall, you can try other alternatives like stands.

Racks come along with installation kits and instructions, you should follow the rules when installing for safety measures. Note that some racks are complex to install and the presence of manuals will just make it a smooth sailing for you. If you are interested in designing your own rack, Internet offers thorough information and gives specifications on materials and measurements to use.

How to Buy Your Wood Stove

Given all the variety in today’s wood burning  stove  market, when you come to the point of actually buying a  stove  for your house, the prospect can be intimidating. The good news is that it doesn’t need to be. Here are a few tips to make the buying process as simple as possible.

First, choose a wood  stove  that matches your home size.

Several factors are involved here. In a nutshell, you need to decide what you want your wood  stove  to accomplish. Are you heating a single room, a floor, or your entire house? Once you after that question, you’ll be able to decide what size category you should be looking at.

Fortunately, on the technology side of things, any new-model  stove  you buy will be certified by the Environmental Protection Agency. This means, practically, that the  stoves  you consider will all produce clean, radiant, efficient heat–so there’s no need to get too concerned about so-called spec numbers like Btu output and square footage ratings. At best, these numbers are very general estimates, because they are not standardized, and vary widely depending on factors like climate, fuel, and house type. That’s why  stove  size is the best way to guide your decision making.

Second, pick out your favorite designs and materials.

If buying a wood  stove  is part art, part science (I think it is), here’s where the art kicks in. After you know what size you need, you can cut loose and let your sense of style be your guide. Case in point: welded steel is cheaper than cast iron and just as durable–but if you’re looking for class, it’s likely that the clean, sculpted lines of iron  stoves  will catch your eye.

Go ahead and decide, “Am I looking for heating output only, or heating and style?” In terms of sturdiness and efficiency, there’s virtually no difference between iron and welded steel  stoves . Designer materials like pewter and soapstone–offered in an array of colors–give you some opportunities to make your  stove  a conversation piece, but no drop-off in heating ability. So relax and enjoy this part. It’s your call.

Third, list any “super powers” your  stove  should possess.

This is kind of obvious, but what could be worse than buying your  stove , only to make a painful discovery a few weeks later? “Hey, where’s that built-in spit for roasting small pigs and turkeys?” More seriously, you should ask yourself, “Do I need a wood  stove  with a cooking surface? How about an ash pan for easy maintenance? Do I have to have a removable fire screen?”

By identifying any non-negotiable features, you’ll make your search more focused and make sure you don’t regret your decision down the road. With all the manufacturers in the market today, someone is sure to be making the  stove  you’re looking for. So take your time as you compile your feature list. These options pertain to convenience and aesthetics–not vital heating ability–so don’t sweat it.

Finally, purchase your wood burning  stove  from a trustworthy dealer.

In the past, brick and mortar stores were the default place to buy wood  stoves –and there continue to be reasons to buy locally, such as the opportunity to talk with an experienced dealer and inspect floor models first hand. Of course, buying via the internet is also a viable route today, and this may be even more true if you have a clear idea of what you’re looking for. If that’s the case, then shopping around online may lead to discounts. A good online store will have generous return policies and reps to address any questions you have. Whether you buy local or online, by doing your research, you’re setting the stage for a happy purchase.

How a Slow Cooker Changed My Life

Most of my new friends would be surprised to hear that a few years ago the extent of my skills in the kitchen was (badly) frying an egg, toasting some bread and heating some beans. The thought of me cooking anything more sophisticated than that seemed as likely as me playing professional football or going on X-Factor! As well as being an expert at navigating the Ready Meals aisle of the supermarket I was on first name terms with the staff at my local fish and chip shop, kebaby and Indian restaurant. I wasn’t obese but as I got older the scales were no longer as kind to me as they once were. Ready Meals and eating out isn’t cheap either and as my weight got heavier my pockets got lighter.

So how did I become a kitchen ninja? Well it all happened rather slowly but the first step on my journey to knowing the difference between a potato ricer and a mouli was getting a slow cooker. I was given one as a gift one Christmas from a relative that was obviously struggling to buy a present for me or was perhaps looking to re-gift a slow cooker that had previously been given to them. Whatever the reason they gave it to me I am now very pleased they did. Admittedly when I first opened the present my initial thoughts were “Great, a slow cooker”. If think you can detect more than a hint of sarcasm there you are not mistaken! The gift I had been given was the Morphy Richards 48715 Slow Cooker which although is a very good model it didn’t look that amazing to my untrained eye and due to this lived at the back of a kitchen cupboard for the first few months of my owner ship.

So what inspired me to finally use my slow cooker? Well I’d love to say I woke up one day and decided I would be healthier and master my kitchen but that’s not how it happened. I was clearing through my kitchen cupboards and stumbled upon the still in its box slow cooker. I took it out of the cupboard and put it in the pile of stuff I was going to give to the local charity shop before I remembered you can’t give them electrical items anymore due to health and safety regulations. Realising this I opened the box, more as a welcome distraction from my spring cleaning rather than with any intention to actually use the slow cooker. Once I started flicking through the instruction manual I soon discovered what a slow cooker actually was and what it was capable of. Essentially you just add some liquid and some food and leave it for a few hours and hey presto, you have a meal! Could it really be that simple? Seeing as I was cleaning out my cupboard and fridge I had a fair amount of food that was not going to be used so I decided to give the slow cooker a spin and see if it should stay or go. The first meal I cooked in my slow cooker was a watery chicken broth but the amount of effort required was minuscule and I at once saw the potential. My next dish was a beef casserole and from there I expanded my repertoire to include curries, stews, soups and even slow cooked ribs. The convenience of being able to add the ingredients to the slow cooker and then leave it to cook during the day or overnight and then come home to a delicious home cooked meal that didn’t break the bank opened my eyes to the possibility of home cooking. Although the list of things you can cook in a slow cooker is almost endless I soon started learning other meals I could cook in a saucepan or an oven and today I am more often than not found in my kitchen rather down my local takeaway.

If you want to start saving money, eating more healthily or just get a few dishes under your belt for when you have friends over, in my opinion, there is no better kitchen appliance than a slow cooker.

Types of Panel

Panel is used in many applications of doors and windows as per the requirement. Door and window mainly have two panels such as glass and non glass which include aluminum, plastic (uPVC or PVCu or PVC), timber and composite material.

Panels are made of uniform density to resist any invasion and they are fixed in the outer frame which is either of the material or other.

Glass panel is mostly used in the top portion of door to allow sunlight in the room and the lower portion is of opaque material panel which renders strength.

As per the installation the proportion of panels is been selected if it is for back door then more of a glazed panel is used & if for a front door then more of opaque is used.

Opaque such as aluminum, PVC, hardwood and composite have their own benefit regarding the material used.

Double glazed panels are efficient and so the opaque should also be thermally efficient. Aluminium is made thermally efficient by inserting a polyamide strip to break the thermal conductivity this is done while manufacturing them.

PVC & hardwood is non conductor of heat by structure so hardwood, PVC, PVCu, uPVC window panel insulates the room well. And for composite or GRP (glass reinforced plastic) it comprises of two non conductor material so that also insulates well.

Tough panels render strength to the door structure and provide a provision for cat flap which can be opened both sides. So the doors can be made look rich with various types of panel.

Boat Building Project – Grainger MTB920 – Installing Duracore Strip Planking

In my previous article I discussed the features and benefits of using DuraKore as a core especially for amateur boat building and why I chose to use this material over foam and western red cedar to build my Grainger 9.2M Trimaran.

In this article I will talk about how DuraKore is supplied and what work I had to do to make the strip planks for the project I was building.

DuraKore is supplied as planks, and for this project I ordered 13mm thick x 300mm wide x 2.4m lengths which had to be scarfed together to make planks longer than the length of the 9.2M hull.

The scarfs were made by machining a male taper onto the 1.5mm thick hardwood veneer at the end of one DuraKore plank, and a female taper into the hardwood veneer of the plank that was to be glued and joined to the male taper.

A 1 in 12 taper provides a joint stronger than if there was no joint if produced correctly.

The test to prove the finished joint is to scarf up a sample 50mm wide strip plank, and clamp one end of the plank to a bench with the bulk of the plank hanging out over the edge on the bench. The scarf joint should be a fair distance away from the edge of the bench also. Slowly add weights to the very end of the plank until it breaks. If the joint is a good quality scarf joint, the break will have occurred somewhere else along the plank.

A 1 in 12 taper means that the length of the taper will be 1.5mm x 12 = 18mm long.

The amount of balsa cut out of the female edge will be at least 18mm deep, and the inside edge of the hardwood veneers tapered towards the balsa cut-out 18mm depth inside the female joint.

The male edge is simply machined with a taper that runs out over 18mm on the hardwood veneers.

The DuraKore supplier sells an attachment that is fitted to a circular saw to do this easily. However a jig can be made to do the job. I bought the attachment.

Once I had prepared a long flat surface on which I could join 5 DuraKore planks together, I mixed the glue.

The Epoxy resin that I chose to use was 105 West System manufactured by Gougeon Brothers, Inc.

It is a clear, light-amber, low viscosity epoxy resin that can be cured in a wide temperature range to yield high strength, rigid solid which has excellent cohesive properties and also is an outstanding moisture barrier.

There are two types of hardeners formulated for use with 105 resins.

205 and 206 hardeners require 5 part resin to 1 part hardener mixing ratio. 207 and 209 hardeners require a 3 to 1 ratio, and solid state 6 to 8 hours.

I used 205 hardener which is mostly used for general bonding, barrier coating and fabric application. It was also formulated to cure at lower temperatures and to produce a rapid cure that develops its physical properties at room temperatures. Its pot life is 9 to 12 minutes at 22 degrees C. And solid state 9 to 12 hours.

The 206 hardener is a slower hardener and provides a longer working time especially when working in climates of higher temperatures. Its pot life is 20 to 25 minutes at 22 degrees C.

Special pumps can be purchased to dispense the correct amount of resin per 1 full stroke of the resin pump, and the correct amount of hardener per 1 full stroke of the hardener pump.

The temptation is to mix larger amounts, to save time mixing the stuff all day, but this resin generates heat once the hardener is added and stirred, and with larger volumes of epoxy in the container the greater the reaction and shorter the pot life. Before you know what has happened your hand is hot and the epoxy is hardening in the pot.

The epoxy needs to be thickened to glue the scarf joints so it would not run out of the joint before it cured, and West system provides additive powders to enable this. 411 powders are suitable for this.

I mixed about 4 pump strokes of Resin and 4 pump strokes of hardener together, and while mixing stirred in powder until I got a peanut butter consistency.

Mixing containers can be bought, however I preferred to put my money into the boat and not the rubbish bin. I had my wife and our neighbours saving plastic milk bottles and other suitable containers for me. My supply of milk bottles was insane at times. I cut the tops off those to make suitable containers.

Five planks were glued together and laid flat along a flat floor and straight edge jig to cure. This was important as the finished plank needs to be straight, or else the hull will have many humps and hollows to fill causing the fairing job to be a larger job than it should be. Those finished planks were just short of 12M long for the 9.M hull, which was fine because it is important to stagger the scarf joints as the hull is being planked, and wastage will occur because of that.

Those long planks then had to cut down to mostly 50mm widths so that the planks could be laid up over the male mould frames to form a round bilge core. In fact what you really have is many small chines’s, which are hardly noticeable, and disappear completely once the fairing is completed.

Around the water line area bilge areas, I had to cut the width of the planks down to 25mm and a couple to 12mm in order to get around the tighter radius.

Once I had a good stock of strip planks made it was time to start installing them onto the mold.

First I ensured that the hull could be removed from the mould frames at a later date by applying insulation tape to the edge of all the mold frames.

The first plank was important, as where it is placed along the hull would depend on how well the following planks laid up around the curvature of the hull. I screwed the first plank into the deepest point of the concave frame curve for each frame, and with a little bit of trial and error it became evident where the best fit was.

The edge of the first plank was coated with thickened glue so that it would not run off and also fill any gaps in the edge joints. The next plank was lifted and fitted into place, making sure that the scarfed joints of each plank were not aligned with each other, and only then screwed to the temporary frame.

I also found it necessary to screw plywood battens across the planks to hold the edges aligned in the areas between the spans of the temporary mold frames.

This edge gluing process was continued for about 6 to 7 weeks outside work hours until the entire DuraKore core was finished. A battery powered screw driver made this job easier for me.

As the planking progressed it became evident that I would have to stop on the area that I was currently filling in, because it became impossible to lay the long planks around the bilge curves as the plank was beginning to twist like a propeller blade and it would resist sitting flat against the edge of the mold frame.

I had to then lay a new 25mm plank along the highest point of the convex curve along the waterline, bow to stern and screw that plank on as my new edge to glue to. The next 25mm plank was edge glued and fitted to the lower edge of the new plank, and I continue to plank down towards the previous planked up area, slowly increasing the width of the planks to suit the curve therefore filling up the long elliptical void that was left. As the void was closed I found that I had to taper the end of the planks so that they could fit against the lower plank, and as the elliptical void was closed up each subsequent plank would become shorter. You can see the photos showing the planking on my web site.

Once the whole hull core was laid up, every screw was removed thousands of them and the hole filled. The glue joints were lightly sanded flat taking care not to remove any hardwood veneer. Hand sanding was the safest method as machines tend to dig in far too easily.

My next article will be about the fibre glass lay up on the main hull.

What Makes a Good Plan?

Decisions are the catalysts that spark goals. Plans are the means by which we achieve goals. Therefore, plans are vital to any kind of success – but what makes a good plan?

First – a good plan needs to support a goal.

Second – a good plan needs to be able to be followed realistically.

Third – a good plan needs some degree of flexibility.

Fourth – a good plan’s success must be measurable.

Here’s an example: You decide you need an emergency fund of $1000.00. You set a goal of having the $1000.00 in a savings account within 10 months. The plan is to save $100.00 per month until the $1000.00 goal is reached. Is it a good plan?

  1. Does the plan support a goal? Yes.
  2. Is the plan able to be followed realistically? Maybe – it depends on your personal budget. What changes might you have to make to your spending habits to allow for the required $100 deposit? Are these changes realistic?
  3. Does the plan have an appropriate degree of flexibility? Maybe – If you have an unexpected expense that prevents you from being able to save the $100.00 in a given month do you have any other options for generating the savings? Can you work overtime or cut other expenses?
  4. Is the success of the plan measurable? Yes – you either have the money or you don’t in 10 months.

If you have achieved the goal within the allotted time frame – great! Set another goal and develop the plan to get there, but if you haven’t achieved the goal figure out why. Was it too ambitious to start with? If you are barely getting by it may not be feasible to think you can put that amount of money away each month to achieve the goal. Figure out why it didn’t work, address those issues, and rework your plan. Maybe the goal needs to be broken down into smaller more realistic pieces. There is always a way – do not give up!

A good plan must support a goal, must be realistic, must have an appropriate degree of flexibility, and its progress must be measurable. If a plan doesn’t support a goal then you may not be able to maintain your commitment to the plan. A plan is a roadmap to a destination – the destination is the goal. You must know where you are going in order to maintain your dedication to getting there. If a plan is not realistic you will soon abandon the plan because the necessary support to be successful does not exist. You will quickly become discouraged and abandon the plan. If a plan is too rigid you will abandon the plan because it becomes a chore rather than steps to an accomplishment. You don’t want a plan so rigid that you begin to resent having to follow it. If the success of a plan is not measurable how will you ever know if you accomplished it or not? You will abandon a plan that seems to have no purpose.

Decisions are the sparks that create the life you want. Goals are the stepping stones that make that life achievable. Plans are the map from one goal to the next. You decide to create a calm life, you set goals to achieve the calm, and you follow plans to make the calm a reality.

The value of a good plan is immeasurable. Simply knowing how to develop a good plan will take you literally anywhere you want to go. Choose not to give up – you can accomplish absolutely anything you truly put your mind to. Sometimes you may have to rework your plan and that’s OK; you can do it. Do. Not. Give. Up. Nothing is out of your reach if you are willing to do what it takes to achieve.

What has caused your plans to be successful, or not? Can I help you develop your plan?

Right Down to the Deck Handrail

When investing in decks, the deck handrail is one of the most important components. It is, after all, what people will hold onto as they descend the steps or when they walk over to the side to peer over. It should be durable and look great. It also should provide a smooth surface to protect from any type of splinters or injury. Though there may be various requirements on this one component of the decking system, there are other components to think about and plan for, too. When selecting anything that makes up this design, it is critical to think about function, beauty, and long-term maintenance.

Functionality First

The first element in selecting the details for the deck handrail, railings, and other components is the functionality. How does it work? Does it offer the right level of flexibility? When selecting these items, consider if the material is designed to work as you would like it to. For example, you may be looking at various material choices for the handrails. Wood will splinter and this means painful grasping of the railing. Metal can get too hot in the summer months especially in sunlight. Another option may be a resin or composite material that does not cause these concerns.

Beauty Next

Next, consider the overall beauty of the items you are selecting. You can choose from just a basic tubing or rail if you would like to. Select the color that works for your home. On the other hand, you can select from various ornate detailing added to the edges and the top. You may also want to consider factors such as lighting. Did you know some manufacturers offer lighting built into the sides of the railings? This may be low voltage light including solar light.

Maintenance Long-Term

How much work will go into maintaining this system? If you use wood, for example, you will need to keep the surface protected from the elements year in and year out. You will also need to consider factors related to wear and tear. How will you clean off residue? Will it need painting on an annual basis or perhaps staining? Other materials, such as composites wipe clean. You can even use pressure washers on them to remove any ground in debris.

Sure, it may just seem like a deck handrail but this component of your decking system matters. Look for all elements, from the railing to the base material to be something that can contribute to the beauty and durability of the final product. You ultimately want something that is easy to maintain, is long lasting and adds the charm you are hoping for create in this space. You can find products that do it all.

Glass Balusters Extend The View

The largest objective in purchasing glass balusters over other heavier options such as wood, plastic composite, or even aluminum is that the view can be endless. The only concern is whether the homeowner has the money to cover it in the first place. When they do, this deck finishing option is ideal, whether they live in an apartment, townhouse, condominium with balcony/decking, a single family home, or on a luxurious estate. And although there are many pluses to choosing the glass material, it is seen as ideal for certain indoor and outdoor living scenarios. Frankly, glass balusters can extend the view from the living room to the first floor sight line of the yard, from any bedroom on the second floor, or from the roof too create an infinity view.

Glass balusters are indeed ideal for people who do not have concerns about small children or pets being tempted by the illusion of an extended view or walkway. Bumping into the thick glass can be hurtful our cause injury to the shorter and unwitting passerby. But aside from this hazard, this deck, balcony, or stair railing option will definitely add aesthetic beauty to any property. This is particularly significant in homes and outdoors where a homeowner and their guests will want to enjoy as much of the view of the natural beauty and landscaping as possible. This is why it is particularly ideal for upper level decking such as those attached to the second floor or rooftop overlooking the pool, garden, yard fountain, outdoor fireplace, multi-level deck entertaining surfaces, wooded area, forest, dock, or natural waterway.

Upkeep for glass balusters can be a concern of general glass maintenance but not as extensive as most people would think. This glass is not of the same thickness or construction as most generic installations. It is in fact constructed and professionally fit to resist the typical outdoor weather impacts of scratching, cracking, or easy dislodging either. There are safety measures taken to allow the glass to remain beautiful for as long as possible. Cleaning the baluster is easier because of the flat surface and limited crevices. Light washing with a hose and detergent or glass cleaning solution can remove spills or splatters from the latest dinner party and the local bird excrement as well. As long as the homeowner keeps the glass pristine by cleaning and polishing it on a regular basis, the sightline and endless view of one’s yard and beyond will remain priceless.

Why Is Wire Balustrade So Popular?

Most people do not think twice about the materials used on their staircase, but the reality of the situation is that this can play a big role in altering the appearance of your home or business. The balustrade is the name given to the small, often rounded pillars situated around balconies or down the length of a staircase to hold up handrails and walls. Often, these pillars are constructed out of timber, stone or metal, but one trend that is beginning to rise in popularity is the wire balustrade.In recent times, wire balustrade is being highly accepted.

There are a number of reasons that have led to the increase in popularity of wire balustrade for residential and commercial staircases, some of them including:

  • Wire gives a more modern appearance to the staircase and balcony than materials like timber and stone do. This allows home and business owners to extend the modern look of their property all the way through.
  • Wire balustrade is extremely versatile, meaning that it can be bent easily into your desired shape and bent back if needed in the future. This makes repairs and adjustments extremely easy.
  • Wire is not as expensive as the other materials often used to construct the balustrade, meaning that it is much more affordable for people who have forked out hundreds on the staircase or balcony itself.
  • Wire is actually far sturdier than people give it credit for, meaning that it won’t easily give way beneath the weight of a child or even an adult that may be leaning on it.
  • Wire balustrade is extremely resistant to corrosion, making it perfectly suited to outdoor applications, as well as indoor ones. This will ensure that your staircase or balcony always looks its best.
  • Wire can be used in conjunction with a number of other materials in order to achieve different looks within your property. It is often coupled with metal or glass, but can also be used with timber and stone.

When it comes time to choose the balustrade for your next staircase or balcony project, you should consider whether wire is appropriate for your needs and the space’s application. It can be used both inside and outside and is an extremely strong and durable material that can vastly improve the appearance of any property, be it residential or commercial. Don’t disregard a wire balustrade before trying it out for yourself – you may just find that you love it.

The Importance of Proper Boat Repair

Boat repair and maintenance should always be carefully considered by all owners. While there have been many advances made in boat design over recent years, as well as in the manufacturing of components and parts, this doesn’t negate the need to take care of your craft at all times.

Travel by water is now safer, cheaper and more comfortable. Many new features and technologies have also been added to boats and other machines designed to work on water. Examples of these improvements include safer passenger cabins, sturdier boats seats, enhanced engines and better hull designs. Although all of these components have been built to last, proper maintenance and boat repair is still necessary to extend the life of your beloved craft.

Proper maintenance and boat repair can help you keep your craft in optimum shape. This means that all of the boat’s components are working exactly the way they should, reducing wear and tear. This can also help prevent parts from breaking down, which can lead to lower maintenance costs. Proper boat repair also has the added benefit of lower fuel consumption. This is because well maintained engines use up less fuel than engines that have been neglected. Boats are very expensive machines and you have to take good care of them to get the most out of your money.

Failing to repair your boat, and ignoring little problems that pop up here and there, can lead to more serious problems in the future. The failure of certain key parts can produce a domino effect that can also damage the rest of your craft.

Every boat comes with a very thorough instruction manual. Be sure to read it since almost all aspects of boat maintenance and repair can be found in it. The manual will also contain numerous tips on how to keep your boat in tip-top shape. Remember though that you should only undertake work that is recommended in the manual and that you are capable of performing. For anything else, you should always consult a professional boat repairer.

It is very important to note that boat maintenance during the summer differs from that required during the winter. Maintenance during the summer months involves standard boat maintenance practices like changing the engine oil, cleaning boat parts and greasing moving components. In fact, maintaining a boat can be very similar to maintaining a car. During winter however, boat owners should also winterise their engine. This is a very important procedure and can help you avoid expensive repairs later on. This can be done by cleaning the engine with soap and water, draining the engine of fuel, greasing the components, applying water proof oil to the parts and polishing the exterior of the boat with wax.

Yearly check-ups are also very important. If possible, get a qualified boat repair expert to take a look at your boat at least once a year. You can also request check-ups from your boat dealer. Many boat dealers offer maintenance services to customers.

Being vigilant in proper boat repair can help ensure that you will be able to use your craft for many years to come, helping you make the most out of your purchase. Since the boat operates better, you will also be safer as faulty components can also lead to unexpected and costly accidents.

A Guide to Stamps of Australia

Stamp collecting is on the whole a very popular hobby all over the world. This also rings true in Australia where many types of people have a strong interest in philately. There is a good variety of common and collectible Australian stamps issued each year. It is often surprising to see which stamps are most popular amongst collectors. The most popular in Australia is determined each year as thousands of locals vote for their favourite design. First place receives the distinguished Australia Post stamp design award. Some past winners include:

Sports treasures 2005: this line was particularly popular with sports lovers (Australia is a great sporting nation), and included pictures of Donald Bradman’s baggy green, Marjorie Jackson’s running spikes, Lionel Roses boxing gloves and Phar laps racing silks.

Working dogs 2008: this line featured images of working dogs such as German shepherds and border collies. The most popular of these was a working dogs stamp issue which depicted a border collie.

Australian songbirds 2009: this was a particularly beautiful range and included images of the mangrove golden Whistler, the Green catbird, the Scarlet honeyeater and the noisy scrub bird.

Rare Australian stamps.

Like stamp collectors from around the world Australian philatelists thoroughly enjoy finding the most rare and valuable Australian stamps to add to their collection. These are generally older stamps with distinctive or memorable designs although having said that, age is not the only factor in determining a stamps value. If a stamp was produced in large quantities and many copies still remain, this will of course drive the price down. Scarcity is the most important factor in determining the value of a stamp. Here are a few examples.

Inverted swan stamp 1855: this stamp is extremely rare and was one of the first to ever feature an inverted frame error. The Black Swan on the stamp was inadvertently printed upside down. With only 15 of these stamps remaining in existence they are currently valued at US$60,000 each.

King George V head stamps: many stamps depict King George V, but these are not all valuable. King George V stamps which include a dull green seahorse issue stamp 1913 and a turquoise royal cipher stamp 1912 with an inverted watermark are examples of some of the rarer issues.

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith 1931: Sir Charles Kingsford Smith was the first living Australian to be shown on an Australian stamp. A set that was presented to Sir Charles by the Australian postmaster general is one of the rarest of these.

Where to buy Australian stamps

As with stamp collecting in any country there are many different options and places to find and buy common, collectible and rare Australian stamps. Stamp bulletin features pictures of and information about a wide range of stamps and includes a mail order catalogue in each issue. For locals there are specialty shops where stamps can be bought though these are becoming fewer and less since the advent of the web. There is also a wide range of online stores providing wide ranges of common, collectible, and rare Australian stamps.

What’s my collection worth?

There are many ways to obtain valuations for your Australian stamp collection. Local stamp collecting clubs and societies can be a fantastic source of information or if you are lucky enough to have a local specialty store whose opinion you trust this is also a good place to start. Some websites offer valuation services though they may require you to be a member first.

Stamp forgery

Many Australian stamp collectors may be unaware of the number of past attempts to forge rare Australian stamps. Possibly the most famous of these attempts occurred in 1932 when a fraudster tried to forge the very rare ‘two pound kangaroo on map’ stamp.

Australian philately seems to have an interesting and colourful history and continues to be a delightful hobby for both beginner and expert collectors alike.

Car Alarm Valet Switch

As the crime rate go up, the technological advancement that counters it works extra hard also to prevent it, especially with car theft. It is one of the most fastest rising crimes in the whole world simply because the car is one of the most desirable objects to steal. Another reason for this is also because cars are easy to sell. You can sell it as it is or rip off the parts and sell it on the black market and there would always be someone who would buy it. Thank God for car alarms and car security systems.

Did you know that the number of car theft is so bad in the United States that even New Jersey is called the “Car Theft Capital of the World” simply because the number of cars stolen there are ridiculously high. It is strictly a requirement that all car owners should a car security system installed in their cars. This is not a luxury anymore, it is a requirement. That is if you don’t want your car to be part of the “stolen” list. There are lots of security systems available for your car and you can always pick one that suits your preference and your budget. This way your car could be free from car theft, or at least lessen the chances of your car being a target of thieves.

But what if you need to let your friend borrow your car or you need to take it to a car wash with full car service? Or better yet, go to some place that has valet parking? There is a high chance that your car alarm would go off any second while away from you and you can’t let the valet parking guys suffer the blaring sound of your alarm. And you can’t give them the remote to your car alarm, it’s not convenient. This is where the car alarm valet  switch  enters.

It is practically a simple  switch  to turn the alarm on and off, a tiny  switch  that would save you from the becoming deaf (just kidding). Anyway, the  switch  is usually located somewhere that is not obvious, unobtrusive and cannot easily be reached from the outside. It is usually located underneath the car’s dashboard, on the side of the driver. But sometimes you can find it on the compartment, under the hood or the fuse box but that is practically rare. With one flip of the  switch  and its bye bye alarm. This is useful if you need it to shut up in most occasions like the ones that I mentioned earlier. Saves people a lot of trouble especially with car alarms of today where the sensitivity levels are ridiculously high; you really need to tell these guys about it. The idea came from the valet parking service that you often deal with if you go some place flashy lie a classy hotel or somewhere exclusive, if you get my drift. So the next time you give your car keys to the valet parking dude, tell him about the  switch .

Anatomy of the Paranasal Sinuses

The hollow air spaces in the body are known as sinuses. There are about 60 sinuses spread throughout your body. When you think of “sinusitis” or “sinus infection”, you are talking about the paranasal sinuses. Each of the paranasal sinuses has an opening (ostium) into the nasal cavity. To function normally and stay healthy, each sinus cavity must be able to drain mucus and exchange air through these openings.

The paranasal sinuses are composed of:

  • Ethmoid sinuses
  • Frontal sinuses
  • Maxillary sinuses
  • Sphenoid sinuses

The Ethmoid Sinuses are located behind the bridge of the nose in the ethmoid bone. These sinuses consist of 6-12 thin-walled cavities. These are divided into anterior, middle and posterior groups. The posterior group drains into the nasal cavity towards the rear. Sometimes one or more of the posterior group opens into the sphenoid sinus. The middle group and anterior group drain into the middle of the nasal cavity.

The Frontal Sinuses are located behind your eyebrows in the frontal bone. They can differ in size from left to right and in about 5% of people they are not present at all. The frontal sinuses are absent at birth, but are well-developed by age 8, and reach their full size around puberty. The frontal sinuses drain into the middle part of the nasal cavity.

The Maxillary Sinuses are the largest of the paranasal sinuses. They are located behind each cheekbone and are roughly triangular in shape. The maxillary sinuses drain into the middle par t of the nasal cavity. The opening into the nasal cavity is found high up on the sinus wall and these sinuses do not drain well with the head upright.

The Sphenoid Sinuses consist of one or two sinuses located deep behind the bridge of the nose in the sphenoid bone. These sinuses drain into the back part of the nasal cavity. The openings of the sphenoid sinuses are also located high on sinus wall and do not drain well when the head is upright.

The sinus lining is composed of epithelium cells (with and without cilia), goblet cells, and basal cells. There are also wandering immune cells present (lymphocytes and mast cells). The sinus lining forms a physical barrier that keeps bacteria, pollutants and allergens from entering our bloodstream and tissues.

The sinus lining also produces mucus from the goblet cells. This mucus traps the pollutants, bacteria and allergens. The mucus also has special antibodies and enzymes that;

  • prevent viruses and bacteria from sticking to the sinus lining
  • help our white blood cells to recognize viruses and bacteria as invaders and to kill them

The ciliated epithelial cells work together to sweep out the mucus that has foreign materials and microorganisms. This process is known as mucociliary clearance. These ciliated cells are very sensitive to humidity, pollutants and toxins. If they don’t function well, we can expect sinus infections to occur.

The purpose of the sinuses is unknown, but here are some of the possible functions:

  • Makes the front of the skull lighter
  • Makes the voice more resonant
  • Provide a crumple zone for facial blows
  • Protects the eyes and teeth from rapid temperature changes
  • Heating and moistening incoming air