Security Camera Types in English

I am a recently retired Police Officer who work 20 years in Manhattan. There are very few other cities in the world with as many security cameras. While many people feel it is “big brother” let me assure you that the interest of local and federal governments, is not to spy on regular citizens. One of the first rules I learned as an NYPD Officer was that the person complaining about something is usually the person that is being prevented from doing whatever it is they want to do.

Another sign of a problem or security risk at your home would be, a stranger ringing your bell an offering a service you either never heard of or did not ask for. Many elderly fall victim to this scam. The benefit of having a security camera outside of your home would be that the stranger would think they are being videoed and most likely just go to another home to try the scam. Fake or dummy cameras work fine as long as they are real looking. Remember buying a dummy camera is to save money but buying the cheapest model might not help deter anyone if it looks fake.

Obviously a real camera has much more benefits. With a real camera you can see who is at the door without even opening it. There are a few different types of security cameras, wired cameras, wireless cameras, ip cameras, ptz cameras, motion detecting cameras, and night vision cameras. I will try to explain each type in plain English.

First is a wired camera. Simply a wired camera means you will have to run a wire to either a recording device, such as a dvr or run a wire to a monitor. These wired cameras are usually less expensive but make sure you can easily run and conceal the wire. After all if I can see the wire I can cut the wire.

Second is a wireless camera. Wireless means wireless, mount the camera and you’re done. Well sort of, you will have to purchase a wireless camera and a wireless receiver. The camera will speak to the wireless receiver. The wireless receiver is what gets plugged into your DVR *Digital Video Recorder) or monitor.

Third is the IP camera. This is my favorite type of security camera. The reason is that with an IP camera you can set it up anywhere and monitor it from any computer (with internet access) in the world. This is an ideal camera if you have a routine work schedule or you travel often. The newer IP cameras are also compatible with many cell phones such as the Apple iPhone and the Motorola Droid.

Several new model phones are coming with this compatibility feature. So to sum up you can view your home from your office, the library or on your mobile phone. This is the safest way to discover a burglar in your house, you won’t even be there. The rest of the types of cameras I listed are PTZ, Motion Detecting, and Night Vision cameras. These are actually features you can get on any of the three camera types listed above. PTZ is short for pan,   tilt , zoom. Simply with a remote controller you can pan, move camera side to side. You can  tilt ; move the camera up and down. And you can zoom. Motion detection is a nice feature to have on a home security camera; this allows the recording to be activated only when there is motion in the home. This feature is great for nanny cameras, or to save space on your hard drive. If you do not want to invest in a DVR you can record to your home computer and motion activation will save you allot of hard drive space.

BMW X5: For the Sporty Ones

One of the newest members of the BMW clan is the BMW X5. It first made its public debut in the United States last December 1999. It has been manufactured as a sports activity vehicle, or SAV. Aside from that, the BMW X5 has been marketed to target those people who are pining and vying for a vehicle that would be able to match their active lifestyles. This sports activity vehicle has been designed and crafted so as to compete in the sports utility vehicle, or SUV, market. The BMW X5 combines the responsive and excellent performance that only a BMW can boast of along with space and room, flexibility, and the all-weather capacity of a sports utility vehicle.

Upon its introduction, the BMW X5 holds a 4.4 liter DOHC V8 engine with 32 valves. This engine has the ability to produce 282 horsepower. It can achieve 3,600 rpm with 0 to 60 mph in an acceleration time of 7.5 seconds. In 2001, the BMW X5 continues to utilize the tradition of the BMW vehicles in using inline six cylinder engine. Along with that, it also introduces a new powerplant which is the M54. This new source of power provides better fuel efficiency and lower emissions. The following year, the BMW X5 now featured a specially tuned engine that could provide and create an output of 340 horsepower along with 350 pound feet of torque.

The BMW X5 holds a number of options for its exterior colors. The non-metallic choice of colors includes alpine white and jet black. As for the metallic hues, the list contains titanium silver, sienna red, topaz blue, steel gray, pearl beige, oxford green, gray green, and black sapphire. The interior trims have leather color options like beige, pastel green, black, and gray. The leatherette feature comes in two color choices – beige and black.

The BMW X5 also offers packages for those people who would like to upgrade and spruce up their sport activity vehicles. The sport package contains a sport steering wheel, a sport suspension, door handles that are painted in the vehicle’s exterior paint color, upgraded 18 inch wheels made of alloy, anthracite headliner, white indicator lenses, a shadowline trim, a black chrome exhaust, and a titanium-colored grill. The cold weather package features a ski bag, heated front seats, and headlight washers. For the rear climate package, the list of the features includes rear door sunblinds, rear climate controls, and a privacy glass. The premium package, meanwhile, adds up body colored door handles, a power glass moonroof, light wood trim, power front seats, rear seat back adjustments, a rain sensor, an automatic air conditioning, an on-board computer, and leather upholstery.

Waterproof Poly Tarpaulins

Waterproof tarpaulins are also called tarps these sheets of waterproof material that is made of very of flexible polyethylene material and are used to protect or cover items from the rain and elements. They are frequently needed when a water resistant cover is required these inexpensive tarps are suitable to cover a hot tub or a swimming pool plus many other applications.

Waterproof tarpaulins can be used in several different ways including to protect supplies from inclimate weather and as ground cover for people when they are camping. If required, they can also be used to provide a temporary shelter. Waterproof tarpaulins can also be used by painters to protect objects from getting paint spilt whilst they are working. In addition, waterproof tarpaulins can be used to protect numerous outdoor items including firewood, BBQ grilles, bicycles, Recreation vehicles, boats, automobiles, and motorcycles. Usually waterproof tarps are also often used by outdoor market sellers, landscapers, and construction workers.

Waterproof tarp covers are made from a material like polyethylene or canvas that has been coated with a polyethylene coating to make the covering fully waterproof. Tarpaulins will frequently have grommets along their edges to attach ties or ropes. These grommets are usually made from high strength polymer, brass, stainless steel, or aluminum. To prevent damage from the sun, many modern waterproof tarpaulins are covered with an Ultra Violet protective coating.

There are many kinds of waterproof tarpaulins that are currently available. Polyethylene tarps are used the most extensively. These tarpaulins can be used for insulation, outdoor coverings, and waterproofing. The perforated mesh poly tarps are commonly used in areas where it is very windy like on the scaffolding on construction sites or as sun shade. The reason that they are perforated is to reduce the wind’s vulnerability. Tarpaulins that are made from canvas are made of woven cotton and natural fibers. They are widely used for many outdoor coverings such as for awnings.

Usually waterproof tarp covers are available in rolls or sizes that are ready made. Usually tarpaulins that are ready made vary in size but are available in sizes that range from 6ft to 150ft. Polyethylene tarpaulins are measured by two different sizes, the finished size and the cut size. During the manufacturing process, shrinkage will occur and the cut size might be as much as 6′ larger than the finished size. The sizes of the rolls of waterproof tarpaulins may also vary but can usually be custom cut for the customer. But, the standard length is 200 meters by 2 meters.

There are several other advantages of waterproof tarpaulin, in addition to providing protection from the weather. They are resistant to tearing and they are strong and light weight which provides them with a long life without having to replace them. They are very easy to carry and very flexible. They are rot and mildew resistant and function well in inclimate weather.

Contemporary Patio Table

The open yards on the roofs prove as a boon for spending some quality time with family and friends. In order to enjoy the sessions in a more productive way, there is a need of having patio table furniture in the open areas.

People may find it difficult to cope up with the intensity of heat that they experience in summer. It is the time, when they find it most difficult to bear the heat. They would desire to feel cozy and cool in summer seasons. The best choice for the people is to purchase the best modern furniture tables for their patio. People must therefore, search for some of the attractive patios that can add style to their lawns or backyards. A patio table is the first step towards entertaining friends, who drop in for a party or a get-together at your place. People can arrange dinners, snacks and games provided they have an adequate sized patio that can adapt to their requirements and purposes.

There are varied forms of patios such as aluminum, wooden and iron tables. These tables not only look stylish, but also are comfortable. Tabletops are available in a variety of attractive colors made from marble, glass, slate, copper and tiles. You need to choose the table that can match the style and luxury of your home. With a good online research, people may find the best patio table to suit all their needs of comfort and style. An individual must purchase the patios, which are high quality products and can be used for years together. With eye-catching patios, people can win the hearts of their friends and relatives, while make them feel the comfort of their own homes. The best of the home furnishing industries have created a niche for living outdoor life with exclusive patios. Thus, you have many options when it comes to choosing these tables, as you just have go with your preferences and instincts.

40 Plus Women’s Fitness Issue – Wave Goodbye to Upper Arm Jiggle!

Yes ladies, it’s one of those problems most of us will realize in our lifetime, flabby upper arms. Have you ever lifted up your arm to wave at someone and you can feel the flab jiggling long after your movement has stopped? You are certainly not alone. This is an issue that plagues women and it’s related to the usual three suspects: age, hormones and genes. Women should pay attention to this area unless you want to wear long sleeves forever to hide them you can learn what works to help tone them up.

This is an area that women commonly neglect when exercising. A lot of the focus tends to be on the area from the waist to the knees. The large group of muscles in the legs and the abdominals are never neglected. Doing a cardiovascular workout you can’t help but hit these areas on a treadmill, elliptical or stair climber but there is little focus on the upper arms during this type of workout. However to combat the airborne arm flab you need to engage in resistance exercises that target this problem area. Training the triceps can give you some toned muscles and sexy arms you will be happy to show off. Conversely if you do not use consistent resistance training the arm muscles are sure to lose tone and texture and you’ll have those wings flapping in the wind every time you raise your arm.

Your triceps make up two thirds of your upper arm so keeping them in shape will enhance the look or your arms greatly. It is strongly suggested for this problem area you train your triceps together with the oppositional muscle biceps at least twice a week. Exercises that engage this muscle group include extensions, dips and push ups to name three common and effective ones. The extension move can be done standing with arms tucked by your side extending your arm back, seated with your arms by your ears and dropping your arms behind your head or even lying down, you can hold a weight and extend it across your chest or even a bar and drop it down just above your head. These can be found with direction under the terms kickbacks, French curl, arm extensions and head caves. The key to all of these is holding your upper arm stationary and movement is from the elbow down so you are working the triceps effectively. Dips are another great exercise for this part of the arm and you can increase or decrease the difficulty depending on how close our feet are to your bottom. Raising your feet up on a bench and dipping below can further increase the challenge. Push ups with your hands in close will force you to engage the triceps even more than a standard push up. Even a bench press with arms in tight is a great exercise for toning the arms as well.

As with all training begin each set using extremely light weight to warm up the muscle group. Do a set of approximately 12-16 reps in a moderate pace. When you increase your weight make sure you have proper form. If you are swinging your arms during an extension you will be missing the targeted muscle group. If you need to drop down the weight and focus on doing it properly! If you do any exercise incorrectly you will never gain the full effects and put yourself at risk for injury. If you need to ask a professional for guidance or find some visual aids from books or online to make sure you have the technique down pat.

Don’t ignore this part of the body when you go through your regular routine. Make it a focus, and make sure you are doing it correctly and you’ll soon be able to say goodbye with confidence, and even when you are wearing a sleeveless top!

Top 10 Vancouver Summer Activities

10. Capilano Suspension   Bridge 

The Capilano Suspension  Bridge  is only a short drive over the Lions Gate  Bridge  from downtown Vancouver. Just as the name implies, the Capilano Suspension  Bridge  is a large suspended  bridge  that allows guests to cross a deep gorge. Aside from the  bridge , the area also features the world’s largest private totem pole collection. Please note, there is an entrance fee associated with this activity.

9. Vancouver’s Gardens

Tourists with an interest for horticulture will be well impressed with Vancouver’s offerings. Queen Elizabeth Park, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s Classical Chinese Garden, and Vandusen Botanical Garden are only a handful of Vancouver’s most popular gardens. Both Dr. Sun Yat-Sen’s Classical Chinese Garden and Vandusen Botanical Garden have entrance fees, however Queen Elizabeth Park is free to the public.

Dr. Sun Yat Sen’s Classical Garden is special because of its central location while Vandusen Botanical Garden features over 255,000 plants from across the world! Queen Elizabeth Park is Vancouver’s second most visited park and features a conservatory for tropical animals.

8. Vancouver’s Nightlife

Location, atmosphere, and convenience are the three reasons why downtown Vancouver’s Granville Street is a hotspot for late night fun. Guests looking for a more calm setting should consider taking a stroll around the downtown’s waterfront area for romantic views and sounds of the water.

7. Vancouver’s Beaches

During the scorching summer months, local Vancouver residents along with the city’s visitors, flock in herds to the beaches to cool off. The two most popular Vancouver beaches are English Bay and Kitsilano Beach due to their list of amenities and location. Both English Bay and Kitsilano beach are conveniently accessible and have active lifeguards during peak hours. Guests looking for more seclusion should head down the Sea-Wall into Stanley Park as there are smaller, quieter beaches here. These beaches have no active lifeguards and feature few public amenities.

6. Seawall

Biking or roller-blading around the Seawall is a great way to see a few of Vancouver’s diverse views. There is an abundance of shops and restaurants along the way ensuring no tourist goes hungry or thirsty. Biking around the seawall non stop typically takes 3-6 hours for average riders.

5. Vancouver’s Markets

Vancouver offers a diverse selection of truly unique marketplaces. Chinatown and Granville Island are a couple of Vancouver’s markets.

Chinatown, located in downtown Vancouver, offers a unique Asian-Canadian experience as everything here is influenced by Chinese culture. Tourists are able to buy everything from modern Chinese apparel to traditional Chinese medicine.

Granville Island offers a different type of shopping experience as it specializes in fresh local food. Live fish, fresh organic produce, and all types of imported food can be found here. During the summer months, live entertainers wow visitors on the dock for free [not including gratuity]. Granville Island is located right under the Granville St  Bridge  and is a healthy walking distance from downtown Vancouver.

4. The Grouse Grind

Spanning up an elevation of 800 meters, the Grouse Grind is a challenging 2.9 kilometre trail that snakes its’ way up the side of Grouse Mountain. Once conquered, the breathtaking views atop Grouse Mountain are well deserved. In addition to panoramic views of Vancouver, Grouse Mountain’s peak also offers a live bear display, a lumberjack show, and a semi-casual restaurant with full bar. People wanting to skip the Grind and still get access to the perks atop the mountain will have to shell out a premium fee to take the gondola up. Tourists looking to challenge themselves should seriously consider taking on the Grouse Grind.

3. PNE/Playland

Playland and the Pacific National Exhibition (PNE) come together every year to offer a fair/carnival-like experience to the residents & visitors of Vancouver. Located in Vancouver’s Hastings Park, Playland is Canada’s oldest amusement park. Unlike most things that get old however, Playland rejuvenates itself every year as it brings in new rides and gets rid of old ones. Visitors should head over to the 1958 “Wooden Rollercoaster” first as it always has the longest lineups.

2. The Vancouver Aquarium

The Vancouver Aquarium is located in Stanley Park and is most popular with families. This fun yet educational centre features a conservatory for tropical animals, whale & dolphin shows, and much more. If marine life just isn’t your thing, there is a petting zoo with live farm animals located right next door.

1. HSBC Fireworks

Hundreds of thousands of spectators descend to the downtown coastline to catch a glimpse of the fireworks every year. Countries put their pride on the line as they compete for the best show. Professional judges vote after each performance and ultimately declare a winner. Canada, China, and Spain, are all recent first place winners.

What Are My Civil Rights?

Civil rights are considered the natural rights. This set of laws was established to promote freedom and equality among the citizens of a democratic nation. Civil rights protect the citizens from discrimination based on race, class, gender, religion, age, nationality, political party, and disability.

In most countries, both civil and political rights are codified as constitutional rights. They are included and clearly stated in the bill of rights of a particular nation. The civil rights refer to the first ten amendments of the United States Bill of Rights. Just like the universality of civil rights in general, it entitles American citizens the following basic constitutional rights:

– The First Amendment protects the citizens’ rights to freedom of speech, religion, and assembly.

This is quite self explanatory. The most important declaration that prohibits the federal government from making laws that may interfere or limit people’s liberty to choose a religion, self expression (free speech and free press), and ability to organize a political assembly.

– The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable search and seizure of their homes and properties.

This ensures that unreasonable search and seizure of a person’s home and property is illegal unless a search warrant, warrant of arrest, or a similar court order is presented by the law enforcer. A probable reason should be established and explained to the individual prior to any search and seizure. Police officers are even required to present a documentation of the exact location of the search and the exact description of what they are looking for.

– The Fifth Amendment protects citizens against abuse of government authority in a legal procedure.

This law secures procedural protections for criminal defendants and ensures that the government may not deprive a citizen of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

– The Sixth Amendment protects the citizens’ rights to a speedy and public trial, trial by a jury, and a right to counsel.

This is an extension of the Fifth Amendment in terms of procedural protections. The old adage that a person remains innocent until proven guilty is what this is all about. The defendant of a criminal prosecution has the right to a speedy trial which is usually gauged through the absence of unreasonable delays. It also grants the right to be represented by an attorney of his choice or self representation if the defendant is competent enough. Lastly, the right to an unbiased jury is also ratified in this amendment. Exception to jury right are petty crimes which requires only a short time of imprisonment.

– The Eighth Amendment protects citizens against federal government abuse in the form of excessive bail, excessive fines, cruel and unusual punishments.

Bail refers to the process of depositing money in order to temporarily release someone from jail until trial proper. It is illegal to require the defendant to pay excessive bails and fines. Cruel and unusual punishments such as boiling to death, burning alive, stoning, disembowelment, and other forms of torture are prohibited by law. The execution of individuals who are under 18 and/or mentally disabled is also considered as violations of the Eighth Amendment.

A lot of questions have continually emerged as to what extent the government can intervene in the ever changing issues that society has faced through out time. Although there is a remarkable improvement from the time of the Civil Rights Movement, issues concerning discrimination are still a work in progress. One thing’s for sure, if people are deprived of their civil and political rights, history has it that social unrest may be inevitable.

Common Rimless Eyeglasses’ Problems

Eyeglasses are not just functional but they are also fashionable. Rimless glasses do not have frames and this is both good and bad. The popularity of rimless glasses can be gauged from the fact that in the year 2006, fifteen percent of all eyeglasses sold in the US were rimless. Rimless eyeglasses are light in weight and they blend well with a person’s face. Here is a look at some common rimless eyeglasses’ problems.

Chipped lenses

The first problem with rimless eyeglasses is that if you drop the eyeglasses on a surface that is hard there is a chance that the exposed eyewear lenses will chip off. To protect yourself against such an eventuality, it pays to use lenses made from polycarbonate. In addition, it is also possible to get a special hard coat treatment for the lenses. The extra coating will provide the necessary protection against any kind of damage.

Cracking problem

Rimless eyeglasses have end pieces which will be directly attached to the lens and the centerpiece. This is done with the help of a basic mounting system. Usually this mounting system consists of screws as well as a hex system. The problem with such a system is that the screws as well as hex system can easily crack. What’s more, the screws can also start to loosen up and in doing so will displace your eyewear. Also, when removing the eyeglasses from your face, it is important to do so with both hands. Otherwise, you will have problems with your eyeglasses.

Loose and misaligned lens

If you use just one hand to remove the eyewear or even if you use one hand to adjust the eyewear you will not be applying uniform force on the frame. The end result is that the lenses might become loose and this can result in misalignment of the frame.

Rimless glasses are also made with either compression techniques or with a drill-less system. This is perhaps the best mounting system as it minimizes problems with your rimless eyeglasses.

Scratch marks

Another common problem with rimless eyeglasses is that cleaning the lenses can easily result in scratch marks on the surface of the lens. The problem can worsen over time. The reason for this problem is improper cleaning.

Yet another problem with rimless eyeglasses is that of finding the right lenses. Plastic lenses are often a good idea as they do not scratch too easily. Polycarbonate lenses on the other hand are stronger than plastic but they also tend to scratch easily. To prevent scratches it makes sense to have an anti-scratch finish applied to the lenses. This again helps in minimizing problems with your rimless eyeglasses.

Forex Trading Course Lesson 2 – Umbrella Lines

In this Forex trading course segment we will analyse umbrella lines in more detail. These lines appear on a regular basis in Forex charts or any other chart you are likely to come across in your Forex training. This is why umbrella lines are amongst the most commonly known candlesticks but more importantly they are analysed and used by Forex traders on a daily basis.

Whilst various Forex trading courses have numerous definitions, our aim will be to keep it simple. Umbrella lines are candlesticks with small real bodies and long lower shadows. The defining feature however is that umbrella lines have real bodies at the top of the trading session hence giving them an ‘umbrella’ like look and feel. They are frequently seen in trend lines and reversals giving them the ability to be viewed as either bullish or bearish, depending on the Forex market’s behaviour.

There are two types of umbrella lines that we will discuss in this article; Hammer and Hanging Man:

The Hammer

Throughout your Forex training it is essential to know that a hammer appears at the end of a down-trend. That is, if a hammer appears during a down-trend you should keep an eye on the Forex chart to see if the direction of the trend will change. The hammer alone will not cause a change but in this article we are simply focusing on its characteristics. In this Forex trading course article the aim is to create an understanding that a hammer plays a significant role in creating trend reversals. At some point in the session the candlestick starts off as a long black candle, mirroring the bears’ strength. However, once it reaches a bottom, the bulls take control and push the stock further upwards. This action creates a long lower shadow and the candle finishes off the session as a hammer. Note that the shadow itself has to be double the size of the real body to qualify as a hammer. Consequently, the candle looks like a hammer due to its head and handle.

The Hanging Man

Another essential part of your Forex education is to understand the value of the hanging man. Whilst the shape is identical to the hammer, a hanging man appears at the top of a trend rather than the bottom. The reason why it is called a hanging man is because of the notion it looks like a person with legs hanging from the body.

Whilst it is not common, the same candlestick can in fact be a bullish and a bearish symbol. This is why the colour of the body is not important in umbrella lines. Remember that if the candle has a long upper shadow, it does not qualify as an umbrella but rather a spinning top. More importantly, a hanging man is much more valid when it appears at the end of a long rally but a hammer is valid even after a small decline in trend. At the same time, you should never depend purely on these candlesticks. A latter confirmation candle should be analysed in detail to understand if the trend is about to change direction.

Chinchilla Colors

Chinchillas come in a vast array of colors. The color of the chinchilla is determined by the genes, whether they be dominant or recessive. Some of the colors of chinchillas are:

1. Beige- This is a dominant gene. If a chinchilla is called only beige, it is actually a genetically beige and standard. It can also be referred to as an incomplete dominant gene, since recessive colors can many times be seen through the beige.

2. Charcoal- This gene is recessive. Most of the time, when chinchillas are called charcoal, they are genetically charcoal and charcoal. It appears as a medium light Ebony. It is rather difficult to tell them apart if one isn’t aware of the animal’s pedigree history. More than likely, it is found in places other than the U.S.

3. Ebony- This gene is a slightly dominant gene that is accumulative. If a chinchilla is called simply ebony, then genetically it is ebony and ebony, but a Hetero Ebony is standard and ebony. Any color mixed with it is made darker, and gives a wrapped look as well, meaning the stomach color would be the same as the back color. Therefore, a tan chinchilla, which is beige and ebony, is dark with a beige underside. The nature of the gene means that future generations of breeding make animals that keep getting darker.

4. Sapphire is a gene that is recessive. When a chinchilla is called sapphire, it is sapphire and sapphire. They appear as an extremely light standard, with a blue color and ears that are pink.

5. Standard- This the original color from the wild, called also standard gray or simply standard. It is recessive to velvet, beige, and white. With ebony, it is slightly dominant.

6. Velvet- Called black or touch of velvet, this is a dominant gene. Instead of being a gene for color, it is one for the pattern of colors. Any color mixed with it is darkened and made more solid. This creates a big contrast between the tummy and back color; it also makes stripes on the front of the paws. So, a black velvet is a standard and touch of velvet.

7. Violet- This is a recessive gene. Chinchillas of this color are violet and violet.

8. White- This is a dominant gene that is incomplete. Wilson White, White Mosaic, and Silver chinchillas are genetically the same- white and standard.

If you were to breed a beige chinchilla to a standard gray, half will be standard gray, and half of the kits will be beige. If you were to breed two beiges together, you would get beige babies of course, but could also get lighter beige.

The genetics of chinchillas is extremely complicated, and requires a great deal of research and study to fully understand, but this is essential if you plan to breed chinchillas, and desire certain colors and color combinations.

3 Common Problems Fixed With Elevator Maintenance

When someone thinks of an elevator breaking down, there are usually two very different scenarios that come to mind. One would be the scene from Tower of Terror where the elevator plummets thirteen stories causing the demise of everyone on board. The other scenario is much happier and has been portrayed in many television shows where two people are stuck in the elevator for hours and find that a new, passionate romance is blossoming between them. Both cases are far too dramatic and are extremely unlikely to happen in the little known, but extremely important, world of elevator maintenance. A trusted company will provide repair services for many common types of problems.

No one wants to spend twenty minutes in the morning waiting for the elevator to take them from the twenty-third floor of their apartment building to the first. Long wait times are the most common complaint received. There are several possibilities as to what can be causing this. Defective relays and an old system are the two most likely culprits. An elevator system is much like a person: as it ages it no longer wants to climb up twenty-three flights. This should be when a building owner calls to have it replaced. The relays are the parts that instruct the elevator to go up and down and what floor to stop at. If it becomes old or damaged an elevator maintenance company can replace it with new ones that are guaranteed to help with the overall performance.

Another problem is high energy costs. It takes something to power all of the elevators of the world, and electricity is usually what gets the job done. Just like an air conditioning unit, if the lift is too small or outdated, it will require more energy to power it, and, consequently, more money applied toward the electric bill. A company can repair and replace the motors and other parts of the system to help alleviate this costly problem.

Overheating is the number one cause of a complete breakdown. The position of the control or mechanical system has much to do with this. Many are located outside of the buildings in which the lift is located. This can be a drastic problem when Mother Nature unleashes her fury. On warm days, it is extremely likely (since most mechanical rooms do not have central heating and air) that the system will become too hot and possibly cause someone to become stuck somewhere between floors. Having the company to relocate the mechanical system indoors in a room with adequate ventilation and humidity control will help decrease the amount of breakdowns from overheating tremendously.

Elevator maintenance is a must for any building owner. It is extremely important in order to get everyone to the floor they need and, most importantly, it helps keep them safe whenever they are riding. With a trusted company doing the work, everyone’s minds can be at ease whenever those elevator doors close.

License Plate Spray – Method or Madness?

Photo enforcement has one message for reckless drivers: you can run, but you can’t hide. No matter how quickly you race past a sensor, your license plate will be photographed and you’d eventually be on the receiving end of a $100 fine.

Enterprising drivers, however, have latched onto a clever solution. Their retort to the challenge photo enforcement has issued? Catch me if you can.

Drivers have taken to using a variety of means to elude photo enforcers. One of these is the license plate spray.

License Plate Spray: Ancestor

Before license plate sprays, there were license plate covers. License plate covers deflect light from cameras, making plates unreadable. Manufacturers claim this light deflection mechanism makes it impossible to make out license plates from the side and the top. Because license plate covers come cheaply, many bought them. It was not long before authorities caught on. Some states quickly banned the use of license plate covers.

License Plate Spray: How Does It Work?

License plate spray came after the license plate cover. Like its ancestor, it also relies on the reflective property of a license plate’s lettering. Photo radars utilize a strong flash to photograph cars’ license plates as these vehicles speed by. License plate sprays flash this light back to the camera. The result is a picture made unreadable by over-exposure.

Advantages of Using License Plate Spray

To supporters, the license plate spray is one of the hottest inventions since sliced bread. They encourage its wide use for the following reasons:

It’s cheap.

A can costs somewhere between $19 to $25.

It’s easy to apply.

All you have to do is spray license plate spray on your license plate. Then, you wait for it to dry.

It’s effective.

It reflects photo radar flash, thereby saving you from a costly and undeserved ticket.

It can be used many times.

One can may be used to spray as many as four license plates.

One application is good for life.

Once you apply license plate spray on your license plate, there’s no need to reapply it. It will not wash off or fade.

Disadvantages of License Plate Spray

Its effectiveness is still under debate.

Some claim it works; others say it doesn’t. It’s unclear which side is telling the truth. What is clear as daylight, however, is the fact that license plate sprays are selling faster than law enforcers could blink.

It may be responsible for negative behavior modification.

Some believe license plate sprays will cause drivers to be cocky. Because they no longer fear legal consequences of their actions, they would exceed the speed limit and run over red lights whenever they feel like doing so.

It’s illegal.

Most states do not expressly prohibit the use of license plate spray. What they prohibit is obstructing license plates from human view. Manufacturers of license plate sprays argue that spraying license plates with a high-gloss finish is not illegal because the writing on the plates would still be visible to the human eye. It is only a photo radar camera that cannot see them.

To spray or not to spray? That is the question. No matter how we answer it, though, one thing is clear. The human race has made so many technological advancements anything is possible – even foiling wireless eyes.

How to Light a Woodburning Stove


The allure of the crackling fire safely contained in a woodburning stove is appreciated by your family and friends, but who gets all the work of firing it up, and all the abuse if it fails to light? That’ll be you…

Better bone up on how to light your stove (and how to keep it lit). No, it’s not rocket science; there are basically two ways of approaching it.

But before you put anything in, has something been taken out? Has your beloved cleared out all that messy ash? Big mistake. Wood stoves need a good consistent ash bed of around 1-2 inches/ 25-50mm. So by all means empty the ash tray and any clinker (although if it’s burning properly you shouldn’t have any) and level off the loose ash, but don’t clean it all away. Clean the glass, buff up the outside but don’t completely empty the firebox floor.

Starting with the raw material, don’t even think of putting wood that’s not seasoned in there. That’s wood that has been cut, stacked and dried – one year: minimum – three years: perfect. Even better if you leave the wood inside to dry out and warm up before use.

The traditional way to set your fire is to screw up balls or knots of newspaper (10 or more) or cheat and use firelighters (never use liquids), then make up a tent-like arrangement of kindling over the paper. The kindling can be dry twigs or offcuts from woodwork or pallets. On top of this you lay 3 or 4 small logs. Don’t overload the floorpan – the fuel needs space to breathe.

Open the top and bottom vents of the stove fully. If you have the excellent electric turbo fans fitted to your machine, put them on full and light the paper in three or four places. Leaving the door slightly ajar for a minute or two can help to get the fire alight but never leave it unattended and if you have set the fire well it should not be necessary.

The key to a good stove fire is to maintain a clean flame: once the initial burn has settled down and you have a base of good red embers, there should be little or no smoke. And do not let it settle down so much that there is no flame. Turn off any fans, and now is the time to add some logs – a mixture of sizes is best.

It’s big, but it’s not clever

A word about logs: it may be lovely to look at a chunky round log but it is likely to be a devil to burn. It’s all about surface area; your kindling catches quickly because it has plenty. And your logs will burn most easily if you have invested in a decent log splitter and seasoned the split wood.

As for types of wood, pine and similar softwoods burn easily but are resinous and tend to cause tar build-up in the chimney, so they are best left to kindling duties. The ideal for the main fuel is hardwood, if available Wood pellets and newspaper logs are good, green alternatives to traditional wood.

And in case you are worried about your carbon footprint, then if you follow these simple tips and burn cleanly you can be reassured that wood is a renewable resource that is carbon neutral at the point of use. It is one of the cleanest forms of heat because it gives off less sulphur dioxide or carbon dioxide than burning coal. Modern efficient stoves circulate their heat for the benefit of the room, so unlike an open fire it is not mostly going up the chimney. Many stoves are approved for use in smokeless zones.

Adding the logs will cool things down so make sure you keep the vents open until they get well under way. The most effective vent for allowing in air is the top one, which allows warmed air into the firebox, so close the lower one partially or completely when things are going well, and control the fire with the top flap. Open both at any time if the fire has cooled down too much.

So now you have the complete traditional story of how to become a warm and happy wood burner.

But there is another way.

It’s totally counter-intuitive, and until you try it you won’t believe it, but the really smart way to light your stove and impress your loved ones is to do it upside-down.

That’s right: lay 3-4 smallish logs on the ash base, then create a bird’s nest of nice dry kindling over them, leaving some air round the structure. Top these off with 10 or more balls or knots of newspaper. Open up the vents, light and watch in amazement as the paper burns down in amongst the kindling which crackles nicely and creates the layer of heat that allows the logs to catch. It is the vapour around the hot wood that catches fire so this is actually the most efficient way to proceed.

Blowing hot and cold

As a stove owner your biggest maintenance item is your chimney. If you are a daily user then you will become friendly with your local sweep, because you should be calling him in around 3 times a year. If you are an occasional user you can usually get away with one annual preventative clean; do this towards the end of the summer. That way you can lose any birds’ nests or other obstructions, clean the tar deposits and probably find your sweep more available than in the winter.

Tar builds up from wood burning. It will be far worse if you have smoky fires. These are caused by leaving the vents closed or having a poor draft (possibly due to bends in the flue or insufficient chimney length). You can minimise tar by having good clean hot flames that help to burn off the creosote deposits. And to lengthen the time before your next visit from the sweep, use the clever Chimney Cleaning Log, which when burnt helps to loosen the deposits inside the flue.

The last word is that at the end of the day it is not a good idea to keep the fire smouldering. It is nice to wake up and revive it, but in the absence of flames the fire generates more tar and is very wasteful of fuel. Better to let the fire die out by a strong burn in the evening, then start afresh next day.

Choosing a Range Cooker

Choosing your range cooker

OK – you’re refitting your kitchen. You know roughly what the aesthetic will be. You have an idea of the carpentry style, the materials and the finish. Furniture is roughly decided on and you even know the lighting style you want to aim for. That just leaves what you’re hoping will be the centrepiece of the room – the cooker. So where do you start? Range cookers come in an array of styles, shapes and sizes, and are available to suit a variety of budgets. Fuel types vary from traditional gas through to modern induction models. So, first things first…

The budget

The cost of a range cooker varies dramatically from an entry level model by Flavel at around £600, through to a mammoth cooking unit from high end French manufacturer Lacanche weighing in at a hefty £12000. Generally though, £2000 will buy you an excellent range cooker that will be of a high build quality and offer enough cooking features to keep the most demanding home chef satisfied. Rangemaster or Stoves, both UK manufacturers, fall into this category and produce well renowned cookers that are extremely serviceable, well built and look good.

Slightly higher end cooker manufacturers such as Falcon and Britannia span the gap between domestic and commercial, and offer cooking features usually found in restaurant kitchens such as rotisseries and chef top griddles. Build quality steps up a notch too, with thickness of materials and quality of finish being paramount.

At the upper end of the scale reside monolithic cookers from GE Monogram and Lacanche. These are generally hand built using the highest quality materials – heavy gauge steel, cast iron and solid brass – and offer a comprehensive array of useful high end cooking features. Cookers at this level offer the same cooking power as commercial models and indeed can be found in the homes of many famous chefs.

A question of taste

Range cookers typically fall into either the traditional or contemporary categories – some models do however have a timeless appeal and sit in either category comfortably. Traditional cookers offer a homely, farm cottage feel with thick, lustrous enamel, heavy, bevelled oven doors and arched bakers style windows. Solid cast iron pan supports and metal control knobs complete the look. Notable traditionally styled cookers include the Rangemaster Classic, the Stoves Richmond and Redfyre models.

Modern styling presents itself with sleek stainless and gloss black finishes, clean utilitarian lines and sharp contrasts. Full glass doors feature heavily, as do ceramic and induction hobs. Popular contemporary cooker models include the Professional Plus by Rangemaster, Rangecookers Appliances’ Ethos series and Mercury’s cooker collection.

Does size matter?

If you’re replacing an existing cooker, size will be an essential factor in the choice of replacement. Range cookers usually come in 90cm, 100cm and 110cm nominal widths, with a limited number of models available at both narrower and wider sizes. It is important to remember that the nominal width of a cooker refers to the width of the space into which it will be housed – for example, a 90cm cooker will often measure in at an actual width of 89.5cm.

A wider cooker will not necessarily offer more in the way of cooking capacity however. Manufacturers will sometimes take the chassis of a 90cm cooker, add two slab sides and release it as a 100cm model. The oven capacities and hob area will obviously be the same on both so there will be no functional gain.

Gas? Electric?

As mentioned earlier, range cookers are available in a choice of fuel types. Dual fuel models combine electric ovens with gas burners – all gas cookers pair up gas ovens with a gas hob. All electric models offer electric ovens with either a ceramic hob or, increasingly, a powerful and efficient induction hob. Choice of fuel type depends on a couple of factors – cooking style and availability of mains gas and electric. Gas cooking is the preserve of traditionally skilled cooks who can juggle dishes in the gradient heat zones of a gas oven, whereas induction offers more in the way of convenience and controllability.

Some properties in rural areas often don’t enjoy a mains gas supply, therefore necessitating the use of either an all electric cooker, or a gas cooker converted for use with lpg (bottled) gas. Conversely there are occasions where an electrical supply powerful enough for an all electric or dual fuel cooker, thereby making gas cookers a viable option.

Cooking features

Range cookers offer a variety of features depending on the model, fuel type and brand. Features such as multifunction ovens and telescopic shelves are standard on an increasing number of mid to high end cookers, as catalytic or pyrolytic cleaning ovens. Timer functions are extremely useful, as are warming drawers for pre-warming plates. Always consider if the features that appeal to you now will prove useful in the future – generally, more features equates to more cost, so there is little point in paying for features that you will likely never use.

Features of Plastic Card Printers

Plastic card printers have the capacity to create personalized cards based on your requirements. Using a computer and an image capture system, like a digital camera, plastic card printers give a well integrated system. At just a few seconds per card, the printing method is fast, so that cards are created and custom-made instantly. Digitally printed plastic cards begin with a clear and plain card that can be printed with any mixture of design, text, graphics, digital photograph, logos, bar codes and others. These designs and features are limited only by the issuers’ creativeness. Other machine-legible information, such as smart card chips and magnetic stripes can also be programmed.

Magnetic stripes can complement your plastic card order where the upper 1/3 of one part of the card is clear to contain the stripe. Magnetic Stripes have beneficial qualities that you can consider to be included on your card order. These help the new card works with previous card readers and software programs. Magnetic stripes save a small amount of information such as customer information, report numbers, user id, member numbers or also access codes for locks and other operational systems. They are compatible with other complicated software programs such as those used in Gift Card programs or Loyalty Card programs as well. The magnetic striped card is also suited with the promoter’s software so that it can provide the holder with special offers, credit towards marketing incentives and purchases, and is also used in building database that assist you in buying habits of customers. This information is useful since retailers can better serve their customers depending on stocks products that pull the interest of their customers. Also, it has many more advantages that offer a wealth of valuable marketing applications.

Another feature of   plastic  card that you can utilize is the signature  panel  on the digitally scanned signature on the face of the card or reverse of the card. Most cards are too glossy to draw on a ball point pen for signing. A signature panel provides a perfect surface to tolerate a handwritten signature. Also, a scanned signature can be added and can be personalized, however there are many card options available that can be printed on your card using digital signature.

It is simple and easy to add to your order, just ask your  plastic  card printing service provider about adding the Signature  Panel  feature. They will handle the rest. Just call them anytime if you have any queries and they can begin the process producing your high quality plastic cards. Bar-coding is a trendy choice at many plastic cards printing service provider. Most of the new retail cash register systems translate barcodes at the checkout stand, creating a perfect and fast way to collect data about customers and the products they are buying. It is also a great way to handle memberships in services and procedures that have many cards to surge in and out. Each card has the ability to carry a unique barcode on either front or reverse side. The advantages are almost endless: the card can then be linked to a database of select information customized toward your individual requirements. Indeed, digital plastic card printing symbolizes the next generation of card production. With the use of the stated digital printing technology, it adds the card delivery process into the electronic environment that helps you manage your business or agency.