Planking And Its Origin

Planking or the so-called Lying Down game has a disputed origin. It involves an activity where one has to lie face down in an unusual location. The weirder the location the better it is. Both the hands must touch the sides of the body and the toes must point towards the ground. The most integral part of the game is to take a photograph of the person in that position, and upload it on the Internet. The players strive to find the most incongruous locations and outdo each other. The term “planking” literally means to act like a wooden “plank”, hence the name. Therefore the body must be maintained rigidly for it to qualify as good planking. Planking also refers to holding the body flat, when it is supported in some regions, whereas some other parts are suspended.

Comedian Tom Green is the one who claims to have invented the game of planking as early as 1994. Again Gary Clarkson and Christian Langdon claim to have invented the game in the year 2000. Which of these is correct has not yet been proved. Apart from these two other groups also claim to have invented the prank. One group claims to have invented it in Somerset in the year 2000 as the “lying down game” and another eight years later in South Australia by the name of “planking”. Even in this case, no one knows the truth, except for probably the true founders. However both these groups have Facebook sites which boast of a lot of fans.

This game of lying down or planking has spread to a lot of places and is known by different names, in different places. It was known as “extreme lying down” in Australasia where it was introduced in 2008, as “facedowns” in USA and Ireland where it was introduced in 2010. Introduced in 2004 in France and in 2011 in Australia, New Zealand and worldwide as “à plat venture” or on one’s belly and “planking” respectively.

The growth of planking is nothing but an example of ‘meme’. It refers to an idea which initially goes viral online to become a worldwide trend in no time at all. The game is based upon “exhibitionism”. The heart of the game is nothing but the fact that everyone wants their photograph to become the most popular on internet. Go ahead give it a shot and see if you enjoy the experience.

How to Create a Business Plan

The first thing anyone learns in an introductory business class is the importance of the business plan. A plan lists every preconceived element of a new business and is generally used to secure financing. Writing, editing, and even re-editing a plan correctly takes a lot of time. Starting a business is a big step and should not be ventured into lightly or unprepared. Follow these simple steps for creating a concise, accurate plan that will secure the necessary funding for starting your own business.

The first page is quite obviously the cover sheet with the basic information, such as business name and contact information. The second page, titled the “Executive Summary,” is the most important page of the entire plan. The Executive Summary should be no longer than one page, since many potential investors will not read past the first page. Make sure to summarize the business plan by highlighting only the major points and try to generate some excitement for the business.

The next two to three pages will be the “Situation Analysis.” On these pages, it is important to mention the objectives of the business and discuss personal attributes that will showcase how you will be able to make this work. Also, discuss where you see the business going in the future. Include how performance will be measured — whether based on monetary gain, number of people served or number of products delivered. This section should also outline the target market of the business. Plan your work.

The next couple of pages will deal with the “SWOT Analysis.” SWOT stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. The strengths and weaknesses of the company are considered to be internal factors. This would include the ability of employees, equipment, and knowledge. Outline potential weaknesses honestly. Opportunities and threats are potentially uncontrollable external forces that may affect your business.

The “Business Resources” of the plan will encompass no more than one to two pages. This section outlines the necessary resources to get the business up and running. This will include human resources, financial resources, physical resources (building, equipment), and the necessary experience of all involved. Also include the ways in which these needs will be met to achieve the objectives of the business.

The “Business Strategy” will be the longest section of the plan. This section should be roughly three pages and should specifically spell out the objectives and strategy to reach the concrete objectives of the business: the number of products sold, people served, monetary gain, or any combination of the three. The strategies should include specific tactics to combat potential problems.

The “Financial Analysis” will be the most difficult portion of the plan because a lot of speculation is involved. This will include: projected income, expenses, cash flow and budget. This should be done for a minimum of three years. The annual budgets should read as financial statements and should be followed up with a written summary.

Finally, the “Controls and Evaluation” section will complete the plan. This will outline the quality control of the business — specific performance and production standards, including how they will be met and monitored. There should also be a plan in place for correcting ineffective quality control.

Once all of these sections are complete, it is necessary to put them together in a folder to create a professional presentation. Follow each of these guidelines and include every section above for a complete business plan to start your new business.

Work your plan.

Glass Handrails – The Perfect Solution

The handrail has one main function, which is to provide support to people who are using a staircase; one other function of a handrail is to protect people from falls from aspects such as balconies. The beauty of these handrails is the choice that you get with them.

Handrails can be made out of a variety of different materials; in fact they can be made out of almost any building material such as wood, steel, iron, brass and of course glass. Whichever of these materials you use there are certain things that you should be aware of, which is they will need to meet certain standards, which includes how much weight must be supported by the handrail and if the handrail can withstand weather elements.

In most modern buildings you will most likely find glass handrails. These glass inserted handrails look stylish and bring out the best in whatever location they are placed; this is because these glass handrails can be customized to suit any design and they can satisfy any personalized taste, no matter how simple or complex the artistic design is and this is not everything! Glass handrails are also structurally sound even though they are made of glass. This is due to the fact the glass is toughened so that it is highly durable while keeping its light and airy feeling. These glass handrails have been the most popular choice for some time now when it comes to commercial applications.

In more recent years these glass handrails have now become incorporated into many architect’s residential designs. Most design savvy home owners have also started using glass hand railings in their homes. The most popular applications include areas around stair cases, cat walks, and around the patio or deck, meaning you can now sit back on your deck and enjoy the views of your back yard.

Handrails are present pretty much everywhere and most of us probably use more than one handrail in our everyday lives without even realizing that we are doing it. Handrails are essential to our safety and I guarantee you would notice a difference if they weren’t present! They are diverse in their forms and every style of architecture can be accented by the type of railing used on a facade; sometimes they serve no purpose other than decoration. In most cases they serve the important function of preventing serious injury or death from falling.

Due to the fact that these glass inserted handrails are so present in our everyday lives we may as well make the most out of them and the best way that this can be done is through the use of glass handrails. This is because we are still getting the safety aspect of the handrail but we are getting it in a way that is stylish, modern and the envy of all other handrails! There really isn’t a better design aspect for a handrail than a glass handrail. To see what all the fuss is about for yourself why not take a look around and you will soon see how popular and impressive these glass handrails really are.

Aluminum Balusters for Decks – Low Maintenance Adornments for Your Deck

When it comes to home improvements and renovations, every little detail counts. That means even if you want to construct a traditional style deck and give it a personal and unique look, you will need to make sure that you consider using minor details to make a big statement. No matter what type of outdoor platform you want to create, you have a lot of freedom to create an addition to your home that will enhance its appeal and beauty. That is why you don’t have to resort to making any major adjustments to your plans to have a unique patio. Adding some aluminum balusters for decks to your project can really help you make a statement without sacrificing your budget.

If you want to improve your chances of creating a timeless and attractive outdoor addition to your home, you may want to look into using some home design software that will allow you to create the look you want before you get started with the construction. It allows you to create different scenarios and come up with a finished product that you can use to plan the construction of your outdoor party platform.

Since there are so many different looks you can use to create an attractive addition to your home, you don’t have to spend a fortune on purchasing all of them. Even some of the most attractive patio projects have very basic foundations. What makes them stand out are the accessories that are used to enhance its appeal.

Keep in mind that you are only limited by your imagination. You may think that if you can’t afford some of the higher end products that you can’t have a deck that will rival your neighbors. What you need to realize is that adding small embellishments to your railings such as aluminum balusters for decks can really play a very big and important role in how your patio ultimately looks. You don’t have to stop at adding aluminum balusters for decks; you can also browse through different railings and use those to add some personality to your project.

You may even have some accessories lying around your hoe that you can use to help give your project some character and help set the tone for your gatherings. Flowers, shades and even patio sets have to fit into your grand picture of how you want your finished project to look.

It doesn’t matter what you use to enhance the quality and appearance of your project. You can choose to focus on one aspect or several to give you a finished product that will make you feel as if you have entered a brand new world each and every time you decide to relax out on your patio. Remember, to get the most life out your new platform and to protect your accessories, wash them with soap and water at least once or twice a year. This will keep them clean and prevent your deck from looking dismal.

The Multiple Benefits of Steel Balustrades

Stainless steel balustrades are considered the strongest and most durable of all kinds of balustrades. They don’t require laborious maintenance and are considered stylish and savvy since they can be molded to fit into any contemporary designs. In beautifying your home or workplace, steel balustrades can be employed. In the succeeding paragraphs, we will be tackling the benefits of installing these stainless steel balustrades.

As mentioned earlier, steel balustrades are effective in giving you the support you need for your home. This is mostly because they are constructed out of iron, although other materials such as wood or concrete can be incorporated into them as well. Mostly employed in balconies, terraces, porches and staircases,these balustrades are composed of a series of steel railings which are then connected to handrails. These handrails can either be horizontal or vertical and are then connected to a bottom rail. The bottom rail is then fastened to the floor or the concrete.

Due to the materials used in constructing them, these balustrades also offer longevity and durability. In choosing your balustrades, make sure that you select ones that are rust proof and highly resistant to corrosion. Balustrades made of steel are galvanized to attain the aforementioned attributes. This way, your balustrades would require less effort in terms of cleaning and maintenance.

Another benefit offered by steel balustrades is that they can be designed to your specifications. You can have them customized to be either sleek and slender or you can have them furnished to achieve a more ornamental finish. The malleability they offer allows them to be compatible with various architectural designs and to be formed into any shape imaginable.

Balustrades can also be used along with other materials such as glass and timber. Often you can find glass balustrades supported by steel railings in order to provide strength and reliability. Incorporating glass into your this type of balustrades can provide a more elegant and neat look to your house. Timber or wood can also be incorporated on a steel balustrade. Mostly, timber is used to serve as the handrails while steel is used as the railings of the balustrade.

The installation of a balustrade varies depending on its use, the materials, and the design that you have in mind. Multiple measurements are done to ensure the safety and security of the installation. There are also regulations and requirements that need to be followed prior to their installation.

So if you are looking to beautify your home or workplace then try looking at the installation of balustrades. They can come in the form of glass, timber, or steel. However, stainless steel balustrades are the most dependable and reliable ones out there. Not only are they reliable but they can also be custom-built to satiate different and varying designs. We hope that reading this article has enlightened you in the different advantages of steel balustrading. No matter what your needs may be, steel balustrades are a sure way of satisfying them.

How to Fix Staircase Handrails

A staircase   banister  that is loose and moving while you hold onto it is not a safe  banister . If you are a do-it-yourselfer you probably want to be able to fix that yourself.

First, the anatomy of a staircase should be clear. Its basic parts are the tread that you step on, the riser, which is the vertical part between treads, and the  banister , the part that is on the side offering support when going up and down. The  banister  has three components: the handrail, which you actually grasp when using the stairs, the balusters, posts that support the handrail, and a newel post, a larger vertical support at the bottom of the staircase.

A handrail will usually shake if the balusters loosen in the mortises where they meet the handrail. A mortise is a hole cut into a piece of material in which another piece, the tenon, will be inserted. For the first solution you should prepare: a hammer, wood shims, carpenter’s glue, a small block of wood and an utility knife. You will coat a shim in glue and hammer it into the joint between the handrail and the baluster. Use the small wood block to drive the shim in, keeping it between the shim and the hammer. Your purpose is to fill the gap and not to drive the pieces that join apart, so hammer with care. Trim the part of the shim that is left outside of the hole.

A second solution asks for: safety goggles, electric drill, screwdriver matching the screw head, combination bit corresponding to the used screw, flathead wood screws, 220 grit sandpaper, wood putty and wood finish or paint. Drill a pilot hole upwards through the baluster and into the handrail using the combination bit. You will drill under a 45 degree angle. Drive the screw in, countersink it and tighten it. Fill the hole that is left with wood putty, allow it to dry and then sand the repair spot and cover it with wood finish or paint for the aesthetics part.

If the baluster got loose in its bottom mortise where it meets the tread, you will need the same tools and expendables like in the second solution. You will drill a pilot hole down through the baluster into the tread at an angle. Drive in the screw, countersink it and tighten it. Just like in the previous case, you will then fill the hole with wood putty, let it dry, use the sandpaper to sand the area and then finish.

Why Men Should Follow Fashion

The old cliche tells us that first impressions last a lifetime but are created in a second. And it’s true, possibly not the lifetime part but they certainly are created in a second; maybe even less. Long before you even utter your first words to someone they have summed you up. This person may not be able to write down this analysis or explain in great detail but that’s just because it happens without them knowing. Through changing the clothes you wear you change this image portrayed on to others. You will not also change yourself, you are still you but, a you that is instantly recognised positively by others.

Many believe that we originally adopted clothes because of sex. We used clothing to emphasise certain aspects of our bodies, which turned in to what we see today. This makes complete sense, with the same way women can give their look a huge boost just by showing cleavage men can do the same thing. No, not through revealing pants or by wearing anything transparent but by emphasising your best bits. Studies have shown women prefer men with broad shoulders, it shows they can defend their partners. If you are unfortunate enough not to have broad shoulders then you can do something about it by dressing for your body type.

We wear designer clothes for mainly the same reason we have trophy cabinets. Designer clothes for men usually show a brand of some sort, and that brand carries an image. The owners of the brand spend a lot of time, effort and money in order to develop a brand; this is why. You really are what you wear, if the brand is shown as quality and professional you will also be seen as quality and professional. It is worth a mention here that brands aren’t everything, fit and style are much more important.

In most armies of the world the rank of a soldier can be determined instantly through what they wear. It’s the same with every day life. The general principle here is this: the higher the ‘rank’ of a person the better they are at what they do. In a similar fashion, the higher rank you create through clothing the better you appear.

People love to appear in groups, studies have shown that just by putting people with in groups even if the group is insignificant (Group A and Group B for example) they will prefer people within the same group. Wearing a similar garment, or similar brand puts people in groups and helps them get along. If two men meet wearing a suit they are more likely to agree than if they were wearing different clothing.

Men should follow fashion because it’s their image, your image is what people perceive, what people perceive is more important than you know.

Switching to Digital Television

The digital television transition is a global phenomenon set to change how people receive what is currently one of the largest mass media platforms. The process involves the conversion of analogue terrestrial television to digital terrestrial. Although its primary concern is ‘free to air’ TV, the transition also involves analogue cable as well. The changeover is inevitable, with all analogue signals in Australia scheduled for switch-off by December 31, 2013. The following is your guide to the digital television transition and its effects on your television viewing habits.

Understanding the Transition

Digital television transmission (DTT) is more efficient than the analogue format. Due to constant technological innovation, however, the global standard started falling behind. This is the reason behind the worldwide transition to the digital platform. The cost of switching is less costly than if the entire world constantly adapted to changes and stuck to the analogue format. More than better image quality and clarity, digital transmission also easily integrates other digital processes.

For end users like you, the transition means higher resolution and enhanced sound fidelity across the board. Multiplexing through this platform also means providers can offer subscribers more channels, adding higher value to subscriptions. The changeover may be costly at first, but it produces positive results for everyone involved, from broadcasters to service providers to end users.

The change in transmission also opens many doors for the government and those in the telecommunications industry. It opens the potential for introducing new products and services in terms of mobile telephone, wireless internet or WiFi capability, and other projects relevant to communications.

Switching to Digital Television

Homeowners across Australia do not have to wait, as the signal is now available in many parts of the country. All you need to do is confirm which services are ready in your particular region and if you have the equipment necessary by the time of switchover completion in your area. The national switchover deadline is on December 10, 2013, giving you ample time to prepare for when all analogue signals finally shut down.

Transitioning to the new platform may require you to hire help from network data cabling professionals. If you are ready to convert, it is best to start looking for government endorsed installers who can assist you with installation of the different components necessary. If you already have a system set up, such professionals can also help you with the maintenance of your free to air television system or satellite. Determine what kind and how much help you need, and take action from there.

Most new television sets are digital ready, but older models may need support from a set-top box or recorder. This may cause a few problems along the way, making the purchase of a new TV with an integrated digital TV tuner your best option. Different TV sets use different connections, so it may be wise to hire the help of network data cable professionals. This is true especially if you do not have the technical know-how to handle the different cables and connections that normally come with television sets.

The Truth About OEM Phoenix Auto Glass Parts

Did you know that your car’s windshield acts as a major component of a highly engineered crash management system?

“How does this impact me,” you may ask? Well, without proper installation of OEM auto glass windshields and adhesives by certified technicians, it could be a rather serious or even fatal impact. OEM, or Original Equipment Manufacturer parts, means your vehicle’s windshield or other auto glass is produced from original equipment-style tooling and meets the manufacturer specifications for safety and quality to protect you in case of an accident.

Your windshield can contribute as much as 60 percent to the support of the roof during roof crush and rollover accidents! In front end collisions, the windshield is the backboard for the passenger side airbag. The windshield actually absorbs the force of the airbag upon deployment of speeds up to 200 miles per hour. Thus, the use of OEM auto glass parts is essential.

Why Only OEM Auto Glass Parts?

Stringent standards. OEM auto glass standards and specifications are more stringent than Department of Transportation (DOT) standards. OEM auto glass standards require 100 percent windshield retention in frontal barrier crash tests, while DOT only requires 80 percent! Would you want to chance your life, and your family’s life, to that other 20 percent? Furthermore, the higher standards of OEM auto glass parts ensure that a vehicle can be brought back to pre-accident condition. Some aftermarket parts do not match the tolerance, thickness, and shape of OEM auto glass parts; therefore, they can have a higher rate of leakage, wind noise, imperfect fit, solar performance, and optical distortion. In other words, your safety could be at risk.

Protect your warranty. Installation of OEM auto glass parts will ensure your vehicle manufacturers’ auto glass warranties will not be in jeopardy as it would be aftermarket auto glass parts.

The following are just some of the OEM auto glass manufacturers that certain quality Phoenix auto glass shops work with:

  • Pittsburg Plate Glass (PPG)
  • Carlite
  • Ford
  • Safeguard/Mopar
  • Pilkington
  • Asahi
  • AP Tech
  • Triplex
  • Sekurit
  • Sicursiv
  • Scanex
  • Crinamex
  • Guardian

Be sure to ask the following questions of any Phoenix auto glass shop that you are considering for auto glass repair and replacement:

  1. Do you use OEM auto glass parts, adhesives and glass?
  2. Do you use certified auto glass technicians?
  3. Do you have a written adhesive usage policy and what is the safe drive away time? (There is only ONE urethane manufacturer whose adhesive has been endorsed and approved for use by all major call manufacturers – Essex Urethane Autoglass Adhesives!)
  4. What is the Phoenix auto glass company response time?
  5. Is ample time allowed for a proper and safe installation?
  6. Are the manufacturer’s auto glass specifications followed?
  7. Do you offer a transferable lifetime warranty on auto glass parts and workmanship?

Check with your insurance carrier to see if they include Phoenix auto glass shops that provide only OEM auto glass parts and adhesives. Many of the major insurance companies will have a list of Phoenix auto glass shops for you to choose from; however, it is possible that only some of these them will have the quality OEM auto glass parts you desire. You could be improperly steered to a facility of their choice for “cost saving reasons.”

What Do You Need to Know About SVS Subwoofer?

The original SVS subwoofer was designed as cylindrical based to produce a very high quality audio. The basic feature is its very well organized audio output from a number of outlooks. It produces a highly powerful inner pressure of a subwoofer.

The extraordinary element of the PC-Ultra is the most contemporary in a long line of exclusive, cylindrical SVS subwoofers. With a large 16-inch diameter and over 39 inches high, the PC-Ultra cylindrical sub creates a lot of wisdom, exceptionally in floor space efficacy. The majority subs don’t signify nearly this better-quality and take up a lot more autonomy. The cylinder is roofed in a premium material that works without the complexity and accompanies a pricey subwoofer.

The SVS subwoofer is compacted, though heavy sealed unit with a superior built-in low frequency amplifier. The drivers are frontage firing and the rear section has the links and keys. Such subwoofers, furthermore, presents a broad variety of controls that allow the user to squeeze presentation parameters to overt room atmospheres and listening tastes.

The most important feature is the driver that it is provoked with. Therefore SVS has a perfect harmonizing their TV-12 with a 525-watt bash amp. Such a highly-competent amplifier is therefore, an unpredictable crossover, a parametric equalizer, an auto-on switch, high and low-level input and a four-sided subsonic filter for improved port alteration. This sub-woofer has an incredible tunings, counting Phase, Gain, Room Size setting Crossover and a Parametric Equalizer. 

The controls allow precise matching to a variety of satellite speaker types. The single downside is all controls are on the rear of the SVS subwoofer panel. There is no such remote control, which enable adjustments to be geared up for your listening location.

Once you locate how to take hold of this woofer out of the box, arrangement requires very less time. The SB12-Plus created very deep, exceptional, tight bass. This subwoofer proved to be an incomparable complement for the rest of the other speakers in the marketplace. With Blu-ray, HD-DVD or DVD soundtracks that have LFE effects, like King Kong, Superman Returns, Alien vs Predator, Godzilla, Master and Commander, The Lord of the Rings Trilogy, and U571, the subwoofer reflects no collapse or drop-off, generating all LFE effects at wide-ranging force.

On musical level objects, the SB12-Plus replicate bright bass reaction on quite a few important bass-prominent cuts. It is comparable to the distinguished descending bass riff on the Pink Floyd’s Dark Side of the Moon, Telarc, Eric Kunzel recording of the 1812 Overture, and Heart’s Magic Man. The SB12-Plus SVS Powered subwoofer offers a clearness, control, tightness, and precisely profound bass response which you would find on more luxurious subs.

SVS subwoofer is assorted with all the speakers in quite a lot of test speaker setups, including top level. It has marked a pair of JBL Balboa Center Channel and JBL Balboa 30’s, two JBL Venue Series 5-inch Monitor speakers as rear background. You can also operate the Yamaha YST-SW205 and Klipsch Synergy Sub10 Subwoofers Powered for evaluation to these admirable SVS subwoofers.

Formica Counter Tops

The most inexpensive approach is the post formed high pressure laminate counter tops, frequently referred to as plastic laminate counter tops, though, the facade material is more of a wood product, consists of craft and decorative papers, bonded throughout high heat and pressure. We often refer to the product as Formica counter tops, but that is a trade name of a contrived high pressure laminate.

Formica counter tops are prepared by laminate and Formica is the brand name of the material. The Formica Corporation is located in Cincinnati, Ohio and began in 1913. Home builders, owners, housewives and interior decorators have been always paying attention to Formica countertops for the reason that you can find them in almost any color to match your desires and decor.

In 2006, the Formica Corporation has added various exciting new colors to its line of Formica counter tops. According to a press release from the Formica Corporation, the new Formica counter top color reflects artificial colors. There are some Formica countertops that look like most expensive counter tops, such as concrete or granite.

But let me tell you a truth that Formica counter tops are not as long-lasting as granite or concrete countertops. The laminate facade can be a challenge to spotless. For light stains, Formica countertops can be cleaned with serene soap and water. If it is a tough mark, try baking soda and a domestic cleaner. The disadvantage is if it is a hard-hitting stain, using a rough cleaning solution will scratch the Formica countertop.

Many home owners turn to Formica counter tops not only for its design or color, but merely because they are rationally priced. Formica countertops are available for $7 to $20 per square foot, while granite countertops are just about $70 to $100 per square foot.

Selecting a Formica countertop color for your home is not an easy job. Though, there are Formica samples that you can take home with you also. It is suggested that when you are preparing to replace your countertops with Formica, then you should take home at least 10 Formica samples at a time.

If you are living far from society, or any hardware supplies that may stock Formica samples, keep in mind that you can download many special samples of Formica colors online. Be sure that you are using the innate lighting in your kitchen or bathroom, as that will be the lighting that you see your Formica counter tops in on a daily basis.

Young Girls Movies Gallery

Young Girls Movies  can be either movies for girls or about girls. These two categories are caused by the thing that the age of young girls can be really different. As a rule all the girls in the range of 6 to 15 years are called young girls. Some movies are popular with young girls who are 7, and others are watched by girls who are 15 years old. But young girls movies are always kind, hope-giving and can be a bit romantic. There are a lion’s share of young girls in art niche.

Matilda is a great movie loved both by parents and kids. The film is about a girl who likes reading, who dreams about going to school, and has magic power. But she has a little crazy parents who know nothing else but money, selling second hand cars and making even more money. They think that the girl must be substituted for their real daughter, because Matilda is too bright to be their child. She can count several figure numbers in mind, she can read fast and one day she discovers that she can perform tricks. So she begins to use this talent to break parents’ TV set when they don’t allow her to read, to play jokes on her cruel head mistress, and to protect her dear Ms. Honey.  The end of the film is a happy one, because Matilda’s parents leave a home town and Ms. Honey adopts the girl. No matter how old you may be, you will love the film, you will laugh and worry together with the characters of this incredibly superb young girls movie.

Mulan is another lovely animated feature film about a brave Chinese girl Mulan. There is an invasion against China and each family should give one warrior to protect the country. Mulan’s father is old and he simply won’t survive in the war, so Mulan cuts off her hair and is going to become a warrior. There is a long way to go before she becomes a really great solder, before she rescues her troop and captain and before they find out that she is a young girl. There is a long story to cover before Mulan helps win the war and saves the emperor, before she returns home and gets married. The movie is magnificent. The one who has seen Mulan will never forget it.  

The story is that bright and the heroine is that appealing, that one can’t help seeing the young girls movie once again.

Whatever young girls movies you would like to choose for your daughter, make sure that they implant warm-heartiness, kindness, delicacy, responsibility, and forgiveness.  Kids will have the qualities you will inoculate in them.

Laptop DC Jack Repair

By far, the most common piece of hardware to fail on any laptop is the DC Jack (the plug that accepts power on the laptop). There are several reasons for the high failure rate but the two most common are poor handling and poor design. I would say over 90% of these DC jacks are soldered right on to the motherboard.

Every day abuse of plugging and unplugging the AC power source wears down the solder connections on the motherboard. Here are the two common symptoms for this damage:

– Laptop will not accept external AC Power. Constantly remains on battery, till the battery dies.

– You have keep moving the cord around till it starts accepting external power.

First thing you need to do is eliminate the cord/power supply as being the source of problems. The power supply is the box right on the AC cord. Some power supplies have an indicator light to show when they are plugged in. If the light is working then it is not the power supply. If your power supply does not have the indicator light get a voltmeter, plug the laptop cord into the wall and using a voltmeter check the end that goes to the laptop. Insert one lead inside the opening and place the second lead on the outside. Make sure your meter is set to read DC Volts. Now if you get a reading, depending on the laptop will be be somewhere between 14 to 19 volts then your power supply is good and the damage is to the DC jack on the laptop motherboard.

Repairing the DC jack on any laptop is a major repair. If you do not feel comfortable doing it please contact a person who is qualified for the job. This repair will require dismantling the whole notebook, and removing the motherboard. Please read the following article on what steps should be taken to ensure proper care when disassembling a notebook: Notebook Repair.

Once you have complete access to the DC Jack you will see the pins that get soldered to the motherboard. To the naked eye it might look like nothing is wrong with them, but a slight break in the solder will cause these problems. You will need a soldering iron with a very fine tip. The fine tip is to avoid damage to adjacent components. Apply the solder to each pin making sure the solder gets evenly spread. The solder should have a dull look to it when you are done.

Once you have soldered all the pins, reassemble the notebook and test it out. To avoid this damage in the future take extra care when inserting and removing the external power cable. Hope this helps!

Do-It-Yourself Infrared Sauna

Buying an infrared sauna cabin can be too expensive, especially if you’re not sure you’ll benefit from it. Infrared sauna blankets, bags or domes force you to lie on one place for half an hour and are not cheap too. However, another option exists – it is to do an infrared sauna yourself.

In this article I want to tell you about two ways to build a sauna completely with your own hands, without prefabricated kits. It can be a relatively cheap solution, so you can enjoy a sauna in your home environment for a reasonable price. You can build it to prove yourself that infrared will give some benefit to your health before buying an infrared sauna cabin, or it can be a convenient way to have a home sauna when you have not much free space at your home.

Before I go into explanations I want to warn you about safety. Building a sauna yourself may involve doing some electrical wiring. Infrared heaters used in a sauna usually have high power requirements – as much as 1000 Watt. Please, do not try to build sauna yourself if you don’t know what you’re doing. Better ask or hire someone who has experience with electricity to do it for you. If you’ll set up a sauna in a bathroom keep in mind that as a wet place it has strict requirements for electrical wiring safety.

Infrared sauna with two infrared heaters

First way to set up a home sauna is described by Jim Clements in his article The Bathroom for FIR Sauna, in which he explains how to use two infrared heaters placed in a relatively small room (5×11 feet suggested). He uses two 500 Watt 9 Amp infrared heaters from THMI, saying that these heaters give similar experience as in an infrared sauna cabin. He gives no specific information about this heaters aside from wattage and don’t know if any other brand of heaters will suit for this sauna set-up. I think it is important that heaters should not have too high wattage (not above 600 Watt).

These two heaters should be placed on the either sides of the room (5-6 feet apart). As they are 9 Amp you should either use 20 Amp outlet or use extension cord from some other outlet in your house to split current between two 15 Amp outlets. Make sure that extension cord can safely handle power requirements of an infrared heater.

At pre-heating stage Jim recommends to turn heaters to a door or to a wall for heating to occur faster. Don’t place heaters too close to the walls or other objects due to the risk of inflammation. The heating time is usually greater than with infrared sauna cabin and can be from 30 minutes to an hour. When the room is heated you can use it as a common infrared sauna, just go and sweat there. You may want to place a towel under the door and not to use ventilation as it will let air flow to lower temperature in a room. You don’t necessarily have to use a bathroom for a sauna; you can use any suitable place or make a special enclosure.

As an addition for two heaters Jim uses a 250 Watt infrared lamp hanged on the room ceiling (in his description he suggests to attach it to a shower curtain rod. He says he uses a light bulb from Sylvania but I think other manufacturers will be fine. Try to get a lamp with not focused but radiant infrared light.

Infrared sauna with infrared lamps

Another way to build an infrared sauna at your home is proposed by Dr. Lawrence Wilson. On his page about sauna therapy he describes how to use three 250 Watt infrared light bulbs to build an infrared sauna. You will need three 250 Watt infrared bulbs (not clear heat, as he writes that they have wrong spectrum). He recommends using Philips, General Electric or Sli lamps. Also you will need three ceramic or plastic lamp   sockets  for the bulbs, fifteen feet of heavy lamp cord, medium duty male wall plug and a switch, or better, timer-switch which is capable to handle seven amps current.

 Socket  should be mounted on a 46′’ high by 15′’ wide (or 12′’ high by 24′’ wide if you want to mount it on a wall) board made from wood, plywood or veneer. They should form a triangle with the middle  socket  on the top of it. The top  socket  should be at chest level when sitting.  Sockets  should be wired in parallel. Connect  socket  wire to a switch. After attaching  sockets  to the board with screws you need to make a cover form hardware cloth to prevent bulbs from touching anything.

Be very careful when using this sauna, always secure a board to a wall to ensure that it will not fall. Do not allow children to play with or use it without your supervision.

Dr. Wilson also describes how to build an enclosure for your sauna with a set of pipes. They form a frame which can be covered by blankets or other fabric to create a small room which can be used for sauna sessions.

Comparison of two methods

The first method described, by Jim Clements, is much easier to implement than the second, by Dr. Lawrence Wilson. And what is more important it uses prefabricated equipment so no additional wiring is needed so the risk of harm or malfunction is low. Heaters are covered so they cannot be touched by design and all wiring is made at factory. The minus is that infrared heaters cost more than infrared heat lamps.

From the other side, Dr. Wilson’s sauna, if made well and accurate is no worse that the first one, but costs significantly less. To build it one should know how to do electrical wiring or have someone who will do it for them. This sauna’s safety depends on a skill of the person who made it and can be dangerous if done improperly.

Once again, I want to warn anyone who wants to build a sauna that you must do it only if you are sure that you’re doing. You should be familiar with electrical wiring and should have skill and knowledge to do it right. Authors of the original articles or me can not be responsible for the misuse of a sauna or any problem with poor construction. Remember – safety first.

I hope this overview of the ways of building an infrared sauna yourself will be helpful. If you’re interested I recommend reading original instructions by the authors of these methods.

Writing the Opening Line

When I first started writing, I never gave a thought to developing the  opening  line. I just had a thought, sat down, and wrote it. Of course, I didn’t sell anything. I don’t think anyone learned writing any slower than I did. Let me share with you what I have learned.

It is nearly futile to worry about the  opening  line when you first write the story. Save that for later when you edit. Look back on it when it’s cold. About 95% of the time, you can ditch the first two or three paragraphs and actually begin on the third or fourth one. Any details that you wanted to keep in those first few paragraphs can be worked in further down.

When you get to that point, you’re ready to think about your  opening  line. It will set the tone for the entire story. Is it a romance story? Then you might want to start with a romantic setting. Is it a horror story? You may want to start in the middle of a murder scene. Is it non-fiction that tracks drama? Start in the center of the drama. Whatever you are writing about, design that first line around your story.

You want something snappy. Something that will reach out and grab the reader by the throat. You might want to use heavy alliteration. You might want to scare the daylights out of the reader. That first line will grab your reader and pull them in. This is called “setting the hook”. Sounds like fishing, huh? In a way, it is. You’re fishing for the reader, and trying to keep them from passing your story in favor of another one.

Would you rather read a beginning that says, “Dad had to kill chickens that day so I ran away and cried.” Or would you rather read, “Dad entered the house with bloodshot eyes, carrying a bloody axe. I scrambled for the back door, screaming.”.

This is misrepresenting a scene, but it works and seasoned authors use it all the time. Use all the excitement you can muster to hold the reader’s attention.